CN109723142A - A kind of building structure - Google Patents

A kind of building structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109723142A
CN109723142A CN201910128820.1A CN201910128820A CN109723142A CN 109723142 A CN109723142 A CN 109723142A CN 201910128820 A CN201910128820 A CN 201910128820A CN 109723142 A CN109723142 A CN 109723142A
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China
Prior art keywords
shear
wall
steel
floor
wall element
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Pending
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CN201910128820.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王晓冬
李久来
庄善相
林立东
朱斌
李震
尉华军
黄岗松
翁文蔚
单华钧
沈琳琳
许舟静
余伶俐
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Halumm Construction Technology Co Ltd
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Halumm Construction Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Halumm Construction Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Halumm Construction Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910128820.1A priority Critical patent/CN109723142A/en
Publication of CN109723142A publication Critical patent/CN109723142A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A kind of building structure, comprising: shear wall and floor;The shear wall includes multiple shear-wall elements;The shear-wall element includes wall ontology and grafting protrusion, one end of the wall ontology is provided with the grafting protrusion, the other end of the wall ontology is provided with the inserting groove being adapted to the grafting protrusion, and the grafting protrusion of the previous shear-wall element is inserted in the inserting groove of shear-wall element described in the latter;The shear-wall element is fixedly connected with the floor, and is mutually perpendicular to.The connection process of the adjacent shear-wall element of the present invention is few, it is only necessary to which socket joint, bolt fix, post-grouting three process, and it is easy for installation, quick not need the auxiliary tools such as cable wind rope, connection otic placode, is convenient for in-site installation.

Description

A kind of building structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to building engineering fields, and in particular to a kind of building structure.
Background technique
Current building has common two kinds of shear wall systems, and one kind is concrete shear force wall, and one kind is steel plate concrete group Combination shearing wall;
Concrete shear force wall be generally mostly it is cast-in-place after scene is wire-tie, site operation precision is low, speed slowly and not environmentally. After structure reaches certain height, thickness of wall body is partially thick.Blocked up shear wall is not only constructed complexity, wasting space, and is led Self weight is caused to increase, geological process increases;Furthermore the increase of shear wall's thickness, so that the rigidity of Core Walls Structure greatly improves, in order to full Sufficient exterior frame column undertakes the requirement of story shearing force ratio, the rigidity that the section of outline border beam column will also increase therewith to realize inner cylinder and outline border Matching, the overall cost of structure and scale are difficult to control at this time.
As country widelys popularize assembled architecture, steel plate combined shear wall is more and more widely used, steel plate combination Shear wall is a kind of wall body construction as made of steel and Combined concrete, while having the excellent of steel member and concrete component Point, the rigidity of concrete is big, fire resistance is good, the expense of initial cost and later maintenance is all lower, steel plate and Combined concrete Resistance to compression, tension and the shear-carrying capacity that wall can be effectively increased make shear wall meet wanting for axial compression ratio with lesser wall thickness It asks, wall thickness and dead load is effectively reduced, save space, reduce earthquake effect.Furthermore its fire prevention, heat preservation, soundproof effect and resistance to Long property is good.Steel-concrete compound shear wall is maximized favourable factors and minimized unfavourable ones by giving full play to the respective advantage of steel Yu two kinds of materials of concrete;
But conventional steel plate concrete combined shear wall, concrete need cast in situs, are easy to produce hollowing, and scene The problems such as that there are precision is not high for splicing, welding capacity is big, difficulty of construction is big.It is specific as follows:
1, it embeds steel plate and unilateral steel plate combined shear wall is applied to super-high building structure and is primarily present following deficiency: 1) Since concrete is located on the outside of steel plate, in the case where large deformation, concrete slab may occur cracking and peel off, to the pact of steel plate Shu Zuoyong weakens significantly, and ductility energy dissipation capacity of the shear wall under big shake effect is greatly reduced;2) shearing wall construction is more multiple Miscellaneous, steel plate transport installation difficulty is larger, and scene needs formwork supporting plate, ties up the processes such as reinforcing bar, and construction is relatively difficult;3) concrete is opened Split more difficult to control, crack is exposed to be difficult to avoid that, to influence normal use and durability.
2. the existing thin about 4mm of some type of steel plate shear force wall wall thickness, steel plate reinforcing rib, factory are utilized between two-sided steel plate When processing, steel plate and reinforcing rib welding capacity are big, and due to that can deform after the thin welding of wall, it is difficult to guarantee flatness and dimensional accuracy; When component conveying is to in-site installation, due to component precision problem, dislocation is relatively more when docking up and down, and separately plus steel plate need to be assisted upper Lower wall welds, and the circle of whole cross section one need to weld entirely, and welding capacity is difficult to ensure greatly welding quality, is also easy to produce rosin joint, solder skip Phenomena such as there are security risks, and since the thin site welding of wall can generate secondary deformation, influence the flatness of wall.
3. existing some type of steel plate shear force wall needs wallboard splicing at the scene to carry out a large amount of concrete after the completion and pours It builds, site operation environment, safety and dust are unable to get good control, and environmental requirement is not achieved.On the other hand, due to wall It is relatively thin, general 150mm of thickness or so, but depth commonly reaches 3-9m, therefore be not easy to vibrate in grouting, concrete casting Afterwards, exhaust is insufficient easily there is the phenomenon that hollowing, causes grouting quality that cannot reach design requirement, influences safety, and scene fills Slurry greatly relies on extraneous weather conditions, in case of sleet or extreme weather will be unable to carry out operation.
4. traditional steel plate shear force wall splices node up and down following two mode, and 1) welding manner;2) post-grouting anchors Formula connection.The shortcomings that the first welding manner, is to need to be consolidated upper wainscot sheathing with additional connecting plate when in-site installation It is fixed, infinite place device is docked up and down without dedicated, is positioned manually that precision is low, and low efficiency carries out a large amount of site welding after docking It connects, finally also remove connecting plate, process is cumbersome and welding quality is difficult to ensure;Second of connection type, which only relies on, holds The cohesive force and frictional force of tap position grouting material ensure the stress continuity of upper wainscot sheathing, and splicing node can not accomplish and wall The equal strength of plate itself, and the node can not be suitable for skyscraper;Although additionally some steel plate shear force walls use spiral shell The mode connect is tethered, but prefabricated positioning device, the connecting plate of docking need to be located by connecting wall at the scene not in factory up and down, It is low that precision is positioned manually, low efficiency carries out grouting without grout hole after docking and guarantees the continuous proof strength of mixed mud.
The connection of steel plate combined shear wall and floor at present is a construction problem, since steel plate combined shear wall two is outer Side is made of steel plate, and the rigid connection with concrete floor is difficult to realize, and the globality of floor not can guarantee.
Summary of the invention
(1) goal of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide one kind to be easily installed, transports, and eliminates strength reduction after the aperture of shear wall scene And the building structure of surface fireproof and erosion resistant coating bring security risk is destroyed after welding.
(2) technical solution
To achieve the above object, of the invention to provide a kind of building structure, comprising: shear wall and floor;Shear wall packet Include multiple shear-wall elements;Shear-wall element includes wall ontology and grafting protrusion, and one end of wall ontology is provided with grafting protrusion, wall The other end of ontology is provided with the inserting groove being adapted to grafting protrusion, and the grafting protrusion of previous shear-wall element is inserted in latter In the inserting groove of a shear-wall element;Shear-wall element is fixedly connected with floor, and is mutually perpendicular to.
Further, wall ontology includes two piece of first steel plate and two constraint steel pipes and multiple split bolts;Two piece first Steel plate is parallel to each other and is spaced setting, and multiple split bolts pass through two piece of first steel plate, and two piece of first steel plate is connected;Two piece A constraint steel pipe is respectively set in the two sides of one steel plate, surrounds an accommodating chamber by two piece of first steel plate and two constraint steel pipes, Fill concrete in accommodating chamber.
Further, grouting through-hole is provided on the first steel plate at inserting groove.
Further, grafting protrusion includes two piece of second steel plate, the fill concrete between two piece of second steel plate.
It further, further include more supporting steel pipes, more supporting steel pipes are arranged between two piece of second steel plate, supporting steel The length of pipe between two piece of second steel plate at a distance from it is identical, the central axis upright of supporting steel pipe is in the second steel plate;Inserting groove The spliced eye being mutually adapted with supporting steel pipe is provided on cell wall.
It further, further include reinforced bar sleeve;The first layer reinforcing bar of shear-wall element is provided perpendicular in floor;Shearing Wall unit is fixedly connected by reinforced bar sleeve with first layer reinforcing bar with the split bolt of the junction of floor.
Further, shear-wall element and floor junction are provided with angle steel, and the one side of angle steel is parallel with shear-wall element, Another side is parallel with floor;Angle steel is provided with connecting hole on one side, and the split bolt of the junction of shear-wall element and floor is worn Connecting hole is crossed to be fixedly connected with first layer reinforcing bar.
Further, the second layer reinforcing bar perpendicular to shear-wall element is additionally provided in floor;The another side of angle steel and Two layers of reinforcement welding.
Further, the another side of angle steel is provided with peg, and peg is connect with the concrete in floor.
It further, further include wallboard and connector;Wallboard is set to the one or both sides of shear-wall element;Connector one End is fixedly connected with split bolt, and the other end is fixedly connected with wallboard 8.
(3) beneficial effect
Above-mentioned technical proposal of the invention has following beneficial technical effect:
(1) shear-wall element can complete in processing, and specification can be formulated according to demand;High production efficiency, component Sizing and standardization so that component can be with industrialized production, labor efficiency improves, and is readily transported;And it is cut by muti-piece Power wall unit connects into spigot-and-socket shear wall, it is only necessary to will be on a shear-wall element in two adjacent shear-wall elements Grafting protrusion is inserted into the inserting groove on another shear-wall element, and in-site installation is convenient, process is few, it is only necessary to socket joint, bolt Fixed, post-grouting three process, it is easy for installation, quick not need the auxiliary tools such as cable wind rope, connection otic placode, convenient for scene peace Dress;
(2) by setting locating piece and locating slot, guarantee mutual-inserting type accurate positioning one-time-reach-place, position is not after avoiding grafting Accurately and repeatedly adjust, the docking for a step bolt below provides an excellent basis, substantially increase speed of application and The construction precision of monolithic architecture.
(3) it is connected by the welding and/or peg of the connection of the split bolt of angle steel and steel plate shear force wall, angle steel and floor, The construction problem for overcoming steel plate shear force wall and floor eliminates after the aperture of shear wall scene destruction table after strength reduction and welding Face fire prevention and erosion resistant coating bring security risk, connect steel plate shear force wall with floor simple, safe and reliable, easy for construction, full Foot the two rigidly connected intensity requirement, improves the anti-seismic performance of whole building.
(4) it using split bolt as fixed point, is connect with wallboard, does not need site welding fixing piece or spiral shell is beaten at scene Bolt avoids fire prevention and the antiseptic property that shear wall is destroyed due to welding and beating bolt, with traditional heat preservation, decoration, fire prevention etc. Inner-outer wall it is convenient and fast connection, meet design requirement, and building service life can be extended, eliminate security risk.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the explosive view of the structural schematic diagram of building structure of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of building structure of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of shear-wall element in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the explosive view for the structural schematic diagram that shear-wall element is connect with floor in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of inserting groove of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the cross section structure schematic diagram after inserting groove of the invention is connect with grafting protrusion;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of shear-wall element in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of another preferred embodiment of shear-wall element in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of floor of the invention;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of angle steel of the invention.
Appended drawing reference:
1: floor;11: first layer reinforcing bar;12: second layer reinforcing bar;13: I-steel;2: shear-wall element;21: wall ontology; 211: the first steel plates;212: constraint steel pipe;213: split bolt;22: grafting protrusion;221: the second steel plates;222: high-strength bolt; 23: inserting groove;231: spliced eye;232: locating piece;3: concrete;4: grouting through-hole;5: supporting steel pipe;6: reinforced bar sleeve;7: Angle steel;71: connecting hole;72: peg;73: stiffener;8: wallboard;9: connector.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, With reference to embodiment and join According to attached drawing, the present invention is described in more detail.It should be understood that these descriptions are merely illustrative, and it is not intended to limit this hair Bright range.In addition, in the following description, descriptions of well-known structures and technologies are omitted, to avoid this is unnecessarily obscured The concept of invention.
Schematic diagram of a layer structure according to an embodiment of the present invention is shown in the attached drawings.These figures are not drawn to scale , wherein for purposes of clarity, some details are magnified, and some details may be omitted.It is shown in the drawings various Region, the shape of layer and relative size, positional relationship between them are merely exemplary, in practice may be public due to manufacture Difference or technical restriction and be deviated, and those skilled in the art may be additionally designed as required has not similar shape Shape, size, the regions/layers of relative position.
Obviously, described embodiments are some of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the present invention In embodiment, every other implementation obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts Example, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term " first ", " second ", " third " are used for description purposes only, It is not understood to indicate or imply relative importance.
As long as in addition, the non-structure each other of technical characteristic involved in invention described below different embodiments It can be combined with each other at conflict.
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1 is the explosive view of the structural schematic diagram of building structure of the invention;Fig. 2 is the structure of building structure of the invention Schematic diagram;Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of shear-wall element in the present invention;Fig. 4 is that shear-wall element is connect with floor in the present invention Structural schematic diagram explosive view;Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of inserting groove of the invention;Fig. 6 is inserting groove of the invention and inserts Cross section structure schematic diagram after connecing protrusion connection.
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides a kind of building structure, comprising: shear wall and floor 1;It cuts Power wall includes multiple shear-wall elements 2;Shear-wall element 2 includes wall ontology 21 and grafting protrusion 22, and one end of wall ontology 21 is set It is equipped with grafting protrusion 22, the other end of wall ontology 21 is provided with the inserting groove 23 being adapted to grafting protrusion 22, previous shear wall The grafting protrusion 22 of unit 2 is inserted in the inserting groove 23 of the latter shear-wall element 2;Shear-wall element 2 and the fixed company of floor 1 It connects, and is mutually perpendicular to.Shear-wall element 2 can complete in processing, and specification can be formulated according to demand;High production efficiency, So that component can be with industrialized production, labor efficiency is improved, and is readily transported for the sizing and standardization of component;And will be more Block shear-wall element 2 connects into spigot-and-socket shear wall, it is only necessary to by a shear wall list in two adjacent shear-wall elements 2 Grafting protrusion 22 in member 2 is inserted into the inserting groove 23 on another shear-wall element 2, and in-site installation is convenient, process is few, is only needed Socket joint, bolt is wanted to fix, post-grouting three process, it is easy for installation, quick not need the auxiliary tools such as cable wind rope, connection otic placode, Convenient for in-site installation.
Preferably, wall ontology 21 includes two piece of first steel plate and two constraint steel pipes 212 and multiple split bolts 213;Two The first steel plate of block is parallel to each other and is spaced setting, and multiple split bolts 213 pass through two piece of first steel plate, and two piece of first steel plate is connected It connects;Multiple bolts hole can be set on two piece of first steel plate, and multiple bolts hole are arranged in array, the spiral shell on two piece of first steel plate Keyhole position is oppositely arranged;The shank of bolt of split bolt 213 passes through two piece of first steel plate upper bolt hole, and screws on spiral shell at both ends It is female.A constraint steel pipe 212 is respectively set in the two sides of two piece of first steel plate, by two piece of first steel plate and two constraint steel pipes 212 An accommodating chamber is surrounded, fill concrete 3 in accommodating chamber.Grafting protrusion 22 includes two piece of second steel plate 221, in two piece of second steel Filling concrete concrete 3 between plate 221.Grouting through-hole 4 is provided on the first steel plate at inserting groove 23.When filling coagulation When soil 3, concrete 3 pours into inserting groove 23, the gap of filling grafting protrusion 22 and inserting groove 23 from grouting through-hole 4, and pays attention to making Concrete 3 not overflow inserting groove 23, and the concrete 3 of adjacent shear-wall element 2 is enable to connect, and make the adjacent shearing of joint connection in site The problems such as when wall unit 2, connecting welding capacity that is more firm, and reducing 95%, reducing the construction material deformation because of welding generation, More improve speed of application.
Also, two piece of first steel plate of wall ontology 21 is connected by split bolt 213, is not needed to weld, would not also be made At the deformation of steel plate.When the first steel plate is relatively thin, moreover it is possible to the same intensity for guaranteeing wall ontology 21.
Preferably, the end area close to described 21 one end of wall ontology is greater than end of the grafting protrusion 22 far from 21 one end of wall ontology Area keeps grafting protrusion 22 wedge shaped, convenient for grafting protrusion 22 is inserted into inserting groove 23.
It is further preferred that inserting groove 23 is provided with locating piece 232, convenient for grafting protrusion 22 is quickly inserted into inserting groove 23 On predeterminated position.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of shear-wall element in the present invention.
As shown in fig. 7, in a preferred embodiment, at least two locating pieces 232 are provided in inserting groove 23, position Block 232 is greater than the end face of bottom end of the locating piece 232 far from inserting groove 23 close to the end area of the bottom end of inserting groove 232 Product.Inserting groove 23 is rectangular configuration, and there are four inner walls for tool, two-by-two relatively;Positioning is provided on wherein two opposite inner walls A locating piece 232 is at least arranged on each inner wall in block 232;It is provided with and determines far from one end of wall ontology 1 in grafting protrusion 2 The locating slot that position block 232 is adapted to.When combining two pieces of precast shear wall units, it is inserted into locating piece 232 in locating slot.
Preferably, locating piece 232 is wedge shape.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of another preferred embodiment of shear-wall element in the present invention;
As shown in figure 8, further including at least four locating pieces 232 in another preferred embodiment, locating piece 232 leans on The end area of the bottom end of nearly inserting groove 23 is greater than the end area of bottom end of the locating piece 232 far from inserting groove 23.Grafting Slot 23 is rectangular configuration, and there are four inner walls for tool, two-by-two relatively;One locating piece 232 is at least set on each inner wall;In grafting Raised 2 one end far from wall ontology 1 are provided with the locating slot being adapted to locating piece 232.When by two pieces of precast shear wall unit groups When conjunction, it is inserted into locating piece 232 in locating slot.
By setting locating piece 232 and locating slot, guarantee mutual-inserting type accurate positioning one-time-reach-place, position is not after avoiding grafting Accurately and repeatedly adjust, the docking for a step bolt below provides an excellent basis, substantially increase speed of application and The construction precision of monolithic architecture.
Preferably, constraint steel pipe 212 be square tube, and can in square tube filling concrete, to improve the strong of wall ontology 21 Degree.
In a preferred embodiment, in order to keep the connection of shear-wall element 2 interconnected more firm, building structure further includes More supporting steel pipes 5, more supporting steel pipes 5 are arranged between two piece of second steel plate 221, the length of supporting steel pipe 5 with two pieces the Distance between two steel plates 221 is identical, and the central axis upright of supporting steel pipe 5 is in the second steel plate 221;It is set on the cell wall of inserting groove 23 It is equipped with the spliced eye 231 being mutually adapted with supporting steel pipe 5.When precast shear wall unit 2 is connected into spigot-and-socket shear wall, logical Cross screw bolt passes spliced eye 231 and supporting steel pipe 5 and fixed, the intensity of raising spigot-and-socket shear wall.Supporting steel pipe 5 guarantees The pretightning force of high-strength bolt 222 can preferably apply, and inner concrete 3 is prevented to be crushed.Supporting steel pipe 5 improves The intensity of adjacent 2 junction of shear-wall element, and to reduce 95% convenient for the connection of the bolt of two neighboring shear-wall element 2 Site welding amount, improve construction quality and whole dimensional accuracy.
Embodiment 2
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of floor of the invention;Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of angle steel of the invention.
As shown in Figures 1 to 10, the embodiment of the present invention 2 provides the building structure such as embodiment 1, further includes reinforced bar sleeve 6;The first layer reinforcing bar 11 of shear-wall element 2 is provided perpendicular in floor 1;Pair of the junction of shear-wall element 2 and floor 1 Bolt 213 is drawn to be fixedly connected by reinforced bar sleeve 6 with first layer reinforcing bar 11.
Preferably, shear-wall element 2 and 1 junction of floor are provided with angle steel 7, and the one side and shear-wall element 2 of angle steel 7 are flat Row, another side are parallel with floor 1;Angle steel 7 is provided with connecting hole 71, pair of shear-wall element 2 and the junction of floor 1 on one side It draws bolt 213 to pass through connecting hole 71 to be fixedly connected with first layer reinforcing bar 11.
Preferably, the second layer reinforcing bar 12 perpendicular to shear-wall element 2 is additionally provided in floor 1;The another side of angle steel 7 with Second layer reinforcing bar 12 welds.
It is further preferred that the another side of angle steel 7 is provided with peg 72, peg 72 is connect with the concrete in floor 1.
The structure of steel plate shear force wall and floor 1 is overcome by above-mentioned connect shear-wall element 2 with floor 1 using angle steel 7 Problem is made, eliminates and destroys surface fireproof after strength reduction and welding after the aperture of shear wall scene and erosion resistant coating bring is hidden safely Suffer from, connect steel plate shear force wall and floor 1 simple, safe and reliable, easy for construction, meets the rigidly connected intensity of the two and want It asks, improves the anti-seismic performance of whole building.
Preferably, 1 bottom of floor is equipped with I-steel 13;I-steel 13 is fixedly connected with constraint steel pipe 212.It is mentioned to floor 1 For upward support, make whole building structure that can bear stronger stress, building structure is more stable.
Preferably, angle steel 7 is equipped with several stiffeners 73 along its length, and stiffener 73 is fixedly connected or one with angle steel 7 It is body formed, the integral strength of angle steel 7 can be improved, to improve the stress performance of angle steel 7.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figures 1 to 8, the embodiment of the present invention 3 provides the building structure such as embodiment 1, further includes wallboard 8 and company Fitting 9;Wallboard 8 is set to the one or both sides of shear-wall element 2, and is set to the junction of adjacent shear-wall element 2;Connection 9 one end of part is fixedly connected with split bolt 213, and the other end is fixedly connected with wallboard 8.Using split bolt 213 as fixed point, It is connect with wallboard 8, does not need site welding fixing piece or bolt is played at scene, avoid and destroy shearing due to welding and beating bolt The fire prevention of wall and antiseptic property, with the inner-outer walls such as traditional heat preservation, decoration, fire prevention it is convenient and fast connection, meet design requirement, And building service life can be extended, eliminate security risk.And wallboard 8 as needed can be used for increasing adjacent shear-wall element The intensity of 2 junctions, to enhance the overall stability of building structure.
Specifically, the material difference that the effect inside and outside shear wall is different and uses is set to according to different wallboards 8, it can Select keel, fashioned iron or other elements as connector 9.Connector 9 can be used the modes such as rivet with wallboard 8 and be fixedly connected, peace Fill it is simple and convenient, be avoided that again while Fast Installation may be implemented due to weld and beat bolt destroy shear wall structure, And fire prevention and antiseptic property.
The present invention is directed to protect a kind of building structure, including shear wall, floor 1, split bolt 213 and wallboard 8.Shearing Wall includes multiple shear-wall elements 2, and the two neighboring shear-wall element 2 of shear-wall element 2 is by plug connection, and junction is by setting It sets supporting steel pipe 5, high-strength bolt 222 and the strong of adjacent shear wall junction is enhanced by grouting 4 penetration concrete 3 of through-hole Degree, and installation procedure is few, it is only necessary to which socket joint, bolt fix, post-grouting three process, does not need cable wind rope, connection otic placode etc. Auxiliary tool is easy for installation, quick, is convenient for in-site installation, and greatly reduce welding workload, improves speed of application, construction matter Amount and whole dimensional accuracy.Also, by between angle steel 7 and shear-wall element 2 to wear be bolted, angle steel 7 and floor 1 Welding and/or the connection of peg 72 and floor 1 bottom I-steel 13 and constrain steel pipe 212 and be fixedly connected, overcome shear wall With the construction problem of floor 1, eliminates and destroy surface fireproof and erosion resistant coating after strength reduction and welding after the aperture of shear wall scene Bring security risk connects shear wall and floor 1 simple, safe and reliable, easy for construction, and it is rigidly connected to meet the two Intensity requirement improves the anti-seismic performance of whole building.Meanwhile using split bolt 213 as fixed point, it is connect with wallboard 8, It does not need site welding fixing piece or bolt is played at scene, avoid the fire prevention due to welding and beating bolt destruction shear wall and prevent Rotten performance, with the inner-outer walls such as traditional heat preservation, decoration, fire prevention it is convenient and fast connection, meet design requirement, and building can be extended Service life eliminates security risk.
It should be understood that above-mentioned specific embodiment of the invention is used only for exemplary illustration or explains of the invention Principle, but not to limit the present invention.Therefore, that is done without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention is any Modification, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.In addition, appended claims purport of the present invention Covering the whole variations fallen into attached claim scope and boundary or this range and the equivalent form on boundary and is repairing Change example.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of building structure characterized by comprising shear wall and floor (1);
The shear wall includes multiple shear-wall elements (2);
The shear-wall element (2) includes that wall ontology (21) and grafting are raised (22), and one end of the wall ontology (21) is provided with The grafting is raised (22), and the other end of the wall ontology (21) is provided with the inserting groove being adapted to the grafting raised (22) (23), the grafting raised (22) of the previous shear-wall element (2) is inserted in shear-wall element described in the latter (2) In the inserting groove (23);
The shear-wall element (2) is fixedly connected with the floor (1), and is mutually perpendicular to.
2. according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the wall ontology (21) includes two piece of first steel plate (211) and two Root constrains steel pipe (212) and multiple split bolts (213);
Two pieces of first steel plates (211) are parallel to each other and are spaced setting, and multiple split bolts (213) pass through described in two pieces First steel plate (211) connects two pieces of first steel plates (211);
The constraint steel pipe (212) is respectively set in the two sides of two pieces of first steel plates (211), by two blocks of first steel Plate (211) and two constraint steel pipes (212) surround an accommodating chamber, fill concrete (3) in the accommodating chamber.
3. according to claim 2, which is characterized in that first steel plate (211) being located at the inserting groove (23) On be provided with grouting through-hole (4).
4. according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the grafting raised (22) includes two piece of second steel plate (221), Fill concrete (3) between two pieces of second steel plates (221).
5. according to claim 4, which is characterized in that further include more supporting steel pipes (5), the more supporting steel pipes (5) it is arranged between two pieces of second steel plates (221), the length of the supporting steel pipe (5) and two blocks of second steel plates (221) distance between is identical, and the central axis upright of the supporting steel pipe (5) is in second steel plate (221);
The spliced eye (231) being mutually adapted with the supporting steel pipe (5) is provided on the cell wall of the inserting groove (23).
6. according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include reinforced bar sleeve (6);
The first layer reinforcing bar (11) of the shear-wall element (2) is provided perpendicular in the floor (1);
The split bolt (213) of the junction of the shear-wall element (2) and the floor (1) passes through the reinforced bar sleeve (6) it is fixedly connected with the first layer reinforcing bar (11).
7. according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the shear-wall element (2) and the setting of the floor (1) junction Have angle steel (7), the one side of the angle steel (7) is parallel with the shear-wall element (2), and another side is parallel with the floor (1);
The angle steel (7) is provided with connecting hole (71) on one side, the junction of the shear-wall element (2) and the floor (1) The split bolt (213) pass through the connecting hole (71) be fixedly connected with the first layer reinforcing bar (11).
8. according to claim 7, which is characterized in that be additionally provided in the floor (1) perpendicular to the shear wall list The second layer reinforcing bar (12) of first (2);
The another side of the angle steel (7) and the second layer reinforcing bar (12) are welded.
9. according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the another side of the angle steel (7) is provided with peg (72), the bolt Nail (72) is connect with the concrete in the floor (1).
10. according to claim 2, which is characterized in that further include wallboard (8) and connector (9);
The wallboard (8) is set to the one or both sides of the shear-wall element (2);
Described connector (9) one end is fixedly connected with the split bolt (213), and the other end is fixedly connected with the wallboard (8).
CN201910128820.1A 2019-02-21 2019-02-21 A kind of building structure Pending CN109723142A (en)

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CN109723142A true CN109723142A (en) 2019-05-07

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CN110924572A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-03-27 青岛理工大学 Steel plate bin combined shear wall splicing node and calculation method
CN111472471A (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-07-31 南宁学院 Multifunctional composite wall
CN112302165A (en) * 2020-10-16 2021-02-02 上海市建筑科学研究院有限公司 Box-shaped sleeve type connecting structure of assembled concrete member, construction method and application
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CN110924572A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-03-27 青岛理工大学 Steel plate bin combined shear wall splicing node and calculation method
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CN113047473A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-06-29 商丘工学院 Building steel structure wall

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