CN108801888A - It degrades in a kind of organic soil room simulator - Google Patents

It degrades in a kind of organic soil room simulator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108801888A
CN108801888A CN201810511522.6A CN201810511522A CN108801888A CN 108801888 A CN108801888 A CN 108801888A CN 201810511522 A CN201810511522 A CN 201810511522A CN 108801888 A CN108801888 A CN 108801888A
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China
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cylinder
organic soil
room
grass tube
degradation reaction
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CN201810511522.6A
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CN108801888B (en
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桂跃
刘锐
方超
付坚
余志华
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N17/00Investigating resistance of materials to the weather, to corrosion, or to light
    • G01N17/002Test chambers

Abstract

The invention discloses simulators of degrading in a kind of organic soil room, temperature is adjusted in temperature controlled water bath system in the present invention, and the gas that machine matter soil degradation reaction room carries out degradation reaction generation monitors the monitoring that recovery system carries out recycling and monitors recovery system progress gas by biogas by biogas;The percolate that machine matter soil degradation reaction room carries out degradation reaction generation is collected by leachate collection recharge system and by leachate collection recharge system by the leachate recirculation of collection to machine matter soil degradation reaction room;For being monitored to temperature and acid-base value in the organic soil that sensor in temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system stretches in cylinder lucite cylinder;It is oxygenated air exchange system and aerobic anaerobism control is carried out to organic soil Degrading experiment.The present invention studies influence of these factors to organic soil degradation rate by controlling the factors such as temperature parameter, aerobic oxygen free condition, pH value parameter, leachate recirculation effect.

Description

It degrades in a kind of organic soil room simulator
Technical field
The present invention relates to simulators of degrading in a kind of organic soil room, belong to Geotechnical Engineering field.
Background technology
When the content of organic matter is more than that the content of organic matter is more than 3% in 5% and sand in clay, then it is known as containing organic matter Soil.Organic soil be engaged in the mankind it is very common in production activity, also with geotechnical engineering it is movable contact it is very close;Such as from Have peat soil in right boundary, it is a kind of soil that engineering properties is very poor, peat soil have void ratio is big, compressibility is strong, natural density is small, The characteristics such as content of organic matter height, since peat soil degradation causes the house crack accident of uneven settlement of foundation and road uneven The highway distress of even sedimentation so that people recognize that the organic matter degradation of peat soil has larger shadow to the engineering properties of peat soil It rings, therefore it is very necessary to carry out simulation laboratory test for peat soil organic matter degradation;In mankind's activity, with economy Development and population increase, house refuse is also in increase increasingly, and the processing mode of domestic waste is mainly by filling out It buries, so just have the organic soil i.e. refuse soil of artificial generation, since the content of organic matter in refuse soil is very high, rubbish Soil can generate larger sedimentation and deformation during landfill because of organic matter degradation therein, and this sedimentation and deformation only exists sometimes It just will produce under Gravitative Loads, this has a great impact for the safety and stability of refuse landfill, therefore organic for refuse soil It is also very necessary that simulation laboratory test is carried out in matter degradation.
Invention content
The present invention provides simulators of degrading in a kind of organic soil room, with what is degraded in solution simulation organic soil room Problem.
The technical scheme is that:It degrades in a kind of organic soil room simulator, including organic soil degradation reaction Room, temperature controlled water bath system, biogas monitoring recovery system, leachate collection recharge system, temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system System, oxygenation air exchange system, A-frame 5 and pressure sensor 6;
The temperature controlled water bath system is placed on pressure sensor 6, and organic soil degradation reaction room is placed on by A-frame 5 In temperature controlled water bath system, the 1 top installation biogas monitoring recycling system of cylinder lucite cylinder of organic soil degradation reaction room System, the backflow device of leachate collection recharge system, temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system, oxygenation air exchange system, organic soil The collection device of the vertex of a cone installation leachate collection recharge system of the cone-shaped glass collector 2 of degradation reaction room;
Temperature is adjusted in temperature controlled water bath system, and the gas that machine matter soil degradation reaction room carries out degradation reaction generation passes through biology Gas-monitoring recovery system carries out recycling and monitors the monitoring that recovery system carries out gas by biogas;The degradation of machine matter soil is anti- The percolate that room carries out degradation reaction generation is answered to be collected by leachate collection recharge system and returned by leachate collection Fill system is by the leachate recirculation of collection to machine matter soil degradation reaction room;Sensor in temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system is stretched Enter into the organic soil in cylinder lucite cylinder 1 for being monitored to temperature and acid-base value;Air exchange system is oxygenated to having Machine matter soil Degrading experiment carries out aerobic anaerobism control.
Organic soil degradation reaction room includes cylinder lucite cylinder 1, cone-shaped glass collector 2, round preformed hole Position silica gel plug 3 and round diafiltration plate 4;Wherein about 1 cylinder lucite cylinder is without bottom cover, 2 one end of cone-shaped glass collector and circle 1 bottom end of column lucite cylinder is connected through a screw thread, 2 other end vertex of a cone of cone-shaped glass collector and leachate collection recharge system L-type grass tube 17 connects, and round preformed hole position silica gel plug 3 seals up 1 top of cylinder lucite cylinder, round preformed hole position silicon The round preformed hole position of rubber plug 3 is used for the temperature sensor 7 of temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system, temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring PH value sensor 8, the biogas of system monitor the grass tube 18 of recovery system, the glass of leachate collection recharge system is led The grass tube 18 of pipe 18 and oxygenation air exchange system passes through, and circle diafiltration plate 4 is placed on cylinder lucite cylinder 1 close to taper glass 2 one end of glass collector, the bottom end of cylinder lucite cylinder 1 and the annulus clamping of A-frame 5.
In the organic soil layering making to cylinder lucite cylinder 1, making height is no more than cylinder lucite cylinder 1 2/3rds.
The temperature controlled water bath system includes temperature sensor 7, water bath 9, heating device 10 and temperature control damper 11, Wherein water bath 9 is placed on pressure sensor 6,9 inner placement temperature sensor 7 of water bath, heating device 10 and organic soil Degradation reaction room, heating device 10 are connect with the temperature control damper 11 positioned at 9 outside of water bath.
Biogas monitoring recovery system include baroceptor 12, gas sensor 13, gas collector 14, Valve 15, grass tube 18 and PPR insulating layers 20;Wherein the cylinder of organic soil degradation reaction room is inserted into 18 one end of grass tube In lucite cylinder 1,18 other end of grass tube is sequentially connected valve 15, baroceptor 12, gas sensor 13, gas and receives Acquisition means 14, after the completion of connection on grass tube 18 outsourcing PPR insulating layers 20, chemical experiment can be used in gas collector 14 In draining water gathering of gas law or emptying gas collection method realize.
The leachate collection recharge system includes the collection dress of valve 15, rubber stopper 16, the composition of L-type grass tube 17 It sets, the backflow device that valve 15, grass tube 18 are constituted;17 one end of the L-type grass tube connection for wherein carrying valve 15 is organic The vertex of a cone of cone-shaped glass collector 2 in matter soil degradation reaction room is equipped with for clogging at the other end nozzle of L-type grass tube 17 The rubber stopper 16 of nozzle;The round preformed hole position that 18 one end of grass tube with valve 15 passes through organic soil degradation reaction room The round preformed hole position of silica gel plug 3 is inserted into the cylinder lucite cylinder 1 of organic soil degradation reaction room, and grass tube 18 is another The percolate filling that one end is used to be collected into is back in cylinder lucite cylinder 1.
The temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system includes temperature sensor 7 and pH value sensor 8;Wherein temperature sensor 7 and pH value sensor 8 be inserted by the round preformed hole position of the round preformed hole position silica gel plug 3 of organic soil degradation reaction room In the cylinder lucite cylinder 1 of organic soil degradation reaction room;The sensor probe being inserted into organic soil degradation reaction room It is come into full contact with organic soil.
The oxygenation air exchange system includes valve 15, grass tube 18 and air pump 19;The glass for wherein carrying valve 15 is led 18 one end of pipe is inserted into organic matter by the round preformed hole position of the round preformed hole position silica gel plug 3 of organic soil degradation reaction room In the cylinder lucite cylinder 1 of native degradation reaction room, grass tube 18 connects air pump 19.
The aerobic anaerobism, which controls, is specially:
Anaerobism controls:Valve 15 and leachate collection recharge system on grass tube 18 in oxygenation air exchange system are closed always Valve 15 on middle grass tube 18 opens the valve 15 on grass tube 18 in biogas monitoring recovery system;
Aerobic control is:When organic soil degradation reaction room oxygen depletion, closes glass in biogas monitoring recovery system and lead Valve 15 on pipe 18 stops exhaust collection, opens valve 15 and leachate collection on grass tube 18 in oxygenation air exchange system Valve 15 in recharge system on grass tube 18 takes out machine matter soil degradation reaction room using air pump 19 in oxygenation air exchange system Wind makes gas flowing in reative cell have the function that oxygenation ventilation, and air pump 19, oxygenation ventilation system are turned off after completing oxygenation ventilation Valve 15 in valve 15 and leachate collection recharge system in system on grass tube 18 on grass tube 18, and open biology Valve 15 in gas-monitoring recovery system on grass tube 18 restarts Degrading experiment.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Apparatus of the present invention have simple and compact for structure, Multifunctional integration, easy to operate, essence Degree is high, feature of low cost.The present invention can be suitably used for the higher soil of the contents of organic matter such as peat soil, refuse soil and carry out interior Degrading experiment, to probe into the degradation mechanism of organic soil, by controlling temperature parameter, aerobic oxygen free condition, pH value parameter, diafiltration The factors such as liquid recharge effect, study influence of these factors to organic soil degradation rate.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the principle assumption diagram of degradation simulator in a kind of organic soil room of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the cone-shaped glass collector structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the A-frame structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Each label in figure:1- cylinder lucite cylinders, 2- cone-shaped glass collectors, 3- circle preformed holes position silica gel plug, 4- are round It is percolated plate, 5- A-frames, 6- pressure sensors, 7- temperature sensors, 8-PH value sensors, 9- water baths, 10- heating dresses It sets, 11- temperature control dampers, 12- baroceptors, 13- gas sensors, 14- gas collectors, 15- valves, 16- Rubber stopper, 17-L type grass tubes, the straight grass tubes of 18-, 19- air pumps, 20-PPR insulating layers.
Specific implementation mode
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, the invention will be further described, but present disclosure be not limited to it is described Range.
Embodiment 1:As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, degradation simulator in a kind of organic soil room, including organic soil degradation are anti- Answer room, temperature controlled water bath system, biogas monitoring recovery system, leachate collection recharge system, temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring System, oxygenation air exchange system, A-frame 5 and pressure sensor 6;The temperature controlled water bath system is placed on pressure sensor 6, Organic soil degradation reaction room is placed on by A-frame 5 in temperature controlled water bath system, the cylinder of organic soil degradation reaction room 1 top installation biogas monitoring recovery system of lucite cylinder, the backflow device of leachate collection recharge system, temperature soda acid Spend dynamic monitoring system, oxygenation air exchange system, the vertex of a cone installation diafiltration of the cone-shaped glass collector 2 of organic soil degradation reaction room Liquid collects the collection device of recharge system;Temperature is adjusted in temperature controlled water bath system, and machine matter soil degradation reaction room is degraded The gas generated is reacted to carry out recycling by biogas monitoring recovery system and monitor recovery system by biogas to carry out The monitoring of gas;The percolate that machine matter soil degradation reaction room carries out degradation reaction generation is carried out by leachate collection recharge system It collects and by leachate collection recharge system by the leachate recirculation of collection to machine matter soil degradation reaction room;Temperature acid-base value is dynamic Sensor in state monitoring system stretches in the organic soil in cylinder lucite cylinder 1 for being carried out to temperature and acid-base value Monitoring;It is oxygenated air exchange system and aerobic anaerobism control is carried out to organic soil Degrading experiment.
Include cylinder lucite cylinder 1, cone-shaped glass receipts it is possible to further which organic soil degradation reaction room is arranged Storage 2, round preformed hole position silica gel plug 3 and round diafiltration plate 4;Wherein about 1 cylinder lucite cylinder is without bottom cover, cone-shaped glass 2 one end of collector is connected through a screw thread with 1 bottom end of cylinder lucite cylinder, 2 other end vertex of a cone of cone-shaped glass collector and diafiltration The L-type grass tube 17 that liquid collects recharge system connects, and round preformed hole position silica gel plug 3 seals up the top of cylinder lucite cylinder 1 End, the round preformed hole position of round preformed hole position silica gel plug 3 for temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system temperature sensor 7, The pH value sensor 8 of temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system, grass tube 18, the percolate of biogas monitoring recovery system are received The grass tube 18 of the grass tube 18 and oxygenation air exchange system that collect recharge system passes through, and circle diafiltration plate 4, which is placed on cylinder, to be had Machine glass infuser 1 is close to 2 one end of cone-shaped glass collector, the bottom end of cylinder lucite cylinder 1 and the annulus clamping of A-frame 5.
It is possible to further be arranged in the organic soil layering making to cylinder lucite cylinder 1, making height does not surpass Cross 2/3rds of cylinder lucite cylinder 1.
Include temperature sensor 7, water bath 9,10 and of heating device it is possible to further which the temperature controlled water bath system is arranged Temperature control damper 11, wherein water bath 9 are placed on pressure sensor 6,9 inner placement temperature sensor 7 of water bath, heating Device 10 and organic soil degradation reaction room, heating device 10 are connect with the temperature control damper 11 positioned at 9 outside of water bath. There is in temperature controlled water bath system and respectively a temperature sensor 7 in organic soil degradation reaction room, grasp water bath in real time and has The temperature regime of machine matter soil degradation reaction room so that the temperature in organic soil degradation reaction room is accurate to the required temperature of experiment Scale is accurate.
Include baroceptor 12, gas sensor it is possible to further which the biogas monitoring recovery system is arranged 13, gas collector 14, valve 15, grass tube 18 and PPR insulating layers 20;Wherein organic matter is inserted into 18 one end of grass tube In the cylinder lucite cylinder 1 of native degradation reaction room, 18 other end of grass tube be sequentially connected valve 15, baroceptor 12, Gas sensor 13, gas collector 14, after the completion of connection on grass tube 18 outsourcing PPR insulating layers 20, gas collection Draining water gathering of gas law or emptying gas collection method realization in chemical experiment can be used in device 14.
Include that valve 15, rubber stopper 16, L-type glass are led it is possible to further which the leachate collection recharge system is arranged The collection device that pipe 17 is constituted, the backflow device that valve 15, grass tube 18 are constituted;The L-type glass for wherein carrying valve 15 is led 17 one end of pipe connects the vertex of a cone of cone-shaped glass collector 2 in organic soil degradation reaction room, another end pipe of L-type grass tube 17 The rubber stopper 16 for clogging nozzle is equipped at mouthful;18 one end of grass tube with valve 15 passes through organic soil degradation reaction The round preformed hole position of the round preformed hole position silica gel plug 3 of room is inserted into the cylinder lucite cylinder of organic soil degradation reaction room In 1, the percolate filling that 18 other end of grass tube is used to be collected into is back in cylinder lucite cylinder 1.
Include temperature sensor 7 and pH value sensing it is possible to further which the temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system is arranged Device 8;Wherein temperature sensor 7 and pH value sensor 8 pass through the round preformed hole position silica gel plug 3 of organic soil degradation reaction room Round preformed hole position is inserted into the cylinder lucite cylinder 1 of organic soil degradation reaction room;It is anti-to be inserted into organic soil degradation The sensor probe in room is answered to be come into full contact with organic soil.
Include valve 15, grass tube 18 and air pump 19 it is possible to further which the oxygenation air exchange system is arranged;Wherein band There is 18 one end of grass tube of valve 15 reserved by the circle of the round preformed hole position silica gel plug 3 of organic soil degradation reaction room Hole position is inserted into the cylinder lucite cylinder 1 of organic soil degradation reaction room, and grass tube 18 connects air pump 19.
It is specially it is possible to further which the aerobic anaerobism control is arranged:
Anaerobism controls:Valve 15 and leachate collection recharge system on grass tube 18 in oxygenation air exchange system are closed always Valve 15 on middle grass tube 18 opens the valve 15 on grass tube 18 in biogas monitoring recovery system;
Aerobic control is:When organic soil degradation reaction room oxygen depletion, closes glass in biogas monitoring recovery system and lead Valve 15 on pipe 18 stops exhaust collection, opens valve 15 and leachate collection on grass tube 18 in oxygenation air exchange system Valve 15 in recharge system on grass tube 18 takes out machine matter soil degradation reaction room using air pump 19 in oxygenation air exchange system Wind makes gas flowing in reative cell have the function that oxygenation ventilation, and air pump 19, oxygenation ventilation system are turned off after completing oxygenation ventilation Valve 15 in valve 15 and leachate collection recharge system in system on grass tube 18 on grass tube 18, and open biology Valve 15 in gas-monitoring recovery system on grass tube 18 restarts Degrading experiment.
The present invention use process be:
S1, temperature controlled water bath system is built, water bath 9 is placed on pressure sensor 6, measured and reacted by pressure sensor 6 The variation of front and back pressure value.Heating device 10 is put in water bath 9, heating device 10 pays attention to reserving organic soil degradation when putting The wire rod of heating device 10 is connected to temperature control damper 11 by the position that reative cell is placed, heating device 10 after being well placed On, temperature control damper 11 is placed on 9 outside of water bath, and the water immersion in water bath 9 crosses 1 cylinder lucite cylinder 1.
S2, the round plate 4 that is percolated is placed on cylinder lucite cylinder 1 close to 2 one end of cone-shaped glass collector, by cylinder Lucite cylinder 1 is connected with the mode that cone-shaped glass collector 2 is connected through a screw thread, and 2 one end of cone-shaped glass collector is put into In the annulus of A-frame 5, A-frame 5 is put into water bath 9 in advance, and the diameter of the annulus on A-frame 5 is slightly less than institute The diameter for stating cylinder lucite cylinder 1, so that organic soil degradation reaction room can be with the annulus clamping of A-frame 5.Taper glass It is clogged with rubber stopper 16 at connected 17 nozzle of L-type grass tube on glass collector 2, and its valve 15 is closed.
S3, organic soil is layered in making to cylinder lucite cylinder 1, making height is no more than cylinder lucite cylinder 2/3rds of 1.
S4, biogas monitor being assembled into for recovery system:It is sequentially connected valve 15, gas by several sections of grass tubes 18 Pressure sensor 12, gas sensor 13, gas collector 14, the outsourcing PPR heat preservations 20 on grass tube 18 after the completion of connection The methods of draining water gathering of gas law or emptying gas collection method in chemical experiment can be used to realize in layer, gas collector 14.Glass is led Pipe outsourcing PPR insulating layers, the temperature difference that can be eliminated between organic soil degradation reaction room and biogas monitoring recovery system are made Expand with heat and contract with cold at gas in grass tube, caused by the uneven variation of air pressure, reduce biogas pressure measurement when error, Infrared gas sensor 13 can be used for detecting the specific ingredient of produced biogas in organic soil degradation process, such as dioxy Change carbon gas, methane gas, alcohol gas, ethane gas etc., to substantially define the line of demarcation of aerobic degradation and anaerobic degradation; For example the content of carbon dioxide is higher in generated biogas when aerobic degradation, and biogas caused by anaerobic degradation Middle methane gas, the content of alcohol gas are higher.
S5, it is oxygenated being assembled into for air exchange system:18 one end of grass tube is equipped with valve 15, and the other end connects air pump 19, valve The grass tube 18 at 15 that end of door reserves certain length, it is therefore an objective to convenient to be connect with round preformed hole position silica gel plug 3.
S6, the above-mentioned biogas monitoring recovery system being completed is connected on round preformed hole position silica gel plug 3, is filled Oxygen air exchange system and filtrate collect the grass tube 18 and temperature sensor 7, pH value sensor 8 of recharge system, later with circle Shape preformed hole position silica gel plug 3 seals cylinder lucite cylinder 1;Pay attention to the air-tightness of each coupling part, in order to avoid mistake is generated to experiment Difference.
S7, organic soil degradation reaction room is placed in water bath 9, the data line of various sensors is connect with computer It is good, check whether connection is good.
S8, add water in water bath 9 and heat, the temperature of organic soil in water temperature and organic soil degradation reaction room It is not heated to before required test temperature also, the valve 15 in biogas monitoring recovery system is closed, round pre- Other valves 15 connected on a silica gel plug 3 of boxing out are in opening state, cause in device gas due to heat expansion to eliminate the temperature difference The temperature of organic soil can be pacified by the two in barometric surveying error caused by shrinkage, water temperature and organic soil degradation reaction room The temperature sensor 7 of dress is observed, after the temperature of organic soil in water temperature and organic soil degradation reaction room is stablized, so that it may To close other valves 15, the valve 15 in biogas monitoring recovery system is opened, organic soil Degrading experiment is started; Environment temperature can use temperature control damper 11 to adjust according to needed for experiment.
S9, the control of aerobic anaerobism:If the organic soil Degrading experiment of required progress is anaerobic environment, gas is closed always Valve 15 on valve 15 and leachate collection recharge system on pump 19 on grass tube 18 opens biogas monitoring recycling Valve 15 in system on grass tube 18;If the organic soil Degrading experiment carried out is aerobic environment, operation is, when organic After matter soil degrades a period of time, when the biogas scale of construction that gas collector 14 is collected into increasess slowly or gas sensor 13 detect gaseous species variation when, illustrate organic soil degradation reaction room oxygen depletion, aerobic degradation is slow, at this time close life Valve 15 in object gas-monitoring recovery system stops exhaust collection, opens the valve 15 on air pump 19 and leachate collection recharge Valve 15 in system on grass tube 18 makes gas stream in reative cell using air pump 19 to machine matter soil degradation reaction room exhausting It is dynamic to have the function that oxygenation ventilation, the valve 15 on air pump 19 and air pump 19, also percolate are turned off after completion oxygenation ventilation The valve 15 on grass tube 18 on recharge system is collected, and the valve opened in biogas monitoring recovery system restarts Degrading experiment.
The use of S10, leachate collection recharge system, in organoclay degradation process, the solid phase of organic soil can lose, The solid phase of loss can generate gas and liquid, and percolate is collected by cone-shaped glass collector 2, after being collected into a certain amount, Entire reaction system can be taken out under water bath, opens on cone-shaped glass collector 2 at 17 nozzle of L-type grass tube Valve 15 and rubber stopper 16 collect the percolate of outflow with graduated cylinder, can measure the volume of percolate at this time and sampling analysis oozes The ingredient of filtrate, percolate can be by opening the progress of valve 15 on leachate collection recharge system on grass tube 18 later Biogas is first monitored the valve 15 in recovery system by recharge before recharge, the valve 15 on oxygenation air exchange system is closed, collection The pH value of percolate can be adjusted during complete percolate to control the Parameters variation of pH value in reative cell, in addition percolate Recharge can play the role of accelerate reative cell in organic soil degradation.
In S11, entire organoclay degradation process, many important parameters connect realization by sensor to data with computer On-line real time monitoring, such as per the moment air pressure change, gas componant variation, temperature change, pH value variation;The present invention is a kind of Can carry out multi parameters control, various factors coupling experiment organic soil room in degrade simulator, and data of the present invention acquisition High degree of automation can be collected into the good data of continuity, carry out dynamic monitoring to data, have simple and compact for structure, more work( It can integrate, while easy to operate, precision is higher, feature of low cost.
The specific implementation mode of the present invention is explained in detail above in conjunction with attached drawing, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned Embodiment within the knowledge of a person skilled in the art can also be before not departing from present inventive concept Put that various changes can be made.

Claims (9)

1. simulator of degrading in a kind of organic soil room, it is characterised in that:Including organic soil degradation reaction room, temperature controlled water bath System, biogas monitoring recovery system, leachate collection recharge system, temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system, oxygenation ventilation System, A-frame(5)And pressure sensor(6);
The temperature controlled water bath system is placed on pressure sensor(6)On, organic soil degradation reaction room passes through A-frame(5)It puts It sets in temperature controlled water bath system, the cylinder lucite cylinder of organic soil degradation reaction room(1)Top is installed by biogas monitoring Recovery system, the backflow device of leachate collection recharge system, temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system, oxygenation air exchange system, have The cone-shaped glass collector of machine matter soil degradation reaction room(2)The vertex of a cone installation leachate collection recharge system collection device;
Temperature is adjusted in temperature controlled water bath system, and the gas that machine matter soil degradation reaction room carries out degradation reaction generation passes through biology Gas-monitoring recovery system carries out recycling and monitors the monitoring that recovery system carries out gas by biogas;The degradation of machine matter soil is anti- The percolate that room carries out degradation reaction generation is answered to be collected by leachate collection recharge system and returned by leachate collection Fill system is by the leachate recirculation of collection to machine matter soil degradation reaction room;Sensor in temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system is stretched Enter to cylinder lucite cylinder(1)In organic soil in for being monitored to temperature and acid-base value;It is oxygenated air exchange system pair Organic soil Degrading experiment carries out aerobic anaerobism control.
2. simulator of degrading in organic soil room according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The organic soil degradation Reative cell includes cylinder lucite cylinder(1), cone-shaped glass collector(2), round preformed hole position silica gel plug(3)It is percolated with circle Plate(4);Wherein cylinder lucite cylinder(1)Up and down without bottom cover, cone-shaped glass collector(2)One end and cylinder lucite cylinder (1)Bottom end is connected through a screw thread, cone-shaped glass collector(2)The L-type glass of the other end vertex of a cone and leachate collection recharge system Conduit(17)Connection, round preformed hole position silica gel plug(3)Seal up cylinder lucite cylinder(1)Top, round preformed hole position silicon Rubber plug(3)Round preformed hole position be used for temperature acid-base value dynamic monitoring system temperature sensor(7), temperature acid-base value dynamic The pH value sensor of monitoring system(8), biogas monitoring recovery system grass tube(18), leachate collection recharge system Grass tube(18)With the grass tube of oxygenation air exchange system(18)It passes through, circle diafiltration plate(4)It is placed on the organic glass of cylinder Glass cylinder(1)Close to cone-shaped glass collector(2)One end, cylinder lucite cylinder(1)Bottom end and A-frame(5)Annulus card Tightly.
3. simulator of degrading in organic soil room according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The organic soil layering Making is to cylinder lucite cylinder(1)Interior, making height is no more than cylinder lucite cylinder(1)2/3rds.
4. simulator of degrading in organic soil room according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The temperature controlled water bath system Including temperature sensor(7), water bath(9), heating device(10)And temperature control damper(11), wherein water bath(9)It puts It sets in pressure sensor(6)On, water bath(9)In place temperature sensor(7), heating device(10)It is anti-with organic soil degradation Answer room, heating device(10)With positioned at water bath(9)The temperature control damper in outside(11)Connection.
5. simulator of degrading in organic soil room according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The biogas monitoring Recovery system includes baroceptor(12), gas sensor(13), gas collector(14), valve(15), grass tube (18)With PPR insulating layers(20);Wherein grass tube(18)The cylinder organic glass of organic soil degradation reaction room is inserted into one end Cylinder(1)In, grass tube(18)The other end is sequentially connected valve(15), baroceptor(12), gas sensor(13), gas Collection device(14), in grass tube after the completion of connection(18)Upper outsourcing PPR insulating layers(20), gas collector(14)It can adopt With in chemical experiment draining water gathering of gas law or emptying gas collection method realize.
6. simulator of degrading in organic soil room according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The leachate collection returns Fill system includes valve(15), rubber stopper(16), L-type grass tube(17)The collection device of composition, valve(15), grass tube (18)The backflow device of composition;Wherein carry valve(15)L-type grass tube(17)One end connects organic soil degradation reaction Cone-shaped glass collector in room(2)The vertex of a cone, L-type grass tube(17)Other end nozzle at be equipped with rubber for clogging nozzle Rubber plug(16);With valve(15)Grass tube(18)The round preformed hole position silicon that one end passes through organic soil degradation reaction room Rubber plug(3)Round preformed hole position be inserted into the cylinder lucite cylinder of organic soil degradation reaction room(1)In, grass tube (18)The percolate filling that the other end is used to be collected into is back to cylinder lucite cylinder(1)In.
7. simulator of degrading in organic soil room according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The temperature acid-base value is dynamic It includes temperature sensor that state, which monitors system,(7)With pH value sensor(8);Wherein temperature sensor(7)With pH value sensor(8)It is logical Cross the round preformed hole position silica gel plug of organic soil degradation reaction room(3)To be inserted into organic soil degradation anti-for round preformed hole position Answer the cylinder lucite cylinder of room(1)In;The sensor probe being inserted into organic soil degradation reaction room is filled with organic soil Tap is touched.
8. simulator of degrading in organic soil room according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The oxygenation air exchange system Including valve(15), grass tube(18)And air pump(19);Wherein carry valve(15)Grass tube(18)One end is by having The round preformed hole position silica gel plug of machine matter soil degradation reaction room(3)Round preformed hole position be inserted into organic soil degradation reaction room Cylinder lucite cylinder(1)In, grass tube(18)Connect air pump(19).
9. simulator of degrading in organic soil room according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The aerobic anaerobism control Specially:
Anaerobism controls:Grass tube in oxygenation air exchange system is closed always(18)On valve(15)With leachate collection recharge Grass tube in system(18)On valve(15), open grass tube in biogas monitoring recovery system(18)On valve (15);
Aerobic control is:When organic soil degradation reaction room oxygen depletion, closes glass in biogas monitoring recovery system and lead Pipe(18)On valve(15)Stop exhaust collection, opens grass tube in oxygenation air exchange system(18)On valve(15)With ooze Filtrate collects grass tube in recharge system(18)On valve(15), use air pump in oxygenation air exchange system(19)To machine matter soil Degradation reaction room exhausting makes gas flowing in reative cell have the function that oxygenation ventilation, air pump is turned off after completing oxygenation ventilation (19), oxygenation air exchange system in grass tube(18)On valve(15)With grass tube in leachate collection recharge system(18) On valve(15), and open grass tube in biogas monitoring recovery system(18)On valve(15)Restart to degrade Experiment.
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