CN108043147A - Sprayer - Google Patents

Sprayer Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108043147A
CN108043147A CN201810003807.9A CN201810003807A CN108043147A CN 108043147 A CN108043147 A CN 108043147A CN 201810003807 A CN201810003807 A CN 201810003807A CN 108043147 A CN108043147 A CN 108043147A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
water
annular distribution
distribution pipeline
sprayer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810003807.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨树林
陈熙明
薛成洲
刘志超
杨旗
Original Assignee
李微
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 李微 filed Critical 李微
Priority to CN201810003807.9A priority Critical patent/CN108043147A/en
Publication of CN108043147A publication Critical patent/CN108043147A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/06Spray cleaning

Abstract

The present invention relates to sprayers, technical solution is, including stent and the cylinder being arranged on stent, controller and water pump are respectively provided on cylinder, barrel front end is provided with annular distribution pipeline, the water inlet end of annular distribution pipeline is connected with the water outlet of water pump, injection direction fine mist spray head facing forward is evenly equipped on annular distribution pipeline, the water inlet end of fine mist spray head is connected with the water outlet of annular distribution pipeline, hair-dryer of the blowing direction towards barrel front end is provided in cylinder back-end, anion generator is provided in the cylinder between hair-dryer and annular distribution pipeline;The present invention can the spraying of 360 ° of rotation lasts except haze, automatically control spray time, input without artificial vehicle, atomized water bead footpath is small, in the case where wind-force blows, coverage is wider, has for the particulate matter of below PM10 and captures effect well, water consumption is few, and energy consumption is small, mist particle diameter is small, absorption depositing dust ability is strong.

Description

Sprayer
Technical field
The present invention relates to except haze sprayer.
Background technology
In recent years, the fast development with city and economic rapid growth, also bring some negative issues, such as air Pollution, the harm of air pollution on human are mainly shown as breathing problem;Its physiological mechanism can be made suppressed plant, grown Bad, disease-resistant insect resistance capacity weakens or even death.
Weather scientist and medical expert think that haze weather even will to the harm of health as caused by fine particle Than sandstorm bigger.The particulate matter of 10 microns of grain size or more can be blocked in outside the nose of people;Grain size is micro- at 2.5 microns to 10 Particulate matter between rice can enter the upper respiratory tract, but part can be excreted by sputum etc., in addition also can be by nasal cavity Villus stop, it is relatively small to human health damage;And fine particle of the grain size below 2.5 microns, diameter are equivalent to people 1/10 size of class hair, is not easy to be blocked.Bronchus can be directly entered after being inhaled into human body, disturbs the gas exchanges of lung, Triggering includes the disease of asthma, bronchitis and cardiovascular disease etc..
Many people have such adventure in daily life, and air is very pure and fresh after sleet sky, this is because the wet deposition phenomenon of air. Atmospheric science institute of Nanjing Information engineering Univ soup naturally explains that " in atmosphere pollution, water soluble organic substance accounts for 20% to the 80% of PM2.5 total amount of organic.Also, the high air of relative humidity can cause surface particles easily adsorptive gaseous Pollutant, that is to say, that as NH3、NOx(Nitrogen oxides base gas)Such polluted gas is easy to absorb or is attached to particle table Face.Since these pollutants have characteristic soluble easily in water, so they and insoluble suspension fine particle in air, all can In rainfall or snowfall, ground, that is, wet deposition phenomenon are deposited to sleet drop.”
City haze Crack cause mainly includes at present:
1st, automotive emission
Fuel for motor vehicle burning is insufficient, and exhaust emissions increases, so as to cause PM2.5 and its precursor(Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxidation Object, VOCs etc.)Discharge capacity increase;
2nd, industrial pollution
Such as metallurgical, kiln and boiler, electromechanical manufacturing industry, also have a large amount of Automobile Services spray paintings, production of construction materials kiln burning and exhausting it is useless Gas;
3rd, airborne dust
The airborne dust that construction site, factory and road traffic generate is also the main next of most of city PM2.5, PM10 particulate matter Source;It can be seen that effectively source is polluted in control, it is the effective means for controlling haze.
At present, existing improvement air pollution equipment is mostly fog gun vehicle, and of high cost, few then 70-80 ten thousand is at most up to a million, And vehicle-mounted removable is substantially, operation trouble must be by special messenger's maintenance work, and can only simply be sprayed in finite time It spills, effective time is extremely short, and jet length is also short, it is difficult to remove haze long lasting for spraying is carried out, it is impossible to really effectively be expert at except haze Secondary pollution is caused again during vehicle, and big using limitation, using effect is unsatisfactory, therefore, improves and innovation gesture is must Row.
The content of the invention
For the above situation, to overcome the defect of the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is just to provide a kind of sprayer, can have Effect solves the problems, such as that urban stability, lasting, automated spray remove haze.
The technical solution that the present invention solves is:
A kind of sprayer, the sprayer include stent and the cylinder being arranged on stent, and cylinder is the cannulated of both ends open Structure is respectively provided with controller and water pump on cylinder, and barrel front end is provided with annular distribution pipeline, the water inlet of annular distribution pipeline End is connected with the water outlet of water pump, and injection direction fine mist spray head facing forward, fine mist spray head are evenly equipped on annular distribution pipeline Water inlet end be connected with the water outlet of annular distribution pipeline, blowing of the blowing direction towards barrel front end is provided in cylinder back-end Machine is provided with anion generator in the cylinder between hair-dryer and annular distribution pipeline;Stent includes vertical columns and warp beam The rotation axis for being connected to the vertical columns upper end is taken up, driven gear is set in rotation axis, is equipped with and turns on vertical columns Motor equipped with the driving gear engaged with driven gear in the rotation axis of steering motor, forms the rotary drive structure of rotation axis, Rotation axis upper end is equipped with clip, and clip is fixedly connected with cylinder, forms the rotational structure of cylinder in the horizontal plane, controller difference It is connected with hair-dryer, water pump, steering motor and anion generator.
Leading for multiple outwardly convexs is distributed along the circumference on cylinder inboard wall between the hair-dryer and annular distribution pipeline Flowing plate, wind are flowed by the flow-guiding channel between deflector towards barrel front end, and the wind-force of hair-dryer is made more to concentrate, increases water The jet length and coverage of mist.
The cylinder is made of connected straight pipe and reducer, and the big opening end of reducer is connected with straight pipe, Annular distribution pipeline is fixed on the osculum end end face of reducer, and the injection direction of the fine mist spray head is towards the axis of cylinder Heart direction tilts, and water mist is further broken towards spraying forward in barrel front end oral area coverage under the wind-force effect of hair-dryer Broken, atomization, and drift forward, the water of atomization is diffused to the entire space in front, extends jet length and coverage, has It imitates depositing dust, except haze, can maximumlly improve the utilization rate of water.
Structure novel of the present invention is unique, advantages of simple, easily produces, can 360 ° of rotation lasts sprayings except haze, automatically control spray The mist time, without the input of artificial vehicle, atomized water bead footpath is small, and in the case where wind-force blows, coverage is wider, water mist and bear from Son combine the PM2.5 particles that micron order is invisible in air is made to attract by negative ions, collide formed micel sink Landing, absorption dustfall efficiency is good, has for the particulate matter of below PM10 and captures effect well, and water consumption is few, energy consumption is small, Mist particle diameter is small, absorption depositing dust ability is strong, easy to use, effect is good, is except the innovation on haze depositing dust dust-arrest device, has good Social and economic benefit.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1,2 for 2 angles of the invention stereogram.
Fig. 3 is the front view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the side view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the top view of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is sectional front view of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with attached drawing.
It is provided by Fig. 1-6, the present invention includes stent and the cylinder 1 being arranged on stent, and cylinder 1 is the tubulose of both ends open Hollow structure, controller 14 and water pump 12 are respectively provided on cylinder 1, and 1 front end of cylinder is provided with annular distribution pipeline 3, annular point The water inlet end on flow tube road 3 is connected with the water outlet of water pump 12, and injection direction water mists facing forward are evenly equipped on annular distribution pipeline 3 Nozzle 4, the water inlet end of fine mist spray head 4 are connected with the water outlet of annular distribution pipeline 3, and cylinder is provided with blowing side in 1 rear end To the hair-dryer towards barrel front end, anion generator 15 is provided in the cylinder between hair-dryer and annular distribution pipeline 3; Stent includes vertical columns 6 and the rotation axis 7 of the vertical columns upper end is connected on through 8 load of bearing, be set in rotation axis from Moving gear 9, equipped with steering motor 11 on vertical columns 6, equipped with the master engaged with driven gear 9 in the rotation axis of steering motor 11 Moving gear 10 forms the rotary drive structure of rotation axis, and rotation axis upper end is equipped with clip 2, and clip is fixedly connected with cylinder 1, structure Into the rotational structure of cylinder in the horizontal plane, controller 14 occurs respectively with hair-dryer, water pump 12, steering motor 11 and anion Device 15 is connected.
To ensure using effect, it is distributed along the circumference on the cylinder inboard wall between the hair-dryer and annular distribution pipeline 3 The deflector 5 of multiple outwardly convexs, wind are flowed by the flow-guiding channel between deflector towards barrel front end, make the wind of hair-dryer Power is more concentrated, and increases the jet length and coverage of water mist.
The cylinder 1 is obliquely fixed on clip 2, and one end where fine mist spray head 4 is higher-end, cylinder 1 Angle of inclination can just regulate when cylinder is installed, and clip can be bolted with cylinder.
The hair-dryer includes being fixed on the in vivo blower motor 16 of cylinder and be distributed in the rotation axis of the blower motor Flabellum 17, blower motor 16 is connected with controller 14, and blower motor 16 is located at center in cylinder, the outer wall and cylinder of blower motor There are gap between internal wall, air-guiding aisle is formed.
On the outside of 17 air intake of flabellum, protection network 18 is provided on the end face of 1 rear end of cylinder.
The cylinder 1 is made of connected straight pipe 1a and reducer 1b, the big opening end and straight tube of reducer 1b Section 1a is connected, and annular distribution pipeline 3 is fixed on the osculum end end face of reducer;Equipped with use on the water inlet of the water pump 12 In the inlet pipeline 13 being connected with water source.Vertical columns are hollow tube, and inlet pipeline can downwards be guided from the inner cavity of vertical columns, It is connected with water source, water source can be municipal water supply, or the water tank in addition set.
The axis direction of the injection direction of the fine mist spray head 4 towards cylinder tilts, and water mist is towards barrel front end oral area It is sprayed forward in coverage, further crushes, is atomized under the wind-force effect of hair-dryer, and drift forward, the water of atomization It diffuses to the entire space in front, extends jet length and coverage, effective depositing dust, except haze can be improved maximumlly The utilization rate of water;
Pass through conducting wire between controller 14 and hair-dryer, water pump 12, steering motor 11, anion generator 15, blower motor 16 19 connections, can also add radio receiving transmitting module, then pass through mobile phone terminal(Cell phone application)Remote operation is carried out, can also add connection EMS is closed to link, the controller is commercial product, if PL is controlled, 8051 controller of microcontroller etc..
In use, sprayer of the present invention can be arranged on to the more ground of the pollution sources such as factory, highway, major urban arterial highway Side, is fixed by vertical columns, adjusts the angle of cylinder, clip is bolted to connection with cylinder, steering motor Rotation axis rotation, by the power transmission of driving gear and driven gear, realize 360 ° rotations of the cylinder in horizontal plane, it is fixed Column is hollow tube, and inlet pipeline can downwards be guided from the inner cavity of vertical columns, is connected with water source, and water source can be that municipal administration supplies Water, or the water tank in addition set opens water pump, and water mist is sprayed from fine mist spray head, the injection direction of fine mist spray head It is tilted towards the axis direction of cylinder, water mist is towards spraying forward in barrel front end oral area coverage, and in the wind-force of hair-dryer It further crushes, be atomized under effect, and drift forward, the water of atomization is diffused to the entire space in front, extends jet length From and coverage, effective depositing dust, except haze, maximumlly improve the utilization rate of water;The in vivo anion generator production of cylinder simultaneously Raw anion, under wind-force effect, water mist is combined with anion makes the PM2.5 particles that micron order is invisible in air pass through just Anion attracts, collision forms micel and sinks to landing, and absorption dustfall efficiency is good, has very well for the particulate matter to below PM10 Capture effect, compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
1st, for the more place of the pollution sources such as factory, highway, major urban arterial highway, dust is made to be combined directly to fall with water mist It is strong to adsorb depositing dust ability except haze for ground, lasting water spray;
2nd, sprayed without dead angle for 360 degree, wide coverage, using independent water pump, major-minor pipeline too high pressure is not required, reduces construction Cost, atomisation pressure is stable, effect is good;
3, using anion generator, water mist is combined with anion leads to the PM2.5 particles that micron order is invisible in air Cross negative ions attract, collision formed micel sink landing, absorption dustfall efficiency it is good, have for the particulate matter to below PM10 Effect is captured well, and anion can overturn bacterioprotein two-stage, and make microorganism, bacterium, viral life ability Decline or lethal, make air cleaning livable;
4th, small, cost is very low, long lifespan, above greenbelt or both sides, the factory's pollution sources or city among the highway On the building of major trunk roads both sides or on lamp stand, spray time is controlled by controller, without artificial, vehicle input, using more Simply, it is convenient
5th, due to its mist particle diameter is small and air in the increase of pollution particle contact surface, water consumption is few, and energy consumption is small, therefore can 24 Hour full-time employment or rush hour work, operation effective time is long, can really play a decisive role to haze elimination;
6th, power supply uses less than 36 volts power supplys, and clean energy is pollution-free, no security risk, and mobile spray is carried out without special train Mist, non-secondary pollution;
7th, the axis direction of the injection direction of fine mist spray head towards cylinder tilts, and water mist is towards in barrel front end oral area coverage It sprays forward, and further crushes, is atomized under the wind-force effect of hair-dryer, and drift forward, the water of atomization is diffused to preceding The entire space of side extends jet length and coverage, effective depositing dust, the utilization rate except haze, maximumlly raising water.
8th, it can be additionally used in spraying snow-melting agent, except snow and ice, prevented the traffic accident occurred due to ice and snow, a tractor serves several purposes, function It is more.
In short, structure novel of the present invention is unique, advantages of simple easily produces, can 360 ° of rotation lasts sprayings except haze, it is automatic to control Spray time processed, without the input of artificial vehicle, atomized water bead footpath is small, and in the case where wind-force blows, coverage is wider, water mist with Anion, which combines, to be made the PM2.5 particles that micron order is invisible in air attract by negative ions, collides and form micel To sink to landing, absorption dustfall efficiency is good, has for the particulate matter to below PM10 and captures effect well, and water consumption is few, Consuming energy, small, mist particle diameter is small, absorption depositing dust ability is strong, easy to use, effect is good, is the innovation removed on haze depositing dust dust-arrest device, There is good social and economic benefit.
Applicant is not meant to limit this Shen it is noted that a kind of above-mentioned only embodiment pointed out of the application Protection domain please, it is every to be made and technical scheme technical side of the same nature with equivalent or equivalent substitute means Case belongs to the protection domain of the application.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of sprayer, which is characterized in that the sprayer includes stent and the cylinder being arranged on stent(1), cylinder(1)For The cannulated structure of both ends open, cylinder(1)On be respectively provided with controller(14)And water pump(12), cylinder(1)Front end is set There is annular distribution pipeline(3), annular distribution pipeline(3)Water inlet end and water pump(12)Water outlet be connected, annular distribution pipeline (3)On be evenly equipped with injection direction fine mist spray head facing forward(4), fine mist spray head(4)Water inlet end and annular distribution pipeline(3) Water outlet be connected, cylinder(1)Hair-dryer of the blowing direction towards barrel front end is provided in rear end, hair-dryer is shunted with annular Pipeline(3)Between cylinder in be provided with anion generator(15);Stent includes vertical columns(6)With through bearing(8)Load It is connected on the rotation axis of the vertical columns upper end(7), driven gear is set in rotation axis(9), vertical columns(6)Upper be equipped with turns To motor(11), steering motor(11)Rotation axis on be equipped with and driven gear(9)The driving gear of engagement(10), form rotation The rotary drive structure of axis, rotation axis upper end are equipped with clip(2), clip and cylinder(1)It is fixedly connected, forms cylinder in horizontal plane On rotational structure, controller(14)Respectively with hair-dryer, water pump(12), steering motor(11)And anion generator(15)Phase Even.
2. sprayer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the hair-dryer and annular distribution pipeline(3)Between The deflector of multiple outwardly convexs is distributed along the circumference on cylinder inboard wall(5).
3. sprayer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cylinder(1)Obliquely it is fixed on clip(2) On, fine mist spray head(4)The one end at place is higher-end.
4. sprayer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the hair-dryer includes being fixed on the in vivo wind turbine electricity of cylinder Machine(16)With the flabellum being distributed in the rotation axis of the blower motor(17), blower motor(16)With controller(14)It is connected.
5. sprayer according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the flabellum(17)On the outside of air intake, in cylinder(1) Protection network is provided on the end face of rear end(18).
6. sprayer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cylinder(1)It is by connected straight pipe(1a) And reducer(1b)It forms, reducer(1b)Big opening end and straight pipe(1a)It is connected, annular distribution pipeline(3)It is fixed on change On the osculum end end face of footpath section.
7. sprayer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water pump(12)Water inlet on be equipped with for The inlet pipeline of water source connection(13).
8. sprayer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fine mist spray head(4)Injection direction direction The axis direction of cylinder tilts.
CN201810003807.9A 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 Sprayer Pending CN108043147A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810003807.9A CN108043147A (en) 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 Sprayer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810003807.9A CN108043147A (en) 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 Sprayer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108043147A true CN108043147A (en) 2018-05-18

Family

ID=62126140

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810003807.9A Pending CN108043147A (en) 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 Sprayer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108043147A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109114686A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-01 陈小得 Air purifier
KR102040031B1 (en) * 2019-09-06 2019-11-05 주식회사 한강이앰피 Water sprinkler apparatus for inhibiting generation of flying dust
CN111472999A (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-07-31 江苏优格曼航空科技有限公司 Special dust removal spraying fan of long range
CN111889257A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-11-06 武汉钢铁有限公司 Nozzle droplet particle size control method and device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109114686A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-01 陈小得 Air purifier
KR102040031B1 (en) * 2019-09-06 2019-11-05 주식회사 한강이앰피 Water sprinkler apparatus for inhibiting generation of flying dust
CN111472999A (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-07-31 江苏优格曼航空科技有限公司 Special dust removal spraying fan of long range
CN111472999B (en) * 2020-04-27 2021-05-25 江苏优格曼航空科技有限公司 Special dust removal spraying fan of long range
CN111889257A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-11-06 武汉钢铁有限公司 Nozzle droplet particle size control method and device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108043147A (en) Sprayer
CN105999922B (en) A kind of purification device for administering haze
CN204282275U (en) A kind of Novel street sprinkler based on ultrasonic atomizatio
CN101334201B (en) Outdoor environment temperature reduction purification method and device
CN104998504B (en) A kind of wet desulphurization tower desulfurization and dedusting demisting water saving art
CN105797524A (en) Heteropolar electric charge fogdrop coalescence dust-removing device and method thereof
CN206008309U (en) A kind of device for being arranged on street lamp, administering haze
CN207126289U (en) A kind of miniature dedusting environment friendly dolly
CN106195820A (en) A kind of multi-functional street lamp
CN207805286U (en) A kind of sprayer
CN205948555U (en) Road air cleaning device
CN105903588A (en) Gas-liquid mixing and spraying device
CN107620277A (en) A kind of Multifunctional spraying car
CN204182253U (en) Haze arrester
CN105056671A (en) Desulfurating, dust-removing, demisting and water-saving process for wet-type desulfurization tower and apparatus thereof
CN111437682A (en) Rain sprayer
CN202467977U (en) Ultrasonic water atomization automobile exhaust purification device
CN110644416A (en) Road cleaning and purifying system
CN205948553U (en) Administer purifier of haze
CN208534530U (en) A kind of tunnel automatic spraying device
CN102425476A (en) Ultrasonic water atomization type automobile exhaust purification device
CN110481414A (en) A kind of urban district air purification vehicle
CN205948554U (en) Urban road atmosphere pollution purification device
CN108278544A (en) A kind of wisdom street lamp control system based on prevention and control of air pollution
CN1935384A (en) Electrostatic fog remover and electro static fog-removing method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination