CN107980682A - A kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure - Google Patents

A kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107980682A
CN107980682A CN201711219673.6A CN201711219673A CN107980682A CN 107980682 A CN107980682 A CN 107980682A CN 201711219673 A CN201711219673 A CN 201711219673A CN 107980682 A CN107980682 A CN 107980682A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fish
reefs
lifting
floating
pipe
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Granted
Application number
CN201711219673.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107980682B (en
Inventor
唐伟尧
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Priority to CN201711219673.6A priority Critical patent/CN107980682B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/70Artificial fishing banks or reefs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure, aim to solve the problem that artificial marine habitat dispensing cannot lift after sinking to seabed, be unfavorable for the shoal of fish and easily flowed in different sea water advanced activities, fish shelter with seawater, it is unfavorable for the protection to the shoal of fish, fish shelter cannot provide the deficiency of bait to the shoal of fish.The invention includes lifting reefs and floating reefs, drawstring is connected with lifting reefs, drawstring upper end is on hoist engine, lift reefs upper end and be equipped with lifting fish shelter pipe, lifting fish shelter tube end is equipped with communicating pipe, communicating pipe lower ending opening position is hinged with end cap, communicating pipe, lower end was equipped with positioning seat, spacing strut is hinged with external face, spacing strut lower end is provided with buffering ball, and buffering ball is connected on positioning seat, connecting stay wire on spacing strut, bracing wire lower end connects solid bait, and bait is placed with communicating pipe;If floating reefs includes block set, the floating body installed in block set lower end, the dried layer floating fish shelter pipe installed in block set upper end.

Description

A kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fish shelter, more specifically, it relates to a kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure.
Background technology
China marine site is there are the retired oil platform in many places, it removes, moves that expense is huge, and the discarded oil platform in sea obtains Utilized less than good.In recent years due to environmental pollution, transition fishing, the marine eco-environment is destroyed, to marine fishery resources Bring very big influence.In order to breed fishery resources, to big marine dispensing artificial marine habitat.Artificial marine habitat can improve marine site life State environment, builds the good environment that marine organisms inhabit, breeding, growth, forage and the place for sheltering enemy is provided for fish, because of this person Development of the dispensing of work fish shelter to sea fishery plays an important role.But many fish shelters used now are launched and sink to seabed After cannot lift, be unfavorable for the shoal of fish and easily flow, be unfavorable for the shoal of fish with seawater in different sea water advanced activities, fish shelter Protection, fish shelter cannot give the shoal of fish provide bait, be unfavorable for inhabiting for the shoal of fish.
The content of the invention
Being launched the present invention overcomes artificial marine habitat cannot lift after sinking to seabed, be unfavorable for the shoal of fish different sea water advanced Activity, fish shelter are easily flowed with seawater, are unfavorable for the protection to the shoal of fish, and fish shelter cannot provide bait to the shoal of fish, be unfavorable for The deficiency inhabited of the shoal of fish, there is provided a kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure, it launch sink to behind seabed can oscilaltion, have It will not be flowed beneficial to the shoal of fish in different sea water advanced activities, fish shelter with seawater, be conducive to the protection to the shoal of fish, fish shelter is also Bait can be provided to the shoal of fish, be conducive to inhabiting for the shoal of fish.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention uses following technical scheme:A kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure, Including the lifting reefs being sleeved on oil platform pillar and floating reefs and hoist engine on oil platform and too Positive energy plate, lifts and is connected with drawstring on reefs, and on hoist engine, solar panels are electrically connected storage battery, the sun for drawstring upper end Photosensitive sensor can be installed on plate, if lifting reefs upper end is equipped with dried layer lifting fish shelter pipe, every layer of lifting reefs is handed in length and breadth Mistake is set, and lifting reefs lower end is equipped with some legs, and undermost lifting fish shelter tube end is equipped with communicating pipe, and communicating pipe is by upper Down it is obliquely installed outwardly, the lifting fish shelter pipe outer wall of the superiors is equipped with some article putting grooves, and seaweed spore is placed with article putting groove Son, communicating pipe lower ending opening position are hinged with end cap, communicating pipe lower end be equipped with positioning seat, be hinged with spacing branch on external face Bar, spacing strut lower end are provided with buffering ball, and buffering ball is connected on positioning seat, connecting stay wire on spacing strut, bracing wire lower end Solid bait is connected, bait is placed with communicating pipe;Floating reefs includes block set, the floating body installed in block set lower end, is installed on If the dried layer floating fish shelter pipe of block set upper end, algae culture base, seaweed are installed between adjacent two layers floating fish shelter pipe in block set If dry seaweed spore is housed on culture medium.
The shoal of fish that floating reefs is suitable for superjacent waters inhabites, while is easy to the oviposition of the shoal of fish, under lifting reefs is suitable for The shoal of fish in layer waters inhabites.Reefs and floating reefs movable set are lifted on oil platform pillar, lifting reefs can be upper and lower Lifting, being conducive to the shoal of fish will not flow with seawater in different sea water advanced activities, fish shelter, be conducive to shelter the shoal of fish Shield, while take full advantage of marine discarded oil platform.Solar panels are started to charge to storage battery, light sensor Device is used to detect intensity of illumination, and when photosensitive sensor detects sunny, drawstring is pulled upwardly by hoist engine work, makes lifting reef Body is raised above, and lifting reefs is irradiated to sunlight, adapts to the activity of the shoal of fish, beneficial to the growth of seaweed.Photosensitive sensor When detecting that light is weaker, hoist engine rotates backward, and lifting reefs is dropped to sub-sea location.Over time, lift Seaweed growth on reefs and floating reefs, is conducive to the aggregation of the shoal of fish, inhabites and protect.It is hinged on the end cap of communicating pipe lower end It is connected to bracing wire, and bracing wire lower end connection solid bait, solid bait can attract the shoal of fish, fixes bait when fish holds in the month and move about Afterwards, bracing wire is pulled, and bracing wire can pull out spacing strut lower end after repeatedly pulling, so that spacing strut loses pair The support limit effect of end cap, end cap downwardly turns under the effect of gravity, and is placed on the whereabouts of the bait in communicating pipe, to the shoal of fish Abundant food is provided, is conducive to the aggregation of the shoal of fish, inhabites, breeds.This waste petroleum platform fish reef structure is launched and sunk to Behind seabed can oscilaltion, being conducive to the shoal of fish will not flow with seawater, be conducive in different sea water advanced activities, fish shelter Protection to the shoal of fish, fish shelter can also provide bait to the shoal of fish, be conducive to inhabiting for the shoal of fish.
Preferably, lifting reefs is equipped with and inhabites chamber.Inhabit chamber and provide protection place well to the shoal of fish.
Preferably, communicating pipe lower end inner wall is equipped with limited block, end cap is connected on limited block, spacing strut and end cap Articulated position is close to limited block.The setting of limited block is easy to the spacing of end cap.
Preferably, the lifting cylindrical concrete structure of reefs, lifting fish shelter pipe is steel pipe material, and floating fish shelter pipe is Plastic material.Concrete structure lifting reefs, steel pipe material lifting fish shelter are easy to sink, the floating fish shelter pipe weight of plastic material Gently, easy to floating.
Preferably, lifting reefs upper end oil platform column circumference is evenly distributed with some floating rules, floating rule lower end is hinged on liter Drop on reefs, floating rule upper end is equipped with cutter head, lifts reefs upper end and scraper plate corresponds and is equipped with some gag lever posts, gag lever post is set Put between floating rule and studdle, return spring is connected between floating rule and gag lever post, floating rule is obliquely installed and upper end is close to flat Platform branch column outer wall.Lift in reefs uphill process, the cutter head of floating rule upper end can clear up oil platform branch column outer wall, prevent The marine organisms being attached on oil platform branch column outer wall hinder lifting reefs to move up.
Preferably, being provided with directive wheel above drawstring on oil platform, drawstring is after directive wheel wound on hoist engine On.The setting of directive wheel makes the operation of drawstring more steady reliable.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:After seabed is sunk in the dispensing of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure Can oscilaltion, being conducive to the shoal of fish will not flow with seawater, be conducive to the shoal of fish in different sea water advanced activities, fish shelter Protection, fish shelter can also give the shoal of fish provide bait, be conducive to inhabiting for the shoal of fish.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 be the present invention communicating pipe position close-up schematic view;
Fig. 3 is the close-up schematic view of the lifting reefs of the present invention;
In figure:1st, reefs is lifted, 2, floating reefs, 3, hoist engine, 4, solar panels, 5, drawstring, 6, photosensitive sensor, 7, lifting Fish shelter pipe, 8, leg, 9, communicating pipe, 10, article putting groove, 11, seaweed spore, 12, end cap, 13, positioning seat, 14, spacing strut, 15th, buffering ball, 16, bracing wire, 17, solid bait, 18, bait, 19, block set, 20, floating body, 21, floating fish shelter pipe, 22, seaweed training Support base, 23, inhabit chamber, 24, limited block, 25, floating rule, 26, cutter head, 27, gag lever post, 28, return spring, 29, directive wheel, 30, Oil platform pillar, 31, oil platform.
Embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, and with reference to attached drawing, technical scheme is further described specifically:
Embodiment:A kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure(Referring to attached drawing 1 to 3), including movable set is in oil platform pillar Lifting reefs 1 and floating reefs 2 and hoist engine 3 and solar panels 4 on oil platform 31 on 30, lift reefs On be connected with drawstring 5, on hoist engine, solar panels are electrically connected storage battery for drawstring upper end, are provided with light on solar panels Dependent sensor 6, photosensitive sensor and hoist engine are electrically connected with controller, and storage battery gives hoist engine to provide electric energy, also can be Generator is installed on oil platform and provides electric energy to hoist engine, if lifting reefs upper end is equipped with dried layer lifting fish shelter pipe 7, every layer rises The crisscross setting of reefs is dropped, and lifting reefs lower end is equipped with some legs 8, and undermost lifting fish shelter tube end is equipped with company Siphunculus 9, communicating pipe are obliquely installed outwardly from top to bottom, and the lifting fish shelter pipe outer wall of the superiors is equipped with some article putting grooves 10, puts Be placed with seaweed spore 11 in thing groove, communicating pipe lower ending opening position is hinged with end cap 12, communicating pipe lower end be equipped with positioning seat 13, Spacing strut 14 is hinged with external face, spacing strut lower end is provided with buffering ball 15, and buffering ball is connected on positioning seat, Connecting stay wire 16 on spacing strut, bracing wire lower end connection solid bait 17, is placed with bait 18 in communicating pipe;Floating reefs includes If block set 19, the floating body 20 installed in block set lower end, the dried layer floating fish shelter pipe 21 installed in block set upper end, adjacent two in block set Algae culture base 22 is installed between layer floating fish shelter pipe, if being equipped with dry seaweed spore on algae culture base.Spacing strut lower end The positioning sleeve for positioning buffering ball is connected with, buffer spring is installed between buffering ball and spacing strut.Buffer spring is set The buffering ball that putting makes to be connected to spacing strut lower end is connected on positioning seat more steady reliable.Lifting reefs, which is equipped with, inhabites chamber 23.Communicating pipe, lower end inner wall was equipped with limited block 24, and end cap is connected on limited block, and spacing strut and end cap articulated position are close Limited block.The cylindrical concrete structure of reefs is lifted, lifting fish shelter pipe is steel pipe material, and floating fish shelter pipe is plastic material. Lifting reefs upper end oil platform column circumference is evenly distributed with some floating rules 25, and floating rule lower end is hinged on lifting reefs, on floating rule End is equipped with cutter head 26, lifts reefs upper end and scraper plate corresponds and is equipped with some gag lever posts 27, gag lever post be arranged on floating rule with Between studdle, return spring 28 is connected between floating rule and gag lever post, floating rule is obliquely installed and upper end is outside studdle Wall.Directive wheel 29 is installed above drawstring on oil platform, drawstring is after directive wheel on hoist engine.
The shoal of fish that floating reefs is suitable for superjacent waters inhabites, while is easy to the oviposition of the shoal of fish, under lifting reefs is suitable for The shoal of fish in layer waters inhabites.Reefs and floating reefs movable set are lifted on oil platform pillar, lifting reefs can be upper and lower Lifting, being conducive to the shoal of fish will not flow with seawater in different sea water advanced activities, fish shelter, be conducive to shelter the shoal of fish Shield, while take full advantage of marine discarded oil platform.Solar panels are started to charge to storage battery, light sensor Device is used to detect intensity of illumination, and when photosensitive sensor detects sunny, drawstring is pulled upwardly by hoist engine work, makes lifting reef Body is raised above, and lifting reefs is irradiated to sunlight, adapts to the activity of the shoal of fish, beneficial to the growth of seaweed.Photosensitive sensor When detecting that light is weaker, hoist engine rotates backward, and lifting reefs is dropped to sub-sea location.Over time, lift Seaweed growth on reefs and floating reefs, is conducive to the aggregation of the shoal of fish, inhabites and protect.It is hinged on the end cap of communicating pipe lower end It is connected to bracing wire, and bracing wire lower end connection solid bait, solid bait can attract the shoal of fish, fixes bait when fish holds in the month and move about Afterwards, bracing wire is pulled, and bracing wire can pull out spacing strut lower end after repeatedly pulling, so that spacing strut loses pair The support limit effect of end cap, end cap downwardly turns under the effect of gravity, and is placed on the whereabouts of the bait in communicating pipe, to the shoal of fish Abundant food is provided, is conducive to the aggregation of the shoal of fish, inhabites, breeds.This waste petroleum platform fish reef structure is launched and sunk to Behind seabed can oscilaltion, being conducive to the shoal of fish will not flow with seawater, be conducive in different sea water advanced activities, fish shelter Protection to the shoal of fish, fish shelter can also provide bait to the shoal of fish, be conducive to inhabiting for the shoal of fish.
Embodiment described above is a kind of preferable scheme of the present invention, and not the present invention is made in any form Limitation, also has other variations and remodeling on the premise of without departing from the technical solution described in claim.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure, it is characterized in that, including the lifting reefs being sleeved on oil platform pillar and Floating reefs and hoist engine and solar panels on oil platform, lift and are connected with drawstring, drawstring upper end on reefs On hoist engine, solar panels are electrically connected storage battery, and photosensitive sensor is provided with solar panels, and lifting reefs upper end is set If there is dried layer to lift fish shelter pipe, every layer of lifting crisscross setting of reefs, lifting reefs lower end is equipped with some legs, orlop Lifting fish shelter tube end be equipped with communicating pipe, be obliquely installed outwardly from top to bottom communicating pipe, outside the lifting fish shelter pipe of the superiors Wall is equipped with some article putting grooves, and seaweed spore is placed with article putting groove, and communicating pipe lower ending opening position is hinged with end cap, communicating pipe Lower end is equipped with positioning seat, and spacing strut is hinged with external face, and spacing strut lower end is provided with buffering ball, and buffering ball abuts On positioning seat, connecting stay wire on spacing strut, bracing wire lower end connection solid bait, is placed with bait in communicating pipe;Floating reef If body includes block set, the floating body installed in block set lower end, the dried layer floating fish shelter pipe installed in block set upper end, adjacent two in block set Algae culture base is installed between layer floating fish shelter pipe, if being equipped with dry seaweed spore on algae culture base.
2. a kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, lifting reefs, which is equipped with, inhabites Chamber.
3. a kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, set on communicating pipe lower end inner wall There is limited block, end cap is connected on limited block, and spacing strut is with end cap articulated position close to limited block.
4. a kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, lifting reefs is cylindrical mixed Xtah Crude Clay structure, lifting fish shelter pipe is steel pipe material, and floating fish shelter pipe is plastic material.
5. a kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure according to any one of claims 1 to 4, it is characterized in that, lift reef Body upper end oil platform column circumference is evenly distributed with some floating rules, and floating rule lower end is hinged on lifting reefs, and floating rule upper end is equipped with knife Head, lifts reefs upper end and scraper plate corresponds and is equipped with some gag lever posts, and gag lever post is arranged between floating rule and studdle, Return spring is connected between floating rule and gag lever post, floating rule is obliquely installed and upper end is close to studdle outer wall.
6. a kind of waste petroleum platform fish reef structure according to any one of claims 1 to 4, it is characterized in that, oil is put down Directive wheel is installed above drawstring on platform, drawstring is after directive wheel on hoist engine.
CN201711219673.6A 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 Abandoned oil platform fish reef structure Active CN107980682B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711219673.6A CN107980682B (en) 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 Abandoned oil platform fish reef structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711219673.6A CN107980682B (en) 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 Abandoned oil platform fish reef structure

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CN107980682A true CN107980682A (en) 2018-05-04
CN107980682B CN107980682B (en) 2020-03-03

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108849672A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-11-23 浙江海洋大学 Environmentally friendly waste petroleum platform fish shelter

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5526763A (en) * 1995-06-19 1996-06-18 Liaw; Chung-Yi Artificial reef structure
CN102599092A (en) * 2012-03-30 2012-07-25 中国海洋大学 Method for distribution of offshore oil platform abandoned structures and laying of artificial reefs
CN104996327A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-10-28 浙江海洋学院 Artificial fish reef in steel-frame structure
CN105010175A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-04 浙江海洋学院 Combined artificial fish reef
CN105028242A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-11 浙江海洋学院 Sedimentation type artificial reef structure
CN105075917A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-25 浙江海洋学院 Concrete fish reef structure
CN105104242A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-12-02 浙江海洋学院 Tree-like artificial fish reef

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5526763A (en) * 1995-06-19 1996-06-18 Liaw; Chung-Yi Artificial reef structure
CN102599092A (en) * 2012-03-30 2012-07-25 中国海洋大学 Method for distribution of offshore oil platform abandoned structures and laying of artificial reefs
CN104996327A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-10-28 浙江海洋学院 Artificial fish reef in steel-frame structure
CN105010175A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-04 浙江海洋学院 Combined artificial fish reef
CN105028242A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-11 浙江海洋学院 Sedimentation type artificial reef structure
CN105075917A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-25 浙江海洋学院 Concrete fish reef structure
CN105104242A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-12-02 浙江海洋学院 Tree-like artificial fish reef

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108849672A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-11-23 浙江海洋大学 Environmentally friendly waste petroleum platform fish shelter
CN108849672B (en) * 2018-08-20 2019-09-20 浙江海洋大学 Environmentally friendly waste petroleum platform fish shelter

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