CN108571922A - Flange part size automatic detecting machine - Google Patents

Flange part size automatic detecting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108571922A
CN108571922A CN201810327736.8A CN201810327736A CN108571922A CN 108571922 A CN108571922 A CN 108571922A CN 201810327736 A CN201810327736 A CN 201810327736A CN 108571922 A CN108571922 A CN 108571922A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flange part
clamping jaw
measuring mechanism
bottom plate
measuring
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810327736.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108571922B (en
Inventor
魏克湘
李莺珏
耿晓锋
王琼
杨文献
李学军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xiangtan Yongda Machinery Manufacturing Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Hunan Institute of Engineering
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hunan Institute of Engineering filed Critical Hunan Institute of Engineering
Priority to CN201810327736.8A priority Critical patent/CN108571922B/en
Publication of CN108571922A publication Critical patent/CN108571922A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108571922B publication Critical patent/CN108571922B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical techniques
    • G01B5/08Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical techniques for measuring diameters
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof, where the measuring technique is not covered by the other groups of this subclass, unspecified or not relevant
    • G01B21/02Measuring arrangements or details thereof, where the measuring technique is not covered by the other groups of this subclass, unspecified or not relevant for measuring length, width, or thickness
    • G01B21/08Measuring arrangements or details thereof, where the measuring technique is not covered by the other groups of this subclass, unspecified or not relevant for measuring length, width, or thickness for measuring thickness
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof, where the measuring technique is not covered by the other groups of this subclass, unspecified or not relevant
    • G01B21/10Measuring arrangements or details thereof, where the measuring technique is not covered by the other groups of this subclass, unspecified or not relevant for measuring diameters
    • G01B21/14Measuring arrangements or details thereof, where the measuring technique is not covered by the other groups of this subclass, unspecified or not relevant for measuring diameters internal diameters

Abstract

The invention discloses flange part size automatic detecting machines, including equipment rack and the feeding mechanism being arranged on equipment rack, Material moving device, measuring mechanism, discharging mechanism, flange part to be detected is sent into Material moving device by feeding mechanism one by one, measuring mechanism detects each size of flange part, the flange part that detection finishes is sent to discharging mechanism by Material moving device, and Material moving device and measuring mechanism are between feeding mechanism and discharging mechanism.Feeding mechanism includes conveyer belt, and conveyer belt is equipped with isolated column, end is equipped with delivery sheet and pusher cylinder;Measuring mechanism includes outside diameter measuring mechanism, wall thickness measuring mechanism, internal diameter measuring mechanism and the flange thickness measuring mechanism set gradually along product moving direction to be measured.Present invention detection automation, efficient, measurement result precision is high, product screening is accurate.

Description

Flange part size automatic detecting machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to industrial detection technical fields, and in particular to flange part size automatic detecting machine.
Background technology
Flange is a kind of quite extensive connector of application in industry manufactures, and is applied to the works such as chemical industry, plumbing, oil Journey.Flanged joint has the characteristics that convenient disassembly, intensity height, good seal performance.Required precision of the engineer application to flange size It is higher, for example, for bushing bearing flange, need to control its outer diameter, internal diameter, wall thickness and flange thickness in engineer application Dimensional accuracy, product tolerance range need to be controlled in 0.03~0.1mm, therefore, need to carry out for producing molding flange product The detection of size.Find that the detection mode of the product takes artificial sampling to detect extensively at present by market survey, and now In manufacture production, which has reached producing in serial form, and yield is larger, traditional artificial detection method working efficiency is low, Labor intensity is big, of high cost, and the factors such as the experience of examined personnel, quality, degree of fatigue and resolution ratio influence, and detection is accurate Exactness is relatively low.In addition, there is the detection device of image boundary extraction accessory size in current application, this detection mode is to extraction The context request of image and ambient condition etc. are more demanding, and cost is high.
Invention content
In view of the above-mentioned problems existing in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of detection automation, efficient, surveys Amount result precision is high, product screening is accurate, requires measuring environment low flange part size automatic detecting machine.
To achieve the goals above, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Flange part size automatic detecting machine, including equipment rack and be arranged on equipment rack feeding mechanism, move Expect mechanism, measuring mechanism, discharging mechanism, Material moving device and measuring mechanism are between feeding mechanism and discharging mechanism, pan feeding machine Flange part to be detected is sent into Material moving device by structure one by one, and flange part is sent to measuring mechanism and detected by Material moving device, moves material The flange part that detection finishes is sent to discharging mechanism by mechanism.
Preferably, further include control system, for controlling the feeding mechanism, Material moving device, measuring mechanism and discharging machine The movement of each component of structure.
Preferably, the feeding mechanism includes conveyer belt, and flange part is conveyed by conveyer belt, and conveyer belt is equipped with and is used for The isolated column of isolation flange part, isolated column is stretched by actuator or retraction conveyer belt.
The isolated column includes the No.1 isolated column set gradually along flange part moving direction and No. two isolated columns, and one The distance between number isolated column and No. two isolated columns can at least accommodate a flange part.
No.1 isolated column and No. two isolated columns are connect with No.1 backgauge cylinder and No. two backgauge cylinders respectively, No.1 backgauge gas Cylinder and No. two backgauge cylinders are located at the peripheral side of conveyer belt, drive No.1 isolated column and No. two isolated columns to stretch into or retract respectively Conveyer belt.
It is highly preferred that above-mentioned No.1 isolated column and No. two isolated columns are vertical with conveyer belt, in No.1 backgauge cylinder and No. two Be respectively perpendicular and stretch into or retraction conveyer belt under the drive of backgauge cylinder, at this point, between No.1 isolated column and No. two isolated columns away from From the outer diameter not less than flange part.
The peripheral side of the conveyer belt is equipped with the backgauge photoelectricity for incuding flange part, and the backgauge photoelectricity is located at Between No.1 isolated column and No. two isolated columns.Backgauge photoelectricity is for incuding flange part, when sensing flange part, No.1 gear Expect cylinder and No. two backgauge cylinders respectively by No.1 isolated column and No. two isolated columns stretch into or retraction conveyer belt.
Preferably, the feeding mechanism further includes delivery sheet and pusher cylinder, and delivery sheet and pusher cylinder are set to conveyer belt Discharge end, and be located at conveyer belt both sides, pusher cylinder will shift delivery sheet onto positioned at the flange part of conveyer belt discharging end On.
Preferably, the discharge end of conveyer belt is additionally provided with the pusher photoelectricity for incuding flange part, when pusher optoelectronic induction When to flange part, the flange part of conveyer belt discharging end is pushed into delivery sheet by pusher cylinder.
Both sides are equipped with the guide rod of limitation flange part conveying direction on conveyer belt.
The delivery sheet and Material moving device linking.
The Material moving device includes clamping jaw bottom plate, lifting bottom plate and moves material bottom plate, and clamping jaw bottom plate is set up by rail plate On lifting bottom plate, clamping jaw bottom plate is moved along sliding rail under the effect of external force;Lifting bottom plate is erected at shifting by rail plate Expect on bottom plate, lifting bottom plate is moved along sliding rail under the effect of external force, and clamping jaw bottom plate disposed thereon is driven to move.
The Material moving device further includes moving feed collet pawl, moves feed collet pawl and is set on clamping jaw bottom plate, is arranged on clamping jaw bottom plate multiple Clamping jaw controls cylinder, and each clamping jaw control cylinder is drivingly connected one and moves feed collet pawl.Clamping jaw controls movement of the cylinder by piston rod It drives and moves two of feed collet pawl and grab that bar is opposite or reverse motions, to capture or unclamp flange part.
It lifts bottom plate and is equipped with longitudinal movement cylinder, longitudinal movement cylinder driving clamping jaw bottom plate is conveyed perpendicular to flange part Direction moves back and forth.Vertically move cylinder and drive the movement of clamping jaw bottom plate, to drive clamping jaw on clamping jaw bottom plate control cylinder, with The shifting feed collet pawl of clamping jaw control cylinder connection moves in the same direction.
It moves material bottom plate and is equipped with servo motor, servo motor driving lifting bottom plate is moved back and forth along flange part conveying direction. Servo motor drives lifting bottom plate movement, to drive clamping jaw bottom plate disposed thereon, clamping jaw control cylinder and shifting feed collet pawl same To movement.
It moves material bottom plate and is equipped with lifting cylinder, lifting cylinder driving lifting bottom plate moves up and down, to drive lifting bottom plate, folder Pawl bottom plate, clamping jaw control cylinder and shifting feed collet pawl move up and down.
Described one moves the discharge end of the corresponding feeding mechanism of feed collet pawl linking, will be positioned at the flange zero of the discharge end of feeding mechanism Part is transported to measuring mechanism, remaining moves the corresponding measuring mechanism of feed collet pawl linking or discharging mechanism.
It is highly preferred that described one moves the delivery sheet of the corresponding feeding mechanism of feed collet pawl linking, by the flange on delivery sheet Part is transported to measuring mechanism.The measuring mechanism includes the outside diameter measuring machine set gradually along flange part moving direction Structure, wall thickness measuring mechanism, internal diameter measuring mechanism and flange thickness measuring mechanism.
The outside diameter measuring mechanism includes the outer diameter holder being located on equipment rack and the outer diameter being arranged on outer diameter holder Slide calliper rule and slide calliper rule pusher cylinder are measured, slide calliper rule pusher cylinder drives sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter close or far from flange part.
Preferably, the outside diameter measuring mechanism further includes incuding photoelectricity and drive outer diameter for incuding the outer diameter of flange part The clamping jaw lifting cylinder that slide calliper rule vertically move is measured, may be contained on outer diameter holder.
The station of flange part to be detected is placed in the sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter linking corresponding one, and the station is also corresponding to move material Mechanism.
Preferably, the sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter is connected the shifting feed collet pawl that corresponding station also corresponds to Material moving device.
The wall thickness measuring mechanism includes that the wall thickness holder being located on equipment rack and setting are surveyed in wall thickness holder wall thickness Measure clamping jaw.
Preferably, the end of the wall thickness measuring clamping jaw is equipped with wall thickness measuring head.
The wall thickness measuring head includes measurement head spring, wall thickness measuring thimble and clamping sleeve, and clamping sleeve abuts wall thickness measuring Thimble, measurement head spring are connect with clamping sleeve.Clamping sleeve abuts and compresses wall thickness measuring thimble, keeps wall thickness measuring thimble seamless Ground abuts flange part, and spring exerts a force to clamping sleeve, and clamping sleeve is made to compress wall thickness measuring thimble.
Preferably, the wall thickness measuring mechanism further includes incuding photoelectricity, clamping jaw lifting for incuding the wall thickness of flange part Sliding block and clamping jaw lifting sliding rail, are arranged on wall thickness holder, the clamping jaw lifting slider moved on clamping jaw lifting sliding rail and Drive the movement of wall thickness measuring clamping jaw.When wall thickness incudes optoelectronic induction to flange part, wall thickness measuring mechanism makes corresponding actions.
The station of flange part to be detected is placed in the wall thickness measuring clamping jaw linking corresponding one, and the station is also corresponding to move material Mechanism.
Preferably, the wall thickness measuring clamping jaw is connected the shifting feed collet pawl that corresponding station also corresponds to Material moving device.
The internal diameter measuring mechanism includes the internal diameter holder being located on equipment rack and the internal diameter being arranged on internal diameter holder Measure clamping jaw.
The internal diameter measuring mechanism further includes incuding photoelectricity and laser light barrier plate for incuding the internal diameter of flange part, is all provided with It sets on internal diameter holder.
The internal diameter measures the station that flange part to be detected is placed in clamping jaw linking corresponding one, and the station is also corresponding to move material Mechanism.
Preferably, the internal diameter measurement clamping jaw is connected the shifting feed collet pawl that corresponding station also corresponds to Material moving device.
The flange thickness measuring mechanism includes the thickness holder being located on equipment rack and is arranged on thickness holder Thickness measure head pusher cylinder.
Preferably, the flange thickness measuring mechanism further includes the magnetic switch being arranged on thickness holder.
The station of flange part to be detected is placed in the thickness measure head pusher cylinder linking corresponding one, and the station is also right Answer Material moving device.
Preferably, the thickness measure head pusher cylinder is connected the shifting feed collet that corresponding station also corresponds to Material moving device Pawl.
The Material moving device repeats the flange part of corresponding station being transported to next station.
Preferably, sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter, wall thickness measuring clamping jaw, internal diameter measure clamping jaw and thickness measure head pusher cylinder difference The station of flange part to be detected is placed in linking corresponding one, and each station also corresponds to one and moves feed collet pawl respectively, each to move feed collet pawl It repeats the flange part gripping of corresponding station to next station.
The discharging mechanism includes discharging conveyor belts and removes material cylinder, except material cylinder is set to discharging conveyor belts side.
The flange part that measuring mechanism detection finishes is transported to discharging conveyor belts by the Material moving device.
Preferably, the shifting feed collet claw clip fetch bit corresponding to the corresponding station of thickness measure head pusher cylinder is in thickness measure head Pusher cylinder corresponds to the flange part on station and is sent on conveyer belt.
Preferably, delivery sheet is connected corresponding shifting feed collet claw clip fetch bit in the flange part feeding outside diameter measuring on delivery sheet The corresponding station of slide calliper rule.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Full-automatic, detection efficiency height is realized in detection;Pass through PLC Each mechanism of measuring machine is controlled, measurement result precision is high, and product screening is accurate;Based on manual measurement mode, measuring principle letter It is single, measuring environment condition is required low.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the mappings such as the axis of flange part size automatic detecting machine of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the feeding mechanism of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the Material moving device of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the measuring mechanism of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the wall thickness measuring head of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the discharging mechanism of one embodiment of the invention.
Reference numeral
1, guide rod, 2, flange part, 3, conveyer belt, 4, No.1 backgauge cylinder, 5, No.1 isolated column, 6, backgauge photoelectricity, 7, No. two isolated columns, 8, No. two backgauge cylinders, 9, pusher cylinder, 10, pusher photoelectricity, 11, delivery sheet, 12, clamping jaw control cylinder, 13, cylinder is vertically moved, 14, move feed collet pawl, 15, lifting bottom plate, 16, move material bottom plate, 17, clamping jaw bottom plate, 18, servo motor, 19, sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter, 20, slide calliper rule pusher cylinder, 21, outer diameter incude photoelectricity, 22, clamping jaw lifting cylinder, 23, wall thickness measuring Head, 24, wall thickness measuring clamping jaw, 25, wall thickness incude photoelectricity, 26, clamping jaw lifting slider, 27, clamping jaw lifting sliding rail, 28, internal diameter sense Answer photoelectricity, 29, laser light barrier plate, 30, internal diameter measure clamping jaw, 31, magnetic switch, 32, thickness measure head pusher cylinder, 33 measure Head spring, 34 wall thickness measuring thimbles, 35 clamping sleeves, 36, except material cylinder, 37, discharging conveyor belts.
Specific implementation mode
Flange part size automatic detecting machine provided by the invention is made further in detail, completely with reference to embodiment Explanation.The embodiments described below is exemplary, and is only used for explaining the present invention, and is not considered as limiting the invention.
Flange part size automatic detecting machine, as shown in Figure 1, including equipment rack and what is be arranged on equipment rack enter Expect mechanism, Material moving device, measuring mechanism, discharging mechanism and the control system being electrically connected with above-mentioned each mechanism, feeding mechanism, survey Measuring mechanism and discharging mechanism are arranged in order along flange part moving direction, Material moving device linking parallel with measuring mechanism.It is to be checked It surveys flange part and enters feeding mechanism, the flange part for reaching feeding mechanism end is sent to measuring mechanism by Material moving device gripping Place is sent to discharging mechanism after measuring mechanism completes each dimensional measurement.In above process, the measurement number that measuring mechanism obtains It is stored in real-time report, while control system judges whether each measured value of flange part is qualified, closes according to by control system The product of lattice is collected from the end of the conveyer belt of discharging mechanism, and for underproof product, control system controls discharging mechanism will It ejects conveyer belt.This completes multiple processes such as sift out from pan feeding, measurement, discharging and substandard product.
It is illustrated in figure 2 feeding mechanism structural schematic diagram, conveyer belt 3 is equipped with, is moved along flange part 2 on conveyer belt 3 Direction is equipped with No.1 isolated column 5 and No. two isolated columns 7 successively, the conveyer belt 3 between No.1 isolated column 5 and No. two isolated columns 7 Peripheral side is equipped with backgauge photoelectricity 6, and for backgauge photoelectricity 6 for detecting flange part 2, No.1 isolated column 5 and No. two isolated columns 7 are equal It is vertically arranged with conveyer belt 3, and the distance between No.1 isolated column 5 and No. two isolated columns 7 are slightly larger than the outer diameter of flange part 2, No.1 isolated column 5 and No. two isolated columns 7 are connect with No.1 backgauge cylinder 4 and No. two backgauge cylinders 8 respectively, No.1 backgauge cylinder 4 It is located at the peripheral side of conveyer belt 3, the work that No.1 backgauge cylinder 4 and No. two backgauge cylinders 8 pass through them with No. two backgauge cylinders 8 Stopper rod is respectively by No.1 isolated column 5 and No. two isolated columns 7 extend vertically into or retraction conveyer belt 3.Along 2 moving direction of flange part Conveyer belt 3 end be equipped with delivery sheet 11, pusher cylinder 9 and pusher photoelectricity 10, delivery sheet 11 and pusher cylinder 9 are oppositely arranged Make the piston rod of pusher cylinder 9 that the flange part 2 on 3 end of conveyer belt is pushed into delivery sheet 11, pusher photoelectricity 10 is for detecting Flange part 2.Both sides are additionally provided with guide rod 1 on conveyer belt 3, for being oriented to flange part 2, ensure that flange part 2 moves road Diameter is correct.
The course of work of feeding mechanism is:When measuring machine is stopped, No.1 isolated column 5 and No. two isolated columns 7 do not enter On conveyer belt 3, when startup conveyer belt 3 is transmitted, the piston rod that control system controls No. two backgauge cylinders 8 stretches out, by two Number isolated column 7 is vertically pushing into conveyer belt 3, and flange part 2 is moved with conveyer belt 3, when backgauge photoelectricity 6 detects flange part 2 When, the piston rod that control system controls No.1 backgauge cylinder 4 stretches out, and No.1 isolated column 5 is pushed into conveyer belt 3, at this point, being detected The flange part 2 arrived is located between No.1 isolated column 5 and No. two isolated columns 7.After delay one second, control system controls No. two backgauges The piston rod of cylinder 8 is retracted, and No. two isolated columns 7 is pulled out conveyer belt 3, flange part 2 is kept moving forward.When flange zero When part 2 is transported to 3 end of conveyer belt, pusher photoelectricity 10 detects that flange part 2, control system control the work of pusher cylinder 9 Stopper rod, which stretches out, is pushed into flange part 2 on delivery sheet 11, waits for Material moving device by the gripping of flange part 2 at measuring mechanism.Prolong When two seconds after, the flange part 2 on delivery sheet 11 is removed, at this time control system control No. two backgauge cylinders 8 piston Bar stretches out, and No. two isolated columns 7 are pushed into conveyer belt 3, while the piston rod for controlling No.1 backgauge cylinder 4 is retracted, and No.1 is isolated Column 5 pulls out conveyer belt 3, so repeats the above steps.The distance between No.1 isolated column 5 and No. two isolated columns 7 are slightly larger than flange The outer diameter of part 2, you can accommodate a flange part 2, may be regarded as area in preparation, prepare flange part 2 being sent into delivery sheet 11.Together When, when being conveyed on conveyer belt 3, guide rod 1 is oriented to multiple flange parts 2 to flange part 2, makes flange part conveying direction just Really.The setting of No.1 isolated column 5 and No. two isolated columns 7 can be such that the flange part 2 positioned at conveyer belt 3 is admitted in an orderly manner successively Delivery sheet 11, work step are rigorous controllable.
It is illustrated in figure 3 Material moving device structural schematic diagram, is equipped with clamping jaw bottom plate 17,15 and of lifting bottom plate successively from top to bottom Move material bottom plate 16.Clamping jaw bottom plate 17 by sliding rail be erected at lifting bottom plate 15 on, clamping jaw bottom plate 17 under the effect of external force along Sliding rail moves on lifting bottom plate 15;Lifting bottom plate 15 is erected at by sliding rail on shifting material bottom plate 16, and lifting bottom plate 15 is in external force Under the action of along sliding rail move material bottom plate 16 on move, and drive be located at lifting bottom plate 15 on clamping jaw bottom plate 17 move.Folder Multiple clamping jaw control cylinders 12 are set on pawl bottom plate 17, and clamping jaw controls cylinder 12 and connect with feed collet pawl 14 is moved, and clamping jaw controls cylinder 12 by the movement of piston rod drive two that move feed collet pawl 14 to grab, and bar is opposite or reverse motions, to realize to flange part 2 Crawl or release.It lifts bottom plate 15 and is equipped with longitudinal movement cylinder 13, vertically move cylinder 13 and clamping jaw bottom plate 17 connects, indulge Clamping jaw bottom plate 17 is driven to vertically move by the movement of piston rod to mobile cylinder 13, to drive the clamping jaw on clamping jaw bottom plate 17 Control cylinder 12, the shifting feed collet pawl 14 being connect with clamping jaw control cylinder 12 vertically move, and vertically move arrow institute in direction such as figure Show.It moves material bottom plate 16 and is equipped with servo motor 18, connect with lifting bottom plate 15, servo motor 18 drives lifting bottom plate 15 laterally to move It is dynamic, to drive the clamping jaw bottom plate 17 on lifting bottom plate 15, the clamping jaw control cylinder 12 on clamping jaw bottom plate 17, control gas with clamping jaw 14 transverse shifting of shifting feed collet pawl that cylinder 12 connects.In addition, between lifting bottom plate 15 and shifting material bottom plate 16, there are one lifting cylinders, rise Sending down abnormally ascending cylinder is connected with lifting bottom plate 15, for controlling lifting bottom plate 15, clamping jaw bottom plate 17 and moving vertically moving for feed collet pawl 14.On State the movement that cylinder controls piston rod by control system.To sum up, move feed collet pawl 14 can be realized in three dimensions transverse direction, Longitudinal and vertical direction movement, so as to accurately capture flange part 2.
As shown in figure 4, be measuring mechanism structural schematic diagram, include set gradually along 2 moving direction of flange part it is outer Diameter measuring mechanism, wall thickness measuring mechanism, internal diameter measuring mechanism and flange thickness measuring mechanism.
Outside diameter measuring mechanism includes that the outer diameter holder being located on equipment rack and the outer diameter being arranged on outer diameter holder are surveyed Measure slide calliper rule 19, slide calliper rule pusher cylinder 20, outer diameter induction photoelectricity 21 and clamping jaw lifting cylinder 22.Sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter 19 and slide calliper rule push away Cylinder 20 of taking offence connects, and slide calliper rule pusher cylinder 20 drives sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter 19 to move, to realize to 2 clamping of flange part and survey Amount is unclamped, and outer diameter induction photoelectricity 21 detects after flange part 2 through control system control card for detecting flange part 2 The movement of ruler pusher cylinder 20.Clamping jaw lifting cylinder 22 is connected with sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter 19, for controlling sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter 19 Vertical movement, to adapt to various sizes of flange part 2.
Wall thickness measuring mechanism includes that the wall thickness holder being located on equipment rack and the wall thickness being arranged on wall thickness holder are surveyed Measure head 23, wall thickness measuring clamping jaw 24, wall thickness induction photoelectricity 25, clamping jaw lifting slider 26 and clamping jaw lifting sliding rail 27.Fig. 5 is wall thickness Measurement head structural schematic diagram, including measurement head spring 33, wall thickness measuring thimble 34 and clamping sleeve 35, clamping sleeve 35 abut wall thickness and survey Thimble 34 is measured, measurement head spring 33 is connect with clamping sleeve 35.When measurement, inside measurement head 23 and outside measurement head distinguish fixation Blue internal diameter and outer diameter, the wall thickness measuring thimble 34 of measurement head 23 withstands the inside and outside wall surface of flange part 2, due to measurement head spring 33 and clamping sleeve 35 to the pressuring action of wall thickness measuring thimble 34, can more steadily mounting flange part 2 and work can not be deviateed Position, you can to accurately measure the practical wall thickness of flange part 2.In other thimble measurement forms, due to moving feed collet pawl 14 method Blue part 2 is sent to when measuring station it is possible that deviating, and the situation of flange part wall thickness measuring inaccuracy often occurs, the present invention Above-mentioned wall thickness measuring mechanism overcome the above problem well.Wall thickness induction photoelectricity 25 is for detecting flange part 2, clamping jaw liter Drop sliding block 26 and clamping jaw lifting sliding rail 27 are used to control the vertical movement of wall thickness measuring head 23 and wall thickness measuring clamping jaw 24, to adapt to The wall thickness measuring of different size flange parts 2.
Internal diameter measuring mechanism includes that the internal diameter holder being located on equipment rack and the internal diameter being arranged on internal diameter holder are surveyed Clamping jaw 30, internal diameter induction photoelectricity 28 and laser light barrier plate 29 are measured, identical with the principle of outside diameter measuring mechanism, internal diameter incudes photoelectricity 28 For detecting flange part 2, the apical grafting that clamping jaw 30 is measured by internal diameter carries out dimensional measurement.
Flange thickness measuring mechanism includes the thickness holder being located on equipment rack and the magnetic being arranged on thickness holder Property switch 31 and thickness measure head pusher cylinder 32.Magnetic switch 31 be used for control thickness measure head pusher cylinder 32 startup and Stop, control thickness measure head pusher cylinder 32 pushes the movement of measurement head, and thickness measure is carried out to flange part 2.
Above-mentioned each induction photoelectricity is used to induction flange part 2 and is opened by control system when sensing flange part 2 Each measuring mechanism is moved to measure flange part 2.Outside diameter measuring mechanism, internal diameter measuring mechanism and flange thickness measuring mechanism All it is to copy manual measurement mode, the internal diameter, outer diameter and flange thickness of flange part is measured by each measured material.Measuring machine Each dimension data after structure measures flange part 2 is stored temporarily in control system.
Discharging mechanism structural schematic diagram is illustrated in figure 6, including discharging conveyor belts 37 and except material cylinder 36, except material cylinder 36 Set on 37 side of discharging conveyor belts.Control system judges 2 each dimension data of flange part after measurement, is judged as qualification Flange part be transported in charging carriage by discharging conveyor belts 37, be judged as underproof flange part reach except material cylinder When 36, discharging conveyor belts 37 are released except material cylinder 36.
The sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter 19, wall thickness measuring clamping jaw 24, internal diameter measure clamping jaw 30 and thickness measure head pusher cylinder 32 are connected a corresponding station respectively, and the station also corresponds to one and move respectively for placing flange part 2 to be detected, each station Feed collet pawl 14, delivery sheet 11 are also connected corresponding one and move feed collet pawl 14.
Start longitudinal movement cylinder 13, servo motor 18 and lifting cylinder, adjustment clamping jaw bottom plate 17, clamping jaw control cylinder 12 With the position for moving feed collet pawl 14, the corresponding feed collet pawl 14 that moves of delivery sheet 11 is made to be directed at the flange part 2 being located on delivery sheet 11.School Level postpones, and the corresponding feed collet pawl 14 that moves of delivery sheet 11 grips the feeding outside diameter measuring card of flange part 2 being located on delivery sheet 11 On 19 corresponding station of ruler, then the shifting feed collet pawl 14 returns on 11 corresponding station of delivery sheet, and flange part 2 is surveyed in outer diameter After receiving outer diameter detection on amount 19 corresponding station of slide calliper rule, sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter 19 corresponds to shifting feed collet corresponding on station Pawl 14 grips flange part 2 and send to next stage, i.e., wall thickness detection is carried out on the corresponding station of wall thickness measuring clamping jaw (24), same with this When, the corresponding feed collet pawl 14 that moves of delivery sheet 11 grips the feeding sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter of another flange part 2 being located on delivery sheet 11 On 19 corresponding stations, in this way, flange part 2 is transmitted and is detected backward successively, until completing the detection and screening to product. Each mechanism of measuring machine of the present invention realizes power automation, detects accurate, efficiency from entering to expect that system controls in order to control for discharging It is high.
It is it is necessary to described herein finally:Above example is served only for making technical scheme of the present invention further detailed Ground illustrates, should not be understood as limiting the scope of the invention, those skilled in the art's the above according to the present invention Some the nonessential modifications and adaptations made all belong to the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. flange part size automatic detecting machine, which is characterized in that including equipment rack and what is be arranged on equipment rack enter Expect mechanism, Material moving device, measuring mechanism, discharging mechanism, Material moving device and measuring mechanism be located at feeding mechanism and discharging mechanism it Between, flange part (2) to be detected is sent into Material moving device by feeding mechanism one by one, and Material moving device send flange part (2) to survey Measuring mechanism detects, and the flange part (2) that detection finishes is sent to discharging mechanism by Material moving device.
2. flange part size automatic detecting machine as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The feeding mechanism includes conveying Band (3), flange part (2) are conveyed by conveyer belt (3), and conveyer belt (3) is equipped with the isolation for isolation flange part (2) Column, isolated column is stretched by actuator or retraction conveyer belt (3).
3. flange part size automatic detecting machine as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The Material moving device includes clamping jaw Bottom plate (17), lifting bottom plate (15) and shifting material bottom plate (16), the clamping jaw bottom plate (17) are erected at lifting bottom by rail plate On plate (15), the lifting bottom plate (15) is erected at by rail plate on shifting material bottom plate (16).
4. flange part size automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The Material moving device further includes moving Feed collet pawl (14) moves feed collet pawl (14) and is set on clamping jaw bottom plate (17), and multiple clamping jaw control cylinders are arranged on clamping jaw bottom plate (17) (12), each clamping jaw control cylinder (12) is drivingly connected one and moves feed collet pawl (14).
5. flange part size automatic detecting machine as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The measuring mechanism include along Outside diameter measuring mechanism, wall thickness measuring mechanism, internal diameter measuring mechanism and the flange thickness that flange part (2) moving direction is set gradually Measuring mechanism.
6. flange part size automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The outside diameter measuring mechanism includes Outer diameter holder on equipment rack and the sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter (19) being arranged on outer diameter holder and slide calliper rule pusher cylinder (20), slide calliper rule pusher cylinder (20) driving sliding calliper for measuring outer diameter (19) is close or far from flange part (2).
7. flange part size automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The wall thickness measuring mechanism includes Wall thickness holder on equipment rack and the wall thickness measuring clamping jaw (24) being arranged on wall thickness holder.
8. flange part size automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The internal diameter measuring mechanism includes Internal diameter holder on equipment rack measures clamping jaw (30) with the internal diameter being arranged on internal diameter holder.
9. flange part size automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The flange thickness measuring mechanism The thickness measure head pusher cylinder (32) for including the thickness holder on equipment rack and being arranged on thickness holder.
10. flange part size automatic detecting machine as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The discharging mechanism includes Expect conveyer belt (37) and except material cylinder (36), removes material cylinder (36) and be set to discharging conveyor belts (37) side.
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CN109990753A (en) * 2019-03-22 2019-07-09 广州优尼精密有限公司 A kind of self-operated measuring unit
CN110779421A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-02-11 四川衡信公路工程试验检测有限公司 Detection device and detection method for steel bar size
CN111168166A (en) * 2020-02-13 2020-05-19 常州工学院 Automatic core part inspection and wire return processing equipment
CN112344898A (en) * 2019-08-09 2021-02-09 任形彬 Three-dimensional automatic measuring system for stator core
CN112362021A (en) * 2020-10-15 2021-02-12 中船重工鹏力(南京)智能装备系统有限公司 Device for detecting perpendicularity and height of eccentric pin of automobile air-conditioning compressor
CN112880613A (en) * 2021-01-15 2021-06-01 珠海市南特金属科技股份有限公司 Flange detection all-in-one machine
CN115156085A (en) * 2022-06-15 2022-10-11 浙江屹立机器人科技有限公司 High-precision outer diameter automatic detection machine
CN115265312A (en) * 2022-09-23 2022-11-01 儒克生物科技常州有限公司 Pipettor detection equipment and use method thereof

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CN109990753A (en) * 2019-03-22 2019-07-09 广州优尼精密有限公司 A kind of self-operated measuring unit
CN112344898A (en) * 2019-08-09 2021-02-09 任形彬 Three-dimensional automatic measuring system for stator core
CN112344898B (en) * 2019-08-09 2022-03-04 任亨彬 Three-dimensional automatic measuring system for stator core
CN110779421A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-02-11 四川衡信公路工程试验检测有限公司 Detection device and detection method for steel bar size
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CN115156085A (en) * 2022-06-15 2022-10-11 浙江屹立机器人科技有限公司 High-precision outer diameter automatic detection machine
CN115265312A (en) * 2022-09-23 2022-11-01 儒克生物科技常州有限公司 Pipettor detection equipment and use method thereof

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