CN108972113A - A kind of automatic processing apparatus and processing method of bearing outer ring - Google Patents

A kind of automatic processing apparatus and processing method of bearing outer ring Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108972113A
CN108972113A CN201810834801.6A CN201810834801A CN108972113A CN 108972113 A CN108972113 A CN 108972113A CN 201810834801 A CN201810834801 A CN 201810834801A CN 108972113 A CN108972113 A CN 108972113A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bearing
ring
cylinder
hole
feeding
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201810834801.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108972113B (en
Inventor
李剑青
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jia Shanan Bixing Pml Precision Mechanism Ltd
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Jia Shanan Bixing Pml Precision Mechanism Ltd
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Priority to CN201810834801.6A priority Critical patent/CN108972113B/en
Publication of CN108972113A publication Critical patent/CN108972113A/en
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Publication of CN108972113B publication Critical patent/CN108972113B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of automatic processing apparatus of bearing outer ring, feeding mechanism includes feeding conveying belt, feeding platform and stock guide, first through hole, the second through-hole and third through-hole are successively offered on stock guide, install that there are two what band blocked material strip to block material cylinder on stock guide, the right end of third through-hole is communicated with feeding passage, is equipped with feeding in feeding passage and has a haircut;Positioning cylinder drives locating piece to be clamped fixation to bearing outer ring;Clamping jaw cylinder clamping bearing outer ring is simultaneously gone up and down or is translated by moving material cylinder and flat-removing air cyclinder drive;Receiving mechanism includes material receiving desk and storing stand, drives scraping wings to be orderly stored in bearing outer ring progress quantitative on material receiving desk on storing stand by pusher cylinder.Structure of the invention is compact, easy to use, automatic order loading and unloading can be carried out to bearing outer ring, and orderly stored to the bearing outer ring for completing processing.

Description

A kind of automatic processing apparatus and processing method of bearing outer ring
Technical field
The present invention relates to Production of bearing field, it is related specifically to automatic processing apparatus and the processing side of a kind of bearing outer ring Method.
Background technique
Bearing is a kind of important spare part in contemporary mechanical equipment, its major function is to support mechanical rotary body, is reduced Coefficient of friction in its motion process, and guarantee its rotating accuracy.It in the process of production and processing can be according to actual needs to bearing Outer ring the operations such as punched or polished.However, traditional bearing processing apparatus needs worker by axis during use Bearing outer-ring is placed on workbench, again manually takes bearing outer ring from machine table after being processed by processing motor to bearing outer ring Under, be then orderly put into storing and in stacked and stored, the large labor intensity of worker during operation, and exist certain Security risk.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to aiming at the shortcomings in the prior art, provide a kind of automatic processing apparatus of bearing outer ring And processing method, to solve the above problems.
Technical problem solved by the invention can be realized using following technical scheme:
A kind of automatic processing apparatus of bearing outer ring, feeding mechanism including workbench and on workbench plus Work mechanism, Material moving device and receiving mechanism, the feeding mechanism include feeding conveying belt and feeding platform, and feeding conveying belt passes through end Grillage is set on workbench, is provided with horizontally disposed stock guide in feeding conveying belt, the rear and front end of stock guide respectively with give The end plate of material conveyer belt front and rear sides is fixedly linked, and feeding conveying belt conveys from left to right, successively opens from left to right on stock guide Equipped with first through hole, the second through-hole and third through-hole, first through hole is rectangular configuration, and the second through-hole is trapezium structure, and second is logical The one end of parallel long side in hole is connected with the right end of first through hole, and third through-hole is bar shaped pore structure, the width of third through-hole It is adapted with the width of a bearing outer ring, side is obliquely installed the right end of third through-hole backward, the left end of third through-hole and second One end of the parallel short sides of through-hole is connected;Installation blocks material gas there are two disposed in parallel on the stock guide of third through-hole side Cylinder, the movable end for blocking material cylinder, which is equipped with, blocks material strip, blocks material strip and is vertically arranged with third through-hole, third is protruded into the front end for blocking material strip In through-hole, two are blocked length of the distance between the material strip less than the outer diameter of a bearing outer ring, and that blocks material strip protrudes into third through-hole Length be less than bearing outer ring radius;Feeding platform is provided close to the rear side of feeding conveying belt right end, and feeding platform and workbench are solid Fixed to be connected, there are two gib blocks disposed in parallel for installation on feeding platform, and gib block is vertical with the conveying direction of feeding conveying belt to be set It sets, forms feeding passage between two gib blocks, the right end of third through-hole is connected with one end of feeding passage, in feeding passage It has a haircut equipped with feeding, the extending direction horizontal shifting for driving feeding push top along feeding passage is installed on end plate Expect cylinder;
The organisation of working includes processing frame, machine table, positioning cylinder, processing cylinder and processing motor, machine table installation On workbench on rear side of the gib block, processing motor is set up in the top of machine table by processing frame, is also equipped on processing frame Processing cylinder for driving processing motor to move up and down, the output end for processing motor are equipped with processing head;Positioning cylinder has two Left and right ends that are a and being respectively arranged on machine table, the movable end of positioning cylinder are equipped with locating piece, and two locating pieces are oppositely arranged And it can be under the drive of the positioning cylinder of respective side close to or far from locating piece is plate structure, the opposite face of two locating pieces On offer the semi-circular recesses matched with bearing outer ring shape, offer pan feeding on the locating piece on front side of semi-circular recesses and open Mouthful;
The Material moving device is set on rear side of organisation of working, and Material moving device includes moving material frame, translation sliding rail, sliding panel and moving material Component moves material frame and is fixed on the worktable, and translation sliding rail is horizontally disposed with and is fixed on shifting material frame, and sliding panel is horizontally slidablely On translation sliding rail, moves and be equipped on material frame for driving sliding panel horizontally slidingly to translate along the extending direction of translation sliding rail Cylinder, sliding panel, which is equipped with, moves material component, moves material component and includes clamping jaw cylinder and move material cylinder, moves material cylinder and be installed on sliding panel On, clamping jaw cylinder is connected with the movable end for moving material cylinder and can move up and down under the drive for moving material cylinder, the work of clamping jaw cylinder Moved end is provided with the claw of arc groove;
The receiving mechanism includes material receiving desk and storing stand, and material receiving desk is string configuration and sliding rail is parallel sets with translation It sets, material receiving desk is set to the side of clamping jaw cylinder, and the height of storing stand and the height of material receiving desk are identical, the width of material receiving desk and one The outer diameter of bearing outer ring is adapted, and the length of storing stand is less than the length of material receiving desk, storing stand be set to the rear side of material receiving desk and its The left side flush of left side and material receiving desk, the front end of storing stand and the rear end of material receiving desk are fixedly linked, storing stand and rewinding The periphery of the top surface of platform is equipped with limit and blocks frame, and the limit of the junction of storing stand and material receiving desk, which is blocked, to be opened up jagged on frame, lacks Scraping wings is equipped in mouthful, scraping wings is arranged in parallel with translation sliding rail, and the length of scraping wings and the length of notch are adapted, material receiving desk Side the pusher cylinder for driving scraping wings horizontal shifting is installed, be fixed on front side of the right end of scraping wings and block material Plate blocks flitch and is vertically arranged with scraping wings, and the rear end and scraping wings for blocking flitch are fixedly linked, and frame is blocked in the limit of the front side of material receiving desk On offer perforation, block flitch and be arranged in perforation.
Further, top plate is installed, processing cylinder is fixed on top plate, the lower section of top plate on the top surface of the processing frame Equipped with mounting plate, the movable end for processing cylinder is fixedly connected with a mounting plate, and processing motor is installed on mounting plate, and processing cylinder is left Pilot hole is offered on the top plate of right two sides respectively, guide rod is equipped in pilot hole, bottom and the mounting plate of guide rod are fixed It is connected.
A kind of processing method of the automatic processing apparatus of bearing outer ring, is put into first through hole for bearing outer ring to be processed In feeding conveying belt on, bearing outer ring in first through hole moves through the second through-hole with feeding conveying belt from left to right Into in third through-hole, the material strip of blocking on right side is protruded into third through-hole under the drive for blocking material cylinder to carry out bearing outer ring It intercepts, then the material strip of blocking in left side protrudes into third through-hole and a bearing outer ring be clamped in two to block between material strip, and Blocking for right side expects that cylinder drive blocks material strip return and clamped bearing outer ring is made to continue conveying to the right to be sent one by one afterwards Material;Bearing outer ring in third through-hole enters in feeding passage under the drive of feeding conveying belt, and feeding cylinder drives feeding to push away Side is mobile to which bearing outer ring to be pushed into machine table backward for head;
Two positioning cylinders drive two locating pieces gradually to draw close, and two locating pieces can clamp bearing outer ring after solid Due in semi-circular recesses;Processing cylinder drives processing motor to move down, and carries out processing work to bearing outer ring by processing head Industry;
Bearing outer ring completion is processed latter two locating piece and is moved outward to unclamp the fixation to bearing outer ring, and folder is passed through Pawl cylinder clamps bearing outer ring, and flat-removing air cyclinder drives sliding panel to be moved to the left to pass through outside clamping jaw cylinder band dynamic bearing Circle is moved to the left;Clamping jaw cylinder continues to be moved to the left when being moved to the top of the right end of material receiving desk, to be pushed by claw Bearing outer ring on material receiving desk is moved to the left the distance of the outer diameter of at least one bearing outer ring, and rear clip-claw cylinder unclamps its claw The bearing outer ring of clamping is placed in the bearing outer ring on material receiving desk, and rear clip-claw cylinder and flat-removing air cyclinder return;
When bearing outer ring leftmost on material receiving desk, which blocks frame with the limit of the left end of material receiving desk, mutually to be touched, pusher cylinder band Dynamic scraping wings moves backward, thus by the bearing outer ring push-in storing stand on material receiving desk.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
Bearing outer ring to be processed is put into the feeding conveying belt in first through hole, bearing outer ring is with feeding conveying belt The second through-hole is moved through from left to right to enter in third through-hole.The cooperation of material strip is blocked so that a bearing outer ring by two Two are clamped in block between material strip.Then right side blocking material cylinder drive block material strip return make clamped bearing outer ring after Continuous conveying to the right is to carry out feeding one by one, it is ensured that the orderly conveying one by one of bearing outer ring.Bearing outer ring in third through-hole exists Enter in feeding passage under the drive of feeding conveying belt, feeding cylinder drives feeding push top, and side is mobile thus by bearing outer ring backward It is pushed into machine table.Two positioning cylinders drive two locating pieces gradually to draw close, and bearing outer ring is fixedly clamped in semicircle In connected in star, processing operation is carried out to bearing outer ring by processing head.Bearing outer ring is clamped and led to by clamping jaw cylinder Flat-removing air cyclinder drive is crossed to be moved to the left.Clamping jaw cylinder continues to be moved to the left when being moved to the top of the right end of material receiving desk, thus logical Cross the distance for the outer diameter that claw pushes the bearing outer ring on material receiving desk to push at least one bearing outer ring to the left.When on material receiving desk When leftmost bearing outer ring blocks frame with the limit of the left end of material receiving desk and mutually touches, pusher cylinder drives scraping wings to move backward, It is stored to which the bearing outer ring on material receiving desk to be orderly pushed on storing stand.Structure of the invention is compact, easy to use, can be right Bearing outer ring carries out automatic subsequently loading and unloading, and is orderly stored to the bearing outer ring for completing processing, and work is greatly reduced The labor intensity of people, improves the safety of use.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the automatic processing apparatus of bearing outer ring of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the partial structural diagram of the automatic processing apparatus of bearing outer ring of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of Material moving device of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
To be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, below with reference to Specific embodiment, the present invention is further explained.
Referring to FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, a kind of automatic processing apparatus of bearing outer ring of the present invention, including workbench 10 with And feeding mechanism 20, organisation of working, Material moving device 30 and receiving mechanism on workbench 10.Feeding mechanism 20 includes feeding Conveyer belt 21 and feeding platform, feeding conveying belt 21 are set up on workbench 10 by end plate 211.It is provided in feeding conveying belt 21 Horizontally disposed stock guide 22, the rear and front end of stock guide 22 are fixed with the end plate 211 of 21 front and rear sides of feeding conveying belt respectively It is connected.Feeder motor 212 is installed on workbench 10, the both ends of feeding conveying belt 21 are respectively equipped with conveying roller, and the two of conveying roller End-rack is set on the end plate 211 of two sides, and the output end of feeder motor 212 is connected with conveying roller transmission, and feeding conveying belt 21 passes through Conveying roller tensioning and rotation.Feeding conveying belt 21 conveys from left to right.It is logical that first is successively offered on stock guide 22 from left to right Hole 221, the second through-hole 222 and third through-hole 223, first through hole 221, the second through-hole 222 and third through-hole 223 are sequentially communicated. First through hole 221 is rectangular configuration, and the second through-hole 222 is trapezium structure.One end and first of the parallel long side of second through-hole 222 The right end of through-hole 221 is connected, and third through-hole 223 is bar shaped pore structure.The width of third through-hole 223 and bearing outer ring Width is adapted, so that can only have a bearing outer ring conveying in the width direction of third through-hole 223.Third through-hole Side is obliquely installed 223 right end backward, and the left end of third through-hole 223 is connected with one end of the parallel short sides of the second through-hole 222. Installation blocks material cylinder 23 there are two disposed in parallel on the stock guide 22 of 223 side of third through-hole, offers peace on stock guide 22 Tankage blocks material cylinder 23 and is fixed in mounting groove.The movable end for blocking material cylinder 23 is equipped with and blocks material strip 231, blocks material strip 231 and the Three through-holes 223 are vertically arranged.The front end for blocking material strip 231 is protruded into third through-hole 223, and two to block the distance between material strip 231 small In the length of the outer diameter of a bearing outer ring.The length for protruding into third through-hole 223 for blocking material strip 231 is less than the half of bearing outer ring Diameter, so that two are blocked and can be intercepted to a bearing outer ring between material strip 231.Feeding platform is provided close to feeding conveying belt The rear side of 21 right ends, feeding platform are fixedly linked with workbench 10.There are two gib blocks 24 disposed in parallel for installation on feeding platform, lead It is vertically arranged to item 24 and the conveying direction of feeding conveying belt 21, forms feeding passage between two gib blocks 24.Third through-hole 223 right end is connected with one end of feeding passage, and feeding push top 25 is equipped in feeding passage.It is equipped with and is used on end plate 211 Drive feeding push top 25 along the feeding cylinder 251 of the extending direction horizontal shifting of feeding passage.
Organisation of working includes processing frame 41, machine table 42, positioning cylinder 43, processing cylinder 44 and processing motor 45.Processing Platform 42 is installed on the workbench 10 of 24 rear side of gib block, and processing motor 45 is set up in the upper of machine table 42 by processing frame 41 Side.The processing cylinder 44 for driving processing motor 45 to move up and down is also equipped on processing frame 41.Process the output of motor 45 End is equipped with processing head.Processing motor 45 can be needed in the prior art for polishing motor, drilling motor etc. to bearing periphery into The equipment of row processing, corresponding processing head are polishing barrel, grooved bit head etc..There are two positioning cylinders 43 and is respectively arranged on machine table 42 left and right ends, the movable end of positioning cylinder 43 are equipped with locating piece 46.Two locating pieces 46 are oppositely arranged and can be in correspondences Under the drive of the positioning cylinder 43 of side close to or far from.Locating piece 46 is plate structure, is opened on the opposite face of two locating pieces 46 Equipped with the semi-circular recesses 461 matched with bearing outer ring shape.Offered on the locating piece 46 of the front side of semi-circular recesses 461 into Material opening 462, i.e., so that the rear end length of semi-circular recesses 461 is greater than its front end length.
Material moving device 30 is set on rear side of organisation of working, and Material moving device 30 includes moving material frame 31, translation sliding rail 32, sliding panel 33 Component is expected with moving.It moves material frame 31 to be fixed on workbench 10, translation sliding rail 32 is horizontally disposed and is fixed on shifting material frame 31, sliding Plate 33 is set to horizontally slidablely on translation sliding rail 32.It moves on material frame 31 and is equipped with for driving sliding panel 33 along translation sliding rail 32 Extending direction horizontally slidingly flat-removing air cyclinder.Sliding panel 33, which is equipped with, moves material component, and moving material component includes 341 He of clamping jaw cylinder Move material cylinder 342.It moves material cylinder 342 to be installed on sliding panel 33, moves on the sliding panel 33 of 342 lower section of material cylinder and longitudinal direction is installed Sliding rail can slide up and down in longitudinal slide rail equipped with sliding sleeve, clamping jaw cylinder 341 laterally setting and its be fixed on sliding sleeve. Clamping jaw cylinder 341 is connected with the movable end for moving material cylinder 342 and can move up and down under the drive for moving material cylinder 342.Clamping jaw gas The movable end of cylinder 341 is provided with the claw 343 of arc groove.
Receiving mechanism includes material receiving desk 51 and storing stand 52, and material receiving desk 51 is for string configuration and parallel with sliding rail 32 is translated Setting.Storing stand 52 includes table top and important actor, and table top is removably installed on important actor.Material receiving desk 51 is set to clamping jaw cylinder 341 Side, the height of storing stand 52 is identical as the height of material receiving desk 51.The outer diameter of the width of material receiving desk 51 and a bearing outer ring It is adapted.The length of storing stand 52 is less than the length of material receiving desk 51, and storing stand 52 is set to the rear side of material receiving desk 51 and its left side With the left side flush of material receiving desk 51.The front end of storing stand 52 and the rear end of material receiving desk 51 are fixedly linked, storing stand 52 and receipts Expect that the periphery of the top surface of platform 51 is equipped with limit and blocks frame 53.The height that frame 53 is blocked in limit is less than the height of bearing outer ring.Storing stand 52 and material receiving desk 51 junction limit block opened up on frame 53 it is jagged, in notch be equipped with scraping wings 54.Scraping wings 54 and flat It moves sliding rail 32 to be arranged in parallel, the length of scraping wings 54 and the length of notch are adapted.The side of material receiving desk 51 is equipped with for band The pusher cylinder 55 of dynamic 54 horizontal shifting of scraping wings.It is fixed on front side of the right end of scraping wings 54 and blocks flitch 56, block flitch 56 are vertically arranged with scraping wings 54.The rear end and scraping wings 54 for blocking flitch 56 are fixedly linked, and the limit of the front side of material receiving desk 51 is blocked Perforation is offered on frame 53, is blocked flitch 56 and is arranged in perforation.
Top plate is installed, processing cylinder 44 is fixed on top plate on the top surface of processing frame 41.The lower section of top plate is equipped with installation The movable end of plate, processing cylinder 44 is fixedly connected with a mounting plate.Processing motor 45 is installed on mounting plate, processes cylinder 44 or so Pilot hole is offered on the top plate of two sides respectively, guide rod 47 is equipped in pilot hole.The bottom of guide rod 47 and mounting plate are solid It is fixed to be connected.
Bearing outer ring 100 to be processed during use, is first put into first in the form that array arranges by the present invention In feeding conveying belt 21 in through-hole 221.Bearing outer ring 100 in first through hole 221 with feeding conveying belt 21 from left to right The second through-hole 222 is moved through to enter in third through-hole 223.The material strip 231 of blocking on right side is stretched under the drive for blocking material cylinder 23 Enter in third through-hole 223 to intercept bearing outer ring 100.Then the material strip 231 of blocking in left side protrudes into third through-hole 223 It is blocked between material strip 231 so that a bearing outer ring 100 is clamped in two.Then material strip is blocked in the material drive of cylinder 23 of blocking on right side 231 returns make clamped bearing outer ring 100 continue conveying to the right to carry out feeding one by one, it is ensured that bearing outer ring is one by one Orderly conveying.Bearing outer ring 100 in third through-hole 223 enters in feeding passage under the drive of feeding conveying belt 21, feeding Cylinder 251 drives feeding push top 25, and side is mobile to which bearing outer ring 100 to be pushed into machine table 42 backward.
Two positioning cylinders 43 drive two locating pieces 46 gradually to draw close, and bearing outer ring 100 enters two from pan feeding opening 462 Between a semi-circular recesses 461.Bearing outer ring 100 intercept by the rear end of semi-circular recesses 461 and makes bearing outer ring not It can move back.Bearing outer ring 100 can be fixedly clamped in semi-circular recesses 461 by two locating pieces 46 after.Process cylinder 44 It drives processing motor 45 to move down, processing operation is carried out to bearing outer ring 100 by processing head.
The completion of bearing outer ring 100 processes latter two locating piece 46 and moves to unclamp the fixation to bearing outer ring outward. Bearing outer ring is clamped by clamping jaw cylinder 341, flat-removing air cyclinder drives sliding panel 33 to be moved to the left to by clamping jaw gas Cylinder 341 drives bearing outer ring 100 to be moved to the left.Clamping jaw cylinder 341 continues to the left when being moved to the top of the right end of material receiving desk 51 It is mobile, thus by bearing outer ring of the claw promotion on material receiving desk 51 be moved to the left the outer diameter of at least one bearing outer ring away from From.It is of course also possible to push block be arranged on the sliding panel 33 in the left side for moving material component, outside clamping jaw cylinder 341 is with dynamic bearing The bearing outer ring of the rightmost side on material receiving desk 51 can be pushed to the left when enclosing mobile to 51 side of material receiving desk by push block.Then press from both sides The bearing outer ring 100 that pawl cylinder 341 unclamps the clamping of its claw is placed in the bearing outer ring 100 on material receiving desk 51, then presss from both sides Pawl cylinder 341 and flat-removing air cyclinder return.
Inductive probe can be equipped on the inner wall that frame 53 is blocked in the limit in the left side of material receiving desk 51, when Far Left on material receiving desk 51 Bearing outer ring when blocking 53 phase of frame with the limit of the left end of material receiving desk 51 and touching, i.e., bearing inner race is in the rewinding for blocking 56 left side of flitch After placement completely on platform 51, pusher cylinder 55 drives scraping wings 54 to move backward, so that the bearing outer ring on material receiving desk 51 be had It is stored on sequence push-in storing stand 52.Above-mentioned operation is repeated according to this.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the present invention have been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of automatic processing apparatus of bearing outer ring, it is characterised in that: sending including workbench and on workbench Expect that mechanism, organisation of working, Material moving device and receiving mechanism, the feeding mechanism include feeding conveying belt and feeding platform, feeding is defeated It send band to be set on workbench by terminal plate frame, horizontally disposed stock guide, the front and back two of stock guide is provided in feeding conveying belt The end plate respectively with feeding conveying belt front and rear sides is held to be fixedly linked, feeding conveying belt conveys from left to right, from a left side on stock guide It turns right and successively offers first through hole, the second through-hole and third through-hole, first through hole is rectangular configuration, and the second through-hole is trapezoidal knot One end of parallel long side of structure, the second through-hole is connected with the right end of first through hole, and third through-hole is bar shaped pore structure, and third is logical The width of the width in hole and a bearing outer ring is adapted, and side is obliquely installed the right end of third through-hole backward, a left side for third through-hole End is connected with one end of the parallel short sides of the second through-hole;There are two disposed in parallel for installation on the stock guide of third through-hole side Material cylinder is blocked, the movable end for blocking material cylinder, which is equipped with, blocks material strip, blocks material strip and is vertically arranged with third through-hole, the front end for blocking material strip is stretched Enter in third through-hole, two are blocked length of the distance between the material strip less than the outer diameter of a bearing outer ring, and that blocks material strip protrudes into The length of three through-holes is less than the radius of bearing outer ring;Feeding platform is provided close to the rear side of feeding conveying belt right end, feeding platform and work It is fixedly linked as platform, there are two gib block disposed in parallel, the conveying directions of gib block and feeding conveying belt for installation on feeding platform It is vertically arranged, forms feeding passage between two gib blocks, the right end of third through-hole is connected with one end of feeding passage, feeding It is equipped with feeding in channel to have a haircut, is equipped on end plate for driving feeding push top to move along the extending direction anterior-posterior horizontal of feeding passage Dynamic feeding cylinder;
The organisation of working includes processing frame, machine table, positioning cylinder, processing cylinder and processing motor, and machine table, which is installed on, to be led On workbench on rear side of to item, processing motor is set up in the top of machine table by processing frame, is also equipped with and is used on processing frame The processing cylinder for driving processing motor to move up and down, the output end for processing motor are equipped with processing head;Positioning cylinder there are two and The left and right ends of machine table are respectively arranged on, the movable end of positioning cylinder is equipped with locating piece, and two locating pieces are oppositely arranged and can Close to or far from locating piece is plate structure, is opened on the opposite face of two locating pieces under the drive of the positioning cylinder of respective side Equipped with the semi-circular recesses matched with bearing outer ring shape, pan feeding opening is offered on the locating piece on front side of semi-circular recesses;
The Material moving device is set on rear side of organisation of working, and Material moving device includes moving material frame, translation sliding rail, sliding panel and moving material group Part moves material frame and is fixed on the worktable, and translation sliding rail is horizontally disposed with and is fixed on shifting material frame, and sliding panel is set horizontally slidablely In on translation sliding rail, moves and be equipped on material frame for driving sliding panel horizontally slidingly to translate gas along the extending direction of translation sliding rail Cylinder, sliding panel, which is equipped with, moves material component, moves material component and includes clamping jaw cylinder and move material cylinder, moves material cylinder and be installed on sliding panel On, clamping jaw cylinder is connected with the movable end for moving material cylinder and can move up and down under the drive for moving material cylinder, the work of clamping jaw cylinder Moved end is provided with the claw of arc groove;
The receiving mechanism includes material receiving desk and storing stand, and material receiving desk is string configuration and is arranged in parallel with translation sliding rail, is received Expect that platform is set to the side of clamping jaw cylinder, the height of storing stand and the height of material receiving desk are identical, the width of material receiving desk and a bearing The outer diameter of outer ring is adapted, and the length of storing stand is less than the length of material receiving desk, and storing stand is set to the rear side of material receiving desk and its left side The left side flush in face and material receiving desk, the front end of storing stand and the rear end of material receiving desk are fixedly linked, storing stand and material receiving desk The periphery of top surface is equipped with limit and blocks frame, the limit of the junction of storing stand and material receiving desk block opened up on frame it is jagged, in notch Equipped with scraping wings, scraping wings is arranged in parallel with translation sliding rail, and the length of scraping wings and the length of notch are adapted, and the one of material receiving desk Side is equipped with the pusher cylinder for driving scraping wings horizontal shifting, is fixed on front side of the right end of scraping wings and blocks flitch, It blocks flitch to be vertically arranged with scraping wings, the rear end and scraping wings for blocking flitch are fixedly linked, and the limit of the front side of material receiving desk is blocked on frame Perforation is offered, flitch is blocked and is arranged in perforation.
2. the automatic processing apparatus of bearing outer ring according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the top surface of the processing frame On top plate is installed, processing cylinder is fixed on top plate, and the lower section of top plate is equipped with mounting plate, processes movable end and the installation of cylinder Plate is fixedly linked, and processing motor is installed on mounting plate, offers pilot hole respectively on the top plate processed at left and right sides of cylinder, leads Xiang Kongzhong is equipped with guide rod, and the bottom of guide rod is fixedly connected with a mounting plate.
3. a kind of processing method of such as automatic processing apparatus of the described in any item bearing outer rings of claim 1~2, feature Be: in the feeding conveying belt that bearing outer ring to be processed is put into first through hole, bearing outer ring in first through hole with Feeding conveying belt moves through the second through-hole from left to right and enters in third through-hole, and material strip is blocked in the band for blocking material cylinder in right side It is protruded under dynamic to intercept bearing outer ring in third through-hole, then the material strip of blocking in left side protrudes into and makes one in third through-hole A bearing outer ring is clamped in two and blocks between material strip, then right side block material cylinder drive block material strip return make it is clamped Bearing outer ring continues conveying to the right to carry out feeding one by one;Bearing outer ring in third through-hole is under the drive of feeding conveying belt Into in feeding passage, feeding cylinder drives feeding push top, and side is mobile to which bearing outer ring to be pushed into machine table backward;
Two positioning cylinders drive two locating pieces gradually to draw close, two locating pieces bearing outer ring can be fixedly clamped after in In semi-circular recesses;Processing cylinder drives processing motor to move down, and carries out processing operation to bearing outer ring by processing head;
Bearing outer ring completion is processed latter two locating piece and is moved outward to unclamp the fixation to bearing outer ring, and clamping jaw gas is passed through Cylinder clamps bearing outer ring, flat-removing air cyclinder drive sliding panel be moved to the left to by clamping jaw cylinder drive bearing outer ring to It moves left;Clamping jaw cylinder continues to be moved to the left when being moved to the top of the right end of material receiving desk, to be pushed by claw in rewinding Bearing outer ring on platform is moved to the left the distance of the outer diameter of at least one bearing outer ring, and rear clip-claw cylinder unclamps the clamping of its claw Bearing outer ring the bearing outer ring is placed on material receiving desk, and rear clip-claw cylinder and flat-removing air cyclinder return;
When bearing outer ring leftmost on material receiving desk, which blocks frame with the limit of the left end of material receiving desk, mutually to be touched, pusher cylinder drive is pushed away Flitch moves backward, thus by the bearing outer ring push-in storing stand on material receiving desk.
CN201810834801.6A 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 Automatic machining device and method for bearing outer ring Active CN108972113B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110842252A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-28 长丰吾道智能光电科技有限公司 Self-cleaning equipment for bearing processing
CN110842254A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-28 长丰吾道智能光电科技有限公司 Automatic puncher of bearing inner race
CN110842253A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-28 长丰吾道智能光电科技有限公司 Automatic punching method for bearing outer ring
CN111015160A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-04-17 徐玉洁 Automatic assembling production line for anesthetic evaporator cores
CN111960078A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-11-20 铜陵威鸣科技有限公司 A material loading processing integration equipment for mould processing

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JPS58107234A (en) * 1981-12-18 1983-06-25 Nippon Seiko Kk Manufacture of double row ball-and-roller bearing ring
CN2542362Y (en) * 2002-04-24 2003-04-02 陈社伟 Bearing ring double-station forming machine
WO2008080240A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-07-10 Robotic Consulting S.A.R.L. Grinding machine for bearing rings
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110842252A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-28 长丰吾道智能光电科技有限公司 Self-cleaning equipment for bearing processing
CN110842254A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-28 长丰吾道智能光电科技有限公司 Automatic puncher of bearing inner race
CN110842253A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-28 长丰吾道智能光电科技有限公司 Automatic punching method for bearing outer ring
CN111015160A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-04-17 徐玉洁 Automatic assembling production line for anesthetic evaporator cores
CN111960078A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-11-20 铜陵威鸣科技有限公司 A material loading processing integration equipment for mould processing

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