CN108143596A - A kind of wear-type vision training instrument, system and training method - Google Patents

A kind of wear-type vision training instrument, system and training method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108143596A
CN108143596A CN201611104216.8A CN201611104216A CN108143596A CN 108143596 A CN108143596 A CN 108143596A CN 201611104216 A CN201611104216 A CN 201611104216A CN 108143596 A CN108143596 A CN 108143596A
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China
Prior art keywords
training
wear
dummy
instrument
type
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CN201611104216.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘祺
胡红芹
徐劲松
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Zunyi Jinlin Eyesight Health Care Consulting Co Ltd
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Zunyi Jinlin Eyesight Health Care Consulting Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611104216.8A priority Critical patent/CN108143596A/en
Publication of CN108143596A publication Critical patent/CN108143596A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H5/00Exercisers for the eyes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0157Constructive details portable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/165Wearable interfaces
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/02Head
    • A61H2205/022Face
    • A61H2205/024Eyes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of wear-type vision training instrument, system and training methods, are related to sight protection technical field.Wear-type vision training instrument of the present invention is to be integrated with the visual exercise equipment for being worn over human body head of processor, reaction type visual output device, audio output device and adjustable mirror framework, the training system that the vision-training system is detached for wear-type vision training instrument and cloud database.Visual exercise is carried out using the instrument for training and system, can achieve the effect that alleviate visual fatigue, enhancing visual ability.Trainer can directly carry out independent visual exercise using wear-type instrument for training, and trainer can also monitor the training of trainer in real time in distal end, provide real-time, personalized training guidance, this both contributes to improve training effect.

Description

A kind of wear-type vision training instrument, system and training method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sight protection technical field more particularly to wear-type vision training instrument, system and training sides Method.
Background technology
In recent years, more and more electronic curtains are appeared in daily life, and people use electronic curtain daily Time is also increasingly longer.Excessive for electronic curtain uses the burden for having aggravated eyes so that visual fatigue is easy to occur, and makes The ratio of myopia gradually rises into crowd, and this phenomenon has the tendency that constantly becoming younger, accelerationization, sprawlingization.
Eyes is allowed suitably to rest can alleviate even elimination visual fatigue plus rational visual exercise, so as to play protection The effect of eyes.Traditional visual training equipment, which is based on principle, can be divided into visual stimulus and temper eye muscle.Two classes regard Power training equipment can achieve the effect that protect eyes to a certain extent, but need larger interference-free space (2.5 meters to 5 meters), be difficult when trainee is in trained meet as condition, trainee is caused to be easy to be done by external environment It disturbs, it is impossible to which wholwe-hearted training reduces training effect.Meanwhile two class visual training equipment dull training process easily make by Instruction person generates weary mood, so as to be perfunctory to training process, reduces trained effect significantly.
The shortcomings that in order to which conventional vision is overcome to train equipment, a kind of appearance of novel wear-type vision training instrument is needed, It has experience of complete immersion in the space of very little so that user seemingly place oneself in the midst of one it is virtual have it is unlimited Among the world in space, do not interfered by extraneous environment.Meanwhile can freely use and expand applicable scene, increase instruction Interactivity in white silk enhances trained effect.
Invention content
In view of the deficiencies in the prior art, the technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of sky having in very little The visual exercise equipment of interior complete immersion experience.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a kind of wear-type vision training instrument, system and training methods, have very Good portability and the experience immersed completely improve the effect of visual exercise.Specifically, technical solution provided by the invention is such as Under:
A kind of wear-type vision training instrument, including:Processor, for generating and handling training information;Visual output device, For showing training information and receiving training feedback;Audio output device, for playing the corresponding audio of training information;Adjustable mirror Framework, for adjusting interpupillary distance and focal length;Shell is used to support the visual output device and the adjustable mirror framework;The place Reason device is connect with the visual output device and the audio output device, the visual output device and the adjustable mirror framework Connection.
Preferably, the wear-type vision training instrument further includes wireless transceiver, the wireless transceiver and the processing Device connects, for training information to be sent to monitoring platform.
Preferably, the visual output device is reaction type visual output device, and two pieces including corresponding to right and left eyes aobvious Display screen, two pieces of display screens have parallax, can be closed by eyes as method generates 3-D view.
Preferably, the background of the 3-D view is the two-tone stripe pattern of high contrast, and the two-tone stripe pattern can Dynamic change, such as translation, rotation, scaling.
Preferably, the object in the 3-D view be two-dimensional bodies, such as picture;Or the three-dimension object of arbitrary shape, such as Polyhedron, cartoon model;The object can dynamic change, such as translation, rotation, scaling, change shape, turn colors.
Preferably, the audio output device includes In-Ear Headphones, clip-on type earphone or headphone.
Preferably, the adjustable mirror framework includes lens barrel and interpupillary distance regulating part.
Further, the lens barrel is two, corresponds to right and left eyes respectively, and the lens barrel is cylinder, is set in each lens barrel There is optical lens group.
Further, the optical lens group includes two eyeglasses, and the eyeglass close to eyes side is concavees lens, far from eye The eyeglass of eyeball side is adjusted for the distance between convex lens, described two eyeglasses by the lens barrel.
Preferably, the interpupillary distance regulating part can continuously adjust the interpupillary distance of the lens barrel between 55~68 millimeters.
Preferably, the length of the lens barrel is less than or equal to 50mm.
Preferably, the wear-type vision training instrument further includes fixed elastic webbing on the housing, the elastic webbing It is two, is surrounded with the shell and form the cavity that can accommodate user head.
Preferably, the processor is installed on the housing.
Preferably, the wireless transceiver is installed on the housing.
Preferably, the visual output device is fixed with the adjustable mirror framework relative position.
A kind of vision-training system, including above-mentioned wear-type vision training instrument, monitoring platform and cloud database server; The monitoring platform is used to receive the training data that the wear-type vision training instrument is sent out by wireless transceiver, the monitoring Platform has display equipment, can monitor wear-type vision training instrument in real time, and the cloud database server is described for storing Training data and feedback information, the training data include visual output data, feedback vision data and adjustable mirror framework parameter.
Preferably, the monitoring platform and the cloud database server are instructed by internet and the wear-type vision Practice the wireless transceiver communication of instrument.
A kind of vision training method, the vision training method use above-mentioned wear-type vision training instrument, are regarded for alleviating Fatigue tempers eye muscle, includes the following steps:
A. visual sensitivity training mode is run, the change frequency of background striped is slow, and the variation of background striped includes putting down It moves, rotation, scale;Occurs 1 dummy object in virtual scene at random at regular intervals, each dummy object stops in the scene It stays and disappears after a certain period of time;
B. run eye region muscle training pattern, the change frequency of background striped is accelerated, the variation of background striped include translation, Rotation, scaling;There is dummy object at the central region other than 10 meters of trainee in virtual scene, with slow constant speed Rate moves in scene;The movement locus of dummy object is from the distant to the near, from central region gradually to edge;
C. operation eyesight enhancing training mode, the change frequency of background striped are further speeded up, the variation packet of background striped Include translation, rotation, scaling etc.;Occur multiple dummy objects in virtual scene at random, have and only there are two dummy object it is identical, use Identical dummy object is found out in making trainee;Trainee can pass through input equipment such as mouse, handle, motion sensing control device etc. and void Intend object and interaction occurs;If trainee is successfully found identical dummy object, dummy object disappears in scene, occurs immediately new The a certain proportion of dummy object of diminution;If trainee finds identical dummy object failure, dummy object disappears in scene, Occurs a certain proportion of dummy object of new amplification immediately.
Preferably, background candy strip is the two-tone stripe pattern of high contrast, and dummy object has fine structure.
Wear-type vision training instrument provided by the invention, system and training method, it is therefore an objective to eliminate visual fatigue, promote dynamic Visual sensitivity and contrast sensitivity, so as to enhance eyesight.
Wear-type vision training instrument provided by the invention, system and training method can enhance the dynamic vision of trainee Sensitivity and the bright sensitivity of comparison, and eye muscle can be adjusted, alleviate visual fatigue.This method is regarded in alleviation visual fatigue, enhancing There is effect well in terms of feeling sensing capability.
Wear-type vision training instrument provided by the invention is suitable for the user of different vision conditions, and there is interpupillary distance focal length to connect The advantages of continuous adjustable, without replacing frame, that is, adjustable focal length, easy to use, comfortable wearing.
The method of the present invention and the technique effect of generation are described further below with reference to attached drawing, to be fully understood from The purpose of the present invention, feature and effect.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the right side structure diagram of vision training instrument provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left side structure diagram of vision training instrument provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of adjustable mirror framework provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of vision-training system provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 respectively illustrate wear-type vision training instrument provided in this embodiment right side structure diagram and Left side structure diagram, trainee need to wear vision training instrument completion training.The wear-type vision training instrument includes processing Device 1, visual output device 2, audio output device 3, adjustable mirror framework 4 and shell 6.Processor 1 connects 2 He of visual output device Audio output device 3, visual output device 2 connect adjustable mirror framework 4;Processor 1 is used to generating and handling training information, vision For showing training information and receiving training feedback information, audio output device 3 corresponds to output equipment 2 for playing training information Audio, adjusting frame body 4 is for adjusting interpupillary distance and focal length;Shell 6 is used to support visual output device and adjustable mirror framework; Wear-type vision training instrument can also configure wireless transceiver 5;5 connection processing device 1 of wireless transceiver, for training information to be sent To monitoring platform.Wireless transceiver 5 and processor 1 are arranged on the inner or outer side of shell 6.
Wear-type vision training instrument further includes elastic webbing 7, and elastic webbing 7 is fixed on shell 6, for wear-type vision to be instructed Practice the head that instrument is fixed on wearer.Wear-type vision training instrument may also include battery 8, for being set for processor 1, visual output Standby 2, audio output device 3, adjusting frame body 4 and wireless transceiver 5 provide power supply.In the state of internet is connected, nothing The training feedback Information encapsulation that line transceiver 5 generates processor 1 is sent to monitoring platform into wireless data packet.Do not having In the state of connecting internet, the simple exercise of feedback-less can be carried out.Wireless transceiver be preferably bluetooth wireless transceiver, Any one in WiFi wireless transceivers, ZigBee wireless transceivers or other wireless transceivers.
Visual output device 2 in the present embodiment is preferably reaction type visual output device, including corresponding to right and left eyes Two pieces of display screens, two pieces of display screens have parallax, can be closed by eyes as method generates 3-D view.The background of 3-D view is preferred For the two-tone stripe pattern of high contrast, two-tone stripe pattern can dynamic change, such as translation, rotation, scaling.In 3-D view Object is two-dimensional bodies, such as picture;Or the three-dimension object of arbitrary shape, such as polyhedron, cartoon model;Object can dynamic change, As translated, rotating, scaling, change shape, turn colors.Audio output device 3 includes In-Ear Headphones, clip-on type earphone or head Headset.
As shown in figure 3, the adjustable mirror framework 4 in the present embodiment includes lens barrel 41 and interpupillary distance regulating part 42.Lens barrel is two, Right and left eyes are corresponded to respectively, and lens barrel is cylinder, and optical lens group 43 is equipped in each lens barrel.Optical lens group includes two mirrors Piece, for the eyeglass close to eyes side for concavees lens, the eyeglass far from eyes side is convex lens, and the distance between two eyeglasses are logical Cross lens barrel adjusting.Interpupillary distance regulating part can continuously adjust the interpupillary distance of lens barrel between 55~68 millimeters.Due to the use of the eyesight feelings of person Condition is different, therefore the adjustable mirror framework 4 in the present embodiment can adapt to use by adjusting the distance of optical lens group in lens barrel The vision condition of person without replacing frame in the training process, simplifies training process, also makes the wear-type of the present embodiment Vision training instrument applicability is wider.But the introducing of optical lens group inherently increases the volume of frame, this is in wear-type vision It is extremely difficult in the limited space of instrument for training, in addition, the weight of adjustable mirror framework can also increase, reduces what user wore Comfort level.Adjustable mirror framework 4 in the present embodiment is by selecting between eyeglass (including convex lens and concavees lens) and adjustment eyeglass Spacing (convex lens and focal length that such as focal length is 40mm be -60mm concavees lens, eyeglass spacing 20mm), continuously adjusted in realization Under the action of the single eyeglass of focal length equivalent substitution, the length of lens barrel can be controlled within 50mm, eyeglass uses PMMA materials, pole The big weight for reducing adjustable mirror framework.
As shown in figure 4, wear-type vision-training system further includes cloud database server.Monitoring platform and high in the clouds data Library server is communicated by internet with the wireless transceiver of wear-type vision training instrument.Database server is used to store training Information and feedback information, to be adjusted in real time to training information.Database server, can be right as a cloud device Training information collect for a long time, a large amount of and feedback information are stored and are arranged, and can be to formulate individual character after analysis Change, the training information of precision provides objective foundation.
For wear-type vision training instrument provided in this embodiment is used to make below with a case study on implementation for visual exercise It illustrates:The training duration of the individualized training unit of visual exercise is preferably 10 minutes, including three steps:Visual sensitivity Training (3 minutes) --- eye region muscle training (3 minutes) --- eyesight enhancing training (4 minutes).Single training can be by single Or multiple training unit compositions.
Training method background candy strip used in training is the two-tone stripe pattern of high contrast, such as black and white, red It is green etc..The two-tone stripe pattern of high contrast can increase the excitability of visual perception, contribute to regarding during training for promotion Feel sensitivity.
The training method training when dummy object used either two-dimensional bodies such as picture etc. or arbitrary shape The three-dimension object of shape, such as polyhedron, cartoon model.Dummy object used is characterized by fine structure, and fine structure is Refer to body form and include tiny protrusion, notch, sawtooth etc..
When visual sensitivity is trained, the change frequency of background striped is slower, and trainee is made to receive the visual stimulus of moderate. Under this change frequency, the variation of background striped includes translation, rotation, scaling etc..
When visual sensitivity is trained, occur 1 dummy object, each virtual object in virtual scene at random at regular intervals Body stops in the scene to disappear after a certain period of time.Trainee needs to keep watching dummy object.
During eye region muscle training, the change frequency of background striped is accelerated, and enables trainee under conditions of pleasant Carry out slight visual stimulus.Under this change frequency, the variation of background striped includes translation, rotation, scaling etc..
During eye region muscle training, there is dummy object at the central region other than 10 meters of trainee in virtual scene, It is moved in scene with the constant slow rate of comparison.Trainee needs to keep watching dummy object.Dummy object Movement locus from the distant to the near, from central region gradually to edge, see to all directions, reaches exercise eye by guiding trainee's eyes The purpose of muscle.
During eyesight enhancing training, the change frequency of background striped is most fast, and trainee is made to receive the visual stimulus of enhancing.Herein Under change frequency, the variation of background striped includes translation, rotation, scaling etc..
During eyesight enhancing training, occur multiple dummy objects in virtual scene at random, guarantee has and only there are two virtual objects Body is the same, and trainee is made to find out identical dummy object.Trainee can pass through input equipment such as mouse, handle, body-sensing Controller etc. occurs interactive with dummy object.
During eyesight enhancing training, if trainee is successfully found identical dummy object, dummy object disappears in scene, Occur a certain proportion of dummy object of new diminution immediately, continue to train.
During eyesight enhancing training, if trainee finds identical dummy object failure, dummy object disappears in scene, Occur a certain proportion of dummy object of new amplification immediately, continue to train.
In implementation process described above, all training parameters all carry out personalized according to the data that cloud database stores With the real-time adjustment to become more meticulous.
In training process, trainee should keep head static as possible, remove tracking virtual reality object with sight, reach more preferable Training effect.Meanwhile the movement that wear-type vision training instrument should be avoided unexpected, trainee can be made to generate the feeling of dizziness.
Trainee answers consulting profession personnel to determine oneself to be suitble to wear wear-type vision training instrument before this training is received It is trained again afterwards.If trainee from be not used it is excessive wear formula vision training instrument, just started train when it is possible that may feel that Slight dizzy, this belongs to the normal reaction that part population wears wear-type vision training instrument, uses wear-type vision training instrument one Dizziness will mitigate until disappearing after the section time.If the phenomenon that dizzy, does not disappear always, it may be possible to because trainee is excessively It is tired or more sensitive in person, answer deconditioning, and consulting profession personnel.If dizzy feelings occur once in a while in the training process Condition should temporarily cease training, close mesh rest for a moment, be further continued for training after dizziness is eliminated.
In order to make trained process more interesting, leisure game plot can be added in when training designs, trainee is made to exist Visual exercise is completed in amusement;Developmental game plot can also be added in, trainee is helped to develop cerebral function.
Wear-type vision training instrument provided by the invention, system and training method, can enhance dynamic visual acuity and Bright sensitivity is compared, and eye muscle can be adjusted, alleviates, eliminate visual fatigue.This method has well in terms of visual fatigue is eliminated Effect can enhance eyesight, pre- myopia prevention, eliminate pseudo-myopia etc. to a certain extent.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention described in detail above.It should be appreciated that the ordinary skill of this field is without wound The property made labour, which according to the present invention can conceive, makes many modifications and variations.Therefore, all technician in the art Pass through the available technology of logical analysis, reasoning, or a limited experiment on the basis of existing technology under this invention's idea Scheme, all should be in the protection domain being defined in the patent claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of wear-type vision training instrument, which is characterized in that including:
Processor, for generating and handling training information;
Visual output device, for showing training information and receiving training feedback;
Audio output device, for playing the corresponding audio of training information;
Adjustable mirror framework, for adjusting interpupillary distance and focal length;
Shell is used to support the visual output device and the adjustable mirror framework;
The processor is connect with the visual output device and the audio output device, the visual output device with it is described Adjustable mirror framework connects.
2. wear-type vision training instrument as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the wear-type vision training instrument further includes Wireless transceiver, the wireless transceiver are connected to the processor, for training information to be sent to monitoring platform.
3. wear-type vision training instrument as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the visual output device is regarded for reaction type Feel output equipment, two pieces of display screens including corresponding to right and left eyes, two pieces of display screens have parallax, can close picture by eyes Method generates 3-D view.
4. wear-type vision training instrument as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the background of the 3-D view is compared to be high The two-tone stripe pattern of degree, the two-tone stripe pattern can dynamic changes, such as translation, rotation, scaling.
5. wear-type vision training instrument as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the object in the 3-D view is two dimension Object, such as picture;Or the three-dimension object of arbitrary shape, such as polyhedron, cartoon model;The object can dynamic change, such as translation, Rotation, scaling, change shape, turn colors.
6. wear-type vision training instrument as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the audio output device includes In-Ear Earphone, clip-on type earphone or headphone.
7. wear-type vision training instrument as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the adjustable mirror framework includes lens barrel and pupil Away from regulating part.
8. wear-type vision training instrument as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the lens barrel is two, corresponding left respectively Right eye, the lens barrel are cylinder, and optical lens group is equipped in each lens barrel.
9. a kind of vision-training system, which is characterized in that including the wear-type vision instruction as described in claim 1-8 any one Practice instrument, monitoring platform and cloud database server;
The monitoring platform is described for receiving the training data that the wear-type vision training instrument is sent out by wireless transceiver Monitoring platform has display equipment, can monitor wear-type vision training instrument in real time, and the cloud database server is used to store The training data and feedback information, the training data include visual output data, feedback vision data and adjustable mirror framework Parameter.
10. a kind of vision training method, which is characterized in that the vision training method uses such as claim 1-8 any one The wear-type vision training instrument for alleviating visual fatigue, tempering eye muscle, includes the following steps:
A. visual sensitivity training mode is run, the change frequency of background striped is slow, and the variation of background striped includes translation, rotation Turn, scaling;Occurs 1 dummy object in virtual scene at random at regular intervals, each dummy object stops one in the scene It disappears after fixing time;
B. eye region muscle training pattern is run, the change frequency of background striped is accelerated, and the variation of background striped includes translation, rotation Turn, scaling;There is dummy object at the central region other than 10 meters of trainee in virtual scene, with slow constant rate of speed It is moved in scene;The movement locus of dummy object is from the distant to the near, from central region gradually to edge;
C. operation eyesight enhancing training mode, the change frequency of background striped are further speeded up, and the variation of background striped includes putting down Move, rotate, scaling etc.;Occur multiple dummy objects in virtual scene at random, have and only there are two dummy object it is identical, for making Trainee finds out identical dummy object;Trainee can pass through input equipment such as mouse, handle, motion sensing control device etc. and virtual object Body occurs interactive;If trainee is successfully found identical dummy object, dummy object disappears in scene, occurs new contracting immediately Small a certain proportion of dummy object;If trainee finds identical dummy object failure, dummy object disappears in scene, immediately There is a certain proportion of dummy object of new amplification.
CN201611104216.8A 2016-12-05 2016-12-05 A kind of wear-type vision training instrument, system and training method Pending CN108143596A (en)

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CN110141185A (en) * 2019-04-16 2019-08-20 浙江大学 A kind of eyesight provisional monitor and the wearable device for having visual training function
CN110664595A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-01-10 诸暨启爱近视防控中心有限公司 Visual training method and system

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