CN109163583B - Heat exchanger with shifting fork type scouring device - Google Patents

Heat exchanger with shifting fork type scouring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109163583B
CN109163583B CN201811056328.XA CN201811056328A CN109163583B CN 109163583 B CN109163583 B CN 109163583B CN 201811056328 A CN201811056328 A CN 201811056328A CN 109163583 B CN109163583 B CN 109163583B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat exchanger
pipes
scouring
heat exchange
bin
Prior art date
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201811056328.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109163583A (en
Inventor
马立修
孙贤明
申晋
巩秀钢
陈文钢
孙霞
王聪
孙冬
刘冲
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Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
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Application filed by Shandong University of Technology filed Critical Shandong University of Technology
Priority to CN201811056328.XA priority Critical patent/CN109163583B/en
Publication of CN109163583A publication Critical patent/CN109163583A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109163583B publication Critical patent/CN109163583B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D7/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D7/16Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being arranged in parallel spaced relation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28GCLEANING OF INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL SURFACES OF HEAT-EXCHANGE OR HEAT-TRANSFER CONDUITS, e.g. WATER TUBES OR BOILERS
    • F28G1/00Non-rotary, e.g. reciprocated, appliances
    • F28G1/02Non-rotary, e.g. reciprocated, appliances having brushes

Abstract

A heat exchanger with a shifting fork type scouring device belongs to the technical field of heat exchanger cleaning. The method is characterized in that: the flushing bins (16) are multiple and spliced into a ring shape coaxial with the heat exchanger (1), one side of each flushing bin (16) close to the heat exchanger (1) is provided with a plurality of flushing pipes (17), the flushing pipes (17) correspond to the heat exchange pipes (101) one by one and are coaxial with the corresponding heat exchange pipes (101), the pushing mechanisms are connected with the flushing bins (16) one by one, and the pressure of liquid in the flushing pipes (17) is greater than that of liquid in the heat exchange pipes (101); the water inlets (20) of the plurality of scouring bins (16) are communicated with the water outlet end of the delivery pump (8) through the water inlet pipe (7), the outer part of the scouring bins (16) is provided with a fixing ring (6), and the water inlet pipes (7) are installed on the fixing ring (6) at intervals. The heat exchanger with the shifting fork type scouring device realizes the online cleaning of the heat exchanger, and cannot hinder the use of the heat exchanger.

Description

Heat exchanger with shifting fork type scouring device
Technical Field
A heat exchanger with a shifting fork type scouring device belongs to the technical field of heat exchanger cleaning.
Background
The shell-and-tube heat exchanger is a dividing wall type heat exchanger which uses the wall surface of the tube bundle enclosed in the shell as the heat transfer surface, and the heat exchanger has simple structure and reliable operation, can be made of various structural materials (mainly metal materials), can be used under high temperature and high pressure, and is the most widely applied type at present.
The oil field can adopt the shell and tube heat exchanger to retrieve the geothermal energy in oil field usually, thereby utilize geothermol power to improve the oil temperature, reduce the viscosity of oil, make things convenient for the transport of oil, because the on-the-spot aquatic of oil field contains oily too much impurity, consequently can the incrustation scale in the heat exchange tube of shell and tube heat exchanger when using, the existence of incrustation scale can influence the heat exchange efficiency of heat exchanger, hinder the flow through water in the heat exchange tube, the use of heat exchanger has been influenced, consequently, need regularly clear up the heat exchanger, but current clearance in-process need clear up the heat exchanger again after stopping using, the use of heat exchanger has been influenced, and because the cycle of clearing up is shorter, need frequent use of stopping the heat exchanger, the use of shell and tube heat exchanger has greatly been influenced, and the clearance is very incomplete.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: the defects of the prior art are overcome, the heat exchange tube of the heat exchanger can be cleaned on line, the heat exchanger is prevented from being frequently stopped to be used, and the heat exchanger with the shifting fork type scouring device is good in scouring effect.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: this heat exchanger with shift fork type washing device, including heat exchanger and a water drainage tube, the heat exchanger is that both ends confined cylindricly, and the parallel is provided with many heat exchange tubes in the heat exchanger, and the heat exchanger is all stretched out at the both ends of heat exchange tube, and the coaxial output that sets up at the heat exchange tube of heat exchanger of a water drainage tube, its characterized in that: the flushing device is characterized by also comprising a flushing bin and a pushing mechanism, wherein the flushing bin is arranged at one end of the drainage cylinder, the flushing bin is provided with a plurality of flushing pipes which are spliced into a ring shape coaxial with the heat exchanger, one side of each flushing bin, which is close to the heat exchanger, is provided with a plurality of flushing pipes, the flushing pipes correspond to the heat exchange pipes one by one and are coaxial with the corresponding heat exchange pipes, the flushing bin is provided with a water inlet, the pushing mechanism is connected with the flushing bin one by one and pushes the flushing bin to move horizontally, the flushing pipes on the flushing bin are communicated with the output ends of the corresponding heat exchange pipes, and the pressure of liquid;
the washing bin is connected with a delivery pump, a plurality of water inlets for washing the bin are respectively communicated with the water outlet end of the delivery pump through a water inlet pipe, a fixing ring is coaxially arranged outside an annular formed by splicing the washing bins, and the water inlet pipes are arranged on the fixing ring at intervals.
Preferably, the pushing mechanism comprises a feeding motor, a conversion motor, a shifting fork and a screw, the screw and the heat exchanger are coaxially arranged, a nut in threaded connection with the screw is arranged on the shifting fork, an output shaft of the feeding motor is connected with the screw and drives the screw to synchronously rotate, and an output shaft of the conversion motor is connected with the nut and drives the nut to rotate.
Preferably, the two sides of the screw are symmetrically provided with guide rods arranged in parallel with the screw, the two sides of the nut are symmetrically provided with guide holes in sliding connection with the guide rods on the corresponding sides, and the two guide rods are symmetrically arranged on the two sides of the output shaft of the conversion motor and are connected with the output shaft of the conversion motor.
Preferably, the output end of the delivery pump is provided with a dispersion pipe, the side part of the dispersion pipe is simultaneously communicated with the plurality of water inlet pipes, and the end part of the dispersion pipe is communicated with the water outlet end of the delivery pump.
Preferably, still include a transmission section of thick bamboo and a transition section of thick bamboo, a transmission section of thick bamboo and a transition section of thick bamboo all with the coaxial setting of heat exchanger, and a transition section of thick bamboo setting is between a transmission section of thick bamboo and a drainage section of thick bamboo, and pushing mechanism all sets up in a transmission section of thick bamboo, erodees the storehouse setting in a transition section of thick bamboo, and through the sealed setting of baffle between a transmission section of thick bamboo and the transition section of thick bamboo.
Preferably, the transmission cylinder is internally provided with push rods which correspond to the scouring bins one to one, one end of each push rod, which is close to the scouring bins, is connected with the corresponding scouring bins after sliding through the partition plates, the push rods are in sealing connection with the partition plates, and the pushing mechanisms push the corresponding scouring bins to move horizontally through the push rods.
Preferably, every push rod all overlaps outward and is equipped with the bellows, and the bellows setting is in a transition section of thick bamboo, the one end and the baffle sealing connection of bellows, the other end with correspond erode storehouse sealing connection, the one end that a transition section of thick bamboo was kept away from to the transmission section of thick bamboo is sealed, and the pressure of transmission section of thick bamboo inner chamber is greater than or equal to the pressure of a transition section of thick bamboo inner chamber.
Preferably, a baffle is arranged between the drainage cylinder and the transition cylinder, a water seepage hole is formed in the baffle, the water seepage hole corresponds to the flushing pipe one by one and is coaxial with the corresponding flushing pipe, and the flushing pipe is in sliding connection with the water seepage hole.
Preferably, the push rods are provided with grooves around each push rod, and the push mechanism pushes the push rods to move axially through the grooves.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the pushing mechanism of the heat exchanger with the shifting fork type scouring device pushes the scouring bin to move horizontally one by one, and the scouring pipes are communicated with the corresponding heat exchange pipes, so that part of the heat exchange pipes of the heat exchanger can be scoured and cleaned, the rest of the heat exchange pipes can continue to work, the heat exchanger does not need to be stopped, the on-line cleaning of the heat exchanger is realized, the cleaning is convenient and thorough, the heat exchange efficiency of the heat exchanger is ensured, the cleaning of the heat exchange pipes cannot hinder the use of the heat exchanger, the use is convenient, the heat exchange pipes of the heat exchanger can be periodically cleaned, the heat exchange effect of the heat exchanger is ensured, in addition, as impurities in the heat exchange pipes are precipitated in the forward direction, a certain degree of lubrication is provided for forward water flow, the water conveyed to the heat exchange pipes by the scouring pipes is opposite to the original flow direction of the heat exchange pipes, a reverse impact force is formed, and the water, the installation of the water inlet pipe is facilitated, and the disconnection of the joint of the water inlet pipe and the water inlet caused by overlarge gravity when the water is conveyed by the water inlet pipe can be avoided.
2. The switching motor drives the shifting fork to swing, so that the shifting fork can be aligned with the scouring bin one by one, the feeding motor drives the screw rod to rotate, the axial movement of the shifting fork along the screw rod is realized, the corresponding axial reciprocating movement of the scouring bin is further promoted, and the promotion of the scouring bin is realized.
3. The conversion motor is connected with the guide hole of the nut in a sliding mode through the guide rods on the two sides of the output shaft, the shifting fork can be guided, and can swing along with the rotation of the output shaft of the conversion motor, so that the shifting fork pushes the scouring bin to move horizontally one by one.
4. The delivery pump passes through the dispersion pipe simultaneously with many inlet tubes intercommunication, guarantees every and can carry the entering to erode the water in scouring the storehouse, and then guarantees to erode all heat exchange tubes of heat exchanger, erodees thoroughly, has guaranteed the heat exchange efficiency of heat exchanger.
5. The transmission cylinder and the transition cylinder are arranged in a sealing mode through the partition plate, so that the phenomenon that scouring water leaks and enters the transmission cylinder to hinder the work of a pushing mechanism in the transmission cylinder is avoided.
6. The scouring bin is arranged in the transition cylinder, the push rod connected with the scouring bin is arranged in the transmission cylinder, the pushing mechanism pushes the corresponding scouring bin to move horizontally through the push rod, the operation is convenient, and the transmission cylinder and the transition cylinder can be sealed.
7. The corrugated pipe is arranged outside each push rod, so that the sealing arrangement between the push rods and the partition plate is ensured, water in the transition cylinder is prevented from entering the transmission cylinder, the pressure in the transmission cylinder is larger than or equal to that of the transition cylinder, and the influence of deformation of the corrugated pipe on the action of the push rods is avoided.
8. Through the baffle interval between a drainage section of thick bamboo and the transition section of thick bamboo, be provided with the infiltration hole on the baffle, guarantee a drainage section of thick bamboo and a transition section of thick bamboo intercommunication, guaranteed then that a drainage section of thick bamboo equals with the pressure in the transition section of thick bamboo.
9. Every push rod all is provided with the recess, and pushing mechanism promotes push rod axial displacement through the recess, and pushing mechanism and push rod take place to skid when avoiding promoting, guarantee to erode the translation that the storehouse can be reliable.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a heat exchanger with a fork-type flushing device.
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the flushing tube pushing.
Fig. 3 is a partially enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the fork.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the connection of the flushing bin and the flushing pipe.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the push rod.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the positioning frame.
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a heat exchanger with a fork-type flushing device in example 2.
Fig. 9 is a perspective view of a dispensing tray.
FIG. 10 is a front cross-sectional schematic view of a distribution tray.
Fig. 11 is a front sectional view of the ball collecting barrel.
FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of a purge ball return line.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a heat exchanger 101, a heat exchange tube 2, a transmission cylinder 3, a transition cylinder 4, a feeding motor 5, a conversion motor 6, a fixing ring 7, a water inlet tube 8, a conveying pump 9, a mounting plate 10, a push rod 1001, a groove 11, a screw 12, a guide rod 13, a partition plate 14, a positioning frame 15, a corrugated tube 16, a scouring bin 17, a scouring tube 18, a baffle plate 19, a shifting fork 1901, a nut 1902, a pushing part 1903, a guide hole 20, a water inlet 21, a distribution plate 22, a ball collecting cylinder 23, a filter screen 24, a ball collecting hopper 25, a distribution cylinder 26, a return tube 27, a transparent tube 28, a ball return valve 29, a discharge valve 30, an ejector 31 and a scouring valve.
Detailed Description
Fig. 1 to 7 are preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the present invention will be further described with reference to fig. 1 to 12.
A heat exchanger with a shifting fork type scouring device comprises a heat exchanger 1 and a drainage barrel, wherein the heat exchanger 1 is cylindrical with two closed ends, a plurality of heat exchange tubes 101 are arranged in the heat exchanger 1 in parallel, two ends of each heat exchange tube 101 extend out of the heat exchanger 1, the drainage barrel is coaxially arranged at the output end of the heat exchange tube 101 of the heat exchanger 1, the heat exchanger further comprises a scouring bin 16 and a pushing mechanism, the scouring bin 16 is provided with a plurality of annular tubes which are spliced to be coaxial with the heat exchanger 1, one side, close to the heat exchanger 1, of each scouring bin 16 is provided with a plurality of scouring tubes 17, the scouring tubes 17 correspond to the heat exchange tubes 101 one by one and are coaxially arranged with the corresponding heat exchange tubes 101, a water inlet is formed in the scouring bin 16, the pushing mechanism is connected with the scouring bin 16 one by one and pushes the scouring bin to move horizontally, so that the scouring tubes 17 on the scouring bin 16 are communicated with the output ends of the corresponding heat exchange; the scouring bins 16 are connected with a delivery pump 8, a plurality of water inlets 20 of the scouring bins 16 are respectively communicated with the water outlet end of the delivery pump 8 through water inlet pipes 7, the outer ring of the scouring bins 16 is spliced and coaxially provided with a fixing ring 6, and the water inlet pipes 7 are installed on the fixing ring 6 at intervals. The pushing mechanism of the heat exchanger with the shifting fork type scouring device pushes the scouring bin 16 to move horizontally one by one, and the scouring tubes 17 are communicated with the corresponding heat exchange tubes 101, so that part of the heat exchange tubes 101 of the heat exchanger 1 can be scoured and cleaned, the rest of the heat exchange tubes 101 can continue to work, the heat exchanger 1 is not required to be stopped, the heat exchange efficiency of the heat exchanger 1 is ensured, the cleaning of the heat exchange tubes 101 is thorough, the use of the heat exchanger 1 is not hindered, the use is convenient, the heat exchange tubes 101 of the heat exchanger 1 can be periodically cleaned, the heat exchange effect of the heat exchanger 1 is ensured, in addition, because impurities in the heat exchange tubes 101 are precipitated in the forward direction, the forward water flow has certain lubrication degree, the water conveyed to the heat exchange tubes 101 by the scouring tubes 17 has the opposite flow direction to the original water of the heat exchange tubes 101, and reverse impact force is formed, the inlet tube 7 is fixed on the solid fixed ring 6 that encircles the setting of scouring cabin 16, has made things convenient for the installation of inlet tube 7, and can avoid inlet tube 7 to carry the water when too big junction disconnection that leads to inlet tube 7 and water inlet 20 of gravity.
The present invention is further described with reference to the following detailed description, however, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that the detailed description given herein with respect to the accompanying drawings is for better explanation and that the present invention is not necessarily limited to the specific embodiments, but rather, for equivalent alternatives or common approaches, may be omitted from the detailed description, while still remaining within the scope of the present application.
Example 1
As shown in FIGS. 1-2: the heat exchanger 1 is cylindrical with two closed ends, the heat exchanger 1 is horizontally arranged, a plurality of heat exchange tubes 101 are arranged in the heat exchanger 1 at intervals, the two ends of each heat exchange tube 101 extend out of the corresponding end of the heat exchanger 1, the heat exchange tubes 101 are arranged in parallel with the axis of the heat exchanger 1, a plurality of fins are arranged in the heat exchanger 1 at intervals along the axial direction and are semicircular, and the heat exchange tubes 101 are fixedly connected with the heat exchanger 1 through the fins, so that the heat exchange tubes 101 are conveniently installed, the heat exchange area is increased, and the heat exchange efficiency is improved. And flanges are coaxially arranged at both ends of the heat exchanger 1.
The left end coaxial arrangement of heat exchanger 1 has a drainage section of thick bamboo, and the one end that is close to heat exchanger 1 of a drainage section of thick bamboo and heat exchanger 1 sealing connection to make a drainage section of thick bamboo realize the intercommunication with the play water end of many heat exchange tubes 101 simultaneously. The plurality of heat exchange tubes 101 form a tube side of the heat exchanger 1, and a cavity between the heat exchanger 1 and the heat exchange tubes 101 forms a shell side of the heat exchanger 1. The two ends of the heat exchanger 1 are respectively provided with a shell pass inlet and a shell pass outlet, and the shell pass inlet and the shell pass outlet are respectively arranged at the upper side and the lower side of the heat exchanger 1. The upper side of the drainage tube is provided with a tube pass outlet which is arranged on the upper side of the drainage tube.
One end of the water drainage cylinder is provided with a transmission cylinder 2 and a transition cylinder 3 in sequence along the direction close to the heat exchanger 1, the transmission cylinder 2 and the transition cylinder 3 are all coaxially arranged with the water drainage cylinder, and the transition cylinder 3 and the transmission cylinder 2 are arranged between the water drainage cylinders. A disc-shaped mounting plate 9 is arranged at the open end of the transmission cylinder 2 and is sealed by the mounting plate 9, and a disc-shaped partition plate 13 is arranged between the transmission cylinder 2 and the transition cylinder 3 and is sealed by the partition plate 13, so that a sealed cavity is formed in the transmission cylinder 2; a disc-shaped baffle plate 18 is arranged between the transition cylinder 3 and the drainage cylinder, and the drainage cylinder is separated from the transition cylinder 3 by the baffle plate 18.
The water inlet 20 of the scouring bin 16 is connected with the water outlet end of the delivery pump 8 through the water inlet pipe 7, and the water inlet end of the delivery pump 8 is communicated with the pipe pass inlet of the heat exchanger 1, so that the heat exchange pipe 101 is directly scoured by utilizing underground water, impurities in the underground water are scoured, and the scouring effect is better. The delivery pump 8 goes out the water end and is provided with the dispersion pipe, and the tip of dispersion pipe and the delivery pump 8 go out the water end intercommunication, and many inlet tubes 7 are linked together with the lateral part of dispersion pipe simultaneously to realized simultaneously to a plurality of 16 water injections that erode the storehouse.
The outer coaxial solid fixed ring 6 that is provided with of a transition section of thick bamboo 3, many inlet tubes 7 are installed simultaneously on solid fixed ring 6 to make inlet tube 7 interval equipartition through solid fixed ring 6, make inlet tube 7 convenient and corresponding washing away storehouse 16 be linked together. The water outlet end of the water inlet pipe 7 is fixed on the wall of the transition cylinder 3, and the water inlet 20 of each scouring bin 16 is communicated with the water outlet end of the corresponding water inlet pipe 7 through a hose, so that the water inlet pipe 7 is prevented from hindering the translation of the scouring bins 16.
As shown in FIGS. 3-7: a locating rack 14 is arranged in the transition cylinder 3, the locating rack 14 is a cylindrical framework, the locating rack 14 and the transition cylinder 3 are coaxially arranged, and the locating rack 14 is connected with the partition plate 13. The flushing bin 16 is arranged in the transition cylinder 3 on the right side of the positioning frame 14.
The scouring bin 16 is a fan-shaped box body, a plurality of scouring pipes 17 are arranged on one side of the scouring bin 16 close to the heat exchanger 1 at intervals, and the scouring pipes 17 are communicated with the inner cavities of the corresponding scouring bins 16. The plurality of scouring bins 16 are spliced into an annular shape coaxial with the transition cylinder 3, the scouring bins 16 are arranged in the transition cylinder 3 in a sliding mode, and the scouring bins 16 are arranged between the baffle plates 18 and the positioning frames 14. The flushing pipes 17 correspond to the heat exchange pipes 101 of the heat exchanger 1 one by one, so that all the heat exchange pipes 101 can be flushed.
Be provided with a plurality of infiltration holes on the baffle 18, infiltration hole and scouring pipe 17 one-to-one, in the play water end of scouring pipe 17 slided and passed the infiltration hole and stretched into a drainage section of thick bamboo, the interval was provided with a plurality of recesses on the pore wall in infiltration hole to can guarantee drainage section of thick bamboo inner chamber and 3 inner chambers of a transition intercommunication, guarantee then that the pressure of drainage section of thick bamboo inner chamber and 3 inner chambers of a transition equals. When the scouring bin 16 moves towards the direction close to the heat exchanger 1, the scouring pipe 17 connected with the scouring bin 16 passes through the corresponding water seepage hole and is in butt joint with the corresponding heat exchange pipe 101, so that the scouring of part of the heat exchange pipes 101 is completed. The outer side of each scouring bin 16 is provided with a radial water inlet 20, and the water inlets 20 are communicated with the corresponding water inlet pipes 7 through hoses.
The transmission cylinder 2 is internally provided with a push rod 10 which is arranged in parallel with the flushing pipe 17, the push rod 10 corresponds to the flushing bins 16 one by one, one end of the push rod 10 close to the flushing bin 16 is fixedly connected with the middle part of the corresponding flushing bin 16, the other end surrounding the push rod 10 is provided with a groove 1001, and the pushing mechanism pushes the push rod 10 to axially reciprocate through the groove 1001 so as to push the corresponding flushing bin 16 to reciprocate.
The partition plate 13 is provided with a plurality of through holes at intervals, the through holes correspond to the push rods 10 one by one, and the push rods 10 penetrate through the corresponding through holes and then are fixedly connected with the corresponding scouring bins 16. The push rods 10 are slidably connected with the corresponding through holes. The bellows 15 is all overlapped in the outside of every push rod 10, and bellows 15 sets up between baffle 13 and the storehouse 16 that erodees that corresponds, and bellows 15 sets up in locating rack 14 promptly, bellows 15's one end and baffle 13 sealing connection, the other end with the storehouse 16 sealing connection that erodees that corresponds to make the inner chamber of transmission cylinder 2 and 3 inner chambers of transition cylinder set up at an interval, avoid the water leakage in the transition cylinder 3. The pressure in the inner cavity of the transmission cylinder 2 is greater than or equal to the pressure in the inner cavity of the transition cylinder 3, the pressure in the inner cavity of the transmission cylinder 2 is preferably greater than the pressure in the inner cavity of the transition cylinder 3, the corrugated pipe 15 can be prevented from being flattened, and the corrugated pipe 15 is convenient to use.
The feeding motor 4 and the conversion motor 5 are both arranged outside the transmission cylinder 2, and the feeding motor 4 and the conversion motor 5 are both arranged outside the mounting plate 9. One end of the screw rod 11 is rotatably connected with the mounting plate 9, the other end of the screw rod is rotatably connected with the partition plate 13, the shifting fork 19 is arranged along the radial direction of the screw rod 11, a nut 1901 which is coaxially arranged with the screw rod 11 is arranged at the inner end of the shifting fork 19 and is in threaded connection with the screw rod 11 through the nut 1901, the output shaft of the feeding motor 4 is coaxially connected with the screw rod 11 and drives the screw rod 11 to rotate, and then the shifting fork 19 is translated along the axial direction of the screw rod 11. The outer end of the shifting fork 19 is provided with a pushing part 1902 with a concave middle part, and the pushing part 1902 is matched with the corresponding groove 1001 of the push rod 10, so as to push the push rod 10 to move along the axial direction of the screw 11. Guide rods 12 parallel to the screw rod are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the screw rod 11, guide holes 1903 in sliding connection with the guide rods 12 on the corresponding sides are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the nut 1901, the two guide rods 12 are respectively arranged on two sides of an output shaft of the conversion motor 5 and are simultaneously connected with the output shaft of the conversion motor 5, and therefore the shifting fork 19 is driven to swing, and then the push rod 10 is pushed to move axially one by one.
Preferably, the pushing portions 1902 are symmetrically disposed at two sides, so that the push rods 10 at two sides can be pushed to move axially by two sides of the shift fork 19. After the position of the shifting fork 19 is adjusted to one side, the push rods 10 on two sides of the shifting fork 19 can be simultaneously pushed, so that the angle of the shifting fork 19 adjusted along the circumferential direction is reduced, and the working efficiency is improved.
When the heat exchange pipe 101 is flushed, the pressure of the liquid in the flushing pipe 17 is greater than the pressure of the liquid in the original heat exchange pipe 101, so that the water scale in the heat exchange pipe 101 is flushed completely. Preferably, an electromagnetic valve can be arranged on each water inlet pipe 7, when the flushing pipe 17 on which the flushing bin 16 is translated is communicated with the heat exchange pipe 101, the electromagnetic valve on the water inlet pipe 7 communicated with the flushing bin 16 is opened, and the electromagnetic valves on the other water inlet pipes 7 are closed, so that the pressure of liquid in the flushing pipe 17 during flushing is ensured, and further thorough flushing is ensured.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 8 to 11, the embodiment 2 is different from the embodiment 1 in that: the heat exchange tubes 101 in the heat exchanger 1 are arranged in multiple rows at intervals, and each row is provided with a plurality of heat exchange tubes 101 at intervals along the radius direction of the heat exchanger 1. The transition cylinder 3 is only provided with a distribution disc 21, the distribution disc 21 is provided with a plurality of flushing pipes 17, the flushing pipes 17 are arranged at one end of the distribution disc 21 close to the heat exchanger 1, the number of the flushing pipes 17 is equal to the number of the heat exchange pipes 101 contained in each row, and the distance between each flushing pipe 17 and the center of the distribution disc 21 is equal to the distance between the corresponding heat exchange pipe 101 in each row and the center of the heat exchanger 1. The lateral part of the distribution disc 21 is provided with water inlets 20 corresponding to the flushing pipes 17 one by one, the water inlets 20 are communicated with the corresponding flushing pipes 17, and the water inlet pipes 7 are corresponding to the water inlets 20 one by one and are communicated with the corresponding water inlets 20. The feed motor 4 pushes the distribution disc 21 to move axially through the screw rod 11, the screw rod 11 is in threaded connection with the distribution disc 21, and the conversion motor 5 drives the distribution disc 21 to rotate around the axis, so that the flushing pipes 17 are communicated with all the heat exchange pipes 101, and each water inlet pipe 7 can be ensured to be communicated with only one heat exchange pipe 101 at the same time. Add the cleaning ball in to heat exchange tube 101 through inlet tube 7, utilize the cleaning ball to clear up heat exchange tube 101, the cleaning ball includes the cleaning ball main part at middle part and encircles the steel wire that the cleaning ball main part set up, the cleaning ball main part is the column or the sphere that the diameter is less than heat exchange tube 101 internal diameter, the steel wire can with the integrative setting of cleaning ball main part, also can independently set up with the cleaning ball main part, the steel wire encircles the setting of cleaning ball main part, the diameter of cleaning ball is greater than the internal diameter of heat exchange tube 101.
The one end that heat exchanger 1 was kept away from to the drainage tube is provided with ball collecting cylinder 22, ball collecting cylinder 22 is the drum with the coaxial setting of heat exchanger 1, the one end sealing connection that heat exchanger 1 was kept away from to the left end and the drainage tube of ball collecting cylinder 22, ball collecting cylinder 22's right-hand member is provided with filter screen 23, ball collecting cylinder 22's downside is provided with ball collecting hopper 24, ball collecting hopper 24 is the toper that the diameter gradually reduces from top to bottom, ball collecting hopper 24's upside and ball collecting cylinder 22's downside intercommunication, thereby filter screen 23 can avoid the scavenging ball to block and make the scavenging ball enter into in ball collecting hopper 24. Since the cleaning ball is surrounded by a steel wire, the cleaning ball falls down and enters the ball collecting hopper 24.
As shown in fig. 12: the lower end of the ball collecting hopper 24 is connected with a distribution cylinder 25, the lower end of the ball collecting hopper 24 is communicated with the upper end of the distribution cylinder 25 through a pipeline, the upper part of the distribution cylinder 25 is cylindrical, and the lower part of the distribution cylinder 25 is conical, the diameter of which is gradually reduced from top to bottom. The sprayers 30 are arranged between the distribution barrel 25 and each water inlet pipe 7, the sprayers 30 are arranged in the distribution barrel 25, the bottom of the distribution barrel 25 is provided with a ball outlet, the bottom of the distribution barrel 25 is communicated with the low-pressure medium inlets of the sprayers 30 at the same time, the high-pressure medium inlet of each sprayer 30 is communicated with the water outlet end of the corresponding water inlet pipe 7, the medium outlet of each sprayer 30 is communicated with the corresponding water inlet 20, and therefore the sprayers 30 are used for sucking cleaning balls into the corresponding heat exchange pipes 101, and the cleaning balls are guaranteed to be arranged in each heat exchange pipe 101. A flushing valve 31 is arranged between each injector 30 and the distribution cylinder 25, and the flushing valve 31 can control the on-off of the cleaning ball, so that the cleaning of the heat exchange pipe 101 by the cleaning ball and the cleaning by the water flushing can be switched.
A transparent pipe 27 and a return pipe 26 are arranged between the ball collecting hopper 24 and the distribution cylinder 25, one end of the transparent pipe 27 is communicated with the ball outlet of the ball collecting hopper 24, and the other end is communicated with the upper end of the distribution cylinder 25 through the return pipe 26, so that the cleaning balls can be recycled. The water outlet end of the transparent pipe 27 is also connected with a discharge valve 29, a ball return valve 28 is arranged between the return pipe 26 and the transparent pipe 27, the diameter of the cleaning ball can be observed through the transparent pipe 27, whether the cleaning ball is damaged or not is further judged, the cleaning ball needs to be replaced when the diameter of the cleaning ball is too small, the ball return valve 28 is closed at the moment, the discharge valve 29 is opened, and the damaged cleaning ball is discharged. The addition of cleaning ball can go on through a distribution section of thick bamboo 25, utilizes the cleaning ball, can be more thorough to the washing away of heat exchange tube 101, and the clearance effect is better, avoids the incrustation scale to bond and erodees the problem that can not fall at heat exchange tube 101 inner wall. A ball feed pump for feeding the cleaning balls is provided between the transparent tube 27 and the ball collecting hopper 24.
The foregoing is directed to preferred embodiments of the present invention, other and further embodiments of the invention may be devised without departing from the basic scope thereof, and the scope thereof is determined by the claims that follow. However, any simple modification, equivalent change and modification of the above embodiments according to the technical essence of the present invention are within the protection scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a heat exchanger with shift fork formula washing device, includes heat exchanger (1) and a drainage tube, heat exchanger (1) are both ends confined cylindricly, and the parallel is provided with many heat exchange tubes (101) in heat exchanger (1), and heat exchanger (1) all stretches out at the both ends of heat exchange tube (101), and the coaxial output that sets up at heat exchange tube (101) of heat exchanger (1) of a drainage tube, its characterized in that: the washing device is characterized by further comprising a washing bin (16) and a pushing mechanism, wherein the washing bin (16) is arranged at one end of the drainage cylinder, the washing bin (16) is provided with a plurality of washing pipes (17) which are spliced into a ring shape coaxial with the heat exchanger (1), one side, close to the heat exchanger (1), of each washing bin (16), the washing pipes (17) correspond to the heat exchange pipes (101) one by one and are arranged coaxially with the corresponding heat exchange pipes (101), a water inlet is formed in the washing bin (16), the pushing mechanism is connected with the washing bin (16) one by one and pushes the washing bin (16) to move horizontally, so that the washing pipes (17) in the washing bin (16) are communicated with the output ends of the corresponding heat exchange pipes (101), and the pressure of liquid in the washing pipes (17) is greater than the pressure;
the scouring bin (16) is connected with a delivery pump (8), a plurality of water inlets (20) for scouring the bin (16) are respectively communicated with the water outlet end of the delivery pump (8) through a water inlet pipe (7), a fixing ring (6) is coaxially arranged outside an annular formed by splicing the scouring bins (16), and the water inlet pipes (7) are installed on the fixing ring (6) at intervals.
2. The heat exchanger with a shifting fork type flushing device according to claim 1, wherein: the pushing mechanism comprises a feeding motor (4), a conversion motor (5), a shifting fork (19) and a screw rod (11), the screw rod (11) and the heat exchanger (1) are coaxially arranged, a nut (1901) in threaded connection with the screw rod (11) is arranged on the shifting fork (19), an output shaft of the feeding motor (4) is connected with the screw rod (11) and drives the screw rod (11) to synchronously rotate, and an output shaft of the conversion motor (5) is connected with the nut (1901) and drives the nut (1901) to rotate.
3. The heat exchanger with a shifting fork type flushing device according to claim 2, wherein: the two sides of the screw rod (11) are symmetrically provided with guide rods (12) which are parallel to the screw rod (11), the two sides of the nut (1901) are symmetrically provided with guide holes (1903) which are in sliding connection with the guide rods (12) on the corresponding sides, and the two guide rods (12) are symmetrically arranged on the two sides of the output shaft of the conversion motor (5) and are simultaneously connected with the output shaft of the conversion motor (5).
4. The heat exchanger with a shifting fork type flushing device according to claim 1, wherein: the output end of the delivery pump (8) is provided with a dispersion pipe, the side part of the dispersion pipe is simultaneously communicated with the plurality of water inlet pipes (7), and the end part of the dispersion pipe is communicated with the water outlet end of the delivery pump (8).
5. The heat exchanger with a shifting fork type flushing device according to claim 1, wherein: still include driving cylinder (2) and transition section of thick bamboo (3), driving cylinder (2) and transition section of thick bamboo (3) all with heat exchanger (1) coaxial setting, and transition section of thick bamboo (3) set up between driving cylinder (2) and a drainage cylinder, pushing mechanism all sets up in driving cylinder (2), erodees storehouse (16) and sets up in transition section of thick bamboo (3), through baffle (13) sealed setting between driving cylinder (2) and transition section of thick bamboo (3).
6. The heat exchanger with a shifting fork type flushing device according to claim 5, wherein: the transmission cylinder (2) is internally provided with push rods (10) which correspond to the scouring bins (16) one by one, one end of each push rod (10) close to the scouring bin (16) is connected with the corresponding scouring bin (16) after sliding through the partition plate (13), the push rods (10) are connected with the partition plate (13) in a sealing mode, and the pushing mechanism pushes the corresponding scouring bins (16) to move horizontally through the push rods (10).
7. The heat exchanger with a shifting fork type flushing device according to claim 6, wherein: every push rod (10) all overlaps and is equipped with bellows (15) outward, and bellows (15) set up in transition section of thick bamboo (3), the one end and baffle (13) sealing connection of bellows (15), and the other end and the washing storehouse (16) sealing connection that correspond, and the one end that transition section of thick bamboo (3) were kept away from in driving barrel (2) is sealed, and the pressure of driving barrel (2) inner chamber is more than or equal to the pressure of transition section of thick bamboo (3) inner chamber.
8. The heat exchanger with a shifting fork type flushing device according to claim 5, wherein: a baffle (18) is arranged between the drainage cylinder and the transition cylinder (3), water seepage holes are formed in the baffle (18), the water seepage holes correspond to the flushing pipes (17) one by one and are coaxially arranged with the corresponding flushing pipes (17), and the flushing pipes (17) are in sliding connection with the water seepage holes.
9. The heat exchanger with a shifting fork type flushing device according to claim 6, wherein: the push rod (10) surrounding each push rod is provided with a groove (1001), and the push mechanism pushes the push rod (10) to move axially through the grooves (1001).
CN201811056328.XA 2018-09-11 2018-09-11 Heat exchanger with shifting fork type scouring device Expired - Fee Related CN109163583B (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0357572A1 (en) * 1988-07-15 1990-03-07 Brown T. Hagewood A process for cleaning tube type heat exchangers
US5499639A (en) * 1995-05-01 1996-03-19 Williams, Jr.; Robert V. Apparatus and method for cleaning exchanger tubes
CN2713426Y (en) * 2004-06-15 2005-07-27 南华大学 On-line descaling and reinforced heat transfer apparatus for heat exchanger
CN1806157A (en) * 2004-03-24 2006-07-19 法玛通Anp有限公司 Method for cleaning the pipes of a heat exchanger by means of an abrasive, and corresponding device
CN201177476Y (en) * 2008-03-24 2009-01-07 何宗岳 Condensator automatic cleaning device
WO2010122438A1 (en) * 2009-04-20 2010-10-28 Tube Tech International Ltd Cleaning the shell side of a heat exchanger core
CN201811251U (en) * 2010-09-28 2011-04-27 佛山市汇控热能制冷科技有限公司 Automatic soot cleaning device for shell and tube type heat exchanger
CN106568240A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-04-19 重庆美的通用制冷设备有限公司 Water cooling unit and shell and tube heat exchanger thereof

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0357572A1 (en) * 1988-07-15 1990-03-07 Brown T. Hagewood A process for cleaning tube type heat exchangers
US5499639A (en) * 1995-05-01 1996-03-19 Williams, Jr.; Robert V. Apparatus and method for cleaning exchanger tubes
CN1806157A (en) * 2004-03-24 2006-07-19 法玛通Anp有限公司 Method for cleaning the pipes of a heat exchanger by means of an abrasive, and corresponding device
CN2713426Y (en) * 2004-06-15 2005-07-27 南华大学 On-line descaling and reinforced heat transfer apparatus for heat exchanger
CN201177476Y (en) * 2008-03-24 2009-01-07 何宗岳 Condensator automatic cleaning device
WO2010122438A1 (en) * 2009-04-20 2010-10-28 Tube Tech International Ltd Cleaning the shell side of a heat exchanger core
CN201811251U (en) * 2010-09-28 2011-04-27 佛山市汇控热能制冷科技有限公司 Automatic soot cleaning device for shell and tube type heat exchanger
CN106568240A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-04-19 重庆美的通用制冷设备有限公司 Water cooling unit and shell and tube heat exchanger thereof

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Inventor after: Sun Ling

Inventor after: Ma Lixiu

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Inventor after: Chen Wengang

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