CN206205140U - A kind of full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure system - Google Patents

A kind of full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206205140U
CN206205140U CN201621234265.9U CN201621234265U CN206205140U CN 206205140 U CN206205140 U CN 206205140U CN 201621234265 U CN201621234265 U CN 201621234265U CN 206205140 U CN206205140 U CN 206205140U
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prefabricated
concrete
inverted trapezoidal
slot type
wallboard
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黄炜
罗斌
石安仁
吴鹏
陈建仓
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Xi ` An Industrial Co Ltd
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Xi ` An Industrial Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure system, including pre-cast building main body supporting member and prefabricated Accessory Members, are prefabricated in the factory during building body supporting member and prefabricated Accessory Members, by Architectural Equipment steel pipe buried in advance;During site operation, by pouring the connection that the less armored concrete connecting pole in section is realized between wallboard, dark beam is constrained by pouring the less armored concrete in section, realize the connection between wallboard and laminated floor slab;The all component components of the utility model are produced in workshop using prefabricating technique, are effectively guaranteed component component quality and quality;At the construction field (site) by the construction and installation troop commander lifting and construction of specialty, simultaneously only at component member in critical connecting portion and floor overlapping layers, using a small amount of wet connection, pour a small amount of concrete, ensure that building resistance to overturning and anti-seismic performance, Contraction in Site area is saved, a set of villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses is only needed to lift agent structure for several days and completed, and construction period is greatly reduced.

Description

A kind of full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of buildings, more particularly to a kind of full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure body System.
Background technology
With the quickening of the fast-developing and urbanization process of national economy, problems of energy consumption is increasingly serious.State Council Premier Li Keqiang should be particularly mentioned that in the government work report in 2015, strengthen that while the Belt and Road Development control area energy need to be controlled Source total quantity consumed, will especially strengthen the energy-conservation of the major fields such as industry, traffic, building.Energy resource structure reform, reduction energy resource consumption Turned into country on economizing on resources, the principles and policies of environmental protection and sustainable development, it is state that building energy conservation has gone up at present Family's strategy.Assembled-type house is the direction of energy saving building development, is also the shortcut for popularizing green building, is advantageously implemented energy-conservation and subtracts Row, propulsion green safety construction, improves energy resource service efficiency, is more beneficial for improving space health index and comfortable journey Degree, improves human settlement.The power-saving technology --- " passive type of building energy consumption reduction is realized with on-mechanical electrical equipment intervention means Building " has been increasingly becoming focus of attention in the industry.
The construction of current China villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses intermediate item, due to lacking corresponding supervision, it is mostly extensive to construct, not only Construction quality cannot be effectively ensured, and a large amount of dust in construction pollutes environment, and most of buildings are not done at insulation Reason, fails effectively so that house economizes on resources in operational phase, reducing energy consumption.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of full assembled villages and small towns people Class composite wall structure system is occupied, is that a kind of insulation based on passive type INSULATION DESIGN theory, the full assembled of load-bearing integration are combined Wall construction villages and small towns public residence system;Main body load-carrying members in this architectural structure system are (prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall, pre- Truss bars reinforced concrete slab processed, prefabricated reinforced concrete composite beam) and Accessory Members (prefabricated reinforced concrete stair, Prefabricated reinforced concrete balcony, prefabricated reinforced concrete awning, prefabricated reinforced concrete air-conditioning plate, prefabricated compound parapet) Using prefabricating technique, emphasis application sandwich thermal insulation composite wall and sandwich thermal insulated laminated floor slab technology, by building the sky of itself Between form, building enclosure, construction material realize the mode of building energy conservation with the design of construction, and bonding apparatus pipe network with it is prefabricated Component integration production, realizes being incubated based on passive type the full assembled composite wall structure system of theory;Compared with traditional residential, The novel integrated technology not only has the advantages of anti-seismic performance is good, dead load light, and speed of application is fast, environmental pollution is small, and And the two-sided troweling of building wall board, equipment installation and socket, switch pre-buried to wall, separately constructed without the later stage, it is China Carry forward vigorously housing industrialization and certain technical support and engineering mimoir foundation are provided.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure system, including pre-cast building main body supporting member and prefabricated attached Metal elements, only connection, wallboard and truss bars are realized between wallboard by pouring the less armored concrete connecting pole 44 in section Reinforced concrete slab only constrains the dark realization of beam 45 connection by pouring the less armored concrete in section.
The pre-cast building main body supporting member includes:
Prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall, its side rib post is going out at reinforcing bar in inverted trapezoidal fluted shape, the inverted trapezoidal Groove refers to that trapezoidal bottom is openend, and the waist of upside is oblique waist;
Precast truss frame reinforced concrete laminated floor slab 37;
And prefabricated reinforced concrete composite beam 39;
The prefabricated Accessory Members include:
It is prefabricated reinforced concrete stair 40, prefabricated reinforced concrete balcony, prefabricated reinforced concrete awning 41, precast reinforced Concrete air-conditioning plate 42 and prefabricated compound parapet.
The precast truss frame reinforced concrete laminated floor slab 37 includes:
Prefabricated panel concrete layer 14, is arranged on the top cast-in-place concrete layer 16 on prefabricated panel concrete layer 14, if Put plate bottom stress and distribution bar 13 in prefabricated panel concrete layer 14 and for connecting prefabricated panel concrete layer 14 With the truss bars 17 of top cast-in-place concrete layer 16;
In the prefabricated panel concrete layer 14 and the cast-in-place coagulation in top of the precast truss frame reinforced concrete laminated floor slab 37 Prefabricated panel heat-insulation layer 15 is set between soil layer 16, the thermo-insulated reinforced concrete sandwich roof boarding 38 of prefabricated sandwich is constituted;
The prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall includes:
Prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 30 with inverted trapezoidal slot type side rib 12, including concrete rib post 7 and mixed The concrete sash of solidifying soil girt strip 8 composition, embeds ecology bulk 6 in concrete sash, wallboard positive and negative is pea gravel concreten Wipe one's face 11;
Prefabricated sandwich insulation inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 25, by the prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 30, is set Heat-insulation layer 5 on the prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 30 and the concrete protective being arranged on the heat-insulation layer 5 Layer 1 is constituted;
The prefabricated compound parapet is by prefabricated compound parapet wallboard 43 and prefabricated double-deck capping beam 22 by being bonded sand The connection of slurry 23 is combined.
The prefabricated panel heat-insulation layer 15 and heat-insulation layer 5 are EPS molding styrofoam or EPS granular polystyrene concrete;
Bottom equipment spool is set in the prefabricated bottom of inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 30 preformed groove 29 is installed, top sets Put top apparatus spool and preformed groove 33 is installed, electric pipeline 28 and electric switch socket 31 are embedded with wallboard, reserved on wallboard There is distribution box hole 32, thus constitute the prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 30 of hydroelectric integration;
Bottom equipment spool is set in the bottom of prefabricated sandwich insulation inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 25 preformed groove is installed 29, electric pipeline 28, low-side switch socket 26 and high-side switch socket 27 are embedded with wallboard, thus constitute hydroelectric integration Prefabricated sandwich insulation inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 25;
The prefabricated compound parapet wallboard 43 includes the concrete sash connected and composed by longitudinal rib 19 and cross rib 20, mixed Ecology bulk 6 is embedded in solidifying soil sash, the height of ecological bulk 6 is highly consistent with sash, form perpendicular between adjacent ecological bulk 6 To piece 18, there is cross rib to indulge between muscle 21, adjacent concrete sash by connecting post-cast strip 24 and the vertical muscle of cross rib in the cross rib 20 21 realize connection, in the prefabricated double-deck capping beam 22, the section of the section more than lower floor's beam of upper strata beam, and lower floor's beam is by bonding Mortar 23 is arranged on the top of concrete sash.
The utility model additionally provides the construction method of the full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure system, bag Include:
Be prefabricated in the factory building body supporting member and prefabricated Accessory Members, during, by Architectural Equipment steel pipe buried in advance;
During site operation, by pouring the connection that the less armored concrete connecting pole 44 in section is realized between wallboard, lead to Cross and pour the connection that the section dark beam 45 of less armored concrete constraint realizes wallboard and laminated floor slab.
Prefabrication includes:
Step one:The production of prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 30;
Step 2:The production of prefabricated sandwich insulation inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 25;
Step 3:The production of the thermo-insulated reinforced concrete sandwich roof boarding 38 of prefabricated sandwich;
Step 4:And the production of other prefabricated components.
In the step one, assemble special steel form first, bottom pours pea gravel concreten, make concrete girt strip 10 and The framework of steel reinforcement of concrete rib post 9, framework of steel reinforcement enters mould, puts ecological bulk 6, puts reserved line box, pipeline and other are pre-buried Part, then pour pea gravel concreten, then catch up with it is flat, wipe one's face, it is prefabricated after the completion of standard curing, treat that concrete strength reaches design load When 75%, can lift by crane;
In the step 2, using preparation method is inverted, the special steel form of heat-insulation layer is assembled first, make reinforced mesh 4, Reinforced mesh 4 enters mould, places protective layer cushion block, casting concrete;Then heat-insulation layer 5 is laid, it is good by mixing during warming plate to lay Insulation bonding mortar 2 pave and be applied on the face of heat-insulation layer 5, the heat-insulation layer 5 after lay taps vibration compacting with rubber hammer, and inserts Put bar for line;After after intensity requirement needed for the wallboard of heat-insulation layer 5 meets, special structure sheaf steel form is assembled thereon, make steel Muscles and bones frame, wall steel bar skeleton enters mould, and heat-insulation layer 5 is abound with smearing insulation bonding mortar 2, ecological bulk 6 is inserted into wallboard rib lattice It is interior, put reserved line box, pipeline and other built-in fittings, then casting concrete, finally catch up with it is flat, wipe one's face, it is prefabricated after the completion of standard Maintenance, when concrete strength reaches the 75% of design load, can lift by crane;
In the step 3, special steel form is assembled first, be put into reinforced mesh in template, put by assembling reinforcement mesh sheet Protective layer cushion block is put, reserved line box, pipeline and other built-in fittings are put, pea gravel concreten is poured, after vibrating, catching up with and put down, carried out Wharf's pavement quality, last standard curing after prefabricated panel intensity reaches 75%, then assembles upper mould, pours granular polystyrene and mixes Solidifying soil, after vibrating, catching up with and put down, carries out wharf's pavement quality, finally carries out standard curing, treats that concrete strength reaches the 75% of design load Afterwards, can lift by crane, after the completion of lifting at the construction field (site), treat that roof boarding top rebars colligation is fixed, pour a layer concrete, i.e., The thermo-insulated reinforced concrete sandwich roof boarding 38 of prefabricated sandwich can be formed;
In the step 4, other prefabricated components include prefabricated reinforced concrete composite beam 39, prefabricated reinforced concrete building Ladder 40 and prefabricated compound parapet, using the steel form or plastic formwork of specialty, treat that the good framework of steel reinforcement of colligation or mesh sheet enter After mould, casting concrete, carry out catching up with immediately it is flat, wipe one's face, finally carry out standard curing, treat that concrete strength reaches design load After 75%, can lift by crane.
In the step 2, heat-insulation layer 5 lays should be completed after concrete cover 1 is poured in 20min, insulation bonding sand The smearing of slurry 2 is comprehensive layer plastering method;Ecological bulk 6 should be inserted in wallboard rib lattice within 10min after smearing
In the step 3, the sandwich thermal insulated form of styrofoam is such as molded using EPS, then after completion prefabricated panel is poured, Directly lay.
The granular polystyrene concrete bodies proportioning is cement 333kg, silicon ash 37kg, rubber powder 16.65kg, methyl cellulose ether 2.405kg, polypropylene fibre 1.665kg, wood-fibred 3.33kg, waterproofing agent 1.11kg, water reducer 3.7kg, air entraining agent 0.74kg.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1st, prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board and prefabricated sandwich insulation inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board side go out reinforcing bar position Put using inverted trapezoidal slot form, not only solve delay-pour joint post concrete compaction sex chromosome mosaicism between the wallboard of job site, and It is more beneficial for increasing the frictional force of wallboard and delay-pour joint post, is more beneficial for the globality and shock resistance of structure.
2nd, (prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall, precast truss frame reinforcing bar are mixed for main body load-carrying members in this architectural structure system Solidifying soil laminated floor slab, prefabricated reinforced concrete composite beam) and Accessory Members (prefabricated reinforced concrete stair, precast reinforced coagulation Native balcony, prefabricated reinforced concrete awning, prefabricated reinforced concrete air-conditioning plate, prefabricated compound parapet) prefabricating technique is used, Factorial praluction mode, it is also real while improving architecture quality, meeting villages and small towns folk building prefabricated rate higher and assemble rate The normalization of crucial component, unitized and variation are showed, to realize the diversified demand of different buildings, while having power consumption to subtract Shake, ecological, environmental protective, it is quick build, it is economical and practical the advantages of.
3rd, the integrated design of equipment pipe network and detail design and construction, the association between the design phase takes into full account each specialty Tonality, the mechanical disciplines such as plumbing, electric and HVAC are combined with fractionation design, pre-buried good through walls in the component production phase The pipeline of body and reserve the pipeline hole of through-flooring, it is to avoid the trouble of hydroelectric line is installed in later-stage secondary cutting, is met and is built High efficiency, the high-quality of construction are built, low consumption of resources and the demand of low environmental impact that building is used meet China " 13 " Innovation and development, coordinated development, the theory of Green Development proposed in planning.
4th, inverted trapezoidal slot type Side fascia and the thermo-insulated reinforced concrete sandwich room of prefabricated sandwich are incubated using prefabricated sandwich The heat-preserving load-bearing integrated technique of panel, and being lost for room is down to most with reference to construction measures such as efficient door and window systems It is low, realize the design concept based on " passive type " heat-preserving building.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the prefabricated composite wallboard structure schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the viewgraph of cross-section of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the utility model prefabricated sandwich heat preservation composite wall plate structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the side view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the viewgraph of cross-section of Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is the prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type composite wallboard structure schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 8 is the utility model prefabricated sandwich insulation inverted trapezoidal slot type composite wallboard structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 9 is the utility model truss bars reinforced concrete slab structural representation.
Figure 10 is the sandwich thermal insulated overlapping room panel structure schematic diagram of the utility model truss bars.
Figure 11 is the cross section view of Figure 10.
Figure 12 is the prefabricated compound parapet structural representation of the utility model.
Figure 13 is the prefabricated compound parapet wallboard of the utility model and capping beam assembly schematic diagram.
Figure 14 is the utility model main building equipment pipe network integral structure schematic diagram.
Figure 15 is that the utility model passive type is incubated full assembled composite wall structure system fractionation schematic diagram.
Figure 16 is that the utility model passive type is incubated full assembled composite wall structure building elevation.
Specific embodiment
Describe implementation method of the present utility model in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
The full assembled composite wall structure system of the utility model includes:Pre-cast building main body supporting member (prefabricated inverted trapezoidal Slot type combined wall, precast truss frame reinforced concrete laminated floor slab, prefabricated reinforced concrete composite beam etc.) with prefabricated Accessory Members (prefabricated reinforced concrete stair, prefabricated reinforced concrete balcony, prefabricated reinforced concrete awning, prefabricated reinforced concrete air-conditioning Plate, prefabricated compound parapet etc.).Job site:Only need to pour the less armored concrete connecting pole 44 in section between wallboard;Wall Plate only needs to pour the dark beam 45 of the less armored concrete constraint in section with laminated floor slab, greatly reduces the wet of structure construction Workload, for low layer villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses intermediate item, the prefabricated rate of whole building (aerial part) reaches more than 80%.
Prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall includes prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board and prefabricated sandwich insulation inverted trapezoidal Slot type combined wall board.
1) prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 30:As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, it is less mixed with section and arrangement of reinforcement The concrete sash of solidifying soil rib post 7 and the composition of concrete girt strip 8, embeds with such as autoclave aerated concrete building block or haydite concrete The ecology bulk 6 such as building block is constituted, and has rib post to indulge muscle 9 in concrete rib post 7, has girt strip to indulge muscle 10 in concrete girt strip 8.With it is common Reinforced concrete shear wall and masonry walls are compared to be had the advantages that from heavy and light, steel content is low and anti-seismic performance is good.Meanwhile, equipment pipe Line, electric switch and the one-shot forming aborning of line box socket;The two-sided troweling of component, wallboard positive and negative is pea gravel concreten and smears Face 11, later stage building only needs Puttying, swabbing, is processed without secondary levelling troweling, while wallboard side rib post is using special Steel form processed makes so that side rib post is going out in inverted trapezoidal fluted shape at reinforcing bar, forms inverted trapezoidal slot type side rib 12, this The combined wall board of innovation form is not only easier to the packing of joint connection in site post concreting, and increased connecting pole and wall Frictional force between plate, and can play a part of to increase the anchorage length that wallboard laterally goes out reinforcing bar so that connect between combined wall board Connect and more stablize, be more beneficial for antidetonation.
2) prefabricated sandwich insulation inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 25:As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 6, including structure sheaf (load-bearing Prefabricated ecological composite panels, i.e., foregoing prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 30), heat-insulation layer 5 and concrete cover 1 three Divide and composition is connected by thermal-insulation connecting piece 3, wherein heat-insulation layer 5 is EPS molding styrofoam or EPS granular polystyrene concrete (thickness Determined by energy saving calculation), the thickness of concrete cover 1 is generally 50mm.Prefabricated sandwich is incubated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board Used as Side fascia, as an important component of full assembled composite wall structure system, insulation, section can not only be met Outside energy load-bearing integrated function, and the advantage of prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board, and because wall and insulation material can Produced with integration so that the heat-insulating property that traditional architecture often has is not good etc., and disadvantage can also be readily solved, it is ensured that be incubated and build Build service life in the same life-span, improve architectural engineering economic benefit, rationally solve wall collection stress, maintenances, energy-conservation, it is economical be one The technical barrier of body.
On this basis, bottom equipment spool is set in the bottom of prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board and preformed groove is installed 29, top sets top apparatus spool and installs preformed groove 33, and the type of electric pipeline 28 and 86 of DN20PVC specifications is embedded with wallboard The electric switch socket 31 of specification, is reserved with distribution box hole 32 on wallboard, thus constitute prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type assembled and answer Wallboard 30 is closed, as shown in Figure 7.
Inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board is incubated in prefabricated sandwich, bottom sets bottom equipment spool and installs preformed groove 29, wall The low-side switch socket 26 and high-side switch socket 27 of electric pipeline 28,86 type specifications are embedded with plate, prefabricated folder is thus constituted Core insulation inverted trapezoidal slot type assembled combined wall board 25, as shown in Figure 8.
3) precast truss frame reinforced concrete laminated floor slab 37:As shown in figure 9, including prefabricated panel concrete layer 14, setting Receive at top cast-in-place concrete layer 16 on prefabricated panel concrete layer 14, the plate bottom being arranged in prefabricated panel concrete layer 14 Power and distribution bar 13 and the truss bars 17 for connecting prefabricated panel concrete layer 14 and top cast-in-place concrete layer 16.
Floor pre-buried illumination 86 molded line boxes 34, truss bars overlapping can be preset on precast truss frame reinforcing bar laminated floor slab 37 Lay DN20PVC electric pipelines 35 and the reserved equipment hole 36 of truss bars laminated floor slab in floor scene.
4) the thermo-insulated reinforced concrete sandwich roof boarding 38 of prefabricated sandwich:As shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, it is by prefabricated bottom Board concrete layer 14 (60mm thickness steel truss concretes prefabricated panel), prefabricated panel heat-insulation layer 15 (are used:EPS molds styrofoam Or granular polystyrene concrete, thickness determined by energy saving calculation) and top cast-in-place concrete layer 16 (60mm thick) three parts pass through The connection composition of truss bars 17, not only has the advantages that 37 integral workings are good, and excellent with insulation, load-bearing integration etc. Point, decreases the workload of later stage Contraction in Site.
5) prefabricated compound parapet:As shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, beared down on one by prefabricated compound parapet wallboard 43, prefabricated bilayer Beam 22 is connected by bonding mortar 23 and combined.Prefabricated compound parapet wallboard 43 is by section and the less concrete of arrangement of reinforcement Sash, embedded light ecological bulk 6 is constituted.Concrete sash is connected and composed by longitudinal rib 19 and cross rib 20, the height of ecological bulk 6 It is highly consistent with sash, vertical piece 18 is formed between adjacent ecological bulk 6, there is cross rib to indulge muscle 21, adjacent coagulation in cross rib 20 Between native sash connection is realized by connecting post-cast strip 24 and the vertical muscle 21 of cross rib.In prefabricated double-deck capping beam 22, the section of upper strata beam More than the section of lower floor's beam, lower floor's beam is arranged on the top of concrete sash by bonding mortar 23.Prefabricated double-deck capping beam 22 Be also adopted by prefabricating technique, be prefabricated in the factory completion, be not only effectively guaranteed component quality, and cause later stage simple installation, Fast.With ordinary reinforced concrete is cast-in-place or brick masonry parapet compared with there is light weight, ductility is good, anti-seismic performance is excellent, economy The advantages of being applicable.Simultaneously as using two-sided troweling when prefabricated components are produced, later stage building only needs Puttying, swabbing, without Secondary levelling troweling treatment.
6) other crucial components:It is prefabricated reinforced concrete composite beam 39, prefabricated reinforced concrete air-conditioning plate 42, precast reinforced The key component such as concrete staircase 40, prefabricated reinforced concrete balcony and prefabricated reinforced concrete awning 41, is prefabricated in the factory Complete, be not only effectively guaranteed component quality, accelerate speed of application, and reduce the building waste of job site, dirt The pollutants such as water, noise, pernicious gas and dust, so as to be advantageously implemented energy-conserving and environment-protective, reduce building and apply to greatest extent Influence of the work to surrounding enviroment, and whole the prefabricated rate and assembling rate of building are also improved, real realizes full assembling Formula villages and small towns Folk house structure system.
The utility model assembled composite wall Architectural Equipment pipe network integrated design and construction:Such as Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and Figure 14 It is shown, it is during production prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board and sandwich thermal insulated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board that Architectural Equipment pipeline is pre- Bury, to realize the design and construction based on the integration of assembled composite wall Architectural Equipment pipeline.Compared with conventional wallboard, the wallboard The trouble of later-stage secondary cutting perforate construction is not only eliminated, and effectively prevent the pipeline collision of site operation appearance, greatly It is big to reduce the loss and rework problems caused in construction stage therefore class mistake, it has been truly realized and not only optimize space but also be easy to construct Install and use.
The utility model realizes the building self-insurance temperature technique based on Passive design theory:Fallen using prefabricated sandwich insulation Ring joint combined wall board and the thermo-insulated reinforced concrete sandwich roof boarding of prefabricated sandwich, realize building insulation, load-bearing and Safeguard the design of integration.And efficient door and window system and the heating system from energy-conservation are combined, using rational architectural design And various construction measures is integrated, the power-saving technology of building energy consumption reduction is realized with on-mechanical electrical equipment intervention means so that Building reaches the temperature effect of the most comfortable, as shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16 with minimum energy consumption.
In the utility model, be prefabricated in the factory building body supporting member and prefabricated Accessory Members, during, building is set Standby steel pipe buried in advance;During site operation, by pouring the connection that the less armored concrete connecting pole 44 in section is realized between wallboard, The connection that dark beam 45 realizes wallboard and laminated floor slab is constrained by pouring the less armored concrete in section.
Specifically include:
Step one, produces prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type assembled combined wall board 30, is used as lining.
Assemble special steel form first, bottom pours 20mm thickness C30 pea gravel concretens, make concrete girt strip 8 and The framework of steel reinforcement of concrete rib post 9, framework of steel reinforcement enters mould, and ecological bulk 6 is put immediately, and reserved line box, pipe are put according to design Line and other built-in fittings, it is to be confirmed it is errorless after, then pour C30 pea gravel concretens, then catch up with it is flat, wipe one's face, it is prefabricated after the completion of standard Maintenance, when concrete strength reaches the 75% of design load, can lift by crane.
Step 2, production prefabricated sandwich insulation inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board 25, uses as Side fascia.
Using inversion preparation method.The special steel form of heat-insulation layer is assembled first, reinforced mesh 4 is made, and reinforced mesh 4 enters Mould, place protective layer cushion block, it is to be confirmed it is errorless after, immediately casting concrete protective layer 1 (cover concrete use C30 microliths Concreting, the concrete slump for pouring should be controlled between 180 to 200mm);Then lay heat-insulation layer 5 and (use self-extinguishment Property EPS warming plates or pour calculate needed for thickness EPS granular polystyrenes concrete), heat-insulation layer 5 lay should be in cover concrete Pour in rear 20min and complete, should be by order to strengthen the tight bond of heat-insulation layer 5 and concrete cover 1, during lay heat-insulation layer 5 The good insulation bonding mortar 2 of mixing paves and is applied in the plate face of heat-insulation layer 5, and it is comprehensive layer plastering method to smear;Guarantor after lay Warm layer 5 taps vibration compacting with rubber hammer, and inserts bar for line;After the wallboard of heat-insulation layer 5 meets required intensity requirement, thereon The special structure sheaf steel form of assembling, makes framework of steel reinforcement, and wall steel bar skeleton enters mould, and heat-insulation layer 5 is abound with smearing insulation bonding Mortar 2, should insert ecological bulk 6 in wallboard rib lattice after smearing within 10min, and reserved line box, pipeline are put according to design And other built-in fittings, then casting concrete, finally catch up with it is flat, wipe one's face, it is prefabricated after the completion of standard curing, treat that concrete strength reaches Design load 75% when, can lift by crane.
Step 3:The production thermo-insulated reinforced concrete sandwich roof boarding 38 of prefabricated sandwich.
Special steel form, assembling reinforcement mesh sheet are assembled first.Reinforced mesh is put into template, protective layer cushion block is placed, Reserved line box, pipeline and other built-in fittings are put according to design, it is to be confirmed it is errorless after, pour 60mm thickness C30 pea gravel concretens, treat Vibrate, catch up with it is flat after, carry out wharf's pavement quality using professional plucking equipment, last standard curing treats that prefabricated panel intensity reaches 75% Afterwards, then assemble upper mould, pour granular polystyrene concrete, wait vibrate, catch up with it is flat after, carry out wharf's pavement quality, finally carry out standard Maintenance, (notes after that after 75% that concrete strength reaches design load, can lift by crane:The sandwich thermal insulated shape of styrofoam is such as molded using EPS Formula, then after completion prefabricated panel is poured, directly lay), after the completion of lifting at the construction field (site), treat roof boarding top rebars After colligation is fixed, a layer concrete is poured (60mm is thick), you can form the thermo-insulated reinforced concrete sandwich room of prefabricated sandwich Panel.
Step 4:Produce other crucial prefabricated components.
Other are prefabricated for prefabricated reinforced concrete composite beam 39, prefabricated reinforced concrete stair 40 and prefabricated compound parapet etc. The production of concrete component, using the steel form or plastic formwork of specialty, after the good framework of steel reinforcement of colligation or mesh sheet enter mould, Pour C30 microlith coagulations, carry out catching up with immediately it is flat, wipe one's face, finally carry out standard curing, treat that concrete strength reaches design load After 75%, lifting installation can be carried out.
Step 5:The low power design of theory is incubated based on passive type.
In the middle of horizontal planning of building, influence factor of the building surrounding environment to it, reasonable Arrangement building are taken into full account Direction, the standard width of a room in an old-style house and depth, accomplish that function is compact, and rationally, moving-wire is smooth in space;In the middle of elevation of building arrangement, with reference to locality Natural climate feature, is beneficial to the ventilation of the winter sunshine and transition season of striving for more, make full use of gravity-flow ventilation and rationally Door and window position and size, exclude foul indoor air, improve indoor environment.In architectural construction measure, roofing and main body are received Power building enclosure using prefabrication sandwich heat insulating roof-panel and sandwich thermal insulated combined wall board (its insulation material thickness lead to Cross energy saving calculation determination);Building ground laying EPS molding styrofoam and radiation mode 48, facade window are double from plastic-steel Layer medi-empty glass window 47, it enters exterior door from rock cotton board insulating theft-proof door 46, forms three-dimensional integrated heat insulation measure, from And realize only relying on the tectonic sieving of building itself, no matter minimum energy consumption allows house in hot summer, or cold In winter, can make interior under the premise of minimum energy consumption consumption, reach the passive type heat-preserving building of the temperature requirement of the most comfortable The theory of design.
According to above structure and technique, the utility model has following features:
First, all prefabricated component components are produced by workman in workshop using prefabricating technique, not only component component Quality obtained effective guarantee, and because component component uses hydroelectric integration embedded design and construction, all structures Part surface uses two-sided troweling technology so that the quality of component component has larger amplitude compared with conventional cast-in-place mode of construction component The raising of degree;
Secondly, substantial amounts of construction is saved existing by the construction and installation troop commander lifting and construction of specialty at the construction field (site) Field working area, meanwhile, only at component member in critical connecting portion and floor overlapping layers, using a small amount of wet connection, pour A small amount of concrete, it is ensured that building overall stability and anti-seismic performance.
Using the utility model, a set of local-style dwelling houses is only needed to lift agent structure for several days and completed.Greatly reduce construction In the cycle, pollution of the construction to surrounding environment is reduced, be truly realized the requirement of " five one rings of section ".

Claims (4)

1. a kind of full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure system, it is characterised in that including pre-cast building main body load-bearing structure Part and prefabricated Accessory Members, only connection, wall are realized between wallboard by pouring the less armored concrete connecting pole (44) in section Plate only is realized being connected with truss bars reinforced concrete slab by pouring the section dark beam (45) of less armored concrete constraint.
2. full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described prefabricated to build Building main body supporting member includes:
Prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall, its side rib post is going out in inverted trapezoidal fluted shape at reinforcing bar, and the inverted trapezoidal groove is Refer to that trapezoidal bottom is openend, the waist of upside is oblique waist;
Precast truss frame reinforced concrete laminated floor slab (37);
And prefabricated reinforced concrete composite beam (39);
The prefabricated Accessory Members include:
It is prefabricated reinforced concrete stair (40), prefabricated reinforced concrete balcony, prefabricated reinforced concrete awning (41), precast reinforced Concrete air-conditioning plate (42) and prefabricated compound parapet.
3. full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
The precast truss frame reinforced concrete laminated floor slab (37) includes:
Prefabricated panel concrete layer (14), is arranged on the top cast-in-place concrete layer (16) on prefabricated panel concrete layer (14), The plate bottom stress and distribution bar (13) that are arranged in prefabricated panel concrete layer (14) and for connecting prefabricated panel coagulation The truss bars (17) of soil layer (14) and top cast-in-place concrete layer (16);
In the prefabricated panel concrete layer (14) and the cast-in-place coagulation in top of the precast truss frame reinforced concrete laminated floor slab (37) Prefabricated panel heat-insulation layer (15) is set between soil layer (16), the thermo-insulated reinforced concrete sandwich roof boarding of prefabricated sandwich is constituted (38);
The prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall includes:
Prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board (30) with inverted trapezoidal slot type side rib (12), including concrete rib post (7) and The concrete sash of concrete girt strip (8) composition, embeds ecology bulk (6) in concrete sash, wallboard positive and negative uses microlith Concrete coating (11);
Prefabricated sandwich is incubated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board (25), by the prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board (30), sets Heat-insulation layer (5) on the prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board (30) and the coagulation being arranged on the heat-insulation layer (5) Protective soil layer (1) is constituted;
The prefabricated compound parapet is by prefabricated compound parapet wallboard (43) and prefabricated double-deck capping beam (22) by being bonded sand Slurry (23) connection is combined.
4. full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that
The prefabricated panel heat-insulation layer (15) and heat-insulation layer (5) are EPS molding styrofoam or EPS granular polystyrene concrete;
Bottom equipment spool is set in prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board (30) bottom preformed groove (29) is installed, top sets Put top apparatus spool and preformed groove (33) is installed, electric pipeline (28) and electric switch socket (31), wallboard are embedded with wallboard On be reserved with distribution box hole (32), thus constitute hydroelectric integration prefabricated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board (30);
Bottom equipment spool is set in prefabricated sandwich insulation inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board (25) bottom preformed groove is installed (29) electric pipeline (28), low-side switch socket (26) and high-side switch socket (27), are embedded with wallboard, water power is thus constituted The prefabricated sandwich of integration is incubated inverted trapezoidal slot type combined wall board (25);
The prefabricated compound parapet wallboard includes the concrete sash connected and composed by longitudinal rib (19) and cross rib (20), in coagulation Ecology bulk (6) is embedded in native sash, the height of ecological bulk (6) is highly consistent with sash, shape between adjacent ecological bulk (6) Into vertical piece (18), there is cross rib to indulge between muscle (21), adjacent concrete sash by connecting post-cast strip in the cross rib (20) (24) connected with vertical muscle (21) realization of cross rib, in the prefabricated double-deck capping beam (22), the section of upper strata beam is more than lower floor's beam Section, lower floor's beam is arranged on the top of concrete sash by bonding mortar (23).
CN201621234265.9U 2016-11-17 2016-11-17 A kind of full assembled villages and small towns local-style dwelling houses class composite wall structure system Active CN206205140U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107143066A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-08 山东建筑大学 A kind of combined wall of fabricated construction
CN108118798A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-06-05 北京建筑大学 A kind of assembled air entrained concrete building systems

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107143066A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-08 山东建筑大学 A kind of combined wall of fabricated construction
CN108118798A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-06-05 北京建筑大学 A kind of assembled air entrained concrete building systems

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GR01 Patent grant
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EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Matrix matrix Industrial Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Xi ` an Industrial Co., Ltd.

Contract record no.: 2019610000016

Denomination of utility model: Total-prefabricated rural residential class composite wall structure system and construction method thereof

Granted publication date: 20170531

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20190611