CN109371910A - Pad ground raising protection and construction method - Google Patents

Pad ground raising protection and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109371910A
CN109371910A CN201811505608.4A CN201811505608A CN109371910A CN 109371910 A CN109371910 A CN 109371910A CN 201811505608 A CN201811505608 A CN 201811505608A CN 109371910 A CN109371910 A CN 109371910A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slope
construction
sliding
template
barricade
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Granted
Application number
CN201811505608.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109371910B (en
Inventor
李仁成
陈晚华
王大华
李元沱
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Sichuan Port And Navigation Construction Engineering Co Ltd
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Sichuan Port And Navigation Construction Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811505608.4A priority Critical patent/CN109371910B/en
Publication of CN109371910A publication Critical patent/CN109371910A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109371910B publication Critical patent/CN109371910B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • E02B3/122Flexible prefabricated covering elements, e.g. mats, strips
    • E02B3/123Flexible prefabricated covering elements, e.g. mats, strips mainly consisting of stone, concrete or similar stony material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of ground raising protection of pad and construction methods, comprising: reservoir area with ploughing sandy gravel pad raising ecology water-retaining property guard technology strikes off vibration dense body system based on sliding rail sand bedding course cloth;Based on the hidden rail drag mode large area concrete panel construction technology of regularization, mobile slope surface cross form, band is mobile to work as pulpboard chute concreting system, and slidingtype is vibrated and flattened, mobile manual operation platform;Based on the sliding template erosion control key-wall technology of regularization track, gate pours the system of vibrating that strikes off, and flat-topped ridge is scraped in extended position vibration;Prefabrication and assembly construction combined type formula non-dismantling formwork erosion control key-wall, with efficiently solving conventional cushion raising sand bedding course globality poor, compactness is bad, construction is complicated, slope concrete panel and barricade concreting pour existing construction complexity, security-hidden trouble, template installation, disassembly complex procedures, the problems such as project amount is big, work progress is simple and easy, substantially increases construction efficiency, can be applied to that preferable technical economic benefit can be obtained in Practical Project.

Description

Pad ground raising protection and construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to hydraulic engineering field, in particular to a kind of pad ground raising protection and construction method are suitable for reservoir area Protection works construction especially needs to guarantee the ecological protection construction that arable land is flooded from reservoir area tail water.
Background technique
Since 21 century, the especially implementation of national strategy to develop western regions, it is big that southwest is completed large quantities of high dams Library, domestic hydroelectric project construction technique reach its maturity.
It is strided forward however as each river basin development progress to middle and upper reaches, immigrant, environmental issue but constantly highlight, and have been increasingly becoming Restrict hydroelectric project development progress an important factor for, in the influence object of reservoir inundation, immigrant and soil be key element, because This properly formulates immigration relocation and production arrangement plan, often plays a decisive role to the relocation project in entire power station.
In exploitation, be limited to high mountain gorge landform, can be used for disposing the land resource of immigrant very limited, it is padded protection at For local one of the important way for solving immigration relocation and production placement.Though existing construction achieves preferably under suitable operating condition Construction effect, however, pad ground raising construction in, can usually encounter template installation, disassembly complex procedures, project amount is big, leads The problems such as cause construction efficiency is lower, increased costs.
Summary of the invention
The problem of it is an object of the invention to for the raising construction of pad ground, provide a kind of applying for pad ground raising protection Work method, this method will by reservoir area plough sandy gravel pad raising ecology water-retaining property guard technology, be based on sliding rail sand pad Layer cloth strikes off vibration dense body system, based on the hidden rail drag mode large area concrete panel construction technology of regularization, mobile slope surface transverse direction Template, band are mobile to work as pulpboard chute concreting system, slidingtype vibration and flattens, mobile manual operation platform, is based on The sliding template erosion control key-wall technology of regularization track, gate pour the system of vibrating that strikes off, flat-topped ridge, prefabricated dress are scraped in extended position vibration The smooth construction of pad ground raising protection is realized with combined type formula non-dismantling formwork erosion control key-wall.
In order to realize that any of the above goal of the invention, the present invention provide pad ground raising protection and construction method, comprising:
Step 1: excavating the soil body:
Step 2: erosion control key-wall template construction:
Construction barricade concrete cushion, and the pre-buried bed course embedded fixing component in the barricade concrete cushion, to described The maintenance of barricade concrete cushion installs sliding rail after reaching some strength on the bed course embedded fixing component, and in sliding rail Barricade Side shuttering is installed on road;
Alternatively,
Exempt to tear open prefab-form precasting yard is prefabricated as required, construction site is first constructed barricade concrete cushion, and described At least two bed course notches are reserved on concrete cushion, pre-buried standing screw in the bed course notch is supported to the concrete cushion It protects after reaching some strength and exempts to tear prefab-form open described in installation, exempt to tear prefab-form open by prefab-form bottom plate using in advance described It buries three side of standing screw to fix, to be fixed on the barricade concrete cushion;
Step 3: installing the concreting of erosion control key-wall, vibrating, scraping device:
After erosion control key-wall template is installed and checked, sliding gate tumbling barrel frame is set in barricade Side shuttering two sides, Movable type is set on sliding gate tumbling barrel frame carriage and pours tumbling barrel, and the movable type pours guss concrete delivery pipe on tumbling barrel;
It is that vertical direction setting sliding gate of vibrating is vibrated frame, erection is placed in two lateral retaining wall sides wherein sliding gate is vibrated Face die plate, the sliding gate, which is vibrated on frame, to be included vertically disposed moving rail and is connected with vibrating spear moving up and down, The vibrating spear is moved up and down along the moving rail;
It is that barricade Side shuttering two sides setting sliding gate strikes off frame, wherein it includes being vertically arranged that sliding gate, which strikes off frame, Connecting plate and be provided with extended position vibration scrape flat-topped ridge, wherein the connecting plate setting the extended position vibration scrape on flat-topped ridge It is placed between the barricade Side shuttering of two sides;
Step 4: the concreting of erosion control key-wall and maintenance:
The step 3 after the installation is completed, start casting concrete, concrete pours tumbling barrel by the movable type and pour It builds, vibrates, strikes off when pouring, inside concrete is vibrated by the external vibration board of template, and inside strikes off stretches described in stretching, extension Flat-topped ridge is scraped in the vibration of exhibition formula, is poured more up gradually to inside contract and is scraped flat-topped ridge, is conserved after the completion of key-wall concreting, is reached some strength Demoulding afterwards;
Step 5: backfill sandy gravel:
After the completion of the construction of erosion control key-wall, surface soil is cleared up, sandy gravel is filled and fills on the removing surface soil (73);
Step 6: back side slope surface is constructed:
After the completion of sandy gravel backfill, form the protection main body of a terraced shape, backwater slope surface is carried out it is smooth, after spread respectively If geotextiles, thick sand bedding course and six rib block of precast concrete;
Step 7: fabricated base and farming earthen backfill construction:
The construction that fabricated base is carried out after the completion of downstream slope surface construction, is backfilled after the completion of the construction of the fabricated base Form farming earthen backfill;
Step 8: upstream face slope surface is constructed:
After the completion of sandy gravel backfill, the protection main body of a terraced shape is formed, slope surface progress is smooth to meeting water, and rear installation is vertical To template, the mobile baffle chute concreting system of band and mobile slope surface cross form system;The vertical framework On be mounted slidably an absolute altitude adjustable slide type correction hanging wire, by adjustable slide type described in absolute altitude correct hanging wire control meet water Face slope concrete panel pours height;
Step 9: concrete pavement construction:
After the completion of upstream face slope surface and back side slope surface are constructed, coagulation is carried out in the top position that the sandy gravel fills Dirt road surface construction, and prefabricated assembled kerbstone of constructing.
Another invention according to the present invention, raising is protected with providing the pad obtained using above-mentioned construction method.
The invention has the characteristics that and the utility model has the advantages that
(1) pad of the invention raising protection and construction method by pad ground raising, realize effective benefit of land resource With being conducive to sustainable development.
(2) pad of the invention ground raising protection and construction method using reservoir area arable land sandy gravel pad raising ecology water-retaining property Guard technology greatly reduces soil erosion, is conducive to the ecological ideas development of reservoir area.
(3) pad of the invention raising protection and construction method back side slope surface setting cushion use and be based on sliding rail sand Bed course cloth strike off vibration dense body system, manpower has been saved by track drawing elevator, has substantially increased construction efficiency, saved at This;Bed course effectively increases the flatness and compactness of sand bedding course using the mode that scraper plate and plate vibrator combine.
(4) concrete regularization template of the invention and construction method are passed through using mobile slope surface cross form system Template sliding rail, drawing-die walking mechanism, drawing-die hoist engine realize that cross form along slope surface Mechanical Moving, effectively increases slding form operation Efficiency.
(5) concrete regularization template of the invention and construction method use band is mobile to work as pulpboard chute concreting body System, baffle, which can move freely, solves the problems, such as that residual concrete may cause chute obstruction in chute, can be clear in time Manage concrete chute.
(6) concrete regularization template of the invention and construction method are vibrated and are flattened using slidingtype, are realized along slope Surface concrete, which vibrates, flattens automation, improves construction efficiency;Mobile manual operation platform can effectively solve panel and pour There may be quality, security risk in the process.
(7) the erosion control tooth regularization template and construction method that the present invention uses are based on the sliding template erosion control of regularization track Key-wall technology realizes sliding laterally for key-wall Side shuttering, improves construction efficiency, saved the set-up time of template.
(8) erosion control tooth regularization template of the invention and construction method pour the system of vibrating using gate, vibrating spear and outer The vibrate mode of combination of horizontalization slab vibrator ensures the vibration compacting of barricade casting concrete.
(9) erosion control tooth regularization template of the invention and construction method are vibrated using extended position scrapes flat-topped ridge, and flat-topped ridge is scraped in vibration The variation in section being poured with key-wall and horizontally being stretched, ensure that key-wall concreting strikes off effect.
(10) prefabricated non-dismantling formwork erosion control key-wall of the invention and construction method use prefabrication and assembly construction combined type formula to exempt from demoulding Plate erosion control key-wall solves the problems, such as that the installation of key-wall template, disassembly complex procedures, project amount are big, substantially increases template construction Efficiency.
(11) prefabricated non-dismantling formwork erosion control key-wall of the invention sets the vertical tooth form rib column of prefabricated board, the horizontal tooth form rib of prefabricated board Beam, prefabricated board bottom connecting cross beam, the globality for effectively increasing the installation of key-wall template and pouring.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the reservoir area signal that raising ecology water-retaining property is protected with ploughing sandy gravel pad of an embodiment according to the present invention Figure.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the sliding cloth bucket orbiting of an embodiment according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is that the sand bedding course of an embodiment according to the present invention strikes off the schematic diagram of vibration.
Fig. 4 is the vertical framework installation of an embodiment according to the present invention and the structural schematic diagram that chute pours.
Fig. 5 is the floor map of the construction of concrete face slab of an embodiment according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the sliding erosion control key-wall template of regularization track of an embodiment according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram that the key-wall movable type tumbling barrel of an embodiment according to the present invention pours.
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of the sliding gate vibration device of an embodiment according to the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of the sliding gate scraping device of an embodiment according to the present invention.
Figure 10 is that the prefabrication and assembly construction combined type of an embodiment according to the present invention exempts to tear the structural representation of erosion control key-wall template open Figure.
Figure 11 is the internal plane of the erosion control key-wall prefab-form of an embodiment according to the present invention.
In figure: 1- erosion control key-wall, 2- excavation line, 3- backfill, 4- sandy gravel fill, the original place 5- upper thread, 6- concrete surface Plate, the prefabricated assembled kerbstone of 7-, the concrete road surface 8-, 9- protection guardrail, 10- anti-seepage geotextile, 11- sand bedding course, 12- are prefabricated Block slope protection, 13- fabricated base, 14- farming earthen backfill, 15- track, 16- sole-plate, 17- fixing muscle, the sliding cloth of 18- Bucket, 19- bed course making baffle, 20- bed course scraper plate, 21- plate vibrator, 22- draw elevator, 23- vertical framework, 24- sliding Slope surface cross form, the oblique support of 25- template, 26- template fixing muscle, 27- absolute altitude adjustable slide type correct hanging wire, 28- coagulation Soil filling vehicle, 29- chute, 30- chute bottom sliding rail, 31- chute slidingtype transverse direction baffle, 32- concrete strike off walking beam, 33- channel steel, 34- baffle hoist engine, the stratum 35- line of demarcation, 36- template sliding rail, 37- drawing-die walking mechanism, 38- drawing-die volume Raise machine, the mobile manual operation platform of 39-, 40- truss-like concrete coating machine, 41- barricade Side shuttering, 42- template is reinforced Steelframe, the fixed bottom plate of 43- template, 44- barricade concrete cushion, 45- bed course embedded fixing component, 46- sliding rail, 47- template Top is to otic placode is drawn, and to trying to stop people from fighting each other, 49- slides gate tumbling barrel frame on 48- template top, and 50- movable type pours tumbling barrel, and 51- slides gate vibration Frame, 52- vibrating spear are smash, 53- sliding gate strikes off frame, and flat-topped ridge is scraped in the vibration of 54- extended position, and 56- scrapes flat-topped ridge large scale central sill, 57- The flexible side bar of flat-topped ridge small size is hung, 58- side bar bottom plate, 59- fixation hole, the fixed peg of 60-, 61- bed course notch, 62- exempts to tear open pre- Pallet, 63- prefab-form bottom plate, 64- standing screw, the bilateral pressing plate of monoblock type on the outside of 65-, unilateral pressing plate on the inside of 66-, 67- Fill slot mortar, the vertical tooth form rib column of 68- prefabricated board, the horizontal tooth form girt strip of 69- prefabricated board, 70- prefabricated board bottom connecting cross beam, 71- Prefabricated board top clamp-type supports draw piece, and 72- plate shores pull rod, and 73- removes surface soil, 74- concrete delivery pipe.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art's every other embodiment obtained belong to what the present invention protected Range.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that in exposure of the invention, term " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", The orientation of the instructions such as "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom" "inner", "outside" or position are closed System is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, without referring to Show or imply that signified device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore above-mentioned art Language is not considered as limiting the invention.
It is understood that term " one " is interpreted as " at least one " or " one or more ", i.e., in one embodiment, The quantity of one element can be one, and in a further embodiment, the quantity of the element can be it is multiple, term " one " is no It can be interpreted as the limitation to quantity.
The present invention provides a pad ground raising protection and its construction method, and pad ground raising means of defence includes following step It is rapid:
Step 1: excavating the soil body:
Corresponding excavation line (2) excavate the corresponding soil body, wherein excavation line (2) are arranged under in situ upper thread (5), wherein described open It digs line (2) to be located on stratum line of demarcation (35), and excavates the soil body along the excavation line (2), form a pit body.
Step 2: erosion control key-wall template construction:
Scheme one can be used: first constructing barricade concrete cushion (44), and is pre- in the barricade concrete cushion (44) Bed course embedded fixing component (45) are buried, in the pre-buried fixation of the bed course after barricade concrete cushion (44) maintenance reaches some strength Sliding rail (46) are installed on part (45), and barricade Side shuttering (41) are installed on sliding rail (46).
Wherein the barricade Side shuttering (41) divides into template and fixes bottom plate (43), and the template fixed bottom plate (43) is fixed The barricade Side shuttering (41) and the barricade concrete cushion (44), barricade Side shuttering (41) peripheral hardware template reinforced steel Frame (42), the reinforced steelframe of template (42) are arranged in parallel in the side of the barricade Side shuttering (41), are reinforced with playing The effect of consolidation, the very useful template tops of barricade Side shuttering (41) of the two sides that are placed in draw otic placode (47), template top to trying to stop people from fighting each other (48) fixed, wherein the template top to try to stop people from fighting each other (48) across two sides barricade Side shuttering (41) and by the template top pair Otic placode (47) are drawn to be fixed, wherein the barricade Side shuttering (41) of side is another perpendicular to the barricade concrete cushion (44) The barricade Side shuttering (41) of side favours the barricade concrete cushion (44).
Or use scheme two: exempting to tear open prefab-form (62) precasting yard is prefabricated as required, construction site is first constructed barricade Concrete cushion (44), and at least two bed course notches (61) are reserved on the concrete cushion (44), in bed course notch (61) Pre-buried standing screw (64), installation exempts to tear prefab-form (62) open after concrete cushion (44) maintenance reaches some strength, in institute It states and exempts to tear open prefab-form (62) and fixed by prefab-form bottom plate (63) using pre-buried (64) three side of standing screw, to be fixed on It states on barricade concrete cushion (44).
In addition, the prefab-form (62) of exempting to tear open in outside is arranged perpendicular to the barricade concrete cushion (44), inside is exempted from It tears prefab-form (62) open to be obliquely installed relative to the barricade concrete cushion (44), prefab-form (62) are exempted to tear open in the outside Bottom bilateral setting outside the bilateral pressing plate of monoblock type (65), the inside exempt to tear open prefab-form (62) bottom unilateral side setting The unilateral pressing plate in inside (66) carries out encapsulating to the bed course notch (61) after the completion of pressing plate, is formed and fills slot mortar (67), with into one Step is exempted to tear prefab-form (62) fixed stability open described in guaranteeing.
Prefab-form (62) top of exempting to tear open with inside is provided with prefabricated board top clamp-type support draw piece on the outside (71), wherein prefabricated board top clamp-type support draw piece (71) from it is described exempt to tear open upwardly extended at the top of prefab-form (62), and hang down Directly in the barricade concrete cushion (44), prefabricated board top clamp-type supports the prefabricated board top clip that draw piece (71) pass through two sides Exempt to tear open prefab-form (62) in formula support draw piece (71) connection two sides.
In addition it is noted that it is described exempt to tear open prefab-form (62) include the vertical tooth form rib column (68) of prefabricated board and The horizontal tooth form girt strip (69) of prefabricated board, wherein the vertical tooth form rib column (68) of the prefabricated board and the horizontal tooth form girt strip of the prefabricated board (69) it being vertically arranged and connects, exempt to tear open prefab-form (62) for the two sides that are placed in are connected by prefabricated board bottom connecting cross beam (70), The prefab-form (62) of exempting to tear open of side exempts to tear open prefab-form (62) inclination, prefabricated board bottom connecting cross beam relative to the other side (70) exempt to tear open prefab-form (62) for connecting two sides form a kind of three-legged structure, effectively increase what key-wall template was installed and poured Globality.
Step 4: installing the concreting of erosion control key-wall, vibrating, scraping device:
After erosion control key-wall template is installed and checked, sliding gate tumbling barrel frame is set in barricade Side shuttering (41) two sides (49), movable type being set on sliding gate tumbling barrel frame (49) carriage and pouring tumbling barrel (50), the movable type pours tumbling barrel (50) be slidably disposed on the sliding gate tumbling barrel frame (49) and be vertically arranged, movable type pour connect on tumbling barrel (50) it is mixed Solidifying soil delivery pipe (74), the concrete delivery pipe (74) pour tumbling barrel (50) interior delivering concrete toward the movable type.
Specifically, the barricade Side shuttering (41) is located in the space that sliding gate tumbling barrel frame (49) is formed, The movable type pours the barricade Side shuttering that tumbling barrel (50) setting is placed in two sides on sliding gate tumbling barrel frame (49) (41) between, the movable type pours tumbling barrel (50) and pours cylinder including at least one, is successively arranged vertically downward, the concrete is defeated Pipe (74) are sent to be located at the top that the movable type pours tumbling barrel (50).
It is that vertical direction setting sliding gate of vibrating is vibrated frame (51), wherein the sliding gate frame (51) that vibrates is set to Two lateral retaining wall Side shutterings (41), the sliding gate, which is vibrated on frame (51), to be further included vertically disposed moving rail and is connected with Vibrating spear (52) moving up and down, wherein moving rail setting vibrates in the sliding gate and is placed in two sides on frame (51) Barricade Side shuttering (41) between, the vibrating spear (52) moves up and down along the moving rail;
It is that barricade Side shuttering (41) two sides setting sliding gate strikes off frame (53), wherein sliding gate strikes off frame (53) Including vertically disposed connecting plate and be provided with extended position vibration scrape flat-topped ridge (54), wherein the connecting plate setting stretched described The vibration of exhibition formula, which is scraped, to be placed between the barricade Side shuttering (41) of two sides on flat-topped ridge (54).
It includes scraping flat-topped ridge large scale central sill (56), hanging the flexible side bar of flat-topped ridge small size that flat-topped ridge (54) are scraped in the extended position vibration (57), side bar bottom plate (58), fixation hole (59), fixed peg (60) strike off beam large scale central sill (56) and are connected to wherein described The connecting plate, the flat-topped ridge small size flexible side bar (57) of hanging are placed in the two sides for scraping flat-topped ridge large scale central sill (56), institute It states side bar bottom plate (58) and is located at the bottom for scraping flat-topped ridge large scale central sill (56), it is described to scrape shape on flat-topped ridge large scale central sill (56) At at least two fixation holes (59), the fixed peg (60) passes through the fixation hole (59) fixed described extended position vibration and scrapes flat-topped ridge (54) and flat-topped ridge (54) are scraped in extended position vibration.
Step 5: the concreting of erosion control key-wall and maintenance:
The step 4 after the installation is completed, start casting concrete, concrete pours tumbling barrel (50) by movable type and pour It builds, vibrates, strikes off when pouring, inside concrete is vibrated by the external vibration board of template, and inside strikes off stretching, extension extended position Flat-topped ridge (54) are scraped in vibration, are poured more up gradually to inside contract and are scraped flat-topped ridge.Key-wall uses C20 concrete, and key-wall surface slope is 1: 0.3.It is conserved after the completion of key-wall concreting, reaches demoulding after some strength.
Step 6: backfill sandy gravel:
After the completion of the construction of erosion control key-wall, cleaning surface soil (73) thickness is about ± 0.5m, then starts sandy gravel and fills (4), It fills sandy gravel and fills (4) on the removing surface soil (73), sandy gravel maximum stone grain diameter is less than 30cm, contains less than 5mm particulate Amount is less than 0.075mm grogs content less than 3%, must not contain organic matters and the fertile soil such as weeds, tree root, construction less than 30% Before should carry out pilot production, earth and stone material lift height is not more than 50cm, need to guarantee that relative density is not less than 0.7 after rolling.It fills out It builds to desired height and the gradient.
Step 7: back side slope surface is constructed:
After the completion of sandy gravel backfill, form the protection main body of a terraced shape, backwater slope surface is carried out it is smooth, after spread respectively If 300g geotextiles (10), 15cm thickness sand bedding course (11) and 20cm thickness M7.5 grout six rib block of C20 precast concrete, backwater The face gradient is 1:2.
Vibration dense body system is struck off by sliding rail sand bedding course cloth positioned at the sand bedding course (11) of backwater slope surface and is laid with completion.
It includes track (15), sole-plate (16) and sliding that the sliding rail sand bedding course cloth, which strikes off vibration dense body system, Formula cloth bucket (18) composition.
The track (15) is laid on the sole-plate (16) and is fixed, and is placed in the anti-seepage geotextile (10) On, as shown in Fig. 2, the sole-plate (16) spaced and parallel setting, the track (15) is fixed on the sole-plate (16) On, in one embodiment of this invention, the track (15) is fixed by fixing muscle (17).
The sliding cloth bucket (18) is slidably disposed on the track (15), it is worth mentioning at this point that, the rail Spacing between road (15) is less than the width of the sliding cloth bucket (18).One traction of sliding cloth bucket (18) connection Elevator (22), traction elevator (22) the traction sliding cloth bucket (18) carry out cloth.
The sliding rail sand bedding course cloth strikes off vibration dense body system and also comprises bed course making baffle (19), bed course scraper plate (20) and plate vibrator (21).
After sliding cloth bucket (18) cloth, bed course making baffle is equipped on the sand bedding course (11) (19), wherein the bed course making baffle (19) divides back side slope surface, an opening is formed on the bed course making baffle (19), So that plate vibrator (21) passes through, the sand bedding course (11) of plate vibrator (21) the vibration compacting cloth.
Bed course scraper plate (20) smooth institute is utilized on the position of the corresponding sand bedding course (11) of the bed course making baffle (19) State sand bedding course (11).
Step 8: fabricated base (13) and farming earthen backfill (14) construction:
The construction of fabricated base (13) is carried out after the completion of downstream slope surface construction, fabricated base (13) uses C25 concrete, Having a size of 0.3m × 0.6m, backfill is carried out after the completion of the construction of fabricated base (13) and is formed farming earthen backfill (14), plantation soil returns Filling out (14) highly is 0.5m.
Step 9: upstream face slope surface is constructed:
After the completion of sandy gravel backfill, the protection main body of a terraced shape is formed, slope surface progress is smooth to meeting water, and rear installation is vertical To template (23), the mobile baffle chute concreting system of band and mobile slope surface cross form system.
Wherein the vertical framework (23) is longitudinally arranged in the upstream face slope surface, and adjacent vertical framework (23) is logical Vertical framework bolt (40) connection is crossed, the oblique support of template (25) are set on the outside of the vertical framework (23), and solid by template Determine muscle (26) to be fixed.It is noted that the oblique support of template (25) is triangle, it is arranged in the vertical framework (23) outside, to improve fixed stability.
The movable type slope surface cross form system includes sliding slope surface cross form (24), template sliding rail (36), drawing-die Walking mechanism (37) and drawing-die hoist engine (38), the sliding slope surface cross form (24) are slidably disposed on the longitudinal direction The outside of template (23), and the relatively described vertical framework (23) is laterally arranged.
Specifically, the two sides that at least two template sliding rails (36) are longitudinally arranged at the vertical framework (23), the cunning Dynamic slope surface cross form (24) are arranged on the template sliding rail (36), and across in two sides on template sliding rail (36), wherein Drawing-die walking mechanism (37) are connected on the sliding slope surface cross form (24), wherein the drawing-die walking mechanism (37) is along vertical To being arranged and being connected with drawing-die hoist engine (38), so that the drawing-die hoist engine (38) can pass through the drawing-die walking mechanism (37) the sliding slope surface cross form (24) is driven to slide on the template sliding rail (36), to realize cross form along slope surface It is mobile, form the mobile slope surface cross form system.
It is noted that the drawing-die walking mechanism (37) is designed to a longitudinally disposed guide rail and a setting exists Rope on the guide rail, one end of the rope connect the sliding slope surface cross form (24), and the other end connects the drawing Mould hoist engine (38), the drawing-die hoist engine (38) pulls the rope, to pull the sliding slope surface cross form (24) Sliding.
The mobile baffle chute concreting system of the band includes chute bottom sliding rail (30), and chute slidingtype is lateral Baffle (31) and chute (29).
Chute bottom sliding rail (30) is longitudinally arranged at the vertical framework (23) upper surface, and the chute bottom is sliding Rail (30) is equipped with chute slidingtype transverse direction baffle (31), the relatively described longitudinal direction of chute slidingtype transverse direction baffle (31) Template (23) is laterally arranged, to stop mud.
The chute (29) fills vehicle (28) by connection concrete and is movably positioned on chute bottom sliding rail (30), In casting process, vehicle (28) mobile described chute (29) is filled to casting position by concrete, forms the mobile block pulp of the band Plate chute concreting system.
In addition, the concrete slab regularization template is realized in such a way that slidingtype vibrates and flattens along slope surface coagulation Soil vibrates pressing automation, construction efficiency is improved, specifically, across being provided with concrete on the vertical framework (23) It striking off walking beam (32), the concrete strikes off walking beam (32) and is fixed on the template sliding rail (36) by channel steel (33), Composition scrapes flat structure to vibrate.
In addition, being additionally provided with moveable mobile manual operation platform in the concrete slab regularization template (39), specifically, the relatively described vertical framework (23) of a sliding groove is horizontally set at the concrete slab regularization template On, the mobile manual operation platform (39) is slidably disposed in the sliding groove, is placed in the top of the vertical framework (23) End, can effectively solve that there may be quality, security risk in panel casting process.
In addition, absolute altitude adjustable slide type correction hanging wire (27) is mounted slidably on the vertical framework (23), it is described Absolute altitude adjustable slide type correction hanging wire (27) is slideably set, and to correct absolute altitude, is corrected and is hung by absolute altitude adjustable slide type Line (27) control upstream face slope concrete panel pours height.The slope surface that meets water uses C25 concrete, and the upstream face gradient is 1:2. When the slope surface that meets water pours, pours beginning, the chute slidingtype transverse direction baffle (31) is opened;When end pours, described in closing Chute slidingtype transverse direction baffle (31) is cleared up chute (29) interior any excess concrete finally by baffle hoist engine, has been conserved At rear progress surface soil backfill.
Step 10: concrete road surface (8) construct: carrying out 20cm thickness after the completion of upstream face slope surface and back side slope surface are constructed The concrete road surface C25 (8) construction, and prefabricated assembled kerbstone (7) the intensity C25 that constructs, installation protection guardrail (9) 1.2m high.
It is respectively arranged in the two sides for the concrete road surface (8) that the top position that the sandy gravel fills (4) is formed The protection guardrail (9) and the prefabricated assembled kerbstone (7), wherein the protection guardrail (9) is positioned close to upstream face The side of slope surface, the prefabricated assembled kerbstone (7) are positioned close to the side of back side slope surface.
In addition, the present invention additionally provides a pad that by padding above raising protection and construction method obtain raising is anti- Shield.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, anyone can show that other are various under the inspiration of the present invention The product of form, however, make any variation in its shape or structure, it is all that there is skill identical or similar to the present application Art scheme, is within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the construction method of pad ground raising protection characterized by comprising
Step 1: excavating the soil body:
Step 2: erosion control key-wall template construction:
It constructs barricade concrete cushion (44), and the pre-buried bed course embedded fixing component in the barricade concrete cushion (44) (45), it is installed on the bed course embedded fixing component (45) after the barricade concrete cushion (44) maintenance reaches some strength Sliding rail (46), and barricade Side shuttering (41) are installed on sliding rail (46);
Step 3: installing the concreting of erosion control key-wall, vibrating, scraping device:
After erosion control key-wall template is installed and checked, sliding gate tumbling barrel frame is set in barricade Side shuttering (41) two sides (49), movable type being set on sliding gate tumbling barrel frame (49) carriage and pouring tumbling barrel (50), the movable type pours tumbling barrel (50) guss concrete delivery pipe (74) on;
It is that vertical direction setting sliding gate of vibrating is vibrated frame (51), wherein the sliding gate frame (51) that vibrates is set to two side blocks Wall Side shuttering (41), the sliding gate vibrate on frame (51) include vertically disposed moving rail and be connected with can on move down Dynamic vibrating spear (52), the vibrating spear (52) move up and down along the moving rail;
It is that barricade Side shuttering (41) two sides setting sliding gate strikes off frame (53), wherein sliding gate strikes off frame (53) and includes Vertically disposed connecting plate and be provided with extended position vibration scrape flat-topped ridge (54), wherein the connecting plate be arranged in the extended position Vibration, which is scraped, to be placed between the barricade Side shuttering (41) of two sides on flat-topped ridge (54);
Step 4: the concreting of erosion control key-wall and maintenance:
The step 3 after the installation is completed, start casting concrete, concrete pours tumbling barrel (50) by the movable type and pour It builds, vibrates, strikes off when pouring, inside concrete is vibrated by the external vibration board of template, and inside strikes off stretches described in stretching, extension Flat-topped ridge (54) are scraped in the vibration of exhibition formula, are poured more up gradually to inside contract and are scraped flat-topped ridge, are conserved after the completion of key-wall concreting, are reached certain Demoulding after intensity;
Step 5: backfill sandy gravel:
After the completion of the construction of erosion control key-wall, clears up surface soil (73), fill sandy gravel and fill (4) on the removing surface soil (73);
Step 6: back side slope surface is constructed:
After the completion of sandy gravel backfill, form the protection main body of a terraced shape, backwater slope surface is carried out it is smooth, after be laid with respectively it is anti- Seep geotextiles (10), thick sand bedding course (11) and six rib block of precast concrete;
Step 7: fabricated base and farming earthen backfill construction:
The construction that fabricated base is carried out after the completion of downstream slope surface construction, is backfilled after the completion of the construction of the fabricated base (13) It is formed farming earthen backfill (14);
Step 8: upstream face slope surface is constructed:
After the completion of sandy gravel backfill, the protection main body of a terraced shape is formed, slope surface progress is smooth to meeting water, rear to install longitudinal mould The mobile baffle chute concreting system of plate (23), band and mobile slope surface cross form system;The vertical framework (23) it is mounted slidably absolute altitude adjustable slide type correction hanging wire (27) on, hanging wire is corrected by adjustable slide type described in absolute altitude (27) control upstream face slope concrete panel pours height;
Step 9: concrete road surface (8) construct:
After the completion of upstream face slope surface and back side slope surface are constructed, coagulation is carried out in the top position that the sandy gravel fills (4) Soil surface (8) construction, and construct prefabricated assembled kerbstone (7).
2. the construction method of pad ground raising protection according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
In the step 2, the barricade Side shuttering (41) divides into template and fixes bottom plate (43), the fixed bottom plate of the template (43) the fixed barricade Side shuttering (41) and the barricade concrete cushion (44), barricade Side shuttering (41) peripheral hardware template Reinforced steelframe (42), barricade Side shuttering (41) top for the two sides that are placed in is with template top to drawing otic placode (47), template top pair Try to stop people from fighting each other (48) it is fixed.
3. the construction method of pad ground raising protection according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
In the step 6, the sand bedding course (11) positioned at backwater slope surface strikes off vibration dense body by sliding rail sand bedding course cloth System, which is laid with, to complete, the sliding rail sand bedding course cloth strike off vibration dense body system include track (15), it is sole-plate (16), sliding Cloth bucket (18), bed course making baffle (19), bed course scraper plate (20) and plate vibrator (21), the track (15) are laid on It on the sole-plate (16) and is fixed on the anti-seepage geotextile (10), the sliding cloth bucket (18) is slideably It is placed on the track (15), sliding one traction elevator (22) of cloth bucket (18) connection, the traction elevator (22) It draws the sliding cloth bucket (18) and carries out cloth, after sliding cloth bucket (18) cloth, in the sand pad It is laid with the bed course making baffle (19) on layer (11), wherein the bed course making baffle (19) divides back side slope surface, it is described An opening is formed on bed course making baffle (19), so that plate vibrator (21) passes through, the bed course making baffle (19) is corresponding Bed course scraper plate (20) smooth described sand bedding course (11) is utilized on the position of the sand bedding course (11).
4. the construction method of pad ground raising protection according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
In the step 8, the vertical framework (23) is longitudinally arranged in the upstream face slope surface, adjacent longitudinal direction Template (23) is connected by vertical framework bolt (40), and the oblique support of template (25) are arranged on the outside of the vertical framework (23), and It is fixed by template fixing muscle (26);
The movable type slope surface cross form system includes sliding slope surface cross form (24), template sliding rail (36), drawing-die walking Mechanism (37) and drawing-die hoist engine (38), the sliding slope surface cross form (24) are slidably disposed on the vertical framework (23) outside is connected with the drawing-die walking mechanism (37), the drawing-die walking on the sliding slope surface cross form (24) Mechanism (37) is longitudinally disposed and is connected with the drawing-die hoist engine (38);
The mobile baffle chute concreting system of the band includes chute bottom sliding rail (30), chute slidingtype transverse direction block pulp Plate (31) and chute (29), chute bottom sliding rail (30) are longitudinally arranged at the vertical framework (23) upper surface, institute Chute bottom sliding rail (30) is stated equipped with chute slidingtype transverse direction baffle (31), the chute (29) is filled by connection concrete Vehicle (28) is movably positioned on chute bottom sliding rail (30).
5. the construction method of pad ground raising protection characterized by comprising
Step 1: excavating the soil body:
Step 2: erosion control key-wall template construction:
Prefabricated as required to exempt to tear open prefab-form (62), construction site is first constructed barricade concrete cushion (44), and in the barricade At least two bed course notches (61) are reserved on concrete cushion (44), pre-buried standing screw (64) in the bed course notch (61), to The barricade concrete cushion (44) maintenance reaches exempts to tear prefab-form (62) open after some strength described in installation, it is described exempt to tear open it is pre- Pallet (62) is fixed by prefab-form bottom plate (63) using pre-buried (64) three side of standing screw, mixed to be fixed on the barricade On solidifying soil padding (44);
Step 3: installing the concreting of erosion control key-wall, vibrating, scraping device: after erosion control key-wall template is installed and checked, in institute Barricade Side shuttering (41) two sides setting sliding gate tumbling barrel frame (49) is stated, is set on sliding gate tumbling barrel frame (49) carriage Movable type pours tumbling barrel (50), and the movable type pours guss concrete delivery pipe (74) on tumbling barrel (50);
It is that vertical direction setting sliding gate of vibrating is vibrated frame (51), wherein the sliding gate frame (51) that vibrates is set to two side blocks Wall Side shuttering (41), the sliding gate vibrate on frame (51) include vertically disposed moving rail and be connected with can on move down Dynamic vibrating spear (52), the vibrating spear (52) move up and down along the moving rail;
It is that barricade Side shuttering (41) two sides setting sliding gate strikes off frame (53), wherein sliding gate strikes off frame (53) and includes Vertically disposed connecting plate and be provided with extended position vibration scrape flat-topped ridge (54), wherein the connecting plate be arranged in the extended position Vibration, which is scraped, to be placed between the barricade Side shuttering (41) of two sides on flat-topped ridge (54);
Step 4: the concreting of erosion control key-wall and maintenance: the step 3 after the installation is completed, start casting concrete, mix Solidifying soil pours tumbling barrel (50) by the movable type and pours, and vibrates, strikes off when pouring, and inside concrete passes through the outer horizontalization of template Slab vibrator vibrates, and inside strikes off the stretching, extension extended position vibration and scrapes flat-topped ridge (54), pours more up gradually to inside contract and scrapes flat-topped ridge, tooth It is conserved after the completion of wall concreting, reaches demoulding after some strength;
Step 5: backfill sandy gravel:
After the completion of the construction of erosion control key-wall, cleaning surface soil (73) is formed, sandy gravel is filled and fills (4) in the removing surface soil (73) On;
Step 6: back side slope surface is constructed: after the completion of sandy gravel backfill, the protection main body of a terraced shape is formed, to downstream slope Face carry out it is smooth, after be laid with geotextiles (10), thick sand bedding course (11) and six rib block of precast concrete respectively;
Step 7: fabricated base and farming earthen backfill construction: the construction of fabricated base is carried out after the completion of downstream slope surface construction, it is described Backfill is carried out after the completion of the construction of fabricated base (13) forms farming earthen backfill (14);
Step 8: upstream face slope surface is constructed:
After the completion of sandy gravel backfill, the protection main body of a terraced shape is formed, slope surface progress is smooth to meeting water, rear to install longitudinal mould The mobile baffle chute concreting system of plate (23), band and mobile slope surface cross form system;The vertical framework (23) it is mounted slidably absolute altitude adjustable slide type correction hanging wire (27) on, hanging wire is corrected by adjustable slide type described in absolute altitude (27) control upstream face slope concrete panel pours height;
Step 9: concrete road surface (8) construct:
After the completion of upstream face slope surface and back side slope surface are constructed, coagulation is carried out in the top position that the sandy gravel fills (4) Soil surface (8) construction, and construct prefabricated assembled kerbstone (7).
6. the construction method of pad ground raising protection according to claim 5, which is characterized in that
In the step 2, the prefab-form (62) of exempting to tear open in outside is arranged perpendicular to the barricade concrete cushion (44), The prefab-form (62) of exempting to tear open of inside is obliquely installed relative to the barricade concrete cushion (44), the outside exempt to tear open it is prefabricated The bottom bilateral setting outside bilateral pressing plate of monoblock type (65) of template (62), the bottom for exempting to tear open prefab-form (62) of the inside The unilateral pressing plate (66) in unilateral side setting inside, pressing plate carry out encapsulating to the bed course notch (61) after the completion, are formed and fill slot mortar (67), prefab-form (62) top of exempting to tear open on the outside with inside is provided with prefabricated board top clamp-type support draw piece (71), Exempt to tear open prefab-form (62) to drawing connection two sides.
7. the construction method of pad ground raising protection according to claim 5, which is characterized in that
In the step 6, the sand bedding course (11) positioned at backwater slope surface strikes off vibration dense body by sliding rail sand bedding course cloth System, which is laid with, to complete, the sliding rail sand bedding course cloth strike off vibration dense body system include track (15), it is sole-plate (16), sliding Cloth bucket (18), bed course making baffle (19), bed course scraper plate (20) and plate vibrator (21), the track (15) are laid on It on the sole-plate (16) and is fixed on the anti-seepage geotextile (10), the sliding cloth bucket (18) is slideably It is placed on the track (15), sliding one traction elevator (22) of cloth bucket (18) connection, the traction elevator (22) It draws the sliding cloth bucket (18) and carries out cloth, after sliding cloth bucket (18) cloth, in the sand pad It is laid with the bed course making baffle (19) on layer (11), wherein the bed course making baffle (19) divides back side slope surface, it is described An opening is formed on bed course making baffle (19), so that plate vibrator (21) passes through, the bed course making baffle (19) is corresponding Bed course scraper plate (20) smooth described sand bedding course (11) is utilized on the position of the sand bedding course (11).
8. the construction method of pad ground raising protection according to claim 5, which is characterized in that in the step 8, The vertical framework (23) is longitudinally arranged in the upstream face slope surface, and adjacent vertical framework (23) passes through vertical framework spiral shell Bolt (40) connection, the oblique support of template (25) are arranged in vertical framework (23) outside, and are consolidated by template fixing muscle (26) It is fixed;
The movable type slope surface cross form system includes sliding slope surface cross form (24), template sliding rail (36), drawing-die walking Mechanism (37) and drawing-die hoist engine (38), the sliding slope surface cross form (24) are slidably disposed on the vertical framework (23) outside is connected with the drawing-die walking mechanism (37), the drawing-die walking on the sliding slope surface cross form (24) Mechanism (37) is longitudinally disposed and is connected with the drawing-die hoist engine (38);
The mobile baffle chute concreting system of the band includes chute bottom sliding rail (30), chute slidingtype transverse direction block pulp Plate (31) and chute (29), chute bottom sliding rail (30) are longitudinally arranged at the vertical framework (23) upper surface, institute Chute bottom sliding rail (30) is stated equipped with chute slidingtype transverse direction baffle (31), the chute (29) is filled by connection concrete Vehicle (28) is movably positioned on chute bottom sliding rail (30).
9. the construction method of pad ground raising protection according to claim 5, which is characterized in that
It is described to exempt to tear prefab-form (62) open to include the vertical tooth form rib column (68) of prefabricated board and prefabricated board in the step 2 Horizontal tooth form girt strip (69), wherein the vertical tooth form rib column (68) of the prefabricated board and the horizontal tooth form girt strip (69) of the prefabricated board are hung down Directly it is arranged and connects, exempt to tear open prefab-form (62) for the two sides that are placed in is connected by prefabricated board bottom connecting cross beam (70).
10. the raising protection of pad ground, which is characterized in that utilize the construction party of any pad ground raising protection of claims 1 to 99 Method constructs to obtain.
CN201811505608.4A 2018-12-10 2018-12-10 Ground-cushion height-filling protection and construction method Active CN109371910B (en)

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