CN208745401U - A kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus - Google PatentsA kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN208745401U CN208745401U CN201820971025.XU CN201820971025U CN208745401U CN 208745401 U CN208745401 U CN 208745401U CN 201820971025 U CN201820971025 U CN 201820971025U CN 208745401 U CN208745401 U CN 208745401U
- Prior art keywords
- tyre surface
- installation part
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
The utility model provides a kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus, the device includes thousand layers of roller mechanism) and Fa Dao mechanism, thousand layers of roller mechanism include the first installation part and the second installation part of left and right settings, first installation part (is equipped at least one support rod and thousand layers of roller between the second installation part, thousand layers of roller are located at tyre surface and stretch above the rear end of conveying mechanism, first installation part passes through Y type cylinder connector with the front side of the second installation part respectively and connect cylinder, and two cylinders are separately fixed on the front side of left plate and right side plate；Wherein, thousand layers of roller by N piece pressure roller group at, N piece pressure roll is pressed together on the pressure on tyre surface and is divided m pressure area, m is less than N, Fa Dao mechanism includes N number of small cylinder and m group proportional pressure-reducing valve, N number of small cylinder is divided into m pressure area, and m pressure area central symmetry controls the pressure of N number of small cylinder, and m pressure area is automatically controlled by m group proportional pressure-reducing valve.
The invention belongs to rubber mechanical equipment field more particularly to a kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus.
All steel load tire tread is squeezed out compound, pressure contraction, calender lamination, cooling by preceding working procedure tyre surface extrusion line The process flows such as conveying, cut-to-length are process.Tyre surface after processing is put into blinds trolley, and is transported to all steel load wheel By tyre forming machine, after tyre surface is removed simultaneously turn-over from louver vehicle by forming operation work, put to tyre surface feed frame.
About 40 kilograms of the weight of one all steel load tire tread, one class's production about 90, manual handling labour is strong Degree is big, and easily damages tyre surface in carrying switching process, causes fitting front tyre roll side, influences tire quality.In addition, During fitting, because feed frame lacks centering device before fitting, tyre surface device for detecting length, tread joint intervenes dress automatically It sets, the functions such as laminating apparatus, bonding position, connector and fitting quality, the product stability for requiring manual intervention tyre surface are difficult to Guarantee.
Therefore it can not be adjusted in parallel by vertical direction pressure, then tyre surface fixed length measurement data is absolutely inaccurate.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus, which includes thousand layers of roller mechanism and Fa Dao mechanism, thousand layers of roller mechanism The first installation part and the second installation part including left and right settings are equipped at least one branch between the first installation part and the second installation part Strut and thousand layers of roller, thousand layers of roller are located above the rear end of tyre surface conveying mechanism, the front side of the first installation part and the second installation part Cylinder is connected by Y type cylinder connector respectively, two cylinders are separately fixed on the front side of left plate and right side plate；Wherein, thousand Layer roller is by N piece pressure roller group at N piece pressure roll is pressed together on the pressure on tyre surface and is divided m pressure area, and m is less than N, Fa Dao mechanism It is divided into m pressure area, m pressure area central symmetry control including N small cylinders and m group proportional pressure-reducing valve, N number of small cylinder The pressure of N processed small cylinders, m pressure area are automatically controlled by m group proportional pressure-reducing valve.
Preferably, thousand layers of roller are by 94 pressure roller groups at 94 pressure rolls are pressed together on the pressure on tyre surface and are divided 16 Pressure area, Fa Dao mechanism include 94 small cylinder 2101 and 16 groups of proportional pressure-reducing valves, and 94 small cylinders are divided into 16 pressure Area, 16 pressure area central symmetries control the pressure of 94 small cylinders, and 16 pressure areas are controlled automatically by 16 groups of proportional pressure-reducing valves System.
The present invention increases thousand layers of roller cooperation control pressure plaster of multi-disc pressure in such a way that press bonding roller and valve island match Close, according to the specification of tyre surface, the physical length of tyre surface before being bonded cooperates the feeding speed of tyre surface, automatically control tyre surface fitting and Tread joint quality；Substantially increase Anawgy accuracy.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of tyre surface automatic feeding system；
Fig. 2 is structural representation Fig. 1 of feeding device；
Fig. 3 is structural representation Fig. 2 of feeding device；
Fig. 4 is structural representation Fig. 1 of turn-over rig；
Fig. 5 is the reverse geometry schematic diagram of Fig. 4；
Fig. 6 is the partial enlarged view of speed-change control device；
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of conveying device；
Fig. 8 is the active force mechanism of tyre surface stretching structure and the structural schematic diagram of preceding tensioning roll assembly；
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of servo-actuating device；
Figure 10 is the wobble component enlarged diagram of servo-actuating device；
Figure 11 is the enlarged diagram of anti-whipping mechanism；
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of laminating apparatus；
Figure 13 is the structural schematic diagram of centering agency；
Figure 14 is the structural schematic diagram of spacing adjusting device；
Figure 15 is the structural schematic diagram of measuring motion.
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of tyre surface automatic feeding system, which includes louver vehicle 10, grabbing device 11, feed Device 100 and PLC controller；Grabbing device 11 is fitted in band after the tyre surface on louver vehicle 10 is transferred to feeding device 100 On beam drum, tyre surface is located at the rear of feeding device (diagram is not shown)；Louver vehicle, grabbing device and feeding device are and PLC Controller signals connection；
Multilayer hinge is formed on louver vehicle 10, stores one layer of tyre surface on each hinge 1101；Multilayer tyre surface is vertically arranged point It is not placed in and is chopped on hinge, louver vehicle is the common trolley of the common storage tyre surface in workshop, will be mounted with tyre surface by operative employee Louver vehicle is pushed into working position, has the mechanisms such as cylinder, guide wheel to shift trolley onto position automatically and fixes；When grabbing device such as manipulator It detects current hinge 1101 then to dig the page without tyre surface, and fixes.
Grabbing device includes four shaft industrial robots 11, and four shaft industrial robots are purchase gained, four shaft industrial robots 11 are mounted on linear mould group and horizontal linearity mould group are driven to realize lifting and translation motion vertically；The machinery of four shaft industrial robots Hand is equipped with two rows of vacuum chucks 1105,1106 arranged in parallel, and the quantity of every vacuum pumping sucker is 14, thus constitutes 14 Group vacuum chuck, the vacuum chuck are drawn or are detached from tyre surface by vacuum generator such as vacuum pump；
Wherein, linear mould group and horizontal linearity mould group is driven to be realized four axis as needed by two servo motor drivings vertically The lifting or translation work of industrial machine, such as linear mould group include at least slide, the sliding rail for being fixed on industrial robot one end Deng.In the present embodiment, it is only necessary to use to three axis (axis 2 1102, axis 3 1103, axis 4 1104) in four axis and specifically act It is as follows: axis 2 1102, axis 3 1103, axis 4 1104 linkage under keep catching robot horizontal position, absorption down, and is pressed Setting track enters louver vehicle, and the rotation of axis 2 1102 keeps catching robot downward, touches tyre surface, 14 on catching robot group Vacuum chuck 1105,1106 starts to vacuumize, and tyre surface is sucked by sucker, and then manipulator presses former track and removes louver vehicle.Machine It is mobile to tread serviser position in the case where axis 2 1102, axis 3 1103, axis 4 1104 link after tool hand crawl tyre surface.In movement Axis 4 further rotates mechanical wrist when to bottom, makes tyre surface upward and holding is horizontal, tyre surface is then placed into rack On.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, feeding device 100 includes rack 19 and the turn-over rig 12 being arranged on the rack, conveying Device 13,17, centering device 14, measuring motion 15, anti-tail flick apparatus 18 and laminating apparatus 20,21；The rack 19 is in its length Degree extending direction has first support 190 and second support 191 in parallel.
One, turn-over rig
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, outside-in is equipped with first group of support frame 1901 and second group in first support 190 Support frame 1902, the left and right ends of second group of support frame 1902 are respectively equipped with the first fixing seat 1206 and the second fixing seat 1207； Turn-over rig includes first servo motor 1201, shaft 1205 and rack 1204；The both ends of shaft 1205 are journaled into first It fixing seat 1206 and the second fixing seat 1207 and is sequentially connected by shaft coupling 1202 and first servo motor 1201, rack 1204 are installed in shaft 1205 and are located on first group of support frame 1901 when without spinning movement, the first servo electricity Machine 1201 drives rack 1204 to rotate by drive shaft 1205；
Rack (1204) is equipped with the fetching device for picking and placing tyre surface；Wherein, fetching device can use a variety of shapes Formula, such as 1: tyre surface can be drawn or be detached from by vacuum chuck realize that turn-over rig picks and places the movement of tyre surface；In this implementation In example, the rack has rectangular frame 12041, which is fixed with multiple groups mounting rack, and mounting rack is by guide rod Composition, as shown in figure 3, mounting rack includes the first guide rod 1267, the second guide rod 1268 and third guide rod 1269；Fetching device includes Mounting rack is equipped with the left clamping device and right clamping device for being distributed in 1204 left and right sides of rack, and left clamping device includes extremely Few two left hook plates 1242 disposed in parallel with 12041 length direction of rectangular frame and first cylinder 1240 is driven, this One driving cylinder 1240 is mounted on the second guide rod 1268 and third guide rod 1269 by cylinder bottom plate 1243, each left hook plate 1242 are connect by connector 1241 with the piston rod of the first driving cylinder 1240；Right clamping device includes at least two and square The parallel right hook plate 1270, second in shape lengths of frame direction drives cylinder 1251 and sliding equipment, and sliding equipment includes first Guide bar receiver 1260,1261, two guide rails set up separately 1265,1266 of the second guide bar receiver and first slide 1264, first is sliding Seat 1264 is slidably connected on two guide rails set up separately 1265,1266, and the both ends of two guide rails 1265,1266 set up separately are solid respectively It is scheduled on the first guide bar receiver 1260 and the second guide bar receiver 1261, one end of the second driving cylinder 1251 passes through air cylinder tailstock 1252 The first guide rod 1267 is mounted on, on the second guide rod 1268 with air cylinder base 1250, and right hook plate includes translation hook and drag hook arm, is drawn Hook arm 1271 is mounted in first slide 1264 and carries out translation motion by the piston rod connection of the second driving cylinder, passes through first Drive the left hook plate of work realization and right hook plate of cylinder 1240 and the second driving cylinder 1251 close or separation；Particularly preferred Embodiment are as follows: front and back is equipped with the first limited block 1262 and the second limited block 1263 on two guide rails set up separately 1265,1266, And at least two left 1242 upper cover of hook plate be equipped with limit plate 1245；
In addition, being equipped with several groups unpowered roller component in rectangular frame 12401, the power roll assembly includes first solid Fixed board 1281, the second fixed plate 1282 and the spring pressure being fixed between the first fixed plate 1281 and the second fixed plate 1282 Enter formula unpowered roller 1280；
In the present embodiment, optimal embodiment is that turn-over rig controls rack by speed-change control device and executes rotation Speed of rotation when making, as it can be seen in figures 5 and 6, the speed-change control device includes be installed circumferentially at the first fixing seat 1206 the One close to switch base 1212, second close to switch base 1213 and third close to switch base 1214；As shown, described first connects Nearly switch base 1212, second close to switch base 1213 and third close to switch base 1214 be an arc iron block, three arcs Shape iron block is annular and sets, and is connect respectively close to switch base 1212, second close to switch base 1213 and third first by punching First is installed on nearly switch base 1214 close to switch, the second close switch and the close switch of third (diagram is not shown)；Shaft End be equipped with sender wheel 1215, the sender wheel 1215 be equipped with lug 1216, shaft 1205 is in rotary course and convolution In the process, the sender wheel successively triggers first equipped with lug 24 and opens close to switch, second close to switch and third are close It closes；And then control the reversal rate of rack 1204；The danger that turn-over rig is fallen due to overturning too fast tyre surface will not occur, it is whole A turn-over process is stablized, and is not susceptible to danger.
As addedly, first servo motor 1201, the first fixing seat 1206 and 1207 bottom of the second fixing seat are pacified respectively Equipped with first angle adjustment plate 1209, second angle adjustment plate 1208 and third angle adjustment plate 1210, first angle adjustment Plate 1209, second angle adjustment plate 1208 and third angle adjustment plate 1210 have slope；In first angle adjustment plate, second The slope of angle adjustment plate and third angle adjustment plate is equipped at least two groups mounting hole.Tyre surface is placed into tyre surface rack On, and clamped by fetching device.PLC sends instruction and carries out tyre surface automatic turning, causes tyre surface quality to damage to prevent tyre surface from falling Bad while, utmostly guarantees tyre surface reversal rate, carries out variable speed design to switching process, switching process successively triggers first Close to switch, the second close switch and the close switch of third.
Second support 191 is equipped with conveying device, centering device 14, measuring motion 15, anti-tail flick apparatus 18 and fitting Device 20,21.
Two, conveying device
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, conveying device includes tyre surface roller-way mechanism 13, servo-actuating device 16 and tyre surface conveyer Structure 17, second support 191 is equipped with installation frame 22, as shown in fig. 6, the installation frame 22 is by front side board 2203, left plate 2202 and right side plate 2201 surround, the rear openings of installation frame are towards banding drum for pasting tyre surface conveyor belt drum It closes, tyre surface roller-way mechanism 13 is set in installation frame 22 and tyre surface conveying mechanism 17, tyre surface conveying mechanism 17 are located at tyre surface roller The downstream of road mechanism 13；
1. tyre surface roller-way mechanism 13
As shown in fig. 7, tyre surface roller-way mechanism includes multi-directional ball shaft assembly and idler assembly, idler assembly is located at multi-directional ball axis The downstream of component, multi-directional ball shaft assembly include more multi-directional ball axis 1304 arranged in parallel and are arranged on multi-directional ball axis 1304 Multiple multi-directional balls 1303, the both ends of every multi-directional ball axis 1304 are separately mounted to left plate 2202 and right side plate 2201, more The longitudinal direction of multi-directional ball axis 1304 is extended with a stiffener plate 1302；Idler assembly includes multiple rows of roll shaft 1307 and is set in roller The both ends of multiple rows of roll body 1308 on the outside of axis, multiple rows of roll shaft 1307 are separately mounted to left plate 2202 and right side plate 2201, roll body Both ends be equipped with limit sleeve 1310；In the present embodiment, one group of carrying roller 1305 is equipped between multi-directional ball shaft assembly；
2. tyre surface conveying mechanism 17
As shown in figure 8, synchronous belt 1701 is not shown in Fig. 8, with reference to Fig. 6, tyre surface conveying mechanism 17 includes at least main power machines Structure, preceding tensioning roll assembly and synchronous belt 1701, preceding tensioning roll assembly include including the first driving roller 1702, the second live-roller Cylinder 1705 and synchronous belt liner plate 1706, wrap up on live-roller and preceding tensioning roll assembly and set synchronous belt 1701, active force mechanism packet The 4th servo motor 1703 is included, speed reducer, live-roller 1708 etc., the 4th servo motor 1703 drive live-roller by speed reducer 1708, live-roller 1708 connects the preceding tensioning roll assembly by synchronous belt 1701, and the downside of the synchronous belt is equipped with synchronous belt Liner plate 1707；
3. servo-actuating device 16
As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, servo-actuating device includes wobble component, lifting assembly and drive wheel assemblies, swing group Part and lifting assembly drive drive wheel assemblies swing and lifting causes driving wheel and tyre surface to occur or stop to be driven；Wobble component Including swing arm 1616, rotary shaft 1617, mounting base 1615 and oscillating cylinder (referring to Fig. 9), lifting assembly includes third driving Cylinder, linear guide 1612 and second slide 1610, drive wheel assemblies include third servo motor 1606,1605 and of speed reducer Driving wheel 1601, the side of left plate are equipped with mounting base 1615, first bearing seat 1613 and second on mounting base 1615 Bearing block 1614, rotary shaft 1617 are mounted on first bearing seat 1613 and second bearing seat 1614 by bearing, and 1616 sets of swing arm In rotary shaft 1617 and (being located on the inside of rack and be not shown) driving by oscillating cylinder drives rotary shaft 1617 to swing, rotary shaft 1617 top is connected to mounting plate 1609 (with reference to Fig. 9), and mounting plate is equipped with second slide 1610, and third drives cylinder driving Linear guide 1612 moves in second slide 1610, i.e., linear guide 1612, which is driven, carries out lifting displacement, and then drives and drive Driving wheel 1601 is gone up and down far from tyre surface or close to tyre surface；Third servo motor 1606 is connected by speed reducer 1605, speed reducer 1605 output shaft is connect with driving wheel 1601, and third servo motor 1606 is by motor side plate 1604 and link block 1607 and directly Line guide rail 1612 connects, and link block 1607 is equipped with cover board 1608, and cover board 1608 connect with the piston rod of third driving cylinder, drives Driving wheel includes outer driving wheel, driving lubrication groove 1602 and motor cover board 1603 etc..
The tyre surface that production line of tire tread gets off can be shunk after storing after a period of time, thus before fitting tyre surface actual (tube) length Degree can be shorter than full-length, this is the most important condition for realizing automatic joint.If the tyre surface length detected is longer than standard tyre surface Degree length, then automatically switch to manual mode, be bonded manually by manual intervention, artificial banjo fixing butt jointing.In the present embodiment, tire The realization of connector automatic butt: face automatic attaching only relies on speed difference between synchronous belt and banding drum and realizes that tyre surface is bonded, can make It skids at tyre surface, is bonded the phenomenon of inaccuracy, therefore the present invention designs a tyre surface driving wheel, provided for tyre surface transmission dual dynamic Power makes it keep 1:1 speed ratio between feed belt, and is bonded process and pushes down tyre surface using spine shape pressure roller, increasing friction force, It effectively prevent tyre surface to skid on feed belt.If the full-length of tyre surface is L (mm), the physical length of tyre surface is L ' (mm), it is worth on the basis of the rotation speed of banding drum, is remained unchanged by process set value, be a (rpm), then banding drum rotates a circle The required time is t=60/a (s), so the linear velocity of drum surface is L/t=L*a/60 (mm/s) when fitting.After making shortening Tyre surface can be realized connector docking, the linear velocity of fitting feed device is only reduced, by speed difference by tire while fitting It elongates in face.So the linear velocity of fitting feeding belt is L '/t=L ' * a/60 (mm/s), such banding drum rotates a circle, tyre surface Tail portion, which is just realized with head, docks.I.e. the present invention provides a kind of calculation method, the transmission speed of synchronous belt 1701 and drivings The transmission speed ratio of wheel 1601 is 1:1；Tyre surface is forwarding process, it is ensured that and whole section of tyre surface speed is consistent, will not stretch, and Tyre surface driving wheel 1601 provides power for tyre surface transmission, then is pasted by speed control between matching synchronous belt 1701 and banding drum Splice grafting head, specifies calculation method；
4. anti-whipping mechanism 18
In the present embodiment, as shown in figure 11, the top of the tyre surface conveying mechanism is equipped with anti-whipping mechanism 18, described anti- Whipping mechanism include attachment base 1810, two it is parallel and set long tooth sprocket shaft 1811, swinging axle 1805, swing shaft retaining ring 1817, long tooth sprocket wheel shaft retaining ring 1812, the first swing arm 1806, third swing arm 1808,1805 both ends of swinging axle, which are equipped with, swings axle bumper Circle 1817, the two sides of swinging axle are respectively equipped with the first swing arm 1806, and the first swing arm 1806 is designed in " 7 " font, the first swing arm 1806 connect third swing arm 1808 by connection bolt 1807, attachment base 1810 include the left attachment base that is respectively provided with of the left and right sides and Right attachment base, two third swing arms 1808 are articulated in respectively on left attachment base and right attachment base；The both ends of long tooth sprocket shaft 1811 It is separately mounted on left attachment base and right attachment base, and is equipped with long tooth sprocket wheel shaft retaining ring 1812, long tooth sprocket in its both-side ends Axis 1811 is equipped with multiple first tooth sprockets 1801；Before tyre surface is bonded, after tyre surface reaches the first tooth sprocket 1801 below, Since tyre surface has certain thickness, the first tooth sprocket 1801 is jacked up, it is synchronous below tyre surface that the first tooth sprocket 1801, which is pierced into tyre surface, Band 1701, synchronous belt 1701 are driven, and drive tyre surface to forward, the first tooth sprocket 1801 headed on tyre surface, which is also driven, to be turned Come, prevents whipping.
As preferred embodiment, second swing arm 1804, the second swing arm are set perpendicular to the length direction of swinging axle 1805 1804 free end connects the second tooth sprocket 1802 by short tooth sprocket shaft 1803；Second tooth sprocket 1802 further increases tire Frictional force between face and synchronous belt 1701 reduces tyre surface and skids, and prevents tyre surface on laminating drum because speed acts on whipping.
Three, laminating apparatus
As shown in figure 12, laminating apparatus includes thousand layers of roller mechanism 20 and Fa Dao mechanism 21, and thousand layers of roller mechanism 20 include left and right The first installation part 2001 and the second installation part 2002 being arranged are equipped with three between the first installation part 2001 and the second installation part 2002 Root support rod 2003 and thousand layers of roller 2004, thousand layers of roller 2004 are located above the front end of tyre surface conveying mechanism, the first installation part 2001 pass through 2005 connector of Y type cylinder with the front side of the second installation part 2002 respectively connect cylinder 2006, and two cylinders 2006 divide It is not fixed on the front side of left plate 1302 and right side plate 1301；Wherein, thousand layers of roller 2004 are by 94 pressure roller groups at 94 pressures Pressure of the power roll press on tyre surface is divided into 16 pressure areas, and valve island 21 includes that 94 small cylinder 2101 and 16 groups of ratios subtract Pressure valve, 94 small cylinders are divided into 16 pressure areas, and 16 pressure area central symmetries control the pressure of 94 small cylinders, and 16 Pressure area is automatically controlled by 16 groups of proportional pressure-reducing valves；Increase the thousand layers of roller cooperation control pressure fitting of multi-disc pressure.According to tyre surface Specification, the physical length of tyre surface, cooperates the feeding speed of tyre surface before being bonded, and automatically controls tyre surface fitting and tread joint product Matter.
The characteristics of all-steel tire tread is that tyre surface is wide, and there is shape in upper surface, and the tyre surface of different size has different shapes.It is more The design of piece pressure roll can solve the problems, such as to cause to be bonded poor quality since tyre surface upper level is uneven very well.Due to Multi-disc roller is made of 94 small pressure plates, so the surface of pressure roll can follow the shape of tyre surface and change, in this way in tire Entire tyre surface, which may be implemented, during closing in face paste to be compacted, and increase substantially fitting quality.
Four, centering device
As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, centering device determines central roll mounting bar 142 and second including first and determines central roll mounting bar 143；First, which determines central roll mounting bar 142 and second, determines longitudinal arrangement on central roll mounting bar 143 and has multiple block rollers 147, and first is fixed Central roll mounting bar 142 and second is determined horizontal spacing between central roll mounting bar 143 and is adjusted by three groups of group spacing adjusting devices 141 Section；The short side of two groups of spacing adjusting devices 141 and tyre surface conveying direction is arranged in parallel, and every group of spacing adjusting device includes first Strut 146, second support bar 145, the 5th servo motor 1401 (referring to Fig. 1), the first sliding block 1405, the second sliding block 1406, the Three slides 1407, the 4th slide 1408, conduit 1410, screw rod 1412, guide rail 1409 (with reference to shown in Figure 14)；First support bar 146 and one end of second support bar 145 be separately mounted to first and determine central roll mounting bar 142 and second to determine central roll mounting bar 143, One support rod 146 and the other end of second support bar 145 are connect with the first sliding block 1405 and the second sliding block 1406 respectively, conduit 1410 are fixed by the first fixture block 1402 and the second fixture block 1403 and offer the first guide groove 1415 and the second guiding in side Slot 1411, screw rod 1412 are mounted on 1410 inside of conduit, and the two sides of screw rod 1412 are respectively equipped with the first swivel nut 1414 and the second spiral shell Set 1413, the first swivel nut 1414 and 1413 screw rod 1412 of the second swivel nut are threadedly coupled, and the first sliding block and the sliding of the second sliding block are worn On guide rod and on the inside of it with the first swivel nut 1412 stretched out respectively from the first guide groove 1409 and the second guide groove 1411 and the The bottom of the connection of two swivel nuts 1413, the first sliding block 1405 and the second sliding block 1406 is respectively equipped with third slide 1407 and the 4th slide 1408, the bottom of third slide 1407 and the 4th slide 1408 is equipped with linear guide 1409, and the 5th servo motor 1401 passes through drive The dynamic rotation of screw rod 1412 drives the first sliding block 1405 and the second sliding block 1406 to move along conduit 1410, so drive first it is fixed in Roller mounting bar 142 and second determine central roll mounting bar 143 it is close or separation；Preferably, being equipped between the swivel nut and conduit One end of deep groove ball bearing, swivel nut is connect with servo motor, and the other end is equipped with spacer.Tyre surface block roller and universal wheel in surely are matched Under cooperation is used, not only may be implemented tyre surface it is automatically fixed in, moreover it is possible to so that inclined tyre surface is finally parallel to tyre surface feed frame edge, make It is more accurate that tyre surface surveys long result；
Five, measuring motion
As shown in Fig. 1,12 and 15, measuring motion 15 includes the first detection branch being respectively provided on front side of installation frame with rear side Frame 1501 and the second detection support 1503 are set respectively in the first detection support of tyre surface roller-way mechanism 1501 and in the second detection support There are the first detection position sensor 1502 and the second detection position sensor 1504, the first detection position sensor 1502 and second Detection position sensor 1504 is located above tyre surface roller-way mechanism, and the second detection support 1503 passes through transmission mechanism and pressing plate 1505 Along tyre surface conveying direction translate, transmission mechanism include the 6th servo motor 1506, synchronous pulley 1507, strainer 1508 and Drive coordination band 1509, the 6th servo motor 1506 are sequentially connected by speed reducer and synchronous pulley 1507, the second detection support 1503 bottom end, which is mounted on, to be detected on mounting base 1510, and detection mounting base 1510 and the cooperation of pressing plate 1505 are fixed on transmission together It walks on band 1509, and is equipped with the 5th slide and sliding rail 1511 in the bottom of detection mounting base 1510, wherein strainer also wraps Include tensioning wheel, dampened disk 1512 etc.；Wherein, the first and second detection position sensor is correlation optoelectronic switch and laser sensor.
Tyre surface via centering device it is fixed in after, provide power by driving wheel and moved forward for tyre surface, the arrival of tyre surface head Stop movement after first detection position sensor, the 6th servo motor drives the second detection support to move forward, and passes through second After detection position sensor detects tyre surface tail portion, the 6th servo motor stops driving and has recorded the displacement of the second detection support S, the first detection position is L to the total length that position is resided in the second detection position on tyre surface carriage, and the total length of tyre surface is L-S.
The course of work of tyre surface feeding system provided by the utility model are as follows:
1, the louver vehicle for being mounted with tyre surface is pushed into working position by operative employee, there are the mechanisms such as cylinder, guide wheel automatically by trolley It shifts position onto and fixes；
2, four shaft industrial robots start to automatically grab tyre surface, if detecting does not have tyre surface on current hinge, automatically Hinge is opened, next layer of tyre surface is grabbed.
3, robot catching robot is mounted with 14 groups of vacuum absorption devices, catches and tire is sucked using vacuum chuck after tyre surface It simultaneously lifts in face.
4, it using the multi-joint characteristic of industrial robot, is placed on the rack of turn-over rig, places after grabbing tyre surface Frame is driven by the rotation of shaft to realize tyre surface turn-over, is then put tyre surface to conveying device；
5, it is issued and is instructed by PLC, the first block roller mounting bar and the first block roller mounting bar close up, and makes during tyre surface returns.
6, tyre surface Gui Zhonghou, tyre surface head are forwarded to the first inspection positions, and the second detection support drives the second inspection It surveys sensor to start to move, detect the tail portion of tyre surface and records walking displacement, obtain the physical length of tyre surface.
7, during tyre surface is bonded, assembly drum fitting speed is adjusted according to the length of tyre surface in real time and tyre surface is fed speed Speed difference between degree realizes that tread joint correctly docks.
8, during being bonded, 16 pressure areas of pressure point of multi-disc pressure roll press tyre surface, according to the tyre surface of different size The pressure value for pre-setting each pressure area automatically switches as formula.Each of the binding face of realization tyre surface and lower Flour product Contact position perfect can be bonded.
It should be pointed out that above embodiments are only the representative examples of the utility model.The utility model can also there are many Deformation.All essence any simple modification, equivalent change and modification to the above embodiments according to the utility model, It is considered as belonging to the protection scope of the utility model.
1. a kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus, it is characterised in that: the device include thousand layers of roller mechanism (20) and Fa Dao mechanism (21), thousand layers Roller mechanism (20) include left and right settings the first installation part (2001) and the second installation part (2002), the first installation part (2001) with At least one support rod (2003) and thousand layers of roller (2004), the first installation part (2001) are equipped between second installation part (2002) Pass through Y type cylinder (2005) connector respectively with the front side of the second installation part (2002) to connect cylinder (2006), two cylinders (2006) it is separately fixed on the front side of left plate (1302) and right side plate (1301)；Wherein, thousand layers of roller (2004) are by N piece pressure Roller group is at N piece pressure roll is pressed together on the pressure on tyre surface and is divided m pressure area, and m is less than N, and Fa Dao mechanism includes N number of small cylinder (2101) and m group proportional pressure-reducing valve, N number of small cylinder are divided into m pressure area, and m pressure area central symmetry control is N number of stingy The pressure of cylinder, m pressure area are automatically controlled by m group proportional pressure-reducing valve.
2. a kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: thousand layers of roller (2004) are by 94 pressure rolls Composition, 94 pressure rolls are pressed together on the pressure on tyre surface by point 16 pressure areas, and Fa Dao mechanism (21) includes 94 small cylinders (2101) and 16 groups of proportional pressure-reducing valves, 94 small cylinders are divided into 16 pressure areas, 16 pressure area central symmetry controls 94 The pressure of a small cylinder, 16 pressure areas are automatically controlled by 16 groups of proportional pressure-reducing valves.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201820971025.XU CN208745401U (en)||2018-06-22||2018-06-22||A kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201820971025.XU CN208745401U (en)||2018-06-22||2018-06-22||A kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN208745401U true CN208745401U (en)||2019-04-16|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201820971025.XU Active CN208745401U (en)||2018-06-22||2018-06-22||A kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN208745401U (en)|
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN112428588A (en) *||2020-09-21||2021-03-02||江阴市均达电气自动化有限公司||Control system for outer composite machine of engineering tire lining layer|
- 2018-06-22 CN CN201820971025.XU patent/CN208745401U/en active Active
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN112428588A (en) *||2020-09-21||2021-03-02||江阴市均达电气自动化有限公司||Control system for outer composite machine of engineering tire lining layer|
|CN107354708B (en)||Full-automatic cloth cutting device|
|CN107819134B (en)||New energy battery module assembly line|
|CN204528634U (en)||A kind of axle sleeve automatic transporting mechanism|
|CN105108740B (en)||A kind of portable handling wheel robot|
|CN110893398A (en)||Bearing ring surface defect detection device based on machine vision|
|CN107047276B (en)||Automatic floating cultivation system for green vegetables|
|CN208745397U (en)||A kind of tread transferring device|
|CN115625534B (en)||Automatic production line and production process of steel arch for railway tunnel support|
|CN208745399U (en)||A kind of tyre surface automatic feeding system|
|CN111421795A (en)||Flexible circuit board bending device and bending method thereof|
|CN206966998U (en)||Automobile handle pedestal automatic assembling apparatus|
|CN207130524U (en)||A kind of full-automatic fabric dividing device|
|CN208745401U (en)||A kind of tyre surface laminating apparatus|
|CN108790230A (en)||A kind of tyre surface automatic feeder|
|CN208745398U (en)||A kind of tyre surface automatic feeder|
|CN208745402U (en)||A kind of tyre surface turn-over rig|
|CN107413979A (en)||A kind of metal board beader feed mechanism|
|CN208333415U (en)||A kind of measuring motion for tyre surface feed|
|CN108819305A (en)||A kind of tyre surface turn-over rig|
|CN208745400U (en)||A kind of centering device for tyre surface feed|
|CN108790228A (en)||A kind of tread transferring device|
|CN212221524U (en)||Chain wheel type annular conveying equipment|
|CN209140286U (en)||Filter core assembly system|
|CN209774336U (en)||shuttle type full-automatic glass taking and feeding machine|