CN109296387A - A kind of trolley top module system - Google Patents

A kind of trolley top module system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109296387A
CN109296387A CN201811466081.9A CN201811466081A CN109296387A CN 109296387 A CN109296387 A CN 109296387A CN 201811466081 A CN201811466081 A CN 201811466081A CN 109296387 A CN109296387 A CN 109296387A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
template
backform
frame
piece
module system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811466081.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王祥军
龚俊
王慧民
曾勇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hunan Wuxin Tunnel Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hunan Wuxin Tunnel Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hunan Wuxin Tunnel Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Hunan Wuxin Tunnel Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811466081.9A priority Critical patent/CN109296387A/en
Publication of CN109296387A publication Critical patent/CN109296387A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/04Lining with building materials
    • E21D11/10Lining with building materials with concrete cast in situ; Shuttering also lost shutterings, e.g. made of blocks, of metal plates or other equipment adapted therefor
    • E21D11/102Removable shuttering; Bearing or supporting devices therefor

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Geochemistry & Mineralogy (AREA)
  • Geology (AREA)
  • Pallets (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of trolley top module system, including backform assembly, and the backform assembly includes a template single-piece or at least two template single-pieces that are arranged along length of tunnel mode, and the template single-piece includes at least one piece of template to match with constructing tunnel face;The stepped portions that the both ends of at least one template single-piece are respectively equipped with convenient for connection.It applies the technical scheme of the present invention, the quantity of template single-piece can be selected according to actual needs;Backform assembly is convenient for standardized designs, modular manufacturing, the general exchange of energy, reuse, for approximate or similar section;It can be manufactured with factory with tooling mass, installation accuracy is high;Template in backform assembly is equipped with the stepped portions convenient for connection, so that the link position contact area between backform assembly and bracket assembly is big, stress is good, and can effectively prevent bolt and cut, and reduces deformation and dislocation.

Description

A kind of trolley top module system
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of tunnel construction, particularly, are related to a kind of trolley top module system.
Background technique
Tunnel lining trolley is the concrete lining for the different sections size such as tunnel, culvert and specially manufactures and designs non- Product is marked, its main feature is that driving trolley walking with motor driven walking mechanism, utilizes hydraulic cylinder and the very heavy adjustment template of spiral In place and mould is received, lining cutting surface smoothness is high, and lining cutting speed is fast.It is with cost is relatively low, structure is reliable, easy to operate, lining cutting The advantages that speed is fast, tunnel forming surface is good.
Tunnel-liner is by template assembly, door frame assembly, bracket assembly, transverse-moving mechanism, lifting body, running mechanism, support The part such as very heavy, ladder landing platform, hydraulic and electrical system forms.The backform support system being made of backform assembly and bracket assembly It is the most important ring of entire trolley support system, plays the role of forming a connecting link, backform bottom and side form is hinged.Pour abutment wall When, backform support system is in addition to bearing its self weight, to side form generation when still suffering from the self weight and concreting of side form;It pours When building abutment wall in addition to bearing the self weight of backform support system and side form self weight, up to a hundred tons of top concrete of weight of casting is still suffered from Amount and side form bring extruding force.
Currently, bracket assembly is fabricated construction, by more crossbeams, longitudinally connected beam, brace and vertical supporting etc. It laterally and is vertically cross-linked composition, template is meridosternous without closing plate structure, and yoke crosstie and template link position are vertical flat Face installation, specific following defect: (1) amount of parts up to up to a hundred, connecting node is more, and each component be both needed to through bolt or Pin shaft is attached, and is manufactured, is shipped and on-site consolidation is difficult, and processing, transportation cost are high, and the assembled period is long, structural strength, just Degree, stability are poor;(2) beam is lateral and is vertically cross-linked, and takes up space more, and construction personnel scene is current and operation is equal Inconvenience, while there is also security risks;(3) template of the meridosternous without closing plate structure is required to bracket assembly link position Additional fabrication and installation seat, every trolley need whole setting-out and production tooling when making, template connection seat position is different every time, work Dress cannot be general, and processing efficiency is low and error is big;(4) yoke crosstie and template link position are that vertical plane is installed, bolt by Shearing force easily causes deflection and dislocation.
Therefore, it designs that a kind of structure is simplified, modularized design, stability are good and bracket assembly and template link position connects The trolley connected is touched to be of great significance with top module system.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of structures to simplify, modularized design, stability are good and bracket assembly and mould The trolley top module system that plate link position has connected, specific technical solution are as follows:
A kind of trolley top module system, including backform assembly, the backform assembly is including a template single-piece or along tunnel At least two template single-pieces of road length wise setting, the template single-piece includes at least one piece to match with constructing tunnel face Template;The stepped portions that the both ends of at least one template single-piece are respectively equipped with convenient for connection.
Preferred in above technical scheme, the template single-piece includes integrated one piece of top template, the top template The stepped portions that both ends are respectively equipped with convenient for connection;
Either, the backform assembly includes left backform and right backform, and the left backform and the right backform include one Block template or at least two pieces of templates being arranged in series, in the template in the template in the left backform and in the right backform Equipped with the stepped portions convenient for connection.
Preferred in above technical scheme, the left backform is connect with the right backform by connector;The connector For the combination of bolt and alignment pin.
Preferred in above technical scheme, the joint face of the stepped portions is at least one in horizontal plane and inclined-plane Kind;The joint face of stepped portions and at least one position of pallet stringer group junction, which use, laterally and/or longitudinally carries out position The installation fixation hole of adjusting;The installation fixation hole is waist-shaped hole.
Preferred in above technical scheme, the template is to form box structure by panel, floor, gusset and sealing plate; The joint face is arranged on the sealing plate.
It is preferred in above technical scheme, it further include bracket assembly, the bracket assembly includes yoke crosstie group and bracket Stringer group, the yoke crosstie group include at least two groups yoke crosstie frame being set side by side along length of tunnel direction, the bracket Stringer group includes the pallet stringer frame that at least one set of and tunnel is arranged with length direction;The pallet stringer frame and the bracket are horizontal Roof beam structure is detachable connection;
The backform assembly pass through yoke crosstie in the stepped portions that are arranged in template and the yoke crosstie frame and/ Or pallet stringer mutually overlaps or detachable connection in the pallet stringer frame.
Preferred in above technical scheme, the yoke crosstie frame is by more yoke crossties and Duo Gen crossbeam attachment beam group At truss structure;The pallet stringer frame is the truss structure being made of more pallet stringers and Duo Gen stringer attachment beam;
It is between the stepped portions and the yoke crosstie and between the stepped portions and the pallet stringer Detachable connection.
It is preferred in above technical scheme, brace is equipped on the yoke crosstie frame and the pallet stringer frame;Institute It states and is equipped with the channel passed through for construction personnel on yoke crosstie frame and the pallet stringer frame.
It is preferred in above technical scheme, pass through auxiliary attachment beam connection between yoke crosstie frame described in multiple groups.
It is preferred in above technical scheme, it is additionally provided in the template single-piece and carries out hinged hinge point with side template.
Using trolley top module system of the invention, effect is:
(1) trolley top module system of the invention includes backform assembly, the backform assembly include a template single-piece or At least two template single-pieces that person is arranged along length of tunnel mode, the template single-piece include match with constructing tunnel face to Few one piece of template;The stepped portions that the both ends of at least one template single-piece are respectively equipped with convenient for connection.The number of template single-piece Amount can be selected according to actual needs;Backform assembly is convenient for standardized designs, modular manufacturing, can general exchange, repetition It uses, for approximate or similar section;It can be manufactured with factory with tooling mass, installation accuracy is high;Template in backform assembly The stepped portions convenient for connection are equipped with, so that the link position contact area between backform assembly and bracket assembly is big, stress It is good, and can effectively prevent bolt and cut, reduce deformation and dislocation.
(2) heretofore described template single-piece can be a monolith template of integral structure, be also possible to multiple template The template assembly being assembled into is convenient for modularized design, practical.
(3) joint face of heretofore described stepped portions is at least one of horizontal plane and inclined-plane;Stepped portions Joint face and at least one position of pallet stringer group junction it is solid using the installation for laterally and/or longitudinally carrying out position adjusting Determine hole;The installation fixation hole is waist-shaped hole.The design of fixation hole is installed, convenient for the installation between template assembly and bracket assembly It adjusts, avoids hole location dislocation caused by foozle or assembled accumulated error and do not install.
(4) heretofore described template is that box structure is made of panel, floor, gusset and sealing plate, and structural strength is high, Stability is good;The joint face is arranged on the sealing plate, convenient for connecting installation with bracket assembly.
(5) heretofore described bracket assembly includes yoke crosstie group and pallet stringer group, and bracket is horizontal in yoke crosstie group Roof beam structure is the truss structure being made of more yoke crossties and Duo Gen crossbeam attachment beam;Pallet stringer frame is served as reasons in pallet stringer group The truss structure of more pallet stringers and Duo Gen stringer attachment beam composition.Yoke crosstie frame and pallet stringer frame are all made of truss knot Structure, intensity and toughness is high, and stability is strong;And it is equipped with brace on the yoke crosstie frame and the pallet stringer frame, further Improve structural strength;It is equipped with the channel passed through for construction personnel on the yoke crosstie frame and the pallet stringer frame, side Just construction personnel's constructing operation.
(6) it is additionally provided in heretofore described template single-piece and carries out hinged hinge point with side template, convenient for the present invention Top module system mounted and dismounted with side form.
Other than objects, features and advantages described above, there are also other objects, features and advantages by the present invention. Below with reference to accompanying drawings, the present invention is described in further detail.
Detailed description of the invention
The attached drawing constituted part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present invention, schematic reality of the invention It applies example and its explanation is used to explain the present invention, do not constitute improper limitations of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram when trolley is used with top module system in embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of left backform in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of bracket assembly in Fig. 1;
Wherein: 1, backform assembly, 1.1, left backform, 1.2, right backform, 1.3, connector, T, stepped portions;
2, bracket assembly, 2.1, yoke crosstie group, 2.11, yoke crosstie frame, A1, yoke crosstie, A2, crossbeam attachment beam, 2.2, pallet stringer group, 2.21, pallet stringer frame, B1, pallet stringer, B2, stringer attachment beam, C, brace, D, auxiliary connection Beam, E1, panel, E2, floor, E3, gusset, E4, sealing plate;
3, side template.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with attached drawing, but the present invention can be limited according to claim Fixed and covering multitude of different ways is implemented.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of trolley top module system is detailed in Fig. 1-3, including backform assembly 1 and bracket assembly 2, and Details as Follows:
The backform assembly 1 includes a template single-piece or at least two template lists being arranged along length of tunnel mode Part, the template single-piece include the two pieces of templates to match with constructing tunnel face, i.e., left backform 1.1 and right backform 1.2, the left side Backform 1.1 is connect with the right backform 1.2 by connector 1.3, and preferably the connector 1.3 is bolt and alignment pin herein Combination.
The left backform 1.1 and the right backform 1.2 include one piece of template, are detailed in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the left backform 1.1 In template on and the right backform 1.2 in template on be equipped with convenient for connection stepped portions T, the preferably described left backform 1.1 and right backform 1.2 form box structure by panel E1, floor E2, gusset E3 and sealing plate E4, the joint face is arranged On the sealing plate.In addition to this, the template single-piece includes integrated one piece of top template, the both ends difference of the top template Equipped with the stepped portions convenient for connection.
The joint face of above-mentioned stepped portions T is at least one of horizontal plane and inclined-plane, it can it is horizontal plane, it can also To be inclined-plane, it can also be the staircase structural model of horizontal plane and inclined-plane composition, meet and match with bracket assembly;Especially The staircase structural model that the stepped portions T of template lower end is formed using horizontal plane and inclined-plane, forms fixing structure, can effectively prevent Only bolt is cut, and reduces deformation and dislocation.The joint face of preferred stepped portions and pallet stringer group junction at least one herein A position is using the installation fixation hole for laterally and/or longitudinally carrying out position adjusting;The installation fixation hole is waist-shaped hole.Convenient for mould Installation and adjustment between plate assembly and bracket assembly avoid hole location dislocation caused by foozle or assembled accumulated error and install On not.
The bracket assembly 2 includes yoke crosstie group 2.1 and pallet stringer group 2.2, is detailed in Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, and the bracket is horizontal Beam group 2.1 includes at least two groups yoke crosstie frame 2.11 (nine groups are illustrated in Fig. 3) being set side by side along length of tunnel direction, institute It states pallet stringer group 2.2 and (illustrates four in Fig. 3 with the pallet stringer frame 2.21 that length direction is arranged including at least one set of and tunnel Group);The pallet stringer frame 2.21 and the yoke crosstie frame 2.11 are detachable connection.Preferably, the yoke crosstie Frame 2.11 is the truss structure being made of more yoke crosstie A1 and Duo Gen crossbeam attachment beam A2, and the pallet stringer frame 2.21 is The truss structure being made of more pallet stringer B1 and Duo Gen stringer attachment beam B2, using truss structure, structural strength is high and steady It is qualitative good;Brace C, reinforcement structure intensity are equipped on the yoke crosstie frame 2.11 and the pallet stringer frame 2.21;Institute It states and is equipped with the channel passed through for construction personnel on yoke crosstie frame 2.11 and the pallet stringer frame 2.21, be convenient for constructor Member passes through.
Preferably, the backform assembly 1 pass through the stepped portions T that is arranged in template simultaneously with the yoke crosstie frame Pallet stringer mutually overlaps or detachable connection in yoke crosstie and the pallet stringer frame 2.21 in 2.11, more preferable institute It states between stepped portions T and the yoke crosstie A1 and is removable between the stepped portions T and the pallet stringer B1 Unload formula connection.
It is further strengthened between yoke crosstie frame 2.11 described in two adjacent groups by auxiliary attachment beam D connection in this implementation The structural strength of yoke crosstie frame.
It is additionally provided in the template single-piece and carries out hinged hinge point with side template 3, convenient for the assembling with side template.
Using the technical solution of the present embodiment, effect is: (1) entire top module system overall structure is simple, components type Greatly reduce with quantity, convenient for manufacture, shipment, scene dismounting and management;(2) backform assembly and bracket assembly are all made of standardization Design, modular manufacturing, the general exchange of energy, reuse, for approximate or similar section;It can be with factory's tooling mass system It makes, installation accuracy is high;(3) template is using there is web to add closing plate structure, and bracket uses truss chip architecture, and intensity and toughness is high, stablizes Property is strong;(4) the link position contact area of bracket assembly and template assembly is big, and stress is good, can effectively prevent bolt and is cut, and reduces Deformation and dislocation.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to restrict the invention, for the skill of this field For art personnel, the invention may be variously modified and varied.All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of trolley top module system, it is characterised in that: including backform assembly (1), the backform assembly (1) includes a mould Plate single-piece or at least two template single-pieces being arranged along length of tunnel mode, the template single-piece include and constructing tunnel face phase Matched at least one piece of template;The stepped portions (T) that the both ends of at least one template single-piece are respectively equipped with convenient for connection.
2. trolley top module system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the template single-piece includes integrated one Block top template, the stepped portions (T) that the both ends of the top template are respectively equipped with convenient for connection;
Either, the backform assembly (1) includes left backform (1.1) and right backform (1.2), the left backform (1.1) and described Right backform (1.2) includes one piece of template or at least two pieces of templates for being arranged in series, in the template in the left backform (1.1) Be equipped in the template in the right backform (1.2) convenient for connection stepped portions (T).
3. trolley top module system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the left backform (1.1) and the right top Mould (1.2) is connected by connector (1.3);The connector (1.3) is the combination of bolt and alignment pin.
4. trolley top module system according to claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: the stepped portions (T) Joint face be at least one of horizontal plane and inclined-plane;The joint face of stepped portions and bracket assembly junction at least one A position is using the installation fixation hole for laterally and/or longitudinally carrying out position adjusting;The installation fixation hole is waist-shaped hole.
5. trolley top module system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the template is by panel, floor, gusset And sealing plate forms box structure;The joint face is arranged on the sealing plate.
6. trolley top module system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: further include bracket assembly (2), the bracket Assembly (2) includes yoke crosstie group (2.1) and pallet stringer group (2.2), and the yoke crosstie group (2.1) includes along length of tunnel At least two groups yoke crosstie frame (2.11) that direction is set side by side, the pallet stringer group (2.2) include at least one set of and tunnel With the pallet stringer frame (2.21) of length direction setting;The pallet stringer frame (2.21) and the yoke crosstie frame (2.11) are Detachable connection;
The backform assembly (1) passes through the support in the stepped portions (T) being arranged in template and the yoke crosstie frame (2.11) Pallet stringer mutually overlaps or detachable connection in frame crossbeam and/or the pallet stringer frame (2.21).
7. trolley top module system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the yoke crosstie frame (2.11) is by more The truss structure of root yoke crosstie (A1) and more crossbeam attachment beams (A2) composition;The pallet stringer frame (2.21) is by more The truss structure of pallet stringer (B1) and more stringer attachment beams (B2) composition;
Between the stepped portions (T) and the yoke crosstie (A1) and the stepped portions (T) and the pallet stringer It (B1) is detachable connection between.
8. trolley top module system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: the yoke crosstie frame (2.11) and described Brace (C) is equipped on pallet stringer frame (2.21);The yoke crosstie frame (2.11) and the pallet stringer frame (2.21) On be equipped with the channel passed through for construction personnel.
9. trolley top module system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: yoke crosstie frame (2.11) described in multiple groups it Between by auxiliary attachment beam (D) connection.
10. trolley top module system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: be additionally provided in the template single-piece and side Template (3) carries out hinged hinge point.
CN201811466081.9A 2018-12-03 2018-12-03 A kind of trolley top module system Pending CN109296387A (en)

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