CN109363783A - Bracket is fixed in children marrow puncturing operation leg - Google Patents

Bracket is fixed in children marrow puncturing operation leg Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109363783A
CN109363783A CN201811395255.7A CN201811395255A CN109363783A CN 109363783 A CN109363783 A CN 109363783A CN 201811395255 A CN201811395255 A CN 201811395255A CN 109363783 A CN109363783 A CN 109363783A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixing sleeve
shank fixing
leg
fixed
children
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811395255.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
申小惠
周飞
杨新蔚
Original Assignee
申小惠
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 申小惠 filed Critical 申小惠
Priority to CN201811395255.7A priority Critical patent/CN109363783A/en
Publication of CN109363783A publication Critical patent/CN109363783A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/10Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges for stereotaxic surgery, e.g. frame-based stereotaxis
    • A61B90/14Fixators for body parts, e.g. skull clamps; Constructional details of fixators, e.g. pins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • A61G13/1205Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces for specific parts of the body
    • A61G13/1245Knees, upper or lower legs

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fixed brackets in children's marrow puncturing operation leg, including thigh fixing sleeve, shank fixing sleeve and mobile bone vented fire mouth, thigh fixing sleeve and shank fixing sleeve are hinged by the shaft of locking nut and great wheel, and shank fixing sleeve includes the lower shank fixing sleeve with footmuff and upper shank fixing sleeve being connected by elastic band with steel plate;Mutually matched bone vented fire mouth is offered on the connecting end surface of lower shank fixing sleeve and upper shank fixing sleeve;The fixing belt of one group of band fixing screw is symmetrically installed on the outer wall of thigh fixing sleeve, lower shank fixing sleeve and upper shank fixing sleeve.The present invention is according to child leg structure, child leg is fixed on hospital bed using physical mechanical effect, air pressure Filling Principle, enable that the infant leg punctured is needed to be fixedly secured on bracket, it is carried out convenient for operation, moving window can directly calculate bone according to the distance of fixed foot and wear position, to manual adjustment window, accurately finds and need Surgery.

Description

Bracket is fixed in children marrow puncturing operation leg
Technical field
The present invention relates to medical instruments fields, and in particular to a kind of fixed bracket in children's marrow puncturing operation leg.
Background technique
Bone marrow puncture (bone marrow puncture) is a kind of common diagnostic techniques for taking bone marrow fluid, is checked Content includes several aspects such as cytology, protozoon and bacteriology.Suitable for it is various it is hemopathic diagnosis, antidiastole and treatment with It visits;Red blood cell, leucocyte, the platelet counts of unknown cause increase or reduce and morphological abnormalities;Unexplained fever is examined Disconnected and antidiastole, can make marrow culture, bone marrow smear looks for helminth etc..Due to environmental pollution, food safety etc. are many Influence, inpatient with haematological diseases also increases year by year, and the patient for needing to do bone marrow aspiration operation is more and more, since bone marrow aspiration is performed the operation It is minor operation by bed, and is hematology and associated department is common, necessary detection methods, clinically fortune extensively With.
Bone marrow aspiration operation needs to carry out anaesthetic treatment before surgery, has a little pain, and general adult is for pain It can control, but just very resist hospital and doctor in child or infantile psychology, it is very sensitive for pain, in clinic On usually there is ill-matched situation, acutely, and the duration is longer, usually needs at least 4-5 in operation carries out for resistance Adult is by entire patient for name, is fixed in particular for operative site (leg), then carries out operation by doctor and take marrow. The infant occurred in operation is worn for bone in children to mismatch, and is cry and screamed, caused bone wears position and changes, and parent is due to child's Suspension of crying and screaming is performed the operation, and children growth individual difference and height differences cause bone to wear the uncertain equal many factors of position, leads to hand Art failure stops or ineffective etc. occurs repeatedly.
Summary of the invention
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of fixed brackets in children's marrow puncturing operation leg, according to children Child leg is fixed on hospital bed using physical mechanical effect, air pressure Filling Principle, makes the infant for needing to puncture by leg structure Leg can be fixedly secured on bracket, be carried out convenient for operation, and the moving window on fixed bracket can be according to fixed foot Distance directly calculate bone and wear position, so that manual adjustment window, accurately finds and need operative site, safely may be used convenient for doctor That leans on perform the operation.
To achieve the above object, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
Bracket, including thigh fixing sleeve, shank fixing sleeve and mobile bone vented fire are fixed in children marrow puncturing operation leg Mouthful, the thigh fixing sleeve and shank fixing sleeve are hinged by the shaft of locking nut and great wheel, the shank fixing sleeve Including the lower shank fixing sleeve with footmuff and upper shank fixing sleeve, pass through between the lower shank fixing sleeve and upper shank fixing sleeve Elastic band is connected with steel plate, can according to need the adjustment for carrying out distance between lower shank fixing sleeve and upper shank fixing sleeve;Institute The quantity for stating steel plate is three pieces, wherein two pieces are respectively and fixedly connected on the bottom surface that lower shank fixing sleeve and upper shank are fixed, it is another Block is mounted on the bottom surface of this two blocks of steel plates, and three blocks of steel plates are equipped with mutually matched mounting hole;The lower shank fixing sleeve Including leg and footmuff, the upper shank fixing sleeve and leg pass through bullet by three pieces of pure stainless steel plates of arc of inner wall belt air bag Power band, which is connected, to be constituted, and is equipped with the velcro matched on adjacent two pieces of pure stainless steel plates;The footmuff is by a band U-shaped opening The footmuff of slot and two inner wall belt air bag activity templates being connected by elastic band with footmuff, and pass through elastic band phase between two activity templates Even;The pure stainless steel plate of the arc of leg bottom surface is integrally formed with the footmuff with U-shaped opening slot, the pure stainless steel of the arc of upper end two sides It is connected between plate and the footmuff with U-shaped opening slot by elastic band;The thigh fixing sleeve, lower shank fixing sleeve and upper shank are solid Surely the fixing belt of one group of band fixing screw is symmetrically installed on the outer wall covered.
Preferably, described shaft one end and great wheel weld, and the other end, which sequentially passes through, is fixed in thigh fixing sleeve side Fixinig plate, the two sides being fixed on shank fixing sleeve two fixinig plates, be fixed in the fixinig plate spiral shell of the thigh fixing sleeve other side Line is connected with lock-nut, to realize the adjusting of angle between thigh fixing sleeve and shank fixing sleeve.
Preferably, the upper end of the steel plate is flushed with the upper end of upper shank fixing sleeve, and lower end extends at ankle.
Preferably, the fixed screw is used for one end of fixing belt and hospital bed is affixed.
Preferably, the air bag uses human body not allergy Antiskid cloth, is connected with an air charging system by gas tube.
Preferably, the thigh set is made of two panels arcuate movement piece, is connected between two arcuate movement pieces by belt fastener.
Preferably, the fixing belt uses stainless steel material.
The invention has the following advantages:
1) according to child leg structure, child leg is fixed on hospital bed using physical mechanical effect, air pressure Filling Principle On, enable that the infant leg punctured is needed to be fixedly secured on bracket, is carried out convenient for operation, the moving window on fixed bracket Bone can be directly calculated according to the distance of fixed foot and wear position, so that manual adjustment window, accurately finds and need to perform the operation Position performs the operation convenient for doctor is safe and reliable, reduces support staff, improve efficiency, can also reduce the hand of family numbers of patients Art pressure and stress.
2) present invention can be used for single leg and fix, and can be used for both legs and fixes, is directly installed in therapeutic bed;Conveniently tear open It unloads, facilitates operation;
3) thigh and shank curvature are can be adjusted with physics, to reach operation best angle;
4) the fixed bracket in leg takes pure stainless steel high tenacity material, and the fixation of the obvious foot of fixed effect further rises To fixed function, so that leg can not really move;
5) leg fixed frame has length regulatory function, can be adjusted manually according to the length of child leg;
6) the air pressure material of fixed internal stent takes human body not allergy Antiskid cloth, further functions as anti-skidding processing.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the partial structural diagram of application examples of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail combined with specific embodiments below.Following embodiment will be helpful to the technology of this field Personnel further understand the present invention, but the invention is not limited in any way.It should be pointed out that the ordinary skill of this field For personnel, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made.These belong to the present invention Protection scope.
As Figure 1-Figure 2, the fixed bracket in the children marrow puncturing operation leg of the embodiment of the present invention, including thigh are fixed There are the suggestion operation of mark child height in set 1, shank fixing sleeve 3 and mobile bone vented fire mouth 6, mobile 6 side of bone vented fire mouth Point position after such doctor's immobilized patients, can achieve the effect that anticipation with reference to surgery location according to the height of children;It is described big Leg fixing sleeve 1 and shank fixing sleeve 3 are hinged by the shaft of locking nut and great wheel 4, to realize 1 He of thigh fixing sleeve The adjusting of angle between shank fixing sleeve 3;The shank fixing sleeve 3 includes lower shank fixing sleeve 31 and upper shank with footmuff 2 Fixing sleeve 32 is connected by elastic band with steel plate 5 between the lower shank fixing sleeve 31 and upper shank fixing sleeve 32, can basis Need to carry out the adjustment of distance between lower shank fixing sleeve 31 and upper shank fixing sleeve 32;The quantity of the steel plate 5 is three pieces, In two pieces be respectively and fixedly connected on the bottom surface of lower shank fixing sleeve 31 and upper shank fixing sleeve 32, another piece is mounted on this two blocks of steel On the bottom surface of plate, three blocks of steel plates are equipped with mutually matched mounting hole;The upper end of the steel plate 5 and upper shank fixing sleeve 32 Upper end flushes, and lower end extends at ankle;The lower shank fixing sleeve 31 includes leg 311 and footmuff 2, and the upper shank is fixed Set 32 is connected by three pieces of pure stainless steel plates of arc of inner wall belt air bag by elastic band with leg 311 to be constituted, and adjacent two pieces The velcro matched is equipped on pure stainless steel plate;The footmuff 2 by a footmuff with U-shaped opening slot and by elastic band with Two connected inner wall belt air bag activity templates of footmuff, and be connected between two activity templates by elastic band;The arc of 311 bottom surface of leg is pure Stainless steel plate is integrally formed with the footmuff with U-shaped opening slot, the pure stainless steel plate of the arc of upper end two sides and the foot with U-shaped opening slot It is connected between set by elastic band;On the outer wall of the thigh fixing sleeve 1, lower shank fixing sleeve 31 and upper shank fixing sleeve 32 It is symmetrically installed with the fixing belt 8 of one group of band fixing screw 7.The fixed screw is for consolidating one end of fixing belt with hospital bed It connects.The air bag uses human body not allergy Antiskid cloth, is connected with an air charging system by gas tube.The thigh set is by two panels Arcuate movement piece is constituted, and is connected between two arcuate movement pieces by belt fastener.The fixing belt 8 uses stainless steel material.
This specific implementation is in use, include the following steps:
Fixed direct and therapeutic bed the position of S1, first adjustment, fixation is directly anchored in therapeutic bed;
S2, thigh fixing sleeve 1, shank fixing sleeve 3 are opened respectively, the leg of patient is put into fixing sleeve, adjusted small The level of coverage of leg bottom steel plate, so that foot, shank and thigh are just put into fixing sleeve respectively
S3, the position for fixing three steel plates of shank lower part is adjusted, so that the fixed flexible size of shank fixing sleeve, so that small Leg fixing sleeve length fixation can not stretch;
S4, the velcro tension on thigh set, shank set and footmuff is posted, completely patient legs is bonded.
It is S5, electric gas-filled, so that thigh, shank and foot are completely fixed;
S6, doctor are worn in bone and find corresponding bone in window side and wear reference point locations, disappear according to the height of patient Poison and operation;
After S7, operation, thigh set, shank set and footmuff carry out processing reconciliation velcro processing of deflating, and release patient Leg, processing operation mouth
S8, the loose nut from therapeutic bed, surgical stent is removed, and operation is fully completed.
This specific implementation uses physical mechanical principle, takes fixing mould, joint according to the design feature of child leg Place is designed using the big nut of adjustable curvature, and leg length can be adjusted according to the length of infant leg, window of performing the operation Position and size take manual adjustment to determine surgery location according to the position of foot position size and surgical location, completed in leg After fixation, automatic inflating function is had by leg and is inflated processing in other spaces, to be completely fixed leg.The present invention is in clinic On can be fully solved the actual needs of clinical operation with extensive utilization, a doctor can accurately sentence according to functional window Knochenbruch wears surgical location, can be performed the operation with complete independently, and achievees the effect that health, accurate, safety.
Specific embodiments of the present invention are described above.It is to be appreciated that the invention is not limited to above-mentioned Particular implementation, those skilled in the art can make a variety of changes or modify within the scope of the claims, this not shadow Ring substantive content of the invention.In the absence of conflict, the feature in embodiments herein and embodiment can any phase Mutually combination.

Claims (7)

1. bracket is fixed in children marrow puncturing operation leg, it is characterised in that: including thigh fixing sleeve (1), shank fixing sleeve (3) With mobile bone vented fire mouth (6), the thigh fixing sleeve (1) and shank fixing sleeve (3) pass through locking nut and great wheel (4) Shaft it is hinged, the shank fixing sleeve (3) includes lower shank fixing sleeve (31) and upper shank fixing sleeve with footmuff (2) (32), it is connected by elastic band with steel plate (5) between the lower shank fixing sleeve (31) and upper shank fixing sleeve (32), Ke Yigen According to the adjustment for needing to carry out distance between lower shank fixing sleeve (31) and upper shank fixing sleeve (32);The quantity of the steel plate (5) It is three pieces, wherein two pieces are respectively and fixedly connected on the bottom surface of lower shank fixing sleeve (31) and upper shank fixing sleeve (32), another piece It is mounted on the bottom surface of this two blocks of steel plates, three blocks of steel plates are equipped with mutually matched mounting hole;The lower shank fixing sleeve It (31) include leg (311) and footmuff (2), the upper shank fixing sleeve (32) and leg (311) are by the three of inner wall belt air bag The pure stainless steel plate of block arc is connected by elastic band to be constituted, and is equipped with the magic matched on adjacent two pieces of pure stainless steel plates Patch;The footmuff (2) is by a footmuff with U-shaped opening slot and two inner wall belt air bag activities being connected by elastic band with footmuff Piece, and be connected between two activity templates by elastic band;The pure stainless steel plate of arc of leg (311) bottom surface with U-shaped opening slot Footmuff is integrally formed, and is connected between the pure stainless steel plate of the arc of upper end two sides and the footmuff with U-shaped opening slot by elastic band;Institute It states and is symmetrically installed with one group of band on the outer wall of thigh fixing sleeve (1), lower shank fixing sleeve (31) and upper shank fixing sleeve (32) The fixing belt (8) of fixed screw (7).
2. the fixed bracket in children's marrow puncturing operation leg as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described shaft one end with Great wheel (4) welding, the other end, which sequentially passes through, to be fixed in the fixinig plate of thigh fixing sleeve (1) side, is fixed in shank fixing sleeve (3) two fixinig plates of the two sides on, the fixinig plate for being fixed in thigh fixing sleeve (1) other side are threaded with lock-nut, To realize the adjusting of angle between thigh fixing sleeve (1) and shank fixing sleeve (3).
3. the fixed bracket in children's marrow puncturing operation leg as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the steel plate (5) Upper end is flushed with the upper end of upper shank fixing sleeve (32), and lower end extends at ankle.
4. the fixed bracket in children's marrow puncturing operation leg as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the fixed screw is used In one end of fixing belt and hospital bed is affixed.
5. the fixed bracket in children's marrow puncturing operation leg as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air bag uses people Body not allergy Antiskid cloth, is connected with an air charging system by gas tube.
6. the fixed bracket in children's marrow puncturing operation leg as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the thigh set is by two Piece arcuate movement piece is constituted, and is connected between two arcuate movement pieces by belt fastener.
7. the fixed bracket in children's marrow puncturing operation leg as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the fixing belt (8) Using stainless steel material.
CN201811395255.7A 2018-11-22 2018-11-22 Bracket is fixed in children marrow puncturing operation leg Pending CN109363783A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811395255.7A CN109363783A (en) 2018-11-22 2018-11-22 Bracket is fixed in children marrow puncturing operation leg

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811395255.7A CN109363783A (en) 2018-11-22 2018-11-22 Bracket is fixed in children marrow puncturing operation leg

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Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110786937A (en) * 2019-11-06 2020-02-14 中南大学湘雅医院 Shank fixing device for puncture operation

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6021780A (en) * 1998-07-09 2000-02-08 Darco International, Inc. Immobilization brace with overlapping ventilation ports within semi-flexible boot and foam sheet material liner
CN201782866U (en) * 2010-09-14 2011-04-06 高思举 Leg fixing device for child infusion
CN203090131U (en) * 2013-03-01 2013-07-31 丁红 Vein puncturing fixing brace for limbs
CN203874202U (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-10-15 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 Infant foot transfusion fixator
CN204521107U (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-05 诸燮平 A kind of across the full lower limb external fixer of knee joint
CN204655208U (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-09-23 成都军区昆明总医院 A kind of brace of auxiliary posterior cruciate ligament injuries rehabilitation
CN105105901A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-12-02 庄汝杰 Inflatable leg orthopedic device
CN108652923A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-10-16 济阳县中医院 A kind of walk helper for lower limb rehabilitation training

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6021780A (en) * 1998-07-09 2000-02-08 Darco International, Inc. Immobilization brace with overlapping ventilation ports within semi-flexible boot and foam sheet material liner
CN201782866U (en) * 2010-09-14 2011-04-06 高思举 Leg fixing device for child infusion
CN203090131U (en) * 2013-03-01 2013-07-31 丁红 Vein puncturing fixing brace for limbs
CN203874202U (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-10-15 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 Infant foot transfusion fixator
CN204655208U (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-09-23 成都军区昆明总医院 A kind of brace of auxiliary posterior cruciate ligament injuries rehabilitation
CN204521107U (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-05 诸燮平 A kind of across the full lower limb external fixer of knee joint
CN105105901A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-12-02 庄汝杰 Inflatable leg orthopedic device
CN108652923A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-10-16 济阳县中医院 A kind of walk helper for lower limb rehabilitation training

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110786937A (en) * 2019-11-06 2020-02-14 中南大学湘雅医院 Shank fixing device for puncture operation

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Application publication date: 20190222

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