CN109537526B - Construction equipment and construction method for ecological revetment - Google Patents

Construction equipment and construction method for ecological revetment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109537526B
CN109537526B CN201811443642.3A CN201811443642A CN109537526B CN 109537526 B CN109537526 B CN 109537526B CN 201811443642 A CN201811443642 A CN 201811443642A CN 109537526 B CN109537526 B CN 109537526B
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slope
frame
sliding
plate
riprap
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CN109537526A (en
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王新泉
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Hangzhou Jiangrun Technology Co Ltd
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Hangzhou Jiangrun Technology Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor

Abstract

The invention relates to construction equipment and a construction method of an ecological revetment, which are characterized by comprising the following construction steps: the invention belongs to the technical field of bank protection design and construction of lakes, rivers, urban water landscape and the like, and not only can make water body ecological balance and beautify water environment, but also can improve the field construction efficiency and reduce energy consumption, and can obtain better technical and economic benefits when applied to actual engineering.

Description

Construction equipment and construction method for ecological revetment
Technical Field
The invention relates to construction equipment and a construction method which can effectively protect water environment, improve construction efficiency, save cost and have ecological and attractive appearance. Belongs to the field of river and lake engineering treatment, and is suitable for ecological bank protection maintenance construction engineering.
Background
The ecological bank protection technology is a bank protection form which combines plants or plants with engineering measures, can effectively reduce erosion and washing of water flow and waves to the base soil of a bank slope, and can beautify landscaping and maintain ecological environment.
With the gradual increase of bank protection construction, the prior bank protection construction technology cannot meet the requirements of high construction efficiency and environment beautification. In view of this, a new ecological revetment construction method is urgently needed to overcome the shortcomings of the conventional ecological revetment construction, so that the construction efficiency is improved, the construction quality and the ecological environment are improved, and the safety and reliability of the construction process are ensured.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide construction equipment and a construction method of an ecological bank protection, which can effectively improve the construction quality and the on-site construction efficiency of the ecological bank protection, and have the characteristics of environmental protection, energy conservation, convenient construction, water source protection, environment beautification and the like.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a construction device of an ecological bank protection comprises an ecological bank protection sliding type slope cutting and vibration compacting system, a reinforced prism stone toe guard construction system and a construction machine hoisting installation system, wherein the construction machine hoisting installation system is used for slope geotextile construction and protection pad construction, the ecological bank protection sliding type slope cutting and vibration compacting system comprises a slope top horizontal fixing frame body, a frame body adjustable upper supporting leg, a slope frame adjustable lower supporting leg, a slope beam, a lower hanging slide rail, a soil scraping baffle plate, a sliding compacting beam plate, a sliding traction mechanism and a sliding slope shape detection frame, the slope top horizontal fixing frame body lower end is provided with a frame body adjustable upper supporting leg and a slope frame adjustable lower supporting leg for supporting, the frame body adjustable upper supporting leg and the slope frame adjustable lower supporting leg bottom are fixed by a supporting leg fixing bottom plate, a fixed soil anchor is driven into the supporting leg fixing bottom plate, and the supporting leg fixing bottom plate top surface is provided with a bottom plate for continuous weight pressing and reinforcing fixation, hang down the slide rail and link the frame through domatic beam bottom and hang under the slope roof beam, it scrapes the groove of spreading soil to scrape to be provided with the slip on the native baffle, and scrapes the native baffle and scrape flat beam through the slip and install under on hanging the slide rail, the closely knit roof beam board of slip, slip slope shape testing stand all hang under on hanging the slide rail, closely knit roof beam board of slip, slip slope shape testing stand pull through slip drive mechanism and can follow the slide rail and remove: reinforced arris body stone banket construction system includes the location control stake, throws the stone positioning ship, throws the stone and erects the frame, erect a bottom plate, arris the body and scrape the sloping plate, remove the sloping frame, throw stone horizontal stores pylon, the fixed vertical frame of stores pylon, erect a smooth lifter on the frame top, set up the fender slabstone that permeates water on throwing the stone vertical frame, throw the stone vertical frame and hang on throwing the stone positioning ship with throwing stone horizontal stores pylon, throw the stone horizontal stores pylon and connect the smooth lifter in the bottom of throwing the stone positioning ship and erect a smooth lifter, erect a smooth lifter bottom end of frame top and be fixed in throwing stone positioning ship bottom with the fixed vertical frame of stores pylon, throw the stone vertical frame and fix in throwing stone positioning ship outside with the vertical fastening frame of chord side, it is fixed through erecting floor, throwing stone positioning ship bottom plate anchor pole, erecting the bottom plate ballast weight to remove the sloping frame and install on the sloping plate gallows, and scrape the body and scrape the sloping plate gallows and have the arris the: the construction machine tool hoisting installation system comprises a foundation tooth socket, a capping groove, geotextile slope guide frames, a geotextile sliding and lifting tensioning rod, a tensioning rod hanger sliding groove, a tensioning rod hanger traction mechanism, a protection pad sliding rail, a sliding operation platform, a protection pad sliding and descending hanger and a laying frame plate de-cushioning mechanism, wherein the foundation tooth socket is arranged at the bottom of a slope, a geotextile precast block pressing bottom is arranged on the foundation tooth socket, the capping groove is arranged at the top of the slope, a geotextile precast block pressing top is arranged on the capping groove, the geotextile precast block pressing bottom and the geotextile precast block pressing top are fixed by precast block fixing soil nails, the top of the slope and the bottom of the slope are both provided with a geotextile slope guide frame, a geotextile sliding and lifting tensioning rod is arranged between the two geotextile slope guide frames, the geotextile sliding and lifting tensioning rod is provided with a tensioning rod hanger and a tensioning rod hanger sliding groove, a protection pad sliding rail is arranged on the geotextile, The protective pad sliding hanger is characterized in that a protective pad is arranged on the protective pad sliding rail through a protective pad placing frame plate and a protective pad removing mechanism of the protective pad placing frame plate.
The ecological revetment construction equipment further comprises an original ground line, slope backfill and a riprap branch body, wherein the slope backfill is carried out at the original ground line, the riprap branch body is arranged at the foot protection position, geotextile is installed after the slope is leveled and cleaned, a steel wire mesh protection pad is installed, and finally block stone ballast is arranged at two ends.
Ecological revetment construction equipment still include just throwing arris body elevation, scrape slope back arris body elevation, set up vertical frame top sliding lift pole and throw stone frame sliding lift mechanism and slide and go up and down through throwing the setting of stone location ship to throw the stone, erect the frame bottom plate and fix through setting up stone location ship bottom plate anchor pole and adopting vertical frame bottom plate to press heavily, the arris body elevation is just thrown to the elevation under the first throwing of arris body stone, reaches after scraping the slope and scrapes slope back arris body elevation.
The ecological revetment further comprises a baffle, a telescopic ejector and a pushing plate, the tensioning rod hanger can slide along the tensioning rod hanger sliding groove through the tensioning rod hanger traction mechanism, the baffle, the telescopic ejector and the pushing plate are installed on the protection pad shelving frame plate, and the protection pad slides out of the protection pad shelving frame plate and is placed through pushing the pushing plate by the telescopic ejector.
The invention also discloses a construction method of the ecological revetment, which comprises the following steps:
step one, construction preparation: preparing geotextile, a steel wire mesh protection pad, a support leg fixing bottom plate, a fixed soil anchor, a sliding compact beam plate, a sliding traction mechanism, a sliding slope-shaped detection frame, a stone throwing positioning ship, a prism slope scraping plate, a precast block fixing soil nail and a sliding operation platform which are required by construction according to the structural design requirement of the ecological bank protection;
step two, digging and backfilling a bank slope: excavating the bank slope according to the position of the original ground line, and backfilling the slope body at the excavated position;
step three, building a slope cutting system: the method comprises the following steps of erecting a slope top horizontal fixed frame body at two ends of a slope, fixing the bottom of the slope top horizontal fixed frame body on the ground through an adjustable upper support leg and an adjustable lower support leg of a slope frame, installing a support leg fixed bottom plate, driving a fixed soil anchor into the fixed soil anchor, continuously pressing the fixed frame body adjustable upper support leg and the adjustable lower support leg of the slope frame by adopting a bottom plate on the fixed support leg fixed bottom plate, erecting slope beams at two ends of the slope top horizontal fixed frame body, respectively arranging slope beam bottom connecting frames at two ends of the lower part of each slope beam, installing a lower hanging slide rail between the two slope beam bottom connecting frames, hanging a soil scraping baffle on the lower hanging slide rail through a sliding scraping beam, and respectively hanging a sliding compact beam plate and a sliding slope;
step four, trimming the side slope: the sliding compact beam plate is drawn by a sliding drawing mechanism to vibrate, then the sliding leveling beam is drawn to level the slope, and finally the sliding slope-shaped detection frame is drawn to detect the leveling condition of the slope;
step five, positioning and lofting: dividing the throwing area into partitions, laying a construction control net, and driving positioning control piles into control points for positioning;
sixthly, mounting a vertical riprap frame: a permeable stone baffle plate is installed in a vertical stone throwing frame, the vertical stone throwing frame is hung in a stone throwing positioning ship through a horizontal stone throwing hanger, the vertical stone throwing frame is fixed through a hanger, a vertical frame jacking rod is fixed on the stone throwing positioning ship, a stone throwing frame sliding mechanism is installed in the stone throwing positioning ship, the vertical frame jacking rod can slide and lift along the stone throwing frame sliding mechanism, the horizontal stone throwing hanger is fixed on the outer side of the stone throwing positioning ship through a chord side vertical fastening frame, a movable inclined frame is fixed on the stone throwing positioning ship through a vertical frame bottom plate, the weight of a bottom plate anchoring rod of the stone throwing positioning ship and the bottom plate of the vertical frame is used for reinforcing and fixing, and a prism slope scraping plate is hung on a movable inclined frame through a slope scraping plate hanger;
step seven, positioning and riprapping: moving the riprap positioning ship to a specified position, riprap stones are thrown through a riprap vertical frame, the riprap stones reach the elevation of a primary riprap through the moving lifting of a vertical frame top sliding lifting rod on a riprap frame sliding lifting mechanism, the riprap stones can be thrown around the riprap positioning ship, the riprap stones reach the elevation of the riprap after slope scraping is achieved through a riprap scraping plate, and the construction of the foot protection riprap;
step eight, geotextile construction: digging a foundation tooth groove at the slope bottom, arranging a geotextile precast block pressing bottom on the foundation tooth groove, digging a capping groove at the slope top, arranging a geotextile precast block pressing top on the capping groove, fixing the geotextile precast block pressing bottom and the geotextile precast block pressing top by adopting a precast block fixing soil nail, setting a geotextile slope guide frame at the slope top and the slope bottom, setting a geotextile sliding and lifting tension rod between the two geotextile slope guide frames, mounting a tension rod hanging frame at the lower part of the geotextile sliding and lifting tension rod, mounting a tension rod hanging frame sliding groove between the tension rod hanging frames, laying geotextile from the slope bottom, and drawing the tension rod hanging frame to lay geotextile along the tension rod hanging frame sliding groove by a tension rod hanging frame drawing mechanism;
step nine, constructing a steel wire mesh protection pad: setting up a protection pad slide rail on a slope surface, setting up a sliding operation platform and a protection pad sliding hanger on a slope top, installing a fixed baffle plate at the upper end of a protection pad placing frame plate, installing and fixing a telescopic ejector on the baffle plate, fixing a pushing plate at the front section of the telescopic ejector, placing the protection pad placing frame plate on the protection pad slide rail, placing a steel wire mesh protection pad at a specified position through the combined action of a placing frame plate cushion removing mechanism and the pushing of the telescopic ejector, and after the construction of the geotextile and the steel wire mesh protection pad is finished, setting a rock block at the slope top and the slope bottom and pressing the rock block on the geotextile and the steel wire mesh protection pad;
step ten, dismantling the frame body: after construction is completed, the slope top horizontal fixing frame body, the slope beam, the downward hanging slide rail, the sliding compact beam plate, the sliding slope-shaped detection frame, the geotechnical cloth slope guide frame, the geotechnical cloth sliding and lifting tension rod, the tension rod hanging frame slide groove, the protection pad slide rail and the sliding operation platform are dismantled.
The invention has the following characteristics and beneficial effects:
(1) through setting up the slope roof beam, hanging the slide rail down, the closely knit roof beam board of slip, slip slope type test stand, improved the construction speed of whole slope cutting flattening, guaranteed construction quality.
(2) Through the installation and the construction of the positioning control pile, the stone throwing frame sliding mechanism and the prism slope scraping plate, the construction positioning accuracy is ensured, and the construction efficiency is high.
(3) Through the construction of the geotextile and the steel wire mesh protection pad, the construction quality is reliable, the operability is strong, the environment is beautified, and the work efficiency is high.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an ecological revetment structure;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a sliding type slope cutting and vibration compacting system;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a sliding riprap system with a riprap prism;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a geotextile construction system;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a track slide down pad mounting system;
in the figure: 1-original ground line, 2-slope backfill, 3-geotextile, 4-steel wire mesh protection pad, 5-riprap prism, 6-block stone ballast, 7-slope top horizontal fixed frame body, 8-frame body adjustable upper support leg, 9-slope frame adjustable lower support leg, 10-support leg fixed bottom plate, 11-fixed soil anchor, 12-bottom plate continuous ballast, 13-slope beam, 14-slope beam bottom connecting frame, 15-lower hanging slide rail, 16-sliding leveling beam, 17-soil scraping baffle, 18-sliding soil scraping and paving groove, 19-sliding compact beam plate, 20-sliding traction mechanism, 21-sliding slope detection frame, 22-positioning control pile, 23-riprap positioning ship, 24-riprap vertical frame, 25-permeable stone blocking plate, 26-riprap horizontal hanger, 27-hanger fixing vertical frame, 28-vertical frame top sliding lifting rod, 29-stone throwing frame sliding lifting mechanism, 30-vertical frame bottom plate, 31-stone throwing positioning ship bottom plate anchor rod, 32-vertical frame bottom plate weight, 33-chord side vertical fastening frame, 34-branch body slope scraping plate, 35-slope scraping plate hanger, 36-moving inclined frame, 37-initial polishing prism body elevation, 38-slope scraping back prism body elevation, 39-foundation tooth groove, 40-top sealing groove, 41-geotextile precast block bottom pressing, 42-geotextile precast block top pressing, 43-precast block fixing soil nail, 44-geotextile slope guide frame, 45-geotextile sliding lifting tensioning rod, 46-tensioning rod hanger, 47-tensioning rod hanger sliding groove, 48-rod hanger traction mechanism, 49-protection pad sliding rail, 50-sliding operation platform, 51-a pad sliding hanger, 52-a pad placing frame plate, 53-a pad removing mechanism of the placing frame plate, 54-a baffle, 55-a telescopic ejector and 56-a pushing plate.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail by way of examples with reference to the accompanying drawings, which are not intended to limit the invention to the examples.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an ecological bank protection structure, fig. 2 is a schematic view of a sliding type slope cutting and vibration compacting system, fig. 3 is a schematic view of a riprap prism sliding slope scraping system, fig. 4 is a schematic view of a geotextile construction system, fig. 5 is a schematic view of a rail sliding type protection pad installation system, and in particular, fig. 1 to 5 are shown.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the construction equipment for the ecological bank protection comprises a sliding slope cutting and vibration compacting system for the ecological bank protection, a ribbed prism stone toe guard construction system and a construction machine hoisting installation system, wherein the construction machine hoisting installation system is used for slope geotextile construction and protection pad construction. Wherein the sliding slope-cutting and vibration-compacting system of the ecological bank protection comprises a slope top horizontal fixing frame body 7, an upper support leg 8 with adjustable frame body, a lower support leg 9 with adjustable slope frame, a slope beam 13, a lower hanging slide rail 15, a soil-scraping baffle plate 17, a sliding compacting beam plate 19, a sliding traction mechanism 20 and a sliding slope-shaped detection frame 21, the lower end of the slope top horizontal fixing frame body 7 is provided with the upper support leg 8 with adjustable frame body and the lower support leg 9 with adjustable slope frame for supporting, the bottoms of the upper support leg 8 with adjustable frame body and the lower support leg 9 with adjustable slope frame are all fixed by a support leg fixing bottom plate 10, a fixed soil anchor 11 is driven into the support leg fixing bottom plate 10, the top surface of the support leg fixing bottom plate 10 is provided with a bottom plate continuous ballast 12 for reinforcing and fixing, the lower hanging slide rail 15 is hung under the slope beam 13 through a slope beam bottom connecting frame 14, the soil-scraping baffle plate 17 is provided with a sliding soil-scraping groove 18, and the soil, the sliding compact beam slab 19 and the sliding slope-shaped detection frame 21 are hung on the lower hanging slide rail 15, and the sliding compact beam slab 19 and the sliding slope-shaped detection frame 21 can move along the slide rail by being pulled by the sliding traction mechanism 20: the reinforced prism stone toe guard construction system comprises a positioning control pile 22, a stone throwing positioning ship 23, a stone throwing vertical frame 24, a vertical frame bottom plate 30, a prism slope scraping plate 34, a movable inclined frame 36, a stone throwing horizontal hanging frame 26, a hanging frame fixing vertical frame 27 and a vertical frame jacking rod 28, the water-permeable stone baffle plate 25 is arranged on the stone-throwing vertical frame 24, the stone-throwing vertical frame 24 is hung on the stone-throwing positioning ship 23 by a stone-throwing horizontal hanging frame 26, the bottom end of the stone-throwing horizontal hanging frame 26 in the stone-throwing positioning ship 23 is connected with a vertical frame jacking rod 28, the bottom end of the vertical frame jacking rod 28 is fixed at the bottom of the stone-throwing positioning ship 23 by a hanging frame fixing vertical frame 27, the stone-throwing vertical frame 24 is fixed at the outer side of the stone-throwing positioning ship 23 by a chord side vertical fastening frame 33, the movable inclined frame 36 is fixed by a vertical frame bottom plate 30, a riprap positioning ship bottom plate anchor rod 31 and a vertical frame bottom plate weight 32, a slope scraping plate hanger 35 is arranged on the movable inclined frame 36, and a prism slope scraping plate 34 is hung on the slope scraping plate hanger 35; the construction machine tool hoisting installation system comprises a foundation tooth socket 39, a capping groove 40, geotextile slope guide frames 44, a geotextile sliding and lifting tension rod 45, a tension rod hanger sliding groove 47, a tension rod hanger traction mechanism 48, a protection pad sliding rail 49, a sliding operation platform 50, a protection pad sliding and lifting hanger 51 and a resting frame plate pad removing mechanism 53, wherein the foundation tooth socket 39 is arranged at the bottom of a slope, a geotextile precast block bottom pressing 41 is arranged on the foundation tooth socket 1, the capping groove 40 is arranged at the top of the slope, a geotextile precast block top pressing 42 is arranged on the capping groove 2, the geotextile precast block bottom pressing 41 and the geotextile precast block top pressing 42 are both fixed by precast block fixing soil nails 43, a geotextile slope guide frame 44 is arranged at the top of the slope and the bottom of the slope, a geotextile sliding and lifting tension rod 45 is arranged between the two geotextile slope guide frames 44, a tension rod hanger 46 and a tension rod hanger 47 are arranged on the geotextile sliding and lifting tension rod 45, the slope surface is provided with a protection pad slide rail 49, the top of the slope is provided with a sliding operation platform 50 and a protection pad sliding hanger 51, and the protection pad is arranged on the protection pad slide rail 49 through a protection pad placing frame plate 52 and a protection pad removing mechanism 53. As an improved specific implementation mode, slope backfill 2 is carried out at an original place line 1, a riprap prism 5 is arranged at a foot guard, geotextile 3 is installed after slope leveling and cleaning, a steel wire mesh protection pad 4 is installed, and finally block stone ballast 6 is arranged at two ends.
As a modified embodiment, the riprap vertical frame 24 slides and goes up and down by arranging a vertical frame top sliding lifting rod 28 and a riprap frame sliding lifting mechanism 29 in the riprap positioning boat 23, the vertical frame bottom plate 30 is fixed by arranging a riprap positioning boat bottom plate anchoring rod 3l and adopting a vertical frame bottom plate weight 32, the elevation of the riprap after being firstly thrown is the elevation 37 of the primary riprap, and the elevation 38 of the riprap after being scraped is reached after the riprap is scraped.
As a modified embodiment, the tension rod hanger 46 can slide along the tension rod hanger sliding groove 47 by the tension rod hanger traction mechanism 48, the baffle 54, the retractable ejector 55, and the ejector 56 are mounted on the pad placement frame 52, and the pad is slid out of the pad placement frame 52 and placed by the ejector 56 being pushed by the retractable ejector 55.
The ecological bank protection construction method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step one, construction preparation: according to the design requirements of an ecological bank protection structure, preparing geotextile 3, a steel wire mesh protection pad 4, a support leg fixing bottom plate 10, a fixed soil anchor 11, a sliding compact beam plate 19, a sliding traction mechanism 20, a sliding slope-shaped detection frame 21, a stone throwing positioning ship 23, a prism slope scraping plate 34, a precast block fixed soil nail 43 and a sliding operation platform 50 which are required by construction;
step two, digging and backfilling a bank slope: excavating a bank slope according to the position of the original ground line 1, and backfilling a slope body 2 at the excavated position;
step three, building a slope cutting system: erecting a slope top horizontal fixed frame body 7 at two ends of a side slope, fixing the bottom of the slope top horizontal fixed frame body to the ground through an adjustable upper support leg 8 of a mounting frame body and an adjustable lower support leg 9 of a slope frame, mounting a support leg fixed bottom plate 10, driving a fixed soil anchor 11 into the fixed soil anchor and fixing the adjustable upper support leg 8 of the frame body and the adjustable lower support leg 9 of the slope frame on the fixed soil anchor by adopting a bottom plate continuous weight 12, erecting slope beams 13 at two ends of the slope top horizontal fixed frame body 7, respectively arranging slope beam bottom connecting frames 14 at two ends of the lower part of the slope beams 13, installing a lower hanging slide rail 15 between the two slope beam bottom connecting frames 14, hanging a soil scraping baffle 17 on the lower hanging slide rail 15 through a sliding scraping beam 16, and respectively hanging a sliding compact beam plate 19 and a sliding slope-shaped detection frame 21;
step four, trimming the side slope: the sliding compact beam plate 19 is drawn by the sliding drawing mechanism 20 to vibrate, then the sliding leveling beam 16 is drawn to level the slope, and finally the sliding slope-shaped detection frame 21 is drawn to detect the leveling condition of the slope;
step five, positioning and lofting: dividing the throwing area into partitions, laying a construction control net, and driving positioning control piles 22 into control points for positioning;
sixthly, mounting a vertical riprap frame: a water permeable stone baffle plate 25 is arranged in a vertical riprap frame 24, the vertical riprap frame 24 is hung in a riprap positioning ship 23 through a horizontal riprap hanging frame 26, and is fixed on the riprap positioning ship through a hanging frame fixing vertical frame 27 and a vertical riprap lifting rod 28, a riprap frame sliding mechanism 29 is arranged in the riprap positioning ship 23, the vertical riprap lifting rod 28 can slide and lift along the riprap frame sliding mechanism 29, the horizontal riprap hanging frame 26 is fixed on the outer side of the riprap positioning ship 23 through a chord side vertical fastening frame 33, a movable inclined frame 36 is fixed on the riprap positioning ship 23 through a vertical frame bottom plate 30 and is reinforced and fixed through a riprap positioning ship bottom plate anchoring rod 31 and a vertical frame bottom plate ballast weight 32, and a prism body slope scraping plate 34 is hung on the movable inclined frame 36 through a slope scraping plate hanging frame 35;
step seven, positioning and riprapping: the riprap positioning boat 23 is moved to a designated position, the riprap stone is thrown through the riprap vertical frame 24, the riprap stone is lifted and lowered through the movement of the vertical frame top sliding lifting rod 28 on the riprap frame sliding lifting mechanism 29, the riprap stone can be thrown around the riprap positioning boat 23, the riprap stone reaches the initial riprap elevation 37, the riprap stone is scraped through the riprap scraping plate 34, the riprap stone reaches the riprap elevation 38, and the construction of the foot protection riprap stone prism 5 is completed;
step eight, geotextile construction: cutting a foundation tooth groove 39 on the slope bottom, arranging a geotextile precast block bottom pressing 41 on the foundation tooth groove 39, cutting a top sealing groove 40 on the slope top, arranging a geotextile precast block top pressing 42 on the top sealing groove 40, fixing the geotextile precast block bottom pressing 41 and the geotextile precast block top pressing 42 by using a precast block fixing soil nail 43, setting a geotextile slope guide frame 44 on the slope top and the slope bottom, setting a geotextile sliding and lifting tension rod 45 between the two geotextile slope guide frames 44, mounting a tension rod hanger 46 at the lower part of the geotextile sliding and lifting tension rod 45, mounting a tension rod hanger chute 47 between the tension rod hangers 46, laying the geotextile 3 from the slope bottom, and drawing the tension rod hanger 46 to lay the geotextile 3 along the tension rod hanger chute 47 by a tension rod hanger traction mechanism 48;
step nine, constructing a steel wire mesh protection pad: setting up a protection pad slide rail 49 on a slope surface, setting up a slide operation platform 50 and a protection pad sliding hanger 51 on a slope top, installing a fixed baffle 54 at the upper end of a protection pad placing frame plate 52, installing and fixing a telescopic ejector 55 on the baffle 54, fixing a push plate 56 at the front section of the telescopic ejector 55, placing the protection pad placing frame plate 52 on the protection pad slide rail 49, placing a steel wire mesh protection pad 4 at a specified position through the combined action of pushing of a placing frame plate stripping mechanism 53 and the telescopic ejector 55, and after the construction of the geotextile 3 and the steel wire mesh protection pad 4 is finished, setting a block stone ballast 6 at the slope top and the slope bottom to press the geotextile 3 and the steel wire mesh protection pad 4;
step ten, dismantling the frame body: after the construction is completed, the slope top horizontal fixing frame body 7, the slope beam 13, the lower hanging slide rail 15, the sliding compact beam plate 19, the sliding slope-shaped detection frame 21, the geotextile slope guide frame 44, the geotextile sliding and lifting tension rod 45, the tension rod hanger 46, the tension rod hanger slide groove 47, the protection pad slide rail 49 and the sliding operation platform 50 are dismantled.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a construction equipment of ecological bank protection, its characterized in that, includes the closely knit system of ecological bank protection slidingtype slope cutting and vibration, adds muscle arris body stone banket construction system and construction equipment hoist and mount installation system, construction equipment hoist and mount installation system is used for domatic geotechnological cloth construction and protection pad construction, ecological bank protection slidingtype slope cutting and closely knit system of vibration include that the fixed support body of hillside top level (7), support body are adjustable go up stabilizer blade (8), down stabilizer blade (9) are adjustable on the slope frame, domatic roof beam (13), hang slide rail (15) down, scrape native baffle (17), slide closely knit roof beam slab (19), slip drive mechanism (20), slip slope shape detection frame (21), go up stabilizer blade (8) and lower stabilizer blade (9) are adjustable on the fixed support body of hillside top level (7) lower extreme installation support body is adjustable support, go up stabilizer blade (8) and lower, The bottom of each slope frame adjustable lower support leg (9) is fixed by a support leg fixing bottom plate (10), a fixed soil anchor (11) is driven into each support leg fixing bottom plate (10), a bottom plate continuous weight (12) is arranged on the top surface of each support leg fixing bottom plate (10) to strengthen and fix, a lower hanging slide rail (15) is hung below a slope surface beam (13) through a slope surface beam bottom connecting frame (14), a sliding soil scraping and paving groove (18) is arranged on a soil scraping baffle plate (17), the soil scraping baffle plate (17) is installed on the lower hanging slide rail (15) through a sliding scraping flat beam (16), a sliding compact beam plate (19) and a sliding slope-shaped detection frame (21) are hung on the lower hanging slide rail (15), and the sliding compact beam plate (19) and the sliding slope-shaped detection frame (21) are pulled by a sliding traction mechanism (20) to move along the slide rail; reinforced arris body stone banket construction system is including positioning control stake (22), riprap position ship (23), riprap vertical retort (24), vertical retort bottom plate (30), arris body slope scraper (34), removal sloping frame (36), riprap horizontal stores pylon (26), the fixed vertical retort (27) of stores pylon, vertical retort push rod (28), set up permeable water stone baffle board (25) on riprap vertical retort (24), riprap vertical retort (24) is hung on riprap position ship (23) with riprap horizontal stores pylon (26), riprap horizontal stores pylon (26) is connected vertical retort push rod (28) in riprap position ship (23) bottom, and vertical retort (28) is fixed in riprap position ship (23) bottom with the fixed vertical retort (27) of stores pylon for riprap horizontal stores pylon (24) bottom, and riprap vertical retort (24) are fixed in the riprap position ship (23) outside with string side vertical fastening frame (33), remove the sloping retort bottom plate (36) through vertical retort (30), riprap vertical retort (30), An anchor rod (31) of a bottom plate of the riprap positioning boat and a weight (32) of a bottom plate of the vertical frame are fixed, a slope scraping plate hanger (35) is installed on the movable inclined frame (36), and a prism slope scraping plate (34) is hung on the slope scraping plate hanger (35); the construction machine tool hoisting installation system comprises a foundation tooth socket (39), a capping groove (40), a geotextile slope guide frame (44), a geotextile sliding and lifting tension rod (45), a tension rod hanger sliding groove (47), a tension rod hanger traction mechanism (48), a protection pad sliding rail (49), a sliding operation platform (50), a protection pad sliding and descending hanger (51) and a laying frame plate pad removing mechanism (53), wherein the foundation tooth socket (39) is arranged at the bottom of a slope, a geotextile precast block bottom pressing (41) is arranged on the foundation tooth socket (1), the capping groove (40) is arranged at the top of the slope, a geotextile precast block top pressing (42) is arranged on the capping groove (2), the geotextile precast block bottom pressing (41) and the geotextile precast block top pressing (42) are both fixed by precast block fixing soil nails (43), the geotextile slope top and the bottom of the slope are both provided with the geotextile slope guide frame (44), and the geotextile sliding and lifting tension rod (45) is arranged between the two geotextile slope guide frames (44), a tension rod hanging bracket (46) and a tension rod hanging bracket sliding groove (47) are arranged on the geotextile sliding tension rod (45), a protection pad sliding rail (49) is installed on the slope surface, a sliding operation platform (50) and a protection pad sliding hanging bracket (51) are erected at the top of the slope, and a protection pad is installed on the protection pad sliding rail (49) through a protection pad placing frame plate (52) and a protection pad removing mechanism (53) for placing the frame plate.
2. The construction equipment of the ecological revetment according to claim 1, further comprising an original ground line (1), a slope backfill (2) and a riprap prism (5), wherein the slope backfill (2) is carried out at the original ground line (1), the riprap prism (5) is arranged at a toe guard, a geotextile (3) is installed after the slope is leveled and cleaned, a steel wire gauze protection pad (4) is installed, and finally block stone ballast (6) is arranged at two ends.
3. The construction equipment of ecological revetment according to claim 1, further include and throw arris body elevation (37), scrape slope back arris body elevation (38) just, riprap vertical retort (24) slides and goes up and down through setting up vertical retort roof slide-lift pole (28) and riprap frame slide-lift mechanism (29) in riprap positioning ship (23), vertical retort bottom plate (30) are fixed through setting up riprap positioning ship bottom plate anchor pole (31) and adopting vertical retort bottom plate ballast (32), and the arris body stone is thrown down the elevation for the first time and is thrown arris body elevation (37) just, reaches after scraping the slope and scrapes slope back arris body elevation (38) through scraping the slope.
4. The ecological revetment construction equipment of claim 1, further comprising a baffle plate (54), a retractable ejector (55) and a push plate (56), wherein the tie rod hanger (46) slides along the tie rod hanger sliding groove (47) through the tie rod hanger traction mechanism (48), the baffle plate (54), the retractable ejector (55) and the push plate (56) are mounted on the pad resting frame plate (52), and the pad slides out of the pad resting frame plate (52) and is placed by pushing the push plate (56) through the retractable ejector (55).
5. The construction method of the ecological revetment is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step one, construction preparation: according to the design requirements of an ecological bank protection structure, preparing geotextile (3), a steel wire mesh protection pad (4), a support leg fixing bottom plate (10), a fixed soil anchor (11), a sliding compact beam plate (19), a sliding traction mechanism (20), a sliding slope-shaped detection frame (21), a riprap positioning ship (23), a prism slope scraping plate (34), precast block fixing soil nails (43) and a sliding operation platform (50) which are required by construction;
step two, digging and backfilling a bank slope: excavating the bank slope according to the position of the original ground line (1), and backfilling the slope body at the excavated position (2);
step three, building a slope cutting system: the method comprises the following steps that a slope top horizontal fixing frame body (7) is erected at two ends of a side slope, the bottom of the slope top horizontal fixing frame body is fixed on the ground through an upper adjustable support leg (8) of a mounting frame body and a lower adjustable support leg (9) of a slope frame, a support leg fixing bottom plate (10) is installed, a fixed soil anchor (11) is driven into the fixing bottom plate, the upper adjustable support leg (8) of the frame body and the lower adjustable support leg (9) of the slope frame are fixed on the fixing bottom plate through a bottom plate continuous weight (12), slope surface beams (13) are erected at two ends of the slope top horizontal fixing frame body (7), slope surface beam bottom connecting frames (14) are arranged at two ends of the lower portion of each slope surface beam (13), a lower hanging slide rail (15) is installed between the two slope surface beam bottom connecting frames (14), a soil scraping baffle plate (17) is hung on the lower hanging slide rail (15) through a sliding leveling beam (16), and a sliding compact beam;
step four, trimming the side slope: a sliding dense beam plate (19) is dragged to vibrate by a sliding traction mechanism (20), then a sliding leveling beam (16) is dragged to level the slope, and finally a sliding slope-shaped detection frame (21) is dragged to detect the leveling condition of the slope;
step five, positioning and lofting: dividing the throwing area into partitions, laying a construction control net, and driving positioning control piles (22) at control points for positioning;
sixthly, mounting a vertical riprap frame: a permeable stone baffle plate (25) is arranged in a vertical riprap frame (24), the vertical riprap frame (24) is hung in a riprap positioning ship (23) through a horizontal riprap hanger (26), and is fixed on the riprap positioning ship through a hanger fixing vertical frame (27) and a vertical frame jacking rod (28), a riprap frame sliding mechanism (29) is arranged in the riprap positioning ship (23), the vertical frame jacking rod (28) slides and lifts along the riprap frame sliding mechanism (29), the horizontal riprap hanger (26) is fixed on the outer side of the riprap positioning ship (23) through a chord side vertical fastening frame (33), a movable inclined frame (36) is fixed on the riprap positioning ship (23) through a vertical frame bottom plate (30), an anchoring rod (31) of the riprap positioning ship bottom plate and a pressing weight (32) of the vertical frame are adopted for reinforcing and fixing, and a prism body slope scraping plate (34) is hung on the movable inclined frame (36) through a slope scraping plate hanger (35);
step seven, positioning and riprapping: the method comprises the following steps that a riprap positioning ship (23) is moved to a specified position, ridge stones are thrown through a riprap vertical frame (24), ridge stones can be thrown around the riprap positioning ship (23) through the moving lifting of a vertical frame top sliding lifting rod (28) on a riprap frame sliding lifting mechanism (29), the ridge stones reach an initial riprap elevation (37), the ridge stones are scraped through a ridge scraping plate (34), so that the ridge elevation (38) after slope scraping is reached, and the construction of a foot protection riprap ridge (5) is completed;
step eight, geotextile construction: a foundation tooth groove (39) is dug on the slope bottom, a geotextile precast block bottom pressing (41) is arranged on the foundation tooth groove (39), a top sealing groove (40) is dug on the slope top, a geotextile precast block coping (42) is arranged on the top sealing groove (40), the geotextile precast block bottom pressing (41) and the geotextile precast block top pressing (42) are fixed by precast block fixing soil nails (43), a geotextile slope surface guide frame (44) is respectively erected at the top and the bottom of the slope, a geotextile sliding and lifting tension rod (45) is erected between the two geotextile slope surface guide frames (44), a tension rod hanger (46) is arranged at the lower part of the geotextile sliding tension rod (45), a tension bar hanging bracket sliding groove (47) is arranged between the tension bar hanging brackets (46), the geotextile (3) is laid from the bottom of the slope, the tension rod hanger (46) is pulled by a tension rod hanger traction mechanism (48) to lay the geotextile (3) along the tension rod hanger sliding groove (47);
step nine, constructing a steel wire mesh protection pad: the method comprises the following steps that a protection pad sliding rail (49) is erected on a slope surface, a sliding operation platform (50) and a protection pad sliding hanger (51) are erected on the slope top, a fixed baffle (54) is installed at the upper end of a protection pad placing frame plate (52), a telescopic ejector (55) is installed and fixed on the baffle (54), an ejector plate (56) is fixed on the front section of the telescopic ejector (55), the protection pad placing frame plate (52) is placed on the protection pad sliding rail (49), a steel wire mesh protection pad (4) is placed at a specified position under the combined action of pushing of a placing frame plate pad removing mechanism (53) and the telescopic ejector (55), and after the construction of the geotextile (3) and the steel wire mesh protection pad (4) is completed, a block stone ballast (6) is arranged on the slope top and the slope bottom and pressed on the geotextile (3) and the steel wire mesh protection pad (4);
step ten, dismantling the frame body: after construction is completed, the slope top horizontal fixing frame body (7), the slope beam (13), the lower hanging slide rail (15), the sliding compact beam plate (19), the sliding slope-shaped detection frame (21), the geotextile slope surface guide frame (44), the geotextile sliding tension rod (45), the tension rod hanging frame (46), the tension rod hanging frame sliding groove (47), the protection pad slide rail (49) and the sliding operation platform (50) are dismantled.
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