CN109197272B - Automatic seedbed system of potted plant - Google Patents

Automatic seedbed system of potted plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109197272B
CN109197272B CN201810988077.2A CN201810988077A CN109197272B CN 109197272 B CN109197272 B CN 109197272B CN 201810988077 A CN201810988077 A CN 201810988077A CN 109197272 B CN109197272 B CN 109197272B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
guide rail
seedbed
transverse
stepping motor
rail frame
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Application number
CN201810988077.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109197272A (en
Inventor
刘斌
罗云米
陈磊
马健
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Chongqing Keguang Seed Co ltd
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Chongqing Keguang Seed Co ltd
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Priority to CN201810988077.2A priority Critical patent/CN109197272B/en
Publication of CN109197272A publication Critical patent/CN109197272A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/28Raised beds; Planting beds; Edging elements for beds, lawn or the like, e.g. tiles

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic seedbed system for potted plants, which comprises a seedbed, a belt conveyor and a seedling pot taking and placing device, wherein the seedbed is arranged on the seedling pot taking and placing device; the seedling pot taking and placing device comprises a transverse guide rail frame, transverse guide rails arranged at two ends of the transverse guide rail frame, a transverse lead screw arranged in the middle of the transverse guide rail frame, a first stepping motor arranged on the transverse guide rail frame and used for driving the transverse lead screw to rotate, a guide sliding block arranged on the transverse guide rail, a nut arranged on the transverse lead screw, a longitudinal guide rail frame connected to the guide sliding block and the nut, a longitudinal guide rail arranged on the longitudinal guide rail frame, a longitudinal lead screw arranged on the longitudinal guide rail frame and located below the longitudinal guide rail, and a plurality of manipulators arranged on the longitudinal lead screw. The automatic seedbed system for potted plants can replace manual transfer of seedling pots, greatly reduce labor intensity and improve production efficiency.

Description

Automatic seedbed system of potted plant
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of seedbeds, in particular to seedbed equipment for potted plants.
Background
In the process of industrially raising seedlings of potted plants, a seedling raising bed is required to be used, and the seedling raising bed comprises a tide seedling raising bed and a common seedling raising bed. But present morning and evening tides seedling bed or ordinary seedling bed of growing seedlings do not all possess and get the function of putting seedling pot, arranging seedling pot automatically, at the in-process of growing seedlings, need artifically will grow seedlings the basin and prevent on the seedbed, need artifically again to take off seedling pot from the seedbed when emerging, and work load is big, and work efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, the invention aims to provide an automatic seedbed system for potted plants, which solves the technical problems that the existing seedbed needs to be manually taken and placed to raise seedlings of potted plants, and the working efficiency is low.
The automatic seedbed system for the potted plants comprises a seedbed, a belt conveyor and a seedling pot taking and placing device, wherein the belt conveyor is used for conveying seedling pots to the side of the seedbed, and the seedling pot taking and placing device is used for transferring the seedling pots between the seedbed and the belt conveyor;
trays for placing seedling raising pots are arranged on a belt of the belt conveyor at equal intervals, and a first sensor for detecting the trays and the seedling raising pots is arranged at the end part of a frame of the belt conveyor beside a seedling bed;
the seedling pot taking and placing device comprises a transverse guide rail frame, transverse guide rails arranged at two ends of the transverse guide rail frame, a transverse screw rod arranged in the middle of the transverse guide rail frame, a first stepping motor arranged on the transverse guide rail frame and used for driving the transverse screw rod to rotate, a guide slide block arranged on the transverse guide rail, a nut arranged on the transverse screw rod, a longitudinal guide rail frame connected to the guide slide block and the nut, a longitudinal guide rail arranged on the longitudinal guide rail frame, a longitudinal screw rod arranged on the longitudinal guide rail frame and positioned below the longitudinal guide rail, and a plurality of manipulators arranged on the longitudinal screw rod;
the manipulator comprises a threaded sleeve arranged on a longitudinal screw rod, a driven gear arranged at one end of the threaded sleeve, a sleeve arranged outside the threaded sleeve through a bearing, a second stepping motor fixed on the sleeve, a driving gear arranged on a rotating shaft of the second stepping motor, a guide sliding sleeve arranged on a longitudinal guide rail and an upper connecting rod connected with the second stepping motor and the guide sliding sleeve, wherein the driving gear is meshed with the driven gear;
the manipulator further comprises a lower connecting rod vertically connected to the lower portion of the sleeve, an electric cylinder vertically connected to the lower end of the lower connecting rod, a third stepping motor arranged on the end portion of a telescopic rod of the electric cylinder, and a material taking hand arranged on a rotating shaft of the third stepping motor, wherein the material taking hand consists of an arc-shaped fork head used for grabbing a seedling raising pot and a cross rod used for connecting the arc-shaped fork head with the third stepping motor, and the third stepping motor is used for driving the material taking hand to rotate horizontally;
the seedbed includes bedstead and the plate chain conveyer of setting on the bedstead, the front end of bedstead is provided with the second sensor that is used for detecting the nursery pot, the rear end of bedstead is provided with the third sensor that is used for detecting the nursery pot, the plate chain conveyer is used for supporting the nursery pot and carries the nursery pot along bedstead length direction.
Further, band conveyer's the outside is provided with a plurality of support on the surface, be provided with the direction rope on the support, the bottom of tray is provided with the staple bolt of being connected with the direction rope, the staple bolt includes fixed arc piece of fixed connection on the tray bottom and the activity arc piece of being connected through bolt and fixed arc piece, the bottom of tray still is provided with the backing sheet of placing on band conveyer.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the automatic seedbed system for the potted plants, when seedlings are raised, the seedling raising pots can be conveyed to the seedbed through the belt conveyor, the seedling raising pots on the belt conveyor can be transferred onto the seedbed through the mechanical arms, and the distribution distance of the seedling raising pots on the seedbed can be adjusted by controlling the distance between the adjacent mechanical arms; the seedling raising pot can be conveyed to one side of the belt conveyor by the seedbed during harvesting, the seedling raising pot on the seedbed can be transferred to the belt conveyor through the mechanical arm, and the seedling raising pot is conveyed to a downstream process through the belt conveyor; therefore, the automatic seedbed system for potted plants can replace manual transfer seedling pots, greatly reduce labor intensity and improve production efficiency.
2. According to the automatic seedbed system for potted plants, the distance between the trays on the belt conveyor is adjustable, and the trays are detachable, so that the belt conveyor can convey nursery pots with different sizes, and the universality is good.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an automatic seedbed system for potted plants according to an embodiment;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of portion P of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the connection of a pallet to a belt conveyor;
fig. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view along a-a in fig. 3.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described below with reference to the figures and examples.
As shown in the figure, the automatic seedbed system for potted plants of the embodiment comprises a seedbed 1, a belt conveyor 2 for conveying seedling pots beside the seedbed, and a seedling pot taking and placing device 3 for transferring the seedling pots between the seedbed and the belt conveyor.
The tray 4 that is used for placing the basin of growing seedlings is arranged to equidistant on band conveyer's the belt, is provided with the first sensor 5 that is used for detecting tray and the basin of growing seedlings on the tip that is located the other band conveyer frame of seedbed.
The seedling pot taking and placing device comprises a transverse guide rail frame 6, transverse guide rails 7 arranged at two ends of the transverse guide rail frame, a transverse lead screw 8 arranged in the middle of the transverse guide rail frame, a first stepping motor 9 arranged on the transverse guide rail frame and used for driving the transverse lead screw to rotate, a guide slider 10 arranged on the transverse guide rail, a nut 11 arranged on the transverse lead screw, a longitudinal guide rail frame 12 connected to the guide slider and the nut, a longitudinal guide rail 13 arranged on the longitudinal guide rail frame, a longitudinal lead screw 14 arranged on the longitudinal guide rail frame and located below the longitudinal guide rail, and a plurality of manipulators arranged on the longitudinal lead screw.
The manipulator comprises a threaded sleeve 15 arranged on a longitudinal screw rod, a driven gear 16 arranged at one end of the threaded sleeve, a sleeve 18 arranged outside the threaded sleeve through a bearing 17, a second stepping motor 19 fixed on the sleeve, a driving gear 20 arranged on a rotating shaft of the second stepping motor, a guide sliding sleeve 21 arranged on a longitudinal guide rail, and an upper connecting rod 22 connected with the second stepping motor and the guide sliding sleeve, wherein the driving gear is meshed with the driven gear.
The manipulator further comprises a lower connecting rod 23 vertically connected to the lower portion of the sleeve, an electric cylinder 24 vertically connected to the lower end of the lower connecting rod, a third stepping motor 25 arranged at the end portion of a telescopic rod of the electric cylinder, and a material taking hand 26 arranged on a rotating shaft of the third stepping motor, wherein the material taking hand consists of an arc-shaped fork 261 used for grabbing a seedling raising pot and a cross rod 262 connecting the arc-shaped fork and the third stepping motor, and the third stepping motor is used for driving the material taking hand to rotate horizontally. The pivot of horizontal pole and third step motor passes through threaded connection in this embodiment for get the material hand and can dismantle, be convenient for change.
The seedbed comprises a bedstead 101 and a plate chain conveyor 102 arranged on the bedstead, wherein a second sensor 27 for detecting the seedling raising pot is arranged at the front end of the bedstead, a third sensor 28 for detecting the seedling raising pot is arranged at the rear end of the bedstead, and the plate chain conveyor is used for supporting the seedling raising pot and conveying the seedling raising pot along the length direction of the bedstead.
Set up belt conveyor, plate link chain conveyer and the action that the seedling pot got and puts the device of controlling system in to this automatic seedbed system of potted plant, the theory of operation of this automatic seedbed system of potted plant is as follows:
when the seedling raising pot needs to be transferred to the seedbed, the seedling raising pot is prevented from being placed on the tray, and the control system controls the belt conveyor to convey the seedling raising pot to the seedbed. When a first sensor arranged at the end part of the rack of the belt conveyor detects a seedling raising pot, the control system controls the belt conveyor to stop; then the control system controls a third stepping motor to turn a material taking hand to the belt conveyor from a material station to be taken; then controlling a second stepping motor to drive the threaded sleeve to rotate, and adjusting the distance between the adjacent manipulators to be equal to the distance between the pallets on the belt conveyor; then controlling the electric cylinder to drive the material taking hand to descend; then controlling a first stepping motor to drive the longitudinal guide rail frame to move transversely, so that the arc-shaped fork head of the material taking hand is sleeved outside the seedling raising pot; then the telescopic rod of the electric cylinder is controlled to retract, the seedling raising pot is lifted from the tray, and when the first sensor detects that no seedling raising pot exists on the tray, the control system controls the belt conveyor to work to convey the seedling raising pot forwards; then controlling a second stepping motor to drive the threaded sleeve to rotate, and adjusting the distance between the adjacent mechanical arms to be equal to the arrangement row distance of the seedling raising pots on the seedbed; then controlling a third step motor to turn the material taking hand to the belt conveyor; controlling a first stepping motor to drive the longitudinal guide rail frame to move transversely, and transferring the seedling raising pot above the seedbed; then controlling the electric cylinder to drive the material taking hand to descend, and placing the seedling raising pot on the seedbed; then controlling a first stepping motor to drive the longitudinal guide rail frame to move transversely, enabling the arc-shaped fork head of the material taking hand to be separated from the seedling raising pot, and controlling a plate chain conveyor to convey the seedling raising pot on the seedbed forwards for a distance when the arc-shaped fork head of the material taking hand is separated from the seedling raising pot, wherein the distance is equal to the arrangement row distance of the seedling raising pot on the seedbed; then controlling the electric cylinder to lift the material taking hand; and then the first stepping motor is controlled to drive the longitudinal guide rail frame to transversely move, so that the material taking hand is returned to the material station to be taken. And the operation of taking and placing the seedling raising pot for the first time is finished, then the operation of taking and placing the seedling raising pot for the second time is carried out, the operation is repeated, and the operation of transferring the seedling raising pot to the seedbed is finished until the third sensor at the rear end of the bedstead detects the seedling raising pot.
When the seedling pots on the seedbed need to be harvested, the control system controls the plate chain conveyor to convey the seedling pots to the side of the belt conveyor. When a second sensor arranged at the front end of the bedstead detects the seedling raising pot, the plate chain conveyor is controlled to stop; then controlling a first stepping motor to drive the longitudinal guide rail frame to move transversely, so that a material taking hand moves to the upper side of the seedbed from a material station to be taken; then controlling a second stepping motor to drive the threaded sleeve to rotate, and adjusting the distance between the adjacent mechanical arms to be equal to the arrangement row distance of the seedling raising pots on the seedbed; then controlling a first stepping motor to drive the longitudinal guide rail frame to move transversely, so that the arc-shaped fork head of the material taking hand is sleeved outside the seedling raising pot; then the telescopic rod of the electric cylinder is controlled to retract, the seedling raising pot is lifted from the seedbed, and when the second sensor detects that no seedling raising pot exists on the tray, the control system controls the plate link chain conveyor to work to convey the seedling raising pot forwards; controlling a third step motor to drive the material taking hand to rotate 180 degrees, and turning the seedling raising pot to the side of the belt conveyor; then controlling a second stepping motor to drive the threaded sleeve to rotate, and adjusting the distance between the adjacent manipulators to be equal to the distance between the pallets on the belt conveyor; then controlling a first stepping motor to drive the longitudinal guide rail frame to move transversely, and transferring the seedling raising pots above the belt conveyor; then the electric cylinder is controlled to place the seedling raising pot on a tray on the belt conveyor; then controlling a first stepping motor to drive the longitudinal guide rail frame to move transversely, enabling the arc-shaped fork head of the taking hand to be separated from the seedling raising pot, and controlling a belt conveyor to convey the seedling raising pot forward for a distance when the arc-shaped fork head of the taking hand is separated from the seedling raising pot, wherein the distance is equal to the product of the number of the seedling raising pots which are grabbed at one time and the distance between trays; then controlling the electric cylinder to lift the material taking hand; then controlling a third stepping motor to drive the material taking hand to rotate for 180 degrees; and then the first stepping motor is controlled to drive the longitudinal guide rail frame to transversely move, so that the material taking hand is returned to the material station to be taken. And finishing the operation of taking and placing the seedling raising pot for the first time, then taking and placing the seedling raising pot for the second time, and repeating the operation until all the seedling raising pots on the seedbed are rotated away.
The automatic seedbed system of potted plant can replace the manual transfer seedling raising pot, greatly reduce labor intensity and improve production efficiency.
As an improvement to this embodiment, a plurality of support 29 is provided on the surface of the outer side of belt conveyor, be provided with guide rope 30 on the support, the bottom of tray is provided with staple bolt 31 of being connected with guide rope, the staple bolt includes fixed arc piece 311 of fixed connection on the tray bottom and the activity arc piece 312 of being connected with fixed arc piece through the bolt, the bottom of tray still is provided with the backing sheet 32 of placing on belt conveyor. The interval of tray on band conveyer is adjustable in this improvement, and the tray can be dismantled for band conveyer can carry not equidimension nursery pot, and the commonality is good.
Finally, the above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting, although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications or equivalent substitutions may be made to the technical solutions of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention, and all of them should be covered in the claims of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides an automatic seedbed system of potted plant, includes the seedbed, its characterized in that: the seedling raising pot taking and placing device is used for transferring the seedling raising pot between the seedbed and the belt conveyor;
trays for placing seedling raising pots are arranged on a belt of the belt conveyor at equal intervals, and a first sensor for detecting the trays and the seedling raising pots is arranged at the end part of a frame of the belt conveyor beside a seedling bed;
the seedling pot taking and placing device comprises a transverse guide rail frame, transverse guide rails arranged at two ends of the transverse guide rail frame, a transverse screw rod arranged in the middle of the transverse guide rail frame, a first stepping motor arranged on the transverse guide rail frame and used for driving the transverse screw rod to rotate, a guide slide block arranged on the transverse guide rail, a nut arranged on the transverse screw rod, a longitudinal guide rail frame connected to the guide slide block and the nut, a longitudinal guide rail arranged on the longitudinal guide rail frame, a longitudinal screw rod arranged on the longitudinal guide rail frame and positioned below the longitudinal guide rail, and a plurality of manipulators arranged on the longitudinal screw rod;
the manipulator comprises a threaded sleeve arranged on a longitudinal screw rod, a driven gear arranged at one end of the threaded sleeve, a sleeve arranged outside the threaded sleeve through a bearing, a second stepping motor fixed on the sleeve, a driving gear arranged on a rotating shaft of the second stepping motor, a guide sliding sleeve arranged on a longitudinal guide rail and an upper connecting rod connected with the second stepping motor and the guide sliding sleeve, wherein the driving gear is meshed with the driven gear;
the manipulator further comprises a lower connecting rod vertically connected to the lower portion of the sleeve, an electric cylinder vertically connected to the lower end of the lower connecting rod, a third stepping motor arranged on the end portion of a telescopic rod of the electric cylinder, and a material taking hand arranged on a rotating shaft of the third stepping motor, wherein the material taking hand consists of an arc-shaped fork head used for grabbing a seedling raising pot and a cross rod used for connecting the arc-shaped fork head with the third stepping motor, and the third stepping motor is used for driving the material taking hand to rotate horizontally;
the seedbed includes bedstead and the plate chain conveyer of setting on the bedstead, the front end of bedstead is provided with the second sensor that is used for detecting the nursery pot, the rear end of bedstead is provided with the third sensor that is used for detecting the nursery pot, the plate chain conveyer is used for supporting the nursery pot and carries the nursery pot along bedstead length direction.
2. A potted plant automatic seedbed system as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the outer side of band conveyer is provided with a plurality of support on the surface, be provided with the direction rope on the support, the bottom of tray is provided with the staple bolt of being connected with the direction rope, the staple bolt includes fixed arc piece of fixed connection on the tray bottom and the activity arc piece of being connected through bolt and fixed arc piece, the bottom of tray still is provided with the backing sheet of placing on band conveyer.
CN201810988077.2A 2018-08-28 2018-08-28 Automatic seedbed system of potted plant Active CN109197272B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810988077.2A CN109197272B (en) 2018-08-28 2018-08-28 Automatic seedbed system of potted plant

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810988077.2A CN109197272B (en) 2018-08-28 2018-08-28 Automatic seedbed system of potted plant

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CN109197272A CN109197272A (en) 2019-01-15
CN109197272B true CN109197272B (en) 2020-10-23

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101792064A (en) * 2010-01-26 2010-08-04 北京京鹏环球科技股份有限公司 Conveying device for plug transplantation
CN201604151U (en) * 2010-01-26 2010-10-13 北京京鹏环球科技股份有限公司 Potted tray transplanting conveying device
EP2479126A1 (en) * 2011-01-24 2012-07-25 DEGRAMEC, besloten vennootschap Met beperkte aansprakelijkheid Robot for setting out pots
CN103111778A (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-05-22 中联重科股份有限公司 Sucker hoisting device and plate welding conveying system
CN103964133A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 北京首都国际机场股份有限公司 Differential driving unit, conveyor using same and conveying method
CN204489871U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-07-22 邯郸开发区一方园艺设备有限公司 Overhead type seedling dish mobile system
CN204935645U (en) * 2015-09-09 2016-01-06 哈尔滨展达机器人自动化有限责任公司 A kind of dual-arm robot for spindle piling
CN206024648U (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-03-22 铜仁学院 Multi -functional seedbed of placing cultivated in a pot
CN108328200A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-07-27 广州建德机电有限公司 A kind of stacked warehousing system and its operation method

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101792064A (en) * 2010-01-26 2010-08-04 北京京鹏环球科技股份有限公司 Conveying device for plug transplantation
CN201604151U (en) * 2010-01-26 2010-10-13 北京京鹏环球科技股份有限公司 Potted tray transplanting conveying device
EP2479126A1 (en) * 2011-01-24 2012-07-25 DEGRAMEC, besloten vennootschap Met beperkte aansprakelijkheid Robot for setting out pots
CN103111778A (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-05-22 中联重科股份有限公司 Sucker hoisting device and plate welding conveying system
CN103964133A (en) * 2014-04-03 2014-08-06 北京首都国际机场股份有限公司 Differential driving unit, conveyor using same and conveying method
CN204489871U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-07-22 邯郸开发区一方园艺设备有限公司 Overhead type seedling dish mobile system
CN204935645U (en) * 2015-09-09 2016-01-06 哈尔滨展达机器人自动化有限责任公司 A kind of dual-arm robot for spindle piling
CN206024648U (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-03-22 铜仁学院 Multi -functional seedbed of placing cultivated in a pot
CN108328200A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-07-27 广州建德机电有限公司 A kind of stacked warehousing system and its operation method

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