CN107919844A - It is a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus - Google Patents

It is a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107919844A
CN107919844A CN201711432719.2A CN201711432719A CN107919844A CN 107919844 A CN107919844 A CN 107919844A CN 201711432719 A CN201711432719 A CN 201711432719A CN 107919844 A CN107919844 A CN 107919844A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic panel
cleaning roller
power generation
dedusting
outdoor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711432719.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金丽丹
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Taizhou Feng Da Robot Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Taizhou Feng Da Robot Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Taizhou Feng Da Robot Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Taizhou Feng Da Robot Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711432719.2A priority Critical patent/CN107919844A/en
Publication of CN107919844A publication Critical patent/CN107919844A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, including the follower and dedusting mechanism being arranged at below photovoltaic panel, follower includes hopper and connecting spring, hopper is connected by the end of connecting rope and stent, fixed pulley is provided with the winding of the connecting rope and mounting base, connecting spring is arranged at the opposite side of stent with respect to hopper, the end of its both ends difference connecting bracket and mounting base;Dedusting mechanism includes cleaning roller, guidance set, limit assembly and lever assembly, and cleaning roller is rolled along guidance set and set, and guidance set is arranged at the both ends of cleaning roller, and limit assembly is arranged at the top of guidance set, and lever assembly is arranged at the lower section of limit assembly;After cleaning roller completes dedusting work to photovoltaic panel, rotating swing is carried out using the photovoltaic panel tracking sun, cleaning roller is taken back into initial position again, the technical problem for solving cleaning roller reset, has saved the energy, simplified mechanism.

Description

It is a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus
Machine technical field
The present invention relates to photovoltaic application technical field, is specially a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus.
Background technology
The world today, energy crisis and problem of environmental pollution increasingly attract people's attention, and solar energy is as a kind of Novel renewable energy, due to its environment friendly feature, using increasingly extensive, photovoltaic generation utilizes interface for it Photovoltaic effect and a kind of technology that luminous energy is directly translated into electric energy, mainly by solar panel component, controller and inverse Become device three parts composition, critical piece is made of electronic component.Solar cell carries out packaging protection after series connection can The solar module of large area is formed, then photovoltaic power generation apparatus is formed with the components such as power controller are closed.
After photovoltaic power generation apparatus disposes in the wild, it is miscellaneous that its surface becomes easily infected by substantial amounts of bird excrement, dust and solid Matter etc., easily influences the using effect of device, the particularly less region of some rainwater, influences more strong if not clearing up for a long time It is strong.
The existing general lack of cleaning plant of photovoltaic power generation apparatus, large-scale photovoltaic power generation plate are difficult with manual cleaning, And small-sized photovoltaic power generation plate when using manual cleaning cleaning efficiency it is relatively low.
In the Chinese patent of Patent No. CN206689167U, a kind of the motor-driven clear of field photovoltaic power generation apparatus is disclosed Device is managed, is used in the shelves both ends of photovoltaic power generation plate connection travelling gear to drive cleansing bar to light by the movement of chain The problem of volt power generation plate is cleared up, and the photovoltaic power generation plate that so area can be overcome larger is not easily cleaned, coordinates nozzle, spray Stent, water pump and water tank, can carry out pre-flush to photovoltaic generation plate surface, can so effectively improve cleaning efficiency.
But in use, the reset of cleansing bar is driven by the actuating unit additionally set, complicated, It is unfavorable for safeguarding.
The content of the invention
In view of the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of open air from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, in cleaning roller pair After photovoltaic panel completes dedusting work, rotating swing is carried out using the photovoltaic panel tracking sun, cleaning roller is taken back into initial bit again Put, solve the technical problem of cleaning roller reset, realize automatically reseting for cleaning roller, saved the energy, simplify mechanism.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical solution:
It is a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, including:
Mounting base, is symmetrically arranged with bearing block at the top center of the mounting base, goes to bottom to be surrounded with U-shaped water Groove;
Photovoltaic panel, the one side backwards to the sun of the photovoltaic panel are provided with stent, and the both ends of the stent are rotatably dispose in institute State on bearing block;
Follower, the follower are arranged at the lower section of the photovoltaic panel, it includes hopper and connecting spring, institute State hopper to be connected with the end of the stent by connecting rope, which determines cunning with being provided with the winding of the mounting base Wheel, the relatively described hopper of the connecting spring are arranged at the opposite side of the stent, its both ends connects the stent respectively End and the mounting base;
Dedusting mechanism, the dedusting mechanism include cleaning roller, guidance set, limit assembly and lever assembly, the dedusting Roller is rolled along the guidance set and set, and the guidance set is arranged at the both ends of the cleaning roller, and the limit assembly is set In the top of the guidance set, the lever assembly is arranged at the lower section of the limit assembly;And
Water spraying mechanism, the water spraying mechanism are symmetrical arranged, it is located at the lower section of the cleaning roller, and its respectively with it is corresponding The guidance set connection is set.
As an improvement, when initial, for the photovoltaic panel to be obliquely installed, its both ends swung is respectively first end and second End, and first end is located at the top of the second end.
As an improvement, the lower face of the hopper is provided with electric control valve, its upper part is provided with light-inductive device, the light Quick inductor is electrically connected with electric control valve, and its top end surface is provided with and communicated with drinking-water pipe, and the end of the drinking-water pipe is provided with pumping Water pump, and the suction pump is electrically connected with the electric control valve, the suction pump is immersed in the sink.
As an improvement, the cleaning roller includes:
Roll body, the roll body are arranged in parallel with the photovoltaic panel;And
Spacing ring, the spacing ring are symmetrically disposed on the both ends of the roll body, it is set to be circular, and itself and the guiding Component engaging is set.
As an improvement, the guidance set includes:
Track, the track are the both ends for being symmetrically disposed on the cleaning roller, it is set to be fan-shaped, and its with it is described spacing Ring corresponds to engaging;
Plate, the both sides for hooking plate and being symmetrically disposed on the photovoltaic panel are hooked, and the hook plate is located at the second of the photovoltaic panel On end;
Gear, the gear are symmetrically sheathed on the both ends of the cleaning roller;And
Rack, the rack are obliquely installed in the lower section of the gear, it is fixedly connected with the track.
As an improvement, the track includes:
Rectilinear orbit, to be obliquely installed, it is arranged in parallel the rectilinear orbit with the rack;And
Arc track, the arc track connect the both ends of the rectilinear orbit, and its with the photovoltaic panel respectively The swinging track of two ends overlaps.
As an improvement, the limit assembly includes:
First limiting plate, first limiting plate are vertically installed in the top of the rectilinear orbit, are set on its two side There is the limited block of triangle, the bottom surface corresponding matching of the limited block and the rectilinear orbit, first limiting plate is to the dedusting Roller carries out spacing;
Second limiting plate, the top of second limiting plate are hinged with first limiting plate, its bottom passes through described straight The bottom surface of trajectory hangs on the lower section of the rectilinear orbit;
Guide post, the guide post are symmetrically disposed on the both ends of second limiting plate, and the upper end is fixed with the rectilinear orbit Connection, its lower end and the both ends of second limiting plate are slidably socketed;And
Resetting spring, the resetting spring are arranged and on the corresponding guide post, and its conflict is arranged at the straight line rail Between road and second limiting plate.
As an improvement, the lever assembly includes:
Linking arm, vertically the rack is set the linking arm, and the upper end is fixedly connected with the upper end of the rack;
Lever, the middle part of the lever and the bottom of the linking arm are hinged, it is located at one below the limit assembly End is provided with optical axis, and it is located at one end of the photovoltaic panel and is provided with roller, which is arranged in sliding slot;
Sliding block, the sliding block is set with the roller conflicting, and it contradicts between the sliding slot and is provided with limit spring.
As an improvement, the first end both sides of the photovoltaic panel are provided with wedge block, which should with the pair of rollers Set.
As an improvement, the water spraying mechanism includes:
Water tank, the water tank is towards being evenly equipped with some apopores on the side wall of the photovoltaic panel, and along the length of the water tank Degree direction equidistant partition is some storage areas;
If stem piston, the piston is slideably positioned in the corresponding storage area;
Compress spring, the compression spring is symmetrically disposed on the both ends of the piston, its contradict be arranged at the water tank with Between the piston;And
Suction hose, the suction hose are arranged at the lower section of the corresponding storage area, at its communicating position with the storage area It is provided with hinged valve plate.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) present invention tracks the rotation occurred during the sun, drives to photovoltaic panel by using photovoltaic panel in power generation process The cleaning roller for completing dedusting work automatically resets, and cleaning roller is reused, simplifies structure, has saved the energy, together When alleviate the work of later maintenance;
(2) present invention, using extrusion piston in cleaning roller rolling process, the water in storage area is squeezed when setting cleaning roller Pressure sprays, and coordinates cleaning roller to carry out effective flush clean to the surface of photovoltaic panel, avoids impurity from being adhered to photovoltaic plate surface, right The light energy absorption of photovoltaic panel has an impact;
(3) present invention tracks the swing during sun using photovoltaic panel, shifting lever component makes spacing when setting cleaning roller The upward lifting of component, contacts to the spacing of cleaning roller, cleaning roller is tumbled by gravity and dedusting cleaning, and dedusting are carried out to photovoltaic panel The dedusting work stage in photovoltaic panel daily started to work of the roller to photovoltaic panel, ensure that photovoltaic panel ought be in a few days cleaning.
In conclusion the present invention has the advantages that simple and ingenious structure, easy to maintain, photovoltaic application technology is particularly suitable for Field.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is dimensional structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is cleaning roller structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is broken section structure diagram one of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is broken section structure diagram two of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is track structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is limit assembly structure diagram one of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is limit assembly structure diagram two of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is limit assembly structure diagram three of the present invention;
Figure 10 is lever assembly structure diagram of the present invention;
Figure 11 is lever assembly partial structural diagram of the present invention;
Figure 12 is water spraying mechanism section view result schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 13 is photovoltaic plate structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other without making creative work Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " on ", " under ", "front", "rear", "left", "right", " vertical ", " level ", " top ", " bottom ", " interior ", " outer ", " up time The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as pin ", " counterclockwise " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, are for only for ease of Description is of the invention to be described with simplified, rather than the equipment or element of instruction or hint meaning must be with specific orientation, Yi Te Fixed azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are only used for description purpose, and it is not intended that instruction or hint relative importance Or the implicit quantity for indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, define " first ", the feature of " second " can be expressed or Implicitly include one or more this feature.In the description of the present invention, " multiple " are meant that two or more, Unless otherwise specifically defined.
Embodiment:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, it is a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus shown in Fig. 7 and Figure 13, including:
Mounting base 1, is symmetrically arranged with bearing block 11 at the top center of the mounting base 1, goes to bottom to be surrounded with U-shaped Sink 12;
Photovoltaic panel 2, the one side backwards to the sun of the photovoltaic panel 2 are provided with stent 21, and the both ends of the stent 21, which rotate, to be set It is placed on the bearing block 11;
Follower 3, the follower 3 are arranged at the lower section of the photovoltaic panel 2, it includes hopper 31 with being connected bullet Spring 32, the hopper 31 are connected by connecting rope 33 with the end of the stent 21, the connecting rope 33 and the mounting base 1 Fixed pulley 34 is provided with winding, the relatively described hopper 31 of the connecting spring 32 is arranged at the opposite side of the stent 21, Its both ends connects the end of the stent 21 and the mounting base 1 respectively;
Dedusting mechanism 4, the dedusting mechanism 4 include cleaning roller 41, guidance set 42, limit assembly 43 and lever assembly 44, the cleaning roller 41 is rolled along the guidance set 42 and set, and the guidance set 42 is arranged at the two of the cleaning roller 41 End, the limit assembly 43 are arranged at the top of the guidance set 42, and the lever assembly 44 is arranged at the limit assembly 43 lower section;And
Water spraying mechanism 5, the water spraying mechanism 5 are symmetrical arranged, it is located at the lower section of the cleaning roller 41, and its respectively with it is right The connection of the guidance set 42 answered is set.
As shown in Fig. 2 and Figure 13, wherein, when initial, to be obliquely installed, its both ends swung is respectively the photovoltaic panel 2 First end 22 and the second end 23, and first end 22 is located at the top of the second end 23.
It should be noted that photovoltaic panel 2, during work, the irradiating angle of sunlight and photovoltaic panel 2 is with the time The passage moment change, in order to make photovoltaic panel 2 it is sufficiently effective absorb luminous energy be converted to electric energy, it is therefore desirable to make photovoltaic panel The 2 tracking sun are swung, and making solar energy, vertical irradiation is in photovoltaic panel all the time, in this way, by being filled with hopper 31 Moisture, after sun rise, makes moisture in hopper 31 progressively discharge, reduces the weight of hopper, shrink connecting spring 32, Drive photovoltaic panel 2 to rotate swing, remain vertical with the injection angle ensured between sunlight and photovoltaic panel 2.
Further illustrate, at the beginning, photovoltaic panel 2 is obliquely installed in face of the direction that the sun rises, and with the time Passage, photovoltaic panel 2 at noon when rotate to be it is horizontally disposed, and to the dusk sun set when, photovoltaic panel into reversed dip set.
As shown in Fig. 2, as a preferred embodiment, the lower face of the hopper 31 is provided with electric control valve 311, its upper part is provided with light-inductive device 312, which is electrically connected with electric control valve 311, and its top end surface Be provided with and communicated with drinking-water pipe 313, the end of the drinking-water pipe 313 is provided with suction pump 314, and the suction pump 314 with it is described automatically controlled Valve 311 is electrically connected, and the suction pump 314 is immersed in the sink 12.
It should be noted that when light-inductive device 312 senses sunlight, electric control valve 311 is opened, in hopper 31 Moisture begin to flow out, and fall hand in the sun, light-inductive device 312 controls electric control valve 311 to close, and opens suction pump 314, moisture in sink 12 is added in hopper 31 by suction pump 314, and make 2 spinning reduction of photovoltaic panel to initial bit Put.
As shown in figure 3, as a preferred embodiment, the cleaning roller 41 includes:
Roll body 411, the roll body 411 are arranged in parallel with the photovoltaic panel 2;And
Spacing ring 412, the spacing ring 412 are symmetrically disposed on the both ends of the roll body 411, it is set to be circular, and its Engage setting with the guidance set 42.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 6, further explanation, the guidance set 42 includes:
Track 421, the track 421 are to be symmetrically disposed on the both ends of the cleaning roller 41, it is set to be fan-shaped, and its with The spacing ring 412 corresponds to engaging;
Plate 422, the both sides for hooking plate 422 and being symmetrically disposed on the photovoltaic panel 2 are hooked, and the hook plate 422 is located at the light On the second end 23 for lying prostrate plate 2;
Gear 423, the gear 423 are symmetrically sheathed on the both ends of the cleaning roller 41;And
Rack 424, the rack 424 are obliquely installed in the lower section of the gear 423, it is fixed with the track 421 connects Connect.
As shown in fig. 6, illustrating further, the track 421 includes:
To be obliquely installed, it is arranged in parallel with the rack 424 by rectilinear orbit 421a, the rectilinear orbit 421a;And
Arc track 422b, the arc track 422b connect the both ends of the rectilinear orbit 421a, and itself and institute respectively The swinging track for stating the second end 23 of photovoltaic panel 2 overlaps.
As shown in figs. 4 and 5, it is necessary to illustrate, when cleaning roller 41 carries out dedusting work to photovoltaic panel 2, cleaning roller 41 are moved to the second end 23 from first end 22 along rectilinear orbit 421a, carry out rolling cleaning to the surface of photovoltaic panel 2, and During cleaning roller 41 is moved along rectilinear orbit 421a, gear 423 coordinates with rack 424, is rotated cleaning roller 41.
Illustrate further, after cleaning roller 41 is moved to the second end 23, with the rotary oscillation of photovoltaic panel 2, The both ends that plate 422 catches on cleaning roller 41 are hooked, it is moved along arc track 422b, after the sun sets, cleaning roller 41 Initial position is moved to, it is fixed by limit assembly 43.
As shown in Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, as a preferred embodiment, the limit assembly 43 includes:
First limiting plate 431, first limiting plate 431 are vertically installed in the top of the rectilinear orbit 421a, it two The bottom surface corresponding matching of the limited block 431a of triangle, limited block 431a and the rectilinear orbit 421a are provided with side wall, First limiting plate 431 carries out the cleaning roller 41 spacing;
Second limiting plate 432, the top of second limiting plate 432 is hinged with first limiting plate 431, its bottom is worn The bottom surface for crossing the rectilinear orbit 421a hangs on the lower section of rectilinear orbit 421a;
Guide post 433, the guide post 433 are symmetrically disposed on the both ends of second limiting plate 432, the upper end and the straight line Track 421a is fixedly connected, its lower end and the both ends of second limiting plate 432 are slidably socketed;And
Resetting spring 434, the resetting spring 434 are arranged and on the corresponding guide post 433, and its conflict is arranged at institute State between rectilinear orbit 421a and second limiting plate 432.
It should be noted that since resetting spring 434 is in compressive state, the second limiting plate 432 is subject to reset bullet The thrust of spring 434, drive the first limiting plate 431 erect, limited block 431a it is corresponding with the bottom surface of rectilinear orbit 421a engages, to except The both ends of dirt roller 41 carry out spacing.
As shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, as a preferred embodiment, the lever assembly 44 includes:
Linking arm 441, vertically the rack 424 is set the linking arm 441, and the upper end and the upper end of the rack 424 are consolidated Fixed connection;
Lever 442, the middle part of the lever 442 and the bottom of the linking arm 441 are hinged, it is located at the limit assembly One end of 43 lower sections is provided with optical axis 442a, and it is located at one end of the photovoltaic panel 2 and is provided with roller 442b, roller 442b It is slideably positioned in sliding slot 443;
Sliding block 444, the sliding block 444 is contradicted with the roller 442b and set, and it contradicts between the sliding slot 443 and sets It is equipped with limit spring 445.
As shown at 13, wherein, 22 both sides of first end of the photovoltaic panel 2 are provided with wedge block 24, the wedge block 24 with The roller 442b is correspondingly arranged.
It should be noted that photovoltaic panel 2 the sun rise after, start rotary oscillation, in swing process, wedge block 24 with Roller 442b is extruded, and swings lever 442, and the lever 442 positioned at the lower section of limit assembly 43 tilts, and optical axis 442a will Second limiting plate 432 jacks up, and the hinged place of the first limiting plate 431 and the second limiting plate 432 moves up, and the first limiting plate 431 is overturn, Lose to the spacing of cleaning roller 41, cleaning roller 41 is tumbled by gravity, dedusting cleaning work is carried out to photovoltaic panel 2.
Further illustrate, when photovoltaic panel 2 is reset to initial position, slope surface and the roller 442b of wedge block 24 occur Extrusion fit, slides sliding block 444, and roller 442b is compressed, and lever 442 does not rotate, and limit assembly 43 is all the time to dedusting Roller 41 carries out spacing.
As shown in Figure 10 and Figure 12, as a preferred embodiment, the water spraying mechanism 5 includes:
Water tank 51, the water tank 51 towards being evenly equipped with some apopores 511 on the side wall of the photovoltaic panel 2, and along this The length direction equidistant partition of water tank 51 is some storage areas 512;
If stem piston 52, the piston 52 is slideably positioned in the corresponding storage area 512;
Spring 53 is compressed, the compression spring 53 is symmetrically disposed on the both ends of the piston 52, its conflict is arranged at described Between water tank 51 and the piston 52;And
Suction hose 54, the suction hose 54 are arranged at the lower section of the corresponding storage area 512, itself and the storage area 512 Hinged valve plate 541 is provided with communicating position.
It should be noted that in cleaning roller 41 during by gravity fall, 41 extrusion piston 52 of cleaning roller, makes piston 52 Extrude the moisture in storage area 512, moisture sprays from apopore 511, carries out flush clean to the surface of photovoltaic panel 2, and except Dirt roller 41 is carried out in reseting procedure, and piston 52 drives reset by compression spring 53, and piston 52 draws sink 12 by suction hose 54 Interior moisture is added in storage area 512.
Further illustrate, the diameter very little of apopore 511, just can largely spray only in the case of piston press Water.
Illustrate further, when suction hose 54 draws the moisture in sink 12, valve plate 541 in suction hose 54 by Effect to piston 52 is raised, and after water suction work is completed, valve plate 541 is subject to the pressure of water, and suction hose 54 is covered sealing.
The course of work:
When initial, photovoltaic panel 2 is obliquely installed in face of the direction that the sun rises, and over time, photovoltaic panel 2 occurs Rotate, in swing process, wedge block 24 is extruded with roller 442b, swings lever 442, positioned at limit assembly 43 The lever 442 of lower section tilts, and optical axis 442a jacks up the second limiting plate 432, the first limiting plate 431 and the second limiting plate 432 Hinged place moves up, and the first limiting plate 431 is overturn, and is lost to the spacing of cleaning roller 41, cleaning roller 41 is tumbled by gravity, to photovoltaic Plate 2 carries out dedusting cleaning work, and 41 extrusion piston 52 of cleaning roller, piston 52 is extruded the moisture in storage area 512, moisture from Apopore 511 sprays, and flush clean is carried out to the surface of photovoltaic panel 2, and after cleaning roller 41 completes dedusting work, with photovoltaic The rotary oscillation of plate 2, hooks the both ends that plate 422 catches on cleaning roller 41, it is moved along arc track 422b, fall in the sun Behind mountain, cleaning roller 41 is moved to initial position, it is fixed by limit assembly 43, and piston 52 is by compression spring 53 Drive and reset, piston 52 is drawn the moisture in sink 12 by suction hose 54 and added in storage area 512.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention All any modification, equivalent and improvement made within refreshing and principle etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. It is 1. a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, it is characterised in that including:
    Mounting base (1), is symmetrically arranged with bearing block (11) at the top center of the mounting base (1), goes to bottom to be surrounded with U The sink (12) of type;
    Photovoltaic panel (2), the one side backwards to the sun of the photovoltaic panel (2) are provided with stent (21), and the both ends of the stent (21) turn It is dynamic to be arranged on the bearing block (11);
    Follower (3), the follower (3) are arranged at the lower section of the photovoltaic panel (2), it includes hopper (31) with connecting Spring (32) is connect, the hopper (31) is connected by connecting rope (33) with the end of the stent (21), the connecting rope (33) Fixed pulley (34) is provided with winding with the mounting base (1), the relatively described hopper (31) of the connecting spring (32) sets The opposite side of the stent (21) is placed in, its both ends connects end and the mounting base (1) of the stent (21) respectively;
    Dedusting mechanism (4), the dedusting mechanism (4) include cleaning roller (41), guidance set (42), limit assembly (43) and lever Component (44), the cleaning roller (41) roll along the guidance set (42) and set, and the guidance set (42) is arranged at described The both ends of cleaning roller (41), the limit assembly (43) are arranged at the top of the guidance set (42), the lever assembly (44) it is arranged at the lower section of the limit assembly (43);And
    Water spraying mechanism (5), the water spraying mechanism (5) are symmetrical arranged, it is located at the lower section of the cleaning roller (41), and its respectively with The corresponding guidance set (42) connection is set.
  2. It is 2. according to claim 1 a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, it is characterised in that when initial, The photovoltaic panel (2) is is obliquely installed, its both ends swung is respectively first end (22) and the second end (23), and first end Portion (22) is located at the top of the second end (23).
  3. It is 3. according to claim 1 a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, it is characterised in that the metering The lower face of cylinder (31) is provided with electric control valve (311), and its upper part is provided with light-inductive device (312), the light-inductive device (312) it is electrically connected with electric control valve (311), and its top end surface is provided with and communicated with drinking-water pipe (313), the drinking-water pipe (313) End is provided with suction pump (314), and the suction pump (314) is electrically connected with the electric control valve (311), the suction pump (314) it is immersed in the sink (12).
  4. It is 4. according to claim 2 a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, it is characterised in that the dedusting Roller (41) includes:
    Roll body (411), the roll body (411) are arranged in parallel with the photovoltaic panel (2);And
    Spacing ring (412), the spacing ring (412) are symmetrically disposed on the both ends of the roll body (411), it is set to be circular, and It engages setting with the guidance set (42).
  5. It is 5. according to claim 4 a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, it is characterised in that the guiding Component (42) includes:
    Track (421), the track (421) they are the both ends for being symmetrically disposed on the cleaning roller (41), it is set to be fan-shaped, and its Engaging corresponding with the spacing ring (412);
    Plate (422), the both sides for hooking plate (422) and being symmetrically disposed on the photovoltaic panel (2) are hooked, and the hook plate (422) is located at institute State on the second end (23) of photovoltaic panel (2);
    Gear (423), the gear (423) are symmetrically sheathed on the both ends of the cleaning roller (41);And
    Rack (424), the rack (424) are obliquely installed in the lower section of the gear (423), it is solid with the track (421) Fixed connection.
  6. It is 6. according to claim 5 a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, it is characterised in that the track (421) include:
    Rectilinear orbit (421a), to be obliquely installed, it is arranged in parallel the rectilinear orbit (421a) with the rack (424);With And
    Arc track (422b), the arc track (422b) connect the both ends of the rectilinear orbit (421a) respectively, and its with The swinging track of the second end (23) of the photovoltaic panel (2) overlaps.
  7. It is 7. according to claim 6 a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, it is characterised in that described spacing Component (43) includes:
    First limiting plate (431), first limiting plate (431) are vertically installed in the top of the rectilinear orbit (421a), its The limited block (431a) of triangle is provided with two side, the bottom surface pair of the limited block (431a) and the rectilinear orbit (421a) It should coordinate, which carries out the cleaning roller (41) spacing;
    Second limiting plate (432), the top of second limiting plate (432) is hinged with first limiting plate (431), its bottom The lower section of the rectilinear orbit (421a) is hung on through the bottom surface of the rectilinear orbit (421a);
    Guide post (433), the guide post (433) are symmetrically disposed on the both ends of second limiting plate (432), the upper end with it is described straight Trajectory (421a) is fixedly connected, its lower end and the both ends of second limiting plate (432) are slidably socketed;And
    Resetting spring (434), the resetting spring (434) are arranged and on the corresponding guide post (433), and its conflict is arranged at Between the rectilinear orbit (421a) and second limiting plate (432).
  8. It is 8. according to claim 5 a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, it is characterised in that the lever Component (44) includes:
    Linking arm (441), the vertical rack (424) of the linking arm (441) are set, and the upper end is upper with the rack (424) End is fixedly connected;
    Lever (442), the middle part and the bottom of the linking arm (441) of the lever (442) are hinged, it is located at described spacing group One end below part (43) is provided with optical axis (442a), and it is located at one end of the photovoltaic panel (2) and is provided with roller (442b), The roller (442b) is slideably positioned in sliding slot (443);
    Sliding block (444), the sliding block (444) contradicts with the roller (442b) and sets, and it is supported between the sliding slot (443) Touch and be provided with limit spring (445).
  9. It is 9. according to claim 8 a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, it is characterised in that the photovoltaic First end (22) both sides of plate (2) are provided with wedge block (24), which is correspondingly arranged with the roller (442b).
  10. It is 10. according to claim 1 a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus, it is characterised in that the spray Water dispenser structure (5) includes:
    Water tank (51), the water tank (51) towards being evenly equipped with some apopores (511) on the side wall of the photovoltaic panel (2), and Length direction equidistant partition along the water tank (51) is some storage areas (512);
    If stem piston (52), the piston (52) is slideably positioned in the corresponding storage area (512);
    Spring (53) is compressed, the compression spring (53) is symmetrically disposed on the both ends of the piston (52), its conflict is arranged at institute State between water tank (51) and the piston (52);And
    Suction hose (54), the suction hose (54) are arranged at the lower section of the corresponding storage area (512), itself and the storage area (512) hinged valve plate (541) is provided with communicating position.
CN201711432719.2A 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 It is a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus Pending CN107919844A (en)

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CN201711432719.2A CN107919844A (en) 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 It is a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711432719.2A CN107919844A (en) 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 It is a kind of outdoor from motion tracking dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108683401A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-10-19 许昌学院 A kind of building high-efficiency solar-powered photovoltaic power generator
CN108880441A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-11-23 岳昀 A kind of open air automatically tracks dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus
CN108574453B (en) * 2018-04-18 2021-01-01 安徽荣创芯科自动化设备制造有限公司 Efficiency improving equipment of solar power generation equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108574453B (en) * 2018-04-18 2021-01-01 安徽荣创芯科自动化设备制造有限公司 Efficiency improving equipment of solar power generation equipment
CN108683401A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-10-19 许昌学院 A kind of building high-efficiency solar-powered photovoltaic power generator
CN108880441A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-11-23 岳昀 A kind of open air automatically tracks dedusting photovoltaic power generation apparatus

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