CN108095148B - Energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device - Google Patents

Energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108095148B
CN108095148B CN201711332234.6A CN201711332234A CN108095148B CN 108095148 B CN108095148 B CN 108095148B CN 201711332234 A CN201711332234 A CN 201711332234A CN 108095148 B CN108095148 B CN 108095148B
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China
Prior art keywords
shell
sieve
partition
rotating bezel
vegetables
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CN201711332234.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108095148A (en
Inventor
陈凤花
韦瑞克
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GUANGDONG CHAOSHENG FOOD INDUSTRY Co.,Ltd.
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Nanning Zhi Qiao Agricultural Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711332234.6A priority Critical patent/CN108095148B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/06Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching, combined with subsequent drying

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of energy-efficient vegetable cleaning devices, comprising: the first wiper mechanism, it includes first shell, it is successively horizontal from top to bottom inside first shell to be equipped with the first sieve, the second sieve and first partition, the upper surface of second sieve is equipped with annular slide track, the first material guide port, push rod and lid, lower surface is equipped with the first passage being connected to the first material guide port, and first partition is equipped with multiple first through hole, and any first through hole lower end side is hinged with valve plate;Second wiper mechanism comprising second shell, second shell inside are equipped with the second passage, water storage tank, rotating bezel, stirring rod, multiple second partitions;Water tank.The present invention realizes the process operations cleaned twice to vegetables, and cleaning process is automatic continuous twice, and structure of the invention is simple, easy to operate, energy-efficient, the market popularization value with higher of cleaning by devising two wiper mechanisms.

Description

Energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery technological fields.It is more particularly related to which a kind of energy-efficient vegetables are clear Cleaning device.
Background technique
After vegetables picking, it is generally attached with the booties such as soil and sandstone on vegetables, before being sent to sale in the market, needs Through over cleaning, when vegetables amount for sale is excessive, cleaned by manual operations, labor intensity is larger, and cleaning efficiency is lower; To improve cleaning efficiency, labor intensity is reduced, occurs various vegetable washing apparatus, existing vegetable cleaning in the market Equipment mostly uses stirring rod directly to stir, the methods of high-pressure nozzle spray and ultrasonic oscillation, and stirring rod directly stir presence and stirs The booties such as the time too short soil that can not preferably remove on vegetables are mixed, mixing time is too long to easily lead to vegetables damage;High pressure The higher cost of spray head spray, and it is poor to the vegetable cleaning effect of cauline leaf class, silt, impurity waste leaf are difficult to separate on vegetables; The cost of ultrasonic oscillation is also higher, it is difficult to separate the soil clamped between vegetables, waste leaf;Existing vegetable cleaning is set It is standby there is also structure is complicated, vegetables are collected cumbersome after the completion of cleaning, economic and practical is poor.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve at least the above problems, and provide the advantages of at least will be described later.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a kind of energy-efficient vegetable cleaning devices, clear by devising two Washing machine structure realizes the process operations cleaned twice to vegetables, and cleaning process is automatic continuous twice, greatly improves cleaning machine Working efficiency, the present invention can thoroughly by vegetables silt, waste leaf residue remove, in the process of cleaning will not be to vegetables It causes to damage, guarantees the integrality of vegetables, the chemical substance being harmful to the human body that disinfectant etc. is not easily cleaned will not be introduced;This hair Bright structure is simple, easy to operate, cleans energy-efficient, market popularization value with higher.
In order to realize these purposes and other advantages according to the present invention, a kind of energy-efficient vegetable cleaning dress is provided It sets comprising:
First wiper mechanism comprising:
First shell, the hollow cylinder structure closed at both ends being vertically arranged, the close upper end of the first shell Periphery on radial symmetric be equipped with inlet port and outlet port, bottom be equipped with the first water outlet;From upper inside the first shell It arrives down successively horizontal equipped with circular first sieve, circular second sieve and circular first partition;First sieve, institute The center of circle for stating the second sieve and the first partition is respectively positioned on the axis of the first shell, first sieve and described Two sieves can the relatively described first shell move up and down, first sieve can the relatively described first shell around the first shell The axis of body rotates;The upper surface of second sieve be equipped with the annular slide track of its concentric and be located at the annular slide track and The first material guide port between the discharge port;The first partition is inscribed in the inner wall of the first shell, the first partition Multiple first through hole are equipped with, the side of the lower edge of any first through hole is hinged with a valve plate, any valve Plate can be relative to deviateing within the scope of horizontal line certain angle, and the extreme position that the valve plate is rotated up is horizontal position, at this time The first through hole is contained in the valve plate, when the extreme position that the valve plate rotates down with the following table of the first partition Face is in 30 ° of angles;
Round lid is positioned horizontally in the upper surface of second sieve, and the lower surface of the lid, which is equipped with, slidably blocks Sliding block in the annular slide track, the center of circle of the lid be located at the annular slide track and second sieve edge it Between, the second sieve described in the distance in the center of circle of the lid to the center of circle of second sieve and the center of circle road of first material guide port The center of circle of net is equidistant;The upper surface of the lid passes through under the first telescopic rod and first sieve being vertically arranged Surface is fixedly connected;
Push rod is positioned horizontally in the upper surface of second sieve, sieves at the lower central of the push rod with described second It being rotatablely connected at the center of the upper surface of net, top is fixedly connected by the second telescopic rod with the lower surface of first sieve, Second telescopic rod and the first shell are coaxially disposed;The push rod and the lid are non-interference;
First passage, is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of second sieve, first passage include upper end with it is described The first part of first material guide port connection being vertically arranged and second be obliquely installed being connected to the first part lower end Part, the second part are extended obliquely downward away from the direction in the center of circle of second sieve, the second part Free end and the inner wall of the first shell are in sealing contact;
Second wiper mechanism comprising:
Second shell is located at the side of the discharge port and is fixedly connected with the side wall of the first shell, and described the The second material guide port communicated with the discharge port is offered on the side wall of two shells;
Second passage is located inside the second shell, and the upper end of second passage is inscribed in described second In material guide port, lower end is extended downwardly away from the direction of the first shell;
Water storage tank is located inside the second shell and bottom surface is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the second shell, described Water storage tank upper end is open;
Rotating bezel, is the horizontally disposed hollow cylinder structure of left end opening, and the top of the rotating bezel is located at described Above water storage tank, lower part is located inside the water storage tank, and the right end level of the rotating bezel is equipped with the first rotation axis, and described first The right end of rotation axis passes through the side of the water storage tank and is rotatablely connected with the inner wall of the second shell, and the rotating bezel leans on The periphery of nearly left end is equipped with multiple along the circumferential direction evenly arranged windows, and the periphery of the rotating bezel is equipped with multiple Second through-hole, any second through-hole and any window are non-interference, in any second through-hole be equipped with axis with The first vertical aqueduct of the axis of the rotating bezel, the first end and second end of any first aqueduct are located at institute State that rotating bezel is inside and outside, the end face diameter of the first end of first aqueduct is less than the end face diameter of second end;It is described The edge side of the second end of first aqueduct is installed with arc shaped blade, and the blade is towards close to the first aqueduct axis Direction bending;The axis projection of second passage can be contained in any window;
Stirring rod is located inside the rotating bezel and is coaxially disposed with the rotating bezel, the diameter of the stirring rod from Left-to-right is in gradually smaller trend, and the left end level of the stirring rod extends through the water storage tank and to the left with described second The left side of shell is rotatablely connected;The periphery of the stirring rod is equipped with multiple first bristles;
Multiple second partitions are uniformly distributed in the tapering annular space that the rotating bezel and the stirring rod are formed In, the width of any partition is in the trend being from left to right gradually increased, the first side of any partition with described turn The inner wall of dynamic frame is fixedly connected, and the distance between the second side opposite with the first side and the stirring rod are 3cm;It is more It is comparable that the rotating bezel is separated into multiple volumes with the tapering annular space that the stirring rod is formed by a second partition The side of fan-shaped columnar purge chamber, any purge chamber is equipped with a window;
Water tank is located at outside the second shell and is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the second shell, the water tank lower part pair Title offers the second water outlet and third water outlet, and second water outlet passes through inside the second aqueduct and the first shell Connection, the third water outlet inside third aqueduct and the water storage tank by being connected to.
Preferably, the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device, further includes rotating mechanism, is located at the second shell Internal portion, the rotating mechanism include vertical fixed first be set in outside the stirring rod and outside the water storage tank Toothed disc, the vertical fixed second gear disk being set in outside the first rotation axis, left end and the left side of the second shell turn The third rotation axis of the right side rotation connection of second rotation axis of dynamic connection, right end and the second shell, one end with it is described 4th rotation axis of the leading flank rotation connection of second shell, it is vertical fixed be set in it is in second rotation axis and with it is described The third toothed disc of first gear disk engagement, is fixed the first bevel gear for being installed in the second rotation axis right end vertically vertically It is set in the 4th toothed disc that is in the third rotation axis and engaging with the second gear disk, is installed in the third vertically Second bevel gear of rotation axis left end and the horizontal third bevel gear for being installed in the 4th rotation axis upper end, the third umbrella The left and right ends of gear are engaged with first bevel gear and second bevel gear respectively, the other end of the 4th rotation axis It is electrically connected with first motor, the first motor is fixedly arranged on the second shell outer surface.
Preferably, the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device, further includes:
First cylinder, is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the first shell, and the lower end of the First piston bar of first cylinder is perpendicular It directly extends downwardly through the top surface of the first shell and is fixedly connected with the upper surface of first sieve;
Second cylinder, is fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the first shell, and the upper end of the second piston bar of second cylinder is perpendicular The bottom surface for sequentially passing through the first shell and the first partition are directly upwardly extended, and solid with the lower surface of second sieve Fixed connection.
Preferably, the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device, the upper end of second telescopic rod are pierced by described The top surface of one shell is simultaneously electrically connected with the second motor, and second motor is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the first shell.
Preferably, the outer surface of the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device, any second partition is equipped with Multiple second bristles.
Preferably, the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device, it is second sieve, the annular slide track, described The diameter ratio of lid and first material guide port is 1:0.7:0.4:0.2.
Preferably, the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device, the length of the second partition and the rotating bezel Length ratio be 0.9:1.
The present invention is include at least the following beneficial effects:
1, the present invention realizes the process operations cleaned twice to vegetables, and two by devising two wiper mechanisms Secondary cleaning process is automatic continuous, greatly improves the working efficiency of cleaning machine, and the present invention can be thoroughly by the silt in vegetables, waste leaf Residue is removed, and will not be caused to damage to vegetables in the process of cleaning, be guaranteed the integrality of vegetables, will not introduce disinfectant etc. no The chemical substance of easy to clean being harmful to the human body;Structure of the invention is simple, easy to operate, and cleaning is energy-efficient, with higher Market popularization value;
2, the first wiper mechanism of the invention includes the first sieve, the second sieve and first partition moving up and down, can By the position of the first cylinder and adjusting the first sieve and the second sieve of the second cylinder freedom and flexibility, start it in cleaning Before, the lid of the second sieve upper surface slides at the position above the first material guide port, and lid is by the first material guide port at this time Closing;First sieve is moved to the top of first shell, the second sieve is moved to the lower part of the feed inlet of first shell, will be to The vegetables of cleaning are thrown to the second sieve upper surface by the feed inlet on first shell side, then by the first sieve to moving down At the position for moving to its following table face contact but not squeezing vegetables, centre is clamped with to the first sieve and the second sieve of vegetables to be washed It moves downward simultaneously to the bottom of first shell;Water is poured into first shell to vegetable by the second aqueduct being connected to water tank After dish is located at the water surface hereinafter, vegetables are soaked for a period of time in water, while starting the first cylinder and the second cylinder, so that first Piston rod is flexible to be stretched contrary with second piston bar, and speed is identical, drives vegetables to move back and forth up and down with respect to the water surface, shifting Dynamic speed is can be fast or slow, can be according to the concrete condition flexible modulation movement speed of vegetables to be washed;First step cleaning process is first It is that vegetables are carried out with of short duration immersion, the silt in vegetables is softened, then vegetables is driven to move up and down in opposite water, vegetables exist During moving up and down, water flowing is driven, the silt and waste leaf adhered on vegetables falls into the water with water flow and passes through first partition On multiple first through hole aggregation first shell bottom surface, thus achieve the effect that remove vegetables on soil and waste leaf, vegetables Reciprocal moves up and down, and cleaning effect is preferable, and will not cause to damage to vegetables, and water flow ceaselessly rushes vegetable surface It hits, impact dynamics can be controlled by the speed moved up and down, and silt and waste leaf are when vegetables move up, with flowing downward Water flow leukorrhagia fall into the water, vegetables can be moved to first shell top in the process of cleaning, pass through the first water outlet will Dirty water inside first shell is released, can be to vegetable again by the second aqueduct to fresh water is poured into inside first shell The cleaning that dish moves up and down again;The hinged valve plate in any first through hole lower end, when vegetables move down, valve plate is by downward Extruding force is swung down to extreme position, and the lower surface of valve plate and first partition is in 30 ° of angles, the fouls such as silt and waste leaf at this time Can be fallen by first through hole below first partition, be gathered in the bottom surface of first shell, when vegetables move up, valve plate to On turn to extreme position, valve plate is close to first partition lower surface at this time, and first through hole is contained in valve plate, avoids first partition The soil and waste leaf of lower section will not be again introduced into the water above first partition, can be good at soil, waste leaf and vegetables point It leaves;
3, after completing first time cleaning process, the first sieve and the second sieve are moved upward to the first passage and discharging Mouth connection, starting first motor drive the first sieve to rotate relative to first shell, the rotation drive lid rotation of the first sieve, from And remove lid from the first material guide port top, the first material guide port is opened, the rotation of the first sieve also drives first body of rod Rotation, vegetables are pushed to the first material guide port top and pass sequentially through the first material guide port, the first passage, discharge port enter second In shell;The rotation of first sieve can drive the rotation of lid and push rod simultaneously, can also while opening the first material guide port It enough so that push rod pushes vegetables, kills two birds with one stone, is transferred in second shell without artificial taking-up vegetables, reduce labor intensity, Have the advantages that energy-efficient;
4, the vegetables after first step cleaning process enter the be connected to discharge port by the discharge port of first shell Two passages are fallen into inside rotating bezel eventually by multiple windows, and are distributed in multiple purge chambers, by third aqueduct to Clean water is poured into tank body, then by the rotating mechanism in the second wiper mechanism, drives stirring using a motor drive Bar rotates with rotating bezel simultaneously and to rotate towards each other, and stirring rod and rotating bezel rotate towards each other, increased water flow amplitude, to improve Cleaning effect of the water flow to the vegetables inside purge chamber;The relative rotation of stirring rod and rotating bezel drives vegetables rotation, stirring rod Diameter be from left to right in gradually smaller trend, the width of second partition is from left to right in the trend being gradually increased so that appoint The radial width along stirring rod of one purge chamber is from left to right in the trend being gradually increased, the vegetables entered from window fall into When on the bottom surface of the inclined purge chamber in bottom right, automatically mobile to right end during rotation, the present invention preferentially cleans spherical vegetable, Vegetables are distributed into multiple purge chambers, avoiding vegetables, mutually collision and excessive motion range lead to vegetables during rotation It is damaged;Multiple first bristles that stirring rod periphery is equipped with during rotation scrub vegetables, avoid simultaneously The stirring rod of hard damages vegetables;
5, the present invention realizes a rotation by the ingenious cooperation of multiple toothed discs, multiple bevel gears and multiple rotation axis The rotation of axis rotates towards each other while driving two discrete components of stirring rod and rotating bezel, reduces energy consumption, energy saving To achieve the purpose that reduce equipment cost;
6, a part is outside water storage tank in water storage tank for rotating bezel a part of the invention, so that in cleaning vegetables process In, it is not to stop always in water, movement of the vegetables with respect to water can be preferably by silt, waste leaf that vegetables rotate relative to water It is separated with vegetables;The water in water storage tank can be replaced in the process of cleaning, and vegetables are cleaned multiple times;It is clear to second It washes after the completion of process, the water in water storage tank is discharged, rotating bezel and stirring rod continue to rotate towards each other, and can play in drying vegetables The effect of portion's moisture.
Further advantage, target and feature of the invention will be partially reflected by the following instructions, and part will also be by this The research and practice of invention and be understood by the person skilled in the art.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of vegetable cleaning device energy-efficient described in one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the first sieve and second sieve described in another embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of rotating bezel described in another embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the first aqueduct described in another embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of rotating mechanism described in another embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, to enable those skilled in the art's reference Specification word can be implemented accordingly.
It should be appreciated that such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used herein do not allot one or more The presence or addition of a other elements or combinations thereof.
In the description of the present invention, term " transverse direction ", " longitudinal direction ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", " perpendicular Directly ", the orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is orientation based on the figure or position Relationship is set, is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, is not that device or the element of indication or suggestion meaning are necessary It with specific orientation, is constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore is not considered as limiting the invention.
As shown in Fig. 1~5, the present invention provides a kind of energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device comprising:
First wiper mechanism comprising:
First shell 101, the hollow cylinder structure closed at both ends being vertically arranged, the first shell 101 are leaned on Radial symmetric is equipped with inlet port and outlet port on the periphery of nearly upper end, and bottom is equipped with the first water outlet 1012;The first shell It is successively horizontal from top to bottom inside body 101 to be equipped with circular first sieve 102, circular second sieve 103 and circular first Partition 1013;The center of circle of first sieve 102, second sieve 103 and the first partition 1013 is respectively positioned on described On the axis of one shell 101, first sieve 102 and second sieve 103 can relatively described about 101 first shells Mobile, first sieve 102 can be rotated relative to the first shell 101 around the axis of the first shell 101;Described second The upper surface of sieve 103 is equipped with the annular slide track 1031 of its concentric and positioned at the annular slide track 1031 and the discharge port Between the first material guide port 1032;The first partition 1013 is inscribed in the inner wall of the first shell 101, the first partition 1013 are equipped with multiple first through hole, and the side of the lower edge of any first through hole is hinged with a valve plate, Ren Yisuo State valve plate can be relative to deviateing within the scope of horizontal line certain angle, and the extreme position that the valve plate is rotated up is horizontal position, The first through hole is contained in the valve plate at this time, when the extreme position that the valve plate rotates down with the first partition 1013 lower surface is in 30 ° of angles;
Round lid 104, is positioned horizontally in the upper surface of second sieve 103, and the lower surface of the lid 104 is equipped with The sliding block being slidably arranged in the annular slide track 1031, the center of circle of the lid 104 be located at the annular slide track 1031 with Between the edge of second sieve 103, distance and institute of the center of circle of the lid 104 to the center of circle of second sieve 103 State being equidistant for the center of circle of the second sieve 103 described in the center of circle road of the first material guide port 1032;The upper surface of the lid 104 is logical The first telescopic rod 105 being vertically arranged is crossed to be fixedly connected with the lower surface of first sieve 102;
Push rod 106, is positioned horizontally in the upper surface of second sieve 103, at the lower central of the push rod 106 and institute It states and is rotatablely connected at the center of the upper surface of the second sieve 103, top passes through the second telescopic rod 107 and first sieve 102 Lower surface be fixedly connected, second telescopic rod 107 is coaxially disposed with the first shell 101;The push rod 106 with it is described Lid 104 is non-interference;
First passage 108, is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of second sieve 103, and first passage 108 includes upper It holds the first part being vertically arranged being connected to first material guide port 1032 and inclines with what the first part lower end was connected to The second part being tiltedly arranged, the second part are extended obliquely downward away from the direction in the center of circle of second sieve 103, The free end of the second part and the inner wall of the first shell 101 are in sealing contact;
Second wiper mechanism comprising:
Second shell 201 is located at the side of the discharge port and is fixedly connected with the side wall of the first shell 101, The second material guide port communicated with the discharge port is offered on the side wall of the second shell 201;
Second passage 202 is located inside the second shell 201, and the upper end of second passage 202 is inscribed in In second material guide port, lower end is extended downwardly away from the direction of the first shell 101;
Water storage tank 203, is located at 201 inside of second shell and bottom surface and the bottom surface of the second shell 201 are fixed Connection, 203 upper end of water storage tank are open;
Rotating bezel 204 is the horizontally disposed hollow cylinder structure of left end opening, the upper bit of the rotating bezel 204 Above the water storage tank 203, lower part is located inside the water storage tank 203, and the right end level of the rotating bezel 204 is equipped with first Rotation axis 207, the right end of first rotation axis 207 pass through the side of the water storage tank 203 and with the second shell 201 The periphery of inner wall rotation connection, the close left end of the rotating bezel 204 is equipped with multiple along the circumferential direction evenly arranged windows Mouthfuls 2041, the periphery of the rotating bezel 204 is equipped with multiple second through-holes 2042, any second through-hole 2042 with it is any The window 2041 is non-interference, and it is vertical with the axis of the rotating bezel 204 that axis is equipped in any second through-hole 2042 The first aqueduct 2043, the first end and second end of any first aqueduct 2043 is located at the rotating bezel 204 Inside and outside, the end face diameter of the first end of first aqueduct 2043 is less than the end face diameter of second end;Described first The edge side of the second end of aqueduct 2043 is installed with arc shaped blade 2044, and the blade 2044 is led towards close to described first The direction of 2043 axis of water pipe is bent;The axis projection of second passage 202 can be contained in any window 2041;
Stirring rod 205 is located at 204 inside of rotating bezel and is coaxially disposed with the rotating bezel 204, the stirring rod 205 diameter is from left to right in gradually smaller trend, and the left end level of the stirring rod 205 extends through the water storage to the left Slot 203 is simultaneously rotatablely connected with the left side of the second shell 201;The periphery of the stirring rod 205 is equipped with multiple first brushes Hair;
Multiple second partitions 206 are uniformly distributed in the cone cell that the rotating bezel 204 is formed with the stirring rod 205 In annular space, the width of any partition is in the trend being from left to right gradually increased, the first side of any partition It is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the rotating bezel 204, between the second side opposite with the first side and the stirring rod 205 Distance be 3cm;The tapering annular sky that multiple second partitions 206 form the rotating bezel 204 with the stirring rod 205 Between be separated into the comparable columnar purge chamber of sector of multiple volumes, any purge chamber
Side be equipped with a window 2041;
Water tank 301 is located at 201 outside of second shell and is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the second shell 201, the water 301 lower part of case symmetrically offers the second water outlet and third water outlet, and second water outlet passes through the second aqueduct 302 and institute It states and is connected to inside first shell 101, the third water outlet inside third aqueduct 303 and the water storage tank 203 by being connected to.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the present invention cleans vegetables by devising two wiper mechanisms, realization twice Process operations, and cleaning process is automatic continuous twice, greatly improves the working efficiency of cleaning machine, and the present invention can be thoroughly by vegetable Silt, waste leaf residue in dish are removed, and will not be caused to damage to vegetables in the process of cleaning, be guaranteed the integrality of vegetables, no The chemical substance being harmful to the human body that disinfectant etc. is not easily cleaned can be introduced;Structure of the invention is simple, easy to operate, and cleaning is efficient Energy conservation, market popularization value with higher.
In another technical solution, the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device further includes rotating mechanism, is located at Inside the second shell 201, the rotating mechanism includes that vertical fix is set in 205 outside of stirring rod and is located at described First gear disk 401 outside water storage tank 203, the vertical fixed second gear disk 402 being set in outside the first rotation axis 207, The second rotation axis 403, right end and the second shell 201 that left end and the left side of the second shell 201 are rotatablely connected 4th rotation of the third rotation axis 404, one end and the leading flank rotation connection of the second shell 201 of right side rotation connection Axis 405, vertical fixation are set in third gear that is in second rotation axis 403 and engaging with the first gear disk 401 Disk 406, the first bevel gear 408 for being installed in 403 right end of the second rotation axis vertically, vertical fix are set in the third turn The 4th toothed disc 407 that is on moving axis 404 and engaging with the second gear disk 402 is installed in the third rotation axis vertically Second bevel gear 409 of 404 left ends and the horizontal third bevel gear 4010 for being installed in 405 upper end of the 4th rotation axis, institute The left and right ends for stating third bevel gear 4010 are engaged with first bevel gear 408 and second bevel gear 409 respectively, described The other end of 4th rotation axis 405 is electrically connected with first motor 4051, and the first motor 4051 is fixedly arranged on the second shell 201 outer surfaces.The present invention realizes a rotation by the ingenious cooperation of multiple toothed discs, multiple bevel gears and multiple rotation axis The rotation of axis rotates towards each other while driving 204 two discrete components of stirring rod 205 and rotating bezel, reduces energy consumption, section About the energy is to achieve the purpose that reduce equipment cost.
In another technical solution, the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device, further includes:
First cylinder 109 is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the first shell 101, the First piston bar of first cylinder 109 1091 lower end extends through the top surface of the first shell 101 straight down and consolidates with the upper surface of first sieve 102 Fixed connection;
Second cylinder 1010 is fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the first shell 101, the second piston of second cylinder 1010 The upper end of bar 10101 extends the bottom surface for sequentially passing through the first shell 101 and the first partition 1013 straight up, and with The lower surface of second sieve 103 is fixedly connected.
In another technical solution, the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device, second telescopic rod 107 it is upper End is pierced by the top surface of the first shell 101 and is electrically connected with the second motor 1071, and second motor 1071 is fixedly arranged on described On the top surface of first shell 101.Improve the degree of automation of the invention.
In another technical solution, the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device, any second partition 206 Outer surface is equipped with multiple second bristles.Second bristle can further scrub vegetables during rotation.
In another technical solution, the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device is second sieve 103, described The diameter ratio of annular slide track 1031, the lid 104 and first material guide port 1032 is 1:0.7:0.4:0.2.Guarantee lid 104 can turn to 1032 top of the first material guide port and can block the first material guide port 1032.
In another technical solution, the energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device, the length of the second partition 206 Length ratio with the rotating bezel 204 is 0.9:1.
The working principle of the invention: before cleaning starts, the lid 104 of 103 upper surface of the second sieve is slid into At the position above the first material guide port 1032, lid 104 closes the first material guide port 1032 at this time;By the first sieve 102 It is moved to the top of first shell 101, the second sieve 103 is moved to the lower part of the feed inlet 1011 of first shell 101, will be to clear The vegetables washed are thrown to 103 upper surface of the second sieve by the feed inlet 1011 on 101 side of first shell, then by the first sieve Net 102 is moved downward to its following table face contact but does not squeeze at the positions of vegetables, and centre is clamped with to the first sieve of vegetables to be washed Net 102 and the second sieve 103 are moved downward simultaneously to the bottom of first shell 101;Pass through the second water guide being connected to water tank 301 Pipe 302 is poured into first shell 101 after water to vegetables are located at the water surface hereinafter, vegetables are soaked for a period of time in water, simultaneously Start the first cylinder 109 and the second cylinder 1010, so that the flexible side stretched with second piston bar 10101 of First piston bar 1091 To on the contrary, speed is identical, drive vegetables move back and forth up and down with respect to the water surface, and mobile speed is can be fast or slow, can be according to vegetable to be washed The concrete condition flexible modulation movement speed of dish;First step cleaning process is that vegetables are carried out with of short duration immersion first, by vegetables In silt softening, then drive vegetables moved up and down in opposite water, vegetables in the process of moving up and down, drive water flowing, vegetable The silt and waste leaf adhered on dish falls into the water with water flow and passes through the aggregation of multiple first through hole in first partition 1,013 first The bottom surface of shell 101, to achieve the effect that remove the soil and waste leaf on vegetables, vegetables are reciprocal to be moved up and down, cleaning effect Fruit is preferable, and will not cause to damage to vegetables, and water flow ceaselessly impacts vegetable surface, and impact dynamics can be by above moving down Dynamic speed is controlled, and silt and waste leaf fall into the water, clear when vegetables move up with the water flow leukorrhagia to flow downward Vegetables can be moved to 101 top of first shell during washing, it will be inside first shell 101 by the first water outlet 1012 Dirty water is released, again by the second aqueduct 302 to pouring into fresh water inside first shell 101, can to vegetables again on The cleaning of lower movement;The hinged valve plate in any first through hole lower end, when vegetables move down, valve plate by downward extruding force to Under turn to extreme position, the lower surface of valve plate and first partition 1013 is in 30 ° of angles at this time, and the fouls such as silt and waste leaf can 1013 lower section of first partition is fallen by first through hole, is gathered in the bottom surface of first shell 101, when vegetables move up, valve Plate is rotated up to extreme position, and valve plate is close to 1013 lower surface of first partition at this time, and first through hole is contained in valve plate, avoids The soil and waste leaf of 1013 lower section of first partition will not be again introduced into the water of 1013 top of first partition, can be good at mud Soil, waste leaf and vegetables separate;
After completing first time cleaning process, the first sieve 102 and the second sieve 103 are moved upward to the first passage 108 are connected to discharge port, and starting first motor 4051 drives the first sieve 102 to rotate relative to first shell 101, the first sieve 102 rotation drives lid 104 to rotate, to lid 104 be removed from 1032 top of the first material guide port, by the first material guide port 1032 open, and the rotation of the first sieve 102 also drives the rotation of first body of rod, vegetables are pushed to 1032 top of the first material guide port And it passes sequentially through the first material guide port 1032, the first passage 108, discharge port and enters in second shell 201;First sieve 102 Rotation can drive the rotation of lid 104 and push rod 106 simultaneously, can also to push away while opening the first material guide port 1032 Bar 106 pushes vegetables, kills two birds with one stone, is transferred in second shell 201 without artificial taking-up vegetables, reduces labor intensity, tool Have the advantages that energy-efficient;
Vegetables after first step cleaning process enter the be connected to discharge port by the discharge port of first shell 101 Two passages 202 fall into inside rotating bezel 204 eventually by multiple windows 2041, and are distributed in multiple purge chambers, pass through Three aqueducts 303 pour into clean water into tank body, then by the rotating mechanism in the second wiper mechanism, utilize a motor Transmission drives stirring rod 205 to rotate simultaneously with rotating bezel 204 and to rotate towards each other, and stirring rod 205 and the opposite of rotating bezel 204 turn It is dynamic, increased water flow amplitude, to improve water flow to the cleaning effect of the vegetables inside purge chamber;Stirring rod 205 and rotating bezel 204 Relative rotation drive vegetables rotation, the diameter of stirring rod 205 is from left to right in gradually smaller trend, second partition 206 Width is from left to right in the trend being gradually increased, so that the radial width along stirring rod 205 of any purge chamber is from left to right In the trend being gradually increased, when under the vegetables entered from window 2041 falling into the right on the bottom surface of inclined purge chamber, rotating Automatically mobile to right end in the process, the present invention preferentially cleans spherical vegetable, vegetables is distributed into multiple purge chambers, vegetables are avoided Mutually collision and excessive motion range cause vegetables to be damaged during rotation;205 periphery of stirring rod is equipped with Multiple first bristles during rotation scrub vegetables, while the stirring rod 205 of hard being avoided to damage vegetables;
A part is outside water storage tank 203 in water storage tank 203 for 204 a part of rotating bezel of the invention, so that cleaning During vegetables, it is not to stop always in water, movement of the vegetables with respect to water can be preferably by mud that vegetables rotate relative to water Husky, waste leaf and vegetables separate;The water in water storage tank 203 can be replaced in the process of cleaning, and vegetables are cleaned multiple times; After the completion of second of cleaning process, the water in water storage tank 203 is discharged, rotating bezel 204 and stirring rod 205 continue to turn in opposite directions It is dynamic, it can play the role of drying vegetables internal moisture.
Number of devices and treatment scale described herein are for simplifying explanation of the invention.To application of the invention, Modifications and variations will be readily apparent to persons skilled in the art.
Although the embodiments of the present invention have been disclosed as above, but its is not only in the description and the implementation listed With it can be fully applied to various fields suitable for the present invention, for those skilled in the art, can be easily Realize other modification, therefore without departing from the general concept defined in the claims and the equivalent scope, the present invention is simultaneously unlimited In specific details and legend shown and described herein.

Claims (7)

1. energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device, characterized in that it comprises:
First wiper mechanism comprising:
First shell, the hollow cylinder structure closed at both ends being vertically arranged, the circle of the close upper end of the first shell Radial symmetric is equipped with inlet port and outlet port on circumferential surface, and bottom is equipped with the first water outlet;Inside the first shell from top to bottom It is successively horizontal to be equipped with circular first sieve, circular second sieve and circular first partition;First sieve, described The center of circle of two sieves and the first partition is respectively positioned on the axis of the first shell, first sieve and second sieve Net can the relatively described first shell move up and down, first sieve can the relatively described first shell around the first shell Axis rotation;The upper surface of second sieve is equipped with and the annular slide track of its concentric and is located at the annular slide track and described The first material guide port between discharge port;The first partition is inscribed in the inner wall of the first shell, sets in the first partition There are multiple first through hole, the side of the lower edge of any first through hole is hinged with a valve plate, and any valve plate can Relative to deviateing within the scope of horizontal line certain angle, the extreme position that the valve plate is rotated up is horizontal position, described at this time First through hole is contained in the valve plate, is in the lower surface of the first partition when extreme position that the valve plate rotates down 30 ° of angles;
Round lid is positioned horizontally in the upper surface of second sieve, and the lower surface of the lid, which is equipped with, to be slidably arranged in Sliding block in the annular slide track, the center of circle of the lid between the annular slide track and the edge of second sieve, The center of circle of the lid to the center of circle of second sieve distance and first material guide port center of circle road described in the second sieve The center of circle be equidistant;The upper surface of the lid passes through the following table of the first telescopic rod and first sieve that are vertically arranged Face is fixedly connected;
Push rod, is positioned horizontally in the upper surface of second sieve, at the lower central of the push rod with second sieve It is rotatablely connected at the center of upper surface, top is fixedly connected by the second telescopic rod with the lower surface of first sieve, described Second telescopic rod and the first shell are coaxially disposed;The push rod and the lid are non-interference;
First passage, is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of second sieve, and first passage includes upper end and described first The first part of material guide port connection being vertically arranged and the second part being obliquely installed being connected to the first part lower end, The second part is extended obliquely downward away from the direction in the center of circle of second sieve, the free end of the second part It is in sealing contact with the inner wall of the first shell;
Second wiper mechanism comprising:
Second shell is located at the side of the discharge port and is fixedly connected with the side wall of the first shell, the second shell The second material guide port communicated with the discharge port is offered on the side wall of body;
Second passage is located inside the second shell, and the upper end of second passage is inscribed in second guide In mouthful, lower end is extended downwardly away from the direction of the first shell;
Water storage tank is located inside the second shell and bottom surface is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the second shell, the water storage Slot upper end is open;
Rotating bezel is the horizontally disposed hollow cylinder structure of left end opening, and the top of the rotating bezel is located at the water storage Above slot, lower part is located inside the water storage tank, and the right end level of the rotating bezel is equipped with the first rotation axis, first rotation The right end of axis passes through the side of the water storage tank and is rotatablely connected with the inner wall of the second shell, a close left side for the rotating bezel The periphery at end is equipped with multiple along the circumferential direction evenly arranged windows, and the periphery of the rotating bezel is equipped with multiple second Through-hole, any second through-hole and any window are non-interference, in any second through-hole be equipped with axis with it is described The first vertical aqueduct of the axis of rotating bezel, the first end and second end of any first aqueduct are located at described turn Dynamic frame is inside and outside, and the end face diameter of the first end of first aqueduct is less than the end face diameter of second end;Described first The edge side of the second end of aqueduct is installed with arc shaped blade, and the blade is towards the side close to the first aqueduct axis To bending;The axis projection of second passage can be contained in any window;
Stirring rod is located inside the rotating bezel and is coaxially disposed with the rotating bezel, the diameter of the stirring rod from a left side to The right side be in gradually smaller trend, the left end level of the stirring rod extend through to the left the water storage tank and with the second shell The left side rotation connection;The periphery of the stirring rod is equipped with multiple first bristles;
Multiple second partitions are uniformly distributed in the tapering annular space that the rotating bezel and the stirring rod are formed, appoint The width of one partition is in the trend being from left to right gradually increased, first side and the rotating bezel of any partition Inner wall is fixedly connected, and the distance between the second side opposite with the first side and the stirring rod are 3cm;It is multiple described The tapering annular space that the rotating bezel and the stirring rod are formed is separated into the comparable fan-shaped column of multiple volumes by second partition The side of the purge chamber of shape, any purge chamber is equipped with a window;
Water tank is located at outside the second shell and is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the second shell, and the water tank lower part is symmetrically opened Equipped with the second water outlet and third water outlet, second water outlet inside the second aqueduct and the first shell by connecting Logical, the third water outlet inside third aqueduct and the water storage tank by being connected to.
2. energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include rotating mechanism, position Inside the second shell, the rotating mechanism includes that vertical fix is set in outside the stirring rod and is located at the water storage First gear disk, the vertical fixed second gear disk being set in outside the first rotation axis, left end and the second shell outside slot The second rotation axis, right end and the third of the right side rotation connection of the second shell of the left side rotation connection of body rotate 4th rotation axis of the leading flank rotation connection of axis, one end and the second shell, vertical fix are set in second rotation Third toothed disc that is on axis and being engaged with the first gear disk, the first umbrella for being installed in the second rotation axis right end vertically Gear, vertical fixed the 4th toothed disc that is in the third rotation axis and engage with the second gear disk, vertically of being set in It is installed in the second bevel gear and the horizontal third umbrella for being installed in the 4th rotation axis upper end of third rotation axis left end Gear, the left and right ends of the third bevel gear are engaged with first bevel gear and second bevel gear respectively, and described The other end of four rotation axis is electrically connected with first motor, and the first motor is fixedly arranged on the second shell outer surface.
3. energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that further include:
First cylinder, is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the first shell, the lower end of the First piston bar of first cylinder vertically to Under extend through the top surface of the first shell and be fixedly connected with the upper surface of first sieve;
Second cylinder, is fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the first shell, the upper end of the second piston bar of second cylinder vertically to It is upper to extend the bottom surface for sequentially passing through the first shell and the first partition, and fix and connect with the lower surface of second sieve It connects.
4. energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the upper end of second telescopic rod It is pierced by the top surface of the first shell and is electrically connected with the second motor, second motor is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the first shell On.
5. energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that outside any second partition Surface is equipped with multiple second bristles.
6. energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that second sieve, the ring The diameter ratio of shape slideway, the lid and first material guide port is 1:0.7:0.4:0.2.
7. energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that the length of the second partition with The length ratio of the rotating bezel is 0.9:1.
CN201711332234.6A 2017-12-13 2017-12-13 Energy-efficient vegetable cleaning device Active CN108095148B (en)

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CN111904001B (en) * 2020-08-13 2021-11-23 广东潮汕佬实业股份有限公司 Energy-concerving and environment-protective vegetables cleaning equipment
CN112535305B (en) * 2020-12-03 2022-01-21 青岛金叶食品有限公司 Washing and dewatering device for vegetable processing
CN116242691B (en) * 2023-05-12 2023-07-11 广东省科学院江门产业技术研究院有限公司 Vegetable prefabricated vegetable raw material pesticide residue detection device

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CN102901402B (en) * 2011-12-30 2014-04-09 中山市奥美森自动化设备有限公司 Cleaning machine
CN104256867A (en) * 2014-09-20 2015-01-07 张卫 Wavy type vegetable washing machine
CN205831691U (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-12-28 山东鑫诺食品科技有限公司 A kind of small-sized vegetables and fruits cleaning machine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL1008932C1 (en) * 1998-04-20 1999-10-21 Bijlsma Hercules B V Dryer for wet root crops or bulbs, especially potatoes
CN202432916U (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-09-12 中山市奥美森自动化设备有限公司 Cleaning machine
CN102901402B (en) * 2011-12-30 2014-04-09 中山市奥美森自动化设备有限公司 Cleaning machine
CN104256867A (en) * 2014-09-20 2015-01-07 张卫 Wavy type vegetable washing machine
CN205831691U (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-12-28 山东鑫诺食品科技有限公司 A kind of small-sized vegetables and fruits cleaning machine

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