CN108752068A - A kind of horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste - Google Patents

A kind of horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108752068A
CN108752068A CN201810365640.0A CN201810365640A CN108752068A CN 108752068 A CN108752068 A CN 108752068A CN 201810365640 A CN201810365640 A CN 201810365640A CN 108752068 A CN108752068 A CN 108752068A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stirring
working bin
bin
discharge port
stirring working
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201810365640.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周亚伦
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Xie Ya Agricultural Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Ningbo Xie Ya Agricultural Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Ningbo Xie Ya Agricultural Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Ningbo Xie Ya Agricultural Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810365640.0A priority Critical patent/CN108752068A/en
Publication of CN108752068A publication Critical patent/CN108752068A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/964Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste, it is suitble to dispensing stirring and fermentation stirring in gardening stalk powder matrix recycling production, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.Including feed bin, belt material-feeding machine, stirring working bin, spiral agitator, auxiliary charger and humidifier.The present invention is to stalk powder waste in feed bin, by the way that belt material-feeding machine conveying speed and time control, and the weighing of stirring working bin, quantitatively main charging is carried out to stirring working bin;It assists charger by controlling speed of screw shaft and corner, quantitatively assists feeding to stirring working bin;Humidifier is by metering pump timing controlled, increasing the humidity of material;Horizontal spiral agitating device is driven to carry out Reciprocatory stirring work by controlling mixing control motor positive and inverse;It is rotated forward by controlling horizontal spiral agitating device, makes the material dosing discharge after stir process in stirring working bin.Stirring efficiency of the present invention is high, low in energy consumption, stirs out package integral.

Description

A kind of horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste
Technical field
The present invention relates to straw refuse recycling engineering fields, are especially suitable for gardening stalk powder matrix resource
Change using dispensing stirring in production and fermentation stirring, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
The high stalk stalk of gardening stalk especially rattan class is particularly difficult to crushing, decomposition and absorption processing, at present gardening stalk Process and utilization technology on the spot, the technological equipment that matrix Fertilizer Transformed is reached especially by fermentation reactor system lack.Therefore, there is an urgent need to Gardening stalk application technology as the second resource on the spot is studied, the matrix Fertilizer Transformed processing for being suitble to the high stalk of rattan class and high-moisture stalk is developed Equipment special improves processing environment, reduces labor intensity, improves processing efficiency, reduces production cost, promotes facilities horticulture cleaning Efficiently production and sustainable development, the important ring of process and utilization technology is fermentation process, including heap to stalk powder waste on the spot Set Rapid Fermentation in fermentation and fermentation cabin.No matter a kind of that fermentation process needs to carry out efficiently quick stir process.It is domestic at present The outer research for being dedicated to stalk fermentation stir process is also seldom, and correlative study and achievement mainly have two aspects:First, liquid fermentation Agitating device.For many years, the turbine agitator of domestic and international conventionally employed radial flow pattern.It is international since the 80's of last century Upper developed country has begun one's study axial flow stirrer, and achieves success.Second is that solid material turner.With feces of livestock and poultry The development of composting technology, the Special turning that market has developed the suitable China's poultry excrement and urine disposal of a batch throw machinery.Turner is main It is divided into two kinds of slot type and slotless bar buttress formula.Slot type turner mainly by rack, running gear, turn over polishing apparatus, transmission system and dynamic Force system forms, and generally uses electric drive.Because trough type fermentation system has, space is small, compost depth is high and quick heating The advantages that, slot type turner Europe application than it is wide and China's livestock excrement composting it is main turn over cast it is standby.According to The difference of polishing apparatus is turned over, drum-type, spiral and rotary-cutting type can be divided into.Slotless bar buttress formula turner is mainly used for large-scale farm Etc. over-the-counter pile of large area compost, fermentation tank need not be built, but compost depth is low, heating is slow, occupied ground is big, plant area's ring Border is filthy, slotless bar buttress formula turner mainly by hoofing part tractor, turn over polishing apparatus and transmission system etc. and form, generally adopt It is driven with internal combustion engine.According to the difference for turning over polishing apparatus, saddle ride type, spiral sides formula can be divided into and promote belt, the above stirring and Throwing technology and equipment is turned over, for the fermentation stirring of stalk powder waste, there is that occupation area of equipment is big, equipment cost is high, makes Poor with energy consumption cost height, the big working environment of vibration, stirring is not thorough the deficiencies of uneven, limits stalk powder waste on the spot Process and utilization technology is applied and popularization.For this purpose, being badly in need of researching and developing small-sized, high efficiency and time conservation labour-saving stalk powder waste fermentation Stirring equipment special.
Invention content
The present invention is directed to insufficient equipped with general stirring of Special agitating equipment in current straw refuse recycling and deposits Power consumption is big, cost of use is high, stirring is not thorough the problems such as uneven, a kind of small-sized, high efficiency and time conservation labour-saving stalk is provided The dedicated horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of powder waste fermentation.
The horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste of the present invention, the technical solution adopted is that:Including feed bin, skin Band feeder, stirring working bin, auxiliary charger, humidifier, horizontal spiral agitating device etc..Each part position relations are:Material Position in storehouse is above belt material-feeding machine, and belt material-feeding machine circle is between feed bin and stirring working bin, by feed bin discharge hole and Beater operator Make the main charge door in storehouse to connect;It is provided with main charge door, auxiliary charge door and humidification port above stirring working bin, stirs work By assisting charge door to be connect with auxiliary charger, stirring working bin is connect by humidification port with humidifier in storehouse;In stirring work Storehouse lower part is equipped with Humidity Detection mouth and residual liquid discharge port, and stirring working bin is connect by Humidity Detection mouth with humidity detector, Stirring working bin is connect by residual liquid discharge port with raffinate reservoir;It stirs working bin left end cap and is equipped with mixing control motor; It stirs working bin right end cap lower part and is equipped with discharge port and discharge door.
The belt material-feeding machine of the present invention is using driving servo motor drive belt dosing device charging, lower end feed inlet It is set to the discharge port lower end of feed bin, the upper end discharge port alignment stirring main charge door of working bin, upper end discharge port passes through soft pipeline It is connected with the stirring main charge door of working bin.
The stirring working bin of the present invention stirs working method using horizontal Reciprocatory, is supported on by 4 weighing sensors In rack, it is internally provided with horizontal spiral agitating device, horizontal spiral agitating device is by driving servo motor driving spindle simultaneously Drive the stirring blade rotation being set on main shaft;By mixing control motor positive and inverse, carries out Reciprocatory and stir work.Stirring Working bin right end cap lower part is equipped with discharge port and discharge door, opens in discharge door, is rotated forward by mixing control motor, Realize stirring work warehouse discharging.
The auxiliary charger of the present invention includes assisting feed bin, spiral quantitative feeding device and its driving servo motor etc., auxiliary Feed bin is helped to be mounted on above spiral quantitative feeding device, spiral quantitative feeding device is added by the auxiliary of its discharge port and working bin Material mouth Hard link.
The humidifier of the present invention includes sump, atomized water spray metering pump and waterfog head etc., and humidifier is located above working bin, The water outlet of sump bottom connects atomized water spray metering pump, and atomized water spray metering pump is mounted on the humidification of stirring working bin by hose On mouth, waterfog head is inserted into working bin.
The horizontal spiral agitating device of the present invention includes stirring blade and its driving servo motor, main shaft etc..
The horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste of the present invention, the course of work are characterized in:To stalk in feed bin Powder waste, by belt material-feeding machine conveying speed and time control, and the weighing of stirring working bin, giving stirring work Storehouse carries out quantitatively main charging;Charger is assisted to use spiral quantitative charging process, by controlling speed of screw shaft and corner, to stirring It mixes working bin and carries out the quantitative auxiliary charging such as organic fertilizer such as solid fermentation bacterium material and excrement;Humidifier is according to material in working bin Humidity Detection information, using atomized water spray metering pump, by metering pump timing controlled, increasing the humidity of material(Moisture);Pass through Mixing control motor positive and inverse is controlled, drives horizontal spiral agitating device to carry out Reciprocatory and stirs work;Finally open discharging Door is rotated forward by controlling horizontal spiral agitating device so that the material dosing discharge in stirring working bin after stir process, so as to Further carry out fermentation reactor system processing.
The horizontal Reciprocatory stirring of stalk powder waste of the present invention is equipped compared with existing blender and turner, Equipment is small-sized, high degree of automation, has quantitative to organic fertilizer such as stalk powder waste, solid fermentation bacterium material and excrement etc. The functions such as dispensing and humidification, and stirring efficiency is high, it is low in energy consumption, package integral is stirred out, working environment is good, is suitble to various peasant households real Existing stalk matrixing production on the spot, has higher application and popularization value.
Description of the drawings
Invention is further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
Fig. 1 is the horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment front view of stalk powder waste of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is A-A partial views in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is B direction views in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the left view that working bin is stirred in Fig. 1.
Specific implementation mode
As shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4, the horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste of the invention, including feed bin 1, Belt material-feeding machine 2, stirring working bin 3, spiral agitator 4, the auxiliary compositions such as charger 5 and humidifier 6.Each component locations Relationship is:Feed bin 1 is located at 2 top of belt material-feeding machine, and 2 boundary of belt material-feeding machine, will between feed bin 1 and stirring working bin 3 1 discharge port 11 of feed bin is connected with stirring 3 main charge door 31 of working bin;3 top of working bin is stirred in addition to being provided with master Outside charge door 31, be additionally provided with auxiliary charge door 33 and humidification port 32, stirring working bin 3 by assist charge door 33 with it is auxiliary Charger 5 is helped to connect, stirring working bin 3 is connect by humidification port 32 with humidifier 6;It includes left warehouse lid to stir working bin 3 39, right warehouse lid 310 and horizontal spiral agitating device 4, the left warehouse lid 39 and right warehouse lid 310 are stirred with horizontal spiral respectively The left and right ends of device 4 connect, and mixing control motor 41 are arranged in left warehouse lid 39, mixing control motor 41 passes through main shaft Stirring blade 43 rotates in 42 driving stirring working bins 3, and discharge port 312 and discharge door are equipped in 310 lower part of right warehouse lid 311, the keying of discharge port 312 is controlled by discharge door 311;There are three Humidity Detection mouths for setting below stirring working bin 3 34 and residual liquid discharge port 35, Humidity Detection mouth 34 connect with humidity detector 36, residual liquid discharge port 35 and raffinate store Device 38 connects.
As shown in Fig. 1,2, belt material-feeding machine 2 of the invention is using quantitative using driving 23 drive belt of servo motor Feeding device 22 feeds, 21 splicing storehouse of lower end feed inlet, 1 discharge port 11, and the alignment stirring working bin 3 of upper end discharge port 25 is led Charge door 31, upper end discharge port 25 are connected by soft pipeline 26 with stirring 3 main charge door 31 of working bin.
As shown in Fig. 1,3,4, stirring working bin 3 of the present invention is supported on rack by 4 weighing sensors 37 On 313,3 top of stirring working bin is provided with main charge door 31, auxiliary charge door 33 and humidification port 32, stirs working bin 3 It is connect with belt material-feeding machine 2 by main charge door 31, stirring working bin 3 is by assisting charge door 33 and auxiliary charger 5 Connection, stirring working bin 3 are connect by humidification port 32 with humidifier 6;Residual liquid discharge port is set below stirring working bin 3 35 and Humidity Detection mouth 34, stirring working bin 3 is connect by residual liquid discharge port 35 with raffinate reservoir 38, is examined by humidity It surveys mouth 34 and humidity detector 36 is installed;Mixing control motor 41, stirring control are provided in stirring 3 left warehouse lid 32 of working bin Motor 41 processed is connect by main shaft 42 with stirring 3 inside spin agitating device 4 of working bin;In stirring 3 right warehouse lid 36 of working bin Lower part is equipped with discharge port 311 and discharge door 35, and discharge door 35 is used for the keying of discharge port 311;Inside stirring working bin 3 Equipped with spiral agitator 4, spiral agitator 4 includes main shaft 42, stirring blade 43 and its mixing control motor 41, Spiral agitator 4 is by 41 driving spindle 42 of mixing control motor and drives the stirring blade 43 being set on main shaft 42 Rotation passes through 41 positive and negative rotation of mixing control motor when stirring 3 discharge door 311 of working bin closure so that auger fills It sets the reciprocal of 4 realization straw refuses to be stirred, when discharge door 311 is opened, be rotated forward by mixing control motor 41, spiral shell It revolves stirring blade 43 and uniformly mixed straw refuse is released into stirring working bin 3 by discharge port 312.
As shown in Fig. 1, auxiliary charger 5 of the present invention include auxiliary feed bin 51, spiral quantitative feeding device 52 and
It assists charger stepper motor 54 etc., auxiliary feed bin 51 to be mounted on 52 top of spiral quantitative feeding device, and spiral is fixed Measure auxiliary charge door 33 Hard link of the feeding device 52 by its discharge port 53 and stirring working bin 3.
As shown in Fig. 4, humidifier 6 of the invention includes sump 61, atomized water spray metering pump 62 and waterfog head 63 etc.,
Humidifier 6 is located at 3 top of stirring working bin, the water outlet connection atomized water spray metering pump 62 of 61 bottom of sump, atomized water spray Metering pump 62 is mounted on by hose in the humidification port 32 of stirring working bin 3, and waterfog head 63 is inserted into stirring working bin 3 It is interior.
The horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste of the present invention, the course of work are:
The first step, to stalk powder waste in feed bin, by belt material-feeding machine speed and time control, and stirring work Storehouse weighs, and quantitatively main charging is carried out to stirring working bin;
Second step assists the speed of screw shaft and corner of charger by control, and solid fermentation bacterium material is carried out to stirring working bin With the quantitative auxiliary charging such as the organic fertilizer such as excrement, quantitative ingredient is carried out;
Third walks, according to humidity of materials detection information in stirring working bin, by metering pump timing controlled, increasing the wet of material Degree(Moisture), while turning according to the speed of agitator of the size of straw refuse amount control working bin inside spin agitating device, stirring Dynamic direction and mixing time, make the reciprocal uniform stirring of straw refuse, to improve mixing quality and efficiency;
4th step is opened the discharge door of stirring working bin, and is controlled by speed of screw shaft to spiral agitator and corner, So that the material dosing discharge in stirring working bin, further to carry out fermentation reactor system processing.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste, which is characterized in that including feed bin(1), belt material-feeding machine (2), stirring working bin(3), spiral agitator(4), auxiliary charger(5)And humidifier(6);The feed bin(1)Positioned at skin Band feeder(2)Top, the belt material-feeding machine(2)Positioned at feed bin(1)With stirring working bin(3)Between, the belt filled Machine(2)By feed bin(1)Discharge port(11)With stirring working bin(3)Main charge door(31)It connects;The main charge door (31)Setting is in stirring working bin(3)Top, the stirring working bin(3)Top is additionally provided with auxiliary charge door(33)And humidification Mouthful(32), stir working bin(3)By assisting charge door(33)With auxiliary charger(5)Working bin is stirred in connection(3)By adding Wet mouth(32)With humidifier(6)Connection;Stir working bin(3)Including left warehouse lid(39), right warehouse lid(310)It is stirred with horizontal spiral Device(4), the left warehouse lid(39)With right warehouse lid(310)Respectively with horizontal spiral agitating device(4)Left and right ends connection, Left warehouse lid(39)Upper setting mixing control motor(41), mixing control motor(41)Pass through main shaft(42)With stirring working bin(3) Inside spin agitating device(4)Connection, mixing control motor(41)Pass through main shaft(42)Driving stirring working bin(3)Interior stirring blade (43)Rotation, in right warehouse lid(310)Lower part is equipped with discharge port(312 and discharge door(311), discharge door(311)Control discharge port (312)Keying;In stirring working bin(3)Lower section is provided with residual liquid discharge port(35)With three Humidity Detection mouths(34), described Humidity Detection mouth(34)With humidity detector(36)Connection, residual liquid discharge port(35)With raffinate reservoir(38)Connection;It is described Stir working bin(3)Pass through 4 weighing sensors(37)It is supported on rack(313)On;The auxiliary charger(5)Including auxiliary Help feed bin(51), spiral quantitative feeding device(52)And its auxiliary charger stepper motor(54), the auxiliary feed bin(51)Peace Mounted in spiral quantitative feeding device(52)Top, spiral quantitative feeding device(52)Pass through its discharge port(53)With stirring working bin (3)Auxiliary charge door(33)Hard link;The humidifier(6)Including sump(61), atomized water spray metering pump(62)It is sprayed with water mist Head(63), humidifier(6)Positioned at stirring working bin(3)Top, sump(61)The water outlet of bottom connects atomized water spray metering pump (62), atomized water spray metering pump(62)It is mounted on stirring working bin by hose(3)Humidification port(32)On, waterfog head(63) It is inserted into stirring working bin(3)It is interior;The spiral agitator(4)Including main shaft(42), stirring blade(43)And its mixing control Motor(41), the main shaft(42)Horizontal cross arrangement, spiral agitator(4)Pass through mixing control motor(41)Driving spindle (42)And it drives and is set to main shaft(42)On stirring blade(43)Rotation;When stirring working bin(3)Discharge door(311)When closure, Pass through mixing control motor(41)Positive and negative rotation so that spiral agitator(4)The reciprocal of straw refuse is stirred, and works as discharging Door(311)When unlatching, pass through mixing control motor(41)It rotates forward, helical mixing blade(43)By uniformly mixed straw refuse Pass through discharge port(312)Release stirring working bin(3);The belt material-feeding machine(2)Using driving servo motor(23)Drive skin Band dosing device(22)Charging, lower end feed inlet(21)It is set to feed bin(1)Discharge port(11)Lower end, upper end discharge port (25)Alignment stirring working bin(3)Main charge door(31), upper end discharge port(25)Pass through soft pipeline(26)With stirring working bin(3) Main charge door(31)It is connected.
CN201810365640.0A 2018-04-23 2018-04-23 A kind of horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste Withdrawn CN108752068A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810365640.0A CN108752068A (en) 2018-04-23 2018-04-23 A kind of horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810365640.0A CN108752068A (en) 2018-04-23 2018-04-23 A kind of horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste

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CN108752068A true CN108752068A (en) 2018-11-06

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109422551A (en) * 2017-08-23 2019-03-05 鲁婷 A kind of horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109422551A (en) * 2017-08-23 2019-03-05 鲁婷 A kind of horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste

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Application publication date: 20181106