CN108691290B - Road sweeping mopping vehicle - Google Patents

Road sweeping mopping vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108691290B
CN108691290B CN201710234058.6A CN201710234058A CN108691290B CN 108691290 B CN108691290 B CN 108691290B CN 201710234058 A CN201710234058 A CN 201710234058A CN 108691290 B CN108691290 B CN 108691290B
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China
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shaft
cleaning
mopping
dirt
rotating shaft
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CN201710234058.6A
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CN108691290A (en
Inventor
孙世梁
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孙世梁
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Priority to CN201710234058.6A priority Critical patent/CN108691290B/en
Publication of CN108691290A publication Critical patent/CN108691290A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/05Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt with driven brushes
    • E01H1/053Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt with driven brushes having vertical axes

Abstract

The invention aims to provide a sweeper which can clean a road surface and can mop the ground with water, and belongs to the technical field of road ground cleaning. It is characterized by comprising: the cleaning vehicle comprises a cleaning vehicle (1), a large dirt cleaning device, a small dirt cleaning device and a floor mopping device. According to the invention, the sweeping roller (27) is used for sweeping, the conveying belt is used for conveying dirt, the mopping roller (33) is used for mopping the floor, and the mopping roller (33) is automatically cleaned.

Description

Road sweeping mopping vehicle
Technical Field
The invention relates to a road surface sweeping mopping vehicle, and belongs to the technical field of road surface cleaning.
Background
The cleaning of road and ground is the image of each city and is the requirement of people's life. The existing sweeper can only sweep, absorb dust and spray water, is not clean, and can cause secondary pollution sometimes when the dust absorption device is not sealed well, and has high noise. At present, no sweeper which can clean the road surface and mop the ground with water exists.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a sweeper which can clean a road surface and can mop the ground with water.
The invention discloses a road sweeping mopping vehicle, which is characterized by comprising: the cleaning vehicle comprises a cleaning vehicle 1, a cleaning device shell 3, a large dirt cleaning device, a small dirt cleaning device and a floor mopping device.
The sweeper 1 part: the sweeper 1 is characterized in that two sets of cleaning discs 4 are arranged at the rear ends of two front wheels, the cleaning discs 4 are driven by a direct current speed regulating motor 12, and cleaning racks 31 are arranged on the cleaning discs 4.
The rear end of the sweeper truck 1 is provided with a cleaning device housing 2, and a cleaning device shell 3 is arranged inside the cleaning device housing 2. The cleaning device housing 3 is provided therein with a large dirt cleaning device, a small dirt cleaning device, and a floor mopping device.
The cleaning device is characterized in that a plurality of operating holes 51 are formed in two sides of the outer cover 2 of the cleaning device, a set of double-piston oil cylinder 45 and an inclined block supporting plate 46 are respectively arranged on the inner walls of the left side and the right side, double piston rods of the double-piston oil cylinder 45 are connected with a movable inclined block 47, and an inclined plate 48 is arranged at the upper end of the inclined block 47. The swash plate 48 is fixed to the outside of the cleaning device case 3. When the double-piston oil cylinder 45 works, the double-piston rod drives the two inclined blocks 47 to reciprocate, so that the two inclined plates 48 move up and down, and the cleaning device shell 3 moves up and down.
The cleaning device shell (3) part: a square water tank 40 is arranged at the upper end of the front half part in the cleaning device shell 3, and a small dirt dustbin 41 and a large dirt dustbin 20 are sequentially arranged at the lower end of the square water tank 40; the rear half is provided with a round water tank 38. The square water tank 40 and the round water tank 38 are communicated through a water pipe to achieve the flow of water 52.
Inside the square water tank 40, the front end is provided with a water pump 42, the water pump 42 is provided with two water pipes 43, one is inserted into the water 52, and the other is communicated with a strip water nozzle 44. The long water nozzle 44 is fixed above the round water tank 38, and a water inlet 49 and a sewage valve 50 are arranged at one side of the front end of the square water tank 40. The water inlet 49 and the waste water valve 50 protrude out of the cleaning device housing 2 by means of the operation hole 51.
The round water tank 38 is horizontal, and the water tank opening is arranged on the arc surface. Inside the round water tank 38, a partition 39 is provided. A sewage valve 50 is provided at the lower end of one of the plugs of the round water tank 38. The waste water valve 50 extends out of the cleaning device housing 2 through the operation hole 51. A drum rail 53 is provided at each of the outer ends of the round water tank 38, and the drum rail 53 is provided with a drum rib 57.
The side surfaces of the large-dirt dustbin 20 and the small-dirt dustbin 41 are both provided with a dustbin door 21, and the doors are provided with a rotating shaft 25 and a handle 26. The large-dirt dustbin 20 is provided with a pair of support plates 16 at the upper opening, and each support plate 16 is provided with two shaft holes 8. Two sets of large dirt conveying assemblies are arranged in the four shaft holes 8. The upper opening of the small dirt dustbin 41 is provided with a pair of support plates 16, and each support plate 16 is provided with a shaft hole 8. A set of small dirt conveying combination is arranged on the two shaft holes 8.
The large dirt cleaning device comprises: the large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate 6 is used as a main body, a pair of rotating shaft supports 7 are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate 6, and shaft holes 8 are formed in the top ends of the rotating shaft supports 7.
The upper end of the pair of rotating shaft supports 7 is provided with a shaft hole 8 which is provided with an upper rotating shaft 9. The two ends of the upper rotating shaft 9 are provided with shaft heads 11, the shaft heads 11 at the two ends are respectively provided with a chain wheel 13 in sequence, and the shaft holes 8 of the rotating shaft support 7 are penetrated through and assembled in the shaft holes 8 of the upper end support plate 16 of the large-dirt dustbin 20. One of the shaft heads 11 penetrates through the shaft hole 8 and is provided with a direct current speed regulating motor 12, and the direct current speed regulating motor 12 is fixed on a support plate 16. The dc adjustable-speed motor 12 extends out of the cleaning device housing 2 through the operation hole 51.
The lower end of the pair of rotating shaft supports 7 is provided with a shaft hole 8 which is provided with a lower rotating shaft 10. Two ends of the lower rotating shaft 10 are provided with shaft heads 11, the shaft heads 11 at the two ends are respectively provided with a chain wheel 13 in sequence and penetrate through the shaft hole 8 of the rotating shaft support 7, and the outer ends of the shaft heads 11 are provided with mopping wheels 15. The ground-engaging wheels 15 serve to support and protect the large dirt-sweeping device when the road surface is uneven or obstructed.
Two sides of the large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate 6 are respectively provided with a hanging chain 22, and the other end of each hanging chain 22 is fixed at the bottom of the square water tank 40.
The large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate 6 is provided with an upper rotating shaft 9 and a lower rotating shaft 10, and two pairs of chain wheels 13 of the two shafts are provided with two conveying chains 14. The conveying chain 14 is provided with a chain attachment plate 17, and a large dirt conveying belt 5 and a plurality of strip brushes 19 are fixed on the chain attachment plate 17 by bolts 18 to form a set of large dirt conveying combination. The strip brush 19 is provided with a sweeping rack 31.
The small dirt cleaning device comprises: use little filth conveyer belt layer board 56 as the main part, little filth conveyer belt layer board bottom 60 contacts ground, and the upper and lower both ends of little filth conveyer belt layer board 56 all are equipped with a pair of axis of rotation and support 7, and the axis of rotation supports 7 tops and is equipped with shaft hole 8.
The pair of rotating shaft supports 7 at the lower end, a support plate 16 is arranged at the upper end and the front end of each rotating shaft support 7, and each support plate 16 is provided with a shaft hole 8.
One cleaning roller 27 is mounted in the shaft hole 8 of the pair of stay plates 16 at the upper end. Shaft heads 11 are arranged at two ends of the cleaning roller 27, one shaft head 11 is also provided with a direct current speed regulating motor 12, and the direct current speed regulating motor 12 is fixed on the support plate 16. The surface of the cleaning roller 27 is provided with a cleaning rack 31.
A long shaft 59 is mounted in the shaft holes 8 of the pair of brackets 16 at the front ends. The long shaft 59 is provided with a plurality of floor mopping inclined plates 28. The plurality of floor mopping inclined plates 28 can adapt to the uneven ground. The front side of the floor mopping inclined plate 28 is pointed, the rear side of the floor mopping inclined plate is provided with a shaft hole 8, and the shaft hole 8 is matched with the long shaft 59.
The upper end of the small dirt conveying belt supporting plate 56 is provided with a pair of shaft holes 8 of the rotating shaft support 7, and an upper rotating shaft 9 is assembled. The two ends of the upper rotating shaft 9 are provided with shaft heads 11, the shaft heads 11 at the two ends are respectively provided with a chain wheel 13 in sequence, and penetrate through the shaft hole 8 of the rotating shaft support 7 to be assembled in the shaft hole 8 of the upper end support plate 16 of the small-dirt garbage can 41. One of the shaft heads 11 penetrates through the shaft hole 8 and is provided with a direct current speed regulating motor 12, and the direct current speed regulating motor 12 is fixed on a support plate 16. The dc adjustable-speed motor 12 extends out of the cleaning device housing 2 through the operation hole 51.
The lower end of the pair of rotating shaft supports 7 is provided with a shaft hole 8 which is provided with a lower rotating shaft 10. Two ends of the lower rotating shaft 10 are provided with shaft heads 11, the shaft heads 11 at the two ends are respectively provided with a chain wheel 13 in sequence and penetrate through the shaft hole 8 of the rotating shaft support 7, and the outer ends of the shaft heads 11 are provided with mopping wheels 15. The ground-engaging wheels 15 serve to support and protect the small dirt sweeping device when the road surface is uneven or obstructed.
Two sides of the small-dirt conveyer belt supporting plate 56 are respectively provided with a hanging chain 22, and the other end of the hanging chain 22 is fixed at the bottom of the large-dirt dustbin 20.
The small dirt conveying belt supporting plate 56 is provided with an upper rotating shaft 9 and a lower rotating shaft 10, and two pairs of chain wheels 13 of the two shafts are provided with two conveying chains 14. The conveying chain 14 is provided with a chain attachment plate 17, and a small dirt conveying belt 23 and a plurality of baffle plates 24 are fixed on the chain attachment plate 17 by bolts 18 to form a set of small dirt conveying combination.
The mopping device comprises: comprising a drum 32 and a plurality of sets of mopping rollers 33.
Two ends of the inner hole of the rotary drum 32 are matched on two sets of rotary drum rails 53 arranged on the round water tank 38, and the rotary drum rails 53 are provided with rotary drum flanges 57. One end of the outer circumference of the drum 32 is provided with a ring gear 54, and the ring gear 54 is engaged with a gear 55. The gear 55 is mounted on the dc adjustable-speed motor 12, and the dc adjustable-speed motor 12 is mounted on the cleaning device housing 3. The dc adjustable-speed motor 12 extends out of the cleaning device housing 2 through the operation hole 51. The surface of the drum 32 is provided with a plurality of sets of mopping rollers 33. The combination of several sets of rollers 33 under the action of the spring 37 and the row of rollers 33 can adapt to uneven ground conditions. The surface of the rotating drum 32 is also provided with a plurality of water falling square holes 58.
The mopping roller 33 combination comprises: roller seat 35, mopping roller 33, two ground roller support plates 36 and two springs 37. The roller seat 35 is arranged on the surface of the rotary drum 32, and two ends of the roller seat 35 are provided with shaft heads 11; the ends of the mopping roller 33 are also provided with axle stubs 11. The shaft holes 8 arranged at the two ends of the ground roller support plate 36 are matched on the shaft heads 11 of the roller seat 35 and the mopping roller 33. A spring 37 is also arranged between the roller seat 35 and the ground roller support plate 36. The outer surface of the mopping roller 33 is provided with a mopping cloth 34.
The upper end of the rotary drum 32 is provided with a set of cleaning roller 27, two ends of the cleaning roller 27 are provided with shaft heads 11, and the shaft heads 11 are provided with bearings 29. The bearings 29 are mounted in bearing chambers 30 provided on both left and right sides of the cleaning device housing 3. One of the shaft heads 11 is also provided with a direct current speed regulating motor 12, and the direct current speed regulating motor 12 is fixed on the cleaning device shell 3. The dc adjustable-speed motor 12 extends out of the cleaning device housing 2 through the operation hole 51. The surface of the cleaning roller 27 is provided with a cleaning rack 31.
In the technical invention, the working principle of the road sweeping mopping vehicle is as follows: when the sweeper 1 is used for sweeping, namely the sweeper 1 runs, the two sweeping disks 4 rotate, and the sweeping rack 31 sweeps dirt on two sides of the sweeper body into the sweeper.
When the large dirt cleaning device works, the two sets of large dirt conveying belts 5 rotate relatively at the same time, and large dirt on the road surface is conveyed to the large dirt dustbin 20 through the large dirt conveying belts 5 under the action of the cleaning rack 31.
When the small dirt cleaning device works, the small dirt conveying belt 23 and the cleaning roller 27 rotate oppositely at the same time, and the cleaning rack 31 of the cleaning roller 27 cleans small dirt on the road surface to the small dirt conveying belt 23 by the action of the floor mopping inclined plate 28 and conveys the small dirt to the small dirt dustbin 41.
When the mopping device works, the rotary drum 32 rotates, when the mopping cloth 34 on the outer end face of the mopping roller 33 contacts the ground, the mopping roller 33 rolls on the ground under the action of the spring 37, and the mopping cloth 34 wetted by the water 52 plays a mopping role. When the mopping roller 33 contacts the cleaning roller 27 during the rotation of the drum 32, the cleaning rack 31 rotating the cleaning roller 27 causes the mopping roller 33 to rotate, and the water pump 42 sprays water 52 on the mopping cloth 34 through the water pipe 43 and the strip water nozzle 44 to clean the mopping cloth 34.
When the sweeper 1 finishes sweeping work, namely the double-piston oil cylinder 45 works, the two inclined plates 48 and the sweeping device shell 3 are promoted to ascend, namely the integral sweeping and mopping device is driven to ascend and leave the ground.
Drawings
FIG. 1: is a schematic diagram of the mutual matching relationship of all the assemblies of the road sweeping mopping vehicle.
FIG. 2: is a road sweeping mopping vehicle with a schematic external shape.
FIG. 3: is a shell of the cleaning device, and the components are matched with each other.
FIG. 4: is a large dirt cleaning device, and the matching relation of all the assemblies is schematic.
FIG. 5: is a small dirt cleaning device, and the matching relation of all the assemblies is schematic.
FIG. 6: is a schematic view of the mutual matching relationship of all the assemblies of the mopping device.
FIG. 7: is a schematic view of the mutual matching relationship of the components of the mopping roller.
FIG. 8: is a schematic diagram of a mopping device and a transmission mechanism.
FIG. 9: is a principle diagram of a transmission mechanism of a large-dirt conveying belt.
FIG. 10: is a principle diagram of a transmission mechanism of a small-dirt conveying belt.
FIG. 11: is a schematic view of the drum track.
FIG. 12: is a schematic view of the drum.
Part names shown in the figures: 1. sweeper, 2, sweeper housing, 3, sweeper housing, 4, cleaning disc, 5, large dirt conveyer belt, 6, large dirt conveyer belt pallet, 7, rotating shaft support, 8, shaft hole, 9, upper rotating shaft, 10, lower rotating shaft, 11, shaft head, 12, DC adjustable speed motor, 13, sprocket, 14, conveying chain, 15, mopping wheel, 16, support plate, 17, chain attachment plate, 18, bolt, 19, strip brush, 20, large dirt dustbin, 21, dustbin door, 22, sling chain, 23, small dirt conveyer belt, 24, baffle, 25, rotating shaft, 26, handle, 27, cleaning roller, 28, mopping inclined plate, 29, bearing, 30, bearing chamber, 31, rack cleaning, 32, rotating drum, 33, mopping roller, 34, mopping cloth, 35, roller seat, 36, ground roller, support plate, 37, spring, 38, round water tank, 39, partition plate, 40, square water tank, 41. the small-dirt garbage can comprises a small-dirt garbage can body 42, a water pump 43, a water pipe 44, a long-strip water nozzle 45, a double-piston oil cylinder 46, an inclined block supporting plate 47, an inclined block 48, an inclined plate 49, a water inlet 50, a sewage valve 51, an operation hole 52, water 53, a drum rail 54, a gear ring 55, a gear 56, a small-dirt conveying belt supporting plate 57, a drum flange 58, a water falling square hole 59, a long shaft 60 and the bottom of the small-dirt conveying belt supporting plate.
Detailed Description
The invention will be described in further detail with reference to the following detailed description and accompanying drawings: the invention aims to provide a sweeper which can clean a road surface and can mop the ground with water.
The invention discloses a road sweeping mopping vehicle, which is characterized by comprising: the cleaning vehicle 1, the cleaning device shell 3, the large dirt cleaning device, the small dirt cleaning device and the floor mopping device.
The sweeper 1 part: in the sweeper 1 (shown in fig. 1 and 2), two sets of cleaning discs 4 are arranged at the rear ends of two front wheels, the cleaning discs 4 are driven by a direct-current speed-regulating motor 12, and the cleaning discs 4 are provided with cleaning racks 31.
The rear end of the sweeper truck 1 is provided with a cleaning device housing 2, and a cleaning device shell 3 is arranged inside the cleaning device housing 2. The cleaning device housing 3 is provided therein with a large dirt cleaning device, a small dirt cleaning device, and a floor mopping device.
The cleaning device is characterized in that a plurality of operating holes 51 are formed in two sides of the outer cover 2 of the cleaning device, a set of double-piston oil cylinder 45 and an inclined block supporting plate 46 are respectively arranged on the inner walls of the left side and the right side, double piston rods of the double-piston oil cylinder 45 are connected with a movable inclined block 47, and an inclined plate 48 is arranged at the upper end of the inclined block 47. The swash plate 48 is fixed to the outside of the cleaning device case 3 (see fig. 2). When the double-piston oil cylinder 45 works, the double-piston rod drives the two inclined blocks 47 to reciprocate, so that the two inclined plates 48 move up and down, and the cleaning device shell 3 moves up and down.
The cleaning device shell (3) part: (fig. 3) a square water tank 40 is arranged at the upper end of the front half part in the cleaning device shell 3; the lower end of the square water tank 40 is sequentially provided with a small sewage dustbin 41 and a large sewage dustbin 20; the rear half is provided with a round water tank 38. The square water tank 40 and the round water tank 38 are communicated through a water pipe to achieve the flow of water 52.
Inside the square water tank 40, (figure 1) the front end is equipped with the water pump 42, and the water pump 42 is equipped with two water pipes 43, and one inserts in water 52, and one is led to rectangular water injection well choke 44. The long water nozzle 44 is fixed above the round water tank 38, and a water inlet 49 and a sewage valve 50 are arranged on one side of the front end of the square water tank 40 (figure 2). The water inlet 49 and the waste water valve 50 protrude out of the cleaning device housing 2 by means of the operation hole 51.
The round water tank 38 is horizontal (fig. 3), and the water tank opening is arranged on the arc surface. Inside the round water tank 38, a partition 39 is provided. A sewage valve 50 is provided at the lower end of one of the plugs of the round water tank 38. The waste water valve 50 extends out of the cleaning device housing 2 through the operation hole 51. The two outer ends of the round water tank 38 are respectively provided with a drum rail 53, and the drum rails 53 are provided with drum flanges 57 (see fig. 8 and 11).
The side surfaces of the large-dirt dustbin 20 and the small-dirt dustbin 41 are both provided with a dustbin door 21, and the doors are provided with a rotating shaft 25 and a handle 26 (see fig. 5). The large-dirt dustbin 20 is provided with a pair of support plates 16 at the upper opening, and each support plate 16 is provided with two shaft holes 8. Two sets of large dirt conveying assemblies are arranged in the four shaft holes 8 (see figure 4). The upper opening of the small dirt dustbin 41 is provided with a pair of support plates 16, and each support plate 16 is provided with a shaft hole 8. A set of small dirt conveying combination is arranged on the two shaft holes 8 (see figure 5).
The large dirt cleaning device comprises: (see fig. 9) the large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate 6 is used as a main body, a pair of rotating shaft supports 7 are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate 6, and shaft holes 8 are formed in the top ends of the rotating shaft supports 7.
The upper end of the pair of rotating shaft supports 7 is provided with a shaft hole 8 which is provided with an upper rotating shaft 9. The two ends of the upper rotating shaft 9 are provided with shaft heads 11, the shaft heads 11 at the two ends are respectively provided with a chain wheel 13 in sequence, and the shaft holes 8 of the rotating shaft support 7 are penetrated through and assembled in the shaft holes 8 of the upper end support plate 16 of the large-dirt dustbin 20. One of the shaft heads 11 penetrates through the shaft hole 8 and is provided with a direct current speed regulating motor 12, and the direct current speed regulating motor 12 is fixed on a support plate 16. The dc adjustable-speed motor 12 extends out of the cleaning device housing 2 through the operation hole 51.
The lower end of the pair of rotating shaft supports 7 is provided with a shaft hole 8 which is provided with a lower rotating shaft 10. Two ends of the lower rotating shaft 10 are provided with shaft heads 11, the shaft heads 11 at the two ends are respectively provided with a chain wheel 13 in sequence and penetrate through the shaft hole 8 of the rotating shaft support 7, and the outer ends of the shaft heads 11 are provided with mopping wheels 15. The ground-engaging wheels 15 serve to support and protect the large dirt-sweeping device when the road surface is uneven or obstructed.
Two sides of the large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate 6 are respectively provided with a hanging chain 22, and the other end of each hanging chain 22 is fixed at the bottom of the square water tank 40.
The large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate 6 is provided with an upper rotating shaft 9 and a lower rotating shaft 10, and two pairs of chain wheels 13 of the two shafts are provided with two conveying chains 14. The conveying chain 14 is provided with a chain attachment plate 17, and a large dirt conveying belt 5 and a plurality of strip brushes 19 are fixed on the chain attachment plate 17 by bolts 18 to form a set of large dirt conveying combination. The strip brush 19 is provided with a sweeping rack 31 (see fig. 4).
The small dirt cleaning device comprises: (see fig. 10) the small-dirt conveying belt supporting plate 56 is used as a main body, the bottom 60 of the small-dirt conveying belt supporting plate contacts with the ground, a pair of rotating shaft supports 7 are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the small-dirt conveying belt supporting plate 56, and a shaft hole 8 is formed in the top end of each rotating shaft support 7.
The pair of rotating shaft supports 7 at the lower end, a support plate 16 is arranged at the upper end and the front end of each rotating shaft support 7, and each support plate 16 is provided with a shaft hole 8.
One cleaning roller 27 is mounted in the shaft hole 8 of the pair of stay plates 16 at the upper end. Shaft heads 11 are arranged at two ends of the cleaning roller 27, one shaft head 11 is also provided with a direct current speed regulating motor 12, and the direct current speed regulating motor 12 is fixed on the support plate 16. The surface of the cleaning roller 27 is provided with a cleaning rack 31 (see fig. 5).
A long shaft 59 is mounted in the shaft holes 8 of the pair of brackets 16 at the front ends. The long shaft 59 is provided with a plurality of floor mopping inclined plates 28. The plurality of floor mopping inclined plates 28 can adapt to the uneven ground. The front side of the floor-mopping sloping plate 28 is pointed, the rear side is provided with a shaft hole 8, and the shaft hole 8 is matched with the long shaft 59 (see figure 10).
The upper end of the small dirt conveying belt supporting plate 56 is provided with a pair of shaft holes 8 of the rotating shaft support 7, and an upper rotating shaft 9 is assembled. The two ends of the upper rotating shaft 9 are provided with shaft heads 11, the shaft heads 11 at the two ends are respectively provided with a chain wheel 13 in sequence, and penetrate through the shaft hole 8 of the rotating shaft support 7 to be assembled in the shaft hole 8 of the upper end support plate 16 of the small-dirt garbage can 41. One of the shaft heads 11 penetrates through the shaft hole 8 and is provided with a direct current speed regulating motor 12, and the direct current speed regulating motor 12 is fixed on a support plate 16. The dc adjustable-speed motor 12 is extended out of the cleaning device housing 2 through the operation hole 51 (see fig. 10).
The lower end of the pair of rotating shaft supports 7 is provided with a shaft hole 8 which is provided with a lower rotating shaft 10. Two ends of the lower rotating shaft 10 are provided with shaft heads 11, the shaft heads 11 at the two ends are respectively provided with a chain wheel 13 in sequence and penetrate through the shaft hole 8 of the rotating shaft support 7, and the outer ends of the shaft heads 11 are provided with mopping wheels 15 (see figure 10). The ground-engaging wheels 15 serve to support and protect the small dirt sweeping device when the road surface is uneven or obstructed.
Two sides of the small-dirt conveyer belt supporting plate 56 are respectively provided with a hanging chain 22, and the other end of the hanging chain 22 is fixed at the bottom of the large-dirt dustbin 20.
The small dirt conveying belt supporting plate 56 is provided with an upper rotating shaft 9 and a lower rotating shaft 10, and two pairs of chain wheels 13 of the two shafts are provided with two conveying chains 14. The conveying chain 14 is provided with a chain attachment plate 17, and a small dirt conveying belt 23 and a plurality of baffle plates 24 are fixed on the chain attachment plate 17 by bolts 18 to form a set of small dirt conveying combination (see fig. 5).
The mopping device comprises: comprising a drum 32 and a plurality of sets of mopping rollers 33 (see fig. 12, 7).
Two ends of the inner hole of the rotary drum 32 are matched on two sets of rotary drum rails 53 arranged on the round water tank 38, and the rotary drum rails 53 are provided with rotary drum flanges 57. One end of the outer circumference of the drum 32 is provided with a ring gear 54, and the ring gear 54 is engaged with a gear 55. The gear 55 is mounted on the dc adjustable-speed motor 12, and the dc adjustable-speed motor 12 is mounted on the cleaning device housing 3. The dc adjustable-speed motor 12 is extended out of the cleaning device housing 2 through the operation hole 51 (see fig. 8). The surface of the drum 32 is provided with a plurality of sets of mopping rollers 33 (see fig. 6). The combination of several sets of rollers 33 under the action of the spring 37 and the row of rollers 33 can adapt to uneven ground conditions. The surface of the rotating drum 32 is also provided with a plurality of drop-out square holes 58 (see fig. 12).
The mopping roller 33 assembly (see fig. 7) comprises: roller seat 35, mopping roller 33, two ground roller support plates 36 and two springs 37. The roller seat 35 is arranged on the surface of the rotary drum 32, and two ends of the roller seat 35 are provided with shaft heads 11; the ends of the mopping roller 33 are also provided with axle stubs 11. The shaft holes 8 arranged at the two ends of the ground roller support plate 36 are matched on the shaft heads 11 of the roller seat 35 and the mopping roller 33. A spring 37 is also arranged between the roller seat 35 and the ground roller support plate 36. The outer surface of the mopping roller 33 is provided with a mopping cloth 34.
The upper end of the rotary drum 32 is provided with a set of cleaning roller 27, two ends of the cleaning roller 27 are provided with shaft heads 11, and the shaft heads 11 are provided with bearings 29. The bearings 29 are mounted in bearing chambers 30 provided on both left and right sides of the cleaning device housing 3. One of the shaft heads 11 is also provided with a direct current speed regulating motor 12, and the direct current speed regulating motor 12 is fixed on the cleaning device shell 3. The dc adjustable-speed motor 12 extends out of the cleaning device housing 2 through the operation hole 51. The surface of the cleaning roller 27 is provided with a cleaning rack 31 (see fig. 1 and 8).
In the technical invention, the working principle of the road sweeping mopping vehicle is as follows: (see fig. 1 and 2) when the sweeper 1 runs during sweeping work, namely the sweeper 1 runs, the two sweeping disks 4 rotate, and the sweeping racks 31 sweep dirt on two sides of the sweeper body into the sweeper.
When the large dirt cleaning device works, the two sets of large dirt conveying belts 5 rotate relatively at the same time, and large dirt on the road surface is conveyed to the large dirt dustbin 20 through the large dirt conveying belts 5 under the action of the cleaning rack 31.
When the small dirt cleaning device works, the small dirt conveying belt 23 and the cleaning roller 27 rotate oppositely at the same time, and the cleaning rack 31 of the cleaning roller 27 cleans small dirt on the road surface to the small dirt conveying belt 23 by the action of the floor mopping inclined plate 28 and conveys the small dirt to the small dirt dustbin 41.
When the mopping device works, the rotary drum 32 rotates, when the mopping cloth 34 on the outer end face of the mopping roller 33 contacts the ground, the mopping roller 33 rolls on the ground under the action of the spring 37, and the mopping cloth 34 wetted by the water 52 plays a mopping role. When the mopping roller 33 contacts the cleaning roller 27 during the rotation of the drum 32, the cleaning rack 31 rotating the cleaning roller 27 causes the mopping roller 33 to rotate, and the water pump 42 sprays water 52 on the mopping cloth 34 through the water pipe 43 and the strip water nozzle 44 to clean the mopping cloth 34.
When the sweeper 1 finishes sweeping work, namely the double-piston oil cylinder 45 works, the two inclined plates 48 and the sweeping device shell 3 are promoted to ascend, namely the integral sweeping and mopping device is driven to ascend and leave the ground.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a road cleans mopping car which characterized in that includes: the cleaning device comprises a sweeper (1), a cleaning device shell (3), a large dirt cleaning device, a small dirt cleaning device and a floor mopping device;
the sweeper (1) part is as follows: the rear end of the sweeper (1) is provided with a sweeping device outer cover (2); a cleaning device shell (3) is arranged inside the cleaning device outer cover (2);
the cleaning device housing (2): a plurality of operation holes (51) are arranged on the two sides; the inner walls of the left side and the right side are respectively provided with a set of double-piston oil cylinder (45) and an inclined block supporting plate (46), double piston rods of the double-piston oil cylinders (45) are respectively connected with a movable inclined block (47), and the upper end of the inclined block (47) is provided with an inclined plate (48); the inclined plate (48) is fixed on the outer side of the cleaning device shell (3);
the cleaning device shell (3) part: the upper end of the front half part of the interior of the cleaning device shell (3) is provided with a square water tank (40), the lower end of the square water tank (40) is sequentially provided with a small dirt dustbin (41) and a large dirt dustbin (20), and the rear half part of the interior of the cleaning device shell is provided with a round water tank (38);
a water pump (42) is arranged at the front end inside the square water tank (40), the water pump (42) is provided with two water pipes (43), one water pipe is inserted into water (52), the other water pipe is communicated with a long-strip water nozzle (44), and the long-strip water nozzle (44) is fixed above the round water tank (38);
the round water tank (38) is horizontal, and a water tank opening is arranged on the arc surface; two rotary drum rails (53) are respectively arranged at two ends of the outer part of the round water tank (38); the drum rail (53) is provided with a drum flange (57);
a pair of support plates (16) is arranged at the upper opening of the large-dirt dustbin (20), and each support plate (16) is provided with two shaft holes (8); two sets of large sewage conveying combinations are arranged in the four shaft holes (8); a pair of support plates (16) is arranged at the upper opening of the small-dirt dustbin (41), and a shaft hole (8) is arranged on each support plate (16); a set of small dirt conveying combination is arranged on the two shaft holes (8);
the large dirt cleaning device comprises: the large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate (6) is taken as a main body, a pair of rotating shaft supports (7) are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate (6), and shaft holes (8) are formed in the top ends of the rotating shaft supports (7);
the pair of rotating shaft supports (7) at the upper ends are provided with shaft holes (8) in which an upper rotating shaft (9) is assembled, shaft heads (11) are arranged at two ends of the upper rotating shaft (9), chain wheels (13) are respectively sequentially arranged on the shaft heads (11) at the two ends, the shaft holes (8) penetrate through the rotating shaft supports (7), and the shaft holes (8) are assembled in the shaft holes (8) of a support plate (16) at the upper end of a large-dirt dustbin (20); one of the shaft heads (11) passes through the shaft hole (8) and is provided with a direct current speed regulating motor (12), and the direct current speed regulating motor (12) is fixed on the support plate (16);
the pair of shaft holes (8) of the rotating shaft support (7) at the lower end are matched with the lower rotating shaft (10), shaft heads (11) are arranged at two ends of the lower rotating shaft (10), chain wheels (13) are respectively and sequentially arranged on the shaft heads (11) at the two ends and penetrate through the shaft holes (8) of the rotating shaft support (7), and mopping wheels (15) are arranged at the outer ends of the shaft heads (11);
the large-dirt conveying belt is characterized in that the large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate (6) is provided with an upper rotating shaft (9) and a lower rotating shaft (10), two pairs of chain wheels (13) of the two shafts are assembled with two conveying chains (14), the conveying chains (14) are provided with chain attachment plates (17), and a large-dirt conveying belt (5) and a plurality of strip brushes (19) are fixed on the chain attachment plates (17) by bolts (18) to form a set of large-dirt conveying combination; the long strip brush (19) is provided with a cleaning rack (31);
the small dirt cleaning device comprises: the small dirt conveying belt supporting plate (56) is taken as a main body, a pair of rotating shaft supports (7) are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the small dirt conveying belt supporting plate (56), and shaft holes (8) are formed in the top ends of the rotating shaft supports (7);
the upper end and the front end of each rotating shaft support (7) are respectively provided with a support plate (16), and each support plate (16) is provided with a shaft hole (8);
a cleaning roller (27) is arranged in the shaft holes (8) of the pair of support plates (16) at the upper end, shaft heads (11) are arranged at the two ends of the cleaning roller (27), one shaft head (11) is also provided with a direct current speed regulating motor (12), and the direct current speed regulating motor (12) is fixed on the support plates (16); the surface of the cleaning roller (27) is provided with a cleaning rack (31);
a long shaft (59) is arranged in the shaft holes (8) of the pair of support plates (16) at the front end, and a plurality of floor-mopping inclined plates (28) are arranged on the long shaft (59); the front side of the floor mopping inclined plate (28) is pointed, the rear side of the floor mopping inclined plate is provided with a shaft hole (8), and the shaft hole (8) is matched with the long shaft (59);
the upper end of the small dirt conveying belt supporting plate (56) is provided with a pair of shaft holes (8) for supporting the rotating shaft (7), and the upper rotating shaft (9) is assembled; two ends of the upper rotating shaft (9) are provided with shaft heads (11), the shaft heads (11) at the two ends are respectively and sequentially provided with a chain wheel (13), penetrate through a shaft hole (8) of the rotating shaft support (7) and are assembled in the shaft hole (8) of the support plate (16) at the upper end of the small-dirt dustbin (41); one of the shaft heads (11) passes through the shaft hole (8) and is provided with a direct current speed regulating motor (12), and the direct current speed regulating motor (12) is fixed on the support plate (16);
the pair of shaft holes (8) of the rotating shaft support (7) at the lower end are matched with the lower rotating shaft (10), shaft heads (11) are arranged at two ends of the lower rotating shaft (10), chain wheels (13) are respectively and sequentially arranged on the shaft heads (11) at the two ends and penetrate through the shaft holes (8) of the rotating shaft support (7), and mopping wheels (15) are arranged at the outer ends of the shaft heads (11);
the small dirt conveying belt comprises an upper rotating shaft (9) and a lower rotating shaft (10) which are arranged on a small dirt conveying belt supporting plate (56), two pairs of chain wheels (13) of the two shafts are assembled with two conveying chains (14), the conveying chains (14) are provided with chain attachment plates (17), and a small dirt conveying belt (23) and a plurality of baffle plates (24) are fixed on the chain attachment plates (17) by bolts (18) to form a set of small dirt conveying combination;
the mopping device comprises: comprises a rotary drum (32) and a plurality of sets of mopping rollers (33);
two ends of the inner hole of the rotary drum (32) are matched on two rotary drum rails (53) arranged on the round water tank (38), and the rotary drum rails (53) are provided with rotary drum flanges (57); one end of the excircle of the rotating drum (32) is provided with a gear ring (54), the gear ring (54) is matched with a gear (55), the gear (55) is arranged on a direct current speed regulating motor (12), and the direct current speed regulating motor (12) is arranged on a shell (3) of the cleaning device; the surface of the rotary drum (32) is provided with a plurality of sets of mopping rollers (33) which are combined, and the surface of the rotary drum (32) is also provided with a plurality of water falling square holes (58);
the mopping roller (33) combination comprises a roller seat (35), a mopping roller (33), two mopping roller support plates (36) and two springs (37);
the cleaning device is characterized in that a set of cleaning roller (27) is arranged at the upper end of the rotary drum (32), shaft heads (11) are arranged at two ends of the cleaning roller (27), bearings (29) are arranged on the shaft heads (11), the bearings (29) are installed in bearing chambers (30) arranged on the left side and the right side of a cleaning device shell (3), a direct-current speed regulating motor (12) is further assembled on one shaft head (11), the direct-current speed regulating motor (12) is fixed on the cleaning device shell (3), and cleaning racks (31) are arranged on the surface of the cleaning roller (27).
2. The road sweeping mopping vehicle of claim 1, wherein: the sweeper (1) is characterized in that two sets of cleaning discs (4) are arranged at the rear ends of two front wheels, the cleaning discs (4) are driven by a direct current speed regulating motor (12), and cleaning racks (31) are arranged on the cleaning discs (4).
3. The road sweeping mopping vehicle of claim 1, wherein: one side of the front end of the square water tank (40) is provided with a water inlet (49) and a sewage valve (50), and the water inlet (49) and the sewage valve (50) extend out of the cleaning device outer cover (2) by utilizing an operation hole (51).
4. The road sweeping mopping vehicle of claim 1, wherein: a partition plate (39) is arranged inside the round water tank (38), a sewage valve (50) is arranged at the lower end of one plug of the round water tank (38), and the sewage valve (50) extends out of the cleaning device outer cover (2) through an operation hole (51).
5. The road sweeping mopping vehicle of claim 1, wherein: the side surfaces of the large-dirt dustbin (20) and the small-dirt dustbin (41) are respectively provided with a dustbin door (21), and a rotating shaft (25) and a handle (26) are arranged on the doors.
6. The road sweeping mopping vehicle of claim 1, wherein: two sides of the large-dirt conveying belt supporting plate (6) are respectively provided with a hanging chain (22), and the other end of each hanging chain (22) is fixed at the bottom of the square water tank (40).
7. The road sweeping mopping vehicle of claim 1, wherein: two sides of the small-dirt conveying belt supporting plate (56) are respectively provided with a hanging chain (22), and the other end of each hanging chain (22) is fixed at the bottom of the large-dirt dustbin (20).
8. The road sweeping mopping vehicle of claim 1, wherein: the direct current speed regulating motor (12) extends out of the cleaning device outer cover (2) by utilizing the operation hole (51).
9. The road sweeping mopping vehicle of claim 1, wherein: in the combination of the mopping rollers (33), a roller seat (35) is arranged on the surface of the rotary drum (32), and two ends of the roller seat (35) are provided with shaft heads (11); shaft heads (11) are also arranged at two ends of the mopping roller (33), shaft holes (8) are arranged at two ends of the floor roller support plate (36) and are matched on the roller seat (35) and the shaft heads (11) of the mopping roller (33); a spring (37) is also arranged between the roller seat (35) and the ground roller support plate (36); the outer surface of the mopping roller (33) is provided with a mopping cloth (34).
CN201710234058.6A 2017-04-11 2017-04-11 Road sweeping mopping vehicle Active CN108691290B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN108691290B true CN108691290B (en) 2020-05-12

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110338717A (en) * 2019-08-06 2019-10-18 山东浩睿智能科技有限公司 A kind of mopping device and sanitation equipment
CN110393483A (en) * 2019-08-06 2019-11-01 山东浩睿智能科技有限公司 A kind of split type recyclable saddle and the equipment that mops floor
CN110403537A (en) * 2019-08-06 2019-11-05 山东浩睿智能科技有限公司 Multi-functional clean ground machine
CN111005339A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-04-14 李远倡 Road cleaning equipment that absorbs water
CN111560896A (en) * 2020-05-21 2020-08-21 江西工程学院 Cleaning device for intelligence is made

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100212377B1 (en) * 1996-05-14 1999-08-02 유조 카와이 Heavy cleaning vehicle and thereof width change apparatus in rotary brush and lever for lifting rotary brush and apparatus for eleminating heavy waste and apparatus for sprinkling and voice output
CN2730935Y (en) * 2004-06-30 2005-10-05 肖煜青 Road cleaning vehicle with intermittently roller brush
CN200999333Y (en) * 2007-02-02 2008-01-02 山东顺兴机械有限公司 Clearing apparatus of cleaning machine
CN204401518U (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-06-17 孙冬丽 A kind of novel new forms of energy intelligence road-sweeper
CN104727254A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-06-24 苏州市京达环卫设备有限公司 New energy road sweeper
CN106368151B (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-12-08 赣州研顺飞科技有限公司 A kind of highway cleans fine sand device with Labor-saving

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