CN107960605B - Automatic processing line of bean sprouts - Google Patents

Automatic processing line of bean sprouts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107960605B
CN107960605B CN201711166501.7A CN201711166501A CN107960605B CN 107960605 B CN107960605 B CN 107960605B CN 201711166501 A CN201711166501 A CN 201711166501A CN 107960605 B CN107960605 B CN 107960605B
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shelling
bean sprouts
processing line
groove
bean
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CN107960605A (en
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安琳
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Beijing Soybean Industry Corp
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Beijing Soybean Industry Corp
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L11/00Pulses, i.e. fruits of leguminous plants, for production of food; Products from legumes; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L11/70Germinated pulse products, e.g. from soy bean sprouts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B25/00Packaging other articles presenting special problems
    • B65B25/02Packaging agricultural or horticultural products
    • B65B25/04Packaging fruit or vegetables

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Agronomy & Crop Science (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Nutrition Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic bean sprout processing line which comprises a shelling device, a cleaning device, a drying device and a uniformly stirring device which are sequentially arranged, wherein the uniformly stirring device comprises a second conveying belt for conveying bean sprouts produced from an upstream and a second stirring assembly arranged above the second conveying belt, the second stirring assembly comprises a rotatable second mounting rotating shaft and a plurality of second stirring rods which are uniformly and fixedly connected to the periphery of the second mounting rotating shaft, and a gap is formed between the free end of each second stirring rod and the second conveying belt. The bean sprouts is through shelling device, belt cleaning device, drying device and the even device of dialling that sets up in proper order for the bean sprouts after shelling, washing, drying is dialled through the second and is stirred evenly, and whole flow can accomplish processing voluntarily, compares with manual operation, has improved machining efficiency greatly, has reduced the labour.

Description

Automatic processing line of bean sprouts
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of bean sprout processing equipment, in particular to an automatic bean sprout processing line.
Background
The bean sprouts are quite common vegetables on dining tables, have comprehensive nutrition, unique flavor, faint scent, crisp and tender taste and are deeply loved by people.
Bean sprouts are produced by cultivating bean seeds in a sprout cultivation chamber through soybeans, mung beans or other sprouts, and refer to the Chinese patent with the publication number of CN 104429846B. The bean sprouts produced need to be processed by removing the bean hulls, cleaning, airing and the like, and finally bagged by a bagging machine, such as the bagging machine with the publication number of CN 102893810A.
However, the bean sprouts are low in automation in the processing processes of shelling, cleaning and airing, high in labor intensity, long in processing time and high in required cost.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an automatic bean sprout processing line which has the advantages that in the process of processing and bagging bean sprouts after the bean sprouts are produced, the automatic bean sprout processing line can greatly reduce required labor force, reduce cost, greatly shorten processing time and improve the processing efficiency of the bean sprouts.
The technical purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: the utility model provides an automatic processing line of bean sprouts, is including the uniform device of shelling device, belt cleaning device, drying device and group that sets gradually, group uniform device including being used for carrying the second conveyer belt of the bean sprouts of producing from the upper reaches and establishing the second in second conveyer belt top and dial the material subassembly, the second dials the material subassembly including can pivoted second installation pivot and a plurality of even fixed connection and dials the material pole at the second of second installation pivot circumference, has the clearance between the free end of second group material pole and the second conveyer belt.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the bean sprouts is in proper order through device, belt cleaning device, the drying device that shell that sets up and dial even device for the bean sprouts after shell, washing, drying is dialled through the second and is stirred evenly, and whole flow can accomplish processing voluntarily, compares with manual operation, has improved machining efficiency greatly, has reduced the labour.
The invention is further configured to: the device that shells includes the shelling groove, establishes at the water storage box of shelling groove below and establishes at the shower nozzle group that shells groove upper reaches one end shower nozzle orientation shelling groove, and water storage box one side is equipped with the water pump, is connected with the drinking-water pipe between water pump and the water storage box, is connected with the spray pipe between water pump and the shower nozzle group respectively, and the top of water storage box is provided with the drainage frame, and shelling tank bottom end sealing connection has and extends first drain pipe in the drainage frame.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the water spray makes the bean sprouts flow along with water, and the bean husk separation on the bean sprouts to the realization is to the preliminary washing of bean sprouts, and sets up water storage box and water pump, realizes the water spray to the shelling groove, and makes water circulate through first drain pipe and drainage frame.
The invention is further configured to: the top that goes the shell groove is provided with first group material subassembly, first group material subassembly includes two first mount pads, first installation pivot, first group material pole and the first installation pivot pivoted of drive first group material motor, and two first mount pads are installed respectively in the both sides that go the shell groove, and first installation pivot is rotated and is connected on two mount pads, and first group material pole is equipped with many and fixed connection in the installation pivot, dials the material pole and can extend when rotating along with first installation pivot and go the shell inslot.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the bean sprouts gets into in batches and removes after the shell groove, dials the material pole and stir the bean sprouts for the bean sprouts that gets into the cleaning machine can be better separates, thereby the distribution of bean sprouts is comparatively even when making the ejection of compact.
The invention is further configured to: two first mount pads are rectangular platelike, and one end is opened has along length direction's first rectangular hole, and the other end is opened there is the round hole, and it has the mounting hole to open on the lateral wall in shelling groove, and two mount pads pass through locking bolt through first rectangular hole and mounting hole locking fixed on shelling groove and the position of round hole is higher than the position at the top in shelling groove, and the installation pivot is passed through the round hole and is supported the rotation connection on two mount pads through the bearing.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the mount pad can be adjusted through the locking bolt for pivot and the setting aside material pole of installing on the mount pad can extend the different degree of depth of shelling groove, thereby the volume of the bean sprouts of control stirring makes the bean sprouts of shelling inslot comparatively even.
The invention is further configured to: the cleaning device comprises a first conveying belt and a cleaning pipe, wherein the lower steering end of the first conveying belt extends into the shelling tank, the higher steering end of the first conveying belt extends out of the shelling tank, and the cleaning pipe is arranged above the first conveying belt.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the bean sprouts warp part extends to the first conveyer belt of going the shell inslot and carries to wash the bean sprouts.
The invention is further configured to: the drying device comprises a material sliding plate and a blowing assembly, wherein the higher end of the material sliding plate is located below the higher turning end of the first conveying belt, material blocking wing plates are fixedly connected to the two sides of the material sliding plate, the blowing assembly comprises a fan and a blowing pipe connected with the fan, and the pipe orifice of the blowing pipe penetrates through the material blocking wing plates and faces the material sliding plate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the subassembly makes the dry efficiency of bean sprouts improve greatly through blowing, realizes automatic the transport.
The invention is further configured to: the drying device also comprises a vibration spring which is vertically arranged and fixedly connected to the second rack; the sliding plate is provided with a leakage hole and is fixedly connected to the vibration spring, and the sliding plate is fixedly connected with a vibration motor.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the bean sprouts is from higher one side of smooth flitch through vibration dehydration and blowing of blowing pipe, has reduced the dry time.
The invention is further configured to: the bean sprout automatic processing line further comprises a feeding device arranged on one side of the shelling device, and the feeding device comprises a turnover frame hinged to the top of one side of the shelling device and a cylinder with one end fixedly hinged to the other end and slidably hinged to the turnover frame.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, control cylinder promotes the bean sprouts, and convenient operation is swift.
In conclusion, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the bean sprouts are separated from the bean hulls through the water spray in the shelling groove, the bean sprouts are conveyed out of the shelling groove through the first conveying belt and are cleaned in the conveying process, clean bean sprouts fall onto the sliding material part from the first conveying belt, the bean sprouts are dried through the air blowing of the air blowing assembly, the dried bean sprouts are stirred through the conveying mechanism and the second stirring assembly, the bean sprouts are conveyed uniformly, then bagging is carried out through a bagging machine, and the whole-process automatic processing line only needs to stir the bean sprouts from the storage pool into the shelling groove, so that operators are required to be greatly reduced, and the cost is saved;
2. the bean sprouts after washing are dried through the vibration that sets up the subassembly of blowing and smooth material spare for the drying of bean sprouts is very fast, has shortened the dry required time of bean sprouts, makes the production efficiency of bean sprouts improve greatly.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of an automatic bean sprouts processing line of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a loading device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the flip frame embodying the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view at A in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the present invention showing the turnover frame driving the cart to turn over;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of the present invention for embodying the shelling apparatus;
FIG. 7 is a top plan view of the present invention for embodying a shelling apparatus;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a reservoir embodying the invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the present invention for embodying a cam;
FIG. 10 is a side view of the present invention for embodying a shelling apparatus;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged view at B in FIG. 6;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of a guide tube embodying the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a drying apparatus embodying the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a side view of the present invention for embodying a drying apparatus;
FIG. 15 is an exploded view of a structure embodying the present invention for use with a mounting frame;
FIG. 16 is an enlarged view at C of FIG. 13;
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of a leak embodying the present invention;
fig. 18 is a schematic view of the present invention for embodying a striker wing plate;
FIG. 19 is a schematic structural view of the leveling device of the present invention;
fig. 20 is a schematic structural view of the second kick-out assembly embodying the present invention.
In the figure, 1, a feeding device; 11. a feeding rack; 12. a material storage tank; 121. a slide carriage; 13. a fixed mount; 131. a first fixing lever; 132. a second fixing bar; 14. turning over the frame; 141. a bottom limit plate frame; 142. side limit plate frames; 143. a top limit plate frame; 144. a limiting guide plate; 1441. a guide plate; 1442. a limiting plate; 145. a chute; 146. a slider; 15. a cylinder; 2. a shelling device; 21. a first frame; 22. a shelling tank; 221. a screening plate; 222. a second elongated hole; 223. a collection box; 224. a guide shell pipe; 23. a water storage tank; 231. a drainage frame; 2311. a first support plate; 2312. a first mounting plate; 232. a filter plate assembly; 2321. a second mounting plate; 2322. a rotating shaft; 2323. a filter plate; 2324. a wing plate; 2325. shaking the material shaft; 2326. a cam; 2327. a material shaking motor; 233. a casing tube; 234. a first drain pipe; 235. a water pump; 236. a water pumping pipe; 237. a water spray pipe; 24. a nozzle group; 241. directly pushing the spray head; 242. laterally pushing the spray head; 243. dispersing the spray head; 25. a first kick-off assembly; 251. a first mounting seat; 2511. a first elongated hole; 2512. a circular hole; 252. a first mounting shaft; 253. a first kick-off lever; 254. a first material shifting motor; 255. locking the bolt; 26. screening a screen; 3. a cleaning device; 31. a first conveyor belt; 311. installing a batten; 312. a first hook member; 32. cleaning the motor; 33. cleaning the tube; 4. a drying device; 41. a second frame; 411. supporting legs; 412. a connecting rod; 413. a second support plate; 414. a vibration spring; 42. a material sliding part; 421. a material sliding plate; 4211. a leak hole; 4212. a circular arc plate; 422. installing a frame; 423. a material blocking wing plate; 424. a mounting member; 425. a water guide bin; 426. a second drain pipe; 43. a blowing assembly; 431. a blowpipe; 432. a fan; 44. a vibration motor; 45. a buffer plate; 46. a drive belt; 47. a guide plate; 5. a stirring device; 51. a third frame; 511. an intermediate transmission belt; 52. a conveying mechanism; 521. a feeding horizontal section; 522. conveying the inclined section; 523. a horizontal unloading section; 524. a rotating roller; 525. a second conveyor belt; 5251. a material hooking part; 526. a guide wheel; 527. a striker plate; 53. a second kick-off assembly; 531. a second mounting seat; 532. A second mounting rotating shaft; 533. a second kick-off lever; 5331. a bending part; 534. a second material shifting motor; 6. Bagging machine; 7. a trolley is provided.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In which like parts are designated by like reference numerals. It should be noted that, as used in the following description, the terms "front," "rear," "left," "right," "upper," "lower," "bottom" and "top" refer to directions in the drawings, and the terms "inner" and "outer" refer to directions toward and away from, respectively, the geometric center of a particular component.
As shown in fig. 1, an automatic bean sprout processing line comprises a feeding device 1, a shelling device 2, a cleaning device 3, a drying device 4 and a uniform stirring device 5. Loading attachment 1 is connected in 2 one sides of shelling device, and belt cleaning device 3 extends keeping away from 1 one side of loading attachment and slope in the shelling device 2 and upwards extends to the shelling device 2 outside, and 4 material receiving terminals of drying device are in belt cleaning device 3 below, and the material output end is connected with group even device 5, and bagging device 5 keeps away from the opposite side of drying device 4 and can be connected with sack filling machine 6. In dolly 7 is loaded to the bean sprouts of will taking the shell after the bean sprouts are cultivated out, the bean sprouts of taking the shell in the dolly 7 enter into shelling device 2 through loading attachment 1 in, through shelling device 2 handles the back, the bean sprouts that will shell and obtain are carried to belt cleaning device 3, belt cleaning device 3 washs the bean sprouts and carries to drying device 4, drying device 4 carries out the drying and carries to dialling even device 5 to the bean sprouts, dials even device 5 and makes the comparatively even transport of bean sprouts to sack filling machine 6.
With reference to fig. 1 and 2, the feeding device 1 includes a feeding frame 11 disposed on one side of the shelling device 2, a storage tank 12 fixedly connected to the feeding frame 11, a fixing frame 13 fixedly connected to the storage tank 12 and far away from two ends of one side of the shelling device 2, a turnover frame 14 disposed between the two fixing frames 13 and hinged to the upper portion of the storage tank 12, and a cylinder 15 for driving the turnover frame 14 to rotate, wherein the two fixing frames 13 are "L" shaped and include a first fixing rod 131 and a second fixing rod 132 which are vertically connected, the first fixing rod 131 is fixedly connected to a side wall of the storage tank 11, the second fixing rod 132 is attached to the ground, and a slide carriage 121, which is provided with an opening on one side of the shelling device 2 and is fixedly connected with a downward slope at the opening, extends toward the shelling device 2 for manually feeding the shelling device.
Referring to fig. 3, the turning frame 14 includes a bottom limiting plate frame 141, a side limiting plate frame 142 and two top limiting plate frames 143 parallel to each other, when the trolley 7 is pushed into the turning frame and the frame 1 is in a non-turning state, the side limiting plate frame 142 is attached to the storage tank 12, and the bottom limiting plate frame 141 is vertically fixed in the middle of the bottom end of the side limiting plate frame 142; the two top limit plate frames 143 are respectively fixed on both sides of the top end of the side limit plate frame 142, and as shown in fig. 4, the opposite faces of the two top limit plate frames 143 are respectively connected with the L-shaped limit guide plate 144, the limit guide plate 144 comprises a vertically arranged guide plate 1441 and a horizontally arranged limit plate 1442, the two guide plates 1441 are respectively fixedly connected to the opposite faces of the two top limit plate frames 143, and the limit plate 1442 is located at the bottom of the guide plate 1441 and protrudes towards the symmetric center of the two top limit plate frames 143. The two top limit plate frames 144 are respectively provided with sliding grooves 145 along the length direction, the two sliding grooves 145 are connected with sliding blocks 146 in a sliding manner, the cylinder body of the air cylinder 15 is hinged at one end of the second fixing rod 132 far away from the material storage tank 12, and the piston rod of the air cylinder is hinged with the sliding blocks 146.
The square trolley 7 is pushed, the bottom end of the trolley 7 is attached to the bottom limiting plate frame 141, and corners on two sides of the top end move to the side end of the trolley 7 to contact the side limiting plate frame 142 through the limiting of the two top limiting plate frames 143 and the two limiting plates 1442. The air cylinder 15 is started, the turning frame 14 drives the trolley 7 to turn (see fig. 5), and bean sprouts with bean hulls in the trolley are fed into the storage tank 12.
Referring to fig. 6, the shelling device 2 comprises a first frame 21, a shelling tank 22 arranged at the upper part of the first frame 21, and a water storage tank 23 arranged at the lower part of the first frame 21, wherein the shelling tank 22 is arranged at one side of the storage tank 12, and a slide carriage 121 extends obliquely downwards to the upper part of the shelling tank 22. A nozzle group 24 connected with the water storage tank 23 is arranged in the shelling tank 22, the nozzle group 24 sprays water into the shelling tank 22 to enable bean sprouts to flow along with the water to separate bean hulls and clean the bean sprouts, and the bean sprouts are discharged through the cleaning device 3 after being separated and cleaned.
Referring to fig. 6 and 7, the nozzle group 24 includes a straight-push nozzle 241 penetrating through the side wall of the feed end of the horizontal casing 22, side-push nozzles 242 penetrating through the side walls of both sides of the horizontal casing 22, and a dispersion nozzle 243 penetrating through the bottom of the horizontal casing 22. The straight push nozzle 241 sprays water to the inside of the hulling tank 22, the side push nozzle 242 is horizontally bent to make water flow from the feeding side toward the discharging side, and the scattering nozzle 243 sprays water upward to disperse the bean sprouts.
In order to make the bean sprouts in the shelling tank 22 more uniform and not piled up together, a first material shifting assembly 25 is arranged on the top of the shelling tank 22, and the first material shifting assembly 25 comprises two first mounting seats 251, a first mounting rotating shaft 252, a plurality of first material shifting rods 253 and a first material shifting motor 254. The first mounting seats 251 are in the shape of a long plate, and have a first long hole 2511 at one end and a circular hole 2512 at the other end. The side wall of the shelling groove 22 is provided with a mounting hole, the two first mounting seats 251 are locked and fixed on the shelling groove 22 through the first strip hole 2511 and the mounting hole by the locking bolt 255, and the position of the round hole 2512 is higher than that of the shelling groove 22. The first mounting shaft 252 is rotatably supported by the first mounting seats 251 through a circular hole 2512 via bearings (not shown). First stirring rod 253 is equipped with the multiunit at the even fixedly connected with many (for example 4) of circumference of first installation pivot 252 and along the length direction of first installation pivot 252, and first stirring rod 253 can extend to going the shell groove 22 when the drive of first installation pivot 252 is down rotated in, and first stirring rod 253 is the round bar, and no edges and corners makes first stirring rod 253 be difficult to produce the harm to the bean sprouts. The first material shifting motor 254 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the shelling tank 22, and an output shaft of the first material shifting motor 254 is connected with the first mounting rotating shaft 252 through a bevel gear set.
The first material shifting motor 254 drives the first mounting rotating shaft 252 and the first material shifting rod 253 to rotate together around the axis of the first mounting rotating shaft 252, the first material shifting rod 253 shifts bean sprouts to be uniformly distributed in the shelling groove 252, and the relative positions of the first strip-shaped hole 2511 and the shelling groove 22 are adjusted by detaching the mounting locking bolt 255, so that the first material shifting rod 253 extends to different depths of the cleaning groove 22. When the bean sprouts are fed more, the first material stirring rod 253 is lowered, and the first material stirring rod 253 can stir more bean sprouts; when the bean sprouts are less fed, the first material shifting rod 253 is shifted down, and the first material shifting rod 253 shifts less bean sprouts, so that the distribution of the bean sprouts in the shelling groove 252 is more uniform.
The bottom of the shelling tank 22 is paved with a layer of screen 26, screen holes on the screen 26 can pass through bean hulls but can prevent bean sprouts from passing through, the screen 26 is connected to the inner side wall of the shelling tank 22 through bolts, and the screen 26 can be detached through detaching the bolts to clean the shelling tank 22.
Referring to fig. 8 and 9, the top of the water storage tank 23 is provided with a drainage frame 231 with a smaller caliber, the drainage frame 231 is a square opening formed by splicing four plates, one plate is a first support plate 2311 which is lower than the other three plates, and two adjacent plates of the first support plate 2311 are first mounting plates 2312. Drainage frame 231 department is equipped with filter assembly 232, filter assembly 232 includes the second mounting panel 2321 with first backup pad 2311 parallel arrangement, one side fixedly connected with axis of rotation 2322 of first backup pad 2311 is kept away from to second mounting panel 2321, axis of rotation 2322 rotates the board setting relative of first backup pad 2311 of connecting on first mounting panel 2312 and being close to drainage frame 231, there is filter 2323 second mounting panel 2321 near first backup pad 2311 one side through bolted connection, filter 2323 takes on first backup pad 2311. The rotation shaft 2322 is positioned higher than the first support plate 2311, and the filter plate 2323 is disposed obliquely. The both sides of filter 2323 are equipped with pterygoid lamina 2324 for bean husk carries out spacing on the filter 2323, and the lower one end of filter 2323 extends and has the shell tube 233 of arranging.
Referring to fig. 8 and 10, the bottom of the shelling tank 22 is uniformly provided with 2 drainage holes, the drainage holes are hermetically connected with the first drainage pipes 234, the 2 first drainage pipes 234 respectively penetrate through the two first mounting plates 2312 to extend above the filter plate 2323, the filter plate 2323 can prevent the bean hulls from flowing into the water storage tank 23, and the bean hulls slide down along the filter plate 2323, so that the bean hulls are recovered.
Referring back to fig. 9, in order to make the hulls better slide off the filter plate 2323, the first mounting plates 2312 are further rotatably connected with shaking shafts 2325, the shaking shafts 232 are fixedly sleeved with cams 2326, and the minimum diameter positions of the cams 2326 can abut against the bottom surface of the filter plate 2323. One end of the material shaking shaft 2325 is connected with a material shaking motor 2327, and the material shaking motor 2327 is fixedly arranged on the water storage tank 23. When the material shaking motor 2327 is started to drive the material shaking shaft 2325 to rotate, the cam 2326 pushes the filter plate 2323 to reciprocate around the rotating shaft 2322, so that the bean hulls on the filter plate 2323 can smoothly slide down along the filter plate 2323.
Referring to fig. 6 and 11, the vertical screening plate 221 is installed on the side surface of the shelling groove 22 through bolts, a row of second elongated holes 222 is formed in the screening plate 221, and the second elongated holes 222 can pass through the bean hulls and can block the bean sprouts from passing through. The collecting box 223 is disposed outside the second elongated hole 222, the bottom end of the collecting box 223 is connected with a guiding tube 224 (see fig. 12), and the guiding tube 224 extends to the upper side of the filter plate 232. After the bean hulls are separated from the bean sprouts through the spray head, one part of the bean hulls are deposited at the bottom of the shelling groove 22 and fall onto the filter plate 232 through the first drainage pipe 234, and the other part of the bean hulls float or suspend on the upper part of the shelling groove 22 and fall onto the filter plate 232 through the second strip-shaped hole 222 and the shell guide pipe 224, so that the bean hulls slide off from the inclined filter plate 232 through the shelling pipe 233, and the bean hulls are recovered.
In order to adapt to the shelling and cleaning of soybean sprouts, mung bean sprouts or other sprouts, the screen 26, the filter plate 232 and the screening plate 221 can be replaced according to different bean husk sizes.
Referring to fig. 6 and 10, the water pump 235 is disposed on each side of the water storage tank 23, the water pump 235 pumps water through the water pumping pipe 236 extending into the water storage tank 23 and connected to each nozzle of the nozzle group 24 through different water spraying pipes 237, and the nozzle of the water pumping pipe 236 is disposed with a filter screen for placing impurities into the water pump 235. The water pump 235 sprays water in the water storage tank 23 into the shelling tank 22 through the water pumping pipe 236 and the water spraying pipe 237, and the water in the shelling tank 22 flows back to the water storage tank 23 through the filter plate 232, so that water circulation is realized.
The cleaning device 3 includes a first conveyor belt 31 and a cleaning motor 32. The lower turn end of the first conveyor belt 31 is inserted into the shelling tank 22, the upper turn end extends out above the outside of the shelling tank 22, and an inclined buffer plate 45 (see fig. 1 and 13 in combination) is arranged below the upper turn end. The first conveyor belt 31 is fixedly connected with a mounting strip plate 311 along the width direction of the first conveyor belt 31, the mounting strip plate 311 is uniformly and fixedly connected with rod-shaped first hook members 312 distributed along the width direction of the first conveyor belt 31, and the first hook members 312 are vertically arranged on the mounting strip plate 311. The bean sprouts in the shelling grooves 22 are uniformly transferred onto the buffer plate 45 by the first hooking members 312.
It is comparatively unclean after going the water manifold cycles in groove 22, for making the bean sprouts of washing the ejection of compact of discharge mechanism 2 comparatively clean, the top of first conveyer belt 31 is fixed still to be provided with clean pipe 33, and clean pipe 33 sprays clean water, and clean pipe 33 sets up and seals for the tip along first conveyer belt 31 width direction, and the side is opened has a plurality of clean holes towards first conveyer belt 31 water spray. The water tank 23 is not filled with water initially, and the water in the water tank 23 and the water in the water removing tank 22 are replaced when the water sprayed from the cleaning pipe 33 is sufficiently collected in the water tank 23 or the water in the water removing tank 22 is turbid.
Referring to fig. 13 and 14, the drying device 4 includes a second frame 41 fixedly provided, a sliding member 42 mounted on the second frame 41, a blowing assembly 43 provided on the second frame 41 for blowing the bean sprouts, and a vibration motor 44 fixedly mounted on the sliding member 42.
Referring to fig. 15, the sliding member 42 includes a sliding plate 421 having a hole 4211, a mounting frame 422 connected to the periphery of the sliding plate 421 by bolts, and a blocking wing plate 423 fixedly connected to both sides of the mounting frame 422, the sliding plate 421 is disposed in an inclined manner, the hole 4211 blocks bean sprouts from leaking, and the hole 4211 is a long hole along the width direction of the sliding plate 421 and is fixedly connected to a downwardly concave arc plate 4212 (referring to fig. 16 and 17) near the discharging side, so that the bean sprouts slide down smoothly. The bean sprouts is from the higher one side feeding of sliding material board 421, and buffer board 45 establishes on feeding department installing frame 422 and the bottom extends on sliding material board 421 for guide the bean sprouts, from the lower one side ejection of compact of sliding material board 421, the bean sprouts is in the in-process that slides on sliding material board 421, and the bean sprouts is through sliding material board 421 vibration make the water droplet on the bean sprouts leak down from the small opening 4211 and blow through subassembly 43 of blowing to the bean sprouts, is dry state during the feasible bean sprouts ejection of compact. In order to be suitable for the drying of soybean sprouts, mung bean sprouts or other sprouts, can dismantle down the sliding plate 421 from the installing frame 422 through dismantling the bolt, change the sliding plate 421 of different small opening 4211.
The second frame 41 includes four vertically arranged supporting legs 411 and a connecting rod 412 connecting the two adjacent supporting legs 411, a horizontally arranged second supporting plate 413 is fixedly connected to the supporting legs 411, and a vertically arranged vibration spring 414 is fixedly connected to the second supporting plate 413. The mounting frame 422 is fixedly connected with a mounting member 424 corresponding to the second support plate 413, the bottom end of the vibration spring 414 is fixedly connected to the second support plate 413, and the top end of the vibration spring is fixedly connected to the mounting member 424.
The vibration motor 44 is fixedly installed at the bottom of the upper end of the mounting frame 422. By the vibration of the vibration motor 44, the sliding member 42 as a whole is vibrated by the vibration spring 414, so that water droplets on the bean sprouts are leaked from the leakage holes 4211. The bottom end of the mounting frame 22 is provided with a tapered water guide bin 425, and the water guide bin 425 is connected with a second water drainage pipe 426. The water drops leaking from the leak hole 4211 are discharged and recovered through the water sump 425 and the second drain pipe 426.
The blowing assembly 43 includes a blowing pipe 431 blowing the bean sprouts and a blower 432 driving the blowing pipe 431 to blow, and the blowing pipe 431 is provided in two rows and passes through the wind shielding wings 422, respectively. The bean sprouts are blown by the blowing pipes 431 to disperse moisture on the bean sprouts. In order for the blowing pipe 431 to well blow the bean sprouts, the two wind blocking flaps 422 are inclined toward the inside above the slide plate 421 (see fig. 18). The blowing assembly 43 is combined with the orifice 4211 to make the bean sprouts dry after being discharged.
The lower one end of sliding plate 421 is connected with driving belt 46, and driving belt 46 tilt up sets up, and driving belt keeps away from sliding plate 421 one end fixedly connected with guide board 47, and the bean sprouts falls to driving belt 46 after sliding from sliding plate 421 on, and driving belt 46 carries the bean sprouts to dialling even device 5.
Referring to fig. 19, the leveling device 5 includes a uniform third frame 51 fixedly disposed, a conveying mechanism 52 mounted on the uniform third frame 51, and a second material-shifting assembly 53 mounted on the conveying mechanism 52, and with reference to fig. 1 and 17, a connecting belt 511 for conveying is disposed between the drying device 4 and the conveying mechanism 52.
The conveying mechanism 52 comprises a feeding horizontal section 521, a conveying inclined section 522 and a discharging horizontal section 523, wherein the conveying inclined section 522 is obliquely arranged, the lower end of the conveying inclined section is connected with the feeding horizontal section 521, and the higher end of the conveying inclined section is connected with the discharging horizontal section 523. The conveying mechanism 52 includes a rotating roller 524 rotatably coupled to the uniform third frame 51 and a second conveying belt 525 engaged with the rotating roller 524. The feeding horizontal segment 521, the conveying inclined segment 522 and the discharging horizontal segment 523 are formed by guiding the second conveying belt 525 by a guide wheel 526 which is rotatably connected to the uniform third frame 51 and abuts against the second conveying belt 525.
The second conveying belt 525 is fixedly connected with second hook material 5251 which is uniformly distributed, and the hook material 5251 is vertically connected to the outer side surface of the second conveying belt 525. Two baffle plates 527 of the vertical setting of fixedly connected with on the even third frame 51, two baffle plates 527 establish respectively in the both sides of second conveyer belt 525 and with the both sides laminating of second conveyer belt 525.
Referring to fig. 20, the second material shifting assembly 53 has the same structure as the first material shifting assembly 25, and includes two second mounting seats 531, a second mounting rotating shaft 532, a plurality of second material shifting rods 533 and a second material shifting motor 534 driving the second mounting rotating shaft 532 to rotate, the two second mounting seats 532 are respectively mounted on the two baffle plates 527, a gap is formed between the second material shifting rods 533 and the hooking member 5251, the rotating direction of the second mounting rotating shaft 532 is the same as the rotating direction of the second conveying belt 525, so that the second material shifting rods 533 can shift back the bean sprouts higher than the gap under the driving of the second mounting rotating shaft 532, and the bean sprouts in the gap are conveyed, thereby the bean sprouts conveyed by the conveying mechanism 52 are more uniform. One end of the second material poking rod 533 far away from the second mounting rotating shaft 532 is provided with a bending portion 5331, and the bending direction is opposite to the rotating direction of the second material poking rod 533, so that the bean sprouts are not easily picked out of the second conveying belt 525 by the second material poking rod 533. The end of the second conveying belt 525 is connected with the feed inlet of the bagging machine 6, so that the bean sprouts are uniformly bagged, and bagged bean sprouts filled with uniform bean sprouts are obtained.
The specific process is as follows, the bean sprouts are driven the upset of dolly 7 to carry out the material loading to removing shell groove 22 through upset frame 14 in dolly 7, it makes bean husk and bean sprouts separation through the water spray to remove shell groove 22, carry away the bean sprouts from removing shell groove 22 and wash at transportation process through first conveyer belt 31, clean bean sprouts falls to smooth material 42 on from first conveyer belt 31, blow through the subassembly 43 of blowing and carry out the drying to the bean sprouts, the stir of material subassembly 53 is dialled through conveying mechanism 52 and second to the bean sprouts after the drying, make the comparatively even transport to bagging-off 6 machines of bean sprouts bagging-off.
The present embodiment is only for explaining the present invention, and it is not limited to the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make modifications of the present embodiment without inventive contribution as needed after reading the present specification, but all of them are protected by patent law within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an automatic processing line of bean sprouts which characterized in that: including sheller (2), belt cleaning device (3), drying device (4) that set gradually and dial even device (5), dial even device (5) including being used for carrying second conveyer belt (525) of the bean sprouts of producing from the upper reaches and establish second group material subassembly (53) in second conveyer belt (525) top, second group material subassembly (53) including can pivoted second installation pivot (532) and a plurality of even fixed connection in second installation pivot (532) circumference second group material pole (533), have the clearance between the free end of second group material pole (533) and second conveyer belt (525).
2. The automated bean sprouts processing line of claim 1, wherein: the device (2) of shelling is including shelling groove (22), establish water storage box (23) of shelling groove (22) below and establish shower nozzle group (24) of shelling groove (22) upper reaches one end shower nozzle orientation shelling groove (22) of shelling, water storage box (23) one side is equipped with water pump (235), be connected with drinking-water pipe (236) between water pump (235) and water storage box (23), be connected with between water pump (235) and shower nozzle group (24) respectively spray pipe (237), the top of water storage box (23) is provided with drainage frame (231), shelling groove (22) bottom sealing connection has to first drain pipe (234) in drainage frame (231).
3. The automated bean sprouts processing line of claim 2, wherein: the top of going shell groove (22) is provided with first group material subassembly (25), first group material subassembly (25) include two first mount pads (251), first installation pivot (252), first group material pole (253) and drive first installation pivot (252) pivoted first group material motor (254), two first mount pads are installed respectively in the both sides of going shell groove (22), first installation pivot (252) are rotated and are connected on two mount pads (251), first group material pole (253) are equipped with many and fixed connection on installation pivot (252), group material pole (253) can extend when rotating along with first installation pivot (252) and go in shell groove (22).
4. The bean sprout automatic processing line according to claim 3, wherein the two first mounting seats (251) are in the shape of a long strip, one end of each first mounting seat is provided with a first long strip hole (2511) along the length direction, the other end of each first mounting seat is provided with a round hole (2512), the side wall of the shelling groove (22) is provided with a mounting hole, the two mounting seats (251) are locked and fixed on the shelling groove (22) through the first long strip hole (2511) and the mounting hole (2512) through locking bolts (255), the position of the round hole (2512) is higher than the position of the top of the shelling groove (22), and the mounting rotating shaft (252) is rotatably connected on the two mounting seats (251) through the round hole (2512) through bearing support.
5. The automated bean sprouts processing line according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the cleaning device (3) comprises a first conveying belt (31) with a lower steering end extending into the shelling tank (22) and a higher steering end extending out of the shelling tank (22), and a cleaning pipe (33) arranged above the first conveying belt (31).
6. The automated bean sprouts processing line of claim 5, wherein: drying device (4) are located including higher one end sliding plate (421) and the subassembly (43) of blowing of the higher turn to end below of first conveyer belt (31), the both sides fixedly connected with of sliding plate (421) keeps off the material pterygoid lamina (423), the subassembly (43) of blowing includes fan (432) and blowing pipe (431) be connected with the fan, the mouth of pipe of blowing pipe (431) runs through and keeps off the material pterygoid lamina (423) and towards sliding plate (421).
7. The automated bean sprouts processing line of claim 6, wherein: the drying device (4) further comprises a vibration spring (414) which is vertically arranged and fixedly connected to the second rack (41); the sliding plate (421) is provided with a leak hole (4211) and is fixedly connected to the vibration spring (414), and the sliding plate (421) is fixedly connected with a vibration motor (44).
8. The automated bean sprouts processing line of claim 1, wherein: the bean sprout automatic processing line further comprises a feeding device (1) arranged on one side of the shelling device (2), wherein the feeding device (1) comprises an overturning frame (14) hinged to the top of one side of the shelling device (2) and a cylinder (15) with one end fixedly hinged to the other end and slidably hinged to the overturning frame (14).
CN201711166501.7A 2017-11-21 2017-11-21 Automatic processing line of bean sprouts Active CN107960605B (en)

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CN109382393A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-02-26 上海同臣环保有限公司 The separator and separation method of rubbish in sludge
CN110404872A (en) * 2019-08-26 2019-11-05 安徽新盛中药饮片有限公司 A kind of Manufacture of medicinal slices of TCM raw material automatic cleaning equipment
CN113367359B (en) * 2021-05-15 2022-05-17 栖霞德丰食品有限公司 Fruit processing production line and technological process thereof
CN114342792A (en) * 2021-12-23 2022-04-15 河北宙西森智能装备有限公司 Full-automatic bean sprout treatment method and device

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CN203028066U (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-07-03 宁波市精诚仪表有限公司 Automatic bean sprout hulling and cleaning machine
CN205512215U (en) * 2016-01-30 2016-08-31 林长忠 Sheller is washd to bean sprouts
CN106212249A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-14 无锡苏芽食品有限公司 A kind of cleaning machine cleaned for bean sprout
CN206341890U (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-07-21 洛阳新农村蔬菜食品有限公司 A kind of bean sprouts peeling surface cleaning workshop streamline

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CN202750679U (en) * 2012-06-27 2013-02-27 安徽金隆园食品股份有限公司 Bean sprout continuous cleaning device
CN203028066U (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-07-03 宁波市精诚仪表有限公司 Automatic bean sprout hulling and cleaning machine
CN205512215U (en) * 2016-01-30 2016-08-31 林长忠 Sheller is washd to bean sprouts
CN106212249A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-14 无锡苏芽食品有限公司 A kind of cleaning machine cleaned for bean sprout
CN206341890U (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-07-21 洛阳新农村蔬菜食品有限公司 A kind of bean sprouts peeling surface cleaning workshop streamline

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