CN109484076A - It is a kind of can directly moulding paper sludge and preparation method thereof and the preparation method of paper tire lacquerware - Google Patents

It is a kind of can directly moulding paper sludge and preparation method thereof and the preparation method of paper tire lacquerware Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109484076A
CN109484076A CN201811234773.0A CN201811234773A CN109484076A CN 109484076 A CN109484076 A CN 109484076A CN 201811234773 A CN201811234773 A CN 201811234773A CN 109484076 A CN109484076 A CN 109484076A
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paper
parts
moulding
carcass
lacquer
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CN201811234773.0A
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陈东杰
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陈东杰
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C3/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing ornamental structures
    • B44C3/04Modelling plastic materials, e.g. clay
    • B44C3/046Modelling plastic materials, e.g. clay using a modelling surface, e.g. plate
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C3/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing ornamental structures
    • B44C3/12Uniting ornamental elements to structures, e.g. mosaic plates
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H11/00Pulp or paper, comprising cellulose or lignocellulose fibres of natural origin only
    • D21H11/14Secondary fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H17/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its constitution; Paper-impregnating material characterised by its constitution
    • D21H17/20Macromolecular organic compounds
    • D21H17/33Synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D21H17/34Synthetic macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D21H17/37Polymers of unsaturated acids or derivatives thereof, e.g. polyacrylates
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H17/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its constitution; Paper-impregnating material characterised by its constitution
    • D21H17/63Inorganic compounds
    • D21H17/67Water-insoluble compounds, e.g. fillers, pigments
    • D21H17/675Oxides, hydroxides or carbonates

Abstract

The present invention provide one kind can direct moulding paper sludge and preparation method thereof, and can the direct moulding paper sludge method that manufactures direct moulding paper tire lacquerware, processing release paper tire lacquerware, the direct moulding paper tire lacquerware of composite material, overmolded paper tire lacquerware using this.The beneficial effects of the present invention are: paper sludge formula is unique, non- simple paper pulp nor paper clay have many advantages, such as that plasticity is good, molding is convenient, tough and tensile intensity is big, water-fast and various material is combined, suitable for coating with lacquer paint solve the disadvantage that paper sculpture can only be done after existing paper clay drying, cannot coat with lacquer paint;It can need not be opened direct moulding and expand the convenient and freedom degree of creation means without water suction, traditional paper technique can be made, the type with not going out made by paper pulp die sinking pressing process has the originality of means;It can also be used for being opened, but also greatly improve convenience and degrees of freedom on concrete technology, do not have to compacting, do not have to water suction, can easily make composite material works;The complicated technology of his alternative other quality carcasses.

Description

It is a kind of can directly moulding paper sludge and preparation method thereof and the preparation method of paper tire lacquerware
Technical field
It, can directly moulding paper sludge and preparation method thereof and paper tire lacquerware more particularly, to one kind the invention belongs to technology field Preparation method.
Background technique
The Xia dynasty of the Qi Yi before more than 4,000 years has found its trace used, and the Warring States Period is then more flourishing, and in the Chinese In generation, lacquerware is increasingly universal as household utensils, and the lacquerware after the Tang Dynasty is even more to move towards flourishing.As the lacquerware of Qi Yi main body, It is both practical vessel and decorative article, graceful unique, the colors changing hue multiplicity of moulding, decorative pattern are eloquent, constitute the Chinese people One of special artistic view in race's history.Existing all lacquerware technologies remove Foochow bodiless lacquer, Yangjiang paper tire lacquerware is Using skill and technique of making base as characteristic outside, Beijing carved lacquerware, the precious embedding, Pingyao in Yangzhou hundred push away light, Guangdong is swooned gold etc., thus Japan transplant draw, South Korea The technique that the techniques such as mother-of-pearl inlay coat with lacquer paint decoration both for implements surface.And Foochow bodiless lacquer, the technique hand of Yangjiang paper tire lacquerware Section is all to keep carcass molding in such a way that cloth or paper layer layer paper.But at present in tradition lacquerware production process, since bottom embryo is made Type is limited, and many bodiless lacquer skills man is caused arbitrary can not to be created.
Paper pulp pressing process is not rarely seen in each field application, is widely used in the fields such as environmentally friendly disposable lunch box, also has It is manufactured applied to craftwork, but existing paper sludge occurs needing to be opened during manufacturing paper tire and is easy craze and transfiguration, intensity not Enough, the problems such as direct moulding is difficult, is difficult to promote and apply in craftwork manufacturing field.
Summary of the invention
That the problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of tough and tensile plasticity is good, intensity is high, molding is convenient, it is water-fast, with it is a variety of Material is combined, suitable for coat with lacquer paint can direct moulding paper sludge, and using this directly moulding paper sludge can manufacture direct moulding paper tire The manufacturing method of lacquerware, processing release paper tire lacquerware, the direct moulding paper tire lacquerware of composite material, overmolded paper tire lacquerware.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that: one kind can directly moulding paper sludge, raw material press There is following components to be made according to parts by weight: 80-120 parts of paper, 45-85 parts of white glue with vinyl, 8-13 parts of titanium dioxide, lithopone 8-13 Part, 17-23 parts of allyl resin, 8-13 parts of mineral toner, 1-4 parts of silane coupling agent, 3-6 parts of dispersing agent, 1-3 parts of preservative, water 130-200 parts.
In technical solution, it is preferred that 100 parts of paper, 60 parts of white glue with vinyl, 10 parts of titanium dioxide, 10 parts of lithopone, allyl resin 20 parts, 10 parts of mineral toner, 3 parts of silane coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersing agent, 2 parts of preservative, 150 parts of water.
In technical solution, it is preferred that the dispersing agent is sodium phosphate, algae acyl acid sodium, lauryl sodium sulfate, dodecyl One or more mixtures of benzene sulfonic acid sodium salt, oxidic polyethylene or emulsification methyl-silicone oil.
It is a kind of can direct moulding paper sludge preparation method, comprising the following steps:
1) 80-120 parts of paper are manually torn up to obtain shredded paper tablet, washs sediment decontamination;
2) 130-200 parts of clear water of shredded paper tablet are impregnated 0.5-2 minutes;
3) extruding rubbing is carried out to shredded paper tablet with hand rubbing way using beater or directly, obtains long fibered pulp, Draining, as basic paper sludge;
4) white glue with vinyl 45-85 parts of the addition in the basic paper sludge, 8-13 parts of titanium dioxide, 8-13 parts of lithopone, propylene tree 17-23 parts of rouge, 8-13 parts of mineral toner, 1-4 parts of silane coupling agent, 3-6 parts of dispersing agent, 1-3 parts of preservative, cream is sufficiently stirred into Shape, it is as described can direct moulding paper sludge.
In technical solution, it is preferred that basic paper sludge moisture content is 10-15% in step 3).
A kind of preparation method of direct moulding paper tire lacquerware, comprising the following steps:
1) directly the direct moulding of moulding paper sludge it can become basic carcass after paper sludge is dry using above-mentioned;
2) method that direct moulding, heap modeling and part are joined together is carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding tire Body;
3) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
4) natural lacquer adds 8-12% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
5) natural lacquer adds 4-6% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) it paints on carcass surface, it is dry after the completion of drawing, become paper tire lacquerware finished product.
A kind of preparation method of processing release paper tire lacquerware, comprising the following steps:
1) select or make basic type;
2) being directly accompanied by basic type surface above-mentioned directly moulding paper sludge can become basic carcass after paper sludge is dry;
3) method that direct moulding, heap modeling and part are joined together is carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding tire Body;
4) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
5) natural lacquer adds 8-12% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds 4-6% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) it is mixed and made into binder with 100 parts of 60 parts of flour paste finishing natural lacquer, using binder by gauze or burlap Type surface is sticked at the shape, is polished after to be dried;
8) the intracorporal basic type of moulding tire is taken out, completes tread flaking step;Paper tire surface after tread flaking carries out tradition Lacquerware technology drawing, drawing is dry after the completion, becomes paper tire lacquerware finished product.
A kind of preparation method of the direct moulding paper tire lacquerware of composite material, comprising the following steps:
1) basic type is selected;
2) being directly accompanied by basic type surface above-mentioned directly moulding paper sludge can become basic carcass after paper sludge is dry;
3) direct moulding or the method joined together of heap modeling part are carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding tire Body;
4) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
5) natural lacquer adds 8-12% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds 4-6% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
8) it paints on moulding carcass surface, it is dry after the completion of drawing, it can be obtained paper tire lacquerware finished product.
A kind of preparation method of overmolded paper tire lacquerware, comprising the following steps:
1) prepare carcass mold and textured mold, it is described in carcass mold and the uniform brushing interleaving agent of textured mold inner wall Interleaving agent is made of beeswax and paraffin 1:1 ratio;
2) it can directly moulding paper sludge be pressed above-mentioned in carcass mold, dry paper sludge, become basic carcass;
3) it can directly moulding paper sludge be pressed above-mentioned in textured mold, dry paper sludge, be made and turn over decorative pattern processed;
4) be removed from the molds made of basis carcass and step 3) made of step 2) and turn over decorative pattern processed, will turn over decorative pattern processed with Basic carcass combines, dry, becomes moulding carcass;
5) the uniform brushing setting agent in moulding carcass surface made of step 4), it is dry;
6) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
7) natural lacquer adds 8-12% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
8) natural lacquer adds 4-6% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
9) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
10) it paints on moulding carcass surface, it is dry after the completion of drawing, it can be obtained paper tire lacquerware finished product.
In technical solution, it is preferred that the setting agent is white glue with vinyl, lithopone, titanium dioxide, natural lacquer, paints in ash One or more of mixtures.
The advantages and positive effects of the present invention are:
1. disclosed in the present application directly moulding paper sludge can be formulated unique, non-simple paper pulp nor paper clay, with bonding Property it is good, plasticity is good, molding is convenient, tough and tensile intensity is big, it is water-fast, with various material be combined, suitable for coating with lacquer paint the advantages that, solve Paper sculpture can only be done after existing paper clay is dry, cannot be coated with lacquer the shortcomings that paint, and more previous rate of drying is fast, is formed after solid hard Tough, flexible, water-fast paper tire basic material;
2. the paper sludge in the present invention has good " mud " property, and non-pulp, convenient for directly moulding type, smallclothes works can be with It need not be opened direct moulding, change the cumbersome of the repeated multiple times upper mud of traditional handicraft without water suction without complicated process flow, Closer to the direct sculpting method of art, the limitation of creation means has been liberated, has expanded the convenient and freedom degree of creation means, The type not gone out made by traditional paper technique and paper pulp die sinking pressing process can be made, there is the originality of means;
3. the paper sludge can be used for being opened, convenience and degrees of freedom are greatly improved on concrete technology, do not have to compacting, no With water suction, composite material works can be easily made;
4. the alternative other quality carcasses of the paper sludge carry out complicated technology, such as woodcarving carving etc..
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
One kind directly moulding paper sludge, raw material can have following components to be made according to parts by weight: 100 parts of paper, white glue with vinyl 60 parts, 10 parts of titanium dioxide, 10 parts of lithopone, 20 parts of allyl resin, 10 parts of mineral toner, 3 parts of silane coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersing agent, 2 parts of preservative, 150 parts of water.
White glue with vinyl is binder, and allyl resin is curing agent, and lithopone is filler, and mineral toner is colorant, dispersion Lauryl sodium sulfate is selected in agent, and preservative selects sodium benzoate.
It is a kind of can direct moulding paper sludge preparation method, comprising the following steps:
1) 100 parts of paper are manually torn up to obtain shredded paper tablet, the size that paper is torn up is 5-10mm2, wash sediment and go Impurity;
2) 150 parts of clear water of shredded paper tablet are impregnated 1 minute;
3) extruding rubbing is carried out to shredded paper tablet using beater, beater revolving speed is 100r/min, obtains long fibered paper Slurry, being drained away the water using gauze to basic paper sludge moisture content is 10%, as basic paper sludge;
4) 60 parts of white glue with vinyl of the addition in the basic paper sludge, 10 parts of titanium dioxide, 10 parts of lithopone, 20 parts of allyl resin, 10 parts of mineral toner, 3 parts of silane coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersing agent, 2 parts of preservative, paste is sufficiently stirred into, it is as described can be direct Moulding paper sludge.
Paper sludge molding after, may be selected naturally dry (summer 15 days, 30 days winters), with warm wind drying (after dry tack free, Place 24 hours), because of season and areal variation, practical operation, carcass of being subject to is sufficiently solid.
A kind of preparation method of direct moulding paper tire lacquerware, comprising the following steps:
1) directly the direct moulding of moulding paper sludge it can become basic carcass after paper sludge is dry using above-mentioned;
2) method that direct moulding, heap modeling and part are joined together is carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding tire Body;
3) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
4) natural lacquer adds 8% turpentine oil to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
5) natural lacquer adds 4% turpentine oil to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) it is drawn on moulding carcass surface using traditional lacquerware technology according to author designed theory, such as colored drawing, picks rhinoceros skin Red, mother-of-pearl inlay etc., is dried after the completion, can be obtained paper tire lacquerware finished product.
Paper sludge in the present invention, there is good " mud " property, and non-pulp, and institute is in order to directly moulding type, smallclothes works The limit of creation means can have been liberated closer to the direct sculpting method of art without complicated process flow with straight forming System, provides more freedom for artist, is the considerable advantage of this material.
Embodiment 2
One kind directly moulding paper sludge, raw material can have following components to be made according to parts by weight: 100 parts of paper, white glue with vinyl 60 parts, 10 parts of titanium dioxide, 10 parts of lithopone, 20 parts of allyl resin, 10 parts of mineral toner, 3 parts of silane coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersing agent, 2 parts of preservative, 150 parts of water.
White glue with vinyl is binder, and allyl resin is curing agent, and lithopone is filler, and mineral toner is colorant, dispersion Lauryl sodium sulfate is selected in agent, and preservative selects sodium benzoate.
It is a kind of can direct moulding paper sludge preparation method, comprising the following steps:
1) 100 parts of paper are manually torn up to obtain shredded paper tablet, the size that paper is torn up is 5-10mm2, wash sediment and go Impurity;
2) 150 parts of clear water of shredded paper tablet are impregnated 1 minute;
3) extruding rubbing is carried out to shredded paper tablet using beater, beater revolving speed is 100r/min, obtains long fibered paper Slurry, being drained away the water using gauze to basic paper sludge moisture content is 10%, as basic paper sludge;
4) 60 parts of white glue with vinyl of the addition in the basic paper sludge, 10 parts of titanium dioxide, 10 parts of lithopone, 20 parts of allyl resin, 10 parts of mineral toner, 3 parts of silane coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersing agent, 2 parts of preservative, paste is sufficiently stirred into, it is as described can be direct Moulding paper sludge.
Paper sludge molding after, may be selected naturally dry (summer 15 days, 30 days winters), with warm wind drying (after dry tack free, Place 24 hours), because of season and areal variation, practical operation, carcass of being subject to is sufficiently solid.
A kind of preparation method of direct moulding paper tire lacquerware, comprising the following steps:
1) directly the direct moulding of moulding paper sludge it can become basic carcass after paper sludge is dry using above-mentioned;
2) method that direct moulding, heap modeling and part are joined together is carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding tire Body;
3) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
4) natural lacquer adds 12% turpentine oil to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
5) natural lacquer adds 6% turpentine oil to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) it is drawn on moulding carcass surface using traditional lacquerware technology according to author designed theory, such as colored drawing, picks rhinoceros skin Red, mother-of-pearl inlay etc., is dried after the completion, can be obtained paper tire lacquerware finished product.
Paper sludge in the present invention, there is good " mud " property, and non-pulp, and institute is in order to directly moulding type, smallclothes works The limit of creation means can have been liberated closer to the direct sculpting method of art without complicated process flow with straight forming System, provides more freedom for artist, is the considerable advantage of this material.
Embodiment 3
One kind directly moulding paper sludge, raw material can have following components to be made according to parts by weight: 80 parts of paper, white glue with vinyl 45 Part, 8 parts of titanium dioxide, 8 parts of lithopone, 17 parts of allyl resin, 8 parts of mineral toner, 1-4 parts of silane coupling agent, 3 parts of dispersing agent, prevent 1 part of rotten agent, 130 parts of water.
Dispersing agent selects neopelex, and preservative selects potassium sorbate.
It is a kind of can direct moulding paper sludge preparation method, comprising the following steps:
1) 80 parts of paper are manually torn up to obtain shredded paper tablet, the size that paper is torn up is 10-15mm2, wash sediment and go Impurity;
2) 130 parts of clear water of shredded paper tablet are impregnated 0.5 minute;
3) extruding rubbing is carried out to shredded paper tablet with hand rubbing way, obtains long fibered pulp, drained away the water using gauze It is 20-25% to basic paper sludge moisture content, as basic paper sludge;
4) 45 parts of white glue with vinyl of the addition in the basic paper sludge, 8 parts of titanium dioxide, 8 parts of lithopone, 17 parts of allyl resin, mine 8 parts of powder are looked for, 1-4 parts of silane coupling agent, 3 parts of dispersing agent, 1 part of preservative, paste is sufficiently stirred into, it is as described directly to mould Shape paper sludge.
A kind of preparation method of processing release paper tire lacquerware, comprising the following steps:
1) basic type is selected or makes, the objects such as porcelain, wood, glass may be selected in basic type, it is also possible to mud, benzene plate, wax etc. It is made according to actual requirement;
2) it is directly enclosed on basic type surface and states and directly moulding paper sludge can become basic carcass after paper sludge is dry;
3) method that direct moulding, heap modeling and part are joined together is carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding tire Body;
4) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
5) natural lacquer adds 8% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds 4% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) it is mixed and made into binder with 100 parts of 60 parts of flour paste finishing natural lacquer, using binder by gauze or burlap Type surface is sticked at the shape, is polished after to be dried;
8) the intracorporal basic type of moulding tire is taken out, completes tread flaking step;According to author designed theory after tread flaking Paper tire surface carries out traditional lacquerware technology drawing, such as colored drawing, rhinoceros skin, carved lacquerware, mother-of-pearl inlay, and drawing is dry after the completion, becomes paper Tire lacquerware finished product.
Embodiment 4
One kind directly moulding paper sludge, raw material can have following components to be made according to parts by weight: 80 parts of paper, white glue with vinyl 45 Part, 8 parts of titanium dioxide, 8 parts of lithopone, 17 parts of allyl resin, 8 parts of mineral toner, 1-4 parts of silane coupling agent, 3 parts of dispersing agent, prevent 1 part of rotten agent, 130 parts of water.
Dispersing agent selects neopelex, and preservative selects potassium sorbate.
It is a kind of can direct moulding paper sludge preparation method, comprising the following steps:
1) 80 parts of paper are manually torn up to obtain shredded paper tablet, the size that paper is torn up is 10-15mm2, wash sediment and go Impurity;
2) 130 parts of clear water of shredded paper tablet are impregnated 0.5 minute;
3) extruding rubbing is carried out to shredded paper tablet with hand rubbing way, obtains long fibered pulp, drained away the water using gauze It is 20-25% to basic paper sludge moisture content, as basic paper sludge;
4) 45 parts of white glue with vinyl of the addition in the basic paper sludge, 8 parts of titanium dioxide, 8 parts of lithopone, 17 parts of allyl resin, mine 8 parts of powder are looked for, 1-4 parts of silane coupling agent, 3 parts of dispersing agent, 1 part of preservative, paste is sufficiently stirred into, it is as described directly to mould Shape paper sludge.
A kind of preparation method of processing release paper tire lacquerware, comprising the following steps:
1) basic type is selected or makes, the objects such as porcelain, wood, glass may be selected in basic type, it is also possible to mud, benzene plate, wax etc. It is made according to actual requirement;
2) it is directly enclosed on basic type surface and states and directly moulding paper sludge can become basic carcass after paper sludge is dry;
3) method that direct moulding, heap modeling and part are joined together is carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding tire Body;
4) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
5) natural lacquer adds 12% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds 6% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) it is mixed and made into binder with 100 parts of 60 parts of flour paste finishing natural lacquer, using binder by gauze or burlap Type surface is sticked at the shape, is polished after to be dried;
8) the intracorporal basic type of moulding tire is taken out, completes tread flaking step;According to author designed theory after tread flaking Paper tire surface carries out traditional lacquerware technology drawing, such as colored drawing, rhinoceros skin, carved lacquerware, mother-of-pearl inlay, and drawing is dry after the completion, becomes paper Tire lacquerware finished product.
Embodiment 5
One kind can direct moulding paper sludge, which is characterized in that its raw material has following components to be made according to parts by weight: paper 120 parts, 85 parts of white glue with vinyl, 13 parts of titanium dioxide, 13 parts of lithopone, 23 parts of allyl resin, 13 parts of mineral toner, silane coupling agent 4 Part, 6 parts of dispersing agent, 3 parts of preservative, 200 parts of water, paper selects non-art paper class.
Dispersing agent selects oxidic polyethylene, and preservative selects dodecyl benzyl dimethyl ammonium chloride.
It is a kind of can direct moulding paper sludge preparation method, comprising the following steps:
1) 120 parts of paper are manually torn up to obtain shredded paper tablet, the size that paper is torn up is 5-12mm2, wash sediment and go Impurity;
2) 200 parts of clear water of shredded paper tablet are impregnated 2 minutes;
3) extruding rubbing is carried out to shredded paper tablet using beater, beater revolving speed is 200r/min, obtains long fibered paper Slurry, draining to basic paper sludge moisture content are 20-25%, as basic paper sludge;
4) 85 parts of white glue with vinyl of the addition in the basic paper sludge, 13 parts of titanium dioxide, 13 parts of lithopone, 23 parts of allyl resin, 13 parts of mineral toner, 4 parts of silane coupling agent, 6 parts of dispersing agent, 3 parts of preservative, paste is sufficiently stirred into, it is as described can be direct Moulding paper sludge.
A kind of preparation method of the direct moulding paper tire lacquerware of composite material, comprising the following steps:
1) basic type is selected, the quality of basic type can be but not limited to bamboo and wood tire, cardboard tire, cloth, ceramics, glass Glass, metal, plastics, leather, cucurbit (natural tire);
2) being directly accompanied by basic type surface above-mentioned directly moulding paper sludge can become basic carcass after paper sludge is dry;
3) direct moulding or the method joined together of heap modeling part are carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding tire Body;
4) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
5) natural lacquer adds 12% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds 6% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
8) it is drawn on moulding carcass surface using traditional lacquerware technology according to author designed theory, such as colored drawing, picks rhinoceros skin Red, mother-of-pearl inlay etc., is dried after the completion, can be obtained paper tire lacquerware finished product.
Smallclothes works can simplify complicated tire making process in the direct kneading model decorative pattern of basic type surface paper sludge, expand wound Except the degrees of freedom of work, the fault in material of single material carcass, the powerful composite material of forming properties can also be effectively made up Carcass;Big part works are according to design master drawing, and according to the size and thickness of decorative pattern, the method for using " heap modeling " (moulds one li every time The height of rice or so, increases on it after to be dried) and the method for " part is joined together " (one large-scale works are decomposed into difference Part, make respectively, then with white glue with vinyl by each position bonding join together be integral), final implements form and dimension may not be used It is restricted.
Embodiment 6
One kind can direct moulding paper sludge, which is characterized in that its raw material has following components to be made according to parts by weight: paper 120 parts, 85 parts of white glue with vinyl, 13 parts of titanium dioxide, 13 parts of lithopone, 23 parts of allyl resin, 13 parts of mineral toner, silane coupling agent 4 Part, 6 parts of dispersing agent, 3 parts of preservative, 200 parts of water, paper selects non-art paper class.
Dispersing agent selects oxidic polyethylene, and preservative selects dodecyl benzyl dimethyl ammonium chloride.
It is a kind of can direct moulding paper sludge preparation method, comprising the following steps:
1) 120 parts of paper are manually torn up to obtain shredded paper tablet, the size that paper is torn up is 5-12mm2, wash sediment and go Impurity;
2) 200 parts of clear water of shredded paper tablet are impregnated 2 minutes;
3) extruding rubbing is carried out to shredded paper tablet using beater, beater revolving speed is 200r/min, obtains long fibered paper Slurry, draining to basic paper sludge moisture content are 20-25%, as basic paper sludge;
4) 85 parts of white glue with vinyl of the addition in the basic paper sludge, 13 parts of titanium dioxide, 13 parts of lithopone, 23 parts of allyl resin, 13 parts of mineral toner, 4 parts of silane coupling agent, 6 parts of dispersing agent, 3 parts of preservative, paste is sufficiently stirred into, it is as described can be direct Moulding paper sludge.
A kind of preparation method of the direct moulding paper tire lacquerware of composite material, comprising the following steps:
1) basic type is selected, the quality of basic type can be but not limited to bamboo and wood tire, cardboard tire, cloth, ceramics, glass Glass, metal, plastics, leather, cucurbit (natural tire);
2) being directly accompanied by basic type surface above-mentioned directly moulding paper sludge can become basic carcass after paper sludge is dry;
3) direct moulding or the method joined together of heap modeling part are carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding tire Body;
4) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
5) natural lacquer adds 8% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds 4% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
8) it is drawn on moulding carcass surface using traditional lacquerware technology according to author designed theory, such as colored drawing, picks rhinoceros skin Red, mother-of-pearl inlay etc., is dried after the completion, can be obtained paper tire lacquerware finished product.
Smallclothes works can simplify complicated tire making process in the direct kneading model decorative pattern of basic type surface paper sludge, expand wound Except the degrees of freedom of work, the fault in material of single material carcass, the powerful composite material of forming properties can also be effectively made up Carcass;Big part works are according to design master drawing, and according to the size and thickness of decorative pattern, the method for using " heap modeling " (moulds one li every time The height of rice or so, increases on it after to be dried) and the method for " part is joined together " (one large-scale works are decomposed into difference Part, make respectively, then with white glue with vinyl by each position bonding join together be integral), final implements form and dimension may not be used It is restricted.
Embodiment 7
One kind directly moulding paper sludge, raw material can have following components to be made according to parts by weight: 90 parts of paper, white glue with vinyl 65 Part, 11 parts of titanium dioxide, 9 parts of lithopone, 19 parts of allyl resin, 12 parts of mineral toner, 2 parts of silane coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersing agent, prevent 3 parts of rotten agent, 170 parts of water, paper selects non-art paper class.
Dispersing agent selects algae acyl acid sodium, and preservative selects potassium sorbate.
It is a kind of can direct moulding paper sludge preparation method, comprising the following steps:
1) 90 parts of paper are manually torn up to obtain shredded paper tablet, the size that paper is torn up is 10-15mm2, wash sediment and go Impurity;
2) 170 parts of clear water of shredded paper tablet are impregnated 1.5 minutes;
3) extruding rubbing is carried out to shredded paper tablet with hand rubbing way, obtains long fibered pulp, draining to basic paper sludge contains Water rate is 20-25%, as basic paper sludge;
4) 65 parts of white glue with vinyl of the addition in the basic paper sludge, 11 parts of titanium dioxide, 9 parts of lithopone, 19 parts of allyl resin, mine 12 parts of powder are looked for, 2 parts of silane coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersing agent, 3 parts of preservative, paste is sufficiently stirred into, it is as described directly to mould Shape paper sludge.
A kind of preparation method of overmolded paper tire lacquerware, comprising the following steps:
1) prepare carcass mold and textured mold, it is described in carcass mold and the uniform brushing interleaving agent of textured mold inner wall Interleaving agent is made of beeswax and paraffin 1:1 ratio;
2) it can directly moulding paper sludge be pressed above-mentioned in carcass mold, dry paper sludge, become basic carcass;
3) it can directly moulding paper sludge be pressed above-mentioned in textured mold, dry paper sludge, be made and turn over decorative pattern processed;
4) be removed from the molds made of basis carcass and step 3) made of step 2) and turn over decorative pattern processed, will turn over decorative pattern processed with Basic carcass combines, dry, becomes moulding carcass;
5) the uniform brushing setting agent in moulding carcass surface made of step 4), it is dry;
6) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
7) natural lacquer adds 12% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
8) natural lacquer adds 6% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
9) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
10) drawn on moulding carcass surface using traditional lacquerware technology according to author designed theory, as colored drawing, rhinoceros skin, Carved lacquerware, mother-of-pearl inlay etc., are dried after the completion, can be obtained paper tire lacquerware finished product.
The quality of basic type can be but not limited to bamboo and wood tire, cardboard tire, cloth, ceramics, glass, metal, plastics, skin Leather, cucurbit (natural tire), the direct kneading model decorative pattern of paper sludge on basic type surface can simplify complicated tire making process, expand wound Except the degrees of freedom of work, the fault in material of single material carcass, the powerful composite material of forming properties can also be effectively made up Carcass.
Embodiment 8
One kind directly moulding paper sludge, raw material can have following components to be made according to parts by weight: 90 parts of paper, white glue with vinyl 65 Part, 11 parts of titanium dioxide, 9 parts of lithopone, 19 parts of allyl resin, 12 parts of mineral toner, 2 parts of silane coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersing agent, prevent 3 parts of rotten agent, 170 parts of water, paper selects non-art paper class.
Dispersing agent selects algae acyl acid sodium, and preservative selects potassium sorbate.
It is a kind of can direct moulding paper sludge preparation method, comprising the following steps:
1) 90 parts of paper are manually torn up to obtain shredded paper tablet, the size that paper is torn up is 10-15mm2, wash sediment and go Impurity;
2) 170 parts of clear water of shredded paper tablet are impregnated 1.5 minutes;
3) extruding rubbing is carried out to shredded paper tablet with hand rubbing way, obtains long fibered pulp, draining to basic paper sludge contains Water rate is 20-25%, as basic paper sludge;
4) 65 parts of white glue with vinyl of the addition in the basic paper sludge, 11 parts of titanium dioxide, 9 parts of lithopone, 19 parts of allyl resin, mine 12 parts of powder are looked for, 2 parts of silane coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersing agent, 3 parts of preservative, paste is sufficiently stirred into, it is as described directly to mould Shape paper sludge.
A kind of preparation method of overmolded paper tire lacquerware, comprising the following steps:
1) prepare carcass mold and textured mold, it is described in carcass mold and the uniform brushing interleaving agent of textured mold inner wall Interleaving agent is made of beeswax and paraffin 1:1 ratio;
2) it can directly moulding paper sludge be pressed above-mentioned in carcass mold, dry paper sludge, become basic carcass;
3) it can directly moulding paper sludge be pressed above-mentioned in textured mold, dry paper sludge, be made and turn over decorative pattern processed;
4) be removed from the molds made of basis carcass and step 3) made of step 2) and turn over decorative pattern processed, will turn over decorative pattern processed with Basic carcass combines, dry, becomes moulding carcass;
5) the uniform brushing setting agent in moulding carcass surface made of step 4), it is dry;
6) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
7) natural lacquer adds 8% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
8) natural lacquer adds 4% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
9) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
10) drawn on moulding carcass surface using traditional lacquerware technology according to author designed theory, as colored drawing, rhinoceros skin, Carved lacquerware, mother-of-pearl inlay etc., are dried after the completion, can be obtained paper tire lacquerware finished product.
The quality of basic type can be but not limited to bamboo and wood tire, cardboard tire, cloth, ceramics, glass, metal, plastics, skin Leather, cucurbit (natural tire), the direct kneading model decorative pattern of paper sludge on basic type surface can simplify complicated tire making process, expand wound Except the degrees of freedom of work, the fault in material of single material carcass, the powerful composite material of forming properties can also be effectively made up Carcass.
Several embodiments of the invention are described in detail above, but the content is only preferable implementation of the invention Example, should not be considered as limiting the scope of the invention.It is all according to all the changes and improvements made by the present patent application range Deng should still be within the scope of the patent of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. one kind can direct moulding paper sludge, which is characterized in that its raw material has following components to be made according to parts by weight: paper 80- 120 parts, 45-85 parts of white glue with vinyl, 8-13 parts of titanium dioxide, 8-13 parts of lithopone, 17-23 parts of allyl resin, 8-13 parts of mineral toner, 1-4 parts of silane coupling agent, 3-6 parts of dispersing agent, 1-3 parts of preservative, 130-200 parts of water.
2. according to claim 1 can direct moulding paper sludge, it is characterised in that: 100 parts of paper, 60 parts of white glue with vinyl, titanium white 10 parts of powder, 10 parts of lithopone, 20 parts of allyl resin, 10 parts of mineral toner, 3 parts of silane coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersing agent, preservative 2 Part, 150 parts of water.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 can direct moulding paper sludge, it is characterised in that: the dispersing agent is sodium phosphate, algae acyl Sour sodium, lauryl sodium sulfate, neopelex, oxidic polyethylene or emulsification one or both of methyl-silicone oil with Upper mixture.
4. one kind can direct moulding paper sludge preparation method, which comprises the following steps:
1) 80-120 parts of paper are manually torn up to obtain shredded paper tablet, washs sediment decontamination;
2) 130-200 parts of clear water of shredded paper tablet are impregnated 0.5-2 minutes;
3) extruding rubbing is carried out to shredded paper tablet with hand rubbing way using beater or directly, obtains long fibered pulp, draining, As basic paper sludge;
4) white glue with vinyl 45-85 parts of the addition in the basic paper sludge, 8-13 parts of titanium dioxide, 8-13 parts of lithopone, allyl resin 17- 23 parts, 8-13 parts of mineral toner, 1-4 parts of silane coupling agent, 3-6 parts of dispersing agent, 1-3 parts of preservative, paste is sufficiently stirred into, i.e., For it is described can direct moulding paper sludge.
5. it is according to claim 4 can direct moulding paper sludge preparation method, it is characterised in that: basic paper sludge in step 3) Moisture content is 10-15%.
6. a kind of preparation method of direct moulding paper tire lacquerware, which comprises the following steps:
1) described directly the direct moulding of moulding paper sludge it can become basic tire after paper sludge is dry using claim 1-3 is any Body;
2) direct moulding or the method joined together of heap modeling part are carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding carcass;
3) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
4) natural lacquer adds 8-12% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
5) natural lacquer adds 4-6% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) it paints on carcass surface, it is dry after the completion of drawing, become paper tire lacquerware finished product.
7. a kind of preparation method of processing release paper tire lacquerware, which comprises the following steps:
1) select or make basic type;
2) basic type surface be directly accompanied by claim 1-3 it is any it is described can direct moulding paper sludge, after paper sludge is dry, at For basic carcass;
3) direct moulding or the method joined together of heap modeling part are carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding carcass;
4) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
5) natural lacquer adds 8-12% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds 4-6% diluent to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) it is mixed and made into binder with 100 parts of 60 parts of flour paste finishing natural lacquer, it is using binder that gauze or burlap is profile-followed Type surface is sticked at, is polished after to be dried;
8) the intracorporal basic type of moulding tire is taken out, completes tread flaking step;Paper tire surface after tread flaking carries out traditional lacquerware Technique drawing, drawing is dry after the completion, becomes paper tire lacquerware finished product.
8. a kind of preparation method of the direct moulding paper tire lacquerware of composite material, which comprises the following steps:
1) basic type is selected;
2) basic type surface be directly accompanied by claim 1-3 it is any it is described can direct moulding paper sludge, after paper sludge is dry, at For basic carcass;
3) direct moulding or the method joined together of heap modeling part are carried out with the paper sludge on basic carcass, forms moulding carcass;
4) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
5) natural lacquer adds 8-12% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
6) natural lacquer adds 4-6% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
7) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
8) it paints on moulding carcass surface, it is dry after the completion of drawing, it can be obtained paper tire lacquerware finished product.
9. a kind of preparation method of overmolded paper tire lacquerware, which comprises the following steps:
1) prepare carcass mold and textured mold, in carcass mold and the uniform brushing interleaving agent of textured mold inner wall, the isolation Agent is made of beeswax and paraffin 1:1 ratio;
2) it can directly moulding paper sludge press claim 1-3 is any described in carcass mold, dry paper sludge, become basis Carcass;
3) it can directly moulding paper sludge press claim 1-3 is any described in textured mold, dry paper sludge, the system turned over is made Decorative pattern;
4) it is removed from the molds made of basis carcass and step 3) made of step 2) and turns over decorative pattern processed, decorative pattern processed and basis will be turned over Carcass combines, dry, becomes moulding carcass;
5) the uniform brushing setting agent in moulding carcass surface made of step 5), it is dry;
6) it is polished with No. 200 sand paper moulding carcass;
7) natural lacquer adds 8-12% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
8) natural lacquer adds 4-6% diluent, coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
9) natural lacquer adds dark grey to mix, and coats with lacquer and applies moulding carcass surface, polishes after to be dried;
10) it paints on moulding carcass surface, it is dry after the completion of drawing, it can be obtained paper tire lacquerware finished product.
10. the preparation method of composite material overmolded paper tire lacquerware according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the sizing Agent is the mixture of one or more of white glue with vinyl, lithopone, titanium dioxide, natural lacquer, paint ash.
CN201811234773.0A 2018-10-23 2018-10-23 It is a kind of can directly moulding paper sludge and preparation method thereof and the preparation method of paper tire lacquerware Pending CN109484076A (en)

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CN113022211A (en) * 2021-03-04 2021-06-25 四川美术学院 Lacquer processing technology based on wax matrix

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