CN109124930B - Multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy bed and use method thereof - Google Patents

Multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy bed and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109124930B
CN109124930B CN201811094362.6A CN201811094362A CN109124930B CN 109124930 B CN109124930 B CN 109124930B CN 201811094362 A CN201811094362 A CN 201811094362A CN 109124930 B CN109124930 B CN 109124930B
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rehabilitation
mattress
movable
massage
patient
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CN109124930A (en
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李宏伟
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/001Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons with means for turning-over the patient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F7/00Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
    • A61F7/007Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body characterised by electric heating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/02Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons with toilet conveniences, or specially adapted for use with toilets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/047Beds for special sanitary purposes, e.g. for giving enemas, irrigations, flushings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/057Arrangements for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns, e.g. mattresses specially adapted therefor
    • A61G7/05715Arrangements for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns, e.g. mattresses specially adapted therefor with modular blocks, or inserts, with layers of different material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/057Arrangements for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns, e.g. mattresses specially adapted therefor
    • A61G7/05723Arrangements for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns, e.g. mattresses specially adapted therefor with cut-outs or depressions in order to relieve the pressure on a part of the body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/057Arrangements for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns, e.g. mattresses specially adapted therefor
    • A61G7/05784Arrangements for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns, e.g. mattresses specially adapted therefor with ventilating means, e.g. mattress or cushion with ventilating holes or ventilators
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H15/00Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains
    • A61H15/0078Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains power-driven
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/008Using suspension devices for supporting the body in an upright walking or standing position, e.g. harnesses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F7/00Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
    • A61F2007/0001Body part
    • A61F2007/0039Leg or parts thereof
    • A61F2007/0043Lower leg, calf
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F7/00Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
    • A61F2007/0059Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body with an open fluid circuit
    • A61F2007/006Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body with an open fluid circuit of gas
    • A61F2007/0062Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body with an open fluid circuit of gas the gas being steam or water vapour
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F7/00Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
    • A61F7/007Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body characterised by electric heating
    • A61F2007/0071Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body characterised by electric heating using a resistor, e.g. near the spot to be heated
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2210/00Devices for specific treatment or diagnosis
    • A61G2210/70Devices for specific treatment or diagnosis for cooling
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2210/00Devices for specific treatment or diagnosis
    • A61G2210/90Devices for specific treatment or diagnosis for heating

Abstract

The invention provides a multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy bed and a use method thereof, wherein the multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy bed comprises a bed body, a bedside bathroom, a rehabilitation turnover mattress and a control system; two movable mattresses and a rehabilitation turnover mattress are sequentially and horizontally laid on the bed body; a cleaning chair is hinged to the left side of the movable mattress; the movable mattress and the rehabilitation turnover mattress can be automatically turned over through the rollers and the movable mechanism of the track; a quilt adding rail is arranged on the bed body, and a bedside bathroom is arranged on the side surface of the bed body; the bedside bathroom mainly comprises a closestool, a bath ball, a shower head and an exhaust fan; the bottom of the bed body is provided with a shank massage sleeve, a water tank, a small blower and a rehabilitation walking belt; the shank massage sleeve is internally provided with a massage rotating wheel, a hot air pipe and a cold air pipe; the water tank is connected with the hot air pipe and the shower head; the small air blower is introduced into the movable mattress and the rehabilitation turnover mattress and is connected with the cold air pipe; the bed body is also provided with a tablet personal computer. The invention has complete functions, and patients lying in bed for a long time can use the invention independently.

Description

Multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy bed and use method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of medical rehabilitation instruments, and particularly relates to a multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy bed and a using method thereof.
Background
The semi-paralytic patients or the old people in bed can not walk out of the bed freely, and long-term lying in bed not only brings trouble in daily life for the patients, but also increases the burden of relatives and friends. Because the patient lies in bed for a long time, the blood vessels of the human body are not communicated, and the muscles and nerves of the legs are lack of exercise, the patient is difficult to recover, and the patient must be accompanied and supported by people for carrying out the rehabilitation walking training, if the body of the patient is high, the burden of nursing personnel is increased, and meanwhile, the probability of falling of the patient is increased by the outgoing walking training. For the semi-paralytic patients or the old with serious diseases, turning over, bathing and cleaning, toileting and the like are very difficult, and the body is easily suffered from bedsore due to sweating and bedding for a long time. The patient lies in bed alone, not only suffers from the pain, but also the psychological lonely lets the patient suffer from suffering, eager to communicate with relatives and friends every day, some patients also have the demand of surfing the Internet, and a device for urgent calling is needed when help is needed. The traditional rehabilitation sickbed has a simple structure, only provides the functions of turning over and sitting up, and the functions of rehabilitation walking, defecation and the like are added to some novel rehabilitation beds which appear at present, but the novel rehabilitation beds are not perfect enough, and a mechanism and a method for simultaneously performing rehabilitation walking are not practical and safe enough and need to be improved so as to meet the requirement that a semi-paralytic patient can perform daily self-care when no one is nursed and perform safe and effective rehabilitation training independently.
The utility model discloses a multi-functional body-building rehabilitation bed for chinese utility model of published patent application number CN201520071986.1, including frame-type bedstead, four bights of bedstead bottom are provided with the walking wheel, and the bedstead up end is provided with the bedplate, and the left end of bedplate articulates there is supplementary extension board, and the right-hand member of bedplate articulates there is the backup plate, and both ends all are provided with the locating plate about the terminal surface under the bedplate. The auxiliary support plate and the backup plate in the utility model can be matched to form a form of a wheelchair or a walking bracket, so that the rehabilitation training of patients can be realized; but this utility model function is comparatively single to need to drive whole bed and remove together when the recovered walking of supplementary patient, be difficult to realize the deformation of bed body mechanism simultaneously under the condition of unmanned help, can't realize patient's exclusive operation, also do not possess communication and entertainment function, the practicality is not enough.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy couch and a use method thereof. The patient is assisted to turn over through the movement change of the movable mattress; through the mutual matching of the rehabilitation turnover mattress, the shank massage sleeve and the rehabilitation walking belt, different rehabilitation exercises can be performed in real time for patients with different degrees of illness; the patient can take a bath independently and go to the toilet through the bedside bathroom; the device simultaneously has the functions of automatically increasing and decreasing the ventilation of the bedding and the mattress, is further provided with a multimedia entertainment device, can better help the semi-paralytic to recover the body, and relieves the problems of loneliness and dysphoria of the psychology of the patient who is bedridden for a long time. The multifunctional bed has complete functions and strong practicability, and patients lying in bed can use the bed independently.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
a multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy bed comprises a bed body, a bedside bathroom, a rehabilitation turnover mattress and a control system; two movable mattresses are horizontally laid on the bed body; the rehabilitation turnover mattresses are arranged on the right side of the movable mattress side by side; the middle parts of the two ends of the rehabilitation turnover mattress and the movable mattress are respectively provided with a movable track rod and a mattress moving device; the rehabilitation turnover mattress and the movable mattress are both sleeved on the movable track rod through the mattress moving device; the rehabilitation turnover mattress is formed by hinging four mattresses together, and spring pulleys are arranged inside the rehabilitation turnover mattress; a power motor I and a spring connected with the rehabilitation turnover mattress are arranged on the spring pulley; a horizontal slideway is arranged on the side surface of the bed body; a vertical slideway is arranged on the part of the side part of the bed head of the bed body, which corresponds to the rehabilitation turnover mattress; an arc branch channel is divided at the front end of the vertical slide channel and is smoothly connected with the arc of the horizontal slide channel; the bottom end of the vertical slideway is provided with a roller; a stepping motor is arranged on the roller; the bottom end of the vertical slideway is vertically connected with the horizontal slideway through a roller; the spring pulley is sleeved in the horizontal slideway; a pulley lower opening is arranged on the horizontal slideway; the rehabilitation turnover mattress arranged in the middle is provided with an arc lifting handrail and a safety fixing belt; convex teeth are arranged on the inward surface of the arc lifting handrail; a movable gear is arranged at the bottom of the bed body; a power motor II is arranged on the movable gear; the movable gear is meshed with convex teeth on the circular arc lifting handrail; a rehabilitation walking belt is arranged on the ground at the bottom of the bed body; the two ends of the rehabilitation walking belt are sleeved with rollers driven by a motor, a supporting roller and a supporting column are arranged in the rehabilitation walking belt, and a supporting platform is arranged at the bottom of the rehabilitation walking belt; a shank massage sleeve is arranged on the bottom surface of the bed body; the bed head and the bed tail of the bed body are respectively provided with a quilt adding track connected with two side surfaces of the bed body; quilt turning wheels are arranged in the quilt adding track; the quilt turning wheel is provided with a power motor III; a quilt storing cabinet is arranged on the right side of the bed body; the quilt adding track is connected with the quilt hiding cabinet; bedding is placed in the quilt hiding cabinet; the quilt turning wheel is connected with the bedding through thickened cotton threads; through grooves are formed in the side surface of the quilt adding rail and the top of the quilt hiding cabinet; the left side of the movable mattress is hinged with a cleaning chair; the bedside bathroom is arranged on the left side of the bed body; the cleaning chair is provided with a toilet hole and extends into the bedside bathroom; the bottom of the bedside bathroom is provided with a closestool, the inner wall of the bedside bathroom is provided with a bath rubbing ball, and the top of the bedside bathroom is provided with a shower head; a water tank is arranged on the ground at the bottom of the bed body; the water tank is connected with the shower head through a pipeline with a small water pump; a small air blower is arranged on the water tank; the control system is established based on a single chip microcomputer; and electrical components and mechanisms in the device are connected with a control system. The patient generally lies on the two movable mattresses in the middle; when the rehabilitation training is needed, the rehabilitation training is assisted by the rehabilitation turnover mattress; the cleaning chair is used when bathing or toileting is needed; the spring guide wheel supports the rehabilitation turnover mattress to stably move on the horizontal slideway, and the rehabilitation turnover mattress can be turned upwards to enter the arc branch channel and the vertical slideway at will; the power motor I provides power for the spring pulley; the roller is driven by the stepping motor to assist the vertical slideway to move on the horizontal slideway along with the human body; the spring guide wheel can fall down from the lower opening of the pulley, so that the rehabilitation turnover mattress is separated from the horizontal slideway; the arc-shaped lifting handrail and the safety fixing belt provide safety guarantee for the patient to use the rehabilitation turnover mattress; the movable gear rotates to drive the arc lifting handrail to turn upwards to form a handrail, and the handrail turns downwards to be collected into the bed bottom; the patient carries out rehabilitation walking training through the rehabilitation walking belt; the supporting roller and the supporting column play a role in supporting the rehabilitation walking belt; the shank massage sleeve is used for massaging the shank of the patient; the quilt can be taken out from the quilt storage cabinet under the driving of the quilt turning wheels and is covered on the bed along the quilt adding track; the patient sits on the cleaning chair and goes to the toilet through the toilet hole and the toilet bowl; the rubbing ball automatically cleans the body of the user; the shower head sprays water; the water tank provides a water source.
Furthermore, the shank massage sleeve mainly comprises a mechanical arm, a massage sleeve, a hot air pipe and a cold air pipe; the mechanical arm is fixed on the bottom surface of the bed body, a bending movable joint I and a bending motor are arranged in the middle of the mechanical arm, and the end part of the mechanical arm is connected with the massage sleeve; the massage sleeve is divided into two identical sleeve shells, and a hinge is arranged between the two sleeve shells; the middle of the massage sleeve is sunken to form a massage cavity; a motor cavity is arranged on one side of the massage cavity; a massage motor is arranged in the motor cavity; the rotor of the massage motor extends into and penetrates through the massage sleeve; a plurality of groups of massage rotating wheels are distributed on the rotor of the massage motor; each massage rotating wheel extends into the massage cavity, and the diameters of the massage rotating wheels are increased from the middle to two sides in sequence according to the radian of the side wall of the massage cavity; irregular rubber bulges are embedded on the massage rotating wheels; the side wall of the massage cavity is provided with an air vent; one end of the hot air pipe and one end of the cold air pipe are both led into the massage sleeve, and the other ends of the hot air pipe and the cold air pipe are respectively connected with the water tank and the small-sized blower; and the hot air pipe and the cold air pipe are respectively provided with an electromagnetic valve. The patient sits up through the rehabilitation turnover mattress, the massage sleeve is sleeved on the shank, the shank penetrates through the massage cavity, and the massage sleeve is closed through the hinge; the massage motor drives the massage rotating wheel to rotate, and the rubber bulges massage the shanks of the human body; the small blower pumps cold air to enter the massage cavity through the cold air pipe to perform cold compress on the crus; hot steam in the water tank enters the massage cavity through the hot air pipe to carry out hot compress on the crus; the electromagnetic valve controls the output of cold air and hot steam.
Further, the bottom of the bed body is also provided with a bottom track; a bottom movable wheel is sleeved in the bottom rail; a connecting rod is downwards connected to the bottom movable wheel; and a bending movable joint II is arranged in the middle of the connecting rod, and the end part of the connecting rod is connected with the movable gear. When the rehabilitation turnover mattress deforms or moves, the bottom movable wheels drive the movable gears to move on the bottom track along with the rehabilitation turnover mattress through the connecting rods; the bending movable joint II can be bent at will to retract and release the movable gear.
Furthermore, the bedside bathroom also comprises a rolling door, an exhaust fan exhaust passage and a waste water tank; the rolling door is arranged at the top of the opening of the bedside bathroom, and the middle of the rolling door is connected with a rolling motor; the exhaust channel is vertically arranged on the side surface of the bedside bathroom; the exhaust fan is arranged at an inlet at the top of the exhaust passage; the waste water tank is arranged at the bottom of the bedside bathroom and is provided with a sewage draining outlet; the exhaust channel is downwards led into the waste water tank; the sewage draining outlet is connected into a toilet of a house through a pipeline; the side surface of the lower part of the bedside bathroom is provided with a side opening door; a bath track is also arranged on the inner wall of the bedside bathroom; the bottom of the bath ball is provided with a power mechanism consisting of a motor and a roller, and the power mechanism is movably sleeved in the bath track; a hydraulic rod is arranged between the power mechanism and the rubbing ball; an electric heating rod is arranged in the water tank; the shower head is also connected with a tap water pipeline; the edge of the bedside bathroom is provided with an anti-skid sleeve and a cold and hot water regulating switch; the cleaning chair is provided with a turnover sensing device. The rolling shutter motor rotates to drive the rolling shutter door to be folded or put down, and the bedside bathroom is opened or shielded; the exhaust fan rotates to pump out water mist of a steam engine in the bedside bathroom and the like through an exhaust passage and finally enters the wastewater tank; the side door is opened, so that the bedside bathroom is convenient to clean; the power mechanism drives the rubbing ball to move on the rubbing track to wipe the human body; the hydraulic cylinder drives the rubbing ball to stretch, so that the human body can be better cleaned; the electric heating rod heats water in the water tank; the anti-skid sleeve is held by a user; the cold water regulating switch and the hot water regulating switch are used for regulating the water temperature; the turnover sensing device senses whether the cleaning chair is turned out for use.
Furthermore, the rehabilitation turnover mattress and the movable mattress are divided into two parts, wherein the upper part is a soft spongy cushion, and the lower part is a hard supporting cushion; the rehabilitation turnover mattress and the movable mattress are provided with vent holes penetrating through the spongy cushion and the support cushion; the lower part of the vent hole is connected with a vent pipeline; an electric heating wire is arranged at the front end part of the ventilation pipeline; the air duct is connected with a small blower. The soft spongy cushion can provide more comfortable feeling for patients; the supporting pad supports the whole rehabilitation turnover mattress and the movable mattress; the small blower pumps air into the ventilation holes of the rehabilitation turnover mattress and the movable mattress from the ventilation pipeline for ventilation; if the weather is cold, the electric heating wire can be started to heat.
Furthermore, a vertical rod is arranged on the side surface of the front part of the bed body; the upper part of the upright stanchion is sleeved with a movable adjusting sleeve and a calling device; the movable adjusting sleeve is transversely connected with a movable supporting rod; the front end of the movable supporting rod is provided with a universal joint, and the tail end of the movable supporting rod is connected with a board table; a tablet personal computer is hinged to the edge of the board table; the tablet personal computer is connected with a wireless network. The height of the plate table can be adjusted by the adjusting sleeve; the patient can ask for help through the calling device if the patient needs help; the tablet computer can provide entertainment to the patient.
Further, a power motor IV is arranged in the mattress moving device; a telescopic switch is arranged in the pulley lower opening; the end part of the quilt adding track is provided with a limiting column and a ball; climbing convex teeth I are arranged in the movable track rod, the quilt adding track, the bathing track and the vertical slide way; climbing teeth II are arranged on the mattress moving device, the quilt turning wheel, the roller at the bottom of the bath ball and the spring pulley; the climbing convex tooth I is meshed with the climbing tooth II; the lower part of the bed body is provided with the mutually crossed stabilizing supports, the right side of the bed body is provided with the shoe-wearing pedal on the ground, and the side surface of the bed head is provided with the simple storage cabinet and the temperature sensor. The power motor IV provides power for the mattress moving device; when the telescopic switch is opened, the spring pulley can fall down from the pulley lower opening; the limiting column prevents the bedding from being completely pulled out; the balls can enable the bedding to be more smoothly taken out by the turned bedding wheels; the climbing convex tooth I and the climbing convex tooth II can better help each mechanism to lift; the stabilizing bracket ensures the stability of the whole rehabilitation physiotherapy bed; the shoe wearing pedal helps a patient to wear shoes; the simple storage cabinet can be used for storing articles such as medicines and the like, and is convenient to take and use; the temperature sensor senses the current room temperature and feeds back the current room temperature to the control system.
The using method of the invention comprises the following steps:
1) assisting in turning over: the semi-paralytic lies on the rehabilitation physiotherapy bed, the rehabilitation turnover mattress and any movable mattress can be lifted up along the movable track rod under the drive of the mattress moving device, and incline to the left and right to assist the patient to turn over or reach the bedside;
2) rehabilitation training: when a seriously ill patient who cannot stand up uses the rehabilitation physiotherapy bed, the patient firstly moves to a rehabilitation turnover mattress with the assistance of a movable mattress; at the moment, one of the rehabilitation turnover mattresses closest to the bed head is driven by the spring pulleys to ascend obliquely upwards along the vertical slide way; the other three mattresses are driven by the spring pulleys to move on the horizontal slide way towards the direction of the bed head, and when reaching a proper position, the telescopic switches on the lower openings of the pulleys are opened, so that the spring pulleys on the two mattresses close to the bed tail can pass through the lower openings of the pulleys; the movable gear drives the arc lifting handrail to slowly rotate anticlockwise, so that the two mattresses close to the bed tail are turned downwards, and the last mattress is turned horizontally to form an inverted L shape; the middle mattress is kept horizontal; at the moment, the arc lifting handrail is turned upwards to form an arc handrail shape; the semiparalysis patient can use the crus massage sleeve to assist in swinging the legs in a sitting posture in which the semiparalysis patient can lean against and massage the crus; if the patient is not seriously ill and can stand upright, the safety fixing belt can be tied between the waist, the rehabilitation turnover mattress is turned up upright, the patient stands upright, and the patient steps on the rehabilitation walking belt; the patient can walk forwards along the rehabilitation walking belt by holding the bed edge with hands, and then rolls reversely by the rehabilitation walking belt after reaching the edge of the rehabilitation walking belt, so that the patient is taken back; in the process, the rollers are started along with the dragging of the movement of the patient to drive the vertical slide way and the rehabilitation turnover mattress to move on the horizontal slide way to assist the patient to move forwards; if the patient is less ill, the rehabilitation walking belt rotates along the opposite direction of walking according to the walking speed of the patient during walking, so that the patient can continuously practice walking movement;
3) toileting and bathing: the semiparalysis patient moves to the leftmost side of the bed body with the assistance of the movable mattress, sits on the cleaning chair, grasps the anti-skid sleeve at the edge of the bathroom beside the bed by hands, and opens the cover on the closestool, so that the patient can go to the toilet through the toilet hole; when a patient sits on the cleaning chair, the cold and hot water regulating switch can control the shower head to discharge water, the bath rubbing ball is driven by the hydraulic rod to stretch back and forth, and driven by the up-down moving power mechanism to move up and down, so that the body of the patient is wiped; an electric heating rod in the water tank heats water; steam generated by bathing is sucked into the exhaust passage by the exhaust fan; the bath water and the steam enter the waste water tank and are discharged from the sewage outlet; when the bedside bathroom is not used, the rolling door is put down to cover the opening of the bedside bathroom;
4) shank massage and cold and hot compress: the shank massage sleeve is sleeved on the shank of the patient, the massage motor drives the massage rotating wheel to rotate, and the shank is massaged by the extrusion of the rubber bulge; the electromagnetic valve on the hot air pipe is opened, hot steam in the water tank enters the massage cavity, and steam hot compress is realized; meanwhile, an electromagnetic valve on the cold air pipe is opened, and the small blower blows cold air into the massage cavity to adjust the hot compress temperature; if the electromagnetic valve on the hot air pipe is completely closed and only cold air is reserved, the heat after hot compress can be quickly taken away, and the cold compress is realized;
5) mattress ventilation: the small blower is started to pump cold air into the ventilation pipeline and emit the cold air through the ventilation holes, so that the mattress has the functions of ventilation, heat dissipation and summer heat dissipation; if the weather is cold, the electric heating wire is started at the moment, the air entering the vent holes is warm air, and the temperature is raised while the mattress is ventilated;
6) increase and decrease of bedding: when the room temperature changes or a patient needs to add quilts, the two groups of quilt turning wheels arranged at the bed head and the bed tail move along the two opposite quilt adding tracks to take the quilts out of the quilt storing cabinet; when the quilt turning wheel moves from the right side to the left side of the bed body, the quilt covers the patient; if the bedding needs to be reduced, the quilt turning wheels move from the left side to the right side of the bed body, and the bedding is retracted into the quilt storage cabinet;
7) multimedia entertainment: the movable adjusting sleeve is adjusted to be at a proper height, the movable supporting rod is turned out, the board table is made to be horizontal, the tablet personal computer is turned upwards, and the board table and the tablet personal computer can be used; if the patient needs help, the calling device can be pressed, and the calling information is automatically sent to the nursing staff.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
1. the invention helps the semi-paralytic patient to turn over through the height change and the turning action of the movable mattress, provides different rehabilitation exercises for the patient who has serious illness, can not stand upright, but has inconvenient walking and can walk slowly through the rehabilitation turnover mattress, the crus massage sleeve and the rehabilitation walking belt respectively, and can help the patient with different illness degrees to recover faster and better.
The invention can massage the crus of the semi-paralytic patient through the crus massage sleeve, and adds the functions of cold compress and hot compress while massaging, thereby accelerating the blood circulation of the crus of the patient and avoiding the problems of muscle atrophy and the like caused by long-term incapability of exercising.
The bedside bathroom can be used for enabling a patient to go to the toilet and take a bath by himself without getting out of the bed, the sanitation problem of the semi-paralytic patient in bed is solved, the body can be cleaned more cleanly by matching with the shower head and the bath ball, water vapor generated in bath can be timely pumped out, and the bedside bathroom can be used for closing an opening and blocking water vapor and peculiar smell when not in use.
The invention can automatically increase and decrease bedding for the patient with the lying disease by the matching of the quilt adding rail and the quilt turning wheel, thereby avoiding the problem of sweating or catching a cold caused by untimely increase and decrease of bedding for the patient.
The invention can realize the ventilation of the mattress, realize the functions of ventilation, temperature reduction or heating and reduce the problems of bedsore and the like caused by long-term bed rest of a patient by matching the vent holes and the small-sized blower.
The foldable board table and the tablet personal computer provide multimedia entertainment functions for semi-paralytic patients, and the tablet personal computer can be used for surfing the internet, chatting videos and the like, so that the psychological lony of long-term lying patients is greatly relieved.
The invention assists the patient to turn over through the movement change of the movable mattress; through the mutual matching of the rehabilitation turnover mattress, the shank massage sleeve and the rehabilitation walking belt, different rehabilitation exercises can be performed in real time for patients with different degrees of illness; the patient can take a bath independently and go to the toilet through the bedside bathroom; the device simultaneously has the functions of automatically increasing and decreasing the ventilation of the bedding and the mattress, is further provided with a multimedia entertainment device, can better help the semi-paralytic to recover the body, and relieves the problems of loneliness and dysphoria of the psychology of the patient who is bedridden for a long time.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall schematic view of a rehabilitation physiotherapy couch.
Figure 2 is a side view of a rehabilitation physiotherapy couch.
Figure 3 is a schematic view of a calf massage sleeve.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of a loose gear and bottom rail.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the vent tube and vent.
Figure 6 is a schematic view of a pole and a board table.
Part names and serial numbers in the figure:
bed body 1, bedside bathroom 2, rehabilitation turnover mattress 3, movable mattress 4, movable track rod 5, mattress moving device 6, cleaning chair 7, toilet 8, bath ball 9, bath track 10, shower head 11, spring pulley 12, quilt adding track 13, horizontal slide 14, vertical slide 15, roller 16, circular arc lifting handrail 17, convex tooth 18, movable gear 19, pulley lower opening 20, safety fixing belt 21, rehabilitation walking belt 22, roller 23, supporting roller 24, supporting column 25, supporting platform 26, shank massage sleeve 27, rolling curtain motor 28, rolling curtain motor 29, exhaust fan 30, exhaust passage 31, waste water groove 32, sewage outlet 33, side door 34, toilet hole 35, electric heating rod 36, mechanical arm 37, bending movable joint I38, massage sleeve I39, hinge 40, motor cavity 41, massage motor 42, massage rotating wheel 43, rubber bulge 44, vent 45, ventilation hole 45, electric heating device 20, electric heating device 36, mechanical arm 37, massage movable joint I38, massage sleeve I39, hinge 40, motor cavity 41, massage motor 42, massage rotating wheel 43, rubber bulge, The device comprises a hot air pipe 46, an electromagnetic valve 47, a small-sized blower 48, a bottom rail 49, a bottom movable wheel 50, a connecting rod 51, a bending movable joint II 52, a cold air pipe 53, a spongy cushion 54, a supporting pad 55, an air vent 56, an air vent pipeline 57, an electric heating wire 58, a vertical rod 59, a movable adjusting sleeve 60, a supporting rod 61, a universal joint 62, a desk 63, a tablet computer 64, a calling device 65, a ball 66, a stabilizing support 67, a shoe wearing pedal 68, a simple storage cabinet, a water tank 70, a massage cavity 71, a hydraulic rod 72, bedding 73, a quilt turning wheel 74, a quilt storage cabinet 75 and a spring 76.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example 1:
as shown in the attached drawings of the specification, the multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy bed comprises a bed body 1, a bedside bathroom 2, a rehabilitation turnover mattress 3 and a control system; two movable mattresses 4 are horizontally laid on the bed body 1; the rehabilitation turnover mattresses 3 are arranged on the right side of the movable mattress 4 side by side; the middle parts of the two ends of the rehabilitation turnover mattress 3 and the movable mattress 4 are respectively provided with a movable track rod 5 and a mattress moving device 6; the rehabilitation turnover mattress 3 and the movable mattress 4 are both sleeved on the movable track rod 5 through a mattress moving device 6; the rehabilitation turnover mattress 3 is formed by hinging four mattresses together, and spring pulleys 12 are arranged in the rehabilitation turnover mattress; the spring pulley 12 is provided with a power motor I and a spring 76 connected with the rehabilitation turnover mattress 3; a horizontal slideway 14 is arranged on the side surface of the bed body 1; a vertical slideway 15 is arranged on the part of the side part of the bed head of the bed body 1 corresponding to the rehabilitation turnover mattress 3; an arc branch channel is divided at the front end of the vertical slide channel 15 and is in arc smooth connection with the horizontal slide channel 14; the bottom end of the vertical slideway 15 is provided with a roller 16; a stepping motor is arranged on the roller 16; the bottom end of the vertical slideway 15 is vertically connected with the horizontal slideway 14 through a roller 16; the spring pulley 12 is sleeved in the horizontal slideway 14; a pulley lower opening 20 is arranged on the horizontal slideway 14; the rehabilitation turnover mattress 3 arranged in the middle is provided with an arc lifting handrail 17 and a safety fixing belt 21; the inward surface of the arc lifting handrail 17 is provided with convex teeth 18; a movable gear 19 is arranged at the bottom of the bed body 1; a power motor II is arranged on the movable gear 19; the movable gear 19 is meshed with the convex teeth 18 on the circular arc lifting handrail 17; a rehabilitation walking belt 22 is arranged on the ground at the bottom of the bed body 1; the two ends of the rehabilitation walking belt 22 are sleeved with rollers 23 driven by a motor, a supporting roller 24 and a supporting column 25 are arranged in the rehabilitation walking belt, and a supporting platform 26 is arranged at the bottom of the rehabilitation walking belt; a shank massage sleeve 27 is arranged on the bottom surface of the bed body 1; the bed head and the bed tail of the bed body 1 are respectively provided with a quilt adding track 13 connected with two side surfaces of the bed body 1; a quilt overturning wheel 74 is arranged in the quilt adding track 13; the quilt turning wheel 74 is provided with a power motor III; a quilt hiding cabinet 75 is arranged on the right side of the bed body 1; the quilt adding track 13 is connected with a quilt hiding cabinet 75; bedding 73 is placed in the quilt hiding cabinet 75; the quilt turning wheel 74 is connected with the bedding 73 through thickened cotton threads; through grooves are formed in the side surface of the quilt adding rail 13 and the top of the quilt hiding cabinet 75; the left side of the movable mattress 4 is hinged with a cleaning chair 7; the bedside bathroom 2 is arranged on the left side of the bed body 1; the cleaning chair 7 is provided with a toilet hole 35 and extends into the bedside bathroom 2; the bottom of the bedside bathroom 2 is provided with a closestool 8, the inner wall of the bedside bathroom is provided with a bath ball 9, and the top of the bedside bathroom is provided with a shower head 11; a water tank 70 is arranged on the ground at the bottom of the bed body 1; the water tank 70 is connected with the shower head 11 through a pipeline with a small water pump; a small blower 48 is arranged on the water tank 70; the control system is established based on a single chip microcomputer; and electrical components and mechanisms in the device are connected with a control system.
The shank massage cover 27 mainly comprises a mechanical arm 37, a massage cover 39, a hot air pipe 46 and a cold air pipe 53; the mechanical arm 37 is fixed on the bottom surface of the bed body 1, a bending movable joint I38 and a bending motor are arranged in the middle, and the end part of the mechanical arm is connected with the massage sleeve 39; the massage sleeve 39 is divided into two identical casing shells, and a hinge 40 is arranged between the two casing shells; the middle of the massage sleeve 39 is concave to form a massage cavity 71; a massage motor 42 is arranged at one side of the massage cavity 71; the rotor of the massage motor 42 extends into and penetrates through the massage sleeve 39; a plurality of groups of massage rotating wheels 43 are arranged on the rotor of the massage motor 42; each massage rotating wheel 43 extends into the massage cavity 71 and sequentially increases in diameter from the middle to the two sides according to the radian of the side wall of the massage cavity 71; irregular rubber bulges 44 are embedded on the massage rotating wheel 43; the side wall of the massage cavity 71 is provided with an air vent 45; one end of the hot air pipe 46 and one end of the cold air pipe 53 are both led into the massage sleeve 39, and the other ends are respectively connected with the water tank 70 and the small-sized blower 48; the hot air pipe 46 and the cold air pipe 53 are provided with electromagnetic valves 47.
The bottom of the bed body 1 is also provided with a bottom track 49; a bottom movable wheel 50 is sleeved in the bottom rail 49; a connecting rod 51 is downwards connected to the bottom movable wheel 50; the middle part of the connecting rod 51 is provided with a bending movable joint II 52, and the end part is connected with the movable gear 19.
The bedside bathroom 2 also comprises a rolling door 29, an exhaust fan 30, an exhaust passage 31 and a waste water tank 32; the rolling door 29 is arranged at the top of the opening of the bedside bathroom 2, and the rolling door motor 28 is connected in the middle; the exhaust channel 31 is vertically arranged on the side surface of the bedside bathroom 2; the exhaust fan 30 is arranged at the inlet of the top of the exhaust channel 31; the waste water tank 32 is arranged at the bottom of the bedside bathroom 2 and is provided with a sewage outlet 33; the exhaust channel 31 leads downwards into a waste water tank 32; the sewage outlet 33 is connected into a toilet of a house through a pipeline; the side surface of the lower part of the bedside bathroom 2 is provided with a side opening door 34; a bath track 10 is also arranged on the inner wall of the bedside bathroom 2; the bottom of the bath ball 9 is provided with a power mechanism consisting of a motor and a roller, and the power mechanism is movably sleeved in the bath track 10; a hydraulic rod 72 is arranged between the power mechanism and the bath ball 9; an electric heating rod 36 is arranged in the water tank 70; the shower head 11 is also connected with a tap water pipeline; the edge of the bedside bathroom 2 is provided with an anti-skid sleeve and a cold and hot water regulating switch; the cleaning chair 7 is provided with a turnover sensing device.
The rehabilitation turnover mattress 3 and the movable mattress 4 are divided into two parts, the upper part is a soft spongy cushion 54, and the lower part is a hard supporting cushion 55; the rehabilitation turnover mattress 3 and the movable mattress 4 are provided with vent holes 56 which penetrate through the spongy cushions 54 and the supporting cushions 55; a vent pipe 57 is connected to the lower part of the vent hole 56; an electric heating wire 58 is arranged at the front end part of the air duct 57; the air duct 57 is connected to the small blower 48.
A vertical rod 59 is arranged on the side surface of the front part of the bed body 1; the upper part of the upright rod 59 is sleeved with a movable adjusting sleeve 60 and a calling device 65; the movable adjusting sleeve 60 is transversely connected with a movable supporting rod 61; the front end of the movable support rod 61 is provided with a universal joint 62, and the tail end of the movable support rod is connected with a board table 63; a tablet computer 64 is hinged to the edge of the board table 63; the tablet computer 64 is connected to a wireless network.
A power motor IV is arranged in the mattress moving device 6; a telescopic switch is arranged in the pulley lower opening 20; climbing convex teeth I are arranged in the movable track rod 5, the quilt adding track 13, the bathing track 10 and the vertical slide way 15; climbing teeth II are arranged on the mattress moving device 6, the quilt turning wheel 74, the roller at the bottom of the bath ball 9 and the spring pulley 12; the climbing convex tooth I is meshed with the climbing tooth II; the lower part of the bed body 1 is provided with a stabilizing bracket 67 which is crossed mutually, the right side of the bed body is provided with a shoe-wearing pedal 68, and the side surface of the bed head is provided with a simple storage cabinet 69 and a temperature sensor.
The using method of the invention is as follows:
assisting in turning over: the semi-paralytic lies on the rehabilitation physiotherapy bed, the rehabilitation turnover mattress 3 and any movable mattress 4 can be lifted up along the movable track rod 5 under the drive of the mattress moving device 6, and incline to the left and right at one side to assist the patient to turn over or reach the bedside; rehabilitation training: when a seriously ill patient who cannot stand up uses the rehabilitation physiotherapy bed, the patient firstly moves to the rehabilitation turnover mattress 3 with the assistance of the movable mattress 4; at the moment, one of the rehabilitation turnover mattresses 3 closest to the bed head is driven by the spring pulley 12 to ascend obliquely upwards along the vertical slide way 15; the other three mattresses move on the horizontal slide way 14 to the direction of the bed head under the drive of the spring pulleys 12, and when reaching a proper position, the telescopic switches on the lower releasing openings 20 of the pulleys are opened, so that the spring pulleys 12 on the two mattresses close to the bed tail can pass through the lower releasing openings 20 of the pulleys; the movable gear 19 drives the arc lifting handrail 17 to slowly rotate anticlockwise, so that the two mattresses close to the end of the bed are turned downwards, and the last mattress is turned horizontally to form an inverted L shape; the middle mattress is kept horizontal; at the moment, the arc lifting handrail 17 is turned upwards to form an arc handrail shape; the semiparalysis patient can use the shank massage sleeve 27 to assist the swing of the legs in a sitting posture that the semiparalysis patient can lean against, and massage the shank, if the patient is not serious and can stand upright, the safety fixing belt 21 can be tied between the waist, the rehabilitation turnover mattress 3 is turned upright, so that the patient stands upright, and the patient steps on the rehabilitation walking belt 22; the patient can walk forwards along the rehabilitation walking belt 22 by holding the bed edge with hands, and then rolls reversely by the rehabilitation walking belt 22 after reaching the edge of the rehabilitation walking belt 22, so as to bring the patient back; in the process, the rollers 16 are started along with the dragging of the movement of the patient, and the vertical slide ways 15 and the rehabilitation turnover mattress 3 are driven to move on the horizontal slide ways 14 to assist the patient to advance; if the patient is less ill, the rehabilitation walking belt 22 rotates along the opposite direction of walking according to the walking speed of the patient when walking, so that the patient can continuously practice walking movement; toileting and bathing: the semiparalytic patient moves to the leftmost side of the bed body with the assistance of the movable mattress 4, sits on the cleaning chair 7, grasps the anti-skid sleeve at the edge of the bedside bathroom 2 with hands, opens the cover on the closestool 8, and then the patient can go to the toilet through the toilet hole 35; when a patient sits on the cleaning chair 7, the cold and hot water adjusting switch can control the shower head 11 to discharge water, the bath ball 9 can be driven by the hydraulic rod 72 to stretch back and forth, and driven by the up-down moving power mechanism to move up and down, so that the body of the patient can be wiped; the electric heating rod 36 in the water tank 70 heats water; steam generated by bathing is sucked into the exhaust passage 31 by the exhaust fan 30; the bath water and the steam enter the waste water tank 32 and then are discharged from the sewage outlet 33; when the bedside bathroom 2 is not used, the rolling door 29 is put down to cover the opening of the bedside bathroom 2; shank massage and cold and hot compress: the patient sleeves the shank massage sleeve 27 on the shank, the massage motor 42 drives the massage rotating wheel 43 to rotate, and the shank is massaged by the extrusion of the rubber bulge 44; the electromagnetic valve 47 on the hot air pipe 46 is opened, and hot steam in the water tank 70 enters the massage cavity 71 to realize steam hot compress; meanwhile, the electromagnetic valve 47 on the cold air pipe 53 is opened, and the small-sized blower 48 blows cold air into the massage cavity 71 to adjust the hot compress temperature; if the electromagnetic valve 47 on the hot air pipe 46 is completely closed and only cold air is reserved, the heat after hot compress can be rapidly taken away, and the cold compress is realized; mattress ventilation: the small-sized blower 48 is started to pump cold air into the ventilation pipeline 57 and emit the cold air through the ventilation hole 56, so that the functions of ventilating the mattress, dispelling summer heat and dissipating heat are achieved; if the weather is cold, the electric heating wire 58 is started at the moment, the air entering the vent holes 56 is warm air, and the temperature is raised while the mattress is ventilated; increase and decrease of bedding: when the room temperature changes or the patient needs to add bedding, the two groups of quilt turning wheels 74 arranged at the bed head and the bed tail move along the two opposite quilt adding rails 13 to bring the bedding 73 out of the quilt hiding cabinet 75; when the quilt turning wheel 74 moves from the right to the left of the bed body 1, the bedding will cover the patient; if the bedding needs to be reduced, the quilt turning wheels 74 move from the left side to the right side of the bed body 1, and the bedding 73 is retracted into the quilt storage cabinet 75; multimedia entertainment: the movable adjusting sleeve 60 is adjusted to be at a proper height, the movable supporting rod 61 is turned out, the board table 63 is made to be horizontal, the tablet computer 64 is turned upwards, and the board table 63 and the tablet computer can be used; if the patient needs help, the calling device 65 can be pressed and the call automatically sent to the caregiver.
Example 2:
the structure and principle of the embodiment 2 are basically the same as those of the embodiment 1, except that a motor cavity 41 is arranged on one side of the massage cavity 71; a massage motor 42 is provided in the motor chamber 41. The motor chamber 41 is used for placing the massage motor 42.
Example 3:
the structure and principle of this embodiment 3 are basically the same as those of embodiment 1, except that the end of the added rail 13 is provided with a limit column and a ball 66. The stopper posts prevent the bedding 73 from being completely pulled out; the balls 66 enable the bedding 73 to be more smoothly carried out by the turnover wheels 74.
Example 4:
the structure and principle of the embodiment 4 are basically the same as those of the embodiment 1, except that a motor cavity 41 is arranged on one side of the massage cavity 71; a massage motor 42 is arranged in the motor cavity 41; the end of the quilt adding track 13 is provided with a limiting column and a ball 66. The motor cavity 41 is used for placing the massage motor 42; the balls 66 enable the bedding 73 to be more smoothly carried out by the turnover wheels 74.
The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the spirit of the invention. Various modifications or additions may be made to the described embodiments or alternatives may be employed by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit or ambit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a multi-functional rehabilitation physiotherapy bed, includes bed body (1), its characterized in that: also comprises a bedside bathroom (2), a rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) and a control system; two movable mattresses (4) are horizontally laid on the bed body (1); the rehabilitation turnover mattresses (3) are arranged on the right side of the movable mattress (4) side by side; the middle parts of the two ends of the rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) and the movable mattress (4) are respectively provided with a movable track rod (5) and a mattress moving device (6); the rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) and the movable mattress (4) are sleeved on the movable track rod (5) through a mattress moving device (6); the rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) is formed by hinging four mattresses together, and spring pulleys (12) are arranged in the rehabilitation turnover mattress; a power motor I and a spring (76) connected with the rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) are arranged on the spring pulley (12); a horizontal slideway (14) is arranged on the side surface of the bed body (1); a vertical slideway (15) is arranged on the part of the lateral part of the bed head of the bed body (1) corresponding to the rehabilitation turnover mattress (3); an arc branch channel is formed at the front end of the vertical slide way (15) and is smoothly connected with an arc of the horizontal slide way (14); the bottom end of the vertical slideway (15) is provided with a roller (16); a stepping motor is arranged on the roller (16); the bottom end of the vertical slideway (15) is vertically connected with the horizontal slideway (14) through a roller (16); the spring pulley (12) is sleeved in the horizontal slideway (14); a pulley lower opening (20) is arranged on the horizontal slideway (14); an arc lifting handrail (17) and a safety fixing belt (21) are arranged on one rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) arranged in the middle; convex teeth (18) are arranged on the inward surface of the arc lifting handrail (17); a movable gear (19) is arranged at the bottom of the bed body (1); a power motor II is arranged on the movable gear (19); the movable gear (19) is meshed with convex teeth (18) on the arc lifting handrail (17); a rehabilitation walking belt (22) is arranged on the ground at the bottom of the bed body (1); the two ends of the rehabilitation walking belt (22) are sleeved with rollers (23) driven by a motor, a supporting roller (24) and a supporting column (25) are arranged in the rehabilitation walking belt, and a supporting platform (26) is arranged at the bottom of the rehabilitation walking belt; a lower leg massage sleeve (27) is arranged on the bottom surface of the bed body (1); the bed head and the bed tail of the bed body (1) are respectively provided with a quilt adding track (13) connected with two side surfaces of the bed body (1); a quilt turning wheel (74) is arranged in the quilt adding track (13); a power motor III is arranged on the quilt turning wheel (74); a quilt hiding cabinet (75) is arranged on the right side of the bed body (1); the quilt adding track (13) is connected with a quilt hiding cabinet (75); bedding (73) is placed in the quilt hiding cabinet (75); the quilt turning wheel (74) is connected with the quilt (73) through thickened cotton threads; through grooves are formed in the side surface of the quilt adding rail (13) and the top of the quilt hiding cabinet (75); the left side of the movable mattress (4) is hinged with a cleaning chair (7); the bedside bathroom (2) is arranged on the left side of the bed body (1); the cleaning chair (7) is provided with a toilet hole (35) and extends into the bedside bathroom (2); a closestool (8) is arranged at the bottom of the bedside bathroom (2), a bath rubbing ball (9) is arranged on the inner wall of the bedside bathroom, and a shower head (11) is arranged at the top of the bedside bathroom; a water tank (70) is arranged on the ground at the bottom of the bed body (1); the water tank (70) is connected with the shower head (11) through a pipeline with a small water pump; a small-sized blower (48) is arranged on the water tank (70); the control system is established based on a single chip microcomputer; and electrical components and mechanisms in the device are connected with a control system.
2. The multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy couch according to claim 1, wherein: the shank massage sleeve (27) mainly comprises a mechanical arm (37), a massage sleeve (39), a hot air pipe (46) and a cold air pipe (53); the mechanical arm (37) is fixed on the bottom surface of the bed body (1), a bending movable joint I (38) and a bending motor are arranged in the middle, and the end part of the mechanical arm is connected with the massage sleeve (39); the massage sleeve (39) is divided into two same sleeve shells, and a hinge (40) is arranged between the two sleeve shells; the middle of the massage sleeve (39) is sunken to form a massage cavity (71); a motor cavity (41) is arranged on one side of the massage cavity (71); a massage motor (42) is arranged in the motor cavity (41); the rotor of the massage motor (42) extends into and penetrates through the massage sleeve (39); a plurality of groups of massage rotating wheels (43) are distributed on the rotor of the massage motor (42); each massage rotating wheel (43) extends into the massage cavity (71) and increases the diameter from the middle to the two sides in sequence according to the radian of the side wall of the massage cavity (71); irregular rubber bulges (44) are embedded on the massage rotating wheel (43); the side wall of the massage cavity (71) is provided with an air vent (45); one end of the hot air pipe (46) and one end of the cold air pipe (53) are both led into the massage sleeve (39), and the other ends are respectively connected with the water tank (70) and the small-sized blower (48); the hot air pipe (46) and the cold air pipe (53) are both provided with electromagnetic valves (47).
3. The multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy couch according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the bed body (1) is also provided with a bottom track (49); a bottom movable wheel (50) is sleeved in the bottom track (49); a connecting rod (51) is downwards connected to the bottom movable wheel (50); the middle part of the connecting rod (51) is provided with a bending movable joint II (52), and the end part of the connecting rod is connected with the movable gear (19).
4. The multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy couch according to claim 1, wherein: the bedside bathroom (2) also comprises a rolling door (29), an exhaust fan (30), an exhaust channel (31) and a waste water tank (32); the rolling door (29) is arranged at the top of the opening of the bedside bathroom (2), and the middle of the rolling door is connected with a rolling motor (28); the exhaust channel (31) is vertically arranged on the side surface of the bedside bathroom (2); the exhaust fan (30) is arranged at an inlet at the top of the exhaust channel (31); the waste water tank (32) is arranged at the bottom of the bedside bathroom (2) and is provided with a sewage outlet (33); the exhaust channel (31) leads downwards into a waste water tank (32); the sewage outlet (33) is connected into a toilet of a house through a pipeline; a side door (34) is arranged on the side surface of the lower part of the bedside bathroom (2); a bath track (10) is also arranged on the inner wall of the bedside bathroom (2); the bottom of the bath rubbing ball (9) is provided with a power mechanism consisting of a motor and a roller, and the power mechanism is movably sleeved in the bath rubbing track (10); a hydraulic rod (72) is arranged between the power mechanism and the bath ball (9); an electric heating rod (36) is arranged in the water tank (70); the shower head (11) is also connected with a tap water pipeline; the edge of the bedside bathroom (2) is provided with an anti-skid sleeve and a cold and hot water regulating switch; the cleaning chair (7) is provided with a turnover sensing device.
5. The multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy couch according to claim 1, wherein: the rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) and the movable mattress (4) are divided into two parts, the upper part is a soft spongy cushion (54), and the lower part is a hard supporting cushion (55); vent holes (56) which penetrate through the spongy cushions (54) and the supporting cushions (55) are arranged in the rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) and the movable mattress (4); the lower part of the vent hole (56) is connected with a vent pipeline (57); an electric heating wire (58) is arranged at the front end part of the air duct (57); the air duct (57) is connected with a small blower (48).
6. The multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy couch according to claim 1, wherein: a vertical rod (59) is arranged on the side surface of the front part of the bed body (1); the upper part of the upright rod (59) is sleeved with a movable adjusting sleeve (60) and a calling device (65); the movable adjusting sleeve (60) is transversely connected with a movable supporting rod (61); the front end of the movable supporting rod (61) is provided with a universal joint (62), and the tail end of the movable supporting rod is connected with a board table (63); a tablet personal computer (64) is hinged to the edge of the board table (63); the tablet computer (64) is connected with a wireless network.
7. The multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy couch according to claim 4, wherein: a power motor IV is arranged in the mattress moving device (6); a telescopic switch is arranged in the pulley lower opening (20); the end part of the quilt adding track (13) is provided with a limiting column and a ball (66); climbing convex teeth I are arranged in the movable track rod (5), the quilt adding track (13), the bathing track (10) and the vertical slide way (15); climbing teeth II are arranged on the mattress moving device (6), the quilt turning wheel (74), the roller at the bottom of the bath ball (9) and the spring pulley (12); the climbing convex tooth I is meshed with the climbing tooth II; the lower part of the bed body (1) is provided with a stabilizing bracket (67) which is crossed mutually, the right ground is provided with a shoe-wearing pedal (68), and the side surface of the bed head is provided with a simple storage cabinet (69) and a temperature sensor.
8. The use method of the multifunctional rehabilitation physiotherapy couch according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein: the method comprises the following steps:
1) assisting in turning over: the semi-paralytic lies on the rehabilitation physiotherapy bed, the rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) and any movable mattress (4) can be lifted up freely along the movable track rod (5) under the drive of the mattress moving device (6), and the semi-paralytic leans to the left and the right at one side to assist the patient to turn over or reach the bedside;
2) rehabilitation training: when a seriously ill patient who cannot stand up uses the rehabilitation physiotherapy bed, the patient firstly moves to the rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) under the assistance of the movable mattress (4); at the moment, one of the rehabilitation turnover mattresses (3) closest to the bed head is driven by the spring pulley (12) to ascend obliquely upwards along the vertical slide way (15); in addition, the three mattresses are driven by the spring pulleys (12) to move on the horizontal slide way (14) towards the direction of the bed head, and when reaching a proper position, the telescopic switches on the lower releasing openings (20) of the pulleys are opened, so that the spring pulleys (12) on the two mattresses close to the bed tail can pass through the lower releasing openings (20) of the pulleys; the movable gear (19) drives the arc lifting handrail (17) to slowly rotate anticlockwise, so that the two mattresses close to the tail of the bed are turned downwards, and the last mattress is turned horizontally to form an inverted L shape; the middle mattress is kept horizontal; at the moment, the arc lifting handrail (17) is turned upwards to form an arc handrail shape; the semiparalysis patient can use the crus massage sleeve (27) to assist in swinging the legs in a sitting position in which the semiparalysis patient can lean against, and massage the crus; if the patient is not seriously ill and can stand upright, the safety fixing belt (21) can be tied between the waist, the rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) is turned up upright to lead the patient to stand upright, and the patient steps on the rehabilitation walking belt (22); the patient can walk forwards along the rehabilitation walking belt (22) by holding the bed edge with hands, and then rolls reversely by the rehabilitation walking belt (22) after reaching the edge of the rehabilitation walking belt (22), so as to bring the patient back; in the process, the rollers (16) are started along with the dragging of the movement of a person to drive the vertical slide way (15) and the rehabilitation turnover mattress (3) to move on the horizontal slide way (14) to assist the patient to advance; if the patient is less ill, the rehabilitation walking belt (22) rotates along the opposite direction of walking according to the walking speed of the patient when the patient walks, so that the patient can continuously practice walking movement;
3) toileting and bathing: the semiparalysis patient moves to the leftmost side of the bed body with the assistance of the movable mattress (4), sits on the cleaning chair (7), grasps the anti-skid sleeve at the edge of the bedside bathroom (2) with hands, opens the cover on the closestool (8), and then the patient can go to the toilet through the toilet hole (35); when a patient sits on the cleaning chair (7), the cold and hot water adjusting switch can control the shower head (11) to discharge water, the bath ball (9) can be driven by the hydraulic rod (72) to stretch back and forth, and can move up and down under the driving of the up-and-down moving power mechanism to wipe the body of the patient; an electric heating rod (36) in the water tank (70) heats water; steam generated by bathing is sucked into the exhaust passage (31) by the exhaust fan (30); the bath water and the steam enter the waste water tank (32) and then are discharged from the sewage outlet (33); when the bedside bathroom (2) is not used, the rolling door (29) is put down to cover the opening of the bedside bathroom (2);
4) shank massage and cold and hot compress: the shank massage sleeve (27) is sleeved on the shank of the patient, the massage motor (42) drives the massage rotating wheel (43) to rotate, and the rubber bulge (44) is utilized to extrude and massage the shank; the electromagnetic valve (47) on the hot air pipe (46) is opened, and hot steam in the water tank (70) enters the massage cavity (71) to realize steam hot compress; meanwhile, an electromagnetic valve (47) on the cold air pipe (53) is opened, and the small-sized blower (48) blows cold air into the massage cavity (71) to adjust the hot compress temperature; if the electromagnetic valve (47) on the hot air pipe (46) is completely closed, and only cold air is reserved, the heat after hot compress can be rapidly taken away, and the cold compress is realized;
5) mattress ventilation: the small-sized blower (48) is started to pump cold air into the ventilation pipeline (57) and emit the cold air through the ventilation hole (56), so that the functions of ventilation, heat dissipation and heat dissipation of the mattress are achieved; if the weather is cold, the electric heating wire (58) is started at the moment, the air entering the vent hole (56) is warm air, and the temperature is raised while the mattress is ventilated;
6) increase and decrease of bedding: when the room temperature changes or a patient needs to add bedding, two groups of quilt turning wheels (74) arranged at the head and the tail of the bed move along two opposite quilt adding rails (13) to take the bedding (73) out of the quilt storage cabinet (75); when the quilt turning wheel (74) moves from the right side to the left side of the bed body (1), the quilt covers the patient; if the bedding needs to be reduced, the quilt turning wheel (74) moves from the left side to the right side of the bed body (1), and the bedding (73) is retracted into the quilt storage cabinet (75);
7) multimedia entertainment: the movable adjusting sleeve (60) is adjusted to be at a proper height, the movable supporting rod (61) is turned out, the board table (63) is made to be horizontal, the tablet personal computer (64) is turned out upwards, and the board table (63) and the tablet personal computer can be used; if the patient needs help, a calling device (65) can be pressed, and the call is automatically sent to the nursing staff.
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JPH09253150A (en) * 1996-01-16 1997-09-30 Noriaki Suzuki Nursing bed with shower
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CN108392332A (en) * 2017-02-04 2018-08-14 王英男 Suitable for the multifunctional intelligent nursing bed of bed people

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US4787104A (en) * 1984-10-18 1988-11-29 Grantham Frederick W Convertible hospital bed
JPH0910126A (en) * 1995-06-27 1997-01-14 Hooritsuchi Kensetsu Kk Nursing bathroom
JPH09253150A (en) * 1996-01-16 1997-09-30 Noriaki Suzuki Nursing bed with shower
CN105030451A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-11-11 常州工学院 Comprehensive rehabilitation nursing bed for paralyzed patient
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