CN108836655B - Safe wheelchair with nursing function for orthopedic patients - Google Patents

Safe wheelchair with nursing function for orthopedic patients Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108836655B
CN108836655B CN201810734181.9A CN201810734181A CN108836655B CN 108836655 B CN108836655 B CN 108836655B CN 201810734181 A CN201810734181 A CN 201810734181A CN 108836655 B CN108836655 B CN 108836655B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
leg
frame
hip
wheelchair
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CN201810734181.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108836655A (en
Inventor
毕研安
赵瑞娟
郄汝萍
陈慧颖
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Bi Yanan
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Individual
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/02Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs propelled by the patient or disabled person
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/006Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs convertible to stretchers or beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1005Wheelchairs having brakes
    • A61G5/1013Wheelchairs having brakes engaging the wheel
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1056Arrangements for adjusting the seat
    • A61G5/1067Arrangements for adjusting the seat adjusting the backrest relative to the seat portion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet
    • A61G5/122Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet for the back
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet
    • A61G5/127Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet for lower legs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/001Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons with means for turning-over the patient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/065Rests specially adapted therefor
    • A61G7/07Rests specially adapted therefor for the head or torso, e.g. special back-rests
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/065Rests specially adapted therefor
    • A61G7/075Rests specially adapted therefor for the limbs
    • A61G7/0755Rests specially adapted therefor for the limbs for the legs or feet
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/02Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters
    • A63B21/055Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters extension element type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2210/00Space saving
    • A63B2210/02Space saving incorporated in chairs

Abstract

The invention discloses a safe wheelchair with nursing function for orthopedic patients, which comprises a hip supporting plate, wherein the left side of the hip supporting plate is connected with a backrest supine plate with an adjustable inclination angle, the upper end of the hip supporting plate is connected with a safe hand-rest, the right lower end of the hip supporting plate is connected with a rehabilitation leg plate with an adjustable inclination angle, the right end of the rehabilitation leg plate is connected with a foot placing plate, the lower end of the hip supporting plate is provided with a bottom end supporting frame, the leftmost side of the bottom end supporting frame is connected with a drawing and pushing frame, an adjusting component for driving is arranged in the bottom end supporting frame, the lower end of the bottom end supporting frame is connected with four universal wheels, and the upper end surface of the rehabilitation leg plate is provided with a detachable leg exercise device. Mild patient strength training is satisfactory.

Description

Safe wheelchair with nursing function for orthopedic patients
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of nursing wheelchairs, in particular to a safe wheelchair with a nursing function for orthopedic patients.
Background
The 21 st century belongs to the century of global population aging, which is becoming more and more serious. Aging is characterized in that the physiological function of the old is obviously declined, the flexibility of the limbs is continuously reduced, and the personal self-care ability is increasingly poor, so that the nursing of the old is particularly important. Under the background, in order to meet the requirements of the elderly on nursing, researches on medical instruments are carried out at home and abroad, wherein the researches on multifunctional nursing beds are the most prominent. The traditional nursing mode is that nurses or families complete the work of changing the body positions of nursed personnel and the like, and the traditional nursing mode is large in workload and needs long-term nursing. The wheelchair is a tool for lower limb handicapped and old people to ride instead of walk, and has fewer types and single function. The common wheelchair only has the function of riding instead of walking, so that the limbs of a user can not be effectively moved and exercised, and the wheelchair is very unfavorable for limb rehabilitation exercise. And current wheelchair can't be to the practical different wheelchair modes of the patient of different diseases, mild patient, moderate patient, severe patient are different to the demand of wheelchair function, but the patient of different health degree can't be satisfied to the same money wheelchair. Resulting in a wheelchair that is used with a low efficiency.
For example, the invention patent application No. 201711213821.3 entitled lifting nursing wheelchair.
According to the invention, the lifting unit is arranged between the seat cushion and the seat frame and comprises the X-shaped support and the lifting hydraulic cylinder, and the lifting hydraulic cylinder drives the X-shaped support to move so as to drive the seat cushion to ascend or descend, so that the height of the seat surface is adjusted, the wheelchair can meet the use requirements of different statures and different use conditions, the wheelchair is convenient to take articles placed at different heights, the height of the seat surface can be adjusted to be the same as that of a bed or a sofa, and a user can transfer the wheelchair to the bed or the sofa conveniently. Moreover, the lifting nursing wheelchair is simple in structure and convenient to use.
However, the existing nursing wheelchairs still have the following defects:
(1) the existing wheelchair for nursing the orthopedic patients is generally a simple wheelchair for fixing or riding instead of walk, has a single function, only provides a single wheelchair mode, and cannot be used for the orthopedic patients with injured waists, so that various nursing devices for different orthopedic patients need to be prepared in hospitals.
(2) The current orthopedics patient nurses wheelchair can't be to the wheelchair mode of the practical difference of the patient of different diseases, mild patient, moderate patient, severe patient are different to the demand of wheelchair function, but the patient of different health degree can't be satisfied to same money wheelchair.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a safe wheelchair with a nursing effect for orthopedic patients, which can effectively solve the problems in the background art.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows:
the utility model provides a safe wheelchair for orthopedic patient with nursing effect, includes the buttock backup pad, the left side of buttock backup pad is connected with the board of lying on the back that the inclination is adjustable, the upper end of buttock backup pad is connected with safe hand rest, the right lower extreme of buttock backup pad is connected with the recuperation leg board that the inclination is adjustable, the right-hand member of recuperation leg board is connected with the foot board, the lower extreme of buttock backup pad is provided with the bottom sprag frame, the leftmost side of bottom sprag frame is connected with plays the folded sheet that lies on the back, be provided with in the bottom sprag frame and be used for driven adjusting part, the lower extreme of bottom sprag frame is connected with four universal wheels, the upper end of recuperati.
Furthermore, the backrest supine plate is composed of a right half back plate and a left half back plate which are arranged side by side; the foot placing plates comprise a right half foot placing plate and a left half foot placing plate which are arranged side by side, and the upper ends of the right half foot placing plate and the left half foot placing plate are both connected with a vertically arranged top foot vertical plate; the hip supporting plate comprises a right half hip plate and a left half hip plate which are arranged side by side, and hip protection pads are arranged above the right half hip plate and the left half hip plate; the adjusting assembly comprises a first telescopic machine, the right end of the first telescopic machine is connected with a V-shaped connecting rod, the right end of the V-shaped connecting rod is connected with a horizontal push rod, a transfer shaft is arranged at the joint of the V-shaped connecting rod and the horizontal push rod, a first vertical support rod and a second vertical support rod are connected between the horizontal push rod and the foot plate, the left side of the first telescopic machine is provided with a second telescopic machine, the left end of the second telescopic machine is connected with an inverted V-shaped connecting rod, the upper end of the inverted V-shaped connecting rod is connected with an inclined support rod, and an oil pressure pump jacking machine is arranged between the first telescopic machine and the second telescopic machine;
the drawing and pushing frame comprises a pushing handle arranged at the upper end of the drawing and pushing frame, and a drawing groove for storing the drawing and pushing frame is arranged on a fixing frame of the adjusting assembly;
the leg exercising device comprises an upper wrapping leg, a lower wrapping leg is connected to the left lower end of the upper wrapping leg, a mechanical connecting rod is arranged at the joint of the upper wrapping leg and the lower wrapping leg, a rotating pin is arranged on the mechanical connecting rod, an upper spring plate is arranged on the surface of the upper wrapping leg, a plurality of upper plate fixing buckles are arranged on the surface of the upper spring plate, a lower spring plate is arranged on the surface of the lower wrapping leg, a plurality of lower plate fixing buckles are arranged on the surface of the lower spring plate, and fastening clamping grooves are formed in the upper plate fixing buckles and the lower plate fixing buckles and connected with an extension spring.
Furthermore, a detachable hinge is connected between the rehabilitation leg plate and the hip support plate, and the rehabilitation leg plate comprises a right half-leg plate and a left half-leg plate which are arranged side by side.
Furthermore, a layer of rubber leather sheath is arranged on the upper surface of the safety handrail.
Furthermore, the oil pressure pump jacking machine comprises a first side body oil pressure pump machine and a second side body oil pressure pump machine b, wherein the first side body oil pressure pump machine and the second side body oil pressure pump machine b are respectively arranged below the right half back plate and the left half back plate, and a lifting oil pressure pump machine is arranged at the lower end of the hip protection pad.
Further, the hydraulic pump jacking machine is manual formula adjusting pump machine just the upper end of hydraulic pump jacking machine is provided with the pump engine footboard, first side body hydraulic pump machine with second side body hydraulic pump machine is electric power automatic control's pump engine.
Furthermore, the front end of bottom support frame is provided with two detachable pedal frames that are parallel to each other, two the bottom of detachable pedal frame all is provided with rest pedal frame, two the inboard of detachable pedal frame is provided with a horizontal isolation soft area.
Further, the universal wheel is including the gyro wheel mounting bracket, the upper end of gyro wheel mounting bracket is connected with the fixed valve of stopping of tire.
Furthermore, a circle of fixing bandage is arranged on the surfaces of the upper wrapping leg and the lower wrapping leg, and a tension adjusting ring is arranged on the fixing bandage.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the wheelchair can meet the use requirements of patients with different fracture parts by adopting the design that the backrest supine plate, the rehabilitation leg plate and the foot placing plate are spliced into a whole at the left side and the right side, and the respective positions can be unfolded and recovered, so that the hospitals do not need to purchase different types of wheelchairs aiming at the fracture patients with different parts.
(2) The invention meets the use of patients with different fracture parts, and meets the requirements of part fixing of severe patients, the requirement of reserving activity space of moderate patients and the requirement of strength training of mild patients by arranging the whole adjusting component, the external detachable rehabilitation leg plate, the leg exercising device and the like.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the adjusting assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the mounting position of the jack of the hydraulic pump according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the present invention with the leg plate removed;
fig. 6 is a schematic view showing the structure of the leg exercising apparatus of the present invention.
Reference numerals in the figures
1-back-to-back lying plate; 2-a nursing leg plate; 3-placing the plate on the foot; 4-safe handrails; 5-a hip support plate; 6-a regulating component; 7-pulling and pushing the frame; 8-a bottom end support frame; 9-universal wheels; 10-a leg exercise device;
101-right half back plate; 102-left half back plate;
201-a detachable hinge; 202-right half leg plate; 203-left half leg plate;
301-right half foot rest plate; 302-left half foot placing plate; 303-a footstep vertical plate;
401-rubber leather sheath;
501-right hip plate; 502-left half hip plate; 503-hip pad;
601-a first compressor; 602-a V-shaped linkage; 603-a transfer shaft; 604-a flat push rod; 605-a first vertical strut; 606-a second vertical strut; 607-oil hydraulic pump jack; 608-a second compressor; 609-inverted V link; 610-oblique struts;
607 a-first side body oil pressure pump; 607 b-second side body oil pressure pump; 607 c-lifting hydraulic pump; 607 d-Pump Pedal;
701-pushing a handle; 702-a drawing groove;
801-detachable foot rest; 802-resting foot rest; 803-isolating soft strips;
901-tire fixed brake valve; 902-a roller mount;
1001-wrapping legs; 1002-wrapping legs; 1003-extension spring; 1004-spring upper plate; 1005-fixing a buckle on the upper plate; 1006-a fastening slot; 1007-a spring lower plate; 1008-lower plate fixing buckle; 1009-mechanical linkage; 10010-a rotation pin; 10011-a fixing bandage; 10012-tension adjustment ring.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1, the present invention provides a safety wheelchair for orthopedic patients with nursing effect, which comprises a hip support plate 5, wherein the left side of the hip support plate 5 is connected with a backrest supination plate 1 with an adjustable inclination angle, the upper end of the hip support plate 5 is connected with a safety handrail 4, the right lower end of the hip support plate 5 is connected with a nursing leg plate 2 with an adjustable inclination angle, the right end of the nursing leg plate 2 is connected with a foot plate 3, the lower end of the hip support plate 5 is provided with a bottom end support frame 8, the leftmost side of the bottom end support frame 8 is connected with a supination folding plate 7, an adjusting assembly 6 for driving is arranged in the bottom end support frame 8, the lower end of the bottom end support frame 8 is connected with four universal wheels 9, and a detachable leg exercise device 10 is arranged on the upper end surface of the nursing.
The specific implementation process and principle of the invention are that the hip supporting plate 5 is mainly used for supporting the hip of a patient, a proper position can be adjusted by adjusting the back-up lying plate 1 so that the patient can lean against the hip, the nursing leg plate 2 with the adjustable inclination angle at the right lower end of the hip supporting plate 5 is used for supporting the leg of the patient, the foot placing plate 3 prevents the feet of the patient from hanging in the air, the supporting frame 8 at the bottom end supports all the plates on the whole body, and the four universal wheels 9 can provide wheelchair movement. The wheelchair is pushed by a caregiver, the joints of orthopedic patients cannot move in a large range or bear large force, the universal wheels only help the patients to move in a simple position, the wheelchair can be pushed by the caregiver through the arranged pulling and pushing frame 7, the pulling and pushing frame 7 is only used when the backrest supine plate 1 is lifted, and when the backrest supine plate 1 is horizontally placed, the pulling and pushing frame 7 is pushed into the pulling and pushing groove 702 for storage.
When the patient is a severe patient, under the condition that back, ankle and shank all fracture, adjust and lean against board 1 of lying on the back and be in the horizontality, avoid the back atress, which leg appears the fracture and just props up which corresponding recuperation leg board 2, puts patient's shank and buckles, and rearmost foot is put board 3 and is supported, supports the foot and avoids the unsettled ankle atress of foot.
When the patient is a moderate patient, and only one part is fractured, the position of the injured part can be adjusted, and other structures can be adjusted at will.
When the patient is a mild leg patient in healing, the leg of the patient is not only ensured to be stable, but also the leg exercising device 10 is used for properly training the leg of the patient, so that the improvement of the fracture disease of the patient is accelerated.
As shown in fig. 1, the drawing and pushing frame (7) includes a pushing handle (701) disposed at an upper end of the drawing and pushing frame (7), and a drawing groove (702) for storing the drawing and pushing frame (7) is disposed on the fixing frame of the adjusting assembly (6).
The drawing and pushing frame 7 has the function of assisting a nursing worker to push the wheelchair, can be drawn and pushed, is convenient to use and store, and ensures that the backrest lying plate 1 is normally and horizontally placed.
As shown in fig. 1, a layer of rubber leather sheath 401 is arranged on the upper surface of the safe hand rack 4.
The rubber leather sheath 401 prevents the patient with injured arm from directly contacting with hard metal, and increases the friction between the hand and the safe hand frame 4, and improves the comfort level.
As shown in fig. 2, the backrest sit-up board 1 of the present invention is composed of two flat boards, a right half back board 101 and a left half back board 102, which are placed side by side;
the foot placing plate 3 comprises a right half foot placing plate 301 and a left half foot placing plate 302 which are arranged side by side, and the upper ends of the right half foot placing plate 301 and the left half foot placing plate 302 are both connected with a vertically arranged top foot vertical plate 303;
the hip supporting plate 5 comprises a right half hip plate 501 and a left half hip plate 502 which are arranged side by side, and a hip protection pad 503 is arranged above the right half hip plate 501 and the left half hip plate 502.
The two parts of the backrest sit-up plate 1 are respectively used for the patient to turn over, the two parts of the foot placing plate 3 are used for selectively adjusting the injured foot to support, and the non-injured foot can be selectively supported or not supported. The two plate surfaces of the hip supporting plate 5 are connected together by a hip protection pad 503 in the middle, and a small gap is left in the middle for ventilation of the hip of a patient, so that the phenomenon that the skin is eczematous and the like due to long-time closed sitting is avoided.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a detachable hinge 201 is connected between the nursing leg plate 2 and the hip support plate 5, and the nursing leg plate 2 includes a right half-leg plate 202 and a left half-leg plate 203 which are arranged side by side.
Portions of the two nursing leg plates 2 are also selectively supportive of the fractured leg, with the leg that is not injured being selectively supportive or non-supportive. When the detachable hinge 201 is installed between the nursing leg plate 2 and the hip support plate 5, the nursing leg plate 2 can be adjusted in inclination angle with respect to the horizontal plane of the hip support plate 5 when the nursing leg plate 2 is driven by the bottom control assembly 6. When the patient does not need the nursing leg plate 2 or the patient is well recovered, the detachment hinge 201 can be detached together with the nursing leg plate 2.
As shown in fig. 3, the adjusting assembly 6 of the present invention includes a first compressor 601, a V-shaped connecting rod 602 is connected to a right end of the first compressor 601, a horizontal pushing rod 604 is connected to a right end of the V-shaped connecting rod 602, a transfer shaft 603 is disposed at a connection between the V-shaped connecting rod 602 and the horizontal pushing rod 604, a first vertical brace 605 and a second vertical brace 606 are connected between the horizontal pushing rod 604 and the footrest 3, a second compressor 608 is disposed on a left side of the first compressor 601, an inverted V-shaped connecting rod 609 is connected to a left end of the second compressor 608, an inclined brace 610 is connected to an upper end of the inverted V-shaped connecting rod 609, and an oil pressure pump jack 607 is disposed between the first compressor 601 and the second compressor 608.
The adjusting assembly 6 mainly has a driving adjusting function, and the first telescopic machine 601 controls the V-shaped connecting rod 602 to drive the flat push rod 604 to drive the foot board 3 to extend and retract through the first vertical supporting rod 605 and the second vertical supporting rod 606. The second compressor 608 carries the inclined strut 610 connected to the V-link 609 to push the reclining board 1 to raise. The oil pressure pump jack 607 is used for turning over the patient and adjusting the height of the chair.
It should be noted that the adjusting assembly 6 is divided into a left half and a right half, and the control process is also controlled independently, so that the patient can be helped to realize the function of mechanical assistance in turning over, and only one leg of some patients has fracture, so that the patient can selectively use the recuperation leg plate 2 to facilitate the free movement of the other healthy leg. The specific process of the overall power adjustment is that the first compressor 601 is fixedly designed, the first compressor 601 can drive the V-shaped connecting rod 602 to move back and forth, when the V-shaped connecting rod 602 moves rightwards, the horizontal push rod 604 moves rightwards and drives the first vertical supporting rod 605 and the second vertical supporting rod 606 to support the foot plate 3, if the foot plate 3 is not needed, the first compressor 601 is controlled to retract and operate, the V-shaped connecting rod 602 moves leftwards, the V-shaped connecting rod 602 drives the horizontal push rod 604 to move leftwards and downwards in the leftward movement process, and at the moment, the first vertical supporting rod 605 and the second vertical supporting rod 606 also move leftwards and downwards, so that the foot plate 3 can be tilted, and a patient can place a leg on the tilted foot plate 3 conveniently. The whole device is divided into two sets of control components which are independently controlled, thereby being convenient for the actual needs of patients. Similarly, the turning operation is performed by using two hydraulic pump lifters 607 to operate the right half back plate 101 and the left half back plate 102, respectively, so that the turning condition of the patient can be controlled when the heights of the two plate surfaces are adjusted to be different, for example, when the patient turns right, the left half part is only required to be controlled to be higher than the right half part.
As shown in fig. 4, the hydraulic pump jack 607 includes a first side body hydraulic pump 607a disposed below the right half back plate 101 and a second side body hydraulic pump 607b disposed below the left half back plate 102, and the lift hydraulic pump 607c is disposed at the lower end of the hip pad 503.
The first side body oil pressure pump machine 607a controls the height of the right half back plate 101, the second side body oil pressure pump machine 607b controls the height of the left half back plate 102, when the patient needs to turn over, the first side body oil pressure pump machine 607a or the second side body oil pressure pump machine 607b only needs to be slightly adjusted to use the height difference formed by the two parts, so that the patient can be easily helped to turn over. The lifting oil pressure pump 607c directly adjusts the height of the hip support plate 5, and realizes the lifting adjustment of the hip support plate 5. For the gap between the right half back plate 101 and the left half back plate 102 generated during the turning, a layer of protective pad is generally laid above the right half back plate 101 and the left half back plate 102 under the safety consideration, so that the comfort of the patient is increased and the patient is prevented from being injured by clamping during the turning.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the lifting hydraulic pump 607c is a manual adjustment pump, a pump pedal 607d is provided at the upper end of the lifting hydraulic pump 607c, and the first side body hydraulic pump 607a and the second side body hydraulic pump 607b are both electrically and automatically controlled pumps.
The pump pedal 607d of the lifting oil pressure pump 607c can be directly adjusted by feet, so that the height of the nursing staff can be inconveniently adjusted, and the height adjustment is convenient for the nursing staff to perform corresponding nursing operation. The turning-over operation can be automatically adjusted.
As shown in fig. 5, two detachable foot rests 801 parallel to each other are disposed at the front end of the bottom end support frame 8, a resting foot rest 802 is disposed at the bottom end of each of the two detachable foot rests 801, and a horizontal isolation soft belt 803 is disposed at the inner side of each of the two detachable foot rests 801.
Moderate patient or mild patient are in the healing, also can take off recuperation leg board 2 and foot board 3, removable foot rest 801 is put to the repacking, patient's both feet just are put on rest foot rest 802 during the rest, dismantle and leave sufficient space between foot rest 801 and the soft area 803 of horizontal isolation, patient oneself can slightly swing own both legs, because the soft area 803 of isolation that sets up can help the patient to bear partial pendulum power, can also avoid patient's legs and feet to fall to the ground injured, whole removable foot rest 801 provides a small amount of motion space for the patient.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 5, the universal wheel 9 includes a roller mounting bracket 902, and a tire fixing brake valve 901 is connected to an upper end of the roller mounting bracket 902.
The tire fixed brake valve 901 prevents the wheelchair from being too fast when descending a slope, and helps to control the running speed of the wheelchair.
As shown in fig. 6, the leg exercising device 10 of the present invention includes an upper leg 1001, a lower leg 1002 is connected to a left lower end of the upper leg 1001, a mechanical link 1009 is disposed at a connection between the upper leg 1001 and the lower leg 1002, a rotation pin 10010 is disposed on the mechanical link 1009, an upper spring plate 1004 is disposed on a surface of the upper leg 1001, a plurality of upper plate fixing clips 1005 are disposed on a surface of the upper spring plate 1004, a lower spring plate 1007 is disposed on a surface of the lower leg 1002, a plurality of lower plate fixing clips 1008 are disposed on a surface of the lower spring plate 1007, fastening slots 1006 are disposed on both the upper plate fixing clips 1005 and the lower plate fixing clips 1008, and an extension spring 1003 is connected between the two fastening slots 1006.
When a mild patient can freely move, some strength training needs to be performed, the speed of adding the legs and feet for recovery is increased, the legs of the patient are placed into the upper wrapping leg 1001 and the lower wrapping leg 1002, the positions of the fixing buckle 1005 and the fastening clamp groove 1006 on the upper spring plate 1004 and the lower spring plate 1007 are adjusted, and the adjustment is performed according to actual conditions, because the strength of the extension spring 1003 is changed according to the change of the extension length, the patient can normally start to recover to perform small-stretching movement, the stretching amount can be properly increased, the patient can stretch the legs back and forth, and the extension spring 1003 is pulled to achieve the purpose of exercise.
As shown in fig. 6, a ring of fixing bandage 10011 is disposed on the surface of the upper leg wrap 1001 and the lower leg wrap 1002, and a tension adjusting ring 10012 is disposed on the fixing bandage 10011.
The fixing bandage 10011 and the tension adjusting ring 10012 are provided to ensure that the legs of the patient are firmly fixed on the leg exercising device 10 and the tightening force can be adjusted by itself.
The wheelchair has the advantages that the backrest supine plate, the rehabilitation leg plate and the foot placing plate are designed by splicing the left side and the right side, the respective positions can be unfolded and recovered, and different types of wheelchairs are not required to be purchased by hospitals aiming at fracture patients at different parts, so that the wheelchair designed in the invention can be used by patients at different fracture parts. And utilize setting such as whole adjusting part and outside detachable recuperation leg board and shank exercise device, satisfy different fracture position patients' use, satisfy the fixed needs in position of severe patient moreover, moderate patient reserves the needs of activity space, the needs that mild patient strength training satisfied. The wheelchair designed by the invention is in charge of all patients, and a safe and replaceable sheath is additionally arranged on all parts in contact with the patients for convenience of cleaning, so that the breeding of bacteria is avoided.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an orthopedic patient uses safe wheelchair with nursing effect which characterized in that: comprises a hip supporting plate (5), the left side of the hip supporting plate (5) is connected with a backrest supination plate (1) with an adjustable inclination angle, the upper end of the hip supporting plate (5) is connected with a safe hand-rest (4), the right lower end of the hip supporting plate (5) is connected with a recuperation leg plate (2) with an adjustable inclination angle, the right end of the recuperation leg plate (2) is connected with a foot plate (3), the lower end of the hip supporting plate (5) is provided with a bottom end supporting frame (8), the leftmost side of the bottom end supporting frame (8) is provided with a drawing and pushing frame (7), an adjusting component (6) for driving is arranged in the bottom end supporting frame (8), the lower end of the bottom end supporting frame (8) is connected with four universal wheels (9), a detachable leg exercise device (10) is arranged on the upper end surface of the recuperation leg plate (2), the hip supporting plate (5) comprises a right half plate (501) and a left, the utility model discloses a leg exercise device, including half hip board on the right side (501) with the top of half hip board on the left side (502) is provided with buttock protection pad (503), buttock protection pad (503) lower extreme is provided with lift oil pressure pump machine (607c), lift oil pressure pump machine (607c) just for manual formula adjusting pump machine the upper end of lift oil pressure pump machine (607c) is provided with pump machine footboard (607d), leg exercise device (10) is including wrapping leg (1001) on, the left lower extreme of wrapping leg (1001) is connected with down wraps leg (1002), it is provided with mechanical connecting rod (1009) with wrap leg (1002) junction down to wrap leg (1001) on, be provided with rotating pin (10010) on mechanical connecting rod (1009), be provided with spring upper plate (1004) on the surface of wrapping leg (1001), set up a plurality of upper plate fixed buckle (1005) on spring upper plate (1004) surface, wrap leg (1002) surface down and be provided with spring (1007), the utility model discloses a pedal frame, including spring hypoplastron (1007), upper plate fixed buckle (1005) and hypoplastron fixed buckle (1008), all be provided with fastening draw-in groove (1006) on upper plate fixed buckle (1005) with hypoplastron fixed buckle (1008), two be connected with extension spring (1003) between fastening draw-in groove (1006), the front end of bottom support frame (8) is provided with two detachable pedal frame (801) that are parallel to each other, two the bottom of detachable pedal frame (801) all is provided with rest pedal frame (802), two the inboard of detachable pedal frame (801) is provided with a horizontal isolation soft area (803).
2. The safety wheelchair for orthopedic patients according to claim 1, characterized in that: the backrest sit-up plate (1) consists of a right half back plate (101) and a left half back plate (102) which are arranged side by side; the foot placing plate (3) comprises a right half foot placing plate (301) and a left half foot placing plate (302) which are arranged side by side, and the upper ends of the right half foot placing plate (301) and the left half foot placing plate (302) are both connected with a vertically arranged top foot vertical plate (303);
the adjusting assembly (6) comprises a first compressor (601), a V-shaped connecting rod (602) is connected to the right end of the first compressor (601), a horizontal flat push rod (604) is connected to the right end of the V-shaped connecting rod (602), a transfer shaft (603) is arranged at the joint of the V-shaped connecting rod (602) and the flat push rod (604), a first vertical supporting rod (605) and a second vertical supporting rod (606) are connected between the flat push rod (604) and the foot plate (3), a second compressor (608) is arranged on the left side of the first compressor (601), an inverted V-shaped connecting rod (609) is connected to the left end of the second compressor (608), an inclined supporting rod (610) is connected to the upper end of the inverted V-shaped connecting rod (609), and an oil hydraulic pump jack (607) is arranged between the first compressor (601) and the second compressor (608);
the drawing pushing frame (7) comprises a pushing handle (701) arranged at the upper end of the drawing pushing frame (7), and a drawing groove (702) used for storing the drawing pushing frame (7) is formed in the fixing frame of the adjusting component (6).
3. The safety wheelchair for orthopedic patients according to claim 1, characterized in that: the rehabilitation leg plate (2) is connected with a detachable hinge (201) with the hip support plate (5), and the rehabilitation leg plate (2) comprises a right half-leg plate (202) and a left half-leg plate (203) which are arranged side by side.
4. The safety wheelchair for orthopedic patients according to claim 1, characterized in that: the upper surface of the safety handrail (4) is provided with a layer of rubber leather sheath (401).
5. The safety wheelchair for orthopedic patients as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the oil hydraulic pump jacking machine (607) comprises a first side body oil hydraulic pump machine (607a) and a second side body oil hydraulic pump machine (607b), wherein the first side body oil hydraulic pump machine (607a) and the second side body oil hydraulic pump machine (607b) are respectively arranged below the right half back plate (101) and the left half back plate (102).
6. The safety wheelchair for orthopedic patients as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the first side body hydraulic pump (607a) and the second side body hydraulic pump (607b) are both electric power automatic control pumps.
7. The safety wheelchair for orthopedic patients according to claim 1, characterized in that: the universal wheel (9) comprises a roller mounting frame (902), and the upper end of the roller mounting frame (902) is connected with a tire fixing brake valve (901).
8. The safety wheelchair for orthopedic patients according to claim 1, characterized in that: go up package leg (1001) with be provided with round fixed bandage (10011) on the surface of lower package leg (1002), be provided with tension adjusting ring (10012) on fixed bandage (10011).
CN201810734181.9A 2018-07-06 2018-07-06 Safe wheelchair with nursing function for orthopedic patients Active CN108836655B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111544215B (en) * 2020-05-20 2021-06-29 赵艳华 Wheelchair type sickbed capable of turning over
CN112754804B (en) * 2021-01-02 2022-07-08 南京微电射频技术有限公司 Thoracic surgery operation rehabilitation nursing device
CN114797004B (en) * 2022-04-07 2023-11-10 中国人民解放军总医院第一医学中心 Rehabilitation nursing chair capable of exercising legs

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GB939012A (en) * 1961-08-15 1963-10-09 S G J Ware Alfreton Ltd Improvements in or relating to invalid chairs
JPH09192177A (en) * 1996-01-18 1997-07-29 Daiyamondo Bed Kk Chair-functional bed provided with elevating and lowering mechanism
EP1895883B1 (en) * 2005-05-17 2011-08-10 Ohad Paz Bathing system
CN201022802Y (en) * 2007-04-13 2008-02-20 陆向东 Multifunctional wheelchair vehicle
CN201578458U (en) * 2009-12-03 2010-09-15 天津市鑫成新科贸有限公司 Wheel chair with plurality of adjustable parts
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CN203458553U (en) * 2013-09-05 2014-03-05 青岛金德源机械制造有限公司 Electric wheelchair for assisting in rehabilitation nursing
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