A kind of rotary type feed crushing drying unit
The present invention relates to field of feed processing, specifically a kind of rotary type feed crushes drying unit.
Feed is the general name of the food of owner domesticated animal, compares narrowly general feeds and generally refers to agricultural
Or the food of animal husbandry domesticated animal.Feed (Feed) include soybean, dregs of beans, corn, fish meal, amino acid, miscellaneous dregs of rice, additive,
The feedstuff of more than ten kinds such as whey powder, grease, meat meal tankage, cereal, sugar grass.
It usually requires to carry out multiple steps such as raw material cleaning, crushing, drying, ingredient, granulation in the process of feed,
These usual steps are all completed by individual equipment, such as pulverizer and dryer, are crushed and are dried to feed, and feed needs
It to transport back and forth, production efficiency is to be improved；The crush efficiency of traditional pulverizer supports, and sieve and is easy to happen into and out of material mouth
Blocking；Traditional dryer stirs feed by rabbling mechanism, well feed cannot be heated evenly, feed
It is easy to remain in Drying viscous glutinous, it is difficult to clear up.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide rotary type feeds to crush drying unit, mentioned above in the background art to solve
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of rotary type feed crushing drying unit, including body and driving motor；Charging is communicated with above the body
Pipe, feed pipe is interior to be equipped with helical blade；The helical blade is fixedly connected with rotation axis, and driving electricity is connected at the top of rotation axis
Machine；It is located to be equipped with below feed pipe in the body and crushes screen drum, crushes screen drum and extended in body by bearing and feed pipe
Partial turn connection；It is evenly distributed with sieve pore on the side wall for crushing screen drum, crushes and is equipped with crushing knife, crushing knife in screen drum
It is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft；The crushing screen drum bottom is fixedly connected with sleeve, and rotation axis is through sleeve and passes through bearing and set
Cylinder rotation connection；It is fixedly connected on the sleeve outer wall upper and lower in diagonal symmetrical half range bevel gear；The half range bores tooth
It is equipped with first bevel gear between wheel, is fixedly connected with first driven shaft on the left of first bevel gear；The first driven shaft is located at the
Second bevel gear is equipped on the left of one bevel gear, second bevel gear is ratcheting third hand tap gear, and third hand tap gear is fixed with rotation axis
Connection；Knocking device is equipped on the left of the crushing screen drum, knocking device is equipped with rattle balls；Connected on the left of the rattle balls by spring
It is connected to sliding block, slider top is nested with coulisse, and sliding block is slidably connected with coulisse；Pass through spring and body on the left of the sliding block
Inner wall connection；The slider bottom is fixedly connected with driven abutting bar, is equipped with below driven abutting bar and actively abuts bar；The master
The dynamic bar that abuts is fixedly connected with the 4th bevel gear, and the 4th bevel gear is rotatablely connected by shaft and body inner wall；4th cone
It is ratcheting on the left of gear to have the 5th bevel gear, it is fixedly connected with second driven shaft on the left of the 5th bevel gear, second driven shaft passes through axis
It holds and is rotatablely connected with body inner wall；The second driven shaft is connect by driving belt with first driven shaft；The rotation axis bottom
Portion is fixedly connected with drying cone cylinder, and the stock guide of annular is equipped with above drying cone cylinder；It is uniformly distributed on the drying cone cylinder side wall
There are hot air vents；Spiral raised line is fixedly connected on the drying cone cylinder side wall；The drying cone cylinder bottom is communicated with hot air pipe, heat
Air hose is rotatablely connected through organism soleplate and by bearing and organism soleplate；The hot air pipe lower end is communicated with air-heater, hot wind
The mode that machine is bolted is fixedly connected with support frame, and support frame is fixedly connected by shock-absorbing support leg with organism bottom；
The drying cone cylinder bottom outside edge is fixedly connected with the discharging scraper plate being circumferentially distributed, and discharging scraper plate is arc panel；Institute
It states and is communicated with discharge nozzle on the right side of organism bottom, discharge nozzle is tangentially connected to body.
As a further solution of the present invention: the driving motor and the mode that feed pipe upper surface is bolted are solid
As a further solution of the present invention: the rotation axis extends upwardly to above feed pipe and by bearing and charging
Pipe rotation connection.
As a further solution of the present invention: the crushing screen drum is hollow inverted pyramidal structures.
As a further solution of the present invention: the circumference half of the half range bevel gear is equipped with cone tooth, the other half is smooth
As a further solution of the present invention: the first driven shaft is rotatablely connected by bearing and body inner wall.
As a further solution of the present invention: the drying cone cylinder is shaped hollow round table structure.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention is by being equipped with crushing knife and periodically square turn
Crushing screen drum, feed is adequately crushed and high frequency zone, improves the efficiency of crushing and screening；The present invention be equipped with
The knocking device of rotation axis linkage, taps the outer wall for crushing screen drum, and sieve pore blockade and feed is avoided to remain；The present invention is set
There is the stock guide of the drying cone cylinder and annular in cone structure, so that feed uniformly tumbles downwards on drying screen drum surface, it is right
Feed carries out the drying of uniform high-efficiency, and by being equipped with spiral raised line, increases the time that feed tumbles, guarantee drying effect；This
Invention be equipped with arc discharging scraper plate and with the discharge nozzle that body is tangentially connected to, improve the efficiency of discharging so that discharge more
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view that rotary type feed crushes drying unit；
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram that rotary type feed crushes knocking device in drying unit；
Fig. 3 is that rotary type feed crushes the top view that cone cylinder is dried in drying unit.
In figure: 1- body；2- feed pipe；3- rotation axis；4- driving motor；5- helical blade；6- crushes screen drum；7- is crushed
Knife；8- sleeve；9- first bevel gear；10- second bevel gear；11- third hand tap gear；12- half range bevel gear；13- first is driven
Axis；14- knocking device；15- driving belt；16- second driven shaft；The 4th bevel gear of 17-；The 5th bevel gear of 18-；19- is actively
Abut bar；The driven abutting bar of 20-；21- sliding block；22- coulisse；23- spring；24- rattle balls；25- dries cone cylinder；26- spiral
Raised line；27- discharging scraper plate；28- hot air pipe；29- air-heater；30- support frame；31- discharge nozzle；32- air-exhausting duct；33- stock guide.
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete
Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on
Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other
Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Please refer to Fig. 1~2, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of rotary type feed crushes drying unit, including body 1 and drives
Dynamic motor 4；It is communicated with feed pipe 2 above the body 1, is equipped with helical blade 5 in feed pipe 2, prevents feed pipe 2 from blocking；Institute
It states helical blade 5 and is fixedly connected with rotation axis 3, rotation axis 3 extends upwardly to 2 top of feed pipe and by bearing and feed pipe 2
It is rotatablely connected, is connected with driving motor 4 at the top of rotation axis 3；The driving motor 4 is bolted with 2 upper surface of feed pipe
Mode be fixedly connected, driving motor 4 and external power supply are electrically connected；It is located to be equipped with below feed pipe 2 in the body 1 and crushes
Screen drum 6 crushes screen drum 6 and is connect by bearing with the partial turn that feed pipe 2 extends in body 1；The crushing screen drum 6 is sky
The inverted pyramidal structures of the heart crush and are evenly distributed with sieve pore on the side wall of screen drum 6, screen to feed；In the crushing screen drum 6
Equipped with crushing knife 7, crushing knife 7 is fixedly connected with rotation axis 3, is crushed to feed；6 bottom of crushing screen drum is fixedly connected
There is sleeve 8, rotation axis 3 is rotatablely connected through sleeve 8 and by bearing and sleeve 8；It is fixedly connected on 8 outer wall of sleeve
Upper and lower is in diagonal symmetrical half range bevel gear 12, and the circumference half of half range bevel gear 12 is equipped with cone tooth, the other half is smooth
Face；It is equipped with first bevel gear 11 between the half range bevel gear 12, is fixedly connected with first driven shaft on the left of first bevel gear 9
13, first driven shaft 13 is rotatablely connected by bearing and 1 inner wall of body；It is left that the first driven shaft 13 is located at first bevel gear 9
Side is equipped with second bevel gear 10, and second bevel gear 10 is ratcheting third hand tap gear 11, third hand tap gear 11 and the fixed company of rotation axis 3
It connects；The rotation axis 3 drives first driven shaft 13 to rotate by third hand tap gear 11 and second bevel gear 10, first driven shaft 13
It is periodically rotated and reverse by first bevel gear 9 and above and below in diagonal symmetrical half range bevel gear 12 with moving sleeve 8；
On the left of the crushing screen drum 6 be equipped with knocking device 14, knocking device 14 be equipped with rattle balls 24,24 pairs of crushing screen drums 6 of rattle balls into
Row taps, and avoids sieve pore blockade；Sliding block 21 is connected with by spring 23 on the left of the rattle balls 24, is nested with cunning at the top of sliding block 21
Frid 22, sliding block 21 are slidably connected with coulisse 22；It is connect by spring with 1 inner wall of body on the left of the sliding block 21；The cunning
21 bottom of block is fixedly connected with driven abutting bar 20, is equipped with below driven abutting bar 20 and actively abuts bar 19；The active abuts
Bar 19 is fixedly connected with the 4th bevel gear 17, and the 4th bevel gear 17 is rotatablely connected by shaft and 1 inner wall of body；4th cone
17 left side of gear is ratcheting the 5th bevel gear 18, second driven shaft 16 is fixedly connected on the left of the 5th bevel gear 18, second is driven
Axis 16 is rotatablely connected by bearing and 1 inner wall of body；The second driven shaft 16 passes through driving belt 15 and first driven shaft 13
Connection, first driven shaft 13 drive second driven shaft 16 to rotate by driving belt 15.
Please refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3；3 bottom of rotation axis is fixedly connected with drying cone cylinder 25, dries and is equipped with above cone cylinder 25
The stock guide 33 of annular, concentrates feed；The drying cone cylinder 25 is shaped hollow round table structure, is dried on 25 side wall of cone cylinder
It is evenly distributed with hot air vents；It is fixedly connected with spiral raised line 26 on 25 side wall of drying cone cylinder, slows down the speed of feed whereabouts；
25 bottom of drying cone cylinder is communicated with hot air pipe 28, and hot air pipe 28 turns through 1 bottom plate of body and by bearing and 1 bottom plate of body
Dynamic connection；28 lower end of hot air pipe is communicated with air-heater 29, and the mode that air-heater 29 is bolted is fixedly connected with branch
Support 30, support frame 30 are fixedly connected by shock-absorbing support leg with 1 bottom of body；The air-heater 29 electrically connects with external power supply
It connects, the hot wind that air-heater 29 generates enters in drying cone cylinder 25 from hot air pipe 28；The 25 bottom outside edge of drying cone cylinder
It is fixedly connected with the discharging scraper plate 27 being circumferentially distributed, discharging scraper plate 27 is arc panel；1 bottom right of body is communicated with out
Expects pipe 31, discharge nozzle 21 are tangentially connected to body 1.
The working principle of the invention is: starting driving motor 4 and air-heater 29；By feed to be processed out of feed pipe 2
Investment, driving motor 4 drive helical blade 5 to rotate by rotation axis 3, drive feed to enter and crush in screen drum 6, avoid feed stifled
Fill in expects pipe；Rotation axis 3 drives first driven shaft 13 to rotate by third hand tap gear 11 and second bevel gear 10, first driven shaft
13 upper and lower rotate forward by first bevel gear 9 and periodically in diagonal symmetrical half range bevel gear 12 with moving sleeve 8 and anti-
Turn, sleeve 8 drives crushing screen drum 6 periodically to rotate and reverse, while drive shaft 3 drives crushing knife 7 to rotate, and crushes to entering
Feed in screen drum 6 is crushed, and the feed of granule size is met after crushing under the influence of centrifugal force from crushing 6 side wall of screen drum
Sieve pore discharge, periodically rotated and reverse due to crushing screen drum 6, so that feed comes into full contact with crushing knife 7, guarantee crushing
Effect；Meanwhile first driven shaft 13 drives second driven shaft 16 and the rotation of the 5th bevel gear 18, the 5th cone by driving belt 15
Gear 18 drives the rotation of the 4th bevel gear 17, and the 4th bevel gear 17, which drives, actively to abut bar 19 and rotate, when actively abutting 19 turns of bar
It moves to top when being pushed to driven abutting bar 20, driven abutting bar 20 is with movable slider 21 along the sidesway to the left of coulisse 22
Dynamic, the spring 23 in 21 left side of sliding block is compressed, when actively abut bar 19 with it is driven abut the disengaging of bar 20 when, sliding block 21 is to the left
It is popped up to the right under the action of spring 23, and then impact bead 24 is driven to pop up to the right, the side wall for crushing screen drum 6 is struck
It hits, so that the side wall for crushing screen drum 6 vibrates, and then avoids feed blocking from crushing the sieve pore of 6 side wall of screen drum, avoids feed residual
It stays in and crushes in screen drum 6；From crush screen drum 6 be discharged feed fall into annular stock guide 32 on, into cross stock guide 32 aggregation,
It is dropped into drying cone cylinder 25 from middle position, rotation axis 3 drives drying cone cylinder 25 to rotate, so that feed is in drying cone cylinder 25
It spreads out, while the hot wind that air-heater 29 generates enters in drying cone cylinder 25 from hot air pipe 28, from drying 25 side wall of cone cylinder
Hot wind hole spray, uniform drying heating is carried out to feed, in addition, being fixedly connected with spiral raised line on drying 25 side wall of cone cylinder
27, slow down feed and roll speed on drying 25 outer wall of cone cylinder, improve drying effect, feed is rolled down to from drying 25 outer wall of cone cylinder
On 1 bottom plate of body, when needing to discharge, the valve of discharge nozzle 31 is opened, discharging scraper plate 27 is done under the drive of drying cone cylinder 25
Circular motion, while discharge nozzle 31 is tangentially connected to body 1, feed is discharged from discharge nozzle 31 under the influence of centrifugal force, so that
Discharging is more thoroughly efficient.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie
In the case where without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter
From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power
Benefit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims
Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped
Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should
It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art
The other embodiments being understood that.