CN106480980A - One kind is whole to pour formula peripheral structure and construction method - Google Patents

One kind is whole to pour formula peripheral structure and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106480980A
CN106480980A CN201610876804.7A CN201610876804A CN106480980A CN 106480980 A CN106480980 A CN 106480980A CN 201610876804 A CN201610876804 A CN 201610876804A CN 106480980 A CN106480980 A CN 106480980A
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China
Prior art keywords
structural framework
plate
cavity
packing
structural
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CN201610876804.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王育武
周治明
吴文军
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Science And Technology Ltd Is Made A Concerted Effort To Build In Guangdong
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Science And Technology Ltd Is Made A Concerted Effort To Build In Guangdong
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Priority to CN2016104050456 priority
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Publication of CN106480980A publication Critical patent/CN106480980A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B26/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing only organic binders, e.g. polymer or resin concrete
    • C04B26/02Macromolecular compounds
    • C04B26/10Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C04B26/16Polyurethanes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/06Aluminous cements
    • C04B28/065Calcium aluminosulfate cements, e.g. cements hydrating into ettringite
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/02Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding chemical blowing agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/08Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding porous substances
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/16Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/16Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material
    • E04B1/161Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material with vertical and horizontal slabs, both being partially cast in situ
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/16Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material
    • E04B1/161Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material with vertical and horizontal slabs, both being partially cast in situ
    • E04B1/162Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material with vertical and horizontal slabs, both being partially cast in situ with a central core, used as form, in order to form a continuous concrete shell
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/16Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material
    • E04B1/167Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material with permanent forms made of particular materials, e.g. layered products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials

Abstract

Present invention offer one kind is whole to pour formula peripheral structure and construction method, this is whole to pour formula peripheral structure and includes structural framework, the both sides being arranged on structural framework and the cavity of overall insertion fully encasing plate system outside structural framework, being formed by plate system, after packing material is cast in cavity and solidifies, structural framework, plate system, packing material form the housing construction of complete integral type.This construction method is to build the structural framework of building, plate system is arranged on described structural framework so that plate system fully encases the outside of structural framework, and form the cavity of an overall insertion, some sprue gates are arranged on cavity, by sprue gate toward Backup Materials in cavity.The present invention enables lighting, summary, mass processing and the installation built, and reduces transportation volume and weight, can form overall industrialized building product or even the whole building system that will not produce crack.

Description

One kind is whole to pour formula peripheral structure and construction method
Technical field
The invention belongs to light steel construction construction applications, more particularly, to a kind of whole pour formula peripheral structure and construction method.
Background technology
Building industrialization is the developing direction of Building Trade in China.In recent years, deepening constantly with building industry system reform With the continuous enlargement of construction scope, comparatively fast, material technological foundation significantly increases construction industry development, but from overall, work production Less, quality problems are more, and overall technology progress is slow for rate increase rate.Existing domestic industryization building generally adopts steel construction frame The assembled technology of frame precoated plate and PC precast concrete on-site hoisting technology.The various components of steel building are work Factory processes, the congenital potential quality with industrialization, mass production, and simply the specification of component cannot generalization, processing and erector Skill is more original it is still necessary to substantial amounts of cutting welding job is it is impossible to mass production, high labor intensive, and quality control is more difficult Ensure;Masonry wall structure generally adopts precast slab, there is larger elastic modulus difference, anti-seismic performance with steel construction Low;Sheet material compole is easy to crack, and later maintenance cost is very high.And PC prefabricated component technology then exists, and component volume is big, weight big, fortune Defeated and hoisting difficulty and cost are very high, and are affected greatly by production site, transportation range, and it is more difficult to promote on a large scale. Lightweight lightweight aggregate concrete obtains tremendous development in recent years, and the material of foam cement and construction technology also reach its maturity, but by Have the shortcomings that water absorption rate is high, contract with dry rate is big, large area is easy to crack, even if occurring in that some foam cements in itself in foam cement Apply to the product of prefabricated partition board, or even have also appeared the technique of lightweight concrete cast-in-place wall, as mentioned above, These techniques all cannot solve the problems, such as from root that sheet material is easy to crack, produces crack between body of wall and Structure Beam-column floor.
Open in the application for a patent for invention disclosure of Publication No. CN 101550736A disclosed in 7 days October in 2009 A kind of method of casting in-situ composite lightweight wall by detaching-free template, the method is mainly as follows:Need at the construction field (site) Light Wall is installed Position, with pressure fiber cement board as wall external layer with non-dismantling formwork, in the interlayer between pressure fiber cement board, pour physics Foaming mixed mud, pours rear physical blowing mixed mud and is integrally formed composition Light Wall with pressure fiber cement board, this light weight wall Body surrounding also pours integral with building structure.
It is the application for a patent for invention disclosure of CN 103556758 A in 2014 2 months application publication numbers disclosed in 5 days Disclose a kind of lightweight steel construction lightweight mixed mud cast-in-situ wall, this body of wall adopts steel keel structure to support, the two sides of steel joist Anchoring fiber calcium silicates or fiber cement board, pour foam mixed mud in the middle part of body of wall respectively, and steel keel structure adopts tree root longitudinally Support frame is connected with tree root cross-brace skeleton to be made, and longitudinal bracing skeleton is affixed by two base plates of two groove type shaped steel Conjunction is connected in one, and the two sides of longitudinal bracing skeleton are respectively groove-like, and cross-brace skeleton adopts at least one groove Formula type steel support, groove type shaped steel one end is inserted in the groove of longitudinal bracing skeleton side and is secured to, groove type shaped steel The other end inserts in the groove of another longitudinal bracing skeleton side and is secured to, and groove type shaped steel opens up through hole.
Although above-mentioned two patent application publication text discloses cast in place technique scheme, the cast-in-place position of the program is only limitted to Body of wall, the and non-fully monolithic architecture in meaning is cast-in-place, and between body of wall, body of wall and building structure do not pass through repeatedly to pour, and not It is one disposal molding, building structure has separated the seriality of body of wall, as shown in Figure 1.Additionally, the distribution of wallboard and fixation side Formula, pour mobility when material pours and pour the distribution of after-pouring material, building entirety material processing transport assembling, The physical property of the body of wall pouring and mechanical characteristic etc. are also short of consideration it is impossible to solve above-mentioned problem well.
The open literary composition of application for a patent for invention being CN 104164974 A in application publication number disclosed in 26 days November in 2014 A kind of building casting method of the disclosure, N shell preset by this building, and the method comprises the following steps:Step a:Pour the 1st layer To vertical beam and the main beam of n-th layer, up pour to n-th layer from the 1st layer of incremented by successively;Step b:Pour the secondary crossbeam of n-th layer And floor face;And step c:Successively decrease from n-th layer that down to pour N-1 layer time horizontal to the 2nd layer successively using pouring mold system Beam and floor face, to complete pouring of building, this pours mold system and includes as the floor i.e. master of the template of time crossbeam Body, this main body offers time crossbeam mold slots, makes this main body successively decrease down near 2nd layer successively from N-1 layer when pouring.
Although above-mentioned patent application publication text discloses a kind of building casting method, its casting process is that segmentation is poured Build rather than disposable one-piece casting, thus can bring a series of problem, such as, different contact layers connect the problem of transition with And issuable dry and cracked gap, the physical property of building and mechanical characteristic not good, and casting process is complicated, and does not consider To the mobility pouring when material pours and the distribution pouring after-pouring material, do not consider yet building unitary construction and Production and processing transport of its each material etc., the method still can not solve above-mentioned problem well.
To sum up, existing cast in place technique scheme still U.S.A breaks away from the traditional structure in house, and that is, house is under construction, by house Significantly it is divided into enclosed structure and load-carrying members, and enclosed structure is to separate construction with load-carrying members.How to realize building Lighting, summary, mass processing and installation, reduce transportation volume and weight, and remote transport by sea and peace are easy in exploitation Dress, wall column floor can form overall industrialized building product or even the whole building system that will not produce crack, be the present invention Purpose.
Content of the invention
For overcoming the defect of above-mentioned prior art, embodiment of the present invention technical problem to be solved is, provides one kind One kind is whole to pour formula peripheral structure and its construction method, enables building load-carrying members and disposably integrally pours with enclosed structure Build so that its portable construction, the processing of simple, easy mass and installation, greatly reduce transportation volume and weight, be easy to remote at a distance Ocean transport and installation, wall column floor can form overall industrialized building product or even the whole building system that will not produce crack.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, present invention offer one kind is whole to pour formula peripheral structure, including:
Structural framework, it is built using assembling mode;
Plate system, it is arranged on the both sides of structural framework, and fully encases the outside of structural framework;
Cavity, is formed by plate system is mutually airtight, and cavity is overall insertion;
Packing material, is used for being cast in cavity;
After packing material is cast in cavity and solidifies, structural framework, plate system, packing material form the shell of integral type Body constructs.
Preferably, reserved certain gap between plate system and structural framework, circulates in cavity in order to packing material.
Preferably, gap size is 10-50mm.
Preferably, plate system include being installed on outer panel outside structural framework, be installed on interior inside structural framework Side plate, sealing joint strip and metal fixing, airtight by sealing joint strip and between outer panel between interior plate, and interior plate and outer panel It is fixed on structural framework by metal fixing, outer panel fully encases the outside of structural framework.
Preferably, interior plate and outer panel are fiber cement board or glass magnesium board or ceramic wafer or stone material or wood moulding Plate or metallic plate.
Preferably, interior plate and outer panel pass through fluting card extension or perforate back of the body bolt or gluing or bolt is solid with metal fixing Fixed, metal fixing passes through bolt or self-plugging rivet is quickly fixed on structural framework.
Preferably, structural framework is steel structure framework or steel-wood structure skeleton, and structural framework is built using assembling mode.
Preferably, structural framework includes some structural beams overlapping, and the connecting portion of structural beams presses certain mould The draw-in groove being easy to quickly position and screw hole are provided with numberization spacing clod wash and punch forming, and structural beams, structural beams adopt Bolt is fixed.
Preferably, structural beams include steel grade beam, vertical beam-column on steel grade beam is fixedly connected with beam-column and horizontal To setting collar tie beam, be positioned on collar tie beam and the steel floor beam connecting or being fixedly connected with beam-column fixed thereto, located at room Top the roof beam being fixedly connected with collar tie beam or beam-column.
Preferably, structural beams are provided with the perforate being easy to packing material circulation.
Preferably, packing material is light-weight water-proof fireproof heat insulating sound insulating material.
Preferably, packing material is the composite foamed mixed mud of polystyrene, and proportioning (number scale by weight) is as follows:5-8 gathers Styrene pellets, 200-300 portland cement or sulphate aluminium cement, 100-200 water, 10-30 foaming agent and foam stabilizer, 15- 20 hydrophober.
Preferably, packing material is glass bead polyurathamc, and proportioning (by parts by volume number scale) is as follows:60-80 particle diameter The nanometer micropore glass bead of 1-3mm, 20-40 polyurathamc.
Preferably, the pouring procedure of packing material is as follows:Micropore glass bead during wind is fed into cavity with gas Vaporific polyurathamc raw material phase mixing, is uniformly filled in cavity after polyurethane foam, glass bead is complete with structural framework Parcel, and be integrated with plate system bonding.
Preferably, packing material is produced by foam-in-place casting equipment.
A kind of construction method, comprises the steps of:
S001, builds the structural framework of building;
S002, plate system is arranged on structural framework, and plate system fully encases the outside of structural framework, and is formed The cavity of one overall insertion;
S003, arranges some sprue gates on cavity;
S004, by sprue gate toward Backup Materials in cavity.
Preferably, it is reserved with the gap of 10-50mm between plate system and structural framework.
Implement the present invention, beneficial effect specific as follows:Plate system fully encases structural framework, solves load-bearing well Structure separate cast-in-situ wall technical barrier, and the cavity of the airtight formation of plate system be insertion integral type so that pouring after Structural framework, plate system and packing material can be formed complete integral type housing construction it is achieved that building load-carrying members with The disposable one-piece casting of enclosed structure so that load-carrying members and enclosed structure combine together so that its portable construction, simple, Easily mass processing and installation, greatly reduce transportation volume and weight, are easy to remote transport by sea and installation, wall column floor energy Form overall industrialized building product or even the whole building system that will not produce crack.The present invention is to realize whole pouring house, building Build thing industrialization, Residential Buildings.
Brief description
In order to become apparent from that the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention is described, the accompanying drawing of embodiment simply will be situated between below Continue.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of prior art of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of present invention another kind embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that the present invention is applied to building system;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of structural framework;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of steel grade beam;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of beam-column;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of collar tie beam;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of steel floor beam.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the cross section of beam-column;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of steel grade beam and girder steel column combination;
Figure 12 is the structural representation that beam-column is combined with collar tie beam;
Figure 13 is the structural representation that beam-column, collar tie beam are combined with steel floor beam;
Figure 14 is the structural representation of beam-column, collar tie beam and roof beam group unification view;
Figure 15 is the structural representation that beam-column, collar tie beam combine another view with roof beam;
Figure 16 is the structural representation of metal fixing;
Figure 17 is that metal fixing is fixed on the structural representation on beam-column.
Specific embodiment
Further illustrate the specific embodiment of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
With reference to Fig. 2, one kind is whole to pour formula peripheral structure, including:
Structural framework 1, it is built using assembling mode;
Plate system 2, it is arranged on the both sides of structural framework 1, and fully encases the outside of structural framework 1;
Cavity 3, is formed by plate system 2 is mutually airtight, and cavity 3 is overall insertion;
Packing material 4, is used for being cast in cavity 3;
After packing material 4 is cast in cavity 3 and solidifies, structural framework 1, plate system 2, packing material 4 form one The housing construction of formula.
Traditional building construction is generally divided into load-carrying members and peripheral structure, and load-carrying members are separately to build with peripheral structure Make, peripheral structure is often separated by load-carrying members, as shown in figure 1, existing structure skeleton 1 ', existing plate system 2 ' with existing The existing cavity 3 ' that plate system 2 ' is formed is not one and insertion, but separated, such technical scheme one Lead to that work progress is cumbersome, long construction period, two leading to gap and a series of mechanics and thing occur between building construction Deficiency in Neo-Confucianism.
The present invention is by structural framework 1, plate system 2 and the fully integrated structure of packing material 4, the i.e. load-bearing in house Structure and building enclosure are integrally formed, and work progress is simple and quick, will not crack, and mechanics is good with physics characteristic.
With reference to Fig. 3, another embodiment of the invention is the outside that plate system 2 has fully encased structural framework 1, but Plate system 2 does not fully encase the inner side of structural framework 1, this is because the main performance of the peripheral structure in house is that have External wall determines, therefore after plate system 2 fully encases the inner side of structural framework 1, according to practical situation, plate system 2 There is no need to fully encase the inner side of structural framework 1 so that construction becomes flexible.
Certainly whole described in the present invention pours the not certain restriction of formula peripheral structure using in building structure, and house is tied Structure is a kind of the more commonly used scene of the present invention, and other are architectural can be used in bridge etc. according to the practical structures present invention.
As applying the specific embodiment on building structure, with reference to Fig. 4, structural framework 1 unitary construction is a room Son, inside and outside the fully wrapped around structural framework 1 of plate system 2 and form the structures such as body of wall, floor, roof structure, cavity 3 by The structures such as body of wall, floor, roof structure are formed through, and packing material 4 pours after cavity 3 solidification, body of wall, floor, roof knot It is configured to the integral housing construction of complete homogenizing.
With reference to Fig. 5, preferably, structural framework 1 (can be steel-wood structure for steel structure framework certainly according to demand Deng), structural framework 1 includes some structural beams overlapping, and the connecting portion of structural beams is cold by certain modularization spacing It is provided with the draw-in groove being easy to quickly position and screw hole, structural beams adopt joggle or spiral shell in curved and punch forming, and structural beams Bolt is fixed, the structural framework of this modularization assembling, during use, without Site Welding, can achieve the summary and processing installed With the mass installed.In the present invention, structural beams include steel grade beam 11, vertically the beam-column 12 on steel grade beam 11 and Beam-column 12 is fixedly connected and the collar tie beam 13 of horizontally set, be positioned on collar tie beam 13 and fixed thereto connect or with beam-column 12 The steel floor beam 14 that is fixedly connected, the roof beam 15 being fixedly connected located at roof and with collar tie beam 13 or beam-column 12.Additionally, steel ground Be provided with beam 11, beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13, steel floor beam 14 be easy to packing material 4 circulation perforate built with being further ensured that Build being uniformly distributed of each local packing material 4 of thing, and be provided with steel grade beam 11, beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13, steel floor beam 14 It is easy to draw-in groove and the screw hole quickly positioning, steel grade beam 11, beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13, steel floor beam 14 adopt joggle or spiral shell Bolt is fixed, and without Site Welding, can achieve the summary installed and processing and the mass installed.
Specifically, steel grade beam 11, beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13, steel floor beam 14 and roof beam 15 can be used in 2016 02 Publication No. disclosed in month 03 day is steel grade beam in the patent of invention of CN 105297886 A, beam-column, collar tie beam, steel floor beam, Roof beam, as shown in Figures 6 to 9.
More excellent, the feature of steel grade beam 11 can also be expanded and be:Section is U-shaped, width in 100~300mm, highly 50 ~100mm, processed and be stamped and formed out quickly by certain modularization spacing by the galvanized steel plain sheet clod wash of thickness 1~4mm The draw-in groove of positioning and screw hole and the perforate being easy to packing material 4 circulation, steel grade beam 11 is secured by bolts on foundation beam, and two The bolt hole that side wing is reserved is used for fixing beam-column 12;
The feature of beam-column 12 can also be expanded:Section can select a, b, c, d, the e shown in Figure 10 according to stressing conditions, 5 kinds of patterns, processed and be stamped and formed out quickly by certain modularization spacing by the galvanized steel plain sheet clod wash of thickness 1~6mm The draw-in groove of positioning and screw hole and the perforate being easy to packing material 4 circulation, reserved bolt hole and steel grade beam 11 and wallboard metal Bolt hole on connector corresponds;
The feature of collar tie beam 13 can also be expanded:Section be U-shaped or square, width 50~300mm, highly 50~ 300mm, processed by the galvanized steel plain sheet clod wash of thickness 1~4mm and be stamped and formed out by certain modularization spacing quickly fixed The draw-in groove of position and screw hole and the perforate being easy to packing material 4 circulation, reserved bolt hole and beam-column 12 and steel floor beam 14 Bolt hole correspond;
The feature of steel floor beam 14 can also be expanded and be:Section is U-shaped or c-type, width in 50~100mm, highly 150 ~300mm, processed and be stamped and formed out quickly by certain modularization spacing by the galvanized steel plain sheet clod wash of thickness 1~4mm The draw-in groove of positioning and screw hole and the perforate being easy to packing material 4 circulation;Reserved bolt hole and beam-column 12 and collar tie beam 13 Bolt hole corresponds.
Steel grade beam 11, beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13, steel floor beam 14 and roof beam 15 can be according on 02 03rd, 2016 Disclosed publication No. is the compound mode fixed installation in the patent of invention of CN 105297886 A, as shown in Figure 11 to Figure 15.
All arranged using concentrated type in the beam-column 12 of load-bearing wall displacement and floor steel floor beam 14, make beam-column 12 and Steel floor beam 14 can adopt less sectional dimension and thickness of steel product, realizes the light-duty design of component, reduce and install work Intensity;Because steel grade beam 11, beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13, steel floor beam 14 and roof beam 15 are all according to certain modulus spacing one Secondary punch forming, processes simple and fast, simultaneously because total skeleton 1 system implementation specification, standardization, can be promptly Installation is spliced in one, forms general frame, significantly improves the integral construction efficiency of structural framework 1.And, in steel grade beam 11st, the stomach wall of beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13 and steel floor beam 14 or side wall are each provided with the segmentation benchmark indicating modulus spacing Line, workman can very easily positioning distance measuring when mounted, efficiency of construction significantly improves.
Circulate in cavity 3 for convenience of packing material 4, to ensure being uniformly distributed of each local packing material 4 of building, Reserved certain gap between plate system 2 and structural framework 1.
Preferably, plate system 2 includes being installed on outer panel outside structural framework, is installed in structural framework The interior plate of side, sealing joint strip and metal fixing 16, outer panel and interior plate are fiber cement board or glass magnesium board or pottery Porcelain plate or stone material or wood-plastic board or metallic plate, airtight by sealing joint strip and between interior plate between outer panel, and outer panel Pass through fluting card extension or perforate back of the body bolt with interior plate or gluing or bolt is fixing with metal fixing 16, metal fixing 16 passes through Bolt or self-plugging rivet are quickly fixed on structural framework 1, reserved certain seam between outer panel and interior plate and structural framework 1 Gap, gap size is 10-50mm, outer panel and the completely airtight package structure skeleton 1 of interior plate the cavity forming overall insertion 3, circulate in cavity 3 in order to packing material 4.
Outer panel and interior plate be may be referred in 2016 by way of metal fixing 16 is fixed on structural framework 1 02 month publication No. disclosed in 03 day is the structure of statement and method in the patent of invention of CN 105297886 A, and such as Figure 16 is to figure Shown in 17, outer panel and interior plate, by way of metal fixing 16 is locked with mounting and bolt, can make metal fix Part 16 quickly positions and is fixed on beam-column 12, substantially increases installation efficiency, and in cast-type wall construction, mounting is compared Bolt connection and welding can be metal fixing 16 and interior plate provides more powerful mechanical property with outer panel, and construction cost is more Low, and metal fixing 16 simple structure, using mechanical stamping processing, with low cost.
Plate system 2 will be fully wrapped around, airtight to steel grade beam 11, beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13, steel floor beam 14 and roof beam 15 Form the cavity 3 of overall insertion, between outer panel and interior plate and structural framework 1, the gap of reserved 10-50mm, whole for realizing below Offer condition is poured in embodiment, airtight by sealing joint strip and between interior plate between outer panel, and spillage when both preventing from pouring avoids material again Drying shrinkage and building vibration produce crack.
Because structural framework 1 is Modular design, outer panel is matching with the specification of interior plate to be also correspondingly formed necessarily Modulus rule, implementation specification, both facilitated processing, in-site installation work efficiency can have been improved again.
Outer panel and interior plate are construction formwork, are decoration panels again.According to using position and artistic effect not With outer panel and interior plate can select fiber cement board, glass magnesium board, ceramic wafer, stone material, wood-plastic board or metallic plate, corresponding Mounting means also different.Wherein fiber cement board, glass magnesium board, mould plate or metallic plate can add straight after rubber sheet gasket Connect self-tapping screw to be fixed on structural framework 1 it is also possible to the same with ceramic wafer, stone material, fixing using metal fixing 16.
After the completion of structural framework 1 is assembled with plate system 2, form sprue gate in cavity 3 upper shed and inject packing material 4 it is however generally that, for convenience of the flowing of packing material 4, sprue gate is opened in the upper end of building system, and according to building system The factors such as concrete structure, size, building system can offer multiple sprue gates and can be evenly distributed on chamber to ensure packing material 4 In body 3, after injecting packing material 4 from top to down, packing material 4 passes through reserved perforate on structural framework 1 and sheet material system Circulation is run through in gap between system 2 and structural framework 1, until full of whole cavity 3, structural framework 1 and plate system 2 are wrapped completely Wrap up in, bond with plate system 2 after solidification and form a complete shell structure.
Preferably, packing material 4 is light-weight water-proof fireproof heat insulating sound insulating material, has excellent comprehensive physical performance, only One layer of construction can meet the demand of the waterproof fireproofing heat preserving heat insulating noise insulation of building;Simultaneously because body of wall, floor and roof are mutual The company of passing through, unified, the no obvious construction demarcation line of construction, will not produce gap because of material drying shrinkage, thus integral waterproofing excellent;Fill out Fill material 4 close with the elastic modelling quantity of structural framework 1 and plate system 2, be not likely to produce crack during building vibration, anti-seismic performance is non- Chang Hao, overcomes a variety of drawbacks of assembling type steel structure building from root.
Specifically, the feature of packing material 4 is the organic and inorganic composite type lightweight solidification material of foam-in-place.It is constituted For inorganic material and organic material;Wherein inorganic material accounts for major part, gives full play to the cheap environmental protection of inorganic material and prevents fires Advantage, account for the ability of anti-deformation that on the one hand organic material of fraction then strengthens packing material 4, eliminate the easy of purely inorganic material The shortcoming of dry shrinkage and cracking, on the other hand passes through organic polymer and the inorganic molecule self assemble of efficient hydrophobic speciality, makes filling Material 4 has splendid water resistance;Organic material is wrapped up cut-off and cannot be burnt by inorganic material, has fabulous fire line Energy;Organic substance and inorganic matters are all fretting map closed-cell materials, lightweight, also excellent thermal and insulating performance simultaneously;Filling material Material 4 can be reduced minimizing raw material usage amount, reduced transportation volume, reduces material cost, saving using the technique of foam-in-place Building comprehensive cost.Packing material 4 passes through water or air or chemical reaction solidification, with structural framework 1 and sheet material after solidification System 2 combines together, forms construction wall and the floor of high intensity, and body of wall is waterproof and dampproof, fire prevention is insulated against sound, thermal and insulating performance is all Good, and structural framework 1 is completely wrapped, and has intercepted the corrosion of air and water completely, and building durable years greatly improves.
As embodiment one, packing material 4 can adopt the composite foamed concrete of polystyrene, and its proportioning is by weight Note, 5-8 polystyrene foaming granule, 200-300 portland cement or sulphate aluminium cement, 100-200 water, 10-30 foaming agent And foam stabilizer, 15-20 hydrophober;The composite foamed concrete raw material of polystyrene is with low cost, buying facility, is especially suitable for complete Ball is supplied;Capture the high disadvantage of traditional foamed concrete water absorption rate by adding macromolecule hydrophober in foamed concrete, Greatly improve water resistance, be allowed to can operate with body of wall floor and roof;Compound addition polystyrene foaming granule, makes foaming mix Solidifying soil has stronger ability of anti-deformation, and during cement solidification drying shrinkage and building vibration, body of wall is not allowed to be also easy to produce crack;And Granules of polystyrene can be produced using waste material, environment-friendly high-efficiency;Granules of polystyrene is wrapped up by the foamed concrete of high thermal resistance, Cannot ingress of air it is impossible to degraded, and cannot burn, the body of wall of polystyrene composite foamed concreting filling can reach To A1 level (incombustible) material fire-protection standard;The composite foamed concrete of polystyrene adopts the composite foamed concrete of polystyrene Produced by special foam-in-place placing installation and pumping pouring construction.
As embodiment two, packing material 4 can also adopt glass bead polyurathamc, it is characterized in that:By parts by volume Number scale, the nanometer micropore glass bead of 60-80 particle diameter 1-3mm, 20-40 polyurathamc;The vitreous being produced by nanotechnology Microballon has a large amount of nanoscale apertures and airtight micropore, and thermal conductivity is very low, and incombustible.And polyurathamc tool There are excellent fire resistance characteristic and cohesive, be evenly affixed to the surface of glass bead, inter-adhesive closing is formed a series of does not pass through The structural framework 1 of building and plate system 2 are combined together by the cavity worn simultaneously, solidify to form body of wall, the floor of high intensity And roof structure, waterproof, protection against the tide, insulation, heat-insulated, sound insulation property are all good.Due to the obstruct of interior plate and outer panel, polyurethane is no Method and air contact, are heated and will not produce naked light, and the effectively insulating due to glass bead, heat cannot toward internal transmission, Flame coverage is only top layer 10-20mm, will not be unaffected toward surrounding and diffusion inside, unitary construction, has good Fire protecting performance.This glass bead blown polyurethane materials fill process is dry construction, and several minutes get final product curing molding, apply Work ultrahigh in efficiency.The processing technique of glass bead polyurathamc is:Micropore glass bead during wind is fed into cavity 3 with Mist polyurathamc raw material phase mixes, and polyurethane is evenly affixed to glass bead surface, is uniformly filled in cavity 3 after foaming, Will be fully wrapped around with structural framework 1 for glass bead, and be integrated with plate system 2 bonding.
Corresponding with a kind of above-mentioned overall rear-casting type industrialized building system, a kind of overall rear-casting type industrialized building system Construction method, comprise the steps of:
S001, builds the structural framework 1 of building;
S002, plate system 2 is arranged on structural framework 1, plate system 2 fully encases the outside of structural framework 1, and Form the cavity 3 of an overall insertion;
S003, arranges some sprue gates on cavity 3;
S004, by sprue gate toward Backup Materials 4 in cavity 3.
Preferably, it is reserved with the gap of 10-50mm between plate system 2 and structural framework 1.
In sum, plate system 2 fully encases structural framework 1, solves load-carrying members cut-off cast-in-situ wall well Technical barrier, and the cavity 3 of the airtight formation of plate system 2 is insertion integral type so that pouring rear structural framework 1, sheet material System 2 and packing material 4 can be formed complete integral type housing construct it is achieved that building load-carrying members and enclosed structure once Property one-piece casting so that load-carrying members and enclosed structure combine together so that its portable construction, the processing of simple, easy mass And install, greatly reduce transportation volume and weight, be easy to remote transport by sea and installation, wall column floor can be formed integrally will not Produce industrialized building product or even the whole building system in crack.Present invention achieves whole pour house, building industrialization, live Residence commercialization.
Above disclosed be only a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, certainly the power of the present invention can not be limited with this Sharp scope, the equivalent variations therefore made according to the claims in the present invention, still belong to the scope that the present invention is covered.

Claims (16)

1. one kind is whole pours formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that including:
Structural framework;
Plate system, it is arranged on the both sides of described structural framework, and fully encases the outside of described structural framework;
Cavity, is formed by described plate system is mutually airtight, and described cavity is overall insertion;
Packing material, is used for being cast in described cavity;
After described packing material is cast in described cavity and solidifies, described structural framework, plate system, packing material form one The housing construction of body formula.
2. one kind as claimed in claim 1 whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that:Described plate system and described structure Between skeleton, reserved certain gap, circulates in described cavity in order to described packing material.
3. one kind as claimed in claim 2 whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that:Described gap size is 10-50mm.
4. the one kind as described in any one of claims 1 to 3 whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that:Described plate system Including the outer panel being installed on outside described structural framework, be installed on interior plate inside described structural framework, sealing joint strip and Metal fixing, between described interior plate and interior plate and airtight by described sealing joint strip between outer panel and outer panel, And described interior plate is fixed on described structural framework by described metal fixing with outer panel, described outer panel fully encases The outside of described structural framework.
5. one kind as claimed in claim 4 whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that:Described interior plate and described outer panel Fix with described metal fixing each via fluting card extension or perforate back of the body bolt or gluing or bolt, described metal fixing passes through Bolt or self-plugging rivet are quickly fixed on described structural framework.
6. one kind as claimed in claim 1 whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that:Described structural framework is steel construction bone Frame or steel-wood structure skeleton, described structural framework is built using assembling mode.
7. one kind as claimed in claim 1 whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that:Described structural framework includes some taking The structural beams being connected together, the connecting portion of described structural beams presses certain modularization spacing clod wash and punch forming, and described The draw-in groove being easy to quickly position and screw hole are provided with structural beams, described structural beams are fixed using bolt.
8. one kind as claimed in claim 7 whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that:Described structural beams include steel grade beam, Vertically the beam-column on described steel grade beam be fixedly connected with described beam-column and the collar tie beam of horizontally set, be positioned over described On collar tie beam and the steel floor beam connecting or being fixedly connected with described beam-column fixed thereto, located at roof and with described collar tie beam or The roof beam that described beam-column is fixedly connected.
9. one kind as claimed in claim 7 or 8 whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that:It is provided with described structural beams It is easy to the perforate of described packing material circulation.
10. one kind as claimed in claim 1 whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that:Described packing material is prevented for lightweight Water fireproof heat insulating sound insulating material.
11. one kind as claimed in claim 1 are whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that:Described packing material is polyphenyl second The composite foamed mixed mud of alkene, proportioning (number scale by weight) is as follows:5-8 granules of polystyrene, 200-300 portland cement or sulfur Aluminate cement, 100-200 water, 10-30 foaming agent and foam stabilizer, 15-20 hydrophober.
12. one kind as claimed in claim 1 are whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that:Described packing material is that vitreous is micro- Pearl polyurathamc, proportioning (by parts by volume number scale) is as follows:The nanometer micropore glass bead of 60-80 particle diameter 1-3mm, 20-40 send out Bubble polyurethane.
13. a kind of as claimed in claim 12 whole pour formula peripheral structure it is characterised in that the cast side of described packing material Method is as follows:
Described micropore glass bead described polyurathamc raw material phase with mist during wind is fed into described cavity Mixing, be uniformly filled in described cavity after polyurethane foam, will be fully wrapped around with described structural framework for described glass bead, and with institute State plate system bonding to be integrated.
A kind of 14. packing materials as described in any one of claim 1,2,3,6,7,8,10,11,12,13 it is characterised in that: Described packing material is produced by foam-in-place casting equipment.
A kind of 15. construction methods are it is characterised in that comprise the steps of:
S001, builds the structural framework of building;
S002, plate system is arranged on described structural framework, and described plate system fully encases the outer of described structural framework Side, and form the cavity of an overall insertion;
S003, arranges some sprue gates on described cavity;
S004, by described sprue gate toward Backup Materials in described cavity.
16. as claimed in claim 15 a kind of construction method it is characterised in that:Between described plate system and described structural framework It is reserved with the gap of 10-50mm.
CN201610876804.7A 2016-06-08 2016-09-30 One kind is whole to pour formula peripheral structure and construction method Pending CN106480980A (en)

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CN112727075A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-30 浙江恒鸿建设有限公司 Integrated pouring structure of inclined roof and flat roof and construction method

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CN104863291A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-08-26 四川九鼎智远知识产权运营有限公司 Manufacturing method for light weight wall
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Application publication date: 20170308