CN109042139A - A kind of control method of early blight of tomato - Google Patents

A kind of control method of early blight of tomato Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109042139A
CN109042139A CN201810990246.6A CN201810990246A CN109042139A CN 109042139 A CN109042139 A CN 109042139A CN 201810990246 A CN201810990246 A CN 201810990246A CN 109042139 A CN109042139 A CN 109042139A
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China
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chamber
air
chambers
medicinal powder
tomato
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CN201810990246.6A
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CN109042139B (en
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倪晓燕
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CIKANG VEGETABLE Co.,Ltd.
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倪晓燕
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/05Fruit crops, e.g. strawberries, tomatoes or cucumbers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention belongs to tomato pest control technical field, specifically a kind of control method of early blight of tomato, this method comprises the following steps: regulating the temperature and humidity in seedbed, the seedling separation when young plant grows to two leaves wholeheartedly;High ridge cultivation is carried out, the rational application of fertilizer will seal ridge after being colonized slow seedling in time, promote new root, and temperature and humidity is controlled in greenhouse, reinforce ventilation and penetrating light management;When early blight illness occurs in tomato, 5% Bravo dust is sprayed to tomato by the prevention and treatment device of agricultural pest and disease damage, is dusted per acre 1 kilogram, is dusted within every seven days primary;Fruiting period will periodically extract lower part disease leaf, buried or burn, to reduce the chance for passing disease;The present invention is suitable for the prevention and treatment of the early blight of tomato of large area, and control efficiency is good.

Description

A kind of control method of early blight of tomato
Technical field
The invention belongs to tomato pest control technical field, specifically a kind of control method of early blight of tomato.
Background technique
Early blight of tomato has generation in the area such as China northeast, North China, East China, southwest, no matter main feature is The scab on fruit, blade or stem occurs, has apparent wheel line, so also referred to as ring spot.Fruit scab often exists Near base of fruit, often at branching, leaf portion scab occurs on mesophyll stem's scab.Early blight seriously affected the yield of tomato with Quality, present people generally use the early blight of sprinkling medicinal powder prevention and treatment tomato, but existing powder blower usually can not be to tomato On each position uniformly spray medicinal powder so that control efficiency is undesirable, while existing powder blower not can guarantee medicine Powder does not agglomerate, so that the medicinal powder on tomato sprays unevenness, so that medicament residual in partial region is excessive on tomato, and part Region is undesirable because of the very few control efficiency of the medicinal powder of sprinkling.
Summary of the invention
In order to make up for the deficiencies of the prior art, the control method of a kind of early blight of tomato proposed by the present invention, by using A kind of prevention and treatment device of agricultural pest and disease damage sprays medicinal powder to tomato, so that medicinal powder is evenly distributed on tomato, thus effective right The early blight of tomato is prevented and treated, and the output and quality of tomato is avoided to be affected;The device passes through grinding device pair simultaneously Medicinal powder is crushed, and medicinal powder agglomeration is avoided, so that medicinal powder particle is tiny, so that medicinal powder is distributed more on tomato Uniformly, so that early blight of tomato obtains effectively preventing.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of early blight of tomato of the present invention is prevented Method is controlled, this method comprises the following steps:
Step 1: regulating the temperature and humidity in seedbed, the seedling separation when young plant grows to two leaves wholeheartedly;
Step 2: after being divided into seedlings in step 1, carrying out high ridge cultivation, and the rational application of fertilizer will seal ridge after being colonized slow seedling in time, promote New root occurs, and temperature and humidity is controlled in greenhouse, reinforces ventilation and penetrating light management;
Step 3: after strengthening management in step 2, when early blight illness occurs in tomato, pass through the prevention and treatment of agricultural pest and disease damage Device sprays 5% Bravo dust to tomato, dusts per acre 1 kilogram, dusts within every seven days primary;
Step 4: after dusting in step 3, fruiting period will periodically extract lower part disease leaf, buried or burn, and pass disease to reduce Chance;
Wherein, a kind of prevention and treatment device of agricultural pest and disease damage described in step 3 includes No.1 chamber, No. two chambers, electricity Machine, crushes module, strainer, air compressor and spray head at No.1 connecting shaft;The No.1 chamber roof is equipped with feed inlet;It is described No. two chambers are located on the right side of No.1 chamber, and No. two chambers are mounted on No.1 chamber outer wall;The motor is located at outside No.1 chamber, Motor is located at No.1 chamber roof;No.1 connecting shaft upper end is connected with motor output shaft, and No.1 connecting shaft lower end is located at In No.1 chamber, No.1 connecting shaft is rotatably installed on No.1 chamber, and channel is equipped with inside No.1 connecting shaft;The crushing module It in No.1 chamber, crushes module upper end and is connected with No.1 connecting shaft lower end, crush module and be used for entrance No.1 chamber Interior medicinal powder is crushed, and medicinal powder is avoided to form bulk;The strainer, which is located at, to be mounted on No.1 chamber inner wall, and strainer is located at powder The lower section of broken module, strainer is for filtering smashed medicinal powder;Discharge door and guide plate are additionally provided in the No.1 chamber;It is described go out Bin gate is located between No.1 chamber and No. two chambers, and discharge door is located at below filter screen, is equipped on discharge door and No.1 chamber Rectangular preiection, two rectangular preiections match, so that discharge door can only rotate outside No.1 chamber, discharge door is for making No.1 chamber Indoor medicinal powder enters No. two chambers;The guide plate is located at the lower section of strainer, and guide plate is obliquely installed, and guide plate is for importing medicinal powder In No. two chambers;The spray head is mounted on No. two chamber outer walls, and spray head is located at No. two chamber upper right side, and spray head is used for No. two The indoor medicinal powder of chamber sprays;The air compressor is located at No.1 cavity bottom, and air compressor is connected with No. two chambers, empty Air compressor is used for so that No. two indoor medicinal powder of chamber are sprayed from spray head.When work, medicinal powder is infused from the feed inlet of No.1 chamber Enter in No.1 chamber, open motor, No.1 connecting shaft, which is rotated and driven under the action of motor, crushes module in No.1 chamber Medicinal powder crushed so that the blocky medicinal powder in medicinal powder is broken up, is ground into tiny medicinal powder, smashed medicinal powder from It is fallen on strainer, the presence of strainer makes the medicinal powder of bulky grain that can not pass through strainer, to ensure that the medicinal powder particle of ejection is thin Small, high-quality, filtered medicinal powder is fallen on guide plate, and is passed through discharge door by guide plate and be delivered in No. two chambers, guide plate It being obliquely installed and ensure that medicinal powder can quickly enter in No. two chambers, accelerate working efficiency, last air compressor works, Medicinal powder in No. two chambers is sprayed on crops under the action of air compressor by spray head, is supported to improve crops The ability of disease and insect resistance.
Cam is additionally provided in the No.1 connecting shaft, cam is located at outside No.1 chamber;It is also set on the No.1 chamber outer wall There is No.1 air bag, No.1 air bag is located on the right side of cam, and No.1 air bag is elastic balloon;Sky is equipped in the No.1 chamber top plate Chamber, cavity are connected with No.1 connecting shaft inner passage, and cavity is connected with No.1 air bag, so that No.1 air bag and No.1 The cavity of chamber roof, No.1 connecting shaft inner passage form current path between No.1 cylinder;The crushing module includes one Number cylinder, No. two connecting shafts, No.1 connecting rod, No. two connecting rods, fixed link, No.1 push rod and crush bar;No.1 cylinder upper end It is connected with No.1 connecting shaft, No.1 cylinder is connected with No.1 connecting shaft inner passage, and the piston rod of No.1 cylinder is Fang Xin Structure, so that cannot be rotated between No.1 cylinder block and piston rod;No. two connecting shafts pass through No.1 cylinder Piston rod be mounted in No.1 chamber;The No.1 connecting rod quantity is two, and No.1 connecting rod is symmetrical set, and two No.1s connect Bar phase proximal end is hinged on the upper end of No.1 connecting shaft jointly;No. two connecting rod quantities are two, and No. two connecting rods are symmetrical set, No. two connecting rod phase proximal ends are hinged on the lower end of No. two connecting shafts jointly;The fixed link quantity is two, and fixed link bilateral symmetry is set It sets, fixed link is located between No.1 connecting rod and No. two connecting rods, and the upper and lower side of fixed link is symmetrically arranged with circular groove;The No.1 Push rod quantity be four, No.1 push rod one end is mounted in the circular groove of fixed link by spring, the other end of No.1 push rod and No.1 connecting rod or No. two connecting rods are hinged, and No.1 push rod is for driving fixed link to move up and down;The crushing bar quantity is no less than Six, it crushes bar and is mounted on the outer wall of fixed link and No. two connecting shafts, crush bar for crushing to medicinal powder.When work, electricity Machine rotation, the piston rod of No.1 cylinder is square cored structure, so that will not rotate between the cylinder body and piston rod of No.1 cylinder, No.1 cylinder with No. two connecting shafts as No.1 connecting shaft rotates together so that the crushing in No. two connecting shafts and fixed link Bar rotation medicinal powder is crushed, avoid medicinal powder agglomeration, motor rotate during with moving cam interval with No.1 air bag It is in contact, No.1 air bag is elastic balloon, so that No.1 air bag can restore automatically after being pressurized, due to No.1 air bag, No.1 chamber Current path is formed between the cavity at top, No.1 connecting shaft inner passage and No.1 cylinder, so that the gas in No.1 air bag Constantly enter in No.1 cylinder, and returned in No.1 air bag from No.1 cylinder, so that the piston rod of No.1 cylinder is not Disconnected is flexible, so that No. two connecting shafts constantly move up and down in No.1 chamber under the action of No.1 cylinder, No.1 connecting rod It moves up and down close to one end of cavity wall relative to their hinge joints in No. two connecting shafts with No. two connecting rods, so that crushing The medicinal powder retained on bar is shaken off, and the accumulation for avoiding medicinal powder re-forms agglomeration, improves the medicinal powder for finally spraying to crops Quality, while accelerating the falling speed of medicinal powder, improve work efficiency.
The No.1 push rod is equipped with external screw thread;Internal screw thread, internal screw thread and No.1 are additionally provided in the groove of the fixed link External screw thread on push rod is corresponding, and internal screw thread is matched with external screw thread enables fixed link to rotate.When work, connected when No. two When axis moves up and down, No.1 connecting rod moves up and down with No. two connecting rods close to one end of No.1 chamber inner wall under the action of inertia, So that fixed link move up and down, while make the No.1 push rod in fixed link upper and lower ends circular groove relative to fixed link above and below Movement, due to fixed link internal screw thread and No.1 push rod on externally threaded presence so that fixed link move up and down when around No.1 push rod rotates, so that the crushing bar in fixed link with No. two connecting shafts while revolving, itself is around one The rotation of number push rod, and then improve and crush bar to the grindability and crush efficiency of medicinal powder, medicinal powder is avoided in No.1 chamber Agglomeration, improves work efficiency simultaneously.
No. two air bags are additionally provided between the filter screen and guide plate, No. two air bags are elastic balloon, and No. two air bags are fixed on On guide plate;No. two cylinders are further fixed on No. two chamber outer walls, No. two cylinders are located at the lower right of No. two chambers, No. two gas It is connected between cylinder and No. two air bags by pipeline;Elevator, collection frame and inductor are additionally provided in No. two chambers;It is described Elevator is mounted on No. two cavity bottoms, and the support plate of elevator is in contact with the outer wall of No.1 chamber, elevator the top Two connecting rods, the connecting rod in left side are hinged on the left end of elevator support plate, the bottom phase of the connecting rod and elevator support plate on right side It contacts and can slide, two connecting rods of elevator the lowermost, the connecting rod in left side is hinged on No. two cavity bottoms, the connecting rod on right side It is hinged with No. two Telescopic-cylinder bars;The collection frame is fixed in the support plate of elevator, collection frame upper end and No. two chambers Inner wall is in contact, and collection frame is located at below discharge door, is collected by associated pipe to connection between collection frame and air compressor Frame is for collecting medicinal powder;The inductor is located in No. two chambers, and inductor is fixed on No. two chamber roofs, and inductor is for feeling Answer the position of collection frame.When work, No. two connecting shafts, which move downward, squeezes No. two air bags, so that No. two air bags pass through pipe It is supplied in No. two cylinders of road direction, so that the piston rod of No. two cylinders drives the link motion on the right side of elevator bottom, from And elevator is made to increase, collection frame rises with elevator, and inductor incudes the height of collection frame, when in collection frame When being raised to No. two chamber roofs, air compressor work, so that medicinal powder in collection frame is sprayed by spray head to crops, due to No. two air bags are elastic balloons, so that No. two air bags can restore automatically after being pressurized, so that No. two connecting shafts and No. two gas When capsule disengages, the gas in No. two cylinders is returned in No. two air bags, and collection frame and elevator return to initial position, No. two gas Capsule is constantly pressurized and restores, so that the medicinal powder in collection frame is constantly sprayed from spray head, so as to avoid medicinal powder heaping weight New agglomeration, while it being converted into the power that collection frame rises using the extruding force of No. two connecting shafts, save cost.
Air gun is additionally provided in the No.1 chamber;The air gun quantity is no less than two, and air gun is mounted on No.1 chamber inner wall On;No. three air bags are additionally provided in No. two chambers, No. three air bags are elastic balloon, and No. three air bags are located at elevator bottom two The lower section of connecting rod, No. three are connected between air bag and air gun by pipeline, No. three air bags be equipped with unidirectional air outlet valve with unidirectionally into Air valve, unidirectional air outlet valve are located at No. three junctions between air bag and air gun, breather cheek valve and No. two chamber interior volume phases Connection, No. three air bags are used to supply to air gun.When work, since No. three air bags are elastic balloons, when elevator moves upwards, No. three air bags restore and pass through breather cheek valve air-breathing, and when elevator moves downward, elevator squeezes No. three air bags, so that three Through Pipeline transport into air gun, gas sprays gas in number air bag from air gun, clears up module is crushed, avoids Medicinal powder remains in crush to agglomerate again in module, avoids medicinal powder and impacts to the movement for crushing module, while avoiding medicine The waste of powder, has saved cost, improves work efficiency, while improving the quality finally sprayed to the medicinal powder of crops.
The No.1 chamber and No. two cavity bottoms are additionally provided with mounting blocks, idler wheel, shaft, No. two push rods and No. four air bags; The installation number of blocks is no less than two, and mounting blocks are mounted on the bottom of No.1 chamber and No. two chambers, and mounting blocks lower end is equipped with circle Connected in star;No. two push rods are mounted in the groove of mounting blocks by spring;The shaft is connected with the end of No. two push rods It connects;The idler wheel is installed by the both ends of shaft, and idler wheel is for driving whole device to move;No. four air bags are mounted on No.1 The bottom of chamber and No. two chambers, No. four air bags are connected with air compressor, and No. four are equipped between air bag and air compressor Unidirectional air outlet valve is additionally provided with breather cheek valve on No. four air bags, and breather cheek valve is connected with the external world, and No. four air bags are elastic gas Capsule, No. four air bags are used for the input air into air compressor.When work, the presence of idler wheel facilitates the movement of device, improves The practicability of device, device are shaken in moving process because of the influence of landform up and down, and mounting blocks, which move up and down, at this time squeezes No. two push rods and shaft, due to the effect of spring, the up and down motion of mounting blocks and device is weakened, so as to avoid device vibration The excessive damage of components caused in device of amplitude, when No.1 chamber and No. two chambers move downward, No. four air bags are by squeezing Pressure, so that the gas in No. four air bags is input in air compressor by unidirectional air outlet valve, No. four air bags are elastic gas Capsule, so that No. four air bags can restore after being pressurized, when No. four air bags restore, No. four air bags are inhaled by breather cheek valve from the external world Receiving air realizes the gas in air compressor so that No. four air bags constantly supply air compressor Deposit.
Elastic string is additionally provided in No. two chambers, elastic string quantity is no less than two, and elastic string upper end is connected to elevator The lower left of support plate, the lower end of elastic string are connected to the lower left corner of No. two chambers, and elastic string is for keeping discharge door to close.Work When making, when elevator rises, discharge door is closed under the action of elevator support plate is with collection frame, when elevator support plate and When discharge door disengages, elastic string plays restriction effect to discharge door, so that discharge door remains off, when elevator returns Discharge door reopens when to initial position, so that discharge door is opened when collection frame is located at below discharge door, medicinal powder enters In collection frame, when collection frame is located above discharge door, discharge door is closed, ensure that medicinal powder will not trickle down to No. two chambers other Region avoids pollution, while avoiding the waste of medicinal powder.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
1. a kind of control method of early blight of tomato of the present invention is purchased things necessary for a long journey by using a kind of the anti-of agricultural pest and disease damage It sets and medicinal powder is sprayed to tomato, so that medicinal powder is evenly distributed on tomato, so that effectively the early blight of tomato is prevented and treated, The output and quality of tomato is avoided to be affected;The device crushes medicinal powder by grinding device simultaneously, avoids medicine Powder agglomeration so that medicinal powder particle is tiny so that medicinal powder be distributed on tomato it is more uniform so that early blight of tomato obtains Effectively preventing.
2. a kind of control method of early blight of tomato of the present invention, this method is by using a kind of agricultural pest and disease damage It prevents and treats device and medicinal powder is sprayed to tomato, the crushing bar in rotation and fixed link which passes through the crushing bar in fixed link It revolves with the crushing bar in No. two connecting shafts around No. two connecting shaft axle center, sufficient powder has been carried out to the medicinal powder in No.1 chamber It is broken, while ensuring that the medicinal powder particle finally sprayed is tiny by strainer, so that the medicinal powder on tomato is evenly distributed, keep away Exempt from not to be sprayed onto medicinal powder on the tomato of part, thus the effectively preventing early blight of tomato.
3. a kind of control method of early blight of tomato of the present invention, the process employs a kind of the anti-of agricultural pest and disease damage Purchase things necessary for a long journey to set and medicinal powder sprayed to tomato, which squeezes No. three air bags by the connecting rod of elevator bottom so that No. three air bags to Air gun in No.1 chamber conveys gas, so that air gun is cleared up the medicinal powder adhered in module is crushed, avoids medicinal powder The work that accumulation influences to crush module improves the efficiency of dusting to tomato, effectively to improve the working efficiency of device The early blight of tomato is prevented and treated.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is flow chart of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the main view of the prevention and treatment device of agricultural pest and disease damage of the present invention;
In figure: 1, No. two chamber 2 of No.1 chamber, No.1 connecting shaft 4, crushes module 5, strainer 6, air compressor at motor 3 7,20, No. two spray head 8, elevator 9, discharge door 11, guide plate 12,13, No. two air bags 14 of No.1 air bag, air gun 15, elastic string gas Cylinder 21, collection frame 22,23, No. three air bags 24 of inductor, mounting blocks 25, idler wheel 26, the air bag of push rod 28, four of shaft 27, two 29, cam 41,51, No. two connecting shafts 52 of No.1 cylinder, 53, No. two connecting rods 54 of No.1 connecting rod, fixed link 55, No.1 push rod 56, Crush bar 57.
Specific embodiment
It is carried out using control method of Fig. 1-Fig. 2 to the early blight of tomato of an embodiment of the present invention as described below.
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the control method of a kind of early blight of tomato of the present invention, this method include following step It is rapid:
Step 1: regulating the temperature and humidity in seedbed, the seedling separation when young plant grows to two leaves wholeheartedly;
Step 2: after being divided into seedlings in step 1, carrying out high ridge cultivation, and the rational application of fertilizer will seal ridge after being colonized slow seedling in time, promote New root occurs, and temperature and humidity is controlled in greenhouse, reinforces ventilation and penetrating light management;
Step 3: after strengthening management in step 2, when early blight illness occurs in tomato, pass through the prevention and treatment of agricultural pest and disease damage Device sprays 5% Bravo dust to tomato, dusts per acre 1 kilogram, dusts within every seven days primary;
Step 4: after dusting in step 3, fruiting period will periodically extract lower part disease leaf, buried or burn, and pass disease to reduce Chance;
Wherein, a kind of prevention and treatment device of agricultural pest and disease damage described in step 3 includes 1, No. two chamber 2 of No.1 chamber, electricity Machine 3, crushes module 5, strainer 6, air compressor 7 and spray head 8 at No.1 connecting shaft 4;Charging is equipped at the top of the No.1 chamber 1 Mouthful;No. two chambers 2 are located at 1 right side of No.1 chamber, and No. two chambers 2 are mounted on 1 outer wall of No.1 chamber;3, the motor In outside No.1 chamber 1, motor 3 is located at 1 top of No.1 chamber;4 upper end of No.1 connecting shaft is connected with 3 output shaft of motor, 4 lower end of No.1 connecting shaft is located in No.1 chamber 1, and No.1 connecting shaft 4 is rotatably installed on No.1 chamber 1, in No.1 connecting shaft 4 Portion is equipped with channel;The crushing module 5 is located in No.1 chamber 1, crushes 5 upper end of module and is connected with 4 lower end of No.1 connecting shaft, It crushes module 5 to be used to crush the medicinal powder entered in No.1 chamber 1, medicinal powder is avoided to form bulk;The strainer 6 is located at peace On 1 inner wall of No.1 chamber, strainer 6 is located at the lower section for crushing module 5, and strainer 6 is for filtering smashed medicinal powder;Described one Discharge door 11 and guide plate 12 are additionally provided in number chamber 1;The discharge door 11 is located between No.1 chamber 1 and No. two chambers 2, discharging Door 11 is located at 6 lower section of filter screen, is equipped with rectangular preiection on discharge door 11 and No.1 chamber 1, two rectangular preiections match, make Obtaining discharge door 11 can only rotate outside No.1 chamber 1, and discharge door 11 is used to make the medicinal powder in No.1 chamber 1 to enter No. two chambers 2; The guide plate 12 is located at the lower section of strainer 6, and guide plate 12 is obliquely installed, and guide plate 12 is used to import medicinal powder in No. two chambers 2;It is described Spray head 8 is mounted on No. two 2 outer walls of chamber, and spray head 8 is located at No. two 2 upper right side of chamber, and spray head 8 is used for will be in No. two chambers 2 Medicinal powder sprays;The air compressor 7 is located at 1 bottom of No.1 chamber, and air compressor 7 is connected with No. two chambers 2, air pressure Contracting machine 7 is used for so that the medicinal powder in No. two chambers 2 is sprayed from spray head 8.When work, medicinal powder is infused from the feed inlet of No.1 chamber 1 Enter in No.1 chamber 1, open motor 3, No.1 connecting shaft 4, which is rotated and driven under the action of motor 3, crushes module 5 to No.1 chamber Medicinal powder in room 1 is crushed, so that the blocky medicinal powder in medicinal powder is broken up, is ground into tiny medicinal powder, it is smashed Medicinal powder is fallen from strainer 6, and the presence of strainer 6 makes the medicinal powder of bulky grain that can not pass through strainer 6, to ensure that the medicine of ejection Powder particles are tiny, high-quality, and filtered medicinal powder is fallen on guide plate 12, and pass through discharge door 11 by guide plate 12 and be delivered to No. two In chamber 2, being obliquely installed for guide plate 12 ensure that medicinal powder can quickly enter in No. two chambers 2, accelerate working efficiency, most Air compressor 7 works afterwards, and the medicinal powder in No. two chambers 2 is sprayed by spray head 8 to crops under the action of air compressor 7 On, to improve the ability that crops resist pest and disease damage.
As shown in Fig. 2, being additionally provided with cam 41 in the No.1 connecting shaft 4, cam 41 is located at outside No.1 chamber 1;Described one No.1 air bag 13 is additionally provided on number 1 outer wall of chamber, No.1 air bag 13 is located at 41 right side of cam, and No.1 air bag 13 is elastic balloon; Cavity is equipped in 1 top plate of No.1 chamber, cavity is connected with 4 inner passage of No.1 connecting shaft, cavity and No.1 air bag 13 It is connected, so that the cavity at 1 top of No.1 air bag 13 and No.1 chamber, 4 inner passage of No.1 connecting shaft, No.1 cylinder 51 Between form current path;The crushing module 5 includes 53, No. two 51, No. two connecting shafts 52 of No.1 cylinder, No.1 connecting rod connecting rods 54, fixed link 55, No.1 push rod 56 and crushing bar 57;51 upper end of No.1 cylinder is connected with No.1 connecting shaft 4, No.1 gas Cylinder 51 is connected with 4 inner passage of No.1 connecting shaft, and the piston rod of No.1 cylinder 51 is square cored structure, so that No.1 cylinder It cannot be rotated between 51 cylinder bodies and piston rod;No. two connecting shafts 52 are mounted on one by the piston rod of No.1 cylinder 51 In number chamber 1;53 quantity of No.1 connecting rod is two, and No.1 connecting rod 53 is symmetrical set, two 53 phase proximal ends of No.1 connecting rod It is hinged on the upper end of No.1 connecting shaft 4 jointly;54 quantity of No. two connecting rods is two, and No. two connecting rods 54 are symmetrical set, two Number 54 phase proximal end of connecting rod is hinged on the lower end of No. two connecting shafts 52 jointly;55 quantity of fixed link is two, fixed link 55 or so It is symmetrical arranged, fixed link 55 is located between No.1 connecting rod 53 and No. two connecting rods 54, and the upper and lower side of fixed link 55 is symmetrically arranged with circle Connected in star;56 quantity of No.1 push rod is four, and 56 one end of No.1 push rod is mounted on the circular groove of fixed link 55 by spring Interior, the other end and the No.1 connecting rod 53 or No. two connecting rods 54 of No.1 push rod 56 are hinged, and No.1 push rod 56 is for driving fixed link 55 move up and down;57 quantity of crushing bar is no less than six, crush bar 57 be mounted on fixed link 55 and No. two connecting shafts 52 outside On wall, bar 57 is crushed for crushing to medicinal powder.When work, motor 3 is rotated, and the piston rod of No.1 cylinder 51 is Fang Xin knot Structure so that will not rotate between the cylinder body and piston rod of No.1 cylinder 51, No.1 cylinder 51 and No. two connecting shafts 52 with No.1 connecting shaft 4 rotates together, so that the rotation of crushing bar 57 in No. two connecting shafts 52 and fixed link 55 carries out medicinal powder It crushes, avoids medicinal powder agglomeration, being in contact with No.1 air bag 13 with 41 interval of moving cam during motor 3 rotates, No.1 Air bag 13 is elastic balloon, so that No.1 air bag 13 can restore automatically after being pressurized, due to No.1 air bag 13,1 top of No.1 chamber Cavity, between 4 inner passage of No.1 connecting shaft and No.1 cylinder 51 form current path so that the gas in No.1 air bag 13 Constantly enter in No.1 cylinder 51, and is returned in No.1 air bag 13 from No.1 cylinder 51, so that No.1 cylinder 51 Piston rod constantly stretches, so that above and below No. two connecting shafts 52 are continuous in No.1 chamber 1 under the action of No.1 cylinder 51 Movement, No.1 connecting rod 53 and No. two connecting rods 54 close to one end of cavity wall relative to them on the hinge joint in No. two connecting shafts 52 Lower movement is shaken off so that crushing the medicinal powder retained on bar 57, and the accumulation for avoiding medicinal powder re-forms agglomeration, improves The quality of the medicinal powder of crops is finally sprayed to, while accelerating the falling speed of medicinal powder, is improved work efficiency.
As shown in Fig. 2, the No.1 push rod 56 is equipped with external screw thread;Interior spiral shell is additionally provided in the groove of the fixed link 55 Line, internal screw thread is corresponding with the external screw thread on No.1 push rod 56, and internal screw thread is matched with external screw thread enables 55 turns of fixed link It is dynamic.When work, when No. two connecting shafts 52 move up and down, No.1 connecting rod 53 and No. two connecting rods 54 are close to 1 inner wall of No.1 chamber One end moves up and down under the action of inertia, so that fixed link 55 moves up and down, while making 55 upper and lower ends of fixed link round No.1 push rod 56 in groove moves up and down relative to fixed link 55, due on the internal screw thread and No.1 push rod 56 of fixed link 55 Externally threaded presence, so that fixed link 55 rotates when moving up and down around No.1 push rod 56, so that fixed link 55 On crushing bar 57 while revolving with No. two connecting shafts 52, itself is rotated around No.1 push rod 56, and then improves crushing Bar 57 avoids medicinal powder and agglomerates in No.1 chamber 1 to the grindability and crush efficiency of medicinal powder, while improving work effect Rate.
As shown in Fig. 2, being additionally provided with No. two air bags 14 between the filter screen 6 and guide plate 12, No. two air bags 14 are elastic gas Capsule, No. two air bags 14 are fixed on guide plate 12;No. two cylinders 21, No. two cylinders 21 are further fixed on 2 outer wall of No. two chambers Positioned at the lower right of No. two chambers 2, it is connected between No. two cylinders 21 and No. two air bags 14 by pipeline;No. two chambers 2 Inside it is additionally provided with elevator 9, collection frame 22 and inductor 23;The elevator 9 is mounted on No. two 2 bottoms of chamber, the branch of elevator 9 Fagging is in contact with the outer wall of No.1 chamber 1, and two connecting rods of 9 the top of elevator, the connecting rod in left side is hinged on 9, elevator The left end of fagging, the connecting rod on right side are touched and can be slided, 9 the lowermost two of elevator with the bottom connection of 9 support plate of elevator Root connecting rod, the connecting rod in left side are hinged on No. two 2 bottoms of chamber, and the connecting rod on right side is hinged with No. two 21 telescopic rods of cylinder;It is described Collection frame 22 is fixed in the support plate of elevator 9, and 22 upper end of collection frame is in contact with No. two 2 inner walls of chamber, and collection frame 22 In 11 lower section of discharge door, by associated pipe to connection between collection frame 22 and air compressor 7, collection frame 22 is for collecting medicine Powder;The inductor 23 is located in No. two chambers 2, and inductor 23 is fixed on 2 top of No. two chambers, and inductor 23 is received for incuding Collect the position of frame 22.When work, No. two connecting shafts 52, which move downward, squeezes No. two air bags 14, so that No. two air bags 14 are logical It crosses pipeline to supply into No. two cylinders 21, so that the piston rod of No. two cylinders 21 drives the company on the right side of 9 bottom of elevator Bar movement, so that elevator 9 rises, collection frame 22 rises with elevator 9, inductor 23 to the height of collection frame 22 into Row induction, when collection frame 22 rises to No. two 2 tops of chamber, air compressor 7 works, so that the medicinal powder in collection frame 22 is logical It crosses spray head 8 to spray to crops, since No. two air bags 14 are elastic balloons, so that No. two air bags 14 can be automatic extensive after being pressurized It is multiple, so that the gas in No. two cylinders 21 returns to No. two air bags when No. two connecting shafts 52 and No. two air bags 14 disengage In 14, collection frame 22 and elevator 9 return to initial position, and No. two air bags 14 are constantly pressurized and restore, so that in collection frame 22 Medicinal powder constantly sprayed from spray head 8, agglomerate again so as to avoid medicinal powder accumulation, while squeezing using No. two connecting shafts 52 Pressure is converted into the power of the rising of collection frame 22, has saved cost.
As shown in Fig. 2, being additionally provided with air gun 15 in the No.1 chamber 1;15 quantity of air gun is no less than two, and air gun 15 is pacified On 1 inner wall of No.1 chamber;It is additionally provided with No. three air bags 24 in No. two chambers 2, No. three air bags 24 are elastic balloon, No. three Air bag 24 is located at the lower section of 9 two connecting rods in bottom of elevator, is connected between No. three air bags 24 and air gun 15 by pipeline, and No. three Air bag 24 is equipped with unidirectional air outlet valve and breather cheek valve, connection of the unidirectional air outlet valve between No. three air bags 24 and air gun 15 Place, breather cheek valve are connected with No. two 2 inner spaces of chamber, and No. three air bags 24 are used to supply to air gun 15.When work, due to No. three air bags 24 are elastic balloons, and when elevator 9 moves upwards, No. three air bags 24 restore and pass through breather cheek valve air-breathing, When elevator 9 moves downward, elevator 9 squeezes No. three air bags 24, so that the gas in No. three air bags 24 passes through Pipeline transport Into air gun 15, gas is sprayed from air gun 15, is cleared up module 5 is crushed, and is avoided medicinal powder and is remained in crushing module 5 Again it agglomerates, avoids medicinal powder and the movement for crushing module 5 is impacted, while avoiding the waste of medicinal powder, saved cost, It improves work efficiency, while improving the quality finally sprayed to the medicinal powder of crops.
As shown in Fig. 2, the No.1 chamber 1 and No. two 2 bottoms of chamber are additionally provided with mounting blocks 25, idler wheel 26, shaft 27, two Number push rod 28 and No. four air bags 29;25 quantity of mounting blocks is no less than two, and mounting blocks 25 are mounted on No.1 chamber 1 and No. two chambers The bottom of room 2,25 lower end of mounting blocks are equipped with circular groove;No. two push rods 28 are mounted on the groove of mounting blocks 25 by spring It is interior;The shaft 27 is connected with the end of No. two push rods 28;The idler wheel 26 is installed by the both ends of shaft 27, and idler wheel 26 is used In drive whole device movement;No. four air bags 29 are mounted on the bottom of No.1 chamber 1 and No. two chambers 2, No. four air bags 29 It is connected with air compressor 7, unidirectional air outlet valve is equipped between No. four air bags 29 and air compressor 7, is gone back on No. four air bags 29 Equipped with breather cheek valve, breather cheek valve is connected with the external world, and No. four air bags 29 are elastic balloon, and No. four air bags 29 are used for sky Input air in air compressor 7.When work, the presence of idler wheel 26 facilitates the movement of device, improves the practicability of device, dress It sets in moving process, is shaken up and down because of the influence of landform, mounting blocks 25, which move up and down, at this time squeezes No. two push rods 28 and turn Axis 27, due to the effect of spring, mounting blocks 25 and the up and down motion of device are weakened, excessive so as to avoid device vibration amplitude The damage of components in device is caused, when No.1 chamber 1 and No. two chambers 2 move downward, No. four air bags 29 are squeezed, from And the gas in No. four air bags 29 is input in air compressor 7 by unidirectional air outlet valve, No. four air bags 29 are elastic gas Capsule so that No. four air bags 29 can restore after being pressurized, when No. four air bags 29 restore, No. four air bags 29 by breather cheek valve from The external world, which absorbs air, realizes air compressor 7 so that No. four air bags 29 constantly supply air compressor 7 In gas deposit.
As shown in Fig. 2, being additionally provided with elastic string 20 in No. two chambers 2,20 quantity of elastic string is no less than two, elastic string 20 Upper end is connected to the lower left of 9 support plate of elevator, and the lower end of elastic string 20 is connected to the lower left corner of No. two chambers 2, elastic string 20 for keeping discharge door 11 to close.When work, when elevator 9 rises, discharge door 11 is in 9 support plate of elevator and collection frame It is closed under the action of 22, when 9 support plate of elevator is disengaged with discharge door 11, elastic string 20 plays limitation to discharge door 11 Effect, so that discharge door 11 remains off, when elevator 9 returns to initial position, discharge door 11 is reopened, to make Collection frame 22 when being located at 11 lower section of discharge door, discharge door 11 is opened, and medicinal powder enters in collection frame 22, and collection frame 22, which is located at, to discharge When 11 top of door, discharge door 11 is closed, and be ensure that medicinal powder will not be trickled down to other regions of No. two chambers 2, is avoided pollution, together When avoid the waste of medicinal powder.
Concrete operations process is as follows:
When work, by medicinal powder from the feed inlet of No.1 chamber 1 injection No.1 chamber 1, motor 3, No.1 connecting shaft 4 are opened Rotated under the action of motor 3, No.1 cylinder 51 with No. two connecting shafts 52 as No.1 connecting shaft 4 rotates together, No.1 cylinder 51 piston rod is square cored structure, so that will not rotate between the cylinder body and piston rod of No.1 cylinder 51, No. two connecting shafts 52 crush medicinal powder with the rotation of crushing bar 57 in fixed link 55, avoid medicinal powder agglomeration, band during motor 3 rotates 41 interval of moving cam is in contact with No.1 air bag 13, and No.1 air bag 13 is elastic balloon, so that energy after the compression of No.1 air bag 13 It is automatic to restore, due to No.1 air bag 13,1 top of No.1 chamber cavity, 4 inner passage of No.1 connecting shaft and No.1 cylinder 51 it Between form current path so that the gas in No.1 air bag 13 constantly enters in No.1 cylinder 51, and from No.1 cylinder 51 It returns in No.1 air bag 13, so that the piston rod of No.1 cylinder 51 constantly stretches, so that No. two connecting shafts 52 are in No.1 It constantly moves up and down in No.1 chamber 1 under the action of cylinder 51, No.1 connecting rod 53 and No. two connecting rods 54 are close to the one of cavity wall It holds and moves up and down relative to the hinge joint in No. two connecting shafts 52, shaken off so that crushing the medicinal powder retained on bar 57, kept away The accumulation for having exempted from medicinal powder re-forms agglomeration, improves the quality for finally spraying to the medicinal powder of crops, while accelerating medicinal powder Falling speed improves work efficiency;No.1 connecting rod 53 and No. two connecting rods 54 are close to one end of 1 inner wall of No.1 chamber in inertia Effect is lower to move up and down, so that fixed link 55 moves up and down, while the No.1 in 55 upper and lower side circular groove of fixed link is pushed away Bar 56 relative to fixed link 55 move up and down, due to fixed link 55 internal screw thread and No.1 push rod 56 on externally threaded presence, So that fixed link 55 rotates when moving up and down around No.1 push rod 56, so that the crushing bar 57 in fixed link 55 exists While revolution with No. two connecting shafts 52, itself is rotated around No.1 push rod 56, and then is improved and crushed bar 57 to the powder of medicinal powder Broken ability and crush efficiency avoid medicinal powder and agglomerate in No.1 chamber 1, improve work efficiency simultaneously;Smashed medicinal powder It is fallen from strainer 6, the presence of strainer 6 makes the medicinal powder of bulky grain that can not pass through strainer 6, to ensure that the medicinal powder of ejection Grain is tiny, and high-quality, filtered medicinal powder is fallen on guide plate 12, and passes through discharge door 11 by guide plate 12 and be delivered to No. two chambers In 2, being obliquely installed for guide plate 12 ensure that medicinal powder can quickly enter in No. two chambers 2, accelerate working efficiency;No. two chambers Collection frame 22 in room 2 is collected medicinal powder, and No. two connecting shafts 52, which move downward, squeezes No. two air bags 14, so that two Number air bag 14 is supplied by pipeline into No. two cylinders 21, so that the piston rod of No. two cylinders 21 drives elevator 9 most lower The link motion on side right side, so that elevator 9 rises, collection frame 22 rises with elevator 9, and inductor 23 is to collection frame 22 height is incuded, and when collection frame 22 rises to No. two 2 tops of chamber, air compressor 7 works, so that collection frame 22 In medicinal powder sprayed to crops by spray head 8, since No. two air bags 14 are elastic balloons, so that No. two air bags 14 can after being pressurized To restore automatically, so that the gas in No. two cylinders 21 returns to when No. two connecting shafts 52 and No. two air bags 14 disengage In No. two air bags 14, collection frame 22 and elevator 9 return to initial position, and No. two air bags 14 are constantly pressurized and restore, so that receiving Medicinal powder in collection frame 22 is constantly sprayed from spray head 8, is agglomerated again so as to avoid medicinal powder accumulation, while by No. two connecting shafts The extruding force of 52 pairs of No. two air bags 14 is converted into the power of the rising of collection frame 22, has saved cost.
In the process, since No. three air bags 24 are elastic balloons, when elevator 9 moves upwards, No. three air bags 24 restore simultaneously By breather cheek valve air-breathing, when elevator 9 moves downward, elevator 9 squeezes No. three air bags 24, so that in No. three air bags 24 Gas by Pipeline transport into air gun 15, gas is sprayed from air gun 15, to crush module 5 clear up, avoid medicine Powder remains in crush to agglomerate again in module 5, avoids medicinal powder and impacts to the movement for crushing module 5, while avoiding medicine The waste of powder, has saved cost, improves work efficiency, while improving the quality finally sprayed to the medicinal powder of crops.
The presence of idler wheel 26 facilitates the movement of device, improves the practicability of device, and device is in moving process, because of ground The influence of shape and shake up and down, mounting blocks 25, which move up and down, at this time squeezes No. two push rods 28 and shaft 27, due to the effect of spring, Mounting blocks 25 and the up and down motion of device are weakened, and are damaged so as to avoid the excessive components caused in device of device vibration amplitude Bad, when No.1 chamber 1 and No. two chambers 2 move downward, No. four air bags 29 are squeezed, so that in No. four air bags 29 Gas is input in air compressor 7 by unidirectional air outlet valve, and No. four air bags 29 are elastic balloons, so that No. four air bags 29 are pressurized After can restore, when No. four air bags 29 restore, No. four air bags 29 absorb air from the external world by breather cheek valve so that No. four air bags 29 constantly supply air compressor 7, realize the deposit of the gas in air compressor 7.
When elevator 9 rises, discharge door 11 is closed under the action of 9 support plate of elevator is with collection frame 22, works as lifting When 9 support plate of machine and discharge door 11 disengage, elastic string 20 plays restriction effect to discharge door 11, so that discharge door 11 is kept Closed state, when elevator 9 returns to initial position, discharge door 11 is reopened, so that collection frame 22 is located at discharge door 11 When lower section, discharge door 11 is opened, and medicinal powder enters in collection frame 22, and when collection frame 22 is located at 11 top of discharge door, discharge door 11 is closed It closes, ensure that medicinal powder will not be trickled down to other regions of No. two chambers 2, avoid pollution, while avoiding the waste of medicinal powder.
More than, it is illustrated about one embodiment of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, not Various changes are able to carry out in the range of disengaging present subject matter.
(A) in the above-described embodiment, discharge door is limited by elastic string, but not limited to this, it can also lead to Elastical cloth is crossed to replace elastic string to realize this function.
Industrial applicibility
According to the present invention, the method can effectively prevent and treat the early blight of tomato, thus this early blight of tomato Control method is useful in tomato pest control technical field.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of control method of early blight of tomato, it is characterised in that: this method comprises the following steps:
Step 1: regulating the temperature and humidity in seedbed, the seedling separation when young plant grows to two leaves wholeheartedly;
Step 2: after being divided into seedlings in step 1, high ridge cultivation is carried out, the rational application of fertilizer will seal ridge after being colonized slow seedling in time, promote new root Occur, temperature and humidity is controlled in greenhouse, reinforces ventilation and penetrating light management;
Step 3: after strengthening management in step 2, when early blight illness occurs in tomato, pass through the prevention and treatment device of agricultural pest and disease damage 5% Bravo dust is sprayed to tomato, is dusted per acre 1 kilogram, is dusted within every seven days primary;
Step 4: after dusting in step 3, fruiting period will periodically extract lower part disease leaf, buried or burn, to reduce the machine for passing disease Meeting;
Wherein, a kind of prevention and treatment device of agricultural pest and disease damage described in step 3 includes No.1 chamber (1), No. two chambers (2), electricity Machine (3), crushes module (5), strainer (6), air compressor (7) and spray head (8) at No.1 connecting shaft (4);The No.1 chamber (1) top is equipped with feed inlet;No. two chambers (2) are located on the right side of No.1 chamber (1), and No. two chambers (2) are mounted on No.1 chamber On room (1) outer wall;The motor (3) is located at No.1 chamber (1) outside, and motor (3) is located at the top of No.1 chamber (1);The No.1 Connecting shaft (4) upper end is connected with motor (3) output shaft, and No.1 connecting shaft (4) lower end is located in No.1 chamber (1), and No.1 connects Spindle (4) is rotatably installed on No.1 chamber (1), and channel is equipped with inside No.1 connecting shaft (4);The crushing module (5) is located at It in No.1 chamber (1), crushes module (5) upper end and is connected with No.1 connecting shaft (4) lower end, crush module (5) and be used for entrance Medicinal powder in No.1 chamber (1) is crushed, and medicinal powder is avoided to form bulk;The strainer (6), which is located at, is mounted on No.1 chamber (1) On inner wall, strainer (6) is located at the lower section for crushing module (5), and strainer (6) is for filtering smashed medicinal powder;The No.1 chamber (1) discharge door (11) and guide plate (12) are additionally provided in;The discharge door (11) be located at No.1 chamber (1) and No. two chambers (2) it Between, discharge door (11) is located at below filter screen (6), is equipped with rectangular preiection, two squares on discharge door (11) and No.1 chamber (1) Shape protrusion matches, so that discharge door (11) can only rotate outside in No.1 chamber (1), discharge door (11) is for making No.1 chamber (1) medicinal powder in enters No. two chambers (2);The guide plate (12) is located at the lower section of strainer (6), and guide plate (12) is obliquely installed, leads Plate (12) is used to import medicinal powder in No. two chambers (2);The spray head (8) is mounted on No. two chamber (2) outer walls, spray head (8) Positioned at No. two chamber (2) upper right side, spray head (8) is used to spray in the medicinal powder in No. two chambers (2);The air compressor (7) Positioned at No.1 chamber (1) bottom, air compressor (7) is connected with No. two chambers (2), and air compressor (7) is used for so that two Medicinal powder in number chamber (2) is sprayed from spray head (8).
2. a kind of control method of early blight of tomato according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the No.1 connecting shaft (4) it is additionally provided on cam (41), cam (41) is located at No.1 chamber (1) outside;No.1 is additionally provided on No.1 chamber (1) outer wall Air bag (13), No.1 air bag (13) are located on the right side of cam (41), and No.1 air bag (13) is elastic balloon;The No.1 chamber (1) Cavity is equipped in top plate, cavity is connected with No.1 connecting shaft (4) inner passage, and cavity is connected with No.1 air bag (13);Institute Stating and crushing module (5) includes No.1 cylinder (51), No. two connecting shafts (52), No.1 connecting rod (53), No. two connecting rods (54), fixed links (55), No.1 push rod (56) and crushing bar (57);No.1 cylinder (51) upper end is connected with No.1 connecting shaft (4), No.1 Cylinder (51) is connected with No.1 connecting shaft (4) inner passage, and the piston rod of No.1 cylinder (51) is square cored structure;Described No. two Connecting shaft (52) is mounted in No.1 chamber (1) by the piston rod of No.1 cylinder (51);No.1 connecting rod (53) quantity is Two, No.1 connecting rod (53) is symmetrical set, and two No.1 connecting rod (53) phase proximal ends are hinged on the upper of No.1 connecting shaft (4) jointly End;No. two connecting rods (54) quantity is two, and No. two connecting rods (54) are symmetrical set, and No. two connecting rod (54) phase proximal ends are cut with scissors jointly It connects in the lower end of No. two connecting shafts (52);Fixed link (55) quantity is two, and fixed link (55) is symmetrical set, fixed link (55) between No.1 connecting rod (53) and No. two connecting rods (54), the upper and lower side of fixed link (55) is symmetrically arranged with circular groove; No.1 push rod (56) quantity is four, and No.1 push rod (56) one end is mounted on the circular groove of fixed link (55) by spring Interior, the other end and the No.1 connecting rod (53) or No. two connecting rods (54) of No.1 push rod (56) are hinged, and No.1 push rod (56) is used for band Dynamic fixed link (55) move up and down;Crushing bar (57) quantity is no less than six, crush bar (57) be mounted on fixed link (55) with On the outer wall of No. two connecting shafts (52), bar (57) are crushed for crushing to medicinal powder.
3. a kind of control method of early blight of tomato according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the No.1 push rod (56) It is equipped with external screw thread;Internal screw thread, the outer spiral shell on internal screw thread and No.1 push rod (56) are additionally provided in the groove of the fixed link (55) Line is corresponding, and internal screw thread is matched with external screw thread so that fixed link (55) can rotate.
4. a kind of control method of early blight of tomato according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the filter screen (6) with No. two air bags (14) are additionally provided between guide plate (12), No. two air bags (14) are elastic balloon, and No. two air bags (14) are fixed on guide plate (12) on;No. two cylinders (21) are further fixed on No. two chambers (2) outer wall, No. two cylinders (21) are located at No. two chambers (2) Lower right, be connected between No. two cylinders (21) and No. two air bags (14) by pipeline;It is additionally provided in No. two chambers (2) Elevator (9), collection frame (22) and inductor (23);The elevator (9) is mounted on No. two chamber (2) bottoms, elevator (9) Support plate be in contact with the outer wall of No.1 chamber (1), two connecting rods of elevator (9) the top, the connecting rod in left side is hinged on The left end of elevator (9) support plate, the connecting rod on right side are touched and can be slided with the bottom connection of elevator (9) support plate, go up and down Two connecting rods of machine (9) the lowermost, the connecting rod in left side are hinged on No. two chamber (2) bottoms, the connecting rod on right side and No. two cylinders (21) telescopic rod is hinged;The collection frame (22) is fixed in the support plate of elevator (9), collection frame (22) upper end with No. two Chamber (2) inner wall is in contact, and collection frame (22) is located at below discharge door (11), between collection frame (22) and air compressor (7) By associated pipe to connection, collection frame (22) is for collecting medicinal powder;The inductor (23) is located in No. two chambers (2), sense Device (23) is answered to be fixed at the top of No. two chambers (2), inductor (23) is used to incude the position of collection frame (22).
5. a kind of control method of early blight of tomato according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the No.1 chamber (1) Inside it is additionally provided with air gun (15);Air gun (15) quantity is no less than two, and air gun (15) is mounted on No.1 chamber (1) inner wall;Institute It states and is additionally provided with No. three air bags (24) in No. two chambers (2), No. three air bags (24) are elastic balloon, and No. three air bags (24) are located at lifting The lower section of two connecting rods in machine (9) bottom is connected between No. three air bags (24) and air gun (15) by pipeline, No. three air bags (24) It is equipped with unidirectional air outlet valve and breather cheek valve, connection of the unidirectional air outlet valve between No. three air bags (24) and air gun (15) Place, breather cheek valve are connected with No. two chamber (2) inner spaces, and No. three air bags (24) are used to supply to air gun (15).
6. a kind of control method of early blight of tomato according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the No.1 chamber (1) Mounting blocks (25), idler wheel (26), shaft (27), No. two push rods (28) and No. four air bags are additionally provided with No. two chamber (2) bottoms (29);The mounting blocks (25) are no less than two, and mounting blocks (25) are mounted on the bottom of No.1 chamber (1) Yu No. two chambers (2), peace It fills block (25) lower end and is equipped with circular groove;No. two push rods (28) are mounted in the groove of mounting blocks (25) by spring;Institute Shaft (27) is stated to be connected with the end of No. two push rods (28);The idler wheel (26) is installed by the both ends of shaft (27), idler wheel (26) for driving whole device to move;No. four air bags (29) are mounted on the bottom of No.1 chamber (1) Yu No. two chambers (2) Portion, No. four air bags (29) are connected with air compressor (7), are equipped between No. four air bags (29) and air compressor (7) unidirectional Air outlet valve valve is additionally provided with breather cheek valve on No. four air bags (29), and breather cheek valve is connected with the external world, and No. four air bags (29) are Elastic balloon, No. four air bags (29) are used for the input air in air compressor (7).
7. a kind of control method of early blight of tomato according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: No. two chambers (2) It is inside additionally provided with elastic string (20), elastic string (20) quantity is no less than two, and elastic string (20) upper end is connected to elevator (9) support plate Lower left, the lower end of elastic string (20) is connected to the lower left corner of No. two chambers (2), and elastic string (20) is for keeping discharge door (11) it closes.
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