CN109532859B - Micro-rail turnout structure and micro-rail system - Google Patents

Micro-rail turnout structure and micro-rail system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109532859B
CN109532859B CN201710863583.4A CN201710863583A CN109532859B CN 109532859 B CN109532859 B CN 109532859B CN 201710863583 A CN201710863583 A CN 201710863583A CN 109532859 B CN109532859 B CN 109532859B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
turnout
platform
track
rail
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CN201710863583.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109532859A (en
Inventor
吕高腾
耿庆厚
赵峰
高宁
杲晓峰
郑文波
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CRRC Tangshan Co Ltd
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CRRC Tangshan Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710863583.4A priority Critical patent/CN109532859B/en
Publication of CN109532859A publication Critical patent/CN109532859A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61BRAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B61B3/00Elevated railway systems with suspended vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61BRAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B61B1/00General arrangement of stations, platforms, or sidings; Railway networks; Rail vehicle marshalling systems
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B25/00Tracks for special kinds of railways
    • E01B25/22Tracks for railways with the vehicle suspended from rigid supporting rails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B25/00Tracks for special kinds of railways
    • E01B25/22Tracks for railways with the vehicle suspended from rigid supporting rails
    • E01B25/24Supporting rails; Auxiliary balancing rails; Supports or connections for rails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B25/00Tracks for special kinds of railways
    • E01B25/22Tracks for railways with the vehicle suspended from rigid supporting rails
    • E01B25/26Switches; Crossings

Abstract

The embodiment of the application provides a little track trouble structure, little track trouble structure includes: the turnout comprises a turnout upper plate, a first turnout side plate, a turnout lower plate and a second turnout side plate; the turnout lower plate is divided into three parts by the turnout lower plate through a first guide port and a second guide port; the first part is connected with the first turnout side plate, the second part is connected with the turnout upper plate through the separation frame, and the third part is connected with the second turnout side plate. According to the technical scheme, the position, which is located in the central area of the turnout structure and connected with the turnout upper plate, of the front end of the separation frame is adjusted downwards by a distance, so that the walking mechanism is smoothly restored to a rail support state from a single-side suspension state to be linked and transited, and the walking mechanism is prevented from bumping and wearing a steering wheel.

Description

Micro-rail turnout structure and micro-rail system
Technical Field
The application relates to a suspension type traffic technology, in particular to a micro-rail turnout structure for a suspension type traffic system and the micro-rail system. The micro-track of the application refers to: the track width is the suspension type transportation system below 600 mm.
Background
Urban rail transit refers to a transportation system that uses vehicles to travel on fixed guide rails in cities and is mainly used for urban passenger transportation. The rail transit is usually operated in a way that vehicles run on a fixed rail on the ground, and the vehicles run in a single or a plurality of areas with high population density according to the guidance of the rails to the vehicles by using the driving force generated by a power device of the vehicles.
Suspension type traffic is a track traffic system that hangs in air on whole line, and it hangs track and vehicle in the space of high altitude vacancy, compares with track traffic can the high efficiency utilization people activity space in daily life to the jam problem of ground traffic has effectively been alleviated. Meanwhile, suspension type traffic adopts a special steering and driving structure, so that the suspension type traffic has strong adaptability to the operation environment and has no strict requirements on the terrain, and the suspension type traffic adopts electric traction, so that no exhaust pollution is caused during the operation of a train, and the urban environment is protected.
Because the operation mode of suspension type traffic is different from that of ordinary rail traffic, the conventional ground rail system cannot be applied to suspension type traffic.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve one of the above technical problems, the present invention provides a micro rail turnout structure, including: the micro-track turnout structure 3 includes: the micro-track turnout structure 3 includes: a turning space with a merging end and a separating end is sequentially and fixedly enclosed by a turnout upper plate 301, a first turnout side plate 302, a turnout lower plate 303 and a second turnout side plate 304;
a first guide plate 305 and a second guide plate 306 are arranged on the lower surface of the turnout upper plate 301, and the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 are converged at the merging end and separated at the separating end;
the turnout lower plate 303 is provided with a first guide port and a second guide port, the first guide port and the second guide port are intersected at the merging end and are separated at the separating end corresponding to the positions of the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 respectively;
the turnout lower plate 303 is divided into three parts by the first guide port and the second guide port of the turnout lower plate 303; the first part is connected with a first turnout side plate 302, the second part is connected with a turnout upper plate through a separation frame 310, and the third part is connected with a second turnout side plate 304;
the front end of the lower switch plate 303 of the second portion of the lower switch plate 303 connected to the separator bracket 310 is bent downward a distance.
In order to solve one of the above technical problems, the present invention further provides a track system, including the above micro-track turnout structure 3;
every two micro-rail turnout structures 3 are connected through a box-shaped rail 201 with an opening at the lower end, and a main running line and a bypass line are formed between the two micro-rail turnout structures 3;
a platform is arranged below the box-shaped track 201 of the bypass line; the box-type track 201 of the bypass line is fixed with the platform 401 through a platform upright post 402 fixed on the platform 401 and a support beam 403 fixed on the platform upright post 402;
the vehicle 6 leaves the main operating route through the previous micro-track turnout structure 3 and enters the platform structure 4, and then enters the main operating route through the next micro-track turnout structure 3.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
this application technical scheme can change the route of traveling of vehicle in the space that turns to in the little track switch structure, simultaneously, with the one section distance of adjusting downwards in the position that is located switch structure central zone and is connected with the switch upper plate of split frame front end to smooth to walk to return to the rail support state from the unsettled state of unilateral to walking the mechanism and link up the transition, avoid walking the mechanism and produce jolt and to the wearing and tearing of steering wheel.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the application and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the application and together with the description serve to explain the application and not to limit the application. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is an overall schematic view of a track system according to the present solution;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a support of a slope section in the track system according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a curved section support of the track system according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a support device according to the present embodiment;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of a first cantilever beam hoisting track structure in the scheme;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of a second cantilever beam hoisting track structure in the scheme;
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a first multi-layer track structure according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a second multi-layer track structure according to the present solution;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a track structure hoisting manner according to the scheme;
fig. 10 is a schematic view of a fixing plate for hoisting a track structure according to the present invention;
figure 11 is a schematic view of a load-bearing structure according to the present solution;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a first ramp according to the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a second ramp according to the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the reinforcement structure according to the present embodiment;
fig. 15 is a schematic view of the lighting device according to the present solution;
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of the running gear of the present solution disposed within a track structure;
fig. 17 is a schematic diagram of arrangement of reinforcing ribs on the track structure according to the scheme;
FIG. 18 is a schematic view of the present embodiment showing a gap between the two rail joints;
FIG. 19 is a schematic view of a transition plate and transition space according to the present solution;
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of a splice case according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 21 is a schematic diagram of a curved track segment configuration according to the present embodiment;
fig. 22 is a schematic diagram of a track structure of a slope section according to the scheme;
fig. 23 is a schematic view of a micro-rail turnout structure according to the present embodiment;
fig. 24 is a schematic view of the top of the micro-rail turnout structure according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 25 is a schematic view of a guide plate on the lower surface of the turnout upper plate according to the scheme;
FIG. 26 is a schematic view of the lower plate of the switch according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 27 is a schematic view of a suspension area of the running gear according to the present invention;
fig. 28 is a bottom view of the micro-rail turnout structure of the present embodiment;
FIG. 29 is a schematic view of the point lower plate connected to the separation frame moving down the front end of the point lower plate according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 30 is a schematic view of a connection structure and a buffer structure according to the present embodiment;
fig. 31 is a schematic diagram of a power supply module according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 32 is a schematic view of an elevated station configuration according to the present embodiment;
fig. 33 is a schematic diagram of the docking station and control room integration according to the present embodiment;
fig. 34 is a schematic diagram of the platform and service depot integration according to the present embodiment;
fig. 35 is a schematic diagram of the rescue structure according to the present embodiment.
Reference numerals
1. The device comprises a supporting device, 101, supporting columns, 102, cantilever beams, 103, a bearing structure, 104, a fixing plate, 105, a base table, 106, a base column, 107, a base, 108, an inclined table, 109, a reinforcing structure, 110, a base plate, 111, lighting equipment, 112, LED lamps, 113, a lighting distribution device, 114 and an access ladder;
2. the track structure comprises a track structure, 201, a box-type track, 202, a connection structure, 203, a connection box, 204, a gap, 205, a reinforcing frame, 206, a connection frame, 207, a transition plate, 208, a power supply module, 209, a sliding contact line, 210, a fixing device, 211, a support seat, 212, an end cover, 213, a straight line section, 214, a curve section, 215, a slope road section, 216, an anti-skid structure, 217, a reinforcing rib, 218 and a gap;
3. the turnout comprises a micro-rail turnout structure 301, an upper turnout plate 302, a first turnout side plate 303, a lower turnout plate 304, a second turnout side plate 305, a first guide plate 306, a second guide plate 307, a connecting structure 308, a buffer structure 309, a buffer plate 310, a separating frame 311 and a third guide plate;
4. the platform structure comprises a platform structure 401, a platform 402, platform columns 403, supporting beams 404, a control room 405, a conference room 406, a maintenance warehouse 407, a maintenance platform 408, a warehouse 409, a platform top 410, a waiting guardrail 411, a sliding plug door 412, an automatic ticket selling device 413, an outer platform guardrail 414 and an escalator;
5. a rescue structure 501, a rescue platform 502 and an evacuation channel;
6. a vehicle;
7. a running mechanism;
8. a hanging device.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present application more apparent, the following further detailed description of the exemplary embodiments of the present application with reference to the accompanying drawings makes it clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present application, and are not exhaustive of all embodiments. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict.
The core idea of the application is that a track structure 2 and a track supporting structure which accord with the running characteristics of suspension type traffic are designed according to the running mode of the suspension type traffic; and corresponding track improvement is carried out aiming at the problems of turning, climbing, bumping, power supply and the like in the running process of the vehicle 6 so as to improve the running stability and safety of the vehicle 6.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, the present application discloses a micro-rail track system, which includes: a plurality of support devices 1 dispersed in the target area and a track structure 2 suspended from the support devices 1; the track is used to support a vehicle 6 disposed thereon for movement within a target area.
In the scheme, the target area can be a small and medium-sized transportation area such as a user residential area, a block area, an amusement area and an urban traffic network, the short-distance travel pressure of the user can be relieved, traffic jam is reduced, and the comfort level of the short-distance travel of the user is improved.
In the scheme, as shown in fig. 2 and fig. 3, the supporting devices 1 are arranged in at least one of the three ways of equal spacing, local reinforcement and mixed spacing according to the overall bearing condition, local guiding condition and special road section condition of the track structure 2; for example, when the rail structure 2 is straight-ahead at a long distance, the supporting devices 1 may be arranged at equal intervals; for example, when the track structure 2 changes direction and climbs a slope, the track structure 2 with a larger stress section can be reinforced and supported by locally increasing a plurality of supporting devices 1; for example, in order to support the track on the platform 401 in a mixed-pitch manner when shunting to and from the station, the track structure 2 used for the vehicle 6 to travel and the track structure 2 in the platform 401 may be excessively supported. Further, in order to increase the adaptability to the target area, the supporting devices 1 may be disposed on the same side of the track structure 2, or may be disposed on both sides of the track structure 2 in a staggered manner, so that the obstacle area on the running route can be effectively avoided.
In the scheme, the track structure 2 can be designed into a closed loop mode according to the operation requirement of the target area, namely, the track structure can perform unidirectional circulation operation in the target area; it is also possible to design the track in a non-closed form, i.e. a single run from the origin to the final destination.
Example one
On the basis of the above-mentioned micro-rail track system structure, as shown in fig. 4, the supporting device 1 includes: a support column 101 and a cantilever beam 102; one end of the support upright 101 is fixed on a bearing structure 103; the other end of the support upright 101 is fixed to a cantilever beam 102, and the cantilever beam 102 is used for hoisting the track structure 2.
In the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 5 and fig. 6, the track structure 2 can be hung on the cantilever beam 102 in various ways according to the arrangement of the track structure 2 in the target area: the first mode is that the other end of the supporting upright 101 is fixed on one side of the cantilever beam 102, and the other side of the cantilever beam 102 is used for hoisting the track structure 2; the second mode is that the other end of the support upright 101 is fixed at the center of the cantilever beam 102, and two sides of the cantilever beam 102 are respectively used for hoisting the track structure 2; the third mode is that two ends of the cantilever beam 102 are respectively fixed on two supporting upright posts 101, at least one track structure 2 is arranged on the cantilever beam 102, and if the number of the cantilever beam 102 is multiple, a safety space is reserved between every two track structures 2; in a fourth mode, the cantilever beam 102 is designed to be a square structure, the middle position of one side of the square structure is fixed at the other end of the support upright 101, and at least one track structure 2 is arranged on the side of the square structure, opposite to the side where the cantilever beam 102 is fixed to the support upright 101. Through the combined use of the two modes, the number of the supporting devices 1 can be reduced according to the actual ground use space condition of the target area, the whole track structure 2 is more intensively and compactly arranged, and the use space of the target area is saved to the greatest extent.
In the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 7 and 8, a plurality of layers of track structures 2 are arranged on the support upright 101, and each layer of track structure 2 is hoisted by a cantilever beam 102; the distance between each two layers of track structure 2 on the same side is at least capable of accommodating the overall structure of the vehicle 6. Through setting up multilayer track structure 2, can guarantee not to increase the area's of circuit basis on, effectively increase the 6 operation quantity of vehicle on the circuit to improve operation efficiency, reduce area. In addition, the design can save the floor area of the bypass track structure 2 for the offline station 401, and realize that the operation of the trunk line of the vehicle 6 can be realized in the same small-range section, and passengers can conveniently take a bus when changing stations. In addition, the platform structure 4 can be directly omitted through the design, the escalator 414 and the guardrail are arranged at the position corresponding to the stop of the vehicle 6, passengers can reach the waiting area of the corresponding layer through the escalator 414, after the vehicle 6 stops stably, the guardrail is opened, and after the passengers enter the vehicle 6, the doors and the guardrail are closed, so that the purposes of stopping flexibly and carrying the passengers with small amount are achieved, and the problem that the passenger flow of the main platform 401 is crowded is solved.
In the first embodiment, in order to reinforce the support of the cantilever beam 102 by the support column 101, a reinforcing rib 217 is provided on one side where the rail structure 2 is provided, and one side of the reinforcing rib 217 is welded and fixed to the support column 101, and the other side thereof is welded and fixed to the cantilever beam 102.
In the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 9 and 10, a fixing plate 104 is disposed on the cantilever beam 102, an edge of the fixing plate 104 is welded and fixed to the cantilever beam 102, and a plate body of the fixing plate 104 is fixed to the rail structure 2 by a fixing member; the fixing plate 104 is fixed to the cantilever beam 102 and the track structure 2 by welding, bolting, and the like. Further, in order to enhance the rigidity of the fixing plate 104 and the cantilever beam 102, a plurality of reinforcing ribs 217 are provided on the fixing plate 104, and one side of the reinforcing rib 217 is fixed to the fixing plate 104 and the other side thereof is fixed to the cantilever beam 102.
In the first embodiment, in order to reduce the weight of the overall structure of the supporting device 1, the supporting upright 101 and the cantilever beam 102 are both hollow box-type structures, and both the supporting upright 101 and the cantilever beam 102 are made of steel profiles or other materials meeting the rigidity requirement.
In the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 11, a part of the load-bearing structure 103 is pre-buried below the ground to be combined with the ground to form a load-bearing part; another part of the load bearing structure 103 is exposed to the ground and is fixed to one end of the support upright 101 by a reinforcing structure 109, forming a support part for the cantilever beam 102 and the track structure 2. In this example, the load bearing structure 103 includes: a base platform 105 and a base post 106; the base platform 105 is pre-buried under the ground, and one end of the base column 106 is fixed on the upper surface of the base platform 105, and the other end is exposed out of the ground.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 11, the base station 105 includes: a base 107 and a sloping base 108 provided on the base 107, and one end of the base column 106 is fixed to the upper surface of the base 105. Preferably, the base 107, the sloping platform 108 and the base column 106 are of an integral structure, and can be poured by reinforced concrete or coated with an oxidation-resistant material on the outer surface by adopting an integral metal material. In this example, considering that the two hoisting modes of the track structure 2 on the cantilever beam 102 are different, the two hoisting modes have different stress modes on the support upright 101 and the base structure, so that the bearing important structure base 105 is further optimized; the following two cases are specifically classified: in the first case, the track structure 2 is suspended on one side of the cantilever beam 102, and at this time, the stress of the track structure 2 on one side of the base 105 through the supporting upright 101 and the base 106 is large, so as to overcome the problem of large stress on one side, as shown in fig. 12, the ramp 108 is designed such that the section of the plumb in the direction of the track structure 2 is not isosceles trapezoid, and the section of the plumb in the direction of the vehicle 6 is isosceles trapezoid, so that the long side of the ramp 108 in the direction of the track structure 2 is correspondingly disposed on the side of the track structure 2; according to the analysis of mechanics of materials, the base 105 is stressed uniformly along the driving direction of the vehicle 6, and the stress on the base 105 from the side of the track structure 2 through the supporting upright 101 and the base 106 can be overcome through the structure of the non-isosceles frustum 108, so as to prevent the track structure 2 from damaging the bearing structure 103. In the second case, the rail structure 2 suspends and records both sides of the cantilever beam 102, and at this time, the stress of the rail structure 2 to the base 105 through the support columns 101 and the foundation columns 106 is a positive stress, and the stress is concentrated on the front surface of the base 105, and therefore, as shown in fig. 13, both the plumb section of the ramp 108 in the direction in which the rail structure 2 is disposed and the plumb section in the direction in which the vehicle 6 travels are designed to be isosceles trapezoids, so that the base 105 is uniformly stressed in the direction in which the vehicle 6 travels, and the resultant stress force of the rail structures 2 on both sides of the cantilever beam 102 to the base 105 is directed to the front surface of the base 105, and the rail structure 2 does not cause damage to the load-bearing structure 103 due to a unilateral.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 14, the reinforcing structure 109 includes: a backing plate 110 and a plurality of reinforcing ribs 217; the backing plate 110 is fixed on the foundation of the exposed ground part through fixing bolts, preferably, the backing plate 110 is fixed on the bearing structure 103 of the exposed ground part through bolt holes arranged around the backing plate 110 by using a plurality of fixing bolts; the reinforcing ribs 217 are uniformly distributed around the supporting upright 101, one side of each reinforcing rib 217 is welded and fixed with the supporting upright 101, and the other side of each reinforcing rib 217 is welded and fixed with the base plate 110.
In the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 15, a lighting device 111 is further disposed on the supporting upright 101 of the supporting device 1, and the lighting device 111 includes: LED lamps 112 and lighting power distribution devices 113; the LED lamp 112 is arranged at a position which does not affect the running of the vehicle 6, and meanwhile, the light is not shielded when the vehicle 6 runs. The lighting distribution unit 113 is disposed in a distribution box fixed to the support column 101. All distribution devices that set up in the block terminal all can get the electricity from the supply cable that the below ground arranged, also can unify and be other consumer distribution by a total distribution device in the block terminal. An overhaul ladder 114 is further arranged on the supporting upright post 101, so that workers can overhaul and maintain the micro-rail track system conveniently.
Example two
On the basis of the above-described micro-track rail system structure, as shown in fig. 16, the rail structure 2 includes: a plurality of box-type rails 201 having an opening, which are hung on the cantilever beam 102 in the supporting device 1; the box-type track 201 is used for bearing a running mechanism 7 of a vehicle 6, and a hanging device 8 between the vehicle 6 and the running mechanism 7 penetrates through the opening and can move back and forth in the opening. The running mechanism 7 is a mechanism that provides motive power such as driving force, steering force, and braking force to the vehicle 6.
In the second embodiment, the opening of the box body can be arranged at the bottom of the box body, at one side of the box body or at two sides of the box body. When the opening is arranged at the bottom of the box body, the running mechanism 7 suspends the vehicle 6 through the hanging device 8, and the running mechanism 7 pulls the vehicle 6 while moving in the box-type track 201 and drives the vehicle 6 to move on the track. When the opening is arranged on one side of the box body, the walking mechanism 7 suspends the vehicle 6 through the hanging device 8 extending out of the opening on the side face of the box body while moving in the box-type track 201, and drives the vehicle 6 to move on the track; the rail form with the side openings can be further extended to various application scenes, for example, rail spaces and openings are formed in walls of buildings, sightseeing mountains, dam wall walls and the like, the strength of the rails is further reinforced by reinforcing methods such as reinforced concrete and the like, the walking mechanism 7 is placed in the rail spaces, the hanging devices 8 connected with the walking mechanism 7 extend out of the rail spaces from the openings and hang the vehicles 6, and the hanging devices 8 are used for driving the vehicles 6 to move while the walking mechanism 7 moves in the box-shaped rails 201. When the opening sets up in both sides, can set up the support frame fixed with track top and bottom in the middle of the box this moment for support the track top, set up respectively in two spaces of the box inside separated by the support frame and walk the mechanism 7, every walks to walk the mechanism 7 and all fixes with vehicle 6 through cable suspension 8, walks to hang vehicle 6 when mechanism 7 moves in box track 201, and drives vehicle 6 and move on the track. The bottom opening of the box track is preferably adopted in the scheme.
In the second embodiment, as shown in fig. 17, a plurality of reinforcing frames 205 are provided outside each box-type track 201, and the plurality of reinforcing frames 205 are sleeved outside the box-type track 201 at equal intervals; the reinforcing frame 205 is fixed outside the rail by welding; preferably, a reinforcing frame 205 is arranged outside the box-type track 201 every 0.8 to 1.2 meters.
In the second embodiment, the end of each box-type rail 201 is provided with a connecting frame 206, and when the two rails are butted, the butted position of the ends of the two box-type rails 201 is fixed by using a fastener to pass through a screw hole preset on the connecting frame 206.
EXAMPLE III
On the basis of the structure of the micro-rail system, in the practical application process, the rail is slightly deformed due to expansion and contraction caused by heat during use of some rail sections, so as to be shown in fig. 18, a gap 204 is arranged at the joint of two rails of the special rail section, and the gap 204 is used for overcoming the problem of the micro-deformation during use of the rail. Meanwhile, in order to ensure that the two rails with the gap 204 can be stably connected, a connecting structure 202 needs to be sleeved outside the two box-type rails 201 to stably support and fix the two rails; meanwhile, in order to ensure that the hanging device 8 between the vehicle 6 and the traveling mechanism 7 can pass through smoothly, the engaging structure 202 is provided with an opening matched with the opening on the box-shaped rail 201, and the hanging device 8 simultaneously penetrates through the openings on the box-shaped rail 201 and the engaging structure 202, so that the hanging device 8 can move in the openings of the rail and the engaging structure 202 smoothly. Preferably, the width of the gap 204 is 20 mm to 40 mm. In addition, one part of the engagement structure 202 is sleeved outside the former box-type track 201, the other part of the engagement structure 202 is sleeved outside the latter box-type track 201, and preferably, the parts of the engagement structure 202 sleeved on the two tracks are equal in length. In this example, when two box rails 201 are connected using the joining structure 202, the end of the box rails 201 where they are connected is no longer provided with the connection frame 206.
In the third embodiment, because the gap 204 is provided, when the running gear 7 passes through the gap 204, bumping occurs, therefore, as shown in fig. 19, a transition plate 207 and a transition space for accommodating the transition plate 207 are provided at the bottom of the butt joint of the ends of each two box-type rails 201 connected by the junction box 203, and the running gear 7 passes through the transition plate 207 for buffer transition, so as to prevent bumping of the running gear 7; preferably, a transition plate 207 is respectively arranged at two sides of an opening at the butt joint of the two box-type rails 201. The transition plate 207 is a triangular profile, a square profile, an oval profile and the like, preferably, the transition plate 207 is an isosceles triangular profile, the long side of the isosceles triangular profile is flush with the edge of the opening of the rail, and the surface of the transition plate 207, which is in contact with the running mechanism 7, is parallel to the surface of the bottom of the rail, which is in contact with the running mechanism 7.
In the third embodiment, on the basis of the existence of the gap 204, the transition space is an area between edges reserved at the bottom butt joint of the two box-type rails 201 and matched with the shape of the outer edge of the transition plate 207, namely, the transition space is an area between wedge-shaped edges reserved at the bottom butt joint of the two box-type rails 201 and same with the inclination of the short sides of the isosceles triangle-shaped profiles, and the gap 218 between the transition plate 207 and the wedge-shaped edges is 5 mm to 10 mm. In order to fix the transition plate 207 conveniently, a plurality of fixing holes are formed in the transition plate 207, and the transition plate 207 is matched with the fixing holes to fix the connection box 203 in a welding fixing or bolt fixing mode.
In the third embodiment, as shown in fig. 20, the engaging structure 202 is a box-shaped structure with two open ends, and the bottom of the box-shaped structure is provided with an opening matching with the opening on the box-shaped rail 201, that is, the engaging structure 202 is an engaging box 203 with two open ends and an open bottom. The total length of the splicing box 203 is 1.2 meters to 1.5 meters; the thickness of the splice box 203 is 10 mm to 15 mm. In order to ensure the rigidity of the track at the joint box 203, a plurality of reinforcing frames 205 are also arranged outside the joint box 203, and the reinforcing frames 205 are sleeved outside the joint box 203 at equal intervals; the reinforcing frame 205 is fixed outside the connecting box 203 by welding; preferably, a reinforcing frame 205 is arranged outside the splicing box 203 every 0.2 to 0.3 meters. The track structure 2 is fixed to the fixing plate 104 of the support device 1 by means of a reinforcing frame 205 provided on the coupling box 203.
Example four
On the basis of the above-mentioned micro-rail track system structure, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the micro-rail track system includes: straight line segment 213, curved line segment 214, and sloping road segment 215; the straight line segment 213 comprises the track structure 2 described in the second and third embodiments; both the curved section 214 and the ramp section 215 contain the track structure 2 according to the second embodiment.
In the fourth embodiment, as shown in fig. 21, in order to ensure the safety of the vehicle 6 and the passability of the running gear 7 during turning, the bending angle of the curved section 214 needs to be further determined according to the turning radius of the running gear 7, that is, the bending angle of the curved section 214 matches the turning radius of the running gear 7.
In the fourth embodiment, as shown in fig. 22, the slope section 215 includes, in addition to the basic structure described in the second embodiment, an anti-skid structure 216 disposed on the inner surface of the bottom of the track, where the anti-skid structure 216 is anti-skid rubber or anti-skid plates with anti-skid edges; further, in order to ensure the safety of the vehicle 6 and the passability of the running mechanism 7 during the turning process, the bending angle of the slope section 215 in the vertical direction needs to be determined according to the climbing power and the climbing radius of the running mechanism 7, that is, the bending angle of the slope section 215 in the plumb direction needs to be matched with the climbing power and the climbing radius of the running mechanism 7. By the cooperation of the straight line section 213, the curved line section 214 and the sloping road section 215, turning, ascending and descending and common traveling of a single route can be realized.
EXAMPLE five
On the basis of the above-described structure of the micro-track rail system, as shown in fig. 23 and 24, the micro-track rail system includes: the switch structure 3 is used for cooperating with a running mechanism 7 of a vehicle 6 to change a running route. The switch structure 3 includes: the turnout comprises a turnout upper plate 301, a first turnout side plate 302, a turnout lower plate 303 and a second turnout side plate 304; the turnout upper plate 301, the first turnout side plate 302, the turnout lower plate 303 and the second turnout side plate 304 are sequentially and fixedly enclosed to form a steering space with a merging end and a separating end, and the running route of the vehicle 6 running mechanism 7 can be changed in the steering space. As shown in fig. 25, the lower surface of the switch upper plate 301 is provided with a first guide plate 305 and a second guide plate 306, the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 are fixedly connected at the merging end, the bending direction of the second guide plate 306 is towards the first guide plate 305, that is, the second guide plate 306 guides the vehicle 6 at the separating end in a direction away from the first guide plate 305, and the included angle formed between the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 is 10 ° to 15 °. As shown in fig. 26, in order to match the movement of the hanger 8 between the vehicle 6 and the running gear 7, the switch lower plate 303 is provided with a first guide opening and a second guide opening, respectively, which meet at the merging end and separate at the separating end corresponding to the positions of the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306, respectively. Because the turnout lower plate 303 is provided with the first guide port and the second guide port, and the first guide port and the second guide port are intersected at the merging end and separated at the separating end, the turnout lower plate 303 is divided into three parts, the first part is connected with the first turnout side plate 302, the second part is suspended, and the third part is connected with the second turnout side plate 304, so that the problem that the second part is suspended without support occurs. In this example, the separation end of the switch structure 3 is further provided with a separation frame 310, the separation frame 310 is respectively fixed with the switch upper plate 301 and the switch lower plate 303 of the suspended part, so that the support of the suspended part of the switch lower plate 303 can be solved, and two separation tracks can be formed with the first switch side plate 302 and the second switch side plate 304 respectively to assist the guide plate and the guide port to guide the vehicle 6 and change the driving route in the turning space. Namely, one side of the separation frame 310, the turnout upper plate 301, the first turnout side plate 302, the first guide port and the turnout lower plate 303 enclose a first separation track; the other side of the separation frame 310, the switch upper plate 301, the second switch side plate 304, the second guide port and the switch lower plate 303 enclose a second separation track. As shown in fig. 25, preferably, the separation frame 310 is a plate-type profile; the plate-type section bar is bent into a hollow triangular structure to form the separation frame 310.
After the running mechanism 7 enters from the merging end or the separating end of the turnout structure 3, in the process of guiding the vehicle 6 by matching a guide wheel and a guide plate arranged on the running mechanism 7, because the middle of the turnout structure 3 is provided with a vacant area, a section of one-side suspension state of the running mechanism 7 can appear in the guide space of the turnout structure 3, at the moment, the guide wheel leans against the guide plate to serve as a guide support of the running mechanism 7, and the running mechanism 7 is stably transited from the one-side suspension state to the rail support state; if the walking mechanism 7 enters from the merging end, the track part for recovering the double-side track supporting state is provided by the first part of the turnout lower plate 303 and the suspension part of the turnout lower plate 303 or the third part of the turnout lower plate 303 and the suspension part of the turnout lower plate 303; if the running gear 7 enters from the disconnected end, the track section to restore the double-sided rail-supported state is provided by the first section of the switch lower plate 303 and the third section of the switch lower plate 303. The specific guiding manner is as follows:
in the process of passing through the turnout and turning, the current position of a first steering wheel arranged on the walking mechanism 7 needs to be jumped to the arrangement direction of the second guide plate 306 in a track before reaching the turnout structure 3 (namely, if the current position of the first steering wheel is not in the arrangement direction of the second guide plate 306, the first steering wheel needs to be jumped from the current position to the arrangement direction of the second guide plate 306, and if the current position of the first steering wheel is already in the arrangement direction of the second guide plate 306, the first steering wheel does not need to be jumped); when the running mechanism 7 enters the turnout mechanism, the first steering wheel leans against the second guide plate 306 and drives the vehicle 6 to change the advancing direction according to the guiding direction of the second guide plate 306, when the running mechanism 7 runs to the separation end of the turnout structure 3, the vehicle 6 completes track conversion, then enters a new route track connected with the separation end, and continues to run according to the converted new route track.
During the process of passing through the turnout but not turning the vehicle 6, the current position of the first steering wheel arranged on the running mechanism 7 needs to be jumped to the arrangement direction of the first guide plate 305 in the track before reaching the turnout structure 3 (namely, if the current position of the first steering wheel is not in the arrangement direction of the first guide plate 305, the first steering wheel needs to be jumped from the current position to the arrangement direction of the first guide plate 305; when the running mechanism 7 enters the turnout mechanism, the first steering wheel leans against the first guide plate 305 and drives the vehicle 6 to keep the original running direction according to the guide direction of the first guide plate 305, when the running mechanism 7 runs to the separation end of the turnout structure 3, the vehicle 6 passes through the turnout structure 3 without changing the running direction, then enters the track in the original running direction connected with the separation end, and continues to run according to the original running route.
In the fifth embodiment, as shown in fig. 23, in order to cooperate with the guiding operation of the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 in the switch structure 3, a third guide plate 311 is further provided on the lower surface of the switch lower plate 303 of the switch structure 3, and preferably, the third guide plate 311 is fixed on the lower surface of the switch lower plate 303 on the side close to the first switch side plate 302 and the side close to the second switch side plate 304, respectively.
In the process of passing through the turnout and turning, a second steering wheel arranged on the walking mechanism 7 needs to jump the current position to the setting direction of the second guide plate 306 synchronously with the first steering wheel in the track before reaching the turnout structure 3 (namely, if the current position of the second steering wheel is not in the setting direction of the second guide plate 306, the second steering wheel needs to jump from the current position to the setting direction of the second guide plate 306, and if the current position of the second steering wheel is already in the setting direction of the second guide plate 306, the second steering wheel does not need to jump); when the running mechanism 7 enters the turnout mechanism, the second steering wheel leans against the third guide plate 311 close to one side of the second turnout side plate 304, the first steering wheel drives the vehicle 6 to change the advancing direction according to the guiding direction of the second guide plate 306, meanwhile, the second steering wheel has the function of auxiliary steering to assist the first steering wheel in steering transition of the vehicle 6, when the running mechanism 7 runs to the separation end of the turnout structure 3, the vehicle 6 completes track conversion, then enters a new route track connected with the separation end, and continues running according to the converted new route track.
During the process of passing through the turnout but not turning the vehicle 6, the second steering wheel arranged on the walking mechanism 7 needs to jump the current position to the setting direction of the first guide plate 305 in the track before reaching the turnout structure 3 in synchronization with the first steering wheel (i.e. if the current position of the second steering wheel is not in the setting direction of the first guide plate 305, the second steering wheel needs to jump from the current position to the setting direction of the first guide plate 305; when the running mechanism 7 enters the turnout mechanism, the second steering wheel leans against the third guide plate 311 close to one side of the first turnout side plate 302, the first steering wheel drives the vehicle 6 to keep the original running direction according to the guide direction of the first guide plate 305, meanwhile, the second steering wheel plays a role of auxiliary steering to assist the first steering wheel in supporting and transiting the vehicle 6 when the vehicle 6 passes through the turnout, when the running mechanism 7 runs to the separation end of the turnout structure 3, the vehicle 6 passes through the turnout structure 3 without changing the running direction, then enters the track connected with the separation end and in the original running direction, and continues running according to the original running route.
In the fifth embodiment, as shown in fig. 23 and fig. 27, when the running gear 7 passes through the switch structure 3, a distance is a one-side suspended state, and at this time, the running gear 7 needs to support the running gear 7 on the suspended side to smoothly pass through a suspended area with a length of 1 meter to 1.2 meters by means of the supporting force of the first steering wheel against the first guide plate 305 or the second guide plate 306 and the supporting force of the second steering wheel against the third guide plate 311. In order to ensure that the steering wheel can firmly lean against the guide plate when suspended through the suspension area, the height of the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 is designed to be 20 mm to 30 mm, and the height of the third guide plate 311 is designed to be 50 mm to 70 mm; wherein the height of the third guide plate 311 includes the height of a guide portion and the height of a portion for fixing the branch outer reinforcing frame 205, and the ratio of the height of the guide portion to the height of the fixing portion of the third guide plate 311 is 1: 1.
In the fifth embodiment, when the running gear 7 is returned from the one-side suspended state to the rail-supported state, it is necessary to return the running gear 7 to the double-side rail-supported state by means of the decoupling bracket 310 and the lower switch plate 303 of the suspended portion fixed to the lower end thereof, and at this time, the running gear 7 is slightly inclined due to the one-side support, and when the running gear 7 contacts the decoupling bracket 310, the front end of the lower switch plate 303 of the suspended portion connected to the decoupling bracket 310 may block the wheel set in the running gear 7, and although the blocking is small, a certain bump may be generated in the running gear 7 operating at a medium or low speed and the wheel set on the running gear 7 may be worn, so that, as shown in fig. 28 and 29, in order to cooperate with the running gear 7 to return from the one-side suspended state to the rail-supported state, in this embodiment, the front end position of the lower switch plate 303 of the suspended portion connected to the decoupling bracket 310 is adjusted downward by a distance, namely, the front end of the turnout lower plate 303 of the suspension part connected with the separation frame 310 is bent downwards by 1 mm to 2 mm, so that wheels in the suspension position in the slightly inclined walking mechanism 7 smoothly contact with the front end of the turnout lower plate 303 of the suspension part connected with the separation frame 310, the walking mechanism 7 is restored to the double-side rail support state from the single-side suspension state for linking transition, and the walking mechanism 7 is prevented from bumping and wearing wheel pairs in the walking mechanism 7.
In the fifth embodiment, as shown in fig. 30, in order to prevent the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 from blocking the operation of the first guide wheel or scratching the first guide wheel at the joint of the merging ends, a connecting structure 307 is added at the joint of the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 to overcome the problem of blocking the operation of the first guide wheel or scratching the first guide wheel; preferably, the connecting structure 307 is a circular arc-shaped plate, and the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 are respectively fixed to two linear edges of the circular arc-shaped plate, or the connecting structure 307 is a cylinder, and the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 are fixed in a tangential connection with the cylinder, and preferably, the connecting structure 307 is a hollow cylinder. Because buffer structure 308 designs for the arc structure, can avoid the running that the edges and corners connection caused to the leading wheel to shelter from and draw the damage problem.
In the fifth embodiment, as shown in fig. 30, in order to better transition the first steering wheel from the idle position to the first guide plate 305 or the second guide plate 306, a first buffer structure 308 and a second buffer structure 308 are respectively arranged between the connecting structure 307 and the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306; one end of the first buffer structure 308 is welded and fixed with the first guide plate 305, and the other end thereof is welded and fixed with the connecting structure 307; one end of the second buffer structure 308 is welded to the second guide plate 306, and the other end thereof is welded to the connecting structure 307. In this example, the buffer structure 308 may be a buffer plate 309 with a planar structure; the buffer plate 309 is not on the same plane as the guide plate, and the buffer plate 309 is deviated to the converging direction of the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306; preferably, the deviation angle of the buffer plate 309 is 3 ° to 5 °, and after the first steering wheel contacts the buffer plate 309, the first steering wheel gradually transits to the first guide plate 305 or the second guide plate 306, so as to avoid direct impact of the first steering wheel on the guide plate and damage to the guide plate. The buffer structure 308 can also be designed as a buffer plate 309 with a curved structure, and the curved direction of the curved plate body deviates from the converging direction of the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306; preferably, the curved plate has a bending radius of 1 to 1.1 m.
In the fifth embodiment, the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 may also be fixedly connected to the lower surface of the switch upper plate 301 at the merging end of the switch structure 3 directly through the buffering structure 308. At this time, the buffer structure 308 may be a planar plate or a curved plate, and the plate is bent and shaped to form a U-shaped structure; the U-shaped structure is directly welded at a preset position on the lower surface of the turnout upper plate 301, one end of the U-shaped structure is connected with one end of the first guide plate 305, and the other end of the U-shaped structure is connected with one end of the second guide plate 306. By such a design, the use of the connecting structure 307 may be eliminated, saving manufacturing materials and processing costs. By means of the U-shaped structure, the problem that the first guide wheel is blocked in operation or damaged can be solved, and the first steering wheel can be smoothly transited to the first guide plate 305 or the second guide plate 306 from the idle position.
In the fifth embodiment, as shown in fig. 23, in order to secure the strength of the switch structure 3, a plurality of reinforcing frames 205 are provided outside the switch structure 3 to secure the strength of the entire switch structure 3. In this example, the reinforcing frame 205 may be fixed to the exterior of the switch structure 3 by welding. Furthermore, the fixing position of the reinforcing frame 205 is arbitrarily adjusted according to the actual strength requirement of each part of the turnout structure 3. In order to ensure the strength of the guide plate, a plurality of reinforcing ribs 217 are added between the first guide plate 305 and the second guide plate 306 to ensure the strength of the guide plate and further improve the supporting capability of the steering wheel. In order to ensure the strength of the turnout lower plate 303 of the suspended part, a plurality of reinforcing ribs 217 which are staggered transversely and vertically are added on the lower surface of the turnout lower plate 303 of the suspended part, so that the turnout lower plate 303 of the suspended part can have enough strength to bear the running mechanism 7 in operation. In order to facilitate the connection of the turnout structure 3 with other track structures 2, a connecting frame 206 is arranged at the connecting end of the turnout structure 3 with other tracks, and the turnout structure 3 is fixed with other track structures 2 by penetrating through a through hole preset on the connecting frame 206 by using a bolt.
EXAMPLE six
In addition to the above-described micro-track rail system structure, as shown in fig. 16 and 31, a power feeding module 208 is provided on the inner wall of the box-shaped rail 201, and the power feeding module 208 is combined with a power receiving device on the running mechanism 7 to feed power to the vehicle 6 and the running mechanism 7. If the box-shaped track 201 is a lower opening, the power supply module 208 is arranged on the inner surface of the side wall of the box-shaped track 201; if the box-shaped track 201 is open at both sides, the power supply module 208 is disposed on the support frame in the middle of the box-shaped track 201.
In the sixth embodiment, the power supply module 208 is a trolley line 209, the trolley line 209 is fixed on the box-shaped rail 201 by a fixing device 210 along the traveling direction of the vehicle 6, and the height of the trolley line 209 in the box-shaped rail 201 is matched with the height of the power receiving device on the running mechanism 7. The fixing device 210 includes: a plurality of support bases 211 for fixing the trolley wire 209; the supporting seat 211 passes through the supporting seat 211 and a through hole pre-arranged on the side wall of the box-type track 201 or the supporting frame by using a fixing bolt, and the supporting seat 211 is fixed on the side wall of the box-type track 201 or the supporting frame by using a nut. To prevent the fastener from loosening, a lock washer may be added between the bolt and the side wall of the box track 201 or the support bracket. The plurality of supporting seats 211 are arranged on the side wall or the supporting frame of the box-shaped rail 201 at equal intervals. The fixing device 210 further includes: an end cap 212 for covering the bolt and nut exposed to the outside. In this example, since the trolley wire 209 introduces 220V ac, the supporting seat 211 is made of an insulating material, so as to prevent the trolley wire 209 from forming electrical conduction with the rail, which may cause a safety hazard.
EXAMPLE seven
As shown in fig. 32, on the basis of the structure of the micro-rail track system, the micro-rail track system further includes: a platform structure 4 for providing a centralized waiting and riding place for passengers. The platform structure 4 is arranged below the track structure 2 in the micro-track system, preferably, the operation line can be divided into a main operation line and a bypass operation line, the platform 401 can be arranged below the main operation line and can also be arranged below the bypass operation line, and the platform structure 4 is arranged below the bypass track in the micro-track system, so that the normal operation of a main operation main track is not influenced.
In the seventh embodiment, the track structure 2 of the main operation line or the bypass operation line may drop the track structure 2 at the high altitude position to the low altitude position through the slope section 215, and the platform 401 is disposed below the track structure 2 at the low altitude position, at this time, the platform 401 may be designed as the low altitude platform 401, and may also be designed as the ground platform 401, so as to adapt to the actual environment of the target area more flexibly.
In the seventh embodiment, the platform structure 4 includes: a platform 401, platform uprights 402 and support beams 403 for parking of vehicles 6 and waiting of passengers, which are arranged below the suspended track structure 2; the platform column 402 is fixed on the platform 401, and the support beam 403 is welded to the platform column 402. The track structure 2 passing through the upper part of the platform 401 is hoisted and fixed on the platform 401 through a plurality of platform columns 402 and supporting beams 403; the vehicle 6 is suspended between the track structure 2 and the platform 401 by means of running gears 7 arranged in the track structure 2 and suspension means 8 for connecting the vehicle 6 and the running gears 7. The platform structure 4 is provided with at least one of three structures, namely an overhaul room, a control room 404 and an overhaul warehouse 406.
In the seventh embodiment, the platform 401 is configured in the semi-overhead elevated platform 401 by a supporting frame, in this example, the height of the elevated platform 401 can be changed according to the configuration height of the track structure 2. At this time, a control room 404 and/or a conference room 405 may be disposed below the elevated platform 401; the foundation and support structure of control room 404 and/or conference room 405 are both platform foundation and support structure of platform structure 4; the wall structure of the control room 404 and/or conference room 405 is fixed to the support structure. As shown in fig. 33, the control room 404 and/or the conference room 405 are disposed below the platform 401, the surrounding walls of the control room 404 and/or the conference room 405 are fixed by the support structure of the platform 401, and the foundation of the control room 404 and/or the conference room 405 is directly the foundation of the platform structure 4, so that the used space below the high altitude platform 401 is fully utilized, and the construction land is reduced. The overhaul room can adjust the position on the platform structure 4 according to the occupied space and the use condition of the platform 401, so that the use space is saved during setting, and the maintenance is convenient.
In the seventh embodiment, as shown in fig. 34, the platform structure 4 and the maintenance warehouse 406 are integrated, the warehouse 408 of the maintenance warehouse 406 and the external frame of the platform structure 4 are integrated into one, so that the construction cost is greatly saved, the maintenance warehouse 406 is provided with the maintenance platform 407, the elevated platform 401 and the supporting device 1 are respectively arranged at two sides of the maintenance platform 407, one of the bypass lines branched from the main running line is introduced into the warehouse 408, and the tail end of the track structure 2 of the bypass line is connected with the maintenance platform 407, so that the vehicles 6 can be conveniently stored and maintained; to further facilitate servicing, service escalators 414 and service warehouses 406 are provided to the sides and below the elevated platform 401, respectively.
In the seventh embodiment, the platform structure 4 includes: platform top 409, turntable outer guard rail 413, waiting guard rail 410 and automatic ticketing equipment 412. The platform roof 409 is secured above the bypass track by a plurality of platform uprights 402. The outer guard rail 413 of the turntable is arranged around the platform 401 to prevent outside personnel from entering at will. Waiting guardrail 410 is last to be equipped with stopper sliding door 411 to set up on the platform 401 of bypass track both sides, prevent that waiting personnel from mistake income vehicle 6 and berth the district, cause unnecessary personnel's injury. The automatic ticketing apparatus 412 is provided at an entrance of the platform structure 4. If the form of the high-altitude platform 401 is adopted, an elevator or escalator 414 can be further arranged to facilitate passengers to arrive at the platform 401.
In the seventh embodiment, the platform structure 4 includes: a flap provided at the edge of the platform 401 in the traveling direction of the vehicle 6. Preferably, a flap is provided at the edge of the platform 401 on both the exit and exit sides of the vehicle 6. The baffle can be opened and closed in a vertical direction overturning mode, a horizontal direction overturning mode, a vertical direction translation mode or a horizontal direction translation mode. For example, the flap is hinged to the edge of the platform 401 and is secured to the platform 401 by a plurality of flip links; the overturning connecting rod realizes the overturning of the baffle plate through an overturning motor and a gear set. In a conventional state, the baffles on the platform 401 are all in a state perpendicular to the upper surface of the platform 401, when the vehicle 6 is about to enter, the turnover connecting rod on the entering side of the vehicle 6 drives the baffles to move through the driving of the turnover motor and the gear set and reaches a position horizontal to the upper surface of the platform 401, so that the vehicle 6 can smoothly enter the platform 401, and after the vehicle 6 smoothly enters the platform 401, the turnover connecting rod drives the baffles to return to the initial position through the driving of the turnover motor and the gear set again. When the vehicle 6 is about to exit the platform 401, the turning connecting rod on the exit side of the vehicle 6 is driven by the turning motor and the gear set to drive the baffle plate to move and reach a position horizontal to the upper surface of the platform 401, so that the vehicle 6 can smoothly exit the platform 401, and after the vehicle 6 smoothly exits the platform 401, the turning connecting rod drives the baffle plate to return to the initial position by the driving of the turning motor and the gear set again. For example, the hinged connection of the flap to the guard rail 413 of the platform 401 enables the flap to be tilted horizontally by the drive. For example, the flap is provided in the form of a sliding plug door, fixed at the edge of the platform 401.
Example eight
As shown in fig. 35, on the basis of the above-mentioned micro-rail track system structure, the micro-rail track system further includes: a rescue structure 5 for rescuing passengers from high altitude when a projecting condition occurs during the operation of the vehicle 6. The rescue structure 5 comprises: rescue platform 501 and evacuation channel 502. The rescue platform 501 is arranged below the vehicle 6, and does not affect the normal operation of the vehicle 6; one end of the evacuation channel 502 is fixed on the rescue platform 501 through the fixing device 210, and the other end is fixed on the ground. In this example, the rescue structure 5 may be arranged in a full-operation line, or may be set in a block, and may be flexibly adjusted according to a setting area of the micro-rail track system.
In the eighth embodiment, the rescue platform 501 can be directly fixed at a predetermined position of the support pillar 101, so that passengers can conveniently step on the rescue platform 501 when walking out of the vehicle. The rescue platform 501 can also be arranged on the supporting upright 101 through a lifting device and a turning device; when the vehicle 6 normally operates, the rescue platform 501 is in a retracted state, the rescue platform 501 is arranged in parallel with the support upright 101, when an emergency occurs, the rescue platform 501 is unfolded by using the turnover device to form a state perpendicular to the support upright 101, and the rescue platform 501 is lifted to a proper height by using the lifting device to rescue passengers.
In an eighth embodiment, the flipping mechanism comprises: the turning mechanism comprises a turning motor and a hydraulic connecting rod, wherein the turning motor is arranged in a supporting upright post 101 and is powered by an equipment box on the supporting upright post 101; the turning motor drives the hydraulic connecting rod to extend and retract the rescue platform 501; one end of the hydraulic connecting rod is fixed on the lifting device, and the other end of the hydraulic connecting rod is used for fixing the rescue platform 501; in this example, in order to ensure the stability of the rescue platform 501, the rescue platform 501 may be fixedly supported by a plurality of hydraulic links.
In an eighth embodiment, the lifting device comprises: a lifting motor, a rack plate and a gear plate; the lifting motor is arranged in the supporting upright post 101 and is powered by an equipment box on the supporting upright post 101; the rack plate is arranged in the supporting upright post 101 along the plumb direction, and the lifting motor drives the gear plate to move on the rack plate, so that the lifting of the rescue platform 501 is realized. One end of the hydraulic connecting rod is fixed on the gear plate, and the other end of the hydraulic connecting rod is used for fixing the rescue platform 501.
In the eighth embodiment, the evacuation channel 502 may be a hollow cylindrical structure, and passengers can enter the cylindrical structure and slide to reach the ground; the evacuation path 502 can also be an escalator 414, and passengers can directly walk to the ground through the escalator 414. In the process of arranging the evacuation passageway 502, the evacuation passageway 502 is ensured to have no influence on the normal operation of the vehicle 6; for example, when the rescue structure 5 is arranged on the whole line of the micro-rail track system, the evacuation channels 502 may be arranged on both sides of the track structure 2; for example, when the rescue structure 5 is provided in some sections of the micro-rail track system, the evacuation channels 502 may be provided on both sides of the track structure 2 or on both ends of the rescue platform 501. In this example, the evacuation passageway 502 may be further configured to be a retractable structure to adapt to the rescue position of the rescue platform 501 after lifting.
In the eighth embodiment, in order to further ensure the safety of passengers, an anti-skid structure 216 may be disposed on the surface of the rescue platform 501; the anti-slip structure 216 may be a prism structure, or may be a rubber material. Furthermore, guardrails can be arranged on two sides of the rescue platform 501, so that the danger that passengers fall off at high altitude is avoided; the setting position of the guard rail does not affect the setting position of the evacuation passageway 502.
It should be noted that, although not all the embodiments are described in a permutation and combination manner in the description process of the above specific embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that all the embodiments can be freely combined and collocated, and are not limited to the technical solutions and scenarios shown in each embodiment.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made in the present application without departing from the spirit and scope of the application. Thus, if such modifications and variations of the present application fall within the scope of the claims of the present application and their equivalents, the present application is intended to include such modifications and variations as well.

Claims (21)

1. A micro-rail turnout structure, characterized in that said micro-rail turnout structure (3) comprises: a turning space with a merging end and a separating end is sequentially and fixedly enclosed by a turnout upper plate (301), a first turnout side plate (302), a turnout lower plate (303) and a second turnout side plate (304);
a first guide plate (305) and a second guide plate (306) are arranged on the lower surface of the turnout upper plate (301), and the first guide plate (305) and the second guide plate (306) are converged at the merging end and separated at the separating end;
the turnout lower plate (303) is provided with a first guide port and a second guide port, the first guide port and the second guide port are intersected at the merging end and are separated at the separating end corresponding to the positions of the first guide plate (305) and the second guide plate (306) respectively;
the first guide port and the second guide port of the turnout lower plate (303) divide the turnout lower plate (303) into three parts; the first part is connected with a first turnout side plate (302), the second part is connected with a turnout upper plate through a separation frame (310), and the third part is connected with a second turnout side plate (304); the separation frame (310) is arranged at the separation end of the turnout structure 3, and the separation frame (310) is respectively fixed with the turnout upper plate (301) and the turnout lower plate (303) of the suspension part;
the front end of the turnout lower plate (303) of the second part connected with the separation frame (310) in the turnout lower plate (303) is bent downwards for a certain distance;
the lower surface of the turnout lower plate (303) is provided with a third guide plate (311);
a plurality of reinforcing frames (205) are arranged outside the micro-rail turnout structure (3);
the outer side of the third guide plate (311) is fixed with a frame edge of the reinforced frame (205) positioned on the lower plate of the turnout;
adding a connecting structure (307) at the joint of the first guide plate (305) and the second guide plate (306), wherein the connecting structure (307) is a cylinder;
-providing a first cushioning structure (308) and a second cushioning structure (308) between the connecting structure (307) and the first guide plate (305) and the second guide plate (306), respectively; one end of the first buffer structure (308) is fixed with the first guide plate (305), and the other end of the first buffer structure is fixed with the connecting structure (307); one end of the second buffer structure (308) is fixed with the second guide plate (306), and the other end of the second buffer structure is fixed with the connecting structure (307);
the buffer structure (308) is a buffer plate (309) with a plane structure, or the buffer structure (308) is a buffer plate (309) with an arc structure.
2. The micro-rail turnout structure according to claim 1, wherein the front end of the turnout lower plate (303) of the second part connected with the separation frame (310) is bent and moved downwards by a distance of 1 mm to 2 mm.
3. The micro-rail turnout structure according to claim 1, wherein the lower surface of the connection part of the turnout lower plate (303) and the separation frame (310) is provided with a plurality of reinforcing ribs (217) which are staggered transversely and vertically.
4. The micro-rail turnout structure according to claim 1, wherein said separation frame (310) is a hollow triangular structure made by bending a planar profile.
5. The micro rail switch structure according to claim 1, wherein the third guide plates (311) are respectively provided on the switch lower plate (303) on the side of the first switch side plate (302) and the switch lower plate (303) on the side of the second switch side plate (304).
6. The micro rail turnout structure according to claim 5, wherein the height of said third guide plate (311) comprises: a height for guiding the portion and a height for fixing the portion of the outer reinforcement frame (205) of the turnout;
the height ratio of the height of the guide portion to the height of the fixing portion of the third guide plate (311) is 1: 1.
7. The micro-track turnout structure according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of reinforcing ribs are provided between the first guide plate (305) and the second guide plate (306).
8. The micro-rail turnout structure according to claim 1, wherein said first guide plate (305) is of a planar structure and said second guide plate (306) is of a curved structure;
the second guide plate (306) is curved in a direction towards the first guide plate (305), and the second guide plate (306) guides the vehicle (6) at the separating end in a direction away from the first guide plate (305).
9. A micro-rail track system, comprising a micro-rail turnout structure (3) according to any one of claims 1 to 8;
every two micro-rail turnout structures (3) are connected through a box-type rail (201) with an opening at the lower end, and a main running line and a bypass line are formed between the two micro-rail turnout structures (3);
a platform is arranged below the box-type track (201) of the bypass line; the box-type track (201) of the bypass line is fixed with the platform (401) through a platform upright post (402) fixed on the platform (401) and a support beam (403) fixed on the platform upright post (402);
the vehicle (6) is separated from the main operation line through the previous micro-track switch structure (3) and enters the platform structure (4), and then is converged into the main operation line through the next micro-track switch structure (3).
10. The track system according to claim 9, wherein the platform (401) is constructed as a mid-air elevated platform by means of a supporting frame.
11. The track system according to claim 9 or 10, wherein the platform (401) is constructed as a mid-air elevated platform by means of a supporting frame.
12. The track system according to claim 9, wherein the platform (401) is disposed within a service bay (406);
an overhaul platform (407) is arranged in the overhaul warehouse (406), and the overhaul platform (407) is arranged on at least one side of the box-shaped track (201);
the vehicle (6) is separated from the main operation line through the previous micro-rail switch structure (3) and enters the maintenance warehouse (406), and then is converged into the main operation line through the next micro-rail switch structure (3).
13. The rail system according to claim 9, wherein the platform structure (4) further comprises: a platform roof (409), the platform roof (409) being fixed below the track structure (2) by a plurality of platform uprights (402).
14. The rail system according to claim 9, wherein the platform structure (4) further comprises: the waiting guardrails (410), wherein the waiting guardrails (410) are arranged on the platforms (401) at two sides of the track structure (2);
and a sliding plug door (411) is arranged on the waiting guardrail (410).
15. The rail system according to claim 9, wherein the platform structure (4) further comprises: an automatic ticketing device (412), the automatic ticketing device (412) being arranged at an entrance of the platform structure (4).
16. The track system of claim 9, wherein the platform structure further comprises: and an outer platform guardrail (413) arranged around the periphery of the platform structure.
17. The track system of claim 9, wherein the platform structure further comprises: an escalator (414) or elevator connected to the high-altitude platform.
18. The rail system according to claim 9, wherein the platform (401) is provided with a trough penetrating the platform and a guide beam arranged inside the trough in the traveling direction of the vehicle (6);
the guide beam and a guide structure on the vehicle (6) provide the vehicle with the station-entering guide.
19. The rail system according to claim 18, characterized by a stop arranged at the platform edge in the direction of travel of the vehicle (6).
20. The track system of claim 19, wherein the shutters open and close by way of a vertical flip, a horizontal flip, a vertical translation, or a horizontal translation.
21. The rail system according to claim 19, characterized in that a stop is provided at the platform edge on both the outgoing and outgoing side of the vehicle (6).
CN201710863583.4A 2017-09-22 2017-09-22 Micro-rail turnout structure and micro-rail system Active CN109532859B (en)

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