CN108578155A - A kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department - Google Patents

A kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108578155A
CN108578155A CN201810385575.8A CN201810385575A CN108578155A CN 108578155 A CN108578155 A CN 108578155A CN 201810385575 A CN201810385575 A CN 201810385575A CN 108578155 A CN108578155 A CN 108578155A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
adjustable
connected
bed board
bed
driving motor
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810385575.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108578155B (en
Inventor
赵洪珍
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成都冠禹科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201810385575.8A priority Critical patent/CN108578155B/en
Publication of CN108578155A publication Critical patent/CN108578155A/en
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Publication of CN108578155B publication Critical patent/CN108578155B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/02Adjustable operating tables; Controls therefor
    • A61G13/06Adjustable operating tables; Controls therefor raising or lowering of the whole table surface
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G1/00Stretchers
    • A61G1/02Stretchers with wheels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G1/00Stretchers
    • A61G1/04Parts, details or accessories, e.g. head-, foot-, or like rests specially adapted for stretchers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/0018Physician's examining tables
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/02Adjustable operating tables; Controls therefor
    • A61G13/08Adjustable operating tables; Controls therefor the table being divided into different adjustable sections
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/104Adaptations for table mobility, e.g. arrangement of wheels

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of multifunctional medicinal beds for emergency department, including Collapsible support, adjustable bed board and turnable secondary station;Telescoping shoring column includes walking universal wheel and adjustable lifting frame, is plugged with load bearing cross beam at the top of adjustable lifting frame, adjustable bed board includes the adjustable bed board of outside fixed bed beam and inside, is connected with electric pushrod between the two;Adjustable platform and sponge matress are installed on inside is adjustable bed board, turnable protective fence is installed on the fixed bed beam of outside;Secondary station may be reversed and include the infusion support being equipped with for the upper surface of roll-over table and turnover hinge axis, roll-over table and disinfection holding tank, the lower surface of roll-over table is equipped with power supply storage battery and singlechip control panel;The present invention has the function of automatic lifting adjustment, and can also realize the angle adjust automatically operation to holder bed board, ensures that the patient during transporting is steady, patient easy to remove, and entire emergency cot damping performance is good, also allows for folding storage.

Description

A kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department

Technical field

The present invention relates to field of medical device, specially a kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department.

Background technology

The height of the medical bed used at present in hospital is often changeless, therefore patient is when lying down in medical bed The body of patient can only be made to raise by bolster when needing to lift body back, huckle or the calf of patient, however, pillow The fixed effect of pad is poor, can not reuse for a long time, and hygienic issues can not ensure, be easy to cause wound infection, and right When patient performs the operation or checks, since the transformation of patient's posture is easy so that bolster is fallen so that doctors and patients coordinate defective tightness, Influence the rehabilitation of patient.

Chinese patent CN202776819U discloses a kind of lifting hospital bed, including bed body and bed surface, bed body and bed surface It is connected, in the upper surface of bed surface there are one peripheral frame identical with bed surface size, is fastened with canvas face in peripheral frame, the quadrangle of peripheral frame has vertical Directly to lower pillar stand, there is elevating mechanism between column and bed.However, first, although the lifting of bed may be implemented, it can not The lifting for realizing the head of a bed, can not make the upper part of the body of patient tilt, and be not easy to patient's medication etc., inconvenient for use;It secondly, can not Realize the movement of medical bed, it is mobile inconvenient, it has not been convenient to which that medical bed is moved to the position of needs;Finally, lifting is not disclosed Whether device can be fixed bed surface after bed surface to be promoted to suitable height, only has elevating function, has a single function, and use Stability is poor.

For another example Chinese patent CN202397731U discloses general surgical nursing bed comprising bed board, footpost, support plate, storage Object cabinet, pillow of lying, supporting rod, instrument support plate and handrail composition, wherein bed board is connect with footpost, and support plate is connect with bed board, branch Locker is provided on fagging, supporting rod is connect with bed board, and instrument support plate is connect by axis with supporting rod, is provided on bed board It lies pillow and handrail, rises and retires when being nursed to patients of general surgery department easy to operate, it is time saving and energy saving, mitigate the work of medical worker Difficulty.However, itself and can not adjust bed board height and cleaning angle, the use of different height patients, safety can not be adapted to Difference, it is cumbersome, and patients of general surgery department lies on a bed when needing feed, can not tilt bed board, influences patient's feed, uses Inconvenience cannot meet the needs that patients of general surgery department uses

Accordingly, it is desirable to provide a kind of new technical solution solves above-mentioned technical problem.

Invention content

In order to overcome the shortcomings of that prior art, the present invention provide a kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department, energy The problem of effective solution background technology proposes.

The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:

A kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department includes the Collapsible support for being supported bed, it is described can The top braces of retractable support frame are connected with adjustable bed board, and the side of the adjustable bed board is equipped with auxiliary for carrying out first aid The turnable secondary station helped;

The telescoping shoring column shares two both sides for being connected to adjustable bed board, and the telescoping shoring column includes most Bottom is connected with the walking universal wheel for driving whole device to move, and the wheel shaft of the walking universal wheel is connected by shaft coupling There is adjustable lifting frame, is connected with by hinge axis between the adjustable lifting frame and intersects oblique pull beam, the top of the adjustable lifting frame Portion is plugged with load bearing cross beam, and the load bearing cross beam is connected to the bottom of adjustable bed board.

Adjustable bed board includes that the outside fixed bed beam for being mounted on outermost and the inside for being fixed on centre are adjustable bed Plate, the inside is adjustable to be connected between bed board and outside fixed bed beam and is pushed away for adjusting the electronic of relative angle between the two Bar;The head and the tail of the adjustable bed board in inside are mounted on the adjustable platform with shock-absorbing function, the adjustable platform it is upper It is coated with sponge matress, the upper surface of the outside fixed bed beam is vertically installed with the turnable protection with defencive function Column.

The turnable secondary station includes roll-over table for being accommodated in adjustable bed board right edge and for connecting overturning The upper surface of the turnover hinge axis of platform and adjustable bed board, the roll-over table is vertically installed on the inside of bed board with liter The infusion support of the whole function of falling tone, the outer side edges of roll-over table dig the disinfection holding tank for being useful for placing medical apparatus, the overturning The lower surface of platform is equipped with power supply storage battery, and the output end of the power supply storage battery is connected with by conducting wire for electric socket board, described The back side edge of roll-over table is embedded in for electric socket board, the power output end of the power supply storage battery is also associated with for adjustable bed The singlechip control panel that plate is automatically adjusted.

Further, the adjustable lifting frame includes weight bearing foundation made of hollow stainless steel plate, the weight bearing foundation There is rotary drive motor in upper surface, and connecting flange is socketed on the output shaft of the rotary drive motor, the connecting flange The rotary sleeve axis for carrying out rotation and lifting is socketed at the top of the other end.

Further, the rotary sleeve axis includes the outer sleeve of upper and lower ends and the inner sleeve that is connected between outer sleeve, The outer sleeve and inner sleeve junction are provided with mating rotation screw thread, and the outer sleeve at top is connected to the following table of load bearing cross beam Face, and junction is equipped with hinges, and Fixed latches are also associated between the hinges and load bearing cross beam.

Further, the outside fixed bed beam is stainless steel square hollow steel pipe, and the inner surface of outside fixed bed beam is opened It is carved with the movable rail for being mutually clamped with electric pushrod, the electric pushrod includes the push-and-pull driving electricity in the source that is used to provide power Machine is connected with the spring push-rod with compression performance on the output shaft of the driving motor.

Further, the adjustable bed board in the inside includes two pieces of discrete stainless steel bedplate frames, the stainless steel bedplate frame Seam crossing be connected with rotation horizontal axis, the side of the stainless steel bedplate frame is inlaid with motor mounting groove, the motor mounting groove For driving motor to be fixedly mounted, it is also associated between the lower surface of two pieces of stainless steel bedplate frames with good tensile property Adjustable spring.

Further, the adjustable platform includes the lifting driving motor for realizing height adjustment, and the lifting is driven Balanced support plate is connected at the top of the lifting output shaft of dynamic motor, the balanced support plate forms for upper layer and lower layer stainless steel plate, It is also equipped with damping spring between upper and lower plates layer.

Further, the singlechip control panel includes singlechip controller, the spi bus end of the singlechip controller Mouth is connected with the signal processing module for carrying out signal acquisition, and the GPIO signal output ends of singlechip controller, which are connected with, to be used for Drive the action executing module of each motor.

Further, the signal processing module includes the angular transducer being mounted on the adjustable bed board in inside and is mounted on Push and pull driving motor, the speed probe in lifting driving motor output shaft, the angular transducer and speed probe it is defeated Outlet is connected with the digital signal acquiring card for carrying out signal acquisition, the digital signal acquiring card output digit signals to list The SPI input terminals of piece machine control panel.

Further, the action executing module includes for the synchronous reset switch of control circuit break-make and for carrying out The power governor of electric machine operation state adjustment, the power governor are connected to the PWM wave output module of singlechip control panel, The driving end that the synchronous reset switch is connected to push-and-pull driving motor, lifts driving motor, and power governor is answered with synchronous Power amplifier is also associated between bit switch.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:

(1) present invention installs turnover adjustable lifting frame, with rotation by the way that Telescopic support is arranged under load bearing cross beam It is power source to turn driving motor, generates power and the outer sleeve of rotary sleeve axis and inner sleeve is driven to generate relative rotation, and then realize To the adjust automatically of whole height, it is possible thereby to the height of the entire bed bed of adjust automatically, it can be easily by bed in emergency ward Height adjust the equal height to sick bed or operating table, to keep patient posture it is constant in the state of realize move, It to facilitate the secondary injury reduced during being moved to patient, while also effectively reducing and moving operation difficulty, save medical staff Labour;

(2) bed board is adjusted by setting in the present invention, is arranged between the adjustable bed plate in inside and outside fixed bed beam electronic Push rod drives spring push-rod to be moved forward and backward in movable rail, and then realize in two pieces to push and pull driving motor as driving source The corner dimension that side is adjustable between bed board and rotation horizontal axis, automatic realize are laid flat and collapse behaviour to the automatic of the adjustable bed plate in inside Make, it is quick and convenient;Protective fence may be reversed by being installed in the side of bed board, effectively prevent patient sending side when by movement It turns over, and overturning storage can be carried out when not in use, effectively save space;

(3) present invention in stainless steel bedplate frame by installing adjustable platform, to lift driving motor as driving source, The corner dimension for changing balanced support plate and horizontal direction, so that can be with the angle of automatic adjusting bed under non-horizontal environment Degree, to ensure the supine position of severely injured patient, to ensure the validity rescued in time;It can be effective by the way that damping spring is arranged Vibration during buffer height adjustment, will minimize the influence of patient, effective protection patient;

(4) present invention on secondary station may be reversed by installing singlechip control panel, using power supply storage battery as power supply, With the angular transducer and the real-time acquisition operations of speed probe progress in signal processing module, carried out in conjunction with singlechip controller It analyzes and determines, output control instruction to action executing module, the duty ratio by changing power governor is realized to output power Adjustment, and then change motor speed, realize adjustment to current inclination size, form closed loop feedback regulating system, it is anti-interference The strong control accuracy of ability is high.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the positive structure schematic of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is overlooking structure diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is side structure schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of adjustable platform;

Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram that secondary station may be reversed;

Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of singlechip control panel.

Figure label:

1- Telescopic supports;Bed board is adjusted in 2-;Secondary station may be reversed in 3-;

101- walking universal wheels;102- adjustable lifting framves;103- intersects oblique pull beam;104- load bearing cross beams;105- load-bearing bottom Seat;106- rotary drive motors;107- connecting flanges;108- rotary sleeve axis;109- outer sleeves;110- inner sleeves;111- activities Hinge;112- Fixed latches;

Fixed bed beam on the outside of 201-;Adjustable bed board on the inside of 202-;203- electric pushrods;204- adjustable platforms;The seas 205- Continuous mattress;Protective fence may be reversed in 206-;207- movable rails;208- pushes and pulls driving motor;209- spring push-rods;210- stainless steels Bedplate frame;211- rotates horizontal axis;212- motor mounting grooves;213- adjustable springs;214- lifts driving motor;215- balanced supports Plate;216- damping springs;

301- roll-over tables;302- turnover hinge axis;303- infusion supports;304- sterilizes holding tank;305- power supply storage batteries; 306- is for electric socket board;307- singlechip control panels;308- singlechip controllers;309- signal processing modules;310- actions execute Module;311- angular transducers;312- speed probes;313- digital signal acquiring cards;314- synchronous reset switchs;315- work( Rate adjuster;316- power amplifiers.

Specific implementation mode

As shown in Figure 1, the present invention provides a kind of multifunctional medicinal beds for emergency department, including it is used to be supported bed Collapsible support 1, the top braces of the Telescopic support 1 are connected with adjustable bed board 2, the adjustable bed board 2 Side the turnable secondary station 3 for carrying out first aid auxiliary is installed;The Telescopic support 1 is used to support adjustable bed Plate 2, and the height of bed board can be automatically adjusted, the turnable secondary station 3 can assist first aid.

The telescoping shoring column 1 shares four, and two one group of both sides for being connected to adjustable bed board 2 are described to stretch Contracting holder 1 is connected with the walking universal wheel 101 for driving whole device to move, the walking universal wheel 101 including bottommost It can easily drive entire emergency cot to move, convenient for transporting patient, save first-aid personnel's muscle power, accelerate rescue speed.

As shown in figs. 1 and 3, the wheel shaft of the walking universal wheel 101 is connected with adjustable lifting frame 102, institute by shaft coupling It states to be connected with by hinge axis between adjustable lifting frame 102 and intersects oblique pull beam 103, the top grafting of the adjustable lifting frame 102 There are load bearing cross beam 104, the load bearing cross beam 104 to be connected to the bottom of adjustable bed board 2;The intersection oblique pull beam 103 and load-bearing Crossbeam 104 and adjustable lifting frame 102 form stable triangular frame structure, to improve stability and the load-bearing of emergency cot Ability.

Preferably, the adjustable lifting frame 102 includes weight bearing foundation 105 made of hollow stainless steel plate, the load-bearing There is rotary drive motor 106 in the upper surface of pedestal 105, and connecting flange is socketed on the output shaft of the rotary drive motor 106 107, the other end top of the connecting flange 107 is socketed with the rotary sleeve axis 108 for carrying out rotation and lifting;The rotary sleeve The outer sleeve 109 of axis 108 including upper and lower ends and the inner sleeve 110 being connected between outer sleeve 109,109 He of the outer sleeve 110 junction of inner sleeve is provided with mating rotation screw thread, and the outer sleeve 109 at top is connected to the lower surface of load bearing cross beam 104.

It further remarks additionally, the outer sleeve 109 and the junction of load bearing cross beam 104 are equipped with hinges 111, Fixed latches 112 are also associated between the hinges 111 and load bearing cross beam 104, the hinges 111 are in activity When unlocked, the outer sleeve 109 of bottom can around axis rotation, and then can easily by entire adjustable lifting frame 102 and Stowing operation is realized in the lower surface that bottom structure put down or be folded to adjustable bed board 2, is needing to put down in use, will fix Bolt 112 is plugged in the location hole on load bearing cross beam 104, so that it may to realize adjustable lifting frame 102 and adjustable bed board 104 It is relatively fixed, ensures the stability of emergency cot.

After adjustable lifting frame 102 is laid down, whole height can be adjusted according to actual conditions, such as some severes When patient cannot significantly be moved, emergency cot is moved directly to beside operating bed, adjusts rotary drive motor 106, rotation Turn the rotation of 106 output shaft of driving motor, is rotated by 107 synchronous drive rotary sleeve axis 108 of connecting flange, work as rotary drive motor 106 when rotating counterclockwise, and the output shaft of rotary drive motor 106 drives the outer sleeve 109 of rotary sleeve axis 108 to rotate counterclockwise, Inner sleeve 110 is reversely rotated with respect to outer sleeve 109 at this time, is screwed out from outer sleeve 109 is interior, and then improve whole height, by first aid Bed directly adjustment is reduced to the full extent to reduce the mobile range to patient to suffering from as the parallel state of operating bed The damage of person.

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the adjustable bed board 2 includes the outside fixed bed beam 201 mounted on outermost and installation Be fixed on the intermediate adjustable bed board 202 in inside, the inside is adjustable connected between bed board 202 and outside fixed bed beam 201 it is useful In the electric pushrod 203 for adjusting relative angle between the two;The outside fixed bed beam 201 is stainless steel square hollow steel pipe, The inner surface of outside fixed bed beam 201 digs the movable rail 207 for being useful for being clamped with 203 phase of electric pushrod, described electronic to push away Bar 203 includes the push-and-pull driving motor 208 in the source that is used to provide power, and is connected on the output shaft of the push-and-pull driving motor 208 Spring push-rod 209 with compression performance.

It further illustrates, the adjustable bed board 202 in inside includes two pieces of discrete stainless steel bedplate frames 210, described The seam crossing of stainless steel bedplate frame 210 is connected with rotation horizontal axis 211, and the side of the stainless steel bedplate frame 210 is inlaid with motor Mounting groove 212, the motor mounting groove 212 for push-and-pull driving motor 208 to be fixedly mounted, two pieces of stainless steel bedplate frames 210 The adjustable spring 213 with good tensile property is also associated between lower surface.

Generally without using in the case of, entire adjustable bed board 2 is in the receiving state folded, is connected to stainless steel bed The adjustable spring 213 of 210 lower surface of grillage is also at relaxed state, and when needing using bed, electric pushrod 203 is started to work: Push-and-pull driving motor 208 first starts, and motor output shaft extrapolation drives spring push-rod 209 to be displaced outwardly, 209 edge of spring push-rod It movable rail 207 to be displaced outwardly, and then stainless steel bedplate frame 210 is pulled open to both ends until flattening;When needing storage, push away It draws driving motor 208 to recycle spring push-rod 209 toward medial center, just realizes stainless steel bedplate frame 210 around rotation horizontal axis 211 Inside shrinkage operation realizes that the automatic gathering to bed operates.

As shown in Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, the head and the tail of the adjustable bed board in the inside 202 be mounted on shock-absorbing function can Platform 204 is adjusted, the upper surface of the adjustable platform 204 is enclosed with sponge matress 205, can by the way that sponge matress 205 is arranged To prevent patient from generating secondary collision damage, the upper surface of the outside fixed bed beam 201 is vertically installed with defencive function Turnable protective fence 206, the turnable protective fence 206 can rotate around outside fixed bed beam 201, can be turned over when needs Turn protective fence 206 to roll up patient can be effectively prevent to fall during transport, also gives patient certain dependence and support, no It needs to overturn, convenient for storage, saves memory space.

The case where due to different patients, is different, requires difference for the lying position of each patient, gives first aid to initial stage, carried Over-tilting in journey can not only increase the pain of the sick and wounded, and also causing the sick and wounded, sb.'s illness took a turn for the worse, it is easy to give the sick and wounded Cause secondary injury so that the efficiency of rescue is had a greatly reduced quality, especially for the sick and wounded of fracture, internal injury and internal haemorrhage, even Its life security of entail dangers to.Therefore, when rescuing the critical sick and wounded, it is critically important to allow it to keep correct body gesture.For The patient of fracture should keep a kind of position loosened to mitigate the compressing to bone;For the patient of cardiopulmonary arrest, Ying Ping Crouch on hardwood plank bed, avoid neck trunk distort;In addition, the inclination of emergency cot may lead to intravenous tube when intravenous injection In leak into air, bring life danger to the sick and wounded, it is therefore desirable to by adjustable platform 204 to sponge matress 205 according to reality Border situation carries out inclination angle adjust automatically operation.

In the present embodiment, the adjustable platform 204 includes the lifting driving motor 214 for realizing height adjustment, Balanced support plate 215 is connected at the top of the lifting output shaft of the lifting driving motor 214, the balanced support plate 215 is upper Lower two layers of stainless steel plate forms, and damping spring 216 is also equipped between upper and lower plates layer.

As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 5, the turnable secondary station 3 includes the overturning for being accommodated in 2 right edge of adjustable bed board Platform 301 is connected between the roll-over table 301 and adjustable bed board 2 by turnover hinge axis 302, the upper table of the roll-over table 301 Face is vertically installed with the infusion support 303 with lift adjustment function on the inside of bed board, and the outer side edges of roll-over table 301 are dug It is useful for placing the disinfection holding tank 304 of medical apparatus;The roll-over table 301 passes through turnover hinge axis 302 and emergency cot main body It is formed and connection may be reversed, thus roll-over table 301 can be conveniently realized and spun upside down, easily stored so as to realize Operation, effectively saves occupied space, convenient for storage;The infusion support 303 can be used for carrying out hanging infusion bottle and be convenient for infusion, described Disinfection holding tank 304 is used to store medical apparatus and can simply be sterilized, therefore can be using emergency cot as Simple hand Art platform uses.

It further illustrates, the lower surface of the roll-over table 301 is equipped with power supply storage battery 305, the power supply electric power storage The output end in pond 305 is connected with by conducting wire for electric socket board 306, the rear side that roll-over table 301 is embedded in for electric socket board 306 Side, the power output end of the power supply storage battery 305 are also associated with the microcontroller for being automatically adjusted to bed board 2 is adjusted Control panel 307;It is described to be used to be powered to all motors for electric socket board 306, while powering to singlechip control panel 307, It is described to be used to power to other electrical appliances for electric socket board 306, it is easy to use the use of some urgent rescue medical devices.

When needing to carry out angle adjustment, the lifting driving motor 214 of head and the tail is respectively started, when head and the tail lift driving motor When 214 asynchronous action, inclination angle up and down is just will produce, and then change the inclination angle of the balanced support plate 215 at top, to meet difference Inclination angle demand;When ensureing device absolute equilibrium, just realize that head and the tail lift the synchronization action of driving motor 214, different location The startup of lifting driving motor 214 stop transferring internal electronic drive circuit by singlechip control panel 307 and control, realize Closed loop feedback auto-control can realize accurate adjustment, ensure fully synchronized;Since lifting driving motor 214 is moving up and down When will generate larger vibration, therefore add 216 slowing down vibration of damping spring, to ensure that emergency cot is steady, reduce to the wounded's Damage.

As shown in fig. 6, the singlechip control panel 307 includes singlechip controller 308, the singlechip controller 308 Spi bus port be connected with the signal processing module 309 for carrying out signal acquisition, the GPIO letters of singlechip controller 308 Number output end is connected with the action executing module 310 for driving each motor;The singlechip controller 308 is for carrying out letter Number acquisition and analysis, real-time acquisition operations are carried out by signal processing module 309 to the state of current emergency cot.

It should be added that controller is used using Cortex-M3 as the ARM chips of the model LM3S308 of kernel, The advantage of Cortex-M3 is low-power consumption, low cost, high-performance;ARM passes through serial ports receiving sensor signal, each frame data Using 1 start bit, 8 data bit, the transformat of 1 stop bits;On the one hand, since human body is unwise to low-angle inclination angle On the other hand sense in order to reduce the disturbance at equalization point, avoids electric pushrod frequent repeated priming at equalization point, although passing The angle measurement accuracy of sensor is 0.1 °, the threshold value at equalization point is set as ± 1 ° in programmed algorithm, when between emergency cot and horizontal plane When angle is more than ± 1 °, controller sends out instruction control electric pushrod action to driver, and otherwise electric pushrod keeps original shape State.

The signal processing module 309 includes the angular transducer 311 being mounted on the adjustable bed board in inside 202 and is mounted on Push and pull driving motor 208, lifting 214 output shaft of driving motor on speed probe 312, the angular transducer 311 and turn The output end of fast sensor 312 is connected with the digital signal acquiring card 313 for carrying out signal acquisition, the digital signal acquiring Block 313 output digit signals to the SPI input terminals of singlechip control panel 307, the angular transducer 311 is worked as acquiring in real time The angle value of preceding lifting driving motor 214 and balanced support plate 215, while current each electricity is acquired by speed probe 312 The rotating speed size of machine, collected value is by the progress signal acquisition of digital signal acquiring card 307 and after being converted into digital signal It is sent to singlechip control panel 307, the singlechip control panel 307 will compare current inclination value with actual setpoint Compared with if being unsatisfactory for setting value, by the progress motor adjustment of starting operation execution module 310.

The action executing module 310 includes for the synchronous reset switch 314 of control circuit break-make and for carrying out electricity The power governor 315 of machine working condition adjustment, the PWM wave that the power governor 315 is connected to singlechip control panel 307 are defeated Go out module, the driving end that the synchronous reset switch 314 is connected to push-and-pull driving motor 208, lifts driving motor 214, and work( Power amplifier 316 is also associated between rate adjuster 315 and synchronous reset switch 314, the power governor 315 is by monolithic Machine control panel 307 exports PWM wave signal and is driven, by adjusting the duty ratio of PWM wave signal to adjust power governor 315 Output current size, operation is then amplified by power amplifier 316, it is described same to control the working condition of motor Step reset switch 314 can easily be adjusted the on off state of different motors, form closed loop feedback Regulation mechanism.

Such as when needing to realize lifting 214 synchronization action of driving motor of quadrangle, synchronous reset switch 314 exports first Reset signal, controls each lifting driving motor 214 and restores to the original position of minimum limit, and then starting four simultaneously again rises Driving motor 214 is dropped, and identical by the control rotating speed of power governor 315, realizes synchronization action and synchronous start and stop, with Realize the fully synchronized balance quality for ensureing top mechanism.

It should be added that using closed loop feedback control principle, it is based on the principle of " detection error, correction of deviation ", By Control System Design at closed-loop feedback control system, compared with open-loop control system, although closed-loop control system structure is opposite Complexity, but its strong antijamming capability can use precision not high element and device in the case where inputting stated accuracy unanimous circumstances Form the control system of degree of precision.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department, it is characterised in that:It include the collapsible support for being supported bed The top braces of frame (1), the Telescopic support (1) are connected with adjustable bed board (2), the side of the adjustable bed board (2) While being equipped with the turnable secondary station (3) for carrying out first aid auxiliary;
The telescoping shoring column (1) shares two both sides for being connected to adjustable bed board (2), the telescoping shoring column (1) It is connected with the walking universal wheel (101) for driving whole device to move, the wheel of the walking universal wheel (101) including bottommost Axis is connected with adjustable lifting frame (102) by shaft coupling, and intersection is connected with by hinge axis between the adjustable lifting frame (102) Oblique pull beam (103) is plugged with load bearing cross beam (104) at the top of the adjustable lifting frame (102), and the load bearing cross beam (104) is even It is connected on the bottom of adjustable bed board (2);
The adjustable bed board (2) include mounted on outermost outside fixed bed beam (201) and be fixed on centre it is interior Side is adjustable bed board (202) is connected between the adjustable bed board in inside (202) and outside fixed bed beam (201) for adjusting two The electric pushrod (203) of relative angle between person;The head and the tail of the adjustable bed board in inside (202) are mounted on shock-absorbing function Adjustable platform (204), the upper surface of the adjustable platform (204) is enclosed with sponge matress (205), and the outside is fixed The upper surface of bed beam (201) is vertically installed with the turnable protective fence (206) with defencive function;
The turnable secondary station (3) includes the roll-over table (301) for being accommodated in adjustable bed board (2) right edge, described to turn over Turnover hinge axis (302) is connected between turntable (301) and adjustable bed board (2), the upper surface of the roll-over table (301) is close The infusion support (303) with lift adjustment function is vertically installed on the inside of bed board, the outer side edges cutting of roll-over table (301) has The lower surface of disinfection holding tank (304) for placing medical apparatus, the roll-over table (301) is equipped with power supply storage battery (305), the output end of the power supply storage battery (305) is connected with by conducting wire for electric socket board (306), described for electric socket board (306) be embedded in the back side edge of roll-over table (301), the power output end of the power supply storage battery (305) be also associated with for pair The singlechip control panel (307) that adjustable bed board (2) is automatically adjusted.
2. a kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The adjustable lifting Frame (102) includes weight bearing foundation (105) made of hollow stainless steel plate, and the upper surface of the weight bearing foundation (105) has rotation to drive Motor (106) is moved, connecting flange (107), the connecting flange are socketed on the output shaft of the rotary drive motor (106) (107) the rotary sleeve axis (108) for carrying out rotation and lifting is socketed at the top of the other end.
3. a kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The rotary sleeve axis (108) inner sleeve (110) for including the outer sleeve (109) of upper and lower ends and being connected between outer sleeve (109), the outer sleeve (109) and inner sleeve (110) junction is provided with mating rotation screw thread, and the outer sleeve (109) at top is connected to load bearing cross beam (104) lower surface, and junction is equipped with hinges (111), the hinges (111) and load bearing cross beam (104) it Between be also associated with Fixed latches (112).
4. a kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The outside is fixed Bed beam (201) is stainless steel square hollow steel pipe, and the inner surface cutting of outside fixed bed beam (201) is useful for and electric pushrod (203) movable rail (207) being mutually clamped, the electric pushrod (203) include the push-and-pull driving motor in the source that is used to provide power (208), it is connected with the spring push-rod (209) with compression performance on the output shaft of the push-and-pull driving motor (208).
5. a kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inside is adjustable Bed board (202) includes two pieces of discrete stainless steel bedplate frames (210), and the seam crossing of the stainless steel bedplate frame (210) is connected with Horizontal axis (211) is rotated, the side of the stainless steel bedplate frame (201) is inlaid with motor mounting groove (212), the motor mounting groove (212) it is used to that push-and-pull driving motor (208) to be fixedly mounted, is also associated between the lower surface of two pieces of stainless steel bedplate frames (210) Adjustable spring (213) with good tensile property.
6. a kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described adjustable flat Platform (204) includes the lifting driving motor (214) for realizing height adjustment, and the lifting of the lifting driving motor (214) is defeated Balanced support plate (215) is connected at the top of shaft, the balanced support plate (215) forms for upper layer and lower layer stainless steel plate, up and down Damping spring (216) is also equipped between plate layer.
7. a kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The microcontroller control Making sheet (307) includes singlechip controller (308), the spi bus port of the singlechip controller (308) be connected with for into The signal processing module (309) of row signal acquisition, the GPIO signal output ends of singlechip controller (308) are connected with for driving The action executing module (310) of each motor.
8. a kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The signal processing Module (309) include be mounted on the adjustable bed board in inside (202) on angular transducer (311) and mounted on push-and-pull driving motor (208), the speed probe (312) on driving motor (214) output shaft is lifted, the angular transducer (311) and rotating speed pass The output end of sensor (312) is connected with the digital signal acquiring card (313) for carrying out signal acquisition, the digital signal acquiring Block (313) output digit signals to the SPI input terminals of singlechip control panel (307).
9. a kind of multifunctional medicinal bed for emergency department according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The action executes Module (310) includes for the synchronous reset switch (314) of control circuit break-make and for carrying out electric machine operation state adjustment Power governor (315), the power governor (315) are connected to the PWM wave output module of singlechip control panel (307), institute State the driving end that synchronous reset switch (314) is connected to push-and-pull driving motor (208), lifting driving motor (214), and power tune It is also associated with power amplifier (316) between section device (315) and synchronous reset switch (314).
CN201810385575.8A 2018-04-26 2018-04-26 a multi-functional medical bed for emergency department CN108578155B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070124858A1 (en) * 2005-12-05 2007-06-07 Ahlman Scott M Patient single surface system
CN202151251U (en) * 2011-06-15 2012-02-29 冷定刚 Adjustable mosquito net frame structure device
CN205683252U (en) * 2016-05-03 2016-11-16 苏庆朝 A kind of orthopaedics recovery chair
CN206381340U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-08-08 重庆市肿瘤研究所 Operation room transfusion operating desk
CN107496129A (en) * 2017-09-20 2017-12-22 安徽名之工业设计有限公司 A kind of medical bed

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070124858A1 (en) * 2005-12-05 2007-06-07 Ahlman Scott M Patient single surface system
CN202151251U (en) * 2011-06-15 2012-02-29 冷定刚 Adjustable mosquito net frame structure device
CN205683252U (en) * 2016-05-03 2016-11-16 苏庆朝 A kind of orthopaedics recovery chair
CN206381340U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-08-08 重庆市肿瘤研究所 Operation room transfusion operating desk
CN107496129A (en) * 2017-09-20 2017-12-22 安徽名之工业设计有限公司 A kind of medical bed

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