CN109779135A - Steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard and installation method - Google Patents

Steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard and installation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109779135A
CN109779135A CN201910214636.9A CN201910214636A CN109779135A CN 109779135 A CN109779135 A CN 109779135A CN 201910214636 A CN201910214636 A CN 201910214636A CN 109779135 A CN109779135 A CN 109779135A
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China
Prior art keywords
building
layer
crossbeam
fascia
lining
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CN201910214636.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李建民
孔龙辉
孔慢慢
王鑫
孔祥利
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孔祥利
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Priority to CN201910214636.9A priority Critical patent/CN109779135A/en
Publication of CN109779135A publication Critical patent/CN109779135A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard and installation method, belong to prefabricated buildings field, the wallboard is based on two building crossbeams up and down in engineering construction, including lining, Side fascia, exterior finish decorative layer, insulating layer and the connecting elements for connecting lining and Side fascia, connecting elements is respectively arranged on upper and lower two buildings crossbeam;The lining includes interior wall fireprotection layer and inner wall finishing layer, is offered on lining and fixation hole, is provided with fastener in fixation hole, and be fixed on two building crossbeams up and down by connecting elements;The Side fascia includes inner plating, interlayer, outer panels, and correspondence offers fixation hole in inner plating, interlayer, outer panels, fastener is provided in fixation hole, and be fixed on two building crossbeams up and down by connecting elements.Insulating layer can cast in situs, can also batch production it is prefabricated, exterior finish decorative layer can make integral with Side fascia, can also be connected by connection hanging piece.

Description

Steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard and installation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of prefabricated buildings, specifically a kind of steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard and installation Method.
Background technique
The building materials such as brick are widely used in residential construction area, but building material tension, bending resistance, shearing strength It is low, and brittleness is big, and ductility is poor, energy dissipation capacity is poor, is easy cracking and even collapses;Steel construction has batch production degree height, structure Outstanding advantages of superior performance, site workload are small, and speed of application is fast applies to steel construction in masonry brick wall, can effectively mention The Seismic Bearing Capacity and ductility of high masonry structure.But will construct in conjunction with the building materials such as steel construction and brick, not only technique is multiple It is miscellaneous, and cracking is easy after the completion of constructing.
Summary of the invention
Technical assignment of the invention is in view of the deficiencies of the prior art, to provide firstly a kind of steel construction assembled ecological house Room wallboard.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
Steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard, the wallboard based on upper building crossbeam, the lower building crossbeam in engineering construction, including Lining, Side fascia, exterior finish decorative layer, insulating layer and the connecting elements for connecting lining and Side fascia, the lining The inside of upper building crossbeam and lower building crossbeam is fixed on by connecting elements, Side fascia is fixed on upper building by connecting elements The outside of crossbeam and lower building crossbeam, fills or has poured insulating layer between lining and Side fascia.
Further, the upper building crossbeam and lower building crossbeam are I-steel or square steel.
Further, the lining includes interior wall fireprotection layer) and inner wall finishing layer, inner wall finishing layer calcium silicate board, Plasterboard, stone moulding material or Wood-plastic material are made;It is corresponding on interior wall fireprotection layer and inner wall finishing layer to offer and fixation hole, Gu Determine to be provided with fastener in hole, and is fixed on upper building crossbeam and lower building crossbeam by connecting elements.
Further, the Side fascia includes inner plating, interlayer, outer panels, is corresponded in inner plating, interlayer, outer panels Fixation hole is offered, fastener is provided in fixation hole, and upper building crossbeam and lower building crossbeam are fixed on by connecting elements On.
Further, the inner plating is calcium silicate board, and interlayer is made of rock wool material, and outer panels are calcium silicates Plate or cement pressure plate.
Further, the inner plating is calcium silicate board, and interlayer is made of haydite concrete material, and outer panels are High strength cement pressure plare.
Further, the exterior finish decorative layer is F-C paint layer, colorful paint layer or water burnt-in sand layer.
Further, the insulating layer with containing brick, stone, mountain flour building waste comminution of material and flyash, water Mud, water-retaining agent and additive are mixed in following ratio, building waste comminution of material: 35-40%, flyash: 20-25%, water Mud: 20-35%, water-retaining agent: 5-10%, additive: 0.5-10%.
Further, bolt is buried in being also prefabricated in the Side fascia, bolt is inside buried and is bolted with outer connection, outer connection Bolt is directly connected to by connecting elements and lining.
Further, the connecting elements is C-type steel and fixed frame.
The present invention also provides a kind of installation methods of steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard, based in engineering construction Upper and lower two buildings crossbeam, the installation method include the following steps:
S1: the mounting and fixing support on upper and lower two buildings crossbeam and C-type steel the step of;
S2: Side fascia prefabricated in advance is installed to the step on fixed frame and C-type steel;
S3: lining prefabricated in advance is installed to the step on building crossbeam and C-type steel.
The step of S4: pouring or filling heat insulating wall;
S5: the step of exterior finish decorative layer is constructed.
Steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard of the invention and installation method are compared with prior art, generated beneficial Effect is:
1) rationally, installation is simple, easy construction for steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard of the invention design.
2) inner panel layer, interlayer, outer coversheet and the prefabricated integrated molding of exterior finish decorative layer, inner thermal insulating layer is also pre-formed, subtracts Lack site operation project amount, substantially increases construction speed.
3) site operation is simple, easy for installation, and heat insulation effect is more preferable, can reach the super low energy consumption standard of national requirements, peace Overall coefficient improves, and most of operations is formed in factory.Exterior finish decorative layer can select suitable decorative cover as needed, and ensure It is up-to-standard.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing 1 is the overall structure diagram of first embodiment of the invention;
Attached drawing 2 is the configuration schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
Attached drawing 3 is the overall structure diagram of second embodiment of the invention;
Attached drawing 4 is the configuration schematic diagram of Fig. 3.
Attached drawing 5 is the overall structure diagram of third embodiment of the invention;
Attached drawing 6 is the configuration schematic diagram of Fig. 5.
Attached drawing 7 is the overall structure diagram of four embodiment of the invention;
Attached drawing 8 is the configuration schematic diagram of Fig. 7.
In figure, 1, upper building crossbeam, 2, lower building crossbeam, 3, lining, 301, interior wall fireprotection layer, 302, inner wall finishing Layer, 303, fixation hole, 304, fastener, 4, Side fascia, 401, inner plating, 402, interlayer, 403, outer panels, 404, fixation hole, 405, fastener, 406, fixation hole, 407, fastener, 5, exterior finish decorative layer, 6, insulating layer, 7, interior bury bolt, 8, outer connection Bolt, 9, C-type steel, 10, fixed frame, 11, pendant, 12, the solidifying soil layer of coagulation.
Specific embodiment
1-8 makees in detailed below steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard of the invention and installation method with reference to the accompanying drawing Ground explanation.
Embodiment one:
As shown in attached drawing 1,2, steel construction prefabricated buildings wallboard of the invention, the wallboard is big based on the upper building in engineering construction Beam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2, are made of I-shaped steel, including lining 3, Side fascia 4, exterior finish decorative layer 5, insulating layer 6 and company The connecting elements of lining 3 and Side fascia 4 is connect, the lining 3 is fixed on upper building crossbeam 1 and lower building by connecting elements The inside of crossbeam 2, Side fascia 4 is fixed on the outside of upper building crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2 by connecting elements, in lining 3 Insulating layer 6 has been poured between Side fascia 4.
The lining 3 includes interior wall fireprotection layer 301 and inner wall finishing layer 302, the calcium silicate board system of inner wall finishing layer 302 At;On interior wall fireprotection layer 301 and inner wall finishing layer 302 it is corresponding offer with fixation hole 303, be provided in fixation hole 303 tight Firmware 304, and be fixed on upper building crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2 by connecting elements.
The Side fascia includes inner plating 401, interlayer 402, outer panels 403, in inner plating 401, interlayer 402, outer panels Correspondence offers fixation hole 404 on 403, fastener 405 is provided in fixation hole 404, and be fixed on and build by connecting elements It builds on crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2.
The inner plating 401 is calcium silicate board, and interlayer 402 is made of rock wool material, and outer panels 403 are calcium silicates Plate, exterior finish decorative layer 5 are F-C paint layer.
The insulating layer 6 with containing brick, stone, mountain flour building waste comminution of material and flyash, cement, water-retaining agent It is mixed with additive in following ratio, building waste comminution of material: 35-40%, flyash: 20-25%, cement: 20-35%, Water-retaining agent: 5-10%, additive: 0.5-10%.
The connecting elements is C-type steel 9 and fixed frame 10.
Embodiment two:
As shown in attached drawing 3,4, steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard of the invention, structure wallboard is based in engineering construction Upper building crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2, be made of I-shaped steel, including lining 3, Side fascia 4, exterior finish decorative layer 5, protect Warm layer 6 and the connecting elements for connecting lining 3 and Side fascia 4, the lining 3 are fixed on upper building greatly by connecting elements Beam 1 and it is lower building crossbeam 2 inside, Side fascia 4 by connecting elements be fixed on it is upper building crossbeam 1 and it is lower building crossbeam 2 outside Side is filled with insulating layer 6 between lining 3 and Side fascia 4, and insulating layer 6 is prefabricated in the factory.
The lining 3 includes interior wall fireprotection layer 301 and inner wall finishing layer 302, the plasterboard system of inner wall finishing layer 302 At;Correspondence offers fixation hole 303 on interior wall fireprotection layer 301 and inner wall finishing layer 302, and fastening is provided in fixation hole 303 Part 304, and be fixed on upper building crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2 by connecting elements.
The Side fascia includes inner plating 401, interlayer 402, outer panels 403, inner plating 401, interlayer 402
Bolt 7 is buried in being inside also prefabricated with, bolt 7 is inside buried and outer connection bolt 8 connects, outer connection bolt 8 pass through connecting elements and Lining 3 is directly connected to.
The inner plating 401 is calcium silicate board, and interlayer 402 is made of rock wool material, and outer panels 403 are cement pressure Plate, exterior finish decorative layer 5 are colorful paint layer.
The insulating layer 6 with containing brick, stone, mountain flour building waste comminution of material and flyash, cement, water-retaining agent It is mixed with additive in following ratio, building waste comminution of material: 35-40%, flyash: 20-25%, cement: 20-35%, Water-retaining agent: 5-10%, additive: 0.5-10%.
The connecting elements is C-type steel 9 and fixed frame 10.
Embodiment three:
As shown in attached drawing 5,6, steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard of the invention, the wallboard is based on building in engineering construction Build crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2, be made of square steel, including lining 3, Side fascia 4, exterior finish decorative layer 5, insulating layer 6 and The connecting elements of lining 3 and Side fascia 4 is connected, the lining 3 is fixed on upper building crossbeam 1 by connecting elements and builds under The inside of crossbeam 2 is built, Side fascia 4 is fixed on the outside of upper building crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2 by connecting elements, in interior wall Insulating layer 6 is filled between plate 3 and Side fascia 4.
The lining 3 includes interior wall fireprotection layer 301 and inner wall finishing layer 302, the Wood-plastic material system of inner wall finishing layer 302 At;On interior wall fireprotection layer 301 and inner wall finishing layer 302 it is corresponding offer with fixation hole 303, be provided in fixation hole 303 tight Firmware 304, and be fixed on upper building crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2 by connecting elements.
The Side fascia includes inner plating 401, interlayer 402, outer panels 403, inner plating 401, interlayer 402
Bolt 7 is buried in being inside also prefabricated with, bolt 7 is inside buried and outer connection bolt 8 connects, outer connection bolt 8 pass through connecting elements and Lining 3 is directly connected to.
The inner plating 401 is calcium silicate board, and interlayer 402 is made of rock wool material, and outer panels 403 are cement pressure Power plate.
The exterior finish decorative layer 5 is water burnt-in sand layer.
The insulating layer 6 with containing brick, stone, mountain flour building waste comminution of material and flyash, cement, water-retaining agent It is mixed with additive in following ratio, building waste comminution of material: 35-40%, flyash: 20-25%, cement: 20-35%, Water-retaining agent: 5-10%, additive: 0.5-10%.
The connecting elements is C-type steel 9 and fixed frame 10.
Example IV:
As shown in attached drawing 7,8, steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard of the invention, the wallboard is based on building in engineering construction Build crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2, be made of square steel, including lining 3, Side fascia 4, exterior finish decorative layer 5, insulating layer 6 and The connecting elements of lining 3 and Side fascia 4 is connected, the lining 3 is fixed on upper building crossbeam 1 by connecting elements and builds under The inside of crossbeam 2 is built, Side fascia 4 is fixed on the outside of upper building crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2 by connecting elements, in interior wall Insulating layer 6 has been poured between plate 3 and Side fascia 4.Exterior finish decorative layer 5 is affiliated on Side fascia 4 by pendant 11, is inside poured There is lightweight concrete to form coagulation and coagulate soil layer 12, or by lightweight concrete and the integrated molding in factory of exterior finish decorative layer 5.
The lining 3 includes interior wall fireprotection layer 301 and inner wall finishing layer 302, the stone moulding material system of inner wall finishing layer 302 At;On interior wall fireprotection layer 301 and inner wall finishing layer 302 it is corresponding offer with fixation hole 303, be provided in fixation hole 303 tight Firmware 304, and be fixed on upper building crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2 by connecting elements.
The Side fascia includes inner plating 401, interlayer 402, outer panels 403, in inner plating 401, interlayer 402, outer panels Correspondence offers fixation hole 404 on 403, fastener 405 is provided in fixation hole 404, and be fixed on and build by connecting elements It builds on crossbeam 1 and lower building crossbeam 2.
The inner plating 401 is calcium silicate board, and interlayer 402 is made of rock wool material, and outer panels 403 are cement pressure Plate, the exterior finish decorative layer 5 are colorful paint layer.
The insulating layer 6 with containing brick, stone, mountain flour building waste comminution of material and flyash, cement, water-retaining agent It is mixed with additive in following ratio, building waste comminution of material: 35-40%, flyash: 20-25%, cement: 20-35%, Water-retaining agent: 5-10%, additive: 0.5-10%.
The connecting elements is C-type steel 9 and fixed frame 10.
A kind of installation method of steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard, this method is based on two up and down in engineering construction Crossbeam is built, following steps:
S1: the mounting and fixing support on upper and lower two buildings crossbeam and C-type steel the step of;
S2: Side fascia prefabricated in advance is installed to the step on fixed frame and C-type steel;
S3: lining prefabricated in advance is installed to the step on building crossbeam and C-type steel.
The step of S4: pouring or filling heat insulating wall;
S5: the step of exterior finish decorative layer is constructed.

Claims (10)

1. steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard, the wallboard is based on the upper building crossbeam (1) in engineering construction, lower building crossbeam Including lining (3), Side fascia (4), exterior finish decorative layer (5), insulating layer (6) and connection lining (3) and exterior wall (2), The connecting elements of plate (4), it is characterised in that: the lining (3) is fixed on upper building crossbeam (1) He Xiajian by connecting elements Build the inside of crossbeam (2), Side fascia (4) by connecting elements be fixed on upper building crossbeam (1) and lower building crossbeam (2) outside Side fills or has poured insulating layer (6) between lining (3) and Side fascia (4).
2. steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the upper building crossbeam (1) and lower building crossbeam (2) is I-steel or square steel.
3. steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard according to claim 1, which is characterized in that lining (3) packet Include interior wall fireprotection layer (301) and inner wall finishing layer (302), inner wall finishing layer (302) calcium silicate board, plasterboard, stone moulding material Or Wood-plastic material is made;On interior wall fireprotection layer (301) and inner wall finishing layer (302) it is corresponding offer with fixation hole (303), Gu Determine to be provided with fastener (304) in hole (303), and upper building crossbeam (1) and lower building crossbeam (2) are fixed on by connecting elements On.
4. steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard according to claim 1, which is characterized in that Side fascia (4) packet Inner plating (401), interlayer (402), outer panels (403) are included, it is corresponding in inner plating (401), interlayer (402), outer panels (403) It offers fixation hole (404), is provided with fastener (405) in fixation hole (404), and upper building is fixed on greatly by connecting elements On beam (1) and lower building crossbeam (2).
5. steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the inner plating It (401) is calcium silicate board, interlayer (402) is made of rock wool material, and outer panels (403) are calcium silicate board or cement pressure plate.
6. steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the inner plating It (401) is calcium silicate board, interlayer (402) is made of haydite concrete material, and outer panels (403) are high strength cement pressure Plate.
7. steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the exterior finish decorative layer It (5) is F-C paint layer, colorful paint layer or water burnt-in sand layer.
8. steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the insulating layer (6) is used It is mixed in following ratio containing brick, stone, the building waste comminution of material of mountain flour and flyash, cement, water-retaining agent and additive It closes, building waste comminution of material: 35-40%, flyash: 20-25%, cement: 20-35%, water-retaining agent: 5-10%, additive: 0.5-10%。
9. steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the Side fascia (4) Bolt (7) are buried in being also prefabricated with, bolt (7) is inside buried and outer connection bolt (8) connects, outer connection bolt pass through connecting elements with it is interior Wallboard is directly connected to.
10. a kind of installation method of steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard, big based on two buildings up and down in engineering construction Beam, which is characterized in that the installation method includes the following steps:
S1: the mounting and fixing support on upper and lower two buildings crossbeam and C-type steel the step of;
S2: Side fascia prefabricated in advance is installed to the step on fixed frame and C-type steel;
S3: lining prefabricated in advance is installed to the step on building crossbeam and C-type steel;
The step of S4: pouring or filling heat insulating wall;
S5: the step of exterior finish decorative layer is constructed.
CN201910214636.9A 2019-03-21 2019-03-21 Steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard and installation method Pending CN109779135A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910214636.9A CN109779135A (en) 2019-03-21 2019-03-21 Steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard and installation method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910214636.9A CN109779135A (en) 2019-03-21 2019-03-21 Steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard and installation method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109779135A true CN109779135A (en) 2019-05-21

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CN201910214636.9A Pending CN109779135A (en) 2019-03-21 2019-03-21 Steel construction assembled ecological house wallboard and installation method

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112095911A (en) * 2020-07-18 2020-12-18 温州千筱建设有限公司 Steel structure assembly type ecological house wallboard and installation method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112095911A (en) * 2020-07-18 2020-12-18 温州千筱建设有限公司 Steel structure assembly type ecological house wallboard and installation method

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