CN108555016B - Crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine - Google Patents

Crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108555016B
CN108555016B CN201810478138.0A CN201810478138A CN108555016B CN 108555016 B CN108555016 B CN 108555016B CN 201810478138 A CN201810478138 A CN 201810478138A CN 108555016 B CN108555016 B CN 108555016B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
batching
stirring
plate
crawler
scraping roller
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CN201810478138.0A
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CN108555016A (en
Inventor
张宏磊
刘志强
刘建泳
陈仁涛
刘军
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Shandong Santian Linqu Petroleum Machinery Co ltd
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Shandong Santian Linqu Petroleum Machinery Co ltd
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Priority to CN201810478138.0A priority Critical patent/CN108555016B/en
Publication of CN108555016A publication Critical patent/CN108555016A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09CRECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09C1/00Reclamation of contaminated soil
    • B09C1/08Reclamation of contaminated soil chemically
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09CRECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09C2101/00In situ

Abstract

The invention discloses a crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine which comprises a soil feeding and conveying unit, a medicament batching unit, a crushing, mixing and stirring unit, a soil discharging and conveying unit and a power and control unit which are arranged on a crawler chassis; the soil feeding and conveying unit comprises a chain plate conveyor and a soil hopper above the chain plate conveyor; the medicament batching unit is positioned above the chain plate conveyor and comprises a medicament hopper and a batching machine below the medicament hopper; the crushing and mixing unit comprises a crusher positioned at the discharge end of the chain plate conveyor, and the crusher comprises a tooth scraping roller and a crushing and mixing roller positioned below the tooth scraping roller; the soil discharging and conveying unit comprises a belt conveyor, wherein the belt conveyor comprises a horizontal section positioned below the crusher and an inclined section positioned in front of the crawler chassis; the crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine provided by the invention effectively prevents the phenomena of locked rotor and blockage, and has the advantages of good site walking performance and working stability, high equipment operation reliability, and good field operation adaptability and safety.

Description

Crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of polluted soil improvement and restoration equipment, in particular to a crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine.
Background
In the technology for improving and repairing polluted soil in China, the main working procedure is to screen excavated soil, crush the blocks in the soil, add medicaments for mixing and stirring, so that soil particles can be fully contacted with the medicaments to achieve the aim of improving and repairing the soil. In the construction process at the present stage, after bricks, stones and construction wastes are screened and removed from the excavated soil, the excavated soil is treated by a series of fixed equipment such as a crusher, a proportioning machine, a stirrer and a conveyor, and the treatment mode needs to occupy an open construction site, and the excavated soil needs to be transported to a treatment site by using a loading vehicle or a transport vehicle, so that the production cost is additionally increased.
The patent number 201410024865.1 issued by the Uygur autonomous Utility (Shanghai) limited company is a soil crushing and repairing integrated machine, and is put into production for use (garbage mountain treatment), so that the problems are solved well, and the following defects still exist: 1. due to the limitation of the structure, the wheel chassis is adopted, so that the on-site walking performance is poor, and the working stability is poor; 2. the working power adopts a motor, so that the adaptability and the safety of field operation are poor; 3. the screw feeder is adopted in first-stage soil transportation, the efficiency is low, the screw feeder is easy to block, the service life of parts is low, equipment is easy to fail, and the use effect is not ideal.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, the technical problems to be solved by the present invention are: the crawler-type soil improvement and restoration all-in-one machine is good in working stability and ideal in use effect.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows: the crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine comprises a crawler chassis, wherein a soil feeding and conveying unit, a medicament batching unit, a crushing and mixing unit, a soil discharging and conveying unit and a power and control unit are arranged on the crawler chassis;
the soil feeding and conveying unit comprises a chain plate conveyor, and a soil hopper is arranged above the feeding end of the chain plate conveyor;
the medicament batching unit is positioned above the chain plate conveyor and comprises a medicament hopper and a batching machine positioned below the medicament hopper;
the crushing mixing stirring unit comprises a crusher, wherein the crusher is positioned at the discharge end of the chain plate conveyor, and the crusher comprises a shell, a tooth scraping roller arranged in the shell and a crushing stirring roller positioned below the tooth scraping roller;
the soil discharging and conveying unit comprises a belt conveyor, the belt conveyor comprises a horizontal section and an inclined section, the horizontal section is located below the crusher, and the inclined section is located in front of the crawler chassis.
The following are a number of further improvements to the tracked soil improvement and remediation integrated machine of the present invention:
wherein the medicament hopper comprises a detachable main medicament hopper and an auxiliary medicament hopper; the batching machine comprises a disc batching machine positioned below the main medicament hopper and a spiral batching machine positioned outside the auxiliary medicament hopper.
Wherein, the disc batching machine includes: the stirring device is connected with the sleeve shaft, and the stirring device is connected with the mandrel;
the inner cavity of the shell is provided with a feeding plate, a discharging plate positioned below the feeding plate and the batching device positioned between the feeding plate and the discharging plate; the feeding plate is provided with a feeding hole, and the discharging plate is provided with a discharging hole; the batching device comprises a batching power device, a batching transmission mechanism and a batching tray;
the sleeve shaft penetrates through the feeding plate, the batching tray and the discharging plate, the upper end of the sleeve shaft extends out of the feeding plate, and the lower end of the sleeve shaft extends out of the discharging plate;
the batching tray comprises an inner ring, an outer ring and a radial plate fixedly connected between the inner ring and the outer ring, and the inner ring is fixedly arranged on the sleeve shaft;
the batching power device comprises a vertically arranged batching hydraulic motor;
the batching drive mechanism comprises a batching pinion arranged on an output shaft of the batching hydraulic motor, a batching idler wheel meshed with the batching pinion and a batching bull gear meshed with the batching idler wheel, and the batching bull gear is connected with the sleeve shaft.
Further, the stirring device comprises a stirring power device, a stirring transmission mechanism and stirring blades;
the stirring blade is positioned above the feeding plate and is driven to rotate by the mandrel;
the stirring power device comprises a stirring hydraulic motor which is vertically arranged;
the stirring transmission mechanism comprises a stirring pinion arranged on an output shaft of the stirring hydraulic motor, a stirring idler wheel meshed with the stirring pinion and a stirring bull gear meshed with the stirring idler wheel, and the stirring bull gear is arranged at the lower end of the mandrel;
the stirring device further comprises a material distributing cone, the material distributing cone is located above the feeding plate and fixedly connected with the upper end of the mandrel, and one end of the stirring blade is detachably and fixedly connected with the material distributing cone.
The tooth scraping roller is a swinging tooth scraping roller, and comprises a tooth scraping roller shaft and a tooth scraping assembly arranged on the tooth scraping roller shaft, wherein the tooth scraping roller shaft is connected with a tooth scraping roller power device, a tooth scraping roller swinging mechanism is arranged on the shell, and the tooth scraping roller swinging mechanism comprises:
the upper roll shaft is arranged at the top of the shell;
the upper ends of the two swing arms are respectively connected with two ends of the upper roll shaft;
the support plate, the support plate is provided with two, two the support plate respectively fixed set up in the both sides of casing, the support plate is provided with the arc through-hole, take off the both ends of tooth roller and wear out respectively the arc through-hole, and with the lower extreme rotation of swing arm is connected.
Further, the arc through hole of the support plate is provided with a flash preventing device outside the shell, the flash preventing device comprises arc blocking plates arranged at two ends of the tooth scraping roller shaft, the arc blocking plates are provided with blocking plate through holes which are arranged on the tooth scraping roller shaft, the blocking plate through holes are blocking plate round holes, and the blocking plate round holes are in clearance fit with the tooth scraping roller shaft.
Still further, the outside of extension board is fixed to be provided with closure plate direction stop device, closure plate direction stop device is including being located the upper portion deflector of arc closure plate upside and be located the lower part deflector of arc closure plate downside, upper portion deflector is provided with the eave tile, the downside of eave tile is protruding cambered surface, lower part deflector is provided with down the eave tile, the upside of eave tile is concave cambered surface down, the arc closure plate restraint in between protruding cambered surface with concave cambered surface.
Wherein, the crushing stirring roller is provided with three.
Wherein, the discharge port of the inclined section of the belt conveyor is provided with a discharge tooth scraping roller and a water adding device.
The power and control unit comprises a power device and a control box, wherein the power device comprises an engine, a power taking device and a hydraulic pump which are sequentially connected;
the power take-off device comprises a high-elastic coupling and a positioning disc, wherein the input end of the high-elastic coupling is fixedly connected with a flywheel of the engine, and the output end of the high-elastic coupling is connected with the hydraulic pump; the positioning disc is fixedly connected with a flywheel shell of the engine, the hydraulic pump is installed on the positioning disc, and the positioning disc is located between the high-elastic coupling and the hydraulic pump.
After the technical scheme is adopted, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
the crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine comprises a crawler chassis, wherein the crawler chassis is provided with a soil feeding and conveying unit, a medicament batching unit, a crushing and mixing unit, a soil discharging and conveying unit and a power and control unit; during operation, soil and blocks to be improved and repaired are shoveled into a soil hopper of a soil feeding and conveying unit through a loader, the chain plate conveyor conveys the soil and the blocks to a crusher of a crushing and mixing and stirring unit, meanwhile, medicines in a medicine hopper of a medicine batching unit are doped on the soil and the blocks conveyed on the chain plate conveyor through the batching machine, when the soil and the blocks doped with the medicines enter the crusher, the soil and the blocks are firstly crushed and stirred for the first time through a tooth scraping roller and then are mixed and stirred for the second time through a crushing and stirring roller,
the soil particles are fully contacted with the medicament, so that the soil after treatment falls onto a belt conveyor and is output by the belt conveyor, and the whole process flow is completed; due to the adoption of the crawler-type chassis structure, the on-site walking performance and the working stability of the integrated machine are improved; because the chain plate conveyor is adopted for feeding and conveying the soil, compared with a spiral feeder, the soil is not easy to block, and the working efficiency and the equipment operation reliability are improved; due to the adoption of the detachable double-medicament hopper structure, the addition of the main medicament and the auxiliary medicament is facilitated, the transportation is facilitated, and the working efficiency is improved; due to the adoption of the swing type tooth scraping roller structure, the phenomenon of locked rotor and blockage of primary crushing is effectively prevented; because three crushing stirring rollers are adopted, the crushing function and the secondary stirring and mixing function are integrated, and the crushing, mixing and stirring effects are further improved; because the discharging tooth scraping roller and the water adding device are also arranged at the discharging port of the inclined section of the belt conveyor, the humidity and the mixing uniformity of the mixed materials are ensured, and the chemical reaction speed of the soil and the chemical agent is improved; because the working power adopts hydraulic transmission, the adaptability and the safety of field operation are improved.
In conclusion, the crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine provided by the invention effectively prevents the phenomena of locked rotor and blockage, and has the advantages of good site walking performance and working stability, high equipment operation reliability, and good field operation adaptability and safety.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic and schematic illustration of a crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a left side view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the disk dispensing machine of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic top view of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a schematic bottom view of FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the oscillating tooth roller of FIG. 1;
FIG. 8 is a right side view of FIG. 7 (with the swing arm broken and the bearings omitted);
FIG. 9 is an enlarged schematic view of portion A of FIG. 7;
FIG. 10 is a schematic illustration of the power plant configuration of FIG. 1;
1-a crawler chassis; 2-power means; 3-crushing stirring rollers; 4-a crusher; 41-a housing; 5-tooth scraping rollers; 61-a main medicament hopper; 62-an adjuvant hopper; 7-a disc batching machine; 8-a frame; 9-a soil hopper; 10-a chain plate conveyor; 11-a control box; 12-belt conveyor; 121-horizontal segment; 122-inclined section; 13, a material pressing roller; 14-small crane; 15-a hydraulic control actuator; 16-a spiral batching machine; 161-a feed chute; 17-a water adding device; 18-discharging a tooth roller;
23-positioning plate; 24-high-elastic coupling; 210-a hydraulic pump; 212-flywheel; 213-flywheel housing;
51-upper roll shaft; 52-bearing support; 53-swing arm; 54-supporting plates; 541-arc-shaped through holes; 55-tooth scraping roller power device; 56-bearing; 57-tooth scraping roll shaft; 58-tooth stripping assembly; 59-upper guide plate; 591-upper hook head; 510-arc-shaped blocking plates; 511-lower guide plate; 5111-lower hook; l-arc;
71-a housing; 72-positioning the spigot; 73-a material separating cone; 741 sleeve shaft; 742-mandrel; 75-feeding plate; 751-a feed port; 76-a batching tray; 761-inner ring; 762-webs; 763-an outer ring; 771-batching pinion; 772-a batch idler; 773-batching bull gear; 78-a dosing hydraulic motor; 79-discharge plate; 791-a discharge port; 710—stirring a large gear; 711-dust ring; 712-stirring idler; 713-stirring pinion; 714—an agitating hydraulic motor; 715-stirring blades.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the present invention are described in further detail below, without limitation, with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 3 together, the crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine of the invention comprises a crawler chassis 1, wherein a frame 8, a soil feeding and conveying unit, a medicament batching unit, a crushing and mixing and stirring unit, a soil discharging and conveying unit and a power and control unit are arranged on the crawler chassis 1.
The soil feeding and conveying unit comprises a chain plate conveyor 10, a soil hopper 9 is arranged above the feeding end of the chain plate conveyor 10, and a pressing roller 13 which is rotatably arranged is arranged at the upper front part of the soil hopper 9.
Wherein the medicine dispensing unit is located above the chain conveyor 10, and comprises a medicine hopper and a dispensing machine located below the medicine hopper. Further, the medicament hoppers include a detachable main medicament hopper 61 and an auxiliary medicament hopper 62; the dosing machine comprises a disc dosing machine 7 located below the main medicament hopper 61 and a screw dosing machine 16 located outside the auxiliary medicament hopper 62. The addition of the primary medicament can be achieved by the disc dispensing machine 7. When the auxiliary agent is required to be added, the spiral dosing machine 16 conveys the auxiliary agent to the auxiliary agent hopper 62 through the feeding chute 161, and the auxiliary agent can be added. And the detachable mode is adopted, so that the moving and transportation are convenient.
As shown collectively in fig. 4, 5 and 6, wherein the disk batching machine 7 comprises: the feeding device comprises a shell 71 arranged on a frame 8, wherein a horizontal feeding plate 75 is welded and fixed at the upper part of an inner cavity of the shell 71, a feeding hole 751 is formed in the feeding plate 75, a discharging plate 79 fixedly arranged in the shell 71 is arranged below the feeding plate 75, and a discharging hole 791 is formed in the discharging plate 79; the inner cavity of the shell 71 is provided with a batching device, a stirring device and a compound rotating shaft; the compound rotating shaft comprises a sleeve 741 and a mandrel 742 which is positioned on the core of the sleeve 741 and the two ends of which extend out of the sleeve 741, the batching device is connected with the sleeve 741, and the stirring device is connected with the mandrel 742; the upper side of the housing 71 is provided with a positioning spigot 72 for limiting the mounting of the medicament dispensing hopper.
Wherein the dosing device comprises a dosing power device, a dosing drive mechanism and a dosing disc 76. The batching tray 76 is rotatably arranged between the feeding plate 75 and the discharging plate 79, the sleeve 741 penetrates through the feeding plate 75, the batching tray 76 and the discharging plate 79, the upper end of the sleeve 741 extends above the feeding plate 75, and the lower end extends below the discharging plate 79. The dosing disc 76 comprises an inner ring 761, an outer ring 763 and a plurality of webs 762 fixedly connected between the inner ring 761 and the outer ring 763, the inner ring 761 being fixedly mounted to the sleeve shaft 741. The batching power means comprises a vertically arranged batching hydraulic motor 78, and the batching transmission mechanism comprises a batching pinion 771 arranged on the output shaft of the batching hydraulic motor 78, a batching idler 772 meshed with the batching pinion 771 and a batching gearwheel 773 meshed with the batching idler 772, wherein the batching gearwheel 773 is connected with a sleeve 741.
In order to reduce the dust overflow, a dust ring 711 is provided between the batch pan 76 and the feed plate 75, and between the batch pan 76 and the discharge plate 79.
The stirring device comprises a stirring power device, a stirring transmission mechanism, a stirring blade 715 and a material separating cone 73. Wherein stirring vane 715, divide the material awl 73 and all be located the top of charge-in plate 75, divide the upper end fixed connection of material awl 73 and dabber 742, the one end and the branch material awl 73 of stirring vane 715 pass through bolt detachable fixed connection, make things convenient for the change after stirring vane 715 wearing and tearing. The agitation power apparatus includes a vertically disposed agitation hydraulic motor 714. The stirring transmission mechanism comprises a stirring pinion 713 arranged on an output shaft of the stirring hydraulic motor 714, a stirring idler 712 meshed with the stirring pinion 713, and a stirring large gear 710 meshed with the stirring idler 712, wherein the stirring large gear 710 is arranged at the lower end of the mandrel 742, and the stirring pinion 713, the stirring idler 712 and the stirring large gear 710 are all cylindrical gears.
Wherein, batching hydraulic motor 78 connects in batching hydraulic circuit, and stirring hydraulic motor 714 connects in stirring hydraulic circuit, all is provided with governing valve and switching-over valve (not specifically shown in the figure) in batching hydraulic circuit, the stirring hydraulic circuit, through governing valve and switching-over valve, can adjust the rotational speed and the steering of batching dish 76, stirring vane 715 at any time, and operation control is very nimble convenient. The hydraulic circuit, the specific arrangement of the speed control valve, the reversing valve and the hydraulic pump in the hydraulic circuit are well known to those skilled in the art and will not be described here again.
As shown in fig. 1, 7, 8 and 9 together, the crushing and mixing unit includes a crusher 4, the crusher 4 is located at the discharge end of the scraper conveyor 10, and the crusher 4 includes a casing 41, a scraper tooth roller 5 disposed in the casing 41, and a crushing and mixing roller 3 located below the scraper tooth roller 5. Wherein, the crushing stirring roller 3 is provided with three, collects crushing function and second grade stirring mixing function in an organic whole, can further improve crushing, mixing, stirring effect. Wherein, the casing 41 is of a split structure, which is convenient for assembly and maintenance.
The tooth scraping roller 5 arranged in the casing 41 can swing, and is a swing tooth scraping roller, the swing tooth scraping roller comprises a tooth scraping roller shaft 57 and a tooth scraping assembly 58 arranged on the tooth scraping roller shaft 57, the tooth scraping roller shaft 57 is connected with a tooth scraping roller power device 55 and is driven to rotate by the tooth scraping roller power device 55, and a tooth scraping roller swinging mechanism is arranged on the casing 41. The tooth roller swinging mechanism comprises an upper roller shaft 51, two swinging arms 53 and two support plates 54. The upper roll shaft 51 is arranged at the top outside the casing 41, two ends of the upper roll shaft are matched with bearings in a bearing support 52 arranged in the casing 41, the bearings at the end parts of the upper roll shaft 51 are preferably sliding bearings, and a copper sleeve is specifically adopted as the sliding bearings in the embodiment; the upper ends of the two swing arms 53 are respectively provided with a connecting hole connected with two ends of the upper roll shaft 51; the two support plates 54 are respectively and fixedly arranged at two sides of the shell 41, the support plates 54 are provided with arc-shaped through holes 541, and two ends of the tooth scraping roller shaft 57 respectively penetrate through the arc-shaped through holes 541 and are in rotary connection with the lower ends of the swing arms 53; specifically, a bearing mounting hole is provided at the lower end of the swing arm 53, a bearing 56 is provided in the bearing mounting hole, and both ends of the claw roller shaft 57 are rotatably connected with the lower end of the swing arm 53 through the bearing 56.
Wherein, in order to prevent the material from overflowing along the arc through hole 541 of the support plate 54, a flash preventing device is arranged at the arc through hole 541 of the support plate 54 outside the casing 41, specifically, the flash preventing device comprises arc blocking plates 510 installed at two ends of the tooth scraping roller shaft 57, the arc blocking plates 510 are provided with blocking plate through holes installed with the tooth scraping roller shaft 57, the blocking plate through holes are specifically blocking plate round holes, and the blocking plate round holes are in clearance fit with the tooth scraping roller shaft 57.
Wherein, still fixedly be provided with closure plate direction stop device in the outside of extension board 54, specifically, closure plate direction stop device is including the upper portion deflector 59 that is located arc closure plate 510 upside and the lower part deflector 511 that is located arc closure plate 510 downside, as shown in fig. 8, upper portion deflector 59 is provided with the first 591 of hook, the downside of the first 591 of hook is protruding cambered surface, lower part deflector 511 is provided with the first 5111 of hook, the upside of the first 5111 of hook is concave cambered surface, arc closure plate 510 restraint in between protruding cambered surface and the concave cambered surface. When the tooth scraping roller swings and avoids, the circle center of the upper roller shaft 51 is used as the circle center, the distance between the upper hole and the lower hole of the swing arm 53 is used as the radius, the tooth scraping roller shaft 57 drives the arc-shaped blocking plate 510 to swing and avoid along the arc L shown in fig. 7, and at the moment, the convex arc surface of the upper hook 591 and the concave arc surface of the lower hook 5111 play a guiding role on the arc-shaped blocking plate 510. When the tooth roller shaft 57 only rotates without swinging, the upper hook 591 and the lower hook 5111 play a limiting role on the arc-shaped blocking plate 510, and prevent the arc-shaped blocking plate 510 from rotating along with the tooth roller shaft 57.
The raking roller power device 55 adopts a hydraulic motor, and the hydraulic motor is connected in a hydraulic circuit, and a hydraulic pump, a speed regulating valve, a reversing valve (not specifically shown in the figure) and the like are arranged in the hydraulic circuit. The hydraulic motor has small volume, light weight and reliable skin, and is particularly suitable for occasions with limited field power supply conditions and the field operation adaptability of the equipment; the rotating speed and the steering direction of the tooth scraping roller can be adjusted at any time by adjusting the speed regulating valve and the reversing valve, and the operation is flexible and convenient. The hydraulic circuit and the arrangement of hydraulic components such as the hydraulic motor, the hydraulic pump, the speed control valve, the reversing valve and the like therein are well known to those skilled in the art, and will not be described in detail herein.
As shown in fig. 1, the soil discharge conveying unit comprises a belt conveyor 12, the belt conveyor 12 comprises a horizontal section 121 and an inclined section 122, the horizontal section 121 is mounted on the crawler chassis 1 and is positioned below the crusher 4, and the inclined section 122 is positioned in front of the crawler chassis 1, so that the processed soil is conveniently thrown. Further, a discharging scraping tooth roller 18 and a water adding device 17 (particularly, a spray water pipe can be adopted) are further arranged at the discharging hole of the inclined section 122 of the belt conveyor 12, so that the humidity and the mixing uniformity of the mixed materials can be ensured, and the chemical reaction speed of the soil and the chemical reaction speed of the chemical agent can be improved.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, wherein the power and control unit comprises a power unit 2 and a control box 11 for controlling the travel of the crawler chassis 1.
As shown in fig. 10, the power plant 2 includes an engine, a power take-off, and a hydraulic pump 210 connected in this order. The power take-off device comprises a high-elastic coupler 24 and a positioning disc 23, wherein the input end of the high-elastic coupler 24 is fixedly connected with a flywheel 212 of the engine, and the output end of the high-elastic coupler 24 is connected with a hydraulic pump 210; the positioning disk 23 is fixedly connected with a flywheel housing 213 of the engine, the hydraulic pump 210 is mounted on the positioning disk 23, and the positioning disk 23 is positioned between the high-elastic coupling 24 and the hydraulic pump 210. During operation, the power of the engine is transmitted to the hydraulic pump 210 through the power take-off device, and the hydraulic pump 210 is driven to operate. The engine is used as a power source, so that the engine is particularly suitable for places with limited power supply in field operation, and the field operation adaptability of the equipment is improved.
The three crushing stirring rollers 3, the tooth scraping rollers 5, the spiral batching machine 16, the disc batching machine 7, the chain plate conveyor 10, the belt conveyor 12, the material pressing rollers 13, the small crane 14 and the like are respectively provided with power by corresponding hydraulic motors, and the hydraulic motors are hydraulically connected with corresponding hydraulic pumps 210.
As shown in fig. 2, the crawler chassis 1 is further provided with components such as a small crane 14 for adding a chemical into the chemical hopper, a hydraulic control actuator 15, a well-known radiator, a fuel tank, a hydraulic control valve box, and an operation box, which are not described in detail herein.
The crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine provided by the invention is characterized in that when in operation, soil and blocks to be improved are shoveled into a soil hopper 9 of a soil feeding and conveying unit through a loader, a chain plate conveyor 10 conveys the soil and the blocks to a crusher 4 of a crushing and mixing and stirring unit, meanwhile, medicines in a medicine hopper of a medicine batching unit are doped on the soil and the blocks conveyed on the chain plate conveyor 10 through a disc batching machine 7, when the soil and the blocks doped with the medicines enter the crusher 4, the soil and the blocks are firstly crushed and stirred for the first time through a tooth scraping roller 5, then are subjected to secondary mixing and stirring through a crushing and stirring roller 3, so that soil particles and the medicines are fully contacted, improved and restored, the treated soil falls into a horizontal section 121 of the belt conveyor 12, and are further stirred and then are thrown out through a water adding device 17 at a discharge port of an inclined section 122, and finally the whole process flow is completed.

Claims (9)

1. The crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine comprises a crawler chassis and is characterized in that a soil feeding and conveying unit, a medicament batching unit, a crushing and mixing unit, a soil discharging and conveying unit and a power and control unit are arranged on the crawler chassis;
the soil feeding and conveying unit comprises a chain plate conveyor, and a soil hopper is arranged above the feeding end of the chain plate conveyor;
the medicament batching unit is positioned above the chain plate conveyor and comprises a medicament hopper and a batching machine positioned below the medicament hopper; the medicament hopper comprises a detachable main medicament hopper, the batching machine comprises a disc batching machine positioned below the main medicament hopper, and the disc batching machine comprises: the stirring device is connected with the sleeve shaft, and the stirring device is connected with the mandrel; the batching device comprises a batching power device, a batching transmission mechanism and a batching tray; the batching tray comprises an inner ring, an outer ring and a radial plate fixedly connected between the inner ring and the outer ring, and the inner ring is fixedly arranged on the sleeve shaft;
the crushing mixing stirring unit comprises a crusher, wherein the crusher is positioned at the discharge end of the chain plate conveyor, and the crusher comprises a shell, a tooth scraping roller arranged in the shell and a crushing stirring roller positioned below the tooth scraping roller; the tooth scraping roller is a swinging tooth scraping roller and comprises a tooth scraping roller shaft and a tooth scraping assembly arranged on the tooth scraping roller shaft, the tooth scraping roller shaft is connected with a tooth scraping roller power device, a tooth scraping roller swinging mechanism is arranged on the shell, and the tooth scraping roller swinging mechanism comprises:
the upper roll shaft is arranged at the top of the shell;
the upper ends of the two swing arms are respectively connected with two ends of the upper roll shaft;
the two support plates are respectively and fixedly arranged on two sides of the shell, arc-shaped through holes are formed in the support plates, and two ends of the tooth scraping roller shaft respectively penetrate out of the arc-shaped through holes and are in rotary connection with the lower ends of the swing arms;
the soil discharging and conveying unit comprises a belt conveyor, the belt conveyor comprises a horizontal section and an inclined section, the horizontal section is located below the crusher, and the inclined section is located in front of the crawler chassis.
2. The track-type soil improvement and remediation integrated machine of claim 1, wherein the medicament hopper further includes a removable adjuvant medicament hopper; the batching machine further comprises a spiral batching machine positioned at the outer side of the auxiliary agent hopper.
3. The crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine as set forth in claim 1, wherein,
the inner cavity of the shell is provided with a feeding plate, a discharging plate positioned below the feeding plate and the batching device positioned between the feeding plate and the discharging plate; the feeding plate is provided with a feeding hole, and the discharging plate is provided with a discharging hole;
the sleeve shaft penetrates through the feeding plate, the batching tray and the discharging plate, the upper end of the sleeve shaft extends out of the feeding plate, and the lower end of the sleeve shaft extends out of the discharging plate;
the batching power device comprises a vertically arranged batching hydraulic motor;
the batching drive mechanism comprises a batching pinion arranged on an output shaft of the batching hydraulic motor, a batching idler wheel meshed with the batching pinion and a batching bull gear meshed with the batching idler wheel, and the batching bull gear is connected with the sleeve shaft.
4. The track-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine as set forth in claim 3, wherein said stirring device includes a stirring power device, a stirring transmission mechanism and a stirring blade;
the stirring blade is positioned above the feeding plate and is driven to rotate by the mandrel;
the stirring power device comprises a stirring hydraulic motor which is vertically arranged;
the stirring transmission mechanism comprises a stirring pinion arranged on an output shaft of the stirring hydraulic motor, a stirring idler wheel meshed with the stirring pinion and a stirring bull gear meshed with the stirring idler wheel, and the stirring bull gear is arranged at the lower end of the mandrel;
the stirring device further comprises a material distributing cone, the material distributing cone is located above the feeding plate and fixedly connected with the upper end of the mandrel, and one end of the stirring blade is detachably and fixedly connected with the material distributing cone.
5. The crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine according to claim 1, wherein a flash preventing device is arranged at the position, corresponding to the arc-shaped through hole of the support plate, outside the machine shell, the flash preventing device comprises arc-shaped blocking plates arranged at two ends of the tooth scraping roller shaft, the arc-shaped blocking plates are provided with blocking plate through holes in clearance fit with the tooth scraping roller shaft, and the blocking plate through holes are blocking plate round holes.
6. The crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine according to claim 5, wherein a blocking plate guiding and limiting device is fixedly arranged on the outer side of the supporting plate, the blocking plate guiding and limiting device comprises an upper guiding plate arranged on the upper side of the arc-shaped blocking plate and a lower guiding plate arranged on the lower side of the arc-shaped blocking plate, the upper guiding plate is provided with an upper hook, the lower side surface of the upper hook is a convex arc surface, the lower guiding plate is provided with a lower hook, the upper side surface of the lower hook is a concave arc surface, and the arc-shaped blocking plate is restrained between the convex arc surface and the concave arc surface.
7. The track-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine as set forth in claim 1, wherein said crushing and stirring rollers are provided in three.
8. The crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine according to claim 1, wherein a discharging scraping tooth roller and a water adding device are arranged at a discharging hole of the inclined section of the belt conveyor.
9. The crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine according to claim 1, wherein the power and control unit comprises a power device and a control box, and the power device comprises an engine, a power taking device and a hydraulic pump which are sequentially connected;
the power take-off device comprises a high-elastic coupling and a positioning disc, wherein the input end of the high-elastic coupling is fixedly connected with a flywheel of the engine, and the output end of the high-elastic coupling is connected with the hydraulic pump; the positioning disc is fixedly connected with a flywheel shell of the engine, the hydraulic pump is installed on the positioning disc, and the positioning disc is located between the high-elastic coupling and the hydraulic pump.
CN201810478138.0A 2018-05-18 2018-05-18 Crawler-type soil improvement and restoration integrated machine Active CN108555016B (en)

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