GB2131849A - Structural framework - Google Patents

Structural framework Download PDF

Info

Publication number
GB2131849A
GB2131849A GB08333419A GB8333419A GB2131849A GB 2131849 A GB2131849 A GB 2131849A GB 08333419 A GB08333419 A GB 08333419A GB 8333419 A GB8333419 A GB 8333419A GB 2131849 A GB2131849 A GB 2131849A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
built
column
girders
structural framework
flanges
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB08333419A
Other versions
GB8333419D0 (en
GB2131849B (en
Inventor
Kuniaki Sato
Yoshinori Toyota
Masahiro Koyama
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kajima Corp
Original Assignee
Kajima Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP21974882A priority Critical patent/JPS6351223B2/ja
Application filed by Kajima Corp filed Critical Kajima Corp
Publication of GB8333419D0 publication Critical patent/GB8333419D0/en
Publication of GB2131849A publication Critical patent/GB2131849A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2131849B publication Critical patent/GB2131849B/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2415Brackets, gussets, joining plates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2445Load-supporting elements with reinforcement at the connection point other than the connector
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2448Connections between open section profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2466Details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2472Elongated load-supporting part formed from a number of parallel profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2484Details of floor panels or slabs

Abstract

A structural framework has a built-up column 1 having a plurality of girders which be of I- or H-section or latticed or trussed so as to have webs in parallel and coupled with a connecting member 3 to provide a gap between flanges of adjacent girders, the built-up column 1 and a beam 2 being joined together with brackets 5. <IMAGE>

Description

SPECIFICATION Structural framework This invention relates to a girder framework for civil engineering and building structures.
A high-strength bolt tensile junction using a Tshaped bracket for forming a column and a beam of a frame construction has been appreciated hitherto in respect of labour saving for frame shop working and better efficiency for site execution.
However, in such a frame the number of tension bolts is limited by the size of the girder and brackets and the weakness caused by tbe boltholes.
An object of this invention is to make the most of advantages of the high-strength bolt tensile junction, thereby solving problems of yield strength, and also to increase the degrees of freedom in planning of buildings, thereby improving workability.
The invention is set out in claim 1 of the claims of this specification.
Examples of the invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a framework given in one embodiment of this invention; Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 are a front view, a longitudinal sectional view and a transverse sectional view, respectively, of the embodiment given in Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is a perspective view representing a variant; Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 are a longitudinal sectional view, a transverse sectional view, a longitudinal sectional view and a perspective view, respectively, representing another embodiment of the invention; Fig. 10, Fig. 11, Fig. 12 and Fig. 13 are a schematic transverse sectional view when applied to a multi-storey dwelling house, a longitudinal sectional view of beam and floor, a longitudinal sectional view of column and beam and a transverse sectional view thereof;; Fig. 14 is a vertical sectional view of a different embodiment; Fig. 1 5 is a cross-sectional view of the embodiment shown in Fig. 14; Fig. 1 6 is a vertical sectional view taken at the position of the outer column; Fig. 1 7 is a vertical sectional view in the assembled state of the frame; Fig. 1 8 and Fig. 1 9 are transverse sectional views representing a variant of built-up column section; Fig. 20 and Fig. 21 are longitudinal sectional views of built-up beam section; Fig. 22 to 27 are front views representing variants of the junction of built-up column and built-up column and built-up beam; and Fig. 28 to Fig. 31 are longitudinal sectional views of beam and slab variants.
Figure 1 illustrates part of a framework including a built-up column 1 and a beam 2 connected to each other by connecting brackets 5. The built-up column 1 is an I- or H-steel sectional girder consisting of flanges and a web.
The column may be a latticed column as shown in Fig. 5. The webs of the girders are parallel to each other, with a gap provided between the flanges, and the flanges are coupled with a joint member 3 of flat steel. The joint member 3 then works as a reinforcement for the column flange at the same time. In this embodiment, in one direction, the beam 2 is constructed as a built-up beam 2. The built-up beam has girders of H-section disposed in parallel at the same spacing as the built-up column 1 and the flanges are coupled by a joint member 4.
For joining the built-up column 1 and the builtup beam 2, split tee brackets with high-strength bolts are used. Various examples of joints are given in Fig. 22 to Fig. 27. In the case of Fig. 22, bolt holes are perforated beforehand in the stem of a T-shaped bracket 5 and the flange of the built-up column 1, and the bracket 5 is fixed on the built-up column 1 by means of high-strength bolts through holes. The cross-piece of the bracket 5 is welded directly on the flange of the built-up beam 2. As shown in Fig. 23, the stem of the bracket can be placed upon the flange of the built-up beam 2 and then joined with highstrength bolts. An end plate 6 of the built-up beam 2 can be joined to the flange of the built-up column 1 with high-strength bolts as shown in Fig. 24. Further a reinforcing rib 7 can be provided on the bracket 5 as illustrated in Fig. 25 to Fig.
27.
Fig. 28 to Fig. 31 illustrate a case wherein a reinforced concrete slab 8 is cast in situ on the built-up beam 2. A deck plate 9 or a thin pre-cast concrete panel 10 is used to support an opensided slab portion. A shear connector 11 can be fixed on the flange of the built-up beam 2. Piping 12 or wiring can be arranged in a space of the built-up beam 2.
As shown in Fig. 1 a horizontal stiffener 14 is welded to the H-section girder web for joining a beam 13 transversely of the built-up column 1, which is joined with high-strength bolts by means of joint plates 15. Alternatively, the horizontal stiffener 14 can be welded directly to a flange of the beam 13.
When the built-up column and the built-up beam are assembled with the T-shaped brackets, it is necessary that the high-strength bolts be inserted from inside the column flange. A suitable size of gap will have to be made between columns of the built-up column. However, when the frame is subjected to a horizontal force with the gap existing as above, there is a greater chance of deformation, which is problematical.
The embodiments of Fig. 6 to Fig. 9 are designed to improve a rigidity of the structure, thereby minimizing deformation in the steel frame.
The built-up column 1 and the built-up beam 2 both have H-shaped members formed together at suitable intervals, and the built-up column 1 and the built-up beam 2 are joined together through bolting and welding by the T-shaped brackets 5.
The T-shaped brackets 5 is joined to the built-up column 1 with bolts 16, and the built-up beam 2 is butt-welded on the T-shaped bracket 5. Then, a bearing member 1 7 T-shaped in section is mounted on the inside of the flange of the built-up column 1, an iron base plate 18 and an iron side plate 1 9 are mounted on the bearing member 17, and after possible bolting concrete 20 is poured into the space surrounded by the built-up column 1, the base plate 1 8 and the side plate 1 9 to give rigidity to the structure. A through hole is provided on the upper part of the side plate 1 9 to accommodate a beam reinforcement 21 therein.
Since there is a gap present between girders of the built-up column 1, the T-shaped brackets 5 can be fixed in position with the high-strength bolts.
The embodiments of Fig. 10 to Fig. 13 illustrate the invention applied to a multi-storey dwelling house.
The built-up column 1 and the built-up beam 2 used in the building structure are those for which two girders of H-section are disposed with their webs in parallel and the necessary gap provided between the flanges and then assembled with a joint member as described above.
The built-up column 1 is installed on the slab concrete at the desired position. In this case, each built-up column 1 is arranged so as to have the webs of the H-steel parallel.
Then, the T-shaped brackets 5 are mounted on the flanges of each built-up column 1 with highstrength bolts and the built-up beam 2 is welded or joined with high-strength bolts extending parallel to the webs of the girders of the built-up column 1 by the T-shaped brackets 5 (which is the strong direction of the girders of column 1).
A pre-cast wall panel 22 is built in the outer wall. A cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall 23 is provided in the weak axial direction of the girder acting as an interior boundary wall. In this case, a connecting member consisting of a small frame section which connects adjacent built-up columns 1 in the weak axial direction is embedded in the wall 23. A column reinforcement 24 and a beam reinforcement 25 are arranged around the built-up column and the built-up beam, and concrete is poured to include the column in a steel-framed reinforced concrete structure and the beam in a composite beam.
A floor 26 is framed with a large slab of castin-place reinforced concrete without a binder, and a deflection of the floor is controlled by means of an unbonded steel wire 27. A fireproof coating 28 is applied on the side and lower parts of the builtup beam 2.
In a different embodiment shown in Figs. 14 to 17, only the column 1 is constructed as a built-up column 1 consisting of a pair of H-section girders while the beam 2 is constituted by a single Hsection girder. A bracket 29 serving as a connecting member is jointed to both girders of the built-up column 1 through high-strength bolts so as to connect the beam 2. Fig. 1 6 illustrates the construction at the peripheral part of the building.
The advantages of the invention can be seen from the following considerations: (1) A bending strength of the column and the beam through a high-strength bolt tensile junction is governed by the number of working tension bolts. The number of tension bolts is limited to 4-8 per H-shaped column according to the width of the flange, however, it can be increased to 8-1 6 by arranging the present built-up column, to which may also be added a built-up beam.
The bending strength can therefore be doubled.
(2) A single H-section girder has small resistance to buckling in the weak axial direction. However, the built-up column is very effective in increasing the resistance to buckling in the weak axial direction.
(3) A permissible bending stress of the beam depends on the lateral buckling of the beam, but the built-up beam is more resistant to lateral buckling, which is very effective in increasing resistance to bending stress.
(4) A combination of the built-up column and the built-up beam may improve the yield strength of the frame as mentioned above.
Therefore, columns can be installed with larger than normal intervals between them, giving an increased degree of freedom for planning.
(5) The frame is composed of relatively large members, and a junction of the column and the beam is made only with the joint brackets and high-strength bolts, thus improving efficiency.
(6) When the built-up beam is located along the circumference of a building, a deck plate can be cantilevered from the built-up beam and concrete is placed thereon to form an open-sided siab without using a scaffold.
(7) The internal space of the column and the beam can be used effectively by including pipes and wiring in the space between the girders of the built-up column and the built up beam.

Claims (8)

Claims
1. A structural framework composed of a builtup column and a beam joined to the built-up column through a bracket, said built-up column having a plurality of girders with webs and flanges with their webs parallel, and then coupled with a connecting member to leave a gap provided between the flanges of adjacent girders.
2. The structural framework as defined in Claim 1, wherein the girders are I- or H-sectioned.
3. The structural framework as defined in Claim 1, wherein the girders are latticed or trussed.
4. The structural framework according to claim 1, wherein said beam is a built-up beam composed of a plurality of I- or H-sectioned girders each having a web and a flange or flanges, said girders being laid such that their flanges extend horizontally with a gap left between the flanges of the adjacent girders and connected by connecting members.
5. The structural framework as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 4, wherein the bracket is Tshaped.
6. The structural framework as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 5, wherein concrete is filled into the built-up column at a junction of the builtup column and the built-up beam.
7. The structural framework as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 6, wherein reinforcing bars are arranged around the built-up column, a beam reinforcement is arranged through said gap of the built-up column and concrete is poured at the junction to form a steel-framed reinforced concrete structure.
8. A structural framework substantially as herein described with reference to and as illustrated in Figures 1 to 4 or Figure 5 or Figures 6 to 9 or Figures 10 to 13 or Figures 14 to 17 aione or as modified by any of Figures 18 to 31 of the accompanying drawings.
GB08333419A 1982-12-15 1983-12-15 Structural framework Expired GB2131849B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP21974882A JPS6351223B2 (en) 1982-12-15 1982-12-15

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB8333419D0 GB8333419D0 (en) 1984-01-25
GB2131849A true GB2131849A (en) 1984-06-27
GB2131849B GB2131849B (en) 1986-04-03

Family

ID=16740370

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB08333419A Expired GB2131849B (en) 1982-12-15 1983-12-15 Structural framework

Country Status (3)

Country Link
JP (1) JPS6351223B2 (en)
GB (1) GB2131849B (en)
SG (1) SG16589G (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2198760A (en) * 1986-12-17 1988-06-22 Metsec Plc Metal framed building
GB2212185A (en) * 1987-11-07 1989-07-19 Richard Mortimere Sewell Structural frames and structures incorporating such frames
GB2217745A (en) * 1988-04-20 1989-11-01 David Adie A partitioning system with support pillar
DE19636802A1 (en) * 1996-09-11 1998-03-12 Ernst Koller Metal building skeleton
WO1999013177A1 (en) * 1997-09-06 1999-03-18 Mark Amos Aschheim Moment-resistant structure, sustainer, and method of construction
ES2137073A1 (en) * 1996-05-23 1999-12-01 Sabina Rodriguez Gonzalo Metallic structure construction system
DE10055400A1 (en) * 2000-11-09 2002-05-29 Ernst Koller Skeleton-profiled rail has outside profiled height of 120mm, outside flange width of 44mm, flange thickness of 6mm, and web thickness of 4mm, with all eight outer edges of flanges rounded with 2mm radius
CN102995758A (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-03-27 金天德 Rigid-connection node of combined steel-pipe concrete column and steel beam

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101878762B1 (en) * 2016-06-10 2018-07-16 주식회사 하이브릭스이앤씨 Coupling structure of double type for girder and column capable of reducing girder height

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB234035A (en) * 1924-05-13 1925-05-21 Aristide Daniel Improvements in constructions of combined metal and concrete
GB318164A (en) * 1928-05-29 1929-08-29 Emmor Hamilton Millard Improvement in steel frame house construction
GB490297A (en) * 1936-10-19 1938-08-12 Arthur Raymond Wylie Improvements relating to steel floor frame construction
GB1006324A (en) * 1961-09-29 1965-09-29 Trusteel Corp Universal Ltd Frame structures
GB1080742A (en) * 1964-06-05 1967-08-23 Rigid Frame Construction Ltd Improvements relating to elongated structural units and building structures assembled therefrom

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB234035A (en) * 1924-05-13 1925-05-21 Aristide Daniel Improvements in constructions of combined metal and concrete
GB318164A (en) * 1928-05-29 1929-08-29 Emmor Hamilton Millard Improvement in steel frame house construction
GB490297A (en) * 1936-10-19 1938-08-12 Arthur Raymond Wylie Improvements relating to steel floor frame construction
GB1006324A (en) * 1961-09-29 1965-09-29 Trusteel Corp Universal Ltd Frame structures
GB1080742A (en) * 1964-06-05 1967-08-23 Rigid Frame Construction Ltd Improvements relating to elongated structural units and building structures assembled therefrom

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2198760A (en) * 1986-12-17 1988-06-22 Metsec Plc Metal framed building
GB2198760B (en) * 1986-12-17 1991-01-02 Metsec Plc Metal framed building
GB2212185A (en) * 1987-11-07 1989-07-19 Richard Mortimere Sewell Structural frames and structures incorporating such frames
GB2212185B (en) * 1987-11-07 1992-01-02 Richard Mortimere Sewell Structural space frames and structures incorporating such frames
GB2217745A (en) * 1988-04-20 1989-11-01 David Adie A partitioning system with support pillar
ES2137073A1 (en) * 1996-05-23 1999-12-01 Sabina Rodriguez Gonzalo Metallic structure construction system
DE19636802A1 (en) * 1996-09-11 1998-03-12 Ernst Koller Metal building skeleton
US6012256A (en) * 1996-09-11 2000-01-11 Programmatic Structures Inc. Moment-resistant structure, sustainer and method of resisting episodic loads
WO1999013177A1 (en) * 1997-09-06 1999-03-18 Mark Amos Aschheim Moment-resistant structure, sustainer, and method of construction
DE10055400A1 (en) * 2000-11-09 2002-05-29 Ernst Koller Skeleton-profiled rail has outside profiled height of 120mm, outside flange width of 44mm, flange thickness of 6mm, and web thickness of 4mm, with all eight outer edges of flanges rounded with 2mm radius
CN102995758A (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-03-27 金天德 Rigid-connection node of combined steel-pipe concrete column and steel beam

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
SG16589G (en) 1989-09-01
JPS59109636A (en) 1984-06-25
JPS6351223B2 (en) 1988-10-13
GB8333419D0 (en) 1984-01-25
GB2131849B (en) 1986-04-03

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PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 19991215