CN108101451A - A kind of fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding and preparation method and application - Google Patents

A kind of fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding and preparation method and application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108101451A
CN108101451A CN201711382032.2A CN201711382032A CN108101451A CN 108101451 A CN108101451 A CN 108101451A CN 201711382032 A CN201711382032 A CN 201711382032A CN 108101451 A CN108101451 A CN 108101451A
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China
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weight
parts
cladding
waterproof
fire prevention
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CN201711382032.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王卫灯
王红朋
罗浩
王飞
杨新梅
张晖
王简
李玉玲
吴小娟
李强
胡玉笛
陈乾华
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Guo Long Polytron Technologies Inc
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Guo Long Polytron Technologies Inc
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Priority to CN201711382032.2A priority Critical patent/CN108101451A/en
Publication of CN108101451A publication Critical patent/CN108101451A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/2092Resistance against biological degradation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/27Water resistance, e.g. waterproof or water-repellant materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/30Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values
    • C04B2201/32Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values for the thermal conductivity, e.g. K-factors
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding and preparation method and application, belong to Material Field.The raw material of above-mentioned cladding includes portland cement, expanded perlite, alumina silicate fibre, sulfonate salt flame, the copolymer of butadiene styrene, polyanion cellulose, polyester alkene fiber, sodium sulphate, curing agent, mould inhibitor, modifying agent and retarder.The material has the function of preferably fire prevention, waterproof and moistureproof simultaneously, is applied to building, can improve fire prevention, the waterproof and moistureproof ability of building.The preparation method of the material includes:Crushed expanded perlite mixes portland cement with water, then mixes perlite, portland cement mixed with water and the other raw materials in addition to curing agent after crushing, heats for the first time, adds in curing agent, second of heating.This production method is simple, and process is easily-controllable.

Description

A kind of fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding and preparation method thereof With application
Technical field
The present invention relates to Material Field, and more particularly to a kind of fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding And preparation method and application.
Background technology
Most during the nearly last ten years, China enters building rapid growth period, and the whole nation is construction site everywhere, to construction timber Quality requirement it is higher and higher, with ensure building have higher security.
But current external decoration precast wall body cladding quality is irregular, and acts on single.Therefore, it is necessary to existing Some external decoration precast wall body claddings are improved.
The content of the invention
One of the objects of the present invention is to provide a kind of fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body claddings, this is enclosed Protective material is at low cost, cost-effective, while has the function of that preferably fire prevention, waterproof and moistureproof, market application potential are huge.
The second object of the present invention is the preparation method for providing above-mentioned cladding, on the one hand this preparation method can make each Raw material is uniformly mixed, and cladding is made to have excellent performance, and another aspect method is simple, and process is easily-controllable, easy to operation.
The third object of the present invention is to provide a kind of above-mentioned fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding Application, be applied in building fire prevention, the waterproof and moistureproof ability of building of can improving.
The present invention is solved its technical problem and is realized using following technical scheme.
The present invention proposes a kind of fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding, and raw material includes 20-30 weights Measure the portland cement of part, the expanded perlite of 15-20 parts by weight, the alumina silicate fibres of 10-12 parts by weight, 8-12 parts by weight Sulfonate salt flame, the copolymer of butadiene-styrene of 5-8 parts by weight, the polyanion cellulose of 2-4 parts by weight, 2-4 weights Measure the polyester alkene fiber, the curing agent of 2-4 parts by weight, the mould inhibitor of 2-3 parts by weight, the sodium sulphate of 1-2 parts by weight, 1-2 weights of part Measure the modifying agent of part and the retarder of 0.5-1 parts by weight.
The present invention also proposes a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned material, comprises the following steps:Crushed expanded perlite, by silicic acid Salt cement is mixed with water, then by the perlite after crushing and the mixed portland cement of water and in addition to curing agent Remaining raw material mixes, and heats for the first time, adds in curing agent, heats for the second time.
The present invention also proposes a kind of application of above-mentioned material, such as can use it in building.
A kind of fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding and its preparation side of present pre-ferred embodiments Method and the advantageous effect of application are:
In present pre-ferred embodiments mainly by expanded perlite, aluminium silicate fiber peacekeeping sulfonate salt flame be finished product material Material provides fireproofing function;Copolymer, polyanion cellulose and the curing agent of butadiene-styrene provide waterproof for finished-product material Effect;Polyanion cellulose, polyester alkene fiber and mould inhibitor provide moisture-proof role for finished-product material.Sodium sulphate is matched somebody with somebody with retarder It closes to play adjustment effect to the condensation hardenability in raw material mixed process, curing agent can make to hand between each raw material Connection reaction improves the hardness of finished product.In addition, the sealing that curing agent can also improve finished-product material is impervious, to a certain extent Improve the water resistance of finished-product material.
Above-mentioned fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding are at low cost, cost-effective, while have preferably Fire prevention, waterproof and moistureproof function, market application potential is huge.On the one hand its preparation method can be uniformly mixed each raw material, and Make cladding that there is excellent performance, another aspect method is simple, and process is easily-controllable, easy to operation.It is applied in building Fire prevention, the waterproof and moistureproof ability of building can be improved.
Specific embodiment
It, below will be in the embodiment of the present invention to make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer Technical solution be clearly and completely described.The person that is not specified actual conditions in embodiment, builds according to normal condition or manufacturer The condition of view carries out.Reagents or instruments used without specified manufacturer is the conventional production that can be obtained by commercially available purchase Product.
Below to a kind of fire prevention of the embodiment of the present invention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding and its preparation Method is specifically described with application.
Cladding provided in an embodiment of the present invention is mainly used for external decoration precast wall body.The cost of material is low for this, cost performance Height, while have the function of that preferably fire prevention, waterproof and moistureproof, market application potential are huge.
Specifically, the cladding in the embodiment of the present invention includes the portland cement of 20-30 parts by weight, 15-20 weight The expanded perlite of part, the alumina silicate fibre of 10-12 parts by weight, the sulfonate salt flame of 8-12 parts by weight, the fourth of 5-8 parts by weight The copolymer of styrene, the polyanion cellulose of 2-4 parts by weight, the polyester alkene fiber of 2-4 parts by weight, 1-2 parts by weight Sodium sulphate, the curing agent of 2-4 parts by weight, the mould inhibitor of 2-3 parts by weight, the modifying agent of 1-2 parts by weight and 0.5-1 parts by weight Retarder.
Preferably, above-mentioned cladding includes portland cement, the expanded pearlite of 16-19 parts by weight of 24-26 parts by weight Rock, the alumina silicate fibre of 10.5-11.5 parts by weight, the sulfonate salt flame of 9-11 parts by weight, butadiene-benzene of 6-7 parts by weight The copolymer of ethylene, the polyanion cellulose of 2.5-3.5 parts by weight, polyester alkene fiber, the 1.4-1.6 of 2.5-3.5 parts by weight The sodium sulphate of parts by weight, the curing agent of 2.5-3.5 parts by weight, the mould inhibitors of 2.4-2.6 parts by weight, 1.4-1.6 parts by weight change Property agent and the retarder of 0.7-0.8 parts by weight.
More preferably, above-mentioned cladding includes the portland cement of 25 parts by weight, the expanded perlite of 17.5 parts by weight, 11 The alumina silicate fibre of parts by weight, the sulfonate salt flame of 10 parts by weight, 6.5 parts by weight butadiene-styrene copolymer, 3 The polyanion cellulose of parts by weight, the polyester alkene fiber of 3 parts by weight, the sodium sulphate of 1.5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight curing agent, The retarder of the mould inhibitor of 2.5 parts by weight, the modifying agent of 1.5 parts by weight and 0.75 parts by weight.
Wherein, portland cement is hydraulic cementing materials, as the embodiment of the present invention cladding it is main One of ingredient with preferable wearability and frost resistance, has higher hardness after condensation hardening, it is pre- to be suitable for use in external decoration Wall processed.
Expanded perlite is a kind of natural acidic nature of glass slag, plays an important role of insulation, fire prevention and sound-absorbing. Due to containing honeycomb structure inside expanded perlite, there is higher water absorption rate, be generally not used for waterproof material.But the present invention By by expanded perlite and water proofing property raw material (such as butadiene-styrene, polyanion cellulose and mould inhibitor in embodiment Deng) cooperation, make cladding that there is preferably fire prevention and water-proof function simultaneously.
Alumina silicate fibre for it is a kind of there is low heat conductivity, excellent thermal stability and chemical stability, without binding agent and Corrosive substance.It primarily serves fireproofing function in cladding.
Sulfonate salt flame primarily serves fire-retardant fireproof effect, optionally, the sulfonate resistance in the embodiment of the present invention Agent is fired mainly using potassium phenylsulphonyl benzene sulfonate, polysiloxanes and fluoropolymer-containing mixture, and mixed weight ratio such as may be used Think 2.5-4:0.6-0.8:0.2-0.3.
The copolymer of butadiene-styrene has both the characteristic of plastics and rubber, is used as going along with sb. to guard him in the embodiment of the present invention One of raw material of material can be aided with the cryogenic property and impact strength for improving finished-product material, and can improve the resistance to of finished-product material Wait property and it is resistance to loading.In addition, butadiene-styrene can also improve the water resistance of finished-product material, the effect may be due to It occurs with other material compositions caused by chemical reaction in mixed process.
Polyanion cellulose in the cladding of the embodiment of the present invention mainly as stabilizer and dispersant, it is water-soluble Liquid plays an important role of thickening, film forming and gluing, as one of ingredient of cladding, can improve each raw material in cladding Degree of scatter, make gained finished material quality it is more preferably homogeneous.
What deserves to be explained is those skilled in the art use carboxymethyl cellulose usually in the selection of stabilizer or dispersant Element, cheap, source are easy to get, and polyanion cellulose substituted carboxymethyl cellulose is used in the embodiment of the present invention, due to The former strand is shorter, and molecular structure more they tends to stablize, therefore the former has higher degree of substitution and substitution uniformly compared with the latter Degree, in contrast, in addition degrees of fusion of the polyanion cellulose except being conducive to improve each raw material of cladding can also pass through With the net structure of each raw material reaction generation staggeredly, with hydrone is played it is certain keep out ability, improve the anti-of finished-product material Tidal energy power.
Polyester alkene fiber primarily serves the effect of mechanical property that is moisture-proof and improving finished-product material in embodiments of the present invention.
Sodium sulphate is mainly used for coordinating with hard to the condensation in raw material mixed process with retarder in embodiments of the present invention Change degree plays adjustment effect, and specifically, sodium sulphate can accelerate the setting rate of raw material, and retarder can slow down the hardening of raw material Speed, in the ratio range of the present invention program offer, the two can play the raw material in mixed process after combining rationally effectively Adjusting, to avoid in mixed process raw material hardening too early or hardening too late, influence the performance of finished product raw material.Optionally, It is 1 that retarder, which includes weight ratio,:Two polyphosphate sodiums and borax of 0.3-0.6.
Curing agent is mainly used for making crosslinking reaction between each raw material, to improve the hardness of finished product.In addition, pass through Add in curing agent, additionally it is possible to the sealing impermeability of finished-product material is improved, so as to improve the waterproof of finished-product material to a certain extent Performance.
Optionally, mould inhibitor may include copper 8-quinolinolate, nano-titanium dioxide and nano zine oxide, nano-silica Change titanium and nano zine oxide under photocatalysis, free state oxygen can be generated, play sterilization, mould proof and moisture-proof role, 8- hydroxyls Base copper 8-hydroxyquinolinate on the basis of existing for nano-titanium dioxide and nano zine oxide, can further improve the mildew resistant moistureproof effect of mould inhibitor Fruit.
Optionally, the modifying agent in the embodiment of the present invention is using common modifying agent.
Hold, in the embodiment of the present invention mainly by expanded perlite, aluminium silicate fiber peacekeeping sulfonate salt flame be finished product Material provides fireproofing function;Copolymer, polyanion cellulose and the curing agent of butadiene-styrene provide anti-for finished-product material Water acts on;Polyanion cellulose, polyester alkene fiber and mould inhibitor provide moisture-proof role for finished-product material.Sodium sulphate and retarder To play adjustment effect to the condensation hardenability in raw material mixed process, curing agent can make to occur between each raw material for cooperation Cross-linking reaction improves the hardness of finished product.In addition, the sealing that curing agent can also improve finished-product material is impervious, to a certain degree The upper water resistance for improving finished-product material.
In addition, the embodiment of the present invention also provides a kind of fire prevention, the preparation of waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding Method may include following steps:Crushed expanded perlite mixes portland cement with water, then by the pearl after crushing Rock, portland cement mixed with water and remaining raw material in addition to curing agent mix, and heat for the first time, add in hardening Agent, second of heating.
It is preferred that expanded perlite is to be no more than in electrical impulse frequency to be crushed to grain size under conditions of 4000-5000Hz 100μm.After being crushed by high-voltage pulse, expanded perlite is able to miniaturization crushing, fine particles is become, so as to break it Honeycomb structure possessed by script reduces water imbibition possessed by the structure.In addition, after by the way that expanded perlite is crushed, Its overall expansion volume is improved before can also not crushing, so as to achieve the effect that certain improvement finished-product material mechanical property.
Portland cement is mixed with water to carry out in the following manner:It is 1 by volume:1-1.2 is by portland cement with flow For 10-15m3The speed of/min is sprayed in water.In general, be to add water to cement to be stirred when cement is mixed with water, this Mode be easy to cause the agglomerating caking of cement.The embodiment of the present invention is by the way that portland cement is added to the water in a manner of spraying, with control The spray rate and spray flux of making portland cement enable portland cement and water is full and uniform mixes.Flow control is in 10- 15m3In the range of/min, portland cement can just be made to be uniformly dispersed after being contacted with water, in favor of being mixed with remaining raw material It closes or reacts.
The preparation method of the embodiment of the present invention includes heating twice, and heating for the first time is will be all in addition to curing agent Raw material mixes, and heating for the first time can for example be heat-treated 12-14h under conditions of 180-220 DEG C.It is heated by first time, it can Accelerate the reaction between above-mentioned each raw material, each raw material is enable uniformly to merge.Preferably, in first time heating process to stir speed It spends and stirs raw material to be heated for the rotating speed of 500-700r/min.By stirring, the uniformity coefficient of material can be not only improved, but also The condensation hardenability of material in mixed process can also effectively be adjusted.
After heating for the first time, the material of gained is first product material, and in order to improve the mechanical property of first product material, it is carried out Second of heating, obtains finished-product material.Optionally, second of heating is that 18-20h is heat-treated under conditions of 800-1000 DEG C.It is logical It crosses second to be heated at high temperature, finished-product material is able to shape and with preferable hardness.
In addition, the embodiment of the present invention additionally provides a kind of above-mentioned fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding Application under construction namely it can be used as external decoration precast wall body cladding, to improve the fire prevention of building, waterproof and moistureproof energy Power.
The feature and performance of the present invention are described in further detail with reference to embodiments.
Embodiment 1
It is 100 μm that the expanded perlite of 15 parts by weight is crushed to grain size under conditions of electrical impulse frequency is 4000Hz. It is 1 by volume by the portland cement of 20 parts by weight:1 and using flow as 10m3The speed of/min is sprayed in water.
By the perlite after above-mentioned crushing and the mixed portland cement of water and the alumina silicate fibre of 10 parts by weight, 8 The sulfonate salt flame of parts by weight, the copolymer of butadiene-styrene of 5 parts by weight, the polyanion cellulose of 2 parts by weight, 2 The polyester alkene fiber of parts by weight, the sodium sulphate of 1 parts by weight, the mould inhibitor of 2 parts by weight, the modifying agent and 0.5 parts by weight of 1 parts by weight Retarder mixing, be heat-treated 14h under conditions of 180 DEG C.Then the curing agent of 2 parts by weight is added in, under conditions of 800 DEG C 20h is heat-treated, obtains fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding.
Wherein, sulfonate salt flame contains weight ratio for 2.5:0.6:0.2 potassium phenylsulphonyl benzene sulfonate, polysiloxanes and Fluoropolymer, retarder contain weight ratio for 1:0.3 two polyphosphate sodiums and borax.Mould inhibitor contain nano-titanium dioxide and Nano zine oxide.
Embodiment 2
It is 50 μm that the expanded perlite of 20 parts by weight is crushed to grain size under conditions of electrical impulse frequency is 5000Hz.It will The portland cement of 30 parts by weight is 1 by volume:1.2 and using flow as 15m3The speed of/min is sprayed in water.
By after above-mentioned crushing perlite, with the alumina silicate fibre of the mixed portland cement of water and 12 parts by weight, The sulfonate salt flame of 12 parts by weight, 8 parts by weight butadiene-styrene copolymer, the polyanion fiber of 4 parts by weight Element, the modifying agent and 1 weight of the mould inhibitor of the polyester alkene fiber of 4 parts by weight, the sodium sulphate of 2 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight, 2 parts by weight The retarder mixing of part is heat-treated 12h under conditions of being 500r/min in 220 DEG C, mixing speed.Then 4 parts by weight are added in Curing agent is heat-treated 18h under conditions of 1000 DEG C, obtains fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding.
Wherein, sulfonate salt flame contains weight ratio for 4:0.8:0.3 potassium phenylsulphonyl benzene sulfonate, polysiloxanes and contain Fluoropolymer, retarder contain weight ratio for 1:0.6 two polyphosphate sodiums and borax.Mould inhibitor contains copper 8-quinolinolate, receives Rice titanium dioxide and nano zine oxide.
Embodiment 3
It is 100 μm that the expanded perlite of 19 parts by weight is crushed to grain size under conditions of electrical impulse frequency is 4250Hz. It is 1 by volume by the portland cement of 24 parts by weight:1 and using flow as 12m3The speed of/min is sprayed in water.
By the perlite after above-mentioned crushing, the aluminium silicate fiber with the mixed portland cement of water and 10.5 parts by weight Dimension, the sulfonate salt flame of 11 parts by weight, 6 parts by weight butadiene-styrene copolymer, the polyanion of 3.5 parts by weight Cellulose, the polyester alkene fiber of 2.5 parts by weight, the sodium sulphate of 1.6 parts by weight, the mould inhibitors of 2.4 parts by weight, 1.6 parts by weight Modifying agent and the mixing of the retarder of 0.7 parts by weight are heat-treated 13.5h under conditions of being 700r/min in 190 DEG C, mixing speed. Then the curing agent of 3.5 parts by weight is added in, 19.5h is heat-treated under conditions of 850 DEG C, it is pre- to obtain fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration Wall cladding processed.
Wherein, sulfonate salt flame contains weight ratio for 3:0.75:0.2 potassium phenylsulphonyl benzene sulfonate, polysiloxanes and Fluoropolymer, retarder contain weight ratio for 1:0.4 two polyphosphate sodiums and borax.Mould inhibitor contain copper 8-quinolinolate, Nano-titanium dioxide and nano zine oxide.
Embodiment 4
It is 100 μm that the expanded perlite of 16 parts by weight is crushed to grain size under conditions of electrical impulse frequency is 4750Hz. It is 1 by volume by the portland cement of 26 parts by weight:1.2 and using flow as 14m3The speed of/min is sprayed in water.
By the perlite after above-mentioned crushing, the aluminium silicate fiber with the mixed portland cement of water and 11.5 parts by weight Dimension, the copolymer of butadiene-styrene of the sulfonate salt flame of 9 parts by weight, 7 parts by weight, the polyanion of 2.5 parts by weight are fine Dimension element, the mould inhibitor of the polyester alkene fiber of 3.5 parts by weight, the sodium sulphate of 1.4 parts by weight, 2.6 parts by weight, 1.4 parts by weight change Property the agent and retarder mixing of 0.8 parts by weight, in 210 DEG C, mixing speed to be heat-treated 12.5h under conditions of 550r/min.So The curing agent of 2.5 parts by weight is added in afterwards, 18.5h is heat-treated under conditions of 950 DEG C, and it is prefabricated to obtain fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration Wall cladding.
Wherein, sulfonate salt flame contains weight ratio for 3.5:0.65:0.3 potassium phenylsulphonyl benzene sulfonate, polysiloxanes And fluoropolymer, retarder contain weight ratio for 1:0.5 two polyphosphate sodiums and borax.Mould inhibitor contains 8-hydroxyquinoline Copper, nano-titanium dioxide and nano zine oxide.
Embodiment 5
It is 50 μm that the expanded perlite of 17.5 parts by weight is crushed to grain size under conditions of electrical impulse frequency is 4500Hz. It is 1 by volume by the portland cement of 25 parts by weight:1.1 and using flow as 12.5m3The speed of/min is sprayed in water.
By after above-mentioned crushing perlite, with the alumina silicate fibre of the mixed portland cement of water and 11 parts by weight, The sulfonate salt flame of 10 parts by weight, 6.5 parts by weight butadiene-styrene copolymer, the polyanion fiber of 3 parts by weight Element, mould inhibitor, the modifying agent of 1.5 parts by weight of the polyester alkene fiber of 3 parts by weight, the sodium sulphate of 1.5 parts by weight, 2.5 parts by weight It is mixed with the retarder of 0.75 parts by weight, 13h is heat-treated under conditions of being 600r/min in 200 DEG C, mixing speed.Then add in The curing agent of 3 parts by weight is heat-treated 19h under conditions of 900 DEG C, obtains fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body go along with sb. to guard him material Material.
Wherein, sulfonate salt flame contains weight ratio for 3.5:0.7:0.25 potassium phenylsulphonyl benzene sulfonate, polysiloxanes And fluoropolymer, retarder contain weight ratio for 1:0.45 two polyphosphate sodiums and borax.Mould inhibitor contains 8-hydroxyquinoline Copper, nano-titanium dioxide and nano zine oxide.
Test example 1
Repetition prepares above-described embodiment to prepare enough fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding, Using the cladding obtained by above-described embodiment 1-5 as test group 1-5, by fire-protection rating testing standard《GB/T5464-1999》 The fire-protection rating and thermal conductivity factor of the cladding obtained by test group 1-5 are measured, is pressed《GB/T16777-2008》Standard testing its Tensile strength, fracture elongation and impermeable water pressure.In addition, the cladding of test group 1-5 is positioned over temperature as (25 ± 3) DEG C, relative humidity in the environment of (50 ± 5) % to constant weight, weight calculation.Cladding is placed in the sink for filling water, as one It is lain in as bridge block on two supporting items, preventing its bottom surface, cladding is integrally immersed in from being contacted with bottom of gullet It is higher by the water of 50 ± 10mm of its upper surface.Bubble is taken out after 120 minutes from water, dries in the air 5 minutes, weighs.Calculate the 2 of cladding Hour water absorption rate, the results are shown in Table 1.
1 performance measurement result of table
As can be seen from Table 1, through fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body obtained by prepared by the embodiment of the present invention Cladding reaches building standard in fire prevention, waterproof and moistureproof performance, and its performance is more excellent.Pass through test group 1- 5 result understands whether there is whipping step to have certain influence on properties of product in preparation process, stirring power compared with improve into The comprehensive performance of product material;In addition, finished product material that can be more not containing copper 8-quinolinolate containing copper 8-quinolinolate in mould inhibitor Material has higher moisture-proof role.Each raw material proportioning and preparation process of test group 5 are optimal in test group 1-5, obtained Properties of product are optimal.
Test example 2
Control group 1-4 is set, control group 1-4 and embodiment 5 it is unique difference lies in:1 raw material of control group is fine with carboxymethyl Dimension element replaces polyanion cellulose, and 2 raw material of control group is free of sodium sulphate, and 3 raw material of control group is free of retarder, and control group 4 is former Material carries out performance measurement, result such as table 2 according to the method in test example 1 without curing agent to the finished-product material of control group 1-4 It is shown.
2 performance measurement result of table
As can be seen from Table 2, finished-product material is anti-after replacing polyanion cellulose with carboxymethyl cellulose in control group 1 Tidal energy power is substantially reduced, the finished-product material of control group 2-4 tensile elongation, elongation at break and 2 it is small when water absorption rate in terms of property It can be substantially reduced, and the finished-product material water resistance of control group 4 is lower compared with control group 2-3, illustrates curing agent to finished-product material Tensile elongation, elongation at break have it is certain influence outer, also there is larger impact to water resistance.
Test example 3
Control group 5-7 is set, control group 5-7 and embodiment 5 it is unique difference lies in:Expanded perlite is not in control group 5 It is crushed through high electric field pulse, routinely hybrid mode mixes portland cement with water in control group 6, and raw material is without in control group 7 It once heats, is directly to be heated after all raw materials are mixed with second of heating condition, according to the method pair in test example 1 The finished-product material of control group 5-7 carries out performance measurement, and the results are shown in Table 3.
3 performance measurement result of table
By control group 5-7 it can be seen from 3 finished-product material compared with comprehensive performance possessed by the finished-product material of embodiment 5 more Difference illustrates that the preparation method in the embodiment of the present invention is well suited to the preparation of the material of the present invention program, and can be had simultaneously The preferably finished-product material of fire prevention, waterproof and moisture protection.
In addition, the control group of test group 1-4 is set respectively according to the method for test example 2-3, by same test method, institute It obtains result and shows that the finished-product material of the finished-product material of test group 1-4 control group corresponding compared with its has more preferably performance parameter.
In conclusion fire prevention provided in an embodiment of the present invention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding cost It is low, it is cost-effective, while have the function of that preferably fire prevention, waterproof and moistureproof, market application potential are huge.One side of its preparation method Face can be uniformly mixed each raw material, and cladding is made to have excellent performance, and another aspect method is simple, and process is easily-controllable, just In operation.Fire prevention, the waterproof and moistureproof ability of building can be improved by being applied in building.
Embodiments described above is part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.The reality of the present invention The detailed description for applying example is not intended to limit the scope of claimed invention, but is merely representative of the selected implementation of the present invention Example.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained without creative efforts Every other embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding, which is characterized in that its raw material includes 20-30 weight The portland cement, the expanded perlite of 15-20 parts by weight, the alumina silicate fibre of 10-12 parts by weight, the sulphur of 8-12 parts by weight of part Hydrochlorate fire retardant, the copolymer of butadiene-styrene of 5-8 parts by weight, the polyanion cellulose of 2-4 parts by weight, 2-4 weight The polyester alkene fiber of part, the sodium sulphate of 1-2 parts by weight, the curing agent of 2-4 parts by weight, the mould inhibitor of 2-3 parts by weight, 1-2 weight The modifying agent of part and the retarder of 0.5-1 parts by weight.
2. fire prevention according to claim 1, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding, which is characterized in that described Cladding includes the portland cement, the expanded perlite, the 10.5-11.5 of 16-19 parts by weight of 24-26 parts by weight The alumina silicate fibre of parts by weight, the sulfonate salt flame of 9-11 parts by weight, the butadiene-benzene of 6-7 parts by weight The copolymer of ethylene, the polyanion cellulose of 2.5-3.5 parts by weight, 2.5-3.5 parts by weight the polyester alkene fiber, The sodium sulphate of 1.4-1.6 parts by weight, the curing agent of 2.5-3.5 parts by weight, 2.4-2.6 parts by weight it is described mould proof The retarder of agent, the modifying agent of 1.4-1.6 parts by weight and 0.7-0.8 parts by weight.
3. fire prevention according to claim 2, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding, which is characterized in that described Cladding includes the portland cement of 25 parts by weight, the expanded perlite of 17.5 parts by weight, the institute of 11 parts by weight State alumina silicate fibre, the sulfonate salt flame of 10 parts by weight, 6.5 parts by weight the butadiene-styrene copolymer, The polyanion cellulose of 3 parts by weight, the polyester alkene fiber, the sodium sulphate of 1.5 parts by weight, 3 weights of 3 parts by weight Measure the curing agent of part, the mould inhibitor of 2.5 parts by weight, the modifying agent of 1.5 parts by weight and the institute of 0.75 parts by weight State retarder.
4. fire prevention according to claim 1, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding, which is characterized in that described It is 1 that retarder, which includes weight ratio,:Two polyphosphate sodiums and borax of 0.3-0.6.
5. such as the fire prevention of claim 1-4 any one of them, waterproof, the preparation side of moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding Method, which is characterized in that comprise the following steps:The expanded perlite is crushed, portland cement is mixed with water, then will be crushed The perlite, the portland cement mixed with water and remaining described raw material in addition to the curing agent afterwards mixes It closes, heats for the first time, add in the curing agent, second of heating.
6. preparation method according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the expanded perlite is to be in electrical impulse frequency Grain size is crushed under conditions of 4000-5000Hz no more than 100 μm.
7. preparation method according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the portland cement mixes in the following manner with water It carries out:It is 1 by volume:1-1.2 is by the portland cement using flow as 10-15m3The speed of/min is sprayed in water.
8. preparation method according to claim 5, which is characterized in that heating is under conditions of 180-220 DEG C for the first time It is heat-treated 12-14h;
Preferably, the rotating speed in first time heating process using mixing speed as 500-700r/min stirs the original to be heated Material.
9. preparation method according to claim 5, which is characterized in that second of heating is under conditions of 800-1000 DEG C It is heat-treated 18-20h.
10. such as the fire prevention of claim 1-4 any one of them, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding under construction Application.
CN201711382032.2A 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 A kind of fire prevention, waterproof, moisture-proof external decoration precast wall body cladding and preparation method and application Pending CN108101451A (en)

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CN104261870A (en) * 2014-07-16 2015-01-07 泗阳县弘达新型墙体材料有限公司 Light heat-insulating wall material and preparation method thereof
CN106747184A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-05-31 芜湖浩权建筑工程有限公司 A kind of high-strength fire-retardant builds composite insulation boards
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