CN108104259A - The assembled architecture component system and its assembling method of a set of novel dismountable - Google Patents

The assembled architecture component system and its assembling method of a set of novel dismountable Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108104259A
CN108104259A CN201711459266.2A CN201711459266A CN108104259A CN 108104259 A CN108104259 A CN 108104259A CN 201711459266 A CN201711459266 A CN 201711459266A CN 108104259 A CN108104259 A CN 108104259A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
prefabricated
component
precast
plate
bearing
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Granted
Application number
CN201711459266.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108104259B (en
Inventor
高云河
黄冬梅
朱正国
梁柱
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Nanning College for Vocational Technology
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Nanning College for Vocational Technology
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Priority to CN201711459266.2A priority Critical patent/CN108104259B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/20Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stonelike material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/20Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stonelike material
    • E04B1/21Connections specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/34315Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • E04B1/4114Elements with sockets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • E04B1/4157Longitudinally-externally threaded elements extending from the concrete or masonry, e.g. anchoring bolt with embedded head
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • E04B5/04Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units with beams or slabs of concrete or other stone-like material, e.g. asbestos cement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/06Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres reinforced
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • E04B2001/4192Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete attached to concrete reinforcing elements, e.g. rods or wires
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2002/001Mechanical features of panels
    • E04C2002/004Panels with profiled edges, e.g. stepped, serrated

Abstract

The present invention discloses the assembled architecture component system and its assembling method of a set of novel dismountable, the building element system, which is characterized in that including precast column unit, precast beam unit, precast floor unit, prefabricated panel component;The precast column unit, precast beam unit, precast floor unit, prefabricated panel component are inlayed and are detachably connected by the card slot being arranged on component or raised reinforcing bar;The assembling method of above-mentioned assembled architecture component is used as lifting first layer prefabricated post, grade beam, floor, wallboard → lifting second layer prefabricated post, interlayer beam, floor member, wall plate member → lift all kinds of components of third layer according to second layer lifting sequence;Building element system of the present invention greatly reduces construction cost, improves construction efficiency, and scene is made to realize the assembly after entirely or partially whole promotion without concreting wet construction, improve assembling speed, shorten the construction period;Also it is beneficial to component removal and secondary use.

Description

The assembled architecture component system and its assembling method of a set of novel dismountable
Technical field
The present invention relates to building engineering construction and building prefabricated member technical field, particularly a set of novel dismountables Assembled architecture component system and its assembling method.
Background technology
Prefabricated concrete structure is using precast concrete as main member, by design, prefabricated, assembling, connection The concrete structure of formation.Build overall structure rigidity requirement to meet, the bound fraction of existing prefabricated concrete structure with Cast-in-place formation.Prefabricated concrete structure building has adapted to the trend requirement of national housing industrialization development.
After World War II, using the U.S. as the American-European countries of representative, the road for the housing industrialization that takes the lead in proposing and implement.It will Ask house that there is residential functions and the performances such as energy-efficient, environmentally protective, low price cost.At present in international building field, assembling The operation form of formula Construction Project of Concrete Structure is varied.CONTINENTAL AREA OF CHINA is in exploitation, research and construction and deposits Stage.People from basic inhabitation function, gradually occupy the pursuit of housing quality to the comfortable direction to external environment and inherence Firmly transformation in terms of performance quality.This is the inevitable development rule followed of Developments of housing industry modernization in China.
As China's housing industrialization develops and to energy-saving and emission-reduction, quality safety, ecological, environmental protective etc. requirement, make It obtains precast concrete and brings development opportunity.Prefabricated buildings are built by the way that for dwelling construction project, scale is big, The features such as demand is more, fabricated construction house can realize that high-volume, quick and standardized production are built, and reduction is built into This, to meet the needs of people is to house.
The prefabricated components of building in China in the age in last century, there have been.Such as cassette ceiling, assembled stair, lintel Deng, but due to the factors such as technology is had a poor foundation, industrialized production link is unsound, them is caused not have fine development utilization.With The progress of manufacturing technology and design method, prefabricated assembled or fabricated assembly overall method of construction is built as current assembled Build development trend.
Currently, domestic house architectural structure assembly owner will have:Prefabricated integral frame structure, assembled integral shearing Wall construction, one shear wall structure of assembling development building integral frame, integrated prestress assembled plate-column structure, assembled large panel Structure, wherein wall, flooring and roof system are large-sized sheet material.
Existing assembled design and job specfication are assembled using beam, plate, shear wall piecemeal, and connecting node position carries out coagulation Soil, which pours, to be smash, and carries out last layer structure construction after maintenance again.Although this method improves efficiency of assembling, but in the concrete of node Process is poured and conserves, to accelerating construction progress, effect is limited.For this purpose, patent CN106149868A has invented a kind of assembled House architectural structure system and its assembly method, this method unify prefabricated superstructure, live in place, splicing, whole same by beam-plate Step promoted or subregion promoted, the continuous assembling constructing method of node Fast Installation, overcome in existing assembling structure using building, The relatively low limitation of assembly rate that plate piecemeal assembly is brought, assembly, a small amount of concrete of local nodes are quickly connected using connecting node It pours and smashes, construction period is greatly shortened in no continuous construction of maintenance.But this method still there is concrete wet construction, is unfavorable for The secondary dismounting of component utilizes.
As the construction in national new rural village and new cities and towns, especially new rural village require building height and building storey to house It is all restricted, it is usually no more than three layers.Therefore, it is suitble to build using normalized assembled component.Meanwhile rural housing construction has There is uncertainty, house is built using dismountable prefabricated member, so that concrete component carries out secondary use.In addition, In the vocational education field of Building technology, it is also desirable to which such dismountable prefabricated member using such detachable member, is completed The culture of the talent is built to assembled architecture class.
To sum up, there is substantial amounts of cast-in-place or overlapping construction work in existing assembled or assembled integral house architectural structure Sequence, so that assembly rate is low, cast-in-place concrete wet construction amount is larger, and it is limited to shorten construction period.Therefore, the present invention to column, The prefabricated members such as beam, plate, wall carry out structural form design and assembly method and improve, and make scene without concreting wet construction, It realizes the assembly after entirely or partially whole promotion, improves assembling speed, shorten the construction period;Meanwhile it is also torn open beneficial to component It unloads and secondary use.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve deficiency present in background technology, patent purpose of the present invention is to provide a set of new The dismountable assembled architecture component system of type greatly reduces construction cost, improves construction efficiency, makes scene without concreting Wet construction realizes the assembly after entirely or partially whole promotion, improves assembling speed, shorten the construction period;Meanwhile also it is beneficial to Component removal and secondary use.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
The assembled architecture component system of a set of novel dismountable, it is characterised in that:
The assembled architecture component system includes precast column unit, precast beam unit, precast floor unit, prefabricated panel Component;The precast column unit, precast beam unit, precast floor unit, prefabricated panel component pass through the card that is arranged on component Slot or raised finish rolling deformed bar are inlayed and are detachably connected;
The precast column unit includes prefabricated corner post component, prefabricated side column component, prefabricated central cylinder member;The prefabricated corner post Component is suitably mounted to assembled architecture corner position, i.e., needs to build from a pillar in building system and draw two sides wall Orientation;The prefabricated side column component is suitably mounted to need the centre supported between two assembled architecture corners, i.e., Need to build the orientation that three face wall bodies are drawn from a pillar in building system;The prefabricated central cylinder member is suitably mounted to build Need to build the orientation that four sides wall is drawn from a pillar in system;
The precast beam unit includes prefabricated ground beam and prefabricated interlayer beam;The prefabricated ground beam is used The crossbeam that ground-based supports use in stratum, prefabricated interlayer beam play the crossbeam to play a supportive role between layers for two layers;
The precast floor unit includes board member and precast floor slab side plate component among precast floor slab;
The prefabricated panel component includes prefabricated panel left side plate, prefabricated panel intermediate plate and prefabricated panel right side plate.
Preferably, the prefabricated corner post component, prefabricated side column component, prefabricated central cylinder member are divided into main cylinders and beam body bearing End, the main cylinders and beam body bearing end integral type are poured into a mould, the main body knot of the main cylinders and beam body bearing end Structure one is armored concrete cylinder and is pierced by main cylinders and beam body bearing end;The main cylinders and the coagulation of beam body bearing end Several longitudinal finish rolling deformed bars are embedded in earth pillar body;The main cylinders and beam body bearing end and the prefabricated panel structure Part contact surface is reserved with wallboard slot.
Preferably, the finish rolling deformed bar of outmost turns is pierced by main cylinders in the pre-buried finish rolling deformed bar of the main cylinders The length in portion is different, and several one length of finish rolling deformed bar positioned at main cylinders four edges centre position, which are more than, is located at main cylinders The 2 times or more of other two length of position finish rolling deformed bar of four edges, the finish rolling deformed bar one are pierced by the length of main cylinders Unanimously, the length that the finish rolling deformed bar two is pierced by main cylinders is consistent.
Finish rolling deformed bar purpose different in size is set to be to make cylinder vertical after with cylinder suiting using length difference Degree is more firm, and stress is different, and stability is stronger;Finish rolling deformed bar one, the consistent purpose of two length are to be engaged with prefabricated Reserving hole when can more easily be processed, keep unity.
Preferably, the lower end of the main cylinders and the prefabricated panel component contact surface is reserved with several fastening lower floor's post essences Spiral hole one is rolled, the beam body bearing end is stepped, the stepped high ladder upper surface in beam body bearing end Wallboard slot is opened up, the stepped beam body bearing end low order ladder upper surface is embedded with finish rolling deformed bar three, the finish rolling Spiral is pierced by low order ladder upper surface and ensures that be pierced by position length consistent.
Preferably, the beam body bearing end of the prefabricated corner post component is two, the beam body branch of the prefabricated side column component Seat end is three, and the beam body bearing end of the prefabricated central cylinder member is respectively four.
Preferably, the agent structure two of the prefabricated ground beam and prefabricated interlayer beam be T fonts, the main body Structure two is armored concrete, and the agent structure two is provided with outside several cross-brace reinforcing bars, two upper table of agent structure Face is provided at both ends with and embedded hole two is engaged with the beam body bearing end of the precast column unit, in the agent structure two Surface is additionally provided with the longitudinal finish rolling deformed bar for being pierced by upper surface in addition to two region of hole at other upper surfaces, for institute State the mating connection of prefabricated panel component;
The prefabricated interlayer beam bottom is provided with reserved groove one, connects for coordinating with the prefabricated panel component It connects;There are reserved groove two in the prefabricated ground beam and prefabricated interlayer beam upper surface, for the prefabricated panel Component is connected.
Preferably, the precast floor slab side plate component has two pieces, is put in the side as floor in the component system respectively Plate using and be oppositely arranged, board member sets for square body and connection beam body bearing end contact site both sides among the precast floor slab Step one, the step two of opposite direction are equipped with, the step one, two surface of step are provided with the essence pre-buried with beam body bearing end Spiral hole three in mating connection is rolled, board member is vertical with step one, two direction of step among the precast floor slab Bearing Bar Anchorage hole four is provided on the outside of both sides, two pieces of precast floor slab side plates component is convex shape structure;It is described convex The protrusion couple positioned opposite of character form structure has step to be connected for being stacked with the precast floor slab intermediate plate component, the type Shape structure surrounding is also equipped with bearing Bar Anchorage hole five by edge.
Preferably, the opposite side of the prefabricated panel left side plate and prefabricated panel right side plate is respectively arranged with groove three and convex First three;The prefabricated panel intermediate plate is connected side with the prefabricated panel left side plate and prefabricated panel right side plate and is oppositely arranged respectively Fluted four and plush copper four, match for the plush copper three and groove three with prefabricated panel left side plate and the setting of prefabricated panel right side plate Connection is closed to fix.
The assembling method of the assembled architecture component system, comprises the following steps:
Lifting first layer precast column unit → hoisting prefabricated ground beam → hoisting prefabricated floor member → hoisting prefabricated Wall plate member → lifting second layer precast column unit → hoisting prefabricated interlayer beam → hoisting prefabricated floor member → lifting Two layers of prefabricated panel component → according to second layer lifting sequence lifting all kinds of components of third layer;
It expands into:
Specific steps include:
Step 1:Lift first layer precast column unit
It is reserved that the prefabricated corner post component of the first layer in house, prefabricated side column component and prefabricated central cylinder member are lifted into insertion basis Reinforcing bar on;Bolt insertion matched with reserved steel bar " is reserved in column side and reserves fastening lower floor's post reinforcing bar hole;Precession spiral shell Bolt forms bolt and reserved steel bar and squeezes anchoring, fixes this layer of precast column unit, with waterproof material sealing of hole, in case reinforcing bar becomes rusty Erosion.
Step 2:Hoisting prefabricated ground beam
Between prefabricated grade beam lifting component is placed in two neighboring precast column unit, make the beam body branch of precast column unit " pre-buried finish rolling deformed bar three " passes through prefabricated ground beam both ends " reserved steel bar bearing anchors hole two " on seat end;With With three matched spiro cap of finish rolling deformed bar at the bearing on finish rolling deformed bar three, tightening nuts, by prefabricated grade beam structure Part is fastenedly connected with each prefabricated post;With waterproof material sealing of hole, in order to avoid steel bar corrosion;
Step 3:Hoisting prefabricated floor member
" reserved steel bar bearing anchors hole " of precast floor slab side plate component is sleeved on ground by hoisting prefabricated floor side plate component Ji Liang stretch out finish rolling deformed bar four, with the finish rolling at prefabricated ground beam of four matched spiro cap of finish rolling deformed bar On spiral four, precast floor slab side plate component and prefabricated ground beam are fastenedly connected by tightening nuts;Then lift successively Board member among precast floor slab, and fastening nut, last another side precast floor slab side plate component form whole floorboard;Then Side is connected with plate with waterproof material sealing plate, in order to avoid floor leak;With waterproof sealing hole, in order to avoid steel bar corrosion;
Step 4:Hoisting prefabricated wall plate member
First hoisting prefabricated wallboard left side plate, the wallboard slot of insertion precast column unit side and the beam body branch of precast beam unit The wallboard slot that seat end is reserved;Then according to the length of wall, hoisting prefabricated wallboard intermediate plate, makes prefabricated panel intermediate plate successively Plush copper four is inserted into the groove three of left side version, and the groove two that prefabricated grade beam member upper is reserved is inserted into lower part, while before and after metope It is supported, ensures wall body vertical;Wallboard on the right of last hoisting prefabricated floor makes on the right of precast floor slab in three insertion of wallboard plush copper Between plate groove four, the right side of the right wallboard is inserted into the groove two that prefabricated ground beam is reserved, and the lower part insertion of right side plate is pre- The groove two that grade beam member upper processed is reserved;
Step 5:Lift second layer precast column unit
Lifting sequence is identical with lifting first layer precast column unit;
Step 6:Hoisting prefabricated interlayer beam
Lifting sequence is identical with the lifting prefabricated ground beam of first layer;In addition, in hoisting prefabricated interlayer beam, it The placement of groove one that interlayer beam lower part is reserved is asked to block lower floor's prefabricated panel component.
Step 7:Hoisting prefabricated floor member
Lifting sequence and requirement are identical with lifting first layer precast floor unit;
Step 8:Lift second layer prefabricated panel component
Lifting sequence and requirement are identical with lifting first layer prefabricated panel component;
Lifting third layer house component order repeats step step 5 to step 8.
On the related description of the present invention, card slot or groove that the new assembled building element system of this reality passes through each component Or protrusion or hole cooperate after connecting and form the quick building construction of firm modernization, high level is built in actual use It is fewer to build use, as the construction in national new rural village and new cities and towns, especially new rural village to house requirement building height and are built It is all restricted to build the number of plies, is usually no more than three layers.Therefore, it is suitble to build using normalized assembled component;Meanwhile grange Building has uncertainty, and house is built using dismountable prefabricated member, so that concrete component carries out secondary use. In addition, in the vocational education field of Building technology, it is also desirable to which such dismountable prefabricated member utilizes such detachable structure Part is completed to build assembled architecture class the culture of the talent.
The present invention is by adopting the above-described technical solution, have the advantages that:
1. the assembled architecture component system of the present invention includes precast column unit, precast beam unit, precast floor unit, pre- Wall plate member processed, each component all cooperate by reserving the form of corresponding connector, can form firm building system, very Stability between good guarantees superstructure and component, it is the shortening construction period, convenient for disassembly and assembly and secondary use can be carried out.
2. assembled architecture component system using the present invention without the wet construction at any scene, substantially increases Efficiency of assembling and speed.
3. assembled architecture component system using the present invention, the pre-buried finish rolling deformed bar of the main cylinders sets length The finish rolling deformed bar purpose to differ is that using length difference cylinder is allowed to suit rear verticality with cylinder more consolidates, and stress is not Together, stability is stronger;Finish rolling deformed bar one, the consistent purpose of two length be with can be more square during prefabricated matched reserving hole Being processed just, keeps unity.
4. assembled architecture component system using the present invention, the connection between common building assembling is used between plate and plate Plane connects, and rainwater is possible to enter from gap, and the concave-convex position mutual cooperation set in the new system all parts of this reality Form be conducive to that the component after the completion of building system assembling is protected to suit, in addition, effective block rainwater and in wind seals in Portion.
5. the assembling method for the building that assembled architecture component system using the present invention is assembled into, can reserve according to component Hole or slot or essence prick spiral cooperate connection, realize quick-assembling, then with waterproof material sealing plate and plate Side is connected, in order to avoid floor leak;With waterproof sealing hole, in order to avoid steel bar corrosion;It can reach detachable again, extend and use the longevity The advantages of life.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the prefabricated corner post element structure schematic diagram of assembled architecture component system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the prefabricated side column element structure schematic diagram of assembled architecture component system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the prefabricated central cylinder member structure diagram of assembled architecture component system of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of the prefabricated interlayer beam of assembled architecture component system of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is that board member and two pieces of precast floor slab side plates are torn open among the precast floor slab of assembled architecture component system of the present invention Separation structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is prefabricated panel left side plate, prefabricated panel intermediate plate and the dry wall of assembled architecture component system of the present invention Plate right side plate fractionation structural representation;
In attached drawing, precast column unit 10, main cylinders 11, beam body bearing end 12, hole 1, wallboard slot 112, essence Roll spiral 1, finish rolling deformed bar 2 114, precast beam unit 20, groove 1, groove 2 22, hole 2 23, essence Roll spiral 4 24, prefabricated panel component 30, groove 3 31, four 31-0 of plush copper, groove 4 32, three 32-0 of plush copper, prefabricated building Board member 40, one 43-0 of step, step 2 44, hole 4 41, convex shape structure (42,45), hole 3 46, hole 5 47.
Specific embodiment
To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention more comprehensible, referring to the drawings and preferred reality is enumerated Example is applied, the present invention is described in more detail.However, it is necessary to illustrate, many details listed in specification are only to be Make reader to the one or more aspects of the present invention there are one thorough explanation, it even without these specific details can also Realize the aspects of the invention.
Embodiment 1
With reference to shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 6, the assembled architecture component system of a set of novel dismountable, the assembled architecture component System includes precast column unit 10, precast beam unit 20, precast floor unit 40, prefabricated panel component 30;The prefabricated post structure Part 10, precast beam unit 20, precast floor unit 40, prefabricated panel component 30 pass through the card slot being arranged on component or raised steel Muscle, which is inlayed, to be detachably connected;
With reference to shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 3, the precast column unit 10 include prefabricated corner post component, prefabricated side column component, it is prefabricated in Column component;The prefabricated corner post component is suitably mounted to assembled architecture corner position, i.e., needs to build from one in building system Root pillar draws the orientation of two sides wall;The prefabricated side column component is suitably mounted to need between two assembled architecture corners Need to build the orientation that three face wall bodies are drawn from a pillar in the centre to be supported, i.e. building system;The prefabricated center pillar Component is suitably mounted to need to build the orientation for drawing four sides wall from a pillar in building system;
With reference to shown in Fig. 4, the precast beam unit 20 includes prefabricated ground beam and prefabricated interlayer beam;It is described pre- Ground beam processed is used for the crossbeam that stratum ground-based supports use, and prefabricated interlayer beam rises for two layers and plays branch between layers The crossbeam of support effect;
With reference to shown in Fig. 5, the precast floor unit 40 includes board member and precast floor slab side plate structure among precast floor slab Part;
With reference to shown in Fig. 6, the prefabricated panel component 30 includes prefabricated panel left side plate, prefabricated panel intermediate plate and prefabricated Wallboard right side plate.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 3, the prefabricated corner post component, prefabricated side column component, prefabricated central cylinder member are divided into main cylinders 11 and beam body bearing end 12, the main cylinders 11 and 12 integral type of beam body bearing end pour into a mould, 11 He of main cylinders The agent structure one of beam body bearing end 12 is armored concrete cylinder and is pierced by main cylinders 11 and beam body bearing end 12;It is described Several longitudinal finish rolling deformed bars are embedded in the concrete column body of main cylinders 11 and beam body bearing end 12;The main cylinders 11 and beam body bearing end 12 and 30 contact surface of prefabricated panel component be reserved with wallboard slot 112.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 3, the finish rolling screw thread finish rolling of outmost turns in the pre-buried finish rolling deformed bar of the main cylinders 11 The length that spiral is pierced by 11 top of main cylinders is different, several finish rolling screw threads positioned at 11 four edges centre position of main cylinders One 113 length of reinforcing bar is more than the 2 times or more positioned at other 2 114 length of position finish rolling deformed bar of 11 four edges of main cylinders, institute State finish rolling deformed bar 1 be pierced by main cylinders 11 length it is consistent, the finish rolling screw thread finish rolling deformed bar 2 114 is pierced by master The length of cylinder 11 is consistent.
Finish rolling deformed bar purpose different in size is set to be to make cylinder vertical after with cylinder suiting using length difference Degree is more firm, and stress is different, and stability is stronger;Finish rolling deformed bar 1, the consistent mesh of 2 114 length of finish rolling deformed bar Be with can be more easily processed during prefabricated matched reserving hole, keep unity.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 3, if the main cylinders 11 and the lower end of 30 contact surface of prefabricated panel component are reserved with Dry fastening lower floor's post finish rolling deformed bar hole 1, the beam body bearing end 12 are stepped, the stepped beam body branch Seat 12 high ladder upper surface of end opens up wallboard slot 112, and the stepped 12 low order ladder upper surface of beam body bearing end is pre-buried There is a finish rolling deformed bar 3 121, the finish rolling screw thread finish rolling deformed bar is pierced by low order ladder upper surface and ensures to be pierced by position long It is short consistent.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 3, the beam body bearing end 12 of the prefabricated corner post component is two, the prefabricated side column structure The beam body bearing end 12 of part is three, and the beam body bearing end 12 of the prefabricated central cylinder member is respectively four.
With reference to shown in Fig. 4, the agent structure two of the prefabricated ground beam and prefabricated interlayer beam is T fonts, institute Agent structure two is stated as fining twisted steel reinforced concrete, the agent structure two is provided with several cross-brace finish rolling deformed bars Outside, two upper surface of agent structure is provided at both ends with is engaged insertion with the beam body bearing end 12 of the precast column unit 10 Hole 2 23, two upper surface of agent structure is additionally provided in addition to 2 23 region of hole at other upper surfaces is pierced by upper table Longitudinal finish rolling deformed bar 4 24 in face, for being connected with the prefabricated panel component 30;
With reference to shown in Fig. 4, the prefabricated interlayer beam bottom is provided with reserved groove 1, for the dry wall Board member 30 is connected;There are reserved groove 2 22 in the prefabricated ground beam and prefabricated interlayer beam upper surface, use It is connected in the prefabricated panel component 30.
With reference to shown in Fig. 5, the precast floor slab side plate component has two pieces, is put in respectively in the component system and is used as floor Side plate using and be oppositely arranged, board member is square body and 12 contact site of connection beam body bearing end among the precast floor slab Both sides are provided with one 43-0 of step, the step 2 44 of opposite direction, and one 43-0 of step, 2 44 surface of step is provided with and beam The pre-buried finish rolling deformed bar in body bearing end 12 hole 3 46 in mating connection, the precast floor slab centre board member and platform Bearing Bar Anchorage hole 4 41 is provided on the outside of the vertical both sides in rank direction, two pieces of precast floor slab side plates component is type Shape structure (42,45);The protrusion couple positioned opposite of the convex shape structure (42,45) has step to be used for and the precast floor slab Intermediate plate component is stacked connection, and the convex shape structure surrounding is also equipped with bearing Bar Anchorage hole 5 47 by edge.
With reference to shown in Fig. 6, the opposite side of the prefabricated panel left side plate and prefabricated panel right side plate is respectively arranged with groove 3 31 and three 32-0 of plush copper;The prefabricated panel intermediate plate is connected side with the prefabricated panel left side plate and prefabricated panel right side plate Fluted 4 32 and four 31-0 of plush copper are oppositely arranged respectively, for what is set with prefabricated panel left side plate and prefabricated panel right side plate 3 31 fixation in mating connection of three 32-0 of plush copper and groove.
The assembling method of the assembled architecture component system, comprises the following steps:
Lift first layer precast column unit 10 → hoisting prefabricated ground beam → hoisting prefabricated floor member 40 → lifting Prefabricated panel component 30 → lifting second layer precast column unit 10 → hoisting prefabricated interlayer beam → hoisting prefabricated floor member 40 → lifting second layer prefabricated panel component 30 → according to second layer lifting sequence lifting all kinds of components of third layer;
Specific steps include:
Step 1:Lift first layer precast column unit 10
It is reserved that the prefabricated corner post component of the first layer in house, prefabricated side column component and prefabricated central cylinder member are lifted into insertion basis Reinforcing bar on;Bolt insertion matched with reserved steel bar " is reserved in column side and reserves fastening lower floor's post reinforcing bar hole;Precession spiral shell Bolt forms bolt and reserved steel bar and squeezes anchoring, fixes this layer of precast column unit 10, with waterproof material sealing of hole, in order to avoid reinforcing bar Corrosion.
Step 2:Hoisting prefabricated ground beam
Between prefabricated grade beam lifting component is placed in two neighboring precast column unit 10, make the beam of precast column unit 10 " pre-buried finish rolling deformed bar three " passes through prefabricated ground beam both ends " reserved steel bar bearing anchoring hole on body bearing end 12 Two ";With with three matched spiro cap of finish rolling deformed bar at the bearing on finish rolling deformed bar three, tightening nuts, by prefabricated Base beam is fastenedly connected with each prefabricated post;With waterproof material sealing of hole, in order to avoid steel bar corrosion;
Step 3:Hoisting prefabricated floor member 40
" reserved steel bar bearing anchors hole " of precast floor slab side plate component is sleeved on ground by hoisting prefabricated floor side plate component Ji Liang stretch out finish rolling deformed bar four, with the finish rolling at prefabricated ground beam of four matched spiro cap of finish rolling deformed bar On spiral four, precast floor slab side plate component and prefabricated ground beam are fastenedly connected by tightening nuts;Then lift successively Board member among precast floor slab, and fastening nut, last another side precast floor slab side plate component form whole floorboard;Then Side is connected with plate with waterproof material sealing plate, in order to avoid floor leak;With waterproof sealing hole, in order to avoid steel bar corrosion;
Step 4:Hoisting prefabricated wall plate member 30
First hoisting prefabricated wallboard left side plate, the wallboard slot 112 and precast beam unit 20 of 10 side of insertion precast column unit The reserved wallboard slot 112 in beam body bearing end 12;Then according to the length of wall, hoisting prefabricated wallboard intermediate plate, makes successively Prefabricated panel intermediate plate plush copper four is inserted into the groove three of left side version, and the groove two that prefabricated grade beam member upper is reserved is inserted into lower part 22, while be supported before and after metope, ensure wall body vertical;Wallboard on the right of last hoisting prefabricated floor, makes on the right of precast floor slab Wallboard plush copper three is inserted into the groove four of intermediate plate, and the groove 2 22 that prefabricated ground beam is reserved is inserted on the right side of the right wallboard, The groove 2 22 that prefabricated grade beam member upper is reserved is inserted into the lower part of right side plate;
Step 5:Lift second layer precast column unit 10
Lifting sequence is identical with lifting first layer precast column unit 10;
Step 6:Hoisting prefabricated interlayer beam
Lifting sequence is identical with the lifting prefabricated ground beam of first layer;In addition, in hoisting prefabricated interlayer beam, it The placement of groove 1 that interlayer beam lower part is reserved is asked to block lower floor's prefabricated panel component 30.
Step 7:Hoisting prefabricated floor member 40
Lifting sequence and requirement are identical with lifting first layer precast floor unit 40;
Step 8:Lift second layer prefabricated panel component 30
Lifting sequence and requirement are identical with lifting first layer prefabricated panel component 30;
Lifting third layer house component order repeats step step 5 to step 8.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, without departing from the principle of the present invention, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the assembled architecture component system of a set of novel dismountable, it is characterised in that:
The assembled architecture component system includes precast column unit, precast beam unit, precast floor unit, prefabricated panel structure Part;The precast column unit, precast beam unit, precast floor unit, prefabricated panel component pass through the card slot that is arranged on component Or raised reinforcing bar is inlayed and is detachably connected;
The precast column unit includes prefabricated corner post component, prefabricated side column component, prefabricated central cylinder member;The prefabricated corner post component Assembled architecture corner position is suitably mounted to, i.e., needs to build the side that two sides wall is drawn from a pillar in building system Position;The prefabricated side column component is suitably mounted to need the centre supported between two assembled architecture corners, that is, builds Need to build the orientation that three face wall bodies are drawn from a pillar in building body system;The prefabricated central cylinder member is suitably mounted to building body Need to build the orientation that four sides wall is drawn from a pillar in system;
The precast beam unit includes prefabricated ground beam and prefabricated interlayer beam;The prefabricated ground beam is for ground The crossbeam that layer ground-based supports use, prefabricated interlayer beam play the crossbeam to play a supportive role between layers for two layers;
The precast floor unit includes board member and precast floor slab side plate component among precast floor slab;
The prefabricated panel component includes prefabricated panel left side plate, prefabricated panel intermediate plate and prefabricated panel right side plate.
2. assembled architecture component system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The prefabricated corner post component, prefabricated side column component, prefabricated central cylinder member are divided into main cylinders and beam body bearing end, the master Cylinder and beam body bearing end integral type are poured into a mould, and the agent structure one of the main cylinders and beam body bearing end is mixed for reinforcing bar Solidifying earth pillar body is simultaneously pierced by main cylinders and beam body bearing end;It is pre-buried in the concrete column body of the main cylinders and beam body bearing end There are several longitudinal finish rolling deformed bars;The main cylinders and beam body bearing end are reserved with the prefabricated panel component contact surface There is wallboard slot.
3. assembled architecture component system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The pre-buried finish rolling spiral shell of the main cylinders The finish rolling deformed bar of outmost turns is pierced by the length difference on main cylinders top in line reinforcing bar, positioned at main cylinders four edges centre position Several one length of finish rolling deformed bar be more than positioned at 2 times of other two length of position finish rolling deformed bar of main cylinders four edges More than, the length that the finish rolling deformed bar one is pierced by main cylinders is consistent, and the finish rolling deformed bar two is pierced by the length of main cylinders Degree is consistent.
4. assembled architecture component system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The main cylinders and the dry wall The lower end of board member contact surface is reserved with several fastening lower floor's post finish rolling deformed bar holes one, and the beam body bearing end is rank Scalariform, the stepped high ladder upper surface in beam body bearing end open up wallboard slot, and the stepped beam body bearing end is low Ladder upper surface is embedded with finish rolling deformed bar three, and the finish rolling deformed bar is pierced by low order ladder upper surface and ensures to be pierced by position Length is consistent.
5. assembled architecture component system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The beam body of the prefabricated corner post component Bearing end is two, and the beam body bearing end of the prefabricated side column component is three, the beam body branch of the prefabricated central cylinder member Seat end is respectively four.
6. according to claim 2-5 any one of them assembled architecture component systems, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated grade beam The agent structure two of component and prefabricated interlayer beam be T fonts, the agent structure two be armored concrete, the main body knot Structure two is provided with outside several cross-brace finish rolling deformed bars, two upper surface of agent structure be provided at both ends with it is described prefabricated The beam body bearing end of column component is engaged embedded hole two, two upper surface of agent structure in addition to two region of hole its The longitudinal finish rolling deformed bar four for being pierced by upper surface is additionally provided at its upper surface, is connected for coordinating with the prefabricated panel component It connects;
The prefabricated interlayer beam bottom is provided with reserved groove one, for being connected with the prefabricated panel component;Institute Stating prefabricated ground beam and prefabricated interlayer beam upper surface has reserved groove two, for matching somebody with somebody with the prefabricated panel component Close connection.
7. according to claim 2-5 any one of them assembled architecture component systems, it is characterised in that:The precast floor slab side Board member has two pieces, is put in the side plate in the component system as floor respectively and uses and be oppositely arranged, the precast floor slab Intermediate board member is provided with the step of opposite direction, the step table for square body and connection beam body bearing end contact site both sides Face is provided with the finish rolling deformed bar pre-buried with beam body bearing end hole three in mating connection, the precast floor slab intermediate plate Component is provided with bearing Bar Anchorage hole four, two blocks of precast floor slabs side plate component on the outside of the both sides vertical with step direction For convex shape structure;The protrusion couple positioned opposite of the convex shape structure has step to be used for and the precast floor slab intermediate plate structure Part is stacked connection, and the convex shape structure surrounding is also equipped with bearing Bar Anchorage hole five by edge.
8. according to claim 2-5 any one of them assembled architecture component systems, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated panel is left The opposite side of side plate and prefabricated panel right side plate is respectively arranged with groove three and plush copper three;The prefabricated panel intermediate plate with it is described Prefabricated panel left side plate connects side with prefabricated panel right side plate and is oppositely arranged fluted four and plush copper four respectively, is used for and dry wall The plush copper three and groove three-phase that plate left side plate and prefabricated panel right side plate are set are fixedly connected.
9. the assembling method of the assembled architecture component according to claim 1-8, which is characterized in that comprise the following steps:
Lift first layer precast column unit → hoisting prefabricated ground beam → hoisting prefabricated floor member → hoisting prefabricated wallboard Component → lifting second layer precast column unit → hoisting prefabricated interlayer beam → hoisting prefabricated floor member → lifting second layer Prefabricated panel component → according to second layer lifting sequence lifting all kinds of components of third layer.
10. the assembling method of assembled architecture component according to claim 9, which is characterized in that
Specific steps include:
Step 1:Lift first layer precast column unit
The prefabricated corner post component of the first layer in house, prefabricated side column component and prefabricated central cylinder member are lifted into the reserved steel in insertion basis On muscle;Bolt insertion matched with reserved steel bar " is reserved in column side and reserves fastening lower floor's post reinforcing bar hole;Precession bolt, It forms bolt and reserved steel bar and squeezes anchoring, fix this layer of precast column unit, with waterproof material sealing of hole, in order to avoid steel bar corrosion.
Step 2:Hoisting prefabricated ground beam
Between prefabricated grade beam lifting component is placed in two neighboring precast column unit, make the beam body bearing end of precast column unit " pre-buried finish rolling deformed bar three " passes through prefabricated ground beam both ends " reserved steel bar bearing anchors hole two " on head;With with essence Roll three matched spiro cap of spiral at the bearing on finish rolling deformed bar three, tightening nuts, by prefabricated ground beam with Each prefabricated post is fastenedly connected;With waterproof material sealing of hole, in order to avoid steel bar corrosion;
Step 3:Hoisting prefabricated floor member
" reserved steel bar bearing anchors hole " of precast floor slab side plate component is sleeved on grade beam by hoisting prefabricated floor side plate component The finish rolling deformed bar four of stretching, with four matched spiro cap of finish rolling deformed bar at prefabricated ground beam finish rolling screw thread On reinforcing bar four, precast floor slab side plate component and prefabricated ground beam are fastenedly connected by tightening nuts;Then it is hoisting prefabricated successively Board member among floor, and fastening nut, last another side precast floor slab side plate component form whole floorboard;Then with anti- Water material sealing plate is connected side with plate, in order to avoid floor leak;With waterproof sealing hole, in order to avoid steel bar corrosion;
Step 4:Hoisting prefabricated wall plate member
First hoisting prefabricated wallboard left side plate, the wallboard slot of insertion precast column unit side and the beam body bearing end of precast beam unit The reserved wallboard slot of head;Then according to the length of wall, hoisting prefabricated wallboard intermediate plate, makes prefabricated panel intermediate plate plush copper successively The groove two that prefabricated grade beam member upper is reserved, while the front and rear progress of metope are inserted into the groove three of four insertion left side versions, lower part Support ensures wall body vertical;Wallboard on the right of last hoisting prefabricated floor makes wallboard plush copper three on the right of precast floor slab be inserted into intermediate plate Groove four, the right side of the right wallboard is inserted into the groove two that prefabricated ground beam is reserved, and the lower part insertion of right side plate is prefabricatedly The groove two that base beam top is reserved;
Step 5:Lift second layer precast column unit
Lifting sequence is identical with lifting first layer precast column unit;
Step 6:Hoisting prefabricated interlayer beam
Lifting sequence is identical with the lifting prefabricated ground beam of first layer;In addition, in hoisting prefabricated interlayer beam, it is desirable that layer Between beam lower part reserve groove one placement block lower floor's prefabricated panel component.
Step 7:Hoisting prefabricated floor member
Lifting sequence and requirement are identical with lifting first layer precast floor unit;
Step 8:Lift second layer prefabricated panel component
Lifting sequence and requirement are identical with lifting first layer prefabricated panel component;
Lifting third layer house component order repeats step step 5 to step 8.
CN201711459266.2A 2017-12-28 2017-12-28 The assembled architecture component system and its assembling method of a set of novel dismountable Active CN108104259B (en)

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CN108824818A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-11-16 西南科技大学 The method of construction of assembly concrete-filled steel tube frame shear wall structure system
CN110524677A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-12-03 哈尔滨工业大学 It is a kind of using fining twisted steel and the precast concrete column of built-in corrugated steel pipe and preparation method thereof
CN111877760A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-11-03 中交第三公路工程局有限公司 BIM-based construction method in super high-rise building construction
CN112554563A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-03-26 邓剑涛 Construction method of full-assembly type concrete building system
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CN102808450A (en) * 2012-08-28 2012-12-05 初明进 Assembled monolithic shear wall building structure and construction method thereof
CN202767230U (en) * 2012-09-01 2013-03-06 初明进 Assembly integrated shear wall construction structure
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CN108824818A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-11-16 西南科技大学 The method of construction of assembly concrete-filled steel tube frame shear wall structure system
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CN111877760A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-11-03 中交第三公路工程局有限公司 BIM-based construction method in super high-rise building construction
CN112554563A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-03-26 邓剑涛 Construction method of full-assembly type concrete building system
CN112663788A (en) * 2021-01-05 2021-04-16 中国建筑第五工程局有限公司 Assembled rapid construction method

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