CN103766081B - Vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism - Google Patents

Vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103766081B
CN103766081B CN201410057038.2A CN201410057038A CN103766081B CN 103766081 B CN103766081 B CN 103766081B CN 201410057038 A CN201410057038 A CN 201410057038A CN 103766081 B CN103766081 B CN 103766081B
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China
Prior art keywords
vertical shaft
moving knife
groups
shaft
group
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410057038.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103766081A (en
Inventor
王敦军
付敏良
汪德众
李特
李爱华
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Heilongjiang Institute of Pasturage Mechanisation
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Heilongjiang Institute of Pasturage Mechanisation
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Priority to CN201410057038.2A priority Critical patent/CN103766081B/en
Publication of CN103766081A publication Critical patent/CN103766081A/en
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Publication of CN103766081B publication Critical patent/CN103766081B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A kind of vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism, formed by grain lifter, two groups of vertical shaft moving knife mechanisms, two groups of comb-tooth-type stationary knife mechanisms, two groups of gearboxes, spiral conveying mechanism, conveying fan, power conveying mechanisms, each mechanism by bolt-connection in frame, two groups of gearboxes are cascaded by main shaft, every group of gearbox lower end is provided with a driving pulley I, mechanism is connected with vertical shaft moving knife, two groups of vertical shaft moving knife mechanisms are symmetrical places, and the axis of operation of every group of vertical shaft moving knife mechanism overlaps with the axis of symmetry of every group of comb-tooth-type stationary knife mechanism respectively. When work, maize straw is under grain lifter supporting role, cooperatively interact through vertical shaft moving knife mechanism and comb-tooth-type stationary knife mechanism, stalk is cut and pulverized, then under the effect of spiral conveying mechanism and conveying fan, by being thrown away, the material that throws out is recyclable carries out stalk green grass or young crops, yellow storage, the processing that is shaped, and also can be directly used in also field.

Description

Vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, be specifically related to standing or half falling corn straw harvesting after harvestingVertical shaft group cutter formula header mechanism, is particularly useful for stalk green grass or young crops, yellow storage, is shaped and processes and straw-returning operation.
Background technology
At present, the domestic existing maize straw ceding of Taiwan is mostly axle horizontal type mechanism, and bottom adopts disc type cutter, corn stalkAfter stalk root is cut off, through clamping device, hoisting equipment, then is transported in reducing mechanism and pulverizes, complex structure, powerConsume greatly, cost is high, less economical, is not suitable with China's rural development, and therefore present stage is badly in need of simple in structure, economic and practical jadeRice stalk header mechanism.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome existing maize straw header mechanism complex structure, power consumption is large, the drawback that cost is high, and the present invention carriesSupply a kind of vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism, this mechanism's neutral axis group cutter and comb-tooth-type stationary knife Proper Match, collection is grabbedGet, feeding, guillotine cutting be integrated, the maize straw after pulverizing is carried by conveying device, can collect to carry out stalk green grass or young crops, yellow storage, becomeShape processing, also can direct returning to farmland.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: grain lifter, two groups of vertical shaft moving knife mechanisms, two groups of combsTooth-like stationary knife mechanism, two groups of gearboxes, spiral conveying mechanism, conveying fan, power conveying mechanism by bolt-connection in frameUpper, two groups of gearboxes are cascaded by main shaft, and every group of gearbox lower end is provided with a driving pulley I, with vertical shaftMoving knife mechanism is connected, and two groups of vertical shaft moving knife mechanisms are symmetrical places, and the axis of operation of every group of vertical shaft moving knife mechanism respectively withThe axis of symmetry of every group of comb-tooth-type stationary knife mechanism overlaps.
Another technical characteristics of the present invention is: power conveying mechanism is by four bearing blocks, power transmission shaft I, power transmission shaftII, input belt pulley, tumbler gear I, sprocket wheel I composition, four bearing blocks are bolted in frame, input belt pulley peaceBe contained in power transmission shaft I upper, one end of power transmission shaft II is provided with tumbler gear I, and the other end is provided with sprocket wheel I.
The 3rd technical characteristics of the present invention is: main shaft right-hand member is provided with output belt pulley and tumbler gear II, defeatedGo out belt pulley and be connected by belt I with the input belt pulley on power transmission shaft I, drive main shaft rotation, gearbox work; Tumbler gearII is meshed with the tumbler gear I on power transmission shaft II, sends power to sprocket wheel I, the sprocket wheel on sprocket wheel I and spiral conveying mechanismII, by chain transmission, to spiral conveying mechanism, drives its work by power transmission; On main shaft left end and conveying fan, be respectively provided withSprocket wheel III, after main shaft rotation, by chain transmission, drives conveying fan work.
The 4th technical characteristics of the present invention is: vertical shaft moving knife mechanism by two top chocks, two steps,Vertical shaft I, vertical shaft II, rotor disk, moving knife, two vertical shaft gears, driving pulley II form, and two upper and lower bearing blocks are solid respectivelyFix in frame, two vertical shaft gears are arranged on respectively vertical shaft I and vertical shaft II upper end, and intermeshing, driving pulley IIBe arranged on the vertical shaft gear upper end on vertical shaft II, be connected with the driving pulley I on gearbox by belt II.
The 5th technical characteristics of the present invention is: vertical shaft I and vertical shaft II are at a distance of 226mm, and rotor disk zigzag weld is connected onVertical shaft I and vertical shaft II are upper, have been bolted three moving knife on each rotor disk, and every is 120 degree angle between moving knife.
The 6th technical characteristics of the present invention is: comb-tooth-type stationary knife mechanism is by upper and lower seat board, stationary knife axle, stationary knife groupBecome, upper and lower seat board is fixed in frame, and stationary knife axle is made up of an equal leg angle, is welded on upper and lower seat board, every stationary knife swordAll forward, zigzag weld is connected on stationary knife axle at angle.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: adopt the operation of this vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism, collection capture, feeding,Guillotine cutting is integrated, and can, by standing and half maize straw cutting, the pulverizing lodging, pulverize good uniformity, can be directly used in feed and feedRaise livestock, also can collect and carry out stalk green grass or young crops, yellow storage, the processing that is shaped, or be directly used in also field, greatly improved work and producedRate, has improved the utilization rate of maize straw.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the present invention are further described:
Fig. 1 shows plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 shows main TV structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 shows power conveying mechanism structural representation.
Fig. 4 shows vertical shaft moving knife mechanism structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 shows vertical shaft moving knife mechanism schematic top plan view.
Fig. 6 shows vertical shaft stationary knife mechanism structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 shows vertical shaft stationary knife mechanism schematic top plan view.
1. frames in Fig. 1,2. grain lifter, 3. vertical shaft moving knife mechanism, 4. conveying fan, 5. comb-tooth-type stationary knife mechanism, 6. chainWheel III, 7. spiral conveying mechanism, 8. gearbox, 9. main shaft, 10. belt I, 11. power conveying mechanisms, 12. output belt pulleys.
13. driving pulley I in Fig. 2,14. belt II, 15. tumbler gear II, 16. sprocket wheel II.
17. tumbler gear I in Fig. 3,18 input belt pulleys, 19. power transmission shaft I, 20. bearing blocks, 21. power transmission shaft II, 22. chainsWheel I.
23. steps in Fig. 4,24. vertical shaft I, 25. rotor disks, 26. moving knife, 27. top chocks, 28. vertical shaft gears,29. driving pulley II, 30. vertical shaft II.
31. times seat boards in Fig. 6,32. stationary knifes, 33. stationary knife axles, 34. upper base plates.
Detailed description of the invention
Before harvesting corn stalk, first this ceding of Taiwan is placed on to applicable cutting height, then carries out dry run, pass through axleBearing (20) is fixed on power conveying mechanism (11) work in frame (1), and power transmission shaft I (19) rotates, and drives input skin simultaneouslyBelt wheel (18) rotation, and send power to main shaft (9) by belt I (10), output belt pulley (12), main shaft (9) rotation, bandMoving gearbox (8), tumbler gear II (15) and sprocket wheel III (6) work.
Gearbox (8) when work, the driving pulley I (13) being attached thereto rotation, and by belt II (14) drive byTop chock (27), step (23) are fixed on vertical shaft moving knife mechanism (3) work in frame (1), the driving belt on itWheel II (29) rotation, sends power to two intermeshing vertical shaft gears (28) work, therefore vertical shaft II (30), vertical shaft I(24) rotate, moving knife (26), under the drive of rotor disk (25), rotates in opposite directions;
When tumbler gear II (15) work, the tumbler gear I (17) on the power conveying mechanism (II) being meshed with it revolvesTurn, power is flowed to sprocket wheel I (22) through power transmission shaft II (21), the sprocket wheel II on sprocket wheel I (22) and spiral conveying mechanism (7)(16) send power to spiral conveying mechanism (7) by chain transmission, spiral conveying mechanism (7) work.
When sprocket wheel III (6) work, sprocket wheel III (6) rotation on the conveying fan (4) being attached thereto, sends power toConveying fan (4), conveying fan (4) work.
After dry run each several part is working properly, starts this header mechanism and advance, the maize straw of standing and partly lodging is being held upUnder standing grain device (2) supporting role, be admitted in vertical shaft moving knife mechanism (3), the moving knife (26) in every group of vertical shaft moving knife mechanism (3) is movingUnder power effect, High Rotation Speed, it is upper that comb-tooth-type stationary knife mechanism (5) is fixed on frame (1) by upper base plate (34), lower seat board (31),Stationary knife (32) on its stationary knife axle (33) cooperatively interacts with moving knife (26), staggered cutting maize straw, the corn after cutting and grindingStalk enters in spiral conveying mechanism (7), is sent in conveying fan (4), then under the effect of spiral conveying mechanism (7)Dished out.

Claims (4)

1. a vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism, its grain lifter, two groups of vertical shaft moving knife mechanisms, two groups of comb-tooth-type stationary knifesMechanism, two groups of gearboxes, spiral conveying mechanism, conveying fan, power conveying mechanism by bolt-connection in frame, two groups of changesSpeed case is cascaded by main shaft, and every group of gearbox lower end is provided with a driving pulley I, with vertical shaft moving knife mechanism phaseConnect, two groups of vertical shaft moving knife mechanisms are symmetrical places, and the axis of operation of every group of vertical shaft moving knife mechanism respectively with every group of comb-tooth-typeThe axis of symmetry of stationary knife mechanism overlaps, vertical shaft moving knife mechanism by two top chocks, two steps, vertical shaft I, vertical shaft II,Rotor disk, moving knife, two vertical shaft gears, driving pulley II form, and two top chocks, two steps are separately fixed atIn frame, two vertical shaft gears are arranged on respectively vertical shaft I and vertical shaft II upper end, and intermeshing, and driving pulley II installsVertical shaft gear upper end on vertical shaft II, is connected with the driving pulley I on gearbox by belt II, vertical shaft I and vertical shaft IIAt a distance of 226mm, rotor disk zigzag weld is connected on vertical shaft I and vertical shaft II is upper, has been bolted three moving knife on each rotor disk,Every is 120 degree angle between moving knife.
2. vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism according to claim 1, is characterized in that: power conveying mechanism is by fourIndividual bearing block, power transmission shaft I, power transmission shaft II, input belt pulley, tumbler gear I, sprocket wheel I composition, four bearing blocks are consolidated by boltFix in frame, it is upper that input belt pulley is arranged on power transmission shaft I, and one end of power transmission shaft II is provided with tumbler gear I, and the other end is installedThere is sprocket wheel I.
3. vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism according to claim 1, is characterized in that: main shaft right-hand member is provided with defeatedGo out belt pulley and tumbler gear II, output belt pulley is connected by belt I with the input belt pulley on power transmission shaft I, drives main shaftRotation, gearbox work, tumbler gear II is meshed with the tumbler gear I on power transmission shaft II, sends power to sprocket wheel I, chainSprocket wheel II on wheel I and spiral conveying mechanism, by chain transmission, to spiral conveying mechanism, drives its work by power transmission, mainSprocket wheel III is respectively installed on axle left end and conveying fan, after main shaft rotation, by chain transmission, drives conveying fan work.
4. vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism according to claim 1, is characterized in that: comb-tooth-type stationary knife mechanism byUpper and lower seat board, stationary knife axle, stationary knife composition, upper and lower seat board is fixed in frame, and stationary knife axle is made up of an equal leg angle, is welded onOn upper and lower seat board, every the stationary knife basil all forward, zigzag weld is connected on stationary knife axle.
CN201410057038.2A 2014-02-13 2014-02-13 Vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism Expired - Fee Related CN103766081B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410057038.2A CN103766081B (en) 2014-02-13 2014-02-13 Vertical shaft group cutter formula maize straw header mechanism

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CN103766081B true CN103766081B (en) 2016-05-04

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104584786B (en) * 2015-02-11 2017-05-03 青岛理工大学 Vertical shaft disc type straw header device for combine harvester
CN104938160B (en) * 2015-07-15 2017-01-11 湖南农业大学 Cotton stalk shredding and returning machine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3404516A (en) * 1965-10-15 1968-10-08 Allis Chalmers Mfg Co Corn harvester
CN2271094Y (en) * 1996-11-19 1997-12-24 张洪印 Machine for grinding straw and turning of stubble
CN2276707Y (en) * 1997-02-21 1998-03-25 深泽县农业机械技术学校实验厂 Front-mounted straw cutting stubble cleaner
CN2333149Y (en) * 1998-06-24 1999-08-18 张万河 Corn stalk shredding and stubble-cleaning machine
CN203748271U (en) * 2014-02-13 2014-08-06 黑龙江省畜牧机械化研究所 Corn stalk header mechanism with vertical group cutters

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3404516A (en) * 1965-10-15 1968-10-08 Allis Chalmers Mfg Co Corn harvester
CN2271094Y (en) * 1996-11-19 1997-12-24 张洪印 Machine for grinding straw and turning of stubble
CN2276707Y (en) * 1997-02-21 1998-03-25 深泽县农业机械技术学校实验厂 Front-mounted straw cutting stubble cleaner
CN2333149Y (en) * 1998-06-24 1999-08-18 张万河 Corn stalk shredding and stubble-cleaning machine
CN203748271U (en) * 2014-02-13 2014-08-06 黑龙江省畜牧机械化研究所 Corn stalk header mechanism with vertical group cutters

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