CN108720052A - Fresh dates produce and Quality Detection technique - Google Patents

Fresh dates produce and Quality Detection technique Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108720052A
CN108720052A CN201810588155.XA CN201810588155A CN108720052A CN 108720052 A CN108720052 A CN 108720052A CN 201810588155 A CN201810588155 A CN 201810588155A CN 108720052 A CN108720052 A CN 108720052A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
conveyer belt
plate
fresh date
fresh
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810588155.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108720052B (en
Inventor
孙晓薇
金钰
于磊
李厚强
马常云
王晋升
田丽
钱世江
刁松锋
蒋卉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HENAN ACADEMY OF FORESTRY
Paulownia Research and Development Center of State Forestry and Grassland Bureau
Sanmenxia Forestry Research Institute
Original Assignee
HENAN FORESTRY ACADEMY
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HENAN FORESTRY ACADEMY filed Critical HENAN FORESTRY ACADEMY
Priority to CN201810588155.XA priority Critical patent/CN108720052B/en
Publication of CN108720052A publication Critical patent/CN108720052A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108720052B publication Critical patent/CN108720052B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/06Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching, combined with subsequent drying
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/08Radiation
    • A61L2/10Ultra-violet radiation

Abstract

The present invention discloses fresh dates production and Quality Detection technique, includes the following steps:(S1) fresh date produces, and carries out sampling observation or full inspection, packaging, manufacture sale to the fresh date produced using fresh date quality inspection device;(S2) sewage disposal.The fresh date produced meets state health standards, can directly eat.

Description

Fresh dates produce and Quality Detection technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to fresh date processing technologys.Specifically fresh dates production and Quality Detection technique.
Background technology
Xinjiang red dates are a kind of local product fruits in Xinjiang, Shu Li sections zizyphus fruit.Xinjiang belongs to typical continental climate, Light application time is long, and day and night temperature is big, dry and rainless, therefore the Xinjiang red dates planted out have compared to the jujube in other areas Completely filled fruit, a big thin skin, the advantages that fructus corni color is dark red, sweet, have effects that benefiting qi and nourishing blood, calm the nerves.
Xinjiang red dates cultivated area has broken through 7,000,000 mu of high pointes, accounts for the one third of national jujube cultivated area or more. Xinjiang red dates plant the pillar industry for having become local economy.However the moisture content of jujube is up to 80% or more, new fresh date After picking, storage time is short, rots after dehydration, easy to ferment, not easy to maintain, is not easy to transport, and has seriously affected circulation sale, it is deep plus Work project is fewer and fewer, and huge economic loss is brought to local jujube agriculture.
But up to the present, there are no a whole set of deep process, and the deep processing project of Xinjiang fresh date has Widespread demand.
Invention content
For this purpose, technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in provide a set of fresh dates production and Quality Detection technique.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:Fresh dates produce and Quality Detection technique, including Following steps:(S1) fresh date produce, and using fresh date quality inspection device to the fresh date produced carry out sampling observation or Full inspection, packaging, manufacture sale;
(S2) sewage disposal.Fresh date storage time that the present invention produces is long, meets state health standards, Ke Yizhi It connects edible.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1-1 is the vertical view internal structure schematic diagram of the bubbling -cleaning slot of the present invention;
Fig. 1-2 is the side view internal structure schematic diagram of the bubbling -cleaning slot of the present invention;
Fig. 1-3 is the portions the A enlarged structure schematic diagram of bubbling -cleaning slot of the present invention shown in Fig. 1-2;
Fig. 1-4 is the bull stick enlarged structure schematic diagram of the bubbling -cleaning slot of the present invention.
In figure:1-1, rinse bath, 1-2, base cabinet, 1-3, wind turbine, 1-4, motor, 1-5, shaft, 1-6, stirring rod, 1-7, Protective cover, 1-8, hairbrush, 1-9, baffle slot, 1-10, baffle, 1-11, collection box, 1-12, snap-gauge, 1-13, inlet port, 1- 14, outlet pipe, 1-15, bactericidal lamp, 1-16, feed inlet, 1-17, deceleration cloth bag, 1-18, rounded tabs, 1-19, bull stick, 1-20, Turn trough, 1-21, blast pipe, 1-22, air blower, 1-23, water pump, 1-24, tank, 1-25, valve.
Fig. 2-1 is hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine overlooking structure diagram of the present invention (in order to clearly illustrate between adjacent shafts Position relationship, be not shown in figure between two neighboring shaft, the bristle of the main hairbrush in a shaft extend into another turn In the bristle of secondary hairbrush on axis);
Fig. 2-2 is hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine side structure schematic view of the present invention;
Fig. 2-3 is the water pipe and connecting tube mounting structure schematic diagram of hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine of the present invention.
In figure:2-1, body, 2-2, feed opening, 2-3, fixture block, 2-4, discharge port, 2-5, hex bolts, 2-6, water pipe, 2- 7, water valve, 2-8, shaft, 2-9, main hairbrush, 2-10, motor, 2-11, belt, 2-12, belt pulley, 2-13, fixed frame, 2- 14, idler wheel, 2-15, adjusting nut, 2-16, connecting tube, 2-17, nozzle, 2-18, secondary hairbrush.
Fig. 3-1 is the structural schematic diagram that present invention spray selects fruit machine;
Fig. 3-2 is the side figure structure schematic representation that present invention spray selects fruit machine;
Fig. 3-3 is the structural schematic diagram for the sieve plate that present invention spray selects fruit machine.
In figure:3-1, pond, 3-2, water tank, 3-3, water-supply-pipe, 3-4, water outlet, 3-5, nozzle, 3-6, spraying box, 3-7, 3-12, slide plate, 3-8, sieve plate, 3-9, fruit case, 3-10, oscillating plate, 3-11, vibrating motor select fruit board, 3-13, idler wheel, 3- 14, supporting rack, 3-15, fruit inlet, 3-16, sieve pore, 3-17, filter plate, 3-18, sparge pipe.
Fig. 4-1 is the internal structure schematic diagram of present invention vibration draining machine;
Fig. 4-2 is the first catch basin partial enlargement structural representation of present invention vibration draining machine;
Fig. 4-3 is the first conveyer belt overlooking structure diagram of present invention vibration draining machine.
In figure:4-1, body, 4-2, the first vibrating motor, 4-3, the first fixed plate, 4-4, the first conveyer belt, 4-5, first Baffle, 4-6, feeding mouth, 4-7, connecting rod, 4-8, hairbrush, 4-9, the second conveyer belt, 4-10, the second wind turbine, 4-11, third pass Send band, 4-12, discharge port, 4-13, support column, 4-14, water outlet, 4-15, the first catch basin, 4-16, the first water pump, 4-17, First pipe, 4-18, first rotating shaft, 4-19, the first motor, 4-20, third wind turbine.
Fig. 5-1 is the structural schematic diagram of hot air through drier of the present invention;
Fig. 5-2 is the first baffle structural schematic diagram of hot air through drier of the present invention;
Fig. 5-3 is the conveyer belt internal structure schematic diagram of hot air through drier of the present invention.
In figure:5-6,5-1, filter chamber, 5-2, rubber layer, 5-3, feed inlet, 5-4, vibrator interface, 5-5, bolt delay Punching, 5-7, filter plate, 5-8, the first water accepting layer, 5-9, support plate, 5-10, fan, 5-11, ventilation opening, 5-12, first gear Plate, 5-13, second baffle, 5-14, conveyer belt, 5-15, partition board, 5-16, reclaiming plate, 5-17, catch basin, 5-18, collecting net, 5- 19,5-22, water-absorbing resin plate, 5-20, the second water accepting layer, 5-21, filter hole go out Zao Kou, 5-23, go out jujube pipe.
Fig. 6-1 is the main view schematic diagram of rotary drum grader of the present invention;
Fig. 6-2 is the bearing arrangement schematic diagram of rotary drum grader of the present invention;
Fig. 6-3 is the blade construction schematic diagram of rotary drum grader of the present invention;
Fig. 6-4 is the receipts jujube device structural schematic diagram of rotary drum grader of the present invention.
In figure:6-6,6-1, pedestal, 6-2, supporting rack, 6-3, bearing block, 6-4, bearing, 6-5, outer barrel go out Zao Kou, 6-7, Divide jujube mouth, 6-8, inner cylinder, 6-9, blade, 6-10, fixed seat, 6-11, rotation axis, 6-12, fresh date are added channel, 6-13, subtract 6-16, fast machine, 6-14, motor, 6-15, fixed frame receive jujube device, 6-17, cambered surface, 6-18, driven gear, 6-19, driving tooth Wheel, 6-20, driven shaft.
The structural schematic diagram of Fig. 7-1 fresh date quality inspection devices of the present invention;
The black conveyer structure schematic diagram of Fig. 7-2 fresh date quality inspection devices of the present invention.
Reference numeral is expressed as in figure:7-1, driving wheel;7-2, driven wheel;7-3, black conveyer belt;7-4, black rubber Disturb piece;7-5, limiting slot;7-6, disturbance gap;7-7, feeding funnel;7-8, lighting box;7-9, fibre-optical probe;7-10, spherical surface Mirror;7-11, the first optical filter;7-12, interferometer;7-13, amplifier;7-14, digital analog converter;7-15, computer;7-16, Near-infrared light source;7-17, the second optical filter;7-18, video camera;7-19, fresh date;7-20, black rubber item.
Fig. 8-1 is the structural schematic diagram of jujube deep processing sewage disposal system of the present invention;
Fig. 8-2 is the structural schematic diagram of the filtering component in jujube deep processing sewage disposal system of the present invention;
Fig. 8-3 is the structural schematic diagram of the flow-disturbing component of jujube deep processing sewage disposal system of the present invention;
Fig. 8-4 is part A B-B cross-section structure diagram in Fig. 8-3.
Reference numeral is expressed as in figure:8-1, end plate;8-2, supporting rod;8-3, branch pipe;8-4, recirculation hole;8-5, cross peace It shelves;8-6, spiral spoiler;8-7, corrugated plating;8-8, catalyst granules;8-9, groove;8-10, catalyst coat.
Fig. 9 is fresh dates of the present invention production and Quality Detection process flow chart.
In figure:101, bubbling -cleaning slot, 102, hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine, 103, spray select fruit machine, 104, vibrating water-dropping machine, 105, hot air through drier, 106, rotary drum grader, 107, fresh date quality inspection device, 108, the sewage disposal dress of sewage disposal It sets.
Specific implementation mode
The present embodiment fresh dates produce and Quality Detection technique includes the following steps:
(S1) fresh date produces, and carries out sampling observation or complete to the fresh date produced using fresh date quality inspection device Inspection, packaging, manufacture sale;
(S2) sewage disposal.
Fresh date production in step (S1), includes the following steps:
(S1-1) soaking and washing:Bubbling -cleaning slot to be sent into after the fresh date of picking is cleaned to clean, water temperature is 20 DEG C, The ratio of fresh date and water is 1:3 kg/liter, scavenging period 20min, the rotating speed of the shaft 1-5 of bubbling -cleaning slot is 15 turns/ Minute;In cleaning process, opens bactericidal lamp and sterilized;After cleaning, time that fresh date is spare, and water recycles is collected Number is 5 times, and the waste water for reaching recycling number is discharged by the outlet pipe 1-14 of bubbling -cleaning slot at jujube deep processing sewage The grid collecting-tank of reason system;
(S1-2) hairbrush cleans:The fresh date collected after soaking and washing is sent into hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine, fresh date is in hair The forward speed of horizontal direction is 1.5m/min when cleaning in brush rotary drum cleaning machine;The main hairbrush 2-9 of hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine and Secondary hairbrush 2-18 is fungi-proofing nylon bristle, and the water spray of every kilogram of fresh date is 1 kilogram, and the ejected wash water of outflow is transported to step (S1-1) in the tank 1-24 of bubbling -cleaning slot, for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-3) spray selects fruit:The fresh date collected after hairbrush is cleaned is sent into spray and fruit machine, spray is selected to select the spray of fruit machine Head 3-5 water spray be:Every kilogram of fresh date is sprayed water 0.5 kilogram, and it is clear that the ejected wash water of outflow is transported to bubble in step (S1-1) In the tank 1-24 of washing trough, for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-4) vibrating water-dropping:It selects the fresh date collected after fruit to be sent into vibrating water-dropping machine spray, removes fresh date table The transmission speed of the water in face, the first conveyer belt of vibrating water-dropping machine, the second conveyer belt and third conveyer belt is 1m/min, vibrations drip Second wind turbine of water dispenser and the wind speed of third wind turbine are 5m/s;The water of the water outlet 4-14 discharges of vibrating water-dropping machine is transported to step Suddenly in (S1-1) in the tank 1-24 of bubbling -cleaning slot, for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-5) cross-flow drying:Fresh date after vibrating water-dropping is sent into hot air through drier to be further dried, is transmitted The transmission speed of band is 1m/min;
(S1-6) sieving and grading:Fresh date after cross-flow drying is sent into rotary drum grader, classification is carried out and selects fruit, roller The inner cylinder 6-8 and outer barrel 6-5 of grader are rotated synchronously and rotating speed is 20 revs/min;The diameter for dividing jujube mouth 6-7 of rotary drum grader It is followed successively by from the first end of inner cylinder 6-8 and outer barrel 6-5 to second end:First point of jujube mouth diameter be less than or equal to 3.6cm, second point Jujube mouth diameter be more than 3.6cm and less than or equal to 4.3cm, third divide jujube mouth diameter be more than 4.3cm and less than or equal to 4.7cm, 4th point of jujube mouth diameter is more than 4.7cm;
The fresh date that 4th point of jujube mouth comes out is superfine fresh date, and the fresh date that third divides jujube mouth to come out is that level-one is scarlet Jujube, the fresh date that second point of jujube mouth comes out are two level fresh date, and the fresh date that first point of jujube mouth comes out is the following fresh date of two level;
(S1-7) packaging and storage:Superfine fresh date and level-one fresh date are distinguished into packaging and storage;It is fresh below two level and two level Jujube is transferred to jujube piece production process and/or date powder production process.
Bubbling -cleaning slot is as shown in Fig. 1-1 to Fig. 1-4, including rinse bath 1-1, stirring rod 1-6 and outlet pipe 1-14, special Sign is:It is fixed with base cabinet 1-2 on the left of rinse bath 1-1, and wind turbine 1-3 is installed above base cabinet 1-2, rinse bath 1-1's Side is equipped with motor 1-4, and motor 1-4 and shaft 1-5 is drivingly connected, and stirring rod 1-6 is fixed on the outside of shaft 1-5 On face, and protective cover 1-7 is fixed on the outside of shaft 1-5, stirring rod 1-6 is located in protective cover 1-7, the outside of protective cover 1-7 It is fixed with hairbrush 1-8, baffle slot 1-9, and the inside peace of baffle slot 1-9 are provided on the right side madial wall of rinse bath 1-1 Equipped with baffle 1-10, the lower right of baffle 1-10 is provided with collecting pit, and collection box 1-11, and collection box 1- are equipped in collecting pit It is fixed with snap-gauge 1-12 on 11, inlet port 1-13, the lower edge of inlet port 1-13 and cleaning are provided on the left of collection box 1-11 The groove bottom of slot 1-1 is concordant, and outlet pipe 1-14 is set to the bottom of collecting pit, and is equipped with and kills above the middle part of rinse bath 1-1 It is provided with feed inlet 1-16 above bacterium lamp 1-15, bactericidal lamp 1-15, and is fixed with deceleration cloth bag 1- below feed inlet 1-16 17, outlet pipe 1-14's is internally provided with rounded tabs 1-18, edge and the outlet pipe 1-14 inner wall sealings of rounded tabs 1-18 Cooperation, and rounded tabs 1-18 is fixedly connected with one end of bull stick 1-19, the other end of bull stick 1-19 passes through the sides outlet pipe 1-14 Turn trough 1-20 on wall is reached outside outlet pipe 1-14;The bottom of rinse bath 1-1 is equipped with blast pipe 1-21, blast pipe 1-21's The outlet side of the outlet side fluid communication of inlet end and air blower 1-22, blast pipe 1-21 is connected with rinse bath 1-1 internal flows; The filter hole that aperture is less than jujube diameter is offered on the inner wall of collection box 1-11;Collecting pit, water pump 1-23, tank 1-24 and Rinse bath 1-1 fluid communications successively are equipped with valve 1-25 on the pipeline between tank 1-24 and rinse bath 1-1.Stirring rod 1-6 is in flabellum shape structure, and stirring rod 1-6 is uniformly distributed about the longitudinal center line of shaft 1-5.Protective cover 1-7 is engraved in netted Hollow structure, and the radius of protective cover 1-7 is more than the length of stirring rod 1-6, and protective cover 1-7 is fixedly connected with structure with hairbrush 1-8 Integralization structure.The height of baffle 1-10 is more than the height of rinse bath 1-1 right side walls, and baffle 1-10 passes through baffle slot 1- 9 are detachably connected with rinse bath 1-1.The L-shape engraved structures of collection box 1-11, collection box 1-11 and snap-gauge 1-12 pass through welding Being integrally formed structure, and snap-gauge 1-12 is in groove-like structure, and the groove width of the groove-like structure of snap-gauge 1-12 is more than collection The sidewall thickness in pond.
Operation principle:Suitable water is injected to the inside of rinse bath 1-1 first, at this time the baffle 1- on the right side of rinse bath 1-1 10 are inserted into baffle slot 1-9, prevent water from flowing away, then jujube to be cleaned is poured into rinse bath 1-1 by feed inlet 1-16 Inside, the deceleration cloth bag 1-17 below rinse bath 1-1 can reduce jujube and fall the speed on the water surface, prevent jujube from damaging It is bad, motor 1-4 and air blower 1-22 is opened at this time, and motor 1-4 drives shaft 1-5 to be rotated clockwise, to drive (mesh diameter on protective cover 1-7 is less than the diameter of fresh date to the stirring rod 1-6 and protective cover 1-7 in outside, can prevent in this way Fresh date enters inside protective cover 1-7) it is rotated, the stirring rod 1-6 in rotation can be to the flow inside rinse bath 1-1 Agitation treatment is carried out, the gas of air blower 1-22 bulgings blasts rinse bath 1-1 by blast pipe 1-21 from the bottoms rinse bath 1-1, A large amount of bubble is generated, is in tumbling state, and then can be right to make jujube under the drive of the bubble and stirring rod 1-6 that blast The sludge and pesticide on the jujube surface inside rinse bath 1-1 start the cleaning processing, and protective cover 1-7, can during rotation It prevents fresh date damaged caused by due to the collision between shaft 1-5 and stirring rod 1-6, improves the quality after jujube cleaning, Equally distributed hairbrush 1-8 can avoid jujube and cause breakage, blast pipe 1-21 bulgings with protective cover 1-7 direct collisions simultaneously Bubble increase the rolling degree of the jujube inside rinse bath 1-1, the attachment on jujube surface is can remove, to be carried out to jujube Thoroughly cleaning starts wind turbine 1-3 and is persistently blown processing to the water surface, at this time to the red of rinse bath 1-1 surface flotations Jujube carries out stirring cleaning treatment, ensures the cleaning dynamics of jujube, and for jujube during cleaning, bactericidal lamp 1-15 can be to jujube The bacterium on surface carries out disinfection processing, ensures the quality of jujube, after waiting for jujube cleaning, by baffle slot 1-9 by baffle 1-10 is pulled out upwards, is made jujube and water under the drive of the stirring rod 1-6 vortex generated and is passed through entrance under the blowing of wind turbine 1-3 Mouth 1-13 enters the inside of the collection box 1-11 in collecting pit, is at this time taken collection box 1-11 upwards by both sides snap-gauge 1-12 Go out, to be collected to the jujube after cleaning, passes through after the jujube inside collection box 1-11 takes out, then by collection box 1-11 Snap-gauge 1-12 is placed in the collecting pit on the right side of rinse bath 1-1, to carry out next collection, after collection, closes wind turbine 1-3 With motor 1-4, bull stick 1-19 is rotated at an angle by turn trough 1-20, to drive rounded tabs 1-18 to rotate, makes receipts Water inside collection pond flows through outlet pipe 1-14 outflows and is used convenient for next time consequently facilitating being cleaned to inside;In addition, collecting Pond, water pump 1-23, tank 1-24 and rinse bath 1-1 fluid communication successively, the pipeline between tank 1-24 and rinse bath 1-1 On valve 1-25 is installed, the water in collecting pit can be transported in rinse bath 1-1 and be recycled by water pump 1-23, water storage Water of the pond 1-24 interim storages in collecting pit, when collection box 1-11 starts to collect the jujube after cleaning, water pump 1- 23 can start to work is pumped into the interim storage of progress in tank 1-24 valve 1-25 closings at this time by water, waits for that collection work is completed The cleaning that valve 1-25 carries out next group fresh date can be opened later, so that it is guaranteed that cleaning can be carried out continuously, Using water wisely again simultaneously;When water recycling reaches setting number, then by rotating bull stick 1-19 sewage is passed through Outlet pipe 1-14 discharges.It can reduce in jujube cleaning process and generate damage because of collision, improve the quality of jujube after cleaning, The sludge and pesticide on jujube surface can fully be cleaned, while the jujube after cleaning is convenient for collection.
Hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine is as shown in Fig. 2-1 to Fig. 2-3, including body 2-1, feed opening 2-2, fixture block 2-3, discharge port 2-4, hex bolts 2-5, water pipe 2-6, water valve 2-7, shaft 2-8, main hairbrush 2-9, motor 2-10, belt 2-11, belt pulley 2-12, fixed frame 2-13, idler wheel 2-14, adjusting nut 2-15, connecting tube 2-16, nozzle 2-17 and secondary hairbrush 2-18, body 2-1 Left side upper end be connected with feed opening 2-2, and the right end of body 2-1 is equipped with fixture block 2-3, and feed opening 2-2 is in funnel-form Structure, and be welding between feed opening 2-2 and body 2-1, have between feed opening 2-2 and body 2-1 and stablize well, prevents Be broken between feed opening 2-2 and body 2-1 in use, feed opening 2-2 caused to tilt, fresh date can not effectively from Feed opening 2-2 is fallen into body 2-1, while feed opening 2-2 can effectively prevent fresh date in blanking, fresh date accumulation occurs The case where, discharge port 2-4 is distributed in the inside of fixture block 2-3, and the both sides of discharge port 2-4 are through having hex bolts 2-5, discharge port 2-4 is detachably connected by hex bolts 2-5 and fixture block 2-3 and body 2-1, and fixture block 2-3 plays the work fixed to clamp well With preventing from occurring in use fixture block 2-3 and fix unstable, discharge port 2-4 is detached from the right side of body 2-1, causes fresh date can not It effectively falls into storage device, while when discharge port 2-4 is damaged, it can be by dismantling hex bolts 2-5 in use, it will Discharge port 2-4 is disassembled, convenient for users to the discharge port 2-4 more renewed.The upper end of body 2-1 is equipped with water pipe 2-6, and water It is fixed with water valve 2-7 on the outside of pipe 2-6, shaft 2-8 is provided on the inside of body 2-1, and the outside surrounding of shaft 2-8 is connected with Main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18, main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 distribute alternately in the outside of shaft 2-8, main hairbrush 2-9 It is equal to width of the pair hairbrush 2-18 along shaft 2-8 axial directions along the width of shaft 2-8 axial directions;Between two neighboring shaft 2-8:One The secondary hairbrush 2-18 on another shaft of main hairbrush 2-9 faces 2-8 on shaft 2-8, and the main hairbrush on a shaft 2-8 2-9 bristles are extend into secondary hairbrush (2-18) bristle on another shaft 2-8, in jujube cleaning process, a shaft 2-8 Main hairbrush 2-9 and secondary hairbrush 2-18 on upper main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 and adjacent another shaft 2-8 cooperate Fresh date is clamped, main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 clean fresh date surface, prevent from occurring in use clear Washing dynamics not enough causes jujube not cleaned effectively, and motor 2-10 is distributed in the left side lower end of body 2-1, and motor Belt 2-11 is installed in the power output of 2-10, belt pulley 2-12 is installed on the shaft 2-8 of the leftmost sides body 2-1, The power output end of motor 2-10 is drivingly connected with belt pulley 2-12 by belt 2-11, is passed through between adjacent shaft 2-8 Chain drive connects, and motor 2-10 is drivingly connected by belt 2-11 and belt pulley 2-12, when cleaning, opens motor 2- 10, motor 2-10 drive belt pulley 2-12 rotations, belt 2-11 that shaft 2-8 is driven to rotate, on one end of each shaft 2-8 Sprocket wheel is installed, is sequentially connected by matched chain and sprocket wheel between adjacent shaft 2-8, multiple main hairbrush 2-9 and pair Hairbrush 2-18 is and then rotated, and rotary-cleaning is carried out to fresh date.The lower end of body 2-1 is provided with fixed frame 2-13, and fixed frame The lower end both sides of 2-13 are connected with idler wheel 2-14.In the present embodiment, adjusting nut 2-15 is distributed on the inside of water pipe 2-6, and Be fixed with connecting tube 2-16 on the inside of adjusting nut 2-15, the lower end of connecting tube 2-16 is equipped with nozzle 2-17, nozzle 2-17 with Connecting tube 2-16 fluid communications, connecting tube 2-16 and water pipe 2-6 fluid communications are equidistantly formed on outer wall on the inside of water pipe 2-6 Branch pipe, adjusting nut 2-15 are mounted on branch pipe, are provided on the outer surface of the ends connecting tube 2-16 with adjusting nut 2-15's The free end of the external screw thread that internal thread matches, branch pipe is extend into connecting tube 2-16, and branch pipe and connecting tube 2-16 pass through Adjusting nut 2-15 is detachably connected, can be by unscrewing adjusting spiral shell when nozzle 2-17 can not effectively spray fresh date Female 2-15, and then the pipe 2-16 that can be rotatably connected, so as to the spray angle of adjusting shower nozzle 2-17.
Operation principle:First by opening motor 2-10, motor 2-10 drives belt pulley 2-12 rotations, belt pulley 2-12 drives shaft 2-8 rotations by belt 2-11, and multiple main hairbrush 2-9 and secondary hairbrush 2-18 are and then rotated, while opening water Valve 2-7, clear water are flowed into from water pipe 2-6 in connecting tube 2-16, are sprayed from nozzle 2-17, connecting tube 2-16 is equidistant to be evenly distributed on The inside of water pipe 2-6 can pass through adjusting nut 2-15, Jin Erke when nozzle 2-17 can not effectively spray fresh date With the pipe 2-16 that is rotatably connected, connecting tube 2-16 can by a small margin be rotated to from left to right, the water spray angle of adjustment nozzle 2-17;Then Fresh date is put into feed opening 2-2, main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 and another adjacent shaft on a shaft 2-8 Hairbrush 2-18's main hairbrush 2-9 on 2-8 is staggered, cooperating is clamped fresh date with pair, main hairbrush 2-9 and secondary hair Brush 2-18 cleans fresh date surface, the clear water that nozzle 2-17 sprays, and carries out depth cleaning to jujube surface, selects hardness Moderate main hairbrush 2-9 and secondary hairbrush 2-18, prevents main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 from causing to damage to jujube surface, and can It is taken away with the dirt for brushing off main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18, the fresh date for finally cleaning completion is flowed out from discharge port 2-4.
In addition, catch basin is arranged in the lower section of main hairbrush 2-9 and secondary hairbrush 2-18 in the present embodiment, the sewage for cleaning generation can It is stored with flowing into catch basin, to carry out sewage disposal or recycling.In order to enable fresh date can be smoothly or fast Fast ground is from fresh date arrival end to fresh date outlet end, from fresh date arrival end to fresh date outlet end, the half of shaft upper sprocket wheel Diameter tapers into, and the rotating speed of such sprocket wheel is accelerated successively, is conducive to fresh date advance.Certainly, those skilled in the art can also Take other form, such as the height of fresh date arrival end is more than the height of fresh date outlet end, such fresh date by from Body gravity rolling advances.The combination that above two form can also be used, promotes fresh date smoothly or rapidly enters from fresh date Mouth end to fresh date outlet end.
The hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine for being used for fresh date cleaning is provided with feed opening, is welding between feed opening and body, Have between feed opening and body and stablize well, prevents from being broken between feed opening and body in use, lead to blanking Mouth tilts, and fresh date can not effectively be fallen into from feed opening in body, while feed opening can effectively prevent fresh date under When material, there is the case where fresh date accumulation, the both sides of discharge port, which are run through, has hex bolts, discharge port to pass through hex bolts and fixture block It is connected with body, fixture block plays the role of fixing to clamp well, prevents occurring fixture block fixation shakiness, discharge port in use It is detached from the right side of from body, causes fresh date not fall into storage device effectively, while when discharge port damages, in use Discharge port can be disassembled, convenient for users to the discharge port more renewed by dismantling hex bolts.The outside surrounding of shaft It is connected with main hairbrush and secondary hairbrush, main hairbrush and secondary hairbrush distribute alternately in the outside of shaft, and axial width is equal, adjacent Two shafts, the secondary hairbrush in main another shaft of hairbrush face in a shaft, and the main hairbrush brush in a shaft Hair is extend into the secondary hairbrush bristle in another shaft, and main hairbrush and secondary hairbrush can be thoroughly clear to the progress of fresh date surface It washes, prevents from occurring cleaning dynamics in use not enough jujube is caused not cleaned effectively, the lower end of connecting tube is equipped with spray Head, the water that nozzle sprays can fall wash dirt on fresh date that main hairbrush and secondary hairbrush brush off, between connecting tube and branch pipe For rotary structure, when user feels that the spray angle of nozzle with other nozzles is in intersect sprinkling so that nozzle can not be effective When being sprayed to fresh date, user can be managed by being rotatably connected, and connecting tube can by a small margin be rotated to from left to right, It is user-friendly.
Spray selects fruit machine as shown in Fig. 3-1 to Fig. 3-3, including spraying box 3-6 and selects fruit board 3-12, selects fruit board 3-12 Positioned at the right side of spraying box 3-6, pond 3-1, and the inside upper left side setting of spraying box 3-6 are provided on the left of spraying box 3-6 There are water tank 3-2, the water outlet of water tank 3-2 and the water inlet end fluid communication of water-supply-pipe 3-3, and the water outlet of water-supply-pipe 3-3 and spray The water inlet end fluid communication of head 3-5, water tank 3-2 start operation, and the water in water tank 3-2 enters nozzle 3-5 by water-supply-pipe 3-3 It is interior, jujube can be carried out to cleaning showers, the bottom that spraying box 3-6 closes on the pond sides 3-1 is provided with water outlet 3-4, nozzle Filter plate 3-17 is provided with below 3-5, filter plate 3-17 is in spraying box 3-6:From a lateral discharge port of adjacent pool 3-1 Direction tilt 20 °, i.e., the side level height of filter plate 3-17 adjacent pools 3-1 be more than discharge port level height, water outlet Mouth 3-4 is connected with the space fluid below filter plate 3-17;Spraying box 3-6, which closes on, selects the bottom of the sides fruit board 3-12 to be provided with Discharge port selects and is equipped with oscillating plate 3-10 on fruit board 3-12, and sieve plate 3-8, discharge outlet installation are equipped on oscillating plate 3-10 There are slide plate 3-7, the discharge end of slide plate 3-7 to be located above sieve plate 3-8, fruit case 3-9 is installed below sieve plate 3-8, selects fruit board Vibrating motor 3-11 is installed, and the left side of vibrating motor 3-11 is connect with oscillating plate 3-10 on the right side of 3-12, oscillating plate 3-10 Tilt 5-15 ° from left to right on selecting fruit board 3-12, i.e. level heights of the oscillating plate 3-10 adjacent to the one end spraying box 3-6 is more than Level height far from the one end spraying box 3-6 makes oscillating plate 3-10 start to vibrate, passes through vibration after vibrating motor 3-11 is opened Jujube is delivered to forward on sieve plate 3-8, the bottom fixing support rack 3-14 of fruit board 3-12, and the bottom of supporting rack 3-14 are selected Idler wheel 3-13 is installed, the design of fruit board 3-12 bottom rollers 3-13 is selected, is conducive to move whole device, is shortened red The transport duration of jujube is provided with fruit inlet 3-15 at the top of spraying box 3-6, and the surface of sieve plate 3-8 is provided with sieve pore 3-16, sieve plate The surface of 3-8 is provided with several sieve pore 3-16, and the outer shape of sieve plate 3-8 is in half arc, on oscillating plate 3-10 extremely from a left side The right side, the aperture of sieve pore 3-16 is less than or equal to 1 centimetre on first piece of sieve plate 3-8, the aperture of sieve pore 3-16 on second piece of sieve plate 3-8 More than 1 centimetre and less than or equal to 2 centimetres, the aperture of sieve pore 3-16 is more than 2 centimetres and is less than or equal on third block sieve plate 3-8 3 centimetres, the aperture of sieve pore 3-16 is more than 3 centimetres and is less than or equal to 3.5 centimetres on the 4th piece of sieve plate 3-8, the 5th piece of sieve plate 3-8 The aperture of upper sieve pore 3-16 is more than 6 centimetres, (under normal circumstances, shrivelled jujube can be screened according to different sieve pore 3-16 Its vertical diameter of rotten jujube and transverse diameter can all reduce, thus can screen rotten jujube;Of course it is not excluded some are still Its vertical diameter of unmetamorphosed jujube and transverse diameter are inherently smaller, meeting and that goes bad screen together, and the later stage is again by manually dividing The workload picked can also substantially reduce, and according to the price situation of jujube, can also these itself be indulged diameter and transverse diameter is smaller Not rotten jujube is disposed together with rotten jujube).
Operation principle:First by the way that jujube is poured into spray by fresh date by the fruit inlet 3-15 above spraying box 3-6 In case 3-6, water tank 3-2 water outlets are opened, the water in water tank 3-2 is entered by water-supply-pipe 3-3 in nozzle 3-5, and nozzle 3-5 can be with Internal jujube is sprayed, jujube is after spray irrigation, and flow is detached with jujube on filter plate 3-17, water Stream is flowed by left side water outlet 3-4 in the 3-1 of pond, and jujube from a lateral discharge port direction of adjacent pool 3-1 by inclining Tiltedly 10-30 ° of filter plate 3-17 closes on from spraying box 3-6 and the bottom of the sides fruit board 3-12 is selected to be provided with discharge port, slides into and slides Plate 3-7 opens vibrating motor 3-11, the left sides vibrating motor 3-11 and oscillating plate 3- later subsequently into selecting on fruit board 3-12 10 connections make oscillating plate 3-10 start to vibrate after vibrating motor 3-11 is opened, and oscillating plate 3-10 on selecting fruit board 3-12 from Left-to-right tilts 5-15 °, jujube is delivered to forward on sieve plate 3-8 by vibration and inclined oscillating plate 3-10, and self-excited oscillation Five pieces or five pieces are equipped with upper sieve plate to right side on the left of plate 3-10, are provided with sieve pore 3-16 on sieve plate 3-8, sieve pore 3-16's is big Small dimension is all different, and the aperture of sieve pore 3-16 becomes larger first piece to the 5th piece sieve plate on every piece of sieve plate 3-8 from left to right, Underproof jujube go bad because water loss causes shrivelled, shape is not full enough, in the sieve plate by smaller sieve pore 3-16 3-8 can be screened away first, and when then being vibrated forward by inclined oscillating plate 3-10, jujube of different size and specifications can root It is screened according to different sieve pore 3-16, after being screened successively, is not only filtered out underproof jujube, while will be identical big Together, being conducive to the later stage manually is screened, and reduces working strength, jujube can enter lower section after screening for small jujube screening In fruit case 3-9, the design of the idler wheel 3-13 of the bottoms fruit board 3-12 design is selected, is conducive to move whole device, is shortened The transport duration of jujube finally takes the jujube in fruit case 3-9 away so that entire to be carried well using the efficiency of process It is high.Sieve plate 3-8 is arranged above sparge pipe 3-18, the water jet face sieve plate 3-8 of sparge pipe 3-18, can be to being located at sieve plate Fresh date on 3-8 is cleaned again.In order to avoid fresh date is damaged in sieve plate 3-8, the Oscillation Amplitude of vibrating motor 3-11 It is not easy with frequency excessive;In addition, it is preferable to use rubber slab or plastic plates by sieve plate 3-8, can reduce due to collision to fresh date in this way Caused by damage.
The spray for being used for the rotten jujube screening of fresh date selects fruit machine to be provided with spraying box, and spraying box is internally provided with spray Jujube can be rinsed by head, and water outlet is provided on the left of spraying box, after jujube rinses, be cleaned in waste water stream intake pool, Into selected fruit board, vibrating motor is connected jujube after flushing with oscillating plate, moves jujube forward by vibration and chooses It selects, sieve plate is set on oscillating plate, shrivelled jujube can be screened, fruit case is fixed with below sieve plate, jujube is screening It can be sequentially entered in fruit case by the sieve pore on sieve plate according to diameter in the process, mitigate hand labor, sieve plate is selecting fruit machine Being internally provided with for platform is several, can carry out the screening operation of a large amount of jujube, in addition, the aperture of sieve pore gradually becomes from left to right Greatly, shrivelled jujube can preferentially be screened out, the quality and working efficiency of the jujube greatly improved.
Vibrating water-dropping machine is as shown in Fig. 4-1 to Fig. 4-3, including body 4-1, the first conveyer belt 4-4 and hairbrush 4-8, body The inner upper of 4-1 is horizontally disposed two piece of first fixed plate 4-3, and on the body 4-1 inner walls of the first sides fixed plate 4-3 It is equipped between the first vibrating motor 4-2, two piece of first fixed plate 4-3 and first rotating shaft 4-18 is installed, on first rotating shaft 4-18 First belt pulley is installed, the first conveyer belt 4-4 is located between two piece of first fixed plate 4-3 and is mounted on the first belt pulley On, and be mounted on first baffle 4-5, the first vibrating motor 4-2 and first on the upper surface of two piece of first fixed plate 4-3 and fix It is connected by connecting tube between plate 4-3;It is provided with feeding mouth 4-6, and the top of body 4-1 at the top of the upper left side of body 4-1 Connecting rod 4-7 is fixed on portion's inner wall, hairbrush 4-8 is installed on the lower section of connecting rod 4-7;
It is provided with below water outlet 4-14, the first conveyer belt 4-4 and is provided with and first on the lower left side wall of body 4-1 The first catch basin 4-15 that fixed plate 4-3 is fixedly connected, and be equipped with below the first catch basin 4-15 the first water pump 4-16 and First pipe 4-17, the water inlet end of the first water pump 4-16 are connected with the first catch basin 4-15 internal flows, the first water pump 4-16's The water inlet end and fluid communication of water outlet and first pipe 4-17, water outlet and the water outlet 4-14 fluids of first pipe 4-17 are led Logical, first rotating shaft 4-18 and the first motor 4-19 are drivingly connected, and the first conveyer belt 4-4 is the mesh belt of hollow out.
The lower inside of body 4-1 is horizontally disposed two piece of second fixed plate, and in the body 4-1 of the second fixed plate side Second vibrating motor is installed on inner wall, the second shaft is installed between two piece of second fixed plate, is equipped in the second shaft Two belt pulleys, the second conveyer belt 4-9 are located between two piece of second fixed plate and on the second belt pulley, and two piece second It is mounted on second baffle on the upper surface of fixed plate, company is contacted by connecting tube between the second vibrating motor and the second fixed plate It connects;
The second catch basin being fixedly connected with the second fixed plate is provided with below second conveyer belt 4-9, and second catchments Second water pump and second pipe are installed below slot, the water inlet end of the second water pump is connected with the second catch basin internal flow, the The water outlet of two water pumps and the water inlet end of second pipe and fluid communication, water outlet and the water outlet 4-14 fluids of second pipe are led Logical, the second shaft is connect with the second motor drive, and the second conveyer belt 4-9 is the mesh belt of hollow out.
Water in the inside of body 4-1 and immediately below the first catch basin 4-15 and right over the second conveyer belt 4-9 It is flat to be provided with two pieces of third fixed plates, and third vibrating motor is installed on the body 4-1 inner walls of third fixed plate side, two Third shaft is installed between block third fixed plate, third belt pulley is installed in third shaft, third conveyer belt 4-11 is located at The is mounted between two pieces of third fixed plates and on the third belt pulley, and on the upper surface of two pieces of third fixed plates Three baffles are connected between third vibrating motor and third fixed plate by connecting tube;
The third catch basin being fixedly connected with third fixed plate is provided with below third conveyer belt 4-11, and third is catchmented Third water pump and third pipeline are installed below slot, the water inlet end of third water pump is connected with third catch basin internal flow, the The water outlet of three water pumps and the water inlet end and fluid communication of third pipeline, water outlet and the water outlet 4-14 fluids of third pipeline are led Logical, third shaft is connect with third motor drive, and third conveyer belt is the mesh belt of hollow out;Third conveyer belt 4-11's Lower right is provided with discharge port 4-12, and support column 4-13 is fixed with below body 4-1.
First rotating shaft 4-18 is rotated in a clockwise direction, third shaft is rotated in the counterclockwise direction, the second shaft is along up time Needle direction rotates, and third wind turbine 4-20, the second conveyer belt are equipped on the body 4-1 inner walls in the upper right side of third conveyer belt 4-11 The second wind turbine 4-10 is installed on the upper left body 4-1 inner walls of 4-9.
It is characterized in that:First conveyer belt 4-4, the second conveyer belt 4-9 and third conveyer belt 4-11 are parallel shape structure, and The length of first conveyer belt 4-4, the second conveyer belt 4-9 and third conveyer belt 4-11 are less than the length of body 4-1.
The plate face of first baffle 4-5 is vertical with the loading end of the first conveyer belt 4-4, and first baffle 4-5 and thickness and the The thickness of one fixed plate 4-3 is identical;The plate face of second baffle is vertical with the loading end of the second conveyer belt 4-9, and second baffle with Thickness is identical as the thickness of the second fixed plate;The plate face of third baffle is vertical with the loading end of third conveyer belt 4-11, and third Baffle is identical as the thickness of third fixed plate as thickness.The loading end of the air outlet of second wind turbine 4-10 and the second conveyer belt 4-9 Parallel, the air outlet of third wind turbine 4-20 is parallel with the loading end of third conveyer belt 4-11.The aperture of mesh on mesh belt For 0.5-1.5cm, fresh date is avoided to fall.
Operation principle:The fresh date after cleaning is poured into from from feeding mouth 4-6 in body 4-1 first, fresh date falls into On one conveyer belt 4-4, the first conveyer belt 4-4 is mesh belt, and mesh belt is soft fabric, can reduce fresh date and shake It is damaged caused by during dynamic draining, the first motor 4-19 is then opened, the first belt pulley passes through first rotating shaft 4-18 up times The operation of the first conveyer belt of needle rotational movement 4-4 so that fresh date is transmitted on the first conveyer belt 4-4, is being transmitted In the process, start the first vibrating motor 4-2, the first vibrating motor 4-2 and drive the vibration of the first conveyer belt 4-4 so that fresh date Draining is vibrated, as fresh date approach hairbrush 4-8, hairbrush 4-8 can clean fresh date, while it is more to clear away fresh date surface Remaining moisture, in the process, first baffle 4-5 can be fallen in transmit process from both sides to avoid fresh date, be dripped after vibration The moisture gone out can be fallen into the first catch basin 4-15, and starting the first water pump 4-16, the first water pump 4-16 can be by the first catch basin 4- 15 are discharged by first pipe 4-17 by water outlet 4-14, and then fresh date falls into third from the right end of the first conveyer belt 4-4 On conveyer belt 4-11, open third wind turbine 4-20, third wind turbine 4-20 can blowing cold air, accelerate the moisture on fresh date surface to steam Hair so that fresh date quickly drains, fresh date counterclockwise movement on third conveyer belt 4-11, is leached after third vibration machine vibration Moisture can fall into third catch basin, by third water pump by the water in third catch basin by from third pipeline by water outlet It is discharged at 4-14, jujube continues to transmit, from the left end of third conveyer belt 4-11, fall on the second conveyer belt 4-9, and is passed second Clockwise transmission on band 4-9 is sent, continues to carry out draining by the second wind turbine 4-10 and the second vibrating motor collective effect, second catchments Water in slot is pumped out by the second water pump has water outlet 4-14 discharges by second pipe, finally completes the fresh date of vibration draining By the discharge port 4-12 discharges in the second lower rights conveyer belt 4-9 are arranged.
This is provided with the first conveyer belt, the second conveyer belt and third conveyer belt for the vibration draining machine that fresh date produces can To be more efficiently completed draining, feeding mouth is used for the entrance of fresh date, and skewed entrance can avoid the accumulation of fresh date It causing to squeeze breakage, hairbrush can clean fresh date, while clear away the moisture of fresh date excess surface, first baffle, Second baffle and third baffle can be fallen in transmit process from both sides to avoid fresh date, the first vibrating motor, the second vibration Motor and third vibrating motor can make the first conveyer belt, the second conveyer belt and third conveyer belt generate vibration indirectly, to Vibration draining is carried out to fresh date, the second wind turbine and third wind turbine can air-dry the moisture on fresh date surface so that fresh Jujube quickly drains, and draining effect is good, after the first catch basin, the second catch basin and third catch basin are for concentrating fresh date to clean The moisture of bleeding, water pump enable to the first catch basin, the second catch basin and third catch basin to be arranged by water outlet by pipeline Go out, the first motor, the second motor and third motor can drive first rotating shaft, the second shaft and third shaft respectively So that the first conveyer belt, the second conveyer belt and the operation of third conveyer belt, mesh belt, which is soft fabric, to be reduced for rotation Fresh date is damaged caused by during vibrating draining, and the surface of mesh belt enables to moisture logical in mesh-like structure It crosses, the mesh size of mesh belt, which is 0.5-1.5cm, to fall into the first collection of lower section by mesh belt to avoid fresh date In sink, the second catch basin and third catch basin, support column makes body is placed more to stablize.
Hot air through drier is including filter chamber 5-1, vibrator interface 5-4, buffer board 5-6, logical as shown in Fig. 5-1 to Fig. 5-3 Air port 5-11, second baffle 5-13 and catch basin 5-17, filter chamber's 5-1 inner walls are provided with rubber layer 5-2, and filter chamber 5-1 Top left hand is provided with feed inlet 5-3, and vibrator interface 5-4 is set to the right side of feed inlet 5-3, the inner wall two of filter chamber 5-1 End is fixed with bolt 5-5, and buffer board 5-6 is set between bolt 5-5, and it is two rows of and obliquely that buffer board 5-6 is provided with left and right Setting, and buffer board 5-6 is symmetrical about the central axes of filter chamber 5-1, and third water accepting layer is provided on the surface of buffer board 5-6, And buffer board 5-6 is connected by bolt 5-5 with filter chamber 5-1, and the setting of buffer board 5-6 can reduce fresh dates in filter chamber 5- Inside 1 by speed, while jujube rushing in filter chamber 5-1 can be reduced by the rubber layer 5-2 of filter chamber's 5-1 inner walls It hits, to be protected to fresh dates, avoids fresh dates surface from being squeezed and generate damage, reduce the performance of device, buffer Third water accepting layer is provided on the surface of plate 5-6 to adsorb the moisture on jujube surface during jujube passes through;It crosses The bottom end of filter chamber 5-1 is provided with filter plate 5-7, and the top of filter plate 5-7 is fixed with the first water accepting layer 5-8, filter plate 5-7's Upper end area is equal to the first water accepting layer 5-8 following table areas, the setting of the first water accepting layer 5-8 reduce fresh dates and filter plate 5-7 it Between frictional force, so as to accelerate flowing velocity of the fresh dates on filter plate 5-7, at the same again to the moisture on jujube surface into Row filtering and absorption, improve the filter efficiency of device, filter chamber 5-1 offers out jujube on the side wall of conveyer belt 5-14 left ends Mouthful 5-22, go out at jujube mouth 5-22 to be equipped with from go out jujube mouth 5-22 to the upper surfaces conveyer belt 5-14 it is inclined go out jujube pipe 5-23, transmission Be located at the underface of the outlet jujube pipe 5-23 with 5-14 left ends, filter plate 5-7 tilts installation settings, i.e. filter plate 5-7 it is neighbouring go out One end level height of jujube mouth 5-22 is less than filter plate 5-7 far from one end level height for going out jujube mouth 5-22, and jujube is by going out jujube Mouth 5-22 outflows;It is fixed with support plate 5-9 on the right side of filter chamber 5-1, and support plate 5-9 is arranged above fan 5-10, Ventilation opening 5-11 is set to the top of fan 5-10, and the bottom end of support plate 5-9 is fixed with first baffle 5-12, second baffle 5-13 It is set between two first baffle 5-12, and conveyer belt 5- is provided with immediately below first baffle 5-12 and second baffle 5-13 14, first baffle 5-12 and second baffle 5-13 are spaced along the length direction of conveyer belt 5-14, and water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 is adjacent It is both provided with tooth socket and teeth on the free end of the nearly upper surfaces conveyer belt 5-14, and along conveyer belt 5-14 length directions:Adjacent The tooth socket and teeth of water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 is opposite along conveyer belt 5-14 length directions, the size shape kissing of tooth socket and teeth It closes, the design of tooth socket and teeth arranged opposite between water-absorbing resin plate 5-19, improves fresh dates and water-absorbing resin plate 5-19's Effective contact area improves the performance of device to improve to the Drainage efficiencys of fresh dates, and positive and negative the two of conveyer belt 5-14 Face is provided with partition board 5-15, and the right end of conveyer belt 5-14 is provided with reclaiming plate 5-16, and catch basin 5-17 is fixed on conveyer belt 5- 14 underface, and the top of catch basin 5-17 is fixed with collecting net 5-18, collecting net 5-18 are in reticular structure, and collecting net 5- 18 height is less than the height of catch basin 5-17, and fresh dates in the device quickly flow by portion, and collecting net 5-18 can be filtered to being detached from The fresh dates of route are collected, and secondary cleaning and filtering can be carried out to it, avoids the generation of wasting phenomenon, conveyer belt 5-14's Be provided with the second water accepting layer 5-20 on surface, and the second water accepting layer 5-20 on be provided with filter hole 5-21, the second water accepting layer 5- 20 outer surface has bulge-structure, and filter hole 5-21 is between adjacent protrusion structure, the second water accepting layer 5-20 appearance masks There is the setting of bulge-structure the short time fresh dates can be fixed, while passing through the tooth socket and tooth between water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 The cooperation of arranged opposite is adsorbed and is filtered to the moisture on fresh dates surface between tooth, improves the efficiency of the filtering of device.
Operation principle:Device can be moved into operating position by wheel first, feed inlet 5-3 is set as with filter chamber 5-1 Integral structure avoids the interface of feed inlet 5-3 and filter chamber 5-1 from having the gap to be squeezed to cross jujube to jujube and cause brokenly Bad, to cause to waste, buffer board 5-6 is provided with left and right two rows and is arranged obliquely, and buffer board 5-6 is about filter chamber 5- 1 central axes are symmetrical, and third water accepting layer is provided on the surface of buffer board 5-6, and buffer board 5-6 was mounted on by bolt 5-5 On the inner wall of filter chamber 5-1, speed of the fresh dates by filter chamber 5-1 can be reduced by buffer board 5-6, while passing through filter chamber 5-1 Rubber layer 5-2 on inner wall can further decrease the speed of fresh dates, pass through the mutual cooperation of buffer board 5-6 and rubber layer 5-2 Fresh dates are protected, avoid fresh dates speed is larger, filter chamber's 5-1 inner walls are really up to the mark from being damaged to fresh dates, simultaneous buffering plate 5-6 Third water accepting layer on surface, can also absorb the moisture in fresh dates, pass through the vibration of the vibrator of the one end vibrator interface 5-4 Accelerate the separation for the moisture that fresh dates surface carries in filter chamber 5-1, and then the time that shortening device filtering is used, to improve dress The filter efficiency set.Fresh date by filtering for the first time, from the side wall positioned at conveyer belt 5-14 left ends neighbouring filter chamber 5-1 Go out jujube mouth 5-22 and it is inclined go out jujube pipe 5-23 outflow, be sent on conveyer belt 5-14, fresh date is on conveyer belt 5-14 Secondary drainage is carried out, fresh dates can pass through the second water accepting layer 5-20, the first baffle on the surfaces conveyer belt 5-14 simultaneously in transmission The water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 detachably installed on 5-12 and second baffle 5-13 adsorbs the moisture on fresh dates surface, leads to simultaneously The conveyer belt 5-14 blowings of the fan 5-10 of air port 5-11 settings downwards, accelerate the evaporation of fresh dates surface moisture;And conveyer belt It is provided with filter hole 5-21 between 5-14 and the second water accepting layer 5-20, the moisture on fresh dates surface can be filtered, be passed through simultaneously Catch basin 5-17 is collected drainage, detachable on water-absorbing resin plate free end on first baffle 5-12 and second baffle 5-13 There are tooth socket and teeth on the surfaces installation water-absorbing resin plate 5-19, and the tooth socket of adjacent water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 and teeth are along transmission Band 5-14 length directions are opposite, improve the effective area that fresh dates are contacted with water-absorbing resin plate 5-19, and then improve the equipment Filter efficiency, by the fresh date of first time filtering and second filtering, from the discharge port 5-16 streams of conveyer belt 5-14 right ends Go out, completes entire cross-flow drying process.
This has many advantages, such as not having to heating, flexibility height, easy to remove, charging for the hot air through drier that fresh date produces Mouth is integrated with filter chamber's setting, and feed inlet and the interface of filter chamber is avoided to have the gap and squeezed jujube to red Jujube, which is crossed, to be damaged, really up to the mark to fresh in order to reduce filtering chamber interior walls when jujube enters inside filter chamber to cause to waste Jujube causes to damage, therefore setting rubber layer and buffer board in filtering chamber interior walls, and it is indoor in filtering that buffer board can reduce jujube Flow velocity can reduce impact of the filtering chamber interior walls to jujube by rubber slab, pass through the two to achieve the effect that centainly to buffer Cooperation effectively protects jujube, and improves the performance of the device, and can install vibrator by vibrator interface can Accelerate the separation for the moisture that fresh dates surface carries, shortening is catchmented the time flowed with fresh dates, to improve the work effect of the equipment Rate, the fresh dates after being filtered to first time by conveyer belt carry out secondary drainage, and fresh dates can be inhaled by second simultaneously in transmission Water layer and water-absorbing resin plate adsorb the moisture on fresh dates surface, and filter hole is provided between conveyer belt and soft-slab, can The moisture on fresh dates surface is filtered, while drainage is collected by catch basin, there is tooth socket in water-absorbing resin plate free end Tooth socket and teeth between teeth, with adjacent water-absorbing resin plate is opposite along conveyer belt length direction, improves fresh dates and inhales The effective area of water-resin plate contact, and then the filter efficiency of the equipment is improved, the subsequent processing work of jujube is provided Convenience.
Rotary drum grader as shown in Fig. 6-1 to Fig. 6-4, including rack, sorting cylinder, driving device, receive jujube device 6-16 and It is classified auxiliary device, sorting cylinder is mounted on by rotation axis 6-11 in rack, and driving device is drivingly connected with rotation axis 6-11, The lower section for going out jujube mouth 6-6 that jujube device 6-16 is located at sorting cylinder is received, classification auxiliary device is mounted in sorting cylinder, classification auxiliary Device drives the fresh date in sorting cylinder to be moved from one end of sorting cylinder to the other end.
Sorting cylinder includes the inner cylinder 6-8 being coaxially fixedly mounted on rotation axis 6-11 and outer barrel 6-5, and inner cylinder 6-8 is located at In outer barrel 6-5, classification auxiliary device is mounted in inner cylinder 6-8;A point jujube mouth 6-7 is offered on the barrel of inner cylinder 6-8, divides jujube mouth 6- The second end of 7 hole first end to the inner cylinder 6-8 of inner cylinder 6-8 without leave become larger;Go out the cylinder that jujube mouth 6-6 is opened in outer barrel 6-5 On wall, and the aperture for going out jujube mouth 6-6 is equal with the aperture for dividing jujube mouth 6-7 diametrically.
Classification auxiliary device includes blade 6-9, driven shaft 6-20, chain and driven gear 6-18, driven shaft 6-20 with turn Moving axis 6-11 is parallel, and the both ends of driven shaft 6-20 are mounted on by bearing on the side wall of inner cylinder 6-8, and driven gear 6-18 is solid Dingan County is installed with driving gear 6-19, driven gear 6-18 and driving tooth on driven shaft 6-20 on rotation axis 6-11 Wheel 6-19 is connected by chain drive, 2-5 times of the diameter of a diameter of driven gear 6-18 of driving gear 6-19, blade 6-9 It is mounted on driven shaft 6-20 by fixed seat 6-10, the spacing of driven gear 6-18 circumscribed circles and inner cylinder 6-8 inner walls is 3 lis Rice.
Rack includes pedestal 6-1, fixed frame 6-15 and bearing 6-4, and supporting rack is separately installed at left and right sides of pedestal 6-1 6-2, and the upper end of supporting rack 6-2 is equipped with bearing block 6-3, bearing 6-4 is located on bearing block 6-3, the both ends of rotation axis 6-11 It is mounted on supporting rack 6-2 by bearing 6-4;Fresh date is offered in the first end of inner cylinder 6-8, and channel 6-12, fresh date is added One end that channel 6-12 is added extends to the outside of outer barrel 6-5 with inner cylinder 6-8 inside conductings, the other end;
Fixed frame 6-15 is located at the right side of pedestal 6-1, and driving device is mounted on fixed frame 6-15, and driving device includes electricity Motivation 6-14 and speed reducer 6-13, motor 6-14 drive rotation axis 6-11 by speed reducer 6-13.
It receives the interior of jujube device 6-16 and cambered surface 6-17 is installed, be welding between pedestal 6-1 and supporting rack 6-2.
Operation principle:Channel 6-12 is added by fresh date first fresh dates are added, by outer barrel 6-5, enter back into interior In cylinder 6-8, start motor 6-14, motor 6-14 drives rotation axis 6-11 rotations, and rotation axis 6-11 drives inner cylinder 6-8 and outer Cylinder 6-5 is rotated together, while the driving gear 6-19 on rotation axis 6-11 drives driven gear 6-18 to rotate by chain drive, To drive driven shaft 6-20 to rotate, the blade 6-9 for being fixed on driven shaft 6-20 starts to rotate, and the rotation of blade 6-9 to add The fresh dates entered move from right to left side, and 5 times of the diameter that driving gear 6-19 is driven gear 6-18 so that driven shaft 6- 20 rotating ratio rotation axis 6-11 is fast, and fresh dates are moved with rotation from the first end of inner cylinder 6-8 to the second end of inner cylinder, and fresh dates pass through Divide jujube mouth 6-7 to flow out from what the second end of first end to the inner cylinder 6-8 of inner cylinder 6-8 became larger aperture, and is fallen through going out jujube mouth 6-6 Enter to receive in jujube device 6-16, fresh dates are collected using jujube device 6-16 is received, the cambered surface 6-17 of receipts jujube device 6-16 can reduce fresh dates and exist To the collision of jujube in dropping process.Furthermore it is possible to which outer barrel and inner cylinder are tilted installation settings, the i.e. level of left end from left to right Height be less than right end level height, such fresh date again can under self gravitation effect in inner cylinder right-to-left movement, Fresh date movement velocity in cylinder is too fast in order to prevent, realizes preferable separating effect, and inclination angle is not easy excessive, preferred outer barrel and interior The axis of cylinder and the angle of horizontal plane are 2-5 °.
It is classified the rotation of driven shaft and classification drum that auxiliary device is mounted in sorting cylinder, and is classified in auxiliary device Axis is parallel, and the driven gear of driven shaft and the driving gear of rotation axis are sequentially connected by chain drive, and driven gear Different with the diameter of driving gear, driven shaft is different with the rotating speed of rotation axis, can be realized to sorting cylinder by a motor Interior and classification auxiliary device rotation so that jujube is detached faster.
Supporting rack is installed at pedestal both ends, bearing block and rotation axis are installed on supporting rack, when rotation axis rotates, axis Bearing fixed bias circuit, prevents rotation axis from shifting, and makes rotation axis normal rotation, ensures rotary drum grader normal work, is roller The normal operation of grader provides condition, and bearing block, which is mounted on supporting rack, to ensure rotation axis normal work simultaneously, also The weight of rotary drum grader can be supported, does not influence the rotation of rotation axis, the frictional force of rotation axis rotation is reduced, reduces disappearing for kinetic energy Consumption saves electric energy.
The aperture for dividing jujube mouth being arranged becomes larger from the second end of first end to the inner cylinder of inner cylinder, and rotation axis drives driven Axis blade rotates so that and fresh date is followed by the second end that inner cylinder is moved to from the first end of inner cylinder, in the process of moving, Fresh date installation divides the sequence from small to large of jujube oral pore diameter step by step from dividing jujube mouth to detach, and completes the separation to fresh date, receives jujube Globoidal structure in device can reduce the impact force that fresh date is fallen, and ensure the integrality of fresh date.
Fresh date quality inspection device is as shown in Fig. 7-1 to Fig. 7-2, including the transmission of driving wheel 7-1, driven wheel 7-2, black Band 7-3, black rubber disturbance piece 7-4, limiting slot 7-5, disturbance gap 7-6, feeding funnel 7-7, lighting box 7-8, fibre-optical probe 7- 9, spherical mirror 7-10, the first optical filter 7-11, interferometer 7-12, amplifier 7-13, digital analog converter 7-14, computer 7-15, Near-infrared light source 7-16, the second optical filter 7-17 and video camera 7-18;Black conveyer belt 7-3 is mounted on driving wheel 7-1 and driven It takes turns on 7-2, driving wheel 7-1 is drivingly connected with driving device, and driving wheel 7-1 drives driven wheel 7-2 same by black conveyer belt 7-3 Step rotation;It is equipped with the surfaces protrusion black conveyer belt 7-3 in the length direction of black conveyer belt 7-3 upper edge black conveyer belts 7-3 Two parallel black rubber 7-20, two black rubber 7-20 between formed limiting slot 7-5, two black rubber items Being smaller than between 7-20 indulges diameter and more than or equal to the maximum transverse diameter of fresh date equal to 2 times of maximums of fresh date;Black The first end of rubber disturbance piece 7-4 is fixed on limiting slot 7-5 slot bottoms, second end is prolonged to away from the black conveyer belt 7-3 directions of motion It stretches, and black rubber disturbance piece 7-4 and the angle on the surfaces black conveyer belt 7-3 are 7-30 °;Residing one of driving wheel 7-1 Hold the discharge end that one end residing for the feed end for being black conveyer belt 7-3, driven wheel 7-2 is black conveyer belt 7-3, feeding funnel 7- 7 positioned at the surface of driving wheel 7-1 and the discharge port bottom of discharge port face the limiting slot 7-5, feeding funnel 7-7 of feeding funnel 7-7 Portion offers disturbance gap 7-6, and black rubber disturbs piece 7-4 faces and disturbs gap 7-6, and black rubber disturbs piece 7-4's Width and length are respectively smaller than the width and length of disturbance gap 7-6, and the discharge port diameter of feeding funnel 7-7 is less than or equal to scarlet 1.5 times of maximums of jujube indulge diameter and the maximum transverse diameter more than or equal to fresh date;Lighting box 7-8 is being located at black conveyer belt 7-3 just Top, near-infrared light source 7-16, the second optical filter 7-17 and video camera 7-18 are separately mounted to the left side babinet of lighting box 7-8 Interior, the second optical filter 7-17 is located at the underface of video camera 7-18, and near-infrared light source 7-16 is mounted under the second optical filter 7-17 On the lighting box 7-8 tank walls of side, the signal output end of video camera 7-18 is connect with the signal input part of computer 7-15;Interferometer The incident optical through the first optical filter 7-11, spherical mirror 7-10 and fibre-optical probe 7-9 irradiates in place the transmitting light of 7-12 successively In on the fresh date 7-19 on black conveyer belt 7-3, the reflected light of the fresh date 7-19 reception light through fibre-optical probe 7-9 successively Fine, amplifier 7-13 and digital analog converter 7-14 simultaneously inputs computer 7-15.
Due to being provided with limiting slot 7-5 on black conveyer belt 7-3 so that fresh date can be arranged in limiting slot one by one 7-5 can make the fresh date 7-19 in feeding funnel 7-7 suitable by the cooperation that black rubber disturbs piece 7-4 and disturbs gap 7-6 Sharp ground rolls out and one by one in limiting slot 7-5, is effectively prevented the discharge port that fresh date blocks feeding funnel 7-7.To production When fresh date out is sampled inspection, only fresh date need to be put into feeding funnel 7-7, start motor can automatically into Row detection, without manual intervention fresh date putting on black conveyer belt 7-3.By video camera 7-18 to being located at black transmission It is taken pictures and is input in computer 7-15 with the fresh date 7-19 on 7-3 and carry out image procossing, exported after gamma correction Image judges fresh date 7-19 surface qualities (insect pest, mildew and rot, damage breach etc.) accordingly;Image procossing and gamma correction are The prior art, details are not described herein.After the incident light that interferometer is sent out is irradiated on fresh date 7-19, fresh date 7-19 can be with Diffusing reflection is carried out to incident light, will be handled in the collected spectrum signal input computer 7-15 that diffuses, by prior Established fresh date inside quality mathematical model, to analyze the content of detected fresh date interior section substance;Fresh date is unrestrained Reflectance spectrum signal processing and the foundation of fresh date inside quality mathematical model etc. belong to the prior art, and details are not described herein.
The surface of fresh date using GB2762-2017 to being produced in step (S1) is detected, lead, chromium, cadmium, The pollutants such as mercury, arsenic, tin, nickel, nitrite, nitrate are detection;The pesticide variety used according to farmer uses The surface pesticide residue of fresh dates of the GB2763-2016 to being produced in step (S1) is detected, pesticide used in farmer It is not detected;The surface pathogenic bacteria of the fresh date to being produced in step (S1) are detected using GB29921-2013, Detection of Salmonella, staphylococcus aureus and escherichia coli are not detected;Using GB2761-2017 to being produced in step (S1) The surface mycotoxin of the fresh date come is detected, and patulin is not detected.Fully prove that the fresh date produced can be with It is disposable and directly use.It is less than due to having carried out classification, sorting and abundant drying, cull fruit to fresh date in process of production 3%, long-distance transport sale can be carried out, the holding time is more than to go rotten without occurring for 15 days.
The sewage in step (S1) is handled using sewage-treatment plant in step (S2), sewage-treatment plant is such as Shown in Fig. 8-1 and Fig. 8-4, including grid collecting-tank, level-one micro-filtration pond, just sink regulating reservoir, two level micro-filtration pond, anaerobic reation pool, Facultative reaction tank, contact oxidation pond, first stage precipitation tank, second-level settling pond, intermediate pool, sludge concentration tank and filter, Grid collecting-tank, level-one micro-filtration pond, just heavy regulating reservoir, two level micro-filtration pond, anaerobic reation pool, facultative reaction tank, catalytic oxidation are anti- Fluid communication connects successively for Ying Chi, first stage precipitation tank, second-level settling pond, intermediate pool, sludge concentration tank and filter;Grid collection The dirt of the sludge outlet side in pond, the sludge outlet side in level-one micro-filtration pond, just the sludge outlet side, two level micro-filtration pond of heavy regulating reservoir Mud outlet side, the sludge outlet side of anaerobic reation pool, the sludge outlet side of facultative reaction tank, contact oxidation pond sludge row The sludge outlet side difference of outlet, the sludge outlet side of first stage precipitation tank, the sludge outlet side of second-level settling pond and intermediate pool It is connect with the sludge upstream end fluid communication of sludge concentration tank;Grid in grid collecting-tank includes filtering component groups, filtering Include end plate 8-1 and filtering component with component groups, filtering component includes supporting rod 8-2 and branch pipe 8-3, branch pipe 8-3 pipe shafts Be equipped with through branch pipe 8-3 inner and outer walls recirculation hole 8-4, one end of branch pipe 8-3 be fixedly connected with supporting rod 8-2 outer walls and Angle α between branch pipe 8-3 axial directions and supporting rod 8-2 axial directions is 33 °, and the fixing end of supporting rod 8-2 is fixed with an end plate 8-1 Connection, the free end of supporting rod 8-2 and the 8-1 grafting of another end plate.
Wherein, as shown in Fig. 8-2, in the same filtering component groups, on two adjacent supporting rod 8-2, first The axial direction of branch pipe 8-3 and the axial angle of the branch pipe 8-3 on second supporting rod 8-2 are equal to 0 ° on a supporting rod 8-2;Same In a filtering component groups, the fixing end of adjacent two supporting rod 8-2 is fixedly connected from different end plate 8-1 respectively.In this way It is arranged and is not only convenient for the filter screen blocking that the larger solid waste of volume is supported bar 8-2 and branch pipe 8-3 compositions, and volume Smaller solid waste can also be adsorbed and stopped by recirculation hole 8-4, to reduce the filter pressure in level-one micro-filtration pond.In branch pipe On 8-3, the nozzle of recirculation hole 8-4, branch pipe 8-3 internal cavities and the free ends branch pipe 8-3 constitute a fluid passage, and this A fluid passage fluid flow environment is relatively stable, and the inner wall of branch pipe 8-3 is attracted to convenient for the solid waste of small volume On, to form the filtering to the solid waste of small volume, reduce level-one micro-filtration pond filter pressure.And in the present embodiment Filtering component removal it is easy to assembly, be 33 ° using the angle α between branch pipe 8-3 axial directions and supporting rod 8-2 axial directions, can be with Under the premise of ensureing the discharge of sewage of grid, the rejection rate of solid waste is improved, and recirculation hole 8-4 can also take out dirt Greasy dirt in water, principle are that recirculation hole 8-4 is that greasy dirt is provided convenience with the generation infiltration of branch pipe 8-3 tube walls, so as to Greasy dirt is adsorbed in recirculation hole 8-4 or the inside of branch pipe 8-3.And filtering component is by by point of two end plate 8-1 From the simple fractionation that filtering component may be implemented, consequently facilitating solid waste falls off from supporting rod 8-2 and branch pipe 8-3, Convenient for the removal of the solid waste on filtering component.
An important link in sewage disposal is exactly the organic matter degradation in sewage, in degradation of organic substances.People are logical Frequently with simultaneous oxygen reaction and contact oxidation the utilization rate of oxygen and the degradation of organic matter how are improved in this link Efficiency, in order to solve the problems, such as that oxygen utilization rate is low in existing equipment and organic matter degradation is less efficient, in the present embodiment, Facultative reaction tank water inlet and contact oxidation pond water inlet are both provided with flow-disturbing component, and flow-disturbing component includes cross mounting bracket 8-5 and spiral spoiler 8-6, as shown in Fig. 8-3;In facultative reaction tank or in contact oxidation pond, spiral spoiler One end of 8-6 is arranged in facultative reaction tank or in contact oxidation pond, the other end setting and ten of spiral spoiler 8-6 Word mounting bracket 8-5 is fixedly connected, cross mounting bracket 8-5 be arranged in facultative reaction tank water inlet or contact oxidation pond into In the mouth of a river.As shown in Fig. 8-3, in the present embodiment, flow-disturbing component further includes corrugated plating 8-7, and one end of corrugated plating 8-7 is arranged simultaneous In oxygen reaction tank or in contact oxidation pond, the other end setting of corrugated plating 8-7 is fixedly connected with cross mounting bracket 8-5. Wherein, spiral spoiler 8-6 and corrugated plating 8-7 is orifice plate, and the through-hole aperture on spiral spoiler 8-6 is 12mm, corrugated plating Through-hole aperture on 8-7 is 18mm.And the spiral surfaces spoiler 8-6 and the surfaces corrugated plating 8-7 are both provided with catalyst coat In 8-10 and catalyst granules 8-8, the catalyst coat 8-10 that catalyst granules 8 is embedded in, as shown in fig. 8-4, wherein catalysis Agent particle 8-8 grain sizes are 0.8mm, and catalyst coat -10 is equipped with groove 8-9, groove 8-9 systems of processing by the way of foaming , i.e., when preparing catalyst coat 8-10, the material that gas is easily resolved into heating is mixed into the raw material of catalyst coat 8-10 Material, such as ammonium carbonate.Using the flow-disturbing component in the present embodiment, the hybrid reaction of sewage and heavy-oxygen-enriched water can not only be promoted, and And effective contact area of dirty Organic substance in water and catalyst can be increased, to be conducive to improve the utilization rate of oxygen and organic The degradation efficiency of object improves 26% or more, organic matter degradation efficiency using the flow-disturbing component oxygen utilization rate in the present embodiment Improve 30%.
In order to further increase oxygen utilization efficiency and organic matter degradation efficiency, in the present embodiment, in facultative reaction tank Equipped with 6 water inlets, be equipped with 2 aeration heads between adjacent two water inlets, and in contact oxidation the pond in equipped with 8 into The mouth of a river is equipped with 2 aeration heads between adjacent two water inlets.
The branch pipe composition grid of recirculation hole is equipped with using supporting rod, end plate and pipe shaft can not only ensure the sewage of grid Flow, while sorbent filter is carried out to the organic particle in sewage using recirculation hole and branch pipe pore, it can effectively reduce dirt 36% or more solid content in water.Sewage and oxygen-containing water body can be increased under being acted on using the flow-disturbing of spiral spoiler and corrugated plating Mixing, is conducive to the degradation rate of dirty Organic substance in water.Aeration head is arranged and is conducive to sewage between adjacent water inlet and contains Mixing between oxygen water body, and then be conducive to the degradation rate of dirty Organic substance in water.The knot being combined using particle, coating and groove Structure can greatly improve organic matter and contact probability of the oxygen on catalyst surface, improve the degradation rate of dirty Organic substance in water.
Jujube deep processing sewage disposal system in the present embodiment is not only effectively reduced in sewage by filtering with component Solid content, and improve sundries removal efficiency on filtering component, effectively increase filtering and returned with efficiency with component, reduced Lness ratio of plant, and can improve the mixing of sewage and heavy-oxygen-enriched water under the action of unpowered agitation by flow-disturbing component Degree can not only reduce the energy consumption in sewage disposal process, but also can improve the utilization rate of oxygen and the drop of organic matter Solution rate.

Claims (10)

1. fresh dates produce and Quality Detection technique, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
(S1) fresh date produces, and carries out sampling observation or full inspection to the fresh date produced using fresh date quality inspection device, Packaging, manufacture sale;
(S2) sewage disposal.
2. fresh dates production according to claim 1 and Quality Detection technique, which is characterized in that fresh date quality inspection device Including:Driving wheel (7-1), driven wheel (7-2), black conveyer belt (7-3), black rubber disturbance piece (7-4), limiting slot (7-5), Disturb gap (7-6), feeding funnel (7-7), lighting box (7-8), fibre-optical probe (7-9), spherical mirror (7-10), the first optical filter (7-11), interferometer (7-12), amplifier (7-13), digital analog converter (7-14), computer (7-15), near-infrared light source (7- 16), the second optical filter (7-17) and video camera (7-18);Black conveyer belt (7-3) is mounted on driving wheel (7-1) and driven wheel On (7-2), driving wheel (7-1) is drivingly connected with driving device, and driving wheel (7-1) is driven driven by black conveyer belt (7-3) (7-2) is taken turns to rotate synchronously;It is equipped with protrusion black in the length direction of black conveyer belt (7-3) upper edge black conveyer belt (7-3) Two parallel black rubber items (7-20) on the surface conveyer belt (7-3) form limit between two black rubber items (7-20) Slot (7-5), being smaller than between two black rubber items (7-20) or 2 times of maximums equal to fresh date indulge diameter and are more than or wait In the maximum transverse diameter of fresh date;Black rubber disturbance piece (7-4) first end be fixed on limiting slot (7-5) slot bottom, second end to Extend away from black conveyer belt (7-3) direction of motion, and black rubber disturbance piece (7-4) and the surface black conveyer belt (7-3) Angle be 7-30 °;Feed end of the residing one end of driving wheel (7-1) for black conveyer belt (7-3), driven wheel (7-2) institute The one end at place is the discharge end of black conveyer belt (7-3), and feeding funnel (7-7) is located at the surface of driving wheel (7-1) and feeding The discharge port bottom of the discharge port face limiting slot (7-5) of bucket (7-7), feeding funnel (7-7) offers disturbance gap (7-6), black Color rubber disturbs piece (7-4) face disturbance gap (7-6), and the width of black rubber disturbance piece (7-4) and length difference are small In the width and length of disturbance gap (7-6), the discharge port diameter of feeding funnel (7-7) is less than or equal to 1.5 times of fresh date most Big vertical diameter and the maximum transverse diameter more than or equal to fresh date;Lighting box (7-8) is located at the surface of black conveyer belt (7-3), closely Infrared light supply (7-16), the second optical filter (7-17) and video camera (7-18) are separately mounted to the left side babinet of lighting box (7-8) Interior, the second optical filter (7-17) is located at the underface of video camera (7-18), and near-infrared light source (7-16) is mounted on the second optical filter On lighting box (7-8) tank wall below (7-17), the signal of the signal output end and computer (7-15) of video camera (7-18) is defeated Enter end connection;The transmitting light of interferometer (7-12) is successively through the first optical filter (7-11), spherical mirror (7-10) and fibre-optical probe The incident optical of (7-9) is irradiated on the fresh date (7-19) on black conveyer belt (7-3), the reflection of fresh date (7-19) Reception optical fiber, amplifier (7-13) and digital analog converter (7-14) of the light successively through fibre-optical probe (7-9) simultaneously input computer (7- 15)。
3. fresh dates production and Quality Detection technique according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in step (S2), utilize dirt Water treatment facilities handles the sewage in step (S1), sewage-treatment plant include grid collecting-tank, level-one micro-filtration pond, just Heavy regulating reservoir, two level micro-filtration pond, anaerobic reation pool, facultative reaction tank, contact oxidation pond, first stage precipitation tank, two-stage precipitation Pond, intermediate pool, sludge concentration tank and filter, the grid collecting-tank, level-one micro-filtration pond, the just heavy regulating reservoir, Two level micro-filtration pond, the anaerobic reation pool, the facultative reaction tank, the contact oxidation pond, level-one precipitation Pond, the second-level settling pond, the intermediate pool are connected with the filter successively fluid communication;The dirt of the grid collecting-tank Mud outlet side, the sludge outlet side in level-one micro-filtration pond, the sludge outlet side of the just heavy regulating reservoir, two level micro-filtration pond Sludge outlet side, the sludge outlet side of the anaerobic reation pool, the sludge outlet side of the facultative reaction tank, the contact oxygen Change the sludge outlet side of reaction tank, the sludge outlet side of the first stage precipitation tank, the second-level settling pond sludge outlet side and The sludge outlet side of the intermediate pool is connect with the sludge upstream end fluid communication of the sludge concentration tank respectively;The grid Grid in collecting-tank includes filtering component groups, and the filtering component groups include end plate (8-1) and filtering component, described Filtering component includes supporting rod (8-2) and branch pipe (8-3), and branch pipe (8-3) pipe shaft, which is equipped with, runs through the branch pipe (8-3) One end of the recirculation hole (8-4) of inner and outer wall, the branch pipe (8-3) is fixedly connected with the supporting rod (8-2) outer wall and institute It states angle α of the branch pipe (8-3) axially between supporting rod (8-2) axial direction to be more than 20 ° and be less than or equal to 75 °, the branch The fixing end of strut (8-2) is fixedly connected with an end plate (8-1), the free end of the supporting rod (8-2) and another End plate (8-1) grafting;In the same filtering component groups, on two adjacent supporting rods (8-2), the The axial direction of the branch pipe (8-3) and the branch pipe on second supporting rod (8-2) on one supporting rod (8-2) The axial angle of (8-3) is greater than or equal to 0 ° and is less than or equal to 90 °;It is adjacent in the same filtering component groups The fixing end of two supporting rods (8-2) is fixedly connected from the different end plates (8-1) respectively;The facultative reaction tank into The mouth of a river and contact oxidation pond water inlet are both provided with flow-disturbing component, and the flow-disturbing component includes cross mounting bracket (8- And spiral spoiler (8-6) 5);One end of the spiral spoiler (8-6) is arranged in the facultative reaction tank or described connects It touches in oxidation reaction pond, the other end setting of the spiral spoiler (8-6) is fixedly connected with the cross mounting bracket (8-5), The cross mounting bracket (8-5) is arranged in the facultative reaction tank water inlet or contact oxidation pond water inlet It is interior;The flow-disturbing component further includes corrugated plating (8-7), and one end of the corrugated plating (8-7) is arranged in the facultative reaction tank Or in the contact oxidation pond, the other end setting of the corrugated plating (8-7) and the cross mounting bracket (8-5) are fixed Connection;The spiral spoiler (8-6) and the corrugated plating (8-7) are orifice plate;Through-hole on the spiral spoiler (8-6) Aperture is 5~15mm, and the through-hole aperture on the corrugated plating (8-7) is 15~20mm;The spiral spoiler surface (8-6) and Corrugated plating (8-7) surface is both provided with catalyst coat (8-10) and catalyst granules (8-8), the catalyst granules In the catalyst coat (8-10) that (8-8) is embedded in;Catalyst granules (8-8) grain size is 0.5~1mm;It is described to urge Agent coating (8-10) is equipped with groove (8-9);It is equipped in the facultative reaction tank and is greater than or equal to 3 water inlets, adjacent two It is equipped between a water inlet and is greater than or equal to 1 aeration head.
4. fresh dates production and Quality Detection technique according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fresh date in step (S1) Production, includes the following steps:
(S1-1) soaking and washing:Bubbling -cleaning slot to be sent into after the fresh date of picking is cleaned to clean, water temperature is 15-25 DEG C, The ratio of fresh date and water is 1:(1.5-6) kg/liter, scavenging period 10-20min, the shaft (1-5) of bubbling -cleaning slot Rotating speed is 5-20 revs/min;In cleaning process, opens bactericidal lamp and sterilized;After cleaning, collection fresh date is spare, The number that water recycles is 2-20 times, reaches outlet pipe (1-14) row for recycling the waste water of number by bubbling -cleaning slot Enter the grid collecting-tank of jujube deep processing sewage disposal system;
(S1-2) hairbrush cleans:The fresh date collected after soaking and washing is sent into hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine, fresh date turns in hairbrush The forward speed of horizontal direction is 1-2m/min when cleaning in drum cleaning machine;The main hairbrush (2-9) and pair of hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine Hairbrush (2-18) is fungi-proofing nylon bristle, and the water spray of every kilogram of fresh date is 0.5-2 kilograms, and the ejected wash water of outflow is transported to In step (S1-1) in the tank (1-24) of bubbling -cleaning slot, for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-3) spray selects fruit:The fresh date collected after hairbrush is cleaned is sent into spray and fruit machine, spray is selected to select the nozzle (3- of fruit machine 5) water spray is:Every kilogram of fresh date is sprayed water 0.1-0.5 kilograms, and it is clear that the ejected wash water of outflow is transported to bubble in step (S1-1) In the tank (1-24) of washing trough, for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-4) vibrating water-dropping:The fresh date collected after fruit is selected to be sent into vibrating water-dropping machine spray, removal fresh date surface Water,
The transmission speed of first conveyer belt of vibrating water-dropping machine, the second conveyer belt and third conveyer belt is 0.5-3m/min, vibrations Second wind turbine of draining machine and the wind speed of third wind turbine are 1-8m/s;The water that the water outlet (4-14) of vibrating water-dropping machine is discharged is defeated It is sent in the tank (1-24) of bubbling -cleaning slot in step (S1-1), for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-5) cross-flow drying:Fresh date after vibrating water-dropping is sent into hot air through drier to be further dried, cross-flow drying The transmission speed of the conveyer belt of machine is 1-2m/min;
(S1-6) sieving and grading:Fresh date after cross-flow drying is sent into rotary drum grader, classification is carried out and selects fruit, roller classification The inner cylinder (6-8) and outer barrel (6-5) of machine rotate synchronously and rotating speed is 5-20 revs/min;Rotary drum grader divides jujube mouth (6-7) Diameter is followed successively by from first end to the second end of inner cylinder (6-8) and outer barrel (6-5):First point of jujube mouth diameter is less than or equal to 3.6cm, second point of jujube mouth diameter are more than 3.6cm and divide jujube mouth diameter to be more than 4.3cm less than or equal to 4.3cm, third and be less than Or it is more than 4.7cm equal to 4.7cm, the 4th point of jujube mouth diameter;
The fresh date that 4th point of jujube mouth comes out is superfine fresh date, and the fresh date that third divides jujube mouth to come out is level-one fresh date, the The fresh date that two points of jujube mouths come out is two level fresh date, and the fresh date that first point of jujube mouth comes out is the following fresh date of two level;It utilizes Fresh date quality inspection device carries out sampling observation or full inspection to the fresh date produced;
(S1-7) packaging and storage:Superfine fresh date and level-one fresh date are distinguished into packaging and storage;Two level and the following fresh date of two level It is transferred to jujube piece production process and/or date powder production process.
5. fresh dates production and Quality Detection technique according to claim 4, which is characterized in that bubbling -cleaning slot includes:Cleaning Slot (1-1), stirring rod (1-6) and outlet pipe (1-14), it is characterised in that:It is fixed with base cabinet (1- on the left of rinse bath (1-1) 2) wind turbine (1-3), and above base cabinet (1-2) is installed, the side of rinse bath (1-1) is equipped with motor (1-4), and electronic Machine (1-4) is drivingly connected with shaft (1-5), and stirring rod (1-6) is fixed on the lateral surface of shaft (1-5), and shaft (1-5) Outside is fixed with protective cover (1-7), and stirring rod (1-6) is located in protective cover (1-7), and hairiness is fixed in the outside of protective cover (1-7) It brushes (1-8), baffle slot (1-9), and the inside peace of baffle slot (1-9) is provided on the right side madial wall of rinse bath (1-1) Equipped with baffle (1-10), the lower right of baffle (1-10) is provided with collecting pit, collection box (1-11) is equipped in collecting pit, and receive It is fixed with snap-gauge (1-12) on collection box (1-11), inlet port (1-13), inlet port (1- are provided on the left of collection box (1-11) 13) lower edge is concordant with the groove bottom of rinse bath (1-1), and outlet pipe (1-14) is set to the bottom of collecting pit, and rinse bath Bactericidal lamp (1-15) is installed above the middle part of (1-1), feed inlet (1-16) is provided with above bactericidal lamp (1-15), and feed Deceleration cloth bag (1-17) is fixed with below mouth (1-16), outlet pipe (1-14) is internally provided with rounded tabs (1-18), circle The edge of shape catch (1-18) coordinates with outlet pipe (1-14) inner wall sealing, and rounded tabs (1-18) and the one of bull stick (1-19) End is fixedly connected, and the other end of bull stick (1-19) passes through the turn trough (1-20) on outlet pipe (1-14) side wall to reach outlet pipe (1-14) outside;The bottom of rinse bath (1-1) is equipped with blast pipe (1-21), inlet end and the air blower (1- of blast pipe (1-21) 22) outlet side of outlet side fluid communication, blast pipe (1-21) is connected with rinse bath (1-1) internal flow;Collection box (1- 11) filter hole that aperture is less than jujube diameter is offered on inner wall;Collecting pit, water pump (1-23), tank (1-24) and clear Washing trough (1-1) fluid communication successively is equipped with valve (1-25) on the pipeline between tank (1-24) and rinse bath (1-1); Stirring rod (1-6) is in flabellum shape structure, and stirring rod (1-6) is uniformly distributed about the longitudinal center line of shaft (1-5);Protective cover (1-7) is in netted engraved structure, and the radius of protective cover (1-7) is more than the length of stirring rod (1-6), and protective cover (1-7) It is fixedly connected with being integrally formed structure with hairbrush (1-8);The height of baffle (1-10) is more than the height of rinse bath (1-1) right side wall Degree, and baffle (1-10) is detachably connected by baffle slot (1-9) and rinse bath (1-1);Collection box (1-11) L-shape hollow out Structure, collection box (1-11) and snap-gauge (1-12) are by being formed by welding integral structure, and snap-gauge (1-12) is in groove-like knot Structure, and the groove width of the groove-like structure of snap-gauge (1-12) is more than the sidewall thickness of collecting pit.
6. fresh dates production and Quality Detection technique according to claim 4, which is characterized in that hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine includes: Body (2-1), discharge port (2-4) and motor (2-10), it is characterised in that:The left side upper end of body (2-1) is connected with blanking Mouth (2-2), and the right end of body (2-1) is equipped with fixture block (2-3), discharge port (2-4) is distributed in the interior of fixture block (2-3) Side, and the both sides of discharge port (2-4) are through having hex bolts (2-5), the upper end of body (2-1) to be equipped with water pipe (2-6), and water It is fixed with water valve (2-7) on the outside of pipe (2-6), shaft (2-8), and the outside of shaft (2-8) are provided on the inside of body (2-1) Surrounding is connected with main hairbrush (2-9) and secondary hairbrush (2-18), and motor (2-10) is distributed in the left side lower end of body (2-1), and Belt (2-11) is installed on the power output end of motor (2-10), peace is fixed in the shaft (2-8) of the leftmost side body (2-1) Equipped with belt pulley (2-12), the power output end of motor (2-10), which is driven with belt pulley (2-12) by belt (2-11), to be connected It connects, sprocket wheel is mounted on one end of each shaft (2-8), passes through matched chain and chain between adjacent shaft (2-8) Wheel is sequentially connected, and the lower end of body (2-1) is provided with fixed frame (2-13), and the bottom of fixed frame (2-13) is equipped with idler wheel (2-14) is distributed with adjusting nut (2-15) on the inside of water pipe (2-6), and is fixed with connecting tube on the inside of adjusting nut (2-15) The lower end of (2-16), connecting tube (2-16) are equipped with nozzle (2-17), nozzle (2-17) and connecting tube (2-16) fluid communication, even Take over (2-16) and water pipe (2-6) fluid communication;Feed opening (2-2) is in funnel-shaped structure, and feed opening (2-2) and body (2- 1) it is welding between;From fresh date arrival end to fresh date outlet end, the radius of shaft (2-8) upper sprocket wheel tapers into;Discharging Mouth (2-4) is detachably connected by hex bolts (2-5) and fixture block (2-3) with body (2-1);Main hairbrush (2-9) and secondary hairbrush (2-18) distributes alternately in the outside of shaft (2-8), and main hairbrush (2-9) is equal to secondary hairbrush (2- along the width of shaft (2-8) axial direction 18) along the width of shaft (2-8) axial direction;Between two neighboring shaft (2-8):Main hairbrush (2-9) on one shaft (2-8) is just Main hairbrush (2-9) bristle to the secondary hairbrush (2-18) in another shaft (2-8), and on a shaft (2-8) is extend into In secondary hairbrush (2-18) bristle in another shaft (2-8);Branch pipe is equidistantly formed on outer wall on the inside of water pipe (2-6), is adjusted It saves nut (2-15) to be mounted on branch pipe, be provided on the outer surface of the end connecting tube (2-16) interior with adjusting nut (2-15) The free end of the external screw thread that screw thread matches, branch pipe is extend into connecting tube (2-16), and branch pipe and connecting tube (2-16) are logical Nut (2-15) is overregulated to be detachably connected.
7. fresh dates production and Quality Detection technique according to claim 4, which is characterized in that spray selects the fruit machine to include:Spray Case (3-6) and fruit board (3-12) is selected, fruit board (3-12) is selected to be located at the right side of spraying box (3-6), the left side of spraying box (3-6) It is provided with pond (3-1), and spraying box (3-6) is internally provided with water tank (3-2), the water outlet of water tank (3-2) and water-supply-pipe The water inlet end fluid communication of (3-3), and the water inlet end fluid communication of the water outlet of water-supply-pipe (3-3) and nozzle (3-5), spraying box The bottom that (3-6) closes on the side pond (3-1) is provided with water outlet (3-4), and filter plate (3- is provided with below nozzle (3-5) 17), water outlet (3-4) is connected with the space fluid below filter plate (3-17);Spraying box (3-6), which closes on, selects fruit board (3-12) The bottom of side is provided with discharge port, selects and is equipped with oscillating plate (3-10) on fruit board (3-12), is installed on oscillating plate (3-10) There are sieve plate (3-8), discharge outlet that slide plate (3-7) is installed, the discharge end of slide plate (3-7) is located above sieve plate (3-8), sieve plate Fruit case (3-9) is installed below (3-8), selects and vibrating motor (3-11) is installed on the right side of fruit board (3-12), and vibrates electricity The left side of machine (3-11) is connect with oscillating plate (3-10), and the bottom of fruit board (3-12) is selected to be installed with supporting rack (3-14), And the bottom of supporting rack (3-14) is equipped with idler wheel (3-13), and fruit inlet (3-15), sieve plate are provided at the top of spraying box (3-6) The surface of (3-8) is provided with sieve pore (3-16);Filter plate (3-17) is in spraying box (3-6):From the side of adjacent pool (3-1) 10-30 ° is tilted to the direction of discharge port, i.e. the side level height of filter plate (3-17) adjacent pool (3-1) is more than discharge port Level height;Oscillating plate (3-10) tilts 5-15 ° from left to right on selecting fruit board (3-12), i.e. oscillating plate (3-10) is neighbouring The level height of the one end spraying box (3-6) is more than the level height far from the one end spraying box (3-6);The shape of sieve plate (3-8) is Arc installs five pieces or five pieces or more of sieve plate, and every piece of sieve from left to right side by side from left to right on oscillating plate (3-10) The aperture of sieve pore (3-16) becomes larger on plate (3-8);Sieve plate (3-8) is arranged above sparge pipe (3-18), sparge pipe (3- 18) water jet face sieve plate (3-8);On oscillating plate (3-10) from left to right, sieve pore (3-16) on first piece of sieve plate (3-8) Aperture be less than or equal to 1 centimetre, the aperture of sieve pore (3-16) is more than 1 centimetre and is less than or equal to 2 on second piece of sieve plate (3-8) Centimetre, the aperture of sieve pore (3-16) is more than 2 centimetres and is less than or equal to 3 centimetres on third block sieve plate (3-8), the 4th piece of sieve plate The aperture of sieve pore (3-16) is more than 3 centimetres and less than or equal to 3.5 centimetres on (3-8), sieve pore (3- on the 5th piece of sieve plate (3-8) 16) aperture is more than 6 centimetres.
8. fresh dates production and Quality Detection technique according to claim 4, which is characterized in that vibrating water-dropping machine includes:Body (4-1), the first conveyer belt (4-4) and hairbrush (4-8), the inner upper of body (4-1) is horizontally disposed two piece of first fixed plate (4-3), and the first vibrating motor (4-2) is installed on body (4-1) inner wall of the side the first fixed plate (4-3), two piece First rotating shaft (4-18) is installed between one fixed plate (4-3), the first belt pulley is installed in first rotating shaft (4-18), first passes Band (4-4) is sent to be located between two piece of first fixed plate (4-3) and on the first belt pulley, and two piece of first fixed plate It is mounted on first baffle (4-5) on the upper surface of (4-3), leads between the first vibrating motor (4-2) and the first fixed plate (4-3) Cross connecting tube contact connectio;It is provided with feeding mouth (4-6), and the top inner wall of body (4-1) at the top of the upper left side of body (4-1) On be fixed with connecting rod (4-7), hairbrush (4-8) is installed on the lower section of connecting rod (4-7);On the lower left side wall of body (4-1) It is provided with water outlet (4-14), first be fixedly connected with the first fixed plate (4-3) is provided with below the first conveyer belt (4-4) Catch basin (4-15), and the first water pump (4-16) and first pipe (4-17) are installed below the first catch basin (4-15), the The water inlet end of one water pump (4-16) is connected with the first catch basin (4-15) internal flow, the water outlet of the first water pump (4-16) and the The water inlet end and fluid communication of one pipeline (4-17), water outlet and water outlet (4-14) fluid communication of first pipe (4-17), First rotating shaft (4-18) is drivingly connected with the first motor (4-19), and the first conveyer belt (4-4) is the mesh belt of hollow out;Machine The lower inside of body (4-1) is horizontally disposed two piece of second fixed plate, and on body (4-1) inner wall of the second fixed plate side Second vibrating motor is installed, the second shaft is installed between two piece of second fixed plate, the second belt is installed in the second shaft Wheel, the second conveyer belt (4-9) are located between two piece of second fixed plate and on the second belt pulley, and two piece of second fixation It is mounted on second baffle on the upper surface of plate, is connected by connecting tube between the second vibrating motor and the second fixed plate; The second catch basin being fixedly connected with the second fixed plate is provided with below second conveyer belt (4-9), and under the second catch basin Side is equipped with the second water pump and second pipe, and the water inlet end of the second water pump is connected with the second catch basin internal flow, the second water pump Water outlet and second pipe water inlet end and fluid communication, the water outlet of second pipe and water outlet (4-14) fluid communication, Second shaft is connect with the second motor drive, and the second conveyer belt (4-9) is the mesh belt of hollow out, the second conveyer belt (4- 9) lower right is provided with discharge port (4-12);The inside of body (4-1) and immediately below the first catch basin (4-15), And second it is horizontally disposed right over conveyer belt (4-9) have two pieces of third fixed plates, and in the body (4- of third fixed plate side 1) third vibrating motor is installed on inner wall, third shaft is installed between two pieces of third fixed plates, is equipped in third shaft Third belt pulley, third conveyer belt (4-11) are located between two pieces of third fixed plates and on third belt pulley, and two It is mounted on third baffle on the upper surface of block third fixed plate, passes through connecting tube between third vibrating motor and third fixed plate It connects;The third catch basin being fixedly connected with third fixed plate, and third are provided with below third conveyer belt (4-11) Third water pump and third pipeline are installed, water inlet end and the third catch basin internal flow of third water pump are led below catch basin It is logical, the water outlet of third water pump and the water inlet end and fluid communication of third pipeline, water outlet and the water outlet (4- of third pipeline 14) fluid communication, third shaft are connect with third motor drive, and third conveyer belt (4-11) is the mesh belt of hollow out; Support column (4-13) is fixed with below body (4-1);First rotating shaft (4-18) is rotated in a clockwise direction, third shaft is along inverse Clockwise rotation, the second shaft are rotated in a clockwise direction, on body (4-1) inner wall in the upper right side third conveyer belt (4-11) Third wind turbine (4-20) is installed, the second wind turbine is installed on upper left body (4-1) inner wall of the second conveyer belt (4-9) (4-10);First conveyer belt (4-4), the second conveyer belt (4-9) and third conveyer belt (4-11) are parallel shape structure, and first passes The length for sending the length of band (4-4), the second conveyer belt (4-9) and third conveyer belt (4-11) to be less than body (4-1);First baffle The plate face of (4-5) is vertical with the loading end of the first conveyer belt (4-4), and first baffle (4-5) and thickness and the first fixed plate (4- 3) thickness is identical;The plate face of second baffle is vertical with the loading end of the second conveyer belt (4-9), and second baffle and thickness and the The thickness of two fixed plates is identical;The plate face of third baffle is vertical with the loading end of third conveyer belt (4-11), and third baffle with Thickness is identical as the thickness of third fixed plate;The air outlet of second wind turbine (4-10) and the loading end of the second conveyer belt (4-9) are flat Row, the air outlet of third wind turbine (4-20) are parallel with the loading end of third conveyer belt (4-11);The hole of mesh on mesh belt Diameter is 0.5-1.5cm.
9. fresh dates production and Quality Detection technique according to claim 4, which is characterized in that hot air through drier includes:Filtering Room (5-1), vibrator interface (5-4), buffer board (5-6), ventilation opening (5-11), second baffle (5-13) and catch basin (5- 17), filter chamber (5-1) inner wall is provided with rubber layer (5-2), and the top left hand of filter chamber (5-1) is provided with feed inlet (5- 3), vibrator interface (5-4) is set to the right side of feed inlet (5-3), and buffer board (5-6) is mounted on filtering by bolt (5-5) On the inner wall of room (5-1), the bottom of filter chamber (5-1) is provided with filter plate (5-7), and is set on the upper surface of filter plate (5-7) It is equipped with the first water accepting layer (5-8), support plate (5-9), and support plate (5- are fixed on the right side wall outer surface of filter chamber (5-1) 9) be arranged above fan (5-10), ventilation opening (5-11) is set to the top of fan (5-10), under support plate (5-9) First baffle (5-12) is fixed on bottom surface, second baffle (5-13) is set between two first baffles (5-12), and first Conveyer belt (5-14) is provided with immediately below baffle (5-12) and second baffle (5-13), the both sides of conveyer belt (5-14) are along length Direction is provided with partition board (5-15), and the right end of conveyer belt (5-14) is provided with reclaiming plate (5-16), and catch basin (5-17) is located at The underface of conveyer belt (5-14) and filter plate (5-7), and collecting net (5-18) is fixed at the notch of catch basin (5-17), the Water suction is detachably installed on the free end of one baffle (5-12) and the neighbouring upper surface conveyer belt (5-14) of second baffle (5-13) Resin plate (5-19) is provided with the second water accepting layer (5-20) on the surface of conveyer belt (5-14), and on the second water accepting layer (5-20) It is provided with filter hole (5-21);Buffer board (5-6) is provided with left and right two rows and is arranged obliquely, and buffer board (5-6) closes It is symmetrical in the central axes of filter chamber (5-1), it is provided with third water accepting layer on the surface of buffer board (5-6);Filter plate (5-7) it is upper Surface area is equal to the following table area of the first water accepting layer (5-8), is opened on the side wall of filter chamber (5-1) neighbouring conveyer belt (5-14) left end It is equipped with out Zao Kou (5-22), goes out at Zao Kou (5-22) to be equipped with inclined to the upper surface conveyer belt (5-14) from Zao Kou (5-22) is gone out Go out jujube pipe (5-23), conveyer belt (5-14) left end is located at the underface of jujube pipe (5-23) outlet, and filter plate (5-7) tilts installation Setting, i.e. filter plate (5-7) it is neighbouring go out Zao Kou (5-22) one end level height less than filter plate (5-7) far from going out Zao Kou (5- 22) one end level height;First baffle (5-12) and second baffle (5-13) are alternate along the length direction of conveyer belt (5-14) Arrangement, water-absorbing resin plate (5-19) are both provided with tooth socket and teeth, and edge on the free end of the upper surface conveyer belt (5-14) Conveyer belt (5-14) length direction:The tooth socket and teeth of adjacent water-absorbing resin plate (5-19) are along conveyer belt (5-14) length direction Relatively, the size shape of tooth socket and teeth matches;Collecting net (5-18) is in reticular structure, and the height of the bottom collecting net (5-18) Height of the degree more than the bottom catch basin (5-17);There is bulge-structure, and filter hole on the outer surface of second water accepting layer (5-20) (5-21) is between adjacent protrusion structure.
10. fresh dates production and Quality Detection technique according to claim 4, which is characterized in that rotary drum grader includes:Machine Frame, driving device, receives jujube device (6-16) and classification auxiliary device at sorting cylinder, and sorting cylinder is installed by rotation axis (6-11) In rack, driving device and rotation axis (6-11) are drivingly connected, and that receives that jujube device (6-16) is located at sorting cylinder goes out Zao Kou (6-6) Lower section, classification auxiliary device is mounted in sorting cylinder, and the fresh date in classification auxiliary device driving sorting cylinder is from classification It is moved to the other end one end of roller;Sorting cylinder include the coaxial inner cylinder (6-8) being fixedly mounted in rotation axis (6-11) and Outer barrel (6-5), inner cylinder (6-8) are located in outer barrel (6-5), and classification auxiliary device is mounted in inner cylinder (6-8);Inner cylinder (6-8) A point jujube mouth (6-7) is offered on barrel, divides the first end of the hole of jujube mouth (6-7) inner cylinder (6-8) without leave to the second of inner cylinder (6-8) End becomes larger;Go out Zao Kou (6-6) to be opened on the barrel of outer barrel (6-5), and go out the aperture of Zao Kou (6-6) with diametrically The aperture for dividing jujube mouth (6-7) it is equal;It includes blade (6-9), driven shaft (6-20), chain and driven gear to be classified auxiliary device (6-18), driven shaft (6-20) is parallel with rotation axis (6-11), and the both ends of driven shaft (6-20) be mounted on by bearing it is interior On the side wall of cylinder (6-8), driven gear (6-18) is fixedly mounted on driven shaft (6-20), is fixedly mounted in rotation axis (6-11) There are driving gear (6-19), driven gear (6-18) to be connected by chain drive with driving gear (6-19), driving gear (6- 19) 2-5 times of the diameter of a diameter of driven gear (6-18), blade (6-9) are mounted on driven shaft by fixed seat (6-10) On (6-20), the spacing of driven gear (6-18) circumscribed circle and inner cylinder (6-8) inner wall is 2-10 centimetres;Rack includes pedestal (6- 1), fixed frame (6-15) and bearing (6-4) are separately installed with supporting rack (6-2), and supporting rack at left and right sides of pedestal (6-1) The upper end of (6-2) is equipped with bearing block (6-3), and bearing (6-4) is located on bearing block (6-3), and the both ends of rotation axis (6-11) are logical Bearing (6-4) is crossed on supporting rack (6-2);Fresh date is offered in the first end of inner cylinder (6-8), and channel (6-12) is added, One end of fresh date addition channel (6-12) extends to the outside of outer barrel (6-5) with the internal conducting of inner cylinder (6-8), the other end;Gu Determine the right side that frame (6-15) is located at pedestal (6-1), driving device is mounted on fixed frame (6-15), and driving device includes motor (6-14) and speed reducer (6-13), motor (6-14) drive rotation axis (6-11) by speed reducer (6-13);Receive jujube device (6- 16) cambered surface (6-17) is installed in, is welding between pedestal (6-1) and supporting rack (6-2).
CN201810588155.XA 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 Fresh jujube production and quality detection process Active CN108720052B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810588155.XA CN108720052B (en) 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 Fresh jujube production and quality detection process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810588155.XA CN108720052B (en) 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 Fresh jujube production and quality detection process

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108720052A true CN108720052A (en) 2018-11-02
CN108720052B CN108720052B (en) 2020-12-15

Family

ID=63932960

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810588155.XA Active CN108720052B (en) 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 Fresh jujube production and quality detection process

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108720052B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111728237A (en) * 2020-07-26 2020-10-02 杨友明 Quick belt cleaning device of peanut for agricultural
CN112649397A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-13 苏州泽达兴邦医药科技有限公司 Method and system for analyzing quality of traditional Chinese medicinal materials by utilizing near infrared spectrum

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202286171U (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-07-04 山东瑞帆果蔬机械科技有限公司 Date palm production line
CN202941384U (en) * 2012-07-10 2013-05-22 天津市林业果树研究所 Fruit washing, sorting and air-drying machine
CN104477641A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-04-01 天津市傲景农业科技发展有限公司 Winter jujube conveying device for near-infrared winter jujube weight measuring and quality detecting apparatus
CN204245107U (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-04-08 重庆渝西面制品有限公司 Wheat rinsing drying device
CN105809109A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-27 塔里木大学 Red date quality rapid lossless identification method based on quality feature holographic correlation storage technology
CN106962957A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-21 浙江群邦工贸有限公司 A kind of matrimony vine surface cleaning method
CN207154203U (en) * 2017-03-28 2018-03-30 石家庄市农林科学研究院 A kind of winter jujube grading plant based on machine vision

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202286171U (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-07-04 山东瑞帆果蔬机械科技有限公司 Date palm production line
CN202941384U (en) * 2012-07-10 2013-05-22 天津市林业果树研究所 Fruit washing, sorting and air-drying machine
CN204245107U (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-04-08 重庆渝西面制品有限公司 Wheat rinsing drying device
CN104477641A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-04-01 天津市傲景农业科技发展有限公司 Winter jujube conveying device for near-infrared winter jujube weight measuring and quality detecting apparatus
CN105809109A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-27 塔里木大学 Red date quality rapid lossless identification method based on quality feature holographic correlation storage technology
CN207154203U (en) * 2017-03-28 2018-03-30 石家庄市农林科学研究院 A kind of winter jujube grading plant based on machine vision
CN106962957A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-21 浙江群邦工贸有限公司 A kind of matrimony vine surface cleaning method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111728237A (en) * 2020-07-26 2020-10-02 杨友明 Quick belt cleaning device of peanut for agricultural
CN112649397A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-13 苏州泽达兴邦医药科技有限公司 Method and system for analyzing quality of traditional Chinese medicinal materials by utilizing near infrared spectrum
CN112649397B (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-12-10 苏州泽达兴邦医药科技有限公司 Method and system for analyzing quality of traditional Chinese medicinal materials by utilizing near infrared spectrum

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN108720052B (en) 2020-12-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108741146A (en) Jujube deep processing, sewage disposal and jujube core recycle set composite
CN108925901A (en) Jujube deep processing, sewage treatment and jujube core recycle combination process
CN108720052A (en) Fresh dates produce and Quality Detection technique
CN208553338U (en) A kind of horizontal drum dewaterer
CN107981375A (en) The red date cleaning device and red date that a kind of cleaning solution recycles
CN110314895A (en) A kind of practical farm produce sale cleaning device
CN109043605A (en) Fresh date production and sewage treatment set composite
CN109043603A (en) Fresh date producing unit
CN108850916A (en) Jujube deep processing device
CN107980684A (en) A kind of fishery cultivating auxiliary device
CN108720053A (en) Fresh dates production, sewage disposal and Quality Detection integration apparatus
CN108740867A (en) Date powder produces and jujube core recycles set composite
CN108936430A (en) Red date slices production, sewage treatment and jujube core recycle combination process
CN108713709A (en) Jujube deep process
CN206949411U (en) A kind of tea fresh leaves serialization cleaning and dewatering equipment
CN201776245U (en) Cleaner for pinellia ternata
CN210782845U (en) Snakegourd fruit cleaning and water stain removing all-in-one machine
CN108850917A (en) Jujube deep processing and sewage treatment combination process
CN108741147A (en) Fresh date production technology
CN109043395A (en) Date powder production, sewage treatment and jujube core recycle set composite
CN109043604A (en) Fresh date production and sewage treatment combination process
CN108576717A (en) Red date slices produce and jujube core recycles combination process
CN109043601A (en) Red date slices production, sewage treatment and jujube core recycle set composite
CN209501269U (en) A kind of organized waste gas absorption tower
CN108936429A (en) Date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Jin Yu

Inventor after: Zhang Yong

Inventor after: Li Houqiang

Inventor after: Jiang Hui

Inventor after: Ma Changyun

Inventor after: Diao Songfeng

Inventor after: Meng Haibo

Inventor after: Yu Lei

Inventor after: Qian Shijiang

Inventor after: Bai Shejuan

Inventor after: Sun Xiaowei

Inventor after: Wang Jinsheng

Inventor after: Wang Haijun

Inventor before: Sun Xiaowei

Inventor before: Jiang Hui

Inventor before: Jin Yu

Inventor before: Yu Lei

Inventor before: Li Houqiang

Inventor before: Ma Changyun

Inventor before: Wang Jinsheng

Inventor before: Tian Li

Inventor before: Qian Shijiang

Inventor before: Diao Songfeng

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20201125

Address after: 450000 northern section of Zheng seven street, Jinshui District, Henan, Zhengzhou

Applicant after: HENAN ACADEMY OF FORESTRY

Applicant after: Paulownia Research and Development Center of State Forestry and Grassland Bureau

Applicant after: Sanmenxia Forestry Research Institute

Address before: 450000 northern section of Zheng seven street, Jinshui District, Henan, Zhengzhou

Applicant before: HENAN ACADEMY OF FORESTRY

TA01 Transfer of patent application right
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant