CN109821610B - Domestic waste environmental protection processing apparatus for building - Google Patents

Domestic waste environmental protection processing apparatus for building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109821610B
CN109821610B CN201910084427.7A CN201910084427A CN109821610B CN 109821610 B CN109821610 B CN 109821610B CN 201910084427 A CN201910084427 A CN 201910084427A CN 109821610 B CN109821610 B CN 109821610B
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China
Prior art keywords
cavity
crushing
air outlet
movable plate
convex column
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CN201910084427.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109821610A (en
Inventor
战美秋
李慧
黄德馨
刘石
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Jilin Jianzhu University
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Jilin Jianzhu University
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Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly domestic garbage treatment device for buildings, relates to the field of building construction, and mainly aims to solve the problem that equipment is blocked due to one-time feeding of a traditional garbage treatment device; the processing device comprises a main box, wherein the inner cavity of the main box is sequentially provided with a material storage cavity, a transition cavity and a crushing cavity from top to bottom; the two sides of the bottom of the storage cavity are symmetrically provided with a partition plate and a movable plate, and one end of the movable plate is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the storage cavity; a rotary disc is arranged in the filter cavity, a convex column is eccentrically arranged on the rotary disc, and the convex column is connected with a connecting rod in a matching way; one end of the connecting rod is sleeved on the periphery of the convex column and is rotatably connected with the convex column, the other end of the connecting rod is hinged with a sliding seat, and the sliding seat is slidably clamped on the sliding rail. According to the invention, the baffle plate and the movable plate are arranged, and the movable plate is driven by the rotary disc to swing, so that the movable plate and the baffle plate are intermittently opened and closed, and then intermittent blanking is completed, and the phenomenon that garbage enters the crushing cavity once to cause equipment blockage is avoided.

Description

Domestic waste environmental protection processing apparatus for building
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of building construction, in particular to an environment-friendly treatment device for domestic garbage for buildings.
Background
The construction waste refers to the general name of dregs, waste concrete, waste bricks and stones and other wastes produced by people in the production activities of the construction industry such as demolition, construction, decoration and repair. The construction waste can be classified into engineering residue soil, decoration waste, demolition waste, engineering slurry and the like according to the production source; the construction waste can be classified into slag, concrete blocks, broken stone blocks, broken bricks and tiles, waste mortar, slurry, asphalt blocks, waste plastics, waste metals, waste bamboo and wood and the like according to the composition.
In order to avoid the pollution of construction waste to the environment and complete the cyclic utilization of resources, the construction site generally treats the waste in a crushing way. When the existing crushing device works, construction waste is added into the device at one time, so that equipment is easily blocked, and the service life is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an environment-friendly treatment device for domestic garbage for buildings, which aims to solve the problems.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
an environment-friendly domestic garbage treatment device for buildings comprises a main box, wherein the inner cavity of the main box is sequentially provided with a material storage cavity, a transition cavity and a crushing cavity from top to bottom, the bottom of the crushing cavity is connected with a feed opening, and the opening side of the material storage cavity is provided with a box cover; the two sides of the bottom of the storage cavity are symmetrically provided with a partition plate and a movable plate, wherein the partition plate is fixed on the inner wall of the storage cavity, and one end of the movable plate is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the storage cavity; a rotary disc equipped with a power source is arranged in the filter cavity, a convex column is eccentrically arranged on the rotary disc, and the convex column is connected with a connecting rod in a matching way; one end of the connecting rod is sleeved on the periphery of the convex column and is rotatably connected with the convex column, and the other end of the connecting rod is hinged with a sliding seat; the bottom of the movable plate is provided with a slide rail matched with the slide seat, and the slide seat is slidably clamped on the slide rail; install the multiunit in smashing the chamber and be the crushing roller that vertical direction equidistance was laid, crushing roller passes through motor drive, every group crushing roller's quantity is two and the mutual interval sets up.
On the basis of the technical scheme, the invention also provides the following optional technical scheme:
in one alternative: the gap between each set of the crushing rollers is gradually reduced from top to bottom.
In one alternative: the main body box is also provided with a filter cavity for containing water, the side edge of the filter cavity is provided with an air outlet, the filter cavity is communicated with the crushing cavity through an air suction channel, and the inner wall of the filter cavity is provided with a fan; the air inlet end of the fan is connected with the air suction channel, the air outlet end of the fan is connected with the air outlet pipe, the other end of the air outlet pipe extends into the position below the liquid level, and through holes are uniformly distributed in the pipe body of the air outlet pipe below the liquid level.
In one alternative: one end of the air suction channel connected with the crushing cavity is composed of a plurality of branches, and the branches and the plurality of groups of crushing rollers are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence mode.
In one alternative: the pipe body of the air outlet pipe below the liquid level is distributed in a snake shape.
In one alternative: and a filter screen is also arranged on the air outlet.
In one alternative: the filter screen is arranged in the frame body, the frame body is inserted on the air outlet, the inner wall of the frame body is provided with a chute, two ends of the filter screen are symmetrically connected with slide blocks matched with the chute, and the slide blocks are slidably connected with the chute; one end of the frame body extends out of the main body box and is connected with a connecting cover, the connecting cover is of a hollow structure, and a handle is arranged on the connecting cover; the outer wall of the main body box is fixedly provided with a connecting ring matched with the connecting cover, the cross section of the connecting ring is L-shaped, the connecting ring is provided with two symmetrically arranged notches, and the periphery of the connecting cover is fixedly provided with two clamping blocks matched with the notches.
In one alternative: two filter screens are arranged in the frame body.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
according to the invention, the baffle plate and the movable plate are arranged, and the movable plate is driven to swing by the turntable, so that the movable plate and the baffle plate are intermittently opened and closed, and then intermittent blanking is completed, and the phenomenon that garbage enters the crushing cavity once to cause equipment blockage is avoided; through the arrangement of the filter cavity and the fan, air is purified by utilizing the adsorption effect of water on dust, so that the filtration is completed, and the influence of the dust generated in the crushing process on the body health of workers is avoided; still be provided with the filter screen, can carry out further filtration to the air, adopt detachable design simultaneously, be convenient for carry out the maintenance clearance of filter screen, and the operation is got up simply swiftly.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a partial structural schematic diagram of fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the connection cap and the connection ring in another embodiment of the present invention.
Notations for reference numerals: 1-main body box, 11-material storage cavity, 12-transition cavity, 13-crushing cavity, 14-feed opening, 15-filter cavity, 151-air outlet, 2-box cover, 3-partition plate, 4-movable plate, 41-slide rail, 5-rotary table, 51-convex column, 6-connecting rod, 61-slide seat, 7-crushing roller, 8-blower, 81-air outlet pipe, 811-through hole, 91-filter screen, 911-slide block, 92-frame body, 921-slide groove, 93-connecting cover, 931-clamping block, 932-handle, 94-connecting ring, 941-notch and 101-air suction channel.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the following embodiments, wherein like or similar elements are designated by like reference numerals throughout the several views, and wherein the shape, thickness or height of the various elements may be expanded or reduced in practice. The examples are given solely for the purpose of illustration and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. Any obvious modifications or variations can be made to the present invention without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1, in the embodiment of the present invention, an environment-friendly treatment apparatus for domestic waste for buildings includes a main body box 1, a storage cavity 11, a transition cavity 12 and a crushing cavity 13 are sequentially arranged in an inner cavity of the main body box 1 from top to bottom, a feed opening 14 is connected to a bottom of the crushing cavity 13, and a box cover 2 is installed on an opening side of the storage cavity 11; the two sides of the bottom of the storage cavity 11 are symmetrically provided with a partition plate 3 and a movable plate 4, wherein the partition plate 3 is fixed on the inner wall of the storage cavity 11, one end of the movable plate 4 is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the storage cavity 11, and when the movable plate 4 is in a horizontal state, the movable plate 4 can be matched with the partition plate 3 to seal the bottom of the storage cavity 11; a rotary disc 5 equipped with a power source is arranged in the transition cavity 12, a convex column 51 is eccentrically arranged on the rotary disc 5, and the convex column 51 is connected with a connecting rod 6 in a matching way; one end of the connecting rod 6 is sleeved on the periphery of the convex column 51 and is rotatably connected with the convex column 51, and the other end of the connecting rod 6 is hinged with a sliding seat 61; slide rail 41 with slide 61 matched with is installed to the bottom of fly leaf 4, and slide 61 slide card is established on slide rail 41, and the during operation is arranged pending rubbish in storage cavity 11, is driven projection 51 by carousel 5 and rotates to drive connecting rod 6 and rotate, connecting rod 6 drives fly leaf 4 swing at the pivoted in-process, thereby makes fly leaf 4 and 3 intermittent type nature production open and shut, and then accomplishes intermittent type nature unloading, avoids rubbish once only to enter into and smashes the chamber 13 and cause the equipment card to hinder.
A plurality of groups of crushing rollers 7 which are equidistantly arranged in the vertical direction are arranged in the crushing cavity 13, the crushing rollers 7 are driven by a motor (not shown in the figure), two crushing rollers 7 are arranged in each group at intervals, and when garbage falls into the crushing cavity 13 through the material storage cavity 11, the garbage is crushed by the crushing rollers 7;
further, in this embodiment, the gap between each group of the crushing rollers 7 is gradually reduced from top to bottom, so that stepwise crushing can be realized, the crushing effect is ensured, and the possibility of jamming of the crushing rollers 7 is further reduced;
in order to solve the problem that a large amount of dust is generated in the process of crushing the construction waste and affects the health of workers if the construction waste is not treated in time, in the embodiment, a filter cavity 15 for containing water is further arranged in the main body box 1, an air outlet 151 is formed in the side edge of the filter cavity 15, the filter cavity 15 is communicated with the crushing cavity 13 through an air suction channel 101, and a fan 8 is installed on the inner wall of the filter cavity 15; the air inlet end of the fan 8 is connected with the air suction channel 101, the air outlet end of the fan 8 is connected with the air outlet pipe 81, the other end of the air outlet pipe 81 extends to the position below the liquid level, through holes 811 are uniformly distributed on the pipe body of the air outlet pipe 81 positioned below the liquid level, so that dust generated in the crushing process can be sucked into water by the fan 8 along with air, the air is purified by utilizing the adsorption effect of water on the dust, the filtering is finished, and the filtered air is discharged through the air outlet 151;
furthermore, one end of the air suction channel 101, which is connected with the crushing cavity 13, is formed by a plurality of branches, and the plurality of branches are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the plurality of groups of crushing rollers 7, so that the fan 8 can effectively suck dust;
furthermore, the pipe body of the air outlet pipe 81 below the liquid level is distributed in a snake shape, so that the contact area of dust and water is increased, and the filtering effect is ensured.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 2 to 4, an embodiment of the present invention is an improvement on the basis of embodiment 1, and mainly aims to further improve a filtering effect on dust, specifically, a filter screen 91 is further installed on the air outlet 151, so that air can be further filtered, and the filtering effect is improved;
further, the filter screen 91 is installed in the frame body 92, the frame body 92 is inserted into the air outlet 151, the inner wall of the frame body 92 is provided with a chute 921, two ends of the filter screen 91 are symmetrically connected with slide blocks 911 matched with the chute 921, and the slide blocks 911 are slidably connected with the chute 921; one end of the frame body 92 extends out of the main body box 1 and is connected with a connecting cover 93, the connecting cover 93 is of a hollow structure, and a handle 932 is arranged on the connecting cover 93, so that air exhaust is not affected; the outer wall of the main box 1 is fixed with a connecting ring 94 matched with the connecting cover 93, the section of the connecting ring 94 is L-shaped, the connecting ring 94 is provided with two symmetrically-arranged notches 941, correspondingly, two clamping blocks 931 matched with the notches 941 are fixed on the periphery of the connecting cover 93, when in connection, the connecting cover 93 can be fixed on the connecting ring 94 by extending the clamping blocks 931 of the connecting cover 93 into the notches 941 and then rotating the clamping blocks 931, operation is quick and convenient, conversely, when in detachment, the connecting cover 93 can be taken out by only rotating the connecting cover 93 to the positions where the clamping blocks 931 are opposite to the notches 941 to communicate the frame body 92 with the connecting cover 93, then the filter screen 91 is detached, and maintenance and cleaning are convenient;
further, the two filter screens 91 are arranged in the frame body 92, so that multi-stage filtration is realized, and the filtering effect is improved.
The above description is only for the specific embodiments of the present disclosure, but the scope of the present disclosure is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art can easily conceive of the changes or substitutions within the technical scope of the present disclosure, and all the changes or substitutions should be covered within the scope of the present disclosure. Therefore, the protection scope of the present disclosure shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (5)

1. An environment-friendly domestic garbage treatment device for buildings comprises a main body box (1), wherein a material storage cavity (11), a transition cavity (12) and a crushing cavity (13) are sequentially arranged in the inner cavity of the main body box (1) from top to bottom, the bottom of the crushing cavity (13) is connected with a feed opening (14), and a box cover (2) is arranged on the opening side of the material storage cavity (11); the device is characterized in that two sides of the bottom of the storage cavity (11) are symmetrically provided with a partition plate (3) and a movable plate (4), wherein the partition plate (3) is fixed on the inner wall of the storage cavity (11), and one end of the movable plate (4) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the storage cavity (11); a rotary disc (5) equipped with a power source is arranged in the transition cavity (12), a convex column (51) is eccentrically arranged on the rotary disc (5), and the convex column (51) is connected with a connecting rod (6) in a matching way; one end of the connecting rod (6) is sleeved on the periphery of the convex column (51) and is rotatably connected with the convex column (51), and the other end of the connecting rod (6) is hinged with a sliding seat (61); the bottom of the movable plate (4) is provided with a sliding rail (41) matched with the sliding seat (61), and the sliding seat (61) is clamped on the sliding rail (41) in a sliding manner; a plurality of groups of crushing rollers (7) which are equidistantly arranged in the vertical direction are arranged in the crushing cavity (13), the crushing rollers (7) are driven by a motor, and the number of each group of the crushing rollers (7) is two and the two crushing rollers are arranged at intervals;
the main body box (1) is also internally provided with a filter cavity (15) for containing water, the side edge of the filter cavity (15) is provided with an air outlet (151), the filter cavity (15) is communicated with the crushing cavity (13) through an air suction channel (101), and the inner wall of the filter cavity (15) is provided with a fan (8); the air inlet end of the fan (8) is connected with the air suction channel (101), the air outlet end of the fan (8) is connected with an air outlet pipe (81), the other end of the air outlet pipe (81) extends into the position below the liquid level, and through holes (811) are uniformly distributed on the pipe body of the air outlet pipe (81) positioned below the liquid level;
a filter screen (91) is also arranged on the air outlet (151); the filter screen (91) is installed in the frame body (92), the frame body (92) is inserted into the air outlet (151), a sliding groove (921) is formed in the inner wall of the frame body (92), two ends of the filter screen (91) are symmetrically connected with sliding blocks (911) matched with the sliding groove (921), and the sliding blocks (911) are connected with the sliding groove (921) in a sliding mode; one end of the frame body (92) extends out of the main body box (1) and is connected with a connecting cover (93), the connecting cover (93) is of a hollow structure, and a handle (932) is installed on the connecting cover (93); be fixed with on the outer wall of main part case (1) and connect lid (93) matched with go-between (94), the cross-section of go-between (94) is the L type, sets up opening (941) that two symmetries set up on go-between (94), the periphery of connecting lid (93) is fixed with two fixture blocks (931) with opening (941) looks adaptation.
2. The environmental protection household garbage disposal device for building as set forth in claim 1, wherein the gap between each set of said pulverizing rollers (7) is gradually decreased from top to bottom.
3. The environment-friendly domestic waste treatment device for building of claim 1, wherein the end of the air suction channel (101) connected with the crushing cavity (13) is composed of a plurality of branches, and the plurality of branches are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the plurality of groups of crushing rollers (7).
4. The environment-friendly domestic waste treatment device for building of claim 3, wherein the pipe body of the air outlet pipe (81) below the liquid level is distributed in a snake shape.
5. The device for the environmental-friendly treatment of domestic waste for building according to claim 1, wherein two filter screens (91) are provided in the frame body (92).
CN201910084427.7A 2019-01-29 2019-01-29 Domestic waste environmental protection processing apparatus for building Active CN109821610B (en)

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CN201910084427.7A CN109821610B (en) 2019-01-29 2019-01-29 Domestic waste environmental protection processing apparatus for building

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN109821610B true CN109821610B (en) 2021-04-09

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110124783A (en) * 2019-06-02 2019-08-16 上海予晟贸易有限公司 A kind of household small-size apparatus for disposing of food waste

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CN107152688A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-12 桐乡市大麻正扬家纺经营部 A kind of domestic garbage incineration equipment of convenient cleaning
CN107174946A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-19 北京丰泽绿源环境技术有限公司 A kind of indoor air handler and method
CN206793875U (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-26 黑龙江科技大学 A kind of mine Special crushing device
CN207493743U (en) * 2017-09-04 2018-06-15 南通汉瑞新材料科技有限公司 A kind of stone pulverizing device with precrushing mechanism
CN207628481U (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-07-20 司昌俊 A kind of environmentally friendly classifying treater of living refuse for building
CN108421640A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-08-21 罗娟 A kind of electrostatic precipitation dress that self start type is swung
CN108579862A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-09-28 温岭市仁全机械设备有限公司 A kind of facilitation senile dementia treatment new drug preparation facilities
CN208098208U (en) * 2018-02-27 2018-11-16 黑龙江省建设技术发展中心 A kind of smart city building rubbish treatment device
CN108889062A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-11-27 江苏安纳泰环保科技有限公司 A kind of desulfurization and dedusting integrated device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09117687A (en) * 1995-10-26 1997-05-06 Nakabayashi Kk Drink container shredding machine
CN202021196U (en) * 2011-04-26 2011-11-02 林运先 Household garbage disposal machine
CN205797405U (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-12-14 徐州志欧机电设备有限公司 Vertical daily garbage reducing mechanism
CN107174946A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-19 北京丰泽绿源环境技术有限公司 A kind of indoor air handler and method
CN107131504A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-05 桐乡市大麻正扬家纺经营部 A kind of domestic garbage incineration equipment for saving the energy
CN107152688A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-12 桐乡市大麻正扬家纺经营部 A kind of domestic garbage incineration equipment of convenient cleaning
CN206793875U (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-26 黑龙江科技大学 A kind of mine Special crushing device
CN207493743U (en) * 2017-09-04 2018-06-15 南通汉瑞新材料科技有限公司 A kind of stone pulverizing device with precrushing mechanism
CN207628481U (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-07-20 司昌俊 A kind of environmentally friendly classifying treater of living refuse for building
CN208098208U (en) * 2018-02-27 2018-11-16 黑龙江省建设技术发展中心 A kind of smart city building rubbish treatment device
CN108421640A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-08-21 罗娟 A kind of electrostatic precipitation dress that self start type is swung
CN108579862A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-09-28 温岭市仁全机械设备有限公司 A kind of facilitation senile dementia treatment new drug preparation facilities
CN108889062A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-11-27 江苏安纳泰环保科技有限公司 A kind of desulfurization and dedusting integrated device

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