CN108609178A - Make the unmanned plane of the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe - Google Patents

Make the unmanned plane of the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108609178A
CN108609178A CN201810191961.3A CN201810191961A CN108609178A CN 108609178 A CN108609178 A CN 108609178A CN 201810191961 A CN201810191961 A CN 201810191961A CN 108609178 A CN108609178 A CN 108609178A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sampling
water quality
unmanned plane
water
bottle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810191961.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
辜晓平
孔利文
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chengdu Zhongyi Hesheng Science And Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Chengdu Zhongyi Hesheng Science And Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chengdu Zhongyi Hesheng Science And Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Chengdu Zhongyi Hesheng Science And Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810191961.3A priority Critical patent/CN108609178A/en
Publication of CN108609178A publication Critical patent/CN108609178A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C39/00Aircraft not otherwise provided for
    • B64C39/02Aircraft not otherwise provided for characterised by special use
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/10Devices for withdrawing samples in the liquid or fluent state
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C2201/00Unmanned aerial vehicles; Equipment therefor
    • B64C2201/12Unmanned aerial vehicles; Equipment therefor adapted for particular use

Abstract

The invention discloses the unmanned plane for making the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe, solve the problems, such as that the prior art is low to target water progress sampling of water quality efficiency, there are security risks and sampling to have some setbacks.The present invention includes unmanned plane main body, undercarriage, wing, balance wing, clockwise and anticlockwise motor, elevator box, shaft, hawser, hawser inlet and outlet and sampling of water quality bottle, sampling of water quality bottle includes sampling of water quality bottle main body, sample water inlet pipe, the vertical air outlet pipe for being set to sampling of water quality bottle body top and the pendant for being fixed on sampling of water quality bottle bottom part body weight lead, it is respectively equipped with the water inlet pipe solenoid valve with unmanned aerial vehicle control system function connects on sample water inlet pipe and air outlet pipe and goes out air solenoid valve, the input end of sample water inlet pipe is equipped with sieve.The configuration of the present invention is simple, design is scientific and reasonable, easy to use, and staff can carry out target water sampling of water quality on bank or far from unknown waters, and highly effective and safe samples smooth.

Description

Make the unmanned plane of the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe
Technical field
The present invention relates to the unmanned planes for making the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe.
Background technology
Chinese Lakes are numerous, and 1 square kilometre of area or more has more than 2700, about 90,000 square kilometres of the gross area.In addition, Also ten hundreds of artificial lake'ss (i.e. reservoir).Traditional water quality detection sampling is all often that testing staff carries instrument rental Carry out water sampling among ship to waters.So not only working efficiency is low but also needs to spend a large amount of manpower, material resources and financial resources, And in some unknown waters there is also security risk, prior art sampling of water quality bottle generally sets a water inlet, when water quality takes After sample bottle submerged, sample water enters the used water inlet disengaging of the air in sampling of water quality bottle and sampling of water quality bottle, Under specific hydraulic pressure, water inlet water curtain will seal the water inlet, make in sampling of water quality bottle air can't get out namely lake in Sample water do not enter in sampling of water quality bottle, cause sampling fail.
Therefore, a unmanned plane for making the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe is designed, is enabled the operator on the coast Or far from unknown waters sampling of water quality can be carried out to target water, and smooth can sample, become technical field skill Art personnel technical problem urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Invention content
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to:There is provided makes the unmanned plane of the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe, solution Certainly the prior art is low to target water progress sampling of water quality efficiency, there are problems that security risk and sampling have some setbacks.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
Make the unmanned plane of the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe, including unmanned plane main body, is set to the unmanned owner Body two bottom sides be used to support the unmanned plane main body undercarriage, set on the unmanned plane body top wing, be set to institute Unmanned plane body rear is stated to be used to keep the balance wing of unmanned plane whole machine balancing and be individually fixed in unmanned plane main body bottom The clockwise and anticlockwise motor and elevator box in portion, vertical equity is equipped with turning of being freely rotated relative to the elevator box in the elevator box One end of axis, the shaft is stretched out the elevator box and is detachably connected with the drive shaft of the clockwise and anticlockwise motor, the shaft Middle part is connected with the soft quality cablet rope of a 6-10m long, and elevator cassette bottom portion offers hawser inlet and outlet, the hawser from It is extend out to outside the elevator box by hawser inlet and outlet by end, the free end of the hawser is fixed with sampling of water quality bottle, institute State the unmanned aerial vehicle control system for being equipped in unmanned plane main body and being connect with ground control system wireless signal, and the unmanned plane control System processed and the clockwise and anticlockwise motor function connects control the clockwise and anticlockwise motor operation for passing through ground control system;Institute State sampling of water quality bottle include top with the rectangular water quality sampling bottle main body of the affixed closing in the hawser free end, it is horizontal be set to it is described The sample water inlet pipe of sampling of water quality bottle body side bottom, vertically be set to the sampling of water quality bottle body top air outlet pipe, And it is fixed on the pendant weight lead of the sampling of water quality bottle bottom part body, on the sample water inlet pipe and the air outlet pipe respectively Equipped with the unmanned aerial vehicle control system function connects water inlet pipe solenoid valve and go out air solenoid valve, the sample water inlet pipe Input end is equipped with sieve.
Further, shaft coupling, the shaft and institute are equipped between the shaft and the drive shaft of the clockwise and anticlockwise motor Clockwise and anticlockwise motor is stated to be detachably connected by the shaft coupling.
Further, the length of the hawser is 8m.
Further, pendant weight lead is square structure.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) the configuration of the present invention is simple, design is scientific and reasonable, easy to use, staff can be on bank or far from unknown water Domain can carry out target water sampling of water quality, and highly effective and safe samples smooth.
(2) of the invention by setting clockwise and anticlockwise motor, elevator box, hawser and sampling of water quality bottle in unmanned plane bottom part body, when When needing to carry out sampling of water quality to target water, staff can manipulate unmanned plane by ground control system and fly to target water Domain, then control clockwise and anticlockwise motor and rotate forward operation, clockwise and anticlockwise motor drives the shaft in elevator box to be run together to release cable at this time Rope, sampling of water quality bottle slowly declines carries out sampling of water quality up to entering target water underwater, is controlled again after sampling positive and negative To withdraw hawser, sampling of water quality bottle slowly rises until close to elevator box, finally controls unmanned plane and fly back for rotating motor reversion operation, Sampling efficiency is high, moreover it is possible to effectively save water quality sampling cost, and enter target water without staff, it is especially unknown Waters, can effective guarantee staff safety.
(3) of the invention by setting sample water inlet pipe and air outlet pipe in sampling of water quality bottle main body, and in sample water inlet pipe Water inlet pipe solenoid valve and go out air solenoid valve with being set respectively in air outlet pipe, when the target that sampling of water quality bottle enters target water is deep When spending, water inlet pipe solenoid valve is manipulated by ground control system and goes out air solenoid valve and is successively opened, in sampling of water quality bottle main body Air be discharged from air outlet pipe, while the sample water at target water target depth enters sampling of water quality bottle from sample water inlet pipe Main body is sampled, and water inlet pipe solenoid valve is simultaneously closed off after sampling and goes out air solenoid valve, makes sampling of water quality pole of the present invention Its is smooth, and in the process, the sieve of sample water inlet pipe entrance can prevent the bulk solid object in water body from entering sampling of water quality bottle master In vivo, it is further ensured that sampling of water quality is smooth, successfully.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.
Fig. 2 is elevator box structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is sampling of water quality bottle structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Wherein, reference numeral is corresponding entitled:
1- unmanned planes main body, 2- undercarriages, 3- wings, 4- balance wings, 5- clockwise and anticlockwise motors, 6- elevators box, 7- shafts, 8- Hawser, 9- sampling of water qualities bottle, 10- hawsers inlet and outlet, 11- shaft couplings, 91- sampling of water quality bottles main body, 92- sample waters inlet pipe, 93- Air outlet pipe, 94- pendant weights lead, 95- water inlet pipes solenoid valve, 96- go out air solenoid valve, 97- sieves.
Specific implementation mode
The invention will be further described with embodiment for explanation below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and mode of the invention includes but not only limits In following embodiment.
As shown in Figs. 1-3, the unmanned plane provided by the invention that the smooth sampling of lake water quality is made based on inlet/outlet pipe, structure letter List, design is scientific and reasonable, easy to use, and staff can carry out water quality on bank or far from unknown waters to target water Sampling, highly effective and safe, sampling are smooth.The present invention includes unmanned plane main body 1, is used for set on 1 two bottom sides of unmanned plane main body It supports the undercarriage 2 of the unmanned plane main body 1, the wing 3 at the top of the unmanned plane main body 1, be set to the unmanned owner 1 rear end of body is used to keep the balance wing 4 of unmanned plane whole machine balancing and is individually fixed in 1 bottom of unmanned plane main body just Motor 5 and elevator box 6 are inverted, vertical equity is equipped with the shaft that can be freely rotated relative to the elevator box 6 in the elevator box 6 7, one end of the shaft 7 is stretched out the elevator box 6 and is detachably connected with the drive shaft of the clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5, described turn 7 middle part of axis is connected with the soft quality cablet rope 8 of a 6-10m long, and 6 bottom of elevator box offers hawser inlet and outlet 10, described The free end of hawser 8 is extend out to by hawser inlet and outlet 10 outside the elevator box 6, and the free end of the hawser 8 is fixed with Sampling of water quality bottle 9, the unmanned plane main body 1 is interior to be equipped with the unmanned aerial vehicle control system being connect with ground control system wireless signal, And the unmanned aerial vehicle control system and 5 function connects of the clockwise and anticlockwise motor, for by described in ground control system control Clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 is run.
Shaft coupling 11,7 He of the shaft are equipped between shaft 7 and the drive shaft of the clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 of the present invention The clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 is detachably connected by the shaft coupling 11, and the length of the hawser 8 is 8m.
The present invention works as needs by setting clockwise and anticlockwise motor, elevator box, hawser and sampling of water quality bottle in unmanned plane bottom part body When carrying out sampling of water quality to target water, staff can manipulate unmanned plane by ground control system and fly to target water, then It controls clockwise and anticlockwise motor and rotates forward operation, clockwise and anticlockwise motor drives the shaft in elevator box to be run together to release hawser, water at this time Matter sampling bottle slowly declines until into target water underwater progress sampling of water quality, controls clockwise and anticlockwise motor after sampling again Reversion operation is to withdraw hawser, and sampling of water quality bottle slowly rises until close to elevator box, finally controls unmanned plane and fly back, sampling effect Rate is high, moreover it is possible to effectively save water quality sampling cost, and enter target water without staff, especially unknown waters, Can effective guarantee staff safety.
Sampling of water quality bottle 9 of the present invention includes top and the affixed rectangular sampling of water quality of closing in 8 free end of the hawser Bottle main body 91, is set to the water quality at the horizontal sample water inlet pipe 92 for being set to 91 1 side bottom of sampling of water quality bottle main body vertically The air outlet pipe 93 at 91 top of sampling bottle main body and the pendant weight lead 94 for being fixed on 91 bottom of sampling of water quality bottle main body, The water inlet with the unmanned aerial vehicle control system function connects is respectively equipped on the sample water inlet pipe 92 and the air outlet pipe 93 Pipe solenoid valve 95 is equipped with sieve 97, the pendant weight lead 94 with air solenoid valve 96, the input end of the sample water inlet pipe 92 is gone out Be square structure.
The present invention in sampling of water quality bottle main body by setting sample water inlet pipe and air outlet pipe, and in sample water inlet pipe and sky Water inlet pipe solenoid valve is set in gas outlet pipe respectively and goes out air solenoid valve, when sampling of water quality bottle enters the target depth of target water When, water inlet pipe solenoid valve is manipulated by ground control system and goes out air solenoid valve and is successively opened, in sampling of water quality bottle main body Air is discharged from air outlet pipe, while the sample water at target water target depth enters sampling of water quality bottle master from sample water inlet pipe Body is sampled, and water inlet pipe solenoid valve is simultaneously closed off after sampling and goes out air solenoid valve, makes sampling of water quality of the present invention extremely Smooth, in the process, the sieve of sample water inlet pipe entrance can prevent the bulk solid object in water body from entering sampling of water quality bottle main body It is interior, it is further ensured that sampling of water quality is smooth, successfully.
Above-described embodiment is only one of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, should not be taken to limit the protection model of the present invention Enclose, as long as the present invention body design thought and that mentally makes have no the change of essential meaning or polishing, solved The technical issues of it is still consistent with the present invention, should all be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. making the unmanned plane of the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe, it is characterised in that:Including unmanned plane main body (1), it is set to Unmanned plane main body (1) two bottom sides are used to support the undercarriage (2) of the unmanned plane main body (1), are set to the unmanned plane Wing (3) at the top of main body (1), the balance wing set on unmanned plane main body (1) rear end for keeping unmanned plane whole machine balancing (4) clockwise and anticlockwise motor (5) and elevator box (6) of unmanned plane main body (1) bottom, the elevator box are individually fixed in and (6) interior vertical equity is equipped with the shaft (7) that can be freely rotated relative to the elevator box (6), and one end of the shaft (7) is stretched out The elevator box (6) is simultaneously detachably connected with the drive shaft of the clockwise and anticlockwise motor (5), and one is connected in the middle part of the shaft (7) The soft quality cablet rope (8) of root 6-10m long, elevator box (6) bottom offer hawser inlet and outlet (10), the hawser (8) Free end imports and exports (10) by the hawser and extend out to the elevator box (6) outside, and the free end of the hawser (8) is fixed with water Matter sampling bottle (9), the unmanned plane main body (1) is interior to be equipped with the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control system being connect with ground control system wireless signal System, and the unmanned aerial vehicle control system and the clockwise and anticlockwise motor (5) function connects, for being controlled by ground control system Clockwise and anticlockwise motor (5) operation;The sampling of water quality bottle (9) includes top and the affixed closing in the hawser (8) free end Rectangular water quality sampling bottle main body (91), the horizontal sample water inlet pipe for being set to (91) one side bottom of sampling of water quality bottle main body (92), vertically be set to the sampling of water quality bottle main body (91) at the top of air outlet pipe (93) and be fixed on the sampling of water quality The pendant weight lead (94) of bottle main body (91) bottom, be respectively equipped on the sample water inlet pipe (92) and the air outlet pipe (93) and The water inlet pipe solenoid valve (95) of the unmanned aerial vehicle control system function connects and go out air solenoid valve (96), the sample water inlet pipe (92) input end is equipped with sieve (97).
2. the unmanned plane according to claim 1 for making the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe, it is characterised in that:It is described Shaft coupling (11), the shaft (7) and the positive and negative rotation are equipped between shaft (7) and the drive shaft of the clockwise and anticlockwise motor (5) Motor (5) is detachably connected by the shaft coupling (11).
3. the unmanned plane according to claim 2 for making the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe, it is characterised in that:It is described The length of hawser (8) is 8m.
4. the unmanned plane according to claim 3 for making the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe, it is characterised in that:It is described Pendant weight lead (94) is square structure.
CN201810191961.3A 2018-03-08 2018-03-08 Make the unmanned plane of the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe Pending CN108609178A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810191961.3A CN108609178A (en) 2018-03-08 2018-03-08 Make the unmanned plane of the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810191961.3A CN108609178A (en) 2018-03-08 2018-03-08 Make the unmanned plane of the smooth sampling of lake water quality based on inlet/outlet pipe

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CN108609178A true CN108609178A (en) 2018-10-02

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202494583U (en) * 2012-04-04 2012-10-17 颜培东 Water quality sampler
FR2981750B1 (en) * 2011-10-20 2014-05-02 Inst Francais Des Sciences Et Technologies Des Transports De Lamenagement Et Des Reseaux ACQUISITION DEVICE FOR PERFORMING MEASUREMENTS AND / OR SAMPLING SAMPLES IN A LIQUID
CN104122117A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-10-29 青岛理工大学 Automatic river and lake water sample control acquisition system based on multi-rotor-wing unmanned aerial vehicle
CN105699125A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-06-22 武汉博感空间科技有限公司 Suspension type UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) water sampler system
EP3112840A1 (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-01-04 Rigas Tehniska Universitate Unmanned aerial vehicle for collecting samples from the surface of water

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2981750B1 (en) * 2011-10-20 2014-05-02 Inst Francais Des Sciences Et Technologies Des Transports De Lamenagement Et Des Reseaux ACQUISITION DEVICE FOR PERFORMING MEASUREMENTS AND / OR SAMPLING SAMPLES IN A LIQUID
CN202494583U (en) * 2012-04-04 2012-10-17 颜培东 Water quality sampler
CN104122117A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-10-29 青岛理工大学 Automatic river and lake water sample control acquisition system based on multi-rotor-wing unmanned aerial vehicle
EP3112840A1 (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-01-04 Rigas Tehniska Universitate Unmanned aerial vehicle for collecting samples from the surface of water
CN105699125A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-06-22 武汉博感空间科技有限公司 Suspension type UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) water sampler system

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