CN107881091A - A kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence, sewage natural pond gas generating system - Google Patents

A kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence, sewage natural pond gas generating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107881091A
CN107881091A CN201711167595.XA CN201711167595A CN107881091A CN 107881091 A CN107881091 A CN 107881091A CN 201711167595 A CN201711167595 A CN 201711167595A CN 107881091 A CN107881091 A CN 107881091A
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organic waste
sewage
valve
biogas
intelligence
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孙永琳
周天伍
周东阳
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孙永琳
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/04Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses for producing gas, e.g. biogas
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/02Biological treatment
    • C02F11/04Anaerobic treatment; Production of methane by such processes
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    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M23/00Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
    • C12M23/02Form or structure of the vessel
    • C12M23/06Tubular
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    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M23/00Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
    • C12M23/58Reaction vessels connected in series or in parallel
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    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/18External loop; Means for reintroduction of fermented biomass or liquid percolate
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    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M37/00Means for sterilizing, maintaining sterile conditions or avoiding chemical or biological contamination
    • C12M37/04Seals
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    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/12Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of temperature
    • C12M41/18Heat exchange systems, e.g. heat jackets or outer envelopes
    • C12M41/24Heat exchange systems, e.g. heat jackets or outer envelopes inside the vessel
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    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M45/00Means for pre-treatment of biological substances
    • C12M45/02Means for pre-treatment of biological substances by mechanical forces; Stirring; Trituration; Comminuting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M45/00Means for pre-treatment of biological substances
    • C12M45/04Phase separators; Separation of non fermentable material; Fractionation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M47/00Means for after-treatment of the produced biomass or of the fermentation or metabolic products, e.g. storage of biomass
    • C12M47/18Gas cleaning, e.g. scrubbers; Separation of different gases
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence, sewage natural pond gas generating system, including the crushing mechanism, stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case, Organic waste sewage processing unit and the fermentation materials that are linked in sequence utilize device;Stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case sets mechanical stirring device, Organic waste sewage biogas generating device includes several Organic waste sewage processors, biogas residue collector, the built-in collection hot coil being used for processor heat supply of Organic waste sewage processor are set between two adjacent Organic waste sewage processors;For fermentation materials using device containing biogas slurry storage pond and methane utilizing system, Organic waste sewage processing unit connects methane utilizing system and biogas slurry storage pond respectively.This system can continuously (at any time) automatic feed, by charging sequencing fermentation, self-emptying, segmentation take gas, material is automatically separated, and is not crusted, and deposits slag less, and fermentation is complete, and factor of created gase is high, good airproof performance, is not influenceed by Seasonal Temperature Difference.

Description

A kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence, sewage natural pond gas generating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to organic waste treatment technical field, and in particular to a kind of organic rubbish of closed type temperature controlled pipeline of intelligence Rubbish, sewage natural pond gas generating system.
Background technology
With China's rapid development of economy and the growth of population, urban and rural domestic refuse, sewage, food industry are got a foothold These Municipal Garbage Yields rich in organic matter such as material, the livestock and poultry feces of plant, agricultural crop straw are increasing, pollution pressure It is increasing.Existing sewage treatment plant is mainly Aerobic Process for Treatment, sewage disposal, overload to organic matter excessive concentration, Intractability increases, and influences treatment effect, is discharged after processing and causes the wasting of resources, using anaerobic treatment process, recycles The energy is increasingly becoming the orientation of sewage disposal.Anaerobic treatment process, which generally uses, at present plug flow type, up-flow and baffle-type Processor etc., these processor complex designings, using electromechanical power, high energy consumption, bury gas fires potential safety hazard, practical operation Middle management control technical requirements are high, and maintenance difficult, if being run into processing procedure, organic loading is excessive, too low, the change of temperature, pH value Change, once in a while the yeasting under-balanced state such as noxious material suppression, it may appear that the pause of " deadlock " anaerobic digestion.
Organic principle in China's house refuse has very big difference, the content of its paper compared with developed countries Relatively low, the content of rubbish from cooking, green garbage etc. is higher, and the moisture content of garbage is higher, general moisture content be 70%~ 80%, the moisture content of melon skin etc. may be up to more than 95%.The advantages of burning away the refuse with heat energy and most thorough waste reduction is reclaimed, Garbage bulk can reduce 80%~95% after burning, but organic waste moisture is high, and net heating value is low, is not suitable for burning, and burn It is also easy to produce " bioxin " class material, causes serious environmental pollution.Direct landfill waste can produce a large amount of landfill percolates again, Bad easily polluted underground water and the surface water are handled, percolate is because its composition is complicated, and concentration is high, and the cost of processing is also very big.Adopt Rubbish is handled with composting mode, rubbish can be made to become organic fertilizer, but the fertilizer efficiency of this garbage tankage is low, sells limited, room for development Less.
It is the material for carrying out biological treatment containing substantial amounts of moisture, carbohydrate, fat and protein etc. in organic matter Basis.Anaerobic fermentation is that organic matter is consumed by the metabolic activity of microorganism under anaerobic, at the same with methane and The generation of carbon dioxide etc..Anaerobic fermentation recycles convenient biogas because that can produce, so also known as biogas fermentation.Anaerobic Treatment During need not supply oxygen, power consumption is low, and organic matter, which is largely changed into biogas, can be used as bioenergy, fermentation residue raffinate Innoxious degree is good, and parasitic ovum and pathogenic microorganism can be killed during the fermentation, can turn into fertilizer efficiency after organic matter fermentation Higher fertilizer, while novel biomass fuel can also be made into together with sludge --- rod RDF.So anaerobic fermentation Often it is subject to profit as an important step in foundation benign cycle Agro-ecological System in the research and practice of the ecological agriculture With receiving more and more attention.Anaerobic fermentation can be divided into normal temperature fermentation (natural temperature), mesophilic digestion according to temperature difference (30~40 DEG C) and hot fermentation (50~60 DEG C).The temperature of anaerobic fermentation and the proportional relation of gas production, gas production are to characterize The good and bad important parameter of anaerobic fermentation, the essence of relation is the digestion rate of fermentation substrate between them, and temperature is higher, organic matter Decomposition rate it is faster.
The device category needed for the fermentation of high temperature anaerobic fermentation technology developed at present is various, complex designing, adds Process costs, mechanical-electric is more, buries the potential safety hazard for lighting biogas, and management service is difficult, operating cost height is safeguarded, to fermentation Caused biogas slurry, biogas residue can not access effective processing.Because high solid concentration material fluidity is poor in fermentation system, life is ripe Material mixes, and fermentation is incomplete, and the heat-transfer effect between material is poor, it is difficult to keeps the constant and heat transfer of temperature of charge in fermentation tank equal Even, input and output material is difficult.
The content of the invention
For technical problem present in prior art, object of the present invention is to provide a kind of intelligence is closed type temperature controlled Pipeline organic waste, sewage natural pond gas generating system.This system can realize continuous (at any time) automatic feed, be easy to dirt largely to locate Reason, simple to operate, small investment, gas being taken by charging sequencing fermentation, self-emptying, segmentation, material is automatically separated, and is not crusted, Slag is deposited less, and fermentation is complete, and factor of created gase is high (improving 65% than traditional methane tank), is not influenceed by Seasonal Temperature Difference, saves machine power.
The technical proposal of the invention is realized in this way:
A kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence, sewage natural pond gas generating system, the system include being linked in sequence Crushing mechanism, stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case, Organic waste sewage biogas generating device and fermentation materials utilize device;Institute State and mechanical stirring device is set in stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case, stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case discharging opening sets filtering Net;The Organic waste sewage biogas generating device includes several Organic waste sewage processors, each Organic waste sewage The collection hot coil of heat supply is provided in processor;Biogas residue is set to collect between two adjacent Organic waste sewage processors Device;The fermentation materials include biogas slurry storage pond and methane utilizing system, Organic waste sewage biogas generating device using device Methane utilizing system and biogas slurry storage pond are connected respectively.
As the present invention further scheme, the Organic waste sewage processor include charging aperture, discharging opening, level at Manage pipeline, charging aperture sensing valve and discharging opening sensing valve, the charging aperture and discharging opening be bend pipe, the charging aperture with go out When mounted, the minimum point of corner is less than horizontal processing pipe diameter upper end horizontal line 0.3m~3.5m to the bend pipe of material mouth;Institute State charging aperture sensing valve, discharging opening sensing valve is any one in scalloped shaped bionic intelligence valve or duckbill check valve door Kind;The horizontal processing pipeline upper end sets biogas gas port, and biogas gas port connects biogas utilization by collecting methane conduit System;The charging aperture sensing valve is arranged on charging aperture, and discharging opening sensing valve is arranged on discharging opening.
As the further scheme of the present invention, the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve of the charging aperture and the fan of discharging opening Mytiliform bionic intelligence sensing valve includes retractable flexible scalloped shaped valve nozzle and the valve body with valve nozzle through connection, the valve Body front port is any of cylindrical or square, a diameter of 5~4000 millimeters of circular valve front port, before square valve body Port grow 5~4000 millimeters, it is wide 5~4000 millimeters;The retractable flexible scalloped shaped valve nozzle setting labial surface, the labial surface are wide Spend for 2mm~300mm;The periphery of the labial surface of valve nozzle is provided with flexible gradually thin shirt rim, and the width of the gradually thin shirt rim of flexibility is 2mm ~3000mm.
As the further scheme of the present invention, the positive of the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve of the discharging opening opens pressure Power is more than the positive Opening pressure of the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve of charging aperture.
As the further scheme of the present invention, the collection hot coil is by ground heating type temperature-control heat supply system and solar energy collection Any of hot device mode is come to Organic waste sewage biogas generator heat supply.
As the further scheme of the present invention, helix closed lid and peace are set respectively at the top and bottom of the biogas residue collector Seat is filled, both ends are connected with Organic waste sewage processor, and biogas residue collector bottom mounting seat is than Organic waste sewage processor Low 30cm-the 200cm in horizontal caliber lower end.
As the further scheme of the present invention, the crushing mechanism front end sets just screen device, is entering for organic waste Enter before crushing mechanism crushes and filter out glass, metal, building waste, plastics, the unfermentable inorganic matter of poisonous object.
As the further scheme of the present invention, the fermentation materials utilize device to include being used to ferment completely and flowing into natural pond The part biogas slurry blowback in liquid storage pond is to the bacterium solution reclaiming system of stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case, the bacterium solution reclaiming system one End connection biogas slurry storage pond, other end connection stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case.
As the present invention further scheme, between the Organic waste sewage biogas generating device and methane utilizing system Marsh gas purifying device is set.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
(1) this system can realize continuous (at any time) automatic feed, be taken by charging sequencing fermentation, self-emptying, segmentation Gas, material are automatically separated, and are not crusted, and deposit slag less, and fermentation is complete, and factor of created gase is high (improving 65% than traditional methane tank), not by season Saving the temperature difference influences, and saves machine power;Realize that rubbish source produces to handle at any time, especially can handle caused rubbish at any time in rural area Rubbish, the source of control pollution in real time;
(2) organic waste and apparatus for treating sewage used in this system is compact-sized, and cost is low, the charging of processor in itself The closing of the water level hydrostatic pressing of mouth, discharging opening and self-assembling formation water surface layer envelope ensure that processor is in setting for anaerobic condition Put;
(3) there is the function of " positive drainage, reverse non-return " using new scalloped shaped bionic intelligence valve, there is " a valve It is having a double meaning " check effect, good seal performance, check sewage and gas effectiveness are more preferably;Scalloped shaped bionic intelligence valve is not required to other Part is run, is not required to manpower and electric power, solves that organic matter fermentation produces machinery in process of methane and power operation is improper easily draws Play the safety problem of blow-up.
(4) supplied materials of this system processing and fabricating facilitates cheap, and installation is simple, and easy to maintenance, pipeline can be commercially random Heavy caliber, corrosion-resistant, favorable sealing property cylinder or square pipe fabrication design are chosen or customized, overcomes traditional biogas Tank investment in pond is big, motor machine excessively repairs trouble, the construction period is long, easy gas leakage, aerogenesis is low, restricted by the seasonal effect temperature difference, The shortcomings that later maintenance is costly and scrappage is high.
(5) organic garbage treatment device in this system, the interior meeting one activated sludge bed of self-assembling formation of each processing unit, entirely Processing system can go into a powerful microbial colonization, and then it is very competent to form powerful disposal ability, bearing load, Du Occur in existing other handling process absolutely because load is excessive, too low, short stream, the change of temperature, pH value, noxious material once in a while The yeasting under-balanced states such as suppression, there is the stall problem of " deadlock " anaerobic digestion.
(6) do not need to add again because the continuous flowing of input and output material, one of generation biogas flow up upwards in this system processing procedure Agitating device is filled, is not in encrustation phenomena.
(7) service life is grown, and the life-span depends on pipe material and scalloped shaped bionic intelligence valve, the life-span up to 50 years it Long, maintenance cost is extremely low.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence of the present invention, the structural representation of sewage natural pond gas generating system;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of organic Organic waste sewage biogas generator of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve of the present invention;
In figure:1- just screen device, 2- crushing mechanisms, 3- stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feeds case, the processing of 4- Organic waste sewages Device, 5- biogas residues collector, 6- biogas slurries storage pond, 7- collecting methanes conduit, 8- Marsh gas purifying devices, 9- methane utilizing systems, 10- The scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sense of bacterium solution reclaiming system, 11- charging apertures, 12- discharging openings, 13- horizontal processings pipeline, 14- charging apertures Answer valve, the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve of 15- discharging openings, 16- collection hot coil, 17- collecting methanes conduit, 18- biogas Utilize device, 19- collection, water knockout drum, 20- circulating pumps, 21- biogas gas port, 22- retractable flexible scalloped shaped valve nozzle, 23- valves Body, 24- flexibilities gradually thin shirt rim, 25- labial surfaces, 26- installation portions, 27- pressure-bearings portion
Embodiment
Show that example illustrates certain embodiments of the present invention, and should not be construed as the model of the limitation present invention Enclose.Present disclosure can be improved from material, method and reaction condition simultaneously, all these improvement all should Fall within the spirit and scope of the present invention.
Embodiment:The closed type temperature controlled pipeline Organic waste sewage natural pond gas generating system of intelligence
As shown in figure 1, a kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence, sewage natural pond gas generating system, the system bag The first screen device 1 being linked in sequence, crushing mechanism 2, stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case 3, Organic waste sewage biogas is included to fill Put and utilize device with fermentation materials.Wherein just screen device 1 filters out glass for organic waste before entering crushing mechanism and crushing The unfermentable inorganic matter such as glass, metal, building waste, plastics, Toxic, first screen device 1 can be common house refuses Sorting device, artificial screening can also be passed through.Crushing mechanism 2 can commercially be chosen according to refuse breaking amount, and it is thin to crush a rate Mesh is preferably in below 150mm.Stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case 3 is used to before organic refuse fermentation processing be fed and mistake Filter, inside sets mechanical stirring device, and sets screen pack in its discharge outlet, further filters out and does not filter out glass during primary dcreening operation The inorganic matter that glass, metal, building waste, plastics etc. can not corrode, stack retting thing enters organic full of i.e. hydraulic self-discharging material in pond Refuse disposal installation.According to quantity of refuse to be processed and the segmentation situation for taking gas, Organic waste sewage biogas generating device includes Several Organic waste sewage processors 4, the collection hot coil of heat supply is provided in each Organic waste sewage processor, in phase Adjacent two Organic waste sewage processors 4 set biogas residue collector 5 between being connected, and are easy to dredging to take slag, make its different section dirty Circulate smooth nothing of water rubbish is blocked up, and biogas residue collector 5 is " well " font, box shape, cylinder, its material can use fiberglass, The resistant materials such as stainless steel, PE make, and its top and bottom sets closing cap and mounting seat respectively, and both ends are and organic waste Sewage biogas generator is connected, and end face cross over pipe bore is consistent with the horizontal caliber of processor, and the installation of biogas residue collector bottom is located in Low 30~the 200cm in more horizontal than Organic waste sewage processor caliber lower end, is easy to heavy collection, the dredging of biogas residue.Fermentation materials utilize Device includes biogas slurry storage pond 6 and methane utilizing system 9, Organic waste sewage biogas generating device connect natural pond respectively by pipeline Gas utilizes system and biogas slurry storage pond.Collecting methane conduit 7, fermentation production are installed respectively in the upper end of Organic waste sewage processor 4 Raw biogas is input to methane utilizing system 9 after importing air accumulator after the purification of Marsh gas purifying device 8 and is used;Biogas slurry is deposited Pond 6 is used to deposit complete biogas slurry of fermenting, and in this embodiment, fermentation materials also include bacterium solution reclaiming system 10, institute using device State the one end of bacterium solution reclaiming system 10 connection biogas slurry storage pond 6, other end connection stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case 3, bacterium solution reuse The part biogas slurry blowback fermented completely and flow into biogas slurry storage pond to stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case, is adjusted material by system PH value, it is easy to being sufficiently mixed for fermenting agent and virgin material, catalystic, fermentative process.
As shown in Fig. 2 the Organic waste sewage processor 4 includes charging aperture 11, discharging opening 12, horizontal processing pipeline 13rd, the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve 15 of the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve 14 of charging aperture and discharging opening, charging aperture 11 and discharging opening 12 be bend pipe, when installing bend pipe, the minimum point of corner is horizontal less than the caliber upper end of horizontal processing pipeline 13 Line 0.3m~3.5m, it is easy to the formation of Yu promotions hydrostatic pressure aspect under biogas caused by preventing;The upper end of horizontal processing pipeline 13 Biogas gas port 21 is set, and biogas gas port connects methane utilization device 18 by collecting methane conduit 17;It is dirty in organic waste The side of the horizontal processing pipeline 13 of hydrotreater 4 is stretched into pipeline through sealing pipeline and sets collection hot coil 16, collects hot coil 16, by wire connection collection, water knockout drum 19 and circulating pump 20, carry out heat supply, really so as to control to organic waste and apparatus for treating sewage Keeping is always maintained at medium and high temperature fermentation temperature in vivo, is more than methane boiler, gas furnace or marsh gas power generation waste heat in case as heat Source, the ground heating type temperature-control heat supply system are including water knockout drum, water collector, circulating pump, some as the ground heating system that house is installed The heating coil that bar communicates with Organic waste sewage processor, water enter from vibration means for main pipe for supplying water, and heat supplying pipeline is entered after filtering System, it is recovered to after water knockout drum is allocated to water supply in water collector, water collector will supply the high-temperature water of warm system with leading to The backwater mixing of each processor reaches the temperature of heat demand, is led to by self-operated type teletransmission temperature-sensing valve, thermoelectricity triple valve, electronic two Valve, constant-temperature water mixing valve etc. control.
The scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve 14 of charging aperture is arranged on charging aperture 11, the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence of discharging opening Sensing valve 15 is arranged on discharging opening 12, the positive Opening pressure of the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve 15 of discharging opening be more than into The scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve 14 of material mouth;During charging, feed inlet end is installed the positive less scalloped shaped of Opening pressure and imitated Raw smart valve, it is ensured that receive pending rubbish at any time.During discharging, the larger scallop of positive Opening pressure is installed in discharge port end Shape bionic intelligence valve, when material, which reaches, sets the upper limit or certain pressure, valve automatically opens up, and material is automatic under gravity The equipment for flowing into next working procedure.Charging aperture 11, discharging opening 12 can be certainly with preceding latter linked feed tank or biogas residue collector So form the carry out anaerobism closing of the hydrostatic pressing of water surface layer envelope to the yeasting of processor again, therefore, the present embodiment The closing of charging aperture, discharging opening and water level hydrostatic pressing ensure that processor is in anaerobism closed state, meets biogas fermentation and detests The setting of oxygen condition.
As shown in figure 3, the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve 14 of the present embodiment middle charging aperture and the scalloped shaped of discharging opening Bionic intelligence sensing valve 15, the valve include retractable flexible scalloped shaped valve nozzle 22 and the valve body with valve nozzle through connection 23, valve body front port is cylindrical or square, is easy to the connections such as flange to install;Retractable flexible scalloped shaped valve nozzle sets labial surface 25, the width of labial surface 25 is 2mm~300mm, is flowed back to only by gentle for fluid.The periphery of valve nozzle labial surface is provided with flexible gradually thin Shirt rim 24, the width of flexible gradually thin shirt rim 24 be 2mm~3000mm, is mainly drained back into only to gas, sewage, with " just To drainage, reverse non-return " function, the design of bionical scalloped shaped combination flexible skirt, make the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sense of the present invention It is covering of the fan garden arch compared to duckbill check valve to answer valve stress surface, and it is bigger to return only lifting surface area, thus return only stress faster, tool Have that anti-high tensile force, high adhesion, susceptibility are higher, check sewage and gas effectiveness more preferably, especially can not in inverse gas effect Analogy.The minimum positive Opening pressure of the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence valve of the present embodiment is less than 0.0006mpa, can equivalent to 6cm water columns Open, closed automatically once forming reverse counterbalance valve in the quiescent state, handled in the closed type temperature controlled pipeline Organic waste sewage of intelligence Device front end water inlet typically installs the less scalloped shaped bionic intelligence valve of positive Opening pressure, it is ensured that receives organic waste at any time. The port of export installs the larger scalloped shaped bionic intelligence valve of positive Opening pressure, it is ensured that the processing waste volumes upper limit.Due to using imitative The design of raw scalloped shaped combination flexible skirt, when valve is not switched on, scalloped shaped valve nozzle labial surface closes, and flexible skirt is also tightly Be pulled together, so as to ensure that the sealing of valve very well, ne-leakage;After valve is closed, sewage, air-flow return only, anti-down It is good to fill refluence effect.Mytiliform valve has " valve is having a double meaning " effect.
Valve material is generally reinforcing fibre built in neoprene and the valve products of jellyfish extract structure, it according to by Power is analyzed and Force Calculation, for different operating modes, using different designs mechanism, determines different rubber, fiber, jellyfish extract Formula, formed through refining glue, vulcanization.Valve each several part shore hardness is different, and mounting portion hardness is maximum, and pressure-bearing position is taken second place, skirt Edge position is minimum, and as the excretory organs of animal, the great intelligence of sensing to hydraulic pressure, its folding point is according to operating condition design.In this reality Apply the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence valve in example and be mainly used in blowdown, inverse gas, therefore on the valve body of scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve Installation portion 26 be made up of any of metal, plastics, rubber and other mixing materials, scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve Valve nozzle on pressure-bearing portion 27 be made up of synthetic elastic material, flexible gradually thin shirt rim 24 is containing rubber, fiber, jellyfish extraction composition formula It is made through material made of refining glue, vulcanization.
Pipeline is designed according to the capacity of processing material, so as to design the diameter of the front port of valve, meets this hair The diameter (or cube shape length and width) of the valve body front port of the valve of bright design concept is 5 to 4000 millimeters.Valve body front port Bindiny mechanism is set, can be any of flange, clip, claw, built-in, is connected by bindiny mechanism with processing pipeline.
The closed type temperature controlled pipeline Organic waste sewage processing system of small intelligent is applied to general peasant household, installs 2 or so The additional solar thermal collector of Organic waste sewage processor can meet user's request, during installation with pipeline and lavatory, kitchen, Livestock cultivation is raised house and communicated with one another, and flush-type to connect dirt and receives pipe, bulky grain (tangerine bar, melon and fruit, plant roots and stems) material need to install heap additional Macerate formula filtration feed pond.Organic garbage leachate processor is fixedly installed in the place of physical features micro- low (being easy to by gravitional force). There is no physical features drop embedment underground better.Processor installation is how many mainly according to daily garbage treatment quantity, caliber volume, hair Ferment number of days is set.Large-scale excrement dirt, stalk, garbage disposal center, Organic waste sewage processor are typically gone here and there in same level Connection or mounted in parallel, it is generally buried, while need the supporting structure of whole processing system.
The closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence of the present invention, the whole workflow of sewage natural pond gas generating system:Receive Collection organic waste passes through primary election, and it is unfermentable inorganic mainly to filter out glass, metal, building waste, plastics, Toxic etc. Thing, granular substance is broken for by crushing mechanism, feeding has churned mechanically stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case, while adds bacterium The reuse bacterium solution that liquid reclaiming system provides, pH value is adjusted, while make being sufficiently mixed for fermenting agent and virgin material, catalystic, fermentative mistake Journey.The organic waste (dilute shape thing) tentatively mixed carries ground heating type temperature control heat supply system by gravitional force automatically into first The Organic waste sewage processor fermentation of system, due to continuous feed, treats that organic waste reaches certain capacity or pressure, scalloped shaped is imitated Raw intelligent-induction Valve controlling material automatically flows into next Organic waste sewage processor, by that analogy, it is ensured that organic waste Always in the section of closure state, temperature control is fermented 20-60 days under medium and high temperature state, is automatically flowed into biogas slurry after completely decomposed and is deposited Put pond.Install biogas residue collector additional between Organic waste sewage processor and Organic waste sewage processor are connected, be easy to dredge Slag is taken, blocks up its smooth nothing of different section sewage rubbish circulations.In the closed type temperature controlled pipe handler upper end point of several intelligence Not An Zhuan collecting methane conduit, it is purified after import caused biogas is used air accumulator, biogas residue, biogas slurry are used for ecological agriculture Industry is planted.
The system of the present invention can realize continuous (at any time) automatic feed, by charging sequencing fermentation, self-emptying, segmentation Take gas, material is automatically separated, and is not crusted, and deposits slag less, and fermentation is complete, and factor of created gase is high (improving 65% than traditional methane tank), not by Seasonal Temperature Difference influences, and saves machine power, realizes that rubbish source produces and handles at any time, especially can handle institute at any time in cities and towns, rural area Caused rubbish, the source of control pollution in real time.The Organic waste sewage processor structure that the present invention uses is compact, simple in construction, Cost is low, and the closing of processor charging aperture in itself, discharging opening and water level hydrostatic pressing ensure that processor is in anaerobic condition Setting;The setting of stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case is easy to adjust pH value, meets that the requirement of biogas fermentation pH value and biomass contain Amount requires;Heating system meets fermentation temperature requirement.The processor of the present invention is had using new scalloped shaped bionic intelligence valve There is the function of " positive drainage, reverse non-return ", good seal performance, check sewage and gas effectiveness are more preferably;Scalloped shaped bionic intelligence Valve is not required to other operation parts, is not required to manpower and electric power, solves organic matter fermentation and produces machinery and electric power in process of methane With the improper safety problem for easily causing blow-up.The processor of the present invention in use generally connect by same plane Or paralleling model, a processor are a processing unit, when garbage leachate enters in first processor, in Action of Gravity Field Under, the larger solid of proportion is accumulated in processor bottom with microorganism by natural subsidence effect, and capacity and pressure are set when reaching During power, delivery port scalloped shaped bionic intelligence valve automatic-discharging flows into the next processor for having capacity of equally limiting, and at this moment first The discharge rate of material only accounts for 1/2 or so in individual processor, is circulated with this, can be certainly in each processing unit after running a period of time An activated sludge bed is so formed, whole processing system can go into a powerful microbial colonization, and then form powerful place Reason ability, bearing load are very competent, prevented to occur in existing other handling process because load is excessive, too low, temperature, PH The change of value, there is the stall problem of " deadlock " anaerobic digestion in the yeasting under-balanced state such as noxious material suppression once in a while.Place Because the continuous flowing of charging, one of generation biogas flow up upwards during reason, do not need to install agitating device additional again, do not crust;Through The processing of Sludge Bed bacterial colonization, material liquefied fraction height, factor of created gase are high in unit one by one, and amount of sludge is substantially reduced, slightly larger Biogas residue collector settles before and after the particle warp of point, is not in clogging in processor, the biogas slurry fermented is discharged into natural pond automatically Liquid pool, biogas slurry and biogas residue rotten degree is high, harmful bacteria inactivation degree is high, without doing secondary fermentation again, can be directly used for agricultural planting.Should System is adapted to handle high concentration, bulky grain sewage, dirty plus the Aerobic Process for Treatment of rear end to the front end Anaerobic Treatment of sewage plant Water can qualified discharge.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention be not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technique according to the invention scheme and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should all be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence, sewage natural pond gas generating system, it is characterised in that:The system includes Crushing mechanism, stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case, Organic waste sewage processing unit and the fermentation materials being linked in sequence utilize dress Put;Mechanical stirring device is set in the stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case, and stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case discharging opening is set Screen pack;The Organic waste sewage biogas generating device includes several Organic waste sewage processors, each organic waste The collection hot coil of heat supply is provided in apparatus for treating sewage;Biogas residue is set between two adjacent Organic waste sewage processors Collector;The fermentation materials include biogas slurry storage pond and methane utilizing system using device, and Organic waste sewage biogas occurs Device connects methane utilizing system and biogas slurry storage pond respectively.
2. a kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence according to claim 1, sewage natural pond gas generating system, it is special Sign is:The Organic waste sewage processor include charging aperture, discharging opening, horizontal processing pipeline, charging aperture sensing valve and Discharging opening sensing valve, the charging aperture and discharging opening are bend pipe, the bend pipe of the charging aperture and discharging opening when mounted, bend pipe The minimum point of head is less than horizontal processing pipe diameter upper end horizontal line 0.3m~3.5m;The charging aperture sensing valve, discharging opening Sensing valve is any one of scalloped shaped bionic intelligence valve or duckbill check valve door;The horizontal processing pipeline upper end is set Biogas gas port is put, biogas gas port connects methane utilizing system by collecting methane conduit;The charging aperture sensing valve peace Mounted in charging aperture, discharging opening sensing valve is arranged on discharging opening.
3. a kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence according to claim 2, sewage natural pond gas generating system, it is special Sign is:The scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve of the charging aperture and the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve of discharging opening wrap Retractable flexible scalloped shaped valve nozzle and the valve body with valve nozzle through connection are included, during the valve body front port is cylindrical or square It is any, a diameter of 5~4000 millimeters of circular valve front port, square valve body front port grow 5~4000 millimeters, it is wide by 5~ 4000 millimeters;The retractable flexible scalloped shaped valve nozzle sets labial surface, and the labial surface width is 2mm~300mm;The lip of valve nozzle The periphery in face is provided with flexible gradually thin shirt rim, and the width of the gradually thin shirt rim of flexibility is 2mm~3000mm.
4. a kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence according to claim 2, sewage natural pond gas generating system, it is special Sign is:The scalloped shaped that the positive Opening pressure of the scalloped shaped bionic intelligence sensing valve of the discharging opening is more than charging aperture is bionical The positive Opening pressure of intelligent-induction valve.
5. a kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence according to claim 1, sewage natural pond gas generating system, it is special Sign is:The collection hot coil is come to having by any of ground heating type temperature-control heat supply system and solar thermal collector mode Machine garbage leachate processor heat supply.
6. a kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence according to claim 1, sewage natural pond gas generating system, it is special Sign is:Helix closed lid and mounting seat be set respectively at the top and bottom of the biogas residue collector, and both ends are dirty with organic waste Hydrotreater connects, and the low 30cm in biogas residue collector bottom mounting seat caliber lower end more horizontal than Organic waste sewage processor- 200cm。
7. a kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence according to claim 1, sewage natural pond gas generating system, it is special Sign is:The crushing mechanism front end sets just screen device, is filtered out for organic waste before entering crushing mechanism and crushing Glass, metal, building waste, plastics, the unfermentable inorganic matter of poisonous object.
8. the closed type temperature controlled pipeline Organic waste sewage natural pond gas generating system of a kind of intelligence according to claim 1, it is special Sign is:The fermentation materials utilize device to include being used to ferment completely and flow into the part biogas slurry blowback in biogas slurry storage pond extremely The bacterium solution reclaiming system of stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case, bacterium solution reclaiming system one end connection biogas slurry storage pond, the other end Connect stack retting formula self-unloading filtration feed case.
9. a kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline Organic waste sewage of intelligence according to claim 1, natural pond gas generating system, it is special Sign is:Marsh gas purifying device is set between the Organic waste sewage biogas generating device and methane utilizing system.
CN201711167595.XA 2017-11-21 2017-11-21 A kind of closed type temperature controlled pipeline organic waste of intelligence, sewage natural pond gas generating system Pending CN107881091A (en)

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Application publication date: 20180406