CN108936429A - Date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process - Google Patents

Date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108936429A
CN108936429A CN201810589258.8A CN201810589258A CN108936429A CN 108936429 A CN108936429 A CN 108936429A CN 201810589258 A CN201810589258 A CN 201810589258A CN 108936429 A CN108936429 A CN 108936429A
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jujube
plate
water
shaft
conveyer belt
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崔洋
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Individual
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L19/00Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L19/00Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L19/01Instant products; Powders; Flakes; Granules
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L19/00Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L19/03Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof consisting of whole pieces or fragments without mashing the original pieces
    • A23L19/07Fruit waste products, e.g. from citrus peel or seeds

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Nutrition Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Cleaning By Liquid Or Steam (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention discloses date powder production and jujube core recycles combination process, includes the following steps: the production of (S1) fresh date, packaging, factory sale;(S2) date powder production is carried out using the part fresh date produced in step (S1), and the date powder produced is inspected by random samples, packed, sale of dispatching from the factory;(S3) jujube core recycles.The fresh date and date powder produced meet state health standards, can directly eat.

Description

Date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process
Technical field
The present invention relates to fresh date processing technologys.Specifically date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process.
Background technique
Xinjiang red dates are a kind of local product fruits in Xinjiang, Shu Li section zizyphus fruit.Xinjiang belongs to typical continental climate, Light application time is long, and day and night temperature is big, dry and rainless, therefore the Xinjiang red dates planted out have compared to the jujube in other areas Have the advantages that completely filled fruit, a big thin skin, fructus corni color are dark red, sweet, has effects that benefiting qi and nourishing blood, calms the nerves.
Xinjiang red dates cultivated area has broken through 7,000,000 mu of high pointes, accounts for the one third of national jujube cultivated area or more. Xinjiang red dates plant the pillar industry for having become local economy.However the moisture content of jujube is up to 80% or more, new fresh date After picking, storage time is short, rots after dehydration, easy to ferment, not easy to maintain, is not easy to transport, has seriously affected circulation sale, deep Processing project is fewer and fewer, brings huge economic loss to local jujube agriculture.
In recent years, studies have reported that the further processing of fresh date is made jujube is dry and date powder processing method, or to jujube Dry is further processed, and is the further processing of jujube and the thinking that utilization provides.
But up to the present, there are no a whole set of deep process, and the deep processing project of Xinjiang fresh date has Widespread demand.
Summary of the invention
For this purpose, technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in provide the recycling benefit of a set of date powder production technology and jujube core Combination process.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme: date powder production and the recycling of jujube core are compound Technique includes the following steps: (S1) fresh date production packaging, factory sale;(S2) portion produced in step (S1) is utilized Divide fresh date to carry out date powder production, and the date powder produced is inspected by random samples, packs, sale of dispatching from the factory;(S3) jujube core recycling benefit With.The fresh date and date powder that the present invention produces meet state health standards, can directly eat.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1-1 is the vertical view schematic diagram of internal structure of bubbling -cleaning slot of the invention;
Fig. 1-2 is the side view schematic diagram of internal structure of bubbling -cleaning slot of the invention;
Fig. 1-3 is the portion the A enlarged structure schematic diagram of bubbling -cleaning slot of the present invention shown in Fig. 1-2;
Fig. 1-4 is the bull stick enlarged structure schematic diagram of bubbling -cleaning slot of the invention.
In figure: 1-1, rinse bath, 1-2, base cabinet, 1-3, blower, 1-4, motor, 1-5, shaft, 1-6, stirring rod, 1- 7, shield, 1-8, hairbrush, 1-9, baffle slot, 1-10, baffle, 1-11, collection box, 1-12, snap-gauge, 1-13, inlet port, 1-14, outlet pipe, 1-15, bactericidal lamp, 1-16, feed inlet, 1-17, deceleration cloth bag, 1-18, rounded tabs, 1-19, bull stick, 1- 20, turn trough, 1-21, blast pipe, 1-22, air blower, 1-23, water pump, 1-24, tank, 1-25, valve.
Fig. 2-1 is hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine overlooking structure diagram of the present invention (in order to clearly illustrate between adjacent shafts Positional relationship, be not shown in the figure between two neighboring shaft, the bristle of the main hairbrush in a shaft extend into another turn In the bristle of secondary hairbrush on axis);
Fig. 2-2 is hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine side structure schematic view of the present invention;
Fig. 2-3 is the water pipe and connecting tube mounting structure schematic diagram of hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine of the present invention.
In figure: 2-1, body, 2-2, feed opening, 2-3, fixture block, 2-4, discharge port, 2-5, hex bolts, 2-6, water pipe, 2-7, water valve, 2-8, shaft, 2-9, main hairbrush, 2-10, motor, 2-11, belt, 2-12, belt pulley, 2-13, fixed frame, 2-14, idler wheel, 2-15, adjusting nut, 2-16, connecting tube, 2-17, spray head, 2-18, secondary hairbrush.
Fig. 3-1 is the structural schematic diagram that present invention spray selects fruit machine;
Fig. 3-2 is the side figure structure schematic representation that present invention spray selects fruit machine;
Fig. 3-3 is the structural schematic diagram for the sieve plate that present invention spray selects fruit machine.
In figure: 3-1, pond, 3-2, water tank, 3-3, water-supply-pipe, 3-4, water outlet, 3-5, spray head, 3-6, spraying box, 3- 7,3-12, slide plate, 3-8, sieve plate, 3-9, fruit case, 3-10, oscillating plate, 3-11, vibrating motor select fruit board, 3-13, idler wheel, 3-14, support frame, 3-15, fruit inlet, 3-16, sieve pore, 3-17, filter plate, 3-18, sparge pipe.
Fig. 4-1 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of present invention vibration draining machine;
Fig. 4-2 is the first catch basin partial enlargement structural representation of present invention vibration draining machine;
Fig. 4-3 is the first conveyer belt overlooking structure diagram of present invention vibration draining machine.
In figure: 4-1, body, 4-2, the first vibrating motor, 4-3, the first fixed plate, 4-4, the first conveyer belt, 4-5, One baffle, 4-6, feeding inlet, 4-7, connecting rod, 4-8, hairbrush, 4-9, the second conveyer belt, 4-10, the second blower, 4-11, third Conveyer belt, 4-12, discharge port, 4-13, support column, 4-14, water outlet, 4-15, the first catch basin, 4-16, the first water pump, 4- 17, first pipe, 4-18, first rotating shaft, 4-19, the first motor, 4-20, third blower.
Fig. 5-1 is the structural schematic diagram of hot air through drier of the present invention;
Fig. 5-2 is the first baffle structural schematic diagram of hot air through drier of the present invention;
Fig. 5-3 is the conveyer belt schematic diagram of internal structure of hot air through drier of the present invention.
In figure: 5-6,5-1, filter chamber, 5-2, rubber layer, 5-3, feed inlet, 5-4, vibrator interface, 5-5, bolt delay Punching, 5-7, filter plate, 5-8, the first water absorption layer, 5-9, support plate, 5-10, fan, 5-11, ventilation opening, 5-12, first gear Plate, 5-13, second baffle, 5-14, conveyer belt, 5-15, partition, 5-16, reclaiming plate, 5-17, catch basin, 5-18, collecting net, 5-22,5-19, water-absorbing resin plate, 5-20, the second water absorption layer, 5-21, filter hole go out jujube mouth, 5-23, go out jujube pipe.
Fig. 6-1 is the main view schematic diagram of rotary drum grader of the present invention;
Fig. 6-2 is the bearing arrangement schematic diagram of rotary drum grader of the present invention;
Fig. 6-3 is the blade construction schematic diagram of rotary drum grader of the present invention;
Fig. 6-4 is the receipts jujube device structural schematic diagram of rotary drum grader of the present invention.
In figure: 6-6,6-1, pedestal, 6-2, support frame, 6-3, bearing block, 6-4, bearing, 6-5, outer cylinder go out jujube mouth, 6- 7, dividing jujube mouth, 6-8, inner cylinder, 6-9, blade, 6-10, fixing seat, 6-11, rotation axis, 6-12, fresh date be added channel, 6-13, 6-16, speed reducer, 6-14, motor, 6-15, fixed frame receive jujube device, 6-17, cambered surface, 6-18, driven gear, 6-19, active Gear, 6-20, driven shaft.
Fig. 7-1 is the structural schematic diagram of jujube nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separator of the present invention;
Fig. 7-2 is a kind of working state structure schematic diagram of jujube nucleocapsid of the present invention and jujube kernel separator;
Fig. 7-3 is the structure for going out benevolence groove inner cylinder protrusion arrangement of jujube nucleocapsid of the present invention and jujube kernel separator Schematic diagram.
In figure: 7-1, important actor, 7-2, crane pedestal, 7-3, operating platform, 7-4, disk, 7-5, pre-breaking shell annular groove, 7- 6,7-7, crane goes out benevolence groove, 7-8, first support bar, 7-9, second support bar, 7-10, support column, 7-11, upper layer are flat Platform, 7-12, lifting support, 7-13, fixed plate, 7-14, motor, 7-15, transmission shaft, 7-16, bearing plate, 7-17, platen, 7- 18, jujube core, 7-19, cutting ring group, 7-20, annular roof plate, 7-21, ring baffle, 7-22, blowing endless tube, 7-23, annular bleed Road, 7-24, cylindrical protrusions.
Fig. 8-1 is the partial structural diagram of pit-removing machine of the present invention;
Fig. 8-2 is the partial structural diagram of pit-removing machine of the present invention;
Fig. 8-3 is the turntable structure schematic diagram of pit-removing machine of the present invention;
Fig. 8-4 is the support plate present invention looks up structural representation of pit-removing machine of the present invention;
Fig. 8-5 is the overlooking structure diagram of pit-removing machine of the present invention;
Fig. 8-6 is the structural schematic diagram of the resettlement groove of pit-removing machine of the present invention.
In figure: 8-1, support plate, 8-2, jujube meat collecting vessel, 8-3, jujube core collecting vessel, 8-4, motor, 8-5, shaft, 8- 6, turntable, 8-7, block plate, 8-8, rack, 8-9, feed pipe, 8-10, hydraulic cylinder, 8-11, right terminal pad, 8-12, compression bar, 8- 13,8-16, left terminal pad, 8-14, jumper bar, 8-15, resettlement groove rush core through-hole, 8-17, nut, 8-19,8-18, outer silk lead to Hole, 8-20, arc-like rows meat through-hole, 8-21, core meat channel.
Fig. 9-1 is that the present invention can be avoided the schematic diagram of internal structure that the sorting machine of jujube core is adulterated in jujube meat;
Fig. 9-2 is that the present invention shown in Fig. 9-1 can be avoided partial enlargement knot at the 9-A for adulterating the sorting machine of jujube core in jujube meat Structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 9-3 is that the present invention can be avoided the baffle mounting structure schematic diagram that the sorting machine of jujube core is adulterated in jujube meat;
Fig. 9-4 is that the present invention can be avoided the separation case bottom box wall construction signal that the sorting machine of jujube core is adulterated in jujube meat Figure.
In figure: 9-1, air-cooled case, 9-2, pedestal, 9-3, discharge port, 9-4, pressing screw, 9-5, bearing block, 9-6, screw rod, 9- 7, separatory vessel, 9-8, spoke, 9-9, through-hole, 9-10, separation case, 9-11, air inlet, 9-12, strainer, 9-13, anti-blocking channel, 9-14, shaft, 9-15, baffle, 9-16, rubber card slot, 9-17, air inlet, 9-18, fixed link, 9-19, connecting plate, 9-20, Feed inlet, 9-21, bolt, 9-22, outer container, 9-23, interior case.
Figure 10-1 is schematic diagram of internal structure of the present invention for the deslagging spiral conveying mechanism of jujube jujube core conveying;
Figure 10-2 is backsight structure of the present invention shown in Figure 10-1 for the deslagging spiral conveying mechanism of jujube jujube core conveying Schematic diagram;
Figure 10-3 is partial enlargement knot of the present invention for the crushing bin of the deslagging spiral conveying mechanism of jujube jujube core conveying Structure schematic diagram;
Figure 10-4 is fixed ring schematic diagram of the present invention for the deslagging spiral conveying mechanism of jujube jujube core conveying.
In figure: 10-1, pedestal, 10-2, village material drawer, 10-3, main body cover, 10-4, auxiliary motor, 10-5, active Wheel, 10-6, belt, 10-7, driving wheel, 10-8, discharge port, 10-9, crushing bin, 10-10, rolling wheel, 10-11, engaging tooth, 10-12, support column, 10-13, delivery pipe, 10-14, feed inlet, 10-15, retainer plate, 10-16, fixing bearing are 10-17, defeated Send axis, 10-18, targeting port, 10-19, main motor.
Figure 11 is that date powder of the present invention produces and jujube core recycles combination process flow chart.
In figure: 101, bubbling -cleaning slot, 102, hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine, 103, spray select fruit machine, 104, vibrating water-dropping Machine, 105, hot air through drier, 106, rotary drum grader, 107, jujube nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separator, 108, pit-removing machine, 109, point Select machine, 110, deslagging spiral conveying mechanism.
Specific embodiment
The production of the present embodiment date powder and jujube core recycle combination process and include the following steps:
(S1) fresh date production, packaging, factory sale;
(S2) date powder production is carried out using the part fresh date produced in step (S1), and to the jujube produced Powder is inspected by random samples, is packed, sale of dispatching from the factory;
(S3) jujube core recycles.
Fresh date production in step (S1), includes the following steps:
(S1-1) soaking and washing: being sent into bubbling -cleaning slot and clean after the fresh date of picking is cleaned, water temperature 20 DEG C, the ratio of fresh date and water is 1:3 kg/liter, and the number that water is recycled is 5 times, reaches the waste water that number is recycled The grid collecting-tank of jujube deep processing sewage disposal system is discharged by the outlet pipe 1-14 of bubbling -cleaning slot, scavenging period is The revolving speed of 20min, the shaft 1-5 of bubbling -cleaning slot are 15 revs/min;In the process of cleaning, bactericidal lamp is opened to be sterilized; After cleaning, it is spare to collect fresh date;
(S1-2) hairbrush cleans: the fresh date collected after soaking and washing being sent into hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine, fresh date is in hair The forward speed of horizontal direction is 1.5m/min when cleaning in brush rotary drum cleaning machine;The main hairbrush 2-9 of hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine and Secondary hairbrush 2-18 is fungi-proofing nylon bristle, and the amount of water sprayed of every kilogram of fresh date is 1 kilogram, and the ejected wash water of outflow is transported to step Suddenly in (S1-1) in the tank 1-24 of bubbling -cleaning slot, for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-3) spray selects fruit: the fresh date collected after hairbrush is cleaned is sent into spray and selects fruit machine, and spray selects the spray of fruit machine The amount of water sprayed of head 3-5 are as follows: every kilogram of fresh date is sprayed water 0.5 kilogram, and it is clear that the ejected wash water of outflow is transported to bubble in step (S1-1) In the tank 1-24 of washing trough, for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-4) it vibrating water-dropping: selects the fresh date collected after fruit to be sent into vibrating water-dropping machine spray, removes fresh date table The water in face, the transmission speed of the first conveyer belt of vibrating water-dropping machine, the second conveyer belt and third conveyer belt are 1m/min, vibration Second blower of draining machine and the wind speed of third blower are 5m/s;The water conveying that the water outlet 4-14 of vibrating water-dropping machine is discharged To in step (S1-1) in the tank 1-24 of bubbling -cleaning slot, for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-5) cross-flow drying: the fresh date after vibrating water-dropping is sent into hot air through drier and is further dried, is transmitted The transmission speed of band is 1m/min;
(S1-6) sieving and grading: the fresh date after cross-flow drying is sent into rotary drum grader, is carried out classification and is selected fruit,
The inner cylinder 6-8 and outer cylinder 6-5 of rotary drum grader are rotated synchronously and revolving speed is 20 revs/min;Point of rotary drum grader The diameter of jujube mouth 6-7 from the first end of inner cylinder 6-8 and outer cylinder 6-5 to second end successively are as follows: first point of jujube mouth diameter is less than or waits In 3.6cm, second point of jujube mouth diameter be greater than 3.6cm and be less than or equal to 4.3cm, third divides jujube mouth diameter to be greater than 4.3cm and small In or equal to 4.7cm, the 4th point of jujube mouth diameter greater than 4.7cm;
The fresh date that 4th point of jujube mouth comes out is superfine fresh date, and the fresh date that third divides jujube mouth to come out is that level-one is scarlet Jujube, the fresh date that second point of jujube mouth comes out are second level fresh date, and the fresh date that first point of jujube mouth comes out is that second level or less is scarlet Jujube;
(S1-7) it is packed and stored: superfine fresh date and level-one fresh date is packed and stored respectively;It is fresh below second level and second level Jujube is transferred to jujube piece production process and/or date powder production process.
Bubbling -cleaning slot is as shown in Fig. 1-1 to Fig. 1-4, including rinse bath 1-1, stirring rod 1-6 and outlet pipe 1-14, It is characterized in that: being fixed with base cabinet 1-2 on the left of rinse bath 1-1, and blower 1-3 is installed above base cabinet 1-2, rinse bath 1-1 Side motor 1-4 is installed, and motor 1-4 and shaft 1-5 is drivingly connected, and stirring rod 1-6 is fixed on shaft 1-5's On lateral surface, and shield 1-7 is fixed on the outside of shaft 1-5, stirring rod 1-6 is located in shield 1-7, shield 1-7's Outside is fixed with hairbrush 1-8, baffle slot 1-9 is provided on the right side inner sidewall of rinse bath 1-1, and baffle slot 1-9's is interior Portion is equipped with baffle 1-10, and the lower right of baffle 1-10 is provided with collecting pit, collection box 1-11 is equipped in collecting pit, and receive It is fixed with snap-gauge 1-12 on collection box 1-11, inlet port 1-13, the lower edge of inlet port 1-13 are provided on the left of collection box 1-11 Concordant with the groove bottom of rinse bath 1-1, outlet pipe 1-14 is set to the bottom of collecting pit, and peace above the middle part of rinse bath 1-1 Equipped with bactericidal lamp 1-15, feed inlet 1-16 is provided with above bactericidal lamp 1-15, and deceleration is fixed with below feed inlet 1-16 Cloth bag 1-17's, outlet pipe 1-14 is internally provided with rounded tabs 1-18, in the edge and outlet pipe 1-14 of rounded tabs 1-18 Wall sealing cooperation, and rounded tabs 1-18 is fixedly connected with one end of bull stick 1-19, the other end of bull stick 1-19 passes through outlet pipe Turn trough 1-20 on 1-14 side wall is reached outside outlet pipe 1-14;The bottom of rinse bath 1-1 is equipped with blast pipe 1-21, air blast Inside the inlet end of pipe 1-21 and the outlet side fluid communication of air blower 1-22, the outlet side of blast pipe 1-21 and rinse bath 1-1 Fluid communication;The filter hole that aperture is less than jujube diameter is offered on the inner wall of collection box 1-11;Collecting pit, water pump 1-23, storage Pond 1-24 and rinse bath 1-1 successively fluid communication is equipped with valve on the pipeline between tank 1-24 and rinse bath 1-1 1-25.Stirring rod 1-6 is in flabellum shape structure, and stirring rod 1-6 is uniformly distributed about the longitudinal center line of shaft 1-5.Shield 1-7 is in netted engraved structure, and the radius of shield 1-7 is greater than the length of stirring rod 1-6, and shield 1-7 and hairbrush 1- 8 are fixedly connected with being integrally formed structure.The height of baffle 1-10 is greater than the height of rinse bath 1-1 right side wall, and baffle 1-10 is logical Baffle slot 1-9 and rinse bath 1-1 is crossed to be detachably connected.The L-shape engraved structure of collection box 1-11, collection box 1-11 and card Plate 1-12 is by being formed by welding integral structure, and snap-gauge 1-12 is in groove-like structure, and the groove-like structure of snap-gauge 1-12 Groove width be greater than collecting pit sidewall thickness.
Working principle: suitable water is injected to the inside of rinse bath 1-1 first, at this time the baffle 1- on the right side of rinse bath 1-1 10 are inserted into baffle slot 1-9, prevent water from flowing away, then jujube to be cleaned is poured into rinse bath 1- by feed inlet 1-16 1 inside, the deceleration cloth bag 1-17 below rinse bath 1-1 can reduce jujube and fall the speed on the water surface, prevent jujube from damaging It is bad, motor 1-4 and air blower 1-22 is opened at this time, and motor 1-4 drives shaft 1-5 to be rotated clockwise, to drive (mesh diameter on shield 1-7 is less than the diameter of fresh date to the stirring rod 1-6 and shield 1-7 in outside, in this way can be to prevent Only fresh date enters inside shield 1-7) rotated, the stirring rod 1-6 in rotation can be to rinse bath 1-1 inside Water flow carries out agitation treatment, and the gas of air blower 1-22 bulging blasts rinse bath from the bottom rinse bath 1-1 by blast pipe 1-21 1-1 generates a large amount of bubble, is in tumbling state, in turn to make jujube under the drive of the bubble and stirring rod 1-6 that blast Can sludge to the jujube surface inside rinse bath 1-1 and pesticide start the cleaning processing, shield 1-7 during rotation, Can prevent fresh date due to the collision between shaft 1-5 and stirring rod 1-6 caused by breakage, improve jujube cleaning after Quality, while equally distributed hairbrush 1-8 can be avoided jujube and shield 1-7 direct collision causes breakage, blast pipe 1- The bubble of 21 bulgings increases the rolling degree of the jujube inside rinse bath 1-1, can remove the attachment on jujube surface, thus right Jujube is thoroughly cleaned, and is started blower 1-3 at this time and is persistently blown processing to the water surface, thus to the surface rinse bath 1-1 The jujube of floating carries out stirring cleaning treatment, guarantees the cleaning dynamics of jujube, and jujube is during cleaning, bactericidal lamp 1-15 Can carry out disinfection to the bacterium on jujube surface processing, guarantee the quality of jujube, after cleaning to jujube, be inserted by baffle Slot 1-9 pulls out baffle 1-10 upwards, makes jujube and water under the drive of the stirring rod 1-6 vortex generated and blower 1-3 is blown The dynamic lower inside for entering the collection box 1-11 in collecting pit by inlet port 1-13, will be collected by two sides snap-gauge 1-12 at this time Box 1-11 takes out upwards, so that the jujube after cleaning is collected, after the jujube inside collection box 1-11 takes out, then will Collection box 1-11 is placed in the collecting pit on the right side of rinse bath 1-1 by snap-gauge 1-12, to carry out next collection, collects knot Shu Hou closes blower 1-3 and motor 1-4, bull stick 1-19 is rotated at an angle by turn trough 1-20, to drive circle Baffle 1-18 rotation makes the water inside collecting pit flow through outlet pipe 1-14 outflow, consequently facilitating cleaning to inside, is convenient for Next time uses;In addition, collecting pit, water pump 1-23, tank 1-24 and rinse bath 1-1 successively fluid communication, tank 1-24 and Valve 1-25 is installed on the pipeline between rinse bath 1-1, the water in collecting pit can be transported to by cleaning by water pump 1-23 It is recycled in slot 1-1, tank 1-24 temporarily stores the water in collecting pit, starts to collect cleaning in collection box 1-11 When rear jujube, water pump 1-23, which can start to work for water to be pumped into tank 1-24, carries out interim storage valve at this time 1-25 is closed, and i.e. openable valve 1-25 carries out the cleaning of next group fresh date after completing to collection work, thus really Protecting cleaning can be carried out continuously, while save water again;When water recycling reaches setting number, then pass through Sewage is discharged by outlet pipe 1-14 in rotation bull stick 1-19.It can reduce in jujube cleaning process and generate damage because of collision It is bad, improve the quality of jujube after cleaning, can sludge to jujube surface and pesticide sufficiently cleaned, while after cleaning Jujube convenient for collect.
Hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine is as shown in Fig. 2-1 to Fig. 2-3, including body 2-1, feed opening 2-2, fixture block 2-3, discharging Mouth 2-4, hex bolts 2-5, water pipe 2-6, water valve 2-7, shaft 2-8, main hairbrush 2-9, motor 2-10, belt 2-11, belt Take turns 2-12, fixed frame 2-13, idler wheel 2-14, adjusting nut 2-15, connecting tube 2-16, spray head 2-17 and secondary hairbrush 2-18, body The left side upper end of 2-1 is connected with feed opening 2-2, and the right end of body 2-1 is equipped with fixture block 2-3, and feed opening 2-2 is in leakage Bucket-shaped structure, and be welding between feed opening 2-2 and body 2-1, have between feed opening 2-2 and body 2-1 steady well It is fixed, prevent from being broken between feed opening 2-2 and body 2-1 in use, feed opening 2-2 caused to tilt, fresh date without Method is effectively fallen into body 2-1 from feed opening 2-2, while feed opening 2-2 can effectively prevent fresh date in blanking, is occurred The case where fresh date is accumulated, discharge port 2-4 are distributed in the inside of fixture block 2-3, and the two sides of discharge port 2-4 are through there is hexagonal spiral shell Bolt 2-5, discharge port 2-4 are detachably connected by hex bolts 2-5 and fixture block 2-3 and body 2-1, and fixture block 2-3 is played well The effect fixed to clamp prevents occurring the fixed shakiness of fixture block 2-3 in use, and discharge port 2-4 is detached from the right side of body 2-1, leads It causes fresh date not fall into storage device effectively, while when discharge port 2-4 is damaged, disassembly can be passed through in use Hex bolts 2-5 disassembles discharge port 2-4, convenient for users to the discharge port 2-4 more renewed.Pacify the upper end of body 2-1 Equipped with water pipe 2-6, and it is fixed with water valve 2-7 on the outside of water pipe 2-6, shaft 2-8, and shaft 2- are provided on the inside of body 2-1 8 outside surrounding is connected with main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18, main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 distributes alternately in shaft The outside of 2-8, main hairbrush 2-9 are equal to pair hairbrush 2-18 along the width of shaft 2-8 axial direction along the width of shaft 2-8 axial direction;It is adjacent Between two shaft 2-8: the secondary hairbrush 2-18 on another shaft of main hairbrush 2-9 face 2-8 on a shaft 2-8, and Main hairbrush 2-9 bristle on one shaft 2-8 is extend into secondary hairbrush (2-18) bristle on another shaft 2-8, in jujube Main hairbrush in cleaning process, on a shaft 2-8 on main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 and adjacent another shaft 2-8 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 mutual cooperation is clamped fresh date, main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 to fresh date surface into Row cleaning, prevents from occurring cleaning dynamics in use not enough jujube is caused not cleaned effectively, and motor 2-10 is distributed in The left side lower end of body 2-1, and belt 2-11 is installed in the power output of motor 2-10, the shaft of the leftmost side body 2-1 Belt pulley 2-12 is fixedly installed on 2-8, the power output end of motor 2-10 is driven with belt pulley 2-12 by belt 2-11 It connects, is connected between adjacent shaft 2-8 by chain drive, motor 2-10 is driven by belt 2-11 and belt pulley 2-12 Dynamic connection when cleaning, opens motor 2-10, motor 2-10 drives belt pulley 2-12 rotation, and belt 2-11 drives shaft 2- 8 rotate, and sprocket wheel is mounted on one end of each shaft 2-8, passes through the chain and chain matched between adjacent shaft 2-8 Wheel transmission connection, multiple main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 are and then rotated, and carry out rotary-cleaning to fresh date.Body 2-1's Lower end is provided with fixed frame 2-13, and the lower end two sides of fixed frame 2-13 are connected with idler wheel 2-14.In the present embodiment, water pipe Adjusting nut 2-15 is distributed on the inside of 2-6, and is fixed with connecting tube 2-16 on the inside of adjusting nut 2-15, connecting tube 2-16 Lower end spray head 2-17, spray head 2-17 and connecting tube 2-16 fluid communication are installed, connecting tube 2-16 is led with water pipe 2-6 fluid It is logical, branch pipe is equidistantly formed on outer wall on the inside of water pipe 2-6, adjusting nut 2-15 is mounted on branch pipe, the end connecting tube 2-16 Outer surface on be provided with the external screw thread to match with the internal screw thread of adjusting nut 2-15, the free end of branch pipe extend into connection In pipe 2-16, and branch pipe and connecting tube 2-16 are detachably connected by adjusting nut 2-15, when spray head 2-17 can not be effective It, can be by unscrewing adjusting nut 2-15 when being sprayed to fresh date, and then connecting tube 2-16 can be rotated, so as to adjust Save the spray angle of spray head 2-17.
Working principle: first by opening motor 2-10, motor 2-10 drives belt pulley 2-12 rotation, belt It takes turns 2-12 and shaft 2-8 rotation is driven by belt 2-11, multiple main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 are and then rotated, opened simultaneously Water valve 2-7, clear water flow into connecting tube 2-16 from water pipe 2-6, spray from spray head 2-17, and connecting tube 2-16 is equidistant uniformly to be divided Cloth is in the inside of water pipe 2-6, when spray head 2-17 can not effectively spray fresh date, can by adjusting nut 2-15, into And connecting tube 2-16 can be rotated, connecting tube 2-16 can be rotated by a small margin to from left to right, adjust the water spray angle of spray head 2-17 Degree;Then fresh date is put into feed opening 2-2, on a shaft 2-8 main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 with it is adjacent another Hairbrush 2-18's main hairbrush 2-9 on one shaft 2-8 is staggered, cooperating is clamped fresh date, main hairbrush with pair 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 clean fresh date surface, the clear water that spray head 2-17 sprays, and it is clear to carry out depth to jujube surface It washes, the main hairbrush 2-9 and secondary hairbrush 2-18 for selecting hardness moderate prevent main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush 2-18 from making to jujube surface At damage, and main hairbrush 2-9 and pair hairbrush the 2-18 dirt brushed off can be taken away, finally clean the fresh date of completion from out Material mouth 2-4 outflow.
In addition, catch basin is arranged in the lower section of main hairbrush 2-9 and secondary hairbrush 2-18 in the present embodiment, the sewage for cleaning generation can It is stored with flowing into catch basin, to carry out sewage treatment or recycling.In order to enable fresh date can be smoothly or fast Fast ground is from fresh date arrival end to fresh date outlet end, from fresh date arrival end to fresh date outlet end, the half of shaft upper sprocket wheel Diameter gradually becomes smaller, and the revolving speed of such sprocket wheel is successively accelerated, and is conducive to fresh date advance.Certainly, those skilled in the art can also be with Take other form, such as the height of fresh date arrival end is greater than the height of fresh date outlet end, such fresh date by from Body gravity rolling advances.The combination that above two form can also be used, promotes fresh date smoothly or rapidly enters from fresh date Mouth end to fresh date outlet end.
The hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine for being used for fresh date cleaning is provided with feed opening, is welding between feed opening and body, Have between feed opening and body and stablize well, prevents from being broken between feed opening and body in use, lead to blanking Mouth tilts, and fresh date can not effectively be fallen into body from feed opening, while feed opening can effectively prevent fresh date under When material, there is the case where fresh date accumulation, through there is hex bolts, discharge port passes through hex bolts and folder for the two sides of discharge port Block is connected with body, and fixture block plays the role of fixing to clamp well, prevents occurring the fixed shakiness of fixture block in use, out Material mouth is detached from from right side of machine body, causes fresh date not fall into storage device effectively, while when discharge port damages, Discharge port can be disassembled, by dismantling hex bolts convenient for users to the discharge port more renewed in use.Shaft Outside surrounding is connected with main hairbrush and secondary hairbrush, and main hairbrush and secondary hairbrush distribute alternately in the outside of shaft, and axial width It is equal, two neighboring shaft, the secondary hairbrush in main another shaft of hairbrush face in a shaft, and in a shaft Main hairbrush bristle extend into the secondary hairbrush bristle in another shaft, main hairbrush and secondary hairbrush can be to fresh date surfaces It is thoroughly cleaned, prevents from occurring cleaning dynamics in use not enough jujube is caused not cleaned effectively, under connecting tube End is equipped with spray head, and the water that spray head sprays can fall wash dirt on fresh date that main hairbrush and secondary hairbrush brush off, connecting tube It is rotary structure between branch pipe, when user feels that the spray angle of spray head is in intersect sprinkling with other spray heads, so that spray When head can not effectively spray fresh date, user can be by rotating connecting tube, and connecting tube can be small size to from left to right Degree is rotated, user-friendly.
Spray selects fruit machine as shown in Fig. 3-1 to Fig. 3-3, including spraying box 3-6 and selects fruit board 3-12, selects fruit board 3- 12 are located at the right side of spraying box 3-6, are provided with pond 3-1 on the left of spraying box 3-6, and the inside upper left side of spraying box 3-6 is set Be equipped with water tank 3-2, the water outlet of water tank 3-2 and the water inlet end fluid communication of water-supply-pipe 3-3, and the water outlet of water-supply-pipe 3-3 with The water inlet end fluid communication of spray head 3-5, water tank 3-2 start operation, and the water in water tank 3-2 enters spray head 3- by water-supply-pipe 3-3 In 5, jujube can be carried out to spray cleaning, the bottom that spraying box 3-6 closes on the pond side 3-1 is provided with water outlet 3-4, spray It is provided with filter plate 3-17 below head 3-5, filter plate 3-17 is in spraying box 3-6: from a side of adjacent pool 3-1 to out The level height that 20 ° of the direction inclination of material mouth, i.e. the side level height of filter plate 3-17 adjacent pool 3-1 are greater than discharge port, Water outlet 3-4 is connected with the space fluid below filter plate 3-17;Spraying box 3-6 closes on the bottom for selecting the side fruit board 3-12 It is provided with discharge port, selects and oscillating plate 3-10 is installed on fruit board 3-12, sieve plate 3-8, discharge port are installed on oscillating plate 3-10 Place is equipped with slide plate 3-7, and the discharge end of slide plate 3-7 is located above sieve plate 3-8, is equipped with fruit case 3-9 below sieve plate 3-8, selects Vibrating motor 3-11 is installed, and the left side of vibrating motor 3-11 is connect with oscillating plate 3-10 on the right side of fruit board 3-12, vibrates Plate 3-10 tilts 5-15 °, i.e. level of the oscillating plate 3-10 adjacent to the one end spraying box 3-6 from left to right on selecting fruit board 3-12 Height is greater than the level height far from the one end spraying box 3-6 makes oscillating plate 3-10 start to vibrate after vibrating motor 3-11 is opened, Jujube is delivered to forward on sieve plate 3-8 by vibrating, selects the bottom fixing support rack 3-14 of fruit board 3-12, and support frame The bottom of 3-14 is equipped with idler wheel 3-13, selects the design of fruit board 3-12 bottom roller 3-13, is conducive to carry out whole device It is mobile, shorten the transport duration of jujube, fruit inlet 3-15 is provided at the top of spraying box 3-6, the surface of sieve plate 3-8 is provided with Sieve pore 3-16, the surface of sieve plate 3-8 is provided with several sieve pore 3-16, and the outer shape of sieve plate 3-8 is in half arc, is being vibrated On plate 3-10 from left to right, the aperture of sieve pore 3-16 is less than or equal to 1 centimetre on first piece of sieve plate 3-8, second piece of sieve plate 3-8 The aperture of upper sieve pore 3-16 is greater than 1 centimetre and less than or equal to 2 centimetre, and the aperture of sieve pore 3-16 is greater than on third block sieve plate 3-8 2 centimetres and it is less than or equal to 3 centimetres, the aperture of the upper sieve pore 3-16 of the 4th piece of sieve plate 3-8 is greater than 3 centimetres and less than or equal to 3.5 Centimetre, on the 5th piece of sieve plate 3-8 the aperture of sieve pore 3-16 be greater than 6 centimetres, shrivelled jujube can according to different sieve pore 3-16 into (under normal circumstances, its vertical diameter of rotten jujube and transverse diameter can all reduce, thus rotten jujube can be filtered out for row screening Come;Of course it is not excluded its vertical diameter of some still unmetamorphosed jujubes and transverse diameter are inherently smaller, meeting and rotten screening together Out, the workload that the later period passes through manual sorting again also will be greatly reduced, can also be by these according to the price situation of jujube Vertical diameter itself and the smaller not rotten jujube of transverse diameter are disposed together with rotten jujube).
Working principle: first by the way that jujube is poured into spray by the fruit inlet 3-15 above spraying box 3-6 by fresh date In case 3-6, the water outlet water tank 3-2 is opened, the water in water tank 3-2 is entered in spray head 3-5 by water-supply-pipe 3-3, and spray head 3-5 can To be sprayed to internal jujube, jujube is after spray irrigation, and water flow and jujube are divided on filter plate 3-17 From water flow is flowed into the 3-1 of pond by left side water outlet 3-4, and jujube passes through from a side of adjacent pool 3-1 to discharge port Direction tilts 10-30 ° of filter plate 3-17, closes on from spraying box 3-6 and the bottom of the side fruit board 3-12 is selected to be provided with discharging Mouthful, slide plate 3-7 is slid into, subsequently into selecting on fruit board 3-12, opens vibrating motor 3-11, the left side vibrating motor 3-11 later It is connect with oscillating plate 3-10, after vibrating motor 3-11 is opened, makes oscillating plate 3-10 start to vibrate, and oscillating plate 3-10 is selecting fruit 5-15 ° is tilted from left to right on board 3-12, and jujube is delivered to forward by vibration and inclined oscillating plate 3-10 by sieve plate 3- On 8, and five pieces or five pieces are equipped with upper sieve plate to right side on the left of self-vibration movable plate 3-10, be provided with sieve pore 3- on sieve plate 3-8 16, the size specification of sieve pore 3-16 is all different, first piece to the 5th piece sieve plate sieve pore 3- on every piece of sieve plate 3-8 from left to right 16 aperture becomes larger, and for the underproof jujube that goes bad because water loss causes shrivelled, shape is not full enough, by compared with The sieve plate 3-8 of small sieve pore 3-16 can be screened away first, when then being vibrated forward by inclined oscillating plate 3-10, no The jujube of same specification size can be screened according to different sieve pore 3-16, not only will be underproof red after successively being screened Jujube filters out, while together by the screening of the jujube of same size, being conducive to the later period is manually screened, and reduces working strength, It can enter in the fruit case 3-9 of lower section after jujube screening, the design for the idler wheel 3-13 for selecting the fruit bottom board 3-12 to design is conducive to Whole device is moved, the transport duration of jujube is shortened, finally takes the jujube in fruit case 3-9 away, so that entire use The efficiency of process is improved well.It is provided with sparge pipe 3-18 right above sieve plate 3-8, the water jet of sparge pipe 3-18 is just To sieve plate 3-8, the fresh date being located on sieve plate 3-8 can be cleaned again.In order to avoid fresh date is touched in sieve plate 3-8 Wound, the Oscillation Amplitude and frequency of vibrating motor 3-11 is not easy excessive;In addition, sieve plate 3-8 is it is preferable to use rubber slab or plastic plate, The damage caused by fresh date due to collision can be reduced in this way.
The spray for being used for the rotten jujube screening of fresh date selects fruit machine to be provided with spraying box, and spraying box is internally provided with spray Jujube can be rinsed by head, and water outlet is provided on the left of spraying box, after jujube rinses, clean waste water stream intake pool Interior, the jujube after flushing, which enters, selects fruit board, and vibrating motor is connected with oscillating plate, by vibrate jujube moved forward into Row is selected, and sieve plate is arranged on oscillating plate, can screen to shrivelled jujube, fruit case, jujube are fixed with below sieve plate It can be sequentially entered in fruit case according to diameter by the sieve pore on sieve plate in screening process, mitigate hand labor, sieve plate exists Select being internally provided with for fruit board several, the screening operation of a large amount of jujube can be carried out, in addition, the hole of sieve pore without leave it is left extremely The right side becomes larger, and can preferentially screen out shrivelled jujube, the quality and working efficiency of the jujube greatly improved.
Vibrating water-dropping machine is as shown in Fig. 4-1 to Fig. 4-3, including body 4-1, the first conveyer belt 4-4 and hairbrush 4-8, body The inner upper of 4-1 is horizontally disposed two piece of first fixed plate 4-3, and the body 4-1 inner wall in the first side fixed plate 4-3 On be equipped between the first vibrating motor 4-2, two piece of first fixed plate 4-3 first rotating shaft 4-18, first rotating shaft 4-18 be installed On the first belt pulley is installed, the first conveyer belt 4-4 is located between two piece of first fixed plate 4-3 and is mounted on the first belt On wheel, and first baffle 4-5 is mounted on the upper surface of two piece of first fixed plate 4-3, the first vibrating motor 4-2 and first It is connected between fixed plate 4-3 by connecting tube;Feeding inlet 4-6, and body 4-1 are provided at the top of the upper left side of body 4-1 Top inner wall on be fixed with connecting rod 4-7, hairbrush 4-8 is installed on the lower section of connecting rod 4-7;
It is provided with water outlet 4-14 on the lower left side wall of body 4-1, is provided with below the first conveyer belt 4-4 and first The first catch basin 4-15 that fixed plate 4-3 is fixedly connected, and be equipped with below the first catch basin 4-15 the first water pump 4-16 and First pipe 4-17, the water inlet end of the first water pump 4-16 are connected with the first catch basin 4-15 internal flow, the first water pump 4-16's The water inlet end and fluid communication of water outlet and first pipe 4-17, the water outlet of first pipe 4-17 and water outlet 4-14 fluid Conducting, first rotating shaft 4-18 and the first motor 4-19 are drivingly connected, and the first conveyer belt 4-4 is the mesh belt of hollow out.
The lower inside of body 4-1 is horizontally disposed two piece of second fixed plate, and the body 4-1 in the second fixed plate side Second vibrating motor is installed on inner wall, the second shaft is installed between two piece of second fixed plate, is equipped in the second shaft Two belt pulleys, the second conveyer belt 4-9 are located between two piece of second fixed plate and are mounted on the second belt pulley, and two pieces the It is mounted on second baffle on the upper surface of two fixed plates, is connect between the second vibrating motor and the second fixed plate by connecting tube Touching connection;
The second catch basin being fixedly connected with the second fixed plate is provided with below second conveyer belt 4-9, and second catchments Second water pump and second pipe are installed below slot, the water inlet end of the second water pump is connected with the second catch basin internal flow, the The water outlet of two water pumps and the water inlet end of second pipe and fluid communication, the water outlet of second pipe and water outlet 4-14 fluid Conducting, the second shaft are connect with the second motor drive, and the second conveyer belt 4-9 is the mesh belt of hollow out.
Inside in body 4-1 and water immediately below the first catch basin 4-15 and right above the second conveyer belt 4-9 It is flat to be provided with two pieces of third fixed plates, and third vibrating motor is installed on the body 4-1 inner wall of third fixed plate side, Third shaft is installed between two pieces of third fixed plates, third belt pulley is installed in third shaft, third conveyer belt 4-11 It between two pieces of third fixed plates and is mounted on third belt pulley, and is respectively mounted on the upper surface of two pieces of third fixed plates There is third baffle, is connected between third vibrating motor and third fixed plate by connecting tube;
The third catch basin being fixedly connected with third fixed plate is provided with below third conveyer belt 4-11, and third is catchmented Third water pump and third pipeline are installed below slot, the water inlet end of third water pump is connected with third catch basin internal flow, the The water outlet of three water pumps and the water inlet end and fluid communication of third pipeline, the water outlet of third pipeline and water outlet 4-14 fluid Conducting, third shaft are connect with third motor drive, and third conveyer belt is the mesh belt of hollow out;Third conveyer belt 4- 11 lower right is provided with discharge port 4-12, and support column 4-13 is fixed with below body 4-1.
First rotating shaft 4-18 is rotated in a clockwise direction, third shaft is rotated in the counterclockwise direction, the second shaft is along up time Needle direction rotates, and third blower 4-20, the second transmission are equipped on the body 4-1 inner wall in the upper right side of third conveyer belt 4-11 The second blower 4-10 is installed on upper left body 4-1 inner wall with 4-9.
It is characterized by: the first conveyer belt 4-4, the second conveyer belt 4-9 and third conveyer belt 4-11 are parallel shape structure, And the length of the first conveyer belt 4-4, the second conveyer belt 4-9 and third conveyer belt 4-11 are less than the length of body 4-1.
The plate face of first baffle 4-5 is vertical with the loading end of the first conveyer belt 4-4, and first baffle 4-5 and thickness and the The thickness of one fixed plate 4-3 is identical;The plate face of second baffle is vertical with the loading end of the second conveyer belt 4-9, and second baffle with Thickness is identical as the thickness of the second fixed plate;The plate face of third baffle is vertical with the loading end of third conveyer belt 4-11, and third Baffle and thickness are identical as the thickness of third fixed plate.
The air outlet of second blower 4-10 is parallel with the loading end of the second conveyer belt 4-9, the air outlet of third blower 4-20 It is parallel with the loading end of third conveyer belt 4-11.
The aperture of mesh is 0.5-1.5cm on mesh belt, and fresh date is avoided to fall.
Working principle: first pouring into the fresh date after cleaning in body 4-1 from from feeding inlet 4-6, and fresh date falls into On one conveyer belt 4-4, the first conveyer belt 4-4 is mesh belt, and mesh belt is soft fabric, can reduce fresh date and exist Breakage caused by vibrating draining in the process, then opens the first motor 4-19, and the first belt pulley is suitable by first rotating shaft 4-18 The operation of the first conveyer belt of hour hands rotational movement 4-4 is passing so that fresh date is transmitted on the first conveyer belt 4-4 During defeated, starting the first vibrating motor 4-2, the first vibrating motor 4-2 drives the vibration of the first conveyer belt 4-4, so that scarlet Jujube vibrates draining, and as fresh date approach hairbrush 4-8, hairbrush 4-8 can clean fresh date, while clear away fresh date table The extra moisture in face, in the process, first baffle 4-5 can be fallen in transmit process from two sides to avoid fresh date, vibration The moisture leached afterwards can be fallen into the first catch basin 4-15, starting the first water pump 4-16, and the first water pump 4-16 can catchment first Slot 4-15 is discharged by first pipe 4-17 by water outlet 4-14, and then fresh date is fallen from the right end of the first conveyer belt 4-4 Enter on third conveyer belt 4-11, open third blower 4-20, third blower 4-20 can blowing cold air, accelerate fresh date surface Moisture evaporation so that fresh date quickly drains, fresh date counterclockwise movement, third bobbing machine on third conveyer belt 4-11 The moisture leached after vibration can be fallen into third catch basin, by third water pump by the water in third catch basin by from third Pipeline is discharged by water outlet 4-14, and jujube continues to transmit, and from the left end of third conveyer belt 4-11, falls into the second conveyer belt 4-9 On, and the clockwise transmission on the second conveyer belt 4-9, continue by the second blower 4-10 and the second vibrating motor collective effect into Row draining, the water in the second catch basin is pumped out by the second water pump has water outlet 4-14 discharge by second pipe, finally completes The fresh date for vibrating draining is discharged by the discharge port 4-12 that the second lower right conveyer belt 4-9 is arranged in.
This is provided with the first conveyer belt, the second conveyer belt and third conveyer belt for the vibration draining machine that fresh date produces can To be more efficiently completed draining, feeding inlet is used for the entrance of fresh date, and skewed entrance can be avoided the accumulation of fresh date It causing to squeeze breakage, hairbrush can clean fresh date, while clear away the moisture of fresh date excess surface, first baffle, Second baffle and third baffle can be fallen in transmit process from two sides to avoid fresh date, the first vibrating motor, the second vibration Motor and third vibrating motor can make the first conveyer belt, the second conveyer belt and third conveyer belt generate vibration indirectly, thus Vibration draining carried out to fresh date, the second blower and third blower can the moisture to fresh date surface carry out it is air-dried so that fresh Jujube quickly drains, and draining effect is good, and the first catch basin, the second catch basin and third catch basin are for concentrating fresh date to clean The moisture leached afterwards, water pump enable to the first catch basin, the second catch basin and third catch basin by pipeline by water outlet Discharge, the first motor, the second motor and third motor can drive first rotating shaft, the second shaft and third to turn respectively The rotation of axis is so that the first conveyer belt, the second conveyer belt and the operation of third conveyer belt, mesh belt are that soft fabric can The surface of breakage caused by fresh date is reduced during vibrating draining, mesh belt enables to water in mesh-like structure Point pass through, the mesh size of mesh belt be 0.5-1.5cm can to avoid fresh date by mesh belt fall into below the In one catch basin, the second catch basin and third catch basin, it is more stable that support column places body.
Hot air through drier as shown in Fig. 5-1 to Fig. 5-3, including filter chamber 5-1, vibrator interface 5-4, buffer board 5-6, Ventilation opening 5-11, second baffle 5-13 and catch basin 5-17, filter chamber's 5-1 inner wall are provided with rubber layer 5-2, and filter chamber 5-1 Top left hand be provided with feed inlet 5-3, vibrator interface 5-4 is set to the right side of feed inlet 5-3, the inner wall of filter chamber 5-1 Both ends are fixed with bolt 5-5, and buffer board 5-6 is set between bolt 5-5, and it is two rows of and oblique that buffer board 5-6 is provided with left and right Lower setting, and buffer board 5-6 is symmetrical about the central axes of filter chamber 5-1, and third water suction is provided on the surface of buffer board 5-6 Layer, and buffer board 5-6 is connected by bolt 5-5 with filter chamber 5-1, and the setting of buffer board 5-6 can reduce fresh dates and filter The speed passed through inside the 5-1 of room, while jujube can be reduced in filter chamber 5-1 by the rubber layer 5-2 of filter chamber 5-1 inner wall Impact avoid fresh dates surface from being squeezed and generate damage to protect to fresh dates, reduce the service performance of device, Third water absorption layer is provided on the surface of buffer board 5-6 can inhale the moisture on jujube surface during jujube passes through It is attached;The bottom end of filter chamber 5-1 is provided with filter plate 5-7, and the top of filter plate 5-7 is fixed with the first water absorption layer 5-8, filtering The upper end area of plate 5-7 is equal to the first water absorption layer 5-8 following table area, and the setting of the first water absorption layer 5-8 reduces fresh dates and filtering Frictional force between plate 5-7, so as to accelerate flowing velocity of the fresh dates on filter plate 5-7, while again to jujube surface Moisture be filtered and adsorb, improve the filter efficiency of device, filter chamber 5-1 is on the side wall of the left end conveyer belt 5-14 Jujube mouth 5-22 is offered out, is equipped at jujube mouth 5-22 out from jujube mouth 5-22 is gone out to the inclined jujube out in the upper surface conveyer belt 5-14 Pipe 5-23, the left end conveyer belt 5-14 are located at the underface of the outlet jujube pipe 5-23, and filter plate 5-7 tilts installation settings, that is, filters One end level height of one end level height of the neighbouring jujube mouth 5-22 out of plate 5-7 lower than filter plate 5-7 far from jujube mouth 5-22 out, Jujube is by going out jujube mouth 5-22 outflow;It is fixed with support plate 5-9 on the right side of filter chamber 5-1, and is set right above support plate 5-9 It is equipped with fan 5-10, ventilation opening 5-11 is set to the top of fan 5-10, and the bottom end of support plate 5-9 is fixed with first baffle 5- 12, second baffle 5-13 are set between two first baffle 5-12, and first baffle 5-12 and second baffle 5-13 are just Lower section is provided with the alternate row of length direction of conveyer belt 5-14, first baffle 5-12 and second baffle 5-13 along conveyer belt 5-14 Column, water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 are provided with tooth socket and teeth on the free end of the upper surface conveyer belt 5-14, and along conveyer belt 5-14 length direction: the tooth socket and teeth of adjacent water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 is opposite along conveyer belt 5-14 length direction, tooth socket and The size shape of teeth matches, and the design of tooth socket and teeth arranged opposite between water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 improves fresh dates The usability of device is improved to improve the water filtration efficiency to fresh dates with the effective contact area of water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 Can, the tow sides of conveyer belt 5-14 are provided with partition 5-15, and the right end of conveyer belt 5-14 is provided with reclaiming plate 5-16, collection Sink 5-17 is fixed on the underface of conveyer belt 5-14, and the top of catch basin 5-17 is fixed with collecting net 5-18, collecting net 5- 18 be in reticular structure, and the height of collecting net 5-18 is less than the height of catch basin 5-17, and fresh dates in the device quickly flow by portion Dynamic, collecting net 5-18 can be collected the fresh dates for being detached from filtering route, and secondary cleaning and filtering can be carried out to it, is avoided The generation of wasting phenomenon, is provided with the second water absorption layer 5-20 on the surface of conveyer belt 5-14, and the second water absorption layer 5-20 on set It is equipped with filter hole 5-21, the outer surface of the second water absorption layer 5-20 has bulge-structure, and filter hole 5-21 is located at adjacent protrusion structure Between, there is the setting of bulge-structure the short time fresh dates can be fixed for second outer surface water absorption layer 5-20, pass through simultaneously The cooperation of arranged opposite carries out absorption and mistake to the moisture on fresh dates surface between tooth socket and teeth between water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 Filter, improves the efficiency of the filtering of device.
Working principle: device can be moved into operating position by wheel first, feed inlet 5-3 is set as with filter chamber 5-1 Integral structure avoids the interface of feed inlet 5-3 and filter chamber 5-1 from having the gap to be squeezed to cross jujube to jujube and cause It destroys, to cause to waste, buffer board 5-6 is provided with left and right two rows and is arranged obliquely, and buffer board 5-6 is about filtering The central axes of room 5-1 are symmetrical, and third water absorption layer is provided on the surface of buffer board 5-6, and buffer board 5-6 is installed by bolt 5-5 On the inner wall of filter chamber 5-1, fresh dates can be reduced by buffer board 5-6 and pass through the speed of filter chamber 5-1, while passing through filtering Rubber layer 5-2 on the 5-1 inner wall of room can further decrease the speed of fresh dates, pass through the phase of buffer board 5-6 and rubber layer 5-2 Mutually fresh dates are protected in cooperation, avoid fresh dates speed is larger, filter chamber's 5-1 inner wall is really up to the mark from damaging to fresh dates, are delayed simultaneously Third water absorption layer on the surface punching 5-6, also can be absorbed the moisture in fresh dates, pass through the vibration of the one end vibrator interface 5-4 The separation for the moisture that fresh dates surface carries in filter chamber 5-1, and then the time that shortening device filtering is used are accelerated in the vibration of device, To improve the filter efficiency of device.Fresh date by filtering for the first time, from the conveyer belt 5-14 neighbouring positioned at filter chamber 5-1 Go out jujube mouth 5-22 and inclined jujube pipe 5-23 outflow out on the side wall of left end, is sent on conveyer belt 5-14, fresh date exists Secondary drainage is carried out on conveyer belt 5-14, fresh dates can pass through the second water absorption layer on the surface conveyer belt 5-14 in transmission simultaneously Moisture of the water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 detachably installed on 5-20, first baffle 5-12 and second baffle 5-13 to fresh dates surface It is adsorbed, while the conveyer belt 5-14 blowing of the fan 5-10 of ventilation opening 5-11 setting downwards, accelerates fresh dates surface moisture Evaporation;And be provided with filter hole 5-21 between conveyer belt 5-14 and the second water absorption layer 5-20, can moisture to fresh dates surface into Row filtering, while being collected drainage by catch basin 5-17, water-absorbing resin on first baffle 5-12 and second baffle 5-13 Detachably installing on plate free end has tooth socket and teeth on the surface water-absorbing resin plate 5-19, and adjacent water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 Tooth socket and teeth it is opposite along conveyer belt 5-14 length direction, improve fresh dates contacted with water-absorbing resin plate 5-19 it is effective Area, and then the filter efficiency of the equipment is improved, by the fresh date of first time filtering and second of filtering, from conveyer belt 5- The discharge port 5-16 of 14 right ends flows out, and completes entire cross-flow drying process.
This has many advantages, such as not having to heating, flexibility height, easy to remove, charging for the hot air through drier that fresh date produces Mouth is integrated with filter chamber's setting, avoids feed inlet and the interface of filter chamber from having the gap and carries out extruding pair to jujube Jujube, which is crossed, to be damaged, thus cause to waste, it is really up to the mark in order to reduce filtering chamber interior walls when jujube enters inside filter chamber Fresh dates are caused to damage, therefore rubber layer and buffer board, buffer board, which is arranged, in filtering chamber interior walls can reduce jujube in filter chamber Interior flow velocity can reduce impact of the filtering chamber interior walls to jujube by rubber slab, pass through to achieve the effect that centainly to buffer The cooperation of the two effectively protects jujube, and improves the service performance of the device, passes through the mountable vibration of vibrator interface Dynamic device can accelerate the separation of the moisture of fresh dates surface carrying, shorten the time catchmented with fresh dates flowing, to improve the equipment Working efficiency, the fresh dates after being filtered by conveyer belt to first time carry out secondary drainage, and fresh dates can pass through simultaneously in transmission Second water absorption layer and water-absorbing resin plate adsorb the moisture on fresh dates surface, and are provided between conveyer belt and soft-slab Filter opening can be filtered the moisture on fresh dates surface, while is collected by catch basin to drainage, and water-absorbing resin plate is free There are tooth socket and teeth in end, and the tooth socket and teeth between adjacent water-absorbing resin plate are opposite along conveyer belt length direction, improve The effective area that fresh dates are contacted with water-absorbing resin plate, and then the filter efficiency of the equipment is improved, the subsequent processing to jujube Work provides convenience.
Rotary drum grader as shown in Fig. 6-1 to Fig. 6-4, including rack, sorting cylinder, driving device, receive jujube device 6-16 and It is classified auxiliary device, sorting cylinder is mounted on the rack by rotation axis 6-11, and driving device and rotation axis 6-11 driving connect It connects, receives the lower section for going out jujube mouth 6-6 that jujube device 6-16 is located at sorting cylinder, classification auxiliary device is mounted in sorting cylinder, is classified Auxiliary device drives the fresh date in sorting cylinder mobile from one end of sorting cylinder to the other end.
Sorting cylinder includes the inner cylinder 6-8 and outer cylinder 6-5 being coaxially fixedly mounted on rotation axis 6-11, and inner cylinder 6-8 is located at In outer cylinder 6-5, classification auxiliary device is mounted in inner cylinder 6-8;A point jujube mouth 6-7 is offered on the barrel of inner cylinder 6-8, divides jujube mouth The second end of the hole of 6-7 first end to the inner cylinder 6-8 of inner cylinder 6-8 without leave become larger;Jujube mouth 6-6 is provided with outer cylinder 6-5's out On barrel, and the aperture of jujube mouth 6-6 is equal with the aperture for dividing jujube mouth 6-7 diametrically out.
Classification auxiliary device includes blade 6-9, driven shaft 6-20, chain and driven gear 6-18, driven shaft 6-20 with turn Moving axis 6-11 is parallel, and the both ends of driven shaft 6-20 are mounted on the side wall of inner cylinder 6-8 by bearing, driven gear 6-18 It is fixedly mounted on driven shaft 6-20, driving gear 6-19, driven gear 6-18 and active is fixedly installed on rotation axis 6-11 Gear 6-19 is connected by chain drive, and the diameter of driving gear 6-19 is 2-5 times of the diameter of driven gear 6-18, blade 6-9 is mounted on driven shaft 6-20 by fixing seat 6-10, and the spacing of driven gear 6-18 circumscribed circle and inner cylinder 6-8 inner wall is 3 Centimetre.
Rack includes pedestal 6-1, fixed frame 6-15 and bearing 6-4, is separately installed with support at left and right sides of pedestal 6-1 Frame 6-2, and the upper end of support frame 6-2 is equipped with bearing block 6-3, bearing 6-4 is located on bearing block 6-3, and the two of rotation axis 6-11 End is mounted on support frame 6-2 by bearing 6-4;Fresh date is offered in the first end of inner cylinder 6-8, and channel 6-12 is added, it is fresh One end that channel 6-12 is added in jujube extends to the outside of outer cylinder 6-5 with the conducting of the inside inner cylinder 6-8, the other end;
Fixed frame 6-15 is located at the right side of pedestal 6-1, and driving device is mounted on fixed frame 6-15, and driving device includes Motor 6-14 and speed reducer 6-13, motor 6-14 drive rotation axis 6-11 by speed reducer 6-13.
It receives the interior of jujube device 6-16 and cambered surface 6-17 is installed, be welding between pedestal 6-1 and support frame 6-2.
Working principle: channel 6-12 is added by fresh date first, fresh dates is added, by outer cylinder 6-5, entered back into interior Cylinder 6-8 in, start motor 6-14, motor 6-14 drive rotation axis 6-11 rotation, rotation axis 6-11 drive inner cylinder 6-8 and Outer cylinder 6-5 is rotated together, while the driving gear 6-19 on rotation axis 6-11 drives driven gear 6-18 to turn by chain drive Dynamic, so that driven shaft 6-20 be driven to rotate, the blade 6-9 for being fixed on driven shaft 6-20 is started turning, and the rotation of blade 6-9 makes The fresh dates that must be added move from right to left side, and driving gear 6-19 is 5 times of the diameter of driven gear 6-18, so that from The rotating ratio rotation axis 6-11 of moving axis 6-20 is fast, and fresh dates are mobile from the first end of inner cylinder 6-8 to the second end of inner cylinder with rotation, Fresh dates divide jujube mouth 6-7 to flow out by what the second end of the first end from inner cylinder 6-8 to inner cylinder 6-8 became larger aperture, and through going out Jujube mouth 6-6, which is fallen into, to be received in jujube device 6-16, is collected using jujube device 6-16 is received to fresh dates, the cambered surface 6-17 for receiving jujube device 6-16 can Reduce fresh dates in dropping process to the collision of jujube.Furthermore it is possible to outer cylinder and inner cylinder are tilted into installation settings from left to right, I.e. for the level height of left end less than the level height of right end, such fresh date again can be under self gravitation effect in inner cylinder Right-to-left movement, fresh date movement velocity in cylinder is too fast in order to prevent, realizes preferable separating effect, and inclination angle was not easy Greatly, the preferably axis of outer cylinder and inner cylinder and the angle of horizontal plane is 2-5 °.
Classification auxiliary device is mounted in sorting cylinder, and the rotation for the driven shaft and classification drum being classified in auxiliary device Axis is parallel, and the driven gear of driven shaft and the driving gear of rotation axis is sequentially connected by chain drive, and driven gear Different with the diameter of driving gear, driven shaft is different with the revolving speed of rotation axis, can be realized by a motor to sorting cylinder Interior and classification auxiliary device rotation, so that jujube is separated faster.
Support frame is installed at pedestal both ends, bearing block and rotation axis are installed on support frame, when rotation axis rotation, axis A fixed bias circuit is held, prevents rotation axis from shifting, makes rotation axis normal rotation, guarantees that rotary drum grader works normally, is roller The normal operation of grader provides condition, and bearing block installation can work normally simultaneously on the support frame guaranteeing rotation axis, also The weight of rotary drum grader can be supported, does not influence the rotation of rotation axis, the frictional force of rotation axis rotation is reduced, reduces kinetic energy Electric energy is saved in consumption.
What is be arranged divides the aperture of jujube mouth to become larger from the second end of first end to the inner cylinder of inner cylinder, and rotation axis drives driven Axis blade rotation, so that fresh date is followed by the second end for being moved to inner cylinder from the first end of inner cylinder, in mobile process In, fresh date installation divides the sequence from small to large of jujube oral pore diameter step by step from dividing jujube mouth to separate, the separation to fresh date is completed, The globoidal structure received in jujube device can reduce the impact force that fresh date is fallen, and guarantee the integrality of fresh date.
Detected using surface of the GB2762-2017 to the fresh date produced in step (S1), lead, chromium, cadmium, The pollutants such as mercury, arsenic, tin, nickel, nitrite, nitrate are detection;The pesticide variety used according to farmer uses GB2763-2016 detects the surface pesticide residue for the fresh date produced in step (S1), pesticide used in farmer It is not detected;It is detected using surface pathogenic bacteria of the GB29921-2013 to the fresh date produced in step (S1), it is husky Door bacterium, staphylococcus aureus and escherichia coli are not detected;Using GB2761-2017 to being produced in step (S1) The surface mycotoxin of the fresh date come is detected, and patulin is not detected.Sufficiently prove that the fresh date produced can be with It is disposable and directly use.It is lower than due to having carried out classification, sorting and abundant drying, cull fruit to fresh date in process of production 3%, long-distance transport sale can be carried out, the holding time is more than to go rotten without occurring for 15 days.
In step (S2), the second level fresh date that step (S1) is obtained is produced for date powder, and date powder production specifically includes Following steps:
(S2-1) it rushes core: second level fresh date being carried out using pit-removing machine to rush core, jujube meat and jujube core are separated, jujube core is collected Drying for standby afterwards;
(S2-2) it sorts: jujube meat obtained in step (S2-1) being sorted using sorting machine, jujube core is reduced or avoided It is mixed into jujube meat;
(S2-3) drying and crushing: the jujube paste that step (S2-2) obtains is made thinner to 3 millimeters, -40 DEG C precooling 10 hours, Then it is freeze-dried under conditions of -50 DEG C, 10Pa, sublimation drying is 144 hours;The date powder obtained after freeze-drying 25 DEG C are warming up in drying box, 300 meshes are crossed in 12 hours dry, crushing, then drying 2 is small under conditions of temperature is 40 DEG C When;
(S2-4) microwave disinfection: 60 DEG C of microwave disinfection disinfections, sterilizing time 40s;
(S2-5) it is vacuum-packed.
Pit-removing machine is as shown in Fig. 8-1 to Fig. 8-6, including rack, support plate 8-1, turntable 8-6, rotary disc driving mechanism, two A jujube meat collecting vessel 8-2, two jujube core collecting vessel 8-3, fresh date feed mechanism and two stoning Pai Rou mechanisms, support plate 8-1 It is fixedly mounted on the rack, turntable 8-6 is located at the surface of support plate 8-1 and is drivingly connected with rotary disc driving mechanism, turntable The half fan-shaped workspace equal there are six central angle is set on 8-6, is provided with resettlement groove 8- on each half fan-shaped workspace 15, the slot bottom center of each resettlement groove 8-15, which is offered, rushes core through-hole 8-16 through turntable 8-6, in each resettlement groove 8- 15 slot bottom and arc-like rows meat through-hole 8-20 is equidistantly offered around rushing core through-hole 8-16, just half-and-half fan on support plate 8-1 Shape workspace offers core meat channel 8-21;In the disk of turntable 8-6 along clockwise direction: half fan-shaped workspace is followed successively by The first half fan-shaped workspaces, the second half fan-shaped workspaces, the fan-shaped workspace of third half, the 4th half fan-shaped workspace, the 5th half fan Shape workspace and the 6th half fan-shaped workspace;Two jujube core collecting vessel 8-3 are located at the second half fan-shaped workspaces and the 5th half The underface of fan-shaped workspace, two jujube meat collecting vessel 8-2 are located at the fan-shaped workspace of third half and the 6th half fan-shaped work The underface in area, and jujube core collecting vessel 8-3 and jujube meat collecting vessel 8-2 are respectively positioned on the underface of support plate 8-1, fresh date supply Mechanism includes two feed pipe 8-9 being individually fixed in right above the first half fan-shaped workspaces and the 4th half fan-shaped workspace, often A stoning Pai Rou mechanism includes hydraulic cylinder 8-10, the right terminal pad 8-11 for being equipped with jumper bar 8-14 and is equipped with compression bar 8- 12 left terminal pad 8-13, the free end of hydraulic cylinder 8-10 piston rod are driven with right terminal pad 8-11 and left terminal pad 8-13 respectively Dynamic connection, the right terminal pad 8-11 and left terminal pad 8-13 of a stoning Pai Rou mechanism are located at the second half fan-shaped workspaces With the surface of the fan-shaped workspace of third half, the right terminal pad 8-11 and left terminal pad 8-13 of another stoning Pai Rou mechanism divide Not Wei Yu the 5th half fan-shaped workspace and the 6th half fan-shaped workspace surface, the end face diameter of jumper bar 8-14 is that rush core logical 0.9 times of hole 8-16 diameter, the end face diameter of compression bar 8-12, which is less than the diameter of resettlement groove 8-15 and is greater than, rushes core through-hole 8-16's Diameter rushes core through-hole 8-16 one-to-one correspondence, pressure on the fan-shaped workspace jumper bar 8-14 and the second half and the 5th half fan-shaped workspace Resettlement groove 8-15 on bar 8-12 and the fan-shaped workspace of third half and the 6th half fan-shaped workspace is corresponded.Wherein, turntable drives The shaft 8-5 that motivation structure includes motor 8-4 and is mounted on support plate 8-1 by bearing, motor 8-4 are located at support plate The lower section of 8-1, the lower end of shaft 8-5 and the power output end of motor 8-4 are drivingly connected, the upper end of shaft 8-5 and turntable 8- 6 are fixedly connected, and the lower ending opening of core meat channel 8-21 is connected by outer silk 8-18 and jujube meat collecting vessel 8-2 or jujube core collecting vessel 8-3 It connects.
It is erected in resettlement groove 8-15 for the ease of jujube, and then convenient for going out the jujube core of jujube from pulp, Resettlement groove 8-15 is the reverse frustoconic that upper end opening is big, lower ending opening is small, and the diameter of reverse frustoconic lower ending opening is greater than scarlet The transverse diameter of jujube, the diameter of upper end opening are greater than the transverse diameter of fresh date and are less than the vertical diameter of fresh date, rush the diameter of core through-hole 8-16 For 1.3 times of jujube core transverse diameter, and the discharge port of feed pipe 8-9 is less than the transverse diameter of fresh date at a distance from turntable 8-6 disk.
When being separated using present invention progress fresh date jujube meat with jujube core, fresh date is put into feed pipe 8-9, at this time Fresh date positioned at the bottom feed pipe 8-9 can be fallen on turntable 8-6, and with the rotation of turntable 8-6, in feed pipe 8-9 tube wall Impetus under, on end fall into resettlement groove 8-15, realize the stacking of jujube, due to the discharging of feed pipe 8-9 Mouth is greater than fresh date less than the transverse diameter of fresh date and the diameter of resettlement groove 8-15 upper end opening at a distance from turntable 8-6 disk Transverse diameter and be less than the vertical diameter of fresh date, fresh date will not be placed on sidewards in resettlement groove 8-15, especially handle by sieving Uniform specification fresh date, so as to avoid the blocking of jujube core rush core channel 8-16 and jujube core smash after mixed with jujube meat The case where.And when the resettlement groove 8-15 for being loaded with fresh date turns to the underface of jumper bar 8-14, start the two sides support plate 8-1 Hydraulic cylinder 8-10, and drive jumper bar 8-14 and compression bar 8-12 to transport downwards respectively by right terminal pad 8-11 and left terminal pad 8-13 Dynamic, jumper bar 8-14 goes out the jujube core in fresh date from the jujube meat of fresh date, and jujube core is rushed core through-hole 8-16 and falls into jujube core receipts Collect bucket 8-3 in, after jujube core is rushed out, by right terminal pad 8-11 and left terminal pad 8-13 drive respectively jumper bar 8-14 and Compression bar 8-12 is moved upwards, so that compression bar 8-12 and jumper bar 8-14 are located at the top of resettlement groove 8-15 again, then rotates turntable Then 8-6 passes through right terminal pad 8-11 and a left side so that the fresh date for being carried out overshoot core processing is located at the lower section of compression bar 8-12 Terminal pad 8-13 drives compression bar 8-12 and jumper bar 8-14 to move downward, and compression bar 8-12 is by the jujube meat of fresh date from resettlement groove 8-15 Extrude and through arc-like rows meat through-hole 8-20, rush core through-hole 8-16 and core meat channel 8-21 and enter in jujube meat collecting vessel 8-2.When this Invention work normally when, as long as guarantee feed pipe 8-9 in have enough fresh dates, in resettlement groove 8-15 the filling of fresh date and The jujube core of fresh date removes and the collection of jujube meat can carry out simultaneously, effectively increases the separation of fresh date jujube meat and jujube core Efficiency.
In the present embodiment, jujube meat collecting vessel 8-2 constitutes bascule by outer silk 8-18 and through-hole 8-19, and jujube meat is collected Bucket 8-2 and jujube core collecting vessel 8-3 can carry out categorised collection to jujube meat and jujube core, and the reduction later period needs jujube core from jujube meat The trouble separated, while bascule is convenient for taking to jujube core and jujube meat.
By the setting of 2 feed pipes, it can add in batches to enuleation date, mitigate labor intensity, avoiding needs Repeatedly to add the trouble of jujube, at the same by the lower section of feed pipe above turntable at a distance from be 0.5cm setting, can Blocking processing is carried out to the jujube above turntable, so that jujube be made, automatically into resettlement groove inside, to avoid under the drive of turntable Need the trouble that jujube be manually put into resettlement groove, the setting for rushing the jumper bar of core through-hole be less than by end face diameter, can into Entering the jujube inside resettlement groove and carry out stoning processing, and enters the inside of jujube core collecting vessel by rushing core through-hole, structure is simple, Convenient for operation, while working efficiency is also improved, the internal diameter for rushing core through-hole is greater than by end face diameter and is less than resettlement groove diameter Compression bar setting, can be by the jujube after stoning by rushing core through-hole and arc-like rows meat through-hole be squeezed into jujube meat and collect The inside of bucket, consequently facilitating next putting to enuleation date, while being also convenient for carrying out categorised collection to jujube meat and jujube core, The trouble that the reduction later period needs to separate jujube core from jujube meat, secondly jujube meat collecting vessel and jujube core collecting vessel pass through outer The bascule that silk is constituted with through-hole, convenient for carrying out processing of taking to jujube meat and jujube core.The present invention for fresh date jujube meat and The pit-removing machine of jujube core separation is particularly suitable for the relatively uniform fresh date stoning operation of specification, and in batch processing, stoning rate can Up to 100%, jujube core percentage of damage is lower than 5%.
Sorting machine includes: as shown in Fig. 9-1 to Fig. 9-4, and of the invention can be avoided the sorting that jujube core is adulterated in jujube meat Machine, including air-cooled case 9-1, pedestal 9-2, discharge port 9-3, pressing screw 9-4, bearing block 9-5, screw rod 9-6, separatory vessel 9-7, spoke 9-8, through-hole 9-9, separation case 9-10, air inlet 9-11, strainer 9-12, anti-blocking channel 9-13, shaft 9-14, baffle 9-15, rubber Glue card slot 9-16, air inlet 9-17, fixed link 9-18, connecting plate 9-19 and feed inlet 9-20;
Air-cooled case 9-1 and separation case 9-10 are fixedly mounted on pedestal 9-2, and separation case 9-10 is located at air-cooled case It is airflow channel between separation case 9-10 outer wall inside air-cooled case 9-1 inside 9-1;Separatory vessel 9-7 is located at separation case 9-10 Interior, the upper end of separatory vessel 9-7 is fixedly connected with separation case 9-10 inner wall, between separatory vessel 9-7 outer wall and separation case 9-10 inner wall For jujube paste channel, and it is fixedly connected between separatory vessel 9-7 outer wall and separation case 9-10 inner wall by fixed link 9-18;Screw rod The upper end of 9-6 passes through tank wall at the top of air-cooled case 9-1 and is mounted at the top of air-cooled case 9-1 on tank wall by bearing, screw rod 9-6's Lower end sequentially passes through the feed inlet at the top of separation case 9-10, the feed inlet at the top of separatory vessel 9-7, separatory vessel 9-7 from the top down The strainer 9-12 of internal sorting chamber and the bottom separatory vessel 9-7 and the bottom tank wall that separation case 9-10 is mounted on by bearing On the bearing block 9-5 at the center 9-21;
Bottom tank wall 9-21 is engraved structure, and bearing block 9-5 is fixed by the case side wall of six spokes and separation case 9-10 It connects, is provided with discharge port 9-3 on the pedestal 9-2 of the underface of engraved structure;The mesh diameter of strainer 9-12 is 1-5 millimeters, Through-hole 9-9 is located on the side wall of separatory vessel 9-7, the diameter of through-hole 9-9 is 1-5 millimeters, screw rod 9-6 rotation (pressing screw 9-4 molding On the outer surface of screw rod 9-6), jujube paste in jujube meat can be squeezed out from through-hole 9-9.
As shown in Fig. 9-2 and Fig. 9-3, it is provided on the separatory vessel 9-7 side wall between neighbouring through-hole 9-9 anti-blocking Channel 9-13;Baffle 9-15 is located in anti-blocking channel 9-13 and the diameter of baffle 9-15 is less than the aperture of anti-blocking channel 9-13, gear Plate 9-15 is hingedly mounted on separatory vessel 9-7 side wall by connecting plate 9-19 and shaft 9-14, and shaft 9-14 is located at separatory vessel 9- In 7 side walls, rubber card slot 9-16 be located at on the anti-blocking channel 9-13 inner wall of shaft 9-14 radial direction face, the side of baffle 9-15 Along in rubber card slot 9-16;It can prevent possible jujube core from blocking through-hole in through-hole 9-9, after through-hole 9-9 blocking, Next jujube paste in through-hole 9-9 is got into, can be entered in anti-blocking channel 9-13, with the increase of jujube paste inlet, jujube paste is into one Step compressing baffle 9-15, when rubber card slot 9-16 cannot support jujube paste to squeeze, baffle 9-15 is rotated along shaft 9-14, anti-blocking Channel 9-13 is opened, and jujube paste is entered by anti-blocking channel 9-13 in adjacent through-hole 9-9, so as to effectively prevent jujube paste Block through-hole 9-9.
As shown in fig. 9-1, air inlet 9-11 is located on air-cooled case 9-1 lower sides, and passes through airflow channel and air inlet 9-17 and jujube paste channel conductive, air inlet 9-17 are located on the side wall on the top separation case 9-10;The cold wind air-flow blasted can be from Air inlet 9-11 enters, and is entered in separation case by airflow channel and air inlet 9-17, the temperature of jujube can be effectively reduced, Reduce high temperature to the ascorbic destruction of jujube paste.
As shown in fig. 9-1, feed inlet 9-20 is by the feed inlet at the top of air-cooled case 9-1, the feed inlet at the top of separation case 9-10 It is formed with the feed inlet at the top of separatory vessel 9-7, the feed inlet at the top of air-cooled case 9-1, divides the feed inlet at the top of separation case 9-10 It selects the feed inlet at the top of case 9-7 to be connected to sequentially turn on from top to bottom with the sorting chamber inside separatory vessel 9-7, feed inlet and gas Circulation road and the sealing isolation of jujube paste channel;Minimum range between screw rod 9-6 and sorting chamber inner wall is the 1.5- of jujube core transverse diameter 3 times;The upper end of screw rod 9-6 and driving device are drivingly connected.Separatory vessel 9-7 is by being co-axially mounted interior case and outer container group together At interior case is fixedly connected with outer container by bolt 9-21.
Working principle: first by the jujube meat after stoning from feed inlet 9-20 be sent into separatory vessel 9-7 in, feed inlet 9-20 by Feed inlet composition at the top of the feed inlet and separatory vessel 9-7 at the top of feed inlet, separation case 9-10 at the top of air-cooled case 9-1, it is air-cooled The feed inlet at the top of feed inlet, separation case 9-10 at the top of case 9-1, the conducting of the feed inlet at the top of separatory vessel 9-7 and separatory vessel 9- Sorting chamber inside 7 sequentially turns on from top to bottom, and feed inlet completely cuts off with airflow channel and the sealing of jujube paste channel;Start at this time The driving device of screw rod 9-6, screw rod 9-6 are started turning, and the minimum range between screw rod 9-6 and sorting chamber inner wall is jujube core 1.5-3 times (preventing jujube core from squeezing broken) of transverse diameter, on screw rod 9-6 under the conveying and squeezing action of pressing screw 9-4, jujube meat is certainly Upper and lower movement, so that jujube meat is squeezed into jujube paste and the through-hole 9-9 by being arranged on separatory vessel 9-7 side wall is squeezed out, into separation In case 9-10, the diameter of through-hole 9-9 is 1-5 millimeters, can play the pulverization to jujube meat;Possible jujube core in order to prevent Disintegrating slag blocks through-hole 9-9, is provided with anti-blocking channel 9-13 on the separatory vessel 9-7 side wall between neighbouring through-hole 9-9, Baffle 9-15 is provided in anti-blocking channel 9-13, the diameter of baffle 9-15 is less than the aperture of anti-blocking channel 9-13, and baffle 9-15 is logical Connecting plate 9-19 and shaft 9-14 is crossed to be hingedly mounted on separatory vessel 9-7 side wall, shaft 9-14 is located in separatory vessel 9-7 side wall, Rubber card slot 9-16 is located at on the anti-blocking channel 9-13 inner wall of shaft 9-14 radial direction face, and the edge of baffle 9-15 is located at rubber In glue card slot 9-16, after jujube core disintegrating slag etc. blocks through-hole 9-9, the jujube paste in through-hole 9-9 is next got into, can be entered anti-blocking In the 9-13 of channel, with the increase of jujube paste inlet, jujube paste further oppresses baffle 9-15, when rubber card slot 9-16 cannot be propped up When supportting jujube paste and squeezing, baffle 9-15 is rotated along shaft 9-14, and anti-blocking channel 9-13 is opened, jujube paste by anti-blocking channel 9-13 into Enter into adjacent through-hole 9-9, so as to effectively prevent the blocking of through-hole 9-9.So far jujube paste is passed through by screw extruding Through-hole 9-9 is entered in separation case 9-10, and jujube core is fallen into above the strainer 9-12 of the bottom separatory vessel 9-7, due to fresh dates jujube Meat is highly susceptible to being squeezed into mud and the material being added is the jujube meat being enucleated, therefore jujube nuclear volume is less, falls in strainer 9-12 Jujube core above will not due to jujube paste extruding and be crushed, and be located at strainer on jujube core can further Collection utilization.
It is pressed into separation case 9-10 jujube paste, since the rotation of screw rod 9-6 squeezes, jujube paste temperature is high, can destroy jujube paste Interior vitamin C, at this point, blasting cold wind from the air inlet 9-11 being located on air-cooled case 9-1 lower sides, cold wind is by being located at Airflow channel between air-cooled case 9-1 and separation case 9-10, from the air inlet 9-17 on the side wall on the top separation case 9-10, into Enter the jujube paste channel between separatory vessel 9-7 outer wall and separation case 9-10 inner wall, cooling jujube paste temperature, while the cold wind blasted, also The sinking speed of jujube paste can be added, improve separative efficiency.The bottom tank wall 9-21 of engraved structure is fallen into through overcooled jujube paste Afterwards, it is collected by the discharge port 9-3 being arranged on pedestal 9-2, to realize the further sorting of jujube meat and jujube core.
(1) screw rod in chamber inner wall is sorted by rotation, squeezes jujube meat at jujube paste, so that jujube paste passes through separatory vessel side wall On through-hole be extruded out, and the aperture of through-hole only has 1-5 millimeters, and jujube core can be prevented to be squeezed out together with jujube paste Come, realize the separation of jujube meat and jujube core, and can play the role of crushing jujube meat.
(2) possible jujube core disintegrating slag blocks through-hole in order to prevent, the anti-blocking channel being arranged between neighbouring through-hole, Baffle in anti-blocking channel is hingedly mounted on separatory vessel side wall by connecting plate and shaft, the edge position of the other end of baffle In in rubber card slot, after through-hole blocking, the jujube paste in through-hole is next got into, can be entered in anti-blocking channel, with jujube paste The increase of inlet, jujube paste further oppress baffle, and when rubber card slot cannot support jujube paste to squeeze, baffle is rotated along shaft, Anti-blocking channel is opened, and jujube paste is entered by anti-blocking channel in adjacent through-hole, and is extruded separatory vessel.
(3) screw rod rotation can generate a large amount of heat, and high temperature can destroy the vitamin C in jujube paste, influence the nutriture value of jujube meat Value, the present invention is provided with air-cooled case, and is equipped with air inlet in air-cooled lower box part, is equipped with air inlet in separation case upper portion side wall, this Sample can blast cold wind from air inlet, and cold wind reduces the temperature of jujube paste by airflow channel and air inlet and jujube paste channel conductive Degree reduces high temperature to the ascorbic destruction of jujube paste.
The date powder produced in step (S2) is detected using GB2762-2017, lead, chromium, cadmium, mercury, arsenic, tin, The pollutants such as nickel, nitrite, nitrate are detection;The pesticide variety used according to farmer, using GB2763-2016 Pesticide residue in the date powder produced in step (S2) is detected, pesticide used in farmer is not detected;Using GB29921-2013 detects pathogenic bacteria in the date powder produced in step (S2), detection of Salmonella, staphylococcus aureus It is not detected with escherichia coli;Using GB2761-2017 to mycotoxin in the date powder produced in step (S2) into Row detection, is not detected patulin.Using GB5009.86-2016 to the second level fresh date produced in step (S1) and Vitamin C content in step (S2) in date powder obtained is detected respectively, and ascorbic content is step in gained date powder Suddenly the 83.3% of Vitamin C content in the second level fresh date produced in (S1), i.e., ascorbic retention rate are 83.3%.
In step (S3), the jujube core in step (S2) is recycled, the recycling of jujube core specifically includes following step It is rapid:
(S3-1) nucleocapsid and jujube kernel are separated using jujube nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separator, high value added utilization jujube core;
(S3-2) using deslagging spiral conveying mechanism by jujube core pulverization process, realization is low value-added to utilize jujube core.
Jujube nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separator are as shown in Fig. 7-1 to Fig. 7-3, including important actor 7-1, crane pedestal 7-2, behaviour Make platform 7-3, disk 7-4, crane 7-6, first support bar 7-8, second support bar 7-9, support column 7-10, upper panel 7-11, lifting support 7-12, fixed plate 7-13, motor 7-14, transmission shaft 7-15, bearing plate 7-16, platen 7-17, jujube core 7- 18, there is annular roof plate 7-20, ring baffle 7-21, blowing endless tube 7-22 and the annular of teeth to take out for cutting ring group 7-19, upper surface Air flue 7-23, operating platform 7-3 are fixedly mounted on the top of important actor 7-1, and support column 7-10 is fixedly mounted on operating platform 7-3 Table top surrounding, upper platform 7-11 is fixedly mounted on the top of support column 7-10, and lifting support 7-12 is fixedly mounted on upper layer On the table top of platform 7-11, fixed plate 7-13 is fixedly mounted on lifting support 7-12, and motor 7-14 is fixedly mounted on fixed plate On 7-13, the upper end of transmission shaft 7-15 is fixedly mounted on the power output on fixed plate 7-13 and with motor 7-14 by bearing End is drivingly connected, and the lower end of transmission shaft 7-15 passes through the liftway on upper platform 7-11 and extend into upper platform 7-11 Lower section, bearing plate 7-16 are fixedly mounted on the lower end of transmission shaft 7-15, and cutting ring 7-19 and platen 7-17 are respectively and fixedly installed to hold On the lower face of pressing plate 7-16, and cutting ring 7-19 is arranged around platen 7-17, and disk 7-4 is fixedly mounted on operating platform 7-3 Table top on, benevolence groove 7-7 and pre-breaking shell annular groove 7-5 are offered out in the disk of disk 7-4 respectively, benevolence groove 7-7 is located at out Immediately below platen 7-17, and the size of benevolence groove 7-7 is adapted so that platen 7-17 can with the size of platen 7-17 out Jujube core after the pre-breaking shell for being located in benevolence groove 7-7 is rolled, pre-breaking shell annular groove 7-5 surround benevolence groove 7-7, and And pre-breaking shell annular groove 7-5 is adapted with the transverse width of cutting ring group 7-19 so that cutting ring group 7- along the width of disk 7-4 radial direction 19 can carry out pre-breaking shell to the jujube core being located in pre-breaking shell annular groove 7-5, and the endless tube 7-22 that dries is along the peripheral edge edge of disk 7-4 Disk 7-4 is fixedly mounted, the notch and direction of the inner circumferential blowing mouth face pre-breaking shell annular groove 7-5 for the endless tube 7-22 that dries goes out The direction benevolence groove 7-7, crane pedestal 7-2 are located at the underface of operating platform 7-3, and it is flat that crane 7-6 is fixedly mounted on operation On platform 7-3, the lower end of second support bar 7-9 and the lower end of first support bar 7-8 are respectively and fixedly installed on crane 7-6, the The upper end of one support rod 7-8 sequentially passes through the first lifting through-hole on operating platform 7-3 and first liter on disk 7-4 upwards Drop through-hole is fixedly connected with the annular roof plate 7-20 for being located at pre-breaking shell annular groove 7-5 slot bottom, pre-breaking shell annular groove 7-5 and out benevolence groove Disk 7-4 between 7-7 is internally provided with annular bleed road 7-23, annular bleed road 7-23 and benevolence groove 7-7 out by being located at Nucleocapsid and jujube kernel channel conductive on benevolence groove 7-7 side wall out, it is flat that the upper end of second support bar 7-9 sequentially passes through operation upwards The second lifting through-hole on platform 7-3 and the second lifting through-hole on disk 7-4 are kept off with the annular being located in annular bleed road 7-23 Plate 7-21 is fixedly connected, and it is logical that lifting compatible with ring baffle 7-21 is offered on the disk 7-4 above ring baffle 7-21 Road.
When using the present invention, using lifting support 7-12 make bearing plate 7-16 drive platen 7-17 and cutting ring group 7-19 to Upper movement, thus make pre-breaking shell annular groove 7-5 expose, placed convenient for staff into pre-breaking shell annular groove 7-5 jujube core 7-18 and The jujube core of pre-breaking shell enters out in benevolence groove 7-7, after jujube core 7-18 is put into pre-breaking shell annular groove 7-5 by staff, Make bearing plate 7-16 that platen 7-17 and cutting ring group 7-19 be driven to move down using lifting support 7-12, until cutting ring group 7-19 Blade be pressed on jujube core 7-18, then start motor 7-14, motor 7-14 by transmission shaft 7-15 drive cutting ring group 7-19 and Platen 7-17 rotation.Since the upper surface of annular roof plate 7-20 has teeth (teeth height is 1 millimeter), even if jujube core and ring Knife group 7-19, which is moved synchronously, also can mark crack on jujube core surface, and the minimum spacing between cutting ring group 7-19 and teeth is less than Jujube core transverse diameter and be greater than jujube kernel transverse diameter, can reduce to the greatest extent in this way by jujube kernel shred probability.The groove bottom of benevolence groove 7-7 out On be provided with cylindrical protrusions 7-24, the cross-sectional diameter of cylindrical protrusions 7-24 is less than the vertical diameter of jujube core, and adjacent column shape is convex Rise 7-24 between spacing equal to 8 times jujube core indulge diameter, in this way can to the enough spaces of jujube core but will not be due to circle Column-shaped projection 7-24 density reduces and reduces the ratio of shell, benevolence separation;To go out the groove bottom center of benevolence groove 7-7 as the center of circle: diameter The circumferential two sides C of space X between two cylindrical protrusions 7-24 adjacent to R are provided with cylindrical protrusions 7-24, platen It is also equipped with the teeth that height is 1 millimeter on 7-17 bottom surface, jujube core can be prevented to be always maintained at platen 7-17 so synchronous Movement, cylindrical protrusions 7-24, which can also play the role of trusting to chance and strokes of luck, hits jujube core;The height of cylindrical protrusions 7-24 is greater than The transverse diameter of jujube kernel and the transverse diameter for being less than jujube core, so that the jujube kernel separated is in the space between cylindrical protrusions 7-24, Reduce the probability crushed by platen 7-17.Using this example jujube nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separator the jujube core broken shell can be made to be 100%, nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separation rate are more than 90%, and the complete kernel percent of jujube kernel is more than 70%.
After completing nucleocapsid precrushing and shell, benevolence separation, bearing plate 7-16 is set to drive platen 7- using lifting support 7-12 17 and cutting ring group 7-19 is moved up, so that cutting ring group 7-19 is removed out of pre-breaking shell annular groove 7-5 and platen 7-17 is from out It is removed in benevolence groove 7-7, then makes annular roof plate 7-20 and ring baffle 7-21 using crane 7-6 while moving up Up to the tooth socket bottom between teeth on annular roof plate 7-20 is concordant with the notch of benevolence groove 7-7 out, (ring baffle 7-21 is following at this time Along concordant with the notch of benevolence groove 7-7 out), it is then dried by blowing endless tube 7-22 to the direction of benevolence groove 7-7 out, at this time Jujube core 7-18 can be rolled under the thrust of wind to benevolence groove 7-7 out, until being blocked by ring baffle 7-21 and stopping blowing Wind;Start exhaust fan simultaneously to be evacuated annular bleed road 7-23, makes to obtain nucleocapsid in benevolence groove 7-7 and jujube kernel successively through going out The hole between nucleocapsid and jujube kernel channel and adjacent second support bar 7-9 on benevolence groove 7-7 side wall enters annular pumping Air flue 7-23 and take away;Starting crane 7-6 is allowed to decline up to annular roof plate 7-20 and ring baffle 7-21 return, again By blowing endless tube 7-22 blowing the jujube core of pre-breaking shell is entered out in benevolence groove 7-7, then again to pre-breaking shell annular groove It is put into new jujube core 7-18 in 7-5, carries out next working cycles.
Separation process between the jujube nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separator jujube nucleocapsid and jujube kernel is more convenient, can be realized half certainly It is dynamic to be turned into industry.When carrying out jujube nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separates, leading skin breaking can be carried out to jujube nucleocapsid, avoid jujube nucleocapsid It is broken into pieces together with jujube kernel, improves the utilization rate of jujube kernel, the jujube nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separator pass through important actor to whole device It is supported;To electrical power, motor by transmission shaft drive bearing plate rotated, when bearing plate rotation when, cutting ring group and Platen rotates with it, so that cutting ring group first carries out pre-breaking shell to the surface of jujube core in pre-breaking shell annular groove, so that the surface quilt of jujube core Cutting forms crack, and then platen again squeezes the crannied jujube core in surface, so that nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separation.
Deslagging spiral conveying mechanism is as shown in Figure 10-1 to Figure 10-4, including pedestal 10-1 and discharge port 10-8, pedestal Village material drawer 10-2 is provided on 10-1, village material drawer 10-2 is located at immediately below discharge port 10-8, and the top of pedestal 10-1 It is provided with main body cover 10-3, the inside left end of main body cover 10-3 is provided with auxiliary motor 10-4, and auxiliary motor 10-4 Rear end is equipped with driving wheel 10-5, belt 10-6 is equipped on driving wheel 10-5, and the other end of belt 10-6 is connected with transmission 10-7 is taken turns, is provided with crushing bin 10-9 above discharge port 10-8, crushing bin 10-9 is located in main body cover 10-3, and discharges Mouth 10-8 is located above the middle part of pedestal 10-1 to be respectively provided at left and right sides of the inside of face village material drawer 10-2, crushing bin 10-9 There is rolling wheel 10-10, and the surrounding of rolling wheel 10-10 is fixed with engaging tooth 10-11, is provided on the right side of main body cover 10-3 Support column 10-12, and delivery pipe 10-13 is provided with above support column 10-12, the right end of delivery pipe 10-13 is provided with charging Mouth 10-14, and retainer plate 10-15 is provided in the middle part of delivery pipe 10-13, retainer plate 10-15's is internally provided with fixing bearing 10-16, and fixing bearing 10-16 is internally provided with conveying axis 10-17, the left end of delivery pipe 10-13 is connected with targeting port 10-18, and the main motor 10-19 being drivingly connected with conveying axis 10-17, targeting port are provided with above delivery pipe 10-13 One end of 10-18 is feed inlet and is connected with delivery pipe 10-13, the other end is discharge port and nibbles positioned at two rolling wheel 10-10 Surface at conjunction.
In the present embodiment, it is fixedly connected between the lower end and pedestal 10-1 of auxiliary motor 10-4, driving wheel 10-5 passes through Cooperation between belt 10-6 and driving wheel 10-7 constitutes belt drive structure;The upper end of discharge port 10-8 is with crushing bin 10-9's It is welding between the lower end of middle part, and the central axes A of discharge port 10-8, crushing bin 10-9 and village material drawer 10-2 are overlapped, and Village material drawer 10-2 is embedded in the inside of pedestal 10-1;Engaging tooth 10-11 is uniformly and equidistantly distributed in the outside of rolling wheel 10-10 Surrounding, and the central axes A between rolling wheel 10-10 about crushing bin 10-9 is symmetrical, and by nibbling between rolling wheel 10-10 The cooperation closed between tooth 10-11 constitutes engaged transmission;Delivery pipe 10-13 passes through the right end phase of support column 10-12 and pedestal 10-1 Connection, and the angle between the central axes and horizontal line of delivery pipe 10-13 is 30 °, and the upper end delivery pipe 10-13 and guiding It is an integral structure between mouth 10-18;The surface of conveying axis 10-17 is set as helical structure, and in conveying axis 10-17 It overlaps between axis and the central axes of delivery pipe 10-13.
When using the present invention, first feed inlet 10-14 is placed in jujube core heap, then starts stand-by motor 10-4 and actively electricity Machine 10-19, active motor 10-19 drive conveying axis 10-17 rotation, and conveying axis 10-17 turns together with the helical structure on its surface Dynamic, jujube core then can be transported to targeting port 10-18 by feed inlet 10-14 by helical structure, and fall into two via targeting port 10-18 Between the engaging tooth 10-11 of a rolling wheel 10-10, two rolling wheel 10-10 are turned under the driving of stand-by motor 10-4 Dynamic, jujube core is then crushed under the squeezing action of engaging tooth 10-11 and drops down onto the lower part of crushing bin 10-9, via discharge port 10-8 Drawer 10-2 is expected into village.Smashed jujube core can be used as animal feed or other further deep processings are used, jujube stoning Afterwards, jujube core can adhere to some jujube meat in general above, and artificial removal's jujube meat production added value is lower, the delivery pipe 10- being obliquely installed 13, during jujube core conveys from bottom to top, due to compressing and rubbing against between jujube core, is conducive to jujube core and is attached to jujube Jujube meat separation on core, after separation jujube meat is due to small volume and density is small, thus can fall along delivery pipe 10-13, this Sample can realize the separation of part jujube meat and jujube core, and the jujube meat separated can be used as the production raw material of jujube piece or date powder.
This is used for the deslagging spiral conveying mechanism of jujube jujube core conveying, using helical feed mode and pulverizes structure, realizes Jujube core can also further separate jujube core and jujube meat while conveying, can also carry out rolling processing to jujube core convenient at the later period Reason uses, and effectively meets the use demand of people;It is directly connected to effectively to keep between auxiliary motor and driving wheel The instantaneous starting speed of driving wheel, guarantees the transmission of power, and the belt drive structure between driving wheel and driving wheel is simple, passes It moves steady and absorbing can be buffered, while also there is antioverloading ability;Concentricity between discharge port and village material drawer can make Jujube core slag centralized collection is convenient for post-processing;Staggeredly jujube core can be carried out to roll crushing by engaging tooth between rolling wheel Operation, and the rolling wheel synchronous rotary that can also staggeredly drive right side between engaging tooth, form the secondary transmission of power;It is defeated It send the tilt angle of pipe that can keep the at the uniform velocity conveying to jujube core, conveying material is avoided once excessively to influence the crushing of rolling wheel Effect;The conveying axis of helical form appearance independently can carry out conveying operations to jujube core by the power of main motor, whole to tie Structure is simple, and the operation and maintenance in later period is all more convenient quick.

Claims (10)

1. date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process, which comprises the steps of:
(S1) fresh date production, packaging, factory sale;
(S2) date powder production is carried out using the part fresh date produced in step (S1), and the date powder produced is carried out Sampling observation, packaging, factory sale;
(S3) jujube core recycles, and the recycling of jujube core specifically comprises the following steps:
(S3-1) nucleocapsid and jujube kernel are separated using jujube nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separator, high value added utilization jujube core;
(S3-2) using deslagging spiral conveying mechanism by jujube core pulverization process, realization is low value-added to utilize jujube core.
2. date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process according to claim 1, which is characterized in that obtain step (S1) The fresh date arrived is produced for date powder, and date powder production specifically comprises the following steps:
(S2-1) it rushes core: second level fresh date being carried out using pit-removing machine to rush core, jujube meat and jujube core are separated, jujube core is dry after collecting It is spare;
(S2-2) it sorts: jujube meat obtained in step (S2-1) being sorted using sorting machine, jujube core is reduced or avoided and is mixed into In jujube meat;
(S2-3) drying and crushing: the jujube paste that step (S2-2) obtains is made thinner to 0.5-5 millimeters, -40~-60 DEG C of precooling 1-10 Hour, then at -40~-50 DEG C, less than or equal to 10Pa under conditions of be freeze-dried, sublimation drying be 48-144 it is small When;The date powder obtained after freeze-drying is warming up to 10-25 DEG C in drying box, and 12-24 hours dry, 300 meshes are crossed in crushing, It is 2-5 hours dry under conditions of temperature is 40-55 DEG C again;
(S2-4) microwave disinfection: 60-70 DEG C of microwave disinfection disinfection, sterilizing time 40-60s;
(S2-5) it is vacuum-packed.
3. date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process according to claim 2, which is characterized in that
Pit-removing machine includes: rack, support plate (8-1), turntable (8-6), rotary disc driving mechanism, two jujube meat collecting vessels (8-2), two A jujube core collecting vessel (8-3), fresh date feed mechanism and two stoning Pai Rou mechanisms, support plate (8-1) are fixedly mounted on rack On, turntable (8-6) is located at the surface of support plate (8-1) and is drivingly connected with rotary disc driving mechanism, is arranged on turntable (8-6) There are six half equal fan-shaped workspace of central angle, resettlement groove (8-15), Mei Gean are provided on each half fan-shaped workspace The slot bottom center for setting slot (8-15), which is offered, rushes core through-hole (8-16) through turntable (8-6), at each resettlement groove (8-15) Slot bottom and equidistantly offer arc-like rows meat through-hole (8-20) around rushing core through-hole (8-16), the face on support plate (8-1) Half fan-shaped workspace offers core meat channel (8-21);In the disk of turntable (8-6) along clockwise direction: half fan-shaped workspace It is followed successively by the first half fan-shaped workspaces, the second half fan-shaped workspaces, the fan-shaped workspace of third half, the 4th half fan-shaped workspace, the 5 half fan-shaped workspaces and the 6th half fan-shaped workspace;Two jujube core collecting vessels (8-3) are located at the second half fan-shaped workspaces With the underface of the 5th half fan-shaped workspace, two jujube meat collecting vessels (8-2) are located at the fan-shaped workspace and the 6th of third half The underface of half fan-shaped workspace, and jujube core collecting vessel (8-3) and jujube meat collecting vessel (8-2) are being respectively positioned on support plate (8-1) just Lower section, fresh date feed mechanism include two and are individually fixed in right above the first half fan-shaped workspaces and the 4th half fan-shaped workspace Feed pipe (8-9), each stoning Pai Rou mechanism includes hydraulic cylinder (8-10), the right terminal pad for being equipped with jumper bar (8-14) (8-11) and the left terminal pad (8-13) for being equipped with compression bar (8-12), the free end of hydraulic cylinder (8-10) piston rod respectively with Right terminal pad (8-11) and left terminal pad (8-13) are drivingly connected, a right terminal pad (8-11) for being enucleated Pai Rou mechanism and left company Connect the surface that disk (8-13) is located at the second half fan-shaped workspaces and the fan-shaped workspace of third half, another stoning row's meat machine The right terminal pad (8-11) and left terminal pad (8-13) of structure are located at the 5th half fan-shaped workspace and the 6th half fan-shaped workspace Surface, the diameter of the end face diameter of jumper bar (8-14) less than resettlement groove (8-15) and to rush core through-hole (8-16) diameter 0.95-0.7 times, the end face diameter of compression bar (8-12), which is less than the diameter of resettlement groove (8-15) and is greater than, rushes the straight of core through-hole (8-16) Diameter, jumper bar (8-14) rush core through-hole (8-16) one-to-one correspondence on the second half fan-shaped workspaces and the 5th half fan-shaped workspace, Resettlement groove (8-15) on compression bar (8-12) and the fan-shaped workspace of third half and the 6th half fan-shaped workspace corresponds;Turntable drives The shaft (8-5) that motivation structure includes motor (8-4) and is mounted on support plate (8-1) by bearing, motor (8-4) are located at The lower section of support plate (8-1), the lower end of shaft (8-5) and the power output end of motor (8-4) are drivingly connected, shaft (8-5) Upper end be fixedly connected with turntable (8-6);The diameter for rushing core through-hole (8-16) is 1.1-1.5 times of jujube core transverse diameter, resettlement groove (8- 15) diameter is greater than the transverse diameter of fresh date and is less than the vertical diameter of fresh date;The discharge port and turntable (8-6) disk of feed pipe (8-9) The distance in face is less than the transverse diameter of fresh date;Resettlement groove (8-15) is upper end opening is big, lower ending opening is small reverse frustoconic, and rounding The diameter of platform shape bottom is greater than the transverse diameter of fresh date;The lower ending opening in core meat channel (8-21) is received by outer silk (8-18) and jujube meat Collect bucket (8-2) or jujube core collecting vessel (8-3) connection.
4. date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process according to claim 2, which is characterized in that
Sorting machine includes: air-cooled case (9-1), pedestal (9-2), discharge port (9-3), pressing screw (9-4), bearing block (9-5), screw rod (9-6), separatory vessel (9-7), through-hole (9-9), separation case (9-10), air inlet (9-11), strainer (9-12), are prevented spoke (9-8) Stifled channel (9-13), shaft (9-14), baffle (9-15), rubber card slot (9-16), air inlet (9-17), fixed link (9-18), Connecting plate (9-19) and feed inlet (9-20);Air-cooled case (9-1) and separation case (9-10) are fixedly mounted on pedestal (9-2), And separation case (9-10) is located at air-cooled case (9-1) inside, and internal air-cooled case (9-1) is gas between separation case (9-10) outer wall Circulation road;Separatory vessel (9-7) is located in separation case (9-10), and upper end and separation case (9-10) inner wall of separatory vessel (9-7) are fixed Connection, between separatory vessel (9-7) outer wall and separation case (9-10) inner wall be jujube paste channel, and separatory vessel (9-7) outer wall with divide It is fixedly connected between cell (9-10) inner wall by fixed link (9-18);The upper end of screw rod (9-6) passes through at the top of air-cooled case (9-1) Tank wall is simultaneously mounted at the top of air-cooled case (9-1) on tank wall by bearing, and the lower end of screw rod (9-6) sequentially passes through point from the top down The internal sorting chamber of the feed inlet at the top of feed inlet, separatory vessel (9-7) at the top of cell (9-10), separatory vessel (9-7) and point It selects the strainer (9-12) of the bottom case (9-7) and is mounted on the axis at center bottom tank wall (9-21) of separation case (9-10) by bearing It holds on seat (9-5);Bottom tank wall (9-21) is engraved structure, and bearing block (9-5) passes through six spokes and separation case (9-10) Case side wall is fixedly connected, and is provided with discharge port (9-3) on the pedestal (9-2) of the underface of engraved structure;The net of strainer (9-12) Bore dia is 1-5 millimeters, and through-hole (9-9) is located on the side wall of separatory vessel (9-7), the diameter of through-hole (9-9) is 1-5 millimeters, on Under be provided with anti-blocking channel (9-13) on separatory vessel (9-7) side wall between adjacent through-hole (9-9);Baffle (9-15) is located at anti- In stifled channel (9-13) and the diameter of baffle (9-15) is less than the aperture of anti-blocking channel (9-13), and baffle (9-15) passes through connecting plate (9-19) and shaft (9-14) are hingedly mounted on separatory vessel (9-7) side wall, and shaft (9-14) is located at separatory vessel (9-7) side wall It is interior, rubber card slot (9-16) be located at on anti-blocking channel (9-13) inner wall of the radial face of shaft (9-14), baffle (9-15) Edge is located in rubber card slot (9-16);Air inlet (9-11) is located on air-cooled case (9-1) lower sides, and passes through airflow channel With air inlet (9-17) and jujube paste channel conductive, air inlet (9-17) is located on the side wall on the top separation case (9-10);Feed inlet (9-20) by the top of the feed inlet at the top of air-cooled case (9-1), the feed inlet at the top of separation case (9-10) and separatory vessel (9-7) into Material mouth composition, the feed inlet at the top of air-cooled case (9-1), the feed inlet at the top of separation case (9-10), at the top of separatory vessel (9-7) into The sorting chamber of material mouth conducting and the inside separatory vessel (9-7) sequentially turns on from top to bottom, and feed inlet and airflow channel and jujube paste lead to Road sealing isolation;Minimum range between screw rod (9-6) and sorting chamber inner wall is 1.5-3 times of jujube core transverse diameter;Screw rod (9-6) Upper end and driving device be drivingly connected, pressing screw (9-4) is molded on the outer surface of screw rod (9-6);Separatory vessel (9-7) is by coaxial Interior case and the outer container composition being installed together, interior case are fixedly connected with outer container by bolt (9-21).
5. date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
Jujube nucleocapsid and jujube kernel separator include: important actor (7-1), crane pedestal (7-2), operating platform (7-3), disk (7- 4), crane (7-6), first support bar (7-8), second support bar (7-9), support column (7-10), upper panel (7-11), liter Descending branch frame (7-12), fixed plate (7-13), motor (7-14), transmission shaft (7-15), bearing plate (7-16), platen (7-17), jujube Core (7-18), cutting ring group (7-19), upper surface annular roof plate (7-20), ring baffle (7-21), blowing endless tube with teeth (7-22) and annular bleed road (7-23), operating platform (7-3) are fixedly mounted on the top of important actor (7-1), support column (7-10) It is fixedly mounted on the table top surrounding of operating platform (7-3), upper platform (7-11) is fixedly mounted on the top of support column (7-10), Lifting support (7-12) is fixedly mounted on the table top of upper platform (7-11), and fixed plate (7-13) is fixedly mounted on lifting support On (7-12), motor (7-14) is fixedly mounted on fixed plate (7-13), and the upper end of transmission shaft (7-15) is pacified by the way that bearing is fixed It is drivingly connected on fixed plate (7-13) and with the power output end of motor (7-14), the lower end of transmission shaft (7-15) passes through upper Liftway on layer platform (7-11) is simultaneously extend into below upper platform (7-11), and bearing plate (7-16) is fixedly mounted on transmission The lower end of axis (7-15), cutting ring (7-19) and platen (7-17) are respectively and fixedly installed on the lower face of bearing plate (7-16), and And cutting ring (7-19) is arranged around platen (7-17), disk (7-4) is fixedly mounted on the table top of operating platform (7-3), disk Benevolence groove (7-7) and pre-breaking shell annular groove (7-5) are offered out in the disk of (7-4) respectively, benevolence groove (7-7) is located at platen out Immediately below (7-17), and the size of benevolence groove (7-7) is adapted so that platen (7-17) with the size of platen (7-17) out Jujube core after the pre-breaking shell for being located in benevolence groove (7-7) can be rolled, pre-breaking shell annular groove (7-5) is around benevolence groove out (7-7), and pre-breaking shell annular groove (7-5) is adapted along the width of disk (7-4) radial direction with the transverse width of cutting ring group (7-19) So that cutting ring group (7-19) can carry out pre-breaking shell to the jujube core being located in pre-breaking shell annular groove (7-5), dry endless tube (7-22) For peripheral edge along disk (7-4) along disk (7-4) is fixedly mounted, the inner circumferential blowing mouth face of blowing endless tube (7-22) is pre- broken The notch and direction of girdle slot (7-5) go out the direction benevolence groove (7-7), and crane pedestal (7-2) is being located at operating platform (7-3) just Lower section, crane (7-6) are fixedly mounted on operating platform (7-3), the lower end of second support bar (7-9) and first support bar The lower end of (7-8) is respectively and fixedly installed on crane (7-6), and the upper end of first support bar (7-8) sequentially passes through operation upwards The first lifting through-hole on platform (7-3) and first on disk (7-4) goes up and down through-hole and is located at pre-breaking shell annular groove (7-5) slot bottom Annular roof plate (7-20) be fixedly connected, is set inside disk (7-4) between pre-breaking shell annular groove (7-5) and out benevolence groove (7-7) It is equipped with annular bleed road (7-23), annular bleed road (7-23) passes through with benevolence groove (7-7) out is located at benevolence groove (7-7) side wall On nucleocapsid and jujube kernel channel conductive, the upper end of second support bar (7-9) sequentially passes through second on operating platform (7-3) upwards It goes up and down the second lifting through-hole on through-hole and disk (7-4) and the ring baffle (7-21) in annular bleed road (7-23) is solid It is fixed to connect, it is offered on the disk (7-4) above ring baffle (7-21) and ring baffle (7-21) compatible liftway; The teeth height of the upper surface annular roof plate (7-20) is 0.5-2 millimeters;Cylinder is provided in the groove bottom of benevolence groove (7-7) out Raised (7-24), the cross-sectional diameter of cylindrical protrusions (7-24) are less than the vertical diameter of jujube core, adjacent column shape raised (7-24) it Between jujube core of the spacing greater than 3 times indulge diameter and the jujube core less than or equal to 10 times indulges diameter, the height of cylindrical protrusions (7-24) is big Transverse diameter in jujube kernel and the transverse diameter less than jujube core;To go out the groove bottom center of benevolence groove (7-7) as the center of circle: radial R it is adjacent two The circumferential two sides C of space X between a cylindrical protrusions (7-24) are provided with cylindrical protrusions (7-24);Under platen (7-17) The teeth that height is 0.5-2 millimeters are also equipped on bottom surface.
6. date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
Deslagging spiral conveying mechanism includes: pedestal (10-1) and discharge port (10-8), and village material is provided on pedestal (10-1) and is taken out Drawer (10-2), village material drawer (10-2) is located at the underface of discharge port (10-8), and is provided with main body above pedestal (10-1) Shell (10-3), the inside left end of main body cover (10-3) are provided with auxiliary motor (10-4), and after auxiliary motor (10-4) End is equipped with driving wheel (10-5), is equipped on driving wheel (10-5) belt (10-6), and the other end connection of belt (10-6) Have driving wheel (10-7), be provided with above discharge port (10-8) crushing bin (10-9), crushing bin (10-9) is located at main body cover In (10-3), discharge port (10-8) is located at the middle part of pedestal (10-1), is provided at left and right sides of the inside of crushing bin (10-9) Rolling wheel (10-10), and the surrounding of rolling wheel (10-10) is fixed with engaging tooth (10-11), is set on the right side of main body cover (10-3) It is equipped with support column (10-12), and is provided with delivery pipe (10-13) above support column (10-12), the right side of delivery pipe (10-13) End is provided with feed inlet (10-14), and retainer plate (10-15) is provided in the middle part of delivery pipe (10-13), retainer plate (10-15) Be internally provided with fixing bearing (10-16), and fixing bearing (10-16) is internally provided with conveying axis (10-17), delivery pipe The left end of (10-13) is connected with targeting port (10-18), and is provided with above delivery pipe (10-13) and is driven with conveying axis (10-17) The main motor (10-19) of dynamic connection, one end of targeting port (10-18) are feed inlet and are connected with delivery pipe (10-13), are another End is discharge port and the surface for being located at two rolling wheel (10-10) engagement places;The lower end of auxiliary motor (10-4) and pedestal To be fixedly connected between (10-1), driving wheel (10-5) constitutes band by the cooperation between belt (10-6) and driving wheel (10-7) Drive mechanism;It is welding between the upper end of discharge port (10-8) and the middle part lower end of crushing bin (10-9), and discharge port (10-8), The central axes A of crushing bin (10-9) and village material drawer (10-2) is overlapped, and collects material drawer (10-2) embedded in pedestal (10-1) Inside;Engaging tooth (10-11) is uniformly and equidistantly distributed in the external surrounding of rolling wheel (10-10), and rolling wheel (10-10) it Between about crushing bin (10-9) central axes A it is symmetrical, and by between engaging tooth (10-11) between rolling wheel (10-10) Cooperation constitutes engaged transmission;Delivery pipe (10-13) is connected by support column (10-12) with the right end of pedestal (10-1), and defeated Sending the angle between the central axes and horizontal line of pipe (10-13) is 30 °, and the delivery pipe upper end (10-13) and targeting port (10- 18) it is an integral structure between;The surface of conveying axis (10-17) is set as helical structure, and the axis of conveying axis (10-17) It overlaps between line and the central axes of delivery pipe (10-13).
7. date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in step (S1) Fresh date production, include the following steps:
(S1-1) soaking and washing: being sent into bubbling -cleaning slot and clean after the fresh date of picking is cleaned, water temperature is 15-25 DEG C, The ratio of fresh date and water is 1:(1.5-6) kg/liter, scavenging period 10-20min, the shaft (1-5) of bubbling -cleaning slot Revolving speed is 5-20 revs/min;In the process of cleaning, bactericidal lamp is opened to be sterilized;After cleaning, collection fresh date is spare, The number that water is recycled is 2-20 times;
(S1-2) hairbrush cleans: the fresh date collected after soaking and washing being sent into hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine, fresh date turns in hairbrush The forward speed of horizontal direction is 1-2m/min when cleaning in drum cleaning machine;The main hairbrush (2-9) and pair of hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine Hairbrush (2-18) is fungi-proofing nylon bristle, and the amount of water sprayed of every kilogram of fresh date is 0.5-2 kilograms, and the ejected wash water of outflow is transported to In step (S1-1) in the tank (1-24) of bubbling -cleaning slot, for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-3) spray selects fruit: the fresh date collected after hairbrush is cleaned is sent into spray and selects fruit machine, and spray selects the spray head (3- of fruit machine 5) amount of water sprayed are as follows: every kilogram of fresh date is sprayed water 0.1-0.5 kilograms, and it is clear that the ejected wash water of outflow is transported to bubble in step (S1-1) In the tank (1-24) of washing trough, for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-4) vibrating water-dropping: selecting the fresh date collected after fruit to be sent into vibrating water-dropping machine spray, removal fresh date surface Water, the transmission speed of the first conveyer belt of vibrating water-dropping machine, the second conveyer belt and third conveyer belt are 0.5-3m/min, vibration drip Second blower of water dispenser and the wind speed of third blower are 1-8m/s;The water conveying that the water outlet (4-14) of vibrating water-dropping machine is discharged To in step (S1-1) in the tank (1-24) of bubbling -cleaning slot, for carrying out soaking and washing to fresh date;
(S1-5) cross-flow drying: sending the fresh date after vibrating water-dropping into hot air through drier and be further dried, conveyer belt Transmission speed is 1-2m/min;
(S1-6) sieving and grading: the fresh date after cross-flow drying is sent into rotary drum grader, is carried out classification and is selected fruit,
The inner cylinder (6-8) and outer cylinder (6-5) of rotary drum grader rotate synchronously and revolving speed is 5-20 revs/min;Rotary drum grader The diameter of point jujube mouth (6-7) from the first end of inner cylinder (6-8) and outer cylinder (6-5) to second end successively are as follows: first point of jujube mouth diameter It is greater than 3.6cm less than or equal to 3.6cm, second point of jujube mouth diameter and divides jujube mouth diameter to be greater than less than or equal to 4.3cm, third 4.3cm and be less than or equal to 4.7cm, the 4th point of jujube mouth diameter is greater than 4.7cm;
The fresh date that 4th point of jujube mouth comes out is superfine fresh date, and the fresh date that third divides jujube mouth to come out is level-one fresh date, the The fresh date that two points of jujube mouths come out is second level fresh date, and the fresh date that first point of jujube mouth comes out is the following fresh date of second level;
(S1-7) it is packed and stored: superfine fresh date and level-one fresh date is packed and stored respectively;Second level and the following fresh date of second level It is transferred to jujube piece production process and/or date powder production process.
8. date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process according to claim 7, which is characterized in that
Bubbling -cleaning slot includes: rinse bath (1-1), stirring rod (1-6) and outlet pipe (1-14), it is characterised in that: rinse bath (1- 1) it is fixed on the left of base cabinet (1-2), and blower (1-3) is installed above base cabinet (1-2), the side peace of rinse bath (1-1) Equipped with motor (1-4), and motor (1-4) and shaft (1-5) are drivingly connected, and stirring rod (1-6) is fixed on shaft (1-5) On lateral surface, and shield (1-7) is fixed on the outside of shaft (1-5), stirring rod (1-6) is located in shield (1-7), protection It is fixed with hairbrush (1-8), is provided on the right side inner sidewall of rinse bath (1-1) baffle slot (1-9) on the outside of cover (1-7), and The inside of baffle slot (1-9) is equipped with baffle (1-10), and the lower right of baffle (1-10) is provided with collecting pit, peace in collecting pit Equipped with collection box (1-11), and snap-gauge (1-12) is fixed in collection box (1-11), be provided on the left of collection box (1-11) into The lower edge of entrance (1-13), inlet port (1-13) is concordant with the groove bottom of rinse bath (1-1), and outlet pipe (1-14) is set to receipts The bottom of Ji Chi, and be equipped with bactericidal lamp (1-15) above the middle part of rinse bath (1-1), it is provided with above bactericidal lamp (1-15) Feed inlet (1-16), and deceleration cloth bag (1-17) is fixed with below feed inlet (1-16), the inside setting of outlet pipe (1-14) Have rounded tabs (1-18), edge and outlet pipe (1-14) the inner wall sealing of rounded tabs (1-18) cooperate, and rounded tabs (1- 18) it is fixedly connected with one end of bull stick (1-19), the other end of bull stick (1-19) passes through the turn trough on outlet pipe (1-14) side wall (1-20) reaches outlet pipe (1-14) outside;The bottom of rinse bath (1-1) is equipped with blast pipe (1-21), blast pipe (1-21) The outlet side fluid communication of inlet end and air blower (1-22), the outlet side of blast pipe (1-21) and rinse bath (1-1) inside stream Body conducting;The filter hole that aperture is less than jujube diameter is offered on the inner wall of collection box (1-11);Collecting pit, water pump (1-23), Tank (1-24) and rinse bath (1-1) successively fluid communication are pacified on the pipeline between tank (1-24) and rinse bath (1-1) Equipped with valve (1-25);Stirring rod (1-6) is in flabellum shape structure, and longitudinal center line of the stirring rod (1-6) about shaft (1-5) It is uniformly distributed;Shield (1-7) is in netted engraved structure, and the radius of shield (1-7) is greater than the length of stirring rod (1-6), And shield (1-7) is fixedly connected with being integrally formed structure with hairbrush (1-8);The height of baffle (1-10) is greater than rinse bath The height of (1-1) right side wall, and baffle (1-10) is detachably connected by baffle slot (1-9) with rinse bath (1-1);Collection box (1-11) L-shape engraved structure, collection box (1-11) and snap-gauge (1-12) are by being formed by welding integral structure, and snap-gauge (1-12) is in groove-like structure, and the groove width of the groove-like structure of snap-gauge (1-12) is greater than the sidewall thickness of collecting pit;
Hairbrush rotary drum cleaning machine includes: body (2-1), discharge port (2-4) and motor (2-10), it is characterised in that: body (2- 1) left side upper end is connected with feed opening (2-2), and the right end of body (2-1) is equipped with fixture block (2-3), discharge port (2- 4) be distributed in the inside of fixture block (2-3), and the two sides of discharge port (2-4) are through having hex bolts (2-5), body (2-1) it is upper End is equipped with water pipe (2-6), and water valve (2-7) is fixed on the outside of water pipe (2-6), is provided with shaft on the inside of body (2-1) (2-8), and the outside surrounding of shaft (2-8) is connected with main hairbrush (2-9) and secondary hairbrush (2-18), motor (2-10) is distributed in The left side lower end of body (2-1), and belt (2-11) is installed on the power output end of motor (2-10), body (2-1) is most It is fixedly installed with belt pulley (2-12) in the shaft (2-8) in left side, the power output end and belt pulley (2- of motor (2-10) 12) be drivingly connected by belt (2-11), be mounted on sprocket wheel on one end of each shaft (2-8), adjacent shaft (2-8) it Between by the chain that matches and sprocket wheel transmission connection, the lower end of body (2-1) is provided with fixed frame (2-13), and fixed frame The bottom of (2-13) is equipped with idler wheel (2-14), is distributed on the inside of water pipe (2-6) adjusting nut (2-15), and adjusting nut It is fixed on the inside of (2-15) connecting tube (2-16), the lower end of connecting tube (2-16) is equipped with spray head (2-17), spray head (2-17) With connecting tube (2-16) fluid communication, connecting tube (2-16) and water pipe (2-6) fluid communication;Feed opening (2-2) knot funnel-shaped Structure, and be welding between feed opening (2-2) and body (2-1);From fresh date arrival end to fresh date outlet end, shaft (2-8) The radius of upper sprocket wheel gradually becomes smaller;Discharge port (2-4) is detachable by hex bolts (2-5) and fixture block (2-3) and body (2-1) Connection;Main hairbrush (2-9) and secondary hairbrush (2-18) distribute alternately in the outside of shaft (2-8), and main hairbrush (2-9) is along shaft (2- 8) axial width is equal to secondary hairbrush (2-18) along the width of shaft (2-8) axial direction;Between two neighboring shaft (2-8): one The secondary hairbrush (2-18) in main hairbrush (2-9) face another shaft (2-8) in shaft (2-8), and a shaft (2-8) On main hairbrush (2-9) bristle extend into secondary hairbrush (2-18) bristle in another shaft (2-8);On the inside of water pipe (2-6) Branch pipe is equidistantly formed on outer wall, adjusting nut (2-15) is mounted on branch pipe, on the outer surface of the end connecting tube (2-16) It is provided with the external screw thread to match with the internal screw thread of adjusting nut (2-15), the free end of branch pipe extend into connecting tube (2-16) It is interior, and branch pipe and connecting tube (2-16) are detachably connected by adjusting nut (2-15);
Spray selects fruit machine to include: spraying box (3-6) and select fruit board (3-12), and fruit board (3-12) is selected to be located at spraying box (3-6) Right side, be provided with pond (3-1) on the left of spraying box (3-6), and spraying box (3-6) is internally provided with water tank (3-2), water The water outlet of case (3-2) and the water inlet end fluid communication of water-supply-pipe (3-3), and the water outlet of water-supply-pipe (3-3) and spray head (3-5) Water inlet end fluid communication, the bottom that spraying box (3-6) closes on the side pond (3-1) is provided with water outlet (3-4), spray head (3- 5) it is provided with below filter plate (3-17), water outlet (3-4) is connected with the space fluid below filter plate (3-17);Spraying box (3-6), which closes on, selects the bottom of the side fruit board (3-12) to be provided with discharge port, selects and is equipped with oscillating plate (3- on fruit board (3-12) 10) it, is equipped with sieve plate (3-8) on oscillating plate (3-10), discharge outlet is equipped with slide plate (3-7), the discharge end position of slide plate (3-7) Above sieve plate (3-8), fruit case (3-9) is installed below sieve plate (3-8), selects and vibration is installed on the right side of fruit board (3-12) Motor (3-11), and the left side of vibrating motor (3-11) is connect with oscillating plate (3-10), and the bottom of fruit board (3-12) is selected to fix It is equipped with support frame (3-14), and the bottom of support frame (3-14) is equipped with idler wheel (3-13), the top setting of spraying box (3-6) Have fruit inlet (3-15), the surface of sieve plate (3-8) is provided with sieve pore (3-16);Filter plate (3-17) is in spraying box (3-6): from One side of adjacent pool (3-1) tilts 10-30 °, the i.e. side of filter plate (3-17) adjacent pool (3-1) to the direction of discharge port Level height is greater than the level height of discharge port;Oscillating plate (3-10) tilts 5-15 ° on selecting fruit board (3-12) from left to right, That is the level height of neighbouring one end spraying box (3-6) of oscillating plate (3-10) is greater than the level height far from the one end spraying box (3-6); The shape of sieve plate (3-8) is arc, installs five pieces or five pieces or more of sieve plate side by side from left to right on oscillating plate (3-10), and And the aperture of sieve pore (3-16) becomes larger on every piece of sieve plate (3-8) from left to right;Sparge pipe is provided with right above sieve plate (3-8) (3-18), the water jet face sieve plate (3-8) of sparge pipe (3-18);On oscillating plate (3-10) from left to right, first piece of sieve plate The aperture of sieve pore (3-16) is less than or equal to 1 centimetre on (3-8), and the aperture of sieve pore (3-16) is greater than 1 on second piece of sieve plate (3-8) Centimetre and be less than or equal to 2 centimetres, the aperture of sieve pore (3-16) is greater than 2 centimetres and is less than or equal to 3 on third block sieve plate (3-8) Centimetre, the aperture of sieve pore (3-16) is greater than 3 centimetres and is less than or equal to 3.5 centimetres on the 4th piece of sieve plate (3-8), the 5th piece of sieve plate The aperture of sieve pore (3-16) is greater than 6 centimetres on (3-8).
9. date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process according to claim 7, which is characterized in that
Vibrating water-dropping machine includes: body (4-1), the first conveyer belt (4-4) and hairbrush (4-8), the inner upper water of body (4-1) It is flat to be provided with two piece of first fixed plate (4-3), and it is equipped on body (4-1) inner wall of the side the first fixed plate (4-3) the One vibrating motor (4-2) is equipped with first rotating shaft (4-18) between two piece of first fixed plate (4-3), in first rotating shaft (4-18) First belt pulley is installed, the first conveyer belt (4-4) is located between two piece of first fixed plate (4-3) and is mounted on the first belt On wheel, and first baffle (4-5) is mounted on the upper surface of two piece of first fixed plate (4-3), the first vibrating motor (4-2) with It is connected between first fixed plate (4-3) by connecting tube;It is provided with feeding inlet (4-6) at the top of the upper left side of body (4-1), And connecting rod (4-7) is fixed in the top inner wall of body (4-1), hairbrush (4-8) is installed on the lower section of connecting rod (4-7);Machine It is provided on the lower left side wall of body (4-1) water outlet (4-14), is provided with below the first conveyer belt (4-4) and is fixed with first The first catch basin (4-15) that plate (4-3) is fixedly connected, and the first water pump (4- is installed below the first catch basin (4-15) 16) it is connected with first pipe (4-17), the water inlet end of the first water pump (4-16) with the first catch basin (4-15) internal flow, first The water inlet end and fluid communication of the water outlet of water pump (4-16) and first pipe (4-17), the water outlet of first pipe (4-17) with Water outlet (4-14) fluid communication, first rotating shaft (4-18) and the first motor (4-19) are drivingly connected, the first conveyer belt (4-4) For the mesh belt of hollow out;The lower inside of body (4-1) is horizontally disposed two piece of second fixed plate, and in the second fixed plate The second vibrating motor is installed on body (4-1) inner wall of side, the second shaft is installed between two piece of second fixed plate, second Second belt pulley is installed, the second conveyer belt (4-9) is located between two piece of second fixed plate and is mounted on the second skin in shaft On belt wheel, and second baffle is mounted on the upper surface of two piece of second fixed plate, the second vibrating motor and the second fixed plate it Between pass through connecting tube connect;The second collection being fixedly connected with the second fixed plate is provided with below second conveyer belt (4-9) Sink, and the second water pump and second pipe are installed below the second catch basin, the water inlet end of the second water pump and the second catch basin Internal flow conducting, the water outlet of the second water pump and the water inlet end of second pipe and fluid communication, the water outlet of second pipe with Water outlet (4-14) fluid communication, the second shaft are connect with the second motor drive, and the second conveyer belt (4-9) is the netted of hollow out Conveyer belt, the lower right of the second conveyer belt (4-9) are provided with discharge port (4-12);Body (4-1) inside and be located at the It is horizontally disposed immediately below one catch basin (4-15) and right above the second conveyer belt (4-9) to have two pieces of third fixed plates, and the Third vibrating motor is installed on body (4-1) inner wall of three fixed plate sides, third is installed between two pieces of third fixed plates Shaft, third belt pulley is equipped in third shaft, and third conveyer belt (4-11) is located between two pieces of third fixed plates and pacifies On third belt pulley, and third baffle is mounted on the upper surface of two pieces of third fixed plates, third vibrating motor and It is connected between three fixed plates by connecting tube;It is provided with below third conveyer belt (4-11) and the fixed company of third fixed plate The third catch basin connect, and third water pump and third pipeline are equipped with below third catch basin, the water inlet end of third water pump with The conducting of third catch basin internal flow, the water outlet of third water pump and the water inlet end and fluid communication of third pipeline, third pipeline Water outlet and water outlet (4-14) fluid communication, third shaft connect with third motor drive, third conveyer belt (4-11) For the mesh belt of hollow out;Support column (4-13) is fixed with below body (4-1);First rotating shaft (4-18) is along side clockwise To rotation, third shaft is rotated in the counterclockwise direction, the second shaft is rotated in a clockwise direction, third conveyer belt (4-11) upper right It is equipped with third blower (4-20) on body (4-1) inner wall of side, in the upper left body (4-1) of the second conveyer belt (4-9) Second blower (4-10) is installed on wall;First conveyer belt (4-4), the second conveyer belt (4-9) and third conveyer belt (4-11) are Parallel shape structure, and the length of the first conveyer belt (4-4), the second conveyer belt (4-9) and third conveyer belt (4-11) is less than body The length of (4-1);The plate face of first baffle (4-5) is vertical with the loading end of the first conveyer belt (4-4), and first baffle (4-5) And thickness is identical as the thickness of the first fixed plate (4-3);The loading end of the plate face of second baffle and the second conveyer belt (4-9) hang down Directly, and second baffle and thickness are identical as the thickness of the second fixed plate;The plate face of third baffle and third conveyer belt (4-11) Loading end is vertical, and third baffle and thickness are identical as the thickness of third fixed plate;The air outlet of second blower (4-10) and The loading end of two conveyer belts (4-9) is parallel, and the air outlet of third blower (4-20) and the loading end of third conveyer belt (4-11) are flat Row;The aperture of mesh is 0.5-1.5cm on mesh belt.
10. date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process according to claim 7, which is characterized in that
Hot air through drier includes: filter chamber (5-1), vibrator interface (5-4), buffer board (5-6), ventilation opening (5-11), second Baffle (5-13) and catch basin (5-17), filter chamber (5-1) inner wall is provided with rubber layer (5-2), and the top of filter chamber (5-1) Left side is provided with feed inlet (5-3), and vibrator interface (5-4) is set to the right side of feed inlet (5-3), and buffer board (5-6) passes through Bolt (5-5) is mounted on the inner wall of filter chamber (5-1), and the bottom of filter chamber (5-1) is provided with filter plate (5-7), and is filtered It is provided on the upper surface of plate (5-7) the first water absorption layer (5-8), is fixed with support on the right side wall outer surface of filter chamber (5-1) Plate (5-9), and fan (5-10) is provided with right above support plate (5-9), ventilation opening (5-11) is set to fan (5-10) Top is fixed with first baffle (5-12) on the bottom surface of support plate (5-9), and second baffle (5-13) is set to two first gear It between plate (5-12), and is provided with conveyer belt (5-14), transmits immediately below first baffle (5-12) and second baffle (5-13) The two sides of band (5-14) are provided with partition (5-15) along its length, and the right end of conveyer belt (5-14) is provided with reclaiming plate (5- 16), catch basin (5-17) is located at the underface of conveyer belt (5-14) and filter plate (5-7), and at the notch of catch basin (5-17) It is fixed with collecting net (5-18), the freedom of first baffle (5-12) and the neighbouring upper surface conveyer belt (5-14) of second baffle (5-13) It is detachably equipped on end water-absorbing resin plate (5-19), the second water absorption layer (5-20) is provided on the surface of conveyer belt (5-14), And second is provided with filter hole (5-21) on water absorption layer (5-20);It is two rows of and oblique divide into that buffer board (5-6) is provided with left and right It sets, and buffer board (5-6) is symmetrical about the central axes of filter chamber (5-1), third suction is provided on the surface of buffer board (5-6) Water layer;The top surface area of filter plate (5-7) is equal to the following table area of the first water absorption layer (5-8), filter chamber (5-1) neighbouring conveyer belt Jujube mouth (5-22) is offered out on the side wall of the left end (5-14), is equipped at jujube mouth (5-22) out from jujube mouth (5-22) is gone out to transmission Band the upper surface (5-14) it is inclined go out jujube pipe (5-23), the conveyer belt left end (5-14) be located at jujube pipe (5-23) outlet just under Side, filter plate (5-7) tilt installation settings, i.e. one end level height of filter plate (5-7) neighbouring jujube mouth (5-22) out was lower than Filter plate (5-7) is far from one end level height for going out jujube mouth (5-22);First baffle (5-12) and second baffle (5-13) are along transmission The length direction of band (5-14) is spaced, on the free end of the neighbouring upper surface conveyer belt (5-14) of water-absorbing resin plate (5-19) It is provided with tooth socket and teeth, and along conveyer belt (5-14) length direction: the tooth socket and teeth of adjacent water-absorbing resin plate (5-19) Opposite along conveyer belt (5-14) length direction, the size shape of tooth socket and teeth matches;Collecting net (5-18) is in reticular structure, And the height of the bottom collecting net (5-18) is greater than the height of the bottom catch basin (5-17);On the outer surface of second water absorption layer (5-20) With bulge-structure, and filter hole (5-21) is between adjacent protrusion structure;
Rotary drum grader includes: rack, sorting cylinder, driving device, receives jujube device (6-16) and classification auxiliary device, sorting cylinder It is mounted on the rack by rotation axis (6-11), driving device and rotation axis (6-11) are drivingly connected, and are received jujube device (6-16) and are located at The lower section for going out jujube mouth (6-6) of sorting cylinder, classification auxiliary device are mounted in sorting cylinder, classification auxiliary device driving classification Fresh date in roller is mobile from one end of sorting cylinder to the other end;Sorting cylinder includes coaxially being fixedly mounted on rotation axis Inner cylinder (6-8) and outer cylinder (6-5) on (6-11), inner cylinder (6-8) are located in outer cylinder (6-5), and classification auxiliary device is mounted on interior In cylinder (6-8);A point jujube mouth (6-7) is offered on the barrel of inner cylinder (6-8), divide the hole of jujube mouth (6-7) without leave inner cylinder (6-8) The second end of one end to inner cylinder (6-8) become larger;Jujube mouth (6-6) is provided on the barrel of outer cylinder (6-5) out, and jujube mouth out The aperture of (6-6) is equal with the aperture for dividing jujube mouth (6-7) diametrically;Being classified auxiliary device includes blade (6-9), driven shaft (6-20), chain and driven gear (6-18), driven shaft (6-20) is parallel with rotation axis (6-11), and driven shaft (6-20) Both ends are mounted on the side wall of inner cylinder (6-8) by bearing, and driven gear (6-18) is fixedly mounted on driven shaft (6-20), are turned It is fixedly installed on moving axis (6-11) driving gear (6-19), driven gear (6-18) and driving gear (6-19) are passed by chain Dynamic connection, the diameter of driving gear (6-19) are 2-5 times of the diameter of driven gear (6-18), and blade (6-9) passes through fixing seat (6-10) is mounted on driven shaft (6-20), and the spacing of driven gear (6-18) circumscribed circle and inner cylinder (6-8) inner wall is 2-10 lis Rice;Rack includes pedestal (6-1), fixed frame (6-15) and bearing (6-4), is separately installed with branch at left and right sides of pedestal (6-1) Support (6-2), and the upper end of support frame (6-2) is equipped with bearing block (6-3), bearing (6-4) is located on bearing block (6-3), turns The both ends of moving axis (6-11) are mounted on support frame (6-2) by bearing (6-4);It is offered in the first end of inner cylinder (6-8) fresh Channel (6-12) is added in jujube, and the one end of channel (6-12) is added in fresh date and conducting, the other end inside inner cylinder (6-8) extend to The outside of outer cylinder (6-5);Fixed frame (6-15) is located at the right side of pedestal (6-1), and driving device is mounted on fixed frame (6-15), Driving device includes motor (6-14) and speed reducer (6-13), and motor (6-14) drives rotation axis by speed reducer (6-13) (6-11);It receives the interior of jujube device (6-16) to be equipped with cambered surface (6-17), is welding between pedestal (6-1) and support frame (6-2).
CN201810589258.8A 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 Date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process Withdrawn CN108936429A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810589258.8A CN108936429A (en) 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 Date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810589258.8A CN108936429A (en) 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 Date powder production and jujube core recycle combination process

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CN108936429A true CN108936429A (en) 2018-12-07

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113812825A (en) * 2021-10-25 2021-12-21 嘉兴希成杰科技有限公司 Red date equipment of denucleating
CN116849311A (en) * 2023-07-05 2023-10-10 白马未来食品研究院 Processing method and preparation device for whole berry blueberry clear juice

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113812825A (en) * 2021-10-25 2021-12-21 嘉兴希成杰科技有限公司 Red date equipment of denucleating
CN116849311A (en) * 2023-07-05 2023-10-10 白马未来食品研究院 Processing method and preparation device for whole berry blueberry clear juice

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