CN110918614A - Building rubbish breaker for building engineering - Google Patents

Building rubbish breaker for building engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110918614A
CN110918614A CN201911263252.2A CN201911263252A CN110918614A CN 110918614 A CN110918614 A CN 110918614A CN 201911263252 A CN201911263252 A CN 201911263252A CN 110918614 A CN110918614 A CN 110918614A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
rod
plate
belt pulley
fixed shell
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911263252.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓卓
Original Assignee
邓卓
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 邓卓 filed Critical 邓卓
Priority to CN201911263252.2A priority Critical patent/CN110918614A/en
Publication of CN110918614A publication Critical patent/CN110918614A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/30Combinations with other devices, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/34Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen
    • B07B1/343Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen with mechanical drive elements other than electromagnets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a construction waste crushing device for construction engineering, which comprises a bottom plate and a box body, wherein a fixed shell is arranged at the upper part of the rear end of the box body, crushing rollers are symmetrically arranged at the left and right parts of the upper part in the box body, transmission rods are symmetrically arranged at the front end and the rear end of each crushing roller, a front transmission rod penetrates through the box body to be rotatably connected with the inner wall of the fixed shell, a motor is arranged at the front end of the fixed shell, the rear end of the motor penetrates through the fixed shell to be fixedly connected with the left transmission rod, the outer surface of the transmission rod is sleeved with a full gear which is positioned in the fixed shell, the outer surface of the left transmission rod is sleeved with a belt pulley I, the belt pulley is positioned in the fixed shell, the outer surface of the right transmission rod is sleeved with the half gear, the fixed shell is vertically provided with the rack, the rack is meshed with the half gear, the lower end of the rack is provided with the fixed block, the lower end of the fixed block is provided with the telescopic device, and the outer surface of the telescopic device is sleeved with the first spring.

Description

Building rubbish breaker for building engineering
Technical Field
The invention relates to a crushing device, in particular to a construction waste crushing device for constructional engineering.
Background
The construction waste refers to the general name of dregs, waste concrete, waste bricks and stones and other wastes produced by people in the production activities of the construction industry such as demolition, construction, decoration and repair. The construction waste can be classified into engineering residue soil, decoration waste, demolition waste, engineering slurry and the like according to the production source; the construction waste can be classified into slag, concrete blocks, broken stone blocks, broken bricks and tiles, waste mortar, slurry, asphalt blocks, waste plastics, waste metals, waste bamboo and wood and the like according to the composition.
Can use breaker to carry out the breakage to bold building rubbish among the building engineering, can also remain bold building rubbish after the broken completion of current breaker, need find out bold building rubbish in broken rubbish heap and carry out the breakage again, very troublesome, breaker still can be together broken with the metal waste that has the value of utilization among the building rubbish simultaneously, can not effectually retrieve metal waste and recycle. Accordingly, those skilled in the art have provided a construction waste crushing apparatus for construction engineering to solve the problems set forth in the background art.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a construction waste crushing device for construction engineering, which aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a construction waste crushing device for construction engineering comprises a base plate and a box body, wherein the box body is installed at the upper end of the base plate, a fixed shell is installed at the upper portion of the rear end of the box body, a dust cover is arranged at the rear end of the box body and located below the fixed shell, an exhaust pipe is installed at the rear end of the dust cover, a dust removal box is arranged at the rear end of the exhaust pipe, a water tank is installed at the upper end of the dust removal box, crushing rollers are symmetrically arranged at the left upper portion and the right upper portion in the box body, transmission rods are symmetrically installed at the front end and the rear end of each crushing roller, the rear transmission rods are rotatably connected with the inner wall of the box body, a front transmission rod penetrates through the box body and is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the fixed shell, a motor is installed at the front end of the fixed shell, a left transmission rod is fixedly connected with a motor through the fixed, the half gear is positioned in the fixed shell, a rack is vertically arranged in the fixed shell and meshed with the half gear, a fixed block is arranged at the lower end of the rack, a telescopic device is arranged at the lower end of the fixed block and fixedly connected with the bottom in the fixed shell, and a first spring is sleeved on the outer surface of the telescopic device;
a second belt pulley is arranged in the dust cover, fan blades are sleeved on the outer surface of a central rotating shaft of the second belt pulley, a transmission belt is arranged between the first belt pulley and the second belt pulley, and the transmission belt is sleeved outside the first belt pulley and the second belt pulley;
a filter plate is transversely arranged in the box body and is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the box body, the filter plate is positioned below the crushing roller, a sliding groove is formed in the front end of the box body corresponding to the position of the filter plate, a connecting rod is installed at the front end of the filter plate and penetrates through the sliding groove to be fixedly connected with a fixed block, sliding rods are symmetrically arranged in the filter plate from left to right and are in sliding connection with the filter plate, supporting plates are symmetrically installed at the upper end and the lower end of each sliding rod, the supporting plates are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box body, springs II are symmetrically sleeved on the;
the left wall and the right wall are respectively provided with a groove fixing block in the box body, a slide bar is arranged in the groove fixing block, the slide bar and the groove fixing block are connected in a sliding mode, the slide bar is connected with an inclined plate by an inner end, the two inclined plates are arranged up and down, and iron-absorbing blocks are embedded in the upper end of the inclined plates.
As a further scheme of the invention: the telescoping device includes hollow rod, solid pole, limiting plate, sets up the limiting plate in the hollow rod, and limiting plate and hollow rod inner wall sliding connection, and hollow rod one end fixed connection limiting plate is passed to solid pole one end.
As a still further scheme of the invention: four supporting legs are symmetrically arranged at the lower end of the bottom plate in the left-right direction, and the four supporting legs are respectively distributed at four corners of the lower end face of the bottom plate.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the upper end of the box body is provided with a feed inlet, and a cover is arranged on the feed inlet.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the rear end of the box body is provided with a sliding door, and the rear end of the sliding door is provided with a handle.
As a still further scheme of the invention: hinges are symmetrically arranged at the left end of the sliding door in an up-and-down mode, and the sliding door is rotatably connected with the box body through the hinges.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the cross section of the groove fixing block is convex, and the cross section of the sliding rod is convex.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the top of the dust removal box is provided with a spray head, and the upper end of the spray head is communicated with a water tank.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the motor drives the crushing roller to crush the construction waste, the motor drives the half gear, the rack, the fixed block, the connecting rod, the telescopic device and the spring I to connect and drive the filter plate to move up and down to screen the crushed construction waste, the large construction waste is left on the filter plate, the sliding door is opened to take out the large construction waste to be crushed again, the construction waste is crushed more thoroughly, the metal waste in the construction waste is adsorbed by the iron absorbing blocks to recycle the metal waste with useful value in the construction waste, meanwhile, the motor drives the fan blades to rotate through the belt pulley I, the transmission belt and the belt pulley II to suck away the crushed dust in the box body, and the spray head sprays water to reduce dust, so that a good working environment is provided.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a construction waste crushing device for construction engineering.
Fig. 2 is a left side view of a construction waste crushing device for construction engineering.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a box body in the construction waste crushing device for construction engineering.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a gear in the construction waste crushing device for construction engineering.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a fixing shell in the construction waste crushing device for construction engineering.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a connecting rod in a construction waste crushing device for construction engineering.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a dust cover in the construction waste crushing device for construction engineering.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a dust removal box in the construction waste crushing device for construction engineering.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a telescopic device in the construction waste crushing device for construction engineering.
In the figure: 1. a base plate; 11. supporting legs; 2. a box body; 21. a feed inlet; 22. a sliding groove; 23. a hinge; 24. sliding the door; 25. a handle; 3. a crushing roller; 31. a transmission rod; 32. all-gear; 33. a first belt pulley; 34. a half gear; 4. a stationary case; 41. a motor; 5. a dust cover; 51. a second belt pulley; 52. a fan blade; 53. a drive belt; 54. an exhaust pipe; 6. a dust removal box; 61. a spray head; 62. a water tank; 7. a filter plate; 71. a slide bar; 72. a support plate; 73. a second spring; 8. a groove fixing block; 81. a slide bar; 82. a sloping plate; 83. adsorbing the iron blocks; 9. a rack; 91. a fixed block; 92. a connecting rod; 93. a telescoping device; 931. a hollow shaft; 932. a solid bar; 933. a limiting plate; 94. and a first spring.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, in the embodiment of the invention, a construction waste crushing device for construction engineering comprises a bottom plate 1 and a box body 2, wherein four support legs 11 are symmetrically installed at the left and right of the lower end of the bottom plate 1, the four support legs 11 are respectively distributed at four corners of the lower end surface of the bottom plate 1, the box body 2 is installed at the upper end of the bottom plate 1, a feed inlet 21 is formed in the upper end of the box body 2, a cover is arranged on the feed inlet 21, a sliding door 24 is installed at the rear end of the box body 2, hinges 23 are symmetrically arranged at the upper and lower parts of the left end of the sliding door 24, the sliding door 24 is rotatably connected with the box body 2 through the hinges 23, a handle 25 is installed at the rear end of the sliding door 24, a fixed shell 4 is installed at the upper part of the rear end of the box body 2, a dust cover 5 is arranged at the rear end of the box body 2, the;
the crushing rollers 3 are symmetrically arranged at the left and right of the upper part in the box body 2, the transmission rods 31 are symmetrically arranged at the front end and the rear end of each crushing roller 3, the rear transmission rod 31 is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the box body 2, the front transmission rod 31 penetrates through the box body 2 and is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the fixed shell 4, the motor 41 is arranged at the front end of the fixed shell 4, the rear end of the motor 41 penetrates through the fixed shell 4 and is fixedly connected with the left transmission rod 31, the full gear 32 is sleeved on the outer surface of the transmission rod 31, the full gear 32 is positioned in the fixed shell 4, the two full gears 32 are meshed with each other, the belt pulley 33 is sleeved on the outer surface of the left transmission rod 31, the belt pulley 33 is positioned in the fixed shell 4, the half gear 34 is sleeved on the outer surface of the right transmission rod 31, the half gear 34 is positioned in the fixed, the lower end of the telescopic device 93 is fixedly connected with the inner bottom of the fixed shell 4, and a first spring 94 is sleeved on the outer surface of the telescopic device 93;
a second belt pulley 51 is arranged in the dust cover 5, fan blades 52 are sleeved on the outer surface of a central rotating shaft of the second belt pulley 51, a transmission belt 53 is arranged between the first belt pulley 33 and the second belt pulley 51, the transmission belt 53 is sleeved outside the first belt pulley 33 and the second belt pulley 51, a spray head 61 is arranged at the top in the dust removing box 6, and the upper end of the spray head 61 is communicated with a water tank 62;
a filter plate 7 is transversely arranged in the box body 2, the filter plate 7 is slidably connected with the inner wall of the box body 2, the filter plate 7 is positioned below the crushing roller 3, a sliding groove 22 is formed in the position, corresponding to the filter plate 7, of the front end of the box body 2, a connecting rod 92 is installed at the front end of the filter plate 7, the connecting rod 92 penetrates through the sliding groove 22 and is fixedly connected with a fixed block 91, sliding rods 71 are symmetrically arranged in the filter plate 7 from left to right, the filter plate 7 is slidably connected with the sliding rods 71, supporting plates 72 are symmetrically installed at the upper end and the lower end of each sliding rod 71, the supporting plates 72 are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box body 2, springs two 73 are symmetrically;
the left wall and the right wall in the box body 2 are respectively provided with a groove fixing block 8, a slide bar 81 is arranged in the groove fixing block 8, the slide bar 81 is connected with the groove fixing block 8 in a sliding manner, the cross section of the groove fixing block 8 is in a convex shape, the cross section of the slide bar 81 is in a convex shape, an inclined plate 82 is arranged at one end of the slide bar 81 close to the inner side, the two inclined plates 82 are arranged up and down, and a magnet block 83 is embedded at the;
the telescopic device 93 comprises a hollow rod 931, a solid rod 932 and a limiting plate 933, wherein the limiting plate 933 is arranged in the hollow rod 931, the limiting plate 933 is connected with the inner wall of the hollow rod 931 in a sliding mode, and one end of the solid rod 932 penetrates through one end of the hollow rod 931 and is fixedly connected with the limiting plate 933.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: the cover is opened to add the construction waste into the box body 2 through the feed inlet 21, the motor 41 works to drive the left side transmission rod 31 to rotate, the two crushing rollers 3 move reversely through the meshing transmission of the two full gears 32, the construction waste is crushed, the crushed construction waste falls on the filter plate 7, meanwhile, the right side transmission rod 31 rotates to drive the half gear 34 to rotate, the half gear 34 rotates to drive the rack 9 to press downwards, the rack 9 presses downwards to drive the fixing block 91 to press downwards, the fixing block 91 drives the filter plate 7 to descend, meanwhile, the fixing block 91 drives the telescopic device 93 to shorten, the first spring 94 is compressed, when the non-toothed surface of the half gear 34 rotates to the direction of the rack 9, the rack 9 loses pressure, the first spring 94 resets to drive the filter plate 7 to move upwards through the fixing block 91 and the connecting rod 92, and the filter plate 7 is driven to reciprocate upwards through the up and, screening the crushed construction waste to enable the large construction waste to remain on the filter plate 7, opening the sliding door 24 through the hinge 23 to take out the large construction waste for crushing again, dropping the construction waste screened by the filter plate 7 to the bottom in the box body 2 through the two inclined plates 82, adsorbing the metal waste in the construction waste by the iron-absorbing block 83 at the same time, opening the sliding door 24 to draw out the inclined plates 82, sliding the sliding rod 81 out of the groove fixing block 8 to collect the metal waste adhered to the surface of the iron-absorbing block 83, collecting the dust in the box body 2 during crushing, driving the belt pulley 33 to rotate by the left side driving rod 31, driving the belt pulley 51 to rotate by the driving belt 53, driving the fan blades 52 to rotate by the belt pulley 51 to generate suction, absorbing the dust in the box body 2 into the dust removal box 6 through the exhaust pipe 54, and spraying the water in the water tank 62 into the dust removal box 6 through the spray nozzle 61, dust is caused to adhere to the water droplets, thereby performing dust removal.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The construction waste crushing device for the construction engineering comprises a bottom plate (1) and a box body (2), and is characterized in that the box body (2) is installed at the upper end of the bottom plate (1), a fixed shell (4) is installed at the upper portion of the rear end of the box body (2), a dust cover (5) is arranged at the rear end of the box body (2), the dust cover (5) is located below the fixed shell (4), an exhaust pipe (54) is installed at the rear end of the dust cover (5), a dust removal box (6) is arranged at the rear end of the exhaust pipe (54), a water tank (62) is installed at the upper end of the dust removal box (6), crushing rollers (3) are symmetrically arranged at the left upper portion and the right portion in the box body (2), transmission rods (31) are symmetrically installed at the front end and the rear end of each crushing roller (3), the rear transmission rod (31) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the box body (2), the, the rear end of the motor (41) penetrates through the fixed shell (4) to be fixedly connected with the left transmission rod (31), the outer surface of the transmission rod (31) is sleeved with the full gear (32), the full gear (32) is positioned in the fixed shell (4), the two full gears (32) are meshed with each other, a belt pulley I (33) is sleeved on the outer surface of the left transmission rod (31), and the first belt pulley (33) is positioned in the fixed shell (4), the outer surface of the right transmission rod (31) is sleeved with a half gear (34), the half gear (34) is positioned in the fixed shell (4), the rack (9) is vertically arranged in the fixed shell (4), the rack (9) is meshed with the semi-gear (34), the lower end of the rack (9) is provided with a fixed block (91), the lower end of the fixed block (91) is provided with a telescopic device (93), the lower end of the telescopic device (93) is fixedly connected with the inner bottom of the fixed shell (4), and a first spring (94) is sleeved on the outer surface of the telescopic device (93);
a second belt pulley (51) is arranged in the dust cover (5), fan blades (52) are sleeved on the outer surface of a central rotating shaft of the second belt pulley (51), a transmission belt (53) is arranged between the first belt pulley (33) and the second belt pulley (51), and the transmission belt (53) is sleeved outside the first belt pulley (33) and the second belt pulley (51);
the filter plate (7) is transversely arranged in the box body (2), the filter plate (7) is slidably connected with the inner wall of the box body (2), the filter plate (7) is positioned below the crushing roller (3), a sliding groove (22) is formed in the position, corresponding to the filter plate (7), of the front end of the box body (2), a connecting rod (92) is installed at the front end of the filter plate (7), the connecting rod (92) penetrates through the sliding groove (22) to be fixedly connected with a fixed block (91), sliding rods (71) are symmetrically arranged in the filter plate (7) in a left-right mode, the filter plate (7) is slidably connected with the sliding rods (71), supporting plates (72) are symmetrically installed at the upper end and the lower end of each sliding rod (71), the supporting plates (72) are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box body (2), springs (73) are symmetrically sleeved on the upper surface and the lower surface of;
wall installation recess fixed block (8) respectively about in box (2), set up slide bar (81) in recess fixed block (8), and slide bar (81) and recess fixed block (8) sliding connection, slide bar (81) lean on interior one end installation swash plate (82), and two swash plates (82) set up from top to bottom, and magnet piece (83) are inlayed to swash plate (82) upper end.
2. The construction waste crushing device for the building engineering according to claim 1, wherein the telescopic device (93) comprises a hollow rod (931), a solid rod (932) and a limiting plate (933), the limiting plate (933) is arranged in the hollow rod (931), the limiting plate (933) is connected with the inner wall of the hollow rod (931) in a sliding mode, and one end of the solid rod (932) penetrates through the hollow rod (931) and one end of the limiting plate (933) is fixedly connected with one end of the hollow rod (931).
3. The construction waste crushing device for the building engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that four support legs (11) are symmetrically arranged at the lower end of the bottom plate (1) in the left-right direction, and the four support legs (11) are respectively distributed at four corners of the lower end surface of the bottom plate (1).
4. The construction waste crushing device for the construction engineering as claimed in claim 1, wherein a feeding port (21) is arranged at the upper end of the box body (2), and a cover is arranged on the feeding port (21).
5. The construction waste crushing device for the construction engineering as claimed in claim 1, wherein a sliding door (24) is installed at the rear end of the box body (2), and a handle (25) is installed at the rear end of the sliding door (24).
6. The construction waste crushing device for the construction engineering as claimed in claim 5, wherein hinges (23) are symmetrically arranged at the left end of the sliding door (24) up and down, and the sliding door (24) is rotatably connected with the box body (2) through the hinges (23).
7. The construction waste crushing device for the construction engineering as claimed in claim 1, wherein the groove fixing block (8) is convex in cross section, and the slide bar (81) is convex in cross section.
8. The construction waste crushing device for the construction engineering according to claim 1, wherein a spray head (61) is installed at the top in the dust removing box (6), and the upper end of the spray head (61) is communicated with a water tank (62).
CN201911263252.2A 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Building rubbish breaker for building engineering Pending CN110918614A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111420734A (en) * 2020-04-01 2020-07-17 周月英 Fine crushing device for new material based on special-shaped gear transmission principle
CN111437921A (en) * 2020-04-11 2020-07-24 长兴大合机械有限公司 Broken dust collecting equipment of mine building stones
CN111729721A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-10-02 沈涛 Circulating fodder reducing mechanism

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111420734A (en) * 2020-04-01 2020-07-17 周月英 Fine crushing device for new material based on special-shaped gear transmission principle
CN111437921A (en) * 2020-04-11 2020-07-24 长兴大合机械有限公司 Broken dust collecting equipment of mine building stones
CN111729721A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-10-02 沈涛 Circulating fodder reducing mechanism

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