CN108580312B - Sugar orange sorting and grading device - Google Patents

Sugar orange sorting and grading device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108580312B
CN108580312B CN201810349008.7A CN201810349008A CN108580312B CN 108580312 B CN108580312 B CN 108580312B CN 201810349008 A CN201810349008 A CN 201810349008A CN 108580312 B CN108580312 B CN 108580312B
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Prior art keywords
grading
sorting
fixed
plate
plates
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CN201810349008.7A
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CN108580312A (en
Inventor
邓继平
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Chenzhou Siji Fruit Industry Co ltd
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Chenzhou Siji Fruit Industry Co ltd
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Priority to CN201810349008.7A priority Critical patent/CN108580312B/en
Publication of CN108580312A publication Critical patent/CN108580312A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • B07B13/04Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices according to size
    • B07B13/07Apparatus in which aggregates or articles are moved along or past openings which increase in size in the direction of movement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • B07B13/14Details or accessories
    • B07B13/16Feed or discharge arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N2015/008Sorting of fruit and vegetables

Abstract

The invention discloses a sugar orange sorting and grading device which comprises a sorting table with a [ shape ] cross section and a motor arranged at the bottom of the sorting table, wherein a support is fixed at the bottom of the sorting table, sliding plates are embedded in two side plates of the sorting table in a sliding mode, a plurality of grading plates are arranged on the upper surface of each sliding plate side by side, U-shaped grooves are formed in the grading plates, a C-shaped frame plate is fixed on the lower surface of each sliding plate, a square through hole is formed in the bottom plate of each frame plate, a rack is fixed on the inner side edge opposite to the through hole, a rotary table is fixed at the main shaft end of the motor, tooth teeth are fixed on the outer edge of one fourth of the rotary table, a feed hopper is fixed at the left end of the sorting table, a material collecting box is fixed at the right end of the sorting table, and. This kind of granulated sugar orange letter sorting grading plant realizes automatic sorting and grades, greatly reduced workman intensity of labour, improves work efficiency, reduces manpower resources output cost, satisfies big batch, efficient production requirement.

Description

Sugar orange sorting and grading device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of sorting and grading of agricultural products, in particular to a sugar orange sorting and grading device.
Background
Sugar oranges are popular for people because of their crisp and juicy meat, fresh and sweet taste and less stone. The sugar oranges need to be sorted and graded after being picked, and are conveniently priced according to different specifications. At present, sorting and classifying operations of sugar oranges mainly depend on manual work, but the manual sorting method has high labor intensity of workers and low working efficiency, and due to the fact that the planting area of the sugar oranges is large, enterprises need to complete picking within preset time, and then have to hire a large number of manual work to complete classification processes, production cost is greatly increased, and the requirements of large batch and high efficiency in existing production cannot be met.
In order to solve the above problems, we propose a sugar orange sorting and grading device.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to overcome the defects of the prior art and provide a sugar orange sorting and grading device, and in order to solve the technical problem, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the invention relates to a sugar orange sorting and grading device, which comprises a sorting table with a [ shape ] section and a motor arranged at the bottom of the sorting table, wherein a bracket is fixed at the bottom of the sorting table, sliding plates are embedded in two side plates of the sorting table in a sliding manner, a plurality of grading plates are arranged on the upper surface of each sliding plate side by side, U-shaped grooves are formed in the grading plates, the specifications of the U-shaped grooves in the grading plates are different, the grading plates with the same specification of the U-shaped grooves are combined into a grading combination side by side, a plurality of grading combinations are arranged on each sliding plate, the specifications of the U-shaped grooves in the grading combination from left to right on each sliding plate are gradually increased, a C-shaped frame plate is fixed on the lower surface of each sliding plate, a square through hole is formed in the bottom plate of each frame plate, a rack is fixed on the inner side edge opposite to the through hole, a rotating disc is fixed at the main shaft end of the, the left end of letter sorting platform is fixed with the feeder hopper, and the right-hand member of letter sorting platform is fixed with the case that gathers materials, and the both sides of letter sorting platform correspond the below of different hierarchical combinations and are provided with the case that gathers materials that corresponds.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the sorting table is inclined at an angle of 10 ° to 15 ° to the horizontal.
Because the sugar orange fruits are not in a standard spherical shape, the sorting table is inclined with the horizontal plane, which is beneficial to the smooth downward rolling of the sugar orange fruits.
As a preferred embodiment of the invention, the upper surface of the bottom plate of the sorting table is provided with a sliding groove, the bottom surface of the sliding plate is provided with a roller, and the roller rolls in the sliding groove.
The rolling friction is beneficial to saving energy consumption, reducing equipment abrasion and prolonging the service life of the equipment.
As a preferred embodiment of the invention, two ends of the sliding plate are in sliding scarf joint with inner grooves on two sides of the sorting table, and backing plates are fixed on two sides of the inner grooves.
The backing plate adopts flexible material, for example rubber or elastic component, can play the cushioning effect like this, reduces the vibration of equipment, falls the end noise, improve equipment life.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the upper surface of the sliding plate is provided with a plurality of insertion holes, the classifying plate is fixed with insertion posts corresponding to the insertion holes, and the classifying plate is inserted into the insertion holes through the insertion posts so as to be fixed on the sliding plate.
The grading plates and the sliding plates are connected in a plug-in mode, so that the assembly and disassembly are convenient, the number of the grading plates in different grading combinations can be adjusted according to the fruit proportion of different specifications, and the use is flexible.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a side baffle is disposed at a position close to the end portion of the classifying plate, and both ends of the side baffle are respectively fixed to the side plates on the sorting table.
The side baffle plates are used for preventing the granulated sugar orange fruits from sliding to the two sides of the sorting table.
As a preferred embodiment of the invention, two ends of the classifying plate are positioned at two sides of the two side baffles, and the distance between the end of the classifying plate and the nearest side baffle is more than one-fourth of the circumference of the turntable.
The distance between the end of the grading plate and the nearest side baffle is designed to be larger than one fourth of the circumference of the rotary table, so that the end of the grading plate is still positioned on the outer side of the side baffle when being positioned at the minimum limit position, and the normal operation of the sorting and grading operation is kept.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a material guide plate is fixed to the material collecting box.
The material guide plate is used for guiding the sugar orange fruits which slide from the U-shaped groove to the material collecting box and has a buffering function.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects: the sugar oranges are fed into the feed hopper through the feeding equipment and enter the grading plate from the feed hopper, the motor drives the sliding plate to do reciprocating linear motion, the grading plate has a certain gradient, make the sugar orange roll from last down, the sugar orange rolls the in-process, the fruit that the specification is little gets into U type inslot portion on the anterior combination in grades, the fruit that corresponds the specification with the same reason gets into the U type inslot portion that corresponds on the combination in grades, the motor drives the slide and is reciprocating linear motion and utilizes the inertial force that the direction of motion change produced to make the inside fruit of U type inslot portion from the landing of gradation board both ends, get into the case that gathers materials that corresponds through the stock guide, the biggest income of fruit specification sorts the case that gathers materials of platform right-hand member, realize automatic sorting and grade, greatly reduced workman intensity of labour, and the work efficiency is improved, reduce manpower resources output cost, satisfy in batches, efficient production.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a front view of the assembly structure of a sugar orange sorting and grading device according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a top view of the assembly structure of a sugar orange sorting and grading device according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the cross-sectional structure A-A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the cross-sectional structure B-B of FIG. 3;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the cross-sectional structure C-C of fig. 3.
In the figure: 1-a sorting table; 2, sliding plates; 3-a material guide plate; 4-collecting box; 5-a feed hopper; 6-a grading plate; 7-side baffle; 8, a motor; 9-frame plate; 10-a rack; 11-a turntable; 12-a roller; 13-a plug column; 14-U-shaped groove; 15-a chute; 16-backing plate.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it will be understood that they are described herein for the purpose of illustration and explanation and not limitation.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1-5, a sugar orange sorting and grading device comprises a sorting table 1 with a cross section in a shape of a rectangle and a motor 8 arranged at the bottom of the sorting table 1, a support is fixed at the bottom of the sorting table 1, sliding plates 2 are embedded inside two side plates of the sorting table 1 in a sliding manner, a plurality of grading plates 6 are arranged on the upper surface of the sliding plates 2 side by side, U-shaped grooves 14 are formed on the grading plates 6, the specifications of the U-shaped grooves 14 on the grading plates 6 are different, the grading plates 6 with the same specification of the U-shaped grooves 14 are arranged side by side to form a grading combination, a plurality of grading combinations are arranged on the sliding plates 2, the specifications of the U-shaped grooves 14 in the grading combination from left to right on the sliding plates 2 are gradually increased, a C-shaped frame plate 9 is fixed on the lower surface of the sliding plate 2, a square through hole is formed in the bottom plate of the frame plate 9, a rack 10 is fixed on the, the outer fringe edge of 11 quarteres of carousel is fixed with tooth, and carousel 11 is connected with rack toothing through tooth, and the left end of letter sorting platform 1 is fixed with feeder hopper 5, and the right-hand member of letter sorting platform 1 is fixed with case 4 that gathers materials, and the both sides of letter sorting platform 1 correspond the below of different hierarchical combinations and are provided with corresponding case 4 that gathers materials.
In the embodiment, when the sorting and grading operation of sugar oranges is carried out, firstly, the number of grading combinations and the number of the grading plates 6 in each grading combination are adjusted according to the specification distribution of the sugar oranges, so that the grading and sorting operation can be carried out efficiently, then, the grading plates 6 are inserted and installed on the sliding plate 2, the motor 8 is started to work, meanwhile, the feeding equipment sends the sugar oranges into the feeding hopper 5, then the sugar oranges are conveyed to the grading plates 6 through the feeding hopper 5, the motor 8 drives the rotating plate 11 to rotate, when teeth on the rotating plate 11 are meshed with one rack 10 on the rack plate 9, the rack 10 is driven to drive the rack plate 9 to move, meanwhile, the sliding plate 2 is driven to synchronously move, the sliding plate 2 drives the grading plates 6 to synchronously move, when the teeth on the rotating plate 11 are separated from the rack 10, the rack 10 loses a power source and continues to move under, when the slide 2 touches the backing plate 16, slide 2 stop motion, simultaneously the classification board 6, frame plate 9 stops in step, when tooth and another rack 10 meshing along with the rotation of carousel 11, carousel 11 drives this rack 10 and is the reverse motion this moment, drive frame plate 9 simultaneously, slide 2 and the synchronous reverse motion of classification board 6, when carousel 11 and this rack 10 separation, this rack 10 loses the power supply with the same reason, continue to move under the effect of inertial force, when slide 2 touches another backing plate 16, slide 2 stop motion, classification board 6 simultaneously, frame plate 9 stops in step.
In this embodiment, while the motor 8 drives the sliding plate 2 to make a repeated linear motion, the sugar oranges on the inclined sorting table 1 roll from left to right under the action of the component force of the self gravity along the sorting table 1, the fruits with different specifications fall into the U-shaped grooves 14 in the corresponding grading combination during the rolling process of the sugar oranges, the specification of the U-shaped grooves 14 in the grading combination gradually increases, so that the specification of the sugar oranges from left to right gradually increases, the length of the grading combination area on the left side can be adjusted to be longer, the sugar oranges with small specifications are prevented from being wrapped by the sugar to be clamped into the large-specification U-shaped grooves 14, during the motion process of the sliding plate 2 driven by the motor 8, when the sliding plate 2 stops moving and the motion direction is about to change, due to the action of inertia force, the sugar oranges in the U-shaped grooves 14 continuously move towards the two sides of the grading plate and slide, and then roll to inside the case 4 that gathers materials that corresponds, inside the case 4 that gathers materials that the biggest entering of white sugar orange fruit specification is sorted 1 right-hand member of letter sorting platform, realize automatic sorting and grade, greatly reduced workman intensity of labour improves work efficiency, reduces manpower resources output cost, satisfies big batch, efficient production requirement.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that changes may be made in the embodiments and/or equivalents thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a granulated sugar orange letter sorting grading plant, includes that the cross-section is letter sorting platform (1) of [ shape and sets up motor (8) in letter sorting platform (1) bottom, its characterized in that: the bottom of the sorting table (1) is fixedly provided with a support, the sorting table (1) and a horizontal plane form an included angle of 10-15 degrees, sliding plates (2) are slidably embedded in two side plates of the sorting table (1), two ends of each sliding plate (2) are slidably embedded in inner grooves in two side edges of the sorting table (1), backing plates (16) are fixed on two sides of each inner groove, a plurality of grading plates (6) are arranged on the upper surface of each sliding plate (2) side by side, U-shaped grooves (14) are formed in each grading plate (6), the specifications of the U-shaped grooves (14) in the plurality of grading plates (6) are different, the grading plates (6) of the U-shaped grooves (14) with the same specification form a grading combination side by side, a plurality of grading combinations are arranged on each sliding plate (2), the specifications of the U-shaped grooves (14) in each grading combination from left to right on each sliding plate (2) are gradually increased, and a plurality of plug-in holes are formed in the upper surface, the sorting machine is characterized in that an inserting column (13) corresponding to the inserting hole is fixed on the grading plate (6), the grading plate (6) is inserted into the inserting hole through the inserting column (13) and is fixed on the sliding plate (2), a sliding groove (15) is formed in the upper surface of a bottom plate of the sorting table (1), a roller (12) is arranged on the bottom surface of the sliding plate (2), the roller (12) rolls in the sliding groove (15), a C-shaped frame plate (9) is fixed on the lower surface of the sliding plate (2), a square through hole is formed in the bottom plate of the frame plate (9), a rack (10) is fixed on the inner side edge opposite to the through hole, a rotary table (11) is fixed at the main shaft end of the motor (8), a tooth is fixed on the outer edge of one fourth of the rotary table (11), the rotary table (11) is meshed with the rack (10) through the tooth, and a feed hopper (5) is fixed at the left end, the right-hand member of letter sorting platform (1) is fixed with case (4) that gathers materials, the both sides of letter sorting platform (1) correspond the below of different hierarchical combinations and are provided with corresponding case (4) that gathers materials.
2. A sugar orange sorting and grading device as claimed in claim 1, wherein a side baffle (7) is provided at a position close to the end part right above the grading plate (6), and both ends of the side baffle (7) are respectively fixed on the side plates of the sorting table (1).
3. A sugar orange sorting and grading device according to claim 2, characterized in that the two ends of the grading plate (6) are located on both sides of the two side dams (7), and the distance between the end of the grading plate (6) and the nearest side dam (7) is greater than one quarter of the circumference of the rotary table (11).
4. The sugar orange sorting and grading device according to claim 3, wherein a material guide plate (3) is fixed on the material collecting box (4).
CN201810349008.7A 2018-04-18 2018-04-18 Sugar orange sorting and grading device Active CN108580312B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810349008.7A CN108580312B (en) 2018-04-18 2018-04-18 Sugar orange sorting and grading device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810349008.7A CN108580312B (en) 2018-04-18 2018-04-18 Sugar orange sorting and grading device

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CN108580312B true CN108580312B (en) 2020-05-22

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110090800A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-08-06 张红 It is a kind of to pick equipment for cylindrical particle confectionary products

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