CN108837776A - A kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming device and method - Google Patents

A kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108837776A
CN108837776A CN201810888646.6A CN201810888646A CN108837776A CN 108837776 A CN108837776 A CN 108837776A CN 201810888646 A CN201810888646 A CN 201810888646A CN 108837776 A CN108837776 A CN 108837776A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
die
flat
macro
pressure roller
component
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Pending
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CN201810888646.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
涂德浴
王佳
吕栎
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Priority to CN201810888646.6A priority Critical patent/CN108837776A/en
Publication of CN108837776A publication Critical patent/CN108837776A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2/00Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic
    • B01J2/22Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic by pressing in moulds or between rollers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming device and method, equipment includes main motor, main gear down device, main shaft, discharge device, profiled part, control block hydraulic unit with, the quenched component of helical feed and frequency modulation decelerating motor.In the present invention, material is from throat-fed, adjustable vane angle helix transporting device connects external high temperature steam, and it is driven material is quenched by frequency modulation motor and is transported in the compression chamber that flat-die component is formed, main motor drives main shaft and pressure roller component to rotate by transmission mechanism simultaneously, pressure roller component is by material material from the die hole bushing extrusion molding of flat-die component, and cutter cuts off the particle stick squeezed out from die hole bushing, and molded particle is discharged discharge device.

Description

A kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming device and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to biomass waste material technical field of processing equipment, and in particular to a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die particle at Type device and method.
Background technique
The energy is the basis of a national economic development, and the fossil resources such as petroleum, natural gas are brought sternly in use Weight problem of environmental pollution, and it is non-renewable.China is large agricultural country, including agricultural crop straw, forestry products processing waste and agriculture The biomass resources reserves such as field product processing waste are huge.Biomass resource is renewable, and use process can realize carbon zero-emission, right Environmental pollution is small, meets sustainable development idea.
Biomasses flat die particle forming machine is a kind of more common molding machine, generally comprise rack, flat-die, pressure roller, Main shaft and input and output material component.In the course of work, material is entered by feed inlet in the compression chamber that flat-die and pressure roller are formed, main motor Driving spindle rotation, thus the rotation with dynamic pressure roller, material is seized by the relative motion between flat-die and pressure roller, is squeezed Pressure, the die hole molding in ring moulds, particle after molding are discharged by discharge port again, complete entire forming process.
Main problem existing for such equipment is first is that equipment yield is low currently on the market, small scale;Second is that equipment key work It is higher to make the manufacturing costs such as component flat-die, pressure roller, in use serious wear, the service life is short, equipment working service at This height.Third is that briquetting pressure can not achieve automatic control, shaped granule quality is unstable, and ratio of briquetting is low.Application No. is A kind of biomasses flat die particle forming machine is disclosed in the Chinese patent of CN201325191, pressure roller is the spindle for removing two tips Type, axis intersect with mould centre point;Not with material friction on the outside of pressure roller, can effectively radiate at work, with maximum Bearing is protected to limit, mould center is hanging, and can change the partial size of grain products by replacement mould.Although to pressure roller Certain improvement has been carried out, the service life of bearing can have been extended, but the service life of each part of pressure roller component cannot be extended.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die is provided Grain molding equipment and method can play yield height, the low effect of maintenance cost.To realize the above-mentioned technical purpose, reach above-mentioned Technical effect, the present invention are achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming equipment, the equipment include main motor, main gear down device, main shaft, row Expect device, profiled part, control block hydraulic unit with, the quenched component of helical feed and frequency modulation decelerating motor.
Further, the profiled part includes flat-die and pressure roller component, and the flat-die is by flat-die matrix and die hole bushing Composition, using tight fit and the positioning assembly of type face, the flat-die upper and lower surface between the die hole bushing and the die hole of flat-die matrix It is set as symmetrical structure.
Further, the bore area of the die hole bushing is set as the three-stage knot of the initial segment, profiled section and guarantor's type section Structure, the initial segment are set as seizing 45 ° of bell-mouth structure of air of material, the profiled section be set as convenient for enhancing material and 20-50 ° of pyramidal structure of the frictional force between die hole bushing inner wall, guarantor's type section are set as guaranteeing the isometrical knot of molding time Structure.
Further, the pressure roller component includes press roller base body, replaceable pressure roller wheel rim and connector.
Further, the press roller base body and replaceable pressure roller wheel rim are that transition fit connect, the press roller base body and can The connector for limiting its relative motion is provided between replacement pressure roller wheel rim.
Further, the quenched component of the helical feed includes helical feed main shaft, helical blade, blade connecting shaft and tune One end of whole nut, the blade connecting shaft is connected with helical blade, and the other end of the blade connecting shaft passes through spiral transferring It send the through-hole on main shaft and is connected with adjusting nut, blade connecting shaft is fixed on helical feed main shaft by the adjusting nut On.
Further, the helical blade is mounted in blade connecting shaft, and the angle of the helical blade can be at 0-360 ° Between adjust.
Further, the quenched component of the helical feed is external for softening the high-temperature steam generation apparatus of material.
Further, the end that the main shaft is in main gear down device adds baffle local support using butterfly spring.
A kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming method, includes the following steps:
Step 1:Material is poured into charging from feed inlet;
Step 2:The quenched component of the helical feed and high-temperature steam generation apparatus are connected;
Step 3:The power supply of the frequency modulation decelerating motor is connected, so that frequency modulation decelerating motor driving helical feed is quenched Component is quenched by material and is transported in the compression chamber of profiled part;
Step 4:The power supply of the main motor is connected, so that the main motor drives main shaft and pressure roller by main gear down device Component rotation, the pressure roller component is by material from die hole bush inside extrusion molding;
Step 5:The particle stick squeezed out out of die hole bushing is cut off by cutter;
Step 6:Molding material particles are discharged by discharge device.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1, flat-die component uses combined type and formula structure symmetrical above and below.Because die hole is easy to wear, modular flat-die is only needed more The die hole bushing of abrasion is changed, while flat-die upper and lower surface can will be put down after some working face serious wear using symmetrical structure Mould changes face installation and continues to use, to extend the service life of flat-die matrix.
2, the angle of helical blade simply and easily can be arbitrarily adjusted, is wanted so as to meet the conveying of different material It asks, blade is vulnerable part, and blade can reduce cost of equipment maintenance using fabricated structure.
3, use hollow shaft sleeve on main shaft in main gear down device, spindle nose butterfly spring adds the scheme of baffle, no It only can simplify the structure of axis, reduce processing cost, and the born service load of main shaft and vibration can be reduced, extend main shaft Service life.
Certainly, it implements any of the products of the present invention it is not absolutely required to while reaching above all advantages.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, will be described below to embodiment required Attached drawing is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, for ability For the those of ordinary skill of domain, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other attached Figure.
Fig. 1 is overall assembling structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the die face structural schematic diagram of the flat-die in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the assembly schematic diagram of internal structure of the flat-die in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the assembly schematic diagram of internal structure of the pressure roller component in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the assembling structure schematic diagram of the quenched component of helical feed in the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description.Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts all other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It please refers to shown in Fig. 1-5, the present embodiment is a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming equipment, and equipment includes main electricity The quenched component 7 of machine 1, main gear down device 2, main shaft 3, discharge device 4, profiled part 5, control block hydraulic unit with 6, helical feed and tune Frequency decelerating motor 8, profiled part 5 include flat-die and pressure roller component, and flat-die is made of flat-die matrix 9 and die hole bushing 10, die hole Using tight fit and the positioning assembly of type face between bushing 10 and the die hole of flat-die matrix 9, flat-die upper and lower surface is set as symmetrical structure, The bore area of die hole bushing 10 is set as the three stage structure of the initial segment, profiled section and guarantor's type section, and the initial segment is set as being convenient for 45 ° of bell-mouth structure of air of material are seized, profiled section is set as convenient for the frictional force between enhancing material and 10 inner wall of die hole bushing 20-50 ° of pyramidal structure, guarantor's type section is set as guaranteeing the equal gauge structures of molding time, and pressure roller component includes press roller base body 11, can Pressure roller wheel rim 12 and connector 13 are replaced, press roller base body 11 is that transition fit is connect with replaceable pressure roller wheel rim 12, press roller base body The connector 13 for limiting its relative motion, the quenched component 7 of helical feed are provided between 11 and replaceable pressure roller wheel rim 12 Including helical feed main shaft 14, helical blade 15, blade connecting shaft 16 and adjusting nut 17, one end of blade connecting shaft 16 and spiral shell Vane piece 15 is connected, the other end of blade connecting shaft 16 pass through the through-hole on helical feed main shaft 14 and with 17 phase of adjusting nut Blade connecting shaft 16 is fixed on helical feed main shaft 14 by connection, adjusting nut 17.
Helical blade 15 is mounted in blade connecting shaft 16, and the angle of helical blade 15 can adjust between 0-360 °, spiral shell Rotation conveys the external high-temperature steam generation apparatus for being used to soften material of quenched component 7, and 3 end of main shaft is filled by sleeve and main deceleration 2 connections are set, the end that main shaft 3 is in main gear down device 2 adds baffle local support using butterfly spring.
Specific implementation step of the invention is as follows:
Step 1:Material is poured into charging from feed inlet;
Step 2:The quenched component 7 of helical feed is connected with high-temperature steam generation apparatus;
Step 3:The power supply of frequency modulation decelerating motor 8 is connected, so that frequency modulation decelerating motor 8 drives the quenched component 7 of helical feed It is material is quenched and be transported in the compression chamber of profiled part 5;
Step 4:The power supply of main motor 1 is connected, so that main motor 1 drives main shaft 3 and pressure roller component by main gear down device 2 Rotation, pressure roller component is by material from the 10 inside extrusion molding of die hole bushing;
Step 5:The particle stick squeezed out out of die hole bushing 10 is cut off by cutter;
Step 6:Molding material particles are discharged by discharge device 4.
In the description of this specification, the description of reference term " one embodiment ", " example ", " specific example " etc. means Particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described in conjunction with this embodiment or example are contained at least one implementation of the invention In example or example.In the present specification, schematic expression of the above terms may not refer to the same embodiment or example. Moreover, particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described can be in any one or more of the embodiments or examples to close Suitable mode combines.
Present invention disclosed above preferred embodiment is only intended to help to illustrate the present invention.There is no detailed for preferred embodiment All details are described, also do not limit the specific embodiment that the invention is only.Obviously, according to the content of this specification, can make Many modifications and variations.These embodiments are chosen and specifically described to this specification, is original in order to better explain the present invention Reason and practical application, so that skilled artisan be enable to better understand and utilize the present invention.The present invention is only authorized The limitation of sharp claim and its full scope and equivalent.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming equipment, it is characterised in that:The equipment includes main motor (1), main deceleration Device (2), main shaft (3), discharge device (4), profiled part (5), control block hydraulic unit with (6), the quenched component of helical feed (7) and Frequency modulation decelerating motor (8).
2. a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The forming part Part (5) includes flat-die and pressure roller component, and the flat-die is made of flat-die matrix (9) and die hole bushing (10), the die hole bushing (10) using tight fit and the positioning assembly of type face between the die hole of flat-die matrix (9), the flat-die upper and lower surface is set as symmetrical Structure.
3. a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming equipment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The die hole lining The bore area of set (10) is set as the three stage structure of the initial segment, profiled section and guarantor's type section, and the initial segment is set as being convenient for 45 ° of bell-mouth structure of air of material are seized, the profiled section is set as convenient between enhancing material and die hole bushing (10) inner wall 20-50 ° of pyramidal structure of frictional force, guarantor's type section are set as guaranteeing the equal gauge structures of molding time.
4. a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming equipment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The pressure roller portion Part includes press roller base body (11), replaceable pressure roller wheel rim (12) and connector (13).
5. a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming equipment according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The pressure roller base Body (11) is that transition fit is connect with replaceable pressure roller wheel rim (12), the press roller base body (11) and replaceable pressure roller wheel rim (12) Between be provided with connector (13) for limiting its relative motion.
6. a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The spiral transferring Sending quenched component (7) includes helical feed main shaft (14), helical blade (15), blade connecting shaft (16) and adjusting nut (17), One end of the blade connecting shaft (16) is connected with helical blade (15), and the other end of the blade connecting shaft (16) passes through spiral shell Through-hole in rotation conveying main spindle (14) is simultaneously connected with adjusting nut (17), and the adjusting nut (17) is by blade connecting shaft (16) It is fixed on helical feed main shaft (14).
7. a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming equipment according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The helical-blade Piece (15) is mounted on blade connecting shaft (16), and the angle of the helical blade (15) can adjust between 0-360 °.
8. a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming equipment according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The spiral transferring Send quenched component (7) external for softening the high-temperature steam generation apparatus of material.
9. a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The main shaft (3) end is connect by sleeve with main gear down device (2), and the main shaft (3) is in the end in main gear down device (2) using butterfly Shape spring adds baffle local support.
10. a kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming method, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
Step 1:Material is poured into charging from feed inlet;
Step 2:The quenched component of the helical feed (7) and high-temperature steam generation apparatus are connected;
Step 3:The power supply of the frequency modulation decelerating motor (8) is connected, so that the frequency modulation decelerating motor (8) drives helical feed tune Matter component (7) is quenched by material and is transported in the compression chamber of profiled part (5);
Step 4:The power supply of the main motor (1) is connected, so that the main motor (1) drives main shaft by main gear down device (2) (3) it is rotated with pressure roller component, the pressure roller component is by material from the internal extrusion molding of die hole bushing (10);
Step 5:The particle stick cutting that will be squeezed out out of die hole bushing (10) by cutter;
Step 6:Molding material particles are discharged by discharge device (4).
CN201810888646.6A 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 A kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming device and method Pending CN108837776A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810888646.6A CN108837776A (en) 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 A kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming device and method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810888646.6A CN108837776A (en) 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 A kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming device and method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108837776A true CN108837776A (en) 2018-11-20

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111545129A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-18 金湖禾一生物科技有限公司 Assembled pair roller ring mould particle forming machine
CN114832722A (en) * 2022-05-10 2022-08-02 江苏良友正大股份有限公司 Energy-saving biomass fuel makes with pelletization former

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111545129A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-18 金湖禾一生物科技有限公司 Assembled pair roller ring mould particle forming machine
CN114832722A (en) * 2022-05-10 2022-08-02 江苏良友正大股份有限公司 Energy-saving biomass fuel makes with pelletization former

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