CN108558064A - A kind of efficient water ecological purification system and its purification method - Google Patents

A kind of efficient water ecological purification system and its purification method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108558064A
CN108558064A CN201810286837.5A CN201810286837A CN108558064A CN 108558064 A CN108558064 A CN 108558064A CN 201810286837 A CN201810286837 A CN 201810286837A CN 108558064 A CN108558064 A CN 108558064A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
drainage ditch
pond
inlet channel
ecological purification
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810286837.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄厅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Foshan Happy Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Foshan Happy Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810286837.5A priority Critical patent/CN108558064A/en
Publication of CN108558064A publication Critical patent/CN108558064A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F2001/007Processes including a sedimentation step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of efficient water ecological purification systems,It is related to water treatment system,Including aquaculture pond,Inlet channel,Drainage ditch and ecological purification pond,Aquaculture pond is connected to by inlet channel with ecological purification pond,Aquaculture pond is also connected to by drainage ditch with ecological purification pond,Drainage ditch,Ecological purification pond and inlet channel three form external circulating system,The sidewall slope of the drainage ditch is arranged,Mirror image is equipped with Vegetative Filter Strips on the two side of drainage ditch,Filter screen is equipped in drainage ditch,Extending direction of the filter screen perpendicular to drainage ditch,Ecological purification pond is by sedimentation basin,Filtering ponds and clarifier-tank composition,Filtering ponds are between sedimentation basin and clarifier-tank,The present invention carries out purified treatment by way of carrying out by-pass filtration to water body and precipitating secondary filtration purification to the water body in aquaculture pond,Improve the quality of water body in aquaculture pond,Be conducive to the ecological balance in aquaculture pond,And cost is relatively low,The purification cost of water body is saved.

Description

A kind of efficient water ecological purification system and its purification method
Technical field
The present invention relates to water treatment systems, and in particular to a kind of efficient water ecological purification system and its purification method.
Background technology:
China is aquaculture big country, 3412.82 ten thousand tons of aquaculture production in 2008, and national aquaculture in 2008 is total Area is 654.99 ten thousand hectares, wherein about 249.55 ten thousand hectares of pond and industrial aquaculture area, 600.87 ten thousand tons of yield;Factory Change nearly 30,000,000 cubes of cultivation, 21.69 ten thousand tons of yield.It is the important cultivation in China that the common eel and prawn of intensive culture kind, which become, Kind and export-oriented commodity.For common eel cultivation, national 20.53 ten thousand tons of cultured output in 2008, and our province yield about 9.5 Ten thousand tons.For Penaeus Vannmei, national seawater yield is more than 720,000 tons, fresh water yield is more than 520,000 tons, and our province sea water and fresh water More than 50,000 tons of yield.But existing aquaculture pattern, due to water pass through circulating filtration, decontamination, decontamination, ecology at Reason, water quality are easy to deteriorate, it has to change water by largely arranging and control breeding ecological, cause the play of breeding environment is anxious to change, easily It generates and stress, disease occur.Because of disease medication, not only cost increase, and also cultured product easy tos produce medicament residue.Medication and Largely change water, also bring environmental pollution problem, the culture zone water quality condition having at present causes anxiety, it is as also often residual because of medicine such as common eel the problems such as Outlet is set to be hit repeatly, economic loss is heavy;The development of shrimp farming is same, becomes into international market and is difficult to the door crossed Sill seriously constrain the development of industry.With the development of society, requiring the utilization of resources, food security and health environment-friendly more next It is higher, water resource shortage and pollute oneself constitute a threat to, with center advocate to establish conservation-minded society, development cycle warp Ji, the Scientific Outlook on Development realize that the sustainable development of national economy is adapted.It studies, using advanced cultural technique and equipment, hair It opens up energy-saving and emission-reducing and recycles healthy aquaculture pattern, change traditional culture fishery, raising fish quality is horizontal, meaning It is great.
Currently, many experts study a variety of circulating water cultivation modes, changes some original cultivation structures, increase outer power (water pump) realizes recirculated water filtering, concentration blowdown etc., some effects is achieved, as Shaoguan City of Guangdong Province power Ran's agricultural science and technology is limited " the nuisanceless industrial circulating water aquiculture technology in Europe " that company introduces, 25 mu of Demonstration Base, inject capital into 32,000,000 people People's coin, circulation take up an area 1919, and water surface for aquaculture 2628 cultivates Anguilla marmorata, can produce 200 tons of fish, and every square of production fish 76.1 is public Jin, but cultivate recirculated water power consumption 0.33KW/ hours per ton, it is also larger (changing water about 3%) per daily consumption of water.Fujian Province's fresh water aquatic products The units such as research institute have carried out the circulating water cultivations model study such as Tu Chi, cement pit, because cost is high, operating cost and cultivation at Originally higher etc., it is difficult to meet the needs of Modern Fishery industry development.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of efficient water ecological purification system and its purification methods, to solve existing skill Caused the above-mentioned defects in art.
A kind of efficient water ecological purification system, including aquaculture pond, inlet channel, drainage ditch and ecological purification pond, inlet channel Aquaculture pond is connected to ecological purification pond, aquaculture pond is also connected to by drainage ditch with ecological purification pond, drainage ditch, ecological purification pond and Inlet channel three forms external circulating system, and the sidewall slope of the drainage ditch is arranged, and mirror image is set on the two side of the drainage ditch There are Vegetative Filter Strips, is equipped with filter screen in the drainage ditch, filter screen is perpendicular to the extending direction of drainage ditch, the ecological purification Pond is made of sedimentation basin, filtering ponds and clarifier-tank, filtering ponds between sedimentation basin and clarifier-tank, and filtering ponds respectively with precipitation Pond and clarifier-tank are connected to by pipeline, and the inlet channel is connected to sedimentation basin, and the drainage ditch is connected to clarifier-tank.
Preferably, the filter screen is woven by woven wire, is equipped with successively along the extending direction of inlet channel multiple Filter screen, and the size of the filter eye on filter screen is sequentially reduced.
Preferably, angle is 45 ° -60 ° between the drainage ditch side wall and horizontal plane.
Preferably, the pipeline between the sedimentation basin and filtering ponds is equipped with solenoid valve.
It is a kind of according to efficient water ecological purification method, include the following steps:
Step 1:Water body in aquaculture pond is pressed by water pump in inlet channel, water body carries out level-one mistake via inlet channel It is flowed into sedimentation basin after filter, and carries out chemical settling in sedimentation basin;
Step 2:Solenoid valve is opened, the liquid on upper layer in sedimentation basin is discharged into filtering ponds, and is arranged from the bottom end of filtering ponds Enter, carries out secondary filtration filtration treatment via filtering ponds, and flow into clarifier-tank immediately;
Step 3:The water body for flowing into clarifier-tank is handled by drug purification, and is arranged purified water body by compression pump Enter inlet channel, purified water body enters via inlet channel in aquaculture pond.
The present invention to water body by way of carrying out by-pass filtration-precipitation-secondary filtration-purification to the water body in aquaculture pond Purified treatment is carried out, the quality of water body in aquaculture pond is improved, is conducive to the ecological balance in aquaculture pond, and cost is relatively low, is saved The about purification cost of water body.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of drainage ditch.
Wherein:1-aquaculture pond, 2- water pumps, 3- drainage ditch, 4- Vegetative Filter Strips, 5- filter screens, 6- sedimentation basins, 7- electromagnetism Valve, 8- filtering ponds, 9- clarifier-tanks, 10- compression pumps, 11- inlet channels.
Specific implementation mode
To make the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention be easy to understand, with reference to Specific implementation mode, the present invention is further explained.
Embodiment one
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of efficient water ecological purification system, including aquaculture pond 1, inlet channel 11, drainage ditch 3 With ecological purification pond, aquaculture pond 1 is connected to by inlet channel 11 with ecological purification pond, and drainage ditch 3 is also by aquaculture pond 1 and ecological purification pond Connection, drainage ditch 3, ecological purification pond and 11 three of inlet channel form external circulating system, and the sidewall slope of the drainage ditch 3 is set It sets, mirror image is equipped with Vegetative Filter Strips 4 on the two side of the drainage ditch 3, and filter screen 5, filter screen 5 are equipped in the drainage ditch 11 Perpendicular to the extending direction of drainage ditch 11, the ecological purification pond is made of sedimentation basin 6, filtering ponds 8 and clarifier-tank 9, filtering ponds Position 8 is between sedimentation basin 6 and clarifier-tank 9, and filtering ponds 8 are connected to sedimentation basin 6 and clarifier-tank 9 by pipeline respectively, described Inlet channel 11 is connected to sedimentation basin 6, and the drainage ditch 3 is connected to clarifier-tank 9.
In the present embodiment, the filter screen 5 is woven by woven wire, along inlet channel 11 extending direction successively The size of filter eye equipped with multiple filter screens 5, and on filter screen is sequentially reduced, and filter screen 5 is used for the algae to being entrained in water body Class is collected so that algae rests on filter screen 5, for carrying out by-pass filtration to water body.
In the present embodiment, angle is 45 ° between 3 side wall of the drainage ditch and horizontal plane.
In the present embodiment, the pipeline between the sedimentation basin 6 and filtering ponds 8 is equipped with solenoid valve 7, utilizes solenoid valve 7 To control the connected state between sedimentation basin 6 and filtering ponds 8.
Embodiment two
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of efficient water ecological purification system, including aquaculture pond 1, inlet channel 11, drainage ditch 3 With ecological purification pond, aquaculture pond 1 is connected to by inlet channel 11 with ecological purification pond, and drainage ditch 3 is also by aquaculture pond 1 and ecological purification pond Connection, drainage ditch 3, ecological purification pond and 11 three of inlet channel form external circulating system, and the sidewall slope of the drainage ditch 3 is set It sets, mirror image is equipped with Vegetative Filter Strips 4 on the two side of the drainage ditch 3, and filter screen 5, filter screen 5 are equipped in the drainage ditch 11 Perpendicular to the extending direction of drainage ditch 11, the ecological purification pond is made of sedimentation basin 6, filtering ponds 8 and clarifier-tank 9, filtering ponds Position 8 is between sedimentation basin 6 and clarifier-tank 9, and filtering ponds 8 are connected to sedimentation basin 6 and clarifier-tank 9 by pipeline respectively, described Inlet channel 11 is connected to sedimentation basin 6, and the drainage ditch 3 is connected to clarifier-tank 9.
In the present embodiment, the filter screen 5 is woven by woven wire, along inlet channel 11 extending direction successively The size of filter eye equipped with multiple filter screens 5, and on filter screen is sequentially reduced, and filter screen 5 is used for the algae to being entrained in water body Class is collected so that algae rests on filter screen 5, for carrying out by-pass filtration to water body.
In the present embodiment, angle is 45 ° between 3 side wall of the drainage ditch and horizontal plane.
In the present embodiment, the pipeline between the sedimentation basin 6 and filtering ponds 8 is equipped with solenoid valve 7, utilizes solenoid valve 7 To control the connected state between sedimentation basin 6 and filtering ponds 8.
It is a kind of according to efficient water ecological purification method, include the following steps:
Step 1:Water body in aquaculture pond 1 is pressed by water pump 2 in inlet channel 11, water body is carried out via inlet channel 11 It is flowed into sedimentation basin 6 after by-pass filtration, and carries out chemical settling in sedimentation basin 6;
Step 2:Solenoid valve is opened, the liquid on upper layer in sedimentation basin 6 is discharged into filtering ponds 8, and from the bottom of filtering ponds 8 End is discharged into, and carries out secondary filtration filtration treatment via filtering ponds 8, and flow into clarifier-tank 9 immediately;
Step 3:The water body of clarifier-tank 9 is flowed by drug purification processing, and by compression pump 10 by purified water body It is discharged into inlet channel 11, purified water body enters via inlet channel 11 in aquaculture pond 1.
The present invention to water body by way of carrying out by-pass filtration-precipitation-secondary filtration-purification to the water body in aquaculture pond Purified treatment is carried out, the quality of water body in aquaculture pond is improved, is conducive to the ecological balance in aquaculture pond, and cost is relatively low, is saved The about purification cost of water body.
As known by the technical knowledge, the present invention can pass through the embodiment party of other essence without departing from its spirit or essential feature Case is realized.Therefore, embodiment disclosed above, all things considered are all merely illustrative, not the only.Institute Have within the scope of the present invention or is included in the invention in the change being equal in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of efficient water ecological purification system, which is characterized in that including aquaculture pond (1), inlet channel (11), drainage ditch (3) With ecological purification pond, aquaculture pond (1) is connected to by inlet channel (11) with ecological purification pond, drainage ditch (11) also by aquaculture pond (1) and Ecological purification pond is connected to, and drainage ditch (11), ecological purification pond and inlet channel (11) three form external circulating system, the drainage ditch (11) sidewall slope is arranged, and mirror image is equipped with Vegetative Filter Strips (4), the drainage ditch (3) on the two side of the drainage ditch (3) It is interior be equipped with filter screen (5), filter screen (5) perpendicular to drainage ditch (3) extending direction, the ecological purification pond by sedimentation basin (6), Filtering ponds (8) and clarifier-tank (9) composition, filtering ponds (8) are located between sedimentation basin (6) and clarifier-tank (9), and filtering ponds (8) point It is not connected to by pipeline with sedimentation basin (6) and clarifier-tank (9), the inlet channel (11) is connected to sedimentation basin (6), the draining Canal (11) is connected to clarifier-tank (9).
2. a kind of efficient water ecological purification system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The filter screen (5) by Woven wire weaves, and is equipped with multiple filter screens (5) successively along the extending direction of inlet channel (11), and on filter screen (5) The size of filter eye be sequentially reduced.
3. a kind of efficient water ecological purification system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Drainage ditch (3) side Angle is 45 ° -60 ° between wall and horizontal plane.
4. a kind of efficient water ecological purification system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sedimentation basin (6) with Pipeline between filtering ponds (8) is equipped with solenoid valve (7).
5. a kind of efficient water ecological purification method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
Step 1:Water body in aquaculture pond (1) is pressed by water pump (2) in inlet channel (11), water body is via inlet channel (11) It is flowed into sedimentation basin (6) after carrying out by-pass filtration, and carries out chemical settling in sedimentation basin (6);
Step 2:Solenoid valve (7) is opened, the liquid on sedimentation basin (6) interior upper layer is discharged into filtering ponds (8), and from filtering ponds (8) Bottom end be discharged into, via filtering ponds (8) carry out secondary filtration filtration treatment, and immediately flow into clarifier-tank (9);
Step 3:The water body of clarifier-tank (9) is flowed by drug purification processing, and by compression pump (10) by purified water body It is discharged into inlet channel (11), purified water body enters via inlet channel (11) in aquaculture pond (1).
CN201810286837.5A 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 A kind of efficient water ecological purification system and its purification method Pending CN108558064A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109496956A (en) * 2019-01-08 2019-03-22 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 A kind of stick flower breed in stew system maintaining water quality

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CN101705672A (en) * 2009-11-18 2010-05-12 武汉大学 Method for designing ecological pollution reducing drainage channel
CN103102014A (en) * 2011-11-11 2013-05-15 江苏美尚生态景观股份有限公司 Method of protecting water quality by using ecological ditches
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109496956A (en) * 2019-01-08 2019-03-22 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 A kind of stick flower breed in stew system maintaining water quality

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