CN108790230A - A kind of tyre surface automatic feeder - Google Patents

A kind of tyre surface automatic feeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108790230A
CN108790230A CN201810654736.9A CN201810654736A CN108790230A CN 108790230 A CN108790230 A CN 108790230A CN 201810654736 A CN201810654736 A CN 201810654736A CN 108790230 A CN108790230 A CN 108790230A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tyre
plate
shaft
roller
rack
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810654736.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑励
洪育仙
张克常
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hangzhou Chaoyang Rubber Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hangzhou Chaoyang Rubber Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hangzhou Chaoyang Rubber Co Ltd filed Critical Hangzhou Chaoyang Rubber Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810654736.9A priority Critical patent/CN108790230A/en
Publication of CN108790230A publication Critical patent/CN108790230A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D30/00Producing pneumatic or solid tyres or parts thereof
    • B29D30/06Pneumatic tyres or parts thereof (e.g. produced by casting, moulding, compression moulding, injection moulding, centrifugal casting)
    • B29D30/08Building tyres
    • B29D30/20Building tyres by the flat-tyre method, i.e. building on cylindrical drums
    • B29D30/24Drums
    • B29D30/26Accessories or details, e.g. membranes, transfer rings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D30/00Producing pneumatic or solid tyres or parts thereof
    • B29D30/06Pneumatic tyres or parts thereof (e.g. produced by casting, moulding, compression moulding, injection moulding, centrifugal casting)
    • B29D30/08Building tyres
    • B29D30/20Building tyres by the flat-tyre method, i.e. building on cylindrical drums
    • B29D30/30Applying the layers; Guiding or stretching the layers during application

Abstract

Invention provides a kind of tyre surface automatic feeder, which includes rack and the turn-over rig that is arranged in rack, conveying device, centering device, measuring motion, anti-tail flick apparatus and laminating apparatus;The rack is parallel with first support and second support in its length extending direction.

Description

A kind of tyre surface automatic feeder
Technical field
The design is related to all steel load tyre building machine, belongs to rubber mechanical equipment field, more particularly to a kind of tyre surface is certainly Dynamic feeding device.
Background technology
All steel load tire tread is by extruded compound, the pressure contraction of preceding working procedure tyre surface extrusion line, calender lamination, cooling The technological processes such as conveying, cut-to-length are process.Tyre surface after processing is put into blinds trolley, and is transported to all steel load wheel By tyre forming machine, tyre surface is removed by forming operation work from louver vehicle and after turn-over, put to tyre surface feed frame.
About 40 kilograms of the weight of one all steel load tire tread, class's production about 90, artificial carrying labour are strong Degree is big, and easily damages tyre surface in carrying switching process, causes fitting front tyre roll side, influences tire quality.In addition, During fitting, because feed frame lacks centering device before fitting, tyre surface device for detecting length, tread joint intervenes dress automatically It sets, the functions such as laminating apparatus, bonding position, connector and fitting quality, the product stability of manual intervention tyre surface is needed to be difficult to Ensure.
CN107344423 discloses a kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus, the patent tyre surface translator unit:Double wedge above fluted disc 54 55 push down tyre surface, and servo motor 6 controls the speed of tread conveying device 2, by relatively fast between synchronous belt 4 and banding drum Degree control tyre surface is bonded connector.The discovery of tire process is actually done, tyre surface can skid on transmission device, and in addition tyre surface head exists On synchronous belt 4, remainder then on tyre surface feed frame, synchronizes and carries speed, and tyre surface feed frame does not have speed at this time, can make It is stretched at tyre surface, the survey length before stretching is meaningless, cannot achieve tyre surface perfection docking;And existing equipment is only to synchronous belt 4 Relative velocity between being roused with banding, which matches, has done fuzzy explanation, non-formulas for calculating, cannot accomplish really quantitative control patch Splice grafting head precision.Part in fixed:It refers only to during tyre surface is centered device 8 calmly on tyre surface feed frame 7 and pressure mechanism is one The practical tyre surface that wanders off when determining to avoid tyre surface from transmitting in degree, which is placed on tyre surface feed frame, will not be completely parallel to feed frame, therefore It can not adjust that its is parallel by vertical direction pressure, then tyre surface fixed length measurement data is absolutely inaccurate.
CN105346121 discloses a kind of tyre surface automatic charging device, after louver vehicle is pushed into positioning guide rail in the patent, needs Blinds is manually dug, tyre surface is exposed.This tread turn-over part controls turn-over frame, by cylinder travel limit, tire using cylinder There are angle limitations for face turn-over structure, cannot be totally turned over to tyre surface feed frame, and tyre surface falls by velocity inertia, Bu Nengzhun Designated position really is dropped down onto, and is unable to control falling speed, the rear quality that tyre surface falls easily causes to damage.
Invention content
In view of the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of tyre surface automatic feeder, which includes rack and sets Set the turn-over rig in rack, conveying device, centering device, measuring motion, anti-tail flick apparatus and laminating apparatus;The rack It is parallel with first support and second support in its length extending direction;
Outside-in is equipped with first group of supporting rack and second group of supporting rack, a left side for second group of supporting rack in first support Right both ends are respectively equipped with the first fixed seat and the second fixed seat;Turn-over rig includes first servo motor, shaft and rack; The both ends of shaft are journaled into the first fixed seat and the second fixed seat and are sequentially connected with first servo motor, and rack, which is installed in, to be turned It is located on axis and when without spinning movement on first group of supporting rack, first servo motor is driven by drive shaft and placed Frame rotates, and rack is equipped with the fetching device for picking and placeing tyre surface;
Second support is equipped with conveying device, centering device, measuring motion, anti-tail flick apparatus and laminating apparatus,;
Conveying device includes that tyre surface roller-way mechanism, servo-actuating device and tyre surface stretch conveying mechanism, is set in second support There is installation frame, which is surrounded by front side board, left plate and right plate, and the rear openings of installation frame are roused towards banding For tyre surface conveyor belt drum to be bonded, setting tyre surface roller-way mechanism and tyre surface stretch conveying mechanism in installation frame, Tyre surface stretches the downstream that conveying mechanism is located at tyre surface roller-way mechanism;
Tyre surface roller-way mechanism includes multi-directional ball shaft assembly and idler assembly, and idler assembly is located under multi-directional ball shaft assembly Trip, multi-directional ball shaft assembly include more multi-directional ball axis arranged in parallel and multiple multi-directional balls for being arranged on multi-directional ball axis, often The both ends of root multi-directional ball axis are separately mounted to left plate and right plate, and more multi-directional ball axis have been longitudinally extended a reinforcing rib Plate;Idler assembly includes multiple rows of roll shaft and multiple rows of roll body for being set on the outside of roll shaft, and the both ends of multiple rows of roll shaft are separately mounted to The both ends of left plate and right plate, roll body are equipped with stop collar;
Tyre surface stretch conveying mechanism include at least the 4th servo motor, speed reducer, live-roller, preceding tensioning roll assembly and together Band is walked, the 4th servo motor drives live-roller by speed reducer;Live-roller passes through preceding tensioning roll assembly described in synchronous band connection
Servo-actuating device includes wobble component, lifting assembly and drive wheel assemblies, and wobble component and lifting assembly drive Drive wheel assemblies are swung and lifting causes driving wheel to occur or stop to be driven with tyre surface;Wobble component include swing arm, rotary shaft, Mounting base and oscillating cylinder, lifting assembly include third driving cylinder, the linear guide and second slide, drive wheel assemblies packet Include third servomotor, gear reducer and driving wheel, the side of left plate is equipped with mounting base, first bearing seat on mounting base And second bearing seat, rotary shaft are mounted on first bearing seat and second bearing seat by bearing, swing arm is set on the rotary shaft simultaneously Being driven by oscillating cylinder drives rotary shaft to swing, and the free end of rotary shaft is connected to mounting plate, and mounting plate is equipped with second slide, Third driving cylinder driving the linear guide moves in second slide, and third servo motor is connect by speed reducer with driving wheel; Preferably, centering device determines central roll mounting bar and second including first determines central roll mounting bar;First determines central roll mounting bar and Two, which determine longitudinal arrangement on central roll mounting bar, multiple block rollers, and first determines central roll mounting bar and second and determine between central roll mounting bar Horizontal spacing is adjusted by least two groups spacing adjusting device;Two groups of spacing adjusting devices are parallel with the short side of tyre surface conveying direction Setting, every group of spacing adjusting device include first support bar, second support bar, the 5th servo motor, the first sliding block, the second cunning Block, third slide, the 4th slide, conduit, lead screw, guide rail,;One end of first support bar and second support bar is separately mounted to Certain central roll mounting bar and second determines central roll mounting bar, the other end of first support bar and second support bar respectively with the first sliding block It is connected with the second sliding block, conduit is fixed by the first fixture block and the second fixture block and offers the first guide groove and second in side and led To slot, lead screw is mounted on the inside of conduit, and the both sides of lead screw are respectively equipped with the first swivel nut and the second swivel nut, the first swivel nut and the second spiral shell Set is connect with wire rod thread, and the first sliding block and the sliding of the second sliding block are threaded through on guide rod and on the inside of it and respectively from the first guide groove The bottom of the first swivel nut and the second swivel nut stretched out with the second guide groove, the first sliding block and the second sliding block is respectively equipped with third slide With the 4th slide, the bottom of third slide and the 4th slide is equipped with the linear guide, and the 5th servo motor is by driving lead screw to rotate It drives the first sliding block and the second sliding block to be moved along conduit, and then drives first to determine central roll mounting bar and second and determine central roll mounting bar Close or separation.
Preferably, the measuring motion includes the first detection support and second being respectively provided on front side of installation frame with rear side The first test position sensor and the second test position are respectively equipped in detection support, the first detection support and the second detection support Sensor, the second detection support are translated by transmission mechanism and pressing plate along tyre surface conveying direction, and transmission mechanism includes the 6th servo Motor, synchronous pulley, strainer and drive coordination band, the 6th servo motor are connect by speed reducer with synchronous pulley, together Belt wheel is walked by drive coordination band connection and the strainer, the bottom end of the second detection support is mounted on detection mounting base On, detection mounting base is fixed on pressing plate cooperation on drive coordination band, and is equipped with the 5th slide in detection mounting base bottom And sliding rail.
Preferably, the transmission speed of synchronous belt and the transmission speed of driving wheel are 1:1.
Preferably, the fetching device is realized by following structure type:The rack has rectangular frame, the square Shape frame is fixed with multigroup mounting bracket, and mounting bracket is made of guide rod, and mounting bracket is led including the first guide rod, the second guide rod and third Bar;Mounting bracket is equipped with left clamping device and the right clamping device being distributed at left and right sides of rack, and left clamping device includes extremely Few two left hook plates disposed in parallel with rectangular frame length direction and the first driving cylinder, the first driving cylinder pass through Cylinder bottom plate is mounted on the second guide rod and third guide rod, the piston rod that each left hook plate passes through connector and the first driving cylinder Connection;Right clamping device includes at least two right hook plates parallel with rectangular frame length direction, the second driving cylinder and cunning Motivation structure, sliding equipment include the first guide bar receiver, the second guide bar receiver, two guide rails set up separately and first slide, and first Slide is slidably connected two guide rails set up separately, on, two guide rails set up separately, both ends be separately fixed at the first guide bar receiver and Two guide bar receivers, one end of the second driving cylinder are mounted on the first guide rod, on the second guide rod by air cylinder tailstock and air cylinder base, There is right hook plate drag hook arm, drag hook arm to be mounted in first slide and by the piston rod connection of the second driving cylinder translate dynamic Make, drives the left hook plate of work realization and right hook plate of cylinder and the second driving cylinder close or separation by first.
Preferably, being equipped with several groups unpowered roller component in rectangular frame, the power roll assembly includes first solid Fixed board, the second fixed plate and the spring pressing-in type rotary unpowered roller being fixed between the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate.
Preferably, the turn-over rig controls speed when rack executes spinning movement by speed-change control device, The speed-change control device includes being installed circumferentially at the first of the first fixed seat close to switch base, second close to switch base and Three close to switch base;First first is installed respectively close on switch base close to switch base and third close to switch base, second Close to switch, the second close switch and the close switch of third;Turn the tip of the axis and be equipped with sender wheel, the sender wheel is equipped with convex Piece, for shaft during rotary course and convolution, the sender wheel triggers first close to switch, second successively equipped with lug Close to switch and the close switch of third;And then control the reversal rate of rack;Turn-over rig will not occur due to being turned over The danger that fast tyre surface is fallen, entire turn-over process is stablized, and is not susceptible to danger.
Preferably, first servo motor, the first fixed seat and the second fixed seat bottom are separately installed with first angle tune Whole plate, second angle adjustment plate and third angle adjustment plate, first angle adjustment plate, second angle adjustment plate and the third angle Spending adjustment plate has slope;It is set on the slope of first angle adjustment plate, second angle adjustment plate and third angle adjustment plate There is at least two groups mounting hole.
Preferably, the top that the tyre surface stretches conveying mechanism is equipped with anti-whipping mechanism, the anti-whipping mechanism includes Connecting seat, swinging axle, swings shaft retaining ring, long tooth sprocket wheel shaft retaining ring, the first swing arm, third swing arm at least one long tooth sprocket shaft, Swinging axle both ends, which are equipped with, swings shaft retaining ring, and the both sides of swinging axle are respectively equipped with the first swing arm, and the first swing arm is designed in " 7 " font, First swing arm is bolted third swing arm by connection, and connecting seat includes the left connecting seat and right connection that the left and right sides is respectively provided with Seat, two third swing arms are articulated in respectively on left connecting seat and right connecting seat;The both ends of long tooth sprocket shaft are separately mounted to left company On joint chair and right connecting seat, and it is equipped with long tooth sprocket wheel shaft retaining ring in its both-side ends, long tooth sprocket shaft is equipped with multiple first teeth Sprocket wheel;Before tyre surface is bonded, after tyre surface reaches below the first tooth sprocket, since tyre surface has certain thickness, by the first tooth sprocket It jacks up, the first tooth sprocket is pierced into tyre surface, is synchronous belt below tyre surface, and toothed belt transmission drives tyre surface to forward, pushed up on tyre surface The first tooth sprocket, which is also driven, turns over, and prevents whipping.As preferred embodiment, perpendicular to the length direction of swinging axle Second swing arm is set, and the free end of the second swing arm passes through short tooth sprocket wheel the second tooth sprocket of axis connection;Second tooth sprocket further increases Add the frictional force between tyre surface and synchronous belt, reduce tyre surface and skid, and prevents tyre surface on laminating drum because speed acts on whipping.
Preferably, laminating apparatus includes thousand layers of roller mechanism and Fa Dao mechanisms, thousand layers of roller mechanism include the of left and right settings One installation part and the second installation part are equipped with an at least supporting rod and thousand layers of roller between the first installation part and the second installation part, Thousand layers of roller are located at tyre surface and stretch above the rear end of conveying mechanism, and the front side of the first installation part and the second installation part passes through Y types respectively Cylinder connector connects cylinder, and two cylinders are separately fixed on the front side of left plate and right plate;Wherein, thousand layers of roller are by N piece pressures Power roller group is pressed together on the pressure on tyre surface at, N piece pressure rolls and is divided m pressure area, and m is less than n, valve island include N number of small cylinder with And m group proportional pressure-reducing valves, N number of small cylinder are divided into m pressure area, the pressure of m pressure area central symmetry n small cylinder of control Power, n pressure area are automatically controlled by n group proportional pressure-reducing valves;
Automatic feeder provided by the invention is full-automatic, without manually, greatly improving efficiency, and the present invention carries The centering device of confession is compared with existing centering device, and fixed middle effect is more preferable, and measuring motion test result is more acurrate, industrial machine People starts to capture tyre surface automatically, if detecting does not have tyre surface on current hinge, automatically opens hinge, captures next layer of tire Face;The computational methods of driving wheel and synchronous belt synchronous transport are used for the first time, and think cooperation in tail portion practicality press bonding roller and valve island Mode substantially increases Anawgy accuracy.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of tyre surface automatic feeding system;
Fig. 2 is structural representation Fig. 1 of feeding device;
Fig. 3 is structural representation Fig. 2 of feeding device;
Fig. 4 is structural representation Fig. 1 of turn-over rig;
Fig. 5 is the reverse geometry schematic diagram of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the partial enlarged view of speed-change control device;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of conveying device;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of the active force mechanism and preceding tensioning roll assembly of tyre surface stretching structure;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of servo-actuating device;
Figure 10 is the wobble component enlarged diagram of servo-actuating device;
Figure 11 is the enlarged diagram of anti-whipping mechanism;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of laminating apparatus;
Figure 13 is the structural schematic diagram of centering agency;
Figure 14 is the structural schematic diagram of spacing adjusting device;
Figure 15 is the structural schematic diagram of measuring motion.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention will be described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of tyre surface automatic feeding system, which includes louver vehicle 10, grabbing device 11, feed Device 100 and PLC controller;Grabbing device 11 is fitted in band after the tyre surface on louver vehicle 10 is transferred to feeding device 100 On beam drum, tyre surface is located at the rear of feeding device (diagram is not shown);Louver vehicle, grabbing device and feeding device are and PLC Controller signals connect;
Multilayer hinge is formed on louver vehicle 10, and one layer of tyre surface is stored on each hinge 1101;Multilayer tyre surface is vertically arranged point It is not placed in and is chopped on hinge, louver vehicle is the common trolley of the common storage tyre surface in workshop, and tyre surface will be mounted with by operative employee Louver vehicle is pushed into working position, has the mechanisms such as cylinder, guide wheel to shift trolley onto position automatically and fixes;When grabbing device such as manipulator Current hinge 1101 is detected without tyre surface, then is dug the page, and fix.
Grabbing device includes four shaft industrial robots 11, and four shaft industrial robots are purchase gained, four shaft industrial robots 11 are mounted on linear module and horizontal linearity module are driven to realize lifting and translation motion vertically;The machinery of four shaft industrial robots Hand is equipped with two rows of vacuum cups 1105,1106 arranged in parallel, and the quantity per vacuum pumping sucker is 14, thus constitutes 14 Group vacuum cup, the vacuum cup are drawn or are detached from tyre surface by vacuum generator such as vacuum pump;
Wherein, linear module and horizontal linearity module is driven to be realized four axis as needed by two servo motor drivings vertically The lifting or translation work of industrial machine, such as linear module include at least slide, the sliding rail for being fixed on industrial robot one end Deng.In the present embodiment, it is only necessary to use to three axis (axis 2 1102, axis 3 1103, axis 4 1104) in four axis and specifically act It is as follows:Axis 2 1102, axis 3 1103, axis 4 1104 linkage under keep catching robot horizontal position, absorption is face-down, and presses Setting track enters louver vehicle, and the rotation of axis 2 1102 keeps catching robot downward, touches tyre surface, 14 on catching robot group Vacuum cup 1105,1106 starts to vacuumize, and tyre surface is sucked by sucker, and then manipulator presses former track and removes louver vehicle.Machine Tool hand is moved in the case where axis 2 1102, axis 3 1103, axis 4 1104 link to tread serviser position after capturing tyre surface.In movement Mechanical wrist is further rotated to axis when bottom 4, makes tyre surface upward and holding is horizontal, tyre surface is then placed into rack On.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, feeding device 100 includes rack 19 and the turn-over rig 12 being arranged in rack, conveying Device 13,17, centering device 14, measuring motion 15, anti-tail flick apparatus 18 and laminating apparatus 20,21;The rack 19 is grown at it It is parallel with first support 190 and second support 191 to spend extending direction;
One, turn-over rig
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, outside-in is equipped with first group of supporting rack 1901 and second group in first support 190 The left and right ends of supporting rack 1902, second group of supporting rack 1902 are respectively equipped with the first fixed seat 1206 and the second fixed seat 1207; Turn-over rig includes first servo motor 1201, shaft 1205 and rack 1204;The both ends of shaft 1205 are journaled into first Fixed seat 1206 and the second fixed seat 1207 and passes through shaft coupling 1202 and first servo motor 1201 and be sequentially connected, rack 1204 are installed in shaft 1205 and are located in when without spinning movement on first group of supporting rack 1901, the first servo electricity Machine 1201 drives rack 1204 to rotate by drive shaft 1205;
Rack (1204) is equipped with the fetching device for picking and placeing tyre surface;Wherein, a variety of shapes may be used in fetching device Formula, such as 1:Tyre surface can be drawn or be detached from by vacuum cup realize that turn-over rig picks and places the action of tyre surface;In this implementation In example, there is the rack rectangular frame 12041, the rectangular frame 12041 to be fixed with multigroup mounting bracket, and mounting bracket is by guide rod Composition, as shown in figure 3, mounting bracket includes the first guide rod 1267, the second guide rod 1268 and third guide rod 1269;Fetching device includes Mounting bracket is equipped with the left clamping device for being distributed in 1204 left and right sides of rack and right clamping device, and left clamping device includes extremely The few two left hook plate 1242 and first driving cylinders 1240 disposed in parallel with 12041 length direction of rectangular frame, this One driving cylinder 1240 is mounted on by cylinder bottom plate 1243 on the second guide rod 1268 and third guide rod 1269, each left hook plate 1242 are connect by connector 1241 with the piston rod of the first driving cylinder 1240;Right clamping device includes at least two and square It includes first that the parallel right hook plate 1270, second in shape lengths of frame direction, which drives cylinder 1251 and sliding equipment, sliding equipment, Guide bar receiver 1260,1261, two guide rails set up separately 1265,1266 of the second guide bar receiver and first slide 1264, first slides Seat 1264 is slidably connected on two guide rails set up separately 1265,1266, and the both ends of two guide rails 1265,1266 set up separately are solid respectively It is scheduled on the first guide bar receiver 1260 and the second guide bar receiver 1261, one end of the second driving cylinder 1251 passes through air cylinder tailstock 1252 With air cylinder base 1250 on the first guide rod 1267, the second guide rod 1268, right hook plate includes translation hook and drag hook arm, is drawn Hook arm 1271 is mounted in first slide 1264 and carries out translation motion by the piston rod connection of the second driving cylinder, passes through first Drive that cylinder 1240 and second drives the work of cylinder 1251 to realize left hook plate and right hook plate is close or separation;Particularly preferred Embodiment is:It is front and back on two guide rails set up separately 1265,1266 to be equipped with the first limited block 1262 and the second limited block 1263, And at least two left hook plates, 1242 upper cover is equipped with limiting plate 1245;
In addition, being equipped with several groups unpowered roller component in rectangular frame 12401, the power roll assembly includes first solid Fixed board 1281, the second fixed plate 1282 and the spring pressure being fixed between the first fixed plate 1281 and the second fixed plate 1282 Enter formula unpowered roller 1280;
In the present embodiment, best embodiment is that turn-over rig controls rack by speed-change control device and executes rotation Speed of rotation when making, as it can be seen in figures 5 and 6, the speed-change control device includes be installed circumferentially at the first fixed seat 1206 the One close to switch base 1212, second close to switch base 1213 and third close to switch base 1214;As shown, described first connects Nearly switch base 1212, second close to switch base 1213 and third close to switch base 1214 be an arc iron block, three arcs Shape iron block is annular and sets, and is connect respectively close to switch base 1212, second close to switch base 1213 and third first by punching First is installed on nearly switch base 1214 close to switch, the second close switch and the close switch of third (diagram is not shown);Shaft End be equipped with sender wheel 1215, the sender wheel 1215 be equipped with lug 1216, shaft 1205 is in rotary course and convolution In the process, the sender wheel triggers first equipped with lug 24 and is opened close to switch, second close to switch and third are close successively It closes;And then control the reversal rate of rack 1204;The danger that turn-over rig is fallen due to overturning too fast tyre surface will not occur, it is whole A turn-over process is stablized, and is not susceptible to danger
As addedly, first servo motor 1201, the first fixed seat 1206 and 1207 bottom of the second fixed seat are pacified respectively Equipped with first angle adjustment plate 1209, second angle adjustment plate 1208 and third angle adjustment plate 1210, first angle adjustment Plate 1209, second angle adjustment plate 1208 and third angle adjustment plate 1210 have slope;In first angle adjustment plate, second The slope of angle adjustment plate and third angle adjustment plate is equipped at least two groups mounting hole.Tyre surface is placed into tyre surface rack On, and clamped by fetching device.PLC sends instruction and carries out tyre surface automatic turning, causes tyre surface quality to damage to prevent tyre surface from falling Bad while, utmostly ensures tyre surface reversal rate, carries out variable speed design to switching process, switching process triggers first successively Close to switch, the second close switch and the close switch of third.
Second support 191 is equipped with conveying device, centering device 14, measuring motion 15, anti-tail flick apparatus 18 and fitting Device 20,21;
Two, conveying device
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, conveying device includes tyre surface roller-way mechanism 13, servo-actuating device 16 and tyre surface conveyer Structure 17, second support 191 is equipped with installation frame 22, as shown in fig. 6, the installation frame 22 is by front side board 2203, left plate 2202 and right plate 2201 surround, the rear openings of installation frame are roused towards banding for pasting tyre surface conveyor belt drum It closes, setting tyre surface roller-way mechanism 13 and tyre surface conveying mechanism 17, tyre surface conveying mechanism 17 are located at tyre surface roller in installation frame 22 The downstream of road mechanism 13;
1. tyre surface roller-way mechanism 13
As shown in fig. 7, tyre surface roller-way mechanism includes multi-directional ball shaft assembly and idler assembly, idler assembly is located at multi-directional ball axis The downstream of component, multi-directional ball shaft assembly include more multi-directional ball axis 1304 arranged in parallel and are arranged on multi-directional ball axis 1304 Multiple multi-directional balls 1303, the both ends of every multi-directional ball axis 1304 are separately mounted to left plate 2202 and right plate 2201, more Multi-directional ball axis 1304 has been longitudinally extended a stiffener plate 1302;Idler assembly includes multiple rows of roll shaft 1307 and is set in roller The both ends of multiple rows of roll body 1308 on the outside of axis, multiple rows of roll shaft 1307 are separately mounted to left plate 2202 and right plate 2201, roll body Both ends be equipped with stop collar 1310;In the present embodiment, one group of carrying roller 1305 is equipped between multi-directional ball shaft assembly;
2. tyre surface conveying mechanism 17
As shown in figure 8, synchronous belt 1701 is not shown in Fig. 8, with reference to figure 6, tyre surface conveying mechanism 17 includes at least main power machines Structure, preceding tensioning roll assembly and synchronous belt 1701, preceding tensioning roll assembly include the first driving roller 1702, the second live-roller Cylinder 1705 and synchronous belt liner plate 1706, wrap up on live-roller and preceding tensioning roll assembly and set synchronous belt 1701, active force mechanism packet The 4th servo motor 1703 is included, speed reducer, live-roller 1708 etc., the 4th servo motor 1703 drive live-roller by speed reducer 1708, live-roller 1708 connects the preceding tensioning roll assembly by synchronous belt 1701, and the downside of the synchronous belt is equipped with synchronous belt Liner plate 1707;
3. servo-actuating device 16
As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, servo-actuating device includes wobble component, lifting assembly and drive wheel assemblies, swing group Part and lifting assembly drive drive wheel assemblies swing and lifting that driving wheel is caused to occur or stop to be driven with tyre surface;Wobble component Including swing arm 1616, rotary shaft 1617, mounting base 1615 and oscillating cylinder (with reference to figure 9), lifting assembly includes third driving Cylinder, the linear guide 1612 and second slide 1610, drive wheel assemblies include third servo motor 1606,1605 and of speed reducer Driving wheel 1601, the side of left plate are equipped with mounting base 1615, first bearing seat 1613 and second on mounting base 1615 Bearing block 1614, rotary shaft 1617 are mounted on first bearing seat 1613 and second bearing seat 1614,1616 sets of swing arm by bearing In rotary shaft 1617 and (being located on the inside of rack and be not shown) driving by oscillating cylinder drives rotary shaft 1617 to swing, rotary shaft 1617 top is connected to mounting plate 1609 (with reference to figure 9), and mounting plate is equipped with second slide 1610, and third drives cylinder driving The linear guide 1612 moves in second slide 1610, i.e., the linear guide 1612 is driven carries out lifting displacement, and then drives and drive Driving wheel 1601 is lifted far from tyre surface or close to tyre surface;Third servo motor 1606 is connected by speed reducer 1605, speed reducer 1605 output shaft is connect with driving wheel 1601, and third servo motor 1606 is by motor side plate 1604 and link block 1607 and directly Line guide rail 1612 connects, and link block 1607 is equipped with cover board 1608, and cover board 1608 drives the piston rod of cylinder to connect with third, drives Driving wheel includes outer driving wheel, driving lubrication groove 1602 and motor cover board 1603 etc..
The tyre surface that production line of tire tread gets off can be shunk after storing after a period of time, thus before fitting tyre surface actual (tube) length Degree can be shorter than full-length, this is the most important condition for realizing automatic joint.If the tyre surface length detected is longer than standard tyre surface Degree length, then automatically switch to manual mode, be bonded manually by manual intervention, artificial banjo fixing butt jointing.In the present embodiment, tire Face automatic attaching, the realization of connector automatic butt:It only relies on speed difference between synchronous belt and banding drum and realizes that tyre surface is bonded, can make It skids at tyre surface, is bonded inaccurate phenomenon, therefore the present invention designs a tyre surface driving wheel, provided for tyre surface transmission dual dynamic Power makes it keep 1 between feed belt:1 speed ratio, and be bonded process and tyre surface is pushed down using spine shape pressure roller, increasing friction force, It effectively prevent tyre surface to skid on feed belt.If the full-length of tyre surface is L (mm), the physical length of tyre surface is L ' (mm), it is worth on the basis of the rotary speed of banding drum, is remained unchanged by process set value, be a (rpm), then banding drum rotates a circle The required time is t=60/a (s), so the linear velocity of drum surface is L/t=L*a/60 (mm/s) when fitting.After making shortening Tyre surface can realize that connector docks, the linear velocity of fitting feed device is only reduced, by speed difference by tire while fitting It elongates in face.So the linear velocity of fitting feeding belt is L '/t=L ' * a/60 (mm/s), such banding drum rotates a circle, tyre surface Tail portion, which is just realized with head, docks.I.e. the present invention provides a kind of computational methods, the transmission speed of synchronous belt 1701 and drivings The transmission speed ratio of wheel 1601 is 1:1;Tyre surface is forwarding process, it is ensured that and whole section of tyre surface speed is consistent, will not stretch, and Tyre surface driving wheel 1601 provides power for tyre surface transmission, then is pasted by matching speed control between synchronous belt 1701 and banding drum Splice grafting head, specifies computational methods.
4. anti-whipping mechanism 18
In the present embodiment, as shown in figure 11, the top of the tyre surface conveying mechanism is equipped with anti-whipping mechanism 18, described anti- Whipping mechanism include connecting seat 1810, two it is parallel and set long tooth sprocket shaft 1811, swinging axle 1805, swing shaft retaining ring 1817, long tooth sprocket wheel shaft retaining ring 1812, the first swing arm 1806, third swing arm 1808,1805 both ends of swinging axle, which are equipped with, swings axle bumper The both sides of circle 1817, swinging axle are respectively equipped with the first swing arm 1806, and the first swing arm 1806 is designed in " 7 " font, the first swing arm 1806 connect third swing arm 1808 by connecting bolt 1807, connecting seat 1810 include the left connecting seat that the left and right sides is respectively provided with and Right connecting seat, two third swing arms 1808 are articulated in respectively on left connecting seat and right connecting seat;The both ends of long tooth sprocket shaft 1811 It is separately mounted on left connecting seat and right connecting seat, and long tooth sprocket wheel shaft retaining ring 1812, long tooth sprocket is equipped in its both-side ends Axis 1811 is equipped with multiple first tooth sprockets 1801;Before tyre surface is bonded, after tyre surface reaches the first tooth sprocket 1801 below, Since tyre surface has certain thickness, the first tooth sprocket 1801 is jacked up, the first tooth sprocket 1801 is pierced into tyre surface, is synchronous below tyre surface Band 1701, synchronous belt 1701 are driven, and drive tyre surface to forward, the first tooth sprocket 1801 headed on tyre surface, which is also driven, to be turned Come, prevents whipping.
As preferred embodiment, the second swing arm 1804, the second swing arm is arranged in the length direction perpendicular to swinging axle 1805 1804 free end connects the second tooth sprocket 1802 by short tooth sprocket shaft 1803;Second tooth sprocket 1802 further increases tire Frictional force between face and synchronous belt 1701 reduces tyre surface and skids, and prevents tyre surface on laminating drum because speed acts on whipping.
Three, laminating apparatus
As shown in figure 12, laminating apparatus includes thousand layers of roller mechanism 20 and Fa Dao mechanisms 21, and thousand layers of roller mechanism 20 include left and right The first installation part 2001 and the second installation part 2002 being arranged are equipped with three between the first installation part 2001 and the second installation part 2002 Root supporting rod 2003 and thousand layers of roller 2004, thousand layers of roller 2004 are located above the front end of tyre surface conveying mechanism, the first installation part 2001 connect cylinder 2006 by 2005 connector of Y types cylinder respectively with the front side of the second installation part 2002, and two cylinders 2006 divide It is not fixed on the front side of left plate 1302 and right plate 1301;Wherein, thousand layers of roller 2004 by 94 pressure roller groups at N piece pressures Pressure of the power roll press on tyre surface is divided into 16 pressure areas, and valve island 21 includes that 94 small cylinders 2101 and 16 groups of ratios subtract Pressure valve, 94 small cylinders are divided into 16 pressure areas, and 16 pressure area central symmetries control the pressure of 94 small cylinders, 16 Pressure area is automatically controlled by 16 groups of proportional pressure-reducing valves;Increase the thousand layers of roller cooperation control pressure fitting of multi-disc pressure.According to tyre surface Specification, be bonded before tyre surface physical length, coordinate the feeding speed of tyre surface, automatically control tyre surface fitting and tread joint product Matter.
The characteristics of all-steel tire tread is that tyre surface is wide, and there is shape in upper surface, and the tyre surface of different size has different shapes.It is more The design of piece pressure roll can solve the problems, such as to cause to be bonded poor quality since tyre surface upper level is uneven very well.Due to Multi-disc roller is made of 94 small pressure plates, so the surface of pressure roll can follow the shape of tyre surface and change, in this way in tire Entire tyre surface, which may be implemented, during closing in face paste to be compacted, and increase substantially fitting quality.
Four, centering device
As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, centering device determines central roll mounting bar 142 and second including first and determines central roll mounting bar 143;First, which determines central roll mounting bar 142 and second, determines longitudinal arrangement on central roll mounting bar 143 and has multiple block rollers 147, and first is fixed Central roll mounting bar 142 and the second horizontal spacing for determining between central roll mounting bar 143 are adjusted by three groups of group spacing adjusting devices 141 Section;The short side of two groups of spacing adjusting devices 141 and tyre surface conveying direction is arranged in parallel, and every group of spacing adjusting device includes first Strut 146, second support bar 145, the 5th servo motor 1401 (with reference to figure 1), the first sliding block 1405, the second sliding block 1406, Three slides 1407, the 4th slide 1408, conduit 1410, lead screw 1412, guide rail 1409 (with reference to shown in figure 14);First support bar 146 and one end of second support bar 145 be separately mounted to first and determine central roll mounting bar 142 and second to determine central roll mounting bar 143, One supporting rod 146 and the other end of second support bar 145 are connect with the first sliding block 1405 and the second sliding block 1406 respectively, conduit 1410 are fixed by the first fixture block 1402 and the second fixture block 1403 and offer the first guide groove 1415 and second guiding in side Slot 1411, lead screw 1412 are mounted on 1410 inside of conduit, and the both sides of lead screw 1412 are respectively equipped with the first swivel nut 1414 and the second spiral shell Set 1413, the first swivel nut 1414 and 1413 lead screw 1412 of the second swivel nut are threadedly coupled, and the first sliding block and the sliding of the second sliding block are worn On guide rod and on the inside of it with the first swivel nut 1412 stretched out respectively from the first guide groove 1409 and the second guide groove 1411 and the Two swivel nuts 1413 connect, and the bottom of the first sliding block 1405 and the second sliding block 1406 is respectively equipped with third slide 1407 and the 4th slide 1408, the bottom of third slide 1407 and the 4th slide 1408 is equipped with the linear guide 1409, and the 5th servo motor 1401 passes through drive During the dynamic rotation of lead screw 1412 drives the first sliding block 1405 and the second sliding block 1406 to be moved along conduit 1410, and then drive first is fixed Roller mounting bar 142 and second determine central roll mounting bar 143 it is close or separation;Preferably, being equipped between the swivel nut and conduit One end of deep groove ball bearing, swivel nut is connect with servo motor, and the other end is equipped with spacer.Tyre surface block roller and universal wheel in surely are matched Under cooperation is used, not only may be implemented tyre surface it is automatically fixed in, moreover it is possible to so that inclined tyre surface is finally parallel to tyre surface feed frame edge, make It is more accurate that tyre surface surveys long result;
Five, measuring motion
As shown in Fig. 1,12 and 15, measuring motion 15 includes the first detection branch being respectively provided on front side of installation frame with rear side Frame 1501 and the second detection support 1503, in the first detection support of tyre surface roller-way mechanism 1501 and in the second detection support respectively Equipped with the first test position sensor 1502 and the second test position sensor 1504, the first test position sensor 1502 and Two test position sensors 1504 are located above tyre surface roller-way mechanism, and the second detection support 1503 passes through transmission mechanism and pressing plate 1505 translate along tyre surface conveying direction, and transmission mechanism includes the 6th servo motor 1506, synchronous pulley 1507, strainer 1508 And drive coordination band 1509, the 6th servo motor 1506 are sequentially connected by speed reducer and synchronous pulley 1507, the second detection The bottom end of holder 1503 is mounted on detection mounting base 1510, and detection mounting base 1510 is fixed on the cooperation of pressing plate 1505 On drive coordination band 1509, and the 5th slide and sliding rail 1511 are equipped in the bottom of detection mounting base 1510, wherein tensioning device Structure further includes tensioning wheel, dampened disk 1512 etc.;Wherein, the first and second test position sensor is correlation optoelectronic switch and laser Sensor.
Tyre surface via centering device it is fixed in after, provide power by driving wheel and moved forward for tyre surface, the arrival of tyre surface head Stop movement after first test position sensor, the 6th servo motor drives the second detection support to move forward, and passes through second After test position sensor detects tyre surface tail portion, the 6th servo motor stops driving and has recorded the displacement of the second detection support S, the total length that the first test position to the second test position resides position on tyre surface carriage are L, and the total length of tyre surface is L-S.
The course of work of tyre surface feeding system provided by the invention is:
1, the louver vehicle for being mounted with tyre surface is pushed into working position by operative employee, there are the mechanisms such as cylinder, guide wheel automatically by trolley It shifts position onto and fixes;
2, four shaft industrial robots start to capture tyre surface automatically, if detecting does not have tyre surface on current hinge, automatically Hinge is opened, next layer of tyre surface is captured.
3, robot catching robot is mounted with 14 groups of vacuum absorption devices, catches and tire is sucked using vacuum cup after tyre surface It simultaneously lifts in face.
4, it using the multi-joint characteristic of industrial robot, is placed on the rack of turn-over rig, places after capturing tyre surface Frame is driven by the rotation of shaft to realize tyre surface turn-over, is then put tyre surface to conveying device;
5, instruction is sent out by PLC, the first block roller mounting bar and the first block roller mounting bar close up, in so that tyre surface is returned.
6, after during tyre surface is returned, tyre surface head is forwarded to the first inspection positions, and the second detection support drives the second inspection It surveys sensor to start to move, detects the tail portion of tyre surface and record walking displacement, obtain the physical length of tyre surface.
7, during tyre surface is bonded, assembly drum fitting speed is adjusted according to the length of tyre surface in real time and is fed speed with tyre surface Speed difference between degree realizes that tread joint correctly docks.
8, during being bonded, 16 pressure areas of pressure point of multi-disc pressure roll press tyre surface, according to the tyre surface of different size The pressure value for pre-setting each pressure area automatically switches as formula.Each of the binding face of realization tyre surface and lower Flour product Contact position perfect can be bonded.
It should be pointed out that above example is only the representative example of the present invention.The present invention can also there are many deformations.It is every Essence according to the present invention is considered as belonging to this to any simple modification, equivalent change and modification made by above example The protection domain of invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of tyre surface automatic feeder, the feeding device include include rack (19) and the turn-over being arranged in rack dress It sets (12), conveying device (13,17), centering device (14), measuring motion (15), anti-tail flick apparatus (18) and laminating apparatus (20,21);The rack (19) is parallel with first support (190) and second support (191) in its length extending direction;
Outside-in is equipped with first group of supporting rack (1901) and second group of supporting rack (1902) in first support (190), the The left and right ends of two groups of supporting racks (1902) are respectively equipped with the first fixed seat (1206) and the second fixed seat (1207);Turn-over rig Including first servo motor (1201), shaft (1205) and rack (1204);The both ends of shaft (1205) are journaled into first Fixed seat (1206) and the second fixed seat (1207) and with first servo motor (1201) be sequentially connected, rack (1204) installing It is located in shaft (1205) and when without spinning movement on first group of supporting rack (1901), first servo motor (1201) rack (1204) is driven to rotate by drive shaft (1205), rack (1204) is equipped with for picking and placeing tyre surface Fetching device;
Second support (191) be equipped with conveying device, centering device (14), measuring motion (15), anti-tail flick apparatus (18) and Laminating apparatus (20,21);
Conveying device includes tyre surface roller-way mechanism (13), servo-actuating device (16) and tyre surface conveying mechanism (17), second support (191) it is equipped with installation frame (22), the installation frame (22) is by front side board (2203), left plate (2202) and right plate (2201) it surrounds, the rear openings of installation frame are roused towards banding for tyre surface conveyor belt drum to be bonded, in installing frame Setting tyre surface roller-way mechanism (13) and tyre surface conveying mechanism (17), tyre surface conveying mechanism (17) are located at tyre surface roller machine in frame (22) The downstream of structure (13);
Tyre surface roller-way mechanism includes multi-directional ball shaft assembly and idler assembly, and idler assembly is located at the downstream of multi-directional ball shaft assembly, and ten thousand Include more multi-directional ball axis (1304) arranged in parallel to ball shaft assembly and be arranged on multi-directional ball axis (1304) multiple ten thousand To ball (1303), the both ends of every multi-directional ball axis (1304) are separately mounted to left plate (2202) and right plate (2201), more Multi-directional ball axis (1304) has been longitudinally extended a stiffener plate (1302);Idler assembly includes multiple rows of roll shaft (1307) and set The both ends of the multiple rows of roll body (1308) being located on the outside of roll shaft, multiple rows of roll shaft (1307) are separately mounted to left plate (2202) and right side The both ends of plate (2201), roll body are equipped with stop collar (1310);
Tyre surface conveying mechanism (17) include at least the 4th servo motor (1703), speed reducer, live-roller, preceding tensioning roll assembly and Synchronous belt (1701), the 4th servo motor (1703) drive live-roller by speed reducer;Live-roller passes through described in synchronous band connection Preceding tensioning roll assembly
Servo-actuating device includes wobble component, lifting assembly and drive wheel assemblies, and wobble component and lifting assembly drive driving Wheel assembly is swung and lifting causes driving wheel to occur or stop to be driven with tyre surface;Wobble component includes swing arm (1616), rotation Axis (1617), mounting base (1615) and oscillating cylinder, lifting assembly include third driving cylinder, the linear guide (1612) and Second slide (1610), drive wheel assemblies include third servo motor (1606), speed reducer and driving wheel (1601), left plate Side is equipped with mounting base (1615), first bearing seat (1613) and second bearing seat (1614) on mounting base (1615), Rotary shaft (1617) is mounted on first bearing seat (1613) and second bearing seat (1614) by bearing, and swing arm (1616) is sleeved on Being driven in rotary shaft (1617) and by oscillating cylinder drives rotary shaft (1617) to swing, and the free end of rotary shaft (1617) is connected to Mounting plate (1609), mounting plate are equipped with second slide (1610), and third drives cylinder driving the linear guide (1612) second It is moved on slide, third servo motor is connect by speed reducer with driving wheel (1601);
Centering device determines central roll mounting bar (142) and second including first and determines central roll mounting bar (143);First determines central roll mounting bar (142) and second determines longitudinal arrangement on central roll mounting bar (143) multiple block rollers (147), and first determines central roll mounting bar (142) And second determine horizontal spacing between central roll mounting bar (143) and pass through at least two groups spacing adjusting device (141) to adjust;Between two groups It is arranged in parallel away from regulating device (141) and the short side of tyre surface conveying direction, every group of spacing adjusting device includes first support bar (146), second support bar (145), the 5th servo motor (1401), the first sliding block (1405), the second sliding block (1406), third are slided Seat (1407), the 4th slide (1408), conduit (1410), lead screw (1412), guide rail (1409),;First support bar (146) and One end of two supporting rods (145), which is separately mounted to first, determines central roll mounting bar (142) and second and determines central roll mounting bar (143), and One supporting rod (146) and the other end of second support bar (145) connect with the first sliding block (1405) and the second sliding block (1406) respectively It connects, conduit (1410) is fixed by the first fixture block (1402) and the second fixture block (1403) and offers the first guide groove in side (1415) it is mounted on the inside of conduit (1410) with the second guide groove (1411), lead screw (1412), the both sides difference of lead screw (1412) Equipped with the first swivel nut (1414) and the second swivel nut (1413), the first swivel nut (1414) and the second swivel nut (1413) and 1412 spiral shell of lead screw Line connects, the first sliding block and the sliding of the second sliding block be threaded through on guide rod and its inside with respectively from the first guide groove (1409) and the The first swivel nut (1414) and the second swivel nut (1413), the first sliding block (1405) and the second sliding block that two guide grooves (1411) stretch out (1406) bottom is respectively equipped with third slide (1407) and the 4th slide (1408), third slide (1407) and the 4th slide (1408) bottom is equipped with the linear guide (1409), and the 5th servo motor (1401) drives the by driving lead screw (1412) to rotate One sliding block (1405) and the second sliding block (1406) are mobile along conduit (1410), and then drive first to determine 142 He of central roll mounting bar Second determine central roll mounting bar 143 it is close or separation.
Measuring motion (15) includes the first detection support (1501) and the second detection being respectively provided on front side of installation frame with rear side It is respectively equipped with the first test position sensor in holder (1503), the first detection support (1501) and the second detection support (1503) (1502) and the second test position sensor (1504), the second detection support (1503) pass through transmission mechanism and pressing plate (1505) edge Tyre surface conveying direction translates, and transmission mechanism includes the 6th servo motor (1506), synchronous pulley (1507), strainer (1508) And drive coordination band (1509), the 6th servo motor (1506) are connect by speed reducer with synchronous pulley (1507), synchronous belt Wheel is mounted on detection mounting base by drive coordination band connection and the strainer, the bottom end of the second detection support (1503) (1510) on, detection mounting base (1510) is fixed on pressing plate (1505) cooperation on drive coordination band (1509), and at its bottom Portion is equipped with the 5th slide and sliding rail (1511).
2. to go the tyre surface automatic feeder described in 1, the biography of the transmission speed and driving wheel of synchronous belt (1701) according to right It is 1 to send speed:1.
3. to go the tyre surface automatic feeder described in 1, the fetching device to be realized by following structure type according to right:Institute Stating rack, there is rectangular frame (12041), the rectangular frame (12041) to be fixed with multigroup mounting bracket, and mounting bracket is by guide rod group At mounting bracket includes the first guide rod (1267), the second guide rod (1268) and third guide rod (1269);Mounting bracket is equipped with and is distributed in Left clamping device at left and right sides of rack (1204) and right clamping device, left clamping device include at least two and rectangular frame (12041) length direction left hook plate (1242) disposed in parallel and the first driving cylinder (1240), the first driving cylinder (1240) it is mounted on the second guide rod (1268) and third guide rod (1269) by cylinder bottom plate (1243), each left hook plate (1242) it is connect with the piston rod of the first driving cylinder (1240) by connector (1241);Right clamping device includes at least two Right hook plate (1270), second driving cylinder (1251) and the sliding equipment parallel with rectangular frame length direction, sliding equipment The guide rail (1265,1266) set up separately including the first guide bar receiver (1260), the second guide bar receiver (1261), two and the first cunning Seat (1264), first slide (1264) are slidably connected on two guide rails set up separately (1265,1266), two guide rails set up separately The both ends of (1265,1266) be separately fixed at the first guide bar receiver (1260) and the second guide bar receiver (1261, the second driving cylinder (1251) one end is mounted on the first guide rod (1267), the second guide rod by air cylinder tailstock (1252) and air cylinder base (1250) (1268) on, right hook plate (1270) have drag hook arm (1271), drag hook arm (1271) be mounted on first slide (1264) on and by The piston rod connection of second driving cylinder carries out translation motion, passes through the first driving cylinder (1240) and the second driving cylinder (1251) left hook plate is realized in work and right hook plate is close or separation.
4. to remove the tyre surface automatic feeder described in 1 according to right, it is characterised in that:The turn-over rig passes through speed Control Device controls speed when rack executes spinning movement, and the speed-change control device includes being installed circumferentially at the first fixed seat (1260) first is close to switch base (1212), second close to switch base (1213) and third close to switch base (1214);? First (installs first to connect close to switch base (1213) and third close to switch base (1212), second close to switch base on 1214 Nearly switch, the second close switch and the close switch of third;Turn the tip of the axis and is equipped with sender wheel (1215), the sender wheel (1215) it is equipped with lug (1216).
5. to remove the tyre surface automatic feeder described in 5 according to right, it is characterised in that:It is set above the tyre surface conveying mechanism You Fang whippings mechanism (18), the anti-whipping mechanism include connecting seat (1810), at least one long tooth sprocket shaft (1811), swing Axis (1805), the first swing arm (1816) and third swing arm (1808);Swinging axle (1805) both ends, which are equipped with, swings shaft retaining ring (1817), the both sides of swinging axle are respectively equipped with the first swing arm (1816), and the first swing arm (1806) is by connecting bolt (1807) even Third swing arm (1808) is connect, connecting seat (1810) includes the left connecting seat and right connecting seat that the left and right sides is respectively provided with, two thirds Swing arm (1808) is articulated in respectively on left connecting seat and right connecting seat;The both ends of long tooth sprocket shaft (1811) are separately mounted to left company On joint chair and right connecting seat, and it is equipped with long tooth sprocket wheel shaft retaining ring (1812) in its both-side ends, long tooth sprocket shaft is set on (1811) There are multiple first tooth sprockets (1801).
6. to remove the tyre surface automatic feeder described in 1 according to right, it is characterised in that:Laminating apparatus includes thousand layers of roller mechanism (20) and Fa Dao mechanisms (21), thousand layers of roller mechanism (20) include the first installation part (2001) and the second installation part of left and right settings (2002), an at least supporting rod (2003) and thousand layers are equipped between the first installation part (2001) and the second installation part (2002) Roller (2004), thousand layers of roller (204) are located above the rear end of tyre surface conveying mechanism, the first installation part (2001) and the second installation part (2002) front side connects cylinder (206) by Y types cylinder (2005) connector respectively, and two cylinders (2006) are separately fixed at a left side On the front side of side plate (1302) and right plate (1301);Wherein, thousand layers of roller (2004) by N pieces pressure roller group at N piece pressure roll-ins Closing the pressure on tyre surface is divided m pressure area, m to be less than n, and valve island 21 includes that N number of small cylinder (2101) and m group ratios depressurize Valve, N number of small cylinder are divided into m pressure area, and the pressure of m pressure area central symmetry n small cylinder of control, n pressure area is by n Group proportional pressure-reducing valve automatically controls.
7. to remove the tyre surface automatic feeder described in 5 according to right, it is characterised in that:Length direction perpendicular to swinging axle is set The second swing arm is set, the free end of the second swing arm passes through short tooth sprocket wheel the second tooth sprocket of axis connection.
CN201810654736.9A 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of tyre surface automatic feeder Pending CN108790230A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810654736.9A CN108790230A (en) 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of tyre surface automatic feeder

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810654736.9A CN108790230A (en) 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of tyre surface automatic feeder

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CN108790230A true CN108790230A (en) 2018-11-13

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110722817A (en) * 2019-08-27 2020-01-24 知轮(杭州)科技有限公司 System for automatically attaching TPMS sensor inside tire
CN111267380A (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-06-12 东营市方兴橡胶有限责任公司 Automatic tread feeding system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110722817A (en) * 2019-08-27 2020-01-24 知轮(杭州)科技有限公司 System for automatically attaching TPMS sensor inside tire
CN110722817B (en) * 2019-08-27 2021-07-13 知轮(杭州)科技有限公司 System for automatically attaching TPMS sensor inside tire
CN111267380A (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-06-12 东营市方兴橡胶有限责任公司 Automatic tread feeding system

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