CN104834107A - Myopic out-of-focus functional contact lens - Google Patents

Myopic out-of-focus functional contact lens Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104834107A
CN104834107A CN201510201414.5A CN201510201414A CN104834107A CN 104834107 A CN104834107 A CN 104834107A CN 201510201414 A CN201510201414 A CN 201510201414A CN 104834107 A CN104834107 A CN 104834107A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
myopia
functional contact
contact lenses
focus type
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510201414.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
伍卫东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Qi Anqi Vision Science And Technology Ltd
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Guangzhou Qi Anqi Vision Science And Technology Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN2015200646930 priority Critical
Priority to CN201520064693 priority
Application filed by Guangzhou Qi Anqi Vision Science And Technology Ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Qi Anqi Vision Science And Technology Ltd
Priority to CN201510201414.5A priority patent/CN104834107A/en
Publication of CN104834107A publication Critical patent/CN104834107A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02CSPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
    • G02C7/00Optical parts
    • G02C7/02Lenses; Lens systems ; Methods of designing lenses
    • G02C7/04Contact lenses for the eyes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H5/00Exercisers for the eyes

Abstract

The invention relates to a myopic out-of-focus functional contact lens comprising a lens body and a through hole structure, wherein the lens body is attached onto an eyeball and is made of a light-proof material, and the through hole structure is arranged on the lens body and arranged at a position corresponding to a wearer pupil, and the pore size of the through hole structure is in a variation range of the diameter of the wearer pupil. According to the myopic out-of-focus functional contact lens, according to different sizes of the eye pupil, lenses with different pore sizes are designed for matching the pupil, all eye muscles and irises are all allowed to be in non-movement condition, an eye is still in a state of relaxation and can see objects clearly, therefore, visual fatigue can be reduced, a clear vision field is maintained in the state, related problems generated due to regulation fatigue and optical out-of-focus phenomena can be effectively prevented and solved, so as to achieve the purpose of myopia prevention and control. Moreover, the myopic out-of-focus functional contact lens provided by the invention cannot be offset along with movement, so that the eye muscle training is more efficient.

Description

The functional contact lenses of a kind of Myopia out of focus type
Technical field
The present invention relates to contact lenses, particularly the functional contact lenses of a kind of Myopia out of focus type.
Background technology
Through hole glasses are special spectacles of a kind of perforate on eyeglass, due to useless reflected light can be stopped around, therefore target object can be made clearly to be shown, and reach exercise eye muscle, improve the object of eyesight, the through hole glasses wherein invented by Japanese Scientists, through hole glasses are each five holes, but it can stop unwanted reflected light around through hole glasses, the through hole of exact science can accurately show the target object wanting to see, and there is the function of training eye muscle, according to the said firm stakeholder introduction, the user of eyesight 0.6 is had to wear these eyes after 3 months, eyesight brings up to 1.2.
But there is many unreasonable parts in existing through hole glasses: existing through hole glasses are used by mirror support supports eyeglass, therefore there is certain distance between eyeglass and eyes, glasses adjustment is improper or through hole can be made correspondingly with eye pupil cannot to look thing after using a period of time, and eyeglass can be caused to move when people moves, be unfavorable for depending on thing and the training that cannot realize relevant visual function.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem of background technology, of the present inventionly providing the functional contact lenses of a kind of Myopia out of focus type, comprising:
Eyeglass body, it to be attached on eyeball and to be light tight material;
Through-hole structure, it is arranged on position on described eyeglass body and corresponding with wearer's pupil, and the pore size of described through-hole structure is in described wearer's pupil diameter variation range, and the aperture of described through-hole structure is 1.5mm ~ 4.5mm.
Preferred version is: described contact lenses also comprise: high polymer layer, described high polymer layer is arranged on the below of described eyeglass body and the globoidal structure mated with cornea, for being attached to the tear layer surface of cornea, and compatible and there is uv blocking and anti-glare function with ocular physiology.
Preferred version is: the below of described high polymer layer is attached with the first transparent coating layer by the method that macromolecular material is polymerized.
Preferred version is:, described eyeglass body is optical composite layer, and described optical composite layer comprises: light shield layer, and it is attached to the upper surface of described high polymer layer.
Preferred version is: described optical composite layer also comprises: patterned layer or flower-pattern layer, and it is attached to the upper surface of described light shield layer;
Preferred version is: the top of described patterned layer or flower-pattern layer is attached with the second transparent coating layer by the method that macromolecular material is polymerized.
Preferred version is: described high polymer layer is made up of PMMA, PHEMA, PMMA and NVP multipolymer, HEMA and MAA multipolymer, IPN, polyurethane hydrogel, silicone-hydrogel, fluoropolymer material.
Preferred version is: described light tight material is high molecular polymer.
Preferred version is: the color of described patterned layer or flower-pattern layer and the iris color of wearer close.
The functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type provided by the invention varying in size according to eye pupil, the eyeglass of design different pore size size matches with it, when eye muscle and pupil all need not be moved, allow eyes be in relaxation state always and just can see object clearly, asthenopic generation can be reduced like this, and keep the visual field clearly in this case, effectively can prevent and solve because of the relevant issues that modulability is tired and optical defocus phenomenon occurs, to reach the object realizing near-sighted prevention and control.And the functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type provided by the invention can not along with motion deviation post, make the training of eye muscle more efficient.
Contact lenses feature of the present invention:
1. prevent myopia degree to deepen;
2. replace pupillary function, the contractile function of training ciliary muscle regulating power and training iris;
3. replace the spectacles of less than 400 degree, make up the number of degrees with adjustment force;
4. improve pseudo-myopia person, common " blink " problem;
5. lower the stimulation that TV, multimedia screen send harmful light;
6. reduce eye strain and regulate nervous, improving eyesight.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is side view of the present invention.
Embodiment
People's (beyond 5 meters) eyes axis oculi when seeing far away is parallel, and Diopter accommodation loosens, and pupil amplifies.When seeing near, (within 40CM) eyes axis oculi inwardly rotates simultaneously and sight line is being intersected by depending on object location, and Diopter accommodation makes sight line point of intersection be formed image clearly on the retina by depending on thing, and pupil also does and reduces adjustment accordingly simultaneously.These three kinds of visual performances almost simultaneously completed, are referred to as " binocular vision three links ".
Three through transports of eye are moved: when eyes regulate, eye respectively organizes occurred coordination phenomenon.During adjustment, ciliary muscle contraction, crystal becomes convex, and diopter increases, and focus is fallen within retina.During adjustment, eyes have inward turning, increase converge like the spokes of a wheel at the hub amount, and along with myosis, the degree of depth of focus can be made like this to increase, and then eyes carry out the control of regulated quantity according to the degree of depth of focus, and such eyes just can see clearly near object.Alternatively become like this: regulate and increase-> converge like the spokes of a wheel at the hub increase-> pupil-> the depth of focus-> regulated quantity that rises that diminishes and control.Eyes regulation mechanism is: see near, and-------crystal suspensorium relaxes, and-----crystal elasticity deformation------produces adjustment human body principal visual function, and (near time far away when depending on thing being often, the main mutual coordinated movement of various economic factors by intraocular musculus rectus lateralis realizes its function to-ciliary muscle contraction.
The prerequisite realizing best refractive status is that eyes have strong visual performance, and the power of visual performance exactly by binocular vision three link embody.The rule that ophthalmic refractive state is grown is: by long sight to facing again to myopia, the process of growth is unstable, and the result of growth is irreversible.It is that refractive status was grown slow presenting and grown delayed that people finally becomes long sight, and becoming myopia is that refractive status is grown and too fastly presented advanced growth.Recently there is scholar to point out, see and closely cause near-sighted change to be also a kind of special circumstances of form deprivation.The accommodative excess that " depending near " causes is nervous, and can make to see that reaction far away is slack-off, this " distal response is slack-off " just shows as near-sighted phenomenon or be called pseudo-myopia.And then to propose the adjustment of eye when seeing near be not the reason causing axial myopia, but when seeing near, regulatory function lags behind consolidation function, thus image blur on the retina, elongated and become true myopia in order to see clearly the eyeball forming compensatory.
Grow the via effect innovation theory of doctor according to world's ophthalmology authority-William lotus thunder show shellfish, with the functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type of scientific design, allow light therethrough through hole inject cornea, crystalline lens focuses on retina, similar telescope principle.Reduce the interlock of ciliary muscle and pupil when looking near, make eyes antimetropia thing be in relaxation state for a long time, asthenopic generation can be reduced.Meanwhile, the number of degrees capable of preventing myopia are deepened, replace pupillary function, training ciliary muscle focuses ability, replace the spectacles of less than 400 degree, the number of degrees are made up with adjustment force, improve pseudo-myopia person, the width that common " blink " problem also can lower harmful light such as TV, multimedia screen is penetrated and stimulates, and realizes reducing eye strain and anxiety, improves the object of eyesight.
In sum, principle as can be seen from binocular vision three links: viewed from eyes during object, eye muscle and pupil move all at the same time, we make a through hole eyeglass according to the ciliary muscle in eye structure principle and iris joint-action mechanism principle and place at the moment, but also varying in size according to eye pupil, the eyeglass of design different size pore size matches with it, when eye muscle and pupil all need not be moved, allow eyes be in relaxation state always and just can see object clearly, so just can reduce asthenopic generation, and keep the visual field clearly in this case, effectively can prevent and solve because of the relevant issues that modulability is tired and optical defocus phenomenon occurs, to reach the object realizing near-sighted prevention and control.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, be further elaborated the present invention, a kind of Myopia provided by the invention, from feel type functional glasses, comprising:
Eyeglass body 1, it to be attached on eyeball and to be light tight material, and described light tight material is high molecular polymer, and described eyeglass body is optical composite layer, and described optical composite layer comprises:
High polymer layer 4, described high polymer layer 4 is in the globoidal structure mated with cornea, for being attached to the tear layer surface of cornea, and can be compatible and there is uv blocking function and anti-glare luminous energy with ocular physiology, namely mixed in macromolecule polymer material and there is uv blocking functional material and anti-glare material, the below of described high polymer layer 4 is attached with the first transparent coating 5 layers by the method that macromolecular material is polymerized, described high polymer layer 4 is by PMMA, PHEMA, PMMA and NVP multipolymer, HEMA and MAA multipolymer, IPN, polyurethane hydrogel, silicone-hydrogel, fluoropolymer material is made,
Light shield layer 3, it is attached to the upper surface of described high polymer layer 4, can stop useless reflected light around;
Patterned layer or flower-pattern layer 6, it is attached to the upper surface of described light shield layer 3, play the effect of U.S. pupil and color make-up, the color of described patterned layer or flower-pattern layer 6 and the iris color of wearer close, the top of described patterned layer or flower-pattern layer 6 is attached with the second transparent coating layer 7 by the method that macromolecular material is polymerized;
Transparent coating layer prevents patterned layer or flower-pattern layer 3 from decolouring, and prevents the covalent coupling method principle be shifted through in high molecular polymerization method between high polymer layer 1, light shield layer 2 and patterned layer or flower-pattern layer 3 from respective material is condensed together;
Through-hole structure 2, it is arranged on position on described eyeglass body 1 and corresponding with wearer's pupil, and the pore size of described through-hole structure 2 is in described wearer's pupil diameter variation range, and described through-hole structure 2 aperture is generally 1.5mm ~ 4.5mm.
Use Myopia out of focus type functional contact lenses to be the foolproof methods of one recovering twenty-twenty vision, it can alleviate kopiopia, and the through-hole structure on glasses is in indoor, outdoor, reading, with computer or see that TV is all very convenient.
Clinical practice assessment is preliminary to be found, after wearing functional through hole eyesight contact lenses, correcting defects of vision of A nearsighted person is improved, and visual effect is more satisfactory, and the adjustment force having more than 80% to wear mirror A nearsighted person, the amplitude of accommodation and regulate the parameter of sensitivity all to have raising in various degree.
Although embodiment of the present invention are open as above, but it is not restricted to listed in instructions and embodiment utilization, it can be applied to various applicable the field of the invention completely, for those skilled in the art, can easily realize other amendment, therefore do not deviating under the universal that claim and equivalency range limit, the present invention is not limited to specific details.

Claims (9)

1. the functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type, is characterized in that, comprising:
Eyeglass body, it to be attached on eyeball and to be light tight material;
Through-hole structure, it is arranged on position on described eyeglass body and corresponding with wearer's pupil, and the pore size of described through-hole structure is in described wearer's pupil diameter variation range, and the aperture of described through-hole structure is 1.5mm ~ 4.5mm.
2. the functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described contact lenses also comprise:
High polymer layer, described high polymer layer is arranged on the below of described eyeglass body and the globoidal structure mated with cornea, for being attached to the tear layer surface of cornea, and compatible and there is uv blocking and anti-glare function with ocular physiology.
3. the functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the below of described high polymer layer is attached with the first transparent coating layer by the method that macromolecular material is polymerized.
4. the functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described eyeglass body is optical composite layer, and described optical composite layer comprises: light shield layer, and it is attached to the upper surface of described high polymer layer.
5. the functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described optical composite layer also comprises: patterned layer or flower-pattern layer, and it is attached to the upper surface of described light shield layer.
6. the functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the top of described patterned layer or flower-pattern layer is attached with the second transparent coating layer by the method that macromolecular material is polymerized.
7. the functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described high polymer layer is made up of PMMA, PHEMA, PMMA and NVP multipolymer, HEMA and MAA multipolymer, IPN, polyurethane hydrogel, silicone-hydrogel, fluoropolymer material.
8. the functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described light tight material is high molecular polymer.
9. the functional contact lenses of Myopia out of focus type according to claim 5, is characterized in that: the color of described patterned layer or flower-pattern layer and the iris color of wearer are close.
CN201510201414.5A 2015-01-29 2015-04-24 Myopic out-of-focus functional contact lens Pending CN104834107A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2015200646930 2015-01-29
CN201520064693 2015-01-29
CN201510201414.5A CN104834107A (en) 2015-01-29 2015-04-24 Myopic out-of-focus functional contact lens

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105652467A (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-06-08 中山大学中山眼科中心 Therapeutic presbyopia correction cornea contact lens
CN107683213A (en) * 2015-10-21 2018-02-09 幸福视觉株式会社 The printing process of colored hard contact lenses
CN108143596A (en) * 2016-12-05 2018-06-12 遵义市劲林视力保健咨询有限公司 A kind of wear-type vision training instrument, system and training method
RU2657854C1 (en) * 2017-01-13 2018-06-15 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Окей Вижен Ритейл" Method for treatment of progressive myopia and lens for treatment of progressive myopia

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104834107A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-08-12 广州琦安琦视觉科技有限公司 Myopic out-of-focus functional contact lens
CN106344261A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 戴明华 Myopia prevention and treatment eye mask, glasses and reading and writing instrument for avoiding peripheral defocus

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CN102597855A (en) * 2009-10-20 2012-07-18 株式会社国际视野 Soft contact lens
CN204740408U (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-11-04 广州琦安琦视觉科技有限公司 Functional contact lens of myopia nature out of focus type

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US5786883A (en) * 1991-11-12 1998-07-28 Pilkington Barnes Hind, Inc. Annular mask contact lenses
CA2169857C (en) * 1993-09-13 1999-11-09 David Miller Annular mask contact lenses
JPH0829740A (en) * 1994-07-18 1996-02-02 Shigeya Takahashi Pinhole type contact lens for astigmatism
CN2331982Y (en) * 1996-07-31 1999-08-04 崔浩 Adjustable ring-shading contact lenses
JPH11242191A (en) * 1998-02-24 1999-09-07 Hitoshi Toyama Bifocal contact iris
WO2002027388A1 (en) * 2000-09-28 2002-04-04 Novartis Ag Fenestrated lens for increased tear flow and method for making the same
CN101105581A (en) * 2007-08-14 2008-01-16 王宏朝 Multifunctional glasses
CN201417349Y (en) * 2009-07-06 2010-03-03 崔浩 Ring covering type corneal contact lens capable of changing diameter of transparent area under different intensity rays
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CN204740408U (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-11-04 广州琦安琦视觉科技有限公司 Functional contact lens of myopia nature out of focus type

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107683213A (en) * 2015-10-21 2018-02-09 幸福视觉株式会社 The printing process of colored hard contact lenses
CN105652467A (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-06-08 中山大学中山眼科中心 Therapeutic presbyopia correction cornea contact lens
CN108143596A (en) * 2016-12-05 2018-06-12 遵义市劲林视力保健咨询有限公司 A kind of wear-type vision training instrument, system and training method
RU2657854C1 (en) * 2017-01-13 2018-06-15 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Окей Вижен Ритейл" Method for treatment of progressive myopia and lens for treatment of progressive myopia
WO2018132035A1 (en) * 2017-01-13 2018-07-19 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Окей Вижен Ритейл" Method of treating progressive myopia and lens for treating progressive myopia

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Application publication date: 20150812