CN109987069A - Battery replacement device tripper, battery replacement device and the fast quick change electric system of battery case - Google Patents

Battery replacement device tripper, battery replacement device and the fast quick change electric system of battery case Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109987069A
CN109987069A CN201711486870.4A CN201711486870A CN109987069A CN 109987069 A CN109987069 A CN 109987069A CN 201711486870 A CN201711486870 A CN 201711486870A CN 109987069 A CN109987069 A CN 109987069A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
battery replacement
column
active
tripper
battery
Prior art date
Application number
CN201711486870.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄春华
仇丹梁
Original Assignee
上海电巴新能源科技有限公司
奥动新能源汽车科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 上海电巴新能源科技有限公司, 奥动新能源汽车科技有限公司 filed Critical 上海电巴新能源科技有限公司
Priority to CN201711486870.4A priority Critical patent/CN109987069A/en
Publication of CN109987069A publication Critical patent/CN109987069A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K1/00Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units
    • B60K1/04Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units of the electric storage means for propulsion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S5/00Servicing, maintaining, repairing or refitting of vehicles
    • B60S5/06Supplying batteries to, or removing batteries from, vehicles

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of battery replacement device tripper, battery replacement device and the fast quick change electric system of battery case, and in battery replacement device tripper, driving element connect with transmission mechanism and drive its movement, and transmission mechanism connect with unlock rod and drives it flexible.In battery replacement device, battery tray is equipped with shell and battery replacement device sucker, battery replacement device tripper is set in shell, and battery replacement device sucker is set on unlock rod by battery replacement device tripper and cage connection, battery replacement device sucker and unlock rod stretches in battery replacement device sucker.In the fast quick change electric system of battery case, battery case includes that the lock tongue interlocked and unblock button, unblock button are correspondingly arranged with unlock rod;Battery case fixed frame has the locking part with lock tongue lock fit;The stretch out motion of unlock rod drives lock tongue to exit locking part unlock for pressing unblock button.Battery replacement device tripper, battery replacement device and the fast quick change electric system of battery case provided by the invention unlock precision height, change electrical efficiency height.

Description

Battery replacement device tripper, battery replacement device and the fast quick change electric system of battery case

Technical field

The present invention relates to battery case battery replacement device field, in particular to a kind of battery replacement device tripper, battery case are quick Change electric system and electricity changing robot.

Background technique

Due to the environmental protection consciousness that the anxiety of petroleum resources and people reinforce increasingly, the use of electric vehicle is more and more wider It is general, and have become a kind of trend.And it is the use for cooperating electric vehicle, electrical changing station also comes into being, and in electrical changing station, leads to Electricity changing robot realization is crossed to the fast quick change electricity of the battery case of electric vehicle.

In the prior art, it is filled in electricity changing robot for the battery case of electric vehicle to be dismantled to the unlock of separation from electric vehicle The structure using sucker and unlocking mechanism separation is set, i.e., the sucker setting for connecting with battery case is in tripper and electricity The surface of pond case docking, unlocking mechanism then sets up separately in the two sides of tripper, when sucker is connect with battery case, unlocking mechanism point The lockable mechanism of battery case two sides is not unlocked, to complete the disassembly movement of battery case.However, in actual use, The unlock precision of this structure is poor, it may occur that unlock not exclusively causes electricity changing robot that can not ask what battery case pulled out Topic, what this also affected electricity changing robot to a certain extent changes electrical efficiency.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is in order to overcome in the prior art electricity changing robot unlocked in changing electric process Low precision, the defect for changing electrical efficiency difference provide a kind of battery replacement device tripper, the fast quick change electric system of battery case and change electric machine People.

The present invention is to solve above-mentioned technical problem by following technical proposals:

A kind of battery replacement device tripper comprising have: driving element, transmission mechanism and unlock rod;The driving element It is connect with the transmission mechanism, the transmission mechanism is connect with the unlock rod;The driving element drives the transmission mechanism Movement, the transmission mechanism drive the unlock rod flexible.

Preferably, in battery replacement device tripper of the invention, the transmission mechanism include drive rod, active column, from Dynamic column, connecting element and guide part;One end of the drive rod is connect with the driving element, the other end of the drive rod with The active column connection, the connecting element connect with the active column and the driven column respectively, open up on the guide part Have along the unlock rod axial direction extension driven column pilot hole, the driven column pass through the driven column pilot hole and in It is slided in the driven column pilot hole, the guide part is equipped with unlock rod pilot hole, and the unlock rod passes through the unlock rod Pilot hole;The connecting element is rotated around the axis of the active column, and the connecting element is rotated around the axis of the driven column, The unlock rod is rotated around the axis of the driven column.By this preferred embodiment, using the linkage of active column and driven column, The athwartship moment of drive rod is converted into the longitudinal moment of unlock rod, has saved the space inside battery replacement device explanation device, benefit It keeps being in always on same straight line when unlock rod is flexible with the guide part for offering driven column pilot hole, further increases understanding The unlock precision of locking bar.

Preferably, being also provided on the guide part in battery replacement device tripper of the invention along the drive rod Axial direction extend active column pilot hole, the active column pass through the active column pilot hole and in the active column be oriented to It is slided in hole.By this preferred embodiment, so that drive rod passes through an active column guiding during pulling active column Hole makes its movement always on same straight line, avoids the power loss in torque transmittance process, improves energy utilization rate.

Preferably, in battery replacement device tripper of the invention, the guide part have the first plate body, the second plate body and Third plate body, second plate body are connected between first plate body and the third plate body, and the active column pilot hole is opened It is located on first plate body and/or the third plate body, the driven column pilot hole is provided with first plate body and/or institute It states on third plate body, the unlock rod pilot hole is provided on second plate body.It, can be not by this preferred embodiment Under the premise of the movement for interfering drive rod, unlock rod, so that entire transmission mechanism is more stable, the stretching motion of unlock rod is kept In the horizontal plane, the accuracy of the point-to-point unlock of unlock rod is further increased.

Preferably, in battery replacement device tripper of the invention, the drive rod include active member, force transfer element and Driven element, the active member are connect with the driving element, and the driven element is connect with the active column, the power transmission Element is flexibly connected with the active member, and the force transfer element is fixedly connected with the driven element.By this preferred implementation Scheme, drive rod use three parts structure, can be made to the intensity for improving drive rod in drive rod by interlude force transfer element Torque transmittance process in drive rod force dispersion three parts, to protect drive rod, extend in prolonged and repeated operation Service life in the process.

Preferably, in battery replacement device tripper of the invention, the force transfer element include steel tape, power transmission spring and Two fixinig plates, the both ends of the steel tape are separately connected the active member and the driven element, two fixinig plates The both ends of the power transmission spring are fixed on the steel tape and are connected to, the power transmission spring is along the axial direction side of the drive rod To extension, the steel tape is equipped with through-hole, and the through-hole is located between two fixinig plates;The active member includes master Movable plate and card column, the rotating plate sequentially pass through two fixinig plates and are threaded through in the power transmission spring, and the card column connects It connects on the rotating plate and is located between two fixinig plates, the through-hole, the card column are protruded into one end of the card column The other end be stuck between two spirals of the power transmission spring;The rotating plate is sliding along the axial direction of the drive rod Dynamic, the card column is slided in the through hole.By this preferred embodiment, power transmission spring, fixinig plate, card column and through-hole are utilized Driving element is applied to the active force on active member and passes through power transmission bullet by the buffer structure of composition in driving element operating Spring storage, then the active force is released to by driven element by the restoring force of power transmission spring, the delay of power transmitting is manufactured, is protected Shield drive rod can still guarantee smoothly transmitting forces when driving element opens or closes or when frequency discontinuity.

Preferably, the driven element includes driven disc and two supports in battery replacement device tripper of the invention Piece, the driven disc are connect with the force transfer element, and two support chips are connected to the driven disc along the active The both sides of the axial direction of column, two support chips are connected on the active column.By this preferred embodiment, add The intensity of the junction of strong drive rod and active column.

Preferably, the battery replacement device tripper further includes box body, institute in battery replacement device tripper of the invention It states one end that unlock rod is connect with the transmission mechanism to be located in the box body, the other end of the unlock rod is pierced by the box Body.By this preferred embodiment, more fragile transmission mechanism is surrounded using a box body with intensity and hardness and is conciliate The junction of locking bar plays the role of protecting transmission mechanism and unlock rod.

Preferably, the box body includes active box, buffer element and fixation in battery replacement device tripper of the invention Box, the fixed bin are fixed, and the active box is movably connected in the fixed bin by the buffer element.Preferably by this Embodiment plays certain buffer protection function to transmission mechanism, unlock rod.

Preferably, the buffer element is buffer spring in battery replacement device tripper of the invention, the buffering elastic Spring extends along the axial direction of the unlock rod.By this preferred embodiment, the buffering of spring and the stationarity of reply are utilized Guarantee that active box stretches steady.

Preferably, the fixed bin is equipped with sliding rail, and the sliding rail is along institute in battery replacement device tripper of the invention The axial direction for stating unlock rod extends, and the active box is equipped with sliding part, and the sliding part slides on the sliding rail.Pass through This preferred embodiment keeps the kicking motion direction of active box consistent with the telescopic direction of unlock rod, further increases unlock rod The precision of point-to-point unlock.

Preferably, the end of the sliding rail has exit aperture, described to exit in battery replacement device tripper of the invention The aperture in hole is greater than the internal diameter of the sliding rail and the outer diameter of the sliding part.By this preferred embodiment, portable propelling box with Charge and discharge operations between fixed bin.

Preferably, the transmission mechanism protrudes into one end of the active box in battery replacement device tripper of the invention It is connect with the active box by connecting component, the fixed bin is equipped with movable passageway, offers limit on the active box Notch, the spacing breach are connected to the movable passageway, and the transmission mechanism sequentially passes through the movable passageway and the limit Position notch.By this preferred embodiment, so that the drawing movement that drive rod is driven element driving is limited notch guidance, no Can occur the global displacement along unlock rod telescopic direction, at the same drive rod when carrying out kicking motion together with active box not by solid Determine the influence of box.

A kind of battery replacement device comprising have: battery tray;Battery replacement device tripper as previously described;The battery Pallet is equipped with shell and battery replacement device sucker, and the battery replacement device tripper is set in the shell, the battery replacement device Sucker is set on the unlock rod by the battery replacement device tripper and the cage connection, the battery replacement device sucker And the unlock rod stretches in the battery replacement device sucker.

Preferably, the unlock rod is equipped with convex far from the end of the transmission mechanism in battery replacement device of the invention Edge corresponds to the flange equipped with boss in the battery replacement device sucker, and the flange is matched with the projection shape.Pass through this Preferred embodiment prevents unlock rod during retraction in retraction sucker, influences unlock operation next time.

Preferably, in battery replacement device of the invention, the surface of the end face of the unlock rod and the battery replacement device sucker It flushes.By this preferred embodiment, the end that unlock rod can be protected to stretch out is not damaged.

A kind of fast quick change electric system of battery case comprising have: battery case, battery case fixed frame and electricity is changed as previously described Equipment;The battery case includes lock tongue and unblock button, and the unblock button and the lock tongue interlock, the unblock button and institute Unlock rod is stated to be correspondingly arranged;The battery case fixed frame has locking part, the lock tongue and the locking part lock fit;It is described The stretch out motion of unlock rod drives the lock tongue to exit the locking part unlock for pressing the unblock button.

Preferably, being arranged with battery case sucker in the unblock button in the fast quick change electric system of battery case of the invention And the unblock button is stretched in the battery case sucker, the battery case sucker is corresponding with the battery replacement device sucker to be set It sets.By this preferred embodiment, attracted each other with battery case by battery replacement device sucker and battery case sucker in battery replacement device When fitting together, unlock rod accurately can carry out point-to-point unlock to unblock button, and unlock precision is high, not will cause electricity The problem of pond case not exclusively unlocks and makes entirely to change electrolysis lock system locking, improve change electric system change electrical efficiency.

On the basis of common knowledge of the art, above-mentioned each optimum condition, can any combination to get each preferable reality of the present invention Example.

The positive effect of the present invention is that:

Battery replacement device tripper, battery replacement device and the fast quick change electric system of battery case provided by the invention, utilize driver The torque of driving element is passed to unlock rod by structure, can realize point-to-point accurate flexible unlock, unlock precision is high, high Unlock precision can also save the time of a part of battery replacement device unlock simultaneously, change electrical efficiency to improve.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the perspective view of the battery replacement device tripper of one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 2 is the side view of the battery replacement device tripper of one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 3 is the plan view of the transmission mechanism of the battery replacement device tripper of one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 4 is the structure chart of the guide part of the battery replacement device tripper of one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 5 is the structure chart of the drive rod of the battery replacement device tripper of one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 6 is solid when having box body and battery replacement device sucker in the battery replacement device tripper of one embodiment of the invention Structural schematic diagram.

Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional view of Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is the side view of box body in the battery replacement device tripper of one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of the battery replacement device of one embodiment of the invention.

Figure 10 is the main view of battery case in the fast quick change electric system of battery case of one embodiment of the invention.

Figure 11 is that battery replacement device is unlocked close to battery case in the fast quick change electric system of battery case of one embodiment of the invention When schematic diagram.

Description of symbols:

Driving element 1

Transmission mechanism 2

Drive rod 21

Active member 211

Rotating plate 2111

Card column 2112

Force transfer element 212

Steel tape 2121

Power transmission spring 2122

Fixinig plate 2123

Through-hole 2124

Driven element 213

Driven disc 2131

Support chip 2132

Active column 22

Driven column 23

Connecting element 24

Guide part 25

Driven column pilot hole 251

Unlock rod pilot hole 252

Active column pilot hole 253

First plate body 254

Second plate body 255

Third plate body 256

Unlock rod 3

Flange 31

Box body 4

Active box 41

Sliding part 411

Connecting component 412

Spacing breach 413

Buffer element 42

Fixed bin 43

Sliding rail 431

Exit aperture 432

Movable passageway 433

Shell 5

Battery replacement device sucker 6

Boss 61

Insulation board 62

Battery case 7

Lock tongue 71

Unblock button 72

Battery case sucker 73

Specific embodiment

A preferred embodiment is named, and completely illustrates the present invention in conjunction with attached drawing to become apparent from.

In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " on ", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", " perpendicular Directly ", the orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is orientation based on the figure or position Relationship is set, is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning are necessary It with specific orientation, is constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore is not considered as limiting the invention.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the embodiment provides a kind of battery replacement device trippers comprising has: driving Element 1, transmission mechanism 2 and unlock rod 3;Driving element 1 is connect with transmission mechanism 2, and transmission mechanism 2 is connect with unlock rod 3;Driving The movement of 1 drive transmission device 2 of element, transmission mechanism 2 drive unlock rod 3 flexible.

Specifically, in hybrid vehicle electrical changing station, the battery replacement device tripper for unlocking battery case is usual The two sides of battery replacement device are set, and when battery replacement device is docked with battery case, the battery replacement device tripper positioned at two sides is from two Side presses the lock tongue that battery case and battery case fixed frame lock so that battery case is separated from battery case fixed frame, common to change electricity Time is about ten minutes, and it is also longer to change the electric time.In the battery replacement device tripper of the present embodiment, changed compared to what is originally used Electric equipment tripper, equipment overall structure is compact, and volume is little, sensitive, it is most important that changes the electric time less than six points Clock, efficiency improve by about one time.In the battery replacement device tripper of the present embodiment, unlock rod 3 is by being arranged in its rear Driving element 1 and transmission mechanism 2 manipulate its stretching motion, and the structure of driving element 1 and transmission mechanism 2 is entirely changed electricity and set to meet Standby tripper it is compact-sized, small and exquisite for the purpose of be designed.Relative to the tripper for being set to two sides, unlocking motion is only Needing to stretch out unlock rod 3 can be completed, and step means that a possibility that error is caused during being unlocked is small less, and And since unlock rod 3 is a kind of rod-like structure, point-to-point unlock can be realized, as long as the alignment of unlock rod 3 is needed to unlock Position not only easily but also can be quickly accomplished unlocking motion, and precision is also high.

As shown in Figures 2 and 3, include drive rod 21, active column 22, driven column 23, connect in the transmission mechanism of the present embodiment 2 Connect element 24 and guide part 25;One end of drive rod 21 is connect with driving element 1, and the other end and active column 22 of drive rod 21 connect It connects, connecting element 24 is connect with active column 22 and driven column 23 respectively, and the axial direction along unlock rod 3 is offered on guide part 25 The driven column pilot hole 251 extended, driven column 23 pass through driven column pilot hole 251 and slide in driven column pilot hole 251, lead It is equipped with unlock rod pilot hole 252 to portion 25, unlock rod 3 passes through unlock rod pilot hole 252;Connecting element 24 is around active column 22 Axis rotation, connecting element 24 are rotated around the axis of driven column 23, and unlock rod 3 is rotated around the axis of driven column 23.Specifically, Transmission mechanism 2 is core component, to achieve the purpose of the present invention, in the battery replacement device tripper of the present embodiment, driver The structure of structure 2 includes five components, and wherein 21 driven element 1 of drive rod drives, for generating active force, active column 22 with Drive rod 21 move, the active force that drive rod 21 generates drives active column 22 to move, since connecting element 24 is by active column 22 It links together and can be rotated around the axis of the two with driven column 23, the torque that the movement of active column 22 generates drives connecting element 24 It is rotated simultaneously around active column 22 and driven column 23, connecting element 24 is generated on driven column 23 and acted on driven column 23 at this time Along the diametric radial thrust of driven column 23, push driven column 23 in the driven column pilot hole being provided on guide part 25 It is slided in 251, it is final that unlock rod 3 is pushed to make stretching motion in unlock rod pilot hole 252.In the present embodiment, drive rod 21 It is vertically connected on the middle part of active column 22, the both ends of the both ends of active column 22 and driven column 23 pass through a connecting element 24 respectively Connection, connecting element 24 are pivotally connected with active column 22 and driven column 23 respectively, and the driven column that driven column 23 passes through on guide part 25 is led To hole 251, guide part 25 is located between two connecting elements 24, and unlock rod 3 is resisted against the middle part of driven column 23 and passes through guiding Unlock rod pilot hole 252 in portion 25.It will be passed by this preferred embodiment using the linkage of active column 22 and driven column 23 The athwartship moment of lever 21 is converted into the longitudinal moment of unlock rod 3, has saved the space inside battery replacement device explanation device, has utilized The guide part 25 for offering driven column pilot hole 251 keeps unlock rod 3 to be on same straight line always when stretching, and further increases The unlock precision of unlock rod 3.

As shown in figure 4, being also provided with the master of the axial direction extension along drive rod 21 on the guide part 25 of the present embodiment Dynamic column pilot hole 253, active column 22 pass through active column pilot hole 253 and slide in active column pilot hole 253.Specifically, Driven column pilot hole 251 solves the direction of motion matching problem of driven column 23 and unlock rod 3 and the stretch stability of unlock rod 3 Problem, but during drive rod 21 pulls active column 22, can still exist and be led because the direction of motion of active column 22 is indefinite Endeavour the problem of being lost in transmittance process, therefore, active column pilot hole 253, extension side is opened up on guide part 25 To the pull direction of same drive rod 21, so that active column 22 is during being transmitted the pulling of bar 21, the pulling force of drive rod 21 is not It can be by component.By this preferred embodiment, so that drive rod 21 passes through an active column during pulling active column 22 Pilot hole 253 makes its movement always on same straight line, avoids the power loss in torque transmittance process, improves the energy Utilization rate.

As shown in figure 4, the guide part 25 in the present embodiment has the first plate body 254, the second plate body 255 and third plate body 256, the second plate body 255 is connected between the first plate body 254 and third plate body 256, and active column pilot hole 253 is provided with the first plate On body 254 and/or third plate body 256, driven column pilot hole 251 is provided on the first plate body 254 and/or third plate body 256, solution Locking bar pilot hole 252 is provided on the second plate body 255.Specifically, drive rod 21 is driven to carry out stretching unlock in driving element 1 Operation when, the stability of active column 22, driven column 23 and guide part 25 is particularly important, thus guide part 25 should be designed foot It is enough to be securely not easy to be influenced and be subjected to displacement by the movement of active column 22 and driven column 23, therefore in the present embodiment, guide part 25 is set Count into a kind of structure of semi-surrounding, the first plate body 254 and third plate body 256 support active column 22 and driven from above and below Column 23, the second plate body 255 prop up among the first plate body 254 and third plate body 256 in the front of driven column 23, and protect from front The transmission mechanism 2 for protecting rear avoids the abrasion that internal transmission mechanism 2 is caused when contacting with external equipment, unlock rod 3 It is connect across the second plate body 255, but not with the second plate body 255, is free to make stretching motion.At one of the present embodiment In preferred embodiment, active column pilot hole 253 and driven column pilot hole are all offered on the first plate body 254 and third plate body 256 251, two connecting elements 24 are located at 256 outside of the first plate body 254 and third plate body, and unlock rod pilot hole 252 then opens up On the second plate body 255.It, can be in the premise for the movement for not interfering drive rod 21, unlock rod 3 by this preferred embodiment Under, so that entire transmission mechanism 2 is more stable, the stretching motion of unlock rod 3 keeps in the horizontal plane, further increasing unlock rod The precision of 3 point-to-point unlocks.

As shown in figure 5, drive rod 21 includes active member 211, force transfer element 212 and driven element in transmission mechanism 2 213, active member 211 is connect with driving element 1, and driven element 213 is connect with active column 22, force transfer element 212 and active element Part 211 is flexibly connected, and force transfer element 212 is fixedly connected with driven element 213.Specifically, single in practical work process Not only after repeating thousands of drawings movements up to a hundred abrasion, which can occur, for the drive rod 21 of structure leads to the danger of fracture, moreover, by Usually will not be very long in the length of active column pilot hole 253 and driven column pilot hole 251, therefore, the drive rod 21 of single structure It is easy to that length of the stroke greater than active column pilot hole 253 of driving element 1 occurs, the stroke of driving element 1 is caused not cover And active column 22 has supported the situation on the inner wall of active column pilot hole 253, it is easy to make the drive rod 21 of single structure Stress fracture occurs.Therefore, drive rod 21 is designed to three-stage structure, driven element will act on by force transfer element 212 213 power resolution is fallen, and plays the role of protecting drive rod 21.By this preferred embodiment, drive rod 21 uses three parts knot Structure can be made in the torque transmittance process of drive rod 21 by interlude force transfer element 212 to the intensity for improving drive rod 21 The force dispersion of drive rod 21 is three parts, to protect drive rod 21, extends the use in prolonged and repeated operation process Service life.

As shown in figure 5, force transfer element 212 includes that steel tape 2121, power transmission spring 2122 and two are solid in drive rod 21 Stator 2123, the both ends of steel tape 2121 are separately connected active member 211 and driven element 213, and two fixinig plates 2123 are fixed On steel tape 2121 and the both ends of power transmission spring 2122 are connected to, power transmission spring 2122 prolongs along the axial direction of drive rod 21 It stretches, steel tape 2121 is equipped with through-hole 2124, and through-hole 2124 is located between two fixinig plates 2123;Active member 211 includes master Movable plate 2111 and card column 2112, rotating plate 2111 sequentially pass through two fixinig plates 2123 and are threaded through in power transmission spring 2122, card Column 2112 is connected on rotating plate 2111 and is located between two fixinig plates 2123, and through-hole 2124 is protruded into one end of card column 2112, The other end of card column 2112 is stuck between two spirals of power transmission spring 2122;Axial direction of the rotating plate 2111 along drive rod 21 Upper sliding, card column 2112 are slided in through-hole 2124.Specifically, in order to protect drive rod 21 to the maximum extent and guarantee to pass The drawing movement of lever 21, the sliding of active column 22 and driven column 23, unlock rod 3 stretching motion can be steady and balanced, Force transfer element 212 is designed to have both buffering and postpones the structure of power transmission function.Wherein, rotating plate 2111, card column 2112 and power transmission Spring 2122 forms a buffer structure, when driving element 1 applies active force to rotating plate 2111, or works as driven element 213 when applying active force to steel tape 2121, and the card column 2112 on rotating plate 2111 stirs power transmission spring 2122, so that card column Spring elongation between 2112 and a fixinig plate 2123, the spring contraction between card column 2112 and another fixinig plate 2123, Power transmission spring 2122 can absorb the active force, will not temporarily be applied active force on steel tape 2121, which can have The active force that reply driving element 1 in effect ground generates suddenly when opening and closing slowly, uniformly, can be passed to smoothly Next component.Two fixinig plates 2123, power transmission spring 2122, card column 2112, through-hole 2124 and steel tape 2121 form simultaneously One delay force transferring structure, when be stretched absorb active force with compressed spring after, due to the restoring force of spring, be stretched Spring can pull fixinig plate 2123, compressed spring can push fixinig plate 2123 open, and the spring of two parts is to two fixations The direction of the active force of piece 2123 is identical, final that steel tape 2121 is pushed to move in one direction, due to the fortune of steel tape 2121 The movement of the dynamic movement or driven element 213 that can be later than rotating plate 2111, therefore this structure is referred to as delay force transferring structure. By this preferred embodiment, the buffering knot formed using power transmission spring 2122, fixinig plate 2123, card column 2112 and through-hole 2124 Structure is stored up the active force that driving element 1 is applied on active member 211 by power transmission spring 2122 when driving element 1 is operated It deposits, then the active force is released to by driven element 213 by the restoring force of power transmission spring 2122, manufacture prolonging for a power transmitting Late, protection drive rod 21 when driving element 1 opens or closes or can still guarantee smoothly to transmit work when frequency discontinuity Firmly.

As shown in figure 5, driven element 213 includes driven disc 2131 and two support chips 2132, driven in drive rod 21 Piece 2131 is connect with force transfer element 212, and two support chips 2132 are connected to driven disc 2131 along the axial direction side of active column 22 To both sides, two support chips 2132 are connected on active column 22.Specifically, active column 22 is repeatedly being pulled repeatedly In movement, the junction abrasion of driven element 213 and active column 22 is larger more fragile, it is easy to it is damaged, the present embodiment In the junction of driven element 213 and active column 22 increase two for reinforcing support chip 2132 so that driven element 213 during pulling active column 22 intensity it is higher, two support chips 2132 are vertical with the axis of active column 22, driven disc 2131 is vertical with two support chips 2132.By this preferred embodiment, the junction of drive rod 21 Yu active column 22 is strengthened Intensity.

As shown in fig. 6, the battery replacement device tripper of the present embodiment further includes box body 4, unlock rod 3 and transmission mechanism 2 connect The one end connect is located in box body 4, and the other end of unlock rod 3 is pierced by box body 4.Specifically, in this preferred embodiment, in driver Structure 2 surrounds the box body 4 with hardness outside more fragile junction, and most of structure of transmission mechanism 2 is accommodated in Wherein, the connecting pin of transmission mechanism 2 and driving element 1 and the extension end of unlock rod 3 are only left.Pass through this preferred implementation side Case is surrounded the junction of more fragile transmission mechanism 2 and unlock rod 3 using a box body 4 with intensity and hardness, played Protect the effect of transmission mechanism 2 and unlock rod 3.

As shown in fig. 7, the box body 4 of the present embodiment includes active box 41, buffer element 42 and fixed bin 43, fixed bin 43 is solid Fixed, active box 41 is movably connected in fixed bin 43 by buffer element 42.Specifically, part there are two the tools of box body 4, one Fixed fixed bin 43, one be can be relative to the movable active box 41 of fixed bin 43, active box 41 and transmission mechanism 2 Connection carries out entire tripper for when unlock rod 3 carries out point-to-point unlock, giving entire tripper to buffer Protection.By this preferred embodiment, certain buffer protection function is played to transmission mechanism 2, unlock rod 3.

As shown in fig. 7, in the present embodiment, buffer element 42 is buffer spring, and buffer spring is along the axial direction side of unlock rod 3 To extension.Specifically, the position between the rear end of active box 41 and fixed bin 43 connects two buffer springs, parallel to each other It is arranged and is located at the two sides of unlock rod 3, plays the role of buffering and balance.By this preferred embodiment, spring is utilized Buffering and the stationarity of reply guarantee flexible steady of active box 41.

As shown in figure 8, fixed bin 43 is equipped with sliding rail 431, axial direction of the sliding rail 431 along unlock rod 3 in box body 4 Extend, active box 41 is equipped with sliding part 411, and sliding part 411 slides on sliding rail 431.Specifically, this preferred embodiment It is additionally arranged " wheel " and " track ", i.e. sliding part 411 and sliding rail 431 to the active box 41 for following buffer spring to move forward and backward, is The glide direction of active box 41 is consistent with the telescopic direction of unlock rod 3.By this preferred embodiment, make the buffering of active box 41 The direction of motion is consistent with the telescopic direction of unlock rod 3, further increases the precision of the point-to-point unlock of unlock rod 3.

As shown in figure 8, the sliding rail 431 on fixed bin 43, end has exit aperture 432, and the aperture of exit aperture 432 is greater than The internal diameter of sliding rail 431 and the outer diameter of sliding part 411.It specifically, will to facilitate assembly with disassembly active box 41 and fixed bin 43 The end of sliding rail 431 is designed to the exit aperture 432 with more large aperture, enters convenient for sliding part 411 and exits sliding rail 431, benefit In assembling active box 41 and fixed bin 43.Handling by this preferred embodiment, between portable propelling box 41 and fixed bin 43 Operation.

As shown in fig. 7, one end that transmission mechanism 2 protrudes into active box 41 is connect with active box 41 by connecting component 412, Gu Determine box 43 and be equipped with movable passageway 433, spacing breach 413, spacing breach 413 and movable passageway 433 are offered on active box 41 Connection, transmission mechanism 2 sequentially pass through movable passageway 433 and spacing breach 413.Specifically, in a presently preferred embodiment, lead to One connecting component 412 of setting between the second plate body 255 and the inner wall of active box 41 is crossed to connect transmission mechanism 2 and active box 41 It is connected together, spacing breach 413 guides the drawing movement of transmission mechanism 2, and 433 one side of movable passageway plays support transmission mechanism The effect of 2 gravity, on the other hand can be along same when transmission mechanism 2 is because of active box 41 stress motion compresses spring backward The sliding of one direction.By this preferred embodiment, so that the drawing movement that drive rod 21 is driven the driving of element 1 is limited notch 413 guidance, will not occur the global displacement along 3 telescopic direction of unlock rod, while drive rod 21 is carrying out together with active box 41 It is not influenced by fixed bin 43 when kicking motion.

As shown in figure 9, the present invention provides a kind of battery replacement devices, comprising: battery tray and change electricity as previously described and set Standby tripper;Battery tray is equipped with shell 5 and battery replacement device sucker 6, and battery replacement device tripper is set in shell 5, changes Electric equipment sucker 6 is connect by battery replacement device tripper with shell 5, and battery replacement device sucker 6 is set on unlock rod 3 and unlocks Bar 3 stretches in battery replacement device sucker 6.

Specifically, unlock rod 3 is integrated into battery replacement device sucker 6 by the battery replacement device of the present embodiment, is set so that changing electricity The standby unlocking motion that can complete battery case 7 using unlock rod 3 while docking using battery replacement device sucker 6 with battery case 7, Battery replacement device sucker 6 can avoid it disconnected by protection unlock rod 3 using its thick and solid structure during unlock rod 3 is flexible simultaneously It splits, additionally it is possible to play guidance unlock rod 3 and stretch in one direction, further increase precision.

As shown in figures 7 and 9, in the battery replacement device of the present embodiment, unlock rod 3 is set on the end far from transmission mechanism 2 There is flange 31, corresponding flange 31 is equipped with boss 61 in battery replacement device sucker 6, and flange 31 is matched with 61 shape of boss.It is specific next It says, the retaining to unlock rod 3 is played the role of in the cooperation of boss 61 and flange 31, lead unlock rod 3 will not because of excessive retract Cause unlock operation next time that can not be fully finished so that influencing the problem of changing electrical efficiency.By this preferred embodiment, prevent Unlock rod 3 in retraction sucker, influences unlock operation next time during retraction.

As shown in fig. 7, the end face of unlock rod 3 and the surface of battery replacement device sucker 6 are neat in the battery replacement device of the present embodiment It is flat.By this preferred embodiment, the end that unlock rod 3 can be protected to stretch out is not damaged.

As shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, the present invention provides a kind of fast quick change electric systems of battery case 7 comprising has: battery case 7, battery case fixed frame (not shown) and battery replacement device as previously described;Battery case 7 includes lock tongue 71 and unblock button 72, solution It locks button 72 and lock tongue 71 interlocks, unblock button 72 is correspondingly arranged with unlock rod 3;There is battery case fixed frame locking part (not show Out), lock tongue 71 and locking part lock fit;The stretch out motion of unlock rod 3 drives lock tongue 71 to exit for pressing unblock button 72 Locking part unlock.

Specifically, it in the fast quick change electric system of the battery case of the present embodiment 7, is set on battery case 7 corresponding to unlock rod 3 The unblock button 72 to link with lock tongue 71 is set, in practical applications, unlock rod 3 stretches out being unlocked by pressing button 72, and lock tongue 71 contracts Enter battery case 7, battery case 7 and battery case fixed frame unlock, by battery case 7 after being separated in battery case fixed frame, Lock tongue 71 resets, and unlock rod 3 is unlocked button 72 and pushes up back in battery replacement device, and whole operation process is very convenient, unlocks precision It is very high.

As shown in figure 11, in the fast quick change electric system of the battery case of the present embodiment 7, battery case is arranged in unblock button 72 Sucker 73 and unblock button 72 are stretched in battery case sucker 73, and battery case sucker 73 is correspondingly arranged with battery replacement device sucker 6.Tool For body, in the present embodiment, battery case sucker 73 and battery replacement device sucker 6 are electromagnet sucker, use this preferred implementation The fast quick change electric system of battery case 7 of scheme, battery replacement device and battery case 7 have led to electric battery replacement device sucker 6 and battery case is inhaled The magnetic force that disk 73 generates is attracted each other connection, and the driving element 1 in battery replacement device is opened at this time, retracts transmission mechanism 2, is driven and is solved Locking bar 3 stretches out battery replacement device sucker 6, the unblock button 72 under 3 points of unlock rod in battery case sucker 73, and unblock button 72 drives lock Tongue 71 retracts lock box, and battery case 7 is unlocked from battery case fixed frame then, and then battery replacement device utilizes two to be still attached together Battery case 7 is pulled out battery case fixed frame by the suction of a sucker, so that the separation for completing battery case 7 and battery case fixed frame is made Industry, then driving element 1 releases transmission mechanism 2, and there are gaps between driven column 23 and unlock rod 3, due to lock tongue 71 Unlock rod 3 is pushed back battery replacement device sucker 6 by restoring force unblock button 72, and last battery case sucker 73 and battery replacement device sucker 6 are disconnected Electricity, battery case 7 are separated with battery replacement device, complete the dismantlement work of battery case 7.As soon as above-mentioned steps are operated in turn time, energy It is enough to be fitted into battery case 7 in automobile from electrical changing station.Two steps are exactly that battery case 7 fast quick change electric system changes electric mistake altogether Journey.The fast quick change electric system of battery case 7 of the present embodiment changes electricity using single case, and equipment overall structure is compact, sensitive, when changing electricity Between less than 6 minutes, realize automatic control.In a preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, 6 He of battery replacement device sucker It is linked together between active box 41 by an insulation board 62, electric current when shielding battery replacement device sucker 6 is powered.It is excellent by this Embodiment is selected, attracts each other by battery replacement device sucker 6 and battery case sucker 73 in battery replacement device and battery case 7 and is fitted in one When rising, unlock rod 3 accurately can carry out point-to-point unlock to unblock button 72, and unlock precision is high, not will cause battery case 7 Not exclusively unlock and the problem of make entirely to change electrolysis lock system locking, improve change electric system change electrical efficiency.

Battery replacement device tripper, battery replacement device and the fast quick change electric system of battery case 7 provided by the invention, utilize driver The torque of driving element 1 is passed to unlock rod 3 by structure 2, can be realized point-to-point accurate flexible unlock, be unlocked precision Height, Gao Xiesuo precision can also save the time of a part of battery replacement device unlock simultaneously, change electrical efficiency to improve.

Although specific embodiments of the present invention have been described above, it will be appreciated by those of skill in the art that this is only For example, protection scope of the present invention is to be defined by the appended claims.Those skilled in the art without departing substantially from Under the premise of the principle and substance of the present invention, many changes and modifications may be made, but these change and Modification each falls within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (18)

1. a kind of battery replacement device tripper, which is characterized in that it includes:
Driving element, transmission mechanism and unlock rod;
The driving element is connect with the transmission mechanism, and the transmission mechanism is connect with the unlock rod;
The driving element drives the transmission mechanism movement, and the transmission mechanism drives the unlock rod flexible.
2. battery replacement device tripper as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the transmission mechanism includes drive rod, master Dynamic column, driven column, connecting element and guide part;
One end of the drive rod is connect with the driving element, and the other end of the drive rod is connect with the active column, institute It states connecting element to connect with the active column and the driven column respectively, the axis along the unlock rod is offered on the guide part The driven column pilot hole extended to direction, the driven column pass through the driven column pilot hole and in the driven column pilot holes Sliding, the guide part are equipped with unlock rod pilot hole, and the unlock rod passes through the unlock rod pilot hole;
The connecting element is rotated around the axis of the active column, and the connecting element is rotated around the axis of the driven column, institute The axis that unlock rod is stated around the driven column rotates.
3. battery replacement device tripper as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that be also provided on the guide part along described The active column pilot hole that the axial direction of drive rod extends, the active column pass through the active column pilot hole and in the actives It is slided in column pilot hole.
4. battery replacement device tripper as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the guide part has the first plate body, the Two plate bodys and third plate body, second plate body are connected between first plate body and the third plate body, the active column Pilot hole is provided on first plate body and/or the third plate body, and the driven column pilot hole is provided with first plate On body and/or the third plate body, the unlock rod pilot hole is provided on second plate body.
5. battery replacement device tripper as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the drive rod includes active member, passes Power element and driven element, the active member are connect with the driving element, and the driven element is connect with the active column, The force transfer element is flexibly connected with the active member, and the force transfer element is fixedly connected with the driven element.
6. battery replacement device tripper as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:
The force transfer element includes steel tape, power transmission spring and two fixinig plates, and the both ends of the steel tape are separately connected described Active member and the driven element, two fixinig plates are fixed on the steel tape and are connected to the power transmission spring Both ends, the power transmission spring extend along the axial direction of the drive rod, and the steel tape is equipped with through-hole, and the through-hole is located at Between two fixinig plates;
The active member includes rotating plate and card column, and the rotating plate sequentially passes through two fixinig plates and is threaded through described In power transmission spring, the card column is connected on the rotating plate and is located between two fixinig plates, one end of the card column The through-hole is protruded into, the other end of the card column is stuck between two spirals of the power transmission spring;
The rotating plate slides along the axial direction of the drive rod, and the card column is slided in the through hole.
7. battery replacement device tripper as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the driven element includes driven disc and two A support chip, the driven disc are connect with the force transfer element, and two support chips are connected to the driven disc along institute The both sides of the axial direction of active column are stated, two support chips are connected on the active column.
8. battery replacement device tripper as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the battery replacement device tripper further includes Box body, one end that the unlock rod is connect with the transmission mechanism are located in the box body, and the other end of the unlock rod is pierced by The box body.
9. battery replacement device tripper as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the box body includes active box, cushioning element Part and fixed bin, the fixed bin are fixed, and the active box is movably connected in the fixed bin by the buffer element.
10. battery replacement device tripper as claimed in claim 9, which is characterized in that the buffer element is buffer spring, institute The axial direction that buffer spring is stated along the unlock rod extends.
11. the battery replacement device tripper as described in claim 9 or 10, which is characterized in that the fixed bin is equipped with sliding rail, The sliding rail extends along the axial direction of the unlock rod, and the active box is equipped with sliding part, and the sliding part is in the cunning It is slided on rail.
12. battery replacement device tripper as claimed in claim 11, which is characterized in that the end of the sliding rail, which has, to be exited The aperture in hole, the exit aperture is greater than the internal diameter of the sliding rail and the outer diameter of the sliding part.
13. battery replacement device tripper as claimed in claim 9, which is characterized in that the transmission mechanism protrudes into the activity One end of box is connect with the active box by connecting component, and the fixed bin is equipped with movable passageway, is opened on the active box Equipped with spacing breach, the spacing breach is connected to the movable passageway, and the transmission mechanism sequentially passes through the movable passageway With the spacing breach.
14. a kind of battery replacement device, which is characterized in that it includes:
Battery tray;
Such as the described in any item battery replacement device trippers of claim 1 to 13;
The battery tray is equipped with shell and battery replacement device sucker, and the battery replacement device tripper is set in the shell, The battery replacement device sucker is set in by the battery replacement device tripper and the cage connection, the battery replacement device sucker On the unlock rod and the unlock rod stretches in the battery replacement device sucker.
15. battery replacement device as claimed in claim 14, which is characterized in that end of the unlock rod far from the transmission mechanism It is equipped with flange, the flange is corresponded in the battery replacement device sucker equipped with boss, the flange and the projection shape Match.
16. battery replacement device as claimed in claim 14, which is characterized in that the end face of the unlock rod and the battery replacement device are inhaled The surface of disk flushes.
17. a kind of fast quick change electric system of battery case, which is characterized in that it includes:
Battery case, battery case fixed frame and such as described in any item battery replacement devices of claim 14 to 16;
The battery case includes lock tongue and unblock button, and the unblock button and the lock tongue interlock, the unblock button and institute Unlock rod is stated to be correspondingly arranged;
The battery case fixed frame has locking part, the lock tongue and the locking part lock fit;
The stretch out motion of the unlock rod drives the lock tongue to exit the locking part unlock for pressing the unblock button.
18. the fast quick change electric system of battery case as claimed in claim 17, which is characterized in that be arranged with electricity in the unblock button Pond case sucker and the unblock button are stretched in the battery case sucker, the battery case sucker and the battery replacement device sucker It is correspondingly arranged.
CN201711486870.4A 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 Battery replacement device tripper, battery replacement device and the fast quick change electric system of battery case CN109987069A (en)

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CN201711486870.4A CN109987069A (en) 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 Battery replacement device tripper, battery replacement device and the fast quick change electric system of battery case

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CN201711486870.4A CN109987069A (en) 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 Battery replacement device tripper, battery replacement device and the fast quick change electric system of battery case
PCT/CN2018/125675 WO2019129284A1 (en) 2017-12-29 2018-12-29 Battery replacement device unlocking apparatus, battery replacement device and battery box quick battery replacement system

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