CN108718655A - A kind of stalk on field crushes tractor - Google Patents

A kind of stalk on field crushes tractor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108718655A
CN108718655A CN201810543921.0A CN201810543921A CN108718655A CN 108718655 A CN108718655 A CN 108718655A CN 201810543921 A CN201810543921 A CN 201810543921A CN 108718655 A CN108718655 A CN 108718655A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaft
crush box
conveyer belt
tractor
cutter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201810543921.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王渊
魏光亮
Original Assignee
魏光亮
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 魏光亮 filed Critical 魏光亮
Priority to CN201810543921.0A priority Critical patent/CN108718655A/en
Publication of CN108718655A publication Critical patent/CN108718655A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D34/00Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters
    • A01D34/835Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters specially adapted for particular purposes
    • A01D34/8355Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters specially adapted for particular purposes for cutting up or crushing remaining standing stalks, e.g. stubble

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of stalks on field to crush tractor,Including tractor,Feeding equipment and grinding device,Tractor is equipped with bottom plate,Bottom plate front end is equipped with electric telescopic rod,Feeding equipment includes feeding port,First rotating shaft,Conveyer belt,Scraper plate,Second shaft,Drain hole,Transmission translator,First axle,Support column,Second hinge and conveyer belt shell,Grinding device includes crush box,Crush box feed inlet,Cutter,Cutter shaft,Cutting motor,Crush motor,Driving gear,First gear,Second gear,Top shaft,Top crushing knife,Lower rotary shaft,Lower part crushing knife,Discharge port,Motor supporting base and support leg,Electric telescopic rod adjusts the angle of inclination of feeding port,Simple and fast convenience,Preferable stalk feeding effect can be played,Crushing knife is arranged to two groups and alternate installation up and down,Stronger crushing effect can be reached,Conical lower portion setting can facilitate the stalk powder after having crushed to fall in field.

Description

A kind of stalk on field crushes tractor
Technical field
The present invention relates to tractor field, specifically a kind of stalk on field crushes tractor.
Background technology
Stalk is remaining stem and leaf part after crop maturity threshing, and stalk is also the weight as a kind of work, agricultural production It wants resources of production, stalk to contain abundant nutrition and available chemical composition, can be used as the mailing fertilizer between field, crops Stalk belongs to a kind of most valuable Biomass Energy Resources in Agro-ecological System.
Contemporary society, popularization and a large amount of uses, agricultural crop straw due to clean energy resource are not re-used as traditional fuel It uses, stalk is processed into for a serious social concern, and many places directly will be a large amount of after the completion of agricultural production Stalk on-site incineration causes serious environmental pollution, also results in a kind of waste of stalk resource.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of stalks on field to crush tractor, to solve above-mentioned background technology The problem of middle proposition.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of stalk on field crushes tractor, including tractor, feeding equipment and grinding device, which is characterized in that The tractor is equipped with bottom plate, and the bottom plate front end is equipped with electric telescopic rod, the feeding equipment include feeding port, first turn Outside axis, conveyer belt, scraper plate, the second shaft, drain hole, transmission translator, first axle, support column, second hinge and conveyer belt Shell, the electric telescopic rod front are connected by second hinge with conveyer belt shell, and conveyer belt is equipped in conveyer belt shell, Conveyer belt upper and lower ends form rotation connection by first rotating shaft and the second shaft respectively, are located at first on the conveyer belt shell Transmission translator is installed in front of shaft, the output shaft of the transmission translator is fixedly connected across shell with first rotating shaft, the It is equipped with feeding port below two shafts, scraper plate is installed on the outside of conveyer belt, the conveyer belt shell, which is located on the right side of first rotating shaft, to be opened up There are drain hole, the conveyer belt shell to be located at drain hole lower end and be flexibly connected by being formed between first axle and support column, institute It states support column lower end to be fixedly mounted on bottom plate, the grinding device includes crush box, crush box feed inlet, cutter, cutting Swivel axis, crushes motor, driving gear, first gear, second gear, top shaft, top crushing knife, lower part at cutting motor Shaft, lower part crushing knife, discharge port, motor supporting base and support leg, the bottom plate top are equipped with crush box, the crush box position Below feeding equipment drain hole, crush box feed inlet is equipped at the top of the crush box, the crush box is internally located at crush box Cutter shaft is installed, the crushing box outer wall is upper to be installed with cutting electricity in front of cutter shaft on the downside of feed inlet The output shaft of machine, the cutting motor passes through the outer wall of crush box to be fixedly connected with cutter shaft, in the cutter shaft Several cutter are installed, is equipped on the downside of the crush box external right and crushes motor, the crushing motor is installed on motor support On seat, motor supporting base is fixedly installed on bottom plate, and driving gear is fixedly connected on the output shaft crushed on the left of motor, It is engaged with first gear above the driving gear, second gear is engaged with above first gear, the first gear center is solid Surely it is connected with lower rotary shaft, the lower rotary shaft, which is located in the shaft inside crush box, is equipped with lower part crushing knife, and described second Gear center is equipped with top shaft, and the top shaft, which is located in the shaft inside crush box, is equipped with top crushing knife, institute It is taper to state crush box bottom, and the conical lower portion of crush box offers discharge port, and the discharge port runs through bottom plate, the crush box Bottom left is equipped with support leg, and support leg is fixed on bottom plate.
As a further solution of the present invention:The transmission direction of the conveyer belt is clockwise.
As a further solution of the present invention:The cutter are twolip rectangular blade.
As a further solution of the present invention:It is 54 that the cutter, which are mounted on the quantity in cutter shaft,.
As a further solution of the present invention:The maximum load of the electric telescopic rod is 6000N.
As a further solution of the present invention:The top crushing knife is with lower part crushing knife positioned at top shaft and lower part Part Interphase interval installation between shaft.
As a further solution of the present invention:The support column and support leg are welded and fixed with bottom plate.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:When needing to crush the stalk in field, first The angle of inclination that feeding port is adjusted by electric telescopic rod, allows the scraper plate on conveyer belt to be in contact with stalk, and scraper plate drives stalk When clockwise movement to drain hole, stalk drops down onto in crush box under the effect of gravity, and electric telescopic rod adjusts the inclination of feeding port Angle, simple and fast convenience can play preferable stalk feeding effect.
In crush box, stalk is cut into broken section by cutter first, makees at crushing in order to double shaft crushing knifes of lower part It manages, on stalk broken paragraph to the crushing knife of lower part, crushes motor and be driven by gear set, drive upper and lower part crushing knife to straw Broken section of stalk crushes, and since crushing knife is arranged to two groups and alternate installation up and down, can reach stronger crushing effect.
After the completion of crushing, stalk powder drops down onto the conical lower portion of crush box and is dropped down onto in field by discharge port, becomes to have Machine fertilizer recycling.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the stalk crushing tractor on field.
Fig. 2 crushes the structural schematic diagram of feeding equipment and grinding device in tractor for the stalk on field.
Fig. 3 crushes the front view of transmission translator in tractor for the stalk on field.
Fig. 4 be stalk on field crush cutting motor in tractor, cutter shaft and cutter right view.
In figure:1- tractors, 2- feeding ports, 3- first rotating shafts, 4- conveyer belts, 5- scraper plates, the second shafts of 6-, 7- blowings Mouth, 8- crush boxes, 9- crush boxes feed inlet, 10- cutter, 11- cutter shaft, 12- transmission translators, 13- cutting motors, 14- first axles, 15- support columns, 16- second hinges, 17- electric telescopic rods, 18- crush motor, 19- driving gears, 20- the One gear, 21- second gears, the tops 22- shaft, the tops 23- crushing knife, 24- lower rotary shafts, the lower parts 25- crushing knife, 26- go out Material mouth, 27- conveyer belts shell, 28- motor supporting bases, 29- draw machine bottom board, 30- support legs.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Please refer to Fig.1~4, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of stalk on field crushes tractor, including tractor 1, feeding equipment and grinding device, the tractor 1 are equipped with bottom plate 29, and 29 front end of the bottom plate is equipped with electric telescopic rod 17, The feeding equipment includes feeding port 2, first rotating shaft 3, conveyer belt 4, scraper plate 5, the second shaft 6, drain hole 7, transmission translator 12, first axle 14, support column 15, second hinge 16 and conveyer belt shell 27,17 front of the electric telescopic rod pass through second Hinge 16 is connected with conveyer belt shell 27, and conveyer belt 4 is equipped in conveyer belt shell 27, and 4 upper and lower ends of conveyer belt are led to respectively It crosses first rotating shaft 3 and the formation of the second shaft 6 connects rotationally clockwise, first rotating shaft 3 is located on the conveyer belt shell 27 Front is equipped with transmission translator 12, and the output shaft of the transmission translator 12 is fixedly connected across shell 27 with first rotating shaft 3, Second shaft, 6 lower section is equipped with feeding port 2, and 4 outside of conveyer belt is equipped with scraper plate 5, the position of feeding port 2 is moved to by scraper plate 5 When the agricultural crop straw on ground is collected as upper transmission, the conveyer belt shell 27 is located at 3 right side opening of first rotating shaft and is equipped with Drain hole 7, the conveyer belt shell 27 is located at 7 lower end of drain hole and passes through formation activity between first axle 14 and support column 15 Connection, 15 lower end of the support column is fixedly mounted on bottom plate 29.
The grinding device includes crush box 8, crush box feed inlet 9, cutter 10, cutter shaft 11, cutting motor 13, motor 18, driving gear 19, first gear 20, second gear 21, top shaft 22, top crushing knife 23, lower part turn are crushed Axis 24, lower part crushing knife 25, discharge port 26, motor supporting base 28 and support leg 30,29 top of the bottom plate are equipped with crush box 8, The crush box 8 is located at 7 lower section of feeding equipment drain hole, and 8 top of the crush box is equipped with crush box feed inlet 9, the crushing Case 8 is internally located at 9 downside of crush box feed inlet and is equipped with cutter shaft 11, turns positioned at cutter on 8 outer wall of the crush box 11 front of axis is installed with cutting motor 13, and the output shaft of the cutting motor 13 passes through the outer wall and cutter of crush box 8 Shaft 11 is fixedly connected, and several cutter 10 are equipped in the cutter shaft 11, and the cutter 10 are twolip rectangle knife Piece has excellent cutting effect;It is equipped on the downside of 8 external right of the crush box and crushes motor 18, the crushing motor 18 is installed In on motor supporting base 28, motor supporting base 28 is fixedly installed on bottom plate 29, on the output shaft for crushing 18 left side of motor It is fixedly connected with driving gear 19,19 top of the driving gear is engaged with first gear 20, and 20 top of first gear is engaged with Second gear 21,20 center of the first gear are fixedly connected with lower rotary shaft 24, and the lower rotary shaft 24 is located in crush box 8 Lower part crushing knife 25 is installed, 21 center of the second gear is equipped with top shaft 22, the top shaft in the shaft in portion 22 are equipped with top crushing knife 23 in the shaft inside crush box 8, and the top crushing knife 23 exists with lower part crushing knife 25 Part Interphase interval installation between top shaft 22 and lower rotary shaft 24, can reinforce crushing effect, the crush box 8 Bottom is taper, and the conical lower portion of crush box 8 offers discharge port 26, and the discharge port 26 runs through bottom plate 29, in order to by powder Stalk powder after broken is directly discharged in field, and stalk is allowed to become fertilizer recycling, the installation of 8 bottom left of the crush box There are support leg 30, support leg 30 to be fixed on bottom plate 29.
The present invention operation principle be:When needing to crush the stalk in field, pass through electric telescopic rod first 17 adjust the angle of inclination of feeding port 2, and the scraper plate 5 on conveyer belt 4 is allowed to be in contact with stalk, and scraper plate 5 drives stalk to transport clockwise When moving to drain hole 7, stalk is dropped down onto under the effect of gravity in crush box 8.
In crush box 8, stalk is cut into broken section by cutter first, makees at crushing in order to double shaft crushing knifes of lower part It manages, on stalk broken paragraph to the crushing knife of lower part, crushes motor 18 and be driven by gear set, drive upper and lower part crushing knife pair Broken section of stalk crushes, and since crushing knife is arranged to two groups and alternate installation up and down, can reach stronger crushing effect.
After the completion of crushing, stalk powder drops down onto the conical lower portion of crush box 8 and is dropped down onto in field by discharge port 26, becomes Organic fertilizer recycling.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent requirements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiment being appreciated that.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of stalk on field crushes tractor, including tractor(1), feeding equipment and grinding device, feature It is, the tractor(1)Equipped with bottom plate(29), the bottom plate(29)Front end is equipped with electric telescopic rod(17), the charging Device includes feeding port(2), first rotating shaft(3), conveyer belt(4), scraper plate(5), the second shaft(6), drain hole(7), conveyer belt Motor(12), first axle(14), support column(15), second hinge(16)With conveyer belt shell(27), the electric telescopic rod (17)Front passes through second hinge(16)With conveyer belt shell(27)It is connected, conveyer belt shell(27)Conveyer belt is inside installed (4), conveyer belt(4)Upper and lower ends pass through first rotating shaft respectively(3)With the second shaft(6)Form rotation connection, the conveyer belt Shell(27)It is upper to be located at first rotating shaft(3)Front is equipped with transmission translator(12), the transmission translator(12)Output shaft Across shell(27)With first rotating shaft(3)It is fixedly connected, the second shaft(6)Lower section is equipped with feeding port(2), conveyer belt(4)Outside Scraper plate is installed(5), the conveyer belt shell(27)Positioned at first rotating shaft(3)Right side opening is equipped with drain hole(7), the conveyer belt Shell(27)Positioned at drain hole(7)Lower end passes through first axle(14)And support column(15)Between formed flexible connection, the branch Dagger(15)Lower end is fixedly mounted on bottom plate(29)On, the grinding device includes crush box(8), crush box feed inlet(9), cut Cutter(10), cutter shaft(11), cutting motor(13), crush motor(18), driving gear(19), first gear(20), Second gear(21), top shaft(22), top crushing knife(23), lower rotary shaft(24), lower part crushing knife(25), discharge port (26), motor supporting base(28)And support leg(30), the bottom plate(29)Top is equipped with crush box(8), the crush box(8)Position In feeding equipment drain hole(7)Lower section, the crush box(8)Top is equipped with crush box feed inlet(9), the crush box(8)It is interior Portion is located at crush box feed inlet(9)Downside is equipped with cutter shaft(11), the crush box(8)Turn positioned at cutter on outer wall Axis(11)Front is installed with cutting motor(13), the cutting motor(13)Output shaft pass through crush box(8)Outer wall With cutter shaft(11)It is fixedly connected, the cutter shaft(11)On several cutter are installed(10), the crush box (8)It is equipped on the downside of external right and crushes motor(18), the crushing motor(18)It is installed on motor supporting base(28)On, motor support Seat(28)It is fixedly installed in bottom plate(29)On, the crushing motor(18)It is fixedly connected with driving gear on the output shaft in left side (19), the driving gear(19)Top is engaged with first gear(20), first gear(20)Top is engaged with second gear (21), the first gear(20)Center is fixedly connected with lower rotary shaft(24), the lower rotary shaft(24)Positioned at crush box(8) Lower part crushing knife is installed in internal shaft(25), the second gear(21)Center is equipped with top shaft(22), described Top shaft(22)Positioned at crush box(8)Top crushing knife is installed in internal shaft(23), the crush box(8)Bottom is Taper, crush box(8)Conical lower portion offer discharge port(26), the discharge port(26)Through bottom plate(29), the crushing Case(8)Bottom left is equipped with support leg(30), support leg(30)It is fixed on bottom plate(29)On.
2. the stalk according to claim 1 on field crushes tractor, which is characterized in that the conveyer belt(4) Transmission direction be clockwise.
3. the stalk according to claim 1 on field crushes tractor, which is characterized in that the cutter(10) For twolip rectangular blade.
4. the stalk according to claim 1 on field crushes tractor, which is characterized in that the cutter(10) Mounted on cutter shaft(11)On quantity be 54.
5. the stalk according to claim 1 on field crushes tractor, which is characterized in that the electric telescopic rod (17)Maximum load be 6000N.
6. the stalk according to claim 1 on field crushes tractor, which is characterized in that the top crushing knife (23)With lower part crushing knife(25)Positioned at top shaft(22)And lower rotary shaft(24)Between the installation of part Interphase interval.
7. the stalk according to claim 1 on field crushes tractor, which is characterized in that the support column(15) And support leg(30)With bottom plate(29)It is welded and fixed.
CN201810543921.0A 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 A kind of stalk on field crushes tractor Withdrawn CN108718655A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810543921.0A CN108718655A (en) 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 A kind of stalk on field crushes tractor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810543921.0A CN108718655A (en) 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 A kind of stalk on field crushes tractor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108718655A true CN108718655A (en) 2018-11-02

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810543921.0A Withdrawn CN108718655A (en) 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 A kind of stalk on field crushes tractor

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108718655A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111296048A (en) * 2020-03-26 2020-06-19 丽水市莲都区华荣君泽机械厂 Injection type straw returning machine
CN114145140A (en) * 2021-12-07 2022-03-08 江苏福多美生物科技有限公司 Efficient crop straw collecting and transporting equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111296048A (en) * 2020-03-26 2020-06-19 丽水市莲都区华荣君泽机械厂 Injection type straw returning machine
CN114145140A (en) * 2021-12-07 2022-03-08 江苏福多美生物科技有限公司 Efficient crop straw collecting and transporting equipment

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Application publication date: 20181102

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication