CN108940530B - Mechanical crushing device for traditional Chinese medicine materials - Google Patents

Mechanical crushing device for traditional Chinese medicine materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108940530B
CN108940530B CN201810680297.9A CN201810680297A CN108940530B CN 108940530 B CN108940530 B CN 108940530B CN 201810680297 A CN201810680297 A CN 201810680297A CN 108940530 B CN108940530 B CN 108940530B
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Prior art keywords
plate
shell
shaft
grinding
driving
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CN201810680297.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108940530A (en
Inventor
张文静
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Zhengzhou Coal Mine Machinery Manufacturing Technical Schools
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Zhengzhou Coal Mine Machinery Manufacturing Technical Schools
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Priority to CN201810680297.9A priority Critical patent/CN108940530B/en
Publication of CN108940530A publication Critical patent/CN108940530A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C17/00Disintegrating by tumbling mills, i.e. mills having a container charged with the material to be disintegrated with or without special disintegrating members such as pebbles or balls
    • B02C17/16Mills in which a fixed container houses stirring means tumbling the charge
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C17/00Disintegrating by tumbling mills, i.e. mills having a container charged with the material to be disintegrated with or without special disintegrating members such as pebbles or balls
    • B02C17/16Mills in which a fixed container houses stirring means tumbling the charge
    • B02C17/163Stirring means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/12Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged below container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C7/00Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills
    • B02C7/02Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills with coaxial discs
    • B02C7/08Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills with coaxial discs with vertical axis

Abstract

The invention belongs to a traditional Chinese medicine material mechanical crushing device, wherein a support rod is arranged at the bottom of a shell, a sealing cover is arranged at the upper end of the shell, a motor shell is arranged in the middle of the shell, a shuttle-shaped plate is arranged on the motor shell, an upper driving motor and a lower driving motor are arranged in the motor shell, a crushing box is arranged on the upper side of an upper driving shaft, the bottom of the crushing box is provided with an inclined cover plate, an arc-shaped scraping plate is arranged on the upper side of the crushing box, a crushing blade is arranged on the upper side of the arc-shaped scraping plate, a first stirring blade is arranged on the upper side of; the lower driving shaft is provided with a scraping plate, an upper grinding plate is arranged below the scraping plate, a lower grinding plate is arranged on the lower side of the upper grinding plate, lower grinding plates are arranged on the periphery of the lower grinding plate, a slide way is arranged on the lower surface of the lower grinding plate, a material plate is arranged below the lower grinding plate, a chute and a material groove are arranged on the material plate, a material discharging hole is arranged on the material groove, a lower shaft cover is arranged at the bottom end of the lower driving shaft, a material bin is arranged below the material plate, and a material; the invention has simple structure, is convenient to disassemble and clean and is easy to control.

Description

Mechanical crushing device for traditional Chinese medicine materials
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of traditional Chinese medicine crushing, and particularly relates to a mechanical crushing device for traditional Chinese medicine materials.
Background
The pulverizer usually consists of a stainless steel upper cover lower body pulverizing chamber, which is closed by a screw fastener. The crushing blade transversely installed is driven by the high-speed operation of the vertical motor to impact and shear the materials. While the existing pulverizer can pulverize large blocks of traditional Chinese medicines, the pulverized traditional Chinese medicines still have more traditional Chinese medicine particles. When the traditional Chinese medicine particles are large, a plurality of large particles are not beneficial to smearing when being used and even can cause damage to skin when being mixed with water.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art and provide a mechanical crushing device for traditional Chinese medicine materials.
The purpose of the invention is realized as follows: traditional chinese medicine material mechanical crushing device, including the shell, its characterized in that: the bottom of the shell is provided with a supporting rod, the upper end of the shell is provided with a sealing cover, the middle part of the shell is provided with a motor shell, the motor shell is provided with a shuttle plate, the shuttle plate is fixedly connected with the shell, the motor shell is internally provided with an upper driving motor and a lower driving motor, both the upper driving motor and the lower driving motor are connected with power supply wires, the power supply wires are respectively connected with an upper switch and a lower switch, the upper driving motor is connected with an upper driving shaft, the lower driving motor is connected with a lower driving shaft, the upper side of the upper driving shaft is provided with a crushing box, the bottom of the crushing box is provided with a filter hole, the upper driving shaft penetrates out from the bottom of the crushing box, an inclined cover plate is arranged between the bottom of the crushing box and the upper driving motor, the upper driving shaft on the upper side of the crushing box is provided with an arc-shaped scraping, an upper shaft cover is arranged on the upper driving shaft on the upper side of the second stirring knife;
be provided with on the drive shaft down and scrape the flitch, it is provided with the grinding plate to scrape the flitch below, the lower surface of going up the grinding plate is provided with the arris, it is provided with the fixed plate all around to go up the grinding plate, fixed plate and shell fixed connection, be connected with lower grinding plate on the lower drive shaft of last grinding plate downside, the lower grinding plate upper surface is provided with the arris, lower grinding plate is provided with down the flitch all around, lower grinding plate lower surface is provided with the slide, it is provided with the flitch to grind the flitch below down, be provided with spout and silo on the flitch, the slide sets up in the spout, be provided with the unloading hole on the silo, the drive shaft bottom is provided with.
The upper driving shaft and the lower driving shaft are both provided with clamping ribs.
The middle part of the cross section of the clamping edge is in a concave arc shape.
The upper shaft cover and the lower shaft cover are respectively connected with the upper driving shaft and the lower driving shaft through threads.
Compared with simple grinding, the grinding machine provided by the invention firstly grinds the medicine and then grinds the medicine, so that the grinding efficiency can be greatly improved, the loss of a driving motor is reduced, and the service life is prolonged. The invention has simple structure, is convenient to disassemble and clean and is easy to control.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic left-side sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the crush box of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view showing the structure of the upper portion of the upper driving shaft according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic sectional view showing the upper drive shaft according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view showing the structure of the upper driving shaft according to the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the lower driving shaft of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of the bottom structure of the upper grinding disc of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a lower grinding disc and a material plate of the invention.
Fig. 11 is a structural schematic diagram of the bottom surface of the lower grinding disc of the invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of the construction of the flitch of the invention.
Detailed Description
In embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 1 to 12, the mechanical crushing device for traditional Chinese medicine materials comprises a housing 7, wherein a support rod 3 is arranged at the bottom of the housing 7, and the support rod is fixed on the housing to play a supporting role. The upper end of the shell 7 is provided with a sealing cover 8, the middle part of the shell 7 is provided with a motor shell 12, a shuttle-shaped plate 14 is arranged on the motor shell 12, the shuttle-shaped plate 14 is fixedly connected with the shell 7, the two sides of the shape of the shuttle-shaped plate are narrow and wide, and particles after being crushed fall down conveniently and cannot be accumulated on the shuttle-shaped plate. Be provided with driving motor 13 and lower driving motor 15 in the motor casing 12, it fixes in the motor casing with driving motor down to go up driving motor 13, it all is connected with power supply line 5 with driving motor 15 down to go up driving motor 13, be connected with switch 6 and under switch 4 on the power supply line 5 respectively, external power source is connected to the power supply line, for last driving motor and the power supply of driving motor down, go up opening and closing of on-off control last driving motor, under-off control driving motor's opening and closing, belong to simple circuit connection, do not restate. The upper drive motor 13 is connected to an upper drive shaft 10, which may be coupled by a coupling. The upper driving shaft and the lower driving shaft are both provided with clamping edges. Through drive shaft and arc scraper blade, crushing blade, stirring sword one and stirring sword two are connected on the card arris, through drive shaft and scraping flitch, lower mill connection under the card arris, the cross-section middle part of card arris is concave arc, and the card arris can play the effect that drives other structures, also is convenient for take off with card arris complex structure. Lower driving motor 15 is connected with down drive shaft 21, it is provided with crushing box 9 to go up drive shaft 10 upside, it is provided with the filtration pore to smash box 9 bottom, can dispose simultaneously the crushing box that has the filtration pore and the crushing box that does not have the filtration pore, the granule that has the crushing box of filtration pore after smashing falls down from the filtration pore, flow out after the grinding of mill and lower mill again, the crushing box that does not have the filtration pore is smashed the back and is not fallen, the process of not grinding, directly pour out can, be applicable to the crushing condition that can require not high to smash the mesh number, can reduce the power consumption, and efficiency is improved. Smash box and shell interference fit, be convenient for take out the change, the inside boss that has of shell plays the effect of support to smashing the box. The upper driving shaft 10 penetrates out of the bottom of the crushing box 9, the upper driving shaft is not in contact with the crushing box, an inclined cover plate 11 is arranged between the bottom of the crushing box 9 and an upper driving motor 13, and crushed particles can slide to the lower part to be ground conveniently through the inclined cover plate, so that the crushed particles cannot be accumulated on the upper part of the upper driving motor. An arc scraper 27 is arranged on the upper driving shaft 10 at the upper side of the crushing box 9, and is convenient for scraping crushed particles to the lower part, so that the crushed particles are gathered towards the inner side of the arc scraper, and the crushed particles fall downwards from the middle part of the arc scraper. The upper driving shaft 10 on the upper side of the arc-shaped scraper 27 is provided with a crushing blade 26, the upper driving shaft 10 on the upper side of the crushing blade 26 is provided with a first stirring blade 25, the upper driving shaft 10 on the upper side of the first stirring blade 25 is provided with a second stirring blade 24, and the upper driving shaft 10 on the upper side of the second stirring blade 24 is provided with an upper shaft cover 23; the upper shaft cover and the lower shaft cover are respectively connected with the upper driving shaft and the lower driving shaft through threads. The upper shaft cover is taken down, a second stirring cutter, a first stirring cutter, a crushing blade, an arc-shaped scraper blade and a crushing box can be taken out from the upper driving shaft in sequence, and the lower shaft cover is taken down, so that the flitch and the lower millstone can be taken out in sequence, and the cleaning is facilitated. Be provided with on the lower drive shaft 15 and scrape flitch 30, the both sides of scraping the flitch are the hypotenuse, and the middle part is the arc limit, is convenient for scrape the falling mouth department of last grinding plate with the granule after smashing. An upper grinding plate 22 is arranged below the scraping plate 30, a transverse edge is arranged on the lower surface of the upper grinding plate 22 and can grind crushed particles, a fixing plate 20 is arranged around the upper grinding plate 22, the fixing plate 20 is fixedly connected with the shell 7, a lower grinding plate 19 is connected on a lower driving shaft 21 on the lower side of the upper grinding plate 22, a transverse edge is arranged on the upper surface of the lower grinding plate 19, a lower material plate 16 is arranged around the lower grinding plate 19, the lower plane of the lower material plate is in contact with the trough so as to scrape the ground powder to the position of a discharging hole on the trough and fall into the bin from the discharging hole, a slide way 31 is arranged on the lower surface of the lower grinding plate 19, a material plate 17 is arranged below the lower grinding plate 19 and is in interference fit with the inner wall of the shell, a slide groove 28 and a trough are arranged on the material plate 17, the slide way 31 is arranged in the slide groove 28 and can play a role of supporting the lower grinding disc and can, the bottom end of the lower driving shaft 21 is provided with a lower shaft cover 18, a stock bin 2 is arranged below the material plate 17, the stock bin and the shell are arranged to be of a detachable structure, and the stock bin and the shell are fixed together by using a lock catch, so that the material plate is convenient to detach. The feed bin 2 is provided with a discharge hole 1. In the invention, the upper driving motor drives the arc-shaped scraping plate, the crushing blade, the first stirring blade and the second stirring blade to rotate, the upper driving motor preferably selects a high-speed motor, the lower driving motor drives the scraping plate and the lower grinding disc to rotate, the lower driving motor preferably selects a low-speed motor, and the size and the type of the motor can be selected according to the requirements of users.
When the traditional Chinese medicine grinding disc is used, the traditional Chinese medicine cut blocks are placed in the grinding box, the sealing cover is covered, the upper driving motor and the lower driving motor are started, the upper driving motor drives the arc-shaped scraping plate, the grinding blade, the first stirring blade and the second stirring blade to grind the traditional Chinese medicine, and the ground particles are scraped to the upper surface of the upper grinding disc. Drive motor drives down and scrapes the flitch and scrape into the mouth of head stone with the traditional chinese medicine granule of head stone upper surface, drive motor drives down simultaneously and grinds the mill rotation, grind the traditional chinese medicine granule after will smashing under the effect of head stone and lower mill, the traditional chinese medicine granule after the grinding becomes traditional chinese medicine powder, flow out in the clearance between head stone and the lower mill, fall in the silo on the flitch, when lower mill pivoted, down flitch on the mill rotates simultaneously, the flitch scrapes feed opening department with the traditional chinese medicine powder in the silo down, traditional chinese medicine powder falls in the feed bin from the feed opening, flow out from the discharge gate of feed bin again.
Compared with simple grinding, the grinding machine provided by the invention firstly grinds the medicine and then grinds the medicine, so that the grinding efficiency can be greatly improved, the loss of a driving motor is reduced, and the service life is prolonged. The invention has simple structure, is convenient to disassemble and clean and is easy to control.
The above examples are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and the principle of the present invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements, etc. made within the scope of the present invention should be considered as being included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. A traditional Chinese medicine material mechanical crushing device comprises a shell, and is characterized in that: the bottom of the shell is provided with a supporting rod, the upper end of the shell is provided with a sealing cover, the middle part of the shell is provided with a motor shell, the motor shell is provided with a shuttle plate, the shuttle plate is fixedly connected with the shell, the motor shell is internally provided with an upper driving motor and a lower driving motor, both the upper driving motor and the lower driving motor are connected with power supply wires, the power supply wires are respectively connected with an upper switch and a lower switch, the upper driving motor is connected with an upper driving shaft, the lower driving motor is connected with a lower driving shaft, the upper side of the upper driving shaft is provided with a crushing box, the bottom of the crushing box is provided with a filter hole, the upper driving shaft penetrates out from the bottom of the crushing box, an inclined cover plate is arranged between the bottom of the crushing box and the upper driving motor, the upper driving shaft on the upper side of the crushing box is provided with an arc-shaped scraping, an upper shaft cover is arranged on the upper driving shaft on the upper side of the second stirring knife; be provided with on the lower drive shaft and scrape the flitch, it is provided with the grinding plate to scrape the flitch below, the lower surface of going up the grinding plate is provided with the arris, it is provided with the fixed plate all around to go up the grinding plate, fixed plate and shell fixed connection, be connected with lower grinding plate on the lower drive shaft of last grinding plate downside, the lower grinding plate upper surface is provided with the arris, lower grinding plate is provided with down the flitch all around, the lower grinding plate lower surface is provided with the slide, the grinding plate below is provided with the flitch down, be provided with spout and silo on the flitch, the slide sets up in the spout, be provided with the unloading hole on the silo, the drive shaft bottom is provided with the lower shaft cover down, the flitch below is provided with.
2. The mechanical pulverizing device for Chinese medicinal materials of claim 1, wherein: the middle part of the cross section of the clamping edge is in a concave arc shape.
3. The mechanical pulverizing device for Chinese medicinal materials of claim 1, wherein: the upper shaft cover and the lower shaft cover are respectively connected with the upper driving shaft and the lower driving shaft through threads.
CN201810680297.9A 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 Mechanical crushing device for traditional Chinese medicine materials Active CN108940530B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810680297.9A CN108940530B (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 Mechanical crushing device for traditional Chinese medicine materials

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810680297.9A CN108940530B (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 Mechanical crushing device for traditional Chinese medicine materials

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CN108940530A CN108940530A (en) 2018-12-07
CN108940530B true CN108940530B (en) 2020-11-03

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009018963A (en) * 2007-07-12 2009-01-29 Kotegawa Kogyo Kk Carbon fiber fine particles, and manufacturing method and apparatus therefor
CN203842649U (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-09-24 广东小熊电器有限公司 Cutting mechanism of meat chopper
CN204017947U (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-17 江军云 Kitchen waste disposer
CN107520025A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-12-29 昆明理工大学 A kind of portable mill for Chinese medicine
CN206868391U (en) * 2017-04-12 2018-01-12 天津市恒盛兴旺生物科技有限公司 One kind processing bio-fuel reducing mechanism

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203353155U (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-12-25 马鞍山市绿之友机械制造有限公司 Hob for quintuplet lawn mower
CN108273624A (en) * 2016-05-20 2018-07-13 徐罗斌 A kind of flaker cageless whole knife assembly and its working method
CN207044749U (en) * 2017-07-05 2018-02-27 广州厦美环保科技有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency refuse processing unit
CN108187845A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-22 天佑电器(苏州)有限公司 Food refuse disposer

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009018963A (en) * 2007-07-12 2009-01-29 Kotegawa Kogyo Kk Carbon fiber fine particles, and manufacturing method and apparatus therefor
CN203842649U (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-09-24 广东小熊电器有限公司 Cutting mechanism of meat chopper
CN204017947U (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-17 江军云 Kitchen waste disposer
CN206868391U (en) * 2017-04-12 2018-01-12 天津市恒盛兴旺生物科技有限公司 One kind processing bio-fuel reducing mechanism
CN107520025A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-12-29 昆明理工大学 A kind of portable mill for Chinese medicine

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