CN109761360A - A kind of ecology mattress system - Google Patents

A kind of ecology mattress system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109761360A
CN109761360A CN201811654056.3A CN201811654056A CN109761360A CN 109761360 A CN109761360 A CN 109761360A CN 201811654056 A CN201811654056 A CN 201811654056A CN 109761360 A CN109761360 A CN 109761360A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mattress system
water
cabinet
filler
side plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
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CN201811654056.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵进勇
陈卓
崔晓宇
彭文启
张晶
邢乃春
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry of CAS
China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
Changchun Institute Technology
Original Assignee
China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
Changchun Institute Technology
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Application filed by China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Changchun Institute Technology filed Critical China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
Priority to CN201811654056.3A priority Critical patent/CN109761360A/en
Publication of CN109761360A publication Critical patent/CN109761360A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention relates to purification of water quality, restoration of the ecosystem applied technical field, especially a kind of ecological mattress system.Comprising: which cabinet, is provided with several permeable holes;Filler is set in the cabinet, including the nutrition soil layer, filter material layer and permeable loaded filter set gradually from top to bottom;Several natural waterweeds are planted in the filler;Several artificial aquatic weeds, it is staggered with several natural waterweeds.Ecological mattress system arrangement of the invention is high-efficient, water plant survival rate is higher, and water purification dirt-removing power is high.

Description

A kind of ecology mattress system
Technical field
The present invention relates to purification of water quality, restoration of the ecosystem applied technical field, especially a kind of ecological mattress system.
Background technique
With the development of economic society and the propulsion of urbanization process, a large amount of rivers and lakes all receive different degrees of dirt Dye, the ecosystem in river is badly damaged, and leads in water body that middle matter energy is unbalance, deteriorating water quality occurs, aquatic organism is reduced, water Phenomena such as body is black smelly, river ecological improvement are and its urgent demand.
The bioremediation Technology in specific river and lake recovery technique refers to utilizing plant, micro- life using artificial measures at present The biological activity of object, is degraded to water pollutant or is converted to the water body purification technology of innocuous substance, which overcomes The shortcomings that physics, chemical remediation technology, have many advantages, such as high treating effect, it is low-cost, be not required to energy consumption or low power consuming, it is most important Be the technology can make the self-purification capacity of polluted-water be gradually recovered be realize harmonious co-existence between man and nature pollution treatment approach.Its Middle natural waterweeds (water plant) Treatment process and artificial aquatic weed Treatment process are wherein more commonly used main means.
Nutriments and the other elements such as N, P that natural waterweeds (water plant) are absorbable, are enriched in water, increase in water body Oxygen content, harmful algae breeding is inhibited by allelopathy, checks discharging again for substrate sludge nutritive salt Xiang Shuizhong, water plant energy again More lives are provided to aquatic animal to inhabit and sheltered situation, expand effective living space of aquatic animal, the children of water plant is tender Part is ingested again for aquatic animal, improves entire aquatic ecosystem in whole level.Wherein natural waterweeds are governance processes In most common vegetation type, the status irreplaceable role in aquatic ecosystem.But the vitellarium of natural waterweeds Domain is generally focused on middle phytal zone, lives and reproduces and needs enough illumination and certain substrate (bed mud, riverbed bed body) condition, But some areas urban river, rural area channel etc. can not provide preferable substrate condition, some areas water using hardening riverbed Body turbidity is higher, and illumination condition is poor, and natural waterweeds are difficult to survive.At present natural waterweeds frequently with implantation methods have fork kind Plant method, throwing method etc., those methods not can guarantee the fixed substrate condition of natural waterweeds root system, root system of plant vulnerable to wound, thus Cause plantation efficiency and plant survival rate lower, it is difficult to large-scale plantation survival.The plant utilizations methods such as traditional heavy network of rivers case There is also the vulnerable of extraneous water condition variation, it is difficult to guarantee under conditions of river and lake (library) substrate is bad plant at The problems such as long fixed.
Artificial aquatic weed is a kind of bionic aquatic weed of simulation natural water plant morphological function design, and it is lazy to have good biology Property, physical chemistry is stable, toughness elasticity and corrodes patience, water plant surface can form biomembrane by natural be enriched with of biology, can It is effectively degraded by the biochemical reaction of microorganism and Organic Pollutants In Water and goes to denitrogenate the nutriments such as phosphorus, it is solid to suspending in water Body also has preferable removal effect, while good attachment condition can be provided for the growth and breeding of all kinds of algae, microorganism, can The transparency and landscape function of water body are improved with the short time, gradually improves water quality condition, for the river ecological for rebuilding health System provides preferable condition.But artificial aquatic weed does not have the generation allelochemical, photosynthetic of natural waterweeds (natural waterweeds) It produces oxygen, the effects of part cauline leaf is as aquatile food is provided, the ecological functions of itself are more single.Artificial aquatic weed at present Method for arranging predominantly in such a way that the counterweights block such as brick sinks water, the rod-shaped frame arrangement of production etc., becomes extraneous water condition The resistivity of change is weaker, arranges inefficiency, not flexible with condition, purifying water effect is poor.
Summary of the invention
Therefore, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is that ecological mattress in the prior art is overcome to arrange under efficiency, Purifying water effect is poor, the lower technological deficiency of water plant survival rate, to provide, a kind of arrangement is high-efficient, water plant survival rate is higher, only The high ecological mattress system of water dirt-removing power.
In order to solve the above technical problems, The technical solution adopted by the invention is as follows:
A kind of ecology mattress system, comprising:
Cabinet is provided with several permeable holes;
Filler is set in the cabinet, including the nutrition soil layer, filter material layer and permeable anti-filter set gradually from top to bottom Layer;
Several natural waterweeds are planted in the filler;
Several artificial aquatic weeds, it is staggered with several natural waterweeds.
In above-mentioned ecology mattress system, the thickness ratio of the nutrition soil layer, the filter material layer and the permeable loaded filter is 1:3:1.
In above-mentioned ecology mattress system, the filter material layer is constituted using the material of 0.2-12mm gradation, the permeable anti-filter Layer is constituted using the material of 8-32mm gradation.
In above-mentioned ecology mattress system, several coating films are embedded in the nutrition soil layer.
In above-mentioned ecology mattress system, the coating film include membrane structure, the culture medium being set in the membrane structure or The seed of Nutrition Soil and the natural waterweeds being embedded in the culture medium or Nutrition Soil or the seedling rhizome tamed.
In above-mentioned ecology mattress system, the membrane structure is made of hydrolysis starch film or biodegradable fiber net.
In above-mentioned ecology mattress system, the artificial aquatic weed includes:
Support rod including the fixed link being set to inside the filler for fixing the artificial aquatic weed and is set to institute State the soft bar above fixed link and being located above the cabinet;
Float is set to the soft bar top, inner inflatable, for driving the soft bar to rise;
Fabric filler is set on the soft bar.
In above-mentioned ecology mattress system, the float is made of catalysis material.
In above-mentioned ecology mattress system, several holes are provided on the soft bar, the fabric filler is set in the hole.
In above-mentioned ecology mattress system, the cabinet is by the cover board, a pair of long side plate and a pair that set gradually from top to bottom Short side plate and bottom plate are formed, and the bottom plate, the long side plate and the short side plate pass through A-frame and be fixed to each other company It connects, the cover board is grating texture, is provided with permeable hole on the bottom plate and the long side plate.
Technical solution of the present invention has the advantages that
1. ecology mattress system provided by the invention, comprising: cabinet is provided with several permeable holes;Filler is set to described In cabinet, including the nutrition soil layer, filter material layer and permeable loaded filter set gradually from top to bottom;Several natural waterweeds, plantation in In the filler;Several artificial aquatic weeds, it is staggered with several natural waterweeds.Artificial aquatic weed-natural waterweeds plant symbiosis altogether Mode can make artificial aquatic weed quickly improve water body environment, provide advantage, natural waterweeds hair for natural waterweeds survival and reproduction Multi-level Ecology Action is waved, artificial aquatic weed water purification effect is promoted, artificial aquatic weed-natural waterweeds promote ecological functions each other, generate connection Dynamic coupling, improves water purification efficiency, accelerates to form the ecosystem for improving regional area, improves ecological purified water dirt-removing functions;It fills out The multilayered structure of material can be such that water purification decontamination function enhances, and the root system part of natural waterweeds and artificial aquatic weed are ok in filler Enrichment, absorption microorganism and nutriment, thus biofilm water purification, while playing natural waterweeds, artificial aquatic weed, cabinet filler three The water purification function divided, the filler of multilayered structure provide nutriment and good bottom environment for natural waterweeds, increase Natural waterweeds plant survival rate and resist the ability of external environment;Cabinet improves whole anti-external condition as weight body and becomes The layout density of artificial aquatic weed and natural waterweeds can be adjusted flexibly in change ability according to demand, arrange high-efficient, whole landscape effect Fruit is good, and operational management is convenient, saves space;Multi-level water purification decontamination packing layer, artificial aquatic weed-natural water grass layer are ok Absorption, degradation part water body recovery technology and nutriment improve water body environment to promote water quality;Cabinet can change week simultaneously The flow velocity and fluidised form of side water flow, it is all kinds of that portion, which can form the moderate area of certain area in flow rate of water flow direction, after cabinet Aquatile provide it is a certain range of inhabit and spawning place, be conducive to the existence and procreation of aquatile, be bio-diversity Advantageous condition is provided with being further formed for the ecosystem;The design of permeable hole guarantees that filler will not be largely lost, and is cabinet Inside and outside offer open space.
2. ecology mattress system provided by the invention, the nutrition soil layer, the filter material layer and the permeable loaded filter Thickness ratio is 1:3:1.Such design can make substrate condition more preferable, keep water plant survival rate higher, and water purification dirt-removing power is more preferable.
3. ecology mattress system provided by the invention, the filter material layer is constituted using the material of 0.2-12mm gradation, described Permeable loaded filter is constituted using the material of 8-32mm gradation.The function of each packing layer can be better achieved in such design.
4. ecology mattress system provided by the invention, several coating films are embedded in the nutrition soil layer.The coating film Including membrane structure, the culture medium being set in the membrane structure or Nutrition Soil and the institute being embedded in the culture medium or Nutrition Soil The seedling rhizome stating the seed of natural waterweeds or taming.The membrane structure is made of hydrolysis starch film or biodegradable fiber net. It is such to design the survival rate that natural waterweeds can be improved.
5. ecology mattress system provided by the invention, the artificial aquatic weed includes: support rod, including is set to the filler Inside is for fixing the fixed link of the artificial aquatic weed and being set to above the fixed link and above the cabinet Soft bar;Float is set to the soft bar top, inner inflatable, for driving the soft bar to rise;Fabric filler is set to institute It states on soft bar.The float is made of catalysis material.Several holes are provided on the soft bar, the fabric filler is set to described In hole.Such design has the advantages that large specific surface area, enriched microorganism ability are strong, intensity is suitable for, ecological, environmental protective, is micro- life The main bedding carrier layer of object biofilm;After artificial aquatic weed enters water, biological concentration can be played faster, water turbidity is reduced, changes The effect of kind neighboring area Ecological environment, so that improves natural waterweeds is illuminated by the light intensity and growth ecological environment, to natural water The conditions of growth and development of grass plays improvement improving effect.
6. ecology mattress system provided by the invention, the cabinet by set gradually from top to bottom cover board, a pair of long side Plate and a pair of of short side plate and bottom plate are formed, and the bottom plate, the long side plate and the short side plate pass through A-frame phase It is mutually fixedly connected, the cover board is grating texture, is provided with permeable hole on the bottom plate and the long side plate.Such design Make cabinet that there is detachability and integrality, the grid block of cover board is that provider is arranged in the plantation of artificial aquatic weed and natural waterweeds Just;Simultaneously cabinet play the role of counterweight fix, submerged plant growth breeding bedding, artificial aquatic weed flexible arrangement and fixation; So that overall structure is reliable and stable, arrangement using flexible.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to specific in order to illustrate more clearly of the specific embodiment of the invention or technical solution in the prior art Embodiment or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art be briefly described, it should be apparent that, it is described below Attached drawing is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, before not making the creative labor It puts, is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of ecological mattress system of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the box structure diagram of ecological mattress system shown in FIG. 1;
Fig. 3 is the bottom plate and long side plate aperture schematic diagram of ecological mattress system shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the partial schematic diagram of the cabinet of ecological mattress system shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the short side plate and handle schematic diagram of the cabinet of ecological mattress system shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is the partial structural diagram of ecological mattress system shown in FIG. 1;
Description of symbols:
1- cabinet;2- nutrition soil layer;3- filter material layer;The permeable loaded filter of 4-;5- float;6- fabric filler;7- branch Strut;8- natural waterweeds;9- coating film;10- screw;11- cover board;12- bottom plate;13- short side plate;14- long side plate; 15- A-frame;16- handle.
Specific embodiment
Technical solution of the present invention is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with attached drawing, it is clear that described implementation Example is a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, ordinary skill Personnel's every other embodiment obtained without making creative work, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As long as in addition, the non-structure each other of technical characteristic involved in invention described below different embodiments It can be combined with each other at conflict.
It as shown in figures 1 to 6, is a kind of specific embodiment of ecological mattress system according to the present invention comprising: case Body 1, filler, several natural waterweeds 8, several artificial aquatic weeds, natural waterweeds 8 are submerged plant in the present embodiment.
In the present embodiment, cabinet 1 is provided with several permeable holes.
Further, the cabinet 1 is by the cover board 11, a pair of long side plate 14 and a pair of of short side plate that set gradually from top to bottom 13 and the formation of bottom plate 12, the bottom plate 12, the long side plate 14 and the short side plate 13 it is mutual by A-frame 15 It is fixedly connected, specifically, bottom plate 12, long side plate 14, short side plate 13,11 border district open screw bracket fixation hole of cover board pass through A-frame 15 and the linking of screw 10 are fixed, and have detachability and integrality;The cover board 11 is grating texture, specifically, 11 main body of cover board is made into that item is latticed, and each grid block arranges area as the plantation of artificial aquatic weed and submerged plant;The bottom plate 12 And it is provided with permeable hole on the long side plate 14, specifically, the central main part of bottom plate 12 and long side plate 14 carries out uniform Aperture, bore size 2-6mm, aperture spacing are 20-60mm, and long 14 aperture of side plate is reduced from bottom to top, guarantee that filler will not It is largely lost, to provide open space inside and outside cabinet 1.Such structure design, may be implemented assembly and disassembly, movement, recombination, energy Enough flexible arrangements, at the same play counterweight fix, submerged plant growth breeding bedding, artificial aquatic weed flexible arrangement and fixation work With;So that overall structure is reliable and stable, arrangement using flexible.
Further, it is provided with handle 16 on the short side plate 13, keeps mobile transport more convenient.The bottom plate 12 of cabinet 1, Long side plate 14, short side plate 13, cover board 11 are made of PVC hardboard or stainless-steel sheet, handle 16, A-frame 15, screw 10 Select composite stainless steel material.Wherein PVC hardboard, which is called, does PVC board, extrusion board, laminate, baking-free brick supporting plate, has good Chemical stability, corrosion resistance is strong, and hardness is big, and intensity is big, ageing-resistant, and any surface finish is smooth, does not absorb water, indeformable, easy processing The features such as.PVC hardboard is excellent thermoforming material, can substitute part stainless steel and other corrosion resistance synthetic materials.
Filler is filled up in cabinet 1, forms the stable mattress main body of locations of structures, when cabinet 1 is placed in water bottom, energy Play the role of weight body, so that cabinet 1 is sunken to bottom and fixed position, while cabinet 1 can change the flow velocity and stream of periphery water flow State, portion can form the moderate area of certain area in flow rate of water flow direction after cabinet 1, provide centainly for all kinds of aquatiles Range inhabit and spawning place, be conducive to the existence and procreation of aquatile, be bio-diversity and the ecosystem into one Step, which is formed, provides advantageous condition.
In the present embodiment, filler is set in the cabinet 1, including set gradually from top to bottom nutrition soil layer 2, filter The bed of material 3 and permeable loaded filter 4.Filler is the weight material of cabinet 1 on the whole, provides weight and to keep cabinet 1 to be sunken to river and lake low Bed;Filler is the fixation layer of rhizome part in submerged plant growth growth course simultaneously, is the biology of submerged plant root system implantation Bedding, and the structure sheaf of artificial aquatic weed position is maintained and fixes, artificial aquatic weed can change the angle placed according to arrangement demand Degree and position.The multilayered structure of filler can be such that water purification decontamination function enhances, the root system part of submerged plant and people in filler Work water plant can be enriched with, adsorb microorganism and nutriment, thus biofilm water purification, while play submerged plant, artificial aquatic weed, The water purification function of 1 filler three parts of cabinet.
Further, the thickness ratio of the nutrition soil layer 2, the filter material layer 3 and the permeable loaded filter 4 is 1:3:1.Three Layer filler overall thickness is 30-60cm.Nutrition soil layer 2 can be sought by alluvial flat soil (clean river bottom mud), river fine sand, water plant Mud (humus, plant ash, peat soil, turfy soil) is supported to mix by certain proportion.The environmental factor of aquatic plants growth Including water quality, intensity of illumination and substrate condition, wherein substrate condition and light are the key factors for influencing submerged plant death, and Not all region is suitable for submerged plant planting arrangement.Nutrition soil layer 2 can provide part for submerged plant seedling or seed Required nutrient and organic matter are provided simultaneously with good gas permeability, provide for the sprouting of seed, the growth and development of seedling good Good bed body bottom environment condition.
Further, the filter material layer 3 is constituted using the material of 0.2-12mm gradation, filter material layer 3 by sand gravel, zeolite, The a certain kind such as volcanic rock, haydite, sand gravel or a variety of sorptive fillers mix a small amount of alluvial flat soil or riverbank soil is constituted, The material for selecting 0.2-12mm gradation, gap is larger between these fillers, conducive to the root growth of water plant, will not muddy water, can rise To the effect to purify water.The root growth of submerged plant to a certain extent when can pass through nutrition soil layer 2, filter material layer 3 continue Growth and development, by the effect of certain time, microbes form one layer of biomembrane in 3 range of root system-filter material layer, play suction The case where receiving nutriment, decomposing organic matter, the effect to purify water, while filtering layer environment can be improved, reducing filtering layer blocking;Institute It states permeable loaded filter 4 to constitute using the material of 8-32mm gradation, permeable loaded filter 4 is by sand gravel, cobblestone, quartz sand, boiling One or more compositions of the materials such as stone, volcanic rock, haydite select the material of 8-32mm gradation, can make permeable loaded filter 4 Gap between filler is larger, and permeable discharge capacity is strong, plays the role of anti-filter, permeable, uniform load-bearing, is not easy to plug simultaneously.
Further, several coating films 9 are embedded in the nutrition soil layer 2.Further, the coating film 9 includes film Structure, the culture medium being set in the membrane structure or Nutrition Soil and the heavy water being embedded in the culture medium or Nutrition Soil are planted The seed of object or the seedling rhizome tamed.Further, the membrane structure is made of hydrolysis starch film or biodegradable fiber net. Wrap film can also the strong close biomaterial of degradable by other, pollution-free, permeability be made.
In the present embodiment, several submerged plant plantings are in the filler.Submerged plant may be selected type include eel grass, Hornwort, watermifoil, black algae, waterweed, potamogeton malaianus, water caltrop etc..Submerged plant layout density is 6-16 plants/m2(seed Embedded density is 10-25 pieces/m2), can suitably it be changed according to different vegetation types and feature.
Submerged plant can be planted to obtain by two methods, the first is to be implanted into selected kind plant in nutrition soil layer 2 Seed, second is that wrap film is implanted into and is fixed into nutrition soil layer 2, sprouts in nutrition soil layer 2 or growth and development, the water that sinks are planted After object grows into certain phase, rhizome, which can be grown downwards, reaches filter material layer 3 or permeable loaded filter 4 across nutrition soil layer 2.
Submerged plant inhabites to the more lives of aquatic animal offer and sheltered situation, and can increase the dissolved oxygen in water, It purifies water, expands effective living space of aquatic animal, meanwhile, the young tender part of submerged plant is taken the photograph again for aquatic animal Food, can discharge chemical substance in water, generate allelopathy in peripheral extent, inhibit planktonic algae existence, so as to improve entire Aquatic ecosystem.It for hydration phenomena and eutrophication water prevention and administers, can play a role, be conducive to ecology The maintenance of system.The oxygen that submerged plant generates under illumination condition increases surrounding body oxygen content, under the conditions of illumination deficiency Also part oxygen in water can be consumed, it is anti-that this alternation procedure can provide anaerobic-aerobic to the biofilm microorganisms of artificial aquatic weed Condition is answered, nitrification, denitrification, oxidation haptoreaction rate are improved, to improve the water body purification dirt-removing power of artificial aquatic weed.
In the present embodiment, several artificial aquatic weeds and several submerged plants are staggered.
Further, the artificial aquatic weed includes: support rod 7, including is set to inside the filler for described in fixation The fixed link of artificial aquatic weed and the soft bar for being set to above the fixed link and being located at 1 top of cabinet, fixed link and soft Spiral lamination and threaded nut is arranged in bar two parts joining part, is linked together by spiral fixed form, fixed bar material choosing With pvc material, fixed link is embedded to inside 1 packing layer of cabinet, and the position of fixed artificial aquatic weed, soft bar is made of pvc soft material; Float 5 is set to the soft bar top, inner inflatable, for driving the soft bar to rise;Fabric filler 6 is set to described soft On bar.The artificial aquatic weed has the advantages that large specific surface area, enriched microorganism ability are strong, intensity is suitable for, ecological, environmental protective, is micro- The main bedding carrier layer of bio-film colonization.After artificial aquatic weed enters water, can play faster biological concentration, reduce water turbidity, Improve neighboring area Ecological environment effect, thus improve submerged plant be illuminated by the light intensity and growth ecological environment, to heavy water The conditions of growth and development of plant plays improvement improving effect.The layout density of artificial aquatic weed is 6-16 plants/m2
Further, the float 5 is made of catalysis material.Specifically, by plastic ceramic, water purification catalysis material system At being in sphere or spheroid structure, can be floated up in water body, soft bar part is driven to rise.
Further, several holes are provided on the soft bar, the fabric filler 6 is set in the hole.Specifically, it knits Object filler 6 can be consolidated on soft bar by modes such as suture, metal nail staplings.Fabric filler 6 is by compound activated carbon fiber material Material (polypropylene fiber material, modified fine synthetic fibre material, polyethylene fiber material etc.) is made, and the fabric filler 6 is in float wadding or band Shape structure, 6 surface layer of fabric filler are provided simultaneously with a large amount of fine hair, mention the specific surface area of 6 band of fabric filler greatly Height is provided simultaneously with certain absorption property, can be enriched in microorganism and nutriment on 6 layers of fabric filler, so that fabric is filled out Material 6 and microorganism can sufficiently contact with water, form microbial reaction bed on 6 layers of fabric filler, hang one layer of biomembrane, raw Nitrification and denitrification reaction occurs on object film, water part organic matter of degrading reduces water body recovery technology, to purify water.
When implementing, mattress position and quantity can be determined according to arrangement ground topographic features and river situation, draft institute Select submerged plant type, artificial aquatic weed-submerged plant layout density, mattress size;On water body bank, cabinet 1 is assembled Bottom plate 12, long side plate 14, short side plate 13 form 1 structure of cabinet;One layer of spunlace non-woven cloth is laid in cabinet 1;Take permeable anti-filter 4 sandstone uniform filling of layer insert 1 bottom of cabinet, while arranging artificial aquatic weed fixed link according to concrete scheme, slight to be compacted, leveling Surface layer;3 sandy and stony soil mixed fillers of filter material layer are taken, permeable 4 top of loaded filter is inserted, it is slight to be compacted, flatten surface layer;It is laid with covering battalion Soil layer 2 is supported, is embedded to submerged plant seed or wrap film in 2 predetermined position of nutrition soil layer;The cover board 11 of cabinet 1 is covered, is used The fixed surface layer mouthful of screw 10;Ecological mattress system is put into scheduled position in the way of hand haulage or integral lifting etc..
Ecological mattress system uses modular organization arrangement form, and 1 ruler of cabinet of different size is used according to situation on the spot It is very little and change arrangement situation, make full use of the resources such as the existing sandstone block in each area and soil, low in cost and safety and environmental protection, Detachably, it flexibly places, facilitates management and recycling, control the scope of application, save time artificial fund cost;Box module Change streamflow regime, form the moderate area of water flow of part, suitable inhabites band for biological provide.Filler provides for submerged plant Nutriment and good bottom environment increase submerged plant planting survival rate and resist the ability of external environment, and cabinet 1 is made Whole anti-change of external conditions ability is improved for weight body, and artificial aquatic weed and submerged plant can be adjusted flexibly according to demand Layout density, whole landscape effect is good, and operational management is convenient, saves space;Multi-level water purification decontamination, it is packing layer, artificial Water plant-submerged plant layer can adsorb, degrade part water body recovery technology and nutriment, so that water quality is promoted, improvement water body Environment;Placement initial stage, artificial aquatic weed faster improve water visibility, reduce suspended matter, improve water condition, raw for submerged plant Long development provides good environment;Submerged plant photosynthetic production oxygen on daytime breathes oxygen consumption, and the anaerobism-created in small range region is simultaneous The reaction of oxygen-oxygen-depleted environment, for artificial aquatic weed microorganism nitrification and denitrification provides alternate environment, improves artificial aquatic weed purification Water quality efficiency;The advantage of artificial aquatic weed-submerged plant respectively is generally played, ecological functions each other are promoted, generates linkage coupling It closes, improves water purification efficiency, accelerate to form the ecosystem for improving regional area, play ecological purified water function;Artificial aquatic weed-is heavy Water plant plants Symbiotic Model altogether, and artificial aquatic weed quickly improves water body environment, lives and reproduces for submerged plant and provides advantage, sinks Water plant plays multi-level Ecology Action, promotes artificial aquatic weed water purification efficiency.
As alternative embodiment, submerged plant can also according to the depth of water and water body concrete condition, change into emergent aquactic plant, Other water plant types such as floatingleaved plant.
As alternative embodiment, can also be assembled by other means between each plate of cabinet 1, such as: The bottom plate 12 of cabinet 1, long side plate 14, between short side plate 13 can also using the modes such as padlock type connection, hinged, long side plate 14, 13 liang of side bottoms of short side plate can be set fixed link, spud pile etc. and further fix bed body, long side plate 14 and short side plate 13 Junction may be configured as riveted buckle, and long 14 two sides outer end of side plate may be configured as riveted slot.
As alternative embodiment, cabinet 1 can also be printed directly by 3d, and welding, the modes such as cementing directly make For integral type body structure, do not need by additionally assembling or dismantling.
As alternative embodiment, the whole side of cabinet 1 can be made a variety of not similar shapes such as trapezoidal, U-shaped, semicircle Formula, flexible arrangement water plant position.
As alternative embodiment, the thickness ratio of the nutrition soil layer 2, the filter material layer 3 and the permeable loaded filter 4 It can also be 1:3:2 or 2:5:3 or other suitable ratios.
As alternative embodiment, the material that 0.2-16mm gradation can be used in the filter material layer 3 is constituted, described permeable The material that 10-28mm gradation can be used in loaded filter 4 is constituted, the specific material gradation that filter material layer 3 and permeable loaded filter 4 use It can carry out other suitable selections.
Obviously, the above embodiments are merely examples for clarifying the description, and does not limit the embodiments.It is right For those of ordinary skill in the art, can also make on the basis of the above description it is other it is various forms of variation or It changes.There is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.And it is extended from this it is obvious variation or It changes still within the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of ecology mattress system characterized by comprising
Cabinet (1), is provided with several permeable holes;
Filler is set in the cabinet (1), including nutrition soil layer (2), the filter material layer (3) and saturating set gradually from top to bottom Water loaded filter (4);
Several natural waterweeds (8) are planted in the filler;
Several artificial aquatic weeds, it is staggered with several natural waterweeds (8).
2. ecology mattress system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the nutrition soil layer (2), the filter material layer (3) and the thickness ratio of the permeable loaded filter (4) is 1:3:1.
3. ecology mattress system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the filter material layer (3) uses 0.2-12mm grades The material matched is constituted, and the permeable loaded filter (4) is constituted using the material of 8-32mm gradation.
4. ecology mattress system according to claim 1-3, which is characterized in that buried in the nutrition soil layer (2) Equipped with several coating films (9).
5. ecology mattress system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the coating film (9) includes membrane structure, setting In the culture medium or Nutrition Soil in the membrane structure and the natural waterweeds (8) being embedded in the culture medium or Nutrition Soil Seed or the seedling rhizome tamed.
6. ecology mattress system according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the membrane structure is by hydrolysis starch film or can drop Solution web is made.
7. ecology mattress system according to claim 1 to 3, which is characterized in that the artificial aquatic weed includes:
Support rod (7) including the fixed link being set to inside the filler for fixing the artificial aquatic weed and is set to institute State the soft bar above fixed link and being located above the cabinet (1);
Float (5) is set to the soft bar top, inner inflatable, for driving the soft bar to rise;
Fabric filler (6) is set on the soft bar.
8. ecology mattress system according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the float is made of catalysis material.
9. ecology mattress system according to claim 7, which is characterized in that several holes are provided on the soft bar, it is described Fabric filler is set in the hole.
10. ecology mattress system according to claim 1-3, which is characterized in that the cabinet (1) is by from upper The cover board (11), a pair of long side plate (14) and a pair of of the short side plate (13) that are set gradually under and and bottom plate (12) formation, the bottom Plate (12), the long side plate (14) and the short side plate (13) are mutually permanently connected by A-frame (15), the lid Plate (11) is grating texture, is provided with permeable hole on the bottom plate (12) and the long side plate (14).
CN201811654056.3A 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 A kind of ecology mattress system Pending CN109761360A (en)

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