CN108487549B - Assembled function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column and mounting method - Google Patents

Assembled function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column and mounting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108487549B
CN108487549B CN201810358578.2A CN201810358578A CN108487549B CN 108487549 B CN108487549 B CN 108487549B CN 201810358578 A CN201810358578 A CN 201810358578A CN 108487549 B CN108487549 B CN 108487549B
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column
shaped
arc
steel
main
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CN108487549A (en
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牟犇
王昊
张正哲
于昊
宋心宇
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Qingdao University of Technology
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Qingdao University of Technology
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/32Columns; Pillars; Struts of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/34Columns; Pillars; Struts of concrete other stone-like material, with or without permanent form elements, with or without internal or external reinforcement, e.g. metal coverings

Abstract

The invention relates to an assembled function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column and an installation method, and belongs to the technical field of structural engineering. The invention comprises a group of steel pipe main columns, steel pipe auxiliary columns, a main-auxiliary column energy-consuming connecting bridge frame and a full-assembly type connecting assembly; the fully-assembled connecting assembly comprises a plurality of arc-shaped foot connecting pieces and a plurality of pairs of outer reinforcing ring tiles, the outer reinforcing ring tiles are encircled to form a circular outer reinforcing ring, and the steel pipe column is tightly hooped; the main column and the auxiliary column are connected through the energy-consuming connecting bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column by utilizing a C-shaped arc foot connecting piece and a full-assembly type connecting assembly to form a function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column; and concrete is poured in the steel pipe column. The bridge frame is provided with the oval through holes, so that the bridge frame has excellent energy absorption capacity while avoiding stress concentration under the action of an earthquake, more earthquake energy is consumed, the action of the main column and the auxiliary column during the earthquake is reduced, the energy consumption damage of energy consumption components is realized, and the earthquake resistance of the structure is greatly improved.

Description

Assembled function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column and mounting method
Technical Field
The invention relates to an assembled function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column and an installation method, and belongs to the technical field of structural engineering.
Background
In recent years, the technology of assembly steel structure building is rapidly advanced, and the building industrialization is gradually realized by the concept. Along with the development of society, the requirements of people on building space are gradually improved, modern fabricated steel structure technology must be advanced, the most basic use requirements of people are met, and the fabricated steel structure technology also has more excellent performance, so that the fabricated steel structure technology cannot be eliminated in the rapid development trend of modern technology.
At present, the use requirements of people on buildings are mainly embodied in that the space requirements on the structures of the buildings are larger, the structures need to have enough open space, and the requirements on attractiveness are met. This results in an increase in the height and span of the structure, and the structural columns, as vertical force-transmitting members, need to withstand greater axial forces in high-rise structures and large-span structures, thereby placing greater demands on the load-bearing capacity of the structural columns. While meeting the bearing capacity, the structure still has better performance such as anti-seismic performance, durability and the like. The performance of a structural column, which is a key stressed member of a structure, can often determine the performance of the entire structure. This requires that the columns not only meet the strength requirements for load-bearing capacity, but also have superior seismic performance. In general, increasing the cross section of the columns, increasing the number of columns, and the like can improve the load-bearing capacity and seismic performance of the columns. However, the increase of the column section enables the bearing capacity to be improved, and meanwhile, the column occupies a larger space, and the huge column can not meet the requirement of space saving and the requirement of attractive appearance. The increased number of columns, while increasing the load carrying capacity, also has the problem of wasted space and poor integrity.
With the development of technology, in order to solve the above-mentioned existing disadvantages, a concept of a composite column has been proposed. The combination column has higher bearing capacity and good ductility, and particularly, the steel tube concrete combination column remarkably improves the characteristic of poor ductility of concrete, particularly high-strength concrete, due to the continuous constraint action of a steel tube on the concrete. Although the existing combined column technology and the steel pipe concrete combined column technology have great technical improvement compared with a single column, the following defects still exist: 1. the installation process is complex, the assembly degree is low, and the construction period is long; 2. the technical requirements on constructors are high, field welding is needed, and the quality is easily influenced by field construction; 3. the steel consumption is large, the technology is complex, and the construction cost is high; 4. the integrity is low, and the product is difficult to repair after being damaged; 5. poor flexibility and universality, difficult realization of the general applicability of the components in industrialized production, and the like.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems of low assembly degree, complex construction, insufficient integrity, difficult repair and the like of the existing steel pipe concrete composite column, and provides an assembly type steel skeleton concrete composite column with recoverable functions and an installation method thereof.
The invention is realized by adopting the following technical scheme:
an assembled function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column comprises a group of steel pipe main columns, at least one group of steel pipe auxiliary columns, a plurality of energy-consuming connection bridge frames of the main columns and the auxiliary columns and a plurality of fully-assembled connection assemblies; the fully-assembled connecting assembly comprises a plurality of arc-shaped foot connecting pieces and a plurality of pairs of outer reinforcing ring tiles, the outer reinforcing ring tiles are encircled to form a circular outer reinforcing ring, and the steel pipe column is tightly hooped; the arc-shaped foot connecting pieces comprise A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces, B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces and C-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces, the arc-shaped foot connecting pieces comprise arc-shaped connecting feet and overhanging steel plates vertically connected to the arc-shaped connecting feet, bolt holes are formed in the overhanging steel plates of the A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces, the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces and the C-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces further comprise rectangular connecting feet vertically connected to the overhanging steel plates, and bolt holes are formed in the rectangular connecting feet; the energy-consuming connection bridge frame for the main column and the slave column comprises an energy-consuming steel plate and a plurality of rectangular connection pins which are symmetrically and vertically connected to two sides of the energy-consuming steel plate, bolt holes are formed in the rectangular connection pins and are matched with the bolt holes of the rectangular connection pins on the arc-shaped pin connecting piece, bolt holes are formed in the arc-shaped connection pins of the arc-shaped pin connecting piece and are matched with the bolt holes in the cylindrical surface of the steel pipe column, and the arc-shaped connection; the main column and the auxiliary column are connected through the energy-consuming connecting bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column by utilizing a C-shaped arc foot connecting piece and a full-assembly type connecting assembly to form a function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column; and concrete is poured in the steel pipe column.
The main column and the auxiliary columns are all wrapped fully-assembled steel pipe columns which are formed by splicing a plurality of arc-shaped column pieces.
The outsourcing full assembled steel pipe column piece is equipped with the connection tooth along vertical one side, and the opposite side is equipped with and connects tooth assorted slide, connects tooth and slide and splices mutually, constitutes circular steel-pipe column.
The outer reinforcing ring tile comprises an arc-shaped end plate and a plurality of connecting plates vertically connected to the two sides and the bottom side of the end plate, T-shaped connecting teeth are arranged on the lower surface of the connecting plate at the bottom side, and T-shaped slideways matched with the T-shaped connecting teeth of the outer reinforcing ring tile are arranged on the upper surface and the lower surface of the arc-shaped connecting pins of the B-shaped arc-shaped pin connecting piece and the C-shaped arc-shaped pin connecting piece.
The steel-pipe column internally comprises a core steel skeleton, the core steel skeleton comprises a round steel pipe and a plurality of overhanging steel partition plates, wedge-shaped connecting teeth are distributed at the free ends of the overhanging steel partition plates along the longitudinal through length, and inner wedge-shaped slideways matched with the wedge-shaped connecting teeth are longitudinally arranged at the inner sides of the arc-shaped middle parts of the outsourcing fully-assembled column pieces along the longitudinal direction.
And the energy-consuming steel plate of the main and auxiliary column energy-consuming connecting bridge frame is provided with a through hole.
The shape of the through hole is oval.
The rectangular connecting pins of the energy-consumption connecting bridge frame for the main and the auxiliary columns are divided into upper rectangular connecting pins, middle rectangular connecting pins and lower rectangular connecting pins, the upper rectangular connecting pins are positioned on two sides of the uppermost part of the energy-consumption steel plate and are provided with 2 bolt holes, the middle rectangular connecting pins are positioned on two sides of the middle part of the energy-consumption steel plate and are provided with 4 bolt holes, and the lower rectangular connecting pins are positioned on two sides of the lowermost part of the energy-consumption steel plate and are provided with 2 bolt; and the rectangular connecting pins of the arc-shaped pin connecting piece are provided with bolt holes matched with the rectangular connecting pins of the energy-consuming connecting bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column.
The fully assembled main column and the fully assembled auxiliary column comprise core steel frameworks and outer-wrapped fully assembled steel pipe columns, and the cross section size of the auxiliary column is smaller than that of the main column.
The number of the subordinate columns is 1-4 groups, and the requirement of various forms can be met.
The outsourcing full assembled steel-pipe column is formed by splicing 4 column pieces, the 4 column pieces are in arc shapes, the central angles are 90 degrees, and the 4 column pieces are concentric with the core steel skeleton.
Each full-assembly type connecting assembly comprises 4 arc-shaped foot connecting pieces and 4 groups of external reinforcing ring tiles, and the central angle of each arc-shaped foot connecting piece is 90 degrees. The seams between the arc-shaped foot connecting pieces and the seams between the column pieces are staggered. The fully assembled connecting assembly can be used for connecting a column and a bridge frame and can also be used for connecting a column and a steel beam. The full assembled connection assembly comprises 4 arc foot connecting pieces, 8 outer stiffening ring tiles, the central angle of arc foot connecting pieces and outer stiffening ring tiles is 90 degrees, 4 arc foot connecting pieces are spliced into a ring shape, 4 outer stiffening ring tiles are spliced into a circular outer stiffening ring, all have the effect of locking hoop to the full assembled steel-pipe column, the bearing capacity of the column is increased, and the outer stiffening ring still has the effect of reinforcing the connection region integrity, and the anti-seismic performance of the connection region is greatly enhanced. The through holes of the energy dissipation steel plate are oval, so that stress concentration is avoided, and the energy dissipation capacity of the steel plate is improved. The outer stiffening ring tiles comprise arc-shaped end plates, two side face connecting plates and a bottom side connecting plate, wherein the two side face connecting plates are perpendicularly connected to the two sides of the end plates, the bottom side connecting plates are connected to the bottom side, adjacent outer stiffening ring tiles are mutually connected through the connecting plates to form a cylindrical outer annular plate, the effect of enhancing the integrity of a connecting area is achieved, and the anti-seismic performance of the connecting area is greatly enhanced.
The central angle of the arc-shaped feet of the arc-shaped foot connecting piece can be adjusted according to the number of the arc-shaped feet, the number of the arc-shaped feet is N, and the central angle is 360 degrees/N.
The central angle of the external reinforcing ring tiles can be adjusted according to the number of the external reinforcing ring tiles, the number of the external reinforcing ring tiles is N, and the central angle is 360 degrees/N.
The longitudinal length of each column piece of the steel pipe column is respectively 500mm, 750mm, 1000mm and 1500 mm. The purpose makes 4 column pieces stagger in the position of difference in length direction, prevents on the one hand that the formation section is unfavorable for intensity and the wholeness of post, the transportation and the construction of the column piece of being convenient for on the one hand.
The circular through holes are formed in the overhanging steel partition plate of the core steel rib, so that the compactness of the poured concrete is guaranteed, the occlusion force is increased, and the integrity of a single main column or a single auxiliary column is improved.
The energy-consumption connection bridge frame for the main column and the auxiliary column comprises 4 rectangular connecting pins and 1 energy-consumption steel plate. And a plurality of layers of energy-consuming connection bridges of the main column and the auxiliary column are arranged between the main column and the auxiliary column. Each layer of main columns and each layer of auxiliary columns are connected by two energy-consuming connection bridge frames of the main columns and the auxiliary columns, so that the energy-consuming connection bridge frames of the main columns and the auxiliary columns are small in length and convenient to construct and transport; the main-auxiliary column energy-consuming connecting bridge is far lower in strength than a steel pipe column under the action of an earthquake, a large amount of energy is absorbed by damage, the main-auxiliary column energy-consuming connecting bridge can be replaced after being damaged, the repair cost is low, and the function of the combined column is recovered.
The externally wrapped fully-assembled steel pipe column piece is reserved with a bolt hole connected with the arc-shaped foot connecting piece, and the bolt is firstly placed into the bolt hole before the column piece is assembled.
And fiber concrete is poured in the space between the core steel skeleton steel pipe and the outer-wrapped fully-assembled steel pipe column.
The arc-shaped foot connecting piece has two types, one type is connected with the beam and consists of an arc-shaped connecting foot and an overhanging steel plate, and the type is called an A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece; the other type is connected with the energy-consuming connection bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column, and consists of arc-shaped connection pins, an outward extending steel plate and rectangular connection pins, and is called as a B-shaped arc-shaped pin connecting piece; t-shaped slideways are arranged on the upper surface and the lower surface of the overhanging steel plate of the A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece and the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece.
The invention also relates to an installation method of the assembled function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column, which comprises the following steps:
(1) positioning the core steel framework of the main column: positioning a core steel framework of the main column;
(2) installing a main column: placing bolts into the bolt holes reserved in the corresponding positions of the bolt holes of the arc-shaped foot connecting pieces on the main column sheet; placing a first main column sheet above the core steel skeleton, enabling an inner wedge-shaped slideway of the main column sheet to be located above wedge-shaped connecting teeth of the steel partition plate extending out of the core steel skeleton, aligning the wedge-shaped connecting teeth and the inner wedge-shaped slideway, and sliding the column sheet to a specified position along the inner wedge-shaped slideway; according to the method, the rest main column pieces are aligned with the connecting teeth among the column pieces and the slide ways, and then the column pieces slide to the designated positions, so that the assembled main column is formed;
(3) positioning the core steel framework of the slave column: positioning the core steel framework of the slave column;
(4) installing the slave column: adopting the same installation method as the main column to form an assembled auxiliary column;
(5) installing a connecting assembly on the main column: b-shaped arc foot connecting pieces and C-shaped arc foot connecting pieces on the main column are aligned to bolts reserved on the column pieces, are respectively assembled into a plurality of circular rings and are connected with the main column; the outer reinforcing tiles on the main column are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece and are respectively encircled to form a circular upper outer reinforcing ring and a circular lower outer reinforcing ring, and adjacent connecting pieces are connected through bolts; the B-shaped arc foot connecting piece is adopted at the position where the beam needs to be arranged, the C-shaped arc foot connecting piece is adopted at the middle part of the column without the beam, and the T-shaped groove does not need to be arranged on the upper plane and the lower plane of the column because an external reinforcing ring is not needed.
(6) Installing a connecting assembly on the slave column: aligning the A-type arc foot connecting piece, the B-type arc foot connecting piece and the C-type arc foot connecting piece on the slave column with the reserved bolts on the column sheet to form a ring shape in a surrounding manner, and connecting the ring shape with the slave column; the outer reinforcing tiles on the subordinate columns are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the A-type arc-shaped foot connecting piece and the B-type arc-shaped foot connecting piece, and are respectively encircled to form a circular upper outer reinforcing ring and a circular lower outer reinforcing ring, and adjacent connecting pieces are connected through bolts; a type A arc foot connecting piece is adopted at one side of the energy-consuming connection bridge frame without connecting the main column and the auxiliary column, so that a rectangular connection foot is not required.
(7) Connecting the main column and the auxiliary column: connecting the main column and the auxiliary column through the energy-consuming connecting bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column, and connecting the energy-consuming steel plate with the rectangular connecting pin bolt on the arc-shaped pin connecting piece;
(8) installing a steel beam: connecting the steel beam with the A-shaped arc foot connecting piece on the subordinate column through a bolt;
(9) pouring concrete: and pouring fiber concrete in the core steel frame steel pipes of the main column and the auxiliary columns and in the space between the steel pipe column and the core steel frame, so that all the connecting parts are fastened and connected to form a whole through occlusion.
Aligning the T-shaped connecting teeth of the outer reinforcing tiles on the main column with the T-shaped slide ways of the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces, and sliding the reinforcing tiles into and tightly attaching to the steel pipe column to form a circular outer reinforcing ring; and (6) aligning the T-shaped connecting teeth of the reinforcing tiles on the subordinate columns to the T-shaped slideways of the A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces and the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces, and sliding the reinforcing tiles into and tightly adhering to the steel pipe columns to form circular outer reinforcing rings.
And (7) when the arc-shaped foot connecting pieces are connected with the energy-consumption connecting bridge frames of the main and the auxiliary columns, connecting upper and lower rectangular connecting feet of two adjacent bridge frames are connected with the same arc-shaped foot connecting piece.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the fully-assembled combined column provided by the invention, all components are produced in a factory and assembled on site, welding operation is not required, quality problems possibly caused by on-site welding can be avoided, the quality is not uniform, the assembly is simple, the technical requirement on constructors is low, and the construction efficiency is greatly improved.
(2) The component of the invention is designed strictly and reasonably, has moderate volume, is convenient to transport and carry, is convenient to repair and replace, and provides a technical scheme with recoverable function for industrialized buildings.
(3) The main column and the auxiliary column of the combined column provided by the invention are connected through the energy-consuming connection bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column, so that the integrity of the combined column is ensured to the greatest extent. The bridge frame is provided with the oval through holes, so that the bridge frame has excellent energy absorption capacity while avoiding stress concentration under the action of an earthquake, more earthquake energy is consumed, the action of the main column and the auxiliary column on the earthquake is reduced, the energy consumption damage of energy consumption components is realized, and the earthquake resistance of the structure is greatly improved. And after the energy-consuming connection bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column is damaged, the replacement is convenient, and the function recovery of the whole combined column is realized only by bolt connection.
(4) The main column and the auxiliary column adopted by the invention are completely assembled columns, the section of the auxiliary column can be properly reduced according to the needs, and the main column and the auxiliary column are combined for use, so that the requirements of bearing capacity and earthquake resistance can be met, the space can be saved, and the construction cost can be reduced. And the main column and the auxiliary column both use circular sections, so that the smoothness and the attractiveness of the building structure are improved.
(5) The cross section of the column adopted by the invention is circular, three types of arc-shaped foot connecting pieces are provided, the angles between the connecting pieces can be adjusted according to needs during actual use and are respectively positioned at different positions of the beam and the column, the requirements of different spaces and the requirements of different angles between the beams can be met, and the invention has great universality and practicability.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a steel pipe column according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the core steel skeleton structure of the column;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a bridge structure for energy-consuming connection of a master column and a slave column;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the A-shaped curved foot link;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a B-shaped curved foot link;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a C-shaped curved foot link configuration;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a fully assembled multi-function connection assembly;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a method of installing reinforcement ring tiles at a node location;
FIG. 11 is a schematic illustration of the present invention in combination column installation;
FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of another implementation form of the present invention;
in the figure: 1. a main column; 2. a slave column; 3. the main and auxiliary columns are connected with the bridge frame in an energy-consuming manner; 4. a B-shaped arc foot connecting piece; 5. an A-shaped arc foot connecting piece; 6. a C-shaped arc foot connecting piece; 7. a steel beam; 8. a foundation; 9. a circular steel pipe; 10. an overhanging steel spacer; 11. wedge-shaped connecting teeth; 12. an inner wedge-shaped slideway; 13. a column sheet; 14. a core steel skeleton; 15. a slideway; 16. a connecting tooth; 17. concrete; 18. the master and slave columns are connected with the rectangular connecting pin of the bridge frame in an energy-consuming manner; 19. energy-consuming steel plates; 20. an arc-shaped connecting pin; 21. an overhanging steel plate; 22. a T-shaped slideway; 23. the rectangular connecting pin of the arc-shaped pin connecting piece; 24. an upper outer stiffening ring; 25. a lower outer stiffening ring; 26. an outer stiffening ring tile; 27. and a circular through hole.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-11, an assembled function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete composite column is located on a foundation 8, and comprises 1 group of steel pipe main columns, 1 group of steel pipe auxiliary columns, 4 groups of steel pipe auxiliary columns, 2, 16 main and auxiliary column energy-consuming connecting bridges 3 and 10 fully-assembled connecting assemblies; the fully assembled multifunctional connection assembly can be used for connecting a column and a bridge frame and can also be used for connecting a column and an H-shaped steel beam 7. The fully assembled connection assembly includes 4 arc foot connectors and 4 pairs of outer stiffening ring tiles 26, all with a central angle of 90 degrees. The seams between the arc-shaped foot connecting pieces and the seams between the column pieces are staggered. The outer reinforcing ring tiles are encircled to form a circular outer reinforcing ring which is tightly hooped on the steel pipe column; the arc-shaped foot connecting pieces comprise A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces 5, B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces 4 and C-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces 6, each arc-shaped foot connecting piece comprises an arc-shaped connecting foot 20 and an overhanging steel plate 21 vertically connected to the arc-shaped connecting foot, bolt holes are formed in the overhanging steel plates of the A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces, the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces and the C-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces further comprise rectangular connecting feet vertically connected to the overhanging steel plates, and two rows of 4 bolt holes are formed in the rectangular; the energy-consuming connection bridge frame for the main and the slave columns comprises an energy-consuming steel plate 19 and 3 rectangular connection pins which are symmetrically and vertically connected to two sides of the energy-consuming steel plate, wherein two rows of 4 bolt holes are formed in the rectangular connection pins and are matched with the bolt holes of the rectangular connection pins on the arc-shaped pin connecting piece; and a plurality of layers of energy-consuming connection bridges of the main column and the auxiliary column are arranged between the main column and the auxiliary column. Each layer of main columns and each layer of auxiliary columns are connected by two energy-consumption connecting bridges of the main columns and the auxiliary columns. The main column and the auxiliary column are connected through the energy-consuming connecting bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column by utilizing a C-shaped arc foot connecting piece and a full-assembly type connecting assembly to form a function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column; and concrete 17 is poured in the steel pipe column.
The main column and the auxiliary columns are all wrapped fully-assembled steel pipe columns which are formed by splicing 4 arc-shaped column pieces 13. The 4 column pieces are arc-shaped, and the central angles are all 90 degrees. The outsourcing full assembled steel pipe column piece is equipped with the connection tooth along vertical one side, and the opposite side is equipped with and connects tooth assorted slide 15, connects tooth 16 and slide and splices mutually, constitutes circular steel-pipe column. The fully assembled main column and the fully assembled auxiliary column both comprise a core steel skeleton 14 and an outer-wrapped fully assembled steel pipe column, and the cross section size of the auxiliary column is smaller than that of the main column.
The outer reinforcing ring tile comprises an arc-shaped end plate and 3 connecting plates vertically connected to the two sides and the bottom side of the end plate, T-shaped connecting teeth are arranged on the lower surface of the connecting plate at the bottom side, and T-shaped slideways 22 matched with the T-shaped connecting teeth of the outer reinforcing ring tile are arranged on the upper surface and the lower surface of the arc-shaped connecting pins of the B-shaped arc-shaped pin connecting piece and the C-shaped arc-shaped pin connecting piece.
The steel pipe column comprises a core steel skeleton, and the core steel skeleton is concentric with the steel pipe column. The core steel skeleton includes circular steel pipe 9 and 4 overhanging steel baffles 10, is equipped with circular through-hole 27 on the overhanging steel baffle, and overhanging steel baffle free end distributes along vertical logical length has wedge to connect tooth 11, outsourcing full assembled column piece arc middle part inboard is along vertically being equipped with the interior wedge slide 12 with wedge connection tooth assorted. And an energy consumption steel plate of the energy consumption connection bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column is provided with an oval through hole.
Example 2
Rectangular connecting pins 18 of the energy-consumption connecting bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column are divided into upper rectangular connecting pins, middle rectangular connecting pins and lower rectangular connecting pins, wherein the upper rectangular connecting pins are positioned on two sides of the uppermost part of the energy-consumption steel plate and are provided with 2 transverse bolt holes, the middle rectangular connecting pins are positioned on two sides of the middle part of the energy-consumption steel plate and are provided with 4 bolt holes, and the lower rectangular connecting pins are positioned on two sides of the lowermost part of the energy-consumption steel plate and are provided with 2; and the rectangular connecting pin 23 of the arc-shaped pin connecting piece is provided with a bolt hole matched with the rectangular connecting pin of the energy-consuming connecting bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column.
The longitudinal length of each column piece of the steel pipe column is respectively 500mm, 750mm, 1000mm and 1500 mm. The purpose makes 4 column pieces stagger in the position of difference in length direction, prevents on the one hand that the formation section is unfavorable for intensity and the wholeness of post, the transportation and the construction of the column piece of being convenient for on the one hand.
The other technical characteristics are the same as those of the embodiment 1.
Example 3
As shown in fig. 12, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 2 in that there are 1 group of main columns and 2 groups of slave columns constituting the combined column, the energy-consuming connection bridge between the main column and the slave column connecting the main column and the slave column is spaced by 60 degrees, and there are 2 outriggers. The rest is the same as in example 2.
Example 4
The invention also relates to an installation method of the assembled function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column, which comprises the following steps:
(1) positioning the core steel framework of the main column: positioning a core steel framework of the main column;
(2) installing a main column: placing bolts into bolt holes reserved in the main column sheet according to the bolt holes corresponding to the bolt holes of the arc-shaped foot connecting piece; placing a first main column sheet above the core steel skeleton, enabling an inner wedge-shaped slideway of the main column sheet to be located above wedge-shaped connecting teeth of the steel partition plate extending out of the core steel skeleton, aligning the wedge-shaped connecting teeth and the inner wedge-shaped slideway, and sliding the column sheet to a specified position along the inner wedge-shaped slideway; according to the method, the rest main column pieces are aligned with the connecting teeth among the column pieces and the slide ways, and then the column pieces slide to the designated positions, so that the assembled main column is formed;
(3) positioning the core steel framework of the slave column: positioning the core steel framework of the slave column;
(4) installing the slave column: adopting the same installation method as the main column to form an assembled auxiliary column;
(5) installing a connecting assembly on the main column: b-shaped arc foot connecting pieces and C-shaped arc foot connecting pieces on the main column are aligned to bolts reserved on the column pieces, are respectively assembled into a plurality of circular rings and are connected with the main column; the outer reinforcing tiles on the main column are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece and are respectively encircled to form an upper circular reinforcing ring 24 and a lower circular reinforcing ring 25 which are connected by adjacent connecting pieces through bolts; the B-shaped arc foot connecting piece is adopted at the position where the beam needs to be arranged, the C-shaped arc foot connecting piece is adopted at the middle part of the column without the beam, and the T-shaped groove does not need to be arranged on the upper plane and the lower plane of the column because an external reinforcing ring is not needed.
(6) Installing a connecting assembly on the slave column: aligning the A-type arc foot connecting piece, the B-type arc foot connecting piece and the C-type arc foot connecting piece on the slave column with the reserved bolts on the column sheet to form a ring shape in a surrounding manner, and connecting the ring shape with the slave column; the outer reinforcing tiles on the subordinate columns are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the A-type arc-shaped foot connecting piece and the B-type arc-shaped foot connecting piece, and are respectively encircled to form a circular upper outer reinforcing ring and a circular lower outer reinforcing ring, and adjacent connecting pieces are connected through bolts; a type A arc foot connecting piece is adopted at one side of the energy-consuming connection bridge frame without connecting the main column and the auxiliary column, so that a rectangular connection foot is not required.
(7) Connecting the main column and the auxiliary column: connecting the main column and the auxiliary column through the energy-consuming connecting bridge frame of the main column and the auxiliary column, and connecting the energy-consuming steel plate with the rectangular connecting pin bolt on the arc-shaped pin connecting piece;
(8) installing a steel beam: connecting the steel beam with the A-shaped arc foot connecting piece on the subordinate column through a bolt;
(9) pouring concrete: and pouring fiber concrete in the core steel frame steel pipes of the main column and the auxiliary columns and in the space between the steel pipe column and the core steel frame, so that all the connecting parts are fastened and connected to form a whole through occlusion.
Example 5
Aligning the T-shaped connecting teeth of the outer reinforcing tiles on the main column with the T-shaped slide ways of the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces, and sliding the reinforcing tiles into and tightly attaching to the steel pipe column to form a circular outer reinforcing ring; and (6) aligning the T-shaped connecting teeth of the reinforcing tiles on the subordinate columns to the T-shaped slideways of the A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces and the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces, and sliding the reinforcing tiles into and tightly adhering to the steel pipe columns to form circular outer reinforcing rings.
The other technical characteristics are the same as those of the embodiment 4.
Example 6
And (7) when the arc-shaped foot connecting pieces are connected with the energy-consumption connecting bridge frames of the main and the auxiliary columns, connecting upper and lower rectangular connecting feet of two adjacent bridge frames are connected with the same arc-shaped foot connecting piece.
The other technical characteristics are the same as those of the embodiment 5.
Of course, the foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the invention and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the embodiments of the invention. The present invention is not limited to the above examples, and equivalent changes and modifications made by those skilled in the art within the spirit and scope of the present invention should be construed as being included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an assembled function recoverable steel skeleton concrete combination post which characterized in that: the steel pipe energy-consumption connecting bridge comprises a group of steel pipe main columns (1), at least one group of steel pipe auxiliary columns (2), a plurality of energy-consumption connecting bridge frames (3) of the main columns and the auxiliary columns, and a plurality of fully-assembled connecting assemblies; the fully-assembled connecting assembly comprises a plurality of arc-shaped foot connecting pieces and a plurality of pairs of outer reinforcing ring tiles (26), the outer reinforcing ring tiles (26) are encircled to form a circular outer reinforcing ring, and the steel pipe column is tightly hooped; the arc-shaped foot connecting piece comprises an A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (5), a B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (4) and a C-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (6), the arc-shaped foot connecting piece comprises arc-shaped connecting feet (20) and an outward extending steel plate (21) vertically connected to the arc-shaped connecting feet (20), bolt holes are formed in the outward extending steel plate (21) of the A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (5), the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (4) and the C-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (6) further comprise rectangular connecting feet vertically connected to the outward extending steel plate (21), and bolt holes are formed; the main-slave column energy-consumption connecting bridge frame (3) comprises an energy-consumption steel plate (19) and a plurality of rectangular connecting pins which are symmetrically and vertically connected to two sides of the energy-consumption steel plate (19), wherein bolt holes are formed in the rectangular connecting pins and are matched with the bolt holes of the rectangular connecting pins on the arc-shaped pin connecting piece, and bolt holes are formed in the arc-shaped connecting pins (20) of the arc-shaped pin connecting piece and are matched with the bolt holes in the cylindrical surface of the steel pipe column and are connected with the steel pipe column through bolts; the main column (1) and the auxiliary column (2) are connected through a C-shaped arc foot connecting piece (6) and a full-assembly type connecting assembly through a main column energy-consuming connecting bridge frame and a auxiliary column energy-consuming connecting bridge frame (3) to form a function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column; concrete (17) is poured into the steel pipe column.
2. The assembled function-recoverable steel-framework concrete combined column as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the main column (1) and the auxiliary column (2) are all outsourcing fully-assembled steel pipe columns which are formed by splicing a plurality of arc-shaped column pieces (13).
3. The assembled function-recoverable steel-framework concrete combined column as claimed in claim 2, wherein: one side of the arc-shaped column piece (13) along the longitudinal direction is provided with a connecting tooth (16), the other side of the arc-shaped column piece is provided with a slideway (15) matched with the connecting tooth (16), and the connecting tooth (16) and the slideway (15) are spliced to form a circular steel pipe column;
the outer reinforcing ring tile (26) comprises an arc-shaped end plate and a plurality of connecting plates vertically connected to the two sides and the bottom side of the end plate, T-shaped connecting teeth are arranged on the lower surface of the connecting plate at the bottom side, and T-shaped slideways (22) matched with the T-shaped connecting teeth of the outer reinforcing ring tile (26) are arranged on the upper surface and the lower surface of an arc-shaped connecting foot (20) of the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (4) and the C-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (6).
4. The assembled function-recoverable steel-framework concrete combined column as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the steel pipe column comprises a core steel framework (14), the core steel framework (14) comprises a round steel pipe (9) and a plurality of overhanging steel partition plates (10), wedge-shaped connecting teeth (11) are distributed at the free ends of the overhanging steel partition plates (10) along the longitudinal length, and inner wedge-shaped slideways (12) matched with the wedge-shaped connecting teeth (11) are longitudinally arranged on the inner sides of the arc-shaped middle parts of column pieces (13).
5. The assembled function-recoverable steel-framework concrete combined column as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the energy-consuming steel plate (19) of the main-auxiliary column energy-consuming connecting bridge frame (3) is provided with a through hole.
6. The assembled function-recoverable steel-framework concrete combined column as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the shape of the through hole is oval.
7. The assembled function-recoverable steel-framework concrete combined column as claimed in claim 1, wherein: rectangular connecting pins of the main-auxiliary column energy-consumption connecting bridge frame (3) are divided into an upper rectangular connecting pin, a middle rectangular connecting pin and a lower rectangular connecting pin, the upper rectangular connecting pin is positioned on two sides of the uppermost part of the energy-consumption steel plate (19) and is provided with 2 bolt holes, the middle rectangular connecting pin is positioned on two sides of the middle part of the energy-consumption steel plate (19) and is provided with 4 bolt holes, and the lower rectangular connecting pin is positioned on two sides of the lowermost part of the energy-consumption steel plate (19) and is provided with 2 bolt holes; rectangular connecting pins (23) of the arc-shaped pin connecting piece are provided with bolt holes matched with the rectangular connecting pins of the energy-consuming connecting bridge frame (3) of the main column and the auxiliary column.
8. The method for installing the assembled function-recoverable steel-framework concrete combined column as claimed in claim 4, comprising the following steps:
(1) core steel skeleton (14) of the positioning main column (1): positioning a core steel framework (14) of a main column (1);
(2) mounting the main column (1): bolts are put into the bolt holes reserved in the column pieces (13) of the main column (1) according to the corresponding positions of the bolt holes of the arc-shaped foot connecting pieces; placing a column piece (13) of a first main column (1) above a core steel framework (14), enabling an inner wedge-shaped slideway (12) of the column piece (13) of the main column (1) to be located above a wedge-shaped connecting tooth (11) of an overhanging steel partition plate (10) of the core steel framework (14), aligning the wedge-shaped connecting tooth (11) and the inner wedge-shaped slideway (12), and sliding the column piece (13) to a specified position along the inner wedge-shaped slideway (12); the remaining main column (1) pieces (13) are aligned with the slide ways (15) according to the method and the connecting teeth (16) among the pieces (13) are ensured, and then the main column (1) is slid to a designated position, thereby forming the assembled main column (1);
(3) core steel skeleton (14) positioning the slave column (2): positioning the core steel framework (14) of the slave column (2);
(4) mounting the slave post (2): adopting the same installation method as the main column (1) to form a fabricated slave column (2);
(5) installing a connecting assembly on the main column (1): b-shaped arc foot connecting pieces (4) and C-shaped arc foot connecting pieces (6) on the main column (1) are aligned to bolts reserved on the column pieces (13), and are respectively surrounded and spliced into a plurality of circular rings and connected with the main column (1); outer reinforcing tiles on the main column (1) are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (4) and respectively form an upper circular reinforcing ring and a lower circular reinforcing ring in a surrounding mode, and adjacent connecting pieces are connected through bolts;
(6) mounting a connection assembly on the slave column (2): aligning an A-type arc foot connecting piece (5), a B-type arc foot connecting piece (4) and a C-type arc foot connecting piece (6) on the slave column (2) to bolts reserved on a column piece (13) to form a circular ring shape in a surrounding way and be connected with the slave column (2); outer reinforcing tiles on the subordinate columns (2) are arranged on the upper and lower sides of the A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (5) and the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (4) and respectively form circular upper and lower outer reinforcing rings in a surrounding and splicing mode, and adjacent connecting pieces are connected through bolts;
(7) connecting the main column and the auxiliary column: the main column (1) and the auxiliary column (2) are connected through an energy-consuming connecting bridge frame (3) of the main column and the auxiliary column, and an energy-consuming steel plate (19) is connected with a rectangular connecting pin bolt on an arc-shaped pin connecting piece;
(8) mounting the steel beam (7): connecting the steel beam (7) with the A-shaped arc foot connecting piece (5) on the subordinate column (2) through bolts;
(9) casting concrete (17): fiber concrete (17) is poured in steel pipes of core steel frameworks (14) of the main column (1) and the auxiliary column (2) and in a space between the steel pipes and the core steel frameworks (14), and all connecting parts are fastened and connected through occlusion to form a whole.
9. The method for installing the assembled function-recoverable steel-framework concrete combined column as claimed in claim 8, wherein the method comprises the following steps: the step (5) also comprises aligning the T-shaped connecting teeth of the external reinforcing tiles on the main column (1) with the T-shaped slideway (22) of the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting piece (4), and sliding the reinforcing tiles into and tightly attaching to the steel pipe column to form a circular external reinforcing ring; and (6) aligning the T-shaped connecting teeth of the reinforcing tiles on the subordinate columns (2) with the T-shaped slideways (22) of the A-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces (5) and the B-shaped arc-shaped foot connecting pieces (4), and sliding the reinforcing tiles into and tightly adhering to the steel pipe column to form a circular outer reinforcing ring.
CN201810358578.2A 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 Assembled function-recoverable steel skeleton concrete combined column and mounting method Active CN108487549B (en)

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CN112709373B (en) * 2020-12-29 2022-05-06 青岛建设集团股份有限公司 Assembled shape memory alloy energy-consumption combined column and installation method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000054681A (en) * 1998-08-12 2000-02-22 Shimizu Corp Structure for seismic building
CN104196170A (en) * 2011-02-18 2014-12-10 桑菲斯株式会社 Method of constructing prefabricated steel reinforced concrete (psrc) column using angle steels
CN104895249A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-09 华侨大学 Combined column foot capable of being repaired in situ
CN105544869A (en) * 2015-05-07 2016-05-04 天津大学 Steel pipe and concrete combination special-shaped column suitable for industrial production

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000054681A (en) * 1998-08-12 2000-02-22 Shimizu Corp Structure for seismic building
CN104196170A (en) * 2011-02-18 2014-12-10 桑菲斯株式会社 Method of constructing prefabricated steel reinforced concrete (psrc) column using angle steels
CN105544869A (en) * 2015-05-07 2016-05-04 天津大学 Steel pipe and concrete combination special-shaped column suitable for industrial production
CN104895249A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-09 华侨大学 Combined column foot capable of being repaired in situ

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